State – Virginia

Virginia-county-map.gif

Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps:  http://www.mapofus.org/virginia/

VIRGINIA COUNTY LINKS:

FACTS and SOURCES (chronological order): 

1623 – William Gones is noted as transported to America in a land transaction for a Captain William Epes, of Accomacke, 450 acs on the Easterne Shoare of the Bay of Chesepeiacke, nere unto the plantation of Accomacke, 3 Feb 1626, p. 49. Nly. on the mouth of Kings Cr. parting this from the land belonging to the place of Secretary, Sly. towards the pursimond ponds, Ely. along the shore of the sd. Bay of Chesepeyacke &c. Due for trans. of 9 men: William Gones (or Jones), William Gallaway, John Barker, Edward Rogers, & Thomas Warden, whoe all arrived in the Anne 1623; Nicholas Raynbeare (or Raynbeard) in the Swann in 1624, Henry Carter in the James 1624 & assigned over to him by William Streate Marriner; & Richard Reeve (or Reene); & John Robbins in the Returne 1625. (Note: possibly “Jones”, and possibly not a misspelling – maybe just “Gones” – listed because its “possibly” a Goin type variation). https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C37S-3SPR-D?i=52&cat=584564 . http://interactive.ancestry.com/48408/CavaliersPioneers-005066-577?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48408%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=CavaliersPioneers-004489-7

1635 July 4 – Brian Gawyn (McGawyn) age 3 yrs is listed in the “Original List of Persons of Quality”, Transported on the “Transport” of London (ship) to Virginia. https://archive.org/stream/originallistsofp00hottuoft#page/100/mode/2up

1635 Sept 28 – John Gowing is noted in a land transaction for Thomas Crompe, who receives 500acres James Co. 28 Sept 1635 p. 287. In the neck of land bounding E. on a Cr. which runs between the Gleab land & sd. neck, W. upon a Cr. between sd. neck & land in the tenure of Thomas Phillipps, S. adj. land belonging to the Orphans and heirs of Mr. Richard Buck. 50 acs for his own per adv. & 450 acs for trans. of 9 pers: Jon. Gowing, Roger Arnwood, Robt. Ackerman, Fr. Peale, Jon. Abbott, Lewis Depoma, Peter Brill, Wm. Mallett, Tho. Trunchfield. p. 31-32. Va. Land Transaction. http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1633transjohngowingjamescova.jpg
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/LO-1/001/201-300.html
https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C37S-3SPT-R?i=288&cat=584564 (Best copy)

1635 – Aug – Thos Gowen, 18 yrs old., is listed in “Original List of Persons of Quality”. He is transported on the “Globe” of London (ship) to Virginia. https://archive.org/stream/originallistsofp00hottuoft#page/118/mode/2up

1650 Oct 18 – John Goane is transported to Virginia by Walter Broadhurst, Gent., who receives 500 acres, on S. side of Potomeck R., beg. at a point on the W. side of Poore Jack Cr., extending nigh the main river course NW to a point on the mouth of Conawoman Cr., which divides same from land of William Hardigg etc., to an Indian cleerfield, etc., 18 Oct 1650, p 249 Trans of 10 pers: William Hardigg, Robert Beard, William Enson, Ann Knowles, Richard Broadman, Hump. Farmar, John Goane, John Piper, Richard Sabrell, 2 Indians(see above). p. 199. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co., Virginia https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSLZ-BQ4C-S?i=283&cat=584564 .
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48408/CavaliersPioneers-005066-577?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48408%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=CavaliersPioneers-004685-199 Curioman Creek is same as Canawoman Creek: See: http://www.hookandbullet.com/fishing-currioman-creek-warsaw-va/ 1650 Oct 18 – John Goane transported S. side Potomeck R., at W. side of Poore Jack Cr., to mouth of Conawoman Cr.

William Gowen b. abt 1614 arrived in Maine about 1651-52. http://person.ancestry.com/tree/63971727/person/44112588705/facts (Note: Not likely related to southern Going families. No indication any descendants of this William Gowen made their way to Virginia or Maryland).

Robert Gowing b. abt 1618, arrived in Massachusetts about the same time as William above, 1651-52. http://person.ancestry.com/tree/63971727/person/44112588711/facts (Note: Not likely related to southern Going families. No indication any descendants of this Robert Gowing made their way to Virginia or Maryland).

1653 Apr 14 – William Gowin is transported to Virginia by Mr. William Hoccaday, who receives 1000 acres in York Co, near the head of Ware Creek, NW by N upon a former devdt and NW by N towards Warany Cr Trans of 20 pers: (Alexander Watson, Wm Mackgahye, Andrew Sharpe, Jane Johnson, Randall ____, Isabell Grace, Mary Reeise (?), Tomason Madero (or Maders), Mary Graham, James _____, Edward Hodge, Richard Gillman, Willm. Moline, Fra. Peppett, Richard Jones, Michaell Barrow, Richard Moore, Joane Rivers, Ja. Nicholson, Wm. Gowin). Renewed 20 Nov. 1654. p. 257. 14 Apr 1653, p. 89. Va. Land Trans – York Co, Va.   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSLZ-BQHT-D?i=513&cat=584564
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48408/CavaliersPioneers-005066-577?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48408%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=CavaliersPioneers-004744-257

1654 Oct 6 – Bernard Geines and Eliz. Geines are transported to Virginia by R. (Rowland) LAWSON, who receives 400 acres upon S. side of Rappa. Riv., beg. at Eastmost extent of the land of Geo. Eaton, etc., unto sd. Lawson’s former grant &c. 6 Oct. 1654, p. 299. Trans. of 8 pers: (Geo. Eaton, Lawson’s, Trans of -Mary Palmer, Rose Love, Fra. Plumer, Thomas Jones, Roger Clatworth, Dennis Foard, Bernard Geines, Eliz. Geines) p. 297. Va. Land Trans – Rappa Co.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48408/CavaliersPioneers-005066-577?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48408%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=CavaliersPioneers-004785-297 1654 Oct 6 – Bernard Geines and Eliz. Geines transp to S. side of Rappa. R (Note: I can’t make up my mind on this one if it is a “Gaines” variation or a “Goines” variation – so leaving on this page for now).

1657 Feb 6 John Clarke assignes 170 acres to William Garvin (Gowen?) in York Co, Va. On Jan 24, 1661 William and his wife Anne assign this land to Edmund Chisman. The following is the chain of title noted in the entry: (Note: possibly the same Wm. Gowen as in York Co, Va – he is noted to have wife Ann, which William Gowen is married to Ann and have son John baptized in 1668).

I, Richard Bennett, Esq., grant to Thomas Willis 170 acres land commonly called York Ridge, in Yorke Co., bounded on east by Thomas Jackson, dec’d, Dead Mans Brook, Willaim Clarke, dec’d, on west, and on northeast by Edward Wright, for transport of 4 persons.  14 April 1653. Signed Ri. Bennett. W. Claiborne, Secr.

I, Thomas Willis, assign right in above (to John Clarke?).  11 Jan. 1655. Signed Thomas Willis.  Wit: George (T) Johnson, John Curtis

I, John Clarke, assign right in above to William Garvin.  6 Feb. 1657. John (W) Clarke.  Wit: David (t) Rophie, Richard (D) Davis

I, William Garvin and Anne Garvin, assign right in above to Edmund Chisman for 1700 lbs tob.  24 Jan 1661. William Garvin, Anne (S) Garvin
Wit: Henry (H) Stephens, John (HH) Benson.  24 Jan. 1661 Bond of William and Ann Garvin to Edmund Chisman (same witnesses)

I authorize my well beloved friend Richard Roberts my attorney to receive lands and to receive possession and acknowledgement of my brother John Chisman’s attorney Mr Lawrence Smith’s bargain and sale.  14 Dec. 1661. Edmund Chisman
Wit: Robert Curtis, John Lilly.  Recorded 24 Jan. 1661.  York County Virginia Records 1659-1662. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III. 1989.

1657 March 17 – William Gawine living adjacent to Capt Henry Perry and Edward Oliver in Surry County, Va 1657 March 17 – Indenture of Capt Henry Perry, Esq . . . sells 250 acres to Edward Oliver in Upper Chippoakes, bordering upon the land of Wm. Gawine. Capt Perry intermarried with the executrix of Jeremiah Clements. This land also borders Wm. Thomas’ land. Wits Wm Drummond and Worsham Hosmanden. This is in Surry County, Virginia records. Recorded Nov 10, 1660. (Note: possibly the same William Gowen as in York County, Virginia)

1657 October 25- Mihill Gowen, a black servant, receives his freedom in Virginia. The Manumission of Mihill Gowen.
[Christopher Stafford decided to free his black servant, Mihill Gowen, in his will. Stafford’s sister, Amy Barnhouse, carried out his wishes in 1657. The widow Barnhouse also freed Mihill Gowen’s son, William. She did not free her enslaved woman, who was William’s mother.]
Bee itt known unto all Christian people that whereas Mihill Gowen Negro of late servant to my Brother Xopher Stafford deced by his last will & Testament bearing Date the 18 of Jan 1654 had his freedom given unto him after the expiration of 4 yeares service unto my uncle Robert Stafford Therefore know all whom itt may concern that I Anne Barnehouse for divers good couses mee hereunto moving doe absolutely quitt & discharge the sd Mihill Gowen from any service & for ever sett him free from any claim of service either by mee or any one my behalf as any part or parcell of my Estate that my be claimed by mee the said Amy Barnhouse my heyres Exers Admrs or Assignes as witness my hand this 25 Oct 1657 Amy (AB) Barnhouse Bee itt knowne unto all Xcian people that I Ame Barnehouse of Martins hundred widdow for divers good causes & consideracons mee hereunto moving hath given unto Mihill Gowen Negro hee being att this time servant unto Robert Stafford a Male child borne the 25 Aug 1655 of the body of my Negro Prosta being baptised by Mr. Edward Johnson 2 Sept 1655 & named William & I the said Amy Barnhouse doth bind my selfe my heyres Exer Admr & Ass never to trouble or molest the said Mihill Gowin or his sone William or demand any service of the said Mihill or his said sone William In wittnes whereof I have caused this to be made & done I hereunto sett my hand & Seale this present 16 Sept 1655 Amy (AB) Barnhouse. Source: York County Deeds, Orders, and Wills (3) 16, 26 January 1657/8.
Mihil Gowen, a slave of Christopher Stafford of York County, Virginia, was given his freedom September 16, 1657 in two declarations made by Anne Barnhouse, sister of Stafford. The declarations, recorded in “York County, Virginia Wills, Deeds and Orders, 1657-1659,” made after the death of Stafford and after Mihil Gowen had served an additional four years with Robert Stafford, read:
“I, Anne Barnhouse of Martin Hundred, widow, have given Mihil Gowen, Negro, at this time servant to Robert Stafford, a male child born 25 August 1655 of the body of my Negro, Prossa, being baptized by Mr. Edward Johnson 25 September 1655 and named William, and I bind myself never to trouble Mihil Gowen or his son, William or demand any service of them. 16 September 1657.”
Mihil Gowen, Negro, of late serving my brother Xtopher Stafford, dcsd, by his last will & testament, had his freedom given him after the expiration of 4 years service to my uncle, Robert Stafford. I, Anne Barnhouse do absolve, quit and discharge the said Mihil Gowen from my service 25 October 1657. A. B. [The mark of Anne Barnhouse]. Witnesses: Arthur Dickenson Joseph Albrighton”. It is estimated that Mihil Gowen was born about 1630, place and parents unknown. Some think John Graweare may have been his father.
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/practise.html

1657 March 17 – William Gawine living adjacent to Capt Henry Perry and Edward Oliver in Surry County, Va 1657 March 17 – Indenture of Capt Henry Perry, Esq . . . sells 250 acres to Edward Oliver in Upper Chippoakes, bordering upon the land of Wm. Gawine. Capt Perry intermarried with the executrix of Jeremiah Clements. This land also borders Wm. Thomas’ land. Wits Wm Drummond and Worsham Hosmanden. This is in Surry County, Virginia records. Recorded Nov 10, 1660.

1659 Oct 24 – I, John Clarke, sell a brown heifer to John Weston the younger, which heifer was given in exchange for a flock of hogs, given by George Weston (?)
(part obliterated) to John Weston the younger.
4 _____mber 1658
Wit: Richard (RD) Dickeson, William Garvin
Signed: John (his mark) Clarke. Recorded 24 Oct 1659 (Note: possibly the same Wm. Gowen as in York Co, Va – he is noted to have wife Ann, which William Gowen is married to Ann and have son John baptized in 1668).
York County Virginia Records 1659-1662. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III. 1989.

1661 Sept 25 an Arthur Severne is indentured to John Gowing, for 4 years in Virginia, according to the Bristol Register.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49090/FLHG_BristolRegistersofServants-0142/14031?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-BristolRegistersofServants%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowin%26gsln_x%3dNN%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=955,1041,1132,1082#?imageId=FLHG_BristolRegistersofServants-0170

1661-62 Certificate is granted to Maj. Joseph Croshaw for 800 acres of land for importation of 16 persons into this colony, vizt: William Brukes, John Cole, Robert Mansfeild, Thomas Makins, Richard Gredle, Henry Palmer, John Burle, Jane Gowin, Edward Evans, William Griffin, Elianor Stephens, Joseph Munds, Elizabeth Revells, John Lambert, William Rogers & Edward Warren.
York County Virginia Records 1659-1662. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III. 1989.

1661 Jan 24 – On Jan 24, 1661 William Garven and his wife Anne assign this land to Edmund Chisman. The following is the chain of title noted in the entry:

I, Richard Bennett, Esq., grant to Thomas Willis 170 acres land commonly called York Ridge, in Yorke Co., bounded on east by Thomas Jackson, dec’d, Dead Mans Brook, Willaim Clarke, dec’d, on west, and on northeast by Edward Wright, for transport of 4 persons.  14 April 1653. Signed Ri. Bennett. W. Claimborne, Secr.

I, Thomas Willis, assign right in above (to John Clarke?).  11 Jan. 1655. Signed Thomas Willis.  Wit: George (T) Johnson, John Curtis

I, John Clarke, assign right in above to William Garvin.  6 Feb. 1657. John (W) Clarke.  Wit: David (t) Rophie, Richard (D) Davis

I, William Garvin and Anne Garvin, assign right in above to Edmund Chisman for 1700 lbs tob.  24 Jan 1661. William Garvin, Anne (S) Garvin
Wit: Henry (H) Stephens, John (HH) Benson.  24 Jan. 1661 Bond of William and Ann Garvin to Edmund Chisman (same witnesses)

I authorize my well beloved friend Richard Roberts my attorney to receive lands and to receive possession and acknowledgement of my brother John Chisman’s attorney Mr Lawrence Smith’s bargain and sale.  14 Dec. 1661. Edmund Chisman
Wit: Robert Curtis, John Lilly.  Recorded 24 Jan. 1661 (Note: possibly the same Wm. Gowen as in York Co, Va – he is noted to have wife Ann, which William Gowen is married to Ann and have son John baptized in 1668).

York County Virginia Records 1659-1662. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III. 1989.

1662 Oct 13 – Estate of Col. Xpher Calthorp, dec’d. produced by Anne Calthorp, Adm’x, appraised by order of court of 10 Sept last by Mr. Armiger Wade and Mr. John Hunt, and by Mr. John Hay and Mr. Michael Taverner, appointed in place of Mr. Anthony Rooksby, being very sick, and Mr. Thomas Mitchell, being from home. Sworn by Capt. William Hay, 13 Oct. 1662.
. . .
Debts (due to the estate): William Garvin, George Avery, Elias Davis, Capt. John Underwood, Mark Laghland, Richard Roberts, Hendrick Vandoverack for rent, Georger Avery more for rent last year, Bennet Madron for rent and 1 barrel corn, Thomas Evans for rent, Arnold the Dutchman his note for rent. Total 2473 lbs tob. . . . (Note: possibly the same Wm. Gowen as in York Co, Va – he is noted to have wife Ann, which William Gowen is married to Ann and have son John baptized in 1668).
York County Virginia Records 1659-1662. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III. 1989.

1667 Nov 13 – John King sells 280 acrs of land in Burson Swamp to John Legrande, adjoining Simmons land, Wm Lea land, and Wm. Gavin land. Wits John Rawlings and Walter Thompson. Surry County, Virginia. (Note: see March 17, 1657 entry for William Gawine – possible match). (Note: possibly the same Wm. Gowen as in York Co, Va – he is noted to have wife Ann, which William Gowen is married to Ann and have son John baptized in 1668).

1668 Feb 8 – Mihill Gowree (Gowen) receives a 30 to 40 acre deed from Capt Barnhouse. Formerly belonging to John Turner.
James City County, Va. The deed read: “Mihill Gowree. 30 or 40 acres situated in Merchants Hundred Parish in James City County, formerly belonging to John James, decd, and by him purchased of Capt. Richard Barnhouse and lately bound to escheat [forfeiture and reversion to the crown] and by a jury for said county under hand and seal of Col. Miles Carey, 20 December 1666 and now granted to said Gowree 8 February 1668.” By the time Mihil Gowen died, apparently November 24, 1708, the property was again in escheat, according to “York County, Virginia Wills, Deeds and Orders:” “Inquisition, James City County, Virginia, 11 September 1717. It appears that Mihill Goen, late of said county of James City, dyed seized of 30 or 40 acres escheat 24 November 1708 by Christopher Jackson, surveyor of James City County is found to contain 37 acres.” “Mihil Goen” [either the estate of Mihil Goen or Mihil Gowen, Jr.] “transferred 37 acres of escheat land to Robert Hubbard February 2, 1718,” according to James City County Deed Book 9. The metes and bounds read: “Yorkhampton Parish; beginning at the corner of Mihil Goen, Hubbard & Francis Moreland, adjoining Graves Pack; down the Beach Spring Branch to the place called Horse Bridge,” according to James City County Patent Book 10, page 415. Other notes reveal: “Escheated from Mihil Goen, dec’d, by inquisition under Edmund Jennings, Esqr, Escheater 11 September, 1717.”
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/006/006&image_number=0212&offset=%2B4&name=Patents+No.6+1666-1679+(PartI+%26+PartII)&dbl_pgs=no&round=
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48438/VALandRecords-003718-833/346345?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-VALandRecords%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsfn%3dAmbrose%26gsfn_x%3d0%26gsln%3dGowing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1010,952,1122,970;294,1685,426,1707;155,1737,250,1759;263,1736,397,1759#?imageId=VALandRecords-003131-246

1668 March 1 – John Gawen is born to parents William and Ann Gawen according to Charles Parish Records, York Co, Va.
http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=charle2&gss=angs-d&new=1&rank=1&gsln=Gain&gsln_x=0&MSAV=1&uidh=m37&ct=983
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VR51-WGH
1668 March 1 – John Gawen born to parents William and Ann Gawen, Charles Parish, York Co Va

1672 Elizabeth Gowing is indentured to William Temple for 5 years in Virginia, and is transported on the Katherine.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49090/FLHG_BristolRegistersofServants-0399?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49090%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_BristolRegistersofServants-0418
(Temple, Joseph (1666- ), Essex and King and Queen counties; son of William Temple, of Bishopstrow, Wilts, and grandson of John Temple, of Kingston Deverell. https://archive.org/stream/someemigrantstov00stan/someemigrantstov00stan_djvu.txt

1672 William Garvin owes a bill of 80 out of estate of William Morton in York Co Va. “Whereas the sheriff this day returned an attachment granted Richard Sable agst estate of William Morton, for security of 1200 lbs tob. for which he is bound as also indebted unto Sable, and has attached his share of tobacco and corn, one old chest, an old doublet and old pr. of breeches, one old comb case with some bills, vizt.; John Herryman’s bill of 165, William Garvin’s bill of 80, Nicholas Taylor’s bill of 120, and James Price’s bill of 486 lbs tob., with two pr. Virginia French fall whose (sic); whereof no reply having been made,
it is ordered executions issue agst same for satisfaction of said debt, but if any overplus, same is discountable.” (Note: possibly the same Wm. Gowen as in York Co, Va – he is noted to have wife Ann, which William Gowen is married to Ann and have son John baptized in 1668).
York County Virginia Records 1672-1676. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III.

1673 Christopher Gowin starts indenture in York Co, Virginia – born about 1649. Source Citations: Benjamin B. Weisiger, York County, Virginia Records 1672-1676 (n.p.: n.p., 1991), 60, quoting York County, Virginia Record Book 5:49. http://www.pricegen.com/immigrantservants/servant/show.php?servant=7908

1673 June 24 – Deposition of Christopher Gowin, age 24, saith that several times after John Williams, who drove away his mater’s mares out of the hundred, came to his mater’s house and came to deponent in the field, where he was at work, and told him he had brought home the old mare; whereupon deponent went to his mistress, his master not being at home, and she bid deponent go along with John Williams and see her, which he did; and went to Goodman Gill’s fence, where said Williams told him he had left her, but deponent saw none of her. Since, said Williams told deponent several times he would find her. Sworn at Ct. 24 June 1673. Christopher (CC) Gowin
York County Virginia Records 1672-1676. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III.

1674 Jan 25 – I, John Aduston, appoint my son John Rogers to appear as my attorney at York Court for all business I have pending.
25 Jan. 1674. John Aduston
Wit: William Garven, Robert (RC) Cookman (Note: possibly the same Wm. Gowen as in York Co, Va – he is noted to have wife Ann, which William Gowen is married to Ann and have son John baptized in 1668).
York County Virginia Records 1672-1676. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III.

1674 Jan 25 – Thomas Keby declares Lt. Col. William Cole his attorney in difference between him and Thomas Evans & Richard Jones. In the above difference between Keby and Thomas Evans on behalf of his wife, and Richard Jones on behalf of his wife, a jury was impanelled: Isaac Collier (foreman), William Garven, John Smyth, Robert Curtis, William Bell, Thomas Dunston, Thomas Wardley, John Heyward, Thomas Lloyd, Anthony Melton, Thomas Hansford and Thomas Barbar. Verdict is that Thomas Evans and Richard Jones each make restitution for a two year old hog. (Note: possibly the same Wm. Gowen as in York Co, Va – he is noted to have wife Ann, which William Gowen is married to Ann and have son John baptized in 1668).
York County Virginia Records 1672-1676. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III.

1674 July 16 – Philip Gowen, a black servant, files a lawsuit for his freedom. Court: freedom suit Gowen v Jon Lucas, 16 July 1674, James City, Virginia, USA. 1 At General Court Phillip Gowen “negro” suing John Lucas for his freedom – freedom granted and Lucas to pay Gowen 3 barrels of corn according to the will of Mrs Amye Boazlye, deceased. The Petition of Philip Gowen for his Freedom.
[Philip Gowen sued for his freedom from his master, John Lucas, in June 1675. Perhaps he was a second son born to Mihill Gowen and Amy Barnhouse’s enslaved woman Prosta.] Phillip Gowen negro Suing Mr Jno Lucas to this Court for his freedome It is Orderd that the said Phill Gowen be free from ye Said Mr Lucas his Service and that the Indenture Acknowledg’d in Warwick County County [sic] be Invallid and that ye Said Mr Lucas pay unto ye Gowen three Barrels of Corne att the Cropp According to ye Will of Mrs Amye Boazlye decd wth Costs…
Source: McIlwaine, ed., Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia, p. 441. http://www.virtualjamestown.org/practise.html This document provides a unique look at the status of African laborers in Virginia by clearly illustrating that fixed terms of indentured servitude existed, but also that they could be violated. In 1675 Phillip Gowen, an African American indentured servant, petitioned the governor of Virginia for release from servitude. In his petition, Gowen gave a detailed history of his life in bondage and the injustice he was currently experiencing. In 1664, Amy Beazley, Gowen’s original owner, provided in her will that after serving her nephew, Humphrey Stafford, for eight years, Gowen was to be set free and given the usual “freedom dues” for an indenture, corn and a set of clothes.
Gowen indicated that Stafford sold him and his remaining indentured time to Charles Lucas. Gowen claimed that Lucas, instead of freeing him at the end of his eighth year of servitude, forced him to serve three additional years. Even worse, Gowen claimed that Lucas threatened him and forced him to sign an indenture for another twenty years.
Indentured servants, both black and white, were subject to exploitation by their masters. Many could not read and write, which made their situations even more challenging. This document was probably written by an attorney on behalf of Phillip Gowen because it follows the traditional form of petitions of the time, with which, as a servant, Gowen himself probably would not have been familiar. Despite their low status, servants did have the right to petition the courts for help, as this document shows. Records indicate that the General Court of Virginia freed Gowen on June 16, 1675, and ordered Lucas to pay him three barrels of corn and court costs. The court also invalidated the twenty-year indenture Gowen claimed that Lucas had forced him to sign that was on file with the Warwick County Court.
Phillip Gowen’s petition offers a window to explore the development of chattel slavery in colonial America. While Africans were brought to North America as captives, most were treated like indentured servants and were freed after their terms of service. Gradually, during the 17th and 18th century, Virginia began to pass laws that made slavery—servitude for life—a reality for most people of African descent. Below is a brief timeline of such legislation and legal cases which show a decrease in freedom for African Americans:
• 1639—African Americans were excluded from being required to have firearms.
• 1640—John Punch, an African American indentured servant, was sentenced to a life of servitude after being caught running away from his master. The two white men who were with him only received one additional year on their indentures.
• 1643—Owners were taxed on African American women, but not white women laborers.
• 1662—The law declared that a person’s status depends on the status of the mother. This meant that children born to enslaved women would be slaves for life, under the law.
• 1667—The law declared that being a baptized a Christian did not change a person’s status as a servant or slave.
• 1669—A new law was established that it was not a punishable crime for a master to kill a slave in the process of “correcting” that slave.
• 1705—The law provided that “Negro, Mulatto, and Indians slaves” were considered to be property, or real estate, under the law. This same statute also declared that all Africans were considered to be slaves.
http://edu.lva.virginia.gov/online_classroom/lesson_plans/petition_of_phillip_gowen
PHILLIP GOWEN PETITION, JUNE 16, 1675
The practice of indentured servitude in England grew out of older feudal systems and apprenticeship practices that had their roots in the Middle Ages. The Virginia Company of London contracted with the first Virginia settlers for their labor, and, when the Company started trading land for service and tobacco became the first profitable cash crop, Virginia’s style of indentured servitude coalesced. By the 1620s, a standard system had been put into place whereby servants negotiated the terms of their indentures with a merchant, ship’s captain, or other agent before sailing to Virginia. Their indentures were then sold to planters when the servants arrived in the colony.
The beginning of lifelong servitude or slavery in Virginia is very hard to trace. There is evidence that Africans may have already been in the colony before the first documented appearance of them in John Rolfe’s 1619 letter, which mentions, “20. and odd Negroes” arriving in Jamestown. Whether or not a person of African descent was held in slavery was a matter of circumstances unclear to modern historians. The person’s status as a Christian or a non-Christian, and whether or not the person had previously been enslaved definitely affected how he or she was treated in the colony. The most important thing to note is that some African Virginians were not held as slaves at the beginning of the colony’s history. Although many of the laws restricting African Virginians were passed in the 1660s, slavery did not become codified in Virginia law until 1705.
Phillip Gowen was the son of Mihill Gowen, a free African Virginian, who had once worked for Amye Beazlye, the woman who had freed Phillip in her will. This petition to Governor William Berkeley and the Council of State was probably written for Gowen by a person familiar with the petitioning process; the document makes use of standard structure and language of petitions from that era. Gowen sought relief from his new master, whom he declared was attempting to prolong his servitude. After reviewing the petition, the governor and council ordered that Gowen be freed. This document gives an example of the precarious situation of African Americans in the early colony before slavery was completely institutionalized.
http://edu.lva.virginia.gov/online_classroom/shaping_the_constitution/doc/gowenpetition
TRANSCRIPTION of Phillip Gowen’s Petition: Page 1 of 1
To the Rt: Honble: Sr: William Berkeley knt: Governr: & Capt. Genll: Of Virga: with the Honbl: Councill of State:
The peticon of Phillip Gowen a Negro, In all humility Sheweth: That yor. petr. being a servt: to Mrs. Amye Beazlye late of James Citty County Widdow decd. the said Mrs. Beazlye made her last will & testament in writtinge under her hand & seale, bearing date the 9th. day of Aprill An Dom. 1664: and amongst other things, did order, will, & appoint, that yor. petr. by the then name of Negro Boy Phillip, should serve her Cousin Mr: Humphrey Stafford, the terme of Eight yeares then next ensueing, and then should Inioy his freedom,e & be paid three barrells of Corne & a suit of Clothes, As by the said will appeares, Soone after the makinge of which will, the said Mrs. Beazlye departed this life, and yor petr. did continue & abide with the said Mr. Stafford (with whome he was orderd by the said will to live) some years, and then the said Mr. Stafford sold the remainder of yor. petrr. time, to one Mr. Charles Lucas, with whome yor petr alsoe continued, doeing true & faithfull Service, but the said Mr: Lucas coveting yr petrs.
Service longer then of right itt was due, did not att the expiracon of the said Eight years, discharge yor petr. from his service, but compelled him to serve three yeares longer then the time sett by the said Mrs: Beazleys will, and then not being willing yr. petr. should Inioy his freedom, did contrary to all honesty & good conscience, with threats & a high hand, in the time of yor. petrs. Service with him, and by his confedracy with some persons, compell yor. petr. to sett his hand to a writeing, which the said Mr. Lucas now saith, is an Indenture for twenty yeares, and forcet yor. petr. to acknowledge the same in the County court of Warwick.
Now for that may itt please yor. honrs: yor. petr. was att the time of the makeing thes said forst writeing, in the service of the said Mr. Lucas and never discharged from the same, the said Mr: Lucas alwaies uniustly pretending that yor. petr. was to serve him three yeares longer, by an order of Court is untrue, which pretenses of the said Mr. Lucas will appeare to yor. honrs. by t[he] testimony of persons of good creditt: Yor: Petr. therefore most humbly prayeth yor. honrs. to order that the said writeing soe forced from him be made void; and that the ssid Mr. Luca[s] make him sattisfacion for the said three yeares service above his tim[e] and pay him Corne & Clothes with costs of Suite: And yor. petr. (as in duty bound) shall ever pray &c. Source: Undated petition of Phillip Gowen to Governor Sir William Berkeley, ca. 1675. Colonial Papers, folder 19, no. 2, Record Group 1, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.
[Proceeding from the 16th Day of June 1675]
Gowen vs Lucas Phillip Gowen negro Suing Mr Jno Lucas to this Court for his freedome It is Ordered that the said Phill Gowen be free from ye Said Mr Lucas his Service and that the Indenture Acknowledg’d in Warwick County County [sic] be invalid and that ye Said Mr Lucas pay unto ye Gowen three Barrels of Corne att the Cropp According to ye Will of Mrs Amye Boazlye decd wth Costs
Source: H. R. McIlwaines, ed., Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonia Virginia, p. 441.
http://edu.lva.virginia.gov/docs/PhillipGowen1675transcription.pdf

1674 July 24
p. 78 Whereas I gave the wife of me, Maj. Wyatt, in her widowhood with my consent, 100 pounds, as a jointure out of her estate, besides what what is given and enjoyed for her only child, Anne Jackson, which by two deeds under her hand dated 26 Feb. last; and whereas Mr. James Bray, one of the feoffees in behalf of my said wife and said Anne Jackson covenants, be it known that for fulfilling of said deeds made by my said wife Anne for herself and her daughter Anne Jackson, I Maj. William Wyatt assign to Hon. Nathaniel Bacon, Mr James Bray, & Mr Edward Bray the whole of that estate I had on hand in right of marriage to said wife, and give bond of 300 pounds.
14 July 1674. William Wyatt
Wit: Edward (W ) Frisell, Thomas Richards, John Gawen
Recorded 24 July 1674
York County Virginia Records 1672-1676. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III.

1675 Dec 10 –
I, John Griggs of New Poquoson, York Co., appoint my friend William Weatherall to confess judgement to Ralph Walker for 540 lbs tob., and also to confess judgement to Richard Moore, attorney of Mr. Awborne, for what is due.
10 Dec. 1675. John Griggs
Wit: John Conyers, William Garven (Note: possibly the same Wm. Gowen as in York Co, Va – he is noted to have wife Ann, which William Gowen is married to Ann and have son John baptized in 1668).
York County Virginia Records 1672-1676. Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III.

1678 – Wm Gowin is listed as a an English merchant importing goods from Virginia to England. LinkPublic Record Office Class E 190/75/1. Title LinkPort Books; Port of London; English merchant’s imports to London; record made by the Controller of Tunnage and Poundage. Publication 29 Dec. 1677 – 28 Dec. 1678. Gen. note: DONE BY JTK, 24 May 1991 SEE ALSO 5762A – 5762C. Note: 677, 678
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/VTLS/CR/05762/index.html (pg. 76)

1678 Va William Gowin as merchant in London doing business in Va

1678 – Christopher Gowen, is married, wife’s name Anne.
Michael Gowen, (G9/1.4), son of Christopher Gowen (G10/1.1) and Anne Gowen, was born in January 1679, according to Abingdon Parish Register, Gloucester Co, page 2. Of this individual nothing more is known.
1679 January – Michael Gowen, son of Christopher Gowen and Anne Gowen, was born

1679 January – Michael Gowen is born in January 1679, according to “Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia Register, 1678-1761,” page 275. Glaucester Co, Va

1679 May 1- Daniel Gowen receives a patent May 1, 1679 to 100 acres in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, “adjoining his own land,” and a Henry Preston according to Gloucester County Deed Book 6, page 679. He received another grant of 52 acres April 26, 1698, according to “Irish Settlers in America” by Michael J. O’Brien. Gloucester Co, Va.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/006/006&image_number=0680&offset=%2B1&name=Patents+No.6+1666-1679+(PartI+%26+PartII)&dbl_pgs=no&round=
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49309/FLHG_RecsColGloucesterCnty-0059?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49309%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_RecsColGloucesterCnty-0061
1679 May 1- Daniel Gowen Gloucester County, Virginia.

1679 Va Surry Co Mr Goring estate with Charles Moryson asking Robt Caufield to secure the Rapier pistol and holsters he lent Going (Note: Likely this Surry Co, Va entry is for Goring – not Going – see below).

1680 – Coll. Thomas Ballard vs Robert Ruffin admr. of Jno. Goings estate. Judgment for Pltf. July 6, 1680. 1670-91, p. 306-7. SURRY COUNTY RECORDS. Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers. VOL. I ALLEN—GRAY. p. 155 (Note: This John “Going” is most likely “John Goring” – as Robert Ruffin was administrator of the estate of John Goring as well at this exact same time in Surry County, Virginia. There were numerous John Goring entries in Surry County, Virginia – which leads me to believe these two “Going” entries were transcription errors – they appear to be Goring instead).

1682, April 20 – Gawen Gawin 1000a s side of Totopottomoys Cr in New Kent Co, Va. Gawen Gawin – New Kent Co VA Land Grant 1682
Transcribed by: Regena Cogar
Surnames: GAWIN, DABNEY, DAVIS, BRYOR, PONGER, PENGER, TAYLOR, BARROW, HILL, DEGAR, HUBBERD, POPE, THOMAS, LEMON, RAVENEL, WALTON, CHENEY, SHALTON, WALLINGTON, JACKSON, LINDSEY, DENHAM
VA Patents 7, p. 160
Library of Virginia Digital Collection:
Land Office Patents and Grants
Gawin
1000
To all &c. Whereas &c. Now Know yee that I S[i]r Henry [Ch—eley?] K[nigh]t deputy [governor?] [do] give and grannt unto Gawen Gawin One tho[w?]sand acres of land lying in the County of New Kent upon the South side of [Totopottomoys?] Creeke & bounded as followeth begining upon the upper line of Cornelius Dabneys land runing South South East along the said line three hundred twenty five pole to a markt red oake from thence West five hundred & twoe pole to a marked hiccory from thence North North West three hundred twenty five pole to a marked red oake [—?] the said Creeke from thence downe the said Creeke to the first Station the said land being formerly grannted to John [Davis?] by Pattent bearing date the [27?]th February [1660?] and by him [deserted?] and now grannted to the said Gawin [by order?] of the Gener[al] Court and [further?] due by and for the transportacon of twenty p[er]sons into this Colony whose names [—?] under this pattent menconed To have & to hold &c. To be held &c. Yeilding & paying &c. Provided &c. Dated the twentieth of Aprill [1682?] ~
John Bryor, Tho: [Ponger?/Penger?], Geo: Taylor, [Tho:?] Barrow, And: Hill, Corne: Degar, Cathe: Hubberd, John [Pope?], [Bess?], Sam[?] Thomas, Mary Lemon, John [Ravenel?], Sam:ll Walton, Margaret [Cheney?], Dan:ld [Shalton?], Jon: Wallington,
Jon: Jackson, [Ja-?] Lindsey, Mary Denham, Mariah.
NOTE: Transcriber’s comments are in brackets [ ].
NOTE: Image format copyrighted by the Library of Virginia.
http://www.lva.lib.va.us/dlp/index.htm
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1682grantgawingawennewkentcova.jpg

1686 – John Gawin’s former servant – John Marshall: In 1686 we find John Marshall, a former servant of Mr. John Gawin, of York County, engaged in a game with Joseph Bascom, in which the latter lost a wager of five pounds sterling, a sum equal in purchasing power to one hundred and twenty-five dollars in American currency, a proof of how far the gambling went even among persons of very moderate means. In the course of the same year a game took place between Captain Soane and Richard Dearlove, of Henrico county, in which ten puts were played for a stake of fifteen hundred pounds of tobacco. Soane was successful, but as Dearlove refused to pay when called upon, a suit was entered against him in court. 18 In 1690 Allanson Clerk, of the same county, who had won four pounds sterling of Peter Rowlett in a game of put, was thrown out of court because, when the game was played, no sum was placed in the hands of a stakeholder, or regular contract to pay such a sum was drawn up, as required by law to give the betting a legal footing. 19 . . . 16 York County Records, Vol. 1675-84, orig., p. 328. “York County Records, Vol. 1684-7, p. 144, Va. St. Libr. 18 Henrico County Records, Vol. 1677-92, orig., p. 300. “Henrico County Minute Book, 1682-1701, p. 279, Va’. St. Libr. https://archive.org/stream/sociallifeofvirg00bruc/sociallifeofvirg00bruc_djvu.txt

1688 Feb 24 John Gowen appointed as auditor of case between Joseph Topping and Thomas Mountfort in York Co Va
p. 86 – Whereas the last court the difference depending between Mr Joseph Topping plt and Mr Thomas Mountfort Deft was referred to an auditt, and to make report thereof to the court the land, and by the consent of both the plt and the defnt the said order is continued, and Mr John Gowen is ordered and appointed to bee one of the auditors, and it is further ordered that . . . (Note: this entry is at the bottom of page 86, page 87 is missing, so the end of this order is missing).
York County Court Records, 1687 to 1688. pg. 86.
Contains p. 1-149 of court record book no. 8, Aug. 1687-Sept. 1688.
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/110604?availability=Family%20History%20Library

p. 88 – 1688 Feb 24 John Gowen receives an order agt Capt Mathew Trim in York Co Va.
An order against the Sherr is granted John Gowen for the nonappearance of Capt Mathew Trim. Returnable to the next court according to law for judgment.
York County Court Records, 1687 to 1688. pg. 88.
Contains p. 1-149 of court record book no. 8, Aug. 1687-Sept. 1688.
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/110604?availability=Family%20History%20Library

p. 102 – 1688 March 26 John Gawen ordered to pay Capt Mathew Trim 50 pounds in York Co Va
A nonsuite and fifty pounds of tobacco damages is granted Capt Mathew Trim against John Gawen, which hee is ordered to pay att execution.
York County Court Records, 1687 to 1688. pg. 102.
Contains p. 1-149 of court record book no. 8, Aug. 1687-Sept. 1688.
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/110604?availability=Family%20History%20Library

p. 120 – 1688 May 24 An order agt the Sherr is granted John Gowen for the nonappearance of George Glasrork.
York County Court Records, 1687 to 1688. pg. 120.
Contains p. 1-149 of court record book no. 8, Aug. 1687-Sept. 1688.
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/110604?availability=Family%20History%20Library

p. 138 – 1688 July 24 John Gowen granted judgment agnst George Glasrork in York Co Va
Judgment is this day granted Mr John Gowen against George Glasrork for the paymt of seaven pounds eighteene shillings Ster. being due by presented bills of exchange which hee the said Glasrork is ordered to pay with costs of suite. Execution being Staved of till ye next court and then the said Glasrork to bringe the conditions made betweene them if in case the said bills of exch did come in (ptested?) then the said Glasrork to pay the same in tobacco at 10.8 (per?) hundred.
York County Court Records, 1687 to 1688. pg. 138.
Contains p. 1-149 of court record book no. 8, Aug. 1687-Sept. 1688.
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/110604?availability=Family%20History%20Library

1689 May 24: Att a Court held 24 May 1689. In the difference betweene Mr. Danll. Parks and James Whaley executor in trust to the estate of William Rice, itt is ordered that Mr. Samll. Timson, Mr. Robt. Broadley and Mr. John Gowen audit all the accounts betweene them on 24 June next. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 May 24: Att a Court held 24 May 1689. An order against the Sherriff is granted John Gowen for the nonappearance of Edward Malen. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 May 24: Att a Court held 24 May 1689. An attachement is granted the Sherriff against the estate of Edwd. Maylen for £4.12– sterling for his nonappearance att the suite of Mr. John Gowen. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 May 24: Att a Court held 24 May 1689. Upon the petition of Mr. James Dora mitt is ordered that hee bee licensed to keepe an ordinary att the Middle Plantation in the roome of Mr. John Gowen late ordinary keeper. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 May 24: Bond of Henry Thomspson, Robert Bee and John Gowen. For £100 sterling. To keep the Court harmless from any damages that may at any time arise concerning the estate of Francis Hurd, orphant, and pay the same to the orphan.
Henry Thompson
Robert Bee
John Gowen
Wit: Samll. Bainton, J. Sedgwick
From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 May 24: Att a Court held 24 May 1689. Judgment is granted John Gowen against Edward Hayton for £4.12.-sterling. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 May 24: Att a Court held 24 May 1689. Itt is ordered that William Pinkethman, Thomas Feere, Robert Martin and John Gowen appraise the estate of John Dannell on 15 August next att the house of John Dannell. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 May 24: Att a Court held 24 May 1689. Judgment is granted Mr. John Gawen against Mr. Tho: Ballard Junr. and John Weyman executors of Edwd. Jones for 447 pounds of tobacco. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 May 24: Att a Court held 24 May 1689. Ordered that Mr. John Gowen and William Pinkethman carefully examine all the Articles in the inventory and appraisment of John Donnell’s estate and finde whether the appraisment doth agree in every particular with the inventory or not. It is ordered that Capt. Francis Page, Mr. Martin Gardner, Mr. Edmund Jenings and Mr. John Gowen meete att the house of Mrs. Ann Jones, widow, on 10 October next and appraise of her late husband Mr. Rowland Jones, being first sworne before Mr. Robert Booth, whoe is desired to be present. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 June 3: “Abstracts of Deeds in Essex and Old Rappahannock” (Contributed by Ann A. Hennings). DEED BOOK 8, p 61. Dated: 3 June 1689. Recorded 4 July 1689
Grantee – Henry Going. Grantor – THOMAS and GRACE (wife) ARNOLD
Description: Both of Rappahannock County. Land in said county, approximately
50 acres beginning at oak on west side of Main branch of Ginateque Creek and
run west to line of Prosser.

1689 Aug 16: John Donnell. Inventory, 16 Aug. 1689. No total valuation; includes a servant boy named Thomas Clarke. William Pinkethman, Thomas (I) Feere, John Gawen, Robt. Martin. 7 Nov. 1689. Produced in Court. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 Aug 17: 17 Aug. 1689. Henry Thompson of James City County, planter, and Mary his wife, one of the daughters of Morris Hurd, to John Gowin of York County, For £10 sterling. Land bounding on the Reedy swamp which was sett apart for Mary’s share of the land given to her sister Ann. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 Sept 3: “” (Contributed by Ann A. Hennings). Deed Book 8, p 62. 3 Sep 1689. Grantee – Joseph Beckley. Grantor – GRACE ARNOLD. Power of Attorney – GRACE ARNOLD, wife of THOMAS ARNOLD of St. Mary’s Parish in Rappahannock County appointed friend Joseph Buckley as Power of Attorney regarding “my thirds of tract of land sold until Henry Going according to deed of sale made by my husband and myself.” (Note: Even though the above entries are spelled “Going”, it appears that in later entries the name may have been spelled “Goring” – so this may not actually be a Going – or may be two different people. Need to review).

1689 Oct 10: Mr. Rowland Jones. Inventory. 10 Oct. 1689. Made in obedience to order of 24 September last. Appraisers sworn before Mr. Robert Bouth 17 Dec. 1689………….. Francis Page, Martin Gardner, E. Jennings, Jno. Gawen. Signed by Ann Jones. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 Nov 7: Att a Court held 7 November 1689. A nonsuite is granted Richard Farre against John Gawin as hee not appearing to prosecute his action. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 Nov 7: John Daniell, Inventory, 16 Aug. 1689. No total valuation; includes a servant boye named Thomas Clarke. Wm. Pinkethman, Tho: Feere (I), John Gowen, Robert Martin. 7 Nov. 1689. Produced in Court. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 Dec 18: Att a Court held 18 December 1689. Itt is ordered that Mr. John Gawen, Mr. William Pinkethman, Mr. Tho: Feere and Mr. Edmd. Bruer meet on 1 January next to make an equall division of the estate belonging to John Dannell according to the last will and testament, that every on of Dannell’s orphants may know their part of the estate. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 Dec 18: Judgment is granted Mr. John Gawen against Richd. Rogers for £7.6.-sterling, the full balance of accounts between them. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689/1690. An order against the Sherriffe is granted James Gawen for the nonappearance of Richard Davis. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689/1690 An attachment is granted John Gawen against the estate of John Spillman for 423 tobacco, returnable to the next Court for judgment. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689/1690 An order against the Sherriff is granted John Gawen for the nonappearance of Joseph Fryth. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1689 March 24: Att a Court held 24 march 1689/90. Judgment is granted John Gawen against Joseph Fryth for 303 pounds of tobacco. York County, Virginia – Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., NO. 10 – 1694-1697 – Part Three – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman

1691 John Gawen in lawsuit w John S Salmon and Samuel Dean in Isle of Wight Va snip. 1691 Oct 19 – General Court from 19 October 1691 regarding John Gawen suit by Samuel Deane, who is called to come forth & answer the suit of Samuel Deane for his nonappearance in court. The proceedings include an order to the sheriff of Isle of Wight County to attach so much of Gawen’s estate as shall be of value sufficient to satisfy the judgment of the General Court with costs. The proceedings were transcribed by Miles Cary, Clerk of the General Court.

1692 April 29 – Ralph Jackson is the name of one of the people who is appointed guardian of the Going orphans in Virginia in the late 1730s. Here a Ralph Jackson receives land (possibly father or grandfather of Ralph Jackson appointed guardian). Grantee(s): Ralph Jackson, Joseph Maddox, and John Dugles. Description: 784 acres in the parish of Bristol. Beg. &c. on a small branch falling into Moncuseneck main creek. Charles City Co, Va.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/GetLONN.pl?first=244&last=&g_p=P8&collection=LO Patent

1693 May 31 – In the case of “Abraham Smith vs. Thomas Goen,” Smith appeared in court and “withdrew in person” the charge against the defendant May 31, 1693. Va
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms002.pdf

1693 Anthony Lawson recd 60a of land formerly owned by George Mason in Norfolk Co
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/008/008&image_number=0308&offset=%2B5&name=Patents+No.8+1689-1695&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1694 Nov 27 John Gwyn living adjacent to Mr George Mason, Mr. Ham, Giles Brent, on Roses Run and Mill Run in Stafford Co
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0007?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0018

1694 George Mason 1150a land grant on Accokeeke Creek Stafford Co adj Giles Brent,
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/288-2/288&image_number=0166&offset=%2B133&name=Grants+No.2+1694-1700&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1694 Thomas Ousley 1000a land adj Mason, Speak, along Accotink R., Mr. Jones, John Thomas decd,
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/288-2/288&image_number=0191&offset=%2B133&name=Grants+No.2+1694-1700&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1694 Va Stafford Co Nov 27 John Gwyn living adjacent to Mr George Mason, Mr. Ham, Giles Brent, on Roses Run and Mill Run

p. 98 – 1695 Jan 24 Mrs. Sarah Smyth administratrix of Mr. Willm Smyth assignee of John Gowing arresting Roger Jones in an action of debt for 362 pounds of tobacco per bill and the plaintiff appeareing by Mr. Hugh Owen her attorney but not haveing with him her papers to make appeare the debt, on motion of Mr. Po: Weldon whoe appeared attorney for the defendant, the plaintiff’s suit is dismist.
York County, Virginia deeds, orders, wills, etc No. 10, 1694-1697. p. 45
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2707175?availability=Mesa%20Arizona%20FamilySearch%20Library

p. 114 – 1695 Feb 25 Mrs. Sarah Smyth administratrix of Mr. Willm. Smyth assignee Jon: Gawin, hath order for an attachment against the estate of Capt. Roger Jones for 362 pounds of tobacco per bill, Jones being returned non est inventus to this Court.
York County, Virginia deeds, orders, wills, etc No. 10, 1694-1697. p. 53
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2707175?availability=Mesa%20Arizona%20FamilySearch%20Library

p. 124 – 1695 March 25 The attachment obtained by Mrs. Sarah Smyth administratrix of Mr. Willm. Smyth assignee of John Gowing against Capt. Roger Jones in an action of debt for 362 pounds of tobacco per bill being returned not yett executed, on motion of Mr. Hugh Owen, the plaintiff’s attorney, is continued.
York County, Virginia deeds, orders, wills, etc No. 10, 1694-1697. p. 58
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2707175?availability=Mesa%20Arizona%20FamilySearch%20Library

p. 152 – 1695 April 13 The attachment obtained by Mrs. Sarah Smyth, administratrix of Mr. Willm. Smyth assignee of John Gowing, against Capt. Roger Jones for 362 pounds of tobacco per bill is att the request of Mr. Hugh Owen her attorney againe continued.
York County, Virginia deeds, orders, wills, etc No. 10, 1694-1697. p. 68
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2707175?availability=Mesa%20Arizona%20FamilySearch%20Library

p. 172 – 1695 June 24 Ordered Willm. Govan of Yorke Parish be discharged from paying of his publick and county levyes for the future, whoe per his petitions that hee is poore and upwards of seventy five years of age, by which hee is reduced to soe low a condition that hee is not past his labor.
York County, Virginia deeds, orders, wills, etc No. 10, 1694-1697. p. 76
https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2707175?availability=Mesa%20Arizona%20FamilySearch%20Library

1696 – Jason Gowen became indebted there to Gowin Corbin,. “Gowin Corbin, Gentleman, obtained an attachment against the estate of Jashen Goeing for 815 pounds of tobacco, and the sheriff made return that he had attached one gray horse branded on both buttocks with obscure brands which horse he had in custody and a bridle and saddle in the hands of Abraham Smith. Jashen Goeing having absented himself out this county, and for that it appeared by the oath of Mr. James Ellis that Jashen Goeing stands indebted to Gowin Corbin, judgment is granted him for the debt, the horse being appraised at 800 pounds of tobacco. Ordered the sheriff doe deliver him to Mr. Corbin in part of the satisfaction of the debt.” Va http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms002.pdf

1697 July 28, – “Thomas Goen” received a judgment against Joseph Bragg in the amount of 1,300 pounds of tobacco.
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms002.pdf

1697 September 29, – “Thomas Goen confessed judgment” to Charles Lucas in the amount of 1,250 pounds of tobacco “due by bill.” http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1698 April 26: York Co, Va. Daniell Park, Esq, 30 ac. Escheated from JOHN GAWIN by inquisition under Danll Park, Esch’r, etc. Patent Bk 9, p 137. Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol III, 1695-1732 – Nell Marion Nugent

1698 April 26 – Daniel Gowin receives 52 acres adjoining the land of Henry Preston, Ambrose Dudley and Capt. Ranson. Va. Land Trans – Gloucester County.
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-22669?func=full-set-set&set_number=005392&set_entry=000015&format=999
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49309/FLHG_RecsColGloucesterCnty-0059?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49309%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_RecsColGloucesterCnty-0061

1698/99 March: WILL OF JOHN FERRY:
In the name of God amen the last day of March 1698/9 I John Ferry of Back River in the County of Baltimore Gent being of perfect memory and remembrance praise be God do make and ordaine that my last will and testament in manner and form following viz-
First I bequeath my sould unto the hands of almighty God my maker and hopeing through the merritorious death and passion of Jesus Christ my only savior and redeemer to receive free pardon and forgiveness of all my sins. And as for my body to be burried in Christian buriall a the discretion of my trustee here after nominated.-
Item – I give and bequeath unto my sons in law John Boreing, James Boreing, and Thomas Boreing two hundred and sixty acres (260a) of land lying between Cread and Cheese branch and the old land formerly belonging to Mr. Boreing deceased. And two hundred and seventy acres (270a) of land lying on the north side of Back River called by the name of Come By Chance all with said two tracts of land to be equally divided between the afore named three sonns to them and their heirs fore ever. –
Item – I give and bequeath unto my daughter in law Mary Boreing ten pounds sterling and -(?) both feather bed and furniture in my now dwelling to canta(?) and two gold rings to her and her heirs for ever –
Item – I give unto my son in law John Boreing the sum of tenn pounds sterling. And my young mare called Bonney and my Heath Coat with silver buttons and callimincoe(?) wastcoat and breaches to him and his heirs for ever –
Item – I give and bequeath unto my son in law James Boreing the second both – feather bed and furniture at my now dwelling home and ten pounds sterling to him and his heirs to him and his heirs for ever –
Item – I give and bequeath unto my sonn in law Thomas Boreing tenn pounds sterling. And the third both feather bed and furniture at my now dwelling house to him and his heirs for ever. –
Item – I give and bequeath unto Sarah Strawbridge and double damaske gown and petticoat –
Item – I give and bequeath unto my god-son John Yawston (Houston?) one good cow and calfe with her increas to him and his heirs for ever –
Item – I give and bequeath unto my friend Charles Merriman Senr the sume of tenn pounds sterling to him and his heirs for ever. –
Item – I give and bequeath unto my loveing friend Thomas Todd of Virginia all servants, goods, and chattles whatsoever of mine that are at this time upon Denton alias Northpoint plantation upon the condition that the land Thomas Todd doe lett John Shaw free from slavery which is my desire and in case the said Thomas Tod shouuld refuse to sett the said John Shaw free I will and bequeath that the said Thomas Todd pay unto Charles Merriman for the use of the orphans of Mr. Boreing the sume of thirty pounds sterling upon the performance of either of these two that is to say the setting of John Shaw free or the payment of thirty pounds sterling as aforesaid.
I give and bequeath all the aforesaid goods and chattles to the said Thomas Todd to him and his heirs for ever. –
Item – I do ordaine constitute and make my loveing friend Charles Merriman trustee of this my last will testament and that the said Charles Merriman do bring up the orphans of Mr. Boreing according to their father’s will (that is to say) to learn them to read and wright and to keep their plantation in repair and to receive all debts dues moneys or whatsoever left them being – England or elsewhere and that the said Charles Merriman do pay all legacyes debts or accounts that shall be brought lawfully against my estate and what shall remaine after all is satisfied and paid the said Charles Merriman shall divide amongst the orphans of Mr. Boreing and give each an equal share as they shall come att age. My desire is that my trustee do pay them justly. And I do appoint Charles Merriman my trustee of this my last will and testament revoking all other wills and testaments. In wittness whereof I have here unto sett my hand and state the day and year abovesaid.
Signed Sealed and Delivered
Signature: John Ferry
In the presence of: Richard Colegatt, Edward Collins, Sarah Strawbridge, Thomas Clinch.
On the back of the foregoing will was thus end(?)
March 11th, 1698/9
Then came before me Mr. Richard Colgatt, Mr Edward Collins, and Sarah Strawbridge and made oath upon the holy evangelist that they saw the
within John Ferry sign seale publish and declare that the within written will to be his last will and testament.
Sworn before me: John Hall, Dep Com., Baltimore County, Maryland.

APPRAISAL of JOHN FERRY’s ESTATE:
An Inventory of the goods and chattels of Capt John Ferry of Baltimore County, late decd appraised May the 12th, 1699 by John Guy and
John Hays, appraisers.
(rest of page is filled with items) – end pg 1.
(next page continues with items) – end pg 2.
(beginning of pg 3 continues with items – with no names until bottom of page)
Bottom of page 3 states . . .
Do – servants left by the deceased viz,
Do – William Goyne 3 years to serve – – – 09 00 00
Do – Darby Wharton 3 years – – – – – 09 00 00
Do – Mary Jones free next June – – – 03 00 00
– end pg 3.
Tho. Dedmund 4 years to serve – – – – – 09 00 00
Phil. Washington cropps to make – – – 06 00 00
(next part of page then continues with more items)
– money due from Mr Todd in Virginia 11 18 05
(items again)
– money due in England of Mr John Smith 05 00 00
– goods belonging to the estate of Capt John Ferry upone Dentones Plantation:
(more items listed)
– end pg 4.
Goods at Coverhiarship(?) between Capt. Thomas Todd of Virginia and redosased(sp?)
(more items listed without names)
Tobacco:
(a couple entries without names)
Job Flud (?) and Charles Merryman tob – – – 0968:
paid to Edward Collings – – – 0506:
paid to Mr. Jeffery Gray – – – 0598:
due bill to John Rowe – – – 0692:
due bill of Mr Boothby – – – 0800:
due bill of Hen(sp?) Skinner – – – 0400:
due bill of Richd Langley – – – 0168:
due bill of Francis Tumblewhead(sp?) – – – 0880:
Mow Hugh(sp?) and Charles Merryman – – – 2000:
Goods at north paymnt(sp?) on Dentons Plantation being in dyspute whether they may be praysed on the estate or being cattell that had
been carryed off the plantation for the use of Mr. Todd.
Do – Mr. Ferrys plea(sp?) of the hoggs carryed off.
The Halpple(sp?) amounts to twenty two and a half (unk word sp?)carryed off for the use of Mr. Todd the (unk words?).
Do – a shallpp 14 (unk words?)
Appraised by John Gray (sp? – last half of surname blacked out with large smudge so may be another name),
and John Hayes.

1699 – Thomas Todd released John Shaw from his indentured servitude status as requested in the will of John Ferry – see transaction below:

1701 – “William Gowing, James Gowing and John Gowing” were included in the roster of a company of dragoons commanded by Capt. John West and Lt. John Peake. They were on duty in Stafford County in 1701, according to “Virginia Colonial Soldiers” by Lloyd Bockstruck. The dragoons who were mounted infantrymen, received their name from their weapons. The troops carried a musket called the “Dragon” and accordingly were called dragoons.
Va Military. https://books.google.com/books?id=0RpcjJQBm6AC&pg=PA219&lpg=PA219&dq=James+Gowing,+John+Gowing,+William+Gowing,+dragoons&source=bl&ots=aUYdKZese1&sig=1y0EvkT1Z-TVNYDRCyOxHMcXFQU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAGoVChMIz9iSs5GZyQIVhiomCh3KLA1E#v=onepage&q&f=false

1702 June 6 – William Gowing of London, lawsuit involving cargo to send to Virginia on a ship taken by pirates in 1685. Insurance claim put in. They delayed paying him, and he brought a complaint against Sir Bridges Nightingale, Sir Robert Knightly, Daniel Perrott, and Edward Ambrose. http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-10864?func=full-set-set&set_number=005783&set_entry=000001&format=999

http://image.lva.virginia.gov/VTLS/CR/13580/index.html

1702 July 4 – “Michael Gowin” and his brother “Phillip Gowin” were serving in the militia in nearby New Kent County. They were serving under Col. John Lightfoot. Created in 1654, New Kent County then encompassed territory included in the present counties of King William, King and Queen, Hanover, and New Kent. Va Miltia – New Kent County. https://books.google.com/books?id=0RpcjJQBm6AC&pg=PA219&lpg=PA219&dq=James+Gowing,+John+Gowing,+William+Gowing,+dragoons&source=bl&ots=aUYdKZese1&sig=1y0EvkT1Z-TVNYDRCyOxHMcXFQU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAGoVChMIz9iSs5GZyQIVhiomCh3KLA1E#v=onepage&q&f=false

1703 – Thomas Baxter, son of Thomas Baxter decd, of Stafford Co, Va. On Oct 14, 1695. 2000 acres of land. Mr Griffin who marryed the mother of the said Thomas then in his minority . . . survey done by Theodorick Bland . . . entered in court Dec 14 1703. (Note: A Thomas Baxter is thought to be the father of Drury Goyen‘s spouse, Sarah Baxter. A Docia Bland married Drury Goyen’s son, Elijah Goyen).

1703 Jan 25 – Sept 29 – Thomas Gowing was listed as one of the owners of the “Josiah & Bettey,” “Thomas Gowing” was listed as one of the owners of the “Josiah & Bettey,” according to “List of Ships Entering Inwards in Potomack District, January 25-September 29, 1703.” The ship was described as “pink, built in Salem in 1689, 50 tons, Josiah Novell, master, Mr. Henry Coan, Thomas Gowing, Edw. Billing, owners.” http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1703shipthomasgowingva.jpg
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48412/DuplicatesVARecs-004225-324?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48412%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=DuplicatesVARecs-004206-305

1703 Thomas Gowen gave security of 2,000 pounds of tobacco for Chapman Dark to assure “that he would return to the county after traveling to Maryland to get testimony that he was a free man.” http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1703 August 25 – the probate of the estate of Capt. Thomas Atwell revealed that “Thomas Goen” was listed among the creditors of the estate. Court: estate Thomas Atwell, 25 Aug 1703, , Westmoreland, Virginia, USA.”On August 25, 1703, the probate of the estate of Capt. Thomas Atwell revealed that “Thomas Goen” was listed among the creditors of the estate.” http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm (Note: Thomas Atwell’s spouse’s maiden name was Anne Youell (see: http://www.colonial-settlers-md-va.us/getperson.php?personID=I025834&tree=Tree1 ). Anne Youell’s father Thomas Youell, was married to Anne Sturman and an Anne Lee. John Hallowes b. abt. 1586, was married to Ann Youell who came into court in Westmoreland County, Virginia in 1656 and stated she was the widow of Mr. John Hallowes (or Hollis). (Note – Thomas Atwell’s wife had connections with both the Sturman and Youell families, both very closely related to John Hallowes or Hollis b. abt. 1586 and his son John Hallowes or Hollis b. abt. 1612-15’s families – see: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1593-john-hallowes-carpenter/ ). John Hallowes b. abt 1615 was first married to a Restitute Tew – His 2nd marriage was to an Elizabeth Sturman (unk maiden name – she had previously been married to John Sturman). John Sturman (her first husband) was the brother of Anne Sturman Youell who had married Thomas Youell – the same Thomas Youell who was father of Anne Youell who had married Thomas Atwell). (see: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1613-to-1616-john-hollis-of-md-and-va/ ). It is uncertain “which” Anne Youell and John Hollowes/Hollis these were that were married, but its obvious there was a family relation here. Again, just as a reminder, the Y-DNA of the Gowen and Hollis families in the south are a match. This appears to add additional evidence that the John Hollis b. abt. 1700 family is related to the John Hallowes b. abt. 1612-15 family).

1703 “Thomas Gowing” was listed as one of the owners of the “Josiah & Bettey,” according to “List of Ships Entering Inwards in Potomack District, January 25-September 29, 1703.” The ship was described as “pink, built in Salem in 1689, 50 tons, Josiah Novell, master, Mr. Henry Coan, Thomas Gowing, Edw. Billing, owners.”
http://www.ancestraltrackers.net/va/resources/english-duplicates-lost-virginia-records.pdf (p. 305)
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1703shipthomasgowingva.jpg

1704 March 1, 1704/05 – the Westmoreland County Court ordered Thomas Gowen to pay to Edward Barrow 1,200 pounds of tobacco which Thomas Gowen had lost to him in a horse race.
1704/05 – Thomas Gowen, Mathew Martin and Mark Chilton were arrested and required to post bond in connection with part in a jail break in connection with a plea made by Stephen Jones, according to “Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1705-1721” by John Frederick Dorman:
“Thomas Goen, being bound by recognizance to answer our Soveraigne Lady the Queen of a force and rescue of a prisoner out of the custody of Wm. Chandler, constable for Machotique precinct, this day upon examination the Court do sett upon him the fine of 20 shillings sterling. It is also ordered Thomas Goen enter into recognizance for his personall appeareance and in the mean tyme to bee of good behaviour. Tho. Goen assumes in the summe of £20 sterling. Mathew Martin in the sume of £5 sterling. Mark Chilton in the summe of £5 sterling.” http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1704 Edward Gowing is listed on Quit Rents of Virginia – on 100 acres, Kingston, Gloucester Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48421/QuitRentsVA-005295-34?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48421%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=QuitRentsVA-005298-37
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48646/VATaxRecords-005345-532/437998?backurl=&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=472,686,642,728#?imageId=VATaxRecords-005345-532
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1704taxedwardgowinggloucestercova.jpg
http://www.ancestraltrackers.net/va/resources/english-duplicates-lost-virginia-records.pdf (p. 143).

1704 – William Gowen was married about 1704, wife’s name Catherine.
http://www.ancestraltrackers.net/va/resources/english-duplicates-lost-virginia-records.pdf

1704 – Philip Gawen – Tax Record, 1704, , New Kent, Virginia, USA. English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records, Quit Rent Rolls, Page 166
Gawen Phillip 50 acres. New Kent, Va
http://www.ancestraltrackers.net/va/resources/english-duplicates-lost-virginia-records.pdf (p 166).
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1704rentphillipgowannewkentcova.jpg
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48421/QuitRentsVA-005295-34?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48421%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=QuitRentsVA-005296-35

1704 Christopher Gawin Jr is listed on the Quit Rents of Virginia – on 20 acres, Nanesmond Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48421/QuitRentsVA-005295-34?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48421%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=QuitRentsVA-005296-35

1704 Apr 26 – Christopher Gewin recd 900 acres on the Dragon Swamp. Adjoining the land of Bryant Oquins and William Speight, in Nansemond County, Va. (this could be Jr or Sr).
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/009/009&image_number=0624&offset=%2B21&name=Patents+No.9+1697-1706+(VOL.1+%26+VOL.2)&dbl_pgs=no&round=
http://www.ancestraltrackers.net/va/resources/english-duplicates-lost-virginia-records.pdf (pg 198).
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1704grantchristophergewinnansemondcova.jpg

1704 Oct 20 – John Harrold recd 230 acr near a swamp called the Dragon Swamp. Beg.g at a pine a line tree of Christopher Gewins land. Nansemond County, Va.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/009/009&image_number=0657&offset=%2B21&name=Patents+No.9+1697-1706+(VOL.1+%26+VOL.2)&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1704: On 1 March 1704/5 the court ordered him to pay Edward Barrow 1,200 pounds of tobacco which Thomas Goen lost to him in a horse race . http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1704/5: Court: arrested and fined re jail-break, Aft 1 Mar 1704/05, Westmoreland, Virginia, USA. “Shortly afterward, Thomas Gowen, Mathew Martin and Mark Chilton were arrested and required to post bond in connection with part in a jail break in con-nection with a plea made by Stephen Jones, according to “Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1705-1721″ by John Frederick Dorman:” http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1705 Va Glocester Co Rent Roll w Edw Gowin 100 ac

1706/7 January 29:
WESTMORELAND COUNTY, VIRGINIA ORDER BOOK, 1705-1707 {Antient Press}: pg 69. Westmorland County Ss. At a Court held at the Courthouse for the said
County the twenty ninth day of January 1706/7
– The Queen v MARSON JOHN BUSHROD, Gent., one ofher Majties Coroners for this County returned into Court an Inquest by him taken on the dead body ofan Infant found buried in the ground neare the House of Mr. THOMAS MARSON in the Parish of CopIe in the County aforesd. born on the body of FRANCES MARSON, Daughter of THOMAS MARSON, (as appeared by her own confession) which FRANCES MARSON suspected to have murthered the Child together with one LOCKLEY GARLAND who was suspected to bee an accessory to the murther, being lately committed to the Common Goale of this County by Precept from FRANCIS WRIGHT, HENRY ASHTON and JOHN BUSHROD, Gent., Justices for the sd County, upon the Suspicions aforesd. It was ordered the Sheriff should bring the Prisoners to the Barr, who being severally examined touching the matter whereof they severally stood accused, it is the oppinion of the Court and accordingly ordered to bee entered on Record that the persons for the facts whereofthey severall stand accused ought to bee tryed at the Generall Court, And doe therefore remand them to the County Goale aforesaid FRANCES MARSON, the Prisoner at the Barr upon suspicion of haveing murthered a female bastard Child lately born on her body being examined whether the Child was born ofher body, shee answers, ”Yes.” It being further asked ofher whether the Child was dead or alive when born, she answered “it was dead.” and that (shee believed) two dayes before shee was delivered by occason of a fall shee had from
a Fence with a Paile of Water upon her head; being asked whether any person was present at the delivery, she answered “no.” for that there was no person in the house at the tyme. It being further enquired why shee did not immediately discover the same, she replyed shee was ignorant that the Law required any such discovery Ordered the Sheriffdoe forthwith impress a man and horse with sufficient aid to bring the body of ROBERT IRON, Servant to Mr. THOMAS MARSON before this
Court tomorrow morning at the first sitting ofthe Court in order to his being bound by recognizance for his appearance at the next Generall Court his Evidence against the Prisoners, FRANCES MARSON, and LOCKLEY GARLAND The severall persons hereunder named (to witt) WILLIAM MARTYN, JOHN SOUTH, THOMAS LAMBERT, ANN MORRIS, THOMAS GAWEN, JOHN LAMBERT, ELIZABETH JEWELL who were bound by recognizance to appeare this day to give in their Evidence against FRANCES MARSON and LOCKLEY GARLAND, the Prisoners at the barr, severally appeared and are discharged for that it did not appeare their attendance was any longer behoofall
http://www.colonial-settlers-md-va.us/getperson.php?personID=I070060&tree=Tree1

1706 Dec 12 – John Gowry is Granted 129a land prev owned by David Mansill, Stafford Co, Va
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/288-3/288&image_number=0623&offset=%2B473&name=Grants+No.3+1703-1710&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1706 August 29, p.37 Judgment is granted John Higgins against Thomas Goen for five hundred forty five pounds of tobacco due by bill account ordered hee pay the same with costs. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1707 June 8 – Thomas Goin – receives 653 acres on Potomack River side near the falls, beginning on the upper side the mouth of the Lower Spout Run by or near the land called Ousleys land. “Va Northern Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742,” page 39. Va. Land Trans – Stafford County
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/288-3/288&image_number=0677&offset=%2B473&name=Grants+No.3+1703-1710&dbl_pgs=no&round=

http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0007?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0051

1708 August 29 – “Thomas Goen” was a witness to the will of John Spencer of Nominy in Westmoreland County written August 29, 1708.
Westmoreland Co. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1708 October 19 – the probate of the estate of John Spencer showed that “Thomas Goen and John Wright, Gent.” were indebted to the estate in the amount of 473 pounds of tobacco. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1708/09 January 26 – p.108, Thomas Goen being bound by Recognizance to appeare at this Court to answer our Sovereinge Lady the Queen of a certaine force & rescue of a prisoner out of the custody of Wm Chandler Constable for Machotique ptomet? the day appeared to answer the same and upon examination & hearing of the matter alledged agst him the Court do sett upon him the fine or sum of twenty shillings sterl. to bee paid to our Soveraigne Lady the Queen for his sd offence and it is also ordered that the sd Thomas Goen do enter into Recognizance for his personall appeareance at the next Court to answer what may be objected agst him and in the mean tyme to bee of the good behaviour. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1708 Va Stafford Co Thomas Goin on quitrent roll

1709 Cornelius Keith arrives in the Colony of Virginia (filed affid in 1739 in Brunswick Co, Va that he arrived 30 years earlier).
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49387/FLHG_VAAncestorsAdventurers-0033/112152?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-VAAncestorsAdventurers%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dKeith%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=673,1494,783,1524 (Note: It does not say he came from Ireland or Great Britain. It only says he arrived in the colony. In reviewing the Hollis family, there were several times that the Hollis family travelled back and forth from the Maryland Colony to the Virginia Colony, receiving land grants when they moved across the Potomac River from one colony to the other. Since this does not say Cornelius Keith came from Ireland or Great Britain, the possibility that he came from Maryland, or another American colony, to Virginia is an open question).

