State – Texas

From Gowen Manuscript:


The federal census of Texas in 1850 and 1860 revealed only 17 Gowen [and variations] families of interest to chroniclers. These two census reports, indexed in “Texas Census Record, 1850-1860” by C. R. Law Microfilm Service, Austin, Texas, released November 16, 1961, have been interspersed through the county sections in this volume.

The 1850 census of Texas showed a population of 212,592 people, composed of 154,100 whites, 58,161 slaves and 331 free colored. The 28,377 families lived in 27,988 dwellings.
Republic and State of Texas Land Grants

Bounty Grants: Veterans of the Republic of Texas Army were given 320 acres of land for every three months of actual service.

Donation Grants: These grants were given to veterans for special service during the Texas Revolution. If a man had fought at any battle, such as the siege of Bexar, Goliad, or San Jacinto, he was eligible. Later, donations were also given to widows and surviving veterans.

Headrights: Headrights were given to the heads of families and single men who settled in the Republic of Texas.

First Class Headright Grants were given to any man who arrived in the Republic before March 2. 1836. Married men received one league (4,423.4 acres) and one labor (177.1 acres). Single men received on third of a league of land (1,476.1 acres).

Second Class Headright Grants were given to any man who arrived in the Republic after March 2, 1836 but before October 1, 1837. Married men received 1,280 acres and single men received 640 acres.

Third Class Headright Grants were given to those who arrived after October 1, 1837 but before January 1, 1840. Married men got 640 acres and single men got 320 acres.

Fourth Class Headright Grants were given to men who came to Texas after January 1, 1840, but before January 1, 1842. Married men got 640 acres and single men 320 acres.

Pre-Emption Grants: These were homestead or settlers claims in which individuals who actually lived on a tract of land of no more than 320 acres for at least three consecutive years from January 22, 1845, became the owners of that land. In 1854, the amount of land a person could homestead changed to 160 acres. Then in 1870, the amount allowed was changed again such that married men were allowed to homestead 160 acres and single men no more than 80 acres. The last pre-emption was approved mi 1899.

School Lands: School lands were sold to individuals beginning 1874 and the proceeds went into the common school fund.
Early land grants in Texas were made to the following individuals:

Thomas Goin received 160 acres in Tyler County.

C. Goins received 160 acres in Tyler County.

H. M. Goins received a land grant of land in Panola and Rusk Counties, File No. 492.

John Goins received 160 acres in Armstrong County.

W. M. Goins received 80 acres of land in Wichita County.

C. Gowin, Tom Greene County, Texas, received 640 acres from the State Land Office March 18, 1852. He entered the state as part of the Fisher & Miller Colony in the German Emigration Company. His land was located on Antelope Creek 4 ½ miles [one source states 10 miles southwest of Fort Concho] southeast of Fort Concho. He died before February 14, 1855 and his estate was administered by Alexander Rossy of New Braunfels, Texas, who sold the section to Gust Dreiss for $63 on March 28, 1855, according to Tom Green County Deed Book C, page 175.

W. L. Gowen received 160 acres, located 12 miles northeast of Groveton, Texas in Trinity County on July 13, 1907. He sold his land on May 27, 1907 to C. M. Perkins. He also received a land grant in the Houston District, according to File No. 777.

Henry Gowens received 160 acres in San Jacinto County, Liberty District, File No. 111.

A. S. Goynes received 160 acres in Live Oak County, No. 368 in the San Patricio district.

E. C. Goyn received 160 acres in Lamar County, Lamar District File No. 181.
Other pioneers in Texas include:

R. Gowing was included in the 1850 census of Guadalupe County, Texas as “age 29, born in South Carolina,” 1-15.

Included in the 1880 census of Texas were several families, including:

“Gowins, Samuel 63, born in TN
Martha 45, born in TN
Lucy 14, born in TX, daughter
Melissa 8, born in TX, daughter
Bailey, Rebecca 18, born in TX, step
Francis Gowen was one of three McGowen brothers who came to Texas from the Isle of Mann and dropped the “Mc” upon their arrival, according to “Pioneers of Texas.”
William W. Goynes was a private in Company D, First Texas Regiment in the Spanish-American War.
Incomplete records in the Texas Bureau of Vital Statistics include several individuals of interest to Gowen chroniclers.

