1733 William Goyne of Lunenburg Co, Va, Orange Co, NC, Rutherford Co, NC, then Georgia – ydna match

William Goyne b. abt. 1733 – d. 1816 – Likely born in Stafford Co, Va.  (See page on various William Goings in the 1700’s to compare this William to others in VA, NC, and SC areas:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/various-william-goings-different-ones/ ).

ydna match – see: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/ydna-matches/

(Also see the following link with a 4 part newsletter done in 2001 by Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr. regarding the ancestry of William Goyne: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1733-william-goyne-research-by-carroll-heard-goyne-jr/ ).

Marriages:  William Goyne was married 4 times.  In 1755, his wife “Rebecca” is noted in a land transaction in Lunenburg Co, Va (two children – “Rebecca 1753 and Alice 1756” are born). It appears some time after 1756, Rebecca may have died.  It appears William married a second time to Elizabeth – (John b. 1765, Drury b. 1766, William Jr b. 1767, and Hardy b. 1771 appear to be from this marriage).  In 1767, his second wife was Elizabeth is noted in a land transaction in Fairfield Co, SC.  It appears Elizabeth may have died between 1771-1773.  In 1773, William’s 3rd wife is noted as “Hester” in Rutherford/Tryon Co, NC.  This could be a middle name of Elizabeth, so possibly the same woman, but since its a different name, I’m counting her as a 3rd wife.  In 1794, William marries Nancy Stroder (Hiram b. 1799 and Tyra b. 1804 are of this marriage).

Parents:

John Gowen b. 1710 and Mary Keith

Children:

Children of William Goyne and Rebecca married about 1752-1763

1) Rebecca Goyne Dick born 1753
2) Allice Goyne King born 1756

Children of William Goyne and Elizabeth married about 1763-1773
3) John Goyne b. 1765
4) Drury Goyne b. 1766
5) William Goyne Jr b. 1767
6) Hardy Goynne b. 1771- Hardy’s children:
– John Goyne
– Mount Herman Goyne

Children of William Goyne and Hester – m. 1772-1792  (Its possible that Elizabeth and Hester are the same person – one may be a middle name).

“Unknown”

Children of William Goyne and Nancy Stroder m. 1794-1816

11) Hiram Davis Goyne b. 1799
12) Tyra Alexander Goyne b. 1804

Siblings:

John Gowen Jr. b. 1730 m. Elizabeth (confirmed child of John Gowing b. 1704)
Susannah Gowen Hubbard b. 1731 (confirmed child of John Gowing b. 1704)
Thomas Gowen b. 1729 (assumed but not confirmed as child)
William Goyne b. 1732 (confirmed as child of John Gowing b. 1704)
Amos Goyen b. 1744 (assumed but not confirmed as child)
Daniel Going b. 1748 (assumed but not confirmed as child)
Drury Goyen b. 1749 (assumed but not confirmed as child)
James Goyne b. 1755 (assumed but not confirmed as child)
Henry Going b. 1758 (assumed but not confirmed as child)

FACTS:

STAFFORD COUNTY / FAIRFAX COUNTY / PRINCE WILLIAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA:

William Goyne is the child of John Gowing Sr. and Mary Keith Gowing.  William Goyne was born about 1733 in Stafford County, Virginia.  The part of Stafford County he is born in becomes Fairfax County, Virginia by 1742.

PARENT/ANCESTER INFO for William Goyne:

William Goyne’s grandfather, William Going b. abt 1680 appears to have died between 1725-1726.  His grandmother, Catherine Going then marries a Mr. Padderson (or Patterson) some time between 1726-1738.

On October 23, 1738, in Brunswick County, Virginia, Thomas Stroud’s Will was witnessed by Cornelius Keith, Mary [x] King, and Catherine [x] Patterson. [Will Book 2, p. 1]. Since John and Mary [Keith] Going had not yet moved to Brunswick County. This suggests that Catherine Patterson [widow of William Going] was visiting with, and related to either Cornelius Keith or his wife Elizabeth Johnson.

Catherine Patterson’s will was dated May 21, 1739 in Prince William County, Virginia. Catherine identified her children: son Alexander Going, daughter Susannah Going and son John Going, who was named Executor. [John Frederick Dorman, Prince William County Will Book C, 1734-1744, Washington, D.C, 1956. pp. 180-199.] This indicates that John was age 21 or older, or born before 1718. Son Ambrose Going was not mentioned in the will.  (Note: possibly Ambrose died prior to this date, possibly Ambrose was a middle name and Ambrose was actually one of the other children – such as John?, or maybe he had a falling out with his mother and was left out of the will.  It is unknown).

On July 23, 1739, Catherine Patterson’s Will was presented to the Prince William County Court by John Going, sole executor. John Going stated that Catherine’s husband was yet living. [Dorman, op cit].

John Going was married to Mary Keith, daughter of Cornelius Keith. This relationship is confirmed in Fairfax County, Virginia Deed Book B, p. 32. [A. Evans Wynn, “Southern Lineages: Records of Thirteen Families,” Brown Publishing Co, 1940, p. 322].

Fairfax County, Virginia was formed from Prince William and Loudoun Counties in 1742.

Two deeds mark the departure of John and Mary Keith Going from Fairfax County. Both deeds are recorded in Fairfax County Deed Book B.

June 9, 1746 John Going and Mary, his wife, of Truro Parish, Fairfax County to Edward Kirkland, 268 acres on north side Occoquan Run, granted Richard Kirkland, deceased, and Cornelius Keif, father of the said Going’s wife. etc. JOHN [F] Going and Mary [W] Going signed this deed.

July 14, 1746, John [F] Going of Truro Parish, planter, sells to Bond Veale, 144 acres granted John Going from the Proprietor’s office. Recorded July 15, 1746. William Grove, George Dunson, John Duren, witnesses. Mary, the wife of John Going, relinquishes dower.

1744 John Gowen and Mary Gowen lease and release to Thomas Ford in Fairfax Co

(John Gowen Sr, and Mary Keith Gowen’s land transactions disposing of land in Fairfax County, Va from 1744 to 1746 . . . John’s brother, Alexander Gowen is also shown disposing of his land in Fairfax County, Va by 1747).

It is unclear if the spelling of Goyne or Goyen was used previously in this line of the family prior to William Goyne.  It is clear though that several children of both John Gowing Sr, and his brother Alexander Gowing, often used the letter “y” in spelling their last name (either Goyne or Goyen).

William Goyne in LUNENBURG COUNTY, VIRGINIA:

Lunenburg County, Virginia was formed from Brunswick County May 1, 1745.

Under Act 22, George II, October 1748, a tithable person was defined as: “All male persons of the age of 16 years & upwards, and all Negroes, mulatto & Indian women of the same age, except Indians tributary to this government and all wives of free Negroes, mulattoes, and Indians, except as before excepted.”

William Goyne’s parents, John Gowing Sr and Mary Keith Gowing, sell their land in Fairfax County, Virginia by 1746 and join other family (both Going and Keith families) who have moved to Virginia near the border with North Carolina by 1747.  William Goyne is about 14 years old at this time.

In June 1747, the Lunenburg County Court designated Lewis Deloney to take the list of tithables in the precinct “from Allen’s Creek to the extent of the County downward.” Allen’s Creek flows south through the approximate center of present Mecklenburg County. The land of John Going was on the Great Branch of Allen’s Creek near its confluence with Layton’s Creek. This is in the approximate center of present Mecklenburg County.

Mary Keith Gowing’s parents, Cornelius Keith and wife, appear to have moved to the border of Virginia and North Carolina by 1728 according to the accounts of Col. William Byrd.  http://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/byrd/byrd.html.

John Gowing’s mother, Catherine Padderson, also is in Brunswick County, Virginia some time prior to 1738 when she witnesses a Mr. Stroud’s will (which is also witnessed by Cornelius Keith – the father of Mary Keith).  It appears that John Gowing Sr’s brothers, Alexander Gowing, and William Gowing moved to Brunswick County, Virginia about the same time as their mother was there.