1709 April 27:
WESTMORELAND COUNTY, VIRGINIA ORDER BOOK, 1707-1709 {Antient Press}: pg 86. Westmoreland County Court 27th ofApril 1709
– KENNER &c. y GOEN Judgment is granted FRANCIS KENNER and CHRISTOPHER NEALE, Executors of the Last Will and Testament of RODHAM KENNER, against THOMAS GOEN for the surne offive hundred forty pounds of tobacco being ballance ofa Bill of six hundred pounds oftobacco passed by said GOEN to RODHAM KENNER. Ordered he pay the same to the Executors together with costs als exo
http://www.colonial-settlers-md-va.us/getperson.php?personID=I027906&tree=tree1

1710 – “William Goins, Thomas Goins, John Goins and James Goins” jointly received a land grant of 1,215 acres in Stafford County ” located on Four-Mile Creek adjoining Maj. Robert Alexander” about 1710. Stafford Co, Va
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1719surveygoinsstaffordcova.jpg

1710-1722 – Chart of George Mason III showing purchase of Thomas Gowing’s 653acres, in Fairfax/Stafford Co, Va.
http://www.gunstonhall.org/georgemason/landholdings/land_purchases.html

1711 April 27: p.156 Richard Kenner brought suite against Thomas Goen of the parish of Cople in the County aforesaid Labourer and declared against him for words spoke by the said Thomas against him the said Richard too his damage one hundred pounds sterl: and at a court held for the said County the 20 May 1708 The Defendant aforesaid appeared and prayed Lycence of Imparlence till the then next Court which was granted and by Severall adjournments from thence Continued over till this day and now at this Court the defendant aforesaid being called & faileing to appear upon Mocion of the pltf Judgment is granted him Nihil dicit against the said Thomas Goen, But for that is not known to the Court what damage the pltf had sustained by meanes of the words by the Defendant aforesaid spoke as the pltf in his Declaration hath set forth It is therefore ordered that the sheriff of the county doe cause to come before her Majties. Justices at the next Court to be held for the said County … the damage may be better known .. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1713 Sept 4 – Cornelius Keiffe and Richard Kirkland receives 268 acres. On the North side of Occoquan River. Adj to Richard Ridgewell. Stafford County, Va. (Keiffe is father of Mary Keith Gowing and Father in Law of John Gowing Sr). http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289&image_number=0155&offset=%2B149&name=Grants+No.5+1713-1719+(VOL.1+p.1-130)&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1713 Sept 10 – Wm. Going – 5-8: Wm. Going and Evan Thomas of Stafford Co Wrnt. Survey by Mr. Thomas Hooper. 124a on Jonathan’s Cr of Occaquan R. in Stafford Co adj. road to Dogue Island Neck, Mr. Giles Traverse, Giles Tillett. 29 Oct 1714. p 54. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289&image_number=0157&offset=%2B149&name=Grants+No.5+1713-1719+(VOL.1+p.1-130)&dbl_pgs=no&round=
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1714grantwilliamgoingstaffordcova1.jpg

1714 March 22 – 5-44 – James Brechin of Westmoreland, receives 795 acres . . . adjacent to Tho’s Going. p 57. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co.
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-44651?func=full-set-set&set_number=005585&set_entry=000028&format=999

1714 Nov 23rd – William Gowen and Thomas Evans jointly receive a grant of 124 acres in Stafford County from the proprietors, members of the London and Plymouth Companies who had received a grant to all land between the 34th and the 45th parallels, from the Atlantic Ocean to 200 miles inland. At this time William Gowen made his home in Overwharton Parish of Stafford County. The land was described as “lying on both sides of the main run of Jonathans Creek, which creek issues out of the west or upper si the road lead de of Occoquan River, beginning at a white oak on the west side of the run nearing to Dogue Island neck and in the line of Mr. Giles Traverse,” according to Northern Neck Deed Book 5, page 8. Overwharton Parish, Stafford Co, Va. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289&image_number=0157&offset=%2B149&name=Grants+No.5+1713-1719+(VOL.1+p.1-130)&dbl_pgs=no&round=
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1714grantwilliamgoingstaffordcova1.jpg

1714 Nov 23, Cornelius Keeiffe (Keith) and Richard Kirkland receive a grant for 268 acres on the North side of the Occoquan River, adj to Rd. Ridgewell (Cornelius Keeiffe is the father of Mary Keith, wife of John Gowing Sr). http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289&image_number=0155&offset=%2B149&name=Grants+No.5+1713-1719+(VOL.1+p.1-130)&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1714 June 16 – Christopher Gowin – Adam Harrold 112 acres near the Dragon Swamp. Adjoining the land of Edmond Bemond and Christopher Gowins. Nansemond County, Va.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/010-1/010&image_number=0153&offset=%2B15&name=Patents+No.10+1710-1719&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1715 Jan 11, Cornelius Keeife receives 630 acres in Stafford County on the south side of Niapscoe Run. Source: Northern Neck Grants No. 5, 1713-1719, p. 34 (Reel 289). http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289&image_number=0183&offset=%2B149&name=Grants+No.5+1713-1719+(VOL.1+p.1-130)&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1716 John West’s will in Stafford Co, Va. mentions John Gowen.
Item. I give and bequeath to Will Harrison, Jun’r, a young horse about three years old, bought of John Gowen, after my deceased immediately.
Item. I give and bequeath the gun I had of John Gowen to James Turley. Stafford Co, Va
http://boards.rootsweb.com/localities.northam.usa.states.virginia.counties.stafford/1628/mb.ashx

1716 December 20 – Thomas Going owned property adjoining James Brechin “two miles below the falls of the Potomac” according to Northern Neck Deed Book 5, page 44. image 75. – Stafford Co, Va. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289_0222.tif

1717 Sept 6: William Gowin was a witness at the wedding of Daniel Tilton and Elizabeth Powell September 6, 1717 at Shrewbury Monthly Meeting, Shrewbury, New Jersey, according to “Historical & Genealogical Miscellany” by John E. Stillwell. New Jersey

1718 Jan 2 – Robert Hubbard receives escheat land from Mihil Goen – 37 acres escheat land. Beg.g at a corner between Mihil Goen, Robert Hubbard and Francis Moreland. James City County, Va. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/010-1/010&image_number=0432&offset=%2B17&name=Patents+No.10+1710-1719&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1719 Aug 3 – 5-212: Evan Thomas and John Todd both of Stafford Co, reveive 1215 acres in Stafford Co on Four Mile Cr adjacent to Mr. Robert Alexander, land formerly surveyed for Thomas, John, William, and James Goins. This land is apparently sold to Thomas and Todd by the Goins according to depositions regarding the land taken in 1767 of Charles Griffith and David Thomas. http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=013-1811-021 . Surv. by Mr. Thomas Hooper. 3 Aug 1719. p. 69
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1719surveygoinsstaffordcova.jpg
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289&image_number=0361&offset=%2B149&name=Grants+No.5+1713-1719+(VOL.1+p.1-130)&dbl_pgs=no&round=
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/289-2/301-400.html (pages 369 and 370)
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1997_01_01_0280/522749208?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1520,2240,1633,2269#?imageId=VGS_1997_01_01_0280

1719 Feb 28 – 5-229 – Wm Goin of Stafford County, Va received 180 acres on the main run of Actotink Cr. in Stafford Co on Goins or Turkey Branch. Surv by Mr Thomas Hooper 28 Feb 1719. p. 70 (p 75 adj land). p. 92 – according to “Grants by the Proprietors of the Northern Neck of Virginia, 1694-1742.” The grant was recorded in Northern Neck Deed Book 5, page 229. Accontink Creek is believed to be a tributary of the Rappahannock River which forms the southern boundary of Stafford County, Va.
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-38493?func=full-set-set&set_number=005549&set_entry=000003&format=999
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0007?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0082

1719 Jno Gowrey of Stafford Co recd 300 acres adj to Waugh, Jones, Giles, in Richmond Co, Va. 1719 Va Stafford Co John Gowry recd 300acres adj to Traverse and Waugh marked
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0007?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0081

http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/289-2/301-400.html (pages 382 and 383)

1720 July 14 – “Michael Gowing” is mentioned in an entry dated July 14, 1720 in the “Vestry Book of St. Pauls Parish, Hanover County, Virginia, 1706-1786:” “In obedience to an order of New Kent County, July 14, 1720, it is ordered that the precinct whereof Jere: Parker is Surveyor be divided into two precincts and that Peter Harrilson be Surveyor of the lower precinct, beginning at Ash Cake Road, thence up the road to Magirts path and that he have Michael Gowing’s male tithables, Mrs. Mary Anderson’s tithables at the Quarter adjoining to that, those of George Butler, Henry Taylor and his own tithables to assist him in the clearing & keeping that road in good order.”
Hanover Co, Va http://interactive.ancestry.com/28794/dvm_LocHist012613-00315-1?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d28794%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=dvm_LocHist012613-00057-1 (pg 93)

1721 -1730 – Stafford County Wills, Administrations, Inventories, Etc. 1664-1760, lists the following entries involving John and William Goin estates in Stafford County, Va. Will book K is currently lost, but its index has been found. The index shows the following information regarding John and William Goin’s wills and estates after they died. John Goin appears to have died in 1721, and William Goin in 1725.
1721 – John Goin. Page 4, will; p. 76, inventory; p. 139, inventory. pg 369
1722 – John Gowry. Page 25, will. pg 370
1723/24 – Gowry, —-. Page 63, will. pg 370
1724 – John Gowry. Page 117, inventory; p. 118, Division [sic]; p. 141, Divisional Inventory. pg 370.
1724 – Straughan, —-. Page 77, a/c v. Goin’s Estate. pg 373
1725/26 – William Gowring, dec’d. 1725/26. pg 360
1726 – William Gowing (Goin?), dec’d. 1726. pg 360
1727 – William Goin. Page 253, inventory; p. 269, Estate A/c. pg. 370.
1727/28 – William Gowry. Page 268, inventory. pg 370.
1730 – John Goin, dec’d. 1730. (w). pg 359
1730 – John Gowry, dec’d. 1730. (w). pg 360
1730 – William Gowry, dec’d. 1730. (w). (Inv.). pg 360
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48444/VAWillRecords-002260-369/350278?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-VAWillRecords%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoin%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=85,1964,157,1991#?imageId=VAWillRecords-002260-369

1723 Va Stafford Co William Going quitrent on 266acres

1724 Jan 20 – A-115: George Mason Gent. of Stafford Co 250a in said Co. below falls of Petowmack adj. land Mason bought of Thomas Gowing, adjacent to Col. Tho’s Lee, in Stafford County, Va. p. 79. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/290-1/101-200.html (p 115).
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0007?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0091

1724 May 6th – William Godfrey received a deed from William Gowen to 90 acres of land located on the east side of the main run of Jonathans Creek on 6th, 5th month, 1724 to William Godfrey. The 90-acre tract was described as a plot taken up by William Gowen and Evans Thomas in Overwharton Parish. Both were residents of Stafford County. John Wilson and Moses Linton were witnesses to the transaction. William Gowen later gave a release on the property. William Godfrey received a grant from the proprietors to 105 acres “on the south run of the Pohick,” according to “Northern Neck Land Grants,” Book B, page 40. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/290-2/1-100.html According to the index of Stafford County Deed Book 1, page 122-125 and “Stafford County, Virginia Deeds, 1722-1728.”
(NOTE: per the Gowen Manuscript – William Going had an Unk named daughter – She is believed to have married William Godfrey about 1724 in Stafford County – no other source for this info is known).

1724 May 13th, William Gowen appointed his “well-beloved friend, Lewis Sanders, of the County of Stafford, attorney,” to acknowledge the transfer, according to Stafford County Deed Book 1, page 125.

1724 July 13 – A-40 – Capt. Charles Broadwater of Stafford Co received 388 acres . . . adjacent to Wm. Going. p. 74. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/290-1/1-100.html
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0007?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0086

1724 Oct 7 – A-86: Peter Gooing of Stafford Co receives 187 acres between Stafford Co and King George Co adj Alexander Clements, Skrine’s line, corner of Copedge and Evans. p. 77. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-45981?func=full-set-set&set_number=005585&set_entry=000025&format=999
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1724grantpetergoeingstaffordcova.jpg

1724 December 24, 1724 – 1728 November 16 – The parents of Mary Keith Going, Cornelius and Elizabeth Keith, moved from Stafford County to Brunswick County, Virginia between December 24, 1724 [when their son John was born] and November 16, 1728. They settled on Maj. Mumford’s land on the Roanoke River near Monisep Ford. Stafford Co, Va http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GOWEN/2001-07/0994197255

1724 Va Stafford Co Straughan v Goin estate in index

1725 Feb 12 – A-200: A land grant to Thomas Ford of Stafford Co gave him 282 acres in said County on Popeshead Br of Occaquan adj. to William Gowin. 12 Feb 1725. p 83. Northern Neck Deed Book A, page 200.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/290-1/101-200.html
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-25885?func=full-set-set&set_number=005392&set_entry=000013&format=999
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0007?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0095

1725 Nov 12 – A-171: William Gowing of Stafford Co receives 112 acres in said Co on Rattlesnake Br of Popeshead Run. 12 Nov 1725. p. 82. Grant No. 131 according to “Grants by the Proprietors of the Northern Neck of Virginia.”
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/290-1/290&image_number=0184&offset=%2B13&name=Grants+A+1722-1726&dbl_pgs=no&round=

http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0007?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0094

1725 November 12 – in Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, Virginia. “Ambrose Gowing, Planter,” sold to [his mother] “Catherine Gowing” for £20, land granted to “William Gowing, father of Ambrose,” 12 November 1725. The deed was signed by “Ambrose Goin, according to Stafford County Deed Book 1722-1728, page 354.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48438/VALandRecords-003308-423/345936?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-VALandRecords%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsfn%3dAmbrose%26gsfn_x%3d0%26gsln%3dGowing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=920,459,1057,491;389,540,548,572;546,541,685,572

1725 Nov 12th, William Gowen – received another land grant on Pope’s Head Run in Fairfax County, Virginia. Reference is made to the grant in a lease made by “Ambrose Gowing to Kathrine Gowing, widow.” Ambrose Gowen leased land from his mother described as a “grant to William Gowing, father of the said Ambrose Gowing by patent bearing date 12th, 11th month, 1725.” The lease, recorded 8th, 3rd month, 1726 in Stafford County Deed Book 1, page 353, was witnessed by George Mason, Joseph Haines and Brent Hutnall. A release appears in Stafford County Deed Book 1, page 354. Stafford Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48438/VALandRecords-003308-423/345936?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-VALandRecords%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsfn%3dAmbrose%26gsfn_x%3d0%26gsln%3dGowing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=920,459,1057,491;389,540,548,572;546,541,685,572

May 7, 1726 – William Gowing patented 112 acres in Stafford County. 12 Nov 1725. On March 7, 1726 his son and heir, Ambrose Gowing
(Goin) of Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, conveys this property to Catherine Goin (no relationship stated). Abstracts from Stafford County, Va, Deed Book, 1722-1728
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48438/VALandRecords-003684-799?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48438%26path%3d&s

1726 March 8 – Catherine Gowen (Husb was William Gowen) leased to her son “Ambrose Going of Stafford County, Overwharton Parish, planter 100 acres on the branch issuing out of Pope’s Head Run, said branch known as Rattlesnake Branch.”
Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

1726 May 7 – William Gowing patented 112a in Staff Co Va – 1725 Nov 12. On – 1726 Mar 7 his son and heir, Ambrose Gowing of Overwharton Parish, Staff Co, Va, conveys this property to Catherine Goin (no relation stated). Stafford Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48438/VALandRecords-003308-423/345936?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-VALandRecords%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsfn%3dAmbrose%26gsfn_x%3d0%26gsln%3dGowing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=920,459,1057,491;389,540,548,572;546,541,685,572

1727 – William Goin – Va. died end of 1725 per lease to Ambrose Going – probate Stafford County, Va.

1727 Feb 1 – B-116 – John Mercer of Stafford Co receives 118 acres . . . (see Peter Going book A fo. 86) Peter Going’s deed canceled. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/290-2/290&image_number=0371&offset=%2B255&name=Grants+B+1726-1729&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1727 Apr 14 – B-79: Terrence Ryley of Stafford Co receives 217 acres in Stafford Co . . . adjacent to Wm. Gowin on Rattlesnake Br. p. 90. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-26437?func=full-set-set&set_number=005392&set_entry=000012&format=999

1727 June 16 – Ralph Jackson receives 350 acres on the north side of Meherrin River. Adjoins his other land and land of Thomas Sissomes. Surry County, Va. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/GetLONN.pl?first=136&last=&g_p=P13&collection=LO Patent

1728 November 16, – Col. William Byrd visited with the Cornelius Keith family: on his return trip after surveying the dividing line between Virginia and North Carolina. Byrd gave a most bleak description of their living conditions in his “Histories of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina.” In Byrd’s words:
“The poor man had rais’d a kind of a house, but for want of nails it remain’d uncover’d. I gave him a note on Maj. Mumford for nails for that purpose and so made a whole family happy at a very small expense.”
At the time of Byrd’s visit, Keith had six small children. Keith’s fortunes improved, for he applied to operate a ferry over the Roanoke River. Va dividing line with NC
15th. About three miles from our camp we passed Great creek, and then, after traversing very barren grounds for five miles together, we crossed the Trading Path, and soon after had the pleasure of reaching the uppermost inhabitant. This was a plantation belonging to colonel Mumford, where our men almost burst themselves with potatoes and milk. Yet as great a curiosity as a house was to us foresters, still we chose to lie in the tent, as being much the cleanlier and sweeter lodging.
The Trading Path above-mentioned receives its name from being the route the traders take with their caravans, when they go to traffic with the Catawbas and other southern Indians. The Catawbas live about two hundred and fifty miles beyond Roanoke river, and yet our traders find their account in transporting goods from Virginia to trade with them at their own town. The common method of carrying on this Indian commerce is as follows: Gentlemen send for goods proper for such a trade from England, and then either venture them out at their own risk to the Indian towns, or else credit some traders with them of substance and reputation, to be paid in skins at a certain price agreed betwixt them. The goods for the Indian trade consist chiefly in guns, powder, shot, hatchets, (which the Indians call tomahawks,) kettles, red and blue planes, Duffields, Stroudwater blankets, and some cutlery wares, brass rings and other trinkets. These wares are made up into packs and carried upon horses, each load being from one hundred and fifty to two hundred pounds, with which they are able to travel about twenty miles a day, if forage happen to be plentiful. Formerly a hundred horses have been employed in one of these Indian caravans, under the conduct of fifteen or sixteen persons only, but now the trade is much impaired, insomuch that they seldom go with half that number. The course from Roanoke to the Catawbas is laid down nearest south-west, and lies through a fine country, that is watered by several beautiful rivers. Those of the greatest note are, first, Tar river, which is the upper part of Pamptico, Flat river, Little river and Eno river, all three branches of Neuse. Between Eno and Saxapahaw rivers are the Haw old fields, which have the reputation of containing the most fertile high land in this part of the world, lying in a body of about fifty thousand acres. This Saxapahaw is the upper part of Cape Fair river, the falls of which lie many miles below the Trading Path. Some mountains overlook this rich spot of land, from whence all the soil washes down into the plain, and is the cause of its exceeding fertility. Not far from thence the path crosses Aramanchy river, a branch of Saxapahaw, and about forty miles beyond that, Deep river, which is the north branch of Peedee. Then forty miles beyond that, the path intersects the Yadkin, which is there half a mile over, and is supposed to be the south branch of the same Peedee. The soil is exceedingly rich on both sides the Yadkin, abounding in rank grass and prodigiously large trees; and for plenty of fish, fowl and venison, is inferior to no part of the northern continent. There the traders commonly lie still for some days, to recruit their horses’ flesh as well as to recover their own spirits. Six miles further is Crane creek, so named from its being the rendezvous of great armies of cranes, which wage a more cruel war at this day, with the frogs and the fish, than they used to do with the pigmies in the days of Homer. About three-score miles more bring you to the first town of the Catawbas, called Nauvasa, situated on the banks of Santee river. Besides this town there are five others belonging to the same nation, lying
(Page 86) all on the same stream, within the distance of twenty miles. These Indians were all called formerly by the general name of the Usherees, and were a very numerous and powerful people. But the frequent slaughters made upon them by the northern Indians, and, what has been still more destructive by far, the intemperance and foul distempers introduced amongst them by the Carolina traders, have now reduced their numbers to little more than four hundred fighting men, besides women and children. It is a charming place where they live, the air very wholesome, the soil fertile, and the winters ever mild and serene.
In Santee river, as in several others of Carolina, a small kind of alligator is frequently seen, which perfumes the water with a musky smell. They seldom exceed eight feet in length in these parts, whereas, near the equinoctial, they come up to twelve or fourteen. And the heat of the climate does not only make them bigger, but more fierce and voracious. They watch the cattle there when they come to drink and cool themselves in the river; and because they are not able to drag them into the deep water, they make up by stratagem what they want in force. They swallow great stones, the weight of which being added to their strength, enables them to tug a moderate cow under water, and as soon as they have drowned her, they discharge the stones out of their maw and then feast upon the carcass. However, as fierce and as strong as these monsters are, the Indians will surprise them napping as they float upon the surface, get astride upon their necks, then whip a short piece of wood like a truncheon into their jaws, and holding the ends with their two hands, hinder them from diving by keeping their mouths open, and when they are almost spent, they will make to the shore, where their riders knock them on the head and eat them. This amphibious animal is a smaller kind of crocodile, having the same shape exactly, only the crocodile of the Nile is twice as long, being when full grown from twenty to thirty feet. This enormous length is the more to be wondered at, because the crocodile is hatched from an egg very little larger than that of a goose. It has a long head, which it can open very wide, with very sharp and strong teeth. Their eyes are small, their legs short, with claws upon their feet. Their tail makes half the length of their body, and the whole is guarded with hard impenetrable scales, except the belly, which is much softer and smoother. They keep much upon the land in the day time, but towards the evening retire into the water to avoid the cold dews of the night. They run pretty fast right forward, but are very awkward and slow in turning, by reason of their unwieldy length. It is an error that they have no tongue, without which they could hardly swallow their food; but in eating they move the upper jaw only, contrary to all other animals. The way of catching them in Egypt is, with a strong hook fixed to the end of a chain and baited with a joint of pork, which they are very fond of. But a live hog is generally tied near, the cry of which allures them to the hook. This account of the crocodile will agree in most particulars with the alligator, only the bigness of the last cannot entitle it to the name of “leviathan,” which Job gave formerly to the crocodile, and not to the whale, as some interpreters would make us believe.
So soon as the Catawba Indians are informed of the approach of the Virginia caravans, they send a detachment of their warriors to bid them welcome, and escort them safe to their town, where they are received with great marks of distinction. And their courtesies to the Virginia traders, I dare say, are very sincere, because they sell them better goods and better pennyworths than the traders of Carolina. They commonly reside among the Indians till they have bartered their goods away for skins, with which they load their horses and come back by the same path they went. There are generally some Carolina traders that constantly live among the Catawbas,
(Page 87) and pretend to exercise a dictatorial authority over them. These petty rulers do not only teach the honester savages all sorts of debauchery, but are unfair in their dealings, and use them with all kinds of oppression. Nor has their behaviour been at all better to the rest of the Indian nations, among whom they reside, by abusing their women and evil-entreating their men; and, by the way, this was the true reason of the fatal war which the nations round-about made upon Carolina in the year 1713. Then it was that all the neighbouring Indians, grown weary of the tyranny and injustice with which they had been abused for many years, resolved to endure their bondage no longer, but entered into a general confederacy against their oppressors of Carolina. The Indians opened the war by knocking most of those little tyrants on the head that dwelt amongst them, under pretence of regulating their commerce, and from thence carried their resentment so far as to endanger both North and South Carolina.
16th. We gave orders that the horses should pass Roanoke river at Monisep ford, while most of the baggage was transported in a canoe. We landed at the plantation of Cornelius Keith, where I beheld the wretchedest scene of poverty I had ever met with in this happy part of the world. The man, his wife and six small children, lived in a pen, like so many cattle, without any roof over their heads but that of heaven. And this was their airy residence in the day time, but then there was a fodder stack not far from this inclosure, in which the whole family sheltered themselves at night and in bad weather. However, it was almost worth while to be as poor as this man was, to be as perfectly contented. All his wants proceeded from indolence, and not from misfortune. He had good land, as well as good health and good limbs to work it, and, besides, had a trade very useful to all the inhabitants round about. He could make and set up quern stones very well, and had proper materials for that purpose just at hand, if he could have taken the pains to fetch them. There is no other kind of mills in those remote parts, and, therefore, if the man would have worked at his trade, he might have lived very comfortably. The poor woman had a little more industry, and spun cotton enough to make a thin covering for her own and her children’s nakedness. I am sorry to say it, but idleness is the general character of the men in the southern parts of this colony as well as in North Carolina. The air is so mild, and the soil so fruitful, that very little labour is required to fill their bellies, especially where the woods afford such plenty of game. These advantages discharge the men from the necessity of killing themselves with work, and then for the other article of raiment, a very little of that will suffice in so temperate a climate. But so much as is absolutely necessary falls to the good women’s share to provide. They all spin, weave and knit, whereby they make a good shift to clothe the whole family; and to their credit be it recorded, many of them do it very completely, and thereby reproach their husbands’ laziness in the most inoffensive way, that is to say, by discovering a better spirit of industry in themselves.
From hence we moved forward to colonel Mumford’s other plantation, under the care of Miles Riley, where, by that gentleman’s directions, we were again supplied with many good things. Here it was we discharged our worthy friend and fellow traveller, Mr. Bearskin, who had so plentifully supplied us with provisions during our long expedition. We rewarded him to his heart’s content, so that he returned to his town loaded with riches and the reputation of having been a great discoverer.
17th. This being Sunday, we were seasonably put in mind how much we were obliged to be thankful for our happy return to the inhabitants. Indeed, we had great reason to reflect with gratitude on the signal mercies we had received. First, that we had, day by day, been fed by the bountiful hand of
(Page 88) Providence in the desolate wilderness, insomuch that if any of our people wanted one single meal during the whole expedition, it was entirely owing to their own imprudent management. Secondly, that not one man of our whole company had any violent distemper or bad accident befall him, from one end of the line to the other. The very worst that happened was, that one of them gave himself a smart cut on the pan of his knee with a tomahawk, which we had the good fortune to cure in a short time, without the help of a surgeon. As for the misadventures of sticking in the mire and falling into rivers and creeks, they were rather subjects of mirth than complaint, and served only to diversify our travels with a little farcical variety. And, lastly, that many uncommon incidents have concurred to prosper our undertaking. We had not only a dry spring before we went out, but the preceding winter, and even a year or two before, had been much drier than ordinary. This made not only the Dismal, but likewise most of the sunken grounds near the sea-side, just hard enough to bear us, which otherwise had been quite impassable. And the whole time we were upon the business, which was in all about sixteen weeks, we were never caught in the rain except once, nor was our progress interrupted by bad weather above three or four days at most. Besides all this, we were surprised by no Indian enemy, but all of us brought our scalps back safe upon our heads. This cruel method of scalping of enemies is practised by all the savages in America, and perhaps is not the least proof of their original from the northern inhabitants of Asia. Among the ancient Scythians it was constantly used, who carried about these hairy scalps as trophies of victory. They served them too as towels at home, and trappings for their horses abroad. But these were not content with the skin of their enemies’ heads, but also made use of their sculls for cups to drink out of upon high festival days, and made greater ostentation of them than if they had been made of gold or the purest crystal.
Besides the duties of the day, we christened one of our men who had been bred a quaker. The man desired this of his own mere motion, without being tampered with by the parson, who was willing every one should go to heaven his own way. But whether he did it by the conviction of his own reason, or to get rid of some troublesome forms and restraints, to which the saints of that persuasion are subject, I cannot positively say. http://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/byrd/byrd.html
https://books.google.com/books?id=kCsSAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA240&lpg=PA240&dq=William+Byrd+and+Cornelius+Keith&source=bl&ots=RxpSNFVkxw&sig=GHFMoyYMK7Eoem2uv-tZUgdaJWo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiCtcCn1JrKAhXGbSYKHQorAmkQ6AEIJzAC#v=onepage&q=William%20Byrd%20and%20Cornelius%20Keith&f=false

1729 Feb 18 – C-28 – Capt. Simon Pearson of Stafford Co receives 195 acres in Stafford Co . . . adjacent to Thomas Going, Parson Brechin, Col. George Mason, near Potomack R. p. 101, Northern Neck Deed Book 6. page 28. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-46380?func=full-set-set&set_number=005585&set_entry=000024&format=999

http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-5/296/296&image_number=0101&offset=%2B14&name=Grants+O+1767-1770&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1729 February 25, William Godfrey received another grant from the proprietors to 266 acres “on the south run of the Pohick, adjoining Joseph Jones, according to “Northern Neck Land Grants,” Book C, page 35.

1730 William Godfrey appeared on Green’s tax list of 1730 with “3 white tithables and 2 black tithables” and was recorded as “formerly Vestryman and Justice, Lower Parish.” Va.

1730 Feb 15 – C-105 – Thomas Ford of Stanford Co 451 acres in Stafford Co on Popeshead Run . . . adjacent to Capt Connyers and William Going. p106. Va. Land Trans – Stanford Co

1730 March 4 – C-118 – James Going and Simon Pearson of Stafford Co receive 652 acres in Stafford Co on Four Mile Run near Brandymore adj Thomas Pearson dec’d, William Gunnel, on Pimets Run. 4 March 1730. p. 106 (p. 127 is James Going adjacent to Maj John Colvill in 1739).
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0001?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0118

1731 Sept 17 – Ralph Jackson Grantee; Location: Henrico County; Description: 340 acres on the north side of Swift Creek; adjoing. the land of Henry his own, Henry Walthall, Francis Maybury &c. Source: Land Office Patents No. 14, 1728-1732 (pt.1 & 2), p. 338 (Reel 11). http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/GetLONN.pl?first=338&last=&g_p=P14&collection=LO Patent

1731 – Benjamin Sebastian was employed as overseer and collector of rents; he lived on Alexander’s Island. In a deposition he stated that he became a tenant to Alexander on promise of a lease, which he never got from Alexander in his life, but after his death, he got a lease from Gerrard Alexander, son of Robert, who inherited part of the land, (LRLS: 315)
Benjamin Sebastian listed the tenants living on Alexander’s land in 1731. They paid rents of 524 pounds of tobacco for 100 acres and twice that for a double lot of 200 acres. The tenants living below Four Mile Creek were: Judith Ballenger, James Going, Sarah Young, and Sarah Amos. Above the creek the tenants were: Edward Chubb, Richard Middleton, William Boylstone, John Straughan, Adam Straughan, Edward Earpe and Richard Wheeler. Robert Alexander received 6812 Pounds of tobacco yearly for the rent since Richard Middleton and William Boylstone had double lots.
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mrmarsha&id=I020445

1731 May 16 – C-146 – Robert Carter Jr. of Westmoreland Co receives 217 acres . . . adjacent to William Going . . . p 108
Va. Land Trans – Westmoreland Co

1731 November 4, William Godfrey was commissioned a justice of the peace in adjoining Prince William County. He was a vestryman there from 1733 to 1744. Prince William Co, Va

1734 June 6 – Cave Gowen a seven-year-old boy who was bound to James Vaughan by the 6 June 1734 Brunswick County court and Thomas and John Going who were bound out by the court in May 1739, no parent named [Orders 1737-41, 254, 302]. Brunswick Co, Va.

1734 June 7 -“John Gowin” leased land from “Shurley Whatley” in St. Martins Parish in adjoining Hanover County, Virginia on June 7, 1734, according to “The Valentine Papers.” Volume 3, page 71. Hanover Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/12944/dvm_GenMono001979-01226-1?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d12944%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=dvm_GenMono001979-00837-0

1734 July 7: Gift Deed from Robert Hix, Senr. of St. Andrews Parish in Brunswick County dated July 7, 1734, for “especially for and in consideration of the true love and natural affection which I bear to Samuel Clark, Jr. of the parish and county aforesaid” conveying land to Samuel Clark, Jr., containing by estimation 580 acres lying and being on the North side of Roanoke River in the County of Brunswick (description includes Richard Jones’ line and Cornelius Keith). Signed by Robert Hix, Senr. Witnessed by Moses Dunkley, Theophilus Feild and Josias Randle. Deeds and Wills Book 1, page 165. Brunswick County, Virginia.

1736 March 26 – Cornelius Keife/Keith had appeared in the legal records of Brunswick County March 26, 1736 when he was a witness to the will of John Nipper, Sr. of St. Andrews Parish of Brunswick County. Va. Wills/Probate
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

1736 July 5 – John Going and Thomas Going, apparently brothers, possibly other sons of Mary Gowing, were also bound to Ralph Jackson on July 5, 1736, according to Order Book 1, page 254. Va. Court Order – Brunswick Co, Va

1736 – George Gowen, was married about 1736, wife’s name Sarah.

1736 April 14 – Page 546 Deed. Abraham Childers of Henrico Co, sell James Gwoin of same Co., for L 10 , 100 acres in H. Co. Adj. land of Robt. Mosby, John Childers, etc., Signed Abraham Childers. Wit: Hutchins Burton, George Freeman. Recorded 1736 May 3. Henrico Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/29401/dvm_LocHist013234-00024-1/45?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=299,1820,474,1862;474,1819,717,1873#?imageId=dvm_LocHist013234-00042-0

1736 Aug 2 – Jas. Vaughan of H. Co Gent sells Wm Kennon of same Co. Gent, for L109.4.5, 11 negro slaves. Signed James Vaughan. Wit. Thos Eldridge, Geo Willson, Geo Robertson. Recd 1st Mon in Oct 1736. Henrico Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/29401/dvm_LocHist013234-00024-1/45?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=299,1820,474,1862;474,1819,717,1873#?imageId=dvm_LocHist013234-00044-1

1736 – Col. Jas. Vaughan Henrico Co, Va. 7 levies – paid by inspector’s note. Henrico Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/29401/dvm_LocHist013234-00024-1/45?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=299,1820,474,1862;474,1819,717,1873#?imageId=dvm_LocHist013234-00024-1

1736 – Edward Haskins. Dr. 1736. 5 Levys. 950 acres. Clks fees. Store debt. To arrest Ralph Jackson. To Geo Robinson’s Levy. Pd by cash to Mr. Coupland and by tobo. Henrico Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/29401/dvm_LocHist013234-00024-1/45?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=299,1820,474,1862;474,1819,717,1873#?imageId=dvm_LocHist013234-00012-0

1736 Ralph Jackson – 2 levies. 340 acres. To Col. Bolling for 2 surveys 1000 lb tobo. Cash lent you and rum 12/8. Store debt. Your order to Joseph Jackson. Cash pd Wm Davis on your order. Last yrs a/c. Paid. “By Dale Parrish for Hobby”. By Mr. Brooks order. “By Jno Nash for 1 survey pd Col Bolling he having sold 300 acres Land to sd Nash”. By tobo and an Inspector’s note at Warwick. Henrico Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/29401/dvm_LocHist013234-00024-1/45?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=299,1820,474,1862;474,1819,717,1873#?imageId=dvm_LocHist013234-00013-0

1737 May 21 – Mr. Michl Going (pd Danl. Patrick Jr., carried to D p. 23) Credits: May 21, 1737 (1 Note as Merryweathers.
Accounts from the Store of Thomas Partridge and Co. Hanover Co, Virginia, 1734-1756
1737 in Hanover Co a Michael Going owing on a store acct. Hannover Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1985_01_01_0186/516457658?backurl=&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=490,1735,620,1768#?imageId=VGS_1985_01_01_0186

http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1985_01_01_0186/516457658?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=490,1735,620,1768#?imageId=VGS_1985_01_01_0186

1737 June 9 – Aaron Going, born 9 June, baptized 3 September 1737 in St. Peter’s Parish, New Kent County [NSCDA, Parish Register of St. Peter’s, 134], New Kent Co, Va.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm
http://interactive.ancestry.com/7469/StPeters-VA-0001?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d7469%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=StPeters-VA-0545

1737 Feb 9 – Jackson, Ralph. Grantee; Description: 230 acres below Knibbs Creek between the lines of Benjamin Ward and others. Amelia County, Va.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/GetLONN.pl?first=490&last=&g_p=P17&collection=LO%20Patent

1737 Oct 26 – William Gowen – Apprentice, 26 Oct 1737, Prince William, Virginia, USA. image: http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html . William Gowen, and orphan, age 10, was bound as servant and aprentice to John Straughan.
1737 Oct 3 – Charles Green is Minister of Truro Parish. Church Wardens are Jeremiah Branaugh, and Thomas Lewis.
Vestrymen are John Coloil, Augustine Wellington, Richard Osborn, William Peake, Edward Evans, Edward Barry, John Ferguson, John Ellisman. Payments made to: Charles Green as minister, William Berkeley, Catesby Cocke, Edward Barry, Joseph Johnston, Samuel Hull, John Summers, Richard Osborn, Mr William Payne, Marmaduke Lawson, Edward Evans, Capt Francis Ambros, John Christmas, Thomas Bennet, John Summers, Thomas Lewis, Doctor James Gile
Jeremiah Bronaugh, Thomas Lewis – Church Wardens of Truro Parish in Prince William County, and John Straughan of Prince William Co, in obedience to an order from Prince William County Court dated Oct 3, 1737 bind William Gowen an Orphan child aged 10 years a servant and apprentice unto said John Straughan to serve him the said John Straughan his heirs, executors or admins in all such lawful bindship . . . until age of twenty one . . . provide lodging, food, and drink . . . and teach him the ministry of a Tanner and to read English. Signed: John Straughan, Witness: Robert Jones, Edward Barry. additional info: in Research Notes is from: http://jg1758.blogspot.com/2012/08/newly-found-possibility-william-gowen.html Prince Williams Co, Va

1737 Oct 26 – William Gowen – an Orphan – bound to John Straughan until 21 yrs – to be taught how to read English, and taught the ministry of a Tanner. Pohick Church – in Lorton, Virginia. Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book
(Church/Vestry of George Washington, George Mason, and other patriots) Truro Parish, Va.
http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html (p. 19-20)

1738 – Gideon Gowen – 1 tithe, Amelia County, Va. 1738 Amelia Co titheables w Giding Gowen
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1997_01_01_0069/522748997?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1120,1602,1236,1640#?imageId=VGS_1997_01_01_0069
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1997_01_01_0069/522748997?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1120,1602,1236,1640

1738- (nd) (Bal from B 171). 1738 Michael Going in Hanover Co owes on store acct. Hannover Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0132/516981892?backurl=&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=554,551,690,584

http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0132/516981892?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=554,551,690,584

1738 June 9 – birth of Aaron Gowan – parents George Gowan and Sarah Gowan. Baptized on Sept 3, 1738. New Kent County, Va – St. Peter’s Parish Vestry Book and Register p 546.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/7469/StPeters-VA-0545/1384?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dStPeters-VA%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowin%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=817,1523,848,1651

1738 Sept 3 – “George Gowan and his wife Sarah Gowan,” were residents of New Kent County, Virginia September 3, 1738 when a son, “Aaron Gowan” was christened there in St. Peter’s Parish, according to International Genealogical Index, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. New Kent County, Va. St. Peters Parish Register, page 134.

1738 Oct 23 – Catherine Patterson/Gowen next appeared October 23, 1738 in Brunswick County, Virginia where she, Mary King and Cornelius Keife/Keith were witnesses to the will of Thomas Stroud, according to Brunswick County Will Book 2, page 1. Va. Wills/Probate – Brunswick Co. It is believed that Catherine Gowen was remarried about 1728, husband’s name Padderson [or Patterson] and removed to adjoining Prince William County, Virgnia. Apparently the marriage was short-lived. Brunswick Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

1739 Gideon Going (Goen) Amelia County Titheables – 1. Amelia Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_2002_01_01_0386/525370754?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoin%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=510,1721,605,1750#?imageId=VGS_1997_01_01_0132

1739 – John Goings paid an inheritance tax according to the Inheritance Tax Book C, page 181 Prince William County, Va
http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&db=pwtax&gss=angs-d&new=1&rank=1&msT=1&gsln=Going&gsln_x=0&MSAV=1&uidh=m37&pcat=36&fh=0&h=1580&recoff=7&ml_rpos=1

1739 May 3: O. S., Page 240 On the motion of Cornelius Keith Leave is granted him to keep a Ferry over Roanoak River from his own Landing below the Horse ford to Alexander’s Landing and that he keep for that purpose a good and Sufficient Strong flatt flatt fourteen foot and a half in her bottom and Six foot upon her beam and that he Receive for his ferriage Six pence for Man and Six pence for a Horse and as the Law directs for Wheel Carriages, two pence for Every Hogg and four pence for Each of the Cattle Kind, also ordered that he give bond and Security for the Same — Road Orders. Brunswick County, Virginia.

1739 May 3 Cornelius Keith applied for a grant of land as an immigrant from Ireland some 30 years earlier.

1739 May 21 – Catherine Patterson/Gowen ; “23, July, 1739 -Catherine Patterson / Gowen wrote her will 21st, 5th month, 1739, – “Prince William County Will Book C”. “I, Catherine Padderson, being sick and weak in body. Unto my well beloved son, Elixander Going, one negro man named Robin and one horse and a horse colt and one cow and calf and a cow yearling and halph of my movable houshold stuf and one parcel of land whereon I now live containing sixty-six acres, it being part of a tract containing one hundred and thirty-two acres. Unto my well beloved daughter, Susannah Going, one negro man named Jackey and one mare and saddle, cow and calf and two cow yearlings and one feather bed and bolster, a rugg and one pare of blankits and half the household stuf. My crop of tob: which is now in my house after my debts is paid I bequeath to be equally divided between my son Elixander Going and my daughter Susannah Going. I leave my well beloved son, John Going, whole and sole executor of this, my last will and testament.; Catherin Padderson; Wits: Thomas Ford, Jane Ford, Ann Gladding“. “23, July, 1739. Presented in Court by John Going, sole executor herein named, who prayed certificate for obtaining a probate thereof, but it being suggested that the deceased’s husband is living, on the motion of the said John Going and giving security for his just and faithful administration of the said deceased’s estate, certificate is granted him for obtaining letters of administration.” “Bond of John Going, William Scutt and John Hollis unto Denis McCarty, Gent., justice. For £100, 23 July, 1739. John Going is administrator of Catherine Padderson, deceased. John Going. John Hollis. William Scutt; Witness: John Bowie, 23 July, 1739, Acknowledged and Ordered”. Estate: will, 21 May 1739, , Prince William, Virginia, USA. image from:
Library of Virginia, County and City Research in Virginia, County and City Records, Prince William County – http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/local/results_all.asp?CountyID=VA227 – Reel #18, Will Book, C, 1734 – 1744 c [ix] index, p. 7-526. Estate: probate, 23 Jul 1739, , Prince William, Virginia, USA. Catherine’s will accepted for probate and son John named admin. Estate: inventory, 27 Aug 1739, , Prince William, Virginia, USA. John Going presented, and the court recorded, the estate inventory on Aug 27 1739. ‘Apraisors’ were: Thos Ford, Thos Elzey, Richard Simpson. John Going admin. Estate: settlement, 27 Nov 1739, Prince William, Virginia, USA. Library of Virginia, County and City Research in Virginia, County and City Records, Prince William County – http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/local/results_all.asp?CountyID=VA227 – Reel #18, Will Book, C, 1734 – 1744 c [ix] index, p. 7-526. Pattison Acct of Estate 1739. The Estate of Catherine Pattison decd. pd Edward Barry 116 [Truro Parish clerk]; pd Valentine Payton 364; pd Thomas Ford 40; pd Alexander Gowin 330; pd Susanna Gowin 250; William Dunlop; pd John Gowin 468. John Going presented the account and it was recorded Nov 27, 1739. Prince William Co, Va.
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1739estatecatherinepaddersonprincewmcova1.jpg
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1739estatecatherinepaddersonprincewmcova2y3.jpg
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1739estatecatherinepaddersonprincewmcova4.jpg
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1739estatecatherinepaddersonprincewmcova5.jpg
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

1739 May 29 – E-81: Mr. John Awbrey of Pr. William Co. received 86 acres in Pr. William Co. on Potomack R. . . . adj. William Strutfield, Thomas Owsley, Mr. Robert Alexander, Thomas Gowing, Woncopin Br. p. 125. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-5/291-2/1-100.html (page 81)
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49389/FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0007?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49389%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_VANorthernNeckLandGrants1-0137

1739 June 12:
STAFFORD COUNTY VA WILL BOOK M; 1729-1748; THE ANTIENT PRESS pp. 271-273
Dr. 1733 Capt SIMON PEARSONS Estate to NATHAL. CHAPMAN Contra To 1 drest akin for his son, paid RICHD. FLETCHER for goods, delivered JAMES WADE for his freedom dues, cash paid Coll. NICHS. SMITH, 7 gallons Rum at the funeral, paid Hawleys and Godfrey for Levies for 1732, paid Capt WASHINGTON & Co. for Sundrys, paid JAMES CARTER for Quit rents of 7246 acres of land @ 2/ Sterl p hundred 25 p ct on do to make it currency, paid James Carter for an order from GEO. BUCHANAN on accot. Capt ARBUTHNOTS estate, To WILLIAM HALES accot., paid JOHN GRANT, paid Mr. NELSON for a hat band and g]oves for THOMAS PEARSON, paid WILLIAM HERLE, paid RICHTD FLETCEHER for galls rum and Sugar for the reaping, paid THOMAS EVES for note, paid Thomas Eves for making a mourning coat. for Thos. Pearson paid JOHN SMITH, payd JAMES WAUGH for cone hire, paid PETER LEEDCHAN for Levies,
Cr. 1733 June 16 Note reced of JAMES GOING of JOHN PAGE, Cash reced THOS. PEARSON, Note of EDWARD SNOXELL, Ditto GEORGE SYMSON, Cash of DARBY BRYAN, JOHN MERCER, JOHN HERLE, Aug IOth By crop reced made at the home plantation on Potomack creek, By ditto made in Pr. William, Note reced of JAMES SUDDUTH, EDWARD WILLIAMS, THOS, SMITH, Rappa. THOMAS FURR, JOHN PAGE, STEPHEN FULLER, EDWD. WILLIAMS, SIMON BOWLING, of WM. NORTHCOAT, of LEWIS ELSEY cash reced for the warehouse rent 1733 paid JOHN WITHERS HARPER for a debt, paid JOHN MERCER, WM. DENT, MARY SHAVONS acct. shipped to JAMES BUCHANAN, Shipped in BUCKERIDGCE, paid CATESBY COCKS note, paid Grigsby`s Judgment, Capt. SPOORE for Inspection he paid, paid Marlbro Inspectors 4 crop hhds. paid WM. BROOK-SHIRES acct. 1734 Augt. 10 Capt HEDGMAN’S account azid levies. paid WM. WALKER for a coffin, paid SARAH JEWARS acct, paid Mr, SCOTT for the funeral SerMan, paid Mr. CLAIBORNE for elks note, paid SAN’L. TIMMONS, JOHN GRANT paid the inspector of 7 hhds Tobo had out of hunting creek warehouse and ships in hoard the Smith Capt. BUCKRIDGE @ 3/. July 5 paid JAMES CARTER for quit rents 5636 acres land 1733 Sterling paid THOMAS HARISSON SENR. for a Legacy left him, paid MOSELY BATTALEY for a fee agst TRAMELL paid EBENEZER MOSS his acct Smiths work, 1734 – paid WPM. BROOKSHIRE, paid WM. HALE for MARY STRAUGHANS living at ye Quarter, paid EDWARD EMMS for Levies, paid GEORGE TRAMELL, paid JAMES BAXTER, WILLIAM HERLE, Mr. COCKS clks note, 1735 To the hire of a Boat to carry Tobo to the warehouse 2 days at 20 p day, payd MICHAEL REGAN, EDWARD EMMS, ANN BALL, LEWIS ELSEY, EDWARD EMMES, JERE BRANAUGH, WILLIAM HERLE, Mr. NATHL. CHAPMAN, 1734 reced of NICHOLAS GRIMES, LEWIS ELSEY, WILLIAM BRUESTER, RICHD. RAKSTRAW, THOMAS COATHER, MOSES GOIN, THOMAS WEST, DAVID THOMAS, JAMES HALLEY, JOHN BURK, By MICHAEL REGANS rent, by Tobo reced HENRY WATSON
E E p Thos. Pearson
At Court held for Stafford County June 12th 1739 Nathaniel Chapman and Thomas Pearson ExEs of SIMON PEARSON deced presented account .. admitted to record.
http://www.colonial-settlers-md-va.us/getperson.php?personID=I020443&tree=tree1

1739 July/August – Going, John 1-254 – July/August 1739 Court. Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order

1739 July/August – Going, Thomas 1-254 – July/August 1739 Court. Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order

1740 March 5: O. S., Page 406 Upon the Petition of Martha Alexander Setting forth That having Land on the South Side of Roanok River opposite to Cornelius Keith’s Land she humbly desires an Order of this Court Licensing her to keep a Ferry from her Land over the River to Cornelius Keith’s Landing she being ready to give Security as the Law directs It is Ordered That the Clerk prepare a Licence for her accordingly upon her giving such Security — Road Orders. Brunswick County, Virginia.

1740, April 3 – Brunswick County Court order of April 3, 1740 in which it was “ordered that Elsoner Going and Drury Going, sons to Mary Gowing be bound as the law directs to Ralph Jackson until they shall arrive to the age of twenty-one years,” according to Order Book 1, page 302. Va. Court Order – Brunswick Co.

1740 June, Sept, Oct – Going, Ann
1-321 – June 1740 Court.
1-353 – September 1740 Court.
1-379 – October 1740 Court
Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order

1741 Oct – Going, Michael
1742 Feb
2-037 – October 1741 Court.
2-078 – February 1741/2 Court.
Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order

1741 Sept 1 – John Going 1742 Oct 4 – Discharged from Goochs Marines – Cumberland Muster Book – Col Goochs Regiment; Va. Militia; 1742 – John Going in Gooch’s Marines
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49108/FLHG_ColonialSoldiersSouth-0496/19889?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=946,543,1044,571;1020,627,1117,656;1045,791,1142,820;797,830,919,866;968,998,1066,1027;968,1121,1065,1149;1065,1452,1162,1481;991,1495,1088,1523;990,1617,1088,1645;366,2480,566,2517#?imageId=FLHG_ColonialSoldiersSouth-0180

1742 Feb 28: Indenture made the 28th day of February, 1742, between Cornelius Keith and Thomas Twitty, for 25 pounds, conveying 100 acres, being same land in that certain deed of gift from Robert Hix, Sr., late of Brunswick County, dec’d. to the said Cornelius Keith, dated the 2nd day of May, 1734, and the same being part of a larger tract of land granted to the said Robert Hix in his lifetime. Witnesses were Clement Read, M. Cadet Young, and Thomas Lanier. Acknowledged in Court on March 3, 1742, at which time Elizabeth, wife of the said Cornelius Keith, appeared and relinquished her dower interest. Deed Book 2, page 236. Brunswick County, Virginia.

1743 June 30 – Gawin, Michael receives 400 acres begg. &c. being a corner of William Harlows first survey.
Henrico Co, Va
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/019/019&image_number=0250&offset=%2B38&name=Patents+No.21+1742-1743+(VOL.1+%26+VOL.2)&dbl_pgs=yes&round=DOWN

1743-1744 merchant acct book with Michael Gowing Jr and Sr, David Gowing, and Edward Gowing in Hanover Co
A Merchant’s Account Book. Hannover County, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_2002_01_01_0386/525370754?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoin%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=510,1721,605,1750#?imageId=VGS_1997_01_01_0349

http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1997_01_01_0349/522749277?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=204,388,351,421;204,438,334,471;204,488,326,521;204,538,350,571#?imageId=VGS_1997_01_01_0349

1743 Nov 27 – F-144: William Elzey, son of Capt . lewis Elzey, of Fairfax Co. 300 A. in Fairfax Co . Surv. Mr. William West. Adj. John Gowen, Col. Carter, on Ox Road, Bond Veal, Giles Tillet, Thomas Ford. 27 Nov . 1743. p. 8. Va. Land Trans – Fairfax Co. http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-30901?func=full-set-set&set_number=005414&set_entry=000008&format=999

1744 March 5 – Deed: sale of 56 acres to Thomas Ford, 5 Mar 1743/44,Fairfax, Virginia, USA. “Fairfax County was created in 1742, and John Gowen and Thomas Gowen found themselves in the new county. John Gowen and Mary Keife Gowen on March 5, 1744 deeded to Thomas Ford the 56 acres of land he had in-herited from William Gowen, according to Fairfax County Deed Book A-1, page 551. This land was located on the east side of Pope’s Head Run and was part of the 102 acres of land which had been granted to William Gowen November 12, 1725.” [the figure 102 above should be 112, and 56 is 1/2 the original grant to William Gowen November 12, 1725 – ceb 25 Aug 2014] Fairfax Co, Va.
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1725grantwilliamgowingsstaffordcovamap.jpg

1744 July 6 – : F-187: John Gowen of Fairfax Co. 155 A. in Fairfax Co. Surv. Mr. William West. Adj . Thomas Ford, main Br . of Pope’s Head, Capt . Connyer. 6 July 1744. p. 10. Va. Land Trans – Fairfax Co.
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-31582?func=full-set-set&set_number=005417&set_entry=000007&format=999

http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1744grantjohngowenfairfaxcova2.jpg

1744 July 10 – F-191: John Gowen of Firfax Co . 144 A. in said Co. Surv. Mr. William West . Near Pohick, adj. Robert Carter Esq, Wid . Coffer, Richard Simpson. 10 July 1744. p. 10. Va. Land Trans – Fairfax Co
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-32039?func=full-set-set&set_number=005420&set_entry=000006&format=999

http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1744grantjohngowenfairfaxcova.jpg

1744 June 10 – “George Going” paid tax on “one tithe” June 10, 1744, according to “Goochland County, Virginia Tithe Lists 1735-1749.” Goochland Co, Va

1744 June – Edmund Goin, 1 tithe King William Parish, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00194-1/376?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGoin%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=398,3129,577,3182#?imageId=dvm_LocHist010582-00194-1

1744 1745 merch acct book w Michael Gowing Jr and Sr, and David plus Edward Gowing in Hanover Co
A Merchant’s Account Book. Hannover County, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_2002_01_01_0386/525370754?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoin%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=510,1721,605,1750#?imageId=VGS_2000_01_01_0128

http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1998_01_01_0106/523273322?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=259,1844,352,1877;259,1894,350,1927#?imageId=VGS_1998_01_01_0106

1744 Amos Gowen, son of Alexander Gowen, was born about 1744, in Lunenburg County, Virginia or Orange County, North Carolina.”Amos Goyne was born in North Carolina [possibly Orange County] of parents unknown,” according to a descendant, Lucile H. Sanders of Buffalo, Texas in a letter written August 1, 1989.
http://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/guynes/246/
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms005.htm

1745 Aug 2 – Indenture made 2 June 1748, between John Roper of Charles City County and Edward Going of Brunswick County, £5, 100a, on South side of the Mill Creek, being part of a Larger Tract containing 1601a granted to John Roper by Letters Patent dated 2 August 1745. Signed John Roper. Witnesses: Thomas Twitty, William Linsey, John Roberts (bhm). Court June 2, 1748, Indenture proved by oaths of Thomas Twitty, William Linsey and John Roberts. Deed Book 3, Page 444. Va. Land Trans – Brunswick County. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb3.htm

1745 March 11 – Peter Gowing’s first wife, Isabel Gowing – Isabel died March 11, 1745. p. 65. Overwharton Parish, Va
https://archive.org/stream/virginiaoverwhar00will#page/64/mode/2up

1745 May 28 – Peter Gowing marries Mary Sullivant – Marriage recorded on May 28, 1745. p. 65. Overwharton Parish, Va. https://archive.org/stream/virginiaoverwhar00will#page/64/mode/2up

1745 June 29: Indenture made the 29th day of June, 1745, between John Robinson and William Brodnax of Prince George County, for 18 pounds, conveying 351 acres bounded by James Walkers land he bought of William King, John Colliers land, Henry Wilkins land, William Gowens and Cage Perry’s land (the land whereon the church stands and the land which the said John Robinson bought of Richard Hockebe. Condition of the indenture was to secure payment of 36 pounds. Witnesses were Elizabeth Carlos, Ann Brodnax, and Henry Brodnax. Acknowledged in Court on August 1, 1745. Deed Book 3, page 54. Brunswick County, Virginia

1745 Aug 2 – Indenture made 2 June 1748, between John Roper of Charles City County and Edward Going of Brunswick County, £5, 100a, on South side of the Mill Creek, being part of a Larger Tract containing 1601 acres granted to John Roper by Letters Patent dated 2 August 1745. Signed John Roper. Witnesses: Thomas Twitty, William Linsey, John Roberts (bhm). Court June 2, 1748, Indenture proved by oaths of Thomas Twitty, William Linsey and John Roberts. Deed Book 3, Page 444. Va. Land Trans – Brunswick County. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb3.htm

1746 Mar 17 – F-270: Mr. Daniel Jenings of Fairfax Co. 1053 A. in said Co. Surv. Elias Davis. Jenings purchased 795 A. granted Rev. Mr. James Brechin. 20 Dec. 1716, 195 A. granted Capt . Simon Pearson 18 Feb. 1729, and 12 A. granted said Jenings 25 Nov. 1740. Resurv. added 51 A. surplus. Adj. Thomas Goings now Mr. George Mason granted 20 Jan. 1724, Major John Colvill, Lubbers Br., James Robertson, Gabriel Adams. 17 Mar. 1746. p 15. Land Trans – Fairfax Co.

1746 June 9, John Gowen and Mary Keith Gowen sold their Truro Parish, Fairfax County land located on the north side of Occoquan Run. Fairfax Co, Va

1746 June 9 – John Gowen and wife Mary convey 1 half tract of land equaling 268 acres to Edward Kirkland. On N side of Ocuquan, below the mouth of the north fork of the said Ocuquan. Being a tract of land granted to Richard Kirkland decd, and Cornelius Keif, father of said Goen’s wife. Deed Book B part 1, page 32-33.
https://books.google.com/books?id=ow4YtNgRT8cC&pg=PR3&lpg=PR3&dq=Fairfax+County+Deed+Book,+B+1&source=bl&ots=EQsBgVO9T5&sig=xyeZnyXYoh06kvI57bYFSKF7qG0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjB5PGIxpTKAhWCWSYKHWyhCvgQ6AEIRjAH#v=onepage&q=Goen&f=false

1746 July 14, John Gowen and Mary Keith Gowen sold their Fairfax County land granted by the Proprietor. Mary was the daughter and probably the oldest child of Cornelius Keith and Elizabeth Keith, according to “Southern Lineages.”
Fairfax Co, Va. http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/courts/circuit/pdf/deed-book-index-1742-1797.pdf

1746 April 3 – Indenture made the 3rd day of April, 1746, between James Lanier of Brunswick County, and William Whittendon, for 15 pounds, conveying 175 acres on South side of Three Creeks bounded by the lands of Samuel Lanier, Thomas Sissons, and James Cook. Witnesses were Sampson Lanier and John Harwell. Acknowledged in Court on April 3, 1746. Deed Book 3, page 177. Va. Land Trans – Brunswick Co. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/deedbrns.txt

1746 Sept – William Going
1747 June
3-102 – September 1746 Court.
3-202 – June 1747 Court.
Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order

1746 Nov 20 – Indenture made 20 November 1746, between Samuel Chamberlin of Brunswick County, St. Andrews Parish, and Moses Davis Smith of same, £10, 100a. Signed Sma Chamberlin. Wit: John Duglass, Sampson Lanier, Edmon Sweeny, Daniel Hix (bhm). Court 1 January 1746, Indenture and Memorandum proved by oaths of John Duglass and Sampson Lanier. Court 27 March 1750, further proved by the oaths of Daniel Hicks. Deed Book 4, Page 119.
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb4.htm

1747 June – William Going (Planter) 3-204 (2 records) –June 1747 Court, Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order

1747 Jan 28 – John Machin recd 606a in 1747, sold to John Robinson in 1755 Sept 10. Land along Gowen’s line, John Carry’s line, and Dudley’s line. (also listed as Sept 10, 1754). Gloucester Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1994_01_01_0089/521176153?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1829,1393,1972,1431
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49309/FLHG_RecsColGloucesterCnty-0156?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49309%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_RecsColGloucesterCnty-0078

1748 – John Gowen pays a tax on two tithables in 1748 in the Lunenburg County tax list of Lewis Deloney, according to “Sunlight on the South Side.” page 67. John Goin and William Going are shown on page 170 of Field Jefferson’s list with one tithe. This was the same precinct originally assigned to Lewis Deloney. On the same page, William Going appeared with one tithe. The tithe list shows that William Going is at least age 16 in 1748, according to Landon C. Bell in “Sunlight on the Southside.” This part of Lunenburg County became Mecklenburg County in 1765.
1748 In 1748 John Going appears on the 1748 tithe list of Lunenburg County, Virginia. He was listed with two tithes on the list taken by Lewis Deloney. Lunenburg Co, Va

1748 June – Edward Going
3-388 – June 1748 Court, Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order

1748 – Edward Going – John Roper of Charles City Co, Va, to Edward Going – 200 acres. Brunswick County Deed Book 3, pg 444
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1970_01_01_0018/508593170?backurl=&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=2228,2483,2378,2525 1748 John Roper of Charles City conveys land in Brunswick Co to Edward Going
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1970_01_01_0018/508593170?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=2228,2483,2378,2525
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1970_01_01_0018/508593170?backurl=&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=2228,2483,2378,2525

1748 John Roper of Charles City conveys land in Brunswick Co to Edward Going
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1970_01_01_0018/508593170?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=2228,2483,2378,2525

1748 John Going – Lunenburg Co, Va tithe list
http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/va/lunenburg/census/sun002.txt

1748 June 2: Indenture made 2 June 1748, between John Roper of Charles City County and Edward Going of Brunswick County, ?5, 100a, on South side of the Mill Creek, being part of a Larger Tract containing 1601a granted to John Roper by Letters Patent dated 2 August 1745. Signed John Roper. Witnesses: Thomas Twitty, William Linsey, John Roberts (bhm). Court June 2, 1748, Indenture proved by oaths of Thomas Twitty, William Linsey and John Roberts. Deed Book 3, Page 444. Brunswick County, Virgina.

1749 – John Going Sr. b. abt 1700 continues to live in Lunenburg Co, Virginia, as seen by the 1749 tithe list.
1749 John Gowen 2 tithes 12 heads and scalps, Lunenburg Co, Va
http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/va/lunenburg/census/sun003.txt

1749: Edward Hollis appears in South Carolina and receives a 450 acre land grant on the Wateree in SC, nearby William Scott (in 1751), and Thomas Going (in 1752) – neighbors from Fairfax Co, Va – also move to the Richland County, SC area. 1749 petition of Edward Hollis who came lately from Virginia with a wife and seven children to settle in the forks of the Santee River – http://www.vgs.org/documents/virginia-genealogical-society-newsletter/vols-i-xxv/208-vgs-newsletter-vol-23-1997/file

1749 (Birth of Drury Going) – Letter from Thomas Baxter Going providing birth year of Drury Going as 1749:
(The contents found at: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/nl199206.pdf )
“Walnut Grove, Etowah County, Ala. March 16, 1879 Dear Brother, By the Divine Providence of God, I am again permitted to write to you in answer of yours and also to send your request. We are today enjoying common health and also Dabbs and Inman are well as far as I know. We have had a very cold, wet winter with heavy freezes, but little snow. Gentle spring has come in with mild and pleasant weather.
The farmers are busy engaged in preparing for another crop. There will be more guano used this year than has been any year previous. According to your request, I with pleasure send you a true list of ages as recorded in Father’s Bible.
I will begin with father and mother’s. Isaac Going was born 28th day of April, 1775. Mother, Rebecca Palmer was born 1st day of February 1789 and was married the 21st day of August 1804. Father was baptized in the May meeting of the Pacolet Church in 1803, and also the same year joined the Masonic fraternity. The death of Father and Mother stands recorded thus—- Rebecca Going departed this life the first day of August 1855, aged 66 years and 6 months. Isaac Going departed this life the 27th day of January 1861, aged 85 years and 9 months and one day.
Our Grandfather, Drury Going departed this life the 22nd day of February 1796 in the 47th year of his age. He died on the road coming home from Charleston with his wagon and team. He lacked 3 days drive of reaching home when he died. He was hauled home and buried at home. Grandmother Sarah Going departed this life 22nd day of April 1820 in the 69th year of her age.
In looking over I find the date of Elisha P. Going’s death as 16th day of July 1864 by a cannon ball near Fussels Mill in the New Market fight, Henry County, Va. Now, dear brother, you can record the dates I have given you in your large family Bible so that your children and grandchildren may hand down their fore father’s posterity. The Going is of Irish, [and Palmer] on Mother’s side English and Dutch.
I was pleased to hear of the well doing of your children. I have not heard a word about Eva. Is she dead? Eunice sent her likeness to her. Eunice says she would like to enjoy Eva’s company again. I am getting old and feeble near 73 years old. I have not had good health since last July. When I feel able, I go out and work a little. I feel better with exercise. I gain, but the least cold throws me back.
I am what is called a Licentiate Preacher. I don’t go about much, but if it is the Lord’s will, when the weather becomes warm I wish to visit the churches around. Religion is at a very low ebb at this time owing to so many divisions of profession–three kinds of Baptists, Missionary, Primitive or commonly called Hard Shells. Two years ago they divided and called it The Church of Christ being wonderfully opposed to all benevolent institutions of the day, especially the Masonic fraternity and Sabbath Schools. Their chief doctrine is that of Election and reprobation and non-fellowship with all who do not coincide with their Views. There are two kinds of Methodists–North and South. They divided during the war– they have no fellowship with each other. Then there are the Seventh Day Adventists and Soul Sleeping Baptists. I could not give a full history of their doctrines in the space I have to write. They make proselytes owing to the unlearned and unread of many of the people.
I hope you and all the boys that have grown up have made to rejoice in Jesus Christ the Savior. Let us pray for each other as all are dead of father’s family that if we never meet again, we will try to meet together with our friends in Heaven. Farewell, Thomas B. Going to W.G.W. Going and children”

1749 March 5 – Deed: purchse from Robert Jones, Jr, 5 Mar 1749/50, , Granville, North Carolina, USA. “William Going “of Granville County” received a deed from Robert Jones, Jr, “attorney.” of Surry County, Virginia to 910 acres on both sides of Grassy Creek near the Virginia state line for £25 March 5, 1750, according to Granville County Deed Book A, page 343.” Granville Co, NC

1749 March 20 – Indenture made 20 March 1749, between Mary Smith and William Smith of Brunswick County, and David Sims of same, £28, 100a, Rattlesnake Creek. Signed William Smith (bhm) and Sarah Smith (bhm). Wit: Sampson Lanier, Edward Wesson, William Johnson. Court 28 March 1750, Indenture and Memorandum acknowledged by William and Mary Smiths. Deed Book 4, Page 135. Va. Land Trans – Brunswick County.
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb4.htm

1749 Dec 11 – Indenture made 11 December 1749, between John Jackson of Brunswick County and Burwell Lucy of same, £15, 200a, granted to the above said John Jackson Junr. by Patent for 200a, 1742. Signed John Jackson. Wit: Sampson Lanier, Daniel Hix (bhm), Elizabeth Lanier. Court 27 March 1750, Indenture and Memorandum acknowledged by John Jackson. Deed Book 4, Page 115. Va. Land Trans – Brunswick County
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb4.htm

1749 January 16, William Godfrey wrote his will January 16, 1749, and it was recorded March 20, 1753, according to Fairfax County Will Book B, page 13. Fairfax Co, Va

1750 March 5: Robert Jones Jr of Surry County, Virginia, conveys 910 acres land on both sides of Grassey Creek to William Gowing of Granville County, North Carolina. Land joins Williams’ line. Signed by Robert Jones, Jr in presence of Willm Eaton pub regs. Cert by Dan Weldon. (Book A p. 343) Granville County, North Carolina.
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99CR-26DD?i=123&cat=360398

1750 April – Ordered that James Hughs pay Mary Going one hundred pound of tobacco for 11 days attendance as an evidence against. Stafford County Court Order book (1749-1755) (Page 34).
http://digitool1.lva.lib.va.us:1801/view/action/nmets.do?DOCCHOICE=134185.xml&dvs=1446217229055~634&locale=en_US&search_terms=&adjacency=&VIEWER_URL=/view/action/nmets.do?&DELIVERY_RULE_ID=1

1750 Jan 22 – Lucy Gowing marries William Jarvice, by Rev Richard Locke. Kingston Parish Register Gloucester Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49215/FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0168?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49215%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0023

1751 John Going and Thos Going 3 tithes – Lunenburg Co, Va, John Goin 1 tithe – Lunenburg Co, Va
http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/va/lunenburg/census/sun005.txt

1751 – John Goin and William Going was shown on page 170 of Field Jefferson’s list with one tithe. This was the same precinct originally assigned to Lewis Deloney. On the same page, William Going appeared with one tithe. The tithe list shows that William Going was at least age 16 in 1748, according to Landon C. Bell in “Sunlight on the Southside.” This part of Lunenburg County became Mecklenburg County in 1765. Lunenburg Co, Va.
1751 – John Goin is shown on page 170 of Field Jefferson’s list with one tithe. This was the same precinct originally assigned to Lewis Deloney. On the same page, William Going appeared with one tithe. The tithe list shows that William Going is at least age 16 in 1748, according to Landon C. Bell in “Sunlight on the Southside.” This part of Lunenburg County became Mecklenburg County in 1765. 1751 John Going and Thos Going 3 tithes – Lunenburg Co, Va, John Goin 1 tithe – Lunenburg Co, Va
http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/va/lunenburg/census/sun005.txt 1751 Thomas Gowen was taxable in the 1751 Lunenburg County household of John Gowen in the list of Richard Witton [Tax List 1748-52]. Lunenburg Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm
1751 Thomas Gowen was taxable in the 1751 Lunenburg County household of John Gowen in the list of Richard Witton [Tax List 1748-52]. Lunenburg Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1751: William Scott moves in adjacent to Edward Hollis on the Wateree in SC. William Scott was living in Prince William County, Va prior to this. He signed as a witness in the 1739 probate of Catherine Padderson (mother of John Going Sr). Also signing on her probate was John Hollis – father of Edward Hollis.

1751 March 26 – Indenture made 26 March 1751, between Thomas Jackson of Brusnwick County, and Ralph Jackson of same, £50, 250a, being part of a tract of land granted to Thomas Jackson aforesaid for 325a, by Patent dated 22 February 1724, Chinkaponbottom/Road from Allens Mill to Meherrin River/ Little Creek/Plantation Branch. Signed Thomas Jackson (bhm). Wit: Sampson Lanier, Mark Harwell, John Jackson (bhm). Court 26 March 1751, Indenture and Memorandum acknowledged by Thomas Jackson. Deed Book 5, Page 18. Land Trans – Brunswick County
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb5.htm

1751 July – “Sarah Going” was a defendant in a case tried before Goochland County Court in July 1751, according to “Goochland County, Virginia Court Orders, 1757- 1761,” page 429. Goochland Co, Va

1751 Oct 14 – Minister: Rev. Charles Green
Vestrymen: John West, Hugh West, William Payne, William Peak, James Hamilton, Charles Broadwater, Robert Boggess, Thomas Wren. Payments: Rev. Charles Green salary, John Barry – clerk, John Wybird Dainty – clerk, William Henry Ferrette – clerk, Thomas Chambers, Philip Howell, Mary Bennit – Sexton, James Feagan- clerk, Doctor John Robertson, Doctor John Hunter, Charles Griffin, Walter Taylor, John Keen, Absalom Kent, John Kerr, John Graham – clerk, Charles Cornish, William Ramsay, Col. Fairfax, Thomas Wren, John Higginson, Thomas Bosley, Hugh West, Michael Scandland, William Clifton. Orders: -William Payne and Daniel McCarty appt Church wardens – for collection of levys. – John King appt executor of Richard Osborn decd the Legacy left to this church. -Richard Kenton motion to be Levy-free for future – being past age 60. – James Donaldson, John Jenkins, – provision all the patented land in ____
– Guy Broadwater, James Robertson, – provision all the patented land between pimmets run and four mile run _________ . – Edward McPerson, William Gladding (Gladden) – provision all the patented land between four mile run and Hunting Creek, _____________. – Sampson Darrell, John Posey, – provision all the patented land between Hunting Creek and Dogue Run, ______________. -Edward Violet, William Ashford, – provision all the patented land between Dogue Run and Aushuk _______________. – Abraham Barnes, Robert Boggess, provision all the patented land between Accotink and Polick _________________. – William Bearden and John Hereford provision all the patented land between Polick and Occoquan and Sandy run __________________ . – Thomas Ford, Richard Simpson – provision all the patented land between Sandy Run and Popes head and Branches of Difficult; Pohick Church – in Lorton, Virginia; Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book; Truro Parish, Va. http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html Pg 68, 69, 70

1752 Joseph Goin 1 tithe, Lunenburg Co, Va, John Gowen 2 tithes, Lunenburg Co, Va, Wm. Gowin under William Callaway (along with Robt Graves, Wm Simmons) 7 tithes total in Lunenburg Co, Va.
http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/va/lunenburg/census/sun006.txt

1752 May 30 –“Thomas Going” received a deed May 30, 1752 to 150 acres “on both sides of Taillors Creek, being the lower part of a grant [of 600 acres] to McKisick for “six pounds Virginia money,” from John McKisick, according to Granville County Deed Book B, page 53. Witnesses were Theo Hunter, Francis Mabry and Broadhead Trulove. (Book B p. 53). Granville County, North Carolina.
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99CR-26DD?i=123&cat=360398
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99C5-1JLV?mode=g&i=45&cat=360398
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1752 Aug – “George Going” filed suit against William Chamberlayne in August 1752, according to “Goochland County, Virginia Court Orders, 1750-1757,” page 84. Goochland Co, Va

1752 Sept 15 – David Staples grantee – Description: 400 acres begg. at a corner pine of Michael Goings thence on Orphants line; south &c. to a corner white oak on Farrars Branch. Va. Land Grant – Henrico County.
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-50619?func=full-set-set&set_number=005597&set_entry=000006&format=999
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1993_01_01_0146/520651922?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=229,484,371,522

1752 Michael Going living adj to Staples and Orphant in Henrico Co
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1993_01_01_0146/520651922?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=229,484,371,522

1752 – Joseph Gowen son of Edward Gowen, Jr was born about 1730, probably in Charles City County. He was taxable in his own household in the 1752 tax list of Field Jefferson in Lunenburg County, Virginia, according to “Sunlight on the Southside.” Lunenburg Co, Va.

1752 Joseph Goin 1 tithe, Lunenburg Co, Va, John Gowen 2 tithes, Lunenburg Co, Va, Wm. Gowin under William Callaway (along with Robt Graves, Wm Simmons) 7 tithes total in Lunenburg Co, Va.
http://ftp.rootsweb.ancestry.com/pub/usgenweb/va/lunenburg/census/sun006.txt

1753-69 – Moses Going, born say 1735, taxable in Goochland County from 1753 to 1769: Goochland Co, Va.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1753 May 22 – Peter Going died at Priscilla Hayes‘ – May 22, 1753. Overwharton Parish, Va.
https://archive.org/stream/virginiaoverwhar00will#page/70/mode/2up

1754 William Gowen was in the military some time during 1754-1758 in Bedford County, Virginia during the French and Indian War.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/10558/dvm_LocHist000210-00022-1/37?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh08041386%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3dNP_NN%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1113,1061,1278,1113#?imageId=dvm_LocHist000210-00022-1

1754 Feb 7 – Jacob Going – enlistment date in Virginia Regiment – Virginia Regiment Payroll. Va. Militia.

1754 May 29 – Jacob Going – Virginia Regiment payroll.

1754 July 3 – Jacob Going – Virginia Regiment payroll

1754 – Jacob Going – Paybill of the Virginia Regiment made by George Washington to the officers and soldiers. Va Militia

1754 – Jacob Going – Letter from Robert Morris to George Washington with list of soldiers who have received Bounty money. Va. Militia

1754 July 9 – Jacob Gowin – Captain Robert Stobo’s Company, Va. Militia

1754 July 29 – Jacob Going – Pay of the Virginia Regiment. Va. Militia

1754 July – Jacob Gowin – Stobos Co – Roll of the Officers and Soldiers who Engaged in the Service of this Colony before the Battle of the Meadows. Va Militia

1754 July 29 – Sept 29 – Jacob Gowen – pay bill under Captain Andrew Lewis detachment sent to Augusta. Va Militia

1754 Moses Going taxable on his own tithe and Aaron Going in 1754, taxable on slave Jubbiter in 1763, Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1754-1764 – Aaron Going taxable in Goochland County from 1754 to 1764 [List of Tithables 1730-1755, frame 299; 1756-1766, frames 30, 156, 295]. Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1754 Aug 29 – Va Bedford Co, Virginia Order Book 1, 1754-1761 (Bounty for Wolf)
By TLC Genealogy
November Court 1754
For Wolves Heads, when cert., by whom cert. granted, Dr
To Giles Williams for 1 old wolf’s head, June 26, 1753, Zachariah Isbel, 100
To Richard Callaway, Assignee of Amb’s Bryan for 1 ditto, November 13, 1754, Richard Callaway, 100
To Mark Cole, assignee of Thomas Rentfro for 1 ditto, November 10, 1754, Mark Cole, 100
To Wm Irvine, Assignee of Wm Goings, August 29, 1754, Zach’s Isbel, 100
To ditto, Assignee of Henry Taylor for 1 ditto, August 27, 1754, Zach Isbel. 100
To ditto, Assignee of Methew Mounce for 6 young ditto, July 3, 1754, Zach’s Isbel, 100
To ditto, Assignee of John Phil Weaver for 2 old ditto, September 7, 1754, Zach’s Isbel, 200
To Mathew Talbot, Assignee of Jacob Hendrickson for 1 ditto, September 25, 1754, John Phelps, 100
To the Sherriff, his commission for collecting at 6% —619 Carried over
Page 46. To Depositum to be accounted for next year — 2574 1754 Bedford County Cr 13500
By 500 titables at 27 lbs of tobacco per poll — 13500

1754 Aug 29 – William Going receives assistance from Wm Irwin according to Bedford County Court Records.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/10558/dvm_LocHist000210-00006-0/9?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh08041386%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3dNP_NN%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=863,1005,1004,1047

1754-1758 William Going in military in Bedford Co Va p2
http://interactive.ancestry.com/10558/dvm_LocHist000210-00022-1/37?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh08041386%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3dNP_NN%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1113,1061,1278,1113#?imageId=dvm_LocHist000210-00022-1

1755 James Goyne (born) stated in his Revolutionary War pension application that he was born in 1755 in Lunenburg County, Virginia. Lunenburg Co, Va.

1755 in Kingston Parrish w John Machin next to Henry Preston, Cary’s line, Dudley’s line, and Gowen’s line
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1994_01_01_0089/521176153?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1829,1393,1972,1431

1755 Oct 15 – Daniel Going – Va. Winchester Militia – Ensign George Weedon’s Pay Roll of Recruits, Winchester, Va.

1755 Nov – In the November 1755 term, William Goins and Rebecca Goins, his wife, appeared in the Lunenburg County Court minutes: “An Indenture of Feoffment [Deed of Trust] between William Goins & Rebecca, his wife on the one part and Benjamin Bridgford of the one part, with a Memoran­dum of Livery of Seizen [legal transfer of land] and a Receipt thereon Indorsed are proved by the oaths of two of the witnesses thereto, and the same are ordered to be Certified.”

1755 Nov 27 – Reverend – Charles Green
Vestrymen: Daniel McCarty, John West, John Turley, Robert Boggess, Thomas Wren, Charles Broadwater, Abraham Barous, Famos Hamilton
Payments: Rev Charles Green salary, John Barry – clerk, John Wybird Dainty – clerk, William Donaldson – clerk, Mary Bonnits, John Palmer, Richard Lewis, William Henry Ferrotte, Sibol West, Sebastian, Ramsay, Maj Waggoner – clerk, Doctor Hunter, Martha Grey, Mary Grant, William Gossom, Famos Donaldson, Richard Nelson, George Flynn, Pat Grace, Charles Russel, Abraham Hargis, William Rairdon, Robert Baggess, Capt Broadwater – Pohick Church – in Lorton, Virginia; Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book; Truro Parish, Va. http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html pg 82.

1756 Feb and Mar – Zadock Gowen – Virginia Militia – Pay Roll of Captain Christopher Gist’s Company. Va Militia

1756 April – Zadock Gowen – Virginia Militia – Pay Roll of Captain Christopher Gist’s Company. Va Militia

1756 May and June, and July 13 – Daniel Going – Virginia Militia – Pay Roll of Captain Thomas Cocke’s Company Va Militia

1756 July and August – Daniel Gowen – Virginia Militia – Pay Roll of Captain Thomas Cocke’s Company, Va Militia

1756 July 13 – Daniel Gowing – Va Militia – 27 yrs, 5’4″, from Virginia, Planter, Enlistmt 9/55 in Stafford Co – Size Roll of Captain Thomas Cocke’s Company. Va Militia

1756 July 13 – Zadock Gowen – Va. Militia 24yrs, 5’6″, from Maryland, Hunter, from Maryland, Enlstmt 2/56 in Baltimore, Md., description very dark, stout, well set- Size Roll of Captain Christopher Gist’s Company (Other descriptions for other troops included – fair, dark, thin, red hair, well set, tender eyed, hearty, burly). Va Militia http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~amxroads/Gist/company.html

1756 July 13 – Zadock Gowen – Virginia Militia – Pay Roll of Captain Christopher Gist’s Company. Va Militia

1756 July 13 – Zadock Gowens – Virginia Militia – Pay Roll of Captain Christopher Gist’s Company. Va Militia

1756 July – Zadock Gowen – Virginia Militia – Pay Roll of Captain Christopher Gist’s Company. Va Militia

1756 December – Daniel Gowing – Virginia Militia – Pay Roll of Captain Thomas Cocke’s Company. Va Militia

1756 James Going fr Earl Granville in Granville Co NC (Book E p. 439)
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89CR-26C6?i=124&cat=360398
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9C5-X92Z?mode=g&i=361&cat=360398

1756 February 1- Sarah Gowen, was married to Panranparabo Boswell February 1, 1756, according to “Kingston Parish Register of Gloucester and Matthews Counties, Virginia, 1749-1827.” page 227 compiled by Emma R. Matheny and Helen K. Yates. Gloucester Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49215/FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0168?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49215%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0013

1756 Dec 18 – Joyce Gowing marries Thomas Willis; Kingston Parish Register; Gloucester Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49215/FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0168?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49215%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0032

1756 William Going 1 Goochland Co Va, tithes
frame 30, Moses Gowing 1
Aaron Gowing 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1756 Sept 17 – Anna Statia Gowan born
Dad: William Gowan
Mom: Anna Statia Sullivan
Christening: 1757 March 6
Goochland Co., St. James Northam Parish, Va.
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VRRH-ZRK
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00059-0/107?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=163,1574,447,1633
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00078-0/145?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1221,2552,1449,2608
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00107-0/203?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=424,518,662,570

1757 William Going 1 Goochland Co Va, William Pryor & his list, John Parrish Patroller, Moses Going, Negro Tom, Dilsia, Kate, Talbutt 6. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1757 Dec 27 – Indenture made the 27th day of December, 1757, between Thomas BULL and Lemuel HARWELL, for 30 pounds, conveying 99 acres, being part of a tract of land taken up by the said Thos. BULL by patent bearing date of January 12, 1746. Beginning at the mouth of a Great Branch thence up the said branch as it meanders to a white oak on the same and from thence to a white oak from thence to the dividing branch and thence down the said branch to Ralph JACKSONs line and up the said line and up the said line (sic) to the Beginning. Signed by Thos. BULL and Susanna BULL. Witnesses were Thos. JACKSON, John HICKS, and Samuel JACKSON. Indenture and Memorandum of Livery of Seizin were acknowledged by Thomas BULL and Susanna, his wife. Deed Book 6, page 223. Va. Land Trans – Brunswick Co.
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb6.htm

1757 June, July and Aug – Daniel Going – Virginia Militia – Pay Roll of Captain Joshua Lewis’ Company. Va Militia

1757 July 1 – Zadock Goings – Va. Militia – 7 men deserted from Capt Gist’s Company – brought back on Jun 1. Return of the Virginia Regiment, Commanded by Gen George Washington, Fort Loudoun, July 1, 1757. Va Militia

1757 July – Daniel Gowing – Va. Militia – 27yrs, 5’4″, from Virginia, Hatter, enlistment in Stafford Co., Va Militia

1757 July – Daniel Gowen – Va. Militia – Necessaries for 7th Company of Virginia Regiment Commanded by Capt Joshua Lewis

1757 Aug 28 – Zadock Going – Va. Militia – A Necessaries Roll of Capt Robert Spotswood’s Company. Virginia Militia.

1757 Sept – Daniel Gowing – Va. Militia – Necessaries for 7th Company of Virginia Regiment Commanded by Capt Joshua Lewis

1757 Sept – Jacob Going – Va. Militia – (deserters) – Return for Month of Sept for Virginia Regiment, commanded by George Washington, Fort Loudoun, Oct 1, 1757. Va Militia

1757 Sept – Jacob Gowan – Virginia Militia, Return of Major Andrew Lewis’ Company wanting Necessaries.

1757 Sept – Zadoc Gowings – Virginia Militia, Return of Major Andrew Lewis’ Company wanting Necessaries.

1757 Oct – Daniel Gowen – Va. Militia – Necessaries for 7th Company of Virginia Regiment Commanded by Capt Joshua Lewis

1757 Oct 7 – Zadock Goings – Va. Militia – 25yrs, 5’6″, fr Maryland, Planter, enlisted Baltimore Md. – A Size Roll of Capt Robert Spotswoods’ Co, Ft Young.