Lowe Goin was born in Tennessee March 21, 1895, according to BVS File 1316917.

William Charlie Goin was born in Oklahoma August 12, 1899, according to Texas BVS File 1129354.

Deborah Jean Goings died April 17, 1987 according to Texas death records.

Fannie Goings was born in Louisiana November 20, 1900, according to BVS File No. 1316662.

A. D. Goings, Jr., was the father of aan infant which died February 6, 1959, according to BVS File 9982.

Frances Myrtice Goins was born July 12, 1907 in Rapides Parish, Louisiana according to Texas BVS File 1117566.

J. E. Goyne was the father of an infant born April 26, 1916, according to BVS File 17408.

Dorothy Mae Goynes was born June 28, 1941 in Caddo Parish, Louisiana, according to Texas BVS File 1058794.
Willie Goynes, Jr. was also born in Caddo Parrish, Louisiana December 16, 1939, according to Texas BVS File 1058799.
The following residents of Texas were listed in “An Index of the Cherokee Applications.” These applications were filed between the years of 1908-1910 for funds granted to the Cherokees and their descendants who were alive as of May 28, 1906. Apparently the source of the funds was the federal government. Included were:

Goen, Levi Claim 28920 Collin Co.
Goen, Thomas Luther Claim 32251 Collin Co.
Goen, William Anderson Claim 33219 Collin Co.
Goen, William Roscoe Claim 32252 Collins Co.
Goins, Abraham Lincoln Claim 43066 Collins Co.
Goins, Andrew Jackson Claim 18930 Collins Co.
Goins, Arch Claim 20564 Collins Co.
Isaac Goin and Levi Goin were veterans of the War of 1812, according to “War of 1812 Veterans in Texas” by Mary Smith Foy. Levi Goin was a justice of the peace in Claiborne County, Tennessee in 1855.
Richard Gowing filed a Revolutionary War Claim with the Republic of Texas following the nation wresting independence from Mexico. The claim was audited by Smith & Sparks, Voucher No. 4298, Microfilm Reel No. 79, Frame No. 721, according to the file compiled by the Texas State Library & Archives.
Pvt. William T. Goin served in Company D, Ninth Texas Cavalry Brigade during the Civil War, according to “Texas Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865.”
It is unknown when he enlisted, when he was discharged or even if he survived the war. Half of the troops of the Ninth Brigade were casualties.

The Brigade was also known by the name of its most famous commander, Lawrence Sullivan “Sul” Ross. The brigade had seen action at the Battle of Pea Ridge or Battle of Elkhorn Ta-vern in March 1862. These regiments, recruited mainly from twenty-three central, northeastern, and north central counties, were veterans of campaigns in Indian Territory, Arkansas, and Missouri as well as in the Battle of Iuka and Battle of Corinth.

As part of Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s cavalry division, the remount-ed Texas Brigade raided the federal supply base at Holly Springs, Mississippi in December 1862, an action that halted Ulysses S. Grant’s land advance to Vicksburg. On March 5, 1863, the brigade, operating in Tennessee, captured a large Union reconnaissance force at Thompson’s Station. Later, it participated in the first Battle of Franklin on April 10, 1863.

The brigade returned to Mississippi and occupied a position generally on the periphery of action during the Vicksburg campaign. The Texans spent most of the next five months operating against Union troops in the Yazoo River valley before being ordered to Georgia.

During the ensuing Atlanta campaign, the Texans spent 112 days under fire and participated in eighty-six engagements. They began the general fighting, May 25-June 5 at New Hope Church near Dallas, Georgia, but attrition had so reduced their ranks that the Texas regiments were overrun by the superior forces of Edward M. McCook and Hugh Judson Kilpatrick later that summer. After the fall of Atlanta the Texans marched with John Bell Hood’s troops into Tennessee. Throughout the disastrous campaigns of November and December 1864, they served as vanguards and rear guards, raided Union supply trains, and battled federal cavalry. In the withdrawal from Nashville they were one of Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest’s two brigades covering the Confederate retreat.


Dillard Gowan was listed in the 11th Texas Infantry Regiment in the Civil War, according to the Civil War military roster.


S. C. Gowen was listed in the 21st Texas Infantry Regiment in the Civil War, according to the Civil War military roster.

TEXAS County pages:


Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii,Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan,Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico,New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin,Wyoming


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