John Gowing Sr’s brother, Alexander Gowing and his family move to Orange County, North Carolina by the mid 1750s.  Another brother, William Gowing born 1712, appears to move to Brunswick County, Va some time before 1746, and then moves to Granville County, NC by 1748.

John Gowing Sr moves to the Lunenburg County, Virginia area – along the border of North Carolina, about 1748, when he shows up on the tithe list of Lewis Deloney.

In 1749, William Howard replaced Lewis Deloney as tithe taker. John Going was again listed with two tithes, indicating that William Going still resided with his parents.

                                           Tithes        H. &
                                                           Scalps
  Mark Robinson
  Edward Robinson ............................  4            24
Nathaniel Robinson ...........................  1             6
Abraham Robinson .............................  1             6
John Mayes ...................................  3            18
William Horten ...............................  1
John Gillum ..................................  2            12
John McDaniel
  James McDaniel .............................  2             6
John Davis
  William Halpen ............................. 11            66
Peter Turvin .................................  1
Matthew Bolten ...............................  1             6
Henry Deloney ................................  2            12
William Tait, Constable
  Nathaniel Tait .............................  1            12
John Gowen ...................................  2            12
Isaac Mitchell ...............................  1             6
Edward Eppes .................................  3            18
Solomon Harris ...............................  1             6
Thomas Evans .................................  1             6
Richard Fox
  George Floyd
  Joseph Burchet .............................  5            30
William Andres ...............................  1             6
John Andres ..................................  1             6
George Vaughan ...............................  1             6
James Thomson ................................  1             6
William Wilson ...............................  1             6
John Robinson ................................  1             6
Daniel Colson ................................  1             6
John Cole ....................................  1             6
John King (to Baxter Davis) ..................  3            18
John Lambert (to Edward Davis) ...............  2            12
William Hagood, Senr. &
  William Hagood, Junr. ......................  2
{page 110}

May 1751 Court of Lunenburg County appointed Field Jefferson tithe taker in the place of William Howard, who had died. On Jefferson’s 1751 tithe list, John Going was charged with one tithe, while on the same page, a “William Boing” [sic] was charged with one  tithe. This indicates that William Going had probably married and established his own home.  (This is INCORRECT – there is a Bowen family in Lunenburg from 1748 to 1764 with these names – William, Jesse, David, and Robert)

Also in 1751, in Richard Witton’s District a John Going with the name of Thos. Going indented below was charged with three tithes. Thus, there were at least two John Going individuals living in Lunenburg County in 1751.

For 1751
 
                        List taken by Richd. Witton
                                                            Tithes
  Daniel McGown ............................................ 11
John Edloe ................................................. 15
Mr. Armistead Burrell's list
  James Thompson Burden .................................... 12
Colo. Lewis Burrell's list N.Q. ............................  8
Joseph Jones (Roanoke) .....................................  1
Arther Freeman .............................................  2
John Green and his son, William ............................  2
John Williams
  John Ambrose
  Edwd. Lacy ...............................................  4
Wm. Edloe ..................................................  2
Edward Jackson .............................................  1
Wm. Pourgimy ...............................................  2
Thos. May ..................................................  1
Humphrey Garrett
  Jas. Garrett .............................................  2
Nichos. Calloway, Senr.
  Nichos. Calloway, Junr.
  John Calloway ............................................  3
Jos. Greer
  John Maxey ...............................................  2
Thos. Saterwhite
  John Saterwhite ..........................................  5
Chris Hudson ...............................................  4
Wm. Wilkins ................................................  1
James Wilkins
  John Wilkins .............................................  2
Thomas Wilkins .............................................  1
Valentine Mullens ..........................................  1
Jeremiah Hatcher
  Robt. Hatcher ............................................  8
John Roberts ...............................................  1
Wm. Lax ....................................................  1
John Going
  Thos. Going ..............................................  3
Joseph Davies ..............................................  1
Mickll. Beringer ...........................................  1
{page 177}

For 1751
                       List taken by Field Jefferson
{Page 170}

Tithes
Jeremiah Ellis .............................................  1
Edward Ellis ...............................................  1
Gabriel Hardin .............................................  1
Wm. Hardin .................................................  1
Jole Cole ..................................................  1
Robert Wooding .............................................  1
To "Mr. Owin Mireck in Oyl of White County"
  John Wilson ..............................................  2
George Izzard ..............................................  1
Michael Izzard .............................................  1
John Gorden ................................................  1
John Hearn .................................................  1
Wm. King
  Moody King ...............................................  2
John Goin ..................................................  1
James Stevens ..............................................  1
Field Jefferson
  John Fain ................................................ 13
John Forsler ...............................................  1
James Smith ................................................  2
Wm. Boing ..................................................  1
John George Pennington .....................................  1
John Hosky [?] .............................................  1
John Cole ..................................................  1
Wm. Tucker .................................................  1
George Allen ...............................................  1
Henry Bates ................................................  1
John Robertson
  Mark Robertson
  Edward Robertson .........................................  4
John Robinson, Junr. .......................................  1
Edward Killingsworth .......................................  1
Wm. Donmon .................................................  1
Josiah Donmon ..............................................  1
Wm. Beckinham
  James Domon [?] ..........................................  2
Elijer Mecoy ...............................................  1
George Butler ..............................................  1
 
{page 171}

It appears that by 1751 John Goin Jr has moved out of his father’s household, and that John Going Sr has his sons Thomas Going, and William Going still living with him – Thomas is over 21 so his name listed, William is still a minor, but over the age of 16 (so a tithe paid).

In 1752, John Going of Jefferson’s District was charged with two tithes. This indicates that William Going is still a minor (now between the ages of 17 to 20), still living with John Going Sr.  It is estimated he is about 19, so William’s estimated birth year is 1733.

In the November 1755 term, William Goins and Rebecca Goins, his wife, appeared in the Lunenburg County Court min­utes:

“An Indenture of Feoffment [Deed of Trust] between William Goins & Rebecca, his wife on the one part and Benjamin Bridgford of the one part, with a Memoran­dum of Livery of Seizen [legal transfer of land] and a Receipt thereon Indorsed are proved by the oaths of two of the witnesses thereto, and the same are ordered to be Certified.”

In 1757-58, John Goin, and his sons William Goin and John Goin Jr, are appointed to work with William Hill, Thomas Lanier, William Ballard, John Ruffins, and William Glading on road ways in Lunenburg County, Virginia.

1757 November 1, Page 4. Thomas Hawkins, William Hill & Thomas Lanier three of the Persons Appointed by an Order of the last Court to View the Way for a Road from the Mine to Cocks Creek, this day Returned their Report thereon which is Ordered to be Recorded, and William Ballard is Appointed Surveyor thereof, and it is Ordered that he together with Stephen Hatchel, John Goin, William Goin, John Goin, Junr . William Glading, Stephen Mallet Junr. and John Ruffins Male Labouring Tithables do forthwith lay open, Clear and keep the same in Repair According to Law.

(Source): LUNENBURG COUNTY ROAD ORDERS 1746-1764, by Nathaniel Mason Pawlett, Faculty Research Historian and Tyler Jefferson Boyd, Research Assistant.http://www.virginiadot.org/vtrc/main/online_reports/pdf/93-r17.pdf

1757 Nov 1 John Wm a John Jr road order in Lunenburg Co Va marked

(1757 Nov 1 – John Goin, William Goin and John Goin Jr, along with William Gladden on road order in Lunenburg Co Va)

William Goen was a witness to the will of Henry Childers in 1760, according to “Lunenburg County, Virginia Wills, 1746-1765.”

The following records show John Going and Mary Keith GOING deeding part of their 400 acres to their two sons.