1757 November 1, Page 4. Thomas Hawkins, William Hill & Thomas Lanier three of the Persons Appointed by an Order of the last Court to View the Way for a Road from the Mine to Cocks Creek, this day Returned their Report thereon which is Ordered to be Recorded, and William Ballard
is Appointed Surveyor thereof, and it is Ordered that he together with Stephen Hatchel, John Goin, William Goin, John Goin, Junr. William Glading, Stephen Mallet Junr. and John Ruffins Male Labouring Tithables do forthwith lay open, Clear and keep the same in Repair According to Law.
(Source): LUNENBURG COUNTY ROAD ORDERS 1746-1764, by Nathaniel Mason Pawlett, Faculty Research Historian and Tyler Jefferson Boyd, Research Assistant. http://www.virginiadot.org/vtrc/main/online_reports/pdf/93-r17.pdf
Lunenburg County, Virginia.

1758 frame 89, Wm Going list 1 Goochland Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1758 March 8, Page 45. On the Petition of Sundry Ihabitants of this County Ordered that a Bridle way be laid open & Cleared the best and Convenientest way from Pinkethman Hawkins to Jeffersons Church. & William Ballard is appointed Surveyor of the said Road. And it is Ordered that he together with Robert Coleman, Christopher Coleman, Pinkethman Hawkins, Hugh Norwell, Thomas Norwell, John Goin, Henry Jackson, John Coleman, Thomas Farrar, James Coleman Thomas Draper, & Thomas Moore do forthwith lay open Clear & keep the same in Repair According to Law.
Lunenburg County, Virginia.

1758 March 28 – John Gowen m. to Agnes Harlow; Both of Goochland Parish – Douglas Register; Goochland Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00015-1/24?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=106,848,387,903
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00039-1/68?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=914,1429,1139,1481

1758 June 19: William Gowen of Granville, North Carolina conveys to William Allen of Hanover County, Virginia 450 acres of land being part of a tract of 910 acres lying on both sides of Grassy Creek in a location where William Allen now dwells, along south side of Grassy Creek. Wits: Jno Bowie, Jonath Knight. Signed: William Gowen and Sarah Gowen. Proved up by John Bowie on June 20, 1758. (Book C Letter G from 1756 to 1760 – p. 469 and 474). Granville County, North Carolina
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9C5-FQYG?i=367&cat=360398
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89C5-YCKT?mode=g&i=123&cat=360398
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L98Y-P93P?i=203&cat=360398
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-8983-F2FV?mode=g&i=497&cat=360398

1758 June 19: William Gowen of Granville County, NC to Drury Allen of Lunenburg County, Virginia conveys 450 acres of land to Drury Allen on both sides of Grassy Creek, being part of the 910 acre tract upon which the above William Allen his brother have divided betwixt themselves. Wits: Jno Bowie, Jonath Knight. Signed: William Gowen. Proved up by John Bowie on June 20, 1758. (Book C Letter G from 1756 to 1760 – p. 470 and 471). Granville County, North Carolina.
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9C5-FQGV?i=368&cat=360398

1758 Nov 28 – James Gowen born (Parents William Gowen and Anna Statia “Honesty” Sullivan); Baptized on 1759 Feb 18. Douglas Register; Goochland Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00107-0/203?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowan%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=424,518,662,570

1759 Nov 28 – Joseph Going was bound out to James Bunch November 28, 1759, according to “Fredericksville Parish Vestry Book,” page 29. Va. Orders – Fredericksville Parish, Louisa Co, Va.

1759 January 16 – Sarah Gowen was born to James Gowen born on January 16, 1759, according to “Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County Register. 1678-1761,” page 175. Gloucester Co, Va.

1759 – Seth Moore recd 3600 acres adj: Gowen, Norille, Smith, Ruffin, Baker, Maclin, Walton, Weatherford, Hall, Marrble, Clark, Elledge, Matt. Lunenburg Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1994_01_01_0324/521176388?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1237,697,1359,735

1759 July 23 – Drury Going was paid 5 pounds for a year’s work according to the account of the Brunswick County, Virginia estate of Sampson Lanier which was returned 23 July 1759 [\VB 3:297]. Brunswick Co, Va.

1759 Aug 6 ….Moses Ginn, planter, receives grant of deed on August 6 for 433 acres on the Rocky River in Orange Co.. Land was surveyed June 3, 1758, John Rhodes and Joseph Jones, SCC.

1759 Sept 20: Indenture made the 20th day of September, 1759, between John HOLLOWAY and Mary, his wife, parties of the first part, and William GUNN, for 18 pounds, 12 shillings, and 6 pence, conveying 200 acres on Heaths Branch. Signed by John HOLLOWAY (his mark) and Mary HOLLOWAY (her mark). Names of witnesses not given. Indenture acknowledged in Court on November 26, 1759, by John HOLLOWAY, and Mary, his wife, was privately examined. Deed Book 6, page 424. Brunswick County, Virginia

1759 Nov 26 – Indenture made the 26th day of November, 1759, between Henry COOK and David PEOPLES, for 30 pounds, conveying 557 acres, adjoining the County line, and lands of John JACKSON, James WATSON, Jehu PEEBLES, Thomas SISSON, LANIER, Sampson LANIER and Richard LANIER. Witnesses were Laml. (or Saml.) LANIER, Joseph PEEPLES and Phil. BURROW. Signed by Henry COOK (his mark). Indenture acknowledged in Court on November 26, 1759, by Henry COOK. Deed Book 6, page 420. Va. Land Trans – Brunswick Co.
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb6.htm

1759 – 1760 – Captain James Gunn attesting to the service of Moses Going (Henry Co.) in Col Byrd’s regiment in 1760, and to James Hopkins Jr’s (Louisa Co.) service in 1759 in his own company of regulars. Henry Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_2002_01_01_0386/525370754?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoin%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=510,1721,605,1750#?imageId=VGS_1996_01_01_0310
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1995_01_01_0030/521700382?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=346,934,474,972;332,980,432,1018

1760 frame 113, Joseph Going 2 Goochland Co Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1760 Feb 23 – “John Gowen of Lunenburg County, Virginia” receives a deed to “100 acres on Dodson’s Branch at Hargrove’s old line” from William Stroud February 23, 1760 for £30, according to Granville County Deed Book C. John Gowen “of Lunenburg County, Virginia” received a deed to “100 acres on Dodson’s Branch at Hargrove’s old line” from William Stroud February 23, 1760 for £30, according to Granville County Deed Book C. He received a deed to land in Lunenburg County in 1761 from his parents.
1760 Feb 23 John Gowen of Lunenburg Co from William Stroud 100 acres in Granville Co
http://www.therainwatercollection.com/reference/ref228.pdf

1760-61 June – Surveyed for James GOWEN, 376 Acres Situated on Carters Creek; List of all the Surveys made in the County of Brunswick from June, 1760 to June, 1761 by Drury STITH, Surveyor. Deed Book 6, page 627. Brunswick Co, Va
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb6.htm
1760-61 June: List of all the Surveys made in the County of Brunswick from June, 1760 to June, 1761 by Drury STITH, Surveyor. Deed Book 6, page 627. Brunswick County, Virginia.
Surveyed for Christopher MASON, 40 Acres of Land Situated on Cattail Creek
Surveyed for John COLLIER, Junr., 110 Acres of Land Situated on Cattail Creek
Surveyed for Anthony IRBY, 444 Acres of Land Situated on the Branches of Cattail Creek
Surveyed for James GOWEN, 376 Acres of Land Situated on Carters Creek
Surveyed for Richard JONES, 354 Acres of Land Situated on the South side the Three Creeks
Surveyed for Littleberry ROBINSON, 699 Acres of Land Situated on the North side Fountain’s Creek
Surveyed for Major TILLER, 104 Acres of Land Situated on the North Side Peahill Creek
Surveyed for John JONES, 176 Acres of Land Situated on the Road Joining WALTON’S line
Surveyed for John HOLCOM, 426 Acres of Land Situated on the Side Mountain Branch

1760 June – Aaron Going sued John Winston for trespass assault and battery in Goochland County in June 1760. Winston testified that he only touched the plaintiff gently, but Aaron was awarded 5 shillings [Orders 1757-61, 303, 328-9, 353; 1761-5, 8, 104]. Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1760 Nov 29 – Charles Green – minister, Vestrymen: John West, Charles Broadwater, George Mason, Robert Baggess, Thomas Wren, Daniel McCarty; Payments: Rev Charles Green, Clerk – John Barry, Thomas Lewis, Sexton – William Gladin, Sexton – Gerard Trammel, Sexton – Elizabeth Biree, Peter Wagener, Elizabeth Palmer, Thomas Sanders, Catherine McCarty, Sibyl West, Samuel Conner, Samuel Russell, Joseph Wilson, William Johnson, Hugh West, John West, Doctor John Hunter, Bridgett Castello, Benjamin Sebastian, James Connell, Joseph Goard, William Gates, Isaac Gates, Martha Lawson, Judith Langdon – Pohick Church – in Lorton, Virginia. Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book. Truro Parish, Va. http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html pg 92

1761 frame 155, Moses Goeings list of tiths 1 Goochland Co Va
frame 156, Aaron Goings list of tiths 1
frame 160, William Going 1
Geo. Going 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1761 William Goings was involved in a court case in 1761 in Bedford County, Virginia, May Court 1761: Haisty vs. Goings – dismissed

1761 Feb 14 – John Gowin – 400 acres beginning at William Hills corner on the Reedy Branch adjoining Ruffins line.
Lunenburg County, Va. http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-26912?func=full-set-set&set_number=005392&set_entry=000011&format=999

1761 Feb 14 – “John Gowing, Sr. of Lunenburg County, Virginia and Mary, his wife, for the natural love and affection which we bear our beloved son, William Gowing of this county aforesaid–also for divers other causes and con­siderations, part of 200 acre tract granted by patent aforesaid to John Gowing, Sr., bearing date February 14, 1761 by Gov. Francis Farquier, land on branch called the Great Branch, and the land that the aforesaid William now lives on.” John Gowen and Mary Keith Gowen sign the deed in the presence of Pinckney Brown, Susie Hubbard and Sarah Gowen, believed to be their daughter-in-law. Susie Hubbard is regarded as their daughter, Susannah Gowen Hubbard by Jack Harold Goins, Editorial Boardmember of Rogersville, Tennessee. On the same day they convey a similar portion of land to their son, John Gowen, Jr, according to Lunenburg County Deed Book 6, page 378-379. Witnesses to the transaction are “Richard Brown, Sarah Going and Elizabeth Going” [believed to be the wife of John Gowen, Jr.].

1761 Feb 14 – John Gowen is granted 200 acres of land on Reedy Branch of Ruffin’s Creek February 14, 1761, accord­ing to Lunenburg County deed records. Jack Harold Goins, Foundation member of Rogersville, Tennessee made a trip in September 1995 to Lunenburg County to locate the farm of John Gowen. He wrote, “My best estimation is that the farm of John Gowen was located about 10-15 miles west of present-day Lunenburg, Virginia which is located in the center of the county.” John Going’s father, John Gowing Sr, was issued Patent No. 34 February 14, 1761, according to “Virginia Patents,” page 809. The patent read, “John Gowin, Lunenburg County, 400 acres beginning at William Hill’s cor­ner on Reedy Branch, adjacent Ruffin’s line.” Later, John Gowing Sr gave 100 acres to John Gowing Jr, and 100 acres to William Gowing – both his sons as noted on the conveyances.

1761 Feb 23 – “John Gowen of Lunenburg County, Virginia” receives a deed to “100 acres on Dodson’s Branch at Hargrove’s old line” from William Stroud February 23, 1760 for £30, according to Granville County Deed Book C.

1761 March 23: Indenture made the 23rd day of March, 1761, between Rufsell BLACKLEY and Abel GOWER, for 6 pounds, conveying 80 acres. Names of witnesses not given. Indenture acknowledged in Court on March 23, 1761, by Rufsell BLACKLEY, and on October 25, 1762, Sarah, his wife, appeared and relinquished her right of dower. Deed
Book 6, page 640. Brunswick County, Virginia

1761 April 28: Indenture made the 28th day of April, 1761, by John MACLIN and Frederick MACLIN, for 50 pounds, conveying 254 acres, adjoining lands of Mark HARWELL, Henry WILKINS, David PEEPLES, John SHEARIN, and Joseph CARTER, and being the plantation whereon the said Frederick MACLIN now lives which formerly belonged to William GOWER. Names of witnesses not given. Indenture was acknowledged in Court on April 27, 1761, by John MACLIN and Susanna, his wife, appeared and relinquished her right of dower. Deed Book 6, page 675. Brunswick County, Virginia

1761 June 10- John Going, Sr. and wife Mary Going, of Lunenburg County deeded to son William Going of Lunenburg County, “for love and affection, 100 acres, part of 400 acres by patent to said Going Sr, on both sides of the Great Branch [of Allen’s Creek] where said William Going now lives, adjacent John Ruffin.” The signature [or mark] of John Going, was a vertical line, with three cross lines. Mary signed with a “M.” The deed was witnessed by Sarah Going, and others, according to “Lunenburg County, Virginia Deed Book 6. 1760-1761” by June Banks Evans. Lunenburg Co, Va.
1761 On June 10 – John Going Sr, John Going Jr., Sarah Going and Elizabeth Going. On the same date, son John Going, Jr. was deeded 100 acres of his father’s 400 acres with the same description. It was witnessed by Sarah Going and Elizabeth Going. [ibid], Lunenburg County, Virginia.
1761 On June 10 – son John Going, Jr. was deeded 100 acres of hisJohn Going Sr, and Mary’s 400 acres with the same description. It was witnessed by Sarah Going and Elizabeth Going.

1761 June 22: Indenture made the 22nd day of June, 1761, between John STEVENS, Junior, and Robert HICKS, for 5 shillings, conveying 200 acres on Hicks’s Creek, beginning at John STEVENS upper corner Hickory, along Benjamin SEEWELL’s line. . . on James HICKS’s line thence along the said HICKS’s line to the beginning, and being part of the tract whereon John STEVENS now lives. Witnesses were Allan LOVE, Rease BREWER, and Thomas GUNN. Indenture was acknowledged in Court on July 27, 1761, by John STEVENS and Rebecca, his wife, appeared and relinquished her right of dower. Deed Book 6, page 720. Brunswick County, Virginia

1761 July 7 – The first deed, recorded July 7, 1761 in Lunenburg County Deed Book 6, page 379, reads: “To all people to whom this prasement writing shall come, I John Going, Sr. and Mary his wife for and in consideration of the natural affection and love which we have and bear unto our well beloved son, John Going, Jr. of the county aforesaid convey unto said John Going, Jr. land containing 100 acres more or less, this being part of 400 acres granted by patent bearing date February 14, 1761 which was granted by our Honorable Lt. Gov. Francis Farquhier. The aforesaid 100 acres lying on both sides of the Great Branch and being the land that the aforesaid John Going, Jr. lives on . . . This 10th day of June the year of our Lord God One Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty-one. John [X] Going, Sr. Mary [X] Going. Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of Rich Brown Isaiah Going Elizabeth [X] Going” The Court held for Lunenburg County the 7th day of July 1761, the written deed of gift now acknowledged by the said John Going, Sr. and the same ordered to be recorded.” Lunenburg County, Virginia.

1761 December 7 – John Goin sold his remaining 200 acres of land located on both sides of Long Branch in Lunenburg County to William Sandifur. Mary Goin relinquished her dower. This is the last record found of John Going and Mary Keith Going. Lunenburg Co, Va.

1761 December 30 and 1762 July 6 – Other records show that William, son of John Going, moves from Lunenburg County to Orange County, North Carolina between December 30, 1761 and July 6, 1762. This is proof that William Going of Orange County was the son of John Going and Mary Keith Going of Lunenburg County, Va.

1762 frame 175, Moses Going List 1 Goochland Co Va, frame 226, William Going List 2
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1762 – James Gowen received a land grant in Brunswick County in 1762, citing Virginia Land Office Book 15. Brunswick Co, Va.

1762 Jan 25 – Indenture made the 25th dayof January, 1762, between Theophilus Field of Prince George County, and John Sims, for 200 pounds, conveying 275 acres on North side of the Little Creek, adjoining land of Ralph Jackson, and purchased of Thomas Jones and Anne, his wife, by two deeds, the first dated the 3rd day of March, 1748, and the other dated the 6th day of October, 1748. Witnesses were Gray Briggs, John Thornton, Theophilus Field, Junr., and James Walker. Indenture was proved in Court on June 28, 1762, by the oaths of Gray Briggs, John Thornton, and Theophilus Field, Junr. Deed Book 7, Page 122. Va. Land Trans – Brunswick Co. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb7.htm

1762 Feb – Deed: proof 80 acres, Feb 1762, Orange, North Carolina, USA. Deed of sale Moses Hollis to Nortley Hollis 80 ac proved by Alexander Going – Orange Co, NC – Feb Court 1762 p.54
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1762-alex_proves_hollis_deed.jpg 1762 Feb 9 – Page 19, Feb. 9, 1762; Moses Hollis to Nortley Hollis, 80 acres; Deed of sale, witness ALEXANDER GOING; Register of Orange County, North Carolina Deeds 1752-1768 & 1793; By Eve B. Weeks. Orange Co, NC.
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/02/orange-county-nc-early-records.html
The transaction was not recorded until 1780 Va Bedford Co Goen, William 20 Jul 1780
240 acres on both sides of Island Creek. Land office Patents E, 1775-1776, 1780-1781 (v.2 p. 463-930), p. 178 (Reel 46). Bedford County, Virginia.

1762 March 20: William Going receives 240 acres of land in Bedford County, Virginia. The deed is not recorded until 1780, (Note: which is not uncommon. When I called the South Carolina Archives about another Gowen, when trying to find deed records and transactions, they informed me that often people would never record their deed at all. They would receive the deed, live on the land a few years, then sell it to the next person who may do the same. Eventually someone would record the deed, but there may be several buyers and sellers between who don’t record it. The fact that William Gowen waited until 1780 to record may mean he possibly had a dispute (trespass lawsuit or threat of a trespass lawsuit, over boundaries, etc.) where he wanted the court to be clear he was the owner. Or possibly he was considering selling to someone who wanted the deed recorded):

1762 March 22 – Indenture made the 22nd day of March, 1762, between Edward Roberson and Anne, his wife, parties of the first part, and Joseph Peoples. for 60 pounds, conveying 297 acres, adjoining land of Ralph Jackson, which was conveyed to William Roynolds by Letters of Patent dated September 28, 1728, and thence conveyed by William Roynolds to Ralph Jackson and then conveyed by his Last Will and Testament to the said Edward Roberson. Signed by Edward Roberson (his mark) and Anne Roberson. Witness was Lemuel Lanier. Indenture and Memorandum of Livery of Seizin were acknowledged in Court on March 22, 1762, by Edward Roberson and Anne, his wife, appeared and relinquished her right of dower. Deed Book 7, Page 77. Brunswick Co., Va. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb7.htm

1762 April 7 – William Gladden granted 311 acres to Alexander Going – Orange Co, NC. William Gladden had been granted the land on 1761 June 7. This is recorded in Deed recorded on 1775 Nov 5 – granting John Dismukes and Samuel Paul this land – both sides of Moon Creek. This is part of the larger tract granted to Gladden and Going.
Deed: acquired 311 acres on Moons Creek, 7 Apr 1762, , Orange, North Carolina, USA. 7 Apr 1762 Wm Gladden sold 311 acres land on Moons Creek to Alexander Gowen — next record 25 Nov 1775 Dismurker to Paul — conflicting information in deed 22 Mar 1779 says land was Gladden to William Gowing.
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1775_saml_paul_buys_dismukes_land_that_was_alex_going’s_1775_p_1y2_311_acres_moon’s_ck.jpg
COMPARE to
____ ? date – William Gowing William Glading, John Wood, Roberts, Ingrim
Deed: 311 acres on Moons Creek, 22 Mar 1779, Caswell, North Carolina, USA. 16 22 Mar 1779 James Roberts of Pittsylvania, Va. to John Ingrim of NC for L100 sold tract of 311 acres on both sides Moone Creek in Caswell Co., NC., being part of a tract of 622 acres of John Earl Granville deed to William Glading, who had sold to William Gowing, and by Gowing to John Wood, and by Wood to James Roberts and by Robers to John Ingrim. Caswell Co, NC
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1779_roberts_to_ingram_1779_land_that_was_william_goings_from_gladen_311_acres.jpg
COMPARE again to
1762 April 7 – Deed: 311 acres on Moons Creek, 18 Sep 1779, Caswell, North Carolina, USA. 18 Sep 1779 Samuel Paul of Caswell Co, NC sold to William Leek of Caswell Co for L300 230 acres on both sides of Moon Creek part of larger track granted to William Gladdin 7 Jun 1761 and the part which Gladden sold to Alexander Gowen on 7 Apr 1762. Caswell Co, NC
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1779_samuel_paul_deed_formerly_alex_going_land_from_glading_1762.jpg
COMPARE again to
1762 April 7 – Deed: 311 acres on Moons Creek, 22 Mar 1790, Caswell, North Carolina, USA. 22 Mar 1790 William Leek of Caswell NC sold to Charlton Ingram of Caswell for L300 230 acres on both sides of Moons Creek being part of a larger tract granted to William Gladden on 7 Jun 1761 which Gladden sold to Alexander Gowen on 7 Apr 1762. Caswell Co, NC
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1790_leak_to_ingram_1790_230_ac_moon’s_ck_was_alex_gowen’s.jpg

1762 June 20 – Ann Going – born, Father: Joseph Going, Mom: Priscilla; Christened: Kingston Parish, – Baptized on July 4, 1762. Gloucester Co, Va. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VRRC-YH6
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49215/FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0168?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49215%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0067

1762 July 6 – William Going in Orange County, North Carolina sold 100 acres in Lunenburg County, Virginia on Great Branch of Allen’s Creek adjacent to William Sandifur. Lunenburg Co, Va
1762 July 6, William Going (John Going Sr’s son) of Orange County, North Carolina sells his 100 acres in Lunenburg County, Virginia on Great Branch of Allen’s Creek adjacent to William Sandifur. William Going, son of John and Mary Keith Going of Lunenburg County, Virginia, moved to Orange County, North Carolina by July 6, 1762. William had previously sold his 100 acres, gift of his parents, while still living in Lunenburg County. “July 6, 1762, William Going of Orange County, North Carolina to Francis Norvell of Lunenburg County, Virginia, 45 pounds, 100 acres, Lunenburg County, Great Branch of Allen’s Creek, adjacent Wm Sandefur. Signed: William [W] Going. Recorded: 6 July 1762. Deed Bk. 7, pp. 302-04. [June Banks Evans, “Lunenburg County, Virginia, Deed Book 7,
1760-1761, Bryn Ffyliaid Publishers, NO, La., 1990]. http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GOWEN/2001-08/0996862999 1762 July 6, – William Going (John Going Sr’s son) of Orange County, North Carolina sells his 100 acres in Lunenburg County, Virginia on Great Branch of Allen’s Creek adjacent to William Sandifur. Lunenburg Co, Va. http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GOWEN/2001-08/0996862999
1762 July 6: William Going, son of John and Mary Keith Going of Lunenburg County, Virginia, moved to Orange County, North Carolina by July 6, 1762. William had previously sold his 100 acres, gift of his parents, while still living in Lunenburg County. William had bought the 100 acres deeded to his brother, JOHN JR, by their parents for 40 pounds, and sold it in the following transaction.
“July 6, 1762, William Going of Orange County, North Carolina to Francis Norvell of Lunenburg County, Virginia, 45 pounds, 100 acres, Lunenburg County, Great Branch of Allen’s Creek, adjacent Wm Sandefur. Signed: William [W] Going
Recorded: 6 July 1762. Deed Bk. 7, pp. 302-04. [June Banks Evans, “Lunenburg County, Virginia, Deed Book 7, 1760-1761, Bryn Ffyliaid Publishers, NO, La., 1990]
1762 July 6, William Going (John Going Sr’s son) of Orange County, North Carolina sells his 100 acres in Lunenburg County, Virginia on Great Branch of Allen’s Creek adjacent to William Sandifur. William Going, son of John and Mary Keith Going of Lunenburg County, Virginia, moved to Orange County, North Carolina by July 6, 1762. William had previously sold his 100 acres, gift of his parents, while still living in Lunenburg County. “July 6, 1762, William Going of Orange County, North Carolina to Francis Norvell of Lunenburg County, Virginia, 45 pounds, 100 acres, Lunenburg County, Great Branch of Allen’s Creek, adjacent Wm Sandefur. Signed: William [W] Going. Recorded: 6 July 1762. Deed Bk. 7, pp. 302-04. [June Banks Evans, “Lunenburg County, Virginia, Deed Book 7,
1760-1761, Bryn Ffyliaid Publishers, NO, La., 1990]. http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GOWEN/2001-08/0996862999 1762 July 6, – William Going (John Going Sr’s son) of Orange County, North Carolina sells his 100 acres in Lunenburg County, Virginia on Great Branch of Allen’s Creek adjacent to William Sandifur. Lunenburg Co, Va. http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GOWEN/2001-08/0996862999

1762 December 11 – John Going Sr., receives title to 700 acres of land on Moon Creek near the Dan River in Orange County, North Carolina – just on the other side of the border from Virginia to North Carolina. The land is adjacent to land owned by William Gladin – 505 acres of the land received appears to be from William Gladin’s plat. His son, William Going is the chain carrier for the transaction (measurement device used). 1762 Dec 11 – Page 13, GOING, JOHN, SENIOR. Warrant 11 Dec. 1762, 700 acres on Moon’s Creek, adjoins Samuel Pool and William Glading. Orange County, North Carolina Records, Vol. III; Granville Proprietary Land Office; Miscellaneous Records; By William D. Bennett, C.G. Orange Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/02/orange-county-nc-early-records.html
http://mars.archives.ncdcr.gov/DisplaySearchResult.aspx

1763 frame 252, Moses Going’s list } 2 Goochland Co Va, frame 258, Mowses Gouins 2
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1763 – “Philip Going” was taxed in adjoining Hanover County in 1763 on 220 acres. Hanover Co, Va.

1763 April – Moses Going sued James Moseley in April 1763 but the case was also dismissed on agreement. Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1763 April – Moses Going sued in Goochland County by William Hudnell in April 1763. Thomas Riddle posted his bail. The suit was dismissed on agreement between the parties. Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1763 May 23 – James Gowin – 376 acres adjoining the land of Brewer, Perry, Cook &c., and being on Carter’s Creek. Brunswick County, Va.
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-27945?func=full-set-set&set_number=005392&set_entry=000010&format=999

1763 May 23 – “James Gowin” received a grant of 376 acres “adjoining land of Brewer, Perry, Massey, and Cook on Carter’s Creek” May 23, 1763, according to Brunswick County deed records. . . beginning at Brewer’s corner . . . Terry’s line . . . Cook’s line . . . Massey’s line. Brunswick Co, Va.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/035/035&image_number=0155&offset=%2B18&name=Patents+No.35+1762-1764+(VOL.1+%26+VOL.2)&dbl_pgs=no&round=
1763 May 23 – James Gowin – 376 acres adjoining the land of Brewer, Perry, Cook &c., and being on Carter’s Creek. Brunswick County, Va. 1763 May 23 – “James Gowin” received a grant of 376 acres “adjoining land of Brewer, Perry, Massey, and Cook on Carter’s Creek” May 23, 1763, according to Brunswick County deed records. . . beginning at Brewer’s corner . . . Terry’s line . . . Cook’s line . . . Massey’s line. Brunswick Co, Va.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/LO-1/035/035&image_number=0155&offset=%2B18&name=Patents+No.35+1762-1764+(VOL.1+%26+VOL.2)&dbl_pgs=no&round=
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-27945?func=full-set-set&set_number=005392&set_entry=000010&format=999

1763 July 31 – Aaron Going and his wife Mary had a child named John Going, born 31 July 1763 and baptized 28 August the same year [Jones, The Douglas Register, 65]. Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm
1763 July 31- Aaron Going and his wife, Mary Going were the parents of John Going, born July 31, 1763 in Goochland Parish, their first child, according to “Douglas Register.” Goochland Parish, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00059-0/107?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=155,1015,396,1072;894,999,1094,1066;157,1090,328,1153
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00072-0/133?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=201,1595,440,1648;966,1591,1176,1654
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00106-1/202?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=404,1275,602,1340;854,1273,1050,1339;400,1416,598,1482

1763 Aug – Moses Going sued Charles Murler for a 16 pound, 12 shilling debt in August 1763; Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1763 Aug 28 – John Going born; Father: Aaron Going; Mom: Mary. St James Northam Parish, Goochland Co, Va.
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VRRW-BMW

1763 Sept 1: Alexander Gowin born; 1780 Sept 1 – 17 year old Alexander Gowin enlisted at Chesterfield Va. States he lives in Westmoreland Co, Va., and was born in Westmoreland Co, Va. Westmoreland Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1965_01_01_0074/505971786?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=547,2275,701,2317#?imageId=VGS_1965_01_01_0074

1764 List of Wm Michell
frame 274, William Going, Money Going 2

1764 List of Josias Payne
frame 281, Moses Going List Will Tyler 2

1764 List of Valentine Wood (summary list)
frame 295, Going, Wm 12
Going, Moses 2
Going, Aaron 1
Going, George 1

1764 frame 274, William Going, Money Going 2 Goochland Co Va
frame 281, Moses Going List Will Tyler 2
frame 295, Going, Wm 2
Going, Moses 2
Going, Aaron 1
Going, George 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1764 – Moses Going taxable on Moses Tyler’s tithe in 1764 [List of Tithables, 1730-55, frames 253, 299, 336; 1756-1766, frames 30, 155, 175, 252, 281, 295, 369; 1767-1780, frames 69, 119], Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1764 May – Moses Going was sued by Robert Smith for 30 shillings in May 1764; Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1764 June – Moses Going acknowledged a debt of 14 pounds, 10 shillings to Messrs. William Pryor and William Merriwether in June 1764. Goochland Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1764 July – George Gowen and Aaron Gowen appeared in court in July 1764 to prove a deed of trust given by his son, Aaron Gowen.

1764 July 22 – Henry Going m. Susannah Freeson; Goochland Parish – Douglas Register of marriages. Henrico Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00015-0/23?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=209,3076,449,3128
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00038-0/65?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1194,2885,1398,2953

1764 Sept – Moses Going acknowledged a debt of 15 pounds, 12 shillings to Adams and Thomas Underwood in September 1764 [Orders 1761-5, 145, 151, 158, 228-9, 327, 334, 369, 424]. Goochland Co, Va.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1764 Sept – Aaron Going was living in Louisa County on 19 May 1763 when he mortgaged his household goods to Thomas Underwood of Hanover County for 36 pounds currency by deed proved in Goochland County in September 1764 [DB 8:422; Orders 1750-57, 84; 1757-61, 429; 1761-65, 429]. Louisa Co, Va – Aaron Going living in Hanover Co, Va – Thomas Underwood living. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1765 Jan 26 – 81-(133) Richard Rains of Brunswick Co to Gray Briggs of Dinwiddie Co. 26 Jan 1765. £105. A mortgage for 307 acres which sd Rains purchased from (Thomas Gowen, Joseph Peebles, George Clayton, John Bailey, William Woodward, Lewelling Wmson, Joseph Wmson, Robert Gee Jr., Sd Briggs, Edward Adams, James Adams, Richard Atkins, Reuben Bennitt, Joseph Blayton, Bunell Claiborne, Francis Coleman, Samuel Coleman, Joshua Cook, Samuel Craft, Thomas Craft, William Duglas, Charles Edwards, H. Garrott, Robert Garrott, Henry Gee, Charles Golestone, Benjamin Harrison, Jr., John Hilton, Judith Jones, Tomas Jones, Solomon King, Richard Lanier, Richard Littlepage, William Lucas, Bernd. Major, Frizell McTier, James Proctor, Joseph Proctor, Robert Proctor, Moses Quarles, Richard Rains, Henry Rawlings, William Rawlings, Josiah Reams, John C. Robinson, Peter Simmons Jr, Thomas Steagall, John Tankersly, Roger Tillman, Littleberry White, David Wiggons, Joseph Williamson, John Wood, Gray Briggs). Proved 30 May 1765. N. Edwards DCC. Brunswick Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

1765 Sept 21 – 329-(12) William Guynne & his wife Elizabeth of St Andrew Parish in Brunswick Co to Thomas Brooks of sd parish. 21 Sep 1765. £70 VA. 200 acres which was part of a 400 acre tract, joining Ingram, Hagood, Johnson & Maclin, & which had formerly been a patent to Thomas Singleton who…….(Note from Tracy Hutchison- I do not have the next page). Brunswick Co , Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

1765 Sept 22 – 210-(359) James Goin & wife Amy of Meherrin Parish in Brunswick Co to Peter Solomon of sd parish. 22 Sep 1765. £20 VA. 150 acres which is part of the tract where sd James Goin now lives & was patent to him 23 May 1763, on the south side of Meherrin River & on Spring Branch, joining George Renn (Wren), Henry Cook, sd James Goin, sd Peter Solomon, John Massey, William Massey. Witnesses omitted. Proved 22 Sep 1766. N. Edwards Jr DCC. Brunswick Co, Va.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

1764 Oct 20 – Indenture made 20 October 1764 between Ambros Harwell and Margret his wife of Brunswick County and Eward (sic) Sanders of Lancaster County, for five pounds, sells to Edward Sanders, one Tract or parcell of Land lying and being in the County of Brunswick Containing by Estimation one Hundred & Twenty five Acres, it being part of a Tract of Land Thomas Bull the Twelfth day of January one Thousand Seven Hundred and forty six and bounded as followeth: Beginning at a branch thence a Strait Course to a Croner Shrub White Oak thence South sixty Six degrees West ninty eight poles to Ralph Jacksons line thence along his Line North Seven degrees Est (sic) Eighty poles to his Corner red oak thence along the said Line East four degrees West Seventy Six poles to his Corner red oak thence along the said Jacksons line fifty two Degrees west fifty four poles to the Ready Creek thence up the said Creek as it mainders (sic) to the Beginnig (sic). Signed Ambros Harwell and Margret Harwell (bhm). Witnesses: Joel Threwitts, nathaniel Green, swan Prichard. Court 25 February 1765, Indenture was acknowledged by Ambros Harwell and Margret the wife of the said Ambros personally appeared in Court & having been first privly Examined as the Law Directs freely & Volunterily Relinquihsed her Right of Dower. page 22-24. Brunswick Co., Va. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb8.htm

1765 Wm Goin 2 Goochland Co Va
Berry Going 1
frame 318, Moses Going 1
William Going List, Wm Money Going 2
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

Ca. 1766-1770, List of Wright Mourland
Precinct of Wright Moreland
frame 353, John Going 2

1766 List of Joseph Woodson
frame 369, Will Guinn 1
Moses Going 1

1766 frame 353, John Going 2 Goochland Co Va
Moses Going 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1766 Nov 28 – 293-(505) Robert Gwaltney of Meherin Parish in Brunswick Co to Drury Gowing (Goen) of sd parish. 28 Nov 1766. £5 VA. 50 acres which was part of a patent to Thos Burnett & laid off by John Burrow & conveyed by sd Thomas Burnett to sd Robert Gwaltney, on the south side of Meherin River, joining ad Robert Gwaltneys Spring Branch. Wit: Burrel Sims, Thos(xo)Burnet, Samuel( ) Sexton. Proved 27 Apr 1767. N. Edwards Jr DCC. Brunswick Co, Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

1767
frame 3, List of William Harrison
Isiah Leak: Bristol, London, Fillis, Hanah – 5
frame 18, James Toler list: Drury Hatcher, Hanner – 2

Phil Going list 1
List of Jesse Payne
frame 19, Wm Going list, Wm Going D0 2

1767 List (alphabetical)
frame 52, Going, Wm, Going, Philip

1767 Phil Going list 1 Goochland Co Va
frame 19, Wm Going list, Wm Going Do 2
frame 52, Going, Wm, Going, Philip
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1767 David Gowing a List of Tithables Taken by Hamon Critz, Gent, for the Year 1767. Pittsylvania Co, Va 1767 – David Gowing Tax Record, 1767, , Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA. First List of Tithables of Pittsylvania County, Virginia Tax Records, Year 1767, p. 318. 3 Tithes, Land 272 . Pittsylvania Co, Va.
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1767censusdavidgowingpittsylvaniacova.jpg
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vapittsy/tith.htm

1767 – “William Gowin” owned land “adjoining Terrence Ryley on Popeshead Run and Rattlesnake Branch,” according to Northern Neck Deed Book B, page 79, as reported in “Patents and Northern Neck Grants of Fairfax County, Virginia.” This land was regranted in 1767 to George Mason, with 19 “surplus” acres, according to Northern Neck Deed Book O, page 89. Fairfax Co, Va

1767 – Joseph Going Listed as a “taxable” in James Bunch’s Trinity Parish household in 1767. Trinity Parish, Va.

1767 May 8 – “Thomas Going and James Going, were mentioned in a deposition given by Charles Griffith in Fairfax County May 8, 1767, according to “Patents and Northern Neck Grants in Fairfax County, Virginia” by Beth Mitchell.
“The deposition of Charles Griffith, aged 70 years or thereabouts of Loudoun County, formerly of Stafford County, now called Fairfax County, taken between John Carlyle, plaintiff and Charles Alexander, defendant, the 8th day of May 1767.
The deponent, first being sworn for the Defendant, Charles Alexander, saith that:
“About 43 years ago I was Overseer for one Phillip Noland. Maj. Robert Alexander, grandfather to the present Charles Alexander, came up from Boyeshole . . . and the said Noland then told Alexander that one Robertson, the Goings, and several others had surveyed and taken-up land within his great Patent, upon which the said Alexander, seeming angry, swore . . . but this Deponent further saith that when Noland told Maj. Robert Alexander that the Goings were taking and surveying his, the said Alexander’s land, he, the said Alexander, replied to the said Noland that he had a great mind to turn the Molatto [sic] rascals off his land . . . and this Deponent further saith old Col. Mason, father to the present one, John Straughan, Richard Wheeler, Thomas Chapman, Peter Guin and several other old Standards whose names he does not at present recollect to him, this Deponent, that the beginning of Alexander’s land was opposite the said Mason’s Island, upon the mouth opposite a branch and that from that branch it ran into the woods two miles.
He, this Deponent, further saith that he well remembers he was at a Race in the same year where the Goings were [who then had running horses] and that the old people were talking about the Goings taking up Alexander’s land and selling it to Thomas and Todd which land the old people then said was in Alexander’s back line or at least the greatest part. He well remembers that at the same time the old people said as soon as Alexander should make a survey, they would find it was Alexander’s land and they would loose the greatest part of it, at the same time this Deponent saith the people were laughing and said if it were not for Alexander’s land the Goings had sold to Thomas and Todd they, the said Goings would not be so lavish of their money of which they seemed to have a great plenty at that time, being asked by the Pltf. at what time it was that he rode with Mr. Hugh West when he was Deputy Sheriff. He says that it was in the year 1726 or 1727 as well as he remembers . . . He says that Tom Going confessed that Robert Alexander held that said line, but he was of the opinion that he would not be allowed to hold more than his papers mentioned, the Deponent says that James Going told Pearson of it and had it not been for the Speeches and Pearson and some of the Neighbors concerning the back line of Alexander, they would not have sold their rights. This conversation he says happened some years after Pearson shewed the aforesaid back line and he remembers that Going asked Pearson how he came to possess himself of some of the same kind of land and Pearson told him that he was safe in purchasing as the man was able to make him whole in case it should be taken from him . . . ”
The deposition was transcribed in “Land Records of Long Standing, Fairfax County Virginia, 1742-1770” By Ruth and Sam Sparacio. The deposition is revealing for several reasons:
1726 or 1727
1. It locates Thomas Going and James Going living on their 1,215 acres of land on Four Mile Creek adjacent to Alexander land. It shows that they were not living on the land on Spout Run, for it was separated from Alexander land by that of Ousley. It suggests that James Going was still living with his parents, and probably was the youngest son. It also suggests that the other two brothers, John Going and William Going were not living with their parents at that time.
2. Alexander’s reference to “mulatto rascals” raises the question: Was he speaking in anger, or was he actually describing skin color?
“Thomas and Todd” mentioned by the deponent owned 1,215 acres of land in Stafford County on Four Mile Creek adjoining the land of Robert Alexander on August 3, 1719 which was land “formerly surveyed for Thomas, James, John and William Goins,” according to “Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742.”
Fairfax Co (formerly Stafford Co), Va.
1767 May 8 – “Thomas Going and James Going were mentioned in a deposition given by Charles Griffith in Fairfax County May 8, 1767, according to “Patents and Northern Neck Grants in Fairfax County, Virginia” by Beth Mitchell.
“The deposition of Charles Griffith, aged 70 years or thereabouts of Loudoun County, formerly of Stafford County, now called Fairfax County, taken between John Carlyle, plaintiff and Charles Alexander, defendant, the 8th day of May 1767.
The deponent, first being sworn for the Defendant, Charles Alexander, saith that:
“About 43 years ago I was Overseer for one Phillip Noland. Maj. Robert Alexander, grandfather to the present Charles Alexander, came up from Boyeshole . . . and the said Noland then told Alexander that one Robertson, the Goings, and several others had surveyed and taken-up land within his great Patent, upon which the said Alexander, seeming angry, swore . . . but this Deponent further saith that when Noland told Maj. Robert Alexander that the Goings were taking and surveying his, the said Alexander’s land, he, the said Alexander, replied to the said Noland that he had a great mind to turn the Molatto [sic] rascals off his land . . . and this Deponent further saith old Col. Mason, father to the present one, John Straughan, Richard Wheeler, Thomas Chapman, Peter Guin and several other old Standards whose names he does not at present recollect to him, this Deponent, that the beginning of Alexander’s land was opposite the said Mason’s Island, upon the mouth opposite a branch and that from that branch it ran into the woods two miles.
He, this Deponent, further saith that he well remembers he was at a Race in the same year where the Goings were [who then had running horses] and that the old people were talking about the Goings taking up Alexander’s land and selling it to Thomas and Todd which land the old people then said was in Alexander’s back line or at least the greatest part. He well remembers that at the same time the old people said as soon as Alexander should make a survey, they would find it was Alexander’s land and they would loose the greatest part of it, at the same time this Deponent saith the people were laughing and said if it were not for Alexander’s land the Goings had sold to Thomas and Todd they, the said Goings would not be so lavish of their money of which they seemed to have a great plenty at that time, being asked by the Pltf. at what time it was that he rode with Mr. Hugh West when he was Deputy Sheriff. He says that it was in the year 1726 or 1727 as well as he remembers . . . He says that Tom Going confessed that Robert Alexander held that said line, but he was of the opinion that he would not be allowed to hold more than his papers mentioned, the Deponent says that James Going told Pearson of it and had it not been for the Speeches and Pearson and some of the Neighbors concerning the back line of Alexander, they would not have sold their rights. This conversation he says happened some years after Pearson shewed the aforesaid back line and he remembers that Going asked Pearson how he came to possess himself of some of the same kind of land and Pearson told him that he was safe in purchasing as the man was able to make him whole in case it should be taken from him . . . ”
The deposition was transcribed in “Land Records of Long Standing, Fairfax County Virginia, 1742-1770” By Ruth and Sam Sparacio. The deposition is revealing for several reasons:
1726 or 1727
1. It locates Thomas Going and James Going living on their 1,215 acres of land on Four Mile Creek adjacent to Alexander land. It shows that they were not living on the land on Spout Run, for it was separated from Alexander land by that of Ousley. It suggests that James Going was still living with his parents, and probably was the youngest son. It also suggests that the other two brothers, John Going and William Going were not living with their parents at that time.
2. Alexander’s reference to “mulatto rascals” raises the question: Was he speaking in anger, or was he actually describing skin color?
“Thomas and Todd” mentioned by the deponent owned 1,215 acres of land in Stafford County on Four Mile Creek adjoining the land of Robert Alexander on August 3, 1719 which was land “formerly surveyed for Thomas, James, John and William Goins,” according to “Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742.”
Fairfax Co (formerly Stafford Co), Va.
(Shows the Goings, including James, lived near John Straughan – who took in 10 yr old orphaned William Gowen as an apprentice in 1737 – possible family relationship?).
http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=013-1811-021 (Link to Library of Virginia – Chancery Court: Pendleton v. Alexander case of 1811 – depositions were transferred into this case from 1767 depos:
(p. 1-18: Petition, Answer, and costs sheet on 1809 case).
(p. 19-35: Additional Answers filed by Charles Alexander and wife Francis Alexander).
(p. 57-79: Various depositions taken in 1767 re case and land)
(p. 79-82: Charles Griffith’s deposition on May 8, 1767 is page 79 through 82 of link);
(p. 87: David Thomas’ depo on April 9, 1768 re Thomas Going)
(p. 94-96: Indenture of Parthenia Dade – daughter of Alexander – for land in dispute – describes one landmark as “Goings Gut” in description).
(p. 97-104: Indenture in 1771 Mouth of Goings Gut landmark in sale of property by Dade)
(p. 110-113: Lee Massey depo in Alexander case, depo taken in 1809 mentions Going Gut)
(p. 121-122: 1748 Act creating City of Alexandria – starts with sixty acres of land).
(p. 163-164: 1809 survey mentioning Going’s Gut).
(p. 176: 1767 Carlyle v Alexander case with judgment in 1771) – Admiral Seekright against Charles Alexander
(p. 178-185: Petition describing dispute in 1809 case description of allegations, Goings Gut again referenced).
(p. 187-189: 1776/77 Lee Massey release regarding the disputed land)
(p. 198-203: 1767 Pleadings in case against Charles Alexander and minutes of court and motion)
(p. 205-210: 1810 interrogatories and answers of George Griffin).
(p. 214-216: John Alexander’s questions and answers to depo Qs in 1809).
(p. 223-225: Record of case in 1771 and judgment against Charles Alexander).
(p. 226-227: Deed of Charles Alexander in 1778 re land with Prothenia Dade (Robert Alexander’s daughter)
(p. 228-229: Dick deed in 1790 re land).
(p. 230-233: 1790 and 1809 deeds re land in dispute).
(p. 234-237: Alexander case drawings of surveys done).
Background of case (from what the Plaintiff’s pleadings indicate):
The Alexander family had received a 6000 acre plot of land from Theodorick Bland in
In 1748 an Act was passed to create the city of Alexandria – starting with 60 acres of land. The city was a success. As it grew, the land around it became more valuable.
Charles Alexander inherited much of the rest of the land back in 1735.
In 1735 Robert Alexander died. He had a 6000 acre tract in the area. He left 400 acres of this land to his daughter Porthenia Alexander, who later married Dade and then Massey.
Around 1766, Charles Alexander tried to rent to tenants on parts of the land that were outside the bounds of the tract. Admiral Seekright/Carlyle filed suit against Charles Alexander and received a judgment against him to eject Charles Alexander’s tenants (and him as well) who were illegally on Admiral Seekright’s land, and established where Alexander’s line should be. The judgment also included damages against Charles Alexander of one shilling, plus costs of 50L.121, plus 15,372 lbs of tobacco. Charles Alexander was attempting to claim land beyond the bounds of the plat, and claiming that land belonged to him. John Carlyle also won his case against Charles Alexander, establishing a “line” where the Alexander land ended.
In what appears to be a legal maneuver to overturn the prior cases against him (and gain access to land beyond his line), Charles Alexander then filed multiple other suits of ejectment in other courts against other tenants who were actually clearly on his land. In these other suits, it appears these courts in 1786 did not know of the prior cases establishing the line, and they went along with what Charles Alexander said his line should be (which was beyond the line that the courts in 1771 said his land should be).
Porthenia Alexander never received a deed for her inheritance of 400 acres. Her mother, Sarah, had a “life estate” on the 400 acres until she passed away. When she did pass away, Porthenia asked for her deed to her inheritance. Charles Alexander, the heir at law to the estate, did not want to give her one. When he finally did, he gave her a deed to land that was beyond the line of the tract – Charles Alexander claimed this was part of the estate. Porthenia filed suit to get land that was actually on the estate.
The part of the case involving Thomas Gowing’s land involved the land he had sold to Evan Thomas and Todd. Since the Gowing’s purchased the land around 1710, and sold it to Thomas and Todd in 1719, and then Thomas and Todd lived there for a time after, part of the claim appears to be that of “adverse possession” – that the Alexanders never claimed this land as theirs until after Alexandria became successful and the land became more valuable. Charles Alexander tried to produce witnesses to say that Robert Alexander was indeed running tenants on the said land, and that Gowing, Thomas, Todd, and others knew it. Charles Alexander seems to be arguing that even if his plat did not run to the area in dispute, that he ran tenants on that land for such a long time, and that everyone knew it, so therefore he is the owner by adverse possession.
The jury found against Charles Alexander – they heard the evidence, and must not have believed those witnesses that were saying that the Alexander family openly showing ownership of the land in dispute. From the evidence, it appears just the opposite. Others had lived on the disputed lands since 1710 or before, and continued to do so up until the 1760’s – when Charles Alexander decided to make a move on land outside the bounds of his tract.
1768 deposition of David Thomas regarding Howson Patent, involving the Gowing’s land:
The deposition of David Thomas aged seventy odd taken in an ejectment depending in the county court of Fairfax between John Carlyle Gent Plt and Charles Alexander Deft.
He this depont being sworn for the Deft says that John Lilliard lived westward of the mouth of long branch that empties itself into four mile run near Chubb Mill and that he settled that place about forty odd years ago. He further says that Lilliard told him that when he did pay rent he was to pay it to Majr. Robert Alexander grandfather to the present Charles Alexander for the house and plantation he held westward of the mouth of long branch aforesaid.
The deponent further says that there was a house on the side of a hill to the westward of Lilliards tenement in which house one Vines lived forty odd years ago. The deponent says that Lilliards tenement and Vines’s were settled seven or eight years before Evan Thomas’ family settled on four mile run the deponent says that one John Wildonon came over from Maryland about forty five or six years ago with an intention of taking up land and he remembers that one old Benjamin Talbert used to be often at captain Simon Pearsons about the time that Wildonon came over to take up land.
The deponent says that he heard the said Pearson tell one Going that he had been taking up land which he thought had been taken up before, the said Thomas Going having first told Pearson that he the said Going had been taking up land. The deponent further says that Evan Thomas’s family’s plantation and Vines’s plantation were different plantations and were some distance apart. The deponent being asked by the Plt whether he knew that the land Going had been taking up was in that neighborhood answers he does not know.
Being asked further by the Plt whether Lilliard paid rent to Robert Alexander says he does not know for that Lilliard run away a year or two after he had settled on the aforesaid plantation. He further says that Thomas’s family were not interrupted as he knows of after their settlement on four mile run and that he understood by the said family’s conversation that they pretended to hold as far as the long branch. The deponent further says that he knows nothing about Lilliards paying rent to Robert Alexander, only what Lilliard himself told this deponent about the affair and further saith not.
David Thomas
This witness attended two days; Fairfax Sct; This deposition was taken in the presence of the parties this 9th April 1768 certified under our hands. ; John West and Wm. Adams.

1767 June 23 – Va Bedford Co, Virginia Deed Book C-3. By Ann Chilton
Page 121, WOODWARD, RANDLE, Deed from Randle Woodward to William Goings
84 Acres on West Side of Orrick’s Cr. Wit. Isham Talbot, Thos. Overstreet, Geo. Smith
Rec. June 23, 1767 Teste Ben Howard CBC. Bedford County, Va.

1767 Aug 7 – Priscilla Gowing marries William Wright; Kingston Parish Register. Gloucester Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49215/FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0168?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49215%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_KingstonParishRegister-0033

1767 Sept 5 – 0-87: George Mason of Fairfax Co. Esq. has 250 A. formerly granted Col. George Mason his Father dec’d 20 Jan. 1724. Tract descended to him as son & Heir at Law of said George Mason dec’d. Resurv. by Mr. John Hough shows only 218 A. in said tract on Little or Lower Falls of Potowmack R. adj. Thomas Going patent now said George Mason, Col. Thomas Lee now Col. Philip Lee. 5 Sept. 1767. p. 192. Fairfax Co., Va.
http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-5/296/296&image_number=0101&offset=%2B14&name=Grants+O+1767-1770&dbl_pgs=no&round=
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-48833?func=full-set-set&set_number=005585&set_entry=000016&format=999

1767 Sept 8 – 0-89: George Mason of Fairfax Co. Esq. has 653 A. as son & Heir at law of Col. George Mason dec’d formerly granted Thomas Going 8 Dec. 1708 who sold to Col. Mason. Resurv. by Mr. John Hough shows 19 A. surplus . Grant to said George Mason 672 A. on Potowmack R. below the Falls adj . Thomas Owsley, Daniel Jennings, where R. is narrower on the Maryland shore. 8 Sept. 1767. p 193. Fairfax Co., Va.
http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-49225?func=full-set-set&set_number=005585&set_entry=000015&format=999

1767 Nov 20 – John Hollis
tithe contributions
Pohick Church – in Lorton, Virginia
Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book
Truro Parish, Va.
http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html – p. 126-127

1768 List of Obediah Daniel
frame 62, Going, Wm Going Jn 2

List of Jesse Payne
frame 69, Moses Going 1
David Martin … Drury Hatcher 6
frame 70, David Grantum’s list: Suck, Murrear 3

1768 frame 62, Going, Wm Wm Going Jnr 2 Goochland Co Va
frame 69, Moses Going 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1768 Philip Going was married about 1768 to Judith Potter.

1768 March 14 – On March 14, 1768, William Hatsel sold the land he had purchased from William Going . William Hatsel of Mecklenburg County to Martin Phillips of Mecklenburg County for 50 pounds, a certain tract of land in Mecklenburg on both sides of the Long (Great) Branch that makes out of Allen’s Creek, bounded by John Going, new lines, John Ruffin, about 100 acres. Signed: William Hatsel. Witness: none. The deed was acknowledged by William Hatsel and Christiana Hatsel, his wife. Recorded in Deed Book 1, p. 547. Mecklenburg County, Virginia Deeds, 1765-1771, 1990. Mecklenberg Co, Va.
(Note: The John Going mentioned in the above deed was John Going, Sr., as John Going, Jr. had moved to Orange Co., North Carolina by 1765).

1768 June 11 – 0-155: Alexander Gowen of North Carolina 461 A. on Pohick in Fairfax Co. Surv. William West. Adj . Col. Carter. 11 June 1768. p. 197. Land: grant 461 acres, 11 Jun 1768, , Fairfax, Virginia, USA. 461 acres of waste and ungranted land on the branches of Pohick surveyed by Wm West, and touching a corner of Col Carter’s land. It is not clear whether Alexander in this record is Sr., or Jr. Fairfax Co, Va.
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1768grantalexandergowenfairfaxcova.jpg

1768 Dec 2 – James Gowing; 1768 – 1769 Freeholders; Submitted by Dennis Hudgins; James Gowing is listed: A list of polls/voters of the Brunswick County Freeholders, for the House of ; Burgesses was returned to Nathaniel Edwards, Jr. on 10 January 1769, taken ; from a poll dated 2 December 1768. The list of voters is contained in Brunswick County Deed Book 9 pages 279-290. Each person was allowed two votes and these were listed according to their choices of the four candidates, as was done in 1748 [See The Southside Virginian Vol XI No. 1]. The following list is in apparent voter order, followed by the sequence number they appear in, within each candidates list
https://archive.org/stream/southsidevirgini111993/southsidevirgini111993_djvu.txt
487-(279) “A Poll Taken for Nathanie Edwards Jun’ at an Election of Burgeses for the County of Brunswick the 2nd Day of December 1768.” Included in the list of names is James Gowing. Brunswick Co, Va. 1768 Dec 2 – James Going votes in House of Burgesses; Va. Election of Burgeses for the County of Brunswick the 2nd Day of December 1768.” Brunswick Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1974_01_01_0021/510690325?backurl=&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1170,838,1304,867#?imageId=VGS_1974_01_01_0018
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008_06_01_archive.html

1769 List of Richard D. Hines
frame 106, William Going, Samuel Going 2
frame 106, Robert Page … William Going … 6

List of Wright Moreland
frame 109, Philip Going 1
William Going 3
Berry Going wart served
John Going summoned on wit

1769 List of Jesse Payne
frame 119, Shadrach Mims Est. Louise Banks, Tom, Nancy 4
Moses Going 1

1769 frame 106, William Going, Samuel Going 2 Goochland Co Va
frame 106, Robert Page…William Going…6
frame 109, Philip Going 1
William Going 3
Berry Going wart served
John Going summoned on wit
Moses Going 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1769 Nov 4 – 75-(107) Peter Solomon & his wife Mary of Sussex Co to Lewis Solomon Jr of same. 4 Nov 1769. £10 VA. 150 acres in Meherin Parish & on the south side of Meherin River, bounded as by deed from James Gowen to sd Peter Solomon & is part of the patent to sd James Gowen & is the land where Lewis Solomon the elder now lives. Wit: Lewis Solomon, George Wrenn, David Mason, Penny Hurst. Proved 22 Jan 1770 & again 25 Mar 1771. P. Pelham CC. Brunswick Co., Va.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

James Fowler List 1770
frame 171, Drury Hatcher, Hannah 2
David Grantum’s list Murrear 2
William Going’s list Sam1 Going 2
wm Money Going 1
Richd Tyler 1

1770 William Going’s list Saml Going 2 Goochland Co Va
Wm Money Going 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1770 – Alexander Going; Census: rent rolls, 1770, , Fairfax, Virginia, USA. Fairfax Co, Va.
http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=vacen&h=32844708&indiv=try&o_vc=Record:OtherRecord&rhSource=3566

1770- James Going on Tho Goalder’s roll, Mary Gowen with 200 acres appeared on the 1770 tax list of Gloucester County, according to “Records of Colonial Gloucester County.” Gloucester Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49309/FLHG_RecsColGloucesterCnty-0156?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49309%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_RecsColGloucesterCnty-0125

1770- James Gowen, appeared on the 1770 tax list of Gloucester County, according to “Records of Colonial Gloucester County.” Gloucester Co, Va.

1770 – birth of Joseph Going (approx) Rev. Arthur Hamilton Taylor, a Presbyterian minister who researched the Goins families in Hancock County, Tennessee and who assisted them economically, showed the birthplace of Joseph Goins as Albemarle County, Virginia. (Likely son of first Joseph Going). William P. Grohse, Sneedville historian, reported that he was the son of Joseph Goins, Sr. who fought in the Revolutionary War and was wounded in battle. Albemarle Co, Virginia

1770 March 4 – Molly Going – born, Philip Going – father, Judith Potter – mom
Father: Philip Going
Mom: Judith Potter
Christened: 1770 May 27
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VRRH-H2J
1770 March 4- Molly Gowen, was born March 4, 1770 in Goochland County. She was baptized May 27, 1770, according to “The Douglas Register,” page 87. Goochland Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00059-0/107?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=155,1015,396,1072;894,999,1094,1066;157,1090,328,1153
http://interactive.ancestry.com/25436/dvm_LocHist010582-00106-1/202?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dGenealogy-glh35550212%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=404,1275,602,1340;854,1273,1050,1339;400,1416,598,1482

1770 July 20 – Va Bedford Co. Will Book 1 1759-1787. Will Book 2 1787-1803. By Ann Chilton. Page 171 WILL OF ROBERT ALLEN. July 20, 1770. Wife: mentioned, no name
Daughters: Betty, Anny, Lucy. Exec; wife, daughters and son-in-law William Handy
Witnesses: John quarles, John West, William Going. Recorded: March 22, 1773. Bedford County, Va.

1770 Jul 21 – Deed Book 10, Brunswick County, Va Deed Books – Vol 5 1770-1775. Abstracted by Dr. Stephen E. Bradley, Jr. 7-(8) Nicholas Brewer and his wife Sarah of Meherin Parish in Brunswick Co to William Brewer (son of the sd Nicholas Brewer). 21 Jul 1770. Deed of gift to their son and 5s Va. 200 acres in Meherin Parish which was part of a patent to Nicholas Brewer 5 Jul 1751, joining a branch, George Renn (Wrenn), James Gowing, Carters Creek, John Brewer, Nicholas Brewer Jr., Wits: Charles Powell, Thomas Brewer, Nicholas Brewer Jr., Proved 27 Aug 1770. Edwd Fisher C. Brunswick Co, Va. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/06/brunswick-county-va-early-records.html

1771 List of William Mitchel
frame 197, John Holland Junr list: Will, Hager, Isbell, Joseph Tylor 5
frame 200, David Grantum List Merrear, Suck 3
George Going list 1

1771 George Going list 1 Goochland Co Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/goochcolonial.htm

1771 April 23 – William Gowen is a witness in a Woodward v. Woodward court case. Bedford County, Va:
1771 Va Bedford Co Wm Gowen as wit in Isaac Woodward v Randolph Woodward case

1771 July 8 – Henrico Parish Vestrybook – entry: pg. 145 (see link below). To the Church Wardens, for William Going for taking Shadrach Vaughan, Orphan, as apprentice, and indemnifying them from any farther charge in bringing up the said child. 250pounds. Henrico Parish, Va. http://www.mesarfhc.org/books/Vestry%20Book,%20Henrico%20Parish/975.5453%20K2.pdf p. 145

1771 Dec 30 – This Indenture made this 30th day of December One thousand seven hundred and seventy one, Between David Going of the County of Pittsylv’a and Colony of Virginia and George Deathrage of the County Surry and province of North Carrolina Witnesseth that the said David Going for and in Consideration of the sum of fifty Pounds Current money of Virginia to him in hand paid by the aforesaid George Deathrage the Receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge and himself therewith fully satisfy & contented and paid hath granted bargained and sold aliened Released and Confirm’d and by these presents for himself his heirs and assigns doth grant bargain sell alien release and Confirm to the said George Deathrage his heirs and assigns forever one certain Tract or parcell of land Containing two hundred and seventy acres (270) lying and being in the County of Pittsylvania on both sides of Russels Creek a branch of Mayo and Bounded as followeth to wit, Beginning at a red oak John Hunters line thence his line south sixtyfive degrees west Crossing the Creek one hundred and sixty six poles to a white oak thence new lines South fifteen degrees East – ninetytwo poles to a great poplar north Eighteight degrees East Crossing two Branches. three hundred and forty poles to a white oak north fifteen degrees West Crossing the Creek one hundred and twentytwo poles to a white oak on a branch north Eighty degrees west one hundred and eighty poles to a possimon tree on a branch south thirty degrees west sixteen poles to the first Station. Together with all houses Gardens Orchards fences Woods Underwoods Waters and Watercourses thereon Standing Groing and being with all profits Comodetys Advantages and appurtenances so the same belonging or any ways appertaining Also the Reversion and Reversions Remainder and Remainders thereof and of every part and parcel thereof, To have and to hold the said Tract of land with all and Singular the appurtenances unto the said George Deathrage his heirs and assigns to the only Proper use and behoof of him the said George Deathrage his heirs and assigns forever and the said David Going for himself and his heirs the said Land and Premises with their and every of their appurtenances to the said George Deathrage his heirs and assigns shall and will Warrant and forever Defend by these Presents against all person or Persons whatsoever having or Lawfully Claiming any right on Title in or to the same or any part or parcel thereof and the said David Going for himself and his heirs doth grant Covenant and agree to and with the said George Deathrage and his heirs in maner and form following Viz. that he the said David Going at the time of the sealing and Delivery of these presents is and Stands (_____) of and Indefensible Estate in fee simple of and in the Premises and that he hath Good and Lawfull right and othority to sell and Convey the same in manner and form aforesaid and that the same shall forever remain to the said George Dearthrage his heirs and assigns freely and Clearly Exonerated and Discharged of and from all manner of former bargains seals Titles of Dowry and all other rights and Estates whatsoever In Witness the said David Going has hereunto set his hand and fixt his seal the day and year above Written. David Going L.S. Signed Sealed and Delivered In the Presence of John Deatheradge, David Marley, Thomas Rogers
p. 48 Memorandum That on the 30th Day of December 1771 Peaceable & Quiet Possession and Seizen of the within Granted Land and premises was made and done and Delivered by the within named David Going unto the within named George Deatherage according to form and Estate of the within written Deed (signed) David Going . In Presence of us John Deatherage, Thos Rogers, David Mosley. Pittsylvania Co, Va. 1771 Dec 30 –DB3, p. 46 – Extracted from – Pittslyvania County, Virginia Deed Books 1, 2 and 3 – Abstracted and Compiled by Lucille C. Payne and Neil G. Payne. Pittsylvania Co, Va.
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html
1771 – Deed: Daniel Gowin 270 acres to George Deathrage, 1771, Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA. Daniel Gowin of Pittsylvania Co., VA to George Deathrage of Surry Co., NC, 270 acres in Pittsylvania Co., VA., on Russel Cr a branch of Mayo in current Patrick Co., VA (about 61 mi west of Moons Creek and Dan River in Caswell Co., NC). Pittsylvania Co., VA. Deed Book 3, p. 48. Pittsylvania Co., Va.

1772 Tillotson Parrish pmt to Moses Going a poor person
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1989_01_01_0185/518554809?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1635,438,1749,476#?imageId=VGS_1989_01_01_0185

1772 – Census: rent rolls, 1772, , Fairfax, Virginia, USA. http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3578&enc=1
Virginia, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1607-1890; Name:Alexander Gowin; Fairfax Co, Va.

1773 titheables with Thomas Gowing. Prince Edward Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1996_01_01_0030/522224670?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=444,1289,617,1335

1773 Moses Gowing in Tillotson Parrish, Buckingham County, Va – recd payment per the vestrybook.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1989_01_01_0185/518554809?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=650,2169,816,2207#?imageId=VGS_1989_01_01_0185

1773 Several persons signed a petition for the partition of the north part of Orange County. Among them were Alexander Gowen, Sr, Alexander Gowen, Emos [Amos] Gowen, Daniel Gowen and John Gowen, according to “The Colonial Records of North Carolina, 1771-1775,” Vol. 9, by Sanders. “Petition from inhabitants of Orange County concerning county boundaries; Sanders, James; Et Al. 1773, Volume 09, Pages 809-810. [From MS. Records in Office of Secretary of State.] Orange Co, NC. 1773 Amos Goyen joined other members of his family in signing a petition for the partitioning of Orange County, according to “Colonial Records of North Carolina, 1771-1775” Volume 9. His signature was written “Emus Gowen,” suggesting that it was written for him. Orange Co, NC. (Note: William ‘Going’, son of John and Mary [Keith] ‘Going’ of Lunenburg / Mecklenburg Couny, Virginia, did not sign the 1773 petition. Evidently, he had moved from that area of Orange County, North Carolina prior to the date of the petition). http://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/guynes/246/ ,
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms005.htm , https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1744-amos-goyen/

1773 April 10:
The deposition of Alexander Gowin of lawfull age taken at the house of Mr. John Dix in the County of Pittsylvania the tenth day of April 1773 in a suite . . . . now depending and undetermined in the County Court of Halifax between John Mayo of the County of Cumberland, plantr and William Armstrong of Pittsylvania County, deft. . . .
This deponant deposeth and saith that to his certain knowledge Mr. James Terry acted as agent for the above sd. John Mayo in full to that part of his estate that lay in Orange County, North Carolina for many years beginning about the year 1759 and continued untill the sd. Mayo sold his land and estate in that County and further saith not . . .
Alexander (his “A” mark) Gowin.
Pittsylvania County
This day came Alexander Gowin before me and made oath to the trouth of the above deposition certified under my hand this 10th day of
April 1773.

1773 May 26 – DB 3, p. 245 – LANKFORD from GOING – Deed, 26 May 1773. David GOING and Martha his wife of County of Pittsylvania in Colony of Virginia of one part and Henry LANKFORD of County and Colony aforesaid of other part……..Sum of £10 Current money of said Collony …….Land on west Side Russells Creek…..near said Creek on hill Side….in old line…..27 acres. Wit: James LYON, Robert X (the mark of) HINTON, Obediah X (his mark) HUTSON; Rec: 27 May 1773 David GOING L.S; Extracted from – Pittslyvania County, Virginia Deed Books 1, 2 and 3 – Abstracted and Compiled by Lucille C. Payne and Neil G. Payne; Pittsylvania Co, Va.
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1773 July – Court: Thomas Dudley v Alexander Gowing, Jul 1773, Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA. Image and transcript courtesy of Beth Carruth; The defendant being summoned and not appearing (altho solemnly called) the Plaintiff by his Attorney produced his proved Account for Three pounds fifteen shillings Judgment is therefore granted him against the said defendant for the same with Costs.” Pittsylvania, Va
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1773courtdudleyvsalexgoing.jpg

1773 Sept – Court: Alexander Gowing v Zechariah Waller, Sep 1773, Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA. Transcription and images courtesy Beth Carruth; The defendant being Summoned and not appearing (although solemnly called) the Plaintif made Oath to his Account for Two pounds two shillings ~ Judgment is therefore granted him against the said defendant for the same with Cash. September Court 1773 Court Records Book 2, p 253-254? Pittsylvania, Va
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1773courtgowingvswallerpittsylvaniacova.jpg

1773 Oct 18 – Va. Will/Probate – Brunswick County, Virginia Will Books – Volume 2, Will Book 4, Pt 1 – Return. Brunswick County, Virginia Will Books – Volume 2, Will Books 4 and 5 (in part) 1761-1780, Abstracted by Dr. Stephen E. Bradley, Jr., Will Book 4, Pt 1; 143-(193) Account 1773 for the estate of Jno Underwood dec’d by James & Betty Solomon. Named: David Adams, Jno Ballard, Peter Brooks, Sarah Brooks, Clack Courtney, Crawford & Co, Jno Doby, Nathl Edwards, Wm Edwards & Co, James Goen, Richard Hay Jr, Richard Massey, Thomas Massey, William Massey, Jno Peeblees; Noted was the sheriff of Mecklenburg. Audited by David Mason, Alexr Watson. Returned to Court 28 Feb 1774. 141-(191) Will of Thomas Underwood – 18 Oct 1773 – 24 Jan 1774; “very sick and Weak in Body” . . . To my wife Elizabeth – all my estate during her lifetime or widowhood & afterward then the sd land to my son[s] William & Sammons Underwood; William’s to join the lower line of Tomlin’s Run, Harrison, Second Branch, Drury Going, & all above that branch to belong to my son Sammonds. Ex. Friend Richard Hay, my wife; Wit. Edward Freeman, Richard Mason, Avey Mason; Probate indicates that sd Elizabeth Underwood refused to qualify, that sd Richard Hay qualified with David Sills & Richard Mason his securities. Brunswick Co, Va.
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/06/brunswick-county-va-early-records.html

1774 Alexander Goings Rent Rolls of Fairfax County, Va; Fairfax Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49017/FLHG_AbstWilInvFairfaxCntyVA-0005?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49017%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_AbstWilInvFairfaxCntyVA-0048
1774 – Census: rent rolls, 1774, Fairfax, Virginia, USA. http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3578&enc=1
Virginia, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1607-1890; Name:Alexander Going. Fairfax Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/49017/FLHG_AbstWilInvFairfaxCntyVA-0051?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d49017%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=FLHG_AbstWilInvFairfaxCntyVA-0048

1774 Moses Gowing recd payment from Tillotson Parrish in Buckingham Co as a poor person per vestrybook
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1989_01_01_0187/518554811?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1555,1156,1708,1194

1774 Jan 11 – 511-(201) Drury Goin of Meherring Parish in Brunswick Co to Pheby Smith of sd parish. 11 Jan 1774. £5. 50 acres on the south side of Meherring River, joining Edward Freeman, Wall, Thomas Underwood, Spring Branch. Wit: Edward Freeman, Elizabeth Underwood, John Burnett. Brunswick Co., Va.
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/06/brunswick-county-va-early-records.html

1774 May – Court: Alexander Gowing v George Lumkin, May 1774, Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA. Transcription and image courtesy Beth Carruth; In Trespass on the Case; The Plaintif having departed this life this Suit Abates; May 1774. Court Records Bk 2 p394?. Pittsylvania, Va. (Note: First indication that Alexander Gowing has died).
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1774courtalexandergowin_vs_lumkin_maypittscova.jpg

1774 August – William Going is listed in the Bedford County, Virginia militia during Lord Dunmore’s War. Beford Co, Va.

1774 Aug William Going militia in Bedford Co, Va Lord Dunmores War

(1775 to 1782): Goings in the Revolution: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/revolutionary-war-goings-in-the-revolution/

1776 March 3 – Ambrose Gowan” in Henry County, Virginia during the Revolutionary War in 1776, “Ambrose Gowan” of Henry County sold to the government “four double fortified six-pounders,” March 3, 1776. Henry Co, Va. (Note: If the same Ambrose Gowen as the son of William and Catherine, then Ambrose Gowen would have been about 71 years old).

