From Gowen Manuscript: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/Gowenms124.htm
NACOGDOCHES COUNTY, TEXAS
The original name of the town of Nacogdoches was Pueblo de Nuestra Senora del Pilar de Nacogdoches.
James Jackson Goen was born in South Carolina March 15, 1811, according to his tombstone as recorded in “Nacogdoches County Cemetery Records.” He arrived in Nacogdoches County about 1850.
The 1850 census of Nacogdoches County recorded that James Jackson Goen, age 23, single and a carpenter, was born in South Carolina in 1827. He was living in the household of Constantine Hardeman, No. 45-45, a farmer who had been born in South Carolina.
On February 2, 1854 he was married to Miss Martha F. A. Thomason, daughter of David Thomason and Martha Jane Hamil Thomason, according to Nacogdoches County Marriage Book B, page 159. B. E. Shavers, minister of the gospel, performed the ceremony. David Thomason was born in Virginia in 1796 and Martha Jane Hamil Thomason was born January 5, 1809. They had arrived in Nacogdoches County in 1839 while Texas was a republic.
Later that year, on October 3, 1854, James Jackson Goen purchased 200 acres of land located 17 miles east of Nacogdoches at a sheriff’s sale. Three months later, he had an opportunity to make a profit. On January 19, 1855 James Jackson Goen sold to Peter B. Fewel of Nacogdoches the 200 acres of land for $100, according to Deed Book L, page 590. Fewel gave him $25 in cash and a note for $75. James Jackson Goen posted bond to guarantee title.
The household of James Jackson Goen, No. 529-529, appeared in the 1860 census of Nacogdoches County as:
“Goen, Jackson 47, born in Georgia, farmer
$1,774 personal property
Martha 31, born in Tennessee
Bettey 6, born in Texas
Durham 3, born in Texas”
No explanation can be made for the discrepancy between the 1850 and the 1860 census returns in the age of James Jackson Goen nor in his place of birth. In 1862 he enlisted in the Texas Third Brigade during the Civil War. He was also a member of Company H, Seventeenth Texas Cavalry Regiment, C.S.A. He was included in a voter registration list of precinct 3 in Nacogdoches County in 1867. In the registration he stated that he had lived in Nacogdoches County about 17 years.
On January 6, 1868 James Jackson Goen purchased 135 acres located 12 miles east of Nacogdoches from Amanda Johnson at 50c an acre for $67.50, according to Nacogdoches County Deed Book Q, page 1.
“James Goen” appeared as the head of Household No. 318-325 in the 1870 census of Nacogdoches County:
“Goen, James 59, born in SC, farmer
Martha F. 40, born in TN
Jane E. 15, born in TX
James D. 14, born in TX
Martha I. 6, born in TX
On August 15, 1971 James Jackson Goen received a pre-emption land grant from the State of Texas for 81.7 acres of land located 10½ miles east of Nacogdoches, according to the state land commissioner’s file No. 3992.
James Jackson Goen died September 19, 1887 and was buried in Thomason Cemetery near the Melrose community in Nacogdoches County. He was buried near his father-in-law, David Thomason who died in 1877. Martha Jane Hamil Thomason died in October 1899.
“M. F. Gowen,” along with her son, “J. D. Gowen,” appeared in the 1890 tax list of the county, according to “Index of 1890 Tax List of Nacogdoches County, Texas” by Carolyn Ericson.
Martha F. A. Thomason Goen applied for a Confederate Widow’s Pension and was initially denied. Later she received Pension No. 10168. In her pension application she stated that he had lived in Nacogdoches County since 1839. “Martha Goyen,” believed to be Martha F. A. Thomason Goen died March 16, 1910, at age 83, according to Nacogdoches County death records.
Children born to James Jackson Goen and Martha F. A. Thomason Goen include:
Jane Elizabeth “Betty” Goen born about 1854
James Durham Goen born about 1857
Martha Isabella Goen born about 1864
Jane Elizabeth “Betty” Goen, daughter of James Jackson Goen and Martha F. A. Thomason Goen, was born in Nacogdoches County about 1854. She appeared as a six-year-old in the household of her father in the 1860 census of Nacogdoches County. “Elizabeth Gowen” was married to T. H. Carnley October 25, 1876, according to Nacogdoches County Marriage Book D, page 183.
James Durham Goen, second child of James Jackson Goen and Martha F. A. Thomason Goen, was born in Nacogdoches County, Texas about 1857. He appeared in his father’s household in the 1860 census as a three-year-old. He was married December 28, 1882 to Frances Ellen Baker at Nacogdoches, according to Nacogdoches County Marriage Book E, page 115. “J. D. Gowen,” along with his mother, “M. F. Gowen” appeared in the 1890 tax list, according to “Index to 1890 Tax List of Nacogdoches County.”
Children born to James Durham Goen and Frances Ellen Baker Goen include:
Abbie Lou Goen born about 1884
Dora Pearl Goen born about 1886
Norma Mary Goen born about 1888
Ethel Jewel Goen born September 16, 1896
Abbie Lou Goen, believed to be a daughter of James Durham Goen and Frances Allen Baker Goen, was born about 1884 in Nacogdoches County, according to Birth Record Book 21, page 467.
Dora Pearl Goen, believed to be a daughter of James Durham Goen and Frances Allen Baker Goen, was born about 1886 in Nacogdoches County, according to Birth Record Book 24, page 482.
Norma Mary Goen, believed to be a daughter of James Durham Goen and Frances Allen Baker Goen, was born about 1888 in Nacogdoches County, according to Birth Record Book 32, page 154.
Ethel Jewel Goen, sixth child of James Durham Goen and Frances Allen Baker Goen, was born September 16, 1896 in Nacogdoches County, according to BVS File 789393.
“Mrs. John Goens” died December 20, 1905 and was buried in Nacogdoches County, according to county death records.
Myrtie Juanita Goens was married to J. T. Pleasant November 14, 1882 in Nacogdoches County, according to Nacogdoches County Marriage Book E, page 83.
Aron Mozell Goings died March 18, 1983 according to Nacogdoches County death records.
C. C. Goins was shown as the parent of an infant born in Nacogdoches County Septembet 6, 1935, according to BVS File No. 77566.
Edmond Goins [Gains?] appeared in the 1850 Nacogdoches census as the head of Household 54-54:
Goins, Edmond 39, mill dresser, born in VA
Jane 25, illiterate, born in TN
Raleigh 1, born in TX”
Of Edmond Goins, Jane Goins and Raleigh Goins nothing more is known.
Frankie Sue Goins was born April 1, 1935 in Nacogdoches, County, according to Birth Book 18, page 235.
John E. Goins (44) married Sarah B. Smith (39) on June 1, 1978 according to Nacogdoches County marriage records.
Reuben Calvin Goins was born August 8, 1837 in Nacogdoches. He was married to Matilda Pope, born before 1896, before 1872 . He died July 17, 1930 in Ardmore, Oklahoma and was buried there as well. Nothing more is known of Reuben Calvin Goins and Matilda Pope Goins.
William Goins, 22 and his wife, Leora Woods Goins, 18, were the parents of Billie Lamurl Goins, their first child who was born in Nacogdoches County May 15, 1936, according to Nacogdoches County Birth Book 9, page 434. He was a farmer who lived near San Augustine, Texas.
Joseph M. Gowan was enumerated as the head of Household 72-72 in the 1850 census of Nacogdoches County:
“Gowan, Joseph M. 28, farmer, born in Tennessee
Milla 23, born in Tennessee
Louisa 4, born in Tennessee”
Adolphus Sterne, an influential citizen of Nacogdoches, wrote in his diary November 2, 1851 that he had “received another letter from J. M. Gowan who wants to be chaplain of the Senate.”
Of Joseph M. Gowan, Milla Gowan and Louisa Gowan nothing more is known.
Benjamin Gowen was enumerated as the head of Household 39-39 in the 1850 census of Nacogdoches County, page 115:
“Gowen, Benyos 21, born in Tennessee
Mary 20, born in Tennessee
James 1, born in Texas
Of Benjamin Gowen, Mary Gowen and James Gowen nothing more is known.
Clarasy Gowen [or Gown] was shown in the 1850 census of Nacogdoches County living in the household of Samuel Fraser, No. 463-463. Samuel Fraser, age 40, was born in North Carolina, and his wife, Laurisa Fraser, age 40, was also born in North Carolina. From the ages and places of birth of the children, it is apparent that the family had arrived in Texas in late 1849. Clarasy Gowen was born in North Carolina about 1791.
Harrison Gowen was shown in the criminal records of Nacogdoches County in 1844.
Sarah Gowen, colored was married to James Galiway, colored, December 24, 1876 in Nacogdoches County by Emsley Brunson, minister, according to Nacogdoches County Marriage Book D, page 196.
“William Gowen, laborer” was prosecuted for smuggling in Nacogdoches County May 10, 1844, according to the criminal court records of that county. He had been caught transporting without duty payment, “a hat, 10 pounds of coffee and other contraband.”
No Gowens or varations of the name appeared in May of 1972 in the Nacogdoches telephone directory.
Bonnie Cecile Miner Gowins, a native of North Carolina and a resident of Nacogdoches County, was born in 1937.
Charles M. C. Gown died May 28, 1938 in Nacogdoches County, Texas, according to BVS File 24625.
Dennis Ray Goyens (17) married Anita Mae Butcher (17) on August 15, 1968 according to Nacogdoches County marriage records.
Danny W. Goynes died January 12, 1972 according to Nacogdoches County death records.
Byrd McGowan died February 04, 1985 according to Nacogdoches County death records.
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