June 10, 1761, John Going, Senr & Mary of Lunenburg County to son William Going of same place, love & affection, 100 acres, Lunenburg County, part of 400 acres by patent to said Going Sr. On both sides of Great Branch, where said William Going now lives, adjacent to John Ruffin. Signed: John [JG] Going, Mary [M] Going.  Witnesses: Richard Brown, Sarah Going, Susie (x) Hubbard. Recorded: July 7, 1761. [Lunenburg County Deed Book 6, pp. 378-379].   John Going Jr 100 acres, William Going 100 acres, and to a William Sandifur 200 acres.  1761 John Going Sr and wife Mary to son William Going in Lunenburg Co, Va

(John Going Sr and Mary Going to William Going, “for the natural love which we have for our son” – land is where William Going already lives, and adjacent to John Ruffin.  Witnessed by Sarah Brown, and Susy Hubbard ).

1761 John Going Sr and wife Mary to son John Going Jr in Lunenburg Co Va

1761 John Going Sr and wife Mary to son John Going Jr in Lunenburg Co Va 2

(John Going Sr and Mary Going to John Going Jr, “for the natural love which we have for our son”.   Land where John Going Jr now lives, bounded by Ruffin.  Witnessed by Sarah Going, and Elizabeth Going) (It appears both John Going Jr, and William Going married women named Elizabeth – this one is likely John Going Jr’s spouse).

The “Great Branch” referred to is the Great Branch of Allen’s Creek.

The above deeds show that both William Going and John Going, Jr. were living in their own homes, and probably married.

On December 1, 1761, John Going and Mary Going sold the remaining 200 acres of their patent.

John Going to Wm. Sandifur, both of Lunenburg County, 100 pounds, 200 acres, Lunenburg County, both sides Long [Great] Branch, adjacent William Hill, William Going and John Going. Signed: John [JG] Going. Witnesses: Thos Norell, John Farrer, Samuel Young, Benjamin Burton. Recorded: December 1, 1761. Mary, wife of Going, relinquishes her dower right. [Lunenburg County Deed Book 7]

1761 John Going to Wm Sandifur bounded by William Hill, William Going, John Going Jr, and John Ruffin in Lunenburg Va 1 1761 John Going to Wm Sandifur bounded by William Hill, William Going, John Going Jr, and John Ruffin in Lunenburg Va 2

(John Going Sr to William Sandifur in Lunenburg Co, Va – 200 acres.  Land bounded by William Going, John Going Jr, John Ruffin, and William Hill – future neighbor of William Goyne and Drury Goyen when they move to Fairfield Co, SC).

On 18 December 1761, John Going, Jr. sold the 100 acres he had received from his parents to his brother William Going for 40 pounds. [Lunenburg County Deed Book 7, p. 48]

William bought the 100 acres deeded to his brother, JOHN JR, by their parents for 40 pounds, and sold it in the following transaction.

On December 30, 1761 William Goyne sells 100 acres of land in Lunenburg Co, Va to a William Hatchell.

1761 Wm Goin to Wm Hatchell land bounded by John Goin, John Ruffin in Lunenburg Co Va

(William Goin to William Hatchel 100 acres bounded by John Goin, John Ruffin.  Witnessed by William Sandefur, Peter Sandefur, Samuel Young, and William Roffe).

On March 14, 1768, William Hatsel sold the land he had purchased from William Going .

William Hatsel of Mecklenburg County to Martin Phillips of Mecklenburg County for 50 pounds, a certain tract of land in Mecklenburg on both sides of the Long (Great) Branch that makes out of Allen’s Creek, bounded by John Going, new lines, John Ruffin, about 100 acres. Signed: William Hatsel. Witness: none. The deed was acknowledged by William Hatsel and Christiana Hatsel, his wife. Recorded in Deed Book 1, p. 547. Mecklenburg County, Virginia Deeds, 1765-1771, 1990.

The John Going mentioned in the above deed was John Going, Sr., as John Going, Jr. had moved to Orange Co., North Carolina by 1765.

ORANGE COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA:

In September 1753, Alexander ‘Going’, youngest son of William and Catherne [—] ‘Going’ of Stafford County, Virginia, first appeared in the records of Orange County, North Carolina.

“September 1753, Court of Orange County, Deed of gift from James Muse Sr. to James Muse Jr. for negroes, hogs, horses, cattle, beds & furniture, etc.

Witness: Alexander Going, Folio 11, p. 21. [Ruth Herndon Shields, “Orange County, North Carolina Abstracts of the Minutes of the Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions of September 1752 – August 1766, Southern Historical Press, 1991]”

While Alexander ‘Going’ had acquired land in Orange County prior to the dates on the following deeds, these deeds give the location of his land.

“January 14, 1758, surveyed, Abstract No. 3904. Grant Book Page No. 407.

July 25, 1760, Alexander Gowing, 248 acres in Orange County in the Parish of St. Matthews on the north side of Dan River, joining Mayoes line and the courses of the said river. Original Record: /signature/. Witnesses: W. Churton, Henry Cool (?). Examined by: Tho. Jones and W. Churton. Sworn Chain Carrier: Moses Hollis, Enoch Robinson. Sher’d Haywood D Survey, Patent Book 14. [Margaret M. Hofman, “The Granville District of North Carolina, 1748-1763, Abstracts of Land Grants,” Vol. II, 1987]

July 15, 1760, Abstract No. 3897, Grant Book Page No. 405. Lord Granville to Alexander Going, 600 acres in Orange County in the Parish of St. Matthews on both sides of Hogan’s Creek. Original Record: /signature/ Wits: Jas. Watson, Willm Nunn. Examined by Tho Jones and Richd Vigers. Surveyed February 10, 1757. Sworn Chain Carrier: Wm Armstrong, Notley Holis. Sher’d Haywood, Deputy Surveyor. Patent Bk. 14. [Ibid]”

William ‘Going’, son of John and Mary [Keith] ‘Going’ of Lunenburg County, Virginia, moved to Orange County, North Carolina by July 6, 1762. William had previously sold his 100 acres, gift of his parents, while still living in Lunenburg County. William had bought the 100 acres deeded to his brother, JOHN JR, by their parents for 40 pounds, and sold it in the following transaction.

1762 July 6, William Going (John Going Sr’s son) of Orange County, North Carolina sells his 100 acres in Lunenburg County, Virginia on Great Branch of Allen’s Creek adjacent to William Sandifur.  William Going, son of John and Mary Keith Going of Lunenburg County, Virginia, moved to Orange County, North Carolina by July 6, 1762. William had previously sold his 100 acres, gift of his parents, while still living in Lunenburg County.

“July 6, 1762, William Going of Orange County, North Carolina to Francis Norvell of Lunenburg County, Virginia, 45 pounds, 100 acres, Lunenburg County, Great Branch of Allen’s Creek, adjacent Wm Sandefur. Signed: William [W] Going. Recorded: 6 July 1762. Deed Bk. 7, pp. 302-04. [June Banks Evans, “Lunenburg County, Virginia, Deed Book 7,
1760-1761, Bryn Ffyliaid Publishers, NO, La., 1990].  http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GOWEN/2001-08/0996862999

December 11, 1762-63, John Going Sr, obtains 700 acres in Orange County, NC.  His younger brother Alexander Going has been in Orange County, NC since 1753.  In the transaction for 700 acres, it is noted that William Going is the chain carrier for John Going Sr.  The land is on Moon Creek.  William Gladin (Gladden) appears to contribute 505 acres to this tract in June 11, 1763.

1762 Dec 11 John Going 700 acres Orange Co

http://mars.archives.ncdcr.gov/DisplaySearchResult.aspx

In 1760, William Gladden received 623 acres of land on Moon Creek in Orange County, NC.