1776 April 19 – Page 189. Apr 19, 1776 from Abner Harbour and Joyce, his wife, of P, to John Going of P, for 26 £, one certain tract of land in P containing 92 acres bounded by the south side of blackberry Cr, Randolph & Co. Signed – Abnar (A his mark) Harbour. Wit – none. Recorded Apr 25, 1776. Extracted from: Pittslyvania County, Virginia Deed Book 4 (1774-1778), by T.L.C. Genealogy. Pittsylvania Co, Va.
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1777 roll and pay records from the Revolutionary War are from Virginia’s 14th Regiment, showing both William Gowen and Joseph Gowen in that unit together. (Note: These “may” be records of William Gowen Sr, but it is possible that the records are for his sons, William Gowen Jr, and Joseph Gowen). 1777 Va William Gowen and Joseph Gowen in militia during Revolutionary War. (from Bedford Co, Va)

1777 James Gowing takes the Oath of Allegiance in Pittsylvania County, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1985_01_01_0010/516457482?backurl=&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1207,534,1330,567#?imageId=VGS_1985_01_01_0010

In 1777 the 10,000 name petition with Davis Gowan signed in Orange Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1999_01_01_0157/523797661?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1247,879,1359,917#?imageId=VGS_1999_01_01_0157

1777 April 24 -Page 323. Land transaction from John Bynum (Buynum) of P, to Daniel Gowin of Orange County, North Carolina, for 65 £, all that tract of land in P on Rattlesnake Cr or Run, and joining Country line, and bounded by [trees], about 400 acres. Signed – John Bynum. Wit – none. [No recording date mentioned].
Extracted from: Pittslyvania County, Virginia Deed Book 4 (1774-1778), by T.L.C. Genealogy
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

In 1778 Achilles Eubank reenlisted as a substitute for William Gowen of Bedford County, Virginia:

1779 Feb 4 – 507-(347) Peter Lee Jr & his wife Elizabeth of Duplin Co North Carolina to Drury Going of Brunswick Co. 4 Feb 1779. £26s15 VA. 223 acres on the north side of Fountains Creek, joining Ridly, Goodrich, Forgason, Branscob, Allin. Wit: William Goodrich, John Camp, Briggs Goodrich, John Forgason. Proved 26 Jul 1779 & again 23 Aug 1779. P. Pelham Jr CC. Brunswick Co, Va.
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/06/brunswick-county-va-early-records.html

1780 Moses Going in Henry Co affid about service in 1760 military
1760 Moses Going served in military under Byrd in Louisa Co
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1995_01_01_0030/521700382?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=346,934,474,972;332,980,432,1018
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1996_01_01_0310/522224950?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1744,1443,1848,1476

1780 Chesterfield Co soldier Alexander Gowin enlists in Revolutionary War
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1965_01_01_0074/505971786?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=547,2275,701,2317#?imageId=VGS_1965_01_01_0074

1780 Sept 1 – 17 year old Alexander Gowin enlisted meaning in 1763 – Alexander Gowin born. 1780 Sept 1 – 17 year old Alexander Gowin enlisted at Chesterfield Va. States he lives in Westmoreland Co, Va., and was born in Westmoreland Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1965_01_01_0074/505971786?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=547,2275,701,2317#?imageId=VGS_1965_01_01_0074

1780 Feb 17: Entered. 1784 Feb 17: (other listed date). 1787 May 16: Issued. State of North Carolina to Aron Going 410 acres head of Matrimony Creek of Dan River on or near the head of Pawpaw Creek of Mayo River, adjoining former line of Samuel Gates & Hamiltons line, near the Virginia line. Wits: William Roling, Samuel Hamilton. Signed: Joshua Smith. Other names: Samuel Gaterer, Hamilton. File No. 1321. Grant No. 1279. Entry No. 1372. Book 65 pg 78. Call No: S.108.722; Frames: 1733-1736. MARS ID: 12.14.68.1321. Deed Book A, Page 33. Guilford Co., NC http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.68.1321&qid=82747&rn=1 , http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

1780 Feb 21 – 597-(8) William Wren & his wife Mary of Meherrin Parish in Brunswick Co to Henry Mangum of same. 21 Feb 1780. £7000 VA. 371 acres, joining Carter’s Creek, Massey, Solomon, Going, William Robinson, Littleberry Robinson, William Peebles, John Collier. Wit: Briggs Goodrich, William Robinson, John Camp, John Woodroof. Proved 27 Mar 1780. Peter Pelham Jr CC. Brunswick Co, Va.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

1781 Sept 4 – Alexander Going’s wife was Sophia Going, Senior, who purchased for 30 pounds 400 acres “on the country line” in Pittsylvania County from Daniel Going of South Carolina on 4 September 1781 [DB 7:546]. Pittsylvania Co, Va.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1781 Sept 24 – Daniel Gowing to Suffiah Gowing (widow of decd Alexander Gowing)
Deed: deed to Sophia, 24 Sep 1781, Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA
“Daniel Gowing to Suffiah Gowing 400 acres 1781
This Indenture made this twenty fourth Day of September in the Year of our lord one thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty one and in the Sixth Year of our Independence Between Daniel Gowing of the State of So Carolina of the one part & Suffiah Gowing of Pittsylvania County in the Commonwealth of Virginia of the other part Witnesseth that for and in Consideration of the Sum of thirty pounds to the said Daniel Gowing in hand paid by the said Suffiah Gowing at or before the Sealing & Delivery of these presents the Receipt of which he doth hereby acknowledge & therefore doth release aquit and Discharge the said Suffiah Gowing her Executors & Administrators by these presents he the said Daniel Gowing granted bargained sold aliened and Confirmed and by these presents doth grant bargain and sell alien and Confirm unto the said Suffiah Gowing and her heirs a Certain Piece or parcel of Land Situate Lying and being in the County of Pittsylvania aforesaid and bounded as followeth Beginning at a red oak on the Country Line thence a new line North twelve Degrees West two hundred & sixty poles to pointers thence south Eighty nine Degrees two hundred Sixty poles to Pointers thence south twelve Degrees East two hundred & fifty poles to pointers on the Country Line thence with the same West two hundred & sixty poles to the Beginning Containing four hundred Acres be the same more or less, and all houses buildings orchard ways Waters Profits hereditiments and all appurtenances whosoever to the said premises hereby granted or any part thereof belonging and the reversion & (reversing) Remainder Rents (Isues) and profits thereof and also all the Estate right title Claim and Demand Whatsoever of him the s’d Daniel Gowing of in & to the said premises and all Deed or writing in any Wise Concerning the same To have and to hold the lands hereby Conveyed and all and singular and Every part and parcel thereof Bargained & Sold and every of their appurtenances unto the said Suffiah Gowing her heirs and assigns for ever to the only proper use and behoof of her the said Suffiah Gowing and her heirs and assigns forever and the said Daniel Gowing doth by these presents warrant and forever defend the sam In Witness whereof he hath hereunto set his hand and seal the day and year first above written
Daniel Gowing L.S
In presence of James Gillasp, James Sandon, William Gillaspy
Memorandum that on the Day and Date within mentioned I acknowledge to have Rec’d full Satisfaction for the within mentioned Land and free and Quiet Possion is given to the same Witness my hand Daniel Gowing L.S, James Gillaspy
Pittsylvania Co., Virginia
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1781deeddaniel_to_suffiah_gowing_1781_p__1.jpg
1781 Sept 24 – Daniel Gowing and Suffiah Gowing
Page 546. Gowing from Gowing Deed
September 24, 1781 between Daniel Gowing of the stat of So Carolina and Suffiah Gowing of P for 30 pounds, a parcel of land containing 400 acres; Bounded: the county line
s/ Daniel (X) Gowing
Wit: James Gillasby, James Landon, William (X) Gilliasby
December 19, 1785; Extracted from: Abstracts of Pittsylvania County, VA. Deed 1783-1790, compiled by Gayle Austin
Pittsylvania Co., Va
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1781 Oct 21 – Daniel Going deed recorded in Pittsylvania
At a Court held for Pittsylvania County the 21st day of October 1781. The Within Indenture together with the Memorandum of Livery and Seizen hereon Indorsed was proved by the Oaths of two of the Witnesses thereto to be the Acts and Deed of the Within Named Daniel Going and the same was Ordered to be Certified & afterwards at a Court held for the said County the 19th day of Dec. 1785. To Wit, the same was further proved by the oath of the other witness thereto to be the act and Deed of the said Daniel Going All which were ordered to be Recorded by the Court. Teste Will. Tunstall ( C )” Pittsylvania Co., Va

1782 Halifax Co, Va
Gutridge Going 1 tithe 2 horses, 8 cattle [frame 4] –
Shadrack Going 1 tithe, 3 horses 18 cattle
John Going 1 tithe, 1 horse, 3 cattle
David Going 1 tithe 1 horse 4 cattle
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

*1782 to 1801 – Drury Going – born abt 1766 (per tithe records) w. Thomas Going was taxable in Meherrin Parish, Greensville County from 1782 to 1801: taxable on an underage tithable, 2 horses and 11 cattle in 1783 1 tithe in 1784 and 1785; 4 in 1786 (under 21 yrs – so b. 1766 or after); his own tithe and Thomas Going’s in 1787 (this Drury must have turned 21 in 1787) [PPTL 1782-1850, frames 3, 13, 22, 28, 34, 42, 108, 217, 273]. Greensville Co, Va

1782 Greensville Co, Va
Drury Going 1 tithe 2 horses
James Going: Edmond Going, Henry Going & James Going under age 1 tithe 3 horses, 10 cattle http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1782 white (free) tithes above 16/ slaves/ horses/ cattle – Henry Co Va
frame 8, John Going 1013
David Going 207/16
frame 15, John Going 104/13
frame 18, Moses Going 1027
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1782 Jesse Going 1 horse [frame 192] Pittsylvania Co Va
John Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Sithey Going 8 slaves 5 horses, 16 cattle
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm 1782 Land Taxes Pittsylvania County, Virginia; From http://www.rootsweb.com/~vapittsy/#records ; Sythe Gowning 400 http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html 1782 Land Taxes Pittsylvania County, Virginia. From http://www.rootsweb.com/~vapittsy/#records ; John Govin 400; Pittsylvania Co, Va. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html 1782 Census of Pittsylvania County, Virginia. Head of Household – White – Black. Going, Seth – 11 – 8. From http://www.rootsweb.com/~vapittsy/#records . Pittsylvania Co, Va. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html 1782 – Census, Pittsylvania, Virginia,, USA. http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3578&enc=1 ; Virginia, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1607-1890 ; Name: Seth Going [Sophia]; State: VA; Township: 11 [whites,] 08 [non]
Continental Census; Page: 41 ; Pittsylvania Co., Va. http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1781-1782tithablespittscova.jpg

1782 Daniel Going…………1, 0, 1, 3, 1, 0
1782 Joseph Going……….1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0
1782 William Going……….1, 0, 1, 5, 1, 0
1782 William Going Sr…..1, 0, 4, 10, 1, 0
1st Col: Free Males Above 21
2nd Col: Slaves
3rd Col: Horses
4th Col: Cattle
5th Col: White Tithes Above 16 Years
6th Col: Black Tithes Above 16 Years
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1782 white tithes/ slaves 16+/ cattle/ horses Amherst Co Va
1782 Philip Going 1093
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1782 Gowing, Moses 1 tithe, 1 horse, 3 cattle Louisa Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/louisa.htm

1782 – Joseph Going – head of a household of seven “whites over 16” in the 1782 census of Fairfax County, page 17, according to “Heads of Families, Virginia, 1790.” Fairfax Co., Va.

1782 to 1801 – Drury Going – born abt 1766 (per tithe records) w. Thomas Going was taxable in Meherrin Parish, Greensville County from 1782 to 1801: taxable on an underage tithable, 2 horses and 11 cattle in 1783 1 tithe in 1784 and 1785; 4 in 1786 (under 21 yrs – so b. 1766 or after); his own tithe and Thomas Going’s in 1787 (this Drury must have turned 21 in 1787) [PPTL 1782-1850, frames 3, 13, 22, 28, 34, 42, 108, 217, 273]. Greensville Co, Va

1782 March 12 – Drury Going – Greensville County court credited him with the value of a gun impressed for the public use (during Revolution) [Orders 1781-9, 13-14]. Va. Greensville Co. application for reimb during Revolution. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm Greensville County court credited Drury Going with the value of a gun impressed for the public use (during the Revolution) [Orders L 781-9, 13-14]. Greensville County, Va.

1782 May 24 – Va Bedford Co. Will Book 1 1759-1787. Will Book 2 1787-1803. By Ann Chilton. Page 431 WILL OF STANDLY GOOR (GOWER). May 24, 1782
Wife: Ann. Son: John. Daughter: Nancy. Exec: William Reed, Thomas Lumpkins
Witnesses: James Hilton, Joseph Barrington, Daniel Goyn. Recorded: December 23, 1782. Teste James Steptoe. (See Daniel Gowen’s page for a copy of this will: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1758-daniel-going/ ). William Gowen’s son, Daniel Gowen (Goyn here), witnessed Stanley Gower’s will in 1782. In 1795 Stanley Gower’s son, John Gower, married William Gowen’s daughter, Elizabeth “Betsey” Gowen.

1782 July 16 – Page 45; At a vestry held for Camden Parish at Pittsylvania Courthouse on Tuesday, the 16th day of July 1782 for laying the parish levy—Present JOHN WILSON, ABRAHAM SHELTON, JOHN PARKS, JERE. WHITE, LODOVIK TUGGLE, THOMAS TERRY, JNO. BUCKLEY, & JOSHUA STONE, gent. Vestrymen. 1782 July To JNO. GOWEN to be held out for his subsistence at the discretion of JNO. WILSON, gent. – 500 lbs. tob. Extracted from: Vestry Book of Camden Parish, 1767-1820 (With other Miscellaneous Records) Transcribed By Mary Leigh Boisseau. Pittsylvania Co, Va.
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1783 Halifax Co, Va
Shadrack Going 1 tithe 4 horses, 11 cattle [frame 25]- Halifax Co, Va
John Going 1 tithe 2 horses 2 cattle
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1783 Drury Going (1 under age) 2 tithes 2 horses, 11 cattle Greensville Co Va
Thomas Going 1 tithe
James Going 3 tithes 2 horses, 10 cattle
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1783 Seth Going 2 tithes 3 slaves, 3 horses, 10 cattle [frame 211] Pittsylvania Co Va
John Gowing 1 tithe 2 horses, 5 cattle [frame 212]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1783 tithes/ whites over 21/ slaves over 16/ slaves under 16/ horses/ cattle Henry Co Va
frame 37, John Going, Zephaniah Going, Claiborn Going, James Going 42005/14
David Going, William Going, Charles Going Jacob Going 420068
frame 38, James Going 110026
Moses Going 11
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1783 William Gowing Jr…..1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 4, 1
1783 William Gowing Sr….1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 6, 1
1783 Daniel Gowing……….1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 3, 1
Legend: 1783, 1784, 1785 & 1786
1st Col: Whites Over 21
2nd Col: Blacks Over 16
3rd Col: Blacks Under 16
4th Col: Total Blacks
5th Col: Horses
6th Col: Cattle
7th Col: Total Number of White & Black Tithes
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1783 Gowing, Moses 1 tithe 1 horse 3 cattle Louisa Co Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/louisa.htm

1783 white tithables/ slaves 16+/ slaves 12-16/ horses/ cattle Amherst Co Va
Philip Going 10038
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm
1783 – “Phillip Going” was enumerated as the head of a household of 13 “whites” in the 1783 census of Amherst Co., page 48.

1783 – Philip Going in Virginia Census – head of household with 13 members white – no blacks. Amherst Co, Va. – pg 48
Amherst Co, Va. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790m-03.pdf

1783 May 20 – Page 46; At a vestry held for Camden Parish at Pittsylvania courthouse on Tuesday, the 20th of May 1783 for laying the parish levy—Present JOHN PARKS, ABRA SHELTON, JERE. WHITE, THOMAS TERRY, LODOWICK TUGGLE, JOHN BUCKLEY, JOSHUA STONE, & ARMISTEAD SHELTON, gent. 1783 May 20 To John Gowen a do (pensioner) 500 lbs. tob. in Camden Parish vestrybook, Pittsylvania. Extracted from: Vestry Book of Camden Parish, 1767-1820 (With other Miscellaneous Records) Transcribed By Mary Leigh Boisseau. Pittsylvania Co, Va. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1783 Oct 10 – Daniel Gowen was married about 1783, wife’s name believed to be “Ann.” Karen L. Cooper suggests that her maiden name was “Preston” and that she was born about 1757 “Dan Gowing” and “Mrs. Ann Gowen” were purchasers at an estate sale October 10, 1783 in Bedford County.

1784 James Going 2 tithes, 2 horses, 9 cattle [frame 22] Greensville Co Va
James Going Junr 1 tithe 1 horse
Drury Going 1 tithe 1 horse, 4 cattle
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1784 Shadrack Going 1 tithe 4 horses, 13 cattle – Halifax Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1784 John Phillips: Frederick Going between 16 & 21 [frame 92] pers prop tax list, Meherin Parish Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/brunswick.htm

1784 frame 86, Going, Jesse 110025 Henry Co Va
Going, John & 2 sons 3112006
frame 87, Going, Moses 110025
frame 88, Going, David Wm, Chas. & Jacob 43109/13
Going, John 1100022
Going, James 1100210
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1784 Sythe Gowin 2 slaves over 16, 4 slaves 12-16, 4 horses, 9 cattle [frame 217] Pittsylvania Co Va
Jesse Gowin 1 tithe 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1784 William Going Sr…….1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 7, 1
1784 William Going Jr……..1, 0, 0, 0, 3, 4, 1
Legend: 1783, 1784, 1785 & 1786
1st Col: Whites Over 21
2nd Col: Blacks Over 16
3rd Col: Blacks Under 16
4th Col: Total Blacks
5th Col: Horses
6th Col: Cattle
7th Col: Total Number of White & Black Tithes
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1784 David Going 1 tithe [frame 57] Henrico Co Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1784 Feb 18 – Page 47; At a vestry held for Camden Parish at Pittsylvania Courthouse on Wednesday, the 18th day of February 1784 for laying the parish levy—Present JOHN WILSON, BENJAMIN LANKFORD, HAYNES MORGAN, JOHN PARKS, ABRAHAM SHELTON, JOSHUA STONE, & ARMISTEAD SHELTON, gent.
1784 Feb 18 To James Gowing for himself & wife 2000 lbs. tob., Camden Parish vestrybook, Pittsylvania Co, Va
To JOSEPH FARGUSON for services done JAMES GOWING 75 lbs. tob.
Extracted from: Vestry Book of Camden Parish, 1767-1820 (With other Miscellaneous Records) Transcribed By Mary Leigh Boisseau. Pittsylvania Co, Va
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1784 May 19 – “Joseph Goings” on May 19, 1784 received “£4:2:3” for service in the militia, according to Virginia Payroll Account No. 683. Va. Military

1785 – Thomas Gowing, Virginia Census – Head of household with 7 white. Prince Edward Co – pg 102. Prince Edward Co., Va
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790m-04.pdf

1785 Suffiah Gowing 3 slaves over 16, 5 slaves under 16, 3 horses, 10 cattle [frame 236] Pittsylvania Co Va
Jesse Going 1 tithe 3 horses, 5 cattle [frame 237]. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1785 Going, Moses 2200088 Henry Co Va
frame 158, Going, James 1100015
Going, John 1100015
Going, David & 3 sons 43100/10/8
Going, John, Claiborn Going & Asaiah Going 31200413
frame 159, Going, Zephaniah 11000010
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1785 John Gowan 1 tithe 4 cattle Halifax Co, Va
Shadrack Gowan 1 tithe 4 horses 13 cattle
David Gowan 1 tithe, 1 horse, 4 cattle
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1785 Drury Going 1 tithe 1 horse Greensville Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1785 Isham Going…………..1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1
1785 William Going Jr……..1, 0, 0, 0, 4, 2, 2
Legend: 1783, 1784, 1785 & 1786
1st Col: Whites Over 21
2nd Col: Blacks Over 16
3rd Col: Blacks Under 16
4th Col: Total Blacks
5th Col: Horses
6th Col: Cattle
7th Col: Total Number of White & Black Tithes
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1785 whites 21+/ whites 16-21/ slaves 16+/ slave under 16/ horses/ cattle Amherst Co Va
Going, Philip 10025
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1785 – Philip Gowen in the Virginia Census – head of household with 12 members white – no blacks. Amherst Co, Va. – pg 83
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790m-03.pdf

1785 – Michael Going, in the Virginia Census – Head of household with 7 white. Shenandoah Co – pg 105.
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790m-04.pdf

1785 Going, Moses 1 tithe 1 horse 2 cattle Louisa Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/louisa.htm

1785 abt William Gowan made a declaration to the Bedford County Court that he had lost an Auditor’s Warrant which had belonged to Daniel Going. The bankrupt Continental Congress was not financially able to pay the Revolutionary soldiers at the end of the war and issued Auditor’s Warrants as promissory notes for future payment. The various states faced financial difficulties as well.
His declaration, recorded in Court Minutes Book 8, page 78, read:
“Bedford County
Virginia Court Records
William Gowing came into court and made oath that he had an Auditor’s Warrant for £4:16s and some odd pence which did belong to Daniel Gowing and he lost the same. That he has not directly or indirectly received any satisfaction for the same which is ordered to be certified to the Auditors of Pub. Accts. Memo Bond given with Wm. Hand [his fee] in Pen[alty?] of £9:12:0” Bedford County, Va.

1785 February 14 – Isham Going marries Anne Burnes in Bedford County, Virginia. Benjamin Rice is the surety.

1785 Feb 25 – Page 49; At a vestry held for Camden Parish at Pittsylvania Courthouse on Monday, the 25th day of February 1785 for laying the parish levy—Present BENJAMIN LANKFORD, WILLIAM HARRISON, JOHN PARKS, THOMAS TERRY, ABRA SHWLTON, JOSHUA STONE, LODOVICK TUGGLE, JOHN BUCKLEY, & ARMISTEAD SHELTON, gent.
1785 Feb 25 To Jesse Barker for keeping Anna Gowing, a pensioner 2000 lbs. tob. in Camden Parish vestrybook, Pittsylvania. Extracted from: Vestry Book of Camden Parish, 1767-1820 (With other Miscellaneous Records) Transcribed By Mary Leigh Boisseau. Pittsylvania Co, Va. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1785 May 15 – Drury Going sold 200 acres in Greensville County for 40 pounds on 15 May 1785 [DB l : I06-7]. Greensville Co, Va.

1785 Dec 19 – Sophia same as Seth or Lethe or Sethe. 1785 Dec 19 – She was called Seth Gowing when the deed was proved in court on 19 December 1785. Pittsylvania Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1786 Greensville Co, Va.
Drury Going 4 tithes, 4 horses
James Going 1 tithe ___ [frame 35]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1786 frame 217, Going, Shadrack 312006/13 Henry Co Va
Going, James 1100013
Going, David 1100013
Going Moses 2110037
frame 218, Going, John & 4 sons 523007/21
Going, David & 4 sons 541000/10/17
Going, John Jr. & Ward Barrett 21100020
Going, John 1100012
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1786 Jesse Gowing 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 257] Pittsylvania Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1786 William Going Sr……..1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 4, 1
1786 Daniel Going…………..1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 3, 1
Legend: 1783, 1784, 1785 & 1786
1st Col: Whites Over 21
2nd Col: Blacks Over 16
3rd Col: Blacks Under 16
4th Col: Total Blacks
5th Col: Horses
6th Col: Cattle
7th Col: Total Number of White & Black Tithes
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1786 David Gowin Jr. 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 90] Henrico Co Va
John Gowin 1 16-21 year old tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1786 Going, Philip 10002/ 5 cattle Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1786 Kingston Parrish petition signed by James Gowin, Gloucester Co, Va.
1786 – James Gowen in Petition asking Incorporation Act not be repealed. Kingston Parrish. Gloucester Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1991_01_01_0265/519603465?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_r_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=108,1010,220,1043;263,1172,373,1205#?imageId=VGS_1991_01_01_0265
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1991_01_01_0265/519603465?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=108,1010,220,1043;263,1172,373,1205#?imageId=VGS_1991_01_01_0265

1786-1791 – John Gowing and Anna Gowing
Page 51 was missing from the book but the index list John Gowen/Gowing/Going
Page 52 was missing from the book but the index list Anna/Anne/Nanney Gowen/Gowing/Going
Extracted from: Vestry Book of Camden Parish, 1767-1820 (With other Miscellaneous Records) Transcribed By Mary Leigh Boisseau
Pittsylvania Co, Va
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1786 October 21- “Aaron Gowen” is noted to have sold the land for £200 in a transcation of Turbefield Barnes selling several tracts to a Robert Donald on October 21, 1786. The land purchased of Aaron Gowen to Turbefield Barnes was bounded by Thomas Henderson, Matrimony Creek, Paw Paw Creek, and the Virginia line, 100 acres according to Rockingham County Deed Book A, page 139. Rockingham Co, North Carolina. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G98Q-SSCS?i=68&cat=161485

1786 November – Records found in the court order books at Pittsylvania Court House
November Court 1786 Robert Williams Attorney for the Commonwealth of Virginia……..Plantiff – Against – Sophia Gowing……….Defendant
1786 Nov State of Va v. Sophia Gowing On a Petition for dealing with a Negro in Pittsylvania Co, Va.
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1786 Nov 10 – Moses Going, William Going appear in a Petition Re Opposition of Episcopal Church Collecting, in Buckingham Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1990_01_01_0101/519079013?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1284,1836,1390,1869
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1990_01_01_0111/519079023?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1330,1164,1429,1197

1787 Jesey Goin 1 tithe 1 horse 2 cattle [frame 280] Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Sythe 1 tithe 3 slaves over 16, 3 slaves 12-16, 3 horses, 10 cattle [frame 281]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1787A free tithes 16 and over/slaves over 16/slaves under 16/horses/cattle – Henry Co Va
frame 253, Going, John Senr.: Jno & Zephaniah 20011/30
Going, Claiborne 0000
Going, Shadrack 1009/13
Going, Nathan 0001
Going, James 00025
Going, Jno (Mayo River) 10014
Going, David & Wm & Jacob 20010/5
Going, Jno (Dan River) 00015
Going, Charles 0001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1787 A, List of William Maclin, Meherrin Parish, Greensville Co, Va.
Drury Going: Drury Going, Thomas Going, 2 horses [frame 42]
James Going 1 slave over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses, 8 cattle
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1787 Bedford Co, Va
23 Apr 1787 William Gowin……….0, 0, 0, 2, 5
23 Apr 1787 William Gowin……….0, 0, 0. 1, 6
05 May 1787 Isham Gowins……….0, 0, 0, 1, 3
05 May 1787 Daniel Gowins……….0, 0, 0, 1, 4
29 May 1787 Joseph Gowin………..0, 0, 1, 2, 0
14 ___ 1787 John Bratcher Jr…….1, 0, 0, 1, 0
19 ___ 1787 Canaday Bratcher….0, 0, 0, 2, 4
19 ___ 1787 John Bratcher Sr……0, 4, 2, 1, 14
Names of White Males Tithable Above 21
1st Col: White males above 16 Under 21
2nd Col: Blacks Above 16
3rd Col: Blacks Under 16
4th Col: Horses
5th Col: Cattle
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1787 Going, Philip 100043 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1787 – Phillip Going was taxed on “4 horses, 3 cattle” in 1787, according to “The 1787 Census of Virginia” by Netti Schreiner-Yantis.

1787 Henry Going 1 tithe 2 horses Hanover Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1787B David Going (exempt) 1 horse [frame 124] Henrico Co Va
David Going Jr 1 tithe, 2 horses 6 cattle
Agnes Going John Going (16-21 year old tithe)
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1787 Richard Gowing: Richard Gowing, James Davis, James Alexander 3 tithes 2 horses, 2 cattle [p. 9] Loudon Co Va
Jason Gowan (not 21) 1 tithe [p. 10]
Luke Gawen & Moses Gawaen 2 tithes 4 cattle, 2 horses [p. 9]
Leonard Gawen 1 tithe [p. 10]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1787 Michael Going 1 tithe 2 horses, 5 cattle [frame 438] Shenandoah Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/shenandoah.htm

1787 Daniel Going was enumerated in 1787 in Albemarle County as taxable on “1 tithe and 1 horse,” according to Paul Heinegg
Albemarle Co, Va.

1787- Joseph Going was recorded as taxable in the 1787 census of adjoining Albemarle County on “3 horses and 2 cattle.” according to “The 1787 Census of Virginia,.” page 139. Albemarle Co, Va.

1787 – John Vaughan marries Elizabeth Goyne in Henrico County, Va
Name:
John Vaughan
Spouse:
Elizabeth Goyne
Marriage Date:
29 Jan 1787
Marriage Location:
Henrico County, Virginia
http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&db=eamva&gss=angs-d&new=1&rank=1&msT=1&gsln=Gowin&gsln_x=0&MSAV=0&uidh=m37&pcat=34&fh=24&h=119308&recoff=26&ml_rpos=25

1787 William Gowing signed petition in Tilleston Parrish, Albemarle Co Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1990_01_01_0102/519079014?backurl=&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=292,488,417,521

1787 Buckingham Co petition signed by Moses Going
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1990_01_01_0101/519079013?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=1284,1836,1390,1869#?imageId=VGS_1990_01_01_0101

On February 6, 1787, William Gowan returned to court to repeat his affidavit and to renew the bond: “William Gowing came into court and made oath that he had an Auditor’s Warrant for £4:16s and some odd pence for the services of Daniel Gowing from the Auditor of Public Accounts bearing date of 3d Dec. 1782 and that he lost the same. That he has not directly or indirectly received any satisfaction for the same which is ordered to be certified etc . . . Memo bond given in the penalty of £9:12:0” Bedford County, Virginia

1787 Oct 1 – Drury Going of Greensville County sold 50 acres on the south side of the Meherrin River in Brunswick County adjoining Rebecca Stewart’s line [DB 14:366]. Greensville Co, Va.

1788A Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 63] Greensville Co Va
Drury Going 1 tithe 2 horses
Thomas Going 1 tithe
James Going 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 2 horses
Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1788B whites 21+/whites 16-21/ slaves over 16, slaves under 16/ horses/ cattle Henry Co Va
frame 301, Gowing, David 5009
Going, James, Junr. 1001
Going, Claiborne (Dan River) 1001`
Going, Benjamin 1005
Going, Shadrack 3006
Going, James (Dan River) 1002
Going, John (Mayo River) 1003
Going, Nathan 1001
frame 302, Going, Charles 1001
Going, John (Black Berry) 4008
Going, Zephaniah 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1788 Sufiah Gowing 1 slave 3 horses [frame 343] Pittsylvania Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm
1788 1=white males over 16, 2=Blacks 16+, 3=Blacks 12-16, 4=horses – Mecklenburg Co Va

1788 1=white males over 16, 2=Blacks 16+, 3=Blacks 12-16, 4=horses -Mecklenburg Co Va
1788 Stewart, Thomas (Dinwiddie) Frederick Gowen 16; Beary, Judy & Patty 16; Lewis; 13100

1788 Bedford County, Va
24 Mar 1788 William Gowin Sr….2, 0, 1
29 Apr 1788 Joseph Gowin……..2, 1, 0
12 Jun 1788 William Gowin Jr…..1, 0, 3
12 Jun 1788 Daniel Gowin……….1, 0, 1
12 Apr 1788 John Bratcher………5, 5, 2
Legend: 1788 & 1789
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Number of Blacks Over 16
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1788 Luke Gowen & Moses Gowen 2 tithes 2 horses Loudon Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1788A David Going Jr 1 tithe [frame 142] Henrico Co Va
David Going (exempt) 1 horse
Agnes Going 2 horses [frame 143]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1788A Henry Going 1 tithe [p. 201] Hanover Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1788A Philip Going 1002 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1788 B p.14?, Dr Thos Stewart: Thomas Stewart, Charles Stewart, Jno Stewart, Edmund Gowin: 8 slaves 16+, 1 slave 12-16, 8 horses Dinwiddie Co Va http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Dinwiddie.htm

1789B Gowing, Safiah 1 slave over 16, 3 horses [frame 428] Pittsylvania Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1789 David Goen 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 302] Halifax Co, Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1789 Meherrin Parish, List of William Maclin, Greensville Co, Va
James Going 1 tithe 1 tithe 12-16, 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses [frame 82]
Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse
John Turner: James Going [frame 88]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1789A Going, Benjamin 1003 Henry Co Va
frame 314, Gowing, William 1002
Going, Shadrack 3006
Going, Nathan 1001
Going, Claborne (Dan River) 1001
Going, David 3008
frame 315, Going, James 1003
Going, John (Black Berry) 6009
Going, Isaiah 1
Going, John (Mayo River) 1001
Going, Charles 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1789B frame 328, Going, Philip 1002 Henry Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1789 James Going 1 tithe 1 tithe 12-16, 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses [frame 82] Greensville Co Va
Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse
John Turner: James Going [frame 88]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1789 Bedford County, Virginia
21 Mar 1789 Joseph Goings……..1, 2, 0
24 Mar 1789 William Goings Sr….2, 0, 1
30 May 1789 William Gowin Jr…..2, 0, 3
30 May 1789 Daniel Gowin……….1, 0, 1
15 Jun 1789 John Bratcher……….6, 5, 5
Legend: 1788 & 1789
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Number of Blacks Over 16
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1789A Going, Philip 1002 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1789B David Going exempt 1 horse [frame 195] Henrico Co Va
David Going Jr 1 tithe
Agnes Going John Going 1 tithe 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1789 B Luke Gawen: Luke Gawen, Leonard Gawen 2 tithes 2 horses [p. 9] Loudon Co Va
1789 C Richd Going 1 ttihe 1 tithe 12-16, 2 horses [p. 8]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1789 February 21, – Deed Book C, Page 37. Patrick Neely and W. Hamilton were witnesses to a Rockingham County deed in which Hance McKeen of Guilford County, North Carolina sold land to George Harston of Henry County, Virginia. Conveyed for £25 was 155 acres on Paw Paw Creek of Mayo River, adjoining the Virginia line. James Goings was mentioned as the owner of adjoining land. Rockingham Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html , https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-898Q-SSTH?i=308&cat=161485

1789 March 9 -The Marriage License Bonds of Mecklenburg County, Virginia from 1765 to 1810, page 20 Frederick Goen & Suckee Chavous, 9 Mar. 1789, Frederick Ivey sec. Note from Henry Chavous, Sr. – wit. James Stewart, Robert Singleton & Belar Chavous. Mecklenburg Co, Va
http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=mecklen&gss=angs-d&new=1&rank=1&gsln=Goin&gsln_x=0&MSAV=1&uidh=m37&gl=&gst=&hc=50&ct=608

1789 Nov 30 – David Reynolds. Estate Account – pages 181-82
Payments made to John Marr, A. Huges, Geo. Hairston, John Clark, Henry Lyne, Andrew Woolverton, John Staples, David Reynolds (sheriff), Isaac McDaniel, Moses Reynolds.
Receipts from David Reynolds (debt of Sollman Stevens), David Going (for Moses Hanks), Jacob Adams, Abraham Penn, John Gates. Returned 30 Nov. 1789 by Moses Reynolds, admr. Henry County, Va – Wills.
http://www.americanancestors.org/databases/virginia-genealogist-the/image/?pageName=68&volumeId=8743

1790 Heads of Households: From state census returns and county tax lists a composite list, a substitute for the missing 1790 Federal census has been assem­bled. Heads of household during that period are believed to include:
Jesey Goin, Pittsylvania County VA
Agness Going, Albemarle County VA
Agness Going, Henrico County VA
Benjamin Going, Albemarle County VA
Daniel Going, Bedford County VA
Daniel Going, 2 0 Halifax County VA
David Going, Albemarle County VA
David Going, Henrico County VA
David Going, Jr. Henrico County VA
David Going, 2 0 Henry County VA
David Going, Henry County VA
David Going, 4 1 Halifax County VA
Drury Going, 4 0 Greensville County VA
Frederick Going, Greensville County VA
Henry Going, Greensville County VA
Henry Going, 8 0 Hanover County VA
James Going, 7 0 Greensville County VA
Jason Going, Loudon County VA
John Going, 2 0 Halifax County VA
John Going, 4 1 Halifax County VA
Henrico Going, Henrico County VA
Joseph Going, Albemarle County VA
Joseph Going, Bedford County VA
Joseph Going, 7 0 Fairfax County VA
Joshua Going, Albemarle County VA
Luke Going, Loudon County VA
Michael Going, 12 1 Shenandoah County VA
Moses Going, Henry County VA
Phillip Going, 13 0 Amherst County VA
Sapphire Going, 6 Pittsylvania County VA
Seth Going, 11 8 Pittsylvania County VA
Shadrack Going, 2 0 Halifax County VA
Sherwood Going, Albemarle County VA
Suffiah Going, 12 Pittsylvania County VA
Thomas Going, 1 0 Greensboro County VA
William Going, Sr. 1 Bedford County VA
William Going, Bedford County VA
William Going, Brunswick County VA
Jason Gowan, Loudon County VA
Joseph Gowen, 1 Bedford County VA
Mary Gowen, 3 Gloucester County VA
Phillip Gowen, 12 0 Amherst County VA
William Gowen, Buckingham County VA
Alexander Gowin, Westmoreland County VA
Thomas Gowin, Prince Edward County VA
William Gowin, Bedford County VA
William Gowin, Bedford County VA
Charles Gowing, Henry County VA
Claborne Gowing, Henry County VA
David Gowing, Henry County VA
Jacob Gowing, Henry County VA
James Gowing, Henry County VA
John Gowing, Sr. Henry County VA
John Gowing, Henry County VA
John Gowing, Henry County VA
Nathan Gowing, Henry County VA
Richard Gowing, Loudon County VA
Shadrack Gowing, Henry County VA
Thomas Gowing, 7 0 Prince Edward County VA
William Gowing, Henry County VA
Daniel Gowins, Bedford County VA
Isham Gowins, Bedford County VA

1790B frame 352, Gowing, Nathan 1001 Henry Co Va
Gowing, Charles 1003
Gowing, Isaac 1001
Gowing, David 1006
Gowing, Shadrack 2006
Gowing, Labon 1
Gowing, Benjamin 2004
Gowing, Claborn 1001
Gowing, John (Russell’s Creek) 1001
Gowing, William 1002
Gowing, John (Black Berry) 50011
Gowing, James 1002
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1790 Gowin, Sherwood 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 476] Pittsylvania Co Va
Gowin, Sufiah 1 slave over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 3 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1790 James Going 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses Greensville Co Va
Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Edmund Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Thomas Going 1 tithe
Drury Going 1 tithe [frame 108]
John Turner: James Going
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1790 Gowin, Frederick 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1790 Bedford County, Virginia
22 Mar 1790 William Goin……….1, 0, 2
26 Apr 1790 William Goin………..1, 0, 3
09 Jul 1790 Daniel Goin………….1, 0, 1
12 Jul 1790 John Bratcher……….6, 5, 7
Legend: 1790, 1791 & 1792
1st Col: Number of Tithes Black & White
2nd Col: Number of Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1790 – William Going and other family is listed on the 1790 Bedford County, Virginia tax rolls:
Joseph Goings 1 – 1 – 0
William Goings Sen 2 – 0 – 1
William Gowin Jun 2 – 0 – 3
Daniel Gowin 1 – 0 – 1
John Gowin 1 – 0 – 1
Bedford County, Virginia

1790A David Going exempt 1 horse [frame 217] Henrico Co Va
John & Agnes Going 1 tithe 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1790A Going, Phillip 1002 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1790A Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse [p. 240] Hanover Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1790B Owin Going (Negro) Exempt 1 slave over 16 Hanover Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1790B Luke Gawen: Moses Gawen 2 tithes, 1 slave over 16, 2 horses Loudon Co Va
Leonard Gawen 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1790 Judith Bingley: Shadrack Goin [frame 43] Powhatan Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1790 Going, Michal 2 tithes 1 horse [frame 526] Shenandoah Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/shenandoah.htm

1790 June 30: Page 121, Deed Book G, Page 59-60. Roger Atkinson the elder of Dinwiddie County, Virginia to Roger Atkinson, Jr. his son of Chesterfield County, Virginia for 100 lbs., 1330 acres north side Dan River in Caswell County consisting of 2 tracts adjoining each other, 1000 acres conveyed to Atkinson by Mayo by deed 17 Aug. 1778; also 228 acres conveyed by ALEXANDER GOING 1 Aug. 1765 and recorded in Orange County; and 82 acres purchased of Moses Hollis. Wit: Joseph Jones, James Hinton, John Dixon. Caswell County, North Carolina Deeds 1777-1817

1791 Meherrin Parish, List of William Maclin, Greensville Co, Va
James Going: James Going, Henry Going: 1 tithe 12-16, 1 slave over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 3 horses
Drury Going: Drury Going & Mark Going
Thomas Going 1 tithe
John Turner: James Going
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1791 Henry Co Va
frame 364,
Going, John 40011
Going, Zaphaniah 1001
Going, Isaiah 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1791 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1791 frame 150, Patrick Co Va
Going, Shadrack 2005
Going, Claborn (Dan River) 1001
Going, Labon 1001
Going, Benjamin Senr. 2005
Going, Nathan 1001
Going, Joseph 1202
Gowing, John 1001
Going, Isaac 1001
Going, James (Dan River) 1003
Going, William 2003
Going, Benjamin Junr. 1001
Gowing, David 1006
frame 151,
Gowing, Jacob 1001
Gowing, Charles 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1791 Bedford County, Va
25 Apr 1791 Daniel Gowin……….1, 0, 1
25 Apr 1791 William Gowin Jr…..2, 0, 3
20 Jul 1791 William Gowin Sr…..1, 0, 2
20 Jul 1791 James Gowin………..1, 0, 2
07 Apr 1791 John Bratcher……….7, 5, 7
07 Apr 1791 Canady Bratcher…..1, 0, 2
Legend: 1790, 1791 & 1792
1st Col: Number of Tithes Black & White
2nd Col: Number of Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1791 Going, Michal 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 538] Shenandoah Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/shenandoah.htm

1791 Judith Bingley: Shadrack Goin [frame 57] Powhatan Co Va
John Chitwood: Henry Dobbins, Aron Goin [frame 58]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1791 Luke Gawen 1 tithe 1 horse Loudon Co Va
Leonard Gawen Moses & Jason Gawen } 3 tithes 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1791 Goings, Henry 1 tithe King and Queen Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/king&q.htm

1791 Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse [p. 275] Hanover Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1791A Going, Moses (exempt) 1 horse [p.8] Buckingham Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Buckingham.htm

1791A Going, Philip 1003 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1791A Isem Gowen 1 tithe 2 horses Botencourt Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/botetax.htm

1791 Erasmus Oakley Goings 1 tithe Charles Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/charles.htm

1791B Agnes Going John Going 1 tithe 2 horses Henrico Co Va
David Going Jr 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 271]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1791 Going, Austin 1 tithe Louisa Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/louisa.htm

1791 Buckingham Co, Virginia petition with John Gowing signature
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1994_01_01_0268/521176332?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=821,964,949,997#?imageId=VGS_1994_01_01_0268

1791 – 1797 – Aaron Going was taxable in Powhatan County in John Chitwood’s household in 1791, charged with his own tax in 1792, 1796 and 1797 [PPTL, 1787-1825, frames 58, 77, 132, 146]. Powhatan Co, Va.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1791 to 1799 Patrick County land tax on David, William, James, John, Mary, Joseph, Sharack, Gowing – Going – Goin
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1791-99 – James Going (Gowing)
200 acres from James Higginbottom
1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index
Patrick Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1791-99 – Shadrack Going
1000 acres of John Marr
1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index
Patrick Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1791 – David Gowing
185 and 94 acres
1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index
Patrick Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1791 Mar 28: James Gains & wf Elizabeth to James Gibson 200 pds Va money 200 acres surveyed for Joe Tate, Esq both sides Peters Ck adj Thos Lankford Wits: Robert Gains, Jas Bohannon, John Farmer. Signed: Jas Gains, Elizabeth Gains. Vol 2 p. 123. Stokes County, North Carolina

1792 Halifax Co, Va
David Going Mo 1 tithe 2 horses – Halifax Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1792 Meherrin Parish, Greensville Co, Va
Mark Going 1 tithe [frame 136]
Thomas Going 1 tithe
Drury Going 1 tithe
James Going 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 3 horses
John Turner: James Going [frame 142]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1792 Henry Co Va
frame 378,
Going, John 4009
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1792 frame 163, Patrick Co Va
Gowing, David 2008
Gowing, Isaac 1001
Gowing, Benjamin Sr. 3006
Gowing, Shadrack 2005
Gowing, Labon 1001
Going, Nathan 1002
Gowing, Claborn 1001
Gowing, James Junr. 1001
Going, Joseph 1201
Going, Benjamin Jr. 1001
Going, Charles 1002
Going, Jacob 1001
Going, John Junr. 1
Going, James 1003
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1792 Bedford County, Virginia
23 Apr 1792 William Gowin Jr….2, 0, 5
28 May 1792 William Gowin……2, 0, 2
10 Jul 1792 Isham Gowin………..1, 0, 1
10 Jul 1792 Daniel Gowin……….1, 0, 2
10 Jul 1792 James Gowin……….1, 0, 1
26 — 1792 Canady Bratcher……1, 0, 1
26 — 1792 John Bratcher………..7, 5, 11
Legend: 1790, 1791 & 1792
1st Col: Number of Tithes Black & White
2nd Col: Number of Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1792 Going, Austin 1 tithe 1 horse Louisa Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/louisa.htm

1792B Luke Gawen: Luke Gawen & Moses Gawen 2 tithes 2 horses Loudon Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1792 Moses Goin 1 tithe Powhatan Co Va
Aron Goin 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1792A Michal Going 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 564] Shenandoah Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/shenandoah.htm

1792 Buckingham Co petition signed by William Gowing
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1994_01_01_0275/521176339?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d0%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=252,572,370,605#?imageId=VGS_1994_01_01_0275

1792 Sept 3 – Nanney Going
Page 73; At a meeting of the Overseers of the Poor for Camden Parish held at Pittsylvania Courthouse on Monday, the 3rd day of September 1792: PRESENT:
WILLIAM HARRISON, ROBERT HARRISON, THOMAS SMITH, WILLIAM WITCHER, JOHN SMITH, BRYAN W. NOWLIN, JOHN STAMPS, CREED TANNER, CHARLES LEWIS, JR., DAVID HUNT, ISAAC CLEMENTS, & WM. WILKINSON.
DAVID HUNT, gent., is chosen President.; CRISPIN SHELTON, JR., is appointed clerk.
The county is to the following claimants made debts. For the year 1792:
1792 Sept 3 – To Nanney Going, to be deposited in the hands of William Wilkinson for her use 6.5 lbs. Camden Parish vestrybook, Pitsylvania Co, Va.
Extracted from: Vestry Book of Camden Parish, 1767-1820 (With other Miscellaneous Records) Transcribed By Mary Leigh Boisseau
Pittsylvania Co, Va
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1792 Nov 29: bet. Nancy Easley, widow & Execx. of Warham Easley, decd., Patrick Co, Va. & Joseph Easley and Benjamin Hawkins, 100 pds.. 157 and 1/2 acres..Snow Cr..Wm. Hickmans line..crossing Snow Cr., Matthew Moores corner..meeting house branch.. Wits: James S. Gains, Geo Cloud, Matt. Deatherage. Signed: Nancy Easley, Joseph Easeley. Vol 1 p. 253. Stokes County, North Carolina

1792 – 93 – David Going (Gowing)
185 and 94 acres in 1792
185 acres in 1793
1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index
Patrick Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1793 Halifax Co, Va
David Going Mulo 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 442] Halifax Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1793 B, Meherrin Parish, Greensville Co, Va.
Thomas Going 1 tithe
John Turner: James Going
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1793 Henry Co Va
frame 391,
Going, John 5009
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1793 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Edmund 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1793 frame 177, Patrick Co Va
Gowing, Shadrack 2005
Gowing, William 1003
Gowing, Benjamin Junr. 1001
Gowing, Charles 1001
Gowine, Joseph 1102
Gowin, James Senr. 1004
Gowin, James Junr. 1001
Gowin, Labon 1001
Gowin, Shadrack Junr. 1001
Gowin, Claborn 1001
Gowin, Nathan 1
Gowin, John (Mayo) 1
Gowin, David 2006
Gowin, Benjamin 3006
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1793 Bedford County, Virginia
18 Mar 1793 William Gowin………2, 0, 4
28 May 1793 Daniel Gowin……….1, 0, 2
28 May 1793 Isham Gowin………..1, 0, 1
29 Jul 1793 William Gowin Sr…….2, 0, 2
31 Jul 1793 John Bratcher Sr……..5, 4, 4
31 Jul 1793 Canaday Bratcher……1, 0, 1
31 Jul 1793 John Bratcher Jr……..1, 0, 2
Legend: 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800 & 1801
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1793A Going, Michal 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 592] Shenandoah Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/shenandoah.htm

1793 Moses Goin (Mo) 1 tithe Powhatan Co Va
Shadrack Goin (Mo) 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1793A Leond Going 1 tithe Loudon Co Va
Lucrece(?) Going 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1793A Going, Philip son William 2003 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1793, Joseph Goins was a resident of Fairfax County, Virginia where a daughter was born.” Fairfax Co, Va.

1793 Virginia Jane “Gincie” Goins daughter of Joseph Goins and Millie Loving Goins, was born in 1793 in Fairfax County, according to William P. Grohse. She was married about 1822 to Solomon Dickinson Collins who was born in Wilkes County, North Carolina in 1799. He was the son of a Revolutionary soldier, Solomon Collins and his wife Edy Dickinson Collins. Solomon Collins was born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania in 1760. Solomon Dickinson Collins appeared in the 1830 census with nine members in his household. He appeared on the 1836 tax list of Hawkins County, Tennessee. Solomon Dickinson Collins was enumerated as the head of household in the 1840 census of Hawkins County: “Collins, Solomon white male 40-50 white female 40-50 white male 10-15 white male 10-15 white male 5-10 white male 5-10 white female 0-5 white female 0-5” Fairfax Co, Va.

1793 Sept 2 – Page 76; At a meeting of the overseers of the Poor for Camden Parish held at Pittsylvania Courthouse on Monday, the 2nd of September 1793. Present:
DAVID HUNT, WILLIAM HARRISON, THOMAS SMITH, WILLIAM WITCHER, JOHN SMITH, BRYAN W. NOWLIN, CREED TANNER, CHARLES LEWIS, JR., and WILLIAM WILKINS 9sic).
The county is to the following claimants made debt. For the year 1793:
1793 Sept 2 – To Nanney Going, to be deposited in the hands of William Wilkinson for her use 6.5 lbs. Camden Parish vestrybook, Pittsylvania Co, Va
Extracted from: Vestry Book of Camden Parish, 1767-1820 (With other Miscellaneous Records) Transcribed By Mary Leigh Boisseau. Pittsylvania Co, Va
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1794 Halifax Co, Va
William Going Mulo 1 tithe [frame 538] Halifax Co Va
John Going Mulo 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1794 B, Meherrin Parish, Greensville Co, Va
James Going Sr 1 tithe, 3 slaves over 16, 3 horses [frame 179]
Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Drury Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Benjamin Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Mark Going 1 tithe
John Turner: James Going [frame 182]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1794 Henry Co Va
frame 402,
Going, John 5007
Going, Zephaniah 2001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1794 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Edmund 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1794 Patrick Co Va
Goin, Shadrack Senr. 2005
Goin, Clabon 1001
Goin, Labon 1001
Goin, James Junr. 1001
Goin, Shadrack Junr. 1001
Going, James Senr. 1003
Goin, Charles 1001
Gowin, Isaac 1001
Goin, William 1006
Goin, Benjamin Junr. 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1794 Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Safiah 1 slave over 16, 4 horses [frame 623]
Going, Sherwood 1 tithe 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1794 Bedford County, Virginia
28 Mar 1794 William Gowing………1, 0, 2
26 May 1794 William Gowing Sr….1, 0, 2
20 Jun 1794 Daniel Gowing………..1, 0, 2
20 Jun 1794 Isham Gowing………. 1, 0, 1
02 Apr 1794 Canady Bratcher…….1, 0, 2
30 Apr 1794 John Bratcher Sr…….6, 4, 5
30 Apr 1794 John Bratcher Jr…….1, 0, 2
Legend: 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800 & 1801
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1794A Gowen, Philip & son Wm 2004 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1794 Erasmus Oakley Goings 1 tithe Charles Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/charles.htm

1794 Holding Going (Mulato) 1 tithe [p. 45] Hanover Co Va
Austin Going 1 tithe [p. 57]
Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1794A Luke Gawen 1 tithe 1 horse Loudon Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1794 Shadrach Goin 1 tithe [frame 106] Powhatan Co Va
Moses Goin 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1794A Goings, Michael 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 619] Shenandoah Co Va
Goings, Henry 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/shenandoah.htm

1794B David Gowine 1 Goochland Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Goochland.htm

1794 Sept 1 – Nanney Going
Page 79; At a meeting of the Overseers of the Poor for Camden Parish held at Pittsylvania Courthouse on Monday, the 1st day of September 1794: PRESENT:
DAVID HUNT, ISAAC CLEMENT, BRYANT WARD NOWLIN, ROBERT HARRISON, THOMAS SMITH, WILLIAM WILKINSON, & CREED TANNER.
DAVID HUNT resigned as President, and ISAAC CLEMENT is appointed instead thereof.
The county is to the following claimants made dr. for the year 1794.
1794 Sept 1 – To Nanney Going, to be deposited in the hands of William Wilkinson for her use 8 lbs. Camden Parish vestrybook, Pittsylvania Co, Va.
Extracted from: Vestry Book of Camden Parish, 1767-1820 (With other Miscellaneous Records) Transcribed By Mary Leigh Boisseau. Pittsylvania Co, Va
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/pittsylvania-county-va-early-records.html

1794 September 29 – Robert Brooks Corn had been bondsman for the marriage of Mark Going, son of Drury Gowen, September 29, 1794. Greensville Co, Va

1794 Dec 4: Joseph Goin of Patrick County, Virginia to Abner Eules, for 65 pounds lawful money of Virginia, paid by Abner Eckles, 150 acres on Peters Creek, being part of John Lankford old survey. Wits: Matthew Deathrage and Malcom McCurry. Signed: Joseph Goin. Proved up in open court in the March term 1796 by the acknowldgement of Joseph Goin. Vol 2 p 222. Stokes County, North Carolina.

1795 Halifax Co, Va
William Going Mulo 1 tithe [frame 603] Halifax Co Va
John Going Mulo 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1795 Greensville Co, Va.
Thomas Going 1 tithe [frame 188]
Mark Going 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1795 Henry Co Va
frame 416,
Going, John 5006
Going, Zephaniah 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1795 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Edward 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1795 frame 207, Patrick Co Va
Gowing, David 2007
Gowing, Isaac 1001
Gowing, William 1005
Gowine, Joseph 1102
Goin, Shadrack Sen. 3007
Goin, Shadrack Junr. 1001
Goin, James, Jr. 1001
Goin, Benjamin Junr. 1001
Goin, Charles 1001
Goin, James 1005
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1795B Pittsylvania Co Va
Gowing, John 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 694]
Gowing, Jesse 1 tithe 2 horses
Gowing, Sherwood & Mother 1 tithe 2 slaves 12-16, 5 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1795 Bedford County, Virginia
04 Apr 1795 William Goen Jr……..1, 0, 2
04 Apr 1795 Isham Goen………….1, 0, 1
04 Apr 1795 Daniel Goen………….1, 0, 1
27 Jul 1795 William Goen Sr……..1, 0, 1
27 Jul 1795 Jeremiah Goen………1, 0, 0
15 May 1795 John Bratcher Sr….5, 4, 5
15 May 1795 John Bratcher Jr…..1, 0, 2
15 May 1795 Canada Bratcher…..1, 0, 1
Legend: 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800 & 1801
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1795 Going, Michael 1 tithe 1 horse Shenandoah Co Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/shenandoah.htm

1795 Moses Goin 1 tithe [frame 118] Powhatan Co Va
Shadrach Goin 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1795A Luke Gawen: Luke Gawen, Luke Gawen, Peyton Gawen 3 tithes 2 horses Loudon Co Va
1795B Thomas Pursley: Thomas Pursley, Moses Gawen 2 tithes 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1795A Gowen, Philip 2004 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1795A Gowing, James 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 241] Botencourt Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/botetax.htm

1795 – John Gowin
100 acres
1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index
Patrick Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1795 – Joseph Gowin
50 acres
1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index
Patrick Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1795 March 26 – “Drury Going” was bondsman for the marriage of Robert Brooks Corn to Jinsey Jeffers March 26, 1795 in Greensville County, Va.

1795 Aug 28 – Va Bedford Co Nancy Goin marries Henry Vanover with consent of father William Goin. Isham Goin and Jeremiah Goin, sureties. Bedford Co, Va.

1795 Dec 22 – Va Bedford Co Elizabeth Gowing m John Gower with Isham Gowing surety, consent of William Gowing father of Betsey. 1795 Dec 22 Stanley Gower’s son, John Gower, married William Gowen’s daughter, Elizabeth “Betsey” Gowen. December 22, 1795, Isham Gowing is surety for his sister, Elizabeth Gowing’s marriage to John Gower in Bedford County, Virginia. Father William Gowing gives his consent to the marriage of “Betsey”.

1796 Halifax Co, Va
David Going (at Walnes) 1 tithe [frame 635] Halifax Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1796 Greensville Co Va
Drury Going 1 tithe [frame 201]
Benjamin Going 1 tithe
Mark Going 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1796 Henry Co Va
frame 428,
Going, Zephaniah 1002
Going, John 3007
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1796 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick; Phillis 16; 1101
Gowin, Edmund Anaca 16, 1101
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1796 frame 220, Patrick Co Va
Gowing, Shadrack Junr. 1001
Gowing, James 1001
Gowing, Joseph 1003
Gowing, William 1005
Gowing, Labon 1001
Gowing, Shadrack Senr. 3005
Gowing, David 3005
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1796B Pittsylvania Co Va
Gowing, Sherwood 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 5 horses
Gowing, John 1 tithe 1 horse
Gowing, Jesse 1 tithe 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1796 Bedford County, Virginia
21 Mar 1796 Daniel Gowin…………1, 0, 1
06 Jul 1796 William Gowin Jr……..2, 0, 2
07 Jul 1796 William Gowin Sr……..1, 0, 1 (left VA after paying this tax)
07 Jul 1796 Isham Gowin…………..1, 0, 1
22 Mar 1796 Canaday Bratcher….1, 0, 1
22 Mar 1796 John Bratcher Jr……1, 0, 2
22 Mar 1796 John Bratcher Sr…..5, 4, 3
Legend: 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800 & 1801
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1796 A Gowin, James 1 tithe 2 horses Botencourt Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/botetax.htm

1796 A Going, Philip 2003 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1796 Henry Going 1 tithe 2 horses Hanover Co Va
David Going 1 tithe
Owen Going (Malato) 1 tithe [p. 95]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1796A Luke Gawen 1 tithe 2 horses Loudon Co Va
1796C Walter Elgon & Peyton Gowing 2 tithes 4 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1796 Aron Goin 1 tithe [frame 132] Powhatan Co Va
Shadrach Goin 1 tithe
Moses Goin 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1796 July – Isham Goin witnessed a deed with William Goin and Anester Goin in 1796. Isham Goin was appointed as one of the counties constables in Jul 1796. Bedford County, Virginia http://jg1758.blogspot.com/2008/10/william-anester-gowan-gowingoin-family.html

1797 Halifax Co, Va
David Going (at Walne’s) [frame 732] Halifax Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1797 Greensville Co Va
Drury Going 1 tithe [frame 217]
Mark Going 1 tithe
Benjamin Going 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1797 Henry Co Va
frame 438,
Going, John 3006
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1797 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1797 frame 234, Patrick Co Va
Goin, Joseph 1003
Goin, James 2004
Goin, Zelph 1002
Goin, Shadrack Junr. 1
Goin, David 3005
Goin, Shadrack Senr. 2005
Goin, Labon 1001
Goin, William 1005
Goin, Isaack 1002
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1797A Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, John 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 768]
Going, Sherwood & Mother 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 4 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1797 Bedford County, Virginia
10 Apr 1797 Daniel Gowen………1, 0, 1
15 Apr 1797 Isham Gowen……….0, 0, 1
24 Apr 1797 William Gowen Jr….1, 0, 3
07 Apr 1797 John Bratcher Sr…..6, 4, 4
07 Apr 1797 John Bratcher Jr……1, 0, 2
07 Apr 1797 Canada Bratcher…..1, 0, 0
Legend: 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800 & 1801
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1797 Aron Goin 1 tithe 1 horse Powhatan Co Va
Shadrach Goin 1 tithe
Moses Goin 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1797A Luke Gawen: Luke Gawen, Peyton Gawen 2 tithes 2 horses Loudon Co Va
Zachariah Gawen 1 tithe
1797B Jason Gowing 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1797A Going, Philip 2002 Amherst Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1797A Gowen, James 1 tithe 3 horses Botencourt Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/botetax.htm

1797 Okeley Going 1 tithe Charles Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/charles.htm

1797-99 – John Going (Gowing)
100 acres
1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index
Patrick Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1797-99 – Joseph Going (Gowing)
50 acres of Shadrack Barrett
140 and 251 of Jacob Adams Jr
1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index
Patrick Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1797 Dec 12 – Widows Declaration – Daughter of Agnes Going (Goyne), m. to Patrick Childress on above date. Patrick Childress died in 1856 in Augusta County – where Nancy Goyne living in Aug 1860 when declaration made. Henrico Co, Va.
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_2002_01_01_0386/525370754?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoin%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=510,1721,605,1750#?imageId=VGS_1975_01_01_0100

1798-99 – William Going
268 acres of Thomas Hudson
1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index
Patrick Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1797 Sept 19 – “Daniel Going” was one of the men who posted bond when items were sold from the estate of Maryann Franklin in Bedford County November 22, 1794. The bond was “examined by the Bedford County Court September 19, 1797 and returned July 23, 1798,” suggesting that Daniel Going remained there at that time. Bedford County, Virginia.

1797-99 – John Going (Gowing) received 100 acres. 1791-1799 Patrick County Land Index. Henry Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_1986_01_01_0112/516981872?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoing%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=167,2136,462,2165;171,2219,463,2248;171,2265,292,2294;171,2311,296,2340;171,2390,307,2419#?imageId=VGS_1986_01_01_0112

1798 Halifax Co, Va
David Goinn [frame 819] Halifax Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1798 Greensville Co Va
James Gowing senr 1 tithe, 3 slaves over 16, 1 horse [frame 231]
Thomas Gowing 1 tithe
Drury Gowing 1 tithe
Benjamin Gowing 1 tithe
James Gowing Jr 1 tithe, 1 tithe 12-16, 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1798 Henry Co Va
frame 452,
Going, John 6006
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1798 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1002 Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1798 frame 250, Patrick Co Va
Goin, Obediah 1
Goin, Labon 1001
Goin, Shadrack Junr. 1001
frame 251,
Goin, David 2005
Goin, Isaac 1005
Goin, Shadrack Sen. 2005
Goin, Jacob 1002
Goin, John (Mayo) 1
Goin, Benjamin 1
Goin, John (Big Dan River) 2
Goin, James 2006
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1798A Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Shadrack & Mother 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 5 horses [frame 41]
Going, Benjamin 1 tithe [frame 42]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1798 Bedford County, Virginia
25 Jul 1798 William Gowin Jr…..1, 0, 2
25 Jul 1798 Isham Gowin………..0, 0, 1
11 Apr 1798 Canada Bratcher….1, 0, 1
08 Jun 1798 John Bratcher……..6, 4, 4
Legend: 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800 & 1801
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1798 A Going, Landon 1000 Amherst Co Va
Going, Philip 2002
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1798B Gowing, James 2 tithes 2 horses [frame 319] Botencourt Co Va
Gowing, Daniell 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/botetax.htm

1798B John Going 1 tithe [frame 421] Campbell Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/camptax.htm

1798A Luke Gowin {Luke Gowin, Peyton Gowin 2 tithes, 2 horses Loudon Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1798 March 20 – Sophia Going Sr was called the administrator of the estate of Alexander Going, deceased, when she was sued by Sophia Going, Junior, on 20 March 1798. Pittsylvania Co, Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm
1798 March – Sophia Going Sr was called the administrator of the estate of Alexander Going, deceased, when she was sued by Sophia Going, Junior, on 20 March 1798
Pittsylvania Co, Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1798 May 21- Sophia Going Sr, John Going, Jesse Going, and Sherwood Going sued by George Clompton on testimony of James Saunders of Caswell County, North Carolina. Sophia, Sr., was apparently living on land claimed by George Clopton on 21 May 1798 when he sued Sophia, John, Jesse and Sherwood Going as tenants [Orders 1783-7, 354; 1795-8, 461, 479, 486; 1798-1801, 23, 59]. Pittsylvania Co, Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1798 May 29: Pittsylvania County VA Marriages 1786 – 1850 page 25
Marriage of Jenney Going to Travis Bennett
Lilly Logan (her mother) signs Certificate
Pittsylvania County, Virginia

1798 Nov – Court: Clopton v Going, Nov 1798, , Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA. “November Court 1798. George Clopton … Demandant – Against – Sophia Going, Jesse Going, John Going and Sherwood Going .. Tenants – Upon a Writ of Right…” Pittsylvania Co, Va

1798 Nov 20 – Sophia Going, Jr., mother of illegitimate child Benjamin Going bound out by the Pittsylvania County court on 20 November 1798 [Orders 1798-1801, 58].
Pittsylvania Co, Va.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1798 Dec – Page 54 (Names involved: George Eubanks, Betty Eubanks, Thomas Eubanks, George Eubanks, Frances Wyatt, Mary Carlton, Catherine Eubanks, Betsy Eubanks, James Eubanks, George Burch, Edward Goins). Person County Record Books, book 2, page 133. December Court 1798. George Eubanks-will-dated 15 July 1798. Wife Bettey; sons Thomas, George, daughter Frances Wyatt of King and Queen Co., Va.; daughter Mary Carlton of King and Queen Co., Va.; daughters Catherine and Betsy; James Eubanks. Exec. Wife and Thos. Eubanks. Test. George Burch and EDWARD GOINS. Person County, North Carolina Compilations, 1792-1820. Land Grants; 1794-1805-1823 Tax Lists. Record Book Abstracts 1792-1820. Letters of Attorney; By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/04/person-county-nc-early-records.html

1799 Greensville Co Va
Thomas Gowing 1 tithe [frame 244]
Drury Gowing 1 tithe
Mark Gowing 1 tithe
Benjamin Gowing 1 tithe
James Gowing Sr
James Gowing Jr
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1799 Henry Co Va
frame 416,
Going, John 3007
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1799 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 10091 Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1799 frame 268, Patrick Co Va
Going, John 1
Going, Obediah 1
Going, William 1004
Going, Zephaniah 1
Going, Labon 1002
Going, Shadrack 1005
Going, James 2008
Going, John 1
frame 269,
Going, David 1003
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1799A Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Sophire & son 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 4 horses [frame 112]
Going, John 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1799 Bedford County, Virginia
25 Mar 1799 Isham Gowen………0, 0, 1 (died after paying this tax)
13 Apr 1799 Canady Bratcher….1, 0, 1
24 Jun 1799 John Bratcher Sr….4, 4, 3
24 Jun 1799 John Bratcher Jr….1, 0, 3
Legend: 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800 & 1801
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1799A Jacin Gowen 1 tithe 1 horse Loudon Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1799A Going, James 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 460] Montgomery Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/monttax.htm

1799A Aaron Going 1000 Amherst Co Va
Landon Going 1000
Philip Going 1002
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1799A Agness Gowing 97 acres [p.7] Henrico Co Va
David Gowing 100 acres [p.8]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1799 Going, Augustine 1 Brother 2 tithes 1 slave 12-16, 1 horse Louisa Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/louisa.htm

1799 June 24 – Pages 306-07. William Wood. Estate account. 1789-91. Henry Lyne, administrator. Payments made to John Cox, George Waller Jr., Blizzard McGruder, Lewis Davis, Richd. Venable, Edwd. Henry, Thos. Stovall, Geo. Hairston.
Receipts from Wm. Gardner, Henry McGuffy, Patrick Coleman, Robert Stockton, Moses Reynolds, Saml., Staples, Alexr. Hunter, Reuben Payne, Richard Venable, George Hairston (for six surveyors Shadrick Goings, Wm. Hikinbottoms, Jno. Stuart, James Spencer, Igns. Redman and Wm. West), Asburay Franklin, Blizzard McGruder (for surveys received of Walter R. Cole and Newsom Pace).
Examined by John Cox and John Salmon 24 June 1799.
Returned 24 June 1799.
Henry County Wills
Henry Co, Va.
http://www.americanancestors.org/databases/virginia-genealogist-the/image/?pageName=22&volumeId=8736

1799 November 5 – Edmund Going, November 5, 1799 he purchased 200 acres on Sandy Creek in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, according to Mecklenburg County Deed Book 10, page 176. Mecklenburg Co, Va.

1799 Nov 21 – Sophia Going Jr., perhaps suing for her part of her father’s estate, was awarded 20 pounds, 5 shillings by a jury on 21 November 1799. – Sherwood Going became a defendant in the suit when Sophia, Sr., failed to meet the payment of a bond [Orders 1798-1801, 109, 180, 204, 233] Pittsylvania Co, Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1799 Nov 28: Joseph Going of Patrick County, Virginia conveys 120 acres located in Stokes County, North Carolina to Abner Eckols of Franklin County, Georgia. Land located on Pilves(sp?) Creek . . . of Dan River. Land part of original survey of 350 acres for John Lankford. Wits: George Bland, Hugh Ford. Signed: Joseph Going. Proved up in March term 1800. Vol 3 p 286. Stokes County, North Carolina.

1800 Lythia Logan (maiden name Goins)
Pittsylvania County VA Census

1800 Halifax Co, Va
Goin Edwards Junr F.N. 1 tithe Halifax Co Va
David Goin 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 59]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1800 Greensville Co Va
James Going Jr 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 2 horses
James Going Senior: Henry Going: 3 slaves over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses
Benjamin Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Mark Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Thomas Going 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1800 Henry Co Va
frame 477,
Going, John 2007
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1800 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick Patsy 1102 Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1800 frame 288, Patrick Co Va
Going, Joseph 2003
Going, Isaac 1003
Going, Benjamin 1001
Going, Labon 1002
Going, Caleb 1001
Going, William 1003
Going, James 2004
Going, Martin 1
Going, Shadrick 0005
Going, Obed 1
Going, Jacob 1002
Going, David 1002
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1800 B Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Shadrick & Mother 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 4 horses [frame 226]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1800 Bedford County, Virginia
__ Jul 1800 Daniel Gowen………2, 0, 1 (Daniel and son, Isham)
__ Jul 1800 Manoah Gowen……1, 0, 0
08 May 1800 Can Bratcher………1, 0, 1
08 May 1800 John Bratcher……..1, 0, 2
08 May 1800 John Bratcher Sr….5, 3, 3
Legend: 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800 & 1801
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1800 Going, Austin 1 Brother 2 tithes 1 slave 12-16, 1 horse Louisa Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/louisa.htm

1800 A Agness Going 97 acres [p.7] Henrico Co Va
David Going 100 acres [p.8]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1800A Phillip Going 2003 Amherst Co Va
Landon Going 1000
William Going 1000
Aaron Going 1000
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1800 Going, James 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 501] Montgomery Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/monttax.htm

1800 – Sharod Going 1-2, Benjamin Going 2-3, Daniel Going 1-0, James Going 1-0, Jesse Going 1-0, David Going 1-0, Joshua Going 2-2, Jesse Going 1-0. Albemarle County, 1800 Tax List. Albemarle Co, Va.
http://www.americanancestors.org/databases/virginia-genealogist-the/image/?pageName=7&volumeId=8736

1800 Aaron Going and other Goings
Amherst County, Va Tax List – Amherst Co, Va
http://www.americanancestors.org/databases/virginia-genealogist-the/image/?pageName=83&volumeId=8721

1800 William Going from Bedford County, Virginia shows up in 1800 on the Madison County, Kentucky tax list.

1800 May 8: Entry. 1800 Aug 27: Survey ordered. 1800 Sept 8: Survey. 1803 Dec 21: Issued. No. 2410. Grant No. 2351. Entry No. 876. Book 117 pg 93. Anthony Going recd 100 acres on Stoney Creek a branch of Stewarts Creek, joining Joseph Going’s land and William Golden’s, and the Virginia line. Chain Carriers: Nathan Going, Johnston Going. Surveyor: Moore (sp?). Surry County, North Carolina.

1800 June 16 – Deed: Gift or personal property from Sophia Gowen to her son Sherwood, 16 Jun 1800, Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA. Image and transcription courtesy Beth Carruth 2014. “Sophia Going to Sherwood Going 1800 household goods and stock. Be it remembered that these presents comes Greeting and made known to all whom it may concern that Whereas my Son Sherwood Going hath paid and advanced sundry sums of Money for me at divers times to amount equal in value to what shall be herein after conveyed to compensate him. Be it known that I Sophia Going of the County of Pittsylvania and State afd. as well for the foregoing consideration as for the love I bear for him as a Child do by these presents make over, sell, alien, enfeoff and confirm to him the said Sherwood Going, and do moreover deliver by Virtue of this Indenture to the sd Sherwood and his heirs for ever the following property, to wit, Negro Sary Negro Tom, one Sorrel Mare, one dark bay Horse, Colt, two Cows, one Stear yearling one Heifer yearling, one Desk, one Chest, one Cubbard, two Beds and furnature – Six puter basons, one dozen and half of puter plates, two dozen of Earthen plates, one pare of Stillards and the hole of my Castings and one Walnut Table, two Bedsteads, five Chairs, three Warter Vessels, one Case of Knives & forks and all her plantation Utensils and thre Pewter Dishes, one box Iron & heaters. Which said goods and Chattles, Stock, furniture and other property I the said Sophia do & will Warrant and for ever defend against the claim or demand of all and every Person or persons whatsoever but to the only proper use and behoof of him the said Sherwood and is heirs and assigns for ever And further covenant to Warrant and defend a good and Lawful title in and to the said Property to him the said Sherwood and to his heirs and assigns for ever In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my Seal this 16th day of April 1800 – Suffiah Gowin (seal)
Sealed and delivered in the presence off.. John Winters, Wm. Wright
At a Court held for Pittsylvania County June the 16th. 1800 – This Bill of Sale was presented in Court and proved by the Oaths of two of the witnesses thereto to be the act and deed of the within named Sophia Gowing party thereto Ordered that the same be recorded – Teste Will Tunstall C P C. From Pittsylvania County Deed Book 12, p. 153”
Pittsylvania Co, Va

1801 Halifax Co, Va
David Goin Planter D.C. 1 tithe 1 horse (free negro) Halifax Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1801 Greensville Co Va
Benjamin Gowing 1 tithe
James Gowing Jr 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 2 horses
James Gowing Sr 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 2 slaves 12-16, 2 horses
Henry Gowing 1 tithe 1 horse
Drury Gowing 1 tithe
Thomas Gowing 1 tithe
Mark Gowing 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1801 Henry Co Va
frame 491,
Going, John 4009
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1801 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1003 ordinary license Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1801 Patrick Co Va
Going, Francis 1001
Going, John 1
Going, Obediah 1001
Going, Caleb 1001
Going, Labon 1001
Going, Isaac 1004
frame 315,
Going, James 3006
Going, John (Dan River) 2001
Going, Benjamin 1002
Going, William 1003
Going, Shadrick 1004
Going, Joseph 2002
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1801 Bedford County, Virginia
26 Mar 1801 Jeremiah Gowen….2, 0, 1
08 Apr 1801 Minoah Gowen…….1, 0, 0
03 Apr 1801 John Bratcher Sr….4, 3, 3
03 Apr 1801 John Bratcher Jr…..1, 0, 2
03 Apr 1801 Canada Bratcher….1, 0, 1
03 Apr 1801 Ben Bratcher……….1, 0, 2
Legend: 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800 & 1801
1st Col: Total Number of Tithes White & Black
2nd Col: Blacks Over 12
3rd Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1801A Going, William 1001 Amherst Co Va
Going, Samuel 1000
Going, Philip 1002
Going, Landon 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1801 David Goin 1 tithe Charles Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/charles.htm

1801 Jacob Going 1 tithe 2 horses [p. 201] Hanover Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1801B David Going Jr 1 tithe, 1 horse [frame 445] Henrico Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1801 Moses Goin mo 1 tithe Powhatan Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1801 Mar 11 – Deed Book C, Page 280-1. FREDERICK GOIN of Mecklenburg, Va, to EDMUND GOIN of Person Co., for 6/, 124 A on Bluewing Cr adj Waite, Francis Ford, on Cattail Br to Baird line. 11 Mar 1801. Wit: Jeremiah Johnson, Francis Ford, Wm. Thaxton. Person County, North Carolina Deeds 1792-1825. By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/04/person-county-nc-early-records.html

1801 March 17 – John Going – Estate/Will Estate, Will and Testament of John Going, Dec’d. daughter Nancy Goin, daughter Sussanna Goin, son Simeon Goin , son Zedikiah Goin , son John Goin, son Iasiah [sic] Goin , son Zachariah Goin, son Littleberry Goin, son Clabourn Goin, wife Elizabeth Goin, children Zephaniah Goin, Nancy Goin, Susanna Goin, Clabourn Goin, Littleberry Goan, Elizabeth Minor wife of Hezekiah Minor , my Friend John Stone & John Cox, Jr. my executor, wits John Cox, Thibias Stone, Mary [X] Stone, Probate of the Will of John Going, Jr. Elizabeth Going widow & relict of the said John Going dec’d – John Cox & Henry Clark her Securitys, Henry Co, Va.
1801 March 17 – John Going – Estate/Will
Estate, 17 Mar 1801, Henry, Virginia, USA. “The Last Will and Testament of John Going, Dec’d.
In the Name of God amen I John Going, Sen., of the County and State of Virginia being sick & weak in body but of sound mind & memory and calling to mind that it is appointed for all men once to die do make and ordain this to be my last Will and Testament in manner and form following Viz.
First I recommend my Soul unto the hands [of] Almighty God who [gave it] not in the least doubting I shall receive the same at the great day of the Resurrection & as to see the worldly Estate as it hath pleased God to bless me with I give as follows:
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved daughter Nancy Goin one Sorrel Horse Coult, one Cow & Calf also one feather bed & furniture to her and her heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved daughter Sussanna Goin one Roan Mare one Cow & Calf also one feather bed & furniture to her & her heirs forever.
Item: I give and bequeath to my well beloved son Simeon Goin one cow & calf & one feather bed & furniture to him and his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved son Zedikiah Goin one cow & calf also one feather bed& furniture to him & his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath to my well beloved son John Goin one cow & calf & one feather bed & furniture to him & his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved son Iasiah [sic] Goin one feather bed & furniture to him & his heirs for ever.
Item: I give and bequeath unto my well beloved son Zachariah Goin one feather bed & furniture to him & his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved son Littleberry Goin one feather bed and furniture to him& his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved son Clabourn Goin one feather bed & furniture to him and his heirs for ever.
Item: I lend unto my well beloved wife Elizabeth Goin during her natural life all my stock of all kind my household & kitchen furniture together with all my land & plantations whereon I now live & after her death my will and desire is that all my land lying in the Countys of Henry and Patrick be sold & the money arising from the said sale to be equally divided amongst all my children that be then living that is to say Zephaniah Goin Nancy Goin Susanna Goin Clabourn Goin Littleberry Goan Elizabeth Minor wife of Hezekiah Minor to them and their heirs for ever & I do hereby appoint my Friend John Stone & John Cox, Jr. my executors of this my last will & testament revoking and disannulling all wills heretofore by me made.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & affixed my seal this 17th Day of March One thousand eight hundred and one.
John [X] Goin
Signed Sealed Published and Declared for the
Said John Goin’s last Will & Testament
In the Presence of
John Cox
Thibias Stone
Mary [X] Stone
Probate of the Will of John Going, Jr.
At the Court held for Henry County on the 25th Day of May 1801
The within Last Will & Testament of John Going dec’d was exhibited in Court and proved by the Oaths of the witnesses thereto to be published & declared as for the sd John Going Last Will & Testament & the same was Ordered to be Recorded and afterward to wit. at a Court of Quarterly Sessions held for the said County on the 27th Day of July 1801, the Executors in the within Will mentioned refusing to take upon themselves the Executorship of the same. On the Motion of Elizabeth Going widow & relict of the said John Going dec’d Administration with the will annexed is granted her who made Oath & with John Cox & Henry Clark her Securitys entered unto Bond & acknowledged the same therefore Certificate was granted her for obtaining Administration thereof in due form.
Teste. John Cox, Atty”. Henry Co, Va.
http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/21207.htm

1801 May 25 – Va Bedford Co William Gowin and John Crane land dispute;
1801 Va Bedford Co William Gowin and John Crane land dispute

1801 July 6 – Page 52. Deed Book C, Page 290-1. FREDERICK GOWEN of Mecklenburg Co., to William Thaxton of Halifax Co., VA, for 40 lbs, 120 A on Blewing Cr adj Francis Ford, Reubin Jones, William Baird, 6 July 1801. Wit: James Thomson, Zachariah Averett, Charles Thaxton. Person County, North Carolina Deeds 1792-1825. By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/04/person-county-nc-early-records.html

1801 July 18 Va Bedford Co;Will Book 1 1759-1787. Will Book 2 1787-1803. By Ann Chilton. Page 313 INVENTORY OF ESTATE OF ISHAM GOING. July 18, 1801. By: Christopher Clark, Augustine Leftwich, Jabe Leftwich. Recorded: July 27, 1801
Teste James Steptoe. Bedford County, Virginia.

1802 Halifax Co, Va
Gutridge Goin Mulatto 1 tithe [frame 186] Halifax Co Va
David Goin Mulatto 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 187]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1802B Greensville Co Va
Benjamin Gowing 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 287]
Mark Gowing 1 tithe
James Gowing Jr 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 3 horses
James Gowing Sr 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 2 slaves 12-16, 2 horses
Henry Gowing 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1802 Henry Co Va
frame 504,
Going, John, decd. 1004
Going, Zedekiah 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1802 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1002 Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1802 Patrick Co Va
Gowing, Caleb 1
Gowing, Labon 1002
Gowing, Joseph 2003
frame 343,
Gowing, William 1003
Gowing, Benjamin 1002
Gowing, Shadrack 0005
Going, John D.R. 2001
Gowing, Benjamin 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1802A Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Sitha & son 1 tithe 2 slaves 12-16, 3 horses [frame 376]
Going, John Free Negroe 1 tithe 2 horses
Smith, James Negroe with Shad Going 1 tithe [frame 384]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1802 Bedford County, Virginia
13 Aug 1802 Micajah Going……….1, 0, 0, 0
14 Aug 1802 Noah Going…………..1, 0, 0, 1
21 Aug 1802 Daniel Going…………2, 0, 0, 1 (Daniel and son, Isham)
21 Aug 1802 John Bratcher Jr……1, 0, 0, 2
21 Aug 1802 Cannady Bratcher….1, 0, 0, 2
21 Aug 1802 John Bratcher Sr……1, 0, 3, 2
Legend: 1802, 1803, 1804 & 1805
1st Col: Number of White Males Above 16
2nd Col: Blacks Above 12 Years Old
3rd Col: Blacks Above 16 Years Old
4th Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1802 Moses Goin mo 1 tithe [frame 240] Powhatan Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1802A David Gowing Junr 1 horse Henrico Co Va
David Gowing Senr 1 horse (exempt)
Agnes Gowing 97 acres land tax
David Gowing 100 acres land tax
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1802 Olden Going, mulattoe Hanover Co Va
Jacob Going (f. negro) 1 tithe 3 horses [p. 230]
Henry Going 2 tithes 3 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1802 Power Going 1 tithe Charles Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/charles.htm

1802 David Goings 1 tithe, 1 horse [frame 533] Montgomery Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/monttax.htm

1802A William Gowen 1001 Amherst Co Va
Phillip Gowen 2002
Landon Gowen 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1803 Halifax Co, Va
David Goin Mulatto 1 tithe Halifax Co Va
Gutridge Goin Mulatto 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1803 B Greensville Co Va
Benjamin Gowing 1 tithe
James Gowing Sr 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 3 slaves 12-16, 3 horses
James Gowing Jr 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 2 horses
Thomas Gowing 1 tithe
Mark Gowing 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1803 Henry Co Va
frame 517,
Going, Hezekiah 1001
Going, Caleb 1001
Going, John decd. 3003
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1803 Mecklenburg Co Va
frame 974
Goins, Edmond 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Mecklenburg.htm

1803 frame 369, Patrick Co Va
Going, Johnson 1001
Going, William, Sr. 1003
Going, John D.R. 1001
Going, John M. 1
Going, William Qr.? 1
frame 370,
Going, Labon 1002
Going, Benja 1002
Going, Shadrick 0005
Going, Benja DR 2003
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1803A Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, John Negroe 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 402]
Going, Benjamin 1 tithe 1 horse
Going, Jesse 1 tithe 1 horse
Going, Setha & Son 1 tithe 2 slaves 12-16, 3 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1803 Bedford County, Virginia
03 May 1803 Minoah Going……….1, 0, 0, 0
20 Aug 1803 Daniel Going…………1, 0, 0, 1
20 Aug 1803 Isham Going…………1, 0, 0, 1 (Daniel’s son)
18 Aug 1803 John Bratcher Jr……1, 0, 0, 2
18 Aug 1803 Cannady Bratcher….1, 0, 0, 1
18 Aug 1803 Benjamin Bratcher….1, 0, 0, 1
26 Aug 1803 John Bratcher Sr……1, 0, 3, 2
Legend: 1802, 1803, 1804 & 1805
1st Col: Number of White Males Above 16
2nd Col: Blacks Above 12 Years Old
3rd Col: Blacks Above 16 Years Old
4th Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1803A Going, Landon, 1001 Amherst Co Va
Going, Philip 1003
Going, William 1001
Going, Samuel 1000
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1803 Jacob Going free negro 1 tithe 3 horses Hanover Co Va
Henry Going 2 tithes 3 horses
Olden Going free negro
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1803A David Gowing Jr 1 horse Henrico Co Va
David Gowing Sr 1 horse (exempt)
Agnes Gowing 97 acres land tax
David Gowing 100 acres land tax
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1803 Moses Goin mo 1 tithe Powhatan Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1803 age 22, John Gowing, Light Mulatto, 5’6-1/2″, Born free, Bedford Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/bedford.htm

1803 Oct 15: Palimon Lawson, Lilly Lawson, Randall Hall, John Lawson, Thomas Lawson, and Clement Lawson of Stokes County, NC to Thomas Gains for 31 pounds Va money by Thos Gains for a tract of land on the Little Peters Creek running West on James Gaines’ line, and William Boils. Wits: William D. Gains, and George Gains. Signed: Palmant Lawson, Lilly Lawson, Randall Hall, John Lawson, Thomas Lawson, Clement Lawson. Proved up in June term 1807 by George Gains. Stokes County, North Carolina.

1804 Halifax Co, Va
David Goin Mulatto 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 372] Halifax Co Va
Gutridge Goin Mulatto 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1804 Greensville Co Va
James Gowing Jr 1 tithe 1 slave, 2 horses [frame 321]
Benja Gowing 1 tithe 1 horse
James Gowing Sr 1 tithe 3 slaves over 16, 2 slaves 12-16, 3 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1804 Henry Co Va
frame 531,
Going, John dec. 4008
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1804 Patrick Co Va
William Going 1006
James Going 2003
Benjamin Going 1003
John Going 2
Shadrack Going 0002
Obediah Going 1
Hezekiah Going 1001
Johnson Going 1001
William Going Junr. 1
John Going (Mayo) 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1804A Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Sitha & son 1 tithe, 1 slave 12-16, 4 horses [frame 473]
Going, Benjamin 1 tithe 1 horse
Going, John at James Bruces 1 tithe 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1804 Bedford County, Virginia
04 Aug 1804 Daniel Going……….2, 0, 0, 2 (Daniel and son, Isham)
01 Sep 1804 Noah Going…………1, 0, 0, 1
28 Jul 1804 Cannady Bratcher….2, 0, 0, 1
Legend: 1802, 1803, 1804 & 1805
1st Col: Number of White Males Above 16
2nd Col: Blacks Above 12 Years Old
3rd Col: Blacks Above 16 Years Old
4th Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1804 Moses Goin mo 1 tithe Powhatan Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1804 Henry Going 2 tithes 1 horse Hanover Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1804A Philip Going 1002 Amherst Co Va
Samuel Going 1001
William Going 1001
Landon Going 1000
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1804 David Gowing Senr exempt 1 horse Henrico Co Va
David Gowing Jr 1 slave over 16, 2 horses
Agnes Gowing 1 horse
Agnes Gowing 97 acres land tax
David Gowing 100 acres land tax
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1804 frame 76, Gowin, Jason 2, 2 horses Jefferson Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Jeffersontax.htm

1804 June 5 – Edmund Gowen – Page 67
Deed Book C, Page 453
EDMUND GOWEN to William Baird of Prince George Co., VA, for 90 lbs 17/2 as debt is due for this amt., negro girl Patty age about 14 yrs; horses, cattle. 5 June 1804. Wit: Samuel Ward, Anselem Bugg, James Thomson. Person County, North Carolina Deeds 1792-1825. By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/04/person-county-nc-early-records.html

1805 Halifax Co, Va
David Goin Mulatto 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 517] Halifax Co Va
Birbrige Goin Mulatto 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1805 Greensville Co Va
James Going Jr
James Going Sr
Benjamin Going 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1805 Henry Co Va
frame 543?,
Going, Elizabeth 3007
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1805 frame 427, Patrick Co Va
John Going Junr. 1001
James Going 2002
John Going Snr. 2002
William Going 1005
Shadrack Going 0003
Obediah Going 1
Benja Going 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1805A Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Benjamin 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 498]
Going, Setha & son 2 tithes 1 slave 12-16, 4 horses [frame 499]
Going, Richard 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1805 Bedford County, Virginia
16 Apr 1805 Daniel Going………..1, 0, 0, 1
05 Jun 1805 Noah Going…………1, 0, 0, 1
Legend: 1802, 1803, 1804 & 1805
1st Col: Number of White Males Above 16
2nd Col: Blacks Above 12 Years Old
3rd Col: Blacks Above 16 Years Old
4th Col: Horses
Bedford County Personal Property Tax List
1782-1805, 1806-1816
Library of Virginia microfilm reels 34 and 35

1805 Moses Gowen mo 1 tithe [frame 295] Powhatan Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/powhatan.htm

1805 Frame 107, Gowens, Jason 2, 4 horses Jefferson Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Jeffersontax.htm

1805A David Gowing 1 slave over 16, 2 horses Henrico Co Va
Agnes Gowing 97 acres land tax
David Gowing 100 acres land tax
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1805 David Goings 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 633] Montgomery Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/monttax.htm

1805A Philip Going 1002 Amherst Co Va
Saml Going 1001
William Going 1001
Landon Going 1000
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1805 Henry Going 1 tithe Hanover Co Va
David Going 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/hanover.htm

1805A Goings, widow 1 horse [frame 437] Hardy Co Va
Goings, Henry 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Hardy.htm

1805C Ned Gowen FN 1 tithe, 1 horse Loudon Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1805 Going, Jacob 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 3 horses Louisa Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/louisa.htm

1805 #25 Frank Gowen a black Negro man abt 5′ 9 ½ abt 25 yrs old emanc by Richd M. Jones by deed 25 Sept 1803 and rec 26 Sept 1805–cert 24 Oct 05: copied & dld [AC DB 22:1804-08, p.127–Richard M. Jones of Dinwiddie for L37.10 sells Frank his freedom 26 Sept 03 rec as noted–see Patience et al below # 65 for legislative freeing of wife and children and permission to remain in the state after his death.], Amelia Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/ameliaregister.htm

1805 Oct 12 – Doctor Joseph Gowen –
Probate Court Minutes
Appraisal:
Berkeley Co, WV
http://interactive.ancestry.com/9087/004715614_00449?pid=611560&backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2f%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgss%3dangs-c%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26mswpn__ftp%3dNorth%2bCarolina%252c%2bUSA%26mswpn%3d36%26mswpn_PInfo%3d5-%257c0%257c1652393%257c0%257c2%257c3245%257c36%257c0%257c0%257c0%257c0%257c%26MSAV%3d0%26cp%3d0%26catbucket%3drstp%26uidh%3dm37%26pcat%3dCLP_WILLS%26h%3d611560%26db%3dUSProbateWV%26indiv%3d1%26ml_rpos%3d87&treeid=&personid=&hintid=&usePUB=true
Inventory and sale:
http://interactive.ancestry.com/9087/004715614_00529?pid=611654&backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2f%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgss%3dangs-c%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGowen%26gsln_x%3d0%26mswpn__ftp%3dNorth%2bCarolina%252c%2bUSA%26mswpn%3d36%26mswpn_PInfo%3d5-%257c0%257c1652393%257c0%257c2%257c3245%257c36%257c0%257c0%257c0%257c0%257c%26MSAV%3d0%26cp%3d0%26catbucket%3drstp%26uidh%3dm37%26pcat%3dCLP_WILLS%26h%3d611654%26db%3dUSProbateWV%26indiv%3d1%26ml_rpos%3d88&treeid=&personid=&hintid=&usePUB=true

1805 Dec 19 – “James Gowing, Henry Gowing and Avant Massey; Amy Gowing, William Harris jointly posted a bond of £50? to Miherris Parish to help support the child of Mary Hill who was an unlawful child as yet to be born,” according to Greensville County Deed Book 1, page 173.

1805 December 19 – James Gowing was listed as surety for the marriage of Amy Gowing to William Harris December 19, 1805 in Greensville County, according to “Greensville County Marriages, 1781-1825” by Catherine Lindsey Knorr. Greensville Co, Va.

1806 Halifax Co, Va
David Going (Mulatto) 3 tithes 2 horses [frame 626] Halifax Co Va
Berbridge Going F.N. 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/HalifaxVa.htm

1806B Greensville Co Va
Benjamin Going 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 353]
James Going Sr 1 tithe 4 slaves over 16, 2 slaves 12-16, 3 horses
Henry Going 1 tithe
James Going 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1806 Henry Co Va
frame 553,
Going, Elizabeth 2006
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1806 frame 455, Patrick Co Va
Going, Obadiah 1002
Going, William (D.R.) 1003
Going, Benjamin 1001
Going, James 1002
Going, Stephen 1001
Frame 456,
Going, William Jr. 1
Going, John (D.R.) 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1806B Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Jno Molatto 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 547]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1806A Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Richard with J. Hill 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 568]
Going, Shadrack & Mother 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1806A Philip Gowing 2002 Amherst Co Va
Saml Going 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1806A Zachariah Gowing 1 tithe 2 horses Loudon Co Va
Luke Gowing 1 tithe 2 horses
Joseph Gowing 1 tithe
Leonard Thomas & Luke Gowing 2 tithes, 3 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/loudoun.htm

1806 David Goings 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 660] Montgomery Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/monttax.htm

1806A David Going 1 slave over 16 Henrico Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1806 Frame 135, Goings, Jason 2, 1 horses Jefferson Co Va
Jason Goings on Shirley’s land
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Jeffersontax.htm

1807 Henry Co Va
frame 578,
Going, Littleberry 1002
Going, Elizabeth 2003
Going, Simeon 1002
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1807 frame 487, Patrick Co Va
Hezekiah Gowing 1001
Obediah Going 2001
James Going 2002
William Going 1004
William K Going 1001
Stephen Going 1001
William Going Junr. 1001
Barbige Going 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1807A Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Shadrack & Mother 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 1 horse
Going, Richard 1 tithe 2 horses
Going, Jesse 1 tithe 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1807B Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, John Molattoe 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 619]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1807B Greensville Co Va
Going, James Sr 1 tithe 3 slaves over 16, 3 slaves 12-16, 3 horses [frame 372]
Benjamin Going 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 1 horse
Henry Going 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1807A David Going 1 tithe, 1 slave over 16, 3 horses Henrico Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1807 David Goin 3 tithes 2 horses [frame 325] Grayson Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/grayson.htm

1807A Philip Gowing 1001 Amherst Co Va
Saml Gowing 1001
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Amherst.htm

1807 Going, Henry and mother 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 8] Hardy Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Hardy.htm

1808 Nov 3: Page 301, Deed Book Q, Page 118. Nathaniel Shaw of Pittsylvania County, Virginia to William Dix of same, for $25, 17.75 acres north side Dan River on State line adjoining land allotted to George Crittendon of estate of Philip Cox dec’d, Rachel Cox. Wit: Achilles Whitlock, Absolem Shackleford, JESSE GOING, Lewis Cox. Caswell County, North Carolina Deeds 1777-1817

1809 Halifax Co, Va
List of Berryman Green
Going Edwards F.N. 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1809 frame 515, Patrick Co Va
Berridge Gowing 1
Hezekiah Gowing 1002
William Going 2007
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1809 Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, Vincent & Alexander 2 tithes [frame 661]
Going, Jesse 1 tithe 1 horse
Going, Richard 1 tithe 2 horses
Going, Sitha 1 slave 12-16, 1 horse
Going, Shadrack 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 3 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1809 David Going 1 tithe 3 horses [frame 352] Grayson Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/grayson.htm

1809 David Gowing 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 3 horses [frame 594] Henrico Co Va
David Gowing 100 acres land tax
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1809 #45 John a black man abt 21 abt 5′ 9-emanc by Jn Finney by deed 27 Sept 87 rec 25 Oct 87–cert Aug Ct 1807-renewed by certificate of John Gowans 7 Dec 1809–[AC DB 18:1786-89 p. 180] [see # 221 below] Amelia Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/ameliaregister.htm

1809 b. abt – Judith Goins
Married Thos Williams in 1832 in Lunenburg Co, Va.
Lunenburg Co, Va
http://interactive.ancestry.com/6131/VGS_2002_01_01_0386/525370754?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dvgs%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dGoin%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=510,1721,605,1750#?imageId=VGS_1981_01_01_0076

1810 Southern District by Berryman Green, Halifax County
Going Edwards F.N. 1 tithe [frame 848]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1810 Greensville Co Va
James Going 1 tithe 6 slaves over 16, 4 horses [frame 402]
Henry Going 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 2 horses
Benjamin Going 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses
Mark Going 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1810 Henry Co Va
frame 591,
Going, Berry 1003
Going, Simeon 1002
Going Elizabeth 1005
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/henry.htm

1810 frame 537, Patrick Co Va
John Going Sr. 2001
John Going Jr. 101
Stephen Going 1001
William Going 1008
William Going Jr. 1
Burbage Going 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/patrick.htm

1810 Pittsylvania Co Va
Going, John Free negro Sycamore 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 685]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1810B Pittsylvania Co Va
Shadrack Going 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 5 horses [frame 709]
Richard Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Jesse Going 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 710]
Alexander Going 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 711]
Vincent Going 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/pittsylvania.htm

1810 Dudley Goin Molatto 1 tithe Grayson Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/grayson.htm

1810 Isham Going FN 1 tithe [frame 768] Campbell Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/camptax.htm

1810A Goings, Henry 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 66] Hardy Co Va
Goings, Michael 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Hardy.htm

1810B David Going 1 tithe, 1 slave over 16, 3 horses Henrico Co Va
David Gowing 100 acres land tax
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Henrico.htm

1810 Jason Gowing 1, Do Do in Chas Town Jefferson Co Va
James Gowins 1, Do Do in Chas Town
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Jeffersontax.htm

1810 #65 Patience alias Patience Gawing a Negro woman aged bt 30 abt 5′ 3 ½ emanc by act of General Assembly passed 16 Jan 1810–cert 23 Aug 1810–see Amelia legislative petitions 16 Dec 1809, Old and others on behalf of Patience the wife and Philemon, Elizabeth and Henry the children of a free black man named Frank late of Amelia County–Frank Gowen had purchased his wife and children but died without freeing them because if he did they would be subject to the law of 1806–bill frees them “as if they had never been in slavery” which presumably allows them to stay–see #25 above. This registration actually entered after #68 Amelia Co Va
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/ameliaregister.htm

1811, South Side of Maherrin River, Greensville Co, Va
James Going 1 tithe 6 slaves over 16, 4 horses
Henry Going 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses
Benjamin Going 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses
Mark Going 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1811 B, Jacob Faulkner, Halifax Co, Va.
Gowen Edwards F.N. 1 tithe [frame 941]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1811, Henry County, Va
frame 603, Going, Littleberry 1003
Going, Elizabeth 1003
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1811, Patrick County
frame 553, Zedekiah Going 1003
Burbage Going 1
William Going 2007
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1811 B, 42nd Regiment and South District by James M. Williams, Pittsylvania County, Va
Sherwood Going 2 tithes 1 slave over 16, 5 horses [frame 736]
Richard Going 1 tithe 3 horses
John Going 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1811 101st Regiment by James Hart, Pittsylvania County
Going, John free Negro 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1812 B, List of Joseph Scott, Halifax, Va
Going Edwards 1 tithe F.N.
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1812 South Side Meherrin, Greensville Co, Va
Henry Going 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 2 horses
Benja Going 1 tithe
Mark Going 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1812 Henry Co, Va
frame 619, Going, Elizabeth 1004
Going, Berry 1003
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1812 Patrick Co, Va
frame 569, Going, Thomas Molatto 1001
John Going Senr. do 1
John Going Jr. do 1
David Going do 1
Joshua? Going do 1
Burbage Going Molatto 1
William Going 1006
Hezekiah Going Molatto 1002
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1812 List of James Hart, Pittsylvania County, Virginia
Going, John Free negro 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 782]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1812 42nd, Pittsylvania County, Virginia
Going, Sherwood 2 tithes 1 slave over 16, 5 horses [frame 805]
Going, Richard 1 tithe 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1813 Halifax County, Va
(women over 16 years old included)
Going Edwards F.N. 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1813 South Side Meherrin, Greensville Co, Va.
Mark, Michael, and Salley Gowing Mulattos 2 tithes
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1813, Henry County, Va
frame 641, “A List of free Negroes & Mulattoes with their tax annexed”
John Going
Sukey Going
Elizabeth Going
Nancy Going
Berry Going
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1813, Patrick County
Arter Going 1
John Going Jr. 1001
John Going Sr. 1001
Thomas Going 1001
David Going 1001
Berbidge Going 1
William Going 1006
Hezekiah Going (D) 1
frame 598, Free negros & mulatters
Burbedg Going 2
Zedikiah Going 2
Stephen Going 2
Arter Going 1
John Going Jr 1
John Going Sr 4
David Going 1
William Going 1
Hannah Going 1
Kiziah Going 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1813 A, Pittsylvania County
Richard Going 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 3 horses
Shearwood Going 2 tithes 1 slave over 16, 4 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1813 B, Pittsylvania County
Going, John & wife & daughter free Negroes (3) 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 37]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1814 Greensville Co, Va., Do = his own tithe
Henry Gowing Do 2 free tithes, 2 horses [frame 462]
Benjamin Gowing Do 2 free tithes, 2 horses
James Gowing Do 5 free tithes, 3 horses
Mark & Micl Gowing Mulattos 2 free tithes
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1814, Henry County, Va
frame 656, List of free Negroes & Mulattoes
Berry Going,
John Going
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1814, Patrick County
frame 616, A list of Free Negroes and Mulattoes
John Going Jr. 1001
Zedekiah Going 1002
John Going S? 1001
William Going 1001
David Going 1001
Thomas Going 1002
Stephen Going 1
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1814 Pittsylvania Co, Va
Going, John (Mulatto) 1 tithe 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1814 List of James M. Williams, Pittsylvania County
Sherwood Going 2 tithes 1 slave over 16, 2 horses [frame 85]
Richard Going 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1814 Nov 15 – Sophia Gowin to Sherwood Gowin –
Deed: Sophia Gowin 200 acres to son Sherwood, 15 Nov 1814, , Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA. 9 Transcription of deed between Sophia Going and her son Sherwood giving him 200 acres of land. 1814, Pittsylvania County, VA. This land makes up half of the acreage owned by Sophia Going.
1814 Pittsylvania County, VA. From Pittsylvania County Deed Book 19, page 27-28
Image and transcription courtesy Beth Carruth 2014
“This Indenture, made this fourteenth day of October in the year of our Lord Christ Eighteen Hundred and fourteen, Between Sophia Gowin and her son Sherwood Gowin both of the County of Pittsylvania & State of Virginia, Witnesseth, that the said Sophia Gowin for the natural affection which she has and do bear towards her son and more especially for the care he has taken of me in my old age have given and granted to him the said Sherwood and to his heirs and assigns forever a Certain Tract piece or parcel of Land situate lying and being in the County and State aforesaid adjoining the state line and bounded as follows, To wit, Beginning at a pine on the state line James Parrishes Corner and runing West with the state line to a red oak on Coxes line then North with Coxes line so far as to make two Hundred Acres adjoining the state line making the Land on an oblong square including two forks of rattlesnake Creek and the plantation whereon the said Sherwood now lives together with all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appurtaining and the said Sophia Gowin doth for herself her Heirs and assigns warrant and forever defend the right and title of said Land and premises, In Witness whereof she hath hereunto set her hand and affixed her seal the day and Year first above written –
Sophia her+mark Gowin (seal)
Signed Sealed and Delivered in presence of –
Dan’l Farley Fauntleroy, Allen Peyton Going, Stephen T. Woodson
At a Court held for Pittsylvania County the 15th day of November 1814 The within written Deed of Gift was presented in Court and proved by the oaths of three witnesses thereto subscribed to the act and Deed of the within named Sophia Gowin party thereto and ordered to be recorded –
Teste Will Tunstall Cl
From Pittsylvania County, Va Deed Book 19, page 27-28”
Pittsylvania Co, Va

1815 Do = his own tithe, Greensville Co, Va.
column 12 is “Male Free Negroes & Mulattoes”
Mark Going Do 0 fn [frame 482]
Michael Going Do 1 fn
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1815 List of James M. Williams, Pittsylvania County, Virginia
Richard Going 1 tithe 1 slave 12-16, 3 horses [frame 114]
Sherod Going 2 tithes 2 slaves 12-16, 7 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1815 List of James Hart, Pittsylvania County
John Goin & son FN 47, 2 tithes 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1816 Pittsylvania Co, Va
Going, John free Negro 2 tithes 2 horses [frame 172]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1816 List of James M. Williams, Pittsylvania Co, Va
Sherwood Going 3 tithes 5 horses
Richard Going 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 2 horses [frame 201]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1816 August 12- James Gowing Sr., wrote his will August 12, 1816, according to Greensville County Will Book 2, page 447. Mentioned in the will was “wife, Amey; son, James Gowing, Jr; grandson, James Alked Gowing; son, Henry Gowing; son, Benjamin Gowing; grandsons, Benjamin Howard, Harbart Howard, Hartwell Howard and James Howard and daughter, Amy Harris.” Benjamin Young was his executor. Greensville Co, Va.

1817 Greensville Co, Va
Do = his own tithe
South of Meherrin:
Mark Gowing Do [frame 531]
Mical Gowing Do
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1817 List of James Hart, Pittsylvania County, Va
Going, John 2 tithes 3 horses [frame 226]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1817 List of James M. Williams, Pittsylvania Co, Va
Sherwood Going 2 tithes 6 horses [frame 258]
Richard Going 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 1 horse [frame 259]
Going, Jno fn 2 tithes 1 horse [frame 394]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1817 October 11 – Deed. Sitha Logan alis Sitha Goins buys 58 acres from Wm. Simm bordering property of Sophia Goins dec. Pittsylvania County, Virginia

1818 A, Halifax County
Gowin Edwards F.N. 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1818 Greensville Co, Va
Mark Going Do [frame 555]
Michal Going Do
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1818 List of James M. Williams, Pittsylvania County, Virginia
Sherwood Going 1 tithe 4 horses
Peyton Going 1 tithe 1 horse
Richard Going 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 2 horses
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1819 B, Halifax County
Edward Gowin F.N. 1 tithe [frame 600]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1819 Greensville Co, Va.
Do = his own tithe
Michael Gowing Do [frame 579]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/greensville.htm

1819, Pittsylvania County, Va
Sherwood Going 1 tithe 3 horses [frame 365]
Richard Going 1 tithe 2 slaves over 16, 1 horse [frame 366]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1819 List of James Hart. Pittsylvania Co, Va
Going, John FN 3 tithes 3 horses [frame 405]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1820 B List of Richard Bennett, Halifax County
Edward Gowin F.N. 1 tithe
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1820 List of Leonard Claiborne, Pittsylvania Co, Va
John Going FN & sons 3 tithes 2 horses [frame 434]
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1820 Williams District, Pittsylvania County, Va
Peyton Going 1 tithe [frame 455]
Sherwood Going 1 tithe 3 horses
Richard Going 1 tithe 1 slave over 16, 1 slave 12-16, 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/virginiatax.htm

1824/Pro August 21, 1826 Will of Sytha Logan (maiden name Goins)
Pittsylvania County, VA

1836 Oct 1: James Gowing writes his last will and testament. Wife: Rebecca. Daughters: Jane, Martha, Mary. Bought land from Collins and Ingram that is to be distributed to daughters. If daughters all die without children, then estate to Mary E H Southall of Gates County, sister to Thomas J. Southall. Thomas J. Southall is executor. Wits: Joseph Collins, Elisha W. Allen, James H Crump. Signed: James Gowing.
I further wish the suit v. my brother Benjamin Gowing in Virginia to be brought to a close soon . . Proved up in court December 1836 by oaths of Elisha Allen and James H Crump. Northampton County, North Carolina

__________________________________

From Gowen Manuscript:  http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/Gowenms132.htm

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

No members of the Gowen family [or spelling variations] lived in the District of Columbia, according to the 1800 cen-sus. In 1890 Washington showed a population of 232,000, and several individuals of interest to Foundation chroniclers appeared in the city directory.
==O==
Willie R. Gawen, an officer of the Washington Metropolitan Police was killed “in the line of duty May 2, 1915, according to Frank Dunnigan. His memorial is recorded on Panel 34-E-9 of the Police Monument. His personnel file is maintained in the National Archives.
==O==
Isaac S. Goin, a student was living at 1616 4th NW in Wash-ington, D.C. in 1890, according to the city directory.
==O==
Arthur B. Going, a blacksmith who lived at 3135 K NW, ac-cording to the 1890 city directory of Washington, D.C. His shop was located at 1303 27th NW. He continued at the same locations in 1891.
==O==
Joanna Going was born in Washington, D.C. about 1964. Later her family removed to Newport, Rhode Island. She attended Emerson College in Boston and then enrolled in American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York.
She starred in the 1998 movie comedy “Still Breathing.” In 1997 she appeared in Roundabout theatre’s production of George Bernard Shaw’s “Misalliance” and in the off-Broadway production of “The Maiden’s Prayer.”
==O==
Kate Goings was recorded in the 1890 city directory of Washington living at 1512 14th NW.
==O==
Lavinia Goings, a cook was living at 911 Desmond Alley SW, according to the 1890 city directory of Washington.
==O==
Lewis Goings, a laborer was listed in the 1890 city directory of Washington, living at 2622 P NW.
==O==
Missouri Goings, a bookbinder, was recorded at 1224 Wylie NE in the 1890 city directory of Washington. In 1891 Missouri Goings, a clerk lived at 617 Q NW.
==O==
Rosa Goings, lived at 2425 F NW in 1890, according to the Washington city directory. “Rosa Goins, washing” continued at the same address in 1891.
==O==
Mrs. Flossie Johnson Goins was a resident of Washington about 1928, according to the research of Sandy Johnson.
==O==
George W. Goins, an upholsterer lived at 428 Washington NW, according to the 1891 city directory.
==O==
Hannibal Goins, a coachman lived at 1526 Madison Avenue NW, according to the Washington city directory of 1890. Living at the same address was Prince A. Goins, “slater.”
==O==
John Goins and Lorene I. Goins were parents of a daughter born in the District of Columbia December 10, 1929, according to the “Washington Post” in its edition of December 11, 1929.
==O==
Thomas M. Gowan, a printer, lived at 1219 6th NW, according to the 1891 city directory of Washington.
==O==
William E. Gowan, “milk,” showed two locations in the 1890 city directory of Washington. One was at 1423 L NW, and the other was at 70 Defrees NW. In 1891, William E. Gowan, “collector” showed only the 70 Defrees NW address.
==O==
James Gowans, “plate printer” was shown in residence at 951 25th NW in the 1890 city directory of Washington. Living at the same address was Margaret Gowans, a clerk. In the 1891 edition, James Gowans continued at the same address with no listing for Margaret Gowans.
==O==
Lewis Gowans, a laborer appeared in the 1890 city directory at 2622 P NW in Washington.
==O==
Mary A. Gowans, “widow of Peter F. Gowans,” appeared as the head of a household at 2630 K NW in the 1890 city direc-tory of Washington. Living at the same address was Lucy Go-wans, “Bureau of Engraving and Printing.” Mary A. Gowans and Lucy Gowans appeared in the 1891 city directory at the same address. Alice Gowans, a clerk, also appeared in this household in the 1891 city directory.
==O==
Anna May Gowen died January 11, 1944, according to her obituary in the “Washington Evening Star” in its edition of January 12, 1944.
==O==
Annie Gowen was a staff writer for the “Washington Post” in August 2001.
==O==
Gowen W. Brooks, draftsman appeared at 115 B NE in the 1891 city directory of Washington.
==O==
Several individuals of interest to Gowen chroniclers appeared in the District of Columbia area in 1960 according to the telephone directory.

Included were:

Ann and Diana Gowen, 4707 Connecticut Ave, Washington, D.C.
G. Howard Gowen,5531 Devon Road, Bethesda, MD
Hylda H. Gowen, 4335 Harrison Road NW, Washington, D. C.
I. J. Gowen, 8202 Adelph Road, Hyattsville, Maryland
J. P. Gowen, Jr, 6311 Patterson Eastons, Washington, D C.
Miss Mary A. Gowen, 2721 Ordway, NW, Washington, D. C.
M. J. Edward Gowen, 162 E Colony Road, Silver Spring, MD
Morris E. Gowen, 3326 Loring Drive, Washington, D. C.
==O==
Doris L. Gowen was an employee of the U. S. House of Representatives, Publications Distribution Service in January 1966, according to the “Congressional Register.”
==O==
George W. McGoines was born in August 1854, according to his enumeration on April 20, 1910 in the District of Columbia, Enumeration District 193. He resided on Sheriff Road, N.E. in Washington, D.C.

His brother, Thomas McGoines, was born November 6, 1869, according to the U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey Bulletin of October 1919, according to Bruce Sellers.
==O==

Follows is the certain geneology of my known ancestors. I will also send a
more conjectural geneology.

Patrick Goins, supposed to be of Ireland, on May 6, 1830, married a
(mulatto?) woman Ann Hurst in Washington DC. These may be the parents of
John Gabriel Goins, though it is not certain.
John Gabriel Goins (born January 1836 in Washington DC) on October
6, 1859, in Washington DC, married Augustine Upshur (born March 1839 in
Washington DC).1(2) According to the 1900 census, Augustine gave birth to
12 children, of whom 9 were alive at the time.
The children of John Gabriel Goins and Augustine Upshur were:

(1) William Henry Goines (born December 6, 1859 in Washington DC – died
August 2, 1912 in Arundel MD). He married Emma Morgan King (born December
9, 1864 in Virginia – died March 10, 1907 in Washington DC) on June 29,
1887.
(2) Harriet A. Goines (born November 1861 in Washington DC)
(3) Sarah A. Goines (born March 1864 in Washington DC)
(4) John Gabriel Goines II (born July 1866 in Washington DC)
(5) Mary A. Goines (born 1869 in Washington DC)
(6) Charles Patrick Goines (born 1871 in Washington DC). He married
Lottie Adelaide Chisolm on June 29, 1899.

William Henry Goines, MD and Emma Morgan King had four children:

(1) Laurence Archibald Goines (born in Washington DC on July 23, 1888 –
died in Alliance, Nebraska, Box Butte County, December 18, 1932), a civil
engineer, married on July 29, 1910 to Lulu Mae Mead (born in Dry Creek,
Carbon County Wyoming on October 6, 1888 and died in Austin TX on February
26, 1978).

Lulu Mae Mead was the niece of Daniel Mead, the first director of
the Bureau of Reclamation, after whom Lake Mead is named. Lulu Mae Mead’s
father was George Shakespere Mead (born on October 9, 1861 in
Thompsonville, Racine County Wyoming – died on December 26, 1940 in
Cheyenne Wyoming) who lived in Wyoming, and her mother was Carrie Mae Hill
(born August 14, 1862 in Johnstown, Rock County WI – died Austin TX January
19, 1953). They were married on June 27, 1887 in on the C.M. Morrison
Ranch, Ferris Tract, Carbon County Wyoming. Their other children were:

Minnie Ann Mead (July 27, 1890 in Ferris, WY – died February 12,
1908 in Bozeman MT). She married George Trone.

George Henry Mead (born August 18, 1892 in Ferris WY – died January
30, 1949 in Cheyenne WY)

Nellie Mead (born September 2, 1895 in Thermopolis WY – died
January 11, 1967 in Santa Cruz CA) married Earnest Joseph Pickens.

(2) “A pension claim filed by a Mississippi black soldier’s widow made the
same point [about black surnames being hidden from whites]. ‘My maiden
name was Rebecca Upshur but I went by the name of my owner [Nathaniel B.
Lanier] and was called Rebecca Lanier.’” The Black Family in Slavery and
Freedom, 1750 – 1925, Herbert G. Gutman, Random House, 1976, page 238

Ethel Easter Mead (born April 10, 1898 in basin WY – died in
Cheyenne WY). Married Otis James Kitchen.

The birth certificate of Laurence Archibald Goines indicates that
his father’s occupation is Clerk Reusim (sic) (3) Office. He was born at
2040 17th St NW, Washington DC. He is registered as colored. Laurence
Archibald Goines claimed in adulthood to have been born and educated in New
York City.

(3) I don’t know what this means.

(2) Emily (called Meg) Augustine Goines (born in Washington DC on January
25, 1891 – died May 19, 1892 in Washington DC). She is buried in Harmony
cemetery, Landover MD
In the Washington DC Evening Star the following notice appears:
On Thursday May 19, 1892 at 7 o’clock am Emily Augustine, infant
daughter of William H. and Emma M. Goines.
And thou art dead, as young and fair
As a flight of mortal birth
And form so soft and charms so rare
To soon return to earth.
Funeral from parent’s residence 506 P Street NW, Sat. 21st, 2 o’clock pm

(3) Emerson Charles Goines (born June 17, 1893 in Washington DC – died
September 12, 1983 in Muscatine, Iowa). He, too, claimed to have been born
in New York City, and like his brother became a civil engineer. He married
Ruth Ripley Clore (1892 – died May 1960 in Los Angeles CA) in 1916 in
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. They had one son, Warren Charles Goines, (Born in
Milwaukee, Wisconsin February 6, 1921) and were divorced in 1927. Emerson
Charles became alienated from the family before Warren Charles was born,
and was considered the black sheep. He later changed his name to Charles
Emerson Goines. Charles Emerson Goines went to Janesville, Wisconsin in
about 1927 and met with Laurence and Lulu and all the children, perhaps to
effect a reconciliation. They met in a restaurant. His second wife was
Frieda S. Stamm, whom he married on January 27, 1937 in Rock Island
Illinois. There were no children by that marriage. They lived in Muscatine,
Iowa, where he was a church janitor.

(4) William Cecil Goines, MD a urologist of Washington, DC born on November
19, 1895 and died April 12, 1958 in Washington DC, and is buried in
Arlington National Cemetery. His education was interrupted by the draft and
he went into the Army in WWI.
He was a 2nd Lt. in the 70th Co., 6th M.G. Training Center, main
Training Depot, Camp Hancock, Georgia. Dates of commission October 26, 1918
through January 9, 1919.
After the war he returned to Howard University Medical College in
Washington DC and in 1918 got his degree as a physician and pharmacist. He
was twice married, the second marriage to Mildred W. (born September 24,
1897 – died December 2, 1976 in Washington DC, buried in Arlington National
Cemetery). Her address at the time of his death is given as 1010 S Street,
N.W., Washington D.C.

His first wife died, and there is no record of any children of that
union.

William Cecil Goines’ birth certificate dated November 19, 1895 in
Washington DC states:
Date of Birth: November 19, 1895
Place of Birth (Street and Number): 506 P St – NW
Was it a Male or a Female? male
Was it White or Colored? Colored
Full Name of Mother: Emma M. Morgan
Mother’s Maiden Name: ” ” King
Mother’s Birthplace (State or Country) Va
Full Name of Father: William H. Goines
Father’s Occupation: Clerk
Father’s Birthplace: DC
Number of Children Mother has give birth to, including present
birth: four

The five children of Laurence Archibald Goines and Lulu Mae Mead are:

(1) William Henry Goines II, (born February 17, 1912 in Denver CO – died
June 6, 1970 in Austin TX) a civil engineer with the federal government. A
graduate of the University of Texas, he was the director of the Texas
United States Geographical Survey (USGS). Married Ruth Lentsch (October 30,
1921 – ) on February 5, 1944 in Austin TX.

They had three sons:

William Henry Goines III (July 20, 1953 in Jackson MS – ), who
married Suzanne Saunders on October 8, 1983 in Kailua Kona, HI. They were
divorced in 1989 and had no children. He is a commercial airline pilot in
Hawai’i. He remarried an Australian, Ingrid, with whom he has a son,
Emmett (born about 1994).

Laurence Patrick Goines, born August 17, 1955 in Austin TX, married
JoAnna Theresa Benko (born April 25, 1957 in Misawa Japan) on May 19, 1985.

John Timothy Goines, born November 6, 1961 in Austin TX. (2523 Ohio
Drive #1903, Plano TX 75093)

Ruth Lentsch Goines, (2913 Stoneway Drive, Austin TX 78731)

(2) Marguerite Kathryn Goines (born July 7, 1913 in San Accacio CO – died
November 2, 1984 in Everett MA) married Ralph Eugene Hughes of Everett MA
on January 14, 1936 in Columbia, Missouri. Marguerite Kathryn Goines was a
graduate of Stevens College, Missouri. They had two sons and one daughter.

Howard Chandler Hughes (born May 14, 1938 in Everett Mass) married Jennifer Rainwater on June 9, 1956 in New Orleans LA. Their children are Sean, Megan, Carmen and Adam.

Rosalind Elaine Hughes (born January 11, 1941) married James Terrel
Heath on June 29 19?? in New Orleans LA. She lives in Bellevue Washington.
They had a son named Dayn. She divorced and married a man named Cusak.

Steven Austin Hughes, was born on September 12, 1949 in Everett
Massachusetts and is married to a woman named Mary. They have a son named
Colin.

(3) Laurence Archibald Goines II (born October 4, 1915 in San Accacio CO)
lives in Carmel, California. He married Edna Kaye Kamm (born April 12,
1922) called “Kay,” on February 17, 1945 in Chicago IL. They have no
children.

(4) Patricia Eileen Goines (born April 26, 1918 in San Accacio CO – died
February 12, 1973 in Austin TX) married James Madison Warner on October 1,
1943 in Austin TX. They had one son, James Madison Warner, Jr “Jimmy,”
(July 19, 1948 in San Bernadino CA – ) and twins who died at one day.
Patricia Eileen Goines divorced James Warner in 1962 or ’63 and married
James Yent, from whom she was divorced after about 2 years.

(5) Dorothy Jeanne Goines a political and legal secretary (born June 30,
1922 in Yemmassee SC – ). Married Ralph Juneau Claypool (born November 30,
1919 in Wichita Falls, TX, a civil engineer), on October 7, 1942 in Austin
TX.

They had two children:

Robert Kent Claypool (born April 11, 1945 in Austin TX – ). He married
Leslie Clark on December 29, 1974. The marriage was annulled because she
wanted to return to the Catholic church. He then married Deborah McGinnis
(born February 17, 1960 in New York – ) on October 7, 1983 in Austin TX.
They have two children: Joseph Juneau Claypool (born January 17, 1983 in El
Paso TX – ) and Travis Lee Claypool (born January 23, 1984 in El Paso TX –
). Debbie McGinnis and Robert Kent Claypool were divorced in January of
1986 in Lubbock TX.

Carol Jeanne Claypool (born December 25, 1946 in Austin TX – ) married John
Warren Webb (born April 4, 1945 in Austin TX – ), a biologist. They lived
in Africa for five years and now live in Tennessee. They have three
children:

Jason Wilfred Webb (born July 6, 1970 in Columbus, MS – )

Kerrigan Jeanne Webb (born September 1, 1972 in Grahamstown, South
Africa – )

Laura Ann Webb (born February 24, 1975 in Austin TX – )
Dorothy Jeanne Goines Claypool, 3625 Kentfield Road, Austin TX
78759 Telephone: 1-512-345-4064

* * *

Joseph Martin Clore married Carrie Gordon Beale. Joseph Martin Clore showed
his grandson, Warren Charles Goines a photograph of himself in
dress-uniform, with a high bear-skin head dress, telling him that he was a
member of the Capitol Guards. Carrie Gordon Beale was born in Round Hill,
Virginia. Her cousin, Allison Davis, became a renowned anthropologist and
chairman of the department of anthropology at the University of Chicago.
His son, John Davis, also was an anthropologist.

Joseph Martin Clore and Carrie Gordon Beale had six children:
Ruth Riply Clore (1892 – 1960)
Louis Leonard (d. 1969) two children, Gordon and June (both born c.
1912)
Malcolm (died c. 1953), daughter
Joseph Martin (d. in the 1970s), three children, Donald (born
1920), Audry (born February 29, 1924); Bonnie (1941 – 1955)
Wilton (d. 1972)
Raymond & Ralph twins, Raymond died in infancy, Ralph in 1956

Warren Charles Goines’ grandmother’s (Carrie Gordon Beale, Scottish)
grandfather was Jewish.

On September 3, 1944 Wanda Burch married Warren Charles Goines in Klamath
Falls, Oregon.

Warren Charles Goines and Wanda Burch had 8 children:

David Lance Goines born May 29, 1945

(Born in Grants Pass, Oregon, May 29, 1945 – ) a
graphic designer and writer on August 29, 1976, married Sarah Hodges
Leverett (September 30, 1942) an attorney in Berkeley California. They were
divorced on December 22, 1980. There were no children by that marriage.
He married a motion picture editor (Born in Fresno
California, June 13, 1962) on July 14, 1985 in Saint Helena, California.
They were divorced on September 22, 1994. There were no children by that
marriage.
On May 12, 1996 in Santa Cruz, California, David married Sophie
Maureen Aissen (born in Berkeley, California, September 23, 1973). They
were divorced on Decembr XX, 2000. There were no children by that marriage.

Lisa Goines (Born in Medford, Oregon on January 2, 1947 – ) a nurse at
Alta Bates hospital, Berkeley, was married in Berkeley, California (April
10, 1971 and divorced December 13, 1983) H. Tim Hoffman (November 7, 1940 –
) an attorney in Oakland California, by whom she had two daughters, Hannah
Tema (Born in Berkeley, CA April 18, 1975 – ) and Lydia Gabrielle (Born in
Berkeley CA March 16, 1978 – ).
On December 1, 1996, Lisa married Norman Shea. They were divorced
in February 2000. There were no children by that marriage.

Lawrence Burch Goines(Born in Salt Lake City, Utah on August 20, 1949 – )
a housepainter, on November 27, 1977 married Carol Marrone (Born in Los
Angeles, CA on October 27, 1947 – ). They have two children, Marika
Marrone (Born in Berkeley CA on May 31, 1977 – ) and Alexander Burch (Born
in Berkeley CA on February 10, 1984 – ). They separated in 1989, and were
divoced in 1995.
On July 18, 1996, Lawrence married Linda Page Ballard.

Deborah Goines (Born in Fresno, California on May 5, 1951 – died September
17, 1997 in Vancouver, British Columbia) on January 12, 1970 married
Terrance Peter Cloughly (Born in Ireland on December 17, 1947) in North
Vancouver, BC, Canada. Both he and she were hairdressers and beauticians.
They had two children, Nicole Michelle (Born in North Vancouver, BC on
March 26, 1970 – ) and Elliott Terrence (Born in North Vancouver, BC,
Canada on August 8, 1976 – ). They were divorced on February 6, 1992.
On August 15, 1993 Deborah remarried to Adolf “Dolf” Hengelmolon,
born in Holland. They separated in 1996. There were no children by that
marriage.

Lincoln Charles Goines (Born in Fresno, California on October 2, 1953 – )
a jazz musician playing the upright and electric bass, on November 24, 1982
married Merle Lynette Dumas (born August 3, 1953 in Port of Spain,
Trinidad) in New York City. They had no children, and were divorced in
1996.
Lincoln Charles Goines and Juliana Kohl have a daughter Lia
Kohl (Goines) born March 6,1989 in Los Angeles, California.
In October of 1996, Lincoln married Mikako Horiike, a Japanese
national. They have a son, Theo Lincoln Charles Goines, born October 27,
1999 in New York City.

Elisabeth “Libby” Goines (Born in Sacramento, California on February 7,
1956 – ) weaver, singer and musician, had a daughter by an unidentified
father, Seandra (March 12, 1977 – November 27, 1977).
She also had two sons by Patrick Farley (September 27, 1943 – ):
Allin (Born in Takilma OR on February 23, 1981 – ) and Eusheen (Oisean)
(Born in Takilma, OR on January 3, 1979)

Daniel William Goines (Born in Sacramento, California on January 29, 1958 –
) a roofer on May 22, 1988 married Linda Belle Richardson (November 13,
1947 – December 18, 1997). There were no children by that union, and they
were divorced in 1996.
In 1999 he married Susan Alderson by whom he had a son Thaddeus
Victor Alderson-Goines (March 2000 – ).

Sarah Goines (Born in Oakland, California on August 18, 1960 – ) an
elementary schoolteacher, on March 21, 1993 married James Arvid Armstrong
in Ashland, Oregon.
A son, Emmett James Armstrong was born to them on June 16, 1995 in
Medford, Oregon.
Justus Lee Armstrong was born to them on October 29, 1997 in
Ashland, Oregon.
Terrel Benjamin Armstrong., born 12:37pm June15, 2000, Ashland, Oregon.

On February 6, 1988 Nicole Michelle Cloughly married Shane Lowrey (b. March
22, 1970 – ) in Vancouver, BC, Canada. They had a son, Joshua T (the middle initial does not stand for a name) Lowrey (Born in Vancouver, BC on February 7, 1988 – ). They were divorced in 1996.

David Lance Goines wrote:

“My father, Warren Charles Goines, was born February 6th, 1921 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. His father, Charles Emerson Goines, a civil engineer, turned in his retirement church jani-tor, died in 1984 at the age of ninety-one in Muscatine, Iowa. My paternal grandmother, Ruth Ripley Clore Goines, died of cancer in Los Angeles in 1960.

My father’s parents separated when he was young, leaving his upbringing in the hands of his vain, stupid, silly, alcoholic mother. My father seems to have only the bitterest memories of his childhood. He had no siblings.

From this side of the family, I claim the credit of even more ethnic variety than from my mother’s. If Mom provided English, Scotch,
Irish, Welsh, French and American Indian, Pop tossed in Spaniards, Basques,
Jews, Cajuns, maybe even a Chinaman, yet another few assorted brands of Red Indians, and assorted Negroes. This last was kept quiet until only
recently. Not so long ago, in parts of this nation, one-sixty-fourth part
Negro blood was sufficient to allow a man or woman to be bought and sold as
personal property. Colored blood was not something to boast about, but more
prudently, to hide away. It is still not all that popular.

The reason why tri-racial ancestry was played down is clear. Throughout
most of American history, the legal, social, educational, and economic
disadvantages of being African-American were so great that it was
preferable for a person to be considered almost anything else.
During the height of segregation, apprehensions were justified. In
1811, for example, the Gingaskin tribe of Virginia’s Eastern Shore had its
existence legally terminated by the state, largely because its white
neighbors claimed that the tribe had ‘at least half’ African-American
blood. In 1824, the Nottoway of Southampton County, Virginia, were
similarly terminated. An attempt was made in 1843 to deprive Virginia’s
Pamunkey of their reservation on the grounds that the population had a
Negro admixture. On a personal level, discrimination also occurred. An
attempt was made to subject South Carolina’s Elijah Bass and his daughter, Mrs. Thomas White, to the capitation tax imposed upon free persons of color.

Witnesses testified that the family was believed to have mulatto ancestry but had intermarried with white families, had never been compelled to have white guardians as required for free persons of color, and was received in the homes and at the tables of white neighbors.

A suit was pressed in Claiborne County, Tennessee, 1853-58, by the schoolteacher Elijah Goins, who alleged that the brother of his daughter’s husband ‘spoke . . . false, malicious, scandalous and defamatory words . . [alleging] the plaintiff [to be] a mulatto, meaning a person of mixed blood one degree removed from a full-blooded negro . . . as reason of which said several grievances the plaintiff hath been greatly damaged and subjected to the suspecion [sic] disgrace and infamy of a per-son of mixed blood.

The name Goines (also spelled Goins, Goin, Going, Goings, Goen,
Goin, Gowen, &c.) probably owes something to the Scottish name Gowen (See
Hunter Black Friday, &c. below). The Goin(e)(g)(s) family was represented
in 1980 by some two thousand souls, about equally divided in skin color
between black and white. Except for the outer integument, we look a whole
lot alike.

Since the eighteenth century, communities with a mixed ancestry and
an uncertain ethnic identity have been scattered across the Upper South.
Originating in Virginia1 and North Carolina, they spread significantly into
South Carolina,1 Kentucky and Tennessee, then developed offshoots into the
Deep South1 and states north of the Ohio River.1 Journalists in the
nineteenth and twentieth centuries have called them ‘mystery people,’ and
advanced incredible legendary stories to account for their origins.
Anthropologists usually refer to them as tri-racial isolates.

The group names Guinea, Lumbee, Smiling, Redbone, Croatan,
Melungeon and Brassankle refer to larger, sub-racial groups of such people,
though they are sometimes also patronymics.
The Guinea appellation refers to a group of people of mixed white,
Indian and Negro ancestry who originate chiefly in West Virginia, Ohio and
Maryland. The primary attribution of the name is to the West Coast of
Africa, hence a slave recently imported from the West Coast of Africa. The
Spanish Guinao refers to peoples of AmerInd origin, specifically an extinct
Arawakan people of Venezuela. There may be no connection. West Virginia and
Maryland is the locus of the Goines family before the Civil War. It is
likely that the Goines’ are of the Guinea people. The name Goines may have
evolved from Guinea, though again there may be no connection.
The Brassankles are one of a group of mixed white, Indian and Negro
ancestry in South Carolina. The name is also used disparagingly of a person
passing as white who is partially Negro. It is possible that it refers to
the brass shackle used to secure a slave in a coffle
The Redbones are of mixed white, Indian and Negro blood originating
in Louisiana.
Croatans are named after an island off the coast of North Carolina,
or the island is named after them. They are people of mixed white, Indian
and Negro blood in southern North Carolina and adjoining sections of South
Carolina.
Lawrence Archibald Goines, Jr., sent me this information on March 23, 1992, quoting from Black Friday Coming Down: Real Cops. True Stories,
by David Hunter (Berkley Books, New York, 1990, page 87)

The French passed through, but few stayed. It was the Scots, for
the most part, who took up residence. I have never been to Scotland, but I
have talked to those who have. They tell me that East Tennessee is enough
like the Highlands of Scotland to bring tears to Scottish eyes. There are
still annual Highlander festivals held each year in the region.
East Tennessee, of course, was already inhabited, not by one, but
by two ethnic groups: the Cherokee Indians and a little known people who
had been contemptuously called Melungeons by the French, who first
encountered them. The word meant “mongrel” because the French mistakenly
thought them to be a mixture of white and Indian races. 1
The Melungeons, the other ethnic group already here [East
Tennessee] when the French first arrived was so intent upon privacy that
they made everyone else seem outgoing. A dark people, with raven hair and
eyes that ran the gamut from black to pale gray to blue, they had such
names as Goin, Collins, and Mullins. Except in Claiborne County, where they
became politically powerful, they kept to themselves, even refusing to take
part in the political process.
This suited the canny European people. In 1834, the Tennessee state
legislature declared that the Melungeons were a “colored race” and as such
could not vote, own property, sue in a court of law, or marry a white
person. Their neighbors simply moved in and took their land by force, the
law reinforcing their actions.
Most of the Melungeons retreated to a place called Newman’s Ridge
in Hancock County. During the Civil war, they carried out raids against
both the Union and Confederate forces. Today you will find many of their
descendants still there, a shy retiring people.

My mother was a Goin, descended from the Melungeons of Clairborne

County. There they were the political power. Fearing their neighbors, they
called themselves “Black Dutch,” denying their heritage. It was successful.
It was only after I stumbled across the literature during a research
project that I discovered my mother was a Melungeon.

To this possible etymology for Melungeon, I will add another.
Interestingly enough, Bruce Rodgers in his lexicon of gay slang (The
Queen’s Vernacular, Straight Arrow Press, 1972) under the entry “dinge
queen” (black homosexual man) gives a number of general slang words and
phrases for Negroes, one of which is mulengian. His entry reads, “known in
the Midwest, late ’60s-71, from Sicilian from a previous derivation of
Italian melanzana = eggplant.” Of course, an eggplant is an intense, shiny
purple-black, and is easily compared to the black skin of a Negro.
It is interesting that the date of birth of John Gabriel Goins
roughly coincides with this disenfranchisement, and that the history of
this branch of the family begins, ex nihilo, in Washington, D. C. at just
about this time.
A reliable source for this family’s heritage is to be found in the
large body of anthropological literature on “mixed racial isolates,” of
which the

“. . . surname Goins (with its many variations in spelling) is the most
widespread and one of the oldest and most reliably indicative surnames of
tri-racial origin in the United States. I have documented its existence
among mixed bloods in more than thirty-five counties and seven states. The
Goinses were mixed in Colonial days in Virginia, and both of the Carolinas.
The name is found today among the Lumbee, the Melungeons, the Smilings, the
Red Bones, the Ohio Guineas, and in various other parts of Ohio, Tennessee
and North Carolina where none of these terms are used. Some are white, some
Indian, and some Negro, in current status.1 An investigation of the
Goinses, their origins and traditions, their dispersal through the South
and the old Northwest Territory and their status today would touch almost
the whole fabric of the tri-racial phenomenon.” Calvin L. Beale, Economic
Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. American Anthropologist,
Volume 74 Number 3, June 1972, page 708

The ultimate American originator of our patronymic was probably one
Mihill Goen (Michael Gowen), Negro, who completed his indenture in Virginia
several years before the colony established slavery by law.1 That he was
an indentured servant provides a tantalizing glimpse into his status and
origins, but nothing is certain. The biggest reason that people indentured
themselves was to get to America from someplace else. Sometimes they were
on the run, but generally they were just poor and wanted a chance at a
better life. The fact that Michael Gowen came here of his own free will, as
an indentured servant, shows that he was not brought to America as a slave.
This and other evidence provides good reason to believe that our Goines
ancestors never at any time were slaves, but were always “free persons of
color.” Where did he come from? Why did he have a (probably) Scottish
surname?

25 October, 1657
Mihill Gowen, negro, of late serving my Brother Xopher [Christopher]
Stafford, dec’d., by his Last Will & Testament, 18 Jan. 1654, had his
freedom given him after the expiration of 4 years service to my Uncle
Robert Stafford. I Anne Barnhouse do absolve quit and discharge the sd.
Mihill Gowen from my service.

The earliest records surviving show one son, William (b. 1655) and
that child’s mother, Prossa, (Rosa) the Negro servant of Mrs. Anne
Barnhouse.

16 September 1657
I, Anne Barnhouse of Martin’s Hundred, Widow, have given Mihill Gowen,
negro, at this time servant to Robert Stafford, a male child born 25 August
1655 of the body of my negro Prossa being baptized by Mr. Edward Johnson 25
Sept. 1655 and named William & I bind myself never to trouble Mihill Gowen
or his son William or demand any service of them.

Contemporaneously with Gowen on the Eastern Shore was a man of similar name and circumstances, who may or may not prove to bear a connection to Mihil. Russell’s Free Negro in Virginia mentions one “JohnGeaween being a negro servant unto William Evans” in 1640-41 and reports,
“Geaween, like Dregis, accumulated property, and purchased from Lieutenant
Robert Sheppard his child’s freedom; by order of the court the child was
declared to ‘be free from the said Evans’ its father’s master, and ‘to be
and remain at the disposing and education of the said Geaween and the
child’s god-father, Robert Sheppard.”
The fate of John Geaween and his unidentified son appears to be
unknown. However, scattered land records created over the next sixty years
provide further information on Mihill Gowen.

8 Feb. 1668
[Land grant to] Mihill Gowree, 30 or 40 acres, scituate in Mchants hundred
parrish in James Citty Co., formerly belonging to John Turner Dec’d. and by
him purchased of Capt. Rich. Barnehouse and lately found to escheat, . . .
20 Dec. 1666 & now granted to said Gowree.

11 Sept. 1717
Inquisition, Jas. City, 11 Sept. 1717 . . . Mihil Goen late of the said
County of Jas. City dyed seised of 30 or 40 acres . . . Escheat . . .
Survey, 24 Nov. 1708, by Christopher Jackson Surveyor of Jas. City Co. is
found to condtain 37 acres . . . in Yorkham parish, Jas. City Co.

11 Sept. 1717-22 Jan. 1718
[Grant to] Robert Hubbard, 37 acs. James City Co. in Yorkhampton Parish,
beg[in] at corner of [land of] Mihil Goen (Michael Gowen), Hubbard &
Francis Moreland. . . . Escheated from Mihil Goen, dec’d, by inquisition under Edmund Jennings, Esqr., 11 Sept. 1717.

Escheats [that is, the reversals of land titles to the colony] typically occurred when landholders died without legal heirs. Given the fact that Mihill Gowen left descendants, the escheat of his land may indicate a public view that he was not legally married–either to Prossa or a subsequent wife-and that his children were not considered legitimate under the law of the colony.

On the other hand, Anthony Johnson, a free black of Acco-mack County, was married to a free wife, Mary. They are believed to have been legally married, and he and Mary did have offspring.

However, when Johnson died, a jury of white men in Acco-mack County, assembled in August 1670 by the escheator for the Eastern Shore, John Stringer, decided that because “he was a Negroe and by consequence an alien,” the land originally held by Anthony Johnson in Virginia should escheat to the Crown’ rather than descending to his heirs. [Deal, “Race and Class,” 270]

Almost nothing is known about the wives of the early-generation Goins. William, born 1655, may have married a white woman [a legal and social possibility in Virginia of the 1670s], as all males of the next generation are described as mulattoes. The logical conclusion is that to get from a man born in 1655 as the child of two Africans to men born in the 1740s described as ‘about an eight[h],’ most wives must have been white, Indian or mixed. Unfortunately, record loss creates some uncertainty whether the Goins of the next generation were William’s sons. If Mihill and Prossa had daughters, these men, or some of them, could have been illegitimate offspring of the women of the family. Such an assumption is reasonable since that pattern prevailed among other free black families of the Eastern Shore and can be later documented in the Goins family itself.

A record created in adjacent New Kent County, two years after the land of Mihill (or Michael) was regranted to another Virginian, reflects more of the economic discrimination that was faced by such families. However, it does not speak directly to the ethnic issue-other than its indication that the family of this younger Michael was not considered white.

“14 July 1720 Ordered . . . that Peter Harrilson be Surveyor of the Lower prect [precinct] . . . and that he have Michl Gow-ing’s Male Tithables, Mrs. Mary Anderson’s Tithables at the Quarter adjoining to that, Geo: Butlers,

Henry Tylers, and his own Tithables to Assist him.”

New Kent County was formed in 1654 of land from York County and James City County. Hanover County was formed in 1720 from New Kent County. In that year “Michael Gow-ing” appeared as a resident of the new county in St. Paul’s Par-ish, according to “The Vestry Book of St. Paul’s Parish, Hanover County, Virginia, 1706-1786” by C. G. Chamber-lane. A reference to him appeared on page 93:

“In Obedience to an order of New Kent Court, dated ye 14th day of July 1720, it’s Ordered that the precinct, whereof Jere: Parker is Surveyor, be divided into two precincts & that Peter Harrilson be Surveyor of the Lower Prec’t, beginning at Ash Cake Road, thence up the road to Magirt’s path, and that he have Mich’l Gow-ing’s Male Tithables, Mrs. Butlers, Henry Tylers and his own Tithables to Assist him in the Clearing.”

Under Virginia’s laws regarding the payment of tithes, white females were not liable far a head tax, although white females who were heads of households might be assessed for male family members or slaves. By contrast, non-white heads of households were charged with polls for the females in their family. Thus, the reference to Gowing’s male tithables [in contrast to other families in which gender was not specified] clearly implies that he had female tithables also, and, thus, that his family bore discernible or community-recognized color.

Other eighteenth-century sources treating the Goins of Virgin-ia’s Northern Neck are more explicit in their ethnic reference. For example, in Fairfax county in 1767, the seventy-year-old Charles Griffith testified that some forty-three years earlier (ca. 1724) he had been the overseer of one Phillip Noland in Stafford County, where one branch of the Goings then lived.

According to Griffith, ‘when Noland told Majr. Robert Alex-ander that the Goings [who were then Alexander’s tenants] were taking and surveying .. . Alexander’s land . . . Alexander replied to the said Noland that he had a great mind to turn the Molatto rascals of[f] his land.’

Descendants of the Eastern Neck Goins family served in the colonial
militia, along with other free men of color.1 They fought as soldiers in
the French and Indian War and in the American Revolution in Virginia and
the Carolinas. They bought property, paid taxes, left estates, suffered
wartime losses, and were still free (if sometimes unwelcome) citizens at
the time of the Civil War. Whenever one of the Goins appeared in a
previously Indian-white settlement and was accepted by intermarriage, a
certain proportion of African-American heritage was introduced into the
group, even though it may have been very slight if the migrant Goin was an
octoroon (or even less). Some branches became light enough to be counted as
white by neighbors. Even in a single county, one branch might be labeled
white, another mulatto, and yet another black. . . .
Another Granville document, filed during the War of 1812, reflects
the extent to which marital alliances linked the Goings with other families
of mixed ancestry. Heirs to the will of Lewis Anderson were named as Jacob
Anderson, Darling Bass and his wife Rhody, Isaac Anderson, Peter Anderson,
Edward Going and his wife Josie, and Benjamin Mitchell and his wide
Winnefred (together with minor grandchildren).1 This pattern of repeated
intermarriages between families of both African and Indian ancestry would
occur time and again as these families dispersed to other frontiers. From
southwestern Virginia and North Carolina, the Goins/Gowen family can be
(and has been) documentarily traced in its migrations-to the northwest via
Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana; and to the southwest via South Carolina,
Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. (Volume 80,
Number 1, March 1992 of the National Genealogical Society Quarterly,
article by Virginia Easley DeMarce, ” ‘Verry Slitly Mixt’: Tri-Racial
Isolate Families of the Upper South-A Genealogical Study,” pages 18-22).

Patrick Goins, supposed to be of Ireland, on May 6, 1830, married Ann Hurst in Washington, D. C. These may be the parents of John Gabriel Goines, though it is not certain. There have been repeated references in the family tradition to a Patrick Goins of Ireland.

Among the family photographs is one of a Patrick Goins who is in appearance as Irish as Paddy’s pig. He looks to be about fifty years old, is wearing an apron over his clothes and is holding an unidentifiable object [perhaps a shaving brush] in his left hand. The name “Patrick” is something of a family name, as well.

John Gabriel Goins changed his name to “Goines,” adding an “e” sometime between 1860 and 1870. This change may have been done more to associate John Gabriel Goins and his wife with Washington, D.C.’s free colored society and less to reflect actual patrimony. That the original of the name “Goines” is “Goins” is not open to much dispute. I don’t doubt that Patrick Goins married Ann Hurst in Washington, D. C. on May 6 of 1830.

If, however, he was originally Irish, he bore a name that had been common among mixed-blood peoples in the United States for almost two hundred years.
Though the Irish at that time in the United States and England were
deeply despised, they were still considered white, and it’s not likely that
a pure-blood white man would have-or could have-publicly married a mulatto
woman in 1830.
The “Goines International Registry” published by Halbert’s Family
Heritage in 1991 as part of its computer-generated World Book of Goines
provides statistical information about the family name, and claims (and we
here allow for some hyperbole):

Using a highly sophisticated network of computer sources in Europe,
North America, and Australasia, over 220 million name and address records
have been searched to locate Goines family members. The sources of these
records include electoral rolls, telephone books, city directories, and
miscellaneous public surname lists. The result of this research as related
to Goines single and family households is summarized in the following chart.
“Total Estimated Households are 840; Total Households in Registry:
737; Total Estimated Population: 2,436; Number of Counties, States,
Territories or Provinces where Households reside: 39; Most Populous County,
State, Territory or Province: Texas.

All are located in the United States. No Goines names are found in
Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Ireland,
Germany or Austria.
Of course, any coat of arms or noble Old World lineage is
transparent nonsense; it is based on the conjecture that the name “Goines”
derives from the French “Godine” (Friend of God). There is nothing to
support this derivation.
There is, however, plenty of evidence in the family history of
deliberate obfuscation of antecedents. There was something-Negro blood-that
my ancestors wanted to cover up, and for good reason. I don’t blame them
for a minute; in 1860 the soupçon of 1/64 Negro blood was enough to allow a
resident of slave states to be bought and sold as chattel, and if you could
hide it, you by God did.
However, in July of 1993, I met a young woman at a barbecue whose
name was Dale Going, of Irish ancestry, whose brother Robert N. Going of
Amsterdam, New York, is interested in the genealogy of his own family.
Furthermore, looking through the Dublin telephone directory in 1993, I
discovered a “Going.” Only one, but there you have it. This does not
precisely throw our genealogy into a cocked hat, but it seriously messes up
the connection between what I know, what I believe to be true and what I
don’t know. Patrick may be a red herring, and he may not. The Burch history
is Byzantine enough, what with cousins marrying after the 1690 massacre and
people changing their names and so on and so forth, so I don’t rule out the
possibility that we have a Gowen ancestor as well as a Going ancestor, one
a son of Ham and one with the map of Ireland upon his face.
Looking through the 1993 Dublin, Ireland telephone directory, I
discovered a Rober Going, and wrote him asking if he knew of any Patrick
Going who had emigrated to the United States in or about 1830. On September
14, 1993 he courteously responded:

14. Sept. 93

Old Kaspar
Kinlen Road
Greystones
County Wiklow
Ireland

Dear David Goines,
Thank you for your letter. I have started to examine my copies of
the Going family trees but up to now have not found a Patrick Going who
would have emigrated in the 1830s. A number of Going, Goin, Gowen (and
other variations on the name) did emigrate to the USA in the 18 hundreds
particularly in the 1840s. Most of our family lived in Counties Tipperary
and Limerick-they were Protestant and we think of Huguenot extraction-there
were few if any Patricks-but a number of Johns, Roberts, Thomases etc.
I will continue to search and root out any thing that I find to
keep you but alas don’t hold out much hope as the records are hard to
verify.
The name Going is almost certainly of French origin-Goin, and Coing
and Burgeoin. The Crest with palm tree and hand grasping palm branch is
said to be Goin since the Crusades when the Goin ancestors accompanied
Richard Cour de Lion on his Crusades. Motto Dum Sprio Spero (While I
breathe I live) or Serusus [?] Dumino [?] (Always Faithful). That is a
splendid picture of Patrick. What is he holding.
All the best
Robert Going

The certificate of marriage (#29087) of Charles P(atrick). Goines
and Lottie Adelaide Chisolm states:

To the Health Officer, District of Columbia
Date of Marriage: June 29th, 1899
Full Name of Husband: Charles P. Goines
Age: Twenty Eight years
Color: Colored
Place of Residence: 1932 – 11th St N.W.
Occupation: Feed business
Husband’s Birthplace: Washington D.C.
Number of Husband’s Marriage: First
Maiden Name of Wife: Lottie Adelaide Chisolm
Age: Twenty-five years
Color: Colored
Place of Residence: 1915 – 11th St. N.W.
Wife’s Birthplace: Charleston, S. C.
Number of Wife’s Marriage: First
(In the application for a marriage license, the color of both
Charles Patrick Goines and Lottie Adelaide Chisolm is given as ” white,”
which is struck out and “colored” written in beside it.)

(7) Margaret A. Goines (born July, 1873 in Washington DC)
(8) Alice E. Goines (born July 1875 in Washington DC)
(9) George W. Goines (born November 1880 in Washington DC)

Boyd’s Washington, D.C. Directory of 1860 lists:
Goins Augustine, dressmaker, h 394 8th west1
Goins John G. (col’d), painter, bds1 324 8th west

Boyd’s Washington, D.C. Directory of 1870 lists:
Goines Augustine [c] dressmaker, bds 1539 M nw
Goines John G. [c] lab, 1539 M nw1

Boyd’s Washington, D.C. Directory of 1907 lists:
Goines John G, painter, 2302 6th nw
Goines Wm H, clk int, 506 P nw

Boyd’s Washington, D.C. Directory of 1909 lists:
Goines, Wm H, physician, 506 P nw

Boyd’s Washington, D.C. Directory of 1910 lists:
Goines Anna, dom, 1434 Corcoran nw
Goines Wm H, chf div ind o, 506 P nw

Boyd’s Washington, D.C. Directory of 1911 lists:
Goines John G, 506 P nw
Goines Wm H, physician, 596 P nw, h do1

Boyd’s Washington, D.C. Directory of 1912 lists:
Goines Wm H, physician, 506 P nw

Boyd’s Washington, D.C. Directory of 1917 lists:
Goines Lottie E (wid Chas P) r1218 U nw
” Wm C clk r506 P nw

Boyd’s Washington, D.C. Directory of 1923 lists:
Goines Henry C chauf r1336 W nw
” Lotte A (wid Chas) sk lab g p o r1313 T nw
” Mary r2706 Olive av nw
” Phyllis T clk p o d r1615 S nw
” Wm C mgr Seventh Street Pharmacy r1615 S nw

In passing, it might be noted that this small representative sampling of
the Directory is riddled with typographic errors, and requires careful
interpretation. This sloppiness is hard for me to understand, because from
what I know of such directories, the names are entered by subscription and
one would think that they were proofread by the subscriber, thus preventing
errors. But, this was evidently not the case here.

In 1850, Senator Henry Clay obtained a compromise, which provided that California would be admitted as a free state, that the slave trade be abolished in the District of Columbia; that New Mexico and Utah be organized without any prohibition of slavery, and a rigid fugitive slave law be enacted. Slavery, however, remained legal in Washington, D. C. until the end of the War Between the States. Any distinction, therefore, that a free colored person could draw between himself and the slaves whose condition could not but be an uncomfortable reflection on him, was no doubt made. This subscription by John Ga-briel Goins and his wife Augustine Upshur Goins to have their names included in the D.C. directory says, therefore, two things: first, that they were free, because it goes without say-ing that no slave would be entered in such a directory and, sec-ond that they had a surname and used it publicly. Slaves were discouraged from using or having a surname, and to have one further emphasized one’s free status. The general degree of literacy among the Washington, D. C. Goines’ also attests to free status, as many slave states had Draconic laws prohibiting teaching slaves to read and write.

John Gabriel Goines (born January 1836 in the District of Columbia)
and Augustine Upshur (born March 1839 in D. C.) had seven children living
at their home at 745 S Street, Washington D. C., at the time of the census
of 1880. His trade is given as housepainter, hers as keeping house.

William H. twenty years old, messenger Int Dept
Harriet A. nineteen, hairdresser
Sarah sixteen, at school
John G. fourteen, at school
Mary A. twelve
Charles P. nine

Also living in the household was Shermond Cupill, nephew, a hotel
worker; birthplace, RI, place of mother’s birth, VA.

The 1900 census records John Gabriel Goines, age 64, as living at
1932 Eleventh Street, Washington DC. His wife Augustine is 61. Children are
listed as:

Harriet A. (born November 1861 in Washington DC) 38 years old
Sarah A. (born March 1864 in DC) 36 years old
John G. (born July 1866 in DC) 33 years old
Margaret A. (born July 1873 in DC) 26 years old
Alice E. (born July 1875 in DC) 24 years old
George A. (born November 1880 in DC) 19 years old

The 1910 census records William H. Goines (widowed) (physician,
general practice) as living at 506 P Street NW, Washington DC. He owned his
own house, free and clear. The people recorded as also living at this
address were:

John G. (father), age 74, number years present marriage 51
Augustine (mother) age 71, number years present marriage 51,
number of children born this mother, 12
number of these children living, 7
Emerson (son), age 16, born in DC (occupation student)
William C. (son) age 14, born in DC (occupation student)
All members of this household could read and write.

William Henry Goines, MD (born in Washington, DC, December 6, 1859,
died in Arundel, Arundel County, Maryland on August 2, 1912 and is buried
in Woodlawn Cemetery, Washington DC) married Emma Morgan King (born
December 9, 1864 in Paris, Loudon county VA and died March 10, 1907 in
Washington DC; also buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Washington DC). They were
married on June 29, 1887 at the Berean Baptist Church in Washington, DC.
The marriage certificate lists him as 27 years, seven months old.

Color: Mulatto
Place of residence: 2040 – 17th Street N.W.
Occupation: Clerk, Department of the Interior
Maiden name of wife: Emma M. King
Age: 22 years, ten months
Color: Mulatto
Place of residence: #426 M Street, N.W.
Wife’s birthplace: Paris, Virginia

William Henry Goines, MD graduated from Howard University Medical
College.
The death certificate of William Henry Goines, who died in
Arundel-on-the-Bay, Arundel County, Maryland states:

Sex: male
Color or race: colored
Widowed
Age: 52
Occupation: physician
Birthplace: Washington DC
Name of father: John Gabriel Goines
Birthplace of father: Washington DC
Mother: Augustin Upshur
Birthplace of mother: Washington DC
Cause of death: Metastatic cancer of liver; from information
supplied by Dr. John R. Francis, Washington DC
The certificate is attested by Chas. Emerson Goines, 506 P St,
N.W., Washington D. C.

Emma Morgan was at least partly of Welsh ancestry. Though her
patronymic was Morgan, she called herself Emma Morgan King. Morgan was her
father’s name, and King was her step-father’s name. She was raised by the
Lewis family. This home is where W. H. Goines used to visit Emma (426 M
Street, NW). The Lewis family also lived at 321 – 11th St NE.
The pleasant tale that Emma Morgan King is blood relative to the
pirate Henry Morgan is contested by the fact that Henry Morgan had no
legitimate children, although he adopted two sons.
The certificate of death of Emma Morgan King Goines dated March
10/07 in the District of Columbia states:

Sex: Female
Age: 42
Color: colored (Beneath this the certificate states “under color,
the term ‘colored’ includes all of African descent, whether of pure or
mixed blood)
Conjugal condition: married
Occupation: housekeeper
Birthplace of deceased: Virginia
Birthplace of Father: Virginia
Birthplace of Mother: Virginia
Duration of residence in this district: 29 years
Place of Death: 506 P St N.W.
Cause of Death: Phitisis pulmonalis & Intestelis (?)
Duration: 1 year
Immediate: Exhaustion
Place of burial: Harmony
Date of Burial: March 13, 1907

FOOTNOTES (Somewhat dissociated, sorry)

Volume 80, Number 1, March 1992 of the National Genealogical Society
Quarterly, article by Virginia Easley DeMarce, ” ‘Verry Slitly Mixt’:
Tri-Racial Isolate Families of the Upper South-A Genealogical Study,” pages
6-7 In her footnote number 14, she cites the source for the lawsuit:
Carol Anne Williams Ledford, “Elijah Goin Sues Slanderer in
Clairborne County,” Gowen Newsletter 2 (June 1991): 1,4. Ledford has
supplied the present author with copies of the original documentation.
Witnesses testified that “they are all acquainted with old Tommy Goins the
grandfather of plff [plaintiff] and knew him in 1800, [that] he [was]
reputed to be distantly mixed blooded and that he voted, served on jury
[juries?], and was examined as a witness between white men, [during which
they] never heard him questioned or denied.” The comments in court got
rather lively (e. g., did the plaintiff refer to his own cousin as “a
damned negro hog thief”?); but it was proved that the plaintiff, his
father, and his grandfather had voted, performed jury duty, and held such
county offices as constable. The defendant countered that he “did not
intend to charge and impute the legal disabilities of a mulatto but only
the reputation of the county.” The local jury found for the plaintiff, but
the case was reversed by the Superior Court in Knoxville on the grounds
that the rumor had been common knowledge and thus the plaintiff sustained
no damages from its repetition.

Further sources on genetic isolates in the United States:
Berry, B. Almost White
Dromgole, W. A. “The Melungeon Family Tree and its Branches,” The
Arena 3:745-751 (1891)
Harte, T. “Trends in Mate Selection in a Tri-racial Isolate,”
Social Forces 37: 215-221 (1959)
Hill, Carol W. “Triracial Isolates/Native American Groups in the
Eastern United States . . . in Archaeological “Objectivity” in
Interpretation, One World Archaeology, vol. 1, 1986
“Who is What? A Preliminary Inquiry into Cultural Physical
Identiy,” ed. by S. J. Shennan, pp. 233-241, 1986 One World Archaeology,
vol. 10
Pollitzer, J. G. “The Physical Anthropology and Genetics of
Marginal People of the Southeastern United States,” American
Anthropologist, 74: 719-734 (1972)
Speck, F. G. The Nanticoke Community of Delaware. Museum of the
American Indian Contributions Vol. 2, No. 4, New York, 1915
Stopp, G. H. “Mixed Racial Isolates,” American Anthropologist 76:
343-345. 1976

For an introduction to the seventeenth-century social context that
permitted these groups to originate, see Edmund S. Morgan’s American
Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia (New York: W. W.
Norton, 1975)

For the South Carolina groups generally, see Brewton Berry, “The Mestizos
of South Carolina,” American Journal of Sociology 51 (July 1945): 34-41.
The complicated, overlapping terminology of South Carolina is most clearly
explained in William Harlen Gilbert, Jr., “Memorandum Concerning the
Characteristics of the Larger Mixed-Blood Racial Islands of the Eastern
United States,” Social Forces 24 (May 1946): 438-47. Gilbert provides, as
of 1946, names of the groups, population, characteristics, environment,
occupations, economy, nicknames, and bibliography.

See Gary B. Mills, “Tracing the Free People of Color in the Antebellum
South: Methods, Sources, and Perspectives,” National Genealogical Society
Quarterly 78 (December 1990): 264, regarding families of Nash, Going,
Perkins, and Sweat in northwestern Louisiana; See also Mills, nn. 6 and 7.
Edward T. Price, “The Melungeons: A Mixed-Blood Strain of the Southern
Appalachians,” Geographical Review 41 (1951): 271, notes that the Red Bones
of southwestern Louisiana apparently spring from the basic Upper South
group. See also May Wilson McBee, The Natches court Records, 1767-1805:
Abstracts of Early Records (1953; reprinted, Baltimore Md.: Genealogical
Publishing Co., 1979), 595 regarding Gideon Gibson; and E. Russ Williams,
Jr., The Trader-Merchants: The Black People, Free & Slave; Chapters in the
Colonial Ouachita Valley Experience, 1783-1804 (Monroe, La.:
Monroe-Ouachita Valley Bicentennial Commission, 1982), 16 and 34-54,
regarding Zadoc Harman.

According to Professor Mills, several names from the present study, particularly Goins, Chavis, Locklear, Hunt, Ivey, Ken-nedy, Sampson, and Scott, are noteworthy names of free non-whites in early Alabama. Letter of Mills to DeMarce, May 1991. Several of these appear in Mills, “Miscegenation and the Free Negro in Antebellum ‘Anglo’ Alabama: A Reex-amination of Southern Race Relations,” Journal of American History 68 [June 1981]: 16-34.

Edward T. Price, “The Mixed-Blood Racial Strains of Carmel, Ohio, and Magoffin County, Kentucky,” Ohio Journal of Science 50 (1950): 281-90.

Volume 80, Number 1, March 1992 of the National Genealogical Society
Quarterly, article by Virginia Easley DeMarce, ” ‘Verry Slitly Mixt’:
Tri-Racial Isolate Families of the Upper South-A Genealogical Study,” page
5.

“Mongrel” in French is bastard, melange, hybrid. That “melungeon” is
derived from “melange” seems quite possible. The Greek “melan” for dark
colored (as “melanin”) probably enters into this etymology somewhere, as
well. Perhaps the “eggplant” argument is really a “melan” argument.

“Frank Grouard, the Grabber. Garnet, whose sister married Grouard, heard
Gallino, a Missouri River breed, called him Prazost (Ricker’s spelling) at
Red Cloud Agency, saying that was Grouard’s name when he lived up on the
Missouri. Nick Janis told Garnett that he knew a former steamboat cook
called Brazo (Ricker’s later spelling), a colored man with several Indian
wives, working for the Missouri traders. Mrs. Nettie Goings says she and
Grouard were children of the same father, John Brazeau, a French Creole
employed by the American Fur Company at Fort Pierre and related to the
Chouteaus and Picottes. Stover says Grouard told him he was a cousin of the
mother of Frank Goings, a colored woman, and came from up near Apple river.
(Indian relationship terms are flexible and translations vary. Author)
Crazy Horse, The Strange Man of the Oglalas, Mari Sandoz, University of
Nebraska Press, 1942, page 426

This information about Mihill Goen is from Volume 80, Number 1, March 1992
of the National Genealogical Society Quarterly, article by Virginia Easley
DeMarce, ” ‘Verry Slitly Mixt’: Tri-Racial Isolate Families of the Upper
South-A Genealogical Study,” pages 5-35.

Linsay O. Duvall, Virginia Colonial Abstacts [sic], ser. 2, vol. 5, Wills,
Deeds, Orders of York County, Virginia, 1657-1659 (Easley, S. C.: Southern
Historical Press, 1978), 16, 18.

Beale, “Overview of the Phenomenon of Mixed Racial Isolates,” 708.
Prossa’s name is rendered as Rosa in Philip Alexander Bruce, Economic
History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century, 2 vols. (1895-1907;
reprinted, N. Y.: Peter Smith, 1935) 2: 96 n. l.

Lindsay O. Duvall, Virginia Colonial Abstracts, ser. 2, vol. 4, James City
County, Virginia, 1634-1904 (Easley, S. C.: Southern Historical Press,
1979), 42

Lindsay O. Duvall, Virginia Colonial Abstracts, ser. 2, vol. 4, James City
County, Virginia, 1634-1904 (Easley, S. C.: Southern Historical Press,
1979), 78

Nell Marion Nugent, Cavaliers and Poineers, Abstracts of Virginia Land
Patents and Grants, 1623-1800, 3 vols. (Richmond: Press of Dietz Printing,
1934; and Va. State Library, 1977, 1979) 3: 210.

Dred Scott, a Missouri slave, sued for his freedom after his owner took
him into free territory. The 1857 Supreme Court case of Dred Scott v
Sanford held that Congress could not bar slavery in the territories. Scott
remained a slave because the Missouri Compromise of 1820, prohibiting
slavery from part of the Louisiana Purchase, violated the Fifth Amendment
by depriving slave owners of their property without due process of law.
Scott himself was held unable to sue on his own behalf, because he was held
to be property and not a citizen.
I’m not sure of the legal logic that denied citizenship to free
Black Africans, especially property owners, unless it was generally agreed
that Negros were ipso facto not fully citizens. I also do not know what the
legal logic was when free persons of color were stripped of their rights in
the 1840s.
It seems plain to me that the Dred Scott decision has more to it
than is often supposed. The extraordinary speculation in slave prices has
at least one foundation, that being the “greater fool theory,” in which the
buyer believes that he is in an eternally rising market. “I may be a fool
to pay this much, but without too much trouble I can find a fool even
greater than myself who will pay even more.” Slaves did have real value,
and when it is considered that a healthy breeding female could be expected
to produce four or five slaves for either the market or domestic labor, a
thousand dollars does not seem too high. “Fancy girls for fancy gentlemen,”
brought truly astronomical prices. Three to five thousand for a high yellow
beauty was not uncommon. Underlying the later prices of slaves is an oddly
serene confidence that, come what may, the buyer will not be left holding
the bag. The year 1857 is extraordinarily close to the beginning of the
Civil War, and it may be the case that slave owners may have thought that
the Dred Scott case was an invitation to the Congress to advance a general
slave buy-out. Since the center of the decision was that Dred Scott was valuable property, of which his owner could not be deprived except with
just compensation, it seems that the case was a heavy-handed hint to theNorth that if they wanted slavery abolished, and wanted to avoid war, they
could just buy all the slaves, free them and be done with it. I imaginethat the expense required would have been many millions, but as it turned out the war cost a lot more than that. In any event, the overture failed.

“In the matter of continued intermarriages with whites, see for example Eli Wadsworth’s affidavit, ‘Daniel Go-ins’ Genealogy,’ 21, stating that ‘his grandfather, Wil-liam Goins was mixt , his grand mother Patsey Petty was white . . . her great grand father Edward Goins ‘was slitly mixt about an eight[h] her grand mother Celia Co-fer white, her father William Goins verry slitly mixt, her mother Kisiah Sinclare white,’” according to the “National Genealogical Society Quarterly,” Volume 80, Number 1, March 1992. It contained an article by Dr. Virginia Easley DeMarce entitled, “Verry Slitly Mixt’: Tri-Racial Isolate Families of the Upper South–A Genealogical Study,” page 27.”

See Weisiger, Charles City County, Virginia, Records: 1737-1774, 81;
Rosalie Edith Davis, Louisa County, Virginia, 1743-1814: Where Have All the
Children Gone? (Manchester, Mo.: Heritage Trails, 1980), 61, 66, 70-71; and
Davis, Fredericksville Parish Vestry Book: Indentures and Processioning
Returns, 1742-1787 (Manchester, Mo.: Heritage Trails, 1981), 29

Ruth and Sam Sparacio, transcr., Land Records of Long Standing, Fairfax
County, Virginia, (1742-1770) (McLean, Va.: The Antient Press, 1988),89.

“In early Virginia, free nonwhite males were expected to do militia duty.
For example, in Accomack County in 1685, James Longo was fined for not
appearing for militia muster-according to Deal. ‘Race and Class,’ 425.
According to Breen and Innes, Myne Owne Ground, 26, it was ‘not until 1738’
that Virginia statutes limited their participation by requiring free
mulattoes, Negroes, and Indian militiamen to appear without arms. The
statute, which is actually dated 1723, limited their militia service to the
position of drummer or trumpeter except in case of ‘Invasion, Insurrection,
or Rebellion,’ when they would be ‘obliged to attend and march with the
Militia, and do the Duty of Pioneers, or such other servile Labor as they
shall be directed to perform.’ See A Collection of All the Acts of
Assembly, Now in Force in the Colony of Virginia . . . (1733; reprinted,
Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1976), 334.
Whatever the law may have prescribed, these families apparently
continued to appear armed. See the general reference works on colonial
soldiers, such as those by Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck, Virginia’s Colonial
Soldiers (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1983).
In North Carolina, the same ambiguities existed. ‘In the colonial
period, free Negroes served in the militia . . . with no apparent
discrimination against them,’ according to Franklin, who presumably
included mulattoes and tri-racial individuals in this catchall phrase free
Negroes. By 1815, the sons and grandsons of men who had served as soldiers
in the Revolution were legally relegated to musician status in the North
Carolina militia. See Franklin, Free Negro in North Carolina, 102-3.”
(Volume 80, Number 1, March 1992 of the National Genealogical Society
Quarterly, article by Virginia Easley DeMarce, ” ‘Verry Slitly Mixt’:
Tri-Racial Isolate Families of the Upper South-A Genealogical Study,” page
32).

Zac Hargett Gwynn, Abstracts of the Wills and Estate Records of Granville
County, North Carolina, 1808-1833, 2 vols. (Rocky Mount, N. C.: Joseph W.
Watson, 1976), 2: 67.

For a White man to publicly marry a colored woman at any time after about
the middle of the seventieth century was extremely rare, and also illegal
in many slave states. If the woman was a slave, the children,
too-regardless of the status of the father-were born slaves, as the slave
or free status followed the mother, not the father. See Warren M. Billings,
“The Cases of Fernando and Elizabeth Key: A Note on the Status of Blacks in
Seventeenth-Century Virginia,” William and Mary Quarterly, 3d ser., 30
(July 1973): 467-74. Billings speculates that this case, in which Elizabeth
contended that under common law a child followed the status of the father,
may have contributed to the passage of the Virginia legislation which
determined that in relation to slavery, the child was to follow the status
of the mother. (DeMarce, 27).

The street number is probably a typographical error.

I believe that “bds” means “boards,” i.e. that he is a boarder at this
address.

Notice that at this point the name is changed from “Goins” to “Goines.”
The Washington directory has a number of “Goins” and “Goings” who, we may
safely suppose, are related in some way to “Goines.”

The “596” address given here may be a typographic error.

Patrick Goins, supposed to be of Ireland, on May 6, 1830, married a
(mulatto?) woman Ann Hurst in Washington DC. These may be the parents of
John Gabriel Goins, though it is not certain.
John Gabriel Goins (born January 1836 in Washington DC) on October
6, 1859, in Washington DC, married Augustine Upshur (born March 1839 in
Washington DC).1(2) According to the 1900 census, Augustine gave birth to
12 children, of whom 9 were alive at the time.
The children of John Gabriel Goins and Augustine Upshur were:

(1) William Henry Goines (born December 6, 1859 in Washington DC – died
August 2, 1912 in Arundel MD). He married Emma Morgan King (born December
9, 1864 in Virginia – died March 10, 1907 in Washington DC) on June 29,
1887.
(2) Harriet A. Goines (born November 1861 in Washington DC)
(3) Sarah A. Goines (born March 1864 in Washington DC)
(4) John Gabriel Goines II (born July 1866 in Washington DC)
(5) Mary A. Goines (born 1869 in Washington DC)
(6) Charles Patrick Goines (born 1871 in Washington DC). He married
Lottie Adelaide Chisolm on June 29, 1899.

William Henry Goines, MD and Emma Morgan King had four children:

(1) Laurence Archibald Goines (born in Washington DC on July 23, 1888 –
died in Alliance, Nebraska, Box Butte County, December 18, 1932), a civil
engineer, married on July 29, 1910 to Lulu Mae Mead (born in Dry Creek,
Carbon County Wyoming on October 6, 1888 and died in Austin TX on February
26, 1978).

Lulu Mae Mead was the niece of Daniel Mead, the first director of
the Bureau of Reclamation, after whom Lake Mead is named. Lulu Mae Mead’s
father was George Shakespere Mead (born on October 9, 1861 in
Thompsonville, Racine County Wyoming – died on December 26, 1940 in
Cheyenne Wyoming) who lived in Wyoming, and her mother was Carrie Mae Hill
(born August 14, 1862 in Johnstown, Rock County WI – died Austin TX January
19, 1953). They were married on June 27, 1887 in on the C.M. Morrison
Ranch, Ferris Tract, Carbon County Wyoming. Their other children were:

Minnie Ann Mead (July 27, 1890 in Ferris, WY – died February 12,
1908 in Bozeman MT). She married George Trone.

George Henry Mead (born August 18, 1892 in Ferris WY – died January
30, 1949 in Cheyenne WY)

Nellie Mead (born September 2, 1895 in Thermopolis WY – died
January 11, 1967 in Santa Cruz CA) married Earnest Joseph Pickens.

(2) “A pension claim filed by a Mississippi black soldier’s widow made the
same point [about black surnames being hidden from whites]. ‘My maiden
name was Rebecca Upshur but I went by the name of my owner [Nathaniel B.
Lanier] and was called Rebecca Lanier.’” The Black Family in Slavery and
Freedom, 1750 – 1925, Herbert G. Gutman, Random House, 1976, page 238

Ethel Easter Mead (born April 10, 1898 in basin WY – died in
Cheyenne WY). Married Otis James Kitchen.

The birth certificate of Laurence Archibald Goines indicates that
his father’s occupation is Clerk Reusim (sic) (3) Office. He was born at
2040 17th St NW, Washington DC. He is registered as colored. Laurence
Archibald Goines claimed in adulthood to have been born and educated in New
York City.

(3) I don’t know what this means.

(2) Emily (called Meg) Augustine Goines (born in Washington DC on January
25, 1891 – died May 19, 1892 in Washington DC). She is buried in Harmony
cemetery, Landover MD
In the Washington DC Evening Star the following notice appears:
On Thursday May 19, 1892 at 7 o’clock am Emily Augustine, infant
daughter of William H. and Emma M. Goines.
And thou art dead, as young and fair
As a flight of mortal birth
And form so soft and charms so rare
To soon return to earth.
Funeral from parent’s residence 506 P Street NW, Sat. 21st, 2 o’clock pm

(3) Emerson Charles Goines (born June 17, 1893 in Washington DC – died
September 12, 1983 in Muscatine, Iowa). He, too, claimed to have been born
in New York City, and like his brother became a civil engineer. He married
Ruth Ripley Clore (1892 – died May 1960 in Los Angeles CA) in 1916 in
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. They had one son, Warren Charles Goines, (Born in
Milwaukee, Wisconsin February 6, 1921) and were divorced in 1927. Emerson
Charles became alienated from the family before Warren Charles was born,
and was considered the black sheep. He later changed his name to Charles
Emerson Goines. Charles Emerson Goines went to Janesville, Wisconsin in
about 1927 and met with Laurence and Lulu and all the children, perhaps to
effect a reconciliation. They met in a restaurant. His second wife was
Frieda S. Stamm, whom he married on January 27, 1937 in Rock Island
Illinois. There were no children by that marriage. They lived in Muscatine,
Iowa, where he was a church janitor.

(4) William Cecil Goines, MD a urologist of Washington, DC born on November
19, 1895 and died April 12, 1958 in Washington DC, and is buried in
Arlington National Cemetery. His education was interrupted by the draft and
he went into the Army in WWI.
He was a 2nd Lt. in the 70th Co., 6th M.G. Training Center, main
Training Depot, Camp Hancock, Georgia. Dates of commission October 26, 1918
through January 9, 1919.
After the war he returned to Howard University Medical College in
Washington DC and in 1918 got his degree as a physician and pharmacist. He
was twice married, the second marriage to Mildred W. (born September 24,
1897 – died December 2, 1976 in Washington DC, buried in Arlington National
Cemetery). Her address at the time of his death is given as 1010 S Street,
N.W., Washington D.C.

His first wife died, and there is no record of any children of that
union.

William Cecil Goines’ birth certificate dated November 19, 1895 in
Washington DC states:
Date of Birth: November 19, 1895
Place of Birth (Street and Number): 506 P St – NW
Was it a Male or a Female? male
Was it White or Colored? Colored
Full Name of Mother: Emma M. Morgan
Mother’s Maiden Name: ” ” King
Mother’s Birthplace (State or Country) Va
Full Name of Father: William H. Goines
Father’s Occupation: Clerk
Father’s Birthplace: DC
Number of Children Mother has give birth to, including present
birth: four

The five children of Laurence Archibald Goines and Lulu Mae Mead are:

(1) William Henry Goines II, (born February 17, 1912 in Denver CO – died
June 6, 1970 in Austin TX) a civil engineer with the federal government. A
graduate of the University of Texas, he was the director of the Texas
United States Geographical Survey (USGS). Married Ruth Lentsch (October 30,
1921 – ) on February 5, 1944 in Austin TX.

They had three sons:

William Henry Goines III (July 20, 1953 in Jackson MS – ), who
married Suzanne Saunders on October 8, 1983 in Kailua Kona, HI. They were
divorced in 1989 and had no children. He is a commercial airline pilot in
Hawai’i. He remarried an Australian, Ingrid, with whom he has a son,
Emmett (born about 1994).

Laurence Patrick Goines, born August 17, 1955 in Austin TX, married
JoAnna Theresa Benko (born April 25, 1957 in Misawa Japan) on May 19, 1985.

John Timothy Goines, born November 6, 1961 in Austin TX. (2523 Ohio
Drive #1903, Plano TX 75093)

Ruth Lentsch Goines, (2913 Stoneway Drive, Austin TX 78731)

(2) Marguerite Kathryn Goines (born July 7, 1913 in San Accacio CO – died
November 2, 1984 in Everett MA) married Ralph Eugene Hughes of Everett MA
on January 14, 1936 in Columbia, Missouri. Marguerite Kathryn Goines was a
graduate of Stevens College, Missouri. They had two sons and one daughter.
Howard Chandler Hughes (born May 14, 1938 in Everett Mass) married
Jennifer Rainwater on June 9, 1956 in New Orleans LA. Their children are
Sean, Megan, Carmen and Adam.

Rosalind Elaine Hughes (born January 11, 1941) married James Terrel
Heath on June 29 19?? in New Orleans LA. She lives in Bellevue Washington.
They had a son named Dayn. She divorced and married a man named Cusak.

Steven Austin Hughes, was born on September 12, 1949 in Everett
Massachusetts and is married to a woman named Mary. They have a son named
Colin.

(3) Laurence Archibald Goines II (born October 4, 1915 in San Accacio CO)
lives in Carmel, California. He married Edna Kaye Kamm (born April 12,
1922) called “Kay,” on February 17, 1945 in Chicago IL. They have no
children.

(4) Patricia Eileen Goines (born April 26, 1918 in San Accacio CO – died
February 12, 1973 in Austin TX) married James Madison Warner on October 1,
1943 in Austin TX. They had one son, James Madison Warner, Jr “Jimmy,”
(July 19, 1948 in San Bernadino CA – ) and twins who died at one day.
Patricia Eileen Goines divorced James Warner in 1962 or ’63 and married
James Yent, from whom she was divorced after about 2 years.

(5) Dorothy Jeanne Goines a political and legal secretary (born June 30,
1922 in Yemmassee SC – ). Married Ralph Juneau Claypool (born November 30,
1919 in Wichita Falls, TX, a civil engineer), on October 7, 1942 in Austin
TX.

They had two children:

Robert Kent Claypool (born April 11, 1945 in Austin TX – ). He married
Leslie Clark on December 29, 1974. The marriage was annulled because she
wanted to return to the Catholic church. He then married Deborah McGinnis
(born February 17, 1960 in New York – ) on October 7, 1983 in Austin TX.
They have two children: Joseph Juneau Claypool (born January 17, 1983 in El
Paso TX – ) and Travis Lee Claypool (born January 23, 1984 in El Paso TX –
). Debbie McGinnis and Robert Kent Claypool were divorced in January of
1986 in Lubbock TX.

Carol Jeanne Claypool (born December 25, 1946 in Austin TX – ) married John
Warren Webb (born April 4, 1945 in Austin TX – ), a biologist. They lived
in Africa for five years and now live in Tennessee. They have three
children:

Jason Wilfred Webb (born July 6, 1970 in Columbus, MS – )

Kerrigan Jeanne Webb (born September 1, 1972 in Grahamstown, South
Africa – )

Laura Ann Webb (born February 24, 1975 in Austin TX – )
Dorothy Jeanne Goines Claypool, 3625 Kentfield Road, Austin TX
78759 Telephone: 1-512-345-4064

* * *

Joseph Martin Clore married Carrie Gordon Beale. Joseph Martin Clore showed
his grandson, Warren Charles Goines a photograph of himself in
dress-uniform, with a high bear-skin head dress, telling him that he was a
member of the Capitol Guards. Carrie Gordon Beale was born in Round Hill,
Virginia. Her cousin, Allison Davis, became a renowned anthropologist and
chairman of the department of anthropology at the University of Chicago.
His son, John Davis, also was an anthropologist.

Joseph Martin Clore and Carrie Gordon Beale had six children:
Ruth Riply Clore (1892 – 1960)
Louis Leonard (d. 1969) two children, Gordon and June (both born c.
1912)
Malcolm (died c. 1953), daughter
Joseph Martin (d. in the 1970s), three children, Donald (born
1920), Audry (born February 29, 1924); Bonnie (1941 – 1955)
Wilton (d. 1972)
Raymond & Ralph twins, Raymond died in infancy, Ralph in 1956

Warren Charles Goines’ grandmother’s (Carrie Gordon Beale, Scottish)
grandfather was Jewish.

On September 3, 1944 Wanda Burch married Warren Charles Goines in Klamath
Falls, Oregon.

Warren Charles Goines and Wanda Burch had 8 children:

David Lance Goines (Born in Grants Pass, Oregon, May 29, 1945 – ) a
graphic designer and writer on August 29, 1976, married Sarah Hodges
Leverett (September 30, 1942) an attorney in Berkeley California. They were
divorced on December 22, 1980. There were no children by that marriage.
He married a motion picture editor (Born in Fresno
California, June 13, 1962) on July 14, 1985 in Saint Helena, California.
They were divorced on September 22, 1994. There were no children by that
marriage.
On May 12, 1996 in Santa Cruz, California, David married Sophie
Maureen Aissen (born in Berkeley, California, September 23, 1973). They
were divorced on Decembr XX, 2000. There were no children by that marriage.

The following article concerning the work of David Lance Go­ines was published in “Art Business News” in its December 1995 edition.

By Tony Fusco

“With the publication of his most recent poster ‑ his 162nd since 1968‑ the career of Berkeley, California graphic designer and journeyman printer David Lance Goines [b. 1945] has in many ways come full circle.

The poster celebrated the 25th anniversary of the University Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive in Berkeley, a client for whom Goines has designed and printed some 30 posters in his 30‑year career.

Today, his series of posters for this client are among his best known, and were featured in the University Art Museum anniversary exhibition, which closed toward the end of August.

While still best known in the San Francisco Bay area, Goines has gained a national reputation among graphic design profes­sionals and poster aficionados and collectors. This most recent exhibition can only serve to enhance his profile, as the Univer­sity Art Museum has kept the entire exhibition online.

Not only can you take a Virtual tour” of the exhibit via Internet (http://www.uampfa.berkeley.edu),l they’ve made it possible to download the Goines designs without charge as a screen saver. The museum is reporting over 7,000 “hits” a week to their web site.

Another full circle in Goines’ story: in 1966 the old University Art Museum, now a fire station, was the site of one of the most important graphic events of the 1960s: a show of Jugendstil [German and Austrian Art Nouveau] posters.

“This exhibition was seen by all of the people in San Francisco and Berkeley who were doing posters for rock ‘n’ roll events of the time,” Goines writes in his notes on the poster. “As a press­man, I printed some of their psychedelic posters and later be­came a poster designer myself. ”

Should the combination of graphic designer/journeyman printer fail to awe you, add writer, teacher, calligrapher, typographer, and eight‑gallon blood donor to Goines’ credits.

Then consider that his book, “A Constructed Roman Alphabet” [Godine, 1982], received the 1983 American Book Award for design and that his work is in the permanent collections of the Cooper­Hewitt/National Design Museum, the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Museum of Modern Art, and many others. He has over 60 oneman and group shows nationally and internationally on his vita.

Today his works are beginning to surface as collectibles in New York City poster auctions such as Swann Galleries and Poster Auctions International, side by side with other post World War II noted American graphic designers such as Milton Glaser, Seymour Chwast and psychedelic‑era artists like Wes Wilson.

Goines is a poster maker in the traditional sense. He has been called the Toulouse Lautrec of the 1990s. His ability to com-bine the commercial concerns of the client with his own uncompromised aesthetic integrity has created a true modern revival of the medium of fine poster art.

Like poster artists at the last turn‑of‑the‑century, his clients come to him with commissions for posters ‑ to announce events, publicize a business or sell products.

The only exceptions are a few posters he has published pro bono publico to express his own political or social views, such as his dramatic 1991 poster “No War,” created in response to the Gulf War, but really a statement against all war. It received wide recognition, was published in several graphic design and printing magazines, and was included in the book “Angry Posters, Protest Posters of the Regan/Bush Era” [Perrigrine Smith, 1992].

Occasionally, one of his posters will become “cannon fodder for bored reporters,” to quote Goines, such as his 1985 AIDS Prevention poster for the Student Health Service at Berkeley.

However, for the most part, his clients wouldn’t be considered controversial, and most are local. Recent clients include the Berkeley Horticultural Society, the San Francisco Early Music Society, the Los Angeles Central Library, Bananas Child Care Information and Referral, and Mount Vedeer Winery.

Add to that list, of course, the Berkeley restaurant Chez Panisse, another of Goines’ well‑known poster series for a long‑standing client located just two blocks away from Goines’ operations.

Yet, in spite of all the publications, accolades and awards, Goines still prefers to work alone, as designer, printer and pub­lisher at his business, the Saint Heironymous Press.

In a recent telephone interview with “Art Business News,” Goines commented with a laugh, “I guess one of the reasons why I haven’t done more corporate work is that the corporate types say ‘Have your girl call my girl to arrange an appoint-ment,’ but I haven’t got a girl! I also don’t want to be told ‘blue‑greens sell better than yellow‑greens’. They want to dictate my artistic choices.”

His current poster project? A 24th‑anniversary poster for client and friend Alice Waters at Chez Panisse, to be published in an edition of 962 copies. Like all of his posters since 1992, only 100 will be signed and numbered by him, with another 26 signed and lettered A‑Z for his own use.

Editions that small mitigate against a broad national distribu­tion, but Goines has held his ground. “For one thing, large edi­tions are beyond my printing abilities,” he noted. “I would love to have wider representation, but I’m just not willing to sacrifice the quality of my work to get the money.”

The now discontinued “Aura Design” line from Graphique de France, Woburn, Mass., once carried five different Goines from his original unsigned editions, such as his 1978 poster “Dance: The Cinc Arts Ball,” but they had to advertise them as available in very limited quantities.

The technical excellence with which Goines executes his posters is an inherent part of their appeal. His offset press is an ATF Solna Chief 24, manufactured in 1954. He does the entire print run single­handedly. The only exception he makes is for some posters that include foil stamping, which is done by a col­league at another firm.

His use of photo‑offset lithography is also unique. Instead of using the usual four‑color separation process, which results in an overall dot screen, Goines makes separate solid tone plates for each color he uses, ranging in number from as few as three to as many as 20.

The colors and juxtaposition of colors created in this often painstaking manner are extraordinarily subtle and complex. Goines’ use of this solid‑color offset lithography process is en­tirely personal, and involves as high a degree of craftsmanship as any of the more traditional methods of fine print­making. such as stone lithography or silk screening.

“The colors are built up using the printing press as the tool,” Goines explains. “Similar methods were used through the 1920s, so that my design process mirrors that used by such poster artists as Ludwig Hohlwein.”

Indeed, in the interview preface to the book Goines Posters (Alphabet Press, 1985), he stated that he “consciously emulated the work of those artists whom I admire, most notably Ludwig Hohlwein, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Hans Rudi Erdt, Al­brecht Durer, Hokusai and Hisoshige.”

Perhaps he was referring to the German artists Hohlwein’s and Erdt’s flat color fields and simplified design; the refined ornamentation of Mackintosh’s Glasgow School; Durer’s atten­tion to detail; and the delicate openness of Japanese prints. Whatever the influences may have been, Goines has developed his own unique and recognizable style.

“I’m not aware of any other artist who also prints their work us­ing an offset press. It isn’t something they teach at art schools,” he notes. “But I am aware that printing is undergoing a dramatic change in technology. Even Kodak sees the length of time limited for the use of photographic film in printing. Just look at how quickly current offset methods replaced the letterpress. In five years I may not be able to get the supplies I need.”

Both Goines’ signed and unsigned posters, especially those pro­duced before 1975, have become highly valued in the poster collecting market. Early, rare signed posters now retail from about $500 to a high of $3,000 for the 1973 poster for his own first retrospective exhibition.

Several signed prints, and a few of his unsigned editions, are no longer available at retail at all. Even early unsigned posters can retail as high as $2,000.

For posters produced since 1975, almost all signed examples retail from about $500 down to $150 for the most recent, and unsigned ones from about $300 down to $35. His editions rarely exceed 3,000 total impressions, with 1,500 to 2,000 being the most common print run and with most of the print run becoming the property of the client to do with as they see fit. Some of his posters are so popular they have had more than one edition.

However, with very few exceptions, no editions other than the first are hand‑signed.

Some time ago, in response to evidence of pirating, he licensed Portal Productions to reproduce a certain number of his posters. Discontinued in 1987, these editions were printed four‑color process photo‑offset, and therefore have the dot screen on close inspection, allowing a collector to easily distinguish them from the originals. They were also produced five percent larger than the originals and on thin glossy paper stock as opposed to the Mohawk No. 80 Superfine Cover that Goines prefers.

Long‑time, loyal Goines collectors who want to be ensured of receiving a hand‑signed copy of each poster he produces at a special price of only $100, actually have a standing subscription with his exclusive gallery/distributor Dow & Frosini in Berkeley.

For over 20 years, from 1972 until its closing in 1994, Goines’ exclusive gallery was Thackery & Robertson, formerly called The Poster, in San Francisco.

“I like having an exclusive gallery,” comments Goines. “I like the fact that they are local, and they do a good job.”

Dow & Frosini owner Todd Padgett notes, “We’ve had a rela­tionship with David for over 20 years, selling his unsigned posters. When Thackery & Robertson closed their doors, we were pleased to be asked to take their place.”

Dow & Frosini specializes in promoting Bay area artists, and Goines has become one of its main artists. Padgett is in the pro­cess of compiling a new book on Goines’ posters, this time with commentary on each one written by the artist.

“It is fascinating to see a second generation of enthusiasts buy­ing David’s work. The students here in Berkeley buying his posters today are the sons and daughters of those buying them 20 years ago. They grew up with them in their parents’ home and are now discovering them for themselves,” Padgett says.

Goines had another observation about the same phenomenon. “Artists, writers and others in the arts never seem to have very long careers,” he states. “I feel lucky to see my work moving beyond a full human generation.”

It’s another way in which Goines’ career has come full circle, even as his reputation continues to spiral outward from the Bay area.

Additional information on the posters of David Lance Goines is available from Todd Padgett at Dow & Frosini, 2284 Fulton Street, Berkeley, CA 94704. Phone: (510) 841‑4402; fax: (510) 841‑5057, E mail: dowfro @ ix.netcom.com.

Tony Fusco, specialist in posters and Art Deco, is director of Fusco & Four Associates, One Murdock Terrace, Brighton, Mass.”

Lisa Goines (Born in Medford, Oregon on January 2, 1947 – ) a nurse at
Alta Bates hospital, Berkeley, was married in Berkeley, California (April
10, 1971 and divorced December 13, 1983) H. Tim Hoffman (November 7, 1940 –
) an attorney in Oakland California, by whom she had two daughters, Hannah
Tema (Born in Berkeley, CA April 18, 1975 – ) and Lydia Gabrielle (Born in
Berkeley CA March 16, 1978 – ).
On December 1, 1996, Lisa married Norman Shea. They were divorced
in February 2000. There were no children by that marriage.

Lawrence Burch Goines(Born in Salt Lake City, Utah on August 20, 1949 – )
a housepainter, on November 27, 1977 married Carol Marrone (Born in Los
Angeles, CA on October 27, 1947 – ). They have two children, Marika
Marrone (Born in Berkeley CA on May 31, 1977 – ) and Alexander Burch (Born
in Berkeley CA on February 10, 1984 – ). They separated in 1989, and were
divoced in 1995.
On July 18, 1996, Lawrence married Linda Page Ballard.

Deborah Goines (Born in Fresno, California on May 5, 1951 – died September
17, 1997 in Vancouver, British Columbia) on January 12, 1970 married
Terrance Peter Cloughly (Born in Ireland on December 17, 1947) in North
Vancouver, BC, Canada. Both he and she were hairdressers and beauticians.
They had two children, Nicole Michelle (Born in North Vancouver, BC on
March 26, 1970 – ) and Elliott Terrence (Born in North Vancouver, BC,
Canada on August 8, 1976 – ). They were divorced on February 6, 1992.
On August 15, 1993 Deborah remarried to Adolf “Dolf” Hengelmolon,
born in Holland. They separated in 1996. There were no children by that
marriage.

Lincoln Charles Goines (Born in Fresno, California on October 2, 1953 – )
a jazz musician playing the upright and electric bass, on November 24, 1982
married Merle Lynette Dumas (born August 3, 1953 in Port of Spain,
Trinidad) in New York City. They had no children, and were divorced in
1996.
Lincoln Charles Goines and Juliana Kohl have a daughter Lia
Kohl (Goines) born March 6,1989 in Los Angeles, California.
In October of 1996, Lincoln married Mikako Horiike, a Japanese
national. They have a son, Theo Lincoln Charles Goines, born October 27,
1999 in New York City.

Elisabeth “Libby” Goines (Born in Sacramento, California on February 7,
1956 – ) weaver, singer and musician, had a daughter by an unidentified
father, Seandra (March 12, 1977 – November 27, 1977).
She also had two sons by Patrick Farley (September 27, 1943 – ):
Allin (Born in Takilma OR on February 23, 1981 – ) and Eusheen (Oisean)
(Born in Takilma, OR on January 3, 1979)

Daniel William Goines (Born in Sacramento, California on January 29, 1958 –
) a roofer on May 22, 1988 married Linda Belle Richardson (November 13,
1947 – December 18, 1997). There were no children by that union, and they
were divorced in 1996.
In 1999 he married Susan Alderson by whom he had a son Thaddeus
Victor Alderson-Goines (March 2000 – ).

Sarah Goines (Born in Oakland, California on August 18, 1960 – ) an
elementary schoolteacher, on March 21, 1993 married James Arvid Armstrong
in Ashland, Oregon.
A son, Emmett James Armstrong was born to them on June 16, 1995 in
Medford, Oregon.
Justus Lee Armstrong was born to them on October 29, 1997 in
Ashland, Oregon.
Terrel Benjamin Armstrong., born 12:37pm June15, 2000, Ashland, Oregon.

On February 6, 1988 Nicole Michelle Cloughly married Shane Lowrey (b. March 22, 1970 – ) in Vancouver, BC, Canada. They had a son, Joshua T (the middle initial does not stand for a name) Lowrey (Born in Vancouver, BC on February 7, 1988. They were divorced in 1996.

132 Virginia misc

VIRGINIA, MISCELLANEOUS

Merle M. Baker, associate professor of history at Abraham Baldwin College of Tifton, Georgia and a trustee of Odom Li-brary described the physical geography of Virginia in an article written for “The Family Tree.”

“Virginia is one of the most historic states in the United States. It is historic for many reasons, but Jamestowne was the first permanent English settlement in America. It was settled in 1607. So, many Americans can trace their roots back to this colony and state, where many historical events have taken place.

Virginia has five main land divisions: The Allegheny Mountains, the Valley, the Blue Ridge, the Piedmont and Atlantic Coastal Plain. The Coastal Plain is, also, called the Tidewater, and stretches inland about 55 miles. It is a low lying, sandy, and sometimes swampy area between the Atlantic Coast and the fall line. The Tidewater is divided into narrow peninsulas by the rivers of the Potomac, the Rappahannock, the York and the James. All of these rivers drain into the Chesapeake Bay.

Also, the Eastern Shore, which is the southern-most portion of the Delmarva Peninsula is considered as part of the Tidewater. This is the land between the Atlantic and the Chesapeake Bay, and includes that portion of land which is in Maryland. The part of the Tidewater which lies between the Potomac and the Rappahannock is known as the Northern Neck. This name was given to the land between the two rivers to their headwaters in the mountains during the colonial period. The middle peninsula, sometimes called the Middle Neck, is the land between the Rappahannock and the York Rivers. The territory between the York and James has often been called the Peninsula.

The fall line is the westward boundary of the Tidewater area. It is a north-to-south line which passes through Alexandria, Fredericksburg, Richmond and Petersburg. In 1763 settlement was forbidden by the British government to the west of this line, throughout all the American colonies. It caused much displeasure for many colonists.

The Piedmont, which means foot of the mountains, lies between the fall line and the Blue Ridge Mountains. It is a region of rolling hills, stretching from about 40 miles in the north to 180 miles in the southern part of Virginia. West of the Piedmont is the Blue Ridge.

The Valley of Virginia lies between the Blue Ridge and the Allegheny Mountains. It is a series of river valleys, divided from each other by transverse ridges, rather than a continuous trough. The northernmost and best known is the Shenandoah Valley, which comprises the region drained by the Shenandoah River. Many settlers passed through this area.

West of this Valley are the Allegheny Mountains which make up part of the Appalachian system. Today, they form the boundary between Virginia and West Virginia.

The Southside, which is another area of Virginia, includes that area between the James River and the boundary with North Carolina, and between the Blue Ridge foothills and the Nansemond River and the Dismal Swamp.

Southwest Virginia is everything west of the Blue Ridge and south of the Roanoke River. This is a rather diverse area, but very interesting as far as history is concerned. Many American colonists at one time or another, came into this area of North America. So, many family historians or genealogists find that their research leads to Virginia.

One of the first places to contact or visit in Virginia is the State Library and Archives in Richmond. The archives is located on the west wing of the main floor of the building. The collection of records includes federal records pertaining to Virginia; state records of birth from 1853-1896, colonial, death from 1853-1896, divorce, land, marriage from 1853-1935, military and tax records.

They also have county records mostly up to 1865 including court, deeds, marriage and probate. Their other records include bible, biography, cemetery, church, DAR, emigration, immigration, maps, manuscripts and mortuary records.

The State Library is located in the east wing of the main floor of the building. It has an excellent collection of materials on Virginia history.”
==O==
Virginia, in 1705, introduced the term “Mulatto.” The new law provided that the offspring also of “an Indian should be deemed, accounted, held and taken to be mulatto.” [Henning, 1823, 252.a]
==O==
A will in Virginia, prior to 1786, did not have to name the wife or the eldest son of a deceased man. Their inheritance of real estate was established by law. The widow was to receive 1/3 as her dower, and the eldest son was to receive the remaining 2/3, unless otherwise specified by his father’s will. The eldest son also received his mother’s 1/3 when she died. If the eldest son had died, the eldest grandson of the whole brood became the heir-at-law, not the second son. If a man was unmarried at the time of his death, his heir-at-law was his eldest brother, not his father or his uncle, unless his will specified otherwise. –Ancestors Update.
==O==
Goins Family Research Notes
(VA>KY, TN>VA)
8 June 1997

Jamison Graff
230 Monroe Dr. #2
Mt. View, CA 94040

jtgraff@mvccc.com
http://iems.nwu.edu/~jamison/geneal/

FANKER, Joseph
1870 VA Census, Augusta Co p.342 S2 near L10
Age 72, white farmer; household includes Hasting, Huldy, and John GOINS.

GOINS, Andrew
1870 VA Census, Grayson Co p.211 L32
Goins, Andrew 31 m b farm laborer
Morning 24 f b
John 8 m b
Wm 5 m b
Mary 3 f b
Eli 1/12 m b

GOINS, Anna B
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.571 L12
Age 5, mulatto girl, living w/Robert GOINS.

GOINS, Asa C
1880 VA Census, Scott Co ED74 S46 L7
Goins, Asa h 28 farmer, illiterate
Caroline w 26 housekeeper
Henry s 7
Virginia d 3
Bell d 1
All born VA.

GOINS, Asa C
1900 KY Census, Whitley Co ED142 S13 L96
Goins, Ace C h May 1856 44 married 26 years
Caroline w Apr 1858 42 7 children, 5 living
Belle d Oct 1882 17 single
Jessa d Jun 1890 9 single
Goins, Scott s Dec 1880 19 newlywed
Sarah d Jul 1883 16 (should be dl)
Breeding, John sl Jan 1875 25 newlywed
Maggie d Nov 1884 15 no children
Also many boarders: Bruce TAYLOR, 41, b Nov 1858, married;
William SHARP, 21, b Mar 1879; Mauron RIDIGER, 20, Nov 1879;
William BAILY, 23, n Jan 1877; George WATKIN, 18, b May 1882.
All tenants are miners and day laborers.

Ace, Caroline, Belle and parents born in VA; Jessa, Scott born KY.
Sarah & parents born KY. Ace is a coal miner; Scott is a day laborer,
2 mo unemployed this year; Jessa at school. Ace can’t read. House rented(!)
Neighbor is Columbus GOINS. (1 supposed child isn’t listed)

GOINS, Asa C
d 1908, Mt. Ash, KY [Dalby] (Isn’t Mt. Ash in TN?)

GOINS, Benjamin S
1870 VA Census, Augusta Co p.343 S2 L18
Goins, Benjamin S 69 m mu cooper
Mary C 55 f mu keeping house
Both born VA
Neighbors Francis GOINS and Henry GOINS.

GOINS, Christopher Columbus “Lum”
b 15 Jul 1852, d 1900 Whitley Co, KY [Dalby] (see Columbus GOINS)

GOINS, Cise
1870 VA Census, Lee Co p.279 L16
Goins, Cise 29 m w works on farm, b Hancock Co, TN
Rebecca 21 f w b Hancock Co, TN
Mary S 1 f w b Lee Co, VA
Neighbor Isaac GOINS.

GOINS, Columbus
see Christopher Columbus Goins

GOINS, Columbus
b 1844 in Grayson Co, VA to William and Caroline GOINS [IGI]

GOINS, Columbus
1900 KY Census, Whitley Co ED142 S14 L96 L9
Goins, Columbus h Jun 1852 47 married 26 years
Dora w Feb 1858 42 no children
Sharp, Sherman bd Apr 1877 23 single (boarder)
Devraine, Hail bd May 1856 44 divorced (boarder)
Columbus & parents born VA, Dora & parents born KY. Columbus is a coal
miner. Renting house. Neighbor Asa C GOINS.

GOINS, Dianah
1870 VA Census, Grayson Co p.180 L12
Goins, Dianah 51 f mu
George 17 m mu farm laborer
Martin 15 f mu
Minerva 10 f mu
Moriah 6 f mu
Albert 52 m mu farm laborer
All born VA. Living in a b/mu community, but neighbor is w m James SEXTON, age 25.

GOINS, Encin
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.580 L15
Goins, Encin 53 m mu farmhand
Sarah 48 f mu
George N 15 m mu
Ann E 10 f mu
Ezekiel(?) 3 m mu
All born VA.

GOINS, Ezekiel
1870 VA Census, Augusta Co p.276 L28
Age 30, m mu, b VA; enumerated w/ Charles BATES, 76, white farmer.
Neighbor Wilson GOINS.

GOINS, Francis
1870 VA Census, Grayson Co p.146 L38
Goins, Francis 52 f w
Eliza 24 f w
Neighbor William GOINS (either Francis is a seamstress or she’s living with one; bad notes)

GOINS, Francis
1870 VA Census, Augusta Co p.343 L35
Goins, Francis A 40 f mu keeping house
Evilina 25 f mu
John 21 f mu
Robert 10 m mu
Sarah 8 f mu
William 7 m mu
Stonewall 5 m mu
All born VA. Neighbors Benjamin GOINS and Henry GOINS.

GOINS, Ginnet
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.262 L12
Goins, Ginnet 45 keeping house VA f b
Ferrell 50 farmhand VA m b
Charlotte 18 farmhand VA f b
Jones, Betty 6 VA f b
Living in a community of blacks.

GOINS, Harriett
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.407 L24
59 yr old female black domestic servant, living with sawmill keeper W A BURGER.

GOINS, Hasting
1870 VA Census, Augusta Co p.342 S2 L11
Age 5, male, b VA, enumerated w/Joseph FANKER.

GOINS, Henry
1870 VA Census, Lee Co p.262 L15
Age 61, w m, farming, b Granger Co, TN; wife Lucinda, age 64, w f, b Lee Co, VA.
w/farmhand George MARTIN and his wife Charity. Neighbor William MARTIN’s household
includes the William GOINS family.

GOINS, Henry
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.517 S2 L22
Goins, Henry 35 m b farmhand
Martha 27 f b
Silvester 12 m b farmhand
Ann E 10 f b
Charles 3 m b
All born VA.

GOINS, Henry
1870 VA Census, Augusta Co p.343 S2 L2
Goins, Henry 56 m mu farm laborer
Lindsie 25 m mu day laborer
Ebe 20 m mu day laborer
Amelia F 22 f mu at home
Verinda 21 f mu at home
Lucy 19 f mu at home
Anna 18 f mu at home
Fountain 15 m mu day laborer
Mary 9 f mu
All born VA (neighbor Delila Taylor, 52, f, white, w/6 mulatto children!)
Neighbors Benjamin S GOINS, Francis GOINS.

GOINES, Herbert
b 20 Dec 1885 [Dalby]

GOINS, Huldy
1870 VA Census, Augusta Co p.342 S2 L11
Age 15, f mu, b VA, enumerated w/ Joseph FANKER.

GOINS, Ino
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.290 L29
60 yr. old male mulatto, b VA, works on RR, living in a black/mulatto community.

GOINS, Isaac
1870 VA Census, Lee Co p.279 L9
Goins, Isaac 78 m w works on farm, b NC
Minta 77 f w keeping house, b NC
Floyd 17 m w works on farm,
Margaret 15 f w (can’t make out profession)
Fielden 22 m w works on farm
Ily 26 f w homekeeping
William H 4/12 m w at home, b. March
All children b Hancock Co, TN; neighbor Cise GOINS.

GOINS, Jesse
1870 VA Census, Franklin Co p.378 L27
Goins, Jesse 21 w farmer, b VA
Mary 21 w b NC
Elizabeth 5/12 w b VA

GOINES, Jesse Lee
b 30 May 1902, d 18 Jun 1970, buried Fincastle United Methodist Church east of
Lafollette, Old HW 63 [Dalby]

GOINS, Joe Harold
KP 10/10/1988 2B: KENTUCKY DEATHS

GOINS, John
m Rhoda VINCENT 20 Dec 1832, Madison Co, KY

GOINS, John
1870 VA Census, Augusta Co p.342 S2 L11
2 yr old male, b VA, enumerated w/Joseph FANKER.

GOINS, Lizza
1870 VA Census, Rockbridge Co, p.552 S2 L23
Age 15, f mu, b VA; enumerated w/John WARDEN, 30 mulatto farm laborer

GOINS, Lula Jean
born to Sarah Harvey in Whitley Co, KY 4 Feb 1923 (Ky Births V22 #10611)

GOINS, Maria
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.551 L29
Goins, Maria 22 f mu washing
Tilda 30 f mu washing
Gennett 28 f mu washing
John W 4/12 m mu
All born VA (John is Gennett’s son).

GOINS, Martha H
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.571 L11
Age 5, mulatto girl, living w/Robert GOINS.

GOINS, Martha J
1870 VA Census, Henry Co p.45 S2 L27
Valentine, Charles 64 m b farm laborer
Goins, Martha J 23 f mu
George 3 m mu
Martha R 2 f mu
All born VA.

GOINES, Martin Van
b 22 Jan 1897 [Dalby]

GOINS, Mary
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.584 L2
Goins, Mary 46 f mu keeping house
Jackson 24 m mu farmhand
All born VA.

GOINS, Moses
1870 VA Census, Buckingham Co, p.321 S2 L16
Goins, Moses 49 m mu farmer
Mary 30 f mu
Lucy 9 f mu
Caroline 7 f mu
Susan 5 f mu
Virginia 3 f mu
All born VA. Neighbor Reuben GOINS.

GOINES, Oscar
c/o Van Buren and Sarah GOINES, died as infant, buried Rush, Boyd Co, KY [Dalby]

GOINES, Ossie
c/o Van Buren and Sarah GOINES, died as infant, buried Rush, Boyd Co, KY [Dalby]

GOINS, Otha H(orace)
d 18 Dec 1967, Whitley Co, KY, age 67. Cert #31623 Vol 64

GOINS, Otis DeWhite
b 10 Aug 1900 [Dalby]

GOINS, Patsy
m H Reynolds 21 Dec 1826

GOINS, Reuben
1870 VA Census, Buckingham Co, p.322 S2 L8
Age 12, m mu, b Va, domestic servant; enumerated w/James HARTWELL, 27,
black farm laborer. Neighbor Moses GOINS.

GOIN, Robert
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.517 L29
Goin, Robert 45 m w farmhand
Lucind 36 f w
Sucie I 12 f w
N B 8 m w
F Lee 6 m w
All born VA.

GOINS, Robert
1870 VA Census, Albemarle Co p.571 L11
Goins, Robert 54 m mu carpenter
Patsy 59 f b
Lucy I 29 f b
Robert Jas. 24 m b carpenter
Vallet 12 f b
All born VA. Living w/other housemates, including Anna B and Martha H GOINS.

GOINS, Sally
m Joseph Kerley 14 Oct 1802

GOINS, Sarah
1870 VA Census, Lee Co p.249 L9
Age 70, w f, b Botetourt Co, illiterate, enumerated w/ James STEWART, L1,
and Mary COLLINS, L2.

GOINS, Scott
Whitley Co, KY, Marriage Records, 1899-1901, pp.238-9:
Scot GOINS, principal, John BREEDING, surety; m 6 Jan 1900
Scot Goins: resident of Whitley, age 21, first marriage, occupation miner,
Scot and parents b KY
Sarah Harvey: resident of Whitley, age 21, first marriage, Sarah and parents b KY.
To be married at bride’s home; marriage certificate not returned by clergyman.

GOINS, Scott
1910 KY Census, Whitley Co ED 254 S13 L80 family 211
Goins, Scott h 27 Scott&Sarah married 10 yrs
Sarah w 26 mother of 5 children, all living
Otha H s 9
Bruce H s 7
Edred s 5
John C s 3
Arthur D s 8/12
All born KY but Scott’s parents, VA. Scott is a Drumman in a coalmine,
unemployed 3 wks this year. Noone else is employed. Renting house.

GOINS, Scott
1920 KY Census ED292 S8 L78
Goins,Scott h 39
Sarah w 36
Otha s 19
Bruce s 17
Edred s 15
John C s 13
Dana s 10
Viola d 8
Hubert s 5
Herbert s 5
Herman s 4 2/12
all born KY; Scott’s parents born VA, other parents KY;
everyone older than Viola literate; Dana-Edred in school.
Scott and Bruce are electrical engineers in a coalmine,
Otha is a laborer in a coalmine, all are wage workers.
Home is rented.

GOINS, Thed Fuel
m Synthia Hamm [Dalby]

GOINS, Thomas
1870 VA Census, Fairfax Co, p.280 S2 L30
Age 28, m mu, b VA, blacksmith; enumerated w/Eelback BIRCH, 35, white
wagonmaker.

GOINES, Van Buren
wife Sarah; 3 infant children, Ossie, Oscar, and one unnamed, are buried in Rush, Boyd Co, KY
[Dalby]

GOINS, Washington
1870 VA Census, Grayson Co p.197 L18
Goins, Washington 26 m b farm laborer
Adeline 21 f b
Elizabeth 3 f mu
All born VA. Living in a b/mu community.

GOINS, William
1870 VA Census Lee Co p.262 L19
Goins, William, 26, w m, farm worker, b Granger Co, TN
Amelia, 24, b f, domestic servant, b Clark Co, KY
Ellen, 6, b f, b Lee Co, VA
Charles, 2, b f, b Lee Co, VA

GOINS, William
1870 VA Census, Grayson Co p.146 L35
Goins, Wm. 25 m w farm laborer
Melvina 26 f w domestic
All born VA; neighbor Francis GOINS (either Melvina is a domestic or they’re living
with one; bad notes)

GOINS, William
1870 VA Census, Franklin Co p.280 S2 L13
Goins, William 35 m w farm laborer
Rosa 23 f w
Mary 3 f w
John 2 m w
All born VA

GOINS, William P
1870 VA Census, Grayson Co p.202 L32
Goins, Wm P 31 mu farmer ($1000 in real estate)
Luvine 25 w
Gary M 3 w
White L 1 w
All born VA.

GOINS, Wilson
1870 VA Census, Augusta Co p.276 L34
Goins, Wilson 50 m
Peggy 40 f
Jane 18 f
Reyly 15 m
Tandy 11 m
Lucy 9 f
Mary 7 f
All born VA. All originally entered as “white”, but changed to “mulatto.”

MARTIN, William
1870 VA Census Lee Co p.262 L19
household includes the William GOINS family. Neighbor is the Henry GOINS family.

Philip Gayne was ordered by the General Court of Virginia to compensate Edward Prince for damages in 1640, according to “Goodwives, Nasty Wenches and Anxious Patriarchs” by Kathleen Brown. “Three years later [1640], the General Court ordered Philip Gayne to make full satisfaction for damages to Edward Prince, whose maid servant Catherine Wilkins he had inveigled, having then gotten her with child and since married her.” Children born to Philip Gayne and Catherine Wilkins Gayne are unknown.
==O==
James E. Going enlisted September 24, 1864 in Company E, 11th Virginia Infantry Regiment, according to “The Eleventh Virginia Infantry Regiment.” He became a prisoner-of-war May 21, 1864 at Milford Station, Virginia, and joined the Union Army October 18, 1864.
==O==
John Going took the Oath of Allegiance before Edmund Lynn August 30, 1777, according to “Virginia Historical Magazine.”
==O==
A. Gowen, unidentified Confederate soldier of Company H, Fifth Virginia Infantry Regiment, CSA, died September 21, 1864 in Elmira Prison Camp. He was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira, New York. His service was confirmed in “The Valley Shadows Project.”
==O==
Peter Gowen “of Yorkshire, age 20, bound for 4 years to Ralph Williamson” arrived in Virginia aboard the “Robert & Elizabeth” January 27, 1700, according to “Passengers to America” by Michael Tepper.
==O==
Gowin, an Indian servant, was ordered by Virginia Colony court on October 18, 1670 to “serve his master, Thomas Bushrod six years longer and then to be free,” according to “Judicial Cases Concerning American Slavery and the Ne-gro.” by Helen Honor Tunnicliff Catterall.
==O==
Daniel Gowin was transported to Virginia in 1705 by James Boughan, Jr. and John Boughan, according to “Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1695-1732” Volume 3 by Nell Marion Nugent. The Boughans received a patent to 2,000 acres for transporting 40 people, including Daniel Gowin.
==O==
On 14 April 1653, William Hoccaday patented 1,000 acres of land for transporting 20 persons to Virginia, including William Gowin, according to “Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents & Grants.”
==O==
On 28 September 1633, Thomas Crompe patented 450 acres of land for transporting nine persons to Virginia, including John Gowing, according to Virginia Patent Book 1, page 287 as published in “Cavaliers and Pioneers.”
==O==
William Goyne/Gayne was the first of that surname to arrive in Virginia, according to Col. Carroll Heard Goyne, Editorial Boardmember of Shreveport, Louisiana. William Goyne who was born in 1589 arrived in Virginia on board the Bona Nova in 1620. He appeared to have been a freeman, not encumbered with an indenture, according to Col. Goyne. In February 1624/25 he lived in “Elizabeth Cittie.”
==O==
By 1650, Thomas Guyne, Anne Guyne and Edward Guyne/Gaynes had arrived in Virginia.

ALBEMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Henry Goens was married December 12, 1867 to M. J. Carey, according to Albemarle County marriage records. Children born to Henry Goens and M. J. Carey Goens are unknown.
==O==
Lucy Ann Goens was married March 15, 1861 to Nimrod Eves [Eaves?], according to Albemarle County marriage records.
==O==
Lucy Jane Goin was married December 20, 1871 to Ed Eugene Carroll, according to Albemarle County marriage records.
==O==
Mary Goin was married to Richard Broke [Brook?] January 3, 1791, according to Albemarle County marriage records.
==O==
Barrett Going was married November 5, 1840 to Doshia Jack-son, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to Barrett Going and Doshia Jack-son Going are unknown.
==O==
Four “free colored” Going families were enumerated in the 1810 census of Albemarle County, page 196:

“Going, David, 3 free colored persons
Going, Elizabeth 6 free colored persons
Going, James 8 free colored persons
Going, Jesse 6 free colored persons”
==O==
Charles Going was married to Matilda Middlebrook July 30, 1835, according to Albemarle County marriage records. Children born to Charles Going and Matilda Middlebrook Going are unknown.
==O==
David Going owned land adjoining that of Joseph Gowen in Albemarle County before 1770. In 1770 David Going was a resident of Pittsylvania County, according to “Southern Lineages”, by Addie Evans Winn.
==O==
Jincy Going was married to Noah Tate October 25, 1832, according to Albemarle County marriage records.
==O==
Levi Going was married to Frances Going September 19, 1833, perhaps in a double wedding ceremony with Susan Going who was married to Noah Baker on the same date in Albemarle County.
==O==
N. B. Going was married to M. J. Brannam January 10, 1886, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to N. B. Going and M. J. Branham Going are unknown.
==O==
Rob S. Going was married October 8, 1868 to Saman E. Kidd, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to Rob S. Going and Saman E. Kidd Going are unknown.
==O==
Robert Going was married April 20, 1840 to Patsy Cole, ac-cording to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to Robert Going and Patsy Cole Going are unknown.
==O==
Charles Goings was married July 22, 1835 to Matilda Middle-brook, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Of Charles Goings and Jane Middlebrook Go-ings nothing more is known.
==O==
Cornelia Goings was married April 25, 1868 to James Bryant, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages.”
==O==
Durrett Goings was married May 11, 1840 to Goshia Jackson, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Of Durrett Goings and Goshia Jackson Goings nothing more is known.
==O==
Henderson Goings was married April 20, 1870 to S. E. Tyre, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages.” Children born to Henderson Goings and S. E. Tyre Goings are unknown.

Henderson Gowens was married to Agness Gowens January 16, 1832, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Of Henderson Gowens and Agness Gowens Gowens nothing more is known.

Henderson Gowing was married January 4, 1820 to Malinda I. Gowing, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Mar-riages, 1772-1850.” Children born to Henderson Gowing and Malinda I. Gowing Gowing are unknown.
==O==
Hezekiah Goings was married September 18, 1865 to Mary Eliza Wood, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages.” Of Hezekiah Goings and Mary Eliza Wood Goings nothing more is known.
==O==
Robert Goings was married to Patsy Cole April 5, 1840, ac-cording to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Of Robert Goings and Patsy Cole Goings nothing more is known.
==O==
Walker Goings was married August 23, 1840 to M. J. Goings, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to Walker Goings and M. J. Goings Go-ings are unknown.
==O==
Jonathan Goins “of bright mulatto complexion, aged about 60 years, five feet six inches with a nick in the right side of the nose and piece off the top of the left ear, and was born free in [adjoining] Albemarle County, copy delivered June 27, 1852,” according to “Register of Free Negroes for Augusta County Court.”

Mahulda Goins, regarded as the wife of Jonathan Goins, was registered as “aged about fifty years, five feet four inches high of yellow complexion, a small scar on the upper lip and was born free in [adjoining] County of Albemarle, copy delivered June 27, 1852.

Kisiah Goins, regarded as the daughter of Jonathan Goins and Mahulda Goins, was registered as “of yellow complezion, aged thirty five years, five feet three and a half inches high, a small scar on her left wrist and was born free in Augusta County.”

Melungeon/Mulatto Robert James Goins[?], of North Carolina and his wife, Sarah Goins lived in Chancellorsville, Virginia about 1890 when a son was born, according to Franklin Goins, a great-grandson of Flushing, New York in a message dated February 27, 1998. . About 1900 Sarah Goins worked in the home of Dr. Edwin A. Alderman, president of the University of Virginia at Chancellorsville.

Children born to Robert James Goins and Sarah Goins include:

William Fauntleroy Goins born about 1890
Franklin Goins born about 1892
Virginia Goins born about 1895

William Fauntleroy Goins, son of Robert James Goins and Sarah Goins, was born about 1890 in Chancellorsville. He was graduated from Hampton Institute, a negro college of Hampton, Virginia about 1913. He was married about 1914, wife’s name unknown.

Children born to him include four daughters, names unknown and a son:

William Fauntleroy Goins, Jr. born in 1916
==O==
Four mulattoes were recorded in the 1870 census index of Albemarle County, St. Ann’s Parish:

Ensin [Ensign?] Goins age 53
Maria Goins age 22
Mary Goins age 46
Robert Goins age 43

Mulattoes appearing in Fredericksville township included:

Skilson Goines age 43
John Goins age 60
==O==
A Gowen man, name unknown, was married January 17, 1811 to Louisa Eviers, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to Louisa Eviers Gowen are unknown.
==O==
Caty Gowen was married December 21, 1807 to James Tyree, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” James Tyree, a mulatto, was enumerated as the head of a household of “4 other free” in the 1810 census of Albemarle County.
==O==
George Gowen was married to Ann Gowen January 5, 1810, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to George Gowen and Ann Gowen are unknown.
==O==
Dosha Gowen was married to Stephen Jackson February 3, 1831, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.”
==O==
James Gowen was enumerated in the 1810 census as the head of a household in Albemarle County, Fredericksville Parish, page 96. His enumeration: “00000 00000 5 0.”
==O==
John Gowen was married to Ann Gowen January 11, 1810, ac-cording to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to John Gowen and Ann Gowen Gowen are unknown.
==O==
John Gowen “of Albemarle County” received pay for military service in the French & Indian War. His compensation was authorized by the Virginia Assembly about 1760.
==O==
Staples Gowen was married August 6, 1832 to Margaret Bur-rows, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Of Staples Gowen and Margaret Burrows Gowen nothing more is known.
==O==
Thomas Gowen was married January 14, 1811 to Louisa Evans, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Of Thomas Gowen and Louisa Evans Gowen nothing more is known.
==O==
Evelina Gowing was married January 24, 1832 to Carry Butler, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.”
==O==
Jensy Gowing was married October 23, 1832 to Noah Tate, ac-cording to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” The Tate family was a prominent mulatto family of Westmoreland County, Virginia.
==O==
Levy Gowing was married September 19, 1833 to Frances Gowing, September 19, 1833, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to Levy Gowing and Frances Gowing Gowing are unknown.
==O==
Maria Gowing was married November 14, 1826 to Hasten Middlebrook, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.”
==O==
Mary Gowing was married October 30, 1824 to Wills [Willis?] Tate, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.”
==O==
Susan Gowing was married September 16, 1833 to Noah Baker, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.”
==O==
Usly [Ursula} Gowing was married October 21, 1786 to Jonathan Tyra, according to “Albemarle County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.”

ALLEGHENY COUNTY, VIRGINIA

William Goings, free colored, appeared as the head of a house-hold enumerated in the 1830 census of Allegheny County, page 118:

“Goings, William free colored male 36-55
free colored female 24-36
free colored male 10-24
free colored female 0-10”

AMELIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Some marriage records of Amelia County were published in “Amelia County, Virginia Courthouse Miniatures” by B. F. Davis:

A bond was issued September 4, 1832 for the marriage of William Gowen to Sophia Phillips, according to Amelia County Marriage Bond No. 318. Consent was given by Penelope Phillips, “grandmother to Sophia.” Lawson Adcock was security witness. Children born to William Gowen and Sophia Phillips Gowen are unknown.
==O==
Benjamin Goins was born September 25, 1883 in Amelia County, Virginia. Benjamin Goins was married in 1908 to Mrs. Julia Archer Warriner as her second husband. She was the daughter of John Taylor Warriner, Jr. and Julia Archer Cottrell Warriner, who were married in 1877 in Richmond, Virgina. Benjamin Goins died December 5, 1948.
==O==
Elizabeth Gowin and Winston S. Fortune were applicants for a marriage bond December 2, 1834, according to Amelia County Marriage Bond No. 220. James Fortune gave consent. James Gowin gave consent. William Gowin and John Pugh were security witnesses John Allcock was a witness.
==O==
Clementine Gowing and Seaton Y. Dempsey were applicants for a marriage bond January 3, 1829, according to Amelia County Marriage bond No. 301. Landon S. Gowing was security witness. Witnesses were Phillip Smith, Sr, Ro. Tinsley.
==O==
George Gowing and Nancy Thurmond were applicants for a marriage bond August 30, 1834, according to Amelia County Marriage Bond No. 329. Thomas Carter, guardian, was a wit-ness. Security witnesses were Albert G. Gooch and Jesse For-tune. Children born to George Gowing and Nancy Thurmond Gowing are unknown.
==O==
Martha C. Gowing and Wiatt Lily were applicants for a mar-riage bond May 29, 1833, according to Amelia County Marriage Bond No. 323. Landon S. Gowing was a witness. Security witnesses were James Fitzgerald and Ro. Tinsley. The minister’s return showed the bride’s name as Martissa C. Gowing.
==O==
Milley Gowing and Elijah Fitzgerald were applicants for a mar-riage bond March 25, 1806, according to Amelia County Mar-riage Bond No. 193. Samuel Gowing and Samuel Garland were the security witnesses.

AMHERST COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Samuel Going was born about 1780 in Virginia, probably in Amherst County, of parents unknown. He was married about 1818, wife’s name unknown. Apparently his wife died about 1825, and he remarried shortly afterward.

In November 1831 Samuel Going and Micajah Bryant gave a crop mortgage to a firm composed of Samuel Simmons, Young Hawkins, Jonathan N. Rose and Jonathan Thompson, Jr. Upon default, the principals filed suit, according to “The Wills of Amherst County, Virginia, 1761-1865.” by Rev. Bailey Fulton Davis.

The Amherst County Court awarded the principals a judgment of “crop, stock and $1.” The judgment was also filed December 4, 1831 in Nelson County “where Samuel Going now lives.” Samuel Going had rented a farm in Nelson County from Miss Margaret Rose, and the principals were able to attach his crop there also.

It is believed that in 1843 they lived in Amherst County where a son was married. He appeared in the 1850 census of ad-joining Nelson County, Virginia with wife Elizabeth, regarded as his second wife, as the head of Household 778-778:

“Going, Samuel 70
Elizabeth 50
Charles E. 23
Davis K. [R?] 17
Philip [twin] 13
Nathaniel [twin] 13
Sophia 25

In adjacent households were enumerated his sons, Samuel Go-ing, [Jr.], Household 779-779 and Robert A. Going, Household 780-780. Samuel Going died in Nelson County after 1860, according to the research of Cubert Thomas Wood of Columbia, Tennessee, a descendant.

Children born to Samuel Going and his first wife are believed to include:

Samuel Going born about 1820
James W. Going born about 1821
Robert A. Going born about 1823
Sophia Going born about 1825

Children born to Samuel Going and Elizabeth Going include:
s
Charles E. Goings born in 1827
Paulus R. Goings born in 1830
Oliver Going born in 1831
Edwin Going born in 1832
Phillip Goings born in 1833
Nathaniel Goings born in 1837

Three of his sons apparently added as “s” to their surname.

Samuel Going [Jr.], son of Samuel Going, was born in 1820, according to Cubert T. Wood who stated that he was married about 1847, wife’s name, Gabriella. She was born in 1824.

“James Going, son of Samuel Going, was born about 1820 in Amherst County or Albemarle County,” according to a letter written August 9, 1994 by Rozier Dedwylder, Foundation member of Hamilton, Georgia.

On November 22, 1842 James W. Going wrote his will and bequeathed to George W. Going and Phillip Going “for love for youngest brothers, $1 and stock,” according to “The Wills of Amherst County, Virginia, 1761-1865.”

Rozier Dedwylder stated that James W. Going was married in 1843 to Gabriella Skinner, daughter of Taliaferro Skinner and Elizabeth Nuckles Skinner. Elizabeth Nuckles Skinner was the daughter of John Nuckles and Sarah Nuckles. “James Going” appeared in the 1843 personal property tax list of Amherst County.

“James W. Gowing” and Gabriella Skinner were applicants for a marriage bond April 25, 1843, according to Amelia County, Virginia Marriage Bond No. 381. William L. Watts, guardian was a witness. Security witnesses were Alex S. Wood and Alex F. Blair.

One month earlier James W. Going had acted as security for William L. Watts when he posted bond to act as guardian to Gabriella Skinner, according to Amherst County Will Book 11, page 116:

“Galvilla Skinner, Guardian’s Bond:

Wm. L. Watts and Jas. Going, March 20, 1843, for Wm. L. Watts as guardian of Galvilla Skinner, orphan of Talipharo Skinner, deceased.”

Rozier Dedwylder made a study of the personal property tax records of Amherst County and found that “James Going, Sr.” and “James Going, Jr.” were list on the 1850 tax rolls. Only “James Going, Sr.” appeared in 1851.

It is suggested that by Cubert Thomas Wood of Columbia, Tennessee that James W. Going died during 1850 and that his brother, Samuel Going, assumed his family.

The household of “Samuel Going” and Gabriella Skinner Going was enumerated in the 1850 census of Nelson County, adjacent to that of his father as Household 779-779:

“Going, Samuel 30, born in Virginia
Gabriella 26, born in Virginia
Thomas 5, born in Virginia
Louisa 3, born in Virginia
Charles A. 1, born in Virginia”

“Samuel Going” is regarded as the brother-in-law of Gabriella
Skinner Going by Rozier Dedwylder.

Gabriella Skinner Going appeared in the 1860 census of Amherst County, page 242 as the head of Household 115-114:

“Going, Gabriella 34, widow, $100 personal
property
Thomas J. 14, son
Louisa E. 13, daughter
Andrew J. 10, son
Francis M. 8, son
James H. 6, son
Sanford W. 4, son
Mary J. 1, daughter

The enumerator wrote a note in the margin of the census return stating, “Assisted by county,” suggesting that the household of Gabriella Skinner Going was “on welfare.”

Gabriella Skinner Going continued to bear children until 1867, but in the 1860, 1870 and 1880 census enumerations she was listed as the head of a household, and no husband was recorded, according to Rozier Dedwylder.

Her household, No. 333-417, was enumerated in the 1870 census of Amherst County:

“Going, Gabriella 45, female, white, $100 personal
property, keeping house
Sanford W. 13. male, white, farmhand
Mary J. 11, female, white, at home
Martha E. 4, female, white”

Children born to Gabriella Skinner Going include:

Thomas J. Going born about 1845
Louisa E. Going born about 1847
Charles A. Going born about 1849
Andrew Jackson Going born about 1850
Francis M. Going born about 1852
James H. Going born about 1854
Sanford W. Going born about 1856
Mary James Going born about 1859
Martha Ellen Going born August 2, 1867

Thomas J. Going, son of James W. Going and Gabriella Skinner Going, was born about 1845, probably in Amherst County. He appeared as a five-year-old in the 1850 census of Nelson County. He reappeared as “age 14” in the 1860 census.

Louisa E. Going, daughter of Gabriella Skinner Going, was born about 1847. She appeared as a three-year-old in the 1850 census. She reappeared at age 13 in the 1850 census of Amherst County in her mother’s household.

Charles A. Going, son of Gabriella Skinner Going, was born about 1849. He appeared as a one-year-old in the 1850 census of Nelson county. He did not reappear.

Andrew Jackson Going, son of Gabriella Skinner Going, was born about 1850. He appeared as a 10-year-old in the 1850 census of Amherst County. He was married May 9, 1871, “at age 23” to Nannie Elizabeth Nuckles, “age 23” at Lynchburg, Virginia, according to the research of Nancy F. Byrd, family historian and Foundation member of Tooele, Utah. Mrs. Byrd was a great-great-granddaughter of Andrew Jackson Going and Nannie Elizabeth Nuckles Going according to her letter of May 22, 1995.

Francis M. Going, son of Gabriella Skinner Going, was born about 1852. He appeared as an eight-year-old in the 1860 cen-sus of Amherst County.

James H. Going, son of Gabriella Skinner Going, was born about 1854. He was recorded at “age 6” in the 1860 census of Amherst County.

Sanford W. Going, son of Gabriella Skinner Going, was born about 1856. He appeared in the 1860 census of Amherst County as “age 4.” “Sanford Going had appeared as the head of a household in the 1840 and 1850 census of Franklin County, Kentucky.” “Capt. Sanford H. Goins” commanded a Union militia company at Frankfort, Kentucky during the Civil War. “Sanford Goin, Jr.” was married January 12, 1869 in adjoining Woodford County, Kentucky to Emma J. Newbold, according to “Woodford County, Kentucky Marriages, 1722-1899.”

Sanford W. Goin, “ice dealer and proprietor of Eagle House, 343 Lewis Street, home at 343 Lewis Street” appeared in the 1884-85 city directory of Frankfort.

Also listed in the 1884-85 city directory of Frankfort is Phillip H. Goin, “ice dealer at 237 Mero Street, home at 237 Mero Street, owns 1 acre of land.” He is perhaps a son of Sanford W. Goin.

Mary James Going, daughter of Gabriella Skinner Going, was born about 1859. She appeared as a one-year-old in the 1860 census of Amherst County.

Martha Ellen Going, daughter of James W. [Samuel] Going and Gabriella Skinner Going, was born August 2, 1867 in Amherst County, according to the research of Rozier Dedwylder, a descendant. She appeared as a 13-year-old in the household of her mother in the 1880 census.

Martha Ellen Going, “age 22, daughter of James and Gabriella Going” was married November 26, 1890 to Thomas Albert Williams, age 23, by H. C. Cheatham, minister of the gospel, according to the marriage records of Campbell County, Vir-ginia. Martha Ellen Going stated for the record that her parents were James and Gabriella

The profession of the groom was shown as “railroading.” He was born to Richard P. Williams and Melissa K. Drummond Williams February 4, 1867 in Nelson County. He died March 25, 1929 at Clifton Forge, Virginia. She died there March 4, 1962.

Children born to them include:

Roland A. Williams born July 17, 1894
Rayburn E. Williams born April 18, 1896
Reva Williams born September 5, 1896
Irma C. Williams born about 1899
Lorene G. Williams born about 1903
Lawrence Hunter Williams born about 1908

Rayburn L. Williams was killed in action in France June 19, 1918. Roland A. Williams was also killed in France July 18, 1918 in the American Expeditionary Forces.

Robert A. Going, son of Samuel Going, was born in Virginia about 1823. He was married about 1847, wife’s name Lucinda.

They were recorded in the 1850 census of Nelson County, adjacent to his father as the head of Household 780-780:

Going, Robert A. 27, born in Virginia
Lucinda 26, born in Virginia
Nathan 2, born in Virginia”

“Robert A. Goin” was listed as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Nelson County, Enumeration District 115, page 21, Rockford District. The family was enumerated as:

“Goin, Robert A. 59, born in VA
Lucinda 52, born in VA
Nicholas B. 18, born in VA
Fitchuler L. 16, born in VA, son
Carroll, Lucy I. 23, born in VA, daughter
Iverson L. 6, born in VA, grandson”

Children born to Robert A. Going and Lucinda Going include:

William Nathan Going born about 1848
Lucy I. Going born about 1858
Nicholas B. Going born about 1862
Fitchuler L. Going born about 1864

Sophia Goings, daughter of Samuel Going, was born about 1825 in Virginia. She appeared at age 25 in the 1850 enumeration of her father’s household in Nelson County.

Charles E. Goings, son of Samuel Goings, was born in 1827 in Virginia. He was married about 1861 wife’s name Signora. She was born in May 1847. She may have been his second wife.

Children born to Charles E. Goings and Signora Goings include:

Virginia E. Going born in 1863
William Going born in 1868
Silas Going born about 1869
Paul Going born in 1870
Hester Going born about 1871
Marshall Going born in October 1872
Ida Going born about 1873
Frank Going born in May 1877
John Going born in April 1879
James E. Going born in April 1882
Kittie Going born in April 1884
Samuel Going born in June 1886

Silas Going, son of Charles E. Goings and Signora Goings, was born in August 1868. He was married about 1892, wife’s name Anna. She was born in March 1876.

Children born to Silas Going and Anna Going include:

Edwin Going born in December 1894
Elnora Going born in May 1896
Clara Going born in March 1900
Josiah Going born in 1905
Paul Going born in 1907
Laura L. Going born in 1910
Harry Going born in 1912
Eugene Going born in 1915

Paulus R. Goings, son of Samuel Goings, was born in 1830, probably in Virginia. He was married about 1858 to Lucy Patterson who was born in 1832.

Children born to Paulus R. Goings and Lucy Patterson Goings include:

Mary E. “Mollie” Goings born February 9, 1860
Louise Goings born in 1863
Cynthia Goings born in 1864
Paulus Goings, Jr. born in 1866
Ella Goings born in 1871

Mary E. “Mollie” Goings, daughter of Paulus R. Goings and Lucy Patterson Goings, was born February 9, 1860. She was married to Alfred Pinkerton Smith who was born April 29, 1859. She died August 3, 1938, and he died October 27, 1949.Children born to them include:

Charles A. Smith born October 27, 1878
James Lewis Smith born September 21, 1880
Paulus E. Smith born September 12, 1882
Johnny T. Smith born January 18, 1885
Mary Eliza Smith born March 26, 1887
Lucy Edna Smith born September 24, 1890
Willie Pinkerton Smith born July 10, 1893
Cora Louise Smith born June 14, 1896
George Washington Smith born July 18, 1901
Eva Elizabeth Smith born January 30, 1905

James Lewis Smith, son of Alfred Pinkerton Smith and Mary E. “Mollie” Goings Smith, was born September 21, 1880 at Lynchburg, Virginia. He was married about 1900 to Pearl Evelyn Chewning who was born in June 1882. She died February 14, 1960. He died December 27, 1966 in Birmingham, Alabama, according to the research of Cubert Thomas Wood, a descendant.

Children born to James Lewis Smith and Pearl Evelyn Chewn-ing Smith include:

Emmett Hobson Smith born about 1902
Mary Evelyn Smith born February 8, 1904
Thelma Smith born June 2, 1902
Minnie Wallace Smith born October 23, 1908
Virginia Irene Smith born August 18, 1913

Mary Evelyn Smith, daughter of James Lewis Smith and Pearl Evelyn Chewning Smith, was born February 8, 1904. She was married about 1920 to Cubert Russell Wood. He was born July 13, 1901. He died May 4, 1954 in Birmingham. She died August 8, 1994 at the age of 90.

Children born to them include:

Monica Louise “Mica” Wood born May 2, 1921
Evelyn “Russell” Wood born May 24, 1922
Cubert Acosta Wood born July 29, 1924

Cubert Acosta Wood, son of Cubert Russell Wood and Mary Evelyn Smith Wood, was born July 29, 1924. He was married about 1945 to Edwina Louise Pocus. She was born in Birm-ingham March 8, 1926.

Children born to them include:

Cubert Thomas Wood born July 6, 1945
Larry David Wood born August 28, 1948
Lynn Cheryl Wood born February 8, 1953

Cubert Thomas Wood, son of Cubert Acosta Wood and Edwina Louise Pocus Wood, was born July 6, 1946. He was married about 1972 to Sandra Joan Cryar. She was born July 22, 1948 in Columbia, Tennessee. In 1994 they continued in Columbia.

Children born to them include:

Jennifer Lyn Wood born September 3, 1975
Jeffrey Thomas Wood born December 11, 1983

Oliver Going, son of Samuel Going and Elizabeth Going, was born about 1831 in Virginia. He was married about 1849, wife’s name Matilda. She was born in 1830.

Children born to Oliver Going and Matilda Going include:

Paul O. Going born about 1851

Edwin Going, son of Samuel Going and Elizabeth Going was born about 1832. He was married about 1856 to Margaret Falconer. Children born to Edwin Going and Margaret Falconer Going are unknown.

Phillip Goings, son of Samuel Going and Elizabeth Going, was born in 1833. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Nathaniel Goings, son of Samuel Going and Elizabeth Going, was born about 1837. Of this individual nothing more is known.
==O==
James Goin was married to Mary A. Spencer September 11, 1857, according to “Amherst County, Virginia Marriages, 1783-1850.” Children born to James Goin and Mary A. Spencer Goin are unknown.
==O==
“Micajah Goin” was married January 19, 1836 to Martha Jane Kelly, according to “Amherst County, Virginia Marriages, 1783-1850.” “Micajah Gowen” was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Amherst County. Eastern Division.

A descendant, Dorothy Sykes of Virginia Beach, Virginia wrote August 3, 1998 that four children were born to Micajah Going and Mary Jane Kelly Going. They include:

George W. Going born about 1839
Ann Elizabeth Going born about 1840
Eveline Going born about 1842
Lucie Henry Going born about 1845

George W. Going, “infant son of Micajah Going,” was to re-ceive from the estate of William Kelly, his grandfather “$1 and a five-year-old horse” under the terms of Kelly’s will written November 22, 1842, according to “The Wills of Amherst County, Virginia, 1761-1865.”

George W. Going, “age 26, of Amherst County, son of Micajah Going and Martha Jane Going,” was married November 20, 1867 to Emily Oliver, age 20, daughter of Amos J. Oliver, according to “Marriage Records of Bedford County, Virginia.”

Children born to George W. Going and Emily Oliver Going are unknown.
==O==
John Going was married September 6, 1843 to Martha Litch-ford, according to “Amherst County, Virginia Marriages, 1703-1850.” Children born to John Going and Martha Litch-ford Going are unknown.
==O==
Landon Going was married to Sally Crisp January 17, 1803, according to “Amherst County, Virginia Marriages, 1703-1850.” Of Landon Going and Sally Crisp Going nothing more is known.
==O==
Polly Going was married to Joseph Harvey December 10, 1802, according to “Amherst County, Virginia Marriages, 1703-1850.”
==O==
Will Going, free colored male, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1820 census of Amherst County, page 25A. One member of the household was engaged in manufacturins, one in commerce and one in agriculture. Will Going owned one slave. The household was composed of:

“Going, Will free colored male 26-45
free colored female 26-45
free colored male 14-26
free colored male 14-26
free colored female over 45
free colored male 26-45
free colored female 26-45”
==O==
On January 11, 1827 Henry J. Rose sold “cows, tools, furniture” to Sophia Going, “daughter of Samuel Going of Nelson County for $1 and charitable considerations.” Henry J. Rose retained a deed of trust on the property and six years later, attempted to recover the security on June 27, 1833. He filed his deed of trust in Nelson County July 22, 1833 and in Amherst County August 4, 1835.

Sophia Goings, daughter of Samuel Going, would be about two years old in 1827. Obviously the entry refers to an older Samuel Going and an older Sophia Going. “Sophia Going” may have been a sister to Samuel Going.
==O==
Robert C. Goins was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1870 census of Amherst County, page 499, line 9:

“Goins, Robert C. 25, male, white, works in furnace,
born in VA
Susan M. 34, female, white, keeping house,
born in VA
==O==
Families of interest to Gowen chroniclers appeared in the 1850 census of Amherst County:

Householder Page District
John Gowen 122 Eastern
John Gowen 095 Eastern
Mahala Gowen 154 Eastern
Micajah Gowen 080 Eastern
Nancy F. Gowen 080 Eastern
Sophia Gowen 151 Eastern
James Gowen 126 Eastern
==O==
Louisa E. Gowan was married June 21, 1861 to William E. Bowles, according to Amherst County Marriage Book 2, page 55.
==O==
James Gowen was born about 1820, place and parents unknown. He was married to Elizabeth Viar who was born about 1840. She may have been his second wife.

James Gowen appeared as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Amherst County, Page 126, Eastern District. Also recorded in the Eastern District in 1850 were John Gowen, page122; John Gowen, page 95; Mahala Gowen, page 154, Micajah Gowen, page 80, Nancy F. Gowen, page 80 and Sophia Gowen, page 151.

The household of James Gowen reappeared in the 1860 census of Amherst County with seven children ranging in ages from 17 to 2.

James Gowen as enumerated as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Amherst County, Enumeration District 18, page 8, Elon precinct:

“Gowen, James 60, born in Virginia
Elizabeth 40, born in Virginia
Nannie E. 10, born in Virginia
William E. 8, born in Virginia
John W. 7, born in Virginia

Charles Gowen, negro, was recorded as the head of an adjoining household in Enumeration District 18, page 8, Elon precinct:

“Gowen, Charles 28, born in Virginia, black
Mary 25, born in Virginia
Tally 6, born in Virgnia, daughter
Charles 4, born in Virginia
Edward 2, born in Virginia
Lottie 1, born in Virginia
Matthews, Amanda 17, born in Virginia, sister
Gowen James 26, born in Virginia, brother”

Children born to James Gowen and Elizabeth Viar Gowen include:

Nannie E. Gowen born about 1870
William Edward Gowen born about 1872
John W. Gowen born about 1873

William Edward Gowen, son of James Gowen and Elizabeth Viar Gowen, was born about 1872 in Amherst County, according to Carrington “Carrie” Gowen, a granddaughter of Greensboro, North Carolina. He was married about 1895 to Martha Farmer. William Edward Gowen bought a home in Madison Heights, Virginia in 1900 for $249.76. They were charter members of the Madison Heights Methodist Church. He died there in 1957.

Grace W. Stafford <ellagrace4@aol.com> wrote July 15, 1998:

“I am assisting a dear friend, Carrie Gowen, to research her family history. At this point we have little information, and would appreciate hearing from anyone who has information about her family. Her grandfather was William Edward Gowen who lived and died in Amherst County, Virginia. He was married to Martha Farmer.

Children born to William Edward Gowen and Martha Farmer Gowen include:

Mary Gowen born about 1897
William Edward Gowen, Jr. born about 1898
Emma Gowen born about 1900
Hilda Gowen born about 1903
Winnie Gowen born about 1906
Paul Gowen born about 1910

George L. Gowen and Martha Jane Viar Gowen were residents of Bedford County, near Lynchburg or Madison about 1883, according to a message written Feburary 8, 1997 by Lauretta “Lori” Lyon Christensen, Foundation member of Branford Florida.

Children born to them include:

Sarah “Sally” Gowen born about 1885
Lewis Jefferson Gowen born in 1887

Sarah “Sally” Gowen, daughter of George L. Gowen and Martha Jane Viar Gowen, was born about 1885 in Bedford County, according to Lauretta “Lori” Lyon Christensen. She was married about 1902 to Troy E. Maness of Greensboro, North Carolina. She died about 1960 in Miami, Florida, and he died in 1964 in Atlanta, Georgia. Both were buried in Miami.

Five children were born to them:

Virginia E. Maness born April 18, 1904
Mae Maness born about 1906
James Maness born in 1909
Ruth Maness born about 1912
Raymond Maness born about 1916

Virginia E. Maness, daughter of Troy E. Maness and Sarah “Sally” Gowen Maness, was born April 18, 1904. She was married March 15, 1920 in Clarksburg, West Virginia to Karl G. Lyon who was born March 24, 1901 in Elkins, West Virginia. He died July 3, 1978 in St. Petersburg, Florida, and she died there March 6, 1988.

Children born to Karl G. Lyon and Virginia E. Maness Lyon include:

Kathryn Grace Lyon born in November 1920
Lauretta “Lori” Lyon born March 3, 1932

Kathryn Grace Lyon, daughter of Karl G. Lyon and Viriginia E. Maness Lyon, was born in November 1920. She died at the age of six weeks.

Lauretta “Lori” Lyon, daughter of Karl G. Lyon and Virginia E. Maness Lyon, was born March 3, 1932 in Clarksburg, West Virginia. She was married about 1950, husband’s name Christensen. In 1997, she lived in Branford, Florida where she, a Foundation member, was active in researching the Gowen and Maness families.

Lewis Jefferson Gowen, son of George L. Gowen and Martha Jane Viar Gowen, was born in Amherst County in 1887. He was married about 1916 to Blanche Gilliam. They lived at 304 Phelps Road in Madison Heights, Virginia where he was employed by Craddock-Terry Shoe Corp. She preceded him in death. They were members of Madison Heights Baptist Church.

He died there in 1980 at the age of 93 in Guggenheimer Memorial Hospital and was buried in Presbyterian Cemetery.

His obituary stated:

“He is survived by two sons, Lewis Jefferson Gowen, Jr. of Lynchburg, Virginia and Clarence W. “Buddy” Gowen of Madison Heights; three daughters, Mrs. Steuart [Frances] Harrison of Amherst, Mrs. Earl [Erma] Clark of Madison Heights and Mrs. Joseph [Margaret] Johnson of Lynchburg; three grandchildren, Donna Clark Devens of Germany, Ann Johnson Davis of Madison Heights and Dr. Clarence W. Gowen, Jr. of Cincinnati, Ohio: a great-grandson, Corey Scott Davis of Madison Heights and a number of nieces and nephews.

The family will be at the funeral home from 7 to 9 p.m. today, and other times at the home of his son, Clarence W. Gowen, 115 Royal Circle, Madison Heights.”

Children born to Lewis Jefferson Gowen and Blanche Gilliam
Gowen include:

Lewis Jefferson Gowen, Jr. born about 1918
Clarence W. Gowen born about 1920
Frances Gowen born about 1923
Erma Gowen born about 1926
Margaret Gowen born about 1929

Lewis Jefferson Gowen, Jr, son of Lewis Jefferson Gowen and Blanche Gilliam Gowen, was born about 1918. In 1980 he lived in Lynchburg.

Clarence W. “Buddy” Gowen, son of Lewis Jefferson Gowen and Blanche Gilliam Gowen, was born about 1920. In 1980 he lived in Madison Heights.

Children born to him include:

Clarence W. Gowen, Jr. born about 1945

Clarence W. Gowen, Jr, son of Clarence W. “Buddy” Gowen, was born about 1945. In 1980, Dr. Clarence W. Gowen lived in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Frances Gowen, daughter of Lewis Jefferson Gowen and Blanche Gilliam Gowen, was born about 1923. She was married about 1946, to Steuart Harrison. In 1980 they lived in Amherst, Virginia.

Erma Gowen, daughter of Lewis Jefferson Gowen and Blanche Gilliam Gowen, was born about 1926. She was married about 1946 to Earl Clark. In 1980 they lived in Madison Heights.

Children born to Earl Clark and Erma Gowen Clark include:

Donna Clark born about 1948

Donna Clark, daughter of Earl Clark and Erma Gowen Clark, was born about 1948. She was married about 1969, husband’s name Devens. In 1980 they were in Germany.

Margaret Gowen, daughter of Lewis Jefferson Gowen and Blanche Gilliam Gowen, was born about 1929. She was married about 1950 to Joseph Johnson. In 1980 they lived in Lynchburg, Virginia.
==O==
John James Gowen was married April 15, 1872 to Martha A. Mitchell, according to Amherst County Marriage Book 3, page 15. Children born to John James Gowen and Martha A. Mitchell Gowen are unknown.
==O==
In connection with a sheriff’s sale held September 9, 1836 in Amherst County, it was noted “Phillip Gowen is considered dead with 160 acres in Missouri,” according to “The Wills of Amherst County, 1761-1865.”
==O==
Clementina Gowing was married January 3, 1829 to Seaton Y. Dempsey, according to “Amherst County, Virginia Mar-riages, 1703-1850.”
==O==
Elizabeth Gowin and Winston S. Fortune were applicants for a marriage bond December 2, 1834, according to Amherst County Marriage Bond No. 220. James Fortune gave consent. James Gowin gave consent. William Gowin and John Pugh were security witnesses John Allcock was a witness.
==O==
Emmeline Gowing and Dixon Langhorne were applicants for a marriage bond July 5, 1828, according to Amelia County Marriage Bond No. 298. Landon S. Gowing was security. Witnesses were Ro. Langhorne, Jr. Ro. Tinsley and A. B. Davies.
==O==
George Gowing was married August 30, 1834 to Nancy Thur-mond, according to “Amherst County, Virginia Marriages, 1703-1850.” Of George Gowing and Nancy Thurmond Gowing nothing more is known.
==O==
Martha C. Gowing was married to Wiatt Lilly May 29, 1833, according to “Amherst County, Virginia Marriages, 1703-1850.”

Research Contributors:

Nancy F. Byrd, 922 S. Coleman St, Tooele, UT, 84074, 801/882-2323
Lauretta “Lori” Lyron Christiansen, Branford, FL,
Rozier Dedwylder, 198 New Site Road, Hamilton, GA, 31811
Carrington “Carrie” Gowen, 1408 Kingwood Drive, Greensboro, NC, 27410, 336/292-
5625, ellagrace4@aol.com
Dorothy Sykes, 229 Convention, Virginia Beach, VA, 23462, 757/497-8095,
dbsykes@exis.net
Cubert Thomas Wood, 1410 Towson Drive, Columbia, TN, 38401, 615/381-5934

APPOMATTOX COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Householders of interest to Gowen chroniclers appeared in the 1850 census of Appomattox County. Included were:

Householder Page District

Gowan, Elizabeth 164 North Township
Gowan, Frederick 194 North Township
Gowan, James 195 North Township
Gowan, Jesse 189 North Township
Gowan, Jordan 189 North Township
Gowan, Judith 204 North Township
Gowan, Powhatan 205 North Township
Gowan, Robert 195 North Township
Gowan, Samuel H. 205 North Township
Gowan, Via 205 North Township
Gowan, Webster 183 North Township
Gowan, William 189 North Township
==O==
Daniel M. Goin was the head of a household enumerated in the 1880 census of Appomattox County, Enumeration District 7, page 17 in Clover Hill District:

“Goin, Daniel M. 46, born in Virginia
Mary J. 42, born in Virginia
Benjamin F. 22, born in Virginia
Mary E. 13, born in Virginia
Cleopatra 11, born in Virginia
Mathew J. 9, born in Virginia
Moses 8, born in Virginia
Alfred 4, born in Virginia”
==O==
Jordon Goin was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Appomattox County, Enumeration District 7, page 8, in Clover Hill District:

“Goin, Jordon 26, born in Virginia
Queen 28, born in Virginia
Edgar T. 4, born in Virginia
R. G. 2, born in Virginia, daughter”
==O==
William J. Goin was recorded as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Appomattox County, Enumeration District 7, page 16, Clover Hill District:

“Goin, William J. 35, born in Virginia
Jane E. 35, born in Virginia
Henrietta 17, born in Virginia
Ellen 14, born in Virginia
Cleveland 11, born in Virginia
William Mason 8, born in Virginia
Martha 5, born in Virginia
Jennie 2, born in Virginia”
==O==
The will of Joseph W. Goin who died in 1911 was filed in Ap-pomattox County Will Book 1, page 468. In it were listed his heirs:

“The following is a list of the names and addresses of the heirs of Jos. W. Goin who died intestate on the 3rd day of January, 1911 who would have been the heirs of said decedent had said decedent died in testate and the degree of kinship of each to the said decedent, to wit:

Name Age Relationship Address

Mary E. Goin 57 widow Pamplin, VA
Samuel H. Goin 37 son Pamplin, VA
DeWitt Talmadge Goin 35 son Vera, VA
Susie M. Case 33 daughter Cullen, VA
Cassie O. Edwards 30 daughter Washington, DC
Annie Baldwin 28 daughter Pamplin, VA
Bessie Grange 26 daughter Pamplin, VA
Otis Goin 21 son Pamplin, VA
Emmett Goin 20 son Pamplin, VA

Diligent inquiry has been made as to the foregoing and said list is believed to be true and correct.

Samuel H. Goin, Pamplin, VA
Personal Representative”

In a latter dated October 11, 1989 Katie Ruth Goin Adams of Pamplin, Virginia recorded the names of the children of her grandparents, DeWitt Talmadge Goin and Katie Grieb Goin as:

Frank A. Goin [deceased]
John H. Goin
Evie Goin Harris
DeWitt Talmadge Goin, Jr. [deceased]
Conrad Goin

Additionally she reported the children of her parents, DeWitt Talmadge Goin, Jr. and his second wife, Alice Ruth Brown Goin as:

Joseph W. Goin
Katie Ruth Goin Adams
Rachel Alice Goin Harris
James H. Goin
Nannie B. Goin Farinholt
Marshall D. Goin
Lester M. Goin
Mary F. Goin Lucas
Barbara L. Goin Dickerson
Margaret A. Goin Guido
Leon T. Goin
Stephen T. Goin
==O==
Crawford H. Goin was born in October 1847 of parents unknown. He was married to Mary Virginia Price in 1865, according to Janice Farrington Samuelson, a descendant of Salisbury, North Carolina. She wrote December 15, 1994, “CrawfordH. Goin had five grandsons; Charles L. Goin and Jerry T. Goin of Salem, VA; Glenn A. Goin, Norfolk, VA; Harry L. Goin, Middle River, MD and Emmett H. Goin, Baltimore. He also had a sister, Florence Goin who was married to J. B. McFaddin.”

Crawford H. Goin was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Appomattox County, Clover Hill District, near Pamplin, Virginia:

“Goin, Crawford H. 52, born in October 1847 in VA
Mary V. 55, born in April 1845 in VA
Charlie 20, born in October 1879 in VA,
son
Franklin, Donna V. 13, born in August 1886 in VA,
niece
Loomis, Samuel L. 9, born September 1892 in VA,
grandson”

The enumeration showed that they had been married for 35 years and had six living children in 1900. He was a farmer and a land owner. He was illiterate.

Children born to Crawford H. Goin and Mary Virginia Price Goin include:

Mary Ann Goin born April 12, 1872

Mary Ann Goin, daughter of Crawford H. Goin and Mary Virginia Price Goin, was born April 12, 1872, probably at Hicksburg, Virginia. She was married January 22, 1893 to Levi J. Harker of Cumberland, New Jersey, according to Janice Farrington Samuelson, a granddaughter. During the Civil War he served in Company H, Third New Jersey Cavalry Regiment as a trooper.

They were enumerated in 1900 in an adjacent location with her parents in Clover Hill District:

Harker, Levi J. 58, born in NJ
Mary 22, born in VA
Edgar 7, born in VA
Sallie 3, born in VA”

She died November 11, 1929. Both were buried in Matthews Presbyterian Church Cemetery at Hicksburg.

Children born to Levi J. Harker and Mary Lou Goins include:

Elbert Elbridge Harker born March 10, 1895
Sallie Lillian Harker born April 9, 1897
Annie Mae Harker born February 10, 1903
Pearl Emerson Harker born August 8, 1907
Carrie Virginia Harker born June 2, 1910

Also enumerated in the 1900 census of Appomattox County, Clover Hill District in a nearby location to Crawford H. Goin was the household of Powhatan B. Goin:

“Goin, Powhatan B. 52, born in February 1848 in VA
widower, farmer, literate
Mary A. 51, born in May 1849 in VA,
sister, unmarried”

Powhatan B. Goin appeared to have a close relationship with Elijah P. Fore who was enumerated nearby.
==O==
Floyd Gowen was married about 1911 to Susie Blodget, perhaps in Appomattox County, according to Walter Scott, a descendants.

Children born to Floyd Gowen and Susie Blodget Gowen include:

Robert Gowen born about 1913
Leslie Gowen born about 1915
Sara Elizabeth Gowen born November 17, 1917

Sara Elizabeth Gowen, daughter of Floyd Gowen and Susie Blodget Gowen, was born in Appomattox County November 17, 1917, according to Walter Scott, a grandson. She was married about 1934 to Charles Marshall Scott. She died May 2, 1962 at Dillwyn, Virginia in Buckingham County. Eleven children were born to them. After her death he was remarried to Sharon Olivia Marston.

Descendant Researchers

Katie Ruth Goin Adams, Route 1, Box 144 E, Scenic Knoll, Pamplin, VA, 23958
Janice Farrington Samuelson, 210 Winding Way, Salisbury, NC, 28147,
704/639-9219

AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Daniel Gawen, “a servant boy of Sam’l Doak, was adjudged to be 12 years old,” according to “Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish in Virginia,” Volume 1, page 246 by Lyman Chalkley. The writings of Chalkley compose a transcript of the court minutes of Augusta County.
==O==
John Goen was a resident of Augusta County in 1851. Children born to him include:

John Harvey Clinton Goen born September 26, 1851

John Harvey Clinton Goen, son of John Goen, was born in Augusta County September 26, 1851. He was married October 7, 1897 to Nancy E. Taylor who was born August 2, 1873 in Jennings County, Indiana to Thomas S. Taylor and Nancy Stephenson Taylor. John Harvey Clinton Goen died November 12, 1930 at Anna, Illinois. Nancy E. Taylor Goen died May 29, 1953 in Coles County, Illinois.

Children born to John Harvey Clinton Goen and Nancy E. Taylor Goen include:

Florence Bell Goen born August 2, 1873

Florence Bell Goen, daughter of John Harvey Clinton Goen and Nancy E. Taylor Goen, was born February 5, 1900 at Edgewood, Illinois. She was married November 2, 1917 to Frank Nieft. He was born August 16, 1895 at Nakomis, Illinois.
==O==
Daniel Goin was married November 3, 1845 to Frances C. Whetesel, according to “Augusta County, Virginia Marriages, 1785-1850.” Children born to Daniel Goin and Betsey Whetsel are unknown.
==O==
John Goin was married January 21, 1825 to Betsy Swine, according to “Augusta County, Virginia Marriages, 1785-1850.” Children born to John Goin and Betsy Swine Goin are unknown.
==O==
Drury Going was born about 1749 in Greenville, Augusta County, Virginia. She was married in 1767 in Chester, South Carolina. She died February 22, 1796 in Charleston, South Carolina and buried in Union South Carolina.
==O==
John Going was married April 14, 1823 to Polly King, accord-ing to “Augusta County, Virginia Marriages, 1785-1850.”
==O==
Mathew Goings was married to Keziah Goings March 5, 1834, according to “Augusta County, Virginia Marriages, 1785-1850.” Children born to Mathew Goings and Keziah Goings Goings are unknown
==O==
Thomas Goings was married September 20, 1839 to Frances Goings, according to “Augusta County, Virginia Marriages, 1785-1850.” Children born to Thomas Goings and Frances Go-ings Goings are unknown.
==O==
Nine Mulatto individuals of interest to Foundation members were enumerated in the 1870 census of Augusta County.

Goings, Jane age 15
Goings, John age 24
Goings, Mary A. age 22
Goins, Benjamin S. age 69
Goins, Ezekiel age 30
Goins, Francis A. age 40
Goins, Henry age 56
Goins, Huldy age 15
Goins, Wilson age 50
==O==
Charlie Goins, white male, was born May 1890. He was the son of Silas Goins and Caroline Goins.
==O==
E. M. Goins, white female, was born August 28, 1894 in Augusta County. She was the daughter of J. T. and M. B. Goins.
==O==
J. T. Goins was born July 3, 1896 in Augusta County. He was the son of J. T. Goins and M. B. Goins.
==O==
Lillie Goins was born September 1891. She was the daughter of Silas Goins and Caroline Goins.
==O==
Mamie Goins, white female, was born December 17, 1888 in Augusta County. She was the daughter of Silas Goins and Carrie Goins.
==O==
John Goins was married to Margaret Fox March 6, 1841, ac-cording to “Augusta County, Virginia Marriages, 1785-1850.” John Goins was enumerated as “white” in the 1850 census of Augusta County.

They were enumerated in the 1860 census of Augusta County:

“Goins, John
Margaret
Joseph 16, born in VA
William 14, born in VA
Harvey 10, born in VA
John 6, born in VA”

After 1870 they removed to Clay County, Illinois.

Children born to John Goins and Margaret Fox Goins include:

William Goins born about 1843
Joseph D. Goins born about 1845
Harvey Goins born about 1850
John Goins born about 1853

William Goins, son of John Goins and Margaret Fox Goins, was born about 1843 in Augusta County. He was a Confederate soldier during the Civil War. He accompanied his parents in a move to Clay County about 1870. He was married about 1872 to Ellen Rose, probably in Clay County, according to Kathy Gardner, a descendant.

Children born to William Goins and Ellen Rose Goins include:

Margaret Jane Goen born about 1878

Margaret Jane Goen, daughter of William Goins and Ellen Rose Goins, was born about 1878, probably in Clay County. She was married about 1894 to George Warren Pearson, according to Kathy Gardner, her great-granddaughter.

Joseph D. Goins, son of John goins and Margaret Fox Goins, was born about 1845 in Augusta County. He appeared in the 1860 census as a 14-year-old. He served as a Confederate soldier during the Civil War, according to Kathy Gardner, family researcher of Louisville, KY.
==O==
John Gowing was married to Polly Johns February 5, 1836, ac-cording to “Augusta County, Virginia Marriages, 1785-1850.” Children born to John Gowing and Polly Johns Gowing are unknown.
==O==
Gowin West, servant of George Moffett, was mentioned in “Original Court Records of Augusta County, Virginia, 1745-1800.” His item was found in Augusta County Court Records, Order Book 7, page 92.

BEDFORD COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Margaret Goen was listed as a charter member of Beaverdam Baptist Church which was founded in 1803 in Bedford County. The church has existed continually since its found-ing, and in 2001 was located in the Chamblissburg Commun-ity [formerly known as Peatown, Virginia] near Vinton, Vir-ginia. Beaverdam Baptist Church was “planted” as an arm of Goose Creek Church in 1801. It is possible that “Peatown” was also known as “P Town.” Robert N. Grant of Menlo Park, California wrote July 27, 2001 suggesting that “P Town” was an abbreviation for “Pate’s Town.” The Pate family was one of the early settlers of that area.

The original charter members include:

“John Wright
Abaham Huddleston
Jesse Burton
Alexander St.Clair
John Mays
Joseph Edds
William O. Briant
Hugh Frasure
Thomas Wright
Daniel James & Wife
John S. Linker
Thomas Woodcock
George Bean & Wife
John Drake & Wife
David Campbell
Nancy Lancaster
Elizabeth Wheeler
Elizabeth Shrewsbury
Susanne Mays
Lidia Nimmo
Mary Woodcock
Ann King
Elizabeth Frasure
Elizabeth Jordon
Ann West
Rury West
Elizabeth Wright
Jane Williams
Agness Pate
Lucy Richardson
Margaret Goen
Rachel Martin
Mary Sinor
Mary Sinor (again)
Sarah McDermid
Henry Woodcock & Wife (by Letter)
Daniel Farror & Wife Katey (Colored)”
==O==
William Goan received a deed to 100 acres June 23, 1795 from Isaac Wade and wife, Mary Wade, according to Bedford County Deed Book 10, page 401.
==O==
Preston Goen, negro, was enumerated in the 1880 census of Bedford County, Enumeration District 17, page 75:

“Goen, Preston 31, born in VA, negro
Annie 30, born in VA, negro
Fannie 10, born in VA
John William 16, born in VA
McClary, Hannah 60, born in VA, mother-in-law

Preston Goin and Hannah McClary Goin were the parents of Annie Goin, age 36, who died of consumption July 8, 1879, according to “Death Records of Bedford County, Virginia.”

Preston Goin and Annie Goin were the parents of Walter Goin, age 5, who died July 16, 1879, according to “Death Records of Bedford County, Virginia.”
==O==
John Goin and Martha Goin were the parents of Emma Goin, age 18, who died of whooping cough October 18, 1875, ac-cording to “Death Records of Bedford County, Virginia.” Daniel Going was listed as a taxpayer in Bedford County, paying tax for one poll, according to “Virginia Taxpayers, 1782-1787.”
==O==
James Going was married to Ann Chenault, daughter of John Chenault, November 29, 1853, according to “Lynchburg, Vir-ginia Marriage Book.” A descendant, Steve Lee Goens of Newport News, Virginia, reported October 15, 1997 that James Going was married to “Sophia Chenault, daughter of Jonathan Chenault and Paulina Ricketts Chenault.” Children born to James Going and Ann Chenault Going are unknown.

“Paulina Going, daughter of Amy Going,” was married to Luke Valentin April 11, 1807, according to “Lynchburg, Virginia Marriage Book.”
==O==
Lucy F. Going, age 19, daughter of Samuel Going and Ann Going, was married August 17, 1865 to Henry Glass, age 38, “from Germany,” according to “Lynchburg, Virginia Mar-riage Book.”
==O==
Samuel S. Going, age 60, widower, was married to Sarah Ann Coleman, age 33, widow, daughter of Henry Coleman and Charity Coleman, according to “Lynchburg, Virginia Mar-riage Book.” He was born in Buckingham, the son of William Going and Kersey Going. Sarah Ann Coleman Going was born in Lynchburg.

“Samuel Going,” age 77, white, died “of old age” December 22, 1873, according to “Death Records of Bedford County, Vir-ginia.” He was identified as a “lockkkeeper,” and his widow was Sallie Going. He was a son of William Going and Kersey Going “of Buckingham.”
==O==
Viney Going died September 4, 1882, according to “Death Records of Bedford County, Virginia.”
==O==
William Going received 84 acres on the west side of Orrick Creek [later called Island Creek] December 1, 1766 from Randle Woodard, according to Bedford County deed records. Four years later, on December 4, 1770 Randle Woodard and wife, Susannah Woodward of New Kent County, Virginia deeded to William Going of Bedford County, 550 acres on the north side of Orrick Creek, adjoining Ishmael Stone, William Stone and George Whetsel. according to Bedford County Deed Book 10, page 149.
==O==
William Going was married to Lucy Majors, daughter of Jacob Majors January 9, 1833, according to “Lynchburg, Virginia Marriage Book.”
==O==
Robert M. Goins was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1870 census of Bedford County, page 304, line 32:

“Goins, Robert M. 60, male, white, farm laborer
Frances 63, female, white
John J. 34, male, white, carpenter
Mildred 24, female white
Elvira 27, female, white
William 7, male, white
Rebecca 38, female, white
Jonetta 9, female, white
Peter E. 6, male, white

All members of the family were born in Virginia Also four black children surnamed Noell lived in the household. Nearby was enumerated the household of neighbor William G Clayton.

Nancy J. Goins, age 3, born in Virginia and Sally P. Goins, age 1, born in Virginia were enumerated in the 1870 census of the household of William G. Clayton of Bedford County, page 305, line 7.
==O==
Samuel Gowen [Gowin/Gowing] enlisted in Capt. William J. Freeland’s company of Virginia militia in the War of 1812 and received Survivor’s Certificate No. 13096, according to “War of 1812 Pensioners” by Virgil D. White. His first wife was Elizabeth Ferguson Gowen. They lived in Bedford County and in Botetourt County.

“Samuel Gowin,” who was a resident of Botetourt County, Virginia in 1850 was a resident of Bedford County in 1855.
==O==
William P. Gowen enlisted in Capt. William J. Freeland’s company of Virginia militia in the War of 1812 and received Survivor’s Certificate 4026, according to “War of 1812 Pensioners” by Virgil D. White. He was married February 23, 1823 in Buckingham County, Virginia to Ana Amos. They later lived in Gallia County, Ohio where he died June 4, 1873. Anna Amos Gowen received Widow’s Certificate No. 31583. She lived in Roane County, West Virginia from 1878 to 1881. She died prior to August 18, 1886.
==O==
Bowker Gowin was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Bedford County, Northern District, page 175. Nearby Sally Gowin was also listed as the head of a household, page 175.
==O==
Elizabeth Gowing was married to John Gower December 22, 1795, according to “Bedford County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.”
==O==
Daniel Goyn was a witness to the will of Standley Gower [also rendered as “Standly Goor,” dated May 24, 1782, according to “Abstracts of Bedford County, Virginia Wills, Inventories and Accounts, 1754-1887” by Joida Whitten.

A sale of the estate of “Stanley Gower” was held October 10, 1783, according to “Abstracts of Bedford County, Virginia Wills, Inventories and Accounts, 1754-1787,” also compiled by Joida Whitten. Buyers at the sale included “Dan: Gowing and “Mrs. Ann Gowen.”

BERKELEY COUNTY, VIRGINIA

George W. Goings was married September 9, 1833 to Sally Barber, according to “Berkeley County, Virginia Marriages, 1780-1850.” Children born to George W. Goings and Sally Barber Goings are unknown.

BOTETOURT COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Sarah Goins was born in Botetourt County about 1800, according to her enumeration in the 1870 census of Lee County, Virginia. She was recorded at age 70 in the household of James Stewart. All family members were recorded as “white.” A review of the census return might reveal her relationship to the householder.

James Stewart was recorded as the head of Household No. 52 in the township of Jonesville, Virginia:

“Stewart, James, 60, born in Lee Co, VA
blacksmith
Mary Collins, 50, born in Hancock Co, TN
Lent, 26, born in Lee Co, VA
Jane, 24, born in Hancock Co, TN,
works in blacksmith shop
Daniel, 12, born in Lee Co, VA
Julia A, 17, born in Lee Co, VA
Caldonia, 3, born in Lee Co, VA
Margaret E, 10, born in Lee Co, VA
Goins Sarah, 70, born in Boutetort Co, VA”
==O==
Mary Gowen was a resident of Boutetourt County in 1790. Mary “Polly” Gowen was married April 8, 1806 to George Darr in Botetourt County, according to the research of Cleve Weathers, Foundation member of Nashville, Tennessee.

It is believed that children born to Mary Gowen included:

Canaan Gowen born about 1775
Mary Gowen born about 1777

Canaan Gowen, son of Mary Gowen, was born about 1775 in Botetourt County, Virginia. He was bound to Edward Pate June 8, 1790, according to Botetourt County Court Minutes. On the same day “Mary Gowing” was bound to John Johnston. She is regarded as a sister to Canaan Gowen.

On February 12, 1793, “Canaan Gowen, son of Mary Gowen was set at liberty,” according to “Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1760-1800” by Lewis Preston Summers.

“Canaan Gowin” filed suit against Alexander Waugh, and the case came before the Madison County, Kentucky Circuit Court June 6, 1807:

“Plea before the Honourable the Judges of the Madison County Circuit Court at a Circuit Court continued and held for said county on the 6th day of June in the 1807.

Be it remembered that heretofore, that is to say, on the 2nd day of February in the year aforesaid came Canaan Gowin by his attorney Peyton Robinson, Esqr. and applied for and obtained from the clerk’s office of the Circuit Court for the County aforesaid the following Copias ad Respondendum against Alexander Waugh which together with the endorsement and Sheriff’s return thereon is in the words and figures following towit:

The Commonwealth of Kentucky to the Sheriff of Madison County, Greeting: You are hereby commanded to take Alexander Waugh if he be found within your bailiwick and him safely keep so that you have his body before the Judges of our Circuit Court for the County of Madison at the courthouse thereof on the 3rd day of our next March Term to answer to Canaan Gowin of a plea Trespass on the Case damage thirty pounds and have then and there this writ witness William Irvine, Clerk of our said court at the courthouse 2nd day of February 1807 and in the fifteenth year of the Commonwealth.

Will. Irvine

This is an action of Tresspass on the Case, no bail required.

Robinson for Plft

Executed William Walter D. S. for Jno. Kincaid, Shff.

And afterwards to wit at Rules held in Clerk’s Office of the circuit court aforesaid in the month of March in the year afsd. Came the said Plaiantiff by his attorney and filed his declaration of the plea aforesaid in the words and figures following to wit:

Madison County Court Feb

Canaan Gowin by his attorney complains of Alexander Baugh in custody fe. of a plea of trespass on the case for that whereas on the ___ day of ______ in the year ______ the said defendant became indebted to the Plaintiff the price of one horse to the amount of ______ pounds, also one Saddle & Bridle of the price of _____ pounds also one suit of clothes of the price of _____ pounds and money to bear his expenses from Kentucky to Virginia the said dues and demands whereof was for and in consideration of certain work and labour & services done and performed by the said Plaintiff for the said defendant and at the special instance & request of the said defendant to wit in coming to Kentucky from Virginia with the defendant and assisting him and his family to move to Kentucky and being so indebted the said defendant afterwards the same day and year at the county and circuit aforesaid State of Kentucky in consideration thereof undertook and faithfully promised the said Plaintiff that he the said defendant would well and truly contract and pay him the said Plaintiff the said horse, bridle & saddle, suit of clothes and money to the amount as aforesaid whenever he should be thereto afterwards required and whereas the said Defendant afterwards to wit, the day and year afore mentioned at the county and circuit aforesaid and State of Kentucky Special Instance and request became indebted unto the said Plaintiff one other horse of the value aforesaid also one other bridle & saddle of the value afsd. also one other suit of clothes of the value afsd. and also the further sum of money to bear his expenses from Kentucky to Virginia and back again and being so indebted he the said defendant in consideration thereof undertook and faithfully promised the said Plaintiff that he the said defendant would well and truly contract and pay the said Plaintiff the said horse of the price afsd. also the said Bridle & Saddle of the price aforesaid also the said suit of clothes of the price aforesaid and the said sum of money aforesaid whenever he should be thereunto reqd.

Nevertheless the said defendant not regarding his several promises and undertakings but continuing and fradulently intending to deceive and defraud the said Plaintiff hath not paid him the said several horses or either of them nor the said Saddle & Bridle or either of them nor the said suit of clothes or either of them nor the aforesaid sums of money or either of them any part thereof although the said defendant afterwards to wit the same day and year last above mentioned and often times afterwards at the County and Circuit afsd. and State of Kentucky was by the said Plaintiff thereto Requested, but the said defendant he thereto hath and still doth refuse so to do whereby the said Plaintiff saith he is Injured and Endamaged to the Value of _____ pounds and therefore brings his suit.

Robinson for Plft.

And the said defendant having been arrested and not appearing, on motion of the Plaintiff by his said attorney, it was ordered that this suit be continued until the next, rules for the defendant’s appearance And afterwards to wit at rules held in the Clerk’s office aforesaid in the month of April in the year aforesaid, came the said Plaintiff by his attorney aforesaid, and the said defendant not appearing, on motion of the Plaintiff by his attorney aforesaid, It was ordered that the said defendant should appear at the next, rules and plead to the Plaintiff action or that Judgment would be granted the Plaintiff against him for what damages he hath sustained by reason of the breached promise and agreement in the declaration mentioned, and a writ of enquiry awarded him to have the same assessed by a jury at the next court.

At which time to wit at rules held as aforesaid in the month of May in the year aforesaid came the said Plaintiff by his attorney aforesaid and the said defendant not appearing although Solemnly called by made default, by reason whereof It was ordered that the Plaintiff recover against the defendant what damages he hath sustained by reason of the defendant’s non-performance of his covenant in the declaration mentioned which damages not being known . On Motion of the Plaintiff by his said attorney a writ of enquiry was awarded him to have the same assessed by a jury at the next court.

And now at this time to wit. At a Circuit Court Continued & held for Madison County on the 6th day of June 1807 came the parties aforesaid by their attorneys and on motion of the Plaintiff by his said attorney a writ of enquiry was awarded him to have the same assessed by a jury at the next court.

And now at this time to wit: At a Circuit Court continued & held for Madison County on the 6th day of June 1807 came the parties aforesaid by their attorneys and on motion of the said defendant by his attorney it is ordered that the writ of Enquiry awarded against him in the Clerk’s office be set aside & the said defendant by his attorney now comes and defends the wrong and injury when the defendant saith that he did not assine up himself in the manner and form as the Plaintiff against him hath declared and of this he puts himself upon the County and the said Plaintiff likewise.

It is therefore commanded the Sheriff that he cause to come here Immediately twelve good and lawful men by whom cd and thereupon came also a jury towit: Samuel Fox, Sr, James Hockaday, Joseph Akers, Cornelius Turner, William Fullalove, Ransom Searcy, David Williams, Joshua Guin, Herman Guin, Adam Kary, Donley Green and Thomas Crews who being elected, tried and sworn the truth to speak upon the issue joined upon their oaths do say that the said defendant did assume upon himself in manner and form as the Plaintiff against him hath declared and they do assess the Plaintiff damages by occasion thereof to Sixty Dollars beside his costs. It is therefore considered by the Court that the Plaintiff recover against the said defendant his damages aforesaid by the jurors in their Verdict aforesaid assessed and also his costs by him about his suit in this behalf expended and the said deft. in moneys.

A true copy of the record and papers.

Will Irvine, CMCC”

James Going appeared with a wife in the 1800 census of Madison County.

“Canan Going” was enlisted as a private in 1812 in the Second Regiment [Jennings] Kentucky Volunteers, according to the research of Donna Gowin Johnston, Foundation Member of Casper, Wyoming.

“Caanan Going, free man of color” was mentioned in an affi-davit signed by Williamson Toole of Madison County, Kentucky in Adams County, Mississippi April 3, 1814, according to “Passports of Southeastern Pioneers, 1770-1823” by Dorothy Williams Potter. Passports were required for Americans passing through Indian land and Spanish land.

The affidavit read:

“Mississippi Territory
Adams County

Williamson Toole of Madison County, State of Kentucky this day appeared before the undersigned Justice of the Peace in & for the said County and made oath that he has known Canaan Going, a free man of color upwards of four years–during which time he has never heard his freedom disputed–that he has served as camp [illegible] in the Michigan Territory and [under the] command of Genl. [William Henry] Harrison in the years 1812 and 1813 in the same regiment with the said Going–Going is six feet high, stout built, complexion of a yellowish cast, is going to Madison County in the State aforesaid in company with deponent.

Sworn to & subscribed this 3d April, 1814.

Andrew Marschalk”

Gen. Harrison was the hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe fought November 7, 1811 in Indiana in which the Americans defeated Tecumseh and his Indian force which was supported by the British. The battle, fought on the Tippecanoe River, is regarded as the opening round of the War of 1812.

Harrison was appointed a major-general in the Kentucky militia at the beginning of the War of 1812. He began to combine his forces with that of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, the daring naval commander who challenged the British Navy on Lake Erie.

On September 10, 1813, as the British Navy was preparing to transport more troops to their outpost on the Sandusky River in Ohio, Perry attacked the superior flotilla. After his flagship, the U.S.S. Lawrence, had become disabled and defeat seemed certain, Perry transferred his commanded by small boat to the U.S.S. Niagara, took her into close action with his six remaining vessels and turned the tide of victory.

The British Army, faced with the severance of its line of supplies, was forced to make a hasty evacuation of Ohio and Michigan. Gen. Harrison, then commander of all the troops in the Northwest, advanced northward. He occupied Detroit and began to press the British in their retreat up the Thames River toward Lake Ontario.

Perry quickly took Harrison’s troops aboard his ships and pursued the British up the Thames. Thus Canaan Gowen participated in one of the U.S. Navy’s first amphibious landings. When they overtook the English forces, the troops and sailors debarked to continue the fight on land.

Commodore Perry took command of one American force, and General Harrison commanded another. Perry led the decisive charge and again showed his daring leadership. The British surrendered, and on October 5, 1813, Col. Henry A. Proctor gave up all the territory west of the Niagara peninsula as the result of losing the Battle of the Thames River.

Later Perry commanded the Mediterranean expedition of 1815-16. He died of yellow fever at Port of Spain, Trinidad August 23, 1819.

Subsequently, Gen. Harrison was nominated by the Whig party and was elected president of the United States in 1840 under the slogan of “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too.” He served only one month after inauguration and succumbed to pneumonia. He was succeeded in office by his vice-president, John Tyler.

About 1828, Canaan Gowen lived in Greene County, Indiana and was a neighbor of Rev. Aexamder Poe with whom he often went on hunting trips, according to “History of Greene County, Indiana:”

“One day, himself [Rev. Poe] and an old darkey named Canaan Goen went out hunting, and while walking through the woods saw a very large mother bear and three cubs, about one-fourth grown, playing among the bushes. The negro got the first shot, but his hand shook so that he did but little damage, as far as appearances were concerned at least, for the bear ran off rapidly in the woods, leaving her young ones to their fate.

The latter, all three ran up a scrubby oak near by, and while Mr. Poe stood at the foot, the negro climbed the tree to shake or drive them down. He succeeded in shaking all three down, one of which was killed by the fall. The other two were taken home by Mr. Poe and became great pets and a nuisance generally. After they were a little larger, they were annoying to the women on washing day and at other times. If a tub of water was left standing, they would souse themselves in it without ceremony or permission. A stand of bees could not be kept on the farm. They would knock it over, and regardless of the attacks of the bees, would gorge themselves with the sweet substance.”

“Cannon Gowen, free negro” was enumerated in the 1830 census of Clay County, Indiana, according to the research of June A. Smith, Foundation Member of Bremerton, Washington.

“Canaan Goans” was married March 2, 1835 to Susan Tucker in Fountain County, Indiana, according to the research of Stephen L. Allen, Foundation Member of Chino Hills, California. He appeared there as the head of a household in the 1840 census, according to June A. Smith.

Children born to Canaan Gowen and Susan Tucker Gowen include:

Stephen Goins born about 1837

Stephen Goins, son of Canaan Gowen and Susan Tucker Gowen, was born about 1837 in Fountain County. His death certificate showed his father as “Canaan Goins,” according to Stephen L. Allen.
==O==
James Gowin was married October 11, 1791 to Christina Vanover, according to “Botetort County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to James Gowin and Christina Vanover Gowin are unknown.
==O==
Mary Gowing was bound out to John Johnson June 8, 1790 in Botetourt County, according to “Annals of Southwest Virginia” by Summers, as reported by Cleve Weathers.
==O==
John Gowins was married May 26, 1819 to Winey [Winnie?] Bradford, according to “Botetourt County, Virginia Mar-riages, 1772-1850.” Of John Gowins and Winey Bradford Gowins nothing more is known.

BRUNSWICK COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Brunswick County was organized in 1720 with land taken from three counties–Prince George, Isle of Wight and Surry.
==O==
Thomas Goin was born in Brunswick County about 1755, ac-cording to Varion Elmer Goin, a descendant of Jefferson, Oregon and a Foundation researcher.

“Thomas Going” was mentioned in “Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order Books, 1737-1749.” An index listed him in volume I, page 254. Other individuals who appeared in the index include: “Anne Going, Volume 1, pages 321, 353 and 379; Drury Going, Volume 1, page 302; Edward Going, Volume 3, page 388; Elsoner Going, Volume 1, page 302; John Going, Volume 1, page 254; Michael Going, Volume 2, pages 37 and 78; William Going, Volume 3, page 102 and 202, William Going, Planter, Volume 3, page 204 [2] and Mary Gowing, Volume 1, page 302.”

Mary Gowing, above, is identified as the mother of Drury Going and Elsoner Going by Donna V. Gowin Johnston, family researcher of Casper, Wyoming. She cites a Brunswick County Court order of April 3, 1740 in which it was “ordered that Elsoner Going and Drury Going, sons to Mary Gowing be bound as the law directs to Ralph Jackson until they shall arrive to the age of twenty-one years,” according to Order Book 1, page 302.

Four years earlier, John Going and Thomas Going, apparently brothers, possibly other sons of Mary Gowing, were also bound to Ralph Jackson on July 5, 1736, according to Order Book 1, page 254.

“Thomas Going,” living alone [or the head of a free colored household], was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1783 census of Greensville County, page 55, adjacent to Drury Going, according to “Heads of Families, Virginia, 1790.”

Drury Going was the head of a household of four, including two children. James Going was the head of a household of seven, including five children. Greensville County had been created in 1780 with land taken from Brunswick County.
==O==
Thomas Goin served in the Revolutionary War as a private in a militia company commanded by Capt. Turner Bynum, according to Varion Elmer Goin who died July 30, 1993. He quoted a letter from Thornton W. Mitchell, North Carolina State Archivist, dated October 26, 1978 who wrote, “Capt. Bynum was from Greensville County as were the majority of the men in his company.” National DAR accepted Thomas Goin as a Revolutionary War soldier from Greensville County, and assigned No. 629059 to the file. Gerry A. Elbridge, a descendant was accepted on his record. “James Going” also served in the company commanded by Capt. Bynum, according to “The State Records of North Carolina” edited by Judge Walter Clark.

Writing of her ancestor, Beverly J. Ellison Nelson, a descendant of Littleton, Colorado stated:

“Although many researchers descended from the various branches of the Thomas Goin [1755-1838] family have sought to establish his origins, to date no firm connection exists. The primary clue is in the consistent census listing of North Carolina as the birthplace of his oldest known son Levi. But, even that may simply refer to that portion of North Carolina which became Tennessee.”

The question of Thomas Goin being a negro, a mulatto or a Melungeon came up in a court case tried in Claiborne County, Tennessee in 1855. His great-grandson Elijah Goin was ac-cused of being a mulatto, and he filed suit against his accuser. Certain information was introduced into evidence:

The “mulatto and negro” charge had serious implications. The Territory Act of 1794 and the Tennessee Constitution of 1796 declared, “all negroes, mulattos and Indians and persons of mixed blood, descended from negro or Indian ancestors to the third generation inclusive, though one ancestor of each generation may have been a white person, whether bond or free, should be held deemed to be incapable in law to be a witness in any case whatsoever, except against each other.”

The Act also forbade such persons from obtaining marriage licenses, voting, owning land, paying taxes, making wills, owning slaves or holding office. Their civil rights were denied. The state of Tennessee filed charges against several Melungeons “for voting in an election held on the seventh day of August 1845.” Some convictions were handed down in a trial held in Rogersville, Tennessee on Saturday, July 29, 1848.

Even in Revolutionary days and in the War of 1812, negroes and mulattos could not serve as soldiers. A few were utilized in non-combatant roles as cooks and teamsters.

The first proven official record for Thomas Goin is the North Carolina Land Grant No. 657 issued for 225 acres in Washing-ton County, Tennessee “upon the waters of Cherokee Creek. joining Tiptons line,” entered June 29, 1779 and issued October 26, 1786. The Tipton Farm was owned by John Tipton, senator for Washington County in the North Carolina Assembly. On February 22, 1788 at his farm near Jonesborough, Tennessee began open warfare between Tipton and John Sevier, governor of the State of Franklin.

On that date John Sevier marched to within sight of the Tipton House [now a state-owned historic site] with a party of nearly 100 followers, “with a drum beating, colours flying in military parade and in a hostile manner,” according to Dr. James B. Jones, Jr. in “The Lost State of Franklin: Sevier, Secession and Statehood.”

Sevier sent a flag of truce and demanded that Tipton and his men surrender within half an hour and submit themselves to the laws of the State of Franklin. Tipton, who was forewarned and forearmed, holed up in his house and refused to capitulate. The attack began, and casualties that day included one horse, one wounded woman and the capture of five Tiptonites.

The battle was not yet concluded. A siege began and six days later hostilites continued between the Sevierites and the Tiptonites. Rifles were fired sporadically at Tipton’s home, but there were neither casualties nor great damage to the house.

The next day Sevier’s forces fired on a party of men coming to the assistance of the Tipton men. Two of the Tipton men, Jonathan Pugh, the Washington County sheriff and John Webb of Sullivan County were killed. Two others, Capt. William Delancy and John Allison, were wounded.

On March 1, Sevier relinquished the field in a blinding snowstorm. For all practical purposes, the State of Franklin ceased to exist from that day forward. John Sevier continued to act as governor of Franklin and had an engagement with the Cherokees and Creeks on January 10, 1789. He wrote a report of the battle addressed to “privy council of the State of Franklin:”

“Our artillery roused the Indians from their huts, and finding themselves pretty near surrounded on all sides, only tried to save themselves by flight, from which they were prevented by our riflemen posted behind the trees.

The loss of the enemy was 145 dead. Our loss was five dead and 16 wounded; amongst the latter is the brave Gen. McCarter, who while taking the scalp of an Indian was tomahawked by another whom he afterward killed. I am in hopes that this brave man will survive.”

In the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions held November 1, 1784 in Washington County, North Carolina [which later be-came Washington County, Tennessee] Thomas Goin was ap-pointed constable.

He was granted 225 acres, described as Grant No. 751, on Cherokee Creek in Washington County October 26, 1786. The grant was signed by I. Glasgone Lee and R. C. Caswell.

He served on several jury panels there, according to the county court records and was in court in Jonesborough, the county seat, on the day that Andrew Jackson was admitted to the bar. In 1786 Thomas Goin received another land grant, No. 756, ac-ording to “North Carolina Land Grants in Tennessee, 1778-1791.” The land was described as 225 acres “on the waters of the Nolachucky, adjoining a bank of rocks.” This transaction was actually a purchase grant, paid for by cash or certificate. In the August term of 1787 Alex Moffatt had sworn “That he had lost a bond, the property of Thomas Goan, concerning 200 acres on Middle Creek. It was given by Isaac Taylor to Ralph Hedgepath who assigned it to John Cassady who assigned it to Goan,” according to “Washington County, Tennessee Deeds, 1775-1800.”

In 1787, “Thomas Gooin” received Grant No. 2015 for 300 acres of land on Licking Creek, “including his improvements” in Greene County, Tennessee. This grant was paid for in cash. Greene County had been formed in 1783 with land taken from Washington County.

In 1788, “Thomas Goin” applied to the County Court of Greene County for the administration of the estate of Elizabeth Bass, according to “Bulletin of the Watauga Association,” Volume 10:

“August 1788. On motion of W. Avery, Esqr. atto. for Thomas Going for obtaining letter of administration on the Estate of Elizabeth Bass, decd. ordered that the same be laid over until next term, for proof of sanguinity [kinship, blood relationship] & that a dedimus potestatem [a commission to take testimony] issue in favour of said Thomas Going to Anson & Richmond Counties & to the State of South Carolina by giving fifteen days notice to Jeremiah Bass of the time & place where such testimony will be taken, ditto for Levi Bass to South Carolina giving Thos. Going fifteen days notice at least.”

Edward Gowen of Granville County, North Carolina, regarded as a kinsman of Thomas Goin, was also named an heir of Elizabeth Bass. On October 14, 1788 he conveyed his interest in her estate to “his nephew, Thomas Gowen,” according to Granville County Will Book 2, page 79.

“October 14, 1788. Know all men by these presents that I Edward Gowen of the County of Granville for divers good causes and considerations thereunto [me] moving more especially for the sum of ú25 to me in hand paid, the receipt of which I do hereby acknowledge, hath bar-gained, sold & made over, and by these presents, do bargain, sell and make over to my nephew, Thomas Gowen all the estate, right and interest I have or hereafter may have to the estate of Elizabeth Bass, deceased, or any part thereof, and do hereby make over the same to the said Thomas Gowin, his heirs and assigns from the claim of me, the said Edward Gowen or any other person whatever claiming under me. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal the 15th day of October, 1786.

Edward Going
Witnesses:
Henry Meghe
Allin Hudson
Jhn. [X] Simmons”

By 1786 Thomas had established himself in Washington County, and his name is included among those who voted in the election in August 1786 at the Courthouse in Jonesborough, Tennessee. In 1788, 1789, and 1790, Thomas Goin was No. 26 on the tax list of Washington County, North Carolina with “1 white poll,” indicating that he had located on his grant. In 1789 shown as No. 33 was Jonathan Tipton whose political problems had erupted in gunfire. “Thomas Goin, Pvt,” assigned this land in 1792 to Lardner Clark, later a prominent attorney in Nashville, Tennessee.

The land of Thomas Goin on Cherokee Creek was levied on by the sheriff and was sold at auction January 4, 1795, according to Washington County Deed Book 7, page 209-12. The entry read:

“Edmund Williams. Late sheriff of Washington County to Alexander Moffett against Thomas Goins, defendant, in 1788 levied against 275 acres on Cherokee Creek. Bid: £40, 1 shilling, 8 pence. Adjoining Jonathan Tipton, R Bayley, Bailey’s land not sold at first sale because of no bidders; second sale Feb. 1788,. Alex Moffatt. highest bidder. Signed: Edmund Williams. Witnesses: Waigh-still Avery, Andrew Greer, Amos Ball. Court Term: Sept 1795.”

In 1788, Thomas Goin sold his land in Greene County and moved westward to newly-created Hawkins County, Tennessee from which Claiborne would be created in 1801. Thomas Goin didn’t come to Claiborne County; the county came to him. He appeared there as a taxpayer, along with his sons, Levi Goin and Uriah Goin on Big Barren Creek in 1799 in “Capt. Coxes company.” The postoffice of Goin, Tennessee would be named for this pioneer’s family in 1884. Goin still exists today, but the postoffice was discontinued in 1965.

In 1802, he and his sons helped to build the road to Tazewell, Tennessee, and were appointed its overseers. On Saturday, November 1, 1803, he was instrumental in establishing the Big Barren Primitive Baptist Church. “Thomas Going” was recorded as No. 3 on the church roster of the men. No. 3 on the women’s roster was “Elizabeth Going,” possibly the wife of Thomas Goin.

He served on Claiborne County jury panels and in 1833 was listed as a “white male” taxpayer.

Thomas Goin died in 1838, according to Big Barren Primitive Baptist Church Record Book 2, and was buried in Old Big Barren Church Cemetery which adjoined the church. The site is now at the bottom of Norris Lake, and it is unknown if the graves were moved before the lake was created. His will was recorded in the Claiborne County courthouse.

Fifteen years after his death, his descendants were tormented in the community by accusations that they were descended from “niggers and mulattos.” The family had distinct Melungeon features, but attributed the mixed-blood characteristics to Indian and/or Portuguese ancestry.

Known children of Thomas Goin include:

Edwina Goin born in 1774
Levi Goin born November 2, 1779
Sarah Goin born about 1782
Uriah Goin born about 1785
Isaac Abraham Goin born about 1789

Richard Glenn Bonds, a descendant of Midland, Texas, wrote February 11, 1994 that a fourth son, William Goin was born to Thomas Goin.

Edwina Goin, daughter of Thomas Goin, was born in 1774, ac-cording to the research of Dianne Stark Thurman, family researcher of Wichita, Kansas. She was married about 1791 to Jacob Cupp.

Levi Goin, son of Thomas Goin, was born about 1778 in Washington County, North Carolina [later Tennessee]. “Levi Goans” was married November 2, 1799 in Grainger County, Tennessee to Elizabeth Stallions, according to “Grainger County, Tennessee Marriages, 1796-1850.” She was born in Virginia in 1783 to Thomas Stallions, according to the research of Clara Jane Goin Houser of Cleveland Heights, Ohio. Pvt. William Stallions was a comrade-at-arms with Jacob Gowen in the colonial militia company of Capt. Robert Stobo in 1754. They were listed consecutively in the company payroll under the command of Col. George Washington who approved their names for bounty money.

Levi Goin was clerk of Big Barren Primitive Baptist Church in Claiborne County. He appeared as the head of a household in the 1830 census of Claiborne County. She died in Claiborne County in January 1858. Levi Goin was enumerated for the last time at age 80 in the 1860 census of Claiborne County living in the home of his son, Eli Goin. Levi Goin died there June 19, 1865, according to the clerk’s book of Big Barren Baptist Church.

A grandson of Levi Goin, Phillip Goin, wrote a biographical sketch of his grandfather in 1889 which was published in “Portrait and Biographical Album of Johnson and Pawnee Counties, Nebraska.” In the article Phillip Goin stated that his grandfather died in 1863 at the age of 85 and was the father of 12 children.

Children born to Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin in-
clude:

William Goin born about 1803
Uriah Goin, Jr. born about 1805
Isaac Goin born November 13, 1806
Pleasant Goin born about 1808
Richard D. Goin born about 1810
Thomas Goin born about 1811
Elijah Goin born about 1814
Rachel Goin born September 29, 1816
Sterling Goin born November 4, 1818
Leroy Goin born December 8, 1819
Eli Goin born March 2, 1825
Jamima Jane “Mimi” Goin born in 1827

William Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born about 1803. He was married about 1824 to Elizabeth. Dykes, according to “Claiborne County Historical Society Quarterly,” Volume 9, No. 3. In 1830 they removed to adjoining Bell County, Kentucky and settled near Flat Lick. Later they lived in Knox County, Kentucky, according to Beverly J. Ellison Nelson. He continued there in 1855.

Children born to William Goin and Elizabeth Dykes Goin in-clude:

Levi Goin born about 1825 in Tennessee
Louisa B. Goin born about 1828 in Tennessee
Telthea Goin born about 1830 in Tennessee
Delila Goin born about 1832 in Tennessee
Hilda Jane Goin born about 1834 in Tennessee
Mary Jane Goin born about 1838 in Tennessee
Melvina Goin born about 1840 in Kentucky
Eli Goin born about 1842 in Kentucky

Uriah Goin, Jr. son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born about 1805 in Claiborne County. He was married about 1827 to Nancy Dickson, according to “Claiborne County Historical Society Quarterly,” Volume 9, No. 3. She was born in Virginia [later West Virginia] about 1804. He died about 1845, and Nancy Goin was remarried September 27, 1846 to Uriah Goin, Sr, uncle of her first husband.

For children born to them, see his section. After his death in 1863, she lived with her son Preston L. Goin. She was enumerated in his household in the 1870 census of Mercer County, Missouri at age 66.

Children born to Uriah Goin, Jr. and Nancy Goin include:

Preston L. Goin born about 1828
Elminy Goin born about 1830
Elijah “Little Lige” Goin born about 1832
Lucinda Goin born January 1, 1834
George Washington Goin born about 1838
John W. Goin born about 1848

Preston L. Goin, son of Uriah Goin, Jr. and Nancy Goin, was born in Claiborne County about 1828. He was married about 1850, wife’s name Prudica. One report shows her name as Paula S. Goin.

They appeared in the 1860 census of Claiborne County:

“Goin, Preston 32, born in Tennessee, farmer
Pinda 26, born in Tennessee
Mary 9, born in Tennessee
Francis 7, born in Tennessee, female
Richard 5, born in Tennessee”

They removed to Mercer County, Missouri in 1863 and ap-peared there in the 1870 census:

“Goin, Preston L. 42, born in Tennessee,
farmer
Prudica 38, born in Tennessee
Mary 17, born in Tennessee
George R. 14, born in Tennessee
William 12, born in Tennessee
Uriah 10, born in Tennessee
Jesse V. [twin] 6, born in Missouri
Sarah [twin] 6, born in Missouri
Preston A. 2, born in Missouri
Goin, Nancy 66, born in West Virginia”

Elminy Goin, daughter of Uriah Goin, Jr. and Nancy Goin was born about 1830 in Claiborne County. She appeared in house-hold of her step-father in the 1850 census as a 19-year-old. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Elijah “Little Lige” Goin, son of Uriah Goin, Jr. and Nancy Goin, was born in Claiborne County about 1832. He appeared in the 1850 census in the household of his stepfather as a 19-year-old. He joined his family in moving to Mercer County, Missouri. He was married there at Princeton to Mary Hamilton shortly after arrival. In the following year they left Missouri driving an oxwagon in a caravan including several relatives bound for Oregon Territory. They arrived at Jefferson, Oregon in the fall of 1864. They removed to Waldport, Oregon about 1880, according to Warren Tyndale Faulkner, a descendant.

Lucinda Goin, daughter of Uriah Goin, Jr. and Nancy Goin, was born January 1, 1834 near Goin, Tennessee, according to “The Yaden Family of America” by Dorothy M. Yaden. She was recorded as a 14-year-old in the 1850 census of the household of Uriah Goin, Sr, her step-father and uncle.

She was married in Tazewell, Tennessee August 12, 1853 to Jacob Matthew Yaden, son of William Proctor Yaden and Elizabeth Keck Yaden, according to Claiborne County Marriage Book 3, page 32. He was the grandson of Jacob Benjamin Yaden and Rachel Capps Yaden who were married March 18, 1806 in Grainger County.

The marriage ceremony of Lucinda Goin and Jacob Mattew Yaden was performed by Levi Goin, Justice of the Peace. About 1859, they removed to Kentucky.

They were enumerated in the 1860 census of Laurel County, Kentucky:

“Yadon, Jacob 22, born in Tennessee, farmer,
$100 real estate
Lucinda 22, born in Tennessee
John P. 6, born in Tennessee
` Joseph M. 3, born in Tennessee
William M. 8/12, born in Kentucky.”

Jacob Matthew Yaden enlisted in April 1864 in the Thirtieth Kentucky Volunteer Mounted Infantry Regiment, U.S.A, Com-pany K. He was a corporal under the command of Capt. Richard Reynolds. He died two months later June 8, 1864 of typhoid fever at Camp Nelson General Hospital. He was buried there in the national cemetery at Nicholasville, Kentucky.

After his death, the widow supported herself and her four chil-dren by serving as a midwife. On September 13, 1868, she was remarried to William Huff, son of Jesse Huff, according to Russell County Marriage Bond Book 3, page 80. Six children were born to her and her second husband who deserted before her last child was born. She died May 22, 1919 and was buried in the Caintown Cemetery in Pulaski County, Kentucky.

She was described by one of her grandchildren as being “so small she had to climb up on a chopping block in order to mount her horse.” She smoked a corncob pipe and continued her practice as a midwife until she was over 75 years old.Children born to Jacob Matthew Yaden and Lucinda Goin Yaden include:

John Proctor Yaden born July 17, 1854
Joseph McDowell Yaden born November 28, 1856
William Matthew Yaden born September 4, 1859
Rebecca Yaden born about 1862

Children born to William Huff and Lucinda Goin Yaden Huff include:

Ulysses S. Grant Huff born about 1866
Matilda Huff born about 1867
Wesley Huff born about 1868
James Washington Huff born about 1870
Della Huff born about 1875

George Washington Goin, son of Uriah Goin, Jr. and Nancy Goin, was born about 1838 in Claiborne County. He appeared at age 11 in the 1850 census of his step-father’s household. He was married about 1858, wife’s name Susanna. Susanna Goin was born in Tennessee in 1838. In the fall of 1859, they re-moved to Mercer County, Missouri. He was enumerated there as the head of a household in 1860. Susanna Goin died about 1875, and George Washington Goin was remarried about 1876 to Minerva J. Brummett, daughter of Rev. Calvin Brummett and Cindarila Moore Brummett, according to the research of F. M. Brummett of Long Beach, California. She was born August 4, 1856 in Mercer County, Missouri. They appeared in the 1880 census of Mercer County.

George Washington Goins died in Kansas in 1881, according to family tradition. Of the widow, Minerva J. Brummett Goins, F. M. Brummett wrote, “Her husband and only son were lost in the Kansas land grab in 1881.” Another report states that George Washington Goins went to Galveston, Texas and perished there September 8, 1900 in the Galveston Flood in which 5,000 people were drowned in the aftermath of a hurricane.

Minerva J. Brummett Goins appeared in Enid, Oklahoma in 1908 and died September 26, 1947 in Grundy County, Missouri.

Children born to George Washington Goins and Susanna Goins include:

P. A. Goins born in 1859
James Goins born about 1861
Sherman H. Goins born in 1868

One son was born to George Washington Goins and Minerva J. Brummett Goins:

Leonard Goins born in 1877

P. A. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Susanna Goins, was born in 1859 in Claiborne County, according to the 1860 census. Darla Maxwell reports that he and his brother James Goins died in a fire in their youth.

James Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Susanna Goins, was born about 1861 in Missouri. Darla Maxwell reports that he and his brother P. A. Goins died in a fire in their youth.

Sherman H. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Susanna Goins, was born about 1868 in Missouri. Darla Maxwell, a granddaughter, wrote September 8, 1999 that his death certificate shows his date of birth as 1870 and that his tombstone shows his date of birth as 1875.

“He told his children that he ran away from home because his stepmom was so mean to him.

Leonard H. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Minerva J. Brummett Goins, was born in 1877 in Missouri. Leonard H. Goins is reported to have accompanied his father to Kansas and died there in 1881.

Isaac Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born November 13, 1806 in Claiborne County, according to Clara Jane Goin Houser. Beverly J. Ellison Nelson shows his date of birth as January 24, 1806. He was born January 26, 1806, according to “Claiborne County Historical Society Quarterly,” Volume 9, No. 3. He was married January 31, 1826 to Keziah [Boster?] Epperson who was born January 8, 1810 in Tennessee. They continued in Tennessee in 1831 when a son was born. They removed to Hamilton County, Illinois in 1841, according to the research of Anna Lee Goin of Jefferson, Oregon, settling near McLeansboro, Illinois. Isaac Goin died there November 26, 1855, and she died there April 28, 1872. They were regarded as Cherokees, but may have been Melungeons, according to Jane Gwaltney, a descendant of St. Louis, Missouri.

Children born to Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Goin in-clude:

John Wesley Goin born February 19, 1831
Rachel Goin born about 1833 in TN
Lucy Ann Goin born about 1835 in TN
Elijah Goin born February 7, 1839 in TN
Elizabeth Goin born about 1842 in IL
Mary Goin born about 1844 in IL
Elisha Goin born about 1846 in IL
Lydia Goin born about 1849 in IL
Charles C. Goin born about 1852 in IL

John Wesley Goin, son of Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Goin, was born in Claiborne County February 19, 1831. He was married in Hamilton County April 30, 1855 to Elmira Cross. She was born March 27, 1835 to Pleasant Azel Cross and Sarah Ann Cross. He died July 22, 1865 in Hamilton County. His death was caused by typhoid fever which he con-tracted during the Civil War, according to Clara Goin Houser, descendant of Cleveland, Ohio. He was buried in Middle Creek Cemetery in Hamilton County. Elmira Cross Goin was remarried Jacob Meyers. She died in Hamilton County April 13, 1902 “of neuralgia and head trouble” and was buried in Middle Creek Cemetery.

Children born to them include:

James C. Goin born March 19, 1854
John Wesley Goin, Jr. born May 8, 1856
William J. Goin born April 8, 1858
Albert A. Goin born October 21, 1860
Martin A. Goin born December 9, 1862

John Wesley Goin, Jr, son of John Wesley Goin and Elmira Cross Goin, was born May 8, 1856 in Hamilton County. He was married there December 24, 1876 in Shelton precinct to Eldarado “Rado” DeWitt. She was born April 6, 1860 at McLeansboro, Illinois in Hamilton County to Clinton DeWitt and Penelope Allen DeWitt. She died December 27, 1933 at Dahlgren, Illinois, and he died there March 7, 1948. He was buried in the I.O.O.F Cemetery.

Children born to John Wesley Goin, Jr. and Eldarado “Rado” DeWitt Goin include:

John Goin born about 1877
Korah Goin born in January 1878
Omer Goin born in January 1880
Chester A. Goin born June 15, 1884
Clara Goin born in April 1887
Charles Goin born in February 1888
Jasper Calvin Goin born September 5, 1889
Paul Goin born September 28, 1896

John Goin, son of John Wesley Goin, Jr. and Eldarado DeWitt Goin, was born about 1877 and died in infancy.

Korah Goin, son of John Wesley Goin, Jr. and Eldarado DeWitt Goin, was born in January 1878 in Hamilton County. He was married about 1898, wife’s name Annie. He died in 1899. Children born to Korah Goin and Annie Goin are un-known.

Omer Goin, son of John Wesley Goin, Jr. and Eldarado DeWitt Goin, was born in January 1880 in Hamilton County. He was married about 1903 to Olive Mitchell. Children born to Omer Goin and Olive Mitchell Goin are unknown.

Chester A. Goin, son of John Wesley Goin, Jr. and Eldarado DeWitt Goin, was born June 15, 1884 in Hamilton County. He died December 30, 1884.

Clara Goin, daughter of John Wesley Goin, Jr. and Eldarado DeWitt Goin, was born in Hamilton County in April 1887. She was married about 1905 to Theo Rhodes.

Charles Goin, son of John Wesley Goin, Jr. and Eldarado De-Witt Goin, was born in February 1888 in Hamilton County. He was married about 1911 to Rachel Hart. Children born to Charles Goin and Rachel Hart Goin are unknown.

Jasper Calvin Goin, son of John Wesley Goin, Jr. and Eldarado DeWitt Goin, was born September 5, 1889 in Hamilton County. He was married June 27, 1913 at Dahlgren to Hannah Hunter. She, the daughter of Samuel Hunter and Mary Lucy Hall Hunter, was born March 30, 1893 at Dahlgren. She died there November 11, 1965, and he died there May 4, 1967. They were buried in the I.O.O.F. Cemetery in Dahlgren. They were members of the Church of Christ.

Children born to Jasper Calvin Goin and Hannah Hunter Goin include:

Isabel Goin born July 2, 1914
Juanita Goin born December 8, 1915
Clara Jane Goin born August 19, 1923
Eileen Goin born June 2, 1928
Jasper Calvin Goin [twin] born January 16, 1930
Hunter DeWitt Goin [twin] born January 16, 1930
John Samuel Goin born March 5, 1932

Isabel Goin, daughter of Jasper Calvin Goin and Hannah Hunter Goin, was born July 2, 1914 at Dahlgren. She was married February 20, 1937 to Lewis Henry Callison who was born at Mt. Vernon, Illinois January 27, 1914.

Juanita Goin, daughter of Jasper Calvin Goin and Hannah Hunter Goin, was born December 8, 1915 at Dahlgren. She was married July 3, 1937 to Joe W. Daily of McLeansboro, Illinois. She died July 29, 1961.

Clara Jane Goin, daughter of Jasper Calvin Goin and Hannah Hunter Goin, was born August 19, 1923 at Dahlgren. She was married September 18, 1944 to Harold Byron Houser. He was born in South Bend, Indiana November 22, 1921. In 1991 they lived in Cleveland Heights, Ohio. She, a member of Gowen Research Foundation and an accomplished genealogist, has done extensive research on the Goin family.

Children born to them include:

Cristene Houser born July 6, 1944
Edgar Allen Houser born March 10, 1950
John Jasper Houser born June 8, 1952
Susan Houser born October 6, 1955
James Byron Houser born April 4, 1959

Eileen Goin, daughter of Jasper Calvin Goin and Hannah Hunter Goin, was born June 2, 1928 at Dahlgren.

Jasper Calvin Goin, twin son of Jasper Calvin Goin and Hannah Hunter Goin, was born January 16, 1930 at Dahlgren. He was married December 27, 1969 to Gila Riley who was born January 2, 1935 in Kentucky. Children born to Jasper Calvin Goin and Gila Riley Goin are unknown.

Hunter DeWitt Goin, twin son of Jasper Calvin Goin and Han-nah Hunter Goin, was born at Dahlgren January 16, 1930. He was married December 23, 1961 to Velma Elizabeth Wolf who was born in Indiana February 23, 1932. Children born to Hunter DeWitt Goin and Velma Elizabeth Wolf Goin are un-known.

John Samuel Goin, son of Jasper Calvin Goin and Hannah Hunter Goin, was born March 5, 1932 at Dahlgren. He was married about 1957 to Shirley Ann Viezer who was born July 3, 1937 in Illinois. Children born to John Samuel Goin and Shirley Ann Viezer Goin are unknown.

Paul Goin, son of John Wesley Goin, Jr. and Eldarado DeWitt Goin, was born September 28, 1896 in Hamilton County. He was married about 1927 to Nana Whited. Children born to Paul Goin and Nana Whited Goin are unknown.

Rachel Goin, daughter of Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Goin, was born about 1833 in Tennessee. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Lucy Ann Goin, daughter of Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Goin, was born about 1835 in Tennessee

Elijah Goin, son of Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Goin, was born February 7, 1839 in Tennessee, according to the research of Sherry Linn Goin, a great-granddaughter of Woodland, Illi-nois. He was married about 1866 to Mary Jane Cross.

Children born to Elijah Goin and Mary Jane Cross Goin in-clude:

James Harvey Goin born April 4, 1877

James Harvey Goin, son of Elijah Goin and Mary Jane Cross Goin, was born April 4, 1877. He was married about 1900 to Winnie Rich.

Children born to them include:

Leonard Goin born May 9, 1909

Leonard Goin, son of James Harvey Goin and Winnie Rich Goin, was born May 9, 1909. He was married about 1932 to Ada E. Cummings who was born July 13, 1910.

Children born to Leonard Goin and Ada E. Cummings Goin include:

Norma Louise Goin born February 4, 1934
Sherry Linn Goin born January 20, 1946

Norma Louise Goin, daughter of Leonard Goin and Ada E. Cummings Goin, was born February 4, 1934. She was married about 1956, husband’s name Johnson. In 1992 they lived in Abilene, Texas. She, a member of Gowen Research Foundation, was active in the research of her family history.

Sherry Linn Goin, daughter of Leonard Goin and Ada E. Cum-mings Goin, was born January 20, 1946. In 1992 she, a member of Gowen Research Foundation, lived in Woodlawn, Illinois.

Elizabeth Goin, daughter of Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Going, was born about 1842 in Illinois. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Mary Goin, daughter of Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Goin, was born about 1844 in Illinois. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Elisha Goin, son of Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Goin, was born about 1846 in Illinois. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Lydia Goin, daughter of Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Goin, was born about 1849 in Illinois. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Charles C. Goin, son of Isaac Goin and Keziah Epperson Goin, was born about 1852 in Illinois.

Pleasant Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born about 1808 in Tennessee. He was married about 1832 to Isabelle Holton, according to Charlotte Isabelle Russell Green, a descendant of Harper, Texas.

Mrs. Green wrote December 3, 1995:
“A couple of years ago, reports from various individuals, not in the direct descendancy of my g-g-grandparents Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, stating her name as Isabelle Norrell came to my attention. I must correct this misnomer.

We have found no one named Norrell in the East Tennessee census for 1830. However, up the creek from Levi Goin, father of Pleasant Goin, within the family of Wright Holton lived a young woman not more than 20 years of age. This may have been a sister of Wright Holton. The household of Levi Goin shows a young male, 20-30. This should be Pleasant Goin.

There are no known records for the marriage of Pleasant Goin to Isabelle Holton. Sarah Isabelle Johnson, my grandmother, was proud of her heritage and told her grandchildren, to my knowledge as early as 1935, that Pleasant Goin was Holland Dutch, and the family of her grandmother, Isabelle Holton, came from Dublin, Ireland.

Sarah Isabelle Johnson was born in 1870 in Claiborne County, TN. The 1880 census of that county shows Sarah, age 10 years old, living in the 11th Civil District. The same census shows Isabelle Goin living with her son George Goin, just two houses away. It would seem most probable that Isabelle was well known to her granddaughter, Sarah.

Pleasant and Isabelle should have been married in 1831-32 since their first child was born in 1833. In 1833, a list of “Free Male Inhabitants,” 21 years and over, living in Claiborne County, provides the following information: “#744 Uriah Goins, #745 Uriah Goins, Jr. #746 Levi Goins, #747 Levi Goins, Jr. #748 Isaac Gowin, #749 Isaac Gowin, Jr, #750 Pleasant Gowin, #751 William Goin, #752 Thomas Goin, #753 John Keck, #754 William Cupp, #755 William R. Holton, #756 James R. Holton.” We find no one named “Norell” among the males 21 years and over in 1833. There were no males named Norell in the 1839 tax list either.

The father of Pleasant Goin was Levi Goin [old]. The younger brother of Levi Goin is Uriah Goin [old]. The daughter of Uriah Goin, and cousin to Pleasant Goin, is Sarah Alice Goin. She was married to William Dykes, a close neighbor, [see 1830 census.] William and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes had 10 children. The seventh child, a son, was named “Narrel Dykes.” This suggests that the name “Norrell” came from this branch of the family.

Sarah’s parents moved in 1900 from Claiborne County to Van Zandt County, TX. Her mother, Marline Goin Johnson, died in 1927. Sarah was living in Waukegan, Illinois, so it fell to her youngest sister, Vandalee, to give information for the death certificate. In answer to the question, “what was the maiden name of the deceased’s mother, Vandalee answered, “Evie Narel.” Vandalee was born in 1893 and never knew her grandmother. Had Sarah given that information, she would have said, “Isabelle Holton.”

Pleasant Goin became a Baptist preacher. Pleasant Goin ap-peared as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Clai-borne County, page 243, enumerated as:

“Goin, Pleasant white male 20-30
white female 20-30
white male 5-10
white male 5-10
white male 0-5
white male 0-5
white male 0-5”

The household of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin ap-peared in the 1850 census of Claiborne County, page 602, as household 880 composed of:

“Goin, Pleasant 42, born in TN
Isabel 36, born in TN
Ralph 17
Thomas 16
Uriah 14
William 12
Isaac 11
Elizabeth 8
Timothy 6
Martha 5
Lucinda 1”

Pleasant Goin was active in the work of the Town Creek Baptist Church, according to the “Minutes of Davis Creek Church, 1797-1907,” by Lawrence Edwards.

On September 1, 1852 Pleasant Goin “of Town Creek Church” petitioned the Davis Creek Church “for the aid of the deacons of this church to attend them at their next meeting, which was granted.”

On September 1, 1857 Pleasant Goin was listed as a moderator at a meeting of Davis Creek Church. On May 1, 1858 Pleasant Goin visited Davis Creek Church and “invited church and dea-cons to visit them on May 8 and 9, 1858.”

On May 1, 1859 Pleasant Goin invited the deacons and brethren to attend “a sacremental occation” at the May meeting of the Town Creek Church.

On November 1, 1871 Pleasant Goin nominated Henry Ausmus as elder [or minister.] He was enumerated as the head of a household in Claiborne County at the age of 72 He died sometime after 1880, according to “Claiborne County Historical Society Quarterly,” Volume 9, No. 3.

Children born to Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin in-clude:

Ralph Goin born about 1833
Thomas Goin born about 1834
Uriah Goin born about 1836
William Goin born about 1838
Isaac Goin born about 1839
Elizabeth Goin born about 1842
Timothy Goin born about 1844
Martha Goin born about 1845
Lucinda Margaret Goin born about 1848
Marlina Jane Goin born September 11, 1849
Jefferson Goin born about 1855
George Washington Goin born about 1856
Lucetta Goin born about 1857

Ralph Goin, son of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1833. He appeared as a 17-year-old in the 1850 census of Claiborne County. He was married about 1854 to Mary A. Goodman. They were enumerated in the 1860 census of Claiborne County, Family 1433, Household No. 224-359. He died in 1864.

Children born to Ralph Goin and Mary A. Goodman Goin include:

Letela Goin born about 1855
Pleasant Goin, Jr. born about 1857
Rachel Goin born about 1859

Letela Goin, daughter of Ralph Goin and Mary A. Goodman Goin, was born in Claiborne County about 1855. She appeared in the 1860 census as a five-year-old.

Pleasant Goin, Jr, son of Ralph Goin and Mary A. Goodman Goin, was born in Claiborne County about 1857. He appeared in the 1860 census as a three-year-old. He was married December 24, 1876 to Harriett Sorrell in Claiborne. She was the daughter of Henry Sorrell and Jane Rogers Sorrell of Hawkins County, Tennessee. They moved to Kentucky and later to the state of Washington, according to the research of Dianne Stark Thurman.

Children born to them include:

Sarah Goin born about 1878
Benjamin Goin born about 1882
Birdie Mae Goin born about 1886

Sarah Goin, daughter of Pleasant Goin, Jr. and Harriett Sorrell Goin, was born about 1878.

Benjamin Goin, son daughter of Pleasant Goin, Jr. and Harriett Sorrell Goin, was born about 1882.

Birdie Mae Goin, daughter of Pleasant Goin, Jr. and Harriett Sorrell Goin, was born about 1886.

Rachel Goin, daughter of Ralph Goin and Mary A. Goodman Goin, was born in Claiborne County about 1859. She was enumerated in the 1860 census as a one-year-old.

Thomas Goin, son of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1834. He was recorded at age 16 in the 1850 enumeration of his father’s household. He was married Febru-ary 9, 1859 to Martha J. Johnson. She was a daughter of William Johnson and Sarah Jane Faulkner Johnson and a sister to James Preston Johnson, according to the research of Wilma Johnson, a descendant of Verona, Wisconsin. William Johnson died May 10, 1862 at Cumberland Ford, Kentucky during the Civil War. He was a private in Company E, 2nd Tennessee Infantry Regiment, U.S.A.

Sarah Jane Faulkner Johnson was enumerated in 1880 living in the household of Isaac Johnson, her youngest son. Included in the household was his niece, Sarah E. Goin and his nephew, Thomas Goin.

Thomas Goin died July 15, 1862, perhaps in the Civil War.

An unidentified Thomas Goin died in 1927, according to William G. Tharpe, president of Union County Historical Society. Tharpe made a search of Tennessee Valley Authority grave removal records in “Isolated Cemeteries Above Pool Level” to find the reinterment of Thomas Goin. Thomas Goin died at age 75 and was buried in Mt. Moriah Cemetery. On November 21, 1935, his body was removed and reburied in Indian Creek Cemeterey.

Children born to Thomas Goin and Martha J. Johnson Goin are unknown.

Uriah Goin, son of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1836. He appeared in the 1850 census at age 14. He was married about 1853 to Rebecca Goodman, regarded as a sister to Mary A. Goodman. He died in 1854.

Both Uriah Goin and Rebecca Goodman Goin were mentioned in “Abstract Pensions of Claiborne County, Tennessee, The Revolution, War of 1812 and All Wars Prior to 1883” compiled by Annie Walker Burns

“In Old Tazewell” written by Mary Ann Markham, contains a reference to “Mrs. Rebecca Goin” which might apply to Re-becca Goodman Goin:

“Calvin Holland, oldest son of William Holland and grandson of William Holland, Sr, is a very industrious man and follows blacksmithing as a livelihood. He lives at Lone Mountain depot at present. He has been twice married. His former wife was Miss Martha Rose. They divorced, leaving her in care of three sons, William, Alfred and Franklin. Calvin’s second wife was Mary Goins, daughter of Rebecca Goins of Goins Head of Barren. They have raised a large family.”

William Goin, son of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1838. He was recorded at age 12 in the 1850 census of Claiborne County. He was married about 1861 to Mary Jane Souders. He died in 1864.

Children born to William Goin and Mary Jane Souders Goin include:

John Goin born about 1872

John Goin, son of William Goin and Mary Jane Souders Goin was born about 1872.

Children born to him include:

William Dempsey Goin born in 1897

William Dempsey Goin, son of John Goin, was born in 1897 at New Tazewell, Tennessee.

William Parlon Goin bon in 1918

William Parlon Goin, son of William Dempsey Goin, was born in 1918 in Amity, Oregon.

Isaac Goin, son of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1839. He appeared as an 11-year-old in the 1850 census of Claiborne County. His first wife died, and he was remarried about 1862 to Julia Young. He died in 1864. Children born to Isaac Goin and Julia Young Goin are unknown.

Elizabeth Goin, daughter of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1842. She was recorded at age eight in the 1850 census of Claiborne County. She was married about 1866 to Dane E. Miracle.

Timothy Goin, son of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1844 and enumerated at age six in the 1850 census of Claiborne County. He died in 1864, perhaps in the Civil War.

Martha Goin, daughter of Pleasant Goin and Isabell Norell Goin, was born about 1845. She was recorded at age five in the 1850 census.

Lucinda Margaret Goin, daughter of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1848. She appeared as a one-year-old in the 1850 census. She was married about 1866 to S. Gilbert Miracle, regarded as a brother to Dane E. Miracle.

Marlina Jane Goin, daughter of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born September 11, 1849 in Claiborne County, according to Wilma Joyce Gore Locke, a descendant of Portales, New Mexico. She was married June 18, 1868 at Goin, Tennessee to James Preston Johnson, son of William Johnson and Sarah Jane Faulkner Johnson. He was a brother to Martha J. Johnson who was married to Thomas Goin, her brother.

They removed to Van Zandt County, Texas in 1900. He died October 4, 1927 at Wills Point, Texas, and Marlina Jane Goin Johnson died there November 22, 1927 and was buried beside her husband.

Children born to them

William Washington Johnson born in April 1869
Vanda Lee Johnson born about 1873
Isaac Johnson born in January 1877
Anna Johnson born in March 1878
George Howard Johnson born in September 1879
Sarah Isabelle Johnson born about 1880
Marigrette Alifare Johnson born May 15, 1885
Elvin Johnson born in May 1889
Eliza Johnson born in February 1891
Annis Johnson born in May 1893
Angeline Johnson born in November 1894

Marigrette Alifare Johnson, daughter of James Preston Johnson and Marlina Jane Goin Johnson, was born May 15, 1885 in Claiborne County. She was married there about 1900 to E. A. Watson. They removed to Van Zandt County, Texas where the marriage was terminated, according to Wilma Joyce Gore Locke, a granddaughter. She was remarried October 13, 1911 in Bentonville, Arkansas to James Isaac McGee, son of James B. McGee and Phebe Adams McGee. He was born July 7, 1880 in Crawford, Arkansas. He died in Bentonville April 12, 1932.

Marigrette Alifare Johnson Watson McGee was remarried to Leo P. Gilmore February 11, 1943 at Muleshoe, Texas. He was born August 31, 1887. He died April 5, 1961 in Parmer County, Texas. She died November 24, 1965 at Muleshoe.

Children born to James Isaac McGee and Marigrette Alifare Johnson Watson McGee include:

James Isaac McGee born July 14, 1912
Mazel Avis McGee born January 12, 1914
Lionel Edison McGee born March 13, 1915
Phoebe Marlena McGee born April 6, 1917
Edgar Wayne McGee born September 16, 1918
William Howard McGee born October 1, 1921

Mazel Avis McGee, daughter of James Isaac McGee and Mari-grette Alifare Johnson Watson McGee, was born January 12, 1914 at Wills Point, Texas. She was married October 11, 1933 in Benton County, Arkansas to Lester Wayne Gore, son of William Robert Gore and Zeola Lee Kirkpatrick Gore. He was born December 17, 1910 in Wise County, Texas. She died July 14, 1986 at Muleshoe, and he died October 7, 1986 at Farwell, Texas.

Children born to Lester Wayne Gore and Mazel Avis McGee Gore include:

James William Gore born May 23, 1937
Gerald Wayne Gore born Janury 7, 1942
Wilma Joyce Gore born August 27, 1946
Larry Dale Gore born June 19, 1951

Wilma Joyce Gore, daughter of Lester Wayne Gore and Mazel Avis McGee, was born August 27, 1946 in Clovis, New Mex-ico. She was married January 30, 1965 in Muleshoe to Coy Lynn Gabbert, son of Archie Lee Gabbert and Sarah Barthena Carter Gabbert. He was born January 5, 1945 in Amherst, Texas. She was remarried April 3, 1972 to Robert Lee Camp-bell. She was married for the third time May 12, 1983 to Bar-ney Ferris Locke, son of Barney Ferris Locke and Wanda Gwendolyn Gilmore Locke. He was born August 19, 1943 in Terrell, Oklahoma.

Children born to Coy Lynn Gabbert and Wilma Joyce Gore Gabbert include:

Joy Lynette Gabbert born September 19, 1966
Melissa Dianne Gabbert born October 23, 1967

Children born to Barney Ferris Locke and Wilma Joyce Gore Gabbert Campbell Locke include:

Amanda Beth Locke born October 28, 1984

Jefferson Goin, son of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1855.

George Washington Goin, son of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1856. He was married about 1879 to Sarah Wilder. He died January 1, 1947. Children born to George Washington Goin and Sarah Wilder Goin are unknown.

Lucetta Goin, daughter son of Pleasant Goin and Isabelle Holton Goin, was born about 1857. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Richard D. Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born about 1810. He was married about 1834 to Elizabeth Ferguson, according to “Claiborne County Histori-cal Society Quarterly,” Volume 9, No. 3. They removed to Loudon, Kentucky in 1850. Richard D. Goin was remarried about 1875, wife’s name Sarah A.

Children born to Richard D. Goin and Elizabeth Ferguson Goin include:

Luther Goin born about 1835 in TN
Rebecca Goin born about 1843 in TN
Lucinda Goin born about 1846 in TN
Mary Jane Goin born about 1849 in TN
William S. Goin born about 1859 in KY

Children born to Richard D. Goin and Sarah Goin include:

Salina J. Goin born about 1877 in KY
Sarah A. Goin born about 1879 in KY

Thomas Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born about 1811. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Elijah Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born about 1814. He was married about 1837 to Martha Lewis, “the sixth daughter of Fielding Lewis, Sr,” according to “Old Time Tazewell,” a volume written over a period from about 1850 to about 1900 by Mary Ann Markham Hansard which was published in 1979. Fielding Lewis, Sr. was born July 17, 1725, probably in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He was married there May 17, 1750 to Elizabeth “Betty” Washington who was born June 20, 1733 in Westmoreland County. Eleven children were born to them. She was his second wife; he having been married to Catherine Washington who bore him three children. The wives are regarded as sisters.

Fielding Lewis died August 26, 1852 at Tazewell, Tennessee
And was buried in Old Big Barren Church Cemetery which adjoined the church. The site is now at the bottom of Norris Lake, and it is unknown if the graves were moved before the lake was created.

Fielding Lewis, Jr, son of Fielding Lewis, Sr. and Elizabeth “Betty” Washington Lewis, was born February 14, 1751 in Fredericksburg, Virginia. He was married about 1774 to Nancy Ann Alexander who was born in Fairfax, Virginia in 1756.

Carol Anne Ledford, of Asheville, North Carolina, a descendant of Elijah Goin, wrote for the Foundation Newsletter an account of difficulties that he encountered by the “nigger and mulatto” label and the action he took against his tormentors:

“Trouble started for Elijah Goin when his daughter, Mary Ann “Polly” Goin was married to William H. “Billy” Mayes May 23, 1853 in Claiborne County, Tennessee. Sterling Mayes, brother to the groom, took exception to the marriage, and one week later was telling everyone that his brother had married a mulatto and that the whole Goin family were mulattos and negroes. Anna Lee Goin, family researcher of Jefferson, Oregon, stated in a letter September 12, 1991 that Sterling Mayes and Elijah Goin were opposing candidates in a Claiborne County election.

Sterling even instructed his children to taunt the Goin children with the mulatto label and promised to protect them in it. By July, the whole county had heard the accusations. Sterling had gone so far as to make up a little song about blacks and mulattos which he sang to the tune of “Old Dan Tucker,” popular jig tune of the day. He even had the nerve to sing the song to Elijah Goin in front of his friends on the main street of Tazewell, the county seat.

Elijah Goin bit his tongue and turned the other cheek, hoping that Sterling would tire of his little game, but the pressure only intensified. In September, Sterling sang his doggerel verses in church. He made his rhymes fit the hymns that were being sung at the camp meeting, an evangelistic meeting held outdoors in a tent. Several rows of worshipers heard the caustic mulatto slurs drowning out the gospel words.

That was the last straw, Elijah Goin filed suit in Circuit Court for slander against Sterling Mayes September 15, 1853, requesting damages of $5,000 and a pig, a monumental sum in those days. The charges were serious and damaging to Elijah Goin who was a schoolteacher and active in community affairs. He had once been elected as constable. It was embarrassing to his family and his friends, and Elijah Goin had to take action before his reputation and standing in the county were destroyed.

Action on the suit was exceedingly slow, with continuous postponements and continuances. It would be five years before a verdict was finally handed down. When the case finally went to court July 26, 1858, the trial lasted 37 court days and involved the testimony of 43 witnesses. Tennessee law required that the loser in a suit pay the court costs and the expense of bringing in the witnesses. The witnesses were paid 25 cents a day for their appearances, and if they travelled over 20 miles, they were paid four cents a mile travel allowance. There were 22 witnesses who had to be in court 27 days of the trial, some traveling as far as 290 miles. Total court costs of the case was $720 with $669 going to the witnesses.

Each of the litigants had to post bond guaranteeing payment of the huge sum. Both were men of substance, but it was a severe obligation. Elijah Goin owned land valued at $1,000, and his personal property was valued at $350. He was 38 years old and married. His wife and six children would suffer severely if the verdict went against the plaintiff. William H. “Billy” Mayes joined his father-in-law in posting the bond.

The “mulatto and negro” charge had serious implications. The Territory Act of 1794 and the Tennessee Constitution of 1796 declared, “all negroes, mulattos and Indians and persons of mixed blood, descended from negro or Indian ancestors to the third generation inclusive, though one ancestor of each generation may have been a white person, whether bond or free, should be held deemed to be incapable in law to be a witness in any case whatsoever, except against each other.”The Act also forbad such persons from obtaining marriage licenses, voting, owning land, paying taxes, making wills, owning slaves or holding office. Their civil rights were denied.

Even in Revolutionary days and in the War of 1812, negroes and mulattos could not serve as soldiers. A few were utilized in non-combatant roles as cooks and teamsters.

Elijah Goin’s 70-year-old father, Levi Goin was enduring great anguish. Elijah Goin had several brothers, uncles and cousins who were undergoing mental duress, not to mention all of the inlaws involved. He took some comfort in the fact his old grandfather, Thomas Goin, Revolutionary soldier and family patriarch of Claiborne County, did not have to undergo the pain and anxiety that the trial brought to the family.

The verdict? Elijah Goin won his slander suit against Sterling Mayes, and the jury awarded him $50 damages, far less than the $5,000 he sought. Sterling Mayes appealed the case to the Tennessee Supreme Court in Knoxville where the Circuit Court’s decision was reversed and remanded. He won the appeal on the grounds that it had long been common knowledge in the community that the Goin family was of mixed blood and that he was not seeking the forfeiture of the civil rights of Elijah Goin.”
==O==
Carol Anne Ledford who was born March 4, 1944 in Monroe, Michigan is a double ninth-generation granddaughter of Thomas Goin. Two of his sons, Levi Goin and Uriah Goin were her eighth-generation grandfathers.
==O==
Elijah Goin, an “illiterate” farmer, appeared as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Claiborne County, page 204, enumerated as:

“Goin, Elijah white male 20-30
white female 20-30
white female 0-5
white male 0-5”

“Elija Goin” was enumerated as the head of Household 1027-626 in the 1850 census of Claiborne County:

“Goin, Elija 36, born in Tennessee
Martha 33, born in Tennessee
Mary A. 12
Hugh H. 11
Sarah E. 8
Fielding 6
William 3
Isabel 1”

Children born to Elijah Goin and Martha Lewis Goin include:

Mary Ann “Polly” Goin born about 1838
Houston H. Goin born about 1839
Sarah E. Goin born about 1842
Fielding Lewis Goin born about 1843
William Preston Goin born September 14, 1846
Isabel Goin born about 1849
Nancy Goin born about 1852

Mary Ann “Polly” Goin, daughter of Elijah Goin and Martha Lewis Goin, was born about 1838 in Claiborne County. She was married in 1853 to William H. “Billy” Mays, son of Thomas Mays, Sr. They owned a farm adjoining that of her brother, William Preston Goin.

Mrs. Markham wrote:

“William H. Mayes was a cabinetmaker and was a good citizen. He was a consistent member of the Baptist Church. They lived happily together until the year 1878, when he died. They had no family. She was married the second time in 1880 to William McNealy of Campbell County, a man of fine property. Mr. McNealy and wife are well situated to live; have an abundance of the necessaries of life to make them comfortable, and are very kind, good citizens.”

Houston H. “Hugh” Goin, son of Elijah Goin and Martha Lewis Goin, was born about 1839 in Claiborne County. He appeared as age 11 in the 1850 census. He was enlisted as a private at age 21 in the Second Tennessee Cavalry Regiment, U.S.A. October 25, 1861 in Claiborne County.

He was captured by the Confederates at Rogersville, Tennessee November 6, 1863, along with his younger brother, Fielding Lewis Goin. He was interned at Belle Island and at Andersonville, Georgia prisoner-of-war camp. He died at the latter September 15, 1864.

Sarah E. Goin, daughter of Elijah Goin and Martha Lewis Goin, was born about 1842 in Claiborne County. She appeared as an eight-year-old in the 1850 census of the county. She was married about 1855 to Thomas Burch, son of William Burch, according to “Old Time Tazewell.” She died about 1865, leaving five children.

Fielding Lewis Goin, son of Elijah Goin and Martha Lewis Goin, was born about 1843. He was enlisted at age 18, in the Second Tennessee Cavalry Regiment, U.S.A, Company E in Claiborne County November 18, 1861. He was promoted to corporal. He was captured November 6, 1863 by the Confederates at Rogersville, Tennessee in 1864 and imprisoned at Richmond, Virginia, according to his military record.

He was admitted to Hospital 21 at Richmond February 27, 1864 and was returned to quarters March 9, 1864. He was paroled at City Point, Virginia April 16, 1864. The Union Army admitted him to Jarvis Hospital at Annapolis, Maryland. Upon release from the hospital, he was then enlisted in the 11th Tennessee Cavalry Regiment, U.S.A. He was transferred to Nashville, Tennessee June 20, 1864 and received an honorable discharge. He died at home soon after the Civil War.

His older brother Hugh H. Goin was enlisted in the Second Tennessee Cavalry Regiment a month before Fielding Lewis Goin. They were both captured in Rogersville November 18, 1861. Hugh H. Goin was imprisoned at Belle Island and in Andersonville Prison. Hugh H. Goin died in Andersonville Prison in Georgia November 6, 1863.

William Preston Goin, son of Elijah Goin and Martha Lewis Goin, was born September 14, 1846. He appeared as a three-year-old in the 1850 census. He was married about 1878 to Mary Evelyn King, daughter of Rev. David King, according to “Old Time Tazewell.” She was born December 15, 1855, ac-cording to the 1900 census, and her name was rendered as “Mary A.” in the enumerations. Richard Glenn Bonds suggests that the wife of Rev. David King was Harriett Hollingsworth.

William Preston Goin was listed in the 1880 census of Clai-borne County, Enumeration District 109, page 25, 11th Civil District 11 living in the household of Mary A, Mayes. His family was enumerated as:

“Goin, William P. 36, born in Tennessee
Mary A. 24, born in Tennessee
Lafayette 1, born in Tennessee”

William Preston Goin was enumerated as the head of a house-hold in the 1900 census of Claiborne County, Enumeration Dis-trict 11, page 12, 11th Civil District:

Goin, William P. 53, born in Sept. 1846 in TN
Mary E. 44, born in Dec. 1855 in TN
Audie F. 20, born in June 1879 in TN, son
Susan A. 19, born in April 1881 in TN
Maud A. 16, born in Oct. 1883 in TN
Edgar 14, born in Feb. 1886 in TN
Beatrice O. 12, born in March 1888 in TN
Dellie M. 9, born in July 1890 in TN
Charles M. 5, born in May 1895 in TN”

Mrs. Hansard wrote:

“William P. Goin, Esquire and his wife are members of the Baptist Church at Carr’s Branch. He is clerk of the same. He is a man of fine character and much esteemed by his neighbors. He owns and lives on his father’s old homestead on the road leading from Sandlick to Carr’s Branch Church. They have a family of seven children, three sons and four daughters.”

Sometime after 1900, William Preston Goin removed to Mon-tague County, Texas, according to Richard Glenn Bonds, a de-scendant of Midland, Texas. His date of death is unknown. Mary Evelyn King Goin died March 20, 1931 in Montague County, according to Texas BVD File 16910.

Children born to William Preston Goin and Mary Evelyn King Goin include:

Audie F. Goin born in June 1879
Susan Alice Goin born in April 1881
Maud A. Goin born in October 1883
Edgar H. Goin born in February 1886
Beatrice O. Goin born in March 1888
Della May Goin born in July 1890
Charles M. Goin born in May 1895

Audie F. Goin, son of William Preston Goin and Mary Evelyn King Goin, was born in June 1879. The census enumerator in 1880 recorded his name as “Lafayette.” Of him, Mrs. Hansard wrote, “Audie F. Goin is aged 18, is a youth of fine talents, and is attending school trying to obtain knowledge, and bids fair to fill some high station in life.”

Susan Alice Goin, daughter of William Preston Goin and Mary Evelyn King Goin, was born in April 1881. Of her Mrs. Hansard wrote, “Alice Goin, oldest daughter, aged 15, is a nice girl, sprightly looking.”

Maud A. Goin, daughter of William Preston Goin and Mary Evelyn King Goin, was born in October 1883.

Edgar H. Goin, son of William Preston Goin and Mary Evelyn King Goin, was born in February 1886 in Claiborne County.

Beatrice O. Goin, daughter of William Preston Goin and Mary Evelyn King Goin, was born in March 1888 in Claiborne County.

Della May Goin, daughter of William Preston Goin and Mary Evelyn King Goin, was born in July 1890 in Claiborne County. She appeared as a nine-year-old in the 1900 census enumeration of her father’s household. She accompanied her parents in a move to Montague County, date unknown. She was married there to Richard E. Bonds about 1908. She died there August 31, 1978.

Children born to Richard E. Bonds and Della May Goin Bonds include:

Wilma F. Bonds born about 1910
Nina Lee Bonds born about 1914
Richard Glenn Bonds born about 1920

Charles M. Goin, son of William Preston Goin and Mary Eve-lyn King Goin, was born in May 1895.

Isabel Goin, daughter of Elijah Goin and Martha Lewis Goin, was born about 1859 in Claiborne. She was enumerated there as a one-year-old in the 1850 census. She died at age 15.

Nancy Goin, daughter of Elijah Goin and Martha Lewis Goin, was born about 1852. She died at age 10.

Rachel Goin, daughter of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born Sepember 29, 1816. She was married about 1835 to Phillip Keck who was born in 1816. He died in 1885, according to the research of Chloe S. King of Graham, Texas. She died in 1902 in Claiborne County.

Children born to Phillip Keck and Rachel Goin include:

Henry Keck born in 1838
Eli Keck born in 1840
Sarah Elizabeth Keck born in 1842
Mary Keck born in 1844
Sterling Keck born in 1845
John Harve “Sheriff” Keck born in 1847
William McKendry Keck born in 1849
Anna Keck born in 1851
Elijah Keck born in 1853
Phillip Keck, Jr. born in 1856
Rachel Keck born in 1857
Serena Keck born in 1861
Samuel Keck born about 1865

Sterling Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born in Tennessee, probably Claiborne County, in November 1818. “Sturling Gowin” was married October 2, 1839 to Mary Ann Keck, according to Claiborne County Marriage Book 2, page 13. She was the fourth child of John Keck and Anna Ousley Keck and was born in Claiborne County in 1819. Anna Ousley Keck was born in Claiborne County in 1793 and died there April 5, 1868.

Sterling Goin appeared in the 1840 census of Claiborne County, page 216, as the head of a household enumerated as:

“Goin, Sterling white male 20-30
white female 15-20”

They appeared in the 1850 census of Claiborne County as Household 850-597:

“Goin, Sterling 35, born in Tennessee
Mary 25, born in Tennessee
John 10
Anna 10
Rachael 8
James K. P. 6 [James Knox Polk Goin]
Phillip 5
Levi 3
Jasper 3/12”

Beverly J. Ellison Nelson wrote of the difficulties this family had during the Civil War:

“Sterling and Mary Ann’s family was one literally torn apart by the Civil War. After the oldest son John was inducted into the Confederate Army, second son Polk walked over Cumberland Mountain and signed up with the First Tennessee Artillery of the Union Army. He was soon joined by Keck cousins and next younger brother Philip.”

Shortly after the end of the war and safe return of her three sons Mary Ann Keck Goin died at Goin, Tennessee December 23, 1868. She was born in 1823 in Claiborne County, to John Keck, Sr. and Anna Owsley Keck. She had married Sterling Goin in Claiborne County October 2, 1839. Since her sixteenth child, Mary, was born on the same day that she died, it is presumed that Mary Ann’s death was from complications of childbirth. She was buried at Pleasant Point Cemetery.”

Sterling Goin was remarried May 25, 1870 to Dicy Manerva Davis who was born in 1819, according to Alice Louise Goin. Three children were born to her before she died February 6, 1875. She was buried beside the first wife. In May 1875 he was married for the third time to Melvina M. Needham Moyers, widow of Al Moyers.

Sterling Goin appeared as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Claiborne County, Enumeration District 4, page 24, Civil District 12, enumerated as:

“Goin, Sterling 63, born in TN
Melvina 32, born in TN
Catherine 18, born in TN
Grant 11, born in TN
Sherman 8, born in TN
Norvesta 4, born in TN
Edwina 2, born in TN”

He reappeared in the 1900 census of Claiborne County, Enu-meration District 12, page 3, 12th Civil District:

“Goin, Sterling 81, born in Nov. 1818 in TN
Martha M. 51, born in Jan. 1849 in TN, wife
Osker S. 18, born in Jan. 1882 in TN, son”

Nearby was recorded the household of Sterling W. Goin, be-lieved to be his son, in the 1900 census of Claiborne County, Enumeration District 12, page 3, 12th Civil District.

Sterling Goin was mentioned in “Biographical & Genealogi-cal History of Southeastern Nebraska” published in 1904. An article about his son, Phillip Goin, mentioned:

“The father is still living in Tennessee at the advanced age of 85 years of age. His political support has always been given to the Whig and Republican parties. and during the Civil War he was a strong Union man, and many sufferings was he called upon to endure on account of his loyalty to the United States, as he was surrounded on all sides by secessionists.

Sterling Goin grew to manhood in Tennessee and married Miss Mary Keck, also a native of Tennessee by whom he had 16 children, 15 of the number reaching mature years, namely John, James K, Philip, Levi, Jasper, William, Howard, Proctor, Anna, Rachel, Rebecca, Sarah, Charity, Catherine and Mary. After the death of the mother, the father married again, and by his second union had two children, one of whom is now deceased. He has been a third time married and has three more children by that union. Throughout his active life, he has followed farming and is still living in Tennessee at the age of 85 years. He is a faithful member of the Baptist Church and is a supporter of the Republican party. He was a strong Union man during the Civil War and suffered much at the hands of the rebels who took his grain and stock.”

Although Sterling was 31 years older that Melvina, she only outlived him by one year and one month. Sterling died May 10, 1910 and was buried beside his wives. When Melvina died June 20, 1911, she was buried beside Sterling and his other two wives. A picture of Sterling and Melvina appeared in “The People’s History of Claiborne County, Tennessee, 1801-1988.”

Sometime around 1900, Sterling’s children made a list of themselves and then had it printed. The following names and birth dates of the 22 are based on that list. All were born in Claiborne County.

Children born to Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin in-clude:

John Burton Goin [twin] born in September 1839
Anna Goin [twin] born in September 1839
Charity Goin born about 1841
Rachel E. Goin born October 7, 1843
Sarah Goin born about 1844
James Knox Polk Goin born April 10, 1845
Phillip Keck Goin born September 15, 1846
Rebecca Goin born about 1847
Levi Goin born July 14, 1848
Jasper Goin born March 6, 1850
Sarah Elizabeth Goin born April 7, 1852
William Houston Goin born September 4, 1854
Tilman Howard Goin born January 21, 1856
Rebecca Goin born March 11, 1858
Proctor Goin born February 20, 1860
Charity Jane Goin born August 15, 1862
Catherine Goin born August 15, 1865
[infant] born about 1866
Mary Goin born December 23, 1868

Children born to Sterling Goin and Dicey M. Davis Goin are believed to include:

Grant Goin born about 1871
Sherman Goin born December 31, 1872
Sterling W. Goin born in February 1873
Dicey Manerva Goin born January 1, 1875

Children born to Sterling Goin and Melvina M. Moyers Goin are believed to include:

Norvesta Goin born April 2, 1876
Edwina Goin born May 15, 1878
Oscar Sterling Goin born January 12, 18812

John Burton Goin, twin son of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born September 1839, according to his 1900 census enumeration. He was recorded at age 10 in his father’s household in the 1850 census. He was married about 1859 to Frances “Fanny” Raney. He died about 1874. Children born to John Burton Goin and Frances “Fanny” Raney Goin are unknown. She was remarried to John R. Williams April 4, 1875, according to Claiborne County marriage records.

Anna Goin, twin daughter of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born September 15, 1841. She was married June 25, 1875 to Martin J. Edwards as his second wife. She died February 26, 1912 in Claiborne County.

Rachel E. Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born October 7, 1843 in Claiborne County. She was married about 1856 in Kentucky to Marbel Benson Scoggins who was born in 1831 in North Carolina. They removed to Pike County, Indiana in the latter part of 1857. They were living in Crawford County, Indiana about 1865 and in 1868 were back in Pike County. In 1870 they lived in Knox County, Indiana, and two years later they resided in Rockcastle County, Kentucky. Rachel E. Goin Scoggins died in 1878 in Edgar County, Illinois.

Children born to them include:

Mary E Scoggins born about 1857
John William Scoggins June 16, 1858
Narcissa Jane Scoggins born in May 1860
Henry Thornton Scoggins born August 24, 1864
Calvin Cornelius Scoggins born about 1865
Louisa Scoggins born November 7, 1868
Frances Sarah Scoggins born February 15, 1870
Sue Ella Scoggins born Mar 20, 1872
Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. born July 14, 1874

Mary E. Scoggins, daughter of Marbel Benson Scoggins and Rachel E. Goin Scoggins, was born about 1857 in Kentucky.

John William Scoggins, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins and Rachel E. Goin Scoggins, was born June 16, 1858 in Pike County, Indiana.

Narcissa Jane Scoggins, daughter of Marbel Benson Scoggins and Rachel E. Goin Scoggins, was born in May 1860 in Pike County.

Henry Thornton Scoggins, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins and Rachel E. Goin Scoggins, was born August 24, 1864 in Indiana.

Calvin Cornelius Scoggins, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins and Rachel E. Goin Scoggins, was born about 1865 in Crawford County, Indiana.

Louisa Scoggins, daughter of Marbel Benson Scoggins and Rachel E. Goin Scoggins, was born November 17, 1868 in Pike Co, Indiana.

Frances Sarah Scoggins, daughter of Marbel Benson Scoggins and Rachel E. Goin Scoggins, was born February 15k, 1870 Knox Co, Indiana.

Sue Ella Scoggins, daughter of Marbel Benson Scoggins and Rachel E. Goin Scoggins, was born March 20, 1872 in Rockcastle County, Kentucky.

Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins and Rachel E. Goin Scoggins, was born July 14, 1874 in Rockcastle County. He was married about 1897 to Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry who was born November 23, 1879 in McKean County, Illinois to Samuel Sylvester Berry and Emma Jane Barrett Berry. They lived in Edgar County, Illinois until about 1904 and appeared in Pond Creek, Oklahoma in January 1905. In 1909 they lived near Hooker, Oklahoma.

Children born to them include:

Kenneth William Scoggins born May 11, 1899
Rae Marie Scoggins born October 28, 1900
John Henry Scoggins born May 16, 1902
Rachael Elizabeth Scoggins born January 24, 1905
Sylvia Mae Scoggins born June 3, 1906
Earl Edwin Scoggins born Sept. 28, 1909
Claude Marbel Benson Scoggins born October 2, 1910
Jesse Denver Scoggins born May 6, 1915
Orville Floyd Scoggins born April 25, 1918
Bernice Lorraine Scoggins born Sept. 18, 1920

Kenneth William Scoggins, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born May 11, 1899 in Edgar County, Illinois.

Rae Marie Scoggins, daughter of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born October 28, 1900 at Paris, Illinois in Edgar County.

John Henry Scoggins, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born May 16, 1902.

Rachael Elizabeth Scoggins, daughter of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born January 24, 1905.

Sylvia Mae Scoggins, daughter of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born June 3, 1906 at Pond Creek, Oklahoma.

Earl Edwin Scoggins, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born September 28, 1909 at Hooker, Oklahoma in Texas County. He was married March 5, 1932 to Mary Evaline Dickey who was born May 13, 1915 in Wayne County, Illinois to Charlie Dickey and Eunice Edna Warren Dickey. In 1932 they lived in Hamilton County, Kansas, and in 1936 they lived at St. Louis, Missouri.

Children born to them include:

Edwin Eugene Scoggins born December 30, 1932
Jesse Allen Scoggins born August 7, 1936

Claude Marbel Benson Scoggins, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born October 2, 1910 at Hooker, Oklahoma.

Jesse Denver Scoggins, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born May 6, 1915 at Hooker.

Orville Floyd Scoggins, son of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born April 25, 1928 at Hooker.

Bernice Lorainne Scoggins, daughter of Marbel Benson Scoggins, Jr. and Laura Belle “Loretta” Berry Scoggins, was born September 18, 1920 at Hooker.

Sarah Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born about 1844.

James Knox Polk Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born April 10, 1845 in Claiborne County. During the Civil War, he served in the Union Army, according to “Biographical & Genealogical History of Southeastern Nebraska” published in 1904. The article stated:

“For over one-third of a century, James K. Goin has made his home in Gage County, Nebraska, and he has aided materially in the growth and development of Island Grove Township, which is his place of residence. He was born in Claiborne County, Tennessee on the tenth of April, 1845 and belongs to an old Southern family of English and Scotch extraction that was founded in Tennessee in an early day in its history. His grandfather, Levi Goin was a native of Virginia, but the greater part of his life was passed in Tennessee where our subject’s father, Sterling Goin was born in 1818.

James K. Goins was reared in much the usual manner of farmer boys of his day, and early became familiar with all the duties which wall to the lot of the agriculturist. His education was acquired in the common schools of his native state. When the country became involved in Civil War, he resolved to strike a blow in the defense of the Union cause and on the first of May, 1863, at Crab Orchard, Kentucky he enlisted in the First Tennessee Light Artillery under the command of Capt. Beebe and Col. Crawford. He took part in the Battle of Russellville, Kentucky, Loudon, Tennessee and Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, being stationed at the latter place for some time. When hostilities had ceased, he was honorably discharged at Nashville on the 20th of July, 1865.

At the age of 21 years Mr. Goin led to the marriage altar Miss Elizabeth Ann McVey who was also born, reared and educated in Claiborne County, Tennessee, and their union has been blessed by 11 children, those still living.being Josephine, Lewis, Philip, Margaret A, Eli, Della, Nellie, Lulu and Ethel. Levi and Maud are both deceased.

In 1869 Mr. Goin brought his family to Nebraska and settled on a farm west of Liberty in Gage County. In 1882 he purchased one hundred and sixty acres of rich bottom land which he has converted into a fine farm, having erected thereon a good comfortable residence at a cost of $1,400 and a barn at a cost of $800. He has an orchard and a grove upon his place, and a stream of running water adds to its beauty. Like his father, Mr. Goin in unswerving in his allegiance to the Republican Party and its principles, and he is an active church worker, serving as deacon of the Goodhope Baptist Church to which he belongs. His support is never withheld from any enterprise which he believes calculated to promote the moral, educational or social welfare of the community in which he lives, and he is recognized as a valued and useful citizen.”

James Knox Polk Goin was married December 7, 1865 to Eliz-abeth Ann McVey, according to a letter written October 30, 1994 by Beverly J. Nelson Ellison, a great-granddaughter of Littleton, Colorado. Elizabeth Ann McVey was a daughter of James McVey and Nancy Killion McVey and a granddaughter of William Killion and Ann Elizabeth Coleman Killion of Claiborne County. They moved to Nebraska in 1869. There he `homesteaded 160 acres under the Homestead Act of 1862. In 1872 he completed the requirements to receive the patent for his land.

Beverly J. Nelson Ellison gave some details of the life of her ancestor:

“In the statement of proof required by the government his witnesses were his brother Philip Goin and fellow Claiborne County native, Jonathan Sharp. They testified that he had built a house of lumber 15×19 feet with three doors and 2 windows and a shingled roof. Also noted were a stable and an acre of trees as well as the original log cabin 9×12 feet. This couple has been recognized by the State of Nebraska and the Nebraska State Genealogical Society as one of the Pioneer Families of Nebraska.

That first home of logs stood on that land until after 1950. Its size was prescribed by the tallest trees growing along the creek. There was one door in the front. Polk kept the old cabin in repair over the years and used it as a woodshed. According to his granddaughter, Hazel Conover Ellison who took her daughter, this writer, to visit the cabin about 1947, Polk reminded his family to look at the cabin and remember how they started their new lives in the West.

To claim homestead land Polk had to prove his loyalty to the Union during the Civil War. Included in his homestead file is a transcript furnished by the War Department at Nashville, Tennessee. Besides acknowledging his enrollment in Company B, First Regiment of Light Artillery, Tennessee Volunteers May 1, 1863, it lists his discharge as 20 July 1865 at Nashville, In ad-dition his description at age 18 was given as “five feet eight inches high, light complexion, blue eyes, light hair and by occupation when enrolled a farmer.”

After Polk enlisted at Nicklesville, Kentucky, he saw action in the Battle of Wildcat, Kentucky and the Battle of Cumberland Gap. He told his grandson Marvin Elli-son with whom he shared his home during the last years of his life that he got up that May 1st morning and just acted as if he were heading for the fields. Instead, he headed for Kentucky. Although he never mentioned his older brother’s Confederate service, some family members maintain that he joined the Northern army in response to the forced enlistment of his brother, John Goin.

At one point the Confederacy was forcibly enrolling the oldest son from each family in pro-Union East Tennessee. After escaping a Confederate group intent on conscripting them into the Confederate cause, his Keck cousins joined him in Kentucky as did his brother, Philip. Years later they also joined him in Nebraska. Polk’s service on behalf of the Union was rewarded with Civil War Pension No. 39685.

In 1915 the Bureau of Pensions requested from each pensioner personal information including data about the spouse and the children. From that list and the records of the Liberty Cemetery and individual family members a list of the children of Polk and Elizabeth Ann has been assembled.

During his early years at Liberty, Polk joined others of the numerous families from Claiborne County in forming the Good Hope Baptist Church. This large group of pioneers was linked by blood, marriage and religion as exemplified by their bringing their own preacher-teacher from Tennessee. Peter Bolinger, the minister, was the brother of Eleander Bolinger, wife of Philip Goin. Families who would continue to intermarry in Nebraska included the Cains, Johnsons, Sharps, Lynches and this writer’s paternal group, the Ellisons. Polk also carried on another family tradition by serving in Gage County in 1904 as Justice of the Peace.

Some years after Elizabeth Ann’s death in 1915, Polk sold his farm at Liberty and moved to Beatrice where his house still stands. His last three years were spent under the care of his redhaired granddaughter, Hazel Conover Ellison, this writer’s mother. Among the treasured mementos of the family are three mini-balls from the Civil War. The location of Polk’s family bible is not known. As late as 1950, it was with a daughter in Colorado Springs when Hazel Ellison copied a record of his Civil War service from it. Hopefully, it still exists and all data will be preserved.”

He died December 26, 1934 at Beatrice, Nebraska.

Children born to James Knox Polk Goin and Elizabeth Ann McVey Goin include:

Josephine Goin born December 11. 1867
Levi Goin born April 28, 1870
William Louis Goin born February 19, 1872
Phillip Goin born November 4, 1873
Margaret Ann Goin born October 27, 1875
Eli Goin born October 10, 1877
Etta Della Goin born December 22, 1879
Eleanor “Nellie” Goin born June 28, 1882
Maud Goin born April 10, 1885
Lula Bell Goin born February 6, 1889
Ethel Eldora Goin born November 10, 1891

Josephine Goin, daughter of James Knox Polk Goin and Eliza-beth Ann McVey Goin, was born December 11, 1867 at Tazewell. She was married to Harry Saddler.

Levi Goin, son of James Knox Polk Goin and Elizabeth Ann McVey Goin, was born April 28, 1870 at Liberty, Nebraska. He died there July 24, 1871.

William Louis Goin, son of James Knox Polk Goin and Eliza-beth Ann McVey Goin, was born February 19, 1872 at Liberty. He was married to Ada Mitchell. He died about 1950 at St. Helens, Oregon.

Phillip Goin, son of James Knox Polk Goin and Elizabeth Ann McVey Goin, was born November 4, 1873 at Liberty. He was married October 21, 1900 to Silby Norris. He died September 6, 1925 and was buried in Liberty Cemetery.

Margaret Ann Goin, daughter of James Knox Polk Goin and Elizabeth Ann McVey Goin, was born October 27, 1875 at Liberty, Nebraska in Gage County. She was married there September 25, 1892 to John Frank Heaston, son of John Heaston and Mariah Field Heaston, according to the research of Beverly Zuerlein. He was born October 28, 1868 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He died May 10, 1966 in Colorado Springs, Colorado. She died April 25, 1971 at Colorado Springs.

Children born to them include:

Grace Mae Heaston born July 14, 1895

Grace Mae Heaston, daughter of John Frank Heaston and Margaret Ann Going Heaston, was born July 14, 1895 in Brighton, Missouri. She was married June 11, 1913 to Thomas Earl Hart who was born January 28, 1890 in Johnson County, Nebraska to Nehemiah Hart and Susan Jane Harrington Hart. He died October 11, 1946 in Liberty, Nebraska. She died June 10, 1986 in Beatrice, Nebraska.

Children born to them include:

Kenneth Everett Hart born May 10, 1918

Kenneth Everett Hart, son of Thomas Earl Hart and Grace Mae Heaston Hart, was born May 10, 1918 in Liberty. He was married October 24, 1940 to Pauline Miller who was born February 16, 1922 in Colorado.

Children born to them include:

Sharon June Hart born about 1941
Catherine Eileen Hart born November 22, 1942

Eli Goin, son of James Knox Polk Goin and Elizabeth Ann McVey Goin, was born October 10, 1877 at Liberty. He was married to Cora Heath.

Etta Della Goin, daughter of James Knox Polk Goin and Eliza-beth Ann McVey Goin, was born December 22, 1879 at Lib-erty. She was married January 16, 1897 at Marysville, Kansas to Virgil Moses Conover. Later she was remarried to Lee Dickerson of Sterling, Colorado. She died December 29, 1940.

Eleanor “Nellie” Goin, daughter of James Knox Polk Goin and Elizabeth Ann McVey Goin, was born June 28, 1882 at Liberty. She was married to Robert Gregory. She died August 16, 1978.

Maud Goin, daughter of James Knox Polk Goin and Elizabeth Ann McVey Goin, was born at Liberty April 10, 1885. She died two years later March 1, 1887.

Lula Bell Goin, daughter of James Knox Polk Goin and Eliza-beth Ann McVey Goin, was born February 6, 1889 at Liberty. She was married to George Kiechel. She died March 3, 1926.

Ethel Eldora Goin, daughter of James Knox Polk Goin and Elizabeth Ann McVey Goin, was born November 10, 1891 at Liberty. She died May 5, 1923 unmarried at Denver, Colorado.

Philip Keck Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born September 15, 1846 in Claiborne County. He was married there September 22, 1866 to Elendear Bolinger. She was born February 7, 1847. They moved to Nebraska in 1869.

“Phillip Goings” appeared as the head of a house­hold in the 1880 census of Pawnee County Nebraska, Enumeration District 254, Page 12, Plum Creek Township:

“Goings, Phillip 33, born in Tennessee
Ellender 32, born in Tennessee
James Sterling 12, born in Tennessee
Florence M. 8, born in Nebraska
Emeline 6, born in Nebraska
Tilda 4, born in Nebraska
Hugh 2, born in Nebraska
Proctor 1/12, born in Nebraska
Goings, Proctor 20, born in TN, brother

She died there December 14, 1887, and he died at Liberty, Nebraska September 27, 1924. Alice Louise Goin wrote that he died in Bruce, Wisconsin in Rusk County.

He was featured in “Biographical & Genealogical History of Southeastern Nebraska:”

“Phillip Goin, who was one of the defenders of the Union cause during the dark days of tho rebellion, is now a prominent and successful farmer of Gage County, Nebraska, his home being in Island Grove Township. He came to this state in 1869 and therefore witnessed almost its entire development and upbuilding, in the work of which he has borne an important part as an agriculturist.

Mr. Goin was born in Claiborne County, Tennessee and is a worthy representative of a prominent old family of that locality, his paternal grandfather being Levi Goin, of Tennessee. His parents, Sterling and Mary Keck Goin, were natives of the same state. The latter died in 1868 at age of 45 years. She was a loving wife, a tender mother, and a kind neighbor, and was withal a true southern woman in the best sense of that term. The father is still living in Tennessee at the advanced age of 104 years. His occupation being a farmer, his political support has always been given to the Whig and Republican parties, and during tho Civil war, he was a strong Union man, and many sufferings was he called upon to endure on account of his loyalty to the United States, as he was surrounded on all sides by secessionists. In his family were sixteen children, seventeen of whom reached man-hood and womanhood. James K. Goin, one of the num-ber, who was a Union soldier in the Civil War, is now living in Island Grove Township, Gage County, Nebraska; Proctor is also a resident of this county; and one [Tilman Howard Goin] lives in Marshall county, Kansas. All of the others, with the exception of our subject, still make their home in the south.

Upon the home farm Phillip Goin passed the days of his boyhood and youth, and he received a limited education in the schools of Tennessee, but his time was mainly de-voted to the labors of the farm. On the 30th of October. 1864, at the age of eighteen years, he joined the boys in blue of Company B, First Tennessee Light Artillery, and was under the command of Capt, Beebe and Col. Craw-ford. He was in the Battle of Ball’s Bridge, Virginia, and in the engagements at Cumberland Gap and Strawberry Plains, together with others of lesser importance in Tennessee and Virginia. At the close of the war, he re-ceived an honorable discharge at Nashville, July 20, 1865, and returned home with a fine military record for so young a man, being not quite nineteen years of age.

In 1868 [1866] Mr. Goin was united in marriage to Miss Elinor Bolinger, and a year later they came to Nebraska, locating in Pawnee County. where she died in 1888, loved and respected by all who knew her for her sterling worth and many excellent traits of character. Besides her husband, nine children were left to mourn her loss, namely, Sterling, Florence M, Emmeline, Matilda, Hugh, Proctor, Lionel, Andrew and Clyde.

Mr. Goin now owns an excellent farm of four hundred and fifty acres of rich bottom land in Island Grove Township, Gage County, conveniently located one mile east of Liberty. The place is under a high state of culti-vation and is improved with good and substantial buildings, which stand as monuments to his thrift and enterprise. In connection with general farming, Mr. Goin carries on stock raising to some extent. He is a man of excellent business ability and thoroughly reli-able, his word being considered as good as his bond.

True to the principles for which he fought, he continues to support the Republican party, and he is a prominent member of Barry Post, G. A. R., in which he is serving as senior vice commander. He is also a member of the Masonic fraternity.”

Phillip Keck Goin, “a grandson of Levi Goin,” wrote a “biographical sketch of his grandfather in 1889 which was published in “Portrait and Biographical Album of Johnson and Pawnee Counties, Nebraska.” In the article Phillip Keck Goin stated that his grandfather died in 1863 at the age of 85 and was the father of 12 children.

Children born to Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin include:

James Sterling Goin November 8, 1867
Esau Goin born December 13, 1869
Florence M. Goin born August 24, 1871
Emmeline Goin born April 22, 1874
Matilda Goin born February 7, 1876
Hugh Goin born August 23, 1877
Irving Goin born January 7, 1879
Proctor Goin born June 5, 1880
Andrew “Dan” Goin born April 1, 1882
Lionel Goin born May 27, 1884
Victor Goin born February 17, 1886
Clyde Goin born December 7, 1887

James Sterling Goin, son of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor Bolinger Goin, was born November 8, 1867 in Tennessee. He was married December 31, 1889 in Pawnee County, Nebraska to Corah Bertha Johnston who was born in Missouri February 6, 1870 to Green Johnston and Martha Blair Johnston, accord-ing to Alice Louise Goin, a great-granddaughter. Corah Bertha Johnston Goin died in Boise, Idaho May 16, 1911. He died June 20, 1924 in Pendleton, Oregon.

Children born to James Sterling Goin and Corah Bertha John-ston Goin include:

John Robert “Jack” Goin born October 9, 1890
Georgia Fay Goin born October 30, 1892
Sterling Everett Goin born May 17, 1895
Claude DeRoy Goin born January 16, 1896
Phillip Hugh Goin born January 9, 1907

John Robert “Jack” Goin, son of James Sterling Goin and Corah Bertha Johnston Goin, was born October 9, 1890 in Gage County, Nebraska.. He was married about June 9, 1918 to Rose Ellen Rhodes at Boise. She died May 27, 1932, and he died July 19, 1937 in Los Angeles, California.

Children born to John Robert “Jack” Goin and Rose Ellen Rhodes Goin include:

Bertha Marie Bette Goin born April 2, 1919
Darlene Zoe Goin born February 11, 1925

Bertha Marie Bette Goin, daughter of John Robert “Jack” Goin and Rose Ellen Rhodes Goin, was born April 2, 1919 at Boise. She was married about 1939 to Joseph Mernik. She died in San Diego, California December 18, 1982.

Darlene Zoe Goin, daughter of John Robert “Jack” Goin and Rose Ellen Rhodes Goin, was born February 11, 1925 at Pendleton, Oregon. She was married July 26, 1947 in Portland, Oregon to Marion Otis Greener.

Georgia Fay Goin, daughter of James Sterling Goin and Corah Bertha Johnston Goin, was born October 30, 1892 in Pawnee County, Nebraska. She was married August 22, 1911 in Boise, Idaho to George B. Thomas. She died there January 3, 1919, and he died in 1944.

Children born to them include:

George B. Thomas, Jr. born about 1914

Sterling Everett Goin, son of James Sterling Goin and Corah Bertha Johnston Goin, was born May 17, 1895 in Oklahoma. He was married April 15, 1915 in Boise to Gladys Laurel Call-away who was born April 12, 1898 in Caldwell, Idaho to William Thomas Callaway and Martha Marylin Cleek Callaway. He died there October 20, 1943, and she was remarried to Frank Lovejoy. She died in 1985.

Children born to Sterling Everett Goin and Gladys Laurel Callaway Goin include:

Mona Faye Goin born October 12, 1915
Clarence Paul Goin born November 18, 1918
James Halley Goin born June 16, 1921
Shirley Delorece Goin born December 28, 1923
Frank Lyle Goin born August 24, 1926
Gene Darlene Goin born August 24, 1928
Joy LaVonne Goin born September 5, 1930
Donna Lou Goin born January 3, 1934

Mona Faye Goin, daughter of Sterling Everett Goin and Gladys Laurel Callaway Goin, was born about 1919. She fell in love with George Hartman about 1932. She died March 1, 1956.

Children born to them include:

Max Hartman born about 1934
Shirley Hartman born about 1936
Lyle “Manny” Hartman born about 1938

Clarence Paul Goin, son of Sterling Everett Goin and Gladys Laurel Callaway Goin, was born November 18, 1918 in Nampa, Idaho. He was married about 1946 to Phyllis Smith.

James Halley Goin, son of Sterling Everett Goin and Gladys Laurel Callaway Goin, was June 16, 1921 in Nampa, Idaho. He died there February 28, 1967.

Shirley Delorece Goin, daughter of Sterling Everett Goin and Gladys Laurel Callaway Goin, was born December 28, 1923 in Caldwell, Idaho. She was married October 12, 1947 in Santa Monica, Californiato Ted C. Owens who was born in 1919. He died in 1994.

Children born to them include:

Sandra Lee Owens born about 1941
Robert Paul Owens born about 1944
Roseannette Owens born about 1950

Sandra Lee Owens, daughter of Ted C. Owens and Shirley De-loreece Goin Owens, was born about 1941. She was married in 1960 to James Rodney Burgess who was born in 1940.
Children born to them include:

Michael James Burgess born about 1964
Darryl Allen Burgess born about 1966
Scott Everett Burgess born about 1972

Robert Paul Owens, son of Ted C. Owens and Shirley De-loreece Goin Owens, was born about 1944. He was married about 1967 to Kathy Brown. Later he was remarried twice more.

Children born to them include:

Robert Paul Owens, Jr. born about 1966
Dawn Marie Owens born about 1969
Jason Eric Owens born about 1973
Jessie Rae Owens born about 1975
Jill Ashley Owens born about 1978

Roseannette Owens, daughter of Ted C. Owens and Shirley Deloreece Goin Owens, was born about 1950. She was married about 1969 to John Redd who was born about 1939.

Children born to them include:

Paula Jean Redd born about 1970

Frank Lyle Goin, son of Sterling Everett Goin and Gladys Laurel Callaway Goin, was born August 24, 1926 in Nampa. He was married October 12, 1947 to Betty Oppellman who was born in 1929. Betty Oppellman Goin died October 12, 1987. Later he was remarried to Jane Chase.

No children were born to Frank Lyle Goin and Janet Chase Goin. Children born to Frank Lyle Goin and Betty Oppelland Goin include:

Debra Jane Goin born about 1952
Cheryl Dianne “Karen” Goin born about 1955

Debra Jane Goin, daughter of Frank Lyle Goin and Betty Op-pelland Goin, was born about 1952. She was married in 1991 to Mike Bergin. In 1995 they lived in Paso Robles where she, a member of Gowen Research Foundation, was active in the research of Thomas Goin and descendants.

Cheryl Dianne Goin, daughter of Frank Lyle Goin and Betty Oppelland Goin, was born about 1955.

Gene Darlene Goin, son of Sterling Everett Goin and Gladys Laurel Callaway Goin, was born August 24, 1928 in Nampa. He was married there February 5, 1950 to Marian Louise Crowther who was born about 1930. He died March 9, 1987 in Ontario, Oregon.

Children born to Gene Darlene Goin and Marian Louise Crowther Goin include:

Kim Douglas Goin born about 1952
Tamara Louise Goin born about 1957

Kim Douglas Goin, son of Gene Darlene Goin and Marian Louise Crowther Goin, was born about 1952. He was married about 1986 to Chris Helen Buss who was born about 1959.

Children born to Kim Douglas Goin and Chris Helen Buss Goin include:

Corina Faith Goin born about 1987
Angela Hope Goin born about 1990

Tamara Louise Goin, daughter of Gene Darlene Goin and Mar-ian Louise Crowther Goin, was born about 1957. She was married in 1987 to David George Stone who was born about 1953. She, a member of the Foundation, is actively researching her Goin family and has contributed much of the data for this section.

Children born to them include:

Samantha Jean Stone born about 1988

Joy LaVonne Goin, daughter of Sterling Everett Goin and Gladys Laurel Callaway Goin, was born September 5, 1930 in Nampa. She was married about 1949 to Harry Poor. She died March 1, 1968.

Children born to them include:

Walter Poor born about 1950
Harry Poor born about 1951
Mary Poor born about 1954
Gladys Jean Poor born about 1957

Donna Lou Goin, daughter of Sterling Everett Goin and Gladys Laurel Callaway Goin, was born January 3, 1934. She was married about 1953, husband’s name unknown. Later she was married twice more. Seven children were born to them.

Claude DeRoy Goin, son of James Sterling Goin and Corah Bertha Johnston Goin, was born January 16, 1896 in Blackwell, Oklahoma. He was married November 12, 1921 to Permeal Effie Hammer, daughter of William Franklin Hammer and Effie Luella Peacock Hammer. Claude DeRoy Goin died July 9, 1952 in Blackfoot, Idaho, and she died in Boise July 31, 1976.

Children born to Claude DeRoy Goin and Permeal Hammer Goin include:

Virginia Fay Goin born August 12, 1922
Howard Roy Goin born February 13, 1925
Alice Louise Goin born December 8, 1927
Margaret Beryl Goin born January 6, 1929

Virginia Fay Goin, daughter of Claude DeRoy Goin and Per-meal Effie Hammer Goin, was born August 11, 1922 in Boise. She was married about 1943 to James Casselman.

Children born to them include:

Katherine N. Casselman born about 1951
Patrick Casselman born about 1957

Howard Roy Goin, son of Claude DeRoy Goin and Permeal Effie Hammer Goin, was born February 13, 1925 in Boise. He died the following day.

Alice Louise Goin, daughter of Claude DeRoy Goin and Per-meal Effie Hammer Goin, was born December 8, 1927 in Boise. She, a member of the Foundation, was active in the study of her Goin family in July 1996.

Margaret Beryl Goin, daughter of Claude DeRoy Goin and Permeal Effie Hammer Goin, was born January 6, 929 in Boise. She was married in 1949 to Robert E. Pratt who was born in 1924. He died in June 1972. Later she was remarried to Harley Miller.

Children born to her include:

Steven Edward Pratt born about 1950
Loren W. Pratt born about 1952

Phillip Hugh Goin, son of James Sterling Goin and Corah Bertha Johnston Goin, was born January 9, 1907 in Wisconsin. He was married about 1930, wife’s name Yvonne, and it is be-lieved that they were later divorced after the birth of a son and a daughter.

Esau Goin, son of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born December 13, 1969 in Nebraska. He died there November 27, 1871.

Florence M. Goin, daughter of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born August 24, 1871

Emmeline Goin, daughter of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born April 22, 1874.

Matilda Goin, daughter of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born February 7, 1876.

Hugh Goin, son of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born August 23, 1877.

Irving Goin, son of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born January 7, 1879 in Nebraska. He died February 27, 1879.

Proctor Goin, son of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born June 5, 1880.

Andrew “Dan” Goin, son of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born April 1, 1882 at Liberty, Nebraska. He was married June 28, 1905 to Isa Frances Dotson. He died in 1966.

Children born to Andrew Goin and Isa Frances Dot-son Goin include:

Violet Isa Goin born February 27, 1924

Lionel Goin, son of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born May 27, 1884.

Victor Goin, son of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born in Nebraska February 17, 1886. He died January 1, 1887.

Clyde Goin, of Phillip Keck Goin and Elinor/Elendear Bolinger Goin, was born December 7, 1887.

Rebecca Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born about 1847.

Levi Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born July 24, 1848. He was married March 14, 1872 to Sarah Elizabeth “Lizzie” Life. They moved by wagontrain to Marshall County, Kansas.

Levi Goin, a Tennesseean, appeared in 1880 in the Franklin Township of Marshall County, Kansas as the head of a house-hold:

“Goin Levi 31, born in Tennessee
Sarah 25, born in Indiana
Oscar 7, born in Kansas
Martin 5, born in Kansas
William H. 6/12, born in Kansas
Goin, Mary 11, born in TN, sister
to householder”

In 1903 he was a farmer in Marshall County, according to arti-cles describing his brothers in “Biographical & Genealogical History of Southeastern Nebraska.” He died May 5, 1936 in Cheney, Washington.

Children born to Levi Goin and Sarah Elizabeth “Lizzie”. Life Goin include:

Oscar Goin born about 1873
Martin Goin ” born about 1875
William H. Goin born in 1880

Jasper Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born March 6, 1850 in Claiborne County. He appeared in the 1850 census at age three months. He was married Novem-ber 17, 1872 to Rachel Hunter. He died August 30, 1933 at Gem, Kansas.

Jasper Goin was listed as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Claiborne County, Enumeration District 110, page 16, Civil District 12, enumerated as:

“Goin, Jasper 31, born in TN
Rachel 32, born in TN
Easter C. 6, born in TN
Levi J. 5, born in TN
Barbary A. 3, born in TN
Catherine J. 2, born in TN
[daughter] 1/12, born in TN”

Children born to Jasper Goin and Rachel Hunter Goin include:

Esther C. Goin born about 1874
Levi J. Goin born about 1875
Barbara A. Goin born about 1877
Catherine J. Goin born about 1878
[daughter] born in 1880

Sarah Elizabeth Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born about 1852. She was married about 1872 to Aaron Jacob Francisco who was born in 1845.

William Houston Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born September 4, 1854. He was married November 23, 1872 in Claiborne County to Louisa Mayes. He died April 3, 1891 at Princeton, Missouri in Mercer County. Children born to William Houston Goin and Louisa Mayes Goin are unknown.

Tilman Howard Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born January 21, 1856. He was married September 9, 1880 in Marshall County, Kansas to Mary Jane Day. Later he was remarried to Lola May. He died May 23, 1931 in Maury County, Tennessee. Children born to Tilman Howard Goin, Mary Jane Day Goin and Lola May Goin are unknown.

Rebecca Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born March 11, 1858. She was married to Joe Mes-sick about 1880. She died in 1905.

Proctor Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born in Claiborne County February 20, 1860, according to the research of Lynn Timmerman Goin, a great-grandson of Tucson, Arizona. He was married November 3, 1881 in Pawnee County, Nebraska to Emeline Ellison who was also born in Claiborne County, Tennessee. She was the daughter of McKindred Ellison and Nancy Lynch Ellison. Proctor Goin came to Nebraska in an overland wagontrain with Keck cousins in the following year. They lived at Liberty, Nebraska in Gage County near the southeastern corner of the state. He was influenced to Nebraska by two brothers, James Knox Polk Goin and Philip Keck Goin who had preceded him there. Emaline Ellison Goin died there December 24, 1940, and he died there June 16, 1946. Proctor also owned land in Canada. His descendants still lived in Gage County, Nebraska in 1995.

Children born to them include:

Arthur Goin born November 29, 1882

Arthur Goin, son of Proctor Goin and Emaline Ellison Goin, was born November 29, 1882 at Liberty. He was married November 20, 1907 at Oketo, Kansas in Marshall County to Frances Boyer, daughter of George Boyer and Anna Elizabeth Lytle Boyer. She was born there September 14, 1885. She died October 8, 1965 at Wymore, Nebraska in Gage County, and he died there April 25, 1966. Frances Ruth Ehlers, a grandaughter and a member of the Foundation, lived in Abilene, Kansas in 1995.

Children born to Arthur Goin and Frances Boyer Goin include:

Chester Raymond Goin born July 11, 1910

Chester Raymond Goin, son of Arthur Goin and Frances Boyer Goin, was born July 11, 1910 at Wymore. He was married at Liberty July 14, 1934 to Florence Mary Timmerman, daughter of Rollo O. H. Timmerman and Emily Ruth Morrison Timmerman. She was born August 9, 1909 at Glenwood, Washington.

Children born to Chester Raymond Goin and Florence Mary Timmerman Goin include:

Lynn Timmerman Goin born April 27, 1941

Lynn Timmerman Goin, son of Chester Raymond Goin and Florence Mary Timmerman Goin, was born April 27, 1941 in Gage County. He was married December 28, 1962 at Ft. Mor-gan, Colorado to Nancy Eileen Ross. In 1991, Lynn Timmer-man Goin and Nancy Eileen Ross Goin, were residents of Tuc-son, Arizona.

Charity Jane Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born August 15, 1862. She was married De-cember 11, 1879 to Jefferson Edmondson who was also born in 1862. “Old Time Tazewell” written by Mary Ann Markham Hansard records, somewhat erroneously, their marriage, “Jefferson Edmondson, oldest son of James Edmondson, youngest son of James Edmondston, Sr, was born about 1861. He was married to “Miss Goin, daughter of Eli Goin.” She died December 9, 1937 in Bakersfield, California.

Catherine Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born August 15, 1865. She was married November 1, 1884 to William L. Edmondston who was also born in 1864. He is regarded as a brother to Jefferson Edmondson. Mrs. Markham identified him as the “second son of James Edmondson.”

An infant, name unknown, was born about 1866 to Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin. The child died in infancy.

Mary Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Mary Ann Keck Goin, was born December 23, 1868. Her mother died on the same date in childbirth. She was recorded as an 11-year-old living in the home of her brother, Levi Goin in the 1880 census of Marshall County, Kansas, Franklin township and enumerated as his sister. She was married November 14, 1889 to Robert Edmondson. She died September 27, 1926 in Claiborne County.

Mary Ann Markham also wrote, “Robert Edmondson, third son of James Edmondson, was born about 1867. He was married to another daughter of Eli Goin. I have no acquaintance with their families and therefore cannot mention the names of either one of them.”

Sherman Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Dicy Manerva Davis Goin, was born December 3, 1871. He was married to Flora Hopkins about 1895. Children born to Sherman Goin and Flora Hopkins Goin are unknown.

Sterling W. Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Dicy Manerva Davis Goin, was born in February 1873 in Claiborne County. He was recorded as the hear of a household, adjoining that of Sterling Goin, in the 1900 census of Claiborne County, Enumeration District 12, page 3, 12th Civil District:

“Goin, Sterling W. 27, born in February 1873 in TN
Minie B. 24, born in March 1876 in TN
Alta A. 4, born in May 1896 in TN
Perlie 1, born in October 1898 in TN”

Grant Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Dicy Manerva Davis Goin, was born about 1874.

Dicy Manerva Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Dicy Man-erva Davis Goin was born January 1, 1875. She died June 20, 1911.

Norvesta Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Dicy Manerva Davis Goin was born April 2, 1876 in Claiborne County. She was married about 1893 to William Fortner. She died April 6, 1942.

Edwinea Goin, daughter of Sterling Goin and Dicy Manerva Davis Goin was born was born May 15, 1878. She was married about 1897 to Dr. Nelson Stone. She died in 1973.

Oscar Sterling Goin, son of Sterling Goin and Melvina Need-ham Moyers, was born January 12, 1881. He was married to Hattie Garland December 31, 1902. Later he was remarried to Myrtle Lynch. He died in 1965. Children born to Oscar Ster-ling Goin, Hattie Garland Goin and Myrtle Lynch Goin are un-known.

LeRoy Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born December 8, 1819. He was married February 13, 1840 to Rebecca Fuson. They removed from Claiborne County to Mercer County, Missouri in 1850. In 1864 they moved again, with his cousin William James Goin, to Linn County, Ore gon. In 1868 they moved again to Stanislaus County, California. Eleven children were born to LeRoy Goin and Rebecca Fuson Goin, names unknown.

Eli Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Stallions Goin, was born March 2, 1825. He was married August 9, 1849 to Rachel Edwards. He was politically active and an office holder in Claiborne County.

On May 17, 1855, he wrote a letter to his brother in Illinois, according to “Goin and Variants” by Dianne Stark Thurman:

“May 27th, 1855, State of Tenneffe, Claborn County

Dear Brother and syster. I one time more take my pen in hand to write few lines to inform you that we ar all well at this time but mother she is un well at this time an has bein very un well but is some better. Hoping that these few lines may find you well and doing well. We received your letter some time in Aprile in the year 1855, bearing mark of Sept. the 4th., 1854, which made us glad to hear that you was all well an sorry to hear of your bad crops and sorry times. I have nothing strange to write to you. I believe the connecutions are all well as before as I now. You requested us to ancer your letter and give full satisfaction. I will do soe with pleasure.

William Goin livs in Kantucky an is doing tolerby well. Pleasant lives on the river where he did wen you left this contry an he is doings vary wel. R.D. Going livs in Larel County Kantucky he is doing vary well. Elijah lives on the creek yet. Phillip Keck livs over on Little Baren Creek. Leroy livs in Missouri, Janma and her man livs on the ridge, Sterling and Eli livs on the same old place an we ar doing as well as now how. This contry altered mitey sense you lefte it. Thay is houses now where you could not believe people would liv. I think pepol is doing beter now tan thay was when youleft this contry.

You requested to now something about Unkle Uriah and his sons and sons nlaws. Uncle an his family livs at the same place whar they did when you lefte this contry. Levi Goin Esq. he livs whare he did. Nelson he livs on the same place. Righte Holten he has moved to Kantucky, Belusky [sic* Pulaski] County. I suppose he is doing vary well in that contry. Riley Holton he livs in that little home there above the Kecks. Wm. Aykes lives on the old Capps place. Wm. Keck he is dead. He died laste fall. The wider n her family lives on the creek just below Wane lige lives. John Green that Mehalys man he livs ner the wider Keck on branch caled Currs branch. The old man Keck livs on the same place. His children is all married. Matthew livs with the old man. Spencer Edwards he is dead. He had been dead 5 or 6 years. His family lives on the same place whare they did. The Harpers, Hesekiah livs on the ridge. Jessie Harper livs at the same place whar he did. Thomas Harper he lives in Kantucky. John Harper livs on the Coots place below old Jesse Livingston. Harper lives with his son Huston. Old Granny Harper she is dead. She died last fall. Isaac Goin livs ware he did. John and Martin and William Goins ar all in Masouri. Omee married a man by the name of Raney.

Old George Ford he still livs at the same old place. All his children is maried but one that is Richard he still stays with the old man. Wila livs on the ridge at the big house. Elijah lives in Kantucky. Spense livs in Arknsas. George Linch and Greenbery livs thar to. Richard Harