1700 John Going Sr married to Mary Keith

John Going Sr b. abt 1700- d. ?, married Mary Keith (child of Cornelius Keith), lived in Stafford Co, Va 1710, Fairfax Co, Va 1743-46, Lunenburg Co, Va 1748-61, Orange Co, NC.

Places Lived/Located:
Stafford Co, Va (1704 birth – near Maryland/Washington DC)
Somerset Co, Maryland (1726/27) (mariner court cases) (possibly same person – timeline and location fits – not certain, but reviewing)
Fairfax Co., Va (1743-1746) (back closer to DC)
Lunenburg Co, Va (1748 – 1761) – Deeded land to son William Gowen (Orange County later) – and then Orange Co, NC

Parents:

William Gowing b. abt 1682 – 1725 m. Catherine “Patterson” (confirmed parent of John Gowing)

Children:

John Going Jr. b. abt 1720 m. Elizabeth (confirmed child of John Going Sr)
Thomas Goin b. abt 1717-22 (confirmed child of John Going Sr) (date of birth assumed) child based on paying tithes in Lunenburg Co, Va in same household – he is a Y-DNA match to this line).
Susannah Gowen Hubbard b. abt 1725-31 (confirmed child of John Going Sr)
William Goyne b. abt 1728-1733 (confirmed child of John Going Sr – also a Y-DNA match)

(Possible Children or Grandchildren):
Amos Goyen b. 1744 (possible child)(Thomas Goin is possibly parent)
Drury Goyen b. 1749 (possible child – also a Y-DNA match)(Thomas Goin is possibly parent)
James Goyne b. 1755 (possible child – also a Y-DNA match)(Thomas Goin is possibly parent)

Siblings:

Ambrose Gowen b. abt 1699 – d. ? – m. ? (confirmed child of William b. 1682)
Susannah Gowen b. 1702- d. ?, m. ? (confirmed child of William b. 1682)
John Gowen b. 1700 – d. ?, married Mary Keith (child of Cornelius Keith) (confirmed child of William b. 1682)
Alexander Gowen b. 1705 – d. ?, m. Sophia (confirmed child of William b. 1682)

Other potential children in Stafford County, Va (of John Going b. 1680, William Going b. 1682, or James Going b. 1683) – potential siblings or first/close cousins of John Gowen b. abt. 1700:

Peter Gowen b. 1699 (NOT confirmed – could be a child of one of the other siblings of William Gowing b. 1682 – James or John)

William Gowen b. 1700-05 – d. April 1792, m. Sarah Allen (NOT confirmed – could be a child of one of the other siblings of William Gowing b. 1682 – James or John)

FACTS and EVENTS:

Y-DNA:  See the following page for Y-DNA results for this line:

Y-DNA information for Goyen:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/y-dna-for-goyen/

Y-DNA matches (most distant known ancestors of people we match – have common paternal ancestor with these people):  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/ydna-matches/

Early Life to Adulthood:

John Going (or Gowen, Gowing, etc., spellings changed often), son of William  Gowing and Catherine Gowing (Padderson), is born in Stafford County about 1700.  His identity as a son of William Gowen is documented in Fairfax County deed records when he transfers land located on Pope’s Head Run which was granted to his father by the proprietors.

1724 December 24, 1724 – 1728 November 16 – The parents of Mary Keith Going who married John Going Sr b. 1710,  Cornelius and Elizabeth Keith, moved from Stafford County to Brunswick County, Virginia between December 24, 1724 [when their son John was born] and November 16, 1728. They settled on Maj. Mumford’s land on the Roanoke River near Monisep Ford. Stafford Co, Va

The land is described as “part of a tract granted to William Gowen, deceased, father to said Gowen, from the Proprietors dated November 12, 1725.”  This farm was later famous as part of a Civil War battlefield in the Battle of Bull Run.

William Gowing, John Going’s father, dies at the end of 1725 or beginning of 1726.  It appears John Going may have worked for a time as a mariner after the death of his father before returning to work as a planter.

In 1726-1727, a John Gowen is involved in several cases in Somerset County, Maryland (near the mouth of the Potomac River – directly across the bay from the mouth of the Potomac).  If John Gowen had taken over the use of his grandfather Thomas Gowen’s boat during this time, this may have been this John Gowen.

The following are records from Maryland’s State Archives, links are included below each case:

John Gowen  – court case
June Court 1726 pg. 135
LG  Thomas Predix Plft  @  John Gowen Deft

(Note: Trespass case – John Gowen is being sued by Thomas Predix. This appears to be an initial setting with the court, giving notice to John Gowen and Thomas Predix to bring evidence to the next court setting).

This being an action of trespass upon the Case &c wherein the Sherr of Somersett County to whom the Writt in the Same action was directed Comes and makes Return thereof Endorsed vizt  Cepi Corpus P Francis Allen Sherr Whereupon the Said John Gowen at the Prayer of the Plfts attorney is adjudged to give Speciall bail to the action afd  thereupon a Certain Thomas Peal of Somersett County present here in Court undertakes for the Said John Gowen that if in Case the Said Thomas Predix Shall Recover Judgmt in the plea afd against the Said John Gowen in the plea afd or that the said John Gowen shall be therein Convict that then he the said John Gowen shall pay the Condemnation of the Court thereupon or Render his body to the Custody of the Sherr of Somersett County in Satisfaction thereof or that he the Said Thomas Peal will do it for him thereupon the said John Gowen by George Dashiell his attorney appears and Imparles till Next Court &c
http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000840/html/am840–135b.html
Somerset County Judicial Records, 1725-1727, Volume 840, page 135b

1726 – John Gowen court case – Somerset County, MD.  pg 173
GD  John Gowen agt Ps  Jacob Phillips

(Note: Trespass case: John Gowen brings a lawsuit against Jacob Phillips for trespass. A trial before the court appears to have taken place, and the judge finds in favor of John Gowen ordering payment by Jacob Phillips).

Somersett fs Jacob Phillips Late of Somersett County planter was attached to answer unto Jno Gowen of a plea of trespass upon ye Case &c And whereupon ye same Jno Gowen pr Geo Dashiell his attorney Complaines yt ye Said Jacob at Stepney Parish in Somrsett County within  yt Jurisdiction of this Court on ye tenth Day of Janry One thousand seven hundred & twenty five Six was Indebted to ye same John in ye sum of two pounds five shills & two pence Currant money as Pr acct hereunto anext may in Court appear & being soe thereof Indebted ye said Jacob did upon himselfe assume & promise yt ye afd Sum of two pounds five Shills & two pence he would well & truly pay when thereto requested Nevertheless ye same Jacob his promise ad in forme afd Made he hath Not regarded but ye same two pounds five Shills & two pence to pay hath Denyed & Still doth Deny to ye Damage of ye said John of four pounds ten Shills & four pence & thereof he brings Suite &c Dashiell P Quer pledges &c  J: Doe    R: Roe

Janrny 10th,  1725/6
Jacob Philips to John Gowen Dr
To 2 quarts of rum @ 1/6 p to 1 Knife and Fork 18d
To 6 yds of Druggett @ 5/ p to 5 Dozn of Coat buttons @ 1/6
To 4 hanks mohair @ 9d
Errors Excepted John Gowen

£0..4..8d
1..17..6
3
£2..5..2

And the afd Jacob Phillips in his own proper person Comes and defends the force and Injury when &c and Prays Leave to Imparle hereunto untill the next Court and he hath it and the Same is given to the Plft also  Att which said next Court to witt the Sixteenth day of august anno Dom one thousand seven hundred and twenty six Came againe as well the afd John Gowen by his attorney afd as the said Jacob Phillips in his own proper person and the said Jacob Phillips says that he Cannot gainsay the action afd nor but that he did promise and upon himselfe assume in manner and form as the afd Plft above against him hath Complained nor but that the said Plft ought to recover his damages by occasion of the Non performance of the promise and assumption afd to two pounds five Shillings and two pence Currt money and Costs of Suit against him which the said plft doth not gainsay &c

Therefore it is Considered by the Justices here the Same day and year Last mentioned that the afd John Gowin Recover against the afd Jacob Phillips as well the Sum of two pds five Shillings and two pence Currt money his Damages afd in form afd Confesed as also the Sum of 239 two hundred and thirty Nine  pounds of tobo for his Costs and Charges by him about his Suite in that part Expended to the same John by the Court hereof his assent adjudged and the afd deft in mercy &c
Somerset County Judicial Records, 1725-1727, Volume 840, page 173b
August Court        1726
http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000840/html/am840–173.html

1726 – John Gowen – Somerset County, MD – court case:
March Court    1726 .  Pg. 260
Jno Gowen @ Jacob Philips
Casa for 2..5..2 & 260 Cepi satisfyed

Somerset County Judicial Records, 1725-1727, Volume 840, page 260b
http://aomol.msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000840/html/am840–260b.html

1726 – John Gowen – Somerset County, MD – court case:
March Court  1726.  pg. 262

Ordered by the Court that John Gowen pay unto Andrew Collins thirty pounds of tobacco being due unto him for his attenda one day as Evidence on behalfe of the said John Gowen against Thomas Predix he having made oath to the same &c
Somerset County Judicial Records, 1725-1727, Volume 840, page 262b.
http://aomol.msa.maryland.gov/000001/000840/html/am840–262b.html

