1718 James Goin of Granville County, NC

James Goin mul b. abt 1718 living in Granville Co, NC

Parents:

Unk

Children:  (The following “may” be his children.  They appear to be the right age, and are living next to eachother, showing up around the same time, etc.  I’m not currently aware of any documents confirming they are his children.  I am making the assumption based on information I currently have)

William Goin 1742 mul
Joseph Goin 1738 mul
Michael Goin 1736 mul
Edward Goin 1737 mul

Siblings:

Unk

FACTS:

(See various James Goings on this page:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/various-james-goings/ )

Age of James Goin:  (Note:  I’ve estimated James Goin’s age based on his son William, and who I assume is his son, Edward Goin.  Edward Goin’s Revolutionary War pension application put his date of birth around 1737.  William Goin’s date of birth is estimated to be about 1742 based on his first year James Goin was required to list him (at 16 years of age) and that was in 1759.   If James Goin is the father of Edward Goin, then he is likely at least 20 or 21 years of age when he fathered him (possibly even older if he has other older children that are unknown) – that is how I estimated year of birth at 1718).

1759 – James Gowen and William Gowen (c), his son were taxable in the 1759 tax list of John Pope and were delinquent taxpayers that year. Granville, NC
1759 William Gowen (c), was shown as “taxable” in the 1759 tax list of Granville County. Granville Co, NC
1759 List of John Pope
Joseph Goin, Mulattoe 1
Edward Goin, Mulattoe 1
Thomas Goin, William Gray White 2
James Goin Mulattoe, William Goin (c) Mulattoe 2
Michael Goin, Mulattoe, John Wilson, Mulattoe 2
Delinquent and insolvent list
Going, James 2
Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html
1759 Joseph Goin 1 mulattoe Granville Co NC
Edward Goin 1 mulattoe
Thomas Goin, William Gray 2 white
James Goin and William Goin (c) 2 mulattoe
Michael Goin and John Wilson 2 mulattoe
James Going 2 insolvent (unk)
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Granville.htm
1759 – James Gowen and William Gowen (c) , his son were taxable in the 1759 tax list of John Pope and were delinquent taxpayers that year. Granville, NC.

1761 whites/Blacks male/Blacks f/ Blacks 12-16
List of John Pope
Thomas, Moses Gowin. Refuses to List his wife 2 tithes
Michael Gowin, John Wilson. Refuses to list his wife 2
Joseph Gowin. Refuses to list his wife 1
List of Robt. Harris for Granville Parish
Edward Going sons Edwd. Reeps 0 white/3black males
Country Line District by Larkin Johnston
William Gowin (c), James Gowin 2
William Gowin Junr (b), Jesse Chandlor 2
Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html

1761 Thomas Gowin and Moses Gowin, refuses to list his wife – 2 tithes unk Granville Co NC
Michael Gowin, John Wilson, refuses to list his wife 2 tithes unk
Joseph Gowin, refuses to list his wife 1 tithe
Edward Going and sons Edwd, and Reeps 3 black
William Gowin (c) and James Gowin 2 tithes unk
William Gowin Jr (b) unk
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Granville.htm

1762 Michael Gowin mulattoe Granville Co NC
Thomas Gowin and Moses Gowin 2 tithes
Edward Gowin Sr, Reps Gowin, Edward Gowin 3 mulattoe
James Gowing, son William (c), refs to list his wife – 2 white, 0 black, 0 females, 2 over 16, 2 total
William Gowin Jr (b) 2 white
Joseph Going refuses to list wife 1 mulattoe
James Gowen 2 insolvent
Michael Going 2 insolvent
Edward Going 2 insolvent
Jos. Going 1 insolvent
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Granville.htm

1762 Bare Swamp District; List of John Pope for St. Johns Parish
Michael Gowin, Mulattoe, John Willson2 tithes
Thomas Gowin, Moses Gowin 2
Edward Gowin Senr. Mulla., Reps Gowin, Edward Gowin 3
Fishing Creek District
James Gowing, Son William (c) , Refs. to list his wife
2 whites, 0 blacks, 2 males, 0 females, 2 over 16, 2 total
Country Line District
William Gowin Junr (b) 2 white
Granville Parish by Robert Harris
Joseph Going Mulato not listed his wife
list of insolvents
Gowen, James 2
Going, Michael 2
Going, Edward 2
Going, Jos. 1
Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html

1762 “James Gowing and his son, William Going (c) were tithables in Fishing Creek District in the 1762 tax list of Granville County, page 45. Granville Co, NC

1763 List of Insolvents
Gowen, James 2
Going, Edward 2
Going, Wm. 1 Rong listed 1
Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html
1763 James Gowen 2 insolvent Granville Co NC
Edward Going 2 insolvent
Wm Going 1 insolvent
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Granville.htm

1764 Joseph Gowen 1 white Granville Co NC
William Gowen (b) 1 white
William Gowen (c?) and John Cape 2 white
Jas. Gowen, James Lunceford 2 white
Thomas Going and Moses Going 2 white
Joseph Going and James Harrison mulattoe 1 white 1 mulattoe
Edward Going and Edward Going 2 mulattoe
Jos. Gowen 2 insolvent
James Gowen 2 insolvent
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Granville.htm

1764 Good lists survive. In most all districts the categories are
Yancey’s List ( part missing)
Gowen, Joseph 1-0-0-0
Gowen, William (b) 1-0-0-0
List of Robert Harris
Cape, John and William Gowen (c?) 2-0-0-0
Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html

1764 Cape John and William Going (c?) 2 white, 2 total; Granville Co Tax List of Robert Harris; Granville Co, NC. http://www.mindspring.com/~baumbach/1764tax01.htm

1765 William Burford’s District
William Going (c) Molatto not listed 2
County Line district by James Yancy
Joseph Gions 1, 0
Wm. Gions (b) 1,0
Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html

From GRF Newsletter Aug 1997:

James Gowen Defied North Carolina Over Family Taxes in 1762

James Gowen, son of Edward Gowen, Jr, was born about 1725, probably in Charles City County, Virginia. He was married about 1742, wife’s name unknown. It is believed that he removed to Granville County, North Carolina about 1750. James Gowen was regarded by some historians as a Melungeon.

“James Gowin” was a “sworn chain carrier” on a patent of 616 acres issued March 1, 1752 to James Hunt “on branches of Island Creek and Mitchell’s Creek, adjoining Davis’s corner, Hunt’s line, Collin’s line, Tynel’s line and Holly’s line,” according to Granville County Surveyor’s Book 11, page 382.

“James Going” received a land grant from the Earl of Granville March 4, 1752, according to Granville County Deed Book B, page 439. James Gowen and William Gowen, his son were taxable in the 1759 tax list of John Pope and were delinquent taxpayers that year.

On November 29, 1760 “James Going” received a patent to 529 acres in Granville County located in St. John’s parish, “adjoining Winnirgum’s line, Melone’s line and Robert’s line,” according to Surveyor’s Book 14, page 108. The survey was signed by James Gowen and Joseph Gowen. “William Going, sworn chain carrier” was a witness.

“James Gowing and his son, William Going” were tithables in Fishing Creek District in the 1762 tax list of Granville County, page 45. “James Gowing refused to list his wife and children,” suggesting that he was regarded as “free colored.” At that time, the law required that tithes were to be paid by all white men over the age of 16 on the blacks in their household, male and female, including “all mulattos, mustees, quadroons and all persons of mixed blood to the fourth generation over the age of 12.” Therefore, if a white man had a mixed blood wife, he paid a tithe on her and her children over 12. When a notation appeared on the tax list that a man refused to pay a tithe on his wife, he was arguing that she was “white.” This law was in force until 1786. James Going was recorded as “insolvent” from 1762 through 1764.

Dr. Virginia Easley DeMarce, researcher of Alexandria, Virginia, suggests that James Gowen may have moved back across the state line to Virginia to settle in adjacent Brunswick County. She reported that James Gowen received a land grant in Brunswick County in 1762, citing Virginia Land Office Book 15, If this is the same James Gowen, his finances and [perhaps his character] greatly improved. He went from insolvency to be a property owner, a slave owner and a taxpayer.

It is believed that James Gowen was remarried about 1775. wife’s name Amy.

Greensville County was formed from Brunswick County in 1783 and James Gowen found himself in the new county.

“James Going” was listed as the head of a household of seven people in the 1783 census of Greensville County, page 54, near
the locations of “Drury Going” and “Thomas Going.” He was taxable in that year on “1 poll, 2 slaves, 2 horses and 8 cattle,” according to “The 1787 Census of Virginia,” page 778.

“James Gowing, Henry Gowing and Avant Massey jointly posted a bond of £50 “to Miherris Parish to help support the child of Mary Hill who was an unlawful child as yet to be born,” according to Greensville County Deed Book 1, page 173.
“James Gowing” was listed as surety for the marriage of “Amy Gowing” to William Harris December 19, 1805 in Greensville County, according to “Greensville County Marriages, 1781-1825” by Catherine Lindsey Knorr.

“James Gowing” was recorded as the head of a household in 1810, according to “Index to 1810 Virginia Census.” His household was composed of “2 whites and 7 slaves.”

“James Gowing, Sr.” wrote his will August 12, 1816, according to Greensville County Will Book 2, page 447. Mentioned in the will was “wife, Amey; son, James Gowing, Jr; grandson, James Alked Gowing; son, Henry Gowing; son, Benjamin Gowing; grandsons, Benjamin Howard, Harbart Howard, Hartwell Howard and James Howard and daughter, Amy Harris.” Benjamin Young was his executor.

Children born to James Gowen and his first wife are believed to include:

William Gowen born about 1743
Drury Gowen born about 1748
Thomas Gowen born about 1763
James Gowen, Jr. born about 1764
Frederick Gowen born about 1766

Children born to James Gowen and Amy Gowen are believed to include:

Nancy T. Gowen born about 1776
Henry Gowen born about 1779
Benjamin Gowen born about 1782
Amy Gowen born about 1785
Going Family Traced 300 Years

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