1760 William Gladden recvs 623 acres in Orange Co NC w Alexander Going chain carrier

http://mars.archives.ncdcr.gov/DisplaySearchResult.aspx

In November 1763, William Going and Alexander Going  were sued in the same Orange County, North Carolina Court. William’s case is filed in Debt Folio 116 and Alexander’s in Case Folio 123. [Ruth Herndon Shields, op cit]

On May 15, 1764, William Going was granted 311 ½ acres in Orange County, North Carolina. [Eve B. Weeks, “Register of Orange County, North Carolina Deeds, 1752-1768,” & 1793, Heritage Papers, 1984] William Gladden conveys the full 623 acres of his tract to William Gowen and to Alexander Going.  Gladden conveys 311 and 1/2 acres of land to William Gowen recorded in 1764, and then the transaction with Alexander Going for 311 and 1/2 acres of land is recorded in 1765.

1764 May William Gladen sells 311 and a half acres to William Gowen in Orange Co NC deeds registry

https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:2:77T2-V8GM?mode=g&i=14&owc=collection%2F1867501%2Fwaypoints&wc=32L6-DP6%3A169812501%2C169935701%3Fcc%3D1867501&cc=1867501

1764 William Gladden sells 311 and a half acres to William Going in Orange Co NC 1765 William Gladden sells 311 and a half acres to Alexander Going in Orange Co NC

1779 roberts to ingram land that was william goings from gladen 311 acres

John Going appears in Orange County in May 1765 Court Records. [Folio 383] [Shields, op cit. (This may be John Going Jr or Sr here).

The following record indicates that Alexander ‘Going’ Jr. had reached the age of majority. Thus, he was born prior to 1745.

“May 13, 1766, Grantor: Alexander Going; Grantee: Roger Adkinson, 248 acres. Witness: Alexr Going. [Weeks, “Register of Deeds, Orange County, North Carolina,” op cit]

The following record identifies two ‘Goings’ who likely were the sons of Alexander ‘Going’ Sr.

The 1771 Pay Roll of “Capt Nathaniel Hart’s Company of the Orange County Regiment of Militia that were in the late expedition against the Insurgents of this Province.”
Name No. Days
Daniel Gwin 73
Hugh Gwin 73

[Walter Clark, “The Colonial Records of North Carolina,” Vol. 17, p. 416)

The 1773 Petition for the Partition of the Northern Part of Orange County, North Carolina includes the following signers:

Alexr Gowen
John Gowen [Jr]
Daniel Gowen
Emos Gowen
Alexr Gowen Senr
(William L. Saunders, “The Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. 9, 1771-1775,” 1890, p. 809]

In the above petition, Alexr Senr probably was the father of Alexr [Jr], and Daniel. Most likely, John [Jr] and Emos (Amos) were the sons of John and Mary [Keith] ‘Going’ of Lunenburg/Mecklenburg County, Virginia.

William ‘Going’, son of John and Mary [Keith] ‘Going’ of Lunenburg / Mecklenburg Couny, Virginia, did not sign the 1773 petition. Evidently, he had moved from that area of Orange County, North Carolina prior to the date of the petition.

FAIRFIELD COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA:

Some time between 1765 – 1767 William Goyne moves from Orange County, NC, to the Craven District, South Carolina – in what will be Fairfield County, SC on the border of Chester County, SC – on Wateree Creek.   He receives a 300 acre grant.

(Plat#) S213184000900095 Colonial Plat Books (copy series) 8 Bit Gray 300 dpi Scanned by Judith Smith

http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/Thumbnails.aspx?recordId=100733

In 1769 William Going and his wife Elizabeth, convey 1/2 of his grant to William Gladden – 150 acres (who had conveyed land to William Going when they were in North Carolina).

1769 William Goyne to Gladden 150a in SC 1 1769 William Goyne to Gladden 150a in SC 2 1769 William Goyne to Gladden 150a in SC 3 1769 William Goyne to Gladden 150a in SC 4 1769 William Goyne to Gladden 150a in SC 5 1769 William Goyne to Gladden 150a in SC 6 1769 William Goyne to Gladden 150a in SC 7

http://www.ken-shelton.com/Fairfield/Deeds/Deed_G/Deed_G_0035a.tif
http://www.ken-shelton.com/Fairfield/Deeds/Deed_G/Deed_G_0036a.tif
http://www.ken-shelton.com/Fairfield/Deeds/Deed_G/Deed_G_0037a.tif
http://www.ken-shelton.com/Fairfield/Deeds/Deed_G/Deed_G_0038a.tif

By 1771 William Goyne has conveyed his land in South Carolina on Wateree Creek to his brother Drury Goyen.  A 1771 survey done for William Long shows Drury Gowen living adjacent to William Hill (William Goyne’s adjacent neighbor in Lunenburg Co, Va in 1761), also adjacent to Gladden’s land (William Gladden), and John Morris.

S213184001600282 Colonial Plat Books (copy series) 8 Bit Gray 300dpi Scanned By: Richie Wiggers

http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/Thumbnails.aspx?recordId=108903

On 1775 March 18, William Long files his memorial for 200 acres on Wateree Creek – adjacent to Drury Gowen, William Gloden (Gladden), William Hill, William Long, and John Morris on Wateree Cr., Craven Co, SC
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=154476

TRYON COUNTY and RUTHERFORD COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA:

Following is the first sighting of the name of William ‘Going name in Tryon/Rutherford County, North Carolina records:

On 1773 Jan 19, William Gowing receives 150 acrs both sides of Wards Creek of First Broad River. Tryon Co, NC

1773 William Gowing 150 acres in Tryon County, NC 1775 William Gowing 150a land in Tryon Co NC

http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.116.1351&qid=82726&rn=9

1773 May 22, – William Going was a witness to a writ in the Court of Tryon County, North Carolina concerning land on Ward’s Creek, William Going – records gave his wife’s name as Hester. Tryon Co, NC.    It appears that William Goyne’s wife, Elizabeth may have passed away some time between 1769 and 1773.  William’s son Hardy Goyne was born around 1771, so it is possible that Elizabeth died due to complications in his birth.  Hester is first mentioned in Tryon County, NC around 1773.  It appears William Goyne married Hester in the time period of 1770-1773.

On May 22, 1773, “William Going” was a witness to a writ in the Court of Tryon County, North Carolina concerning land on Ward’s Creek, according to “Deed Abstracts of Tryon, Lincoln & Rutherford Counties, 1769 – 1786,” Deed Books A and AD by Brent H. Holcomb.

On September 5, 1774, a plot of land was surveyed for William ‘Going’ on Ward’s Creek in Tryon/Rutherford County. Chain bearers were: William and John Brackett. This was an original land survey. This land was granted to William ‘Going’ on March 4, 1775. (“Bulletin of Genealogy Society of Old Tryon County, North Carolina,”Vol. XXVII, May 1989]

“William Going” received a tract of land from Robert Collingwood in Tryon County, North Carolina October 24, 1774 and a royal patent March 2, 1775.

“William Goings” appeared as “first chain bearer” in 1775 in survey records, according to “Tryon County, North Caro-lina Index to Land Surveys,” Files 1195 and 1368, by Miles S. Philbeck.  “William Goins” reppeared as “first chain bearer” in 1783, File 1830.

In February 1775, a true inventory of the estate of Alexander Going decd. was returned to the Court of Orange County, North Carolina. The inventory was signed by Sophia (x) Going, Administrator. [William Daub Bennett, “Orange County, North Carolina Records,” Vol. 13, 1758-1785, 1994, pp. 130, 135 & 136]

1775 Feb 28 – William Gowing – 150acr both sides of Wards Cr of First Broad River, Tyron Co, NC http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.116.1351&qid=82710&rn=24

On May 2, 1775, the Account of Sales of the Estate of Alexander Going deceased in Orange County, North Carolina, included the following names:

Alex Going
Daniel Going
John Going Jun
Sophia Going
[Bennett, op cit]

These estate records are reasonable proof that Sophia ‘Going’ was the widow of Alexander ‘Going’ Sr. widow, and Alex ‘Going’ was his son. Daniel ‘Going’ was likely another son. John Going Jun was likely the younger son of John Going and Mary [Keith] ‘Going’ of Lunenburg / Mecklenburg County, Virginia.