1726 – John Gowen – Somerset County, MD – court case:
Novemr Court  1726.  pg. 183-185
The Same @ John Videl    Wm Allen
als Edwd Coleman, John Persons
Mary Atch and Richd Gore
Somersett County fs

Note: Criminal Case against the following Defendants: John Videl, William Allen, Edward Coleman, John Persons, Mary Atch, and Richard Gore.
Facts: The Defendants are accused of stealing property from the following victims:

Victims of Theft:

1) Thomas Peal (Mariner): One Boat of ye value of seven hundred pds of Tobo; (Note:  value of his property stolen)
2) Francis Allen (Gent): three sheets of ye value of twenty pds of Tobo Each Sheet one Iron pott of ye value of Twenty Six pounds of Tobo one wallett of ye value of four pounds of Tobo & one old smock of ye value of twenty pds of Tobo; (Note:  value of his property stolen)
3) John Gowen (Mariner): One Rugg of ye value of thirty pounds of Tobo one Bagg of ye value of seven pds of  Tobo one pillow of ye value of tenn pds of Tobo one sauce pan; three spoons of ye  value of two pounds of Tobo one platter of ye value of three pounds of Tobo one Dipsie Line of ye value of twelve pds of Tobo one Runlett of ye value of tenn pds of Tobo; (Note:  value of his property stolen)
4) Palatiah Whittemore (Merchant): one rugg of ye value of thirty pds of Tobo one Pillow of ye value of tenn pds of Tobo  one pair of Shoes of ye value of ten pds of Tobo one pair of Cotton Stockings of ye  value of sixteen pds of Tobo & one Check Shirt of ye value of twenty pds of Tobo. (Note:  value of her property stolen)

Defendants and Summary of Punishment by the Court:

FINDINGS:  Note:  Mary Atch pleas guilty immediately.  The other Defendants (John Videl, William Allen, Edward Coleman, John Persons, and Richard Gore) demand a trial.  It appears they change their mind during trial or just before (maybe when they saw the jury) and decide to plea guilty.  The court finds the defendants  guilty of feloniously stealing the above listed property from Thomas Peal, Francis Allen, John Gowen, and Palatiah Whittemore.
PUNISHMENT:  The court sentences the Defendants to the following punishment:  
John Videl and John Persons:  sentenced to pay 4 times the value of the propery listed to all the victims above, and that the “afd John Videl be whipt with five Lashes on the bare back well Laid on untill the blood appear and that he Stand in the pillowry a quarter of an hour”. 
William Allen als Edward Coleman: sentenced to pay 4 times the value of property stolen, plus 5 lashes to the bare back well laid until blood appear, and stand at the pillowry a quarter of an hour.    Additionally, the court notes he is a servant to a Certain Samuel Gale living in the Jersies.  So the court commits him to the custody of Somerset County to remain under the charge of the sheriff.  
Mary Atch:  sentenced to pay 4 times the value of the property stolen, plus 5 lashes to the bare back well laid until blood appear, and stand at the pillowry a quarter of an hour.  Mary Atch does not have the money for security to pay for the fine, so she is to be sold for seven (7) years to the highest bidder – highest bidder was James Bowcher – for 2010 pounds of tobacco – funds for use of the county.   
Richard Gore:  sentenced to pay 4 times the value of the property stolen, plus 5 lashes to the bare back well laid until blood appear, and stand at the pillowry a quarter of an hour.   Richard Gore is an indentured servant to Hugh Porter (his master).  The court orders Hugh Porter to deliver Richard Gore back to the court after his time of service has run, for him to pay for the four fold reimbursement and fees due.   

The Jurors for the Right honrble the Lord Propry of this province yt now is for ye Body of Somrsett County upon their Oath do present yt Jno Vidall Late of Pocomoke hundred in ye County of Somrsett afd Mariner Willm Allen als Edward Coleman of ye same place Mariner Jno Parsons of ye Same Place Labourer Mary Ach of the Same place Spinster & Richd Gore of ye same place Labourer Servant to Hugh Porter of ye said County Gent ye twenty Ninth day of October Anno Dom Seventeen hundred & twenty Six at Pocomoke hundred afd in Somrsett County afd within ye Jur of this Court with force & arms &c  One Boat of ye value of seven hundred pds of Tobo of ye proper goods & Chattles of a Certain Thos Peal of Said County Marriner three sheets of ye value of twenty pds of Tobo Each Sheet one Iron pott of ye value of Twenty Six pounds of Tobo one wallett of ye value of four pounds of Tobo & one old smock of ye value of twenty pds of Tobo of ye proper goods & Chattles of a Certain Francis Allen of sd County Gent One Rugg of ye value of thirty pounds of Tobo one Bagg of ye value of seven pds of  Tobo one pillow of ye value of tenn pds of Tobo one sauce pan & three spoons of ye  value of two pounds of Tobo one platter of ye value of three pounds of Tobo one Dipsie Line of ye value of twelve pds of Tobo one Runlett of ye value of tenn pds of Tobo being of ye proper goods & Chattles of a Certain Jno Gowen of sd County Marriner one rugg of ye value of thirty pds of Tobo one Pillow of ye value of tenn pds of Tobo  one pair of Shoes of ye value of ten pds of Tobo one pair of Cotton Stockings of ye  value of sixteen pds of Tobo & one Check Shirt of ye value of twenty pds of Tobo of ye proper goods & Chattels of a Certain Palatiah Whittemore of ye Said County Merchant then & there being & found then & there feloniously did steal take & Carry away agt ye form of an act of assembly of this province now in force in such Case made & provided & agt ye Peace of ye Right honrble ye Ld Propry of this province yt now is his good rule & Governmt
Geo: Dashiell Clk of Indictments
Testes   Francis Allen, John Gowen, Palatiah Whittemore

On the backside of the foregoeing Bill of Indictmt it was thus Endorsed vizt Billa   vera   Joseph Macclester

Thereupon Command was given to the Sherr of Somersett County that he should take the afd John Videll, William Allen als Edward Coleman, John Persons, Mary Atch (and) and Richard Gore if &ca to answer &c   And afterwards in the same Court Came the Said John Videll, William Allen als Edward Coleman, John Persons, Mary Atch and Richard Gore in Custody of the said Sherr into whose Custody before that time was Committed for the Cause afd and being by the said Sherr sett to the barr here (Indictmt read) the said John Videll, Wm Allen Als Edwd Coleman, John Persons Mary Atch, and Richard Gore is thereupon Instantly demanded how they and Each of them and Every of them would acquitt themselves of the felony afd as by the Indictmt above is upon them, and Each of them and Every of them Imposed thereupon the afd Mary Atch says that of the felony afd as by the Indictmt above upon her Imposed She is Guilty thereof and putts herselfe in Mercy of the Right honrble the Lord proprietary of this province sent afd

But the said John Videll William Allen als Edward Coleman, John Persons and Richard Gore and all and Every and Each of them say that of the felony afd as by the Indictmt afd upon them and Each and Every of them Imposed, they nor neither of them are Guilty thereof and thereof for tryall they and Every of them and Each of them pray that it may be Enquired of by the Country and George Dashiell his said Lordships attorney who for his said Lordship in this behalfe prosecutes like wise whereupon afterwards here in the Same Court (being at the Barr) the afd John Videll, William Allen als Edward Coleman, John Persons and Richard Gore, and all, and Each of them, and Every of them Relinquisheth their and Every of their and Each of their verifications afd by them and Each of them  and Every of them before alledged and Say that of the Felony afd as by the Indictmt above upon them and each of them and Every of them Imposed they are guilty thereof and they and Each of them and Every of them putt themselves in mercy of his Said Lordship the Lord proprietor the fact afd whereupon the Court here valued the Boat in the Indictmt mentioned to fifty pounds of tobo being the proper goods and Chattells of the afd Thomas Peal as also three Sheets of the value of twenty pounds of tobo each sheet, one Iron Pott of the value of twenty six pounds of tobo of the proper goods and Chattells of the afd Francis Allen One rugg of the value of thirty pounds of tobacco one Bagg of the value of Seven pounds of tobo One pillow of the value of ten pounds of tobo one sauce pan and three Spoons of the value of Two pounds of tobo one platter of the value of three pounds of tobo one Dipsie Line of the value of twelve pounds of tobo one runlett of the value of ten pounds of tobo of the proper goods and Chattells of the afd John Gowen one rugg of the value of thirty pds of tobo; one pillow of the value of ten pounds of tobo one pair of Shoes of the value of tenn pounds of tobacco one pair of Cotten Stockins of the value of sixteen pounds of tobo one Check Shirt of the value of twenty pounds of tobo of the goods and Chattells of the afd Palatiah Whittamore

Wherefore it is Considered by the Justices here that the afd John Videl pay (unto) unto the sd Thomas Peal one of the party’s deprived four fold of the value of the Boat afd amounting in the whole to two six hundred pounds of tobo also that he pay unto the afd francis allen another of the partys deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned & said from him to be Stolen amounting in the whole to four hundred and forty pounds of tobo as also that he pay unto the said John Gowen another of the partys deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt from him to be Stolen amounting in the whole to two hundred and Ninty six pounds of tobacco likewise that he pay unto the Said Palatiah Whittamore the other of the partys Deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt from him to be Stolen amounting in the whole to three hundred and forty four pounds of tobo (the afd Boat goods and Chattles being by the Court valued according to Law as afd) and that the afd John Videl be whipt with five Lashes on the bare back well Laid on untill the blood appear and that he Stand in the pillowry a quarter of an hour and that he be taken &c   and thereupon as to the Corporall punishmt afd Command is given to the Sherr of Somersett County that he do thereof Immediate Execution according to the Judgmt afd rendered by whiping the afd John Videl at the Publick whiping Post with five Lashes on the Bare back well Laid on untill the blood appear and by Sitting him in the pillowry a quarter of an hour and afterwards in the Same Court the Sherr returns that he has done the Execution of the Judgmt afd as to the Corporall punishmt afd he was Commanded whereupon the Said John Videl is ordered by the Court to give Security for the paymt of the four fold afd and officers fees due to the Severall Officers by Occasion of the premisses afd but for want thereof the said John Videll is Committed Committed into the Custody of the Sherr of Somrsett County thereto remain the Said Sher being present took Charge of the Said John Videll accordingly &c

Wherefore it is Considered by the Justices here that the afd Wm Allen als Edward Coleman pay unto the afd Thomas Peal one of the party’s deprived four fold of the value of the Boat afd amounting in the whole to two hundred pounds of tobo also that he pay unto the afd francis allen another of the party’s deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned & said from him to be Stolen amounting in the whole to four hundred & forty pounds of tobo as also that he pay unto the said John Gowen another of the party’s deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt from him to be Stolen amounting in the whole to two hundred & Ninty Six pounds of tobo   Likewise that he pay unto the Said Palatiah Whittemore the other of the party’s Depriv’d four fold of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt from him to be stolen amounting in the whole to three hundred & forty four pounds of tobo (the afd Boat Goods & Chattells being by the Court valued according to Law as afd) & that the afd William Allen als Edward Coleman be whipt with five Lashes on the Bare Back well Laid on untill the Blood appear & that he stand in the Pillowry a quarter of an hour & that he be taken &c and thereupon as to the Corporall punishment afd Command is given to the Sherr of Somersett County that he do thereof Immediately Execution According to the Judgmt afd render by whiping the afd William Allen als Edwd Coleman at the Publick whiping Post with five Lashes on the Bare Back well Laid on untill the Blood appear & by sitting him in the Pillowry a quarter of an hour afterwards in the Same Court the Sherr returns that he has done the Execution of the Judgment afd as to the Corporall Punishmt afd he was Commanded whereupon a Certain Thomas MccCoster and Joseph Pemberton being Present in Court made oath to the best of their knowledge that the afd Wm Allen als Edwd Coleman is a Servant to a Certain Saml Gale Living in the Jersies &a

Thereupon the said William Allen als Edward Coleman is Committed into the Custody of the Sherr of Somersett County thereto remain &c the said Sherr Present here in Court took Charge of him accordingly &a

Wherefore it is Considered by the Justices here that the afd John Persons pay unto the afd Thomas Peal one of the partys deprived four fold of the value of the Boat afd amounting in the whole to two hundred pounds of tobo also that he pay unto the afd Francis Allen another of the partys deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned & said from him to be Stolen amounting in the whole to four hundred & forty pounds of tobo as also that he pay unto the said John Gowen another of the partys deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt from him to be stolen amounting in the whole to two hundred & Ninty Six pounds of tobo Likewise that he pay unto the said Palatiah Whittemore the other of the party’s deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt from him to be Stolen amounting in the whole to three hundred & forty four pounds of tobo (the afd Boat goods & Chattells being by the Court valued According to Law as afd) & that the afd John Persons be whipt with five Lashes on the Bare Back well Laid on untill the Blood appear & that he stand in the Pillowry a quarter of an hour & that he be taken &c & thereupon as to the Corporall punishment afd Command is given to the Sherr of Somrsett County that he do thereof immediate Execution According to the Judgmt afd render by whiping the afd John Persons at the Publick whiping with five Lashes on the Bare Back well Laid on untill the Blood appear & by Sitting him in the Pillowry a quarter of an hour afterwards in the same Court the sherr returns that he has done the Execution of the Judgmt afd as to the Corporall Punishmt afd he was Commanded  Thereupon the said it is ordered by the Court that the afd John Persons Give Security for the four fould and fees afd whereupon a Certain Joseph MccClester present in Court in his proper person undertakes for the said John Persons for to pay the four fould afd and the severall Officers their fees due by occasion of the premisses upon the Indictmt afd

Wherefore is Considered by the Justices here that the afd Mary Atch pay unto the afd Thomas Peal one of the party’s deprived four fold of the value of ye Boat afd amounting in the whole to two hundred pds of tobo also that he pay unto ye afd Francis Allen another of the partys deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned & said from him to be Stolen amounting in the whole to four hundred & forty pounds of tobo as also that he pay unto ye said John Gowen another of the partys deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt  from him to be stolen amounting in the whole to two hundred & Ninty Six pds of tobo Likewise that he pay unto the said Palatiah Whittemore the Other of the party’s deprived four fold of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt from him to be stolen amounting in the whole to three hundred & forty four pds of tobo (the afd Boat goods & Chattells being by the Court valued according to Law as afd) & that the afd Mary Atch be whipt with five Lashes on the Bare Back well Laid on untill the blood appear & that She Stand in the Pillowry a quarter of an hour & that she be taken &c and thereupon as to the Corporall Punishmt afd Command is given to the sherr of Somrsett County that he do thereof Immediate Execution According to the Judgmt afd rendred by whiping the afd Mary Atch at the Publick whiping Post with five Lashes on the Bare Back well Laid on untill the Blood appear & by sitting her in the Pillowry a quarter of an hour afterwards in the Same Court the sherr returns that he has done the Execution of the Judgment afd as to the Corporall Punishmt afd he was Commanded  Whereupon it is ordered by the Court that the afd Mary Atch give Security for the paymt of the four fould and the fees afd but for want thereof Command is given to the Sherr of Somersett that he Sell the afd Mary Atch to the biggest bidder not Exceeding Seven Years to reemburst the four fold and fees afd due by Occasion of the premisses thereupon the Said Mary Atch pursuant to the afd Command is Sold by the Sherr to a Certain James Bowcher for Seven Years to Commence from this term for the Sum of two thousand and ten pounds of tobo for the use of the County &c

Wherefore it is Considered by the Justices here that the afd Richard Gore pay unto the afd Thos Peal one of the party’s deprived four fold of the value of the Boat afd amounting in the whole to two hundred pds of tobo also that he pay unto the afd Francis Allen another of the party’s deprived fourfold of the value of the goods mentioned & said from him to be stolen amounting in the whole to four hundred & forty pds of tobo as also that he pay unto the said John Gowen another of ye partys deprived four fould of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt from him to be stolen amounting in the whole to two hundred & Ninty Six pds of tobo  Likewise that he pay unto ye sd Palatiah Whittemore the other of the party’s deprived four fould of the value of the goods mentioned in the Indictmt from him to be Stolen amounting in the whole to three hundred & forty four pds of tobo (the afd Boat goods & Chattells being by the Court valued According to Law as afd) & that the afd Richd Gore be whipt with five Lashes on the Bare Back well Laid on untill the Blood appears & that he stand in the Pillowry a quarter of an hour & that he be taken &c & thereupon to the Corporall Punishment afd Command is given to the Sherr of Somrsett County that he do thereof Immediate Execution according to the Judgmt afd render by whiping the afd Richd Gore at the Publick whiping post with five Lashes on the Bare Back well Laid on untill the Blood appear & by sitting him in the Pillowry a quarter of an hour afterwards in the same Court the Sherr returns that he has done the Execution of the Judgmt afd as to the Corporall Punishment afd he was Commanded   Whereupon Hugh Porter master of the afd Richard Gore undertakes to deliver the said Richard Gore up to the County Court or Sherr of the Said County at the Expiration of the his Servitude afd to reemburst the four fold and fees due to the Several Officers due by means of the premisses afd &c
Somerset County Judicial Records, 1725-1727, Volume 840, page 183-185
http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000840/html/am840–183.html

March Court  1726.  p. 248
LG  Thomas Predix @ John Gowen

(Summary of Case – Note:  The court hears the case of Thomas Predix against John Gowen.  It is a case for non-performance.  The court find against Thomas Predix in that Thomas Predix had “no damages” and orders him to pay John Gowen for the cost he incurred in defending his case.  The court states:

Therefore it is Considered that the afd Thomas Predix take nothing by writt and declaration afd but be in mercy for his falce Clamour and that the afd John Gowen goe thereof without day &c and that the afd John Gowen Recover against the afd Thomas Predix in the sum of Ads pounds of tobacco for his Costs and Charges by him fees about his defence in that Part Expended to the same John by the Court hereof his assent according to the form of the Statute in Such Case Lately made and provided adjudged”).

Somersett fs  John Gowin Late of Somersett County marriner was attached to answer unto Thomas Predix of a plea of trespass upon the Case &c And whereupon the Same Thomas by Levin Gale his attorney Complains that Whereas the afd John the tenth day of august Anno Dom one thousand seven hundred and twenty five at Somersett County within the Jurisdiction of this Court was Indebted unto the afd Thomas in the Sum of five pounds and six pence Currt money as by acco  herewithin Court produced may appear and so thereof being Indebted the same John in Consideration thereof afterwards to witt the same day and year afd at the County afd within the afd Jur of th upon himselfe assumed and to the same Thos then and there faithfully promised that he when afterwards he should be thereto requested the afd sum of five pounds and Six pence Currt money to the Same Thos would well and faithfully Content and pay Nevertheless the said John his promise and assumption afd in forme afd made Little Regarding but plotting and fraudulently Intending the afd Thos in that part to defraud and deceive he the afd Jno the afd sum of five pounds and six pence Currt money or any part thereof to the same Thos (altho’ afterwards to witt the same day and year afd at the County afd within the afd Jur he was thereto requested) he hath not paid nor the same Thomas for it in anywise Contented but the said John the same hitherto to do hath altogether Refused and Still doth Refuse to the damage of the same Thomas of ten pounds and one Shill Like money and thereof he brings this suit &c
L Gale P Quer Pledges &c J Doe R Roe

Janry ye 15th 1724/5.  John Gowin
To 13 yds of druget at 6s pr yd
To 84 yds of shalloone
To 2 yds of Buckram
To 4 skines of silk
To Crdt given Jno Mumford
To rum at Sundry times
To Tobo for new England
Dr
3..18..0d
2..2..6
0..4..0
0..2..0
1..0..0
0..7..0
1..12..6
9..6..0
P Contra
By 1 Barrell of porke
By 1 Hatt felt
By sundrie paymts

Ball due to me is Saving Errors pr me
Thomas Predix.  Cr
2..0..0d
0..15..0
1..10..6
4..5..6
5..0..6
9..6..0

Jurat Incuriæ in Common form     Thos Hayward Cl

And the afd John Gowen by George Dashiell his attorney Comes and defends the force and Injury when &a and prays Leave to Imparle hereunto untill the next Court and he hath it and the same day is given to the afd Plft here also

Att which said next Court to witt the Sixteenth day of august anno Dom One thousand seven hundred and twenty six Came againe as well the afd Thomas as the afd John by their attorneys afd and the same John by his said attorney prayed further Leave thereof to     Imparle here untill the next Court and he hath it and the same day is given to the afd     Plft here also

Att which said next Court to witt fifteenth day of November Anno Dom One thousand seven hundred and twenty six Came again as well the afd Thomas as the afd John by their attorneys afd and the same attorney of the afd John saith nothing in bar or avoydance of the action of the afd Thomas by which the said Plft Remaineth agt the afd Deft thereof undefended  By which the afd Thomas his damages by occation of the non performance of the promise and assumption afd against the afd John Ought to recover but becaus it is not known to the Court here what Damages the afd Thomas   hath sustained as well by Occasion of the Nonperformance of the promise and assumption afd as for his Costs and Charges by him about his suite in that part Expended

therefore Co it is Commanded the Sherr that by the Oath of honest and Lawfull men of his bailywick he diligently Enquire what damages the afd Thomas hath sustained as well by occasion of the nonperformance of the promise and assumption afd as for his Costs and Charges by him about his suite in that part Expended and the Inquisition which thereof he should take to his Lordships the Right honrble the Lor prietary’s Justices of the Peace at the next Court to be held for the County afd at dividing Creek the third tuesday of august march next under his seal and the seals of those by whose Oath he makes the same Inquisition he send together with the writt thereof to him directed &c and the same day is given to the afd Jno here also

Att which said next Court to witt the third tuesday of march being the twenty first day of the same month anno Dom one thousand seven hundred and twenty six at dividing Creek in the County afd Cometh  the afd Thomas Predix by his attorney afd and the sherr to witt Francis Allen Gentleman likewise Cometh and maketh Return of a Certain Inquisition taken before him at the house of Mr James Martin at Snow hill Town in the County afd on the twenty Eighth day of December one thousand seven hundred and twenty six by which it appears that the afd Thomas Predix hath not sustained any damages by Occasion of the nonperformance of the Promise and assumption afd of the afd John Gowan

Therefore it is Considered that the afd Thomas Predix take nothing by writt and declaration afd but be in mercy for his falce Clamour and that the afd John Gowen goe thereof without day &c and that the afd John Gowen Recover against the afd Thomas Predix in the sum of Ads pounds of tobacco for his Costs and Charges by him fees about his defence in that Part Expended to the same John by the Court hereof his assent according to the form of the Statute in Such Case Lately made and provided adjudged &c

http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/000001/000840/html/am840–248b.html
Somerset County Judicial Records, 1725-1727, Volume 840, page 248b – 249.

John Going is married to Mary Keith (unknown date of marriage).  Mary Keith is the daughter of Cornelius Keith.  They are likely married in Stafford County.  Cornelius Keith arrives in the Colony of Virginia about 1709 (unknown from where).  He is shown as holding a patent to land “on the north side of the Occoquan River near Ridgewell.”  According to “Southern Lineages” by Adeline Evans Wynn, Cornelius Keith acquires other property.

1709 Cornelius Keith arrives in the Colony of Virginia (filed affid in 1739 in Brunswick Co, Va that he arrived 30 years earlier).
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49387/FLHG_VAAncestorsAdventurers-0033/112152?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-VAAncestorsAdventurers%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dKeith%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=673,1494,783,1524   (Note:  It does not say he came from Ireland or Great Britain (see link above, several of the affidavits indicate that they came from Ireland or Great Britain – but here it only says he arrived in the colony.  Compare this to the Hollis family.  There were several times that the Hollis family travelled back and forth from the Maryland Colony to the Virginia Colony, receiving land grants when they moved across the Potomac River from one colony to the other.  Since this does not say Cornelius Keith came from Ireland or Great Britain, the possibility that he came from Maryland, or another American colony, to Virginia is an open question.  It appears that the Going family moved back and forth from Maryland to Virginia, and there were Keith families in Maryland as well.  Cornelius Keith arriving from Maryland is a possibility).  

“January 11, 1714-15, Cornelius Keife is granted land in Stafford County on the south side of Neapsco Run.  Cornelius Keife, in partnership with Richard Kirkland receives a grant “of 268 acres 23rd, 11th month, 1714.”

1734 July 7:  Gift Deed from Robert Hix, Senr. of St. Andrews Parish in Brunswick County dated July 7, 1734, for “especially for and in consideration of the true love and natural affection which I bear to Samuel Clark, Jr. of the parish and county aforesaid”  conveying land to Samuel Clark, Jr., containing by estimation 580 acres lying and being on the North side of Roanoke River in the County of Brunswick (description includes Richard Jones’ line and Cornelius Keith). Signed by Robert Hix, Senr. Witnessed by Moses Dunkley, Theophilus Feild and Josias Randle. Brunswick County, Va Deeds and Wills Book 1, page 165.

Cornelius Keith (John Going’s father in law) appears in Brunswick County, Virginia March 26, 1736 when he is a witness to the will of John Nipper, Sr. of St. Andrews Parish of Brunswick County, according to Brunswick County Will Book 2, page 31.

jno nipper will 1736 witnessed by Cornelius Keith in Bruns Va 1

jno nipper will 1736 witnessed by Cornelius Keith in Bruns Va_Page_2

jno nipper will 1736 witnessed by Cornelius Keith in Bruns Va_Page_3

jno nipper will 1736 witnessed by Cornelius Keith in Bruns Va_Page_4

Cornelius Keith along with Catherine Gowen Patterson (John Going’s mother) and Mary King, witnesses the will of Thomas Stroud October 23, 1738, according to Brunswick County Will Book 2, page 1.

1738 Catherine wit Stroud will pg 1

1738 Catherine wit Stroud will pg 2

1739 affid filed by Cornelius Keith arrives in America in 1709 (filed affid in 1739 in Brunswick Co, Va that he arrived 30 years earlier). (See John Going Sr page).
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49387/FLHG_VAAncestorsAdventurers-0033/112152?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-VAAncestorsAdventurers%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dKeith%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=673,1494,783,1524

In 1739 John Going’s mother, Catherine Gowing (now Padderson as she has remarried), writes her will.  Shortly after, she dies.  Her will lists several of William and Catherine Gowing’s children, including John Going as executor of her will:

1739 Catherine Padderson will p1

1739 Catherine Padderson will p2

1739 estatecatherinepaddersonprincewmcova1

1739 estatecatherinepaddersonprincewmcova2y3

1739 estatecatherinepaddersonprincewmcova4

1739 estatecatherinepaddersonprincewmcova5

In 1739, John Going is listed in the Inheritance Tax Book C, page 181, in Prince William County, Virginia.   http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&db=pwtax&gss=angs-d&new=1&rank=1&msT=1&gsln=Going&gsln_x=0&MSAV=1&uidh=m37&pcat=36&fh=0&h=1580&recoff=7&ml_rpos=1

1739 May 3: O. S., Page 240 On the motion of Cornelius Keith Leave is granted him to keep a Ferry over Roanoak River from his own Landing below the Horse ford to Alexander’s Landing and that he keep for that purpose a good and Sufficient Strong flatt flatt fourteen foot and a half in her bottom and Six foot upon her beam and that he Receive for his ferriage Six pence for Man and Six pence for a Horse and as the Law directs for Wheel Carriages, two pence for Every Hogg and four pence for Each of the Cattle Kind, also ordered that he give bond and Security for the Same — Road Orders. Brunswick County, Virginia.

1740 March 5: O. S., Page 406 Upon the Petition of Martha Alexander Setting forth That having Land on the South Side of Roanok River opposite to Cornelius Keith’s Land she humbly desires an Order of this Court Licensing her to keep a Ferry from her Land over the River to Cornelius Keith’s Landing she being ready to give Security as the Law directs It is Ordered That the Clerk prepare a Licence for her accordingly upon her giving such Security — Road Orders.  Brunswick County, Virginia.

1739 May 3 Cornelius Keith granted right to keep a Ferry in Brunswick Co Va

1740 March 5 Martha Alexander petitions to keep a ferry opposite Cornelius Keiths land in Brunswick Co Va

1741 Oct Ct:  Certificates granted to Michael Going, Cornelius Keith, and John Mitchell by William Hagood Gent, for 1 old wolfs head 140. Brunswick Co, Va. court orders v 1. pg 37.

1741 Michael Going, Cornelius Keith and John Mitchell listed on William Hagood list in Brunswick Co Va

1742 Feb 28: Indenture made the 28th day of February, 1742,   between Cornelius  Keith and Thomas Twitty, for 25 pounds, conveying 100 acres, being same land in that certain deed of gift from Robert Hix, Sr., late of Brunswick County, dec’d. to the said  Cornelius Keith, dated the 2nd day of May, 1734, and the same being part of a larger tract of land granted to the said Robert Hix in his lifetime. Witnesses were Clement Read, M. Cadet Young, and  Thomas Lanier. Acknowledged in Court on March 3, 1742, at which time Elizabeth, wife of the said Cornelius Keith, appeared and relinquished her dower interest. Deed Book 2, page 236. Brunswick County, Virginia.

(Note:  In addition to being John Going b 1700’s father in law, Cornelius Keith receives 100 acres from Thomas TwittyThomas Twitty was a witness to Edward Going’s 1748 deed in Brunswick County, Virginia.  Additionally, Cornelius Keith appears to have turned in claims for wolf heads along with Michael Going in 1741.  This may be some evidence of John Going, Michael Going, and Edward Going being related (cousins?, brothers?)).

Thomas Going b. 1719 as son of John Going b. 1699 and Mary Keith:

The following is from Goin researcher, Bev Nelson, a descendant of Thomas Goin b. 1719:

1740 deed:  This researcher believes that another deed in the Fairfax County Deed Book A also refers to John Goin/Gowen and was misread as John Gorum when the abstract was made. “Indenture 1st October 1740 between Willoughby Newton of county of Westmoreland and John Gorum of county of Prince William planter…by a certain contract between them bearing date 11 October 1739…agree John Gorum should have a lease of said Willoughby Newton for 200 acres in Prince William County…for free for three years and in the year 1743 rent should be paid…Willoughby Newton doth lease to farm let to John Gorum and Mary, his wife, and Thomas Gorum, his son…200 acres whereon Paul Howell formerly built a small house…on a branch that makes out of Bull run commonly called Rocky Run and is part of a tract of 1719 acres…granted Willoughby Newton 18th September last…annual rent five hundred and thirty pounds of tobacco.
In presence of
Fielding Turner Willoughby Newton
George Duren, Jacob Remy John X Gorum”
Then on “15th July 1746 between John Gowen of Turo Parish in county of Fairfax, planter & Bond Veale…for sum of seven pounds twelve shillings and six pence current money and four hundred pounds of tobacco released 144 acres…
In presence of William Grove John X Gowen
George Duren, John Duren
Release recorded 15th July 1746.”
As the area within the Northern Neck (Chicacoan) of Virginia developed, new counties were carved out:
1648 Northumberland County was formed.
1653 Westmoreland County was formed.
1664 Stafford County was formed.
1727 Prince William County was formed.
1742 Fairfax County was formed.
So, in 1740 when John Gowen/Gorum contracted his lease on land, it was within Prince William County. By 1746 the county had become Fairfax. John and Mary didn’t move but the Virginia County boundaries did. John Goin’s presence in Prince William County is proven by a survey:
“John Gowen of Prince William; 28 July 1742- 13 Oct 1742; 155 a. on brs of Popes Head; adj. his own, Col. Carter, Capt Elzey in surv. Thos Ford, Capt Couniers.” Chain carriers were John Stark and John Gowen’s brother Alexander Gowen; surveyor was William West.
Adding to the evidence – beyond the deciphering of handwriting – that John Gorum of the 1740 lease and John Gowen are the same person is the presence of the same name as witness on both deeds: George Duren, not a common surname.
Including the name of a child, in this case that of Thomas who was probably the oldest son, was a fairly common practice in Virginia at the time. This insured that the lease would extend over the longest possible period even if both parents should die. This inclusion of Thomas’ name provides evidence that he was a child of John and Mary. This is also in harmony with John Goin’s projected birth date of about 1702.

I have downloaded a copy of the deed (see below).  In reviewing the signature of the deed, I believe Bev Nelson is correct.  Thomas Going is confirmed as a child of John Going Sr. in this deed.  It also calls into question Thomas Going’s assumed year of birth (many researchers believe he was born about 1729).  From this deed, it appears his year of birth must be about a decade earlier (1717-1719).

1739 Oct 11:  A copy of the lease/deed is found in the Fairfax County Clerk’s entry for the above indenture.  It actually notes that John Gowen and Willoughby Newton entered a contract regarding this lease on October 11, 1739.  A copy of that entry is below.  

Note at the end of the deed/lease that John Going signs his name with “his mark” which is an upper case “I” with a line through the middle of it (this is a transcription of the original, made by the clerk that transcribed this from the original into the court’s deed book).  

Now look at John Going’s 1761 abstracts where he conveyed land in Lunenburg County, Virginia to his son John Going Jr, and another entry where he conveyed land to William Sandifur.  In both abstracts, the person who created the abstract noted that John Going’s “mark” is an upper case “I” with a line through it.  Exactly as the mark noted in the 1740 lease in Fairfax County, Virginia.

But, in looking at Catherine Padderson’s will and probate (see above), the clerk of Prince William County, Va’s court transcribed John Going’s signature “mark” as just an upper-case “I” without a line through it.  It is possible that the clerk who transcribed John Going’s mark did not think the line through the “I” was part of the signature, or thought the upper case “I” was enough to identify his signature mark.

The fact that all three documents have John Going’s signature mark as an upper case “I”, and at least one other confirmed signature of John Going has that “I” with a line through it, just like the deed below, confirms that this is likely John Going’s signature.

This shows that the deed should read “John Gowin” rather than “John Gorum”.

1740 Newton 200a lease to John Gowen and Thomas Gowen in Fairfax Co Va p1

1740 Newton 200a lease to John Gowin and Thomas Gowin in Fairfax Co Va p1

1740 Newton 200a lease to John Gowen and Thomas Gowen in Fairfax Co Va p2

1740 Newton 200a lease to John Gowin and Thomas Gowin in Fairfax Co Va p2

1761 John Going Sr and wife Mary to son John Going Jr in Lunenburg Co Va 2

1761 John Going to Wm Sandifur bounded by William Hill, William Going, John Going Jr, and John Ruffin in Lunenburg Va 2

Birth Dates of Thomas Goin and John Going:

The signatures of John Going Sr above provide evidence that Thomas Gowin/Goin of Fairfax Co, Va, and of Lunenburg Co, Va, is the son of John Going and Mary Keith.  This deed (and others in Fairfax Co, Va) call into question the birth year of Thomas Goin.  Many have estimated his birth date to be 1729.  This does not appear to be correct.  It appears Thomas Goin is possibly living on his own, but not quite considered an adult here, and John Going is leasing/buying this property for Thomas Going’s use.  A possibility is that Thomas Going is getting married (or just married), but is not quite a “legal” adult yet (not 21 yet), and the parents are helping him get his own place.  If this is the case, then his age would be between 17-20 in 1740 (1717-1720 birth year).

Other deeds mentioning Thomas Going are noted in Fairfax Co, Va close to this time including:

1739 May 29 Thomas Gowing living adjacent to John Awbrey, four miles below the falls of the Potomac, and near William Strutfield, Thomas Owsley, Mr. Robert Alexander, in Prince William Co, Va.  (This deed appears to be for the land that Thomas Gowing b. 1660 received in 1707 – he had sold 250 acres of it to George Mason by this time, and later George Mason appears to purchase the remaining part of this land).

1739 Thomas Gowing living adj to John Awbrey and near Alexander Owsley Strutfield in PWC Va p11739 Thomas Gowing living adj to John Awbrey and near Alexander Owsley Strutfield in PWC Va p21739 Thomas Gowing living adj to John Awbrey and near Alexander Owsley Strutfield in PWC Va p3

and,

A 1743 lease of Thomas Going from Robert Bates in Fairfax County, Va.

1743 Thomas Going deed to Bates Fairfax Co Va p11743 Thomas Going deed to Bates Fairfax Co Va p21743 Thomas Going deed to Bates Fairfax Co Va p31743 Thomas Going deed to Bates Fairfax Co Va p4

After his mother’s death, in 1741, a John Going is listed as a Corporal in Colonel Gooch’s Regiment also known as Gooch’s Marines (the US Marines trace their history back to Gooch’s Marines).  John Going is listed from Sept 1741 to October 1742.  This would have been during the War of Jenkins Ear, but after the battle of Cartegena. (Note:  This may be John Going, Jr. – son of this John Going.  His birth year may be near 1720)

The American colonial marines were raised in the colony of Virginia and from other Middle Colonies, under the command of Governor William Gooch.[10] Although it may have been composed of men from surrounding colonies intent for a Crown commission, it was also used as a dumping ground for its debtors, criminals, scoundrels, and vagrants. This “four-battalion” regiment, the 43rd Regiment of Foot, better known as “Gooch’s Marines”, has a lineage that can be traced to the origin of the United States Marine Corps.[11] 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_United_States_Marine_Corps

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Royal_Marines

1742 John Going 1742 Goochs Marines Cumberland Militia

John Going in Gooch’s Marines

“John Gowen of Prince William; 28 July 1742- 13 Oct 1742; 155 a. on brs of Popes Head; adj. his own, Col. Carter, Capt Elzey in surv. Thos Ford, Capt Couniers.” Chain carriers were John Stark and John Gowen’s brother Alexander Gowen; surveyor was William West.

John Gowen is mentioned in a grant to William Ellzey dated November 27, 1743 as living adjacent to the Ellzey prop­erty “on Wolf Run and Ox Road, along with Col. Carter, Bond Veale, Thomas Ford and Tillet.”

1743 John Going 1743

Fairfax County is created in 1742, and John Gowen and his brother, Thomas Gowen are in Fairfax County.

John Gowen and Mary Keith Gowen on March 5, 1744 deed to Thomas Ford the 56 acres of land he had in­herited from his father William Gowen, accord­ing to Fairfax County Deed Book A-1, page 551.  This land was located on the east side of Pope’s Head Run and was part of the 102 acres of land which had been granted to William Gowen November 12, 1725.   Another 50 acres of land is conveyed with another tract of adjoining land which John Gowen had received from the pro­prietors.

John Goen, son of William and Mary his wife,” sells 44 acres to Thomas Ford March 6, 1744, according to Fairfax County Deed Book A, page 351.

The deed / indenture confirms that William Gowing is John Gowing’s father.  It states that the 56 acres were previously owned by his father as part of a 112 acre tract.

1744 John Gowen and Mary his wife to Thomas Ford Fairfax Co Va_Page_1 1744 John Gowen and Mary his wife to Thomas Ford Fairfax Co Va_Page_3 1744 John Gowen and Mary his wife to Thomas Ford Fairfax Co Va_Page_5

John Gowen continues to live on a tract of land he re­ceived from his fa­ther-in-law, Cornelius Keife at that time – the following deeds confirm that Cornelius Keife is the father of John Gowen’s wife, Mary.

On July 6, 1744 John Gowen receives Grant No. 368 for 155 acres “on a branch of the Popeshead and Pohick Rivers, adja­cent to Thomas Ford and Capt. Connyers,” according to”Grants by the Proprietors of the Northern Neck of Vir­ginia.”  The land lay in Fairfax County, according to Deed Book F, page 187.

Google Maps shows the location where Popes Head Creek and Pohick Creek come together to be in the City of Fairfax, Virginia, about 6/10th of a mile (0.6 miles) south west of George Mason University.  https://www.google.com/maps/dir/38.8274887,-77.3165659/38.81885,-77.3201709/@38.823184,-77.3227443,16z/am=t/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!4m1!3e0

Popes Head Creek and Pohick R land between

1744 John Gowen 1744

On July 10, 1744 John Gowen receives Grant No. 371 for 144 acres “in a glade near a branch of North Run Pohick which cor­ners Robert Carter,” according to “Grants by the Propri­etors of the Northern Neck of Virginia.”  It is also located in Fairfax County, according to Deed Book F, page 191.  The deeds are recorded in “Patents and Northern Neck Grants of Fairfax County, Virginia.”

1744 John Gowen 1744 two

MicroFiche

John Gowen deeds land which had been granted to him by the propri­etors on the east side of Pope’s Head Run in July 1744, ac­cording to Fairfax County Deed Book A-1, page 551.  On July 14, 1746 John Gowen sells 144 acres in Truro Parish he had re­ceived to Bond Veale, according to Fairfax County Deed Book B, page 24.  Witnesses to the transaction are William Grove, George Dunson and John Duren.  Mary Keith Gowen relinquished her dower rights.

1746 June 9 – John Gowen and wife Mary convey 1 half tract of land equaling 268 acres to Edward Kirkland. On N side of Ocuquan, below the mouth of the north fork of the said Ocuquan. Being a tract of land granted to Richard Kirkland decd, and Cornelius Keif, father of said Goen’s wife. Deed Book B part 1, page 32-33.

1746 John Gowen and wife conveys to Kirkland confirms Cornelius Keife is father of Mary Fairfax Co Va

1746 John Gowen and wife conveys to Kirkland confirms Cornelius Keife is father of Mary Fairfax Co Va 2
https://books.google.com/books?id=ow4YtNgRT8cC&pg=PR3&lpg=PR3&dq=Fairfax+County+Deed+Book,+B+1&source=bl&ots=EQsBgVO9T5&sig=xyeZnyXYoh06kvI57bYFSKF7qG0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjB5PGIxpTKAhWCWSYKHWyhCvgQ6AEIRjAH#v=onepage&q=Goen&f=false

“John Gowen of Truro Parish” sells the grant July 15, 1746 to Bond Veale, also of Truro Parish “for £7:12:6 current money of Virginia plus 500 pounds of Tob.” [tobacco], according to Fair­fax County Deed Book B, page 26.  “Grants by the Propri­etors of the Northern Neck of Virginia” records:

1744 John Gowen and Mary Gowen lease and release to Thomas Ford in Fairfax Co

“George Veale, one of the legal representatives of Elijah Veale, late of Hyde County, North Carolina, sells one equal undivided sixth part of this tract to George Slacum of Alexandria for “the further sum of $1.00.”  The deed recites that John Gowen sold the property to Bond Veale July 15, 1746.  Bond Veale by his will devised it to his son John who devised it to his son Elijah.

“William Ellzey, of [nearby] Loudoun County, Attorney at Law, and Alice his wife, on January 19, 1777 sold for £130 to Thomas Sangster, Blacksmith, two tracts: 300 acres granted to said William Ellzey and 56 acres, part of patent of John Gowen which William Ellzey purchased from James Ingoe Dozer,” ac­cording to “Grants by the Proprietors of the Northern Neck of Virginia.” and Fairfax County Deed Book M, page 252.

On July 10, 1744 John Gowen receives a land grant in Fairfax County on the North Run of Pohick River.  Later he leased this property.  On June 9, 1746 he sold his homestead in Truro Parish to Edward Kirkland, possibly a son of Richard Kirkland who, along with Cornelius Keife, was the original grantee.  The deed is re­corded in Fairfax County Deed Book B, page 32. Witnesses to the transaction were Bond Veale, John Bayliss and William King.

This transfer involved 268 acres on the north side of Occoquan Run which had been originally granted jointly to Cornelius Keife and “Richard Kirkland, deceased.”  Mary Gowing (Keith maiden name) is selling  her father’s land – confirming her status as daughter of Cornelius Keith.

John Gowen and Mary Keith Gowen removed to Lunenburg County, Virginia on the North Carolina border about 1747.  In 1765 Mecklenburg County was formed with land taken from the south side of Lunenburg County.

John Gowen pays a tax on two tithables in 1748 in the Lunenburg County tax list of Lewis Deloney, according to “Sunlight on the South Side.” page 67.  John Goin and William Going are shown on page 170 of Field Jefferson’s list with one tithe. This was the same precinct originally assigned to Lewis Deloney. On the same page, William Going appeared with one tithe.  The tithe list shows that William Going is at least age 16 in 1748, according to Landon C. Bell in “Sunlight on the Southside.” This part of Lunenburg County became Mecklenburg County in 1765.

1748 tithe in Lunenburg Co Va w John Going

1748 tithe in Lunenburg Co Va w John Going

1748 Jan 7: 300 acre land grant to John Gowan adj to Felix Smith, Casper Faust, and opposite side of Congaree River from Saxa-Gothe Township, SC.  Pursuant to a precept to me directed by George Hunter Esqr Surveyor General bearing date the twenty first day of January AD 1747.  I have admeasured and laid out unto John Gowan a tract of land containing three hundred acres situate lying and being on the North side of Santee otherwise Congaree River opposite to Saxagotha Township and butting and bounding to the Southward part on lands laid out to Felix Smith and part on vacant land to the Westward on land not yet laid out to the Northward on land not yet laid out to the Eastward part on land not yet laid out and part on land of Casper Faust and hath such shape form and marks as appear by the above plat given under my hand the seventh day of January 1748. John Fairchild L.S. 226.  (Note:  This grant appears to be for John Going Jr – son of John Going b. abt 1700).  

1748-john-gowan-recd-300acres-adj-congaree-and-saxa-gothe-township-in-south-carolina

1748-john-gowan-recd-300acres-adj-congaree-and-saxa-gothe-township-in-south-carolina

John Going Sr. b. abt 1700 continues to live in Lunenburg Co, Virginia, as seen by the 1749 tithe list.

1749 tithe in Lunenburg Co Va with John Gowen

1749 tithe in Lunenburg Co Va with John Gowen

In 1751 – John Goin is shown on page 170 of Field Jefferson’s list with one tithe. This was the same precinct originally assigned to Lewis Deloney. On the same page, William Going appeared with one tithe.  The tithe list shows that William Going is at least age 16 in 1748, according to Landon C. Bell in “Sunlight on the Southside.” This part of Lunenburg County became Mecklenburg County in 1765.

1751 John Going and Thos Going 3 tithes – Lunenburg Co, Va, John Goin 1 tithe – Lunenburg Co, Va
http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/va/lunenburg/census/sun005.txt

1751 Thomas Gowen was taxable in the 1751 Lunenburg County household of John Gowen in the list of Richard Witton [Tax List 1748-52]. Lunenburg Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1751 tithe list in Lunenburg Co Va w John Goin and Wm Boing and Jesse Boing

1751 tithe list in Lunenburg Co Va w John Goin and Wm Boing and Jesse Boing

1751 tithe list in Lunenburg Co Va w John Going and Thos. Going in household with 3 tithes

1751 tithe list in Lunenburg Co Va w John Going and Thos. Going in household with 3 tithes

It appears that by 1751 John Goin Jr has moved out of his father’s household, and that John Going Sr has his son Thomas Going, and William Going still living with him – Thomas is over 21 so his name listed, William is still a minor, but over the age of 16 (so a tithe paid).

It is believed that John Gowen Jr. returns to the Northern Neck section of Virginia after 1750-51 to fight in the French and Indian War.

In April of 1750 the Stafford County Court ordered that James Hughs pay a “Mary Going” one hundred pound of tobacco for 11 days attendance as an evidence against.  Stafford County Court Order book (1749-1755) (Page 34) – it is unknown which “Mary” this is:
http://digitool1.lva.lib.va.us:1801/view/action/nmets.do?DOCCHOICE=134185.xml&dvs=1446217229055~634&locale=en_US&search_terms=&adjacency=&VIEWER_URL=/view/action/nmets.do?&DELIVERY_RULE_ID=1

1755 Sept Ct: the petition of John Gower (Gowen) against William Thornton is continued till next court. Brunswick Co Va Order book pg 472.  (This appears to be Gowen, not Gower – see the following entries.  This appears to be John Gowen from Lunenburg County, Virginia – involved in the lawsuit against William Thornton).  

1755 Sept ct John Gower or Gowen v William Thornton continued in Brunswick Co Va

1756 Jan Ct: John Gowen pltf v William Thornton deft. Upon a petition. On the motion of the pltf by his attorney a commission is awarded him to examine and take the deposition of Christopher Hudson directed to Richard Witton of the County of Lunenburg Gent. he giving the Deft legal notice of the time and place of executing the same. Another petition is continued till next court. Brunswick Co Va order book pg. 10.

1756 Jan ct John Gowen v Wm Thornton motion for depo of Christopher Hudson in Lunenburg Co in Brunswick Co Va

1756 April Ct: John Goin pltf v. William Thornton deft. Upon a petition for two pounds three shillings due by account. The parties being this day heard upon the said petition it is considered by the court that the pltf recover against the defts his debt aforesaid in the said petition mentioned and his costs including a lawyers fee. (note on side of page: Costs. 1558 tobo + 7/6 costs 27 July 1756 for costs only residue paid). Brunswick Co Va order book pg. 46.

1756 April ct John Gowin v William Thornton in Brunswick Co Va

1756 April Ct: On the motion of Christopher Hudson a witness for John Gowin against William Thornton it is ordered that the said Gowin pay him six hundred and twenty nine pounds of tobacco for five days attendance and travelling forty two miles four times according to Law.
On the motion of Thomas Norrell a witness for John Gowin against William Thornton it is ordered that the said Gowin pay him seven hundred and seventy five pounds of tobacco for seven days attendance and travelling forty miles five times according to law. Brunswick Co Va order book pg. 47

1756 April Ct John Gowin v William Thornton with Christopher Hudson and Thomas Norrell as wits for in Brunswick Co Va

A “John Gown” (likely John Jr) serves in a detachment of militia from Fairfax County under the command of Capt. Bryan Fairfax about 1757 in the French & Indian War, according to “Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers.” p. 93-94.

1757 John Gown in Fairfax militia p1

1757 John Gown in Fairfax militia p2

In 1757-58, John Goin, and his sons William Goin and John Goin Jr, are appointed to work with William Hill, Thomas Lanier, William Ballard, John Ruffins, and William Glading on road ways in Lunenburg County, Virginia.

1757 November 1, Page 4. Thomas Hawkins, William Hill & Thomas Lanier three of the Persons Appointed by an Order of the last Court to View the Way for a Road from the Mine to Cocks Creek, this day Returned their Report thereon which is Ordered to be Recorded, and William Ballard is Appointed Surveyor thereof, and it is Ordered that he together with Stephen Hatchel, John Goin, William Goin, John Goin, Junr . William Glading, Stephen Mallet Junr. and John Ruffins Male Labouring Tithables do forthwith lay open, Clear and keep the same in Repair According to Law.

(Source): LUNENBURG COUNTY ROAD ORDERS 1746-1764, by Nathaniel Mason Pawlett, Faculty Research Historian and Tyler Jefferson Boyd, Research Assistant. http://www.virginiadot.org/vtrc/main/online_reports/pdf/93-r17.pdf

1757 Nov 1 John Wm a John Jr road order in Lunenburg Co Va marked

1757 Nov 1 – John Goin, William Goin and John Goin Jr, along with William Gladden on road order in Lunenburg Co Va

1758 March 8, Page 45. On the Petition of Sundry Inhabitants of this County Ordered that a Bridle way be laid open & Cleared the best and Convenientest way from Pinkethman Hawkins to Jeffersons Church. & William Ballard is appointed Surveyor of the said Road. And it is Ordered that he together with Robert Coleman, Christopher Coleman, Pinkethman Hawkins, Hugh Norwell, Thomas Norwell, John Goin, Henry Jackson, John Coleman, Thomas Farrar, James Coleman Thomas Draper, & Thomas Moore do forthwith lay open Clear & keep the same in Repair According to Law. (Source): LUNENBURG COUNTY ROAD ORDERS 1746-1764, by Nathaniel Mason Pawlett, Faculty Research Historian and Tyler Jefferson Boyd, Research Assistant. http://www.virginiadot.org/vtrc/main/online_reports/pdf/93-r17.pdf

1758 March 8 John Goin on road order in Lunenburg Co Va marked

1758 March 8 John Goin on road order in Lunenburg Co Va marked

(The surnames of those noted in this order all have multiple connection in their family histories – see notes below for examples):

Notes 1-5 regarding the above order:  (Note 1:  In 1771 William Hill lives adjacent to William Goyne, Drury Goyen, and William Gladden in Fairfield County, South Carolina); (Note 2:  Drury Going who was born 1726 is paid out of Sampson Lanier’s estate in 1759); (Note 3:  in 1759 a Ruffin lives near a Gowen in Lunenburg County, Va, in a land transaction involving Seth Moore and 3600 acres of land); (Note 4:  John Gowin purchases 400 acres in 1761 adjacent to William Hill and Ruffin’s line – later in 1761 John Gowin Sr and his wife Mary convey part of this land that is adjacent to Ruffin’s line to their sons William Going and John Going Jr);  (Note 5:  In 1680, a Thomas Ballard filed a lawsuit against the estate of John Going.  Robert Ruffin was the administrator of John Going’s estate.  The lawsuit was filed in Surry County, Virgina)

“John Gowen of Lunenburg County, Virginia” receives a deed to “100 acres on Dodson’s Branch at Hargrove’s old line” from William Stroud February 23, 1760 for £30, according to Granville County Deed Book C.

John Gowen is granted 200 acres of land on Reedy Branch of Ruffin’s Creek February 14, 1761, accord­ing to Lunenburg County deed records.  Jack Harold Goins, Foundation member of Rogersville, Tennessee made a trip in September 1995 to Lunenburg County to locate the farm of John Gowen.  He wrote, “My best estimation is that the farm of John Gowen was located about 10-15 miles west of present-day Lunenburg, Virginia which is located in the center of the county.”

MicroForm

John Gowen and Mary Keife Gowen transfer part of the 200 acres on June 10, 1761 to his two sons.

The first deed, recorded July 7, 1761 in Lunenburg County Deed Book 6, page 379, reads:

“To all people to whom this prasement writing shall come, I John Going, Sr. and Mary his wife for and in consideration of the natural affection and love which we have and bear unto our well beloved son, John Going, Jr. of the county aforesaid convey unto said John Going, Jr. land containing 100 acres more or less, this being part of 400 acres granted by patent bearing date February 14, 1761 which was granted by our Honorable Lt. Gov. Francis Farquhier.  The aforesaid 100 acres lying on both sides of the Great Branch and being the land that the aforesaid John Going, Jr. lives on . . .

This 10th day of June the year of our Lord God One Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty-one.

John  [X] Going, Sr. Mary [X] Going

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of Rich Brown    Isaiah Going    Elizabeth [X] Going”

The Court held for Lunenburg County the 7th day of July 1761, the written deed of gift now acknowledged by the said John Going, Sr. and the same ordered to be recorded.”

The other deed reads:

“John Gowing, Sr. of Lunenburg County, Virginia and Mary, his wife, for the natural love and affection which we bear our beloved son, William Gowing of this county aforesaid–also for divers other causes and con­siderations, part of 200 acre tract granted by patent aforesaid to John Gowing, Sr., bearing date February 14, 1761 by Gov. Francis Farquier, land on branch called the Great Branch, and the land that the aforesaid William now lives on.”

John Gowen and Mary Keith Gowen sign the deed in the presence of Pinckney Brown, Susie Hubbard and Sarah Gowen, believed to be their daughter-in-law.  Susie Hubbard is regarded as their daughter, Susannah Gowen Hubbard by Jack Harold Goins, Editorial Boardmember of Rogersville, Tennessee.  On the same day they convey a similar portion of land to their son, John Gowen, Jr, according to Lunenburg County Deed Book 6, page 378-379.  Witnesses to the transaction are “Richard Brown, Sarah Going and Elizabeth Going” [believed to be the wife of John Gowen, Jr.].

1761 December 7 – John Goin sells his remaining 200 acres of land located on both sides of Long Branch in Lunenburg County to William Sandifur. Mary Goin relinquishes her dower. This is the last record found of John Going and Mary Keith Going. Lunenburg Co, Va.

1761 December 30 and 1762 July 6 – Other records show that William, son of John Going, moves from Lunenburg County to Orange County, North Carolina between December 30, 1761 and July 6, 1762. This is proof that William Going of Orange County was the son of John Going and Mary Keith Going of Lunenburg County, Va.

1762 July 6, – William Going (John Going Sr’s son) of Orange County, North Carolina sells his 100 acres in Lunenburg County, Virginia on Great Branch of Allen’s Creek adjacent to William Sandifur.  Lunenburg Co, Va.  http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GOWEN/2001-08/0996862999

December 11, 1762, John Going Sr., receives title to 700 acres of land on Moon Creek near the Dan River in Orange County, North Carolina – just on the other side of the border from Virginia to North Carolina.  The land is adjacent to land owned by William Gladin – 505 acres of the land received appears to be from William Gladin’s plat.  His son, William Going is the chain carrier for the transaction (measurement device used).

1762 Dec 11 John Going 700 acres Orange Co

On December 15, 1762 John Going Sr. records the deed for 700 acres.

1762 Dec 15 John Going Sr 505 acres Orange Co NC

In 1764 May until the May 1765 court session,  Alexander Going, and John Going are both involved in separate court cases in Orange County, NC.  – McCaul, Lytle & Co. vs ALEXANDER GOING – T.A.B. (personal quarrels);  Thomas Moore vs JOHN GOING – Case.  Orange County, North Carolina Abstracts of the Minutes of the Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions of Sept 1752 – August 1766.  Page 102; Court of May 1764.  By Ruth Herndon Shields.  Orange Co, NC.  (This may possibly be John Going, Jr.).

In 1773 several Gowen family members signed a petition for the partition of the north part of Orange County. Among them were Alexander Gowen, Sr, Alexander Gowen, Emos [Amos] Gowen, Daniel Gowen and John Gowen, Orange Co, NC

It is unclear if this is the same John Gowen, but in 1782 (during the Revolutionary War) the Camden Parish Vestrybook, in Pittsylvania County, Virginia – Page 45  notes a vestry order for support of John Gowen to be held out for his subsistence at the discretion of John Wilson, gent. – 500 lbs. tob., Camden Parish in Pittsylvania Co, Va.  It is possible that John Gowen, age about 72 at this time, was receiving assistance from the Parish (church government) while his sons fought in the war.
Extracted from: Vestry Book of Camden Parish, 1767-1820 (With other Miscellaneous Records) Transcribed By Mary Leigh Boisseau
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

[Compare to Gowen Manuscript pages for alternate theories on ancestry and descendants]

1)  004 John Gowen – Gowen Manuscript (link to Gowen Manuscript info):  John Gowen ; (Noted Difference:  The writer of this page of the Gowen Manuscript connects John Gowen to Mihil Gowen as an ancestor.  I do not believe there is any evidence the two lines are connected – nothing has been shown that connects the two).  

2)  1994 – 10 Oct Newsletter – GRF (link to newsletter):  See John F. Gowen story;

3)  Four Part Series written in Newsletters about John Gowen and his line – by Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr. (click links for articles):

 1) Going Family Traced from Virginia to Louisiana Over 300 Years, Part 1;
2) Going Family Traced 300 Years From Virginia to Louisiana. Part 2;
3) 300 years of Goings; From Virginia to Louisiana. Part 3;
4) William Goyne, Early Patriarch Pioneered in Georgia in 1790 (300 yrs Goings) Part 4;

4)  Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr. page of research consolidated:  Goyne research

5)  Paul Heinegg’s research:

Advertisements

5 Responses to 1700 John Going Sr married to Mary Keith

  1. Linda Weldner says:

    I would like to know if anyone knows who the parents are for Elizabeth Wiatt, 2nd wife of Drury Dobbins Going. She seems to have died young. I was wondering if that is why he married a third time. I can find nothing on her.
    Linda Weldner
    My mother was Barbara Jean Going b. 1934
    Walter Leroy Going was my grandfather.
    William Going was his father
    Any information would be appreciated.

  2. Robert Gowin says:

    Hey! How did you tie John GOWEN of Somerset, MD to the John Gowen who married Mary Keith in Virginia? That would be interesting to know. I don’t believe there is a shred of connection to these two individuals as the same. The John Gowen of Somerset DIED in 1725/6 as recorded by the courts. The John Gowen who married Mary Keith lived well past this period and his mother, Catherine Patterson (Padderson) listed him as her son on her will in May 1739 and he was the executor. You may want to modify this and parse out this John Gowen of Somerset. There doesn’t seem to be much information on the John Gowen of Somerset, MD other than these court records and he doesn’t seem to be connected to any families within Virginia – either the tri-racial family or that of my ancestor (William Gowin/Going of Bedford Co., VA).

    • douggoyen says:

      Robert, great to hear from you. Thanks for looking over the site. I noted on the page that I’m not certain this is the same John Gowen, but worth looking at because its possible (if he isn’t dead by 1725/6 that is).

      This Gowen family was living along the Potomac River in Stafford/PWC/Fairfax Counties about this time, so it would not be a far stretch if John Gowen traveled across the river or bay to do business and was involved in a lawsuit or two in doing business, so I added this info to consider.

      I don’t see anything that shows John Gowen of Somerset, MD died in 1725/26. Can you point me to the documentation? If that is the case this is obviously another John Gowen. The only thing I saw was that he was “Late of Somersett County, Maryland” in the March 1726 court. In context this means he had moved from Somersett – not that he had died, since he was involved in suits in the June 1726 court, and again in August, and again as late as December 1726. Others were also noted as being “Late of Somersett County” – see John Vidall in the criminal case – but the court sentences him to 5 lashes, and to stand at the pillory for a quarter hour, plus pay four fold damages – which seems impossible to do to a dead man. It appears the “Late of Somersett County” terms used in these pages indicate they had moved from the county, not deceased.

      Are there any other documents showing John Gowen had died by 1725/6? Let me know, I want to make sure I am not considering something that is obviously incorrect.

      Thanks

      • Robert Gowin says:

        Great summary, Doug. It’s also good to hear from you. Your summary does seem to indicate that the “late” term was incorrectly applied. I still am unsure where he fits in. I also sent you an email. Best, RG

  3. Joe McGowan says:

    If Cornelius Keith had been in Virginia for 30 years in 1739 and was born in 1695, that would make him 14 at the time of his arrival. Would he have arrived without a parent or guardian accompanying him?

    If Thomas and John Jr. were born around 1720, Mary would have been born certainly by 1705. Another Cornelius has to be her father right?

    I have just discovered a Cornelius Keith living in the Pee Dee section of South Carolina in the 1790s. Upon doing so I found a Keith researcher who told me of an older Cornelius Keith he found who went to the Pee Dee in the 1750s. The Cornelius I found may well be his descendant.

    His arrival would coincide with John Gowin’s first appearance in Georgetown district in 1754 (Futhey Estate) you have mentioned elsewhere on this site.

    Anyone know who this other Cornelius is?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s