After the death of Alexander ‘Going’ Sr, members of this family group dispersed. Alexander ‘Going’ Jr. went to live near his first cousin William ‘Going’ in Rutherford County, North Carolina. Alexander ‘Going’ Jr later joined his brothers and cousins in Fairfield County, South Carolina. Daniel Going and his family moved to South Carolina.  It is reasonable to conclude that John ‘Going’ Jr and his family also moved to South Carolina, for several of his sons served in the Fairfield County, South Carolina militia in the Revolutionary War.

When Rutherford County, North Carolina was formed from land in Tryon County in 1779, the land of “William Going” appeared in the new county.  Tyron County was abolished in 1779.

Other records connected William Goyne with land on Ward’s Creek and First Broad River in the area that became Rutherford County.  They gave his wife’s name as Hester.  In 1779, Tryon County was abolished, and Lincoln and Rutherford Counties were created.  Three major Revolutionary War battle sites are located in this area.

William Goyne lived near the road running from near the home of William Goyne to Wynnesborough, South Carolina, county seat of Fairfield County where the other Orange County, North Carolina Gowen individuals lived.

South Carolina Rivers map in 1773 Marked 2

(Map of 1775 South Carolina marked with approximate locations of Goyen, Gowen, Going, Goyne, families, etc).

The following deeds/transations identify the third wife of William ‘Going’ in 1779 – it appears his wife Elizabeth, may have died:

In 1779 Aug 23 – WILLIAM GOING of Rutherford Co. is listed as a planter & wife HESTER convey to Samuel Stockton of same, planter, for 3000 pounds. WILLIAM GOING [seal], HESTER [x] GOING. Rutherford Co, NC.

On August 23, 1779 “William Going. planter and Hester, his wife of Rutherford County” conveyed 200 acres to Samuel Stockton, according to Rutherford County Deeed Book A, page 196 as reported in “Rutherford County, North Caro-lina Abstracts of Deeds, Volumes A-D” by John P. Green.

Two months later on October 25, 1779 the Rutherford County Deed Book A, page 44 records, “Of American Independence the 3rd.  Samuel Stockton, planter and Prudence, his wife of Rutherford County convey 200 acres on Ward’s Creek to William Whiteside . . . . two tracts of land: the first, granted to Robert Collinwood by the sheriff for Moses Moore [Moor] in 1773 and by Collinwood to William Going on October 24, 1774; the second, patented to William Going on March 2, 1775.”

The following tax record shows Alexander ‘Going’ Jr living with or near his first cousin William ‘Going’ in Rutherford County, North Carolina:

The 1782 Rutherford County, North Carolina Tax List, Capt. Whitesides’ Company

Taxpayer Land Negroes Horses Cattle Assessment

William Going 350 a 02393 pds
Alexandere Going 001313 pds

[File No. LP 46.1, NC Archives; also Brent H. Holcomb, 1782 Tax List of Rutherford Co., NC, NPD]

In 1782, William Going is listed on a Tax List of Rutherford County, Capt. Whiteside’s Company, lists William Going as owning 350 acres of land and Alexander Going as owning no land. They were listed in consecutive order, probably indicating that they lived in the same or adjacent dwellings, according to “The 1782 Tax List of Rutherford County, North Carolina” by Brent H. Holcomb. Rutherford Co, NC

“William Going, William Hall, William Lively, William Capshaw, Essex Capshaw, Gilliam Lively, John Price, Fredrick Price, William Lusk[?] and Edward Francis” in October 1782 “appeared on a charge of treason against the state,” according to “Rutherford County, North Carolina Abstracts of Minutes, Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 1779-1786.”  The judge ordered that their trials be “referred till next court.”  This was the period at the end of the Revolutionary War, and ill feelings ran high between the Whigs and the Tories.

It appears William Going must have cleared his name, as he was appointed as road surveyor in 1785 and continued in that capacity as the road surveyor until 1788 when he moved to Georgia.

In July 1783, the grand jury presented “William Going” for an assault upon John Smith, according to court records.

In October 1784, “William Going and William Munroe come into court and acknowledged themselves Special Bail for all damages and costs that Adlia Osborne shall recover against John Thompson,” according to court records.

In efforts to establish the lineage of William Goyne of Wilkes/Warren County Georgia, it is important to determine the location of the home of William Goyne in Rutherford County, North Carolina, the road system of that area, and the location of the boundary between Rutherford and Lincoln Counties, North Carolina.

In 1779, Rutherford and Lincoln County, North Carolina were formed from Tryon County in the following manner:

“The County of Tryon shall be divided into two distinct Counties, by a Line beginning at the South Line, near Broad River, on the dividing ridge between Buffalo Creek and Little [First] Broad River, thence along said ridge, to the Line of Burke thence along said Line unto the Old Cherokee line, thence due West course into the top of a dividing ridge between the Eastering and Westering Waters, thence along said ridge unto the old line Claimed by South Carolina, and all that part of the said County which lies on the East side of the said line shall be called, and known by the name of Lincoln County and all that part of the County which lies on the other or West side thereof, shall be called and known by the name of Rutherford County.” “[David Leroy Corbitt, “The Formation of the North Carolina Counties, 1663-1943,” Raleigh: Division of Archives and History, NC Dept. of Cultural Resources, 1987 [1950], p. 138]

Buffalo Creek is to the east of the dividing ridge, and First Broad River is to the west of the dividing ridge. First Broad River trends south-southwest to its juncture with Broad River, while Ward’s Creek trends southwest to its juncture with First Broad River in a large curve of that river.

The following deed gives the approximate location of the home of William ‘GOING’s:

“November 20, 1784, William Going of Rutherford County to Mark Brown of same, for 24 pounds 150 acres on both sides of Ward’s Creek, below the land he lives on.

William Going [seal], Haster Going [seal].

Witness: Uel Lamkins, Benj. [B] Bricket [Bracket], Abraham [S] Cobb.” [Holcomb, Deed Abstracts, op cit, pp 470-71)

William ‘Going’ lived on Ward’s Creek, northeast of its juncture with First Broad River, near or on the east-west public road, and near where Ward’s Creek crosses the Lincoln County line. [From “A Map of the Province of South Carolina” drawn between 1772 and 1776, the map includes portions of Tryon Co. [later Lincoln and Rutherford Counties], North Carolina from the Catawba River westward to the mountains.]

The 1816 Will of William Goyne  of Warren County, Georgia lists two daughters by the names of Rebecca Dick and Alice King. The following records identify two families with those surnames living as neighbors in Lincoln County, North Carolina. Perhaps these were daughters of WILLIAM GOYNE:

“March 20, 1783, George Dick of Lincoln County to Joseph Aker of same, for 18 pounds … 66 acres on waters of Killians Creek adjacent Dick’s old line, part of a grant to said Dick 19 June 1772″. Recorded: January Term 1783. Vol. 2, pp. 639-640.

January 11, 1785, Robert Knox of Lincoln County to John Boggs, for 87 pounds specie land on branches of Killians Creek, at an old corner of William Cathey’s land, adjacent Seiths, Kinkaid, 160 acres granted Thomas Yeats, December 22, 1765 & conveyed to William Crocket March 6, 1761 & to William King July 2, 1774, to Robert Knox October 7, 1775
Robert Knox (seal).  Witnesses: James Johnston, Benjamin Armstrong.  Recd: October Term 1785. Vol. 2, p. 787.” [Brent H. Holcomb, “Deed Abstracts of Tryon, Lincoln & Rutherford Cos., NC, 1769-1786,” p. 109 & p. 122, 1977)

The 1782 Tax List of Rutherford County, North Carolina lists John King and Samuel King. [“North Caroline Tax Payers, 1679-1790, Vol. 2, 1987, pp. 114-115]. Perhaps these were members of the King family that Alice Goyne married into.

William Goyne of Wilkes/Warren County, Georgia married fourth Agnes ‘Nancy’ Stroder in Wilkes County, Georgia. In 1799, two of Nancy’s brothers traveled from Wilkes County, Georgia to Lincoln County, North Carolina to be married. This suggests that the Stroder family had lived in Lincoln County North Carolina prior to their move to Wilkes County, Georgia. We suppose that William Goyne knew the Stroder family in North Carolina prior to their move to Georgia.

Alexander Going Jr moved from Rutherford County, North Carolina by 1785, as he was not listed on the 1785 Rutherford County Tax List.

1785 Tax List, Rutherford Co., North Carolina:

“William Going Land, 150 acres White poll, 1”

[Brent H. Holcomb, “1785 Tax List of Rutherford County, North Carolina [Partial], 1974)

South Carolina records confirm that Alexander ‘Going’ Jr moved to Fairfield County, South Carolina.

Alexander Going Jr returned to Rutherford County, North Carolina by 1795 as seen in the following record:

“October 31, 1795, Rutherford County, North Carolina, James Huddleston of Rutherford County to Alexander Going of same, 100 pounds, 200 acres on Ward’s Creek granted to said Huddleston July 9, 1794. Witness: John Huddleston, John Smith. #1708. April 23, 1796. Deed Book O, p. 160. [“Bulletin of the Genealogy Society of Old Tryon County, North Carolina,” Vol. XXII, No. 3, August 1994, p. 136]

In January 1785 “William Going” came into court and acknowledged a deed to Mark Brown for 150 acres of land, ac-cording to court records.

In January 1785, the court appointed “William Going overseer of the “public road from Brier Creek to the Old Meeting House.”

The following record indicates that William Going Jr had reached the age of maturity by 1785, thus he was born before 1764.

“July 8, 1785, Benjamin Bracket of Rutherford County, planter, & Ann to Edward Francis of same, for 40 pounds … 200 acres both sides of Ward’s Creek, including the mouth of Coxes Creek & his own improvements … granted to said Bracket July 25, 1774. Benjamin Bracket [seal] Witnesses: William Goings, Sr, William Goings, Jr. [Holcomb, Deeds Abstracts, op cit, pp. 440-41]

William Going, Jr. (William Goyne’s son) was married July 14, 1785 to Polly Griffin, according to Rutherford County, North Carolina Marriages, 1783-1850.”  “William Goinges” was their bondsman and signed Bond No. 13360.  F. Walker was a witness to the marriage of William Going, Jr. and Polly Griffin Going.  [Record: 086 01 103, NC Marriage Bonds, NC Dept. of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives & History]

The 1785 tax list for Rutherford County listed only “William Going.”  He owned 150 acres of land.  The last entry found for “William Going” in Rutherford County was dated July 14, 1788.  No Going individuals were enumerated in Rutherford County in the 1790 census, according to Col. Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr.

In 1785 July 27, William Going and Spencer McCay receive 200 acres on the head of Stony Run in Rutherford Co, NC, recorded in 1787.

1787 William Going and Spencer McCay 200acres in Rutherford Co, NC
http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.108.327&qid=82710&rn=15

In 1785 July 27 – William Going receives 100 acres on the middle ford of No Business Creek in Rutherford Co, NC, recorded in 1787.

1787 William Going receives 100 acres in Rutherford Co NC

http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.108.305&qid=82710&rn=20

In April 1785 “William Going” came into court and proved a deed from Benjamin Bracket to Hugh Smith.  In July 1785 “William Going” came into court and proved a “deed from Benjamin Bracket and Anna, his wife to Edward Francis, 200 acres of land by oath of William Going.”

In October 1785 “William Going” along with Morris Roberts came into court to post bond of £500 as securities for Drury Logan who was to receive “Letters of Administration on the goods, chattels, rights and credits of Benjamin Moore, Dec’d.”

In October 1785 “William Going” was sued by John Wood.  John Wood, Jr, a witness in the trial, came into court and “proved his attendance in behalf of the plaintiff, sixteen days at sundry courts.”

In January 1786 the court ordered that “William Going” be one of the jurors “to lay off and mark a publick road near the ford on First Broad River and near the Burke line.”

In 1786 March 10, William Going and David Miller reveive 200 acres on the head of a branch of Ward Creek, Rutherford Co, NC

1786 William Going and David Miller receive 200 acres in Rutherford Co NC
http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.108.167&qid=82710&rn=22

In 1786 April 10, William Going receives 150 acres including the cross roads and his own improvements, in Rutherford Co, NC.

1786 William Going receiving 150 acres in Rutherford Co NC
http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.108.320&qid=82710&rn=21

In 1786 October 21, William Goings and Spruce McCoy receive 500 acres including Lampkins old improvement in Rutherford Co, NC, recorded in 1787.

1787 William Goings and Spruce McCoy receive 500 acres in Rutherford Co, NC
http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.108.404&qid=82710&rn=16

In January 1786, on the motion of “William Going,” the court ordered that “the orphan children of Dianah Canady be brought to our next Court Court in April and that the Constable produce them there.”

On December 12, 1786, “William Goings” and David Miller received a deed for 200 acres on Ward Creek, according to Rutherford County deed records.

In 1788 April 12, William Goings sells 400a to David Roper in Rutherford Co, NC
Deed No. 1123.  It is recorded in 1794.

1794 William Goings sells 400 acres to Roper in Rutherford Co NC
http://www.northcarolinapioneers.com/restricted/probate/rutherford/deeds/J990-1156.pdf

On July 14, 1788, William ‘Going’ resigned from road maintenance duty in Rutherford County, North Carolina, suggesting that he was preparing to move. This is proof that William ‘Going’ lived on or near the public road. Old maps depict this road as an east-west road that crossed Ward’s Creek near the Lincoln-Rutherford County line.

“William Going comes into open court & resigns being Overseer of the Public Road & appoints William Lewis Queen overseer in his place. To have the same hands and distance of road as said Going”. [Rutherford County Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, July 14, 1788]

Following is the last record of William ‘Going’ in Rutherford County, North Carolina:

“October 1,1788, William Going to Benjamin Bracket for 20 pounds tract of 100 acres on middle fork of No Business Creek. Land was granted to said Going by Patent dated January 5, 1786.” Deed No. 954. Deed Book A, 1779-1786, Rutherford Co, NC.

Recorded August 10, 1792. Nathaniel Tracy, James Shepard. [Deed Book I, p. 104 (or 409). No. 954.]

Evidently, William ‘Going’ moved from Rutherford County, North Carolina soon after he sold this land. Along with many other property owners, much of the land of William ‘Going’ was taken for non-payment of taxes. The following describes the economic conditions of that time.

“The depreciation of currency during the [Revolutionary] war was a matter of grave concern. By December 1781, its value had declined by 725%. While the tax levy was placed as low as possible, many inhabitants found it impossible to pay even the small amount levied. Many of Rutherford County’s substantial citizens pled insolvency when approached for taxes during the next two years. On July 17, 1783, the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of Rutherford County ordered David Miller, Collector of Public and County Taxes for 1782, to receive from the inhabitants the tickets for clothing for the eighteen months men in place of hard money. The law provided that any citizen furnishing clothing and supplies to certain troops should have the goods valued by the sheriff or other designated person, and tickets or due bills issued for them, which were to be redeemed in payment for taxes. No explanation occurs as to why Miller refused to accept the tickets.”

[Clarence W. Griffin, County Historian of Rutherford County, “History of Old Tryon & Rutherford Counties, North Carolina, 1730-1936, 1937]. Records of the sale of the confiscated property of William Going 4 read as follows.

July 14, 1791, Robert Irvin Esq., High Sheriff of Rutherford Co. to David Miller of same, per execution against William Going for 12 pounds, 15 shillings recovered by Joseph Carpenter, 200 acres at the head of a branch of Ward’s Creek including the head of the second fork on the south side of Stoney Creek run, ½ of a tract originally granted to David Miller and William Going, also 100 acres on Bryer Creek, also an entry of 200 acres on No Business, also ½ of 500 acres entered by Spruce McCoy and William Going on the head of ____ Creek. David Miller became high bidder-20 shillings.

Witnesses: John Irving, L. Moor. 27 May 1793. Deed Book J, p. 33. [“Bulletin of the Genealogy Society of Old Tryon County, North Carolina, Vol. XXII, No. 1, Feb. 1994]

July 14, 1791, Robert Irvin Esq., Sheriff of Rutherford County to David Miller as highest bidder at 20 shill, one-half tract of original grant of David Miller & William Going on head of a branch of Ward’s Creek including the second fork on the south side Stoney Creek, joining Going’s & Macay’s line, also the other tract of 200 acres entered by Spruce McCay & William Goings lying on Stoney Run including the head of Stoney Run and running down for complement; also one-half tract of 500 acres entered by Spruce McCoy & William Goings on head of Crooked Run begin at Moses Moor’s line. Recorded 27 May 1793. Witnesses: John Irvin, L. Moore” . Deed Book J, p. 35. No. 1029. [C. H. Davis, op cit, p. 67]

William Going lived in Rutherford County, North Carolina from the winter months of 1772-73, until after 1 October 1788. Typically, in that day a person moved after he had gathered his crops, and arrived at his new location in time to plant the next year’s crops. Georgia tax records indicate that William Goyne arrived in Wilkes County, Georgia after the 1789 tax list was prepared, and before the 1790 tax list was prepared.

GEORGIA:

In the prior section, the two daughters of William Goyne appear that they probably married in Rutherford Co., North Carolina and lived in adjacent Lincoln County after their marriages.

It also appears the family of the third wife of William Goyne probably lived in Lincoln County prior to their move to Wilkes County, Georgia.

By private correspondence with “Goyne researcher, “Arlee Gowen” <gowen@llano.net>”, Mr. Frank Parker Hudson of Atlanta, Georgia provided the Wilkes/Warren County tax information presented in this paper, except where otherwise noted. Mr. Hudson is an eminent authority on early Georgia tax law, and how it was applied in the social structure of Georgia. Mr. Hudson limited his report to the early ‘Going’ individuals of Wilkes / Warren County. He identified the free-persons-of-color with a ‘Going-sounding’ surname. According to Mr. Hudson’s assessment none of the persons mentioned in this paper were free-persons-of-color.

Tax records indicate that when William Goyne first arrived in Wilkes County and for a few years thereafter, he lived near Moses ‘Going,’ a free-person-of-color from Virginia. William Goyne may have rented land from Moses ‘Going’ before purchasing his own land.

In Mr. Hudson’s tax records the two letters identify the militia district, and the sequential numbers identify the individual within that district, according to Timothy D. Hudson.

William ‘Going’ first appeared in the tax records of Wilkes County in 1790. William Goyne probably arrived in Georgia after the 1789 tax list was prepared, but before the 1790 tax list was prepared. William Goyne was about age 58 in 1790.

In 1790, William ‘Going’ lived in Capt. Lucas’ District [LL-20], and was charged with one poll. This indicates that William Goyne had no adult male children living with him, and owned no land in the state of Georgia.

In 1791, William ‘Going’ lived in Capt. Hubbard’s District [LL-60], and was charged with one poll.

In 1792, William ‘Going’ lived in Capt. Hubbard’s District [LL-68], and was charged with one poll. William ‘Going’ was not found in the tax records of Wilkes County in 1793.

In 1793, Jesse ‘Going’ lived in Capt. Hubbard’s District [LL-3], and was charged with one poll.

When Warren Co, Ga was created from Wilkes Co, Ga in 1793, William Going, Moses Going, and Jesse Going were listed as taxpayers on the county’s first tax roll.

It appears that William Goyne’s 3rd wife Hester must have died some time prior to 1794.   Some time in 1794 – 1796 William Goyne was married a 4th time to Nancy Stroder, daughter of Alexander Stroder and Isabella Stroder, in Wilkes County, Georgia. Nancy Stroder was born in PA in 1768 to Alexander Schroeder and Isabella Schroder.

In 1794, William ‘Going’ lived in Capt. Hubbard’s District [LL-9] in newly formed Warren County, Georgia. He was charged with one poll, and paid 1 shilling, 9 pence. [Hudson, op cit, and Ruth Blair, State Historian and Director, Georgia Department of Archives & History, “Some Early Tax Digests of Georgia” 1926]

 

1794-1805 William Going is on tax list of Warren County, Ga.

1794 to 1805 William Going on tax rolls in Warren County Ga

http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=gacen&gss=sfs28_ms_r_db&new=1&rank=1&gsln=Goings&gsln_x=NP_NN&MSAV=1&uidh=m37

In 1796, John ‘Going’, son of William Goyne, lived in Capt. Turner’s District. He was listed as a tax defaulter. [Augusta Chronicle, 29 Jan. 1797, p. 2, col. 4]

In 1796, Drury ‘Going’, son of William Goyne, appeared in the tax records of Wilkes County. He lived in Capt. Turner’s District [MM-7], and owned 100 acres of land.

In 1797, William ‘Going’ lived in Capt. Turner’s District [MM-49], and was charged with one poll. Other ‘Going’ individuals living in Capt. Turner’s District in 1797 were:

Drury ‘Going’ [MM-65]
Hardy ‘Going’ [MM-140] “Widow” was written by his name.
Henry ‘Going’ [MM-38]
John ‘Going’ [MM-32]
William ‘Going’ [MM-111]

All of the above were sons of William Goyne, except Henry Going [MM-38].  Henry ‘Going’ [MM-38] is considered to be the son of John ‘Going’ Jr, and the grandson of John and Mary Keith ‘Going.’

In 1797 James Goyne appeared in the records of adjacent Hancock Co.  James Goyne is considered to be the son of John ‘Going’ Jr, and the grandson of John ‘Going’ and Mary Keith ‘Going.’ James Goyne  was a purchaser at the estate sale of Meredith Price in early 1797 in Hancock County, Georgia according to “The Georgia Genealogy Magazine,” Winter 1974, p. 141]. In the summer of 1797, James Goyne assisted in the inventory of the estate of William Minor, Jr. in Hancock County, according to the same source.

In 1799, William ‘Going’ lived in Capt. Turner’s District [MM-135]. He owned 100 acres on Lick Creek that joined Meshack Turner. This land had been originally granted to Isaac Stokes. This is the first land purchased by William Goyne in Wilkes County.

The 1799 List of Tax Defaulters in Wilkes County in Capt. Turner’s District, included Drury Goyne and William Goyne Jr. [Augusta Chronicle, April 12, 1800, p. 2, col. 3])

In 1801 William Goings listed on Warren Co Ga tax lists.

1801 William Goings listed on Warren Co Ga tax lists

Ancestry.com Link to source

The names of James Goyne and his oldest son John Goyne appear in the following Hancock County record:

“1802 Tax Returns of Capt. William’s District, Hancock County: John Goyn and James Goyn-no entries except tax of 31½ cents each. [1802 Tax Returns, Records of Hancock Co., verified by the Nancy Hart Chapter, DAR, Milledgeville, GA, Georgia Society DAR, 1940-42]”

Goin individuals who entered the 1803 Land Lottery in Wilkes County, according to “Early Records of Wilkes County, Georgia,” Book 1 were:

Drury Goin 2 draws
William Jr 1 draw
John Goin 2 draws

The 1805 Tax Records of Warren County in Capt. T. Mullins District, p. 97, list: “William Goying poll 1, Acreage: 35 acres quality #2; 35 acres quality #3. rantee [sic]: Felps. Joiner: Aikins. [Blair, op cit]

In the 1805 Land Lottery, Warren County, William Goyne, held Registration No. 993, and drew two blanks. (1805 Land Lottery, p. 130)

The 1805 Land Lottery, Capt. Young’s District, Wilkes County, according to “Early Records of Wilkes County, Georgia,” Book 1, lists:

Drury Goin 2 draws
John “Bitnose” Goyne 2 draws

Qualifications for both the 1803 and 1805 Land Lotteries were the same:

“One draw–free, white and age 21, paid taxes and had been in the state for 12 months. Two draws–same as above, plus having a wife and a child.”

1805 William Goying on Warren County, Georgia tax list.

1805 William Goying on tax list of Warren County, Ga

Ancestry.com source link

STRODER/STRAWDER/SCHRODER/etc.  Excursus (by Arlee Goyne): 

William Goyne married Agnes “Nancy” Stroder in Wilkes County Georgia as his third (fourth) wife. This excursus seeks to identify the Sroder family, and determine where they lived prior to moving to Wilkes County.

The following information is abstracted from photocopies of original documents provided by Nancy Strawder Bruce of Columbus, Georgia.

Isabella Schroder made her Will on October 6, 1793 in Wilkes County. She named her four sons: Alexander, John, William and Magnus; her four daughters: Agness, Isabel, Margaret and Esther her son-in-law Thomas Thomas; and her granddaughter Isabel Thomas. She signed her name Isabella (X) Schroder.

Family members making purchases from Isabella Schroder’s estate on April 10, 1794 were:

Isabel Strouder
Alexander Strouder
Agness Strouder

“William [W] Going” witnessed a transaction of Alexander Schroder in 1796:

“November ye 12th 1796. Recd of Henry Thompson Five pounds one shilling & 10 p Sterling With Interest it being in full of my part of the Estate by Me.

Test: Wm [W] Going Alexander Schroder

“William [W] Going and Jean Nancy Strouder Going” acknowledged the receipt of their portion of the estate:

“November ye 12th 1796. Recd of Henry Thompson Five pounds one Shilling & 10 p Sterling it being in full of my part of the Estate by Me.  Alexander Schroder,  Wm [W] Going, Jean Nancy [X] Going

The mark of William Goyne on the above documents appears to be an embellished W.

By lining out her maiden name and replacing it with her married name in the following document, Jean Nancy Shroder Goyne gave a clue that she and William Goyne had just recently married.

“November 16, 1796 Received of Hen Thompson five pounds one shilling and ten pence in full of my part of Isbel Schroders Estate By Me. Test: Agness [X] Schroder [lined out] Goeing Isbel [X] Shroder

On January 12, 1799, William Stroder married Dorcas Scarborough in Lincoln County, North Carolina. [Original record, NC Archives]

On March 30, 1799, Alexander Stroder married Catharine Wills in Lincoln County, North Carolina. [Original record, NC Archives]

Alexander Stroder signed his marriage document with a distinctive “A.” The “A” in Alexander Stroder’s signature on his marriage document is identical to the one on his mother’s estate documents, thus proving that this is the same individual.

Alexander Stroder was enumerated in the 1800 census of Lincoln County on page 829. Living nearby were the Burrel Wills family on page 832, and the Peter Scarborough family on page 850. This is compelling evidence that the Stroder family had lived in Lincoln County before moving to Wilkes County, Georgia.

William Stroder returned to Wilkes/Warren County, Georgia after his marriage in Lincoln County, where he appeared in records with members of the family of William Goyne.

William Goyne probably knew the Stroder family while living in the  Lincoln / Rutherford County area of North Carolina.

_____________________________

William Goyne made his will January 4, 1816, and it was probated September 1, 1817 in Warren County, Georgia. He named the following children in his will:

John Goyne who was married to Nancy and moved to Jefferson County, Alabama, dying there in 1839.
Drury Goyne who was last recorded in the 1820 Census of Wilkes County, Georgia. He may be the man who was married to Martha Worthington November 15, 1838 in Upson County, Georgia.
William Goyne, Jr. who was last recorded in the tax records of Wilkes County, Georgia in 1799.
Hardy Goyne who was last recorded in 1830-31 in Taliaferro County, Georgia.
Rebecca Goyne who was married about 1790, husband’s name Dick.
Alice Goyne who was married about 1793 to King as his second wife.
Hiram Davis Goyne who was married Mary “Polly” Allen; and Susan Lupo. They removed to Union Parish, Louisiana where he died in 1852.
Tyra A. Goyne who was married to Mary and moved to Coffee County, Alabama where he died in 1883.

1817 Sept 1 – Proveup of William Goynne will in Warren Co, Ga.

The last Will and Testament of William Goynne.
“1st I will that so much of my horses or cattle shall be sold as will be sufficient to satisfy all my just debts.
2nd I will that forty dollars shall be raised and collected out of not now in my possession against other people, and given to John and Mount Herman Goynne, my grandchildren, sons of Hardy Goynne.
3rd I will that the balance of all my notes, after raising the above mentioned forty dollars, with the interest and profits arising therefrom to be given to my son Tyra.
4th I will that the land, house and Plantation where I now live, be a home for my wife, if she chooses to stay upon it, during her widowhood, but not have the privilege to sell it. And then at her marriage, her death, or removal, to go to my son Hiram.
5th I will that my Sorrel Mare belong to my wife, for the purpose of raising a colt or colts for my son Tyra; and entrust my wife to give accordingly.
6th I will that my three beds be divided between my wife, Hiram, and Tyra Goynne, equally, viz. one for each: and the balance of my household furniture to be equally divided as they separate their homes between my wife, Hiram and Tyra.
7th I will that my daughter Rebecca Dick, have one dollar and fifty cents.
8th I will that my daughter Allice King, shall have one dollar and fifty cents.
9th I will that my son John, shall have one dollar and fifty cents.
10th I will that my son Drury shall have one dollar and fifty cents.
11th I will that my son William shall have one dollar and fifty cents.
12th I will that my son Hardy, shall have two dollars.
I am at this time perfectly in my senses; and acknowledge the above to be my desire. As witness my hand, this 4th day of January, in the year of our Lord 1816.”

William Goynne (his mark).
Signed in the Presence of: Joseph “J” Johnson, Obedience Ray (her mark), Hartwell Battle.

Probate of the above will of William Goyne was in Georgia, Warren County Court of Ordinary, in the September Term of 1817.

Personally appeared in open Court Joseph Johnston and Hartwell Battle, two of the subscribing witnesses to the within Will, and took the following oath, viz. I Joseph Johnston and I hartwell Battle, do each for himself, solemnly swear on the holy Evangelists of Almighty God, that we saw William Goynne sign the within instrument of writing, and pronounce the same to be his last Will and Testament, and that at the time of his so doing, he was of sound and disposing mind and memory, and in his presence, and at his request, and in the presence of eachother, and also of Obedience, Ray, the other subscribing witnesses, they did all become witnesses thereunto.
Sworn and subscribed in open Court the 1st day of September 1817. Test. M. Torrence, Clk, C.O.
Wits: Joseph Johnston, Hartwell Battle.

1816 will for William Goyne in Georgia

(Copy William Goyne’s will that has been transcribed into the Warren County court minutes)
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G93T-8Q6Q?i=150&wc=9SYT-GP6%3A267832301%2C267849401&cc=1999178

Family members of William Goyne that are named in his will above are:
His wife: Nancy

William Goyne’s children:
1) Hardy Goynne – and Hardy’s children:
John Goynne
Mount Herman Goynne
2) Tyra Goynne
3) Hiram Goynne
4) Rebecca Dick
5) Allice King
6) John Goynne
7) Drury Goynne
8) William Goynne

On 1817 Nov 7 the Inventory of the Estate of William Goyne in was filed with the court in Warren County, Georgia.

1817 Nov 7 - Ga inventory and sale of Wm Goyne estate snip

1817 Nov 7 – Ga inventory and sale of Wm Goyne estate snip

https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G935-VNT6?mode=g&i=142&wc=9SBM-PTG%3A267818601%2C267851301%3Fcc%3D1999178&cc=1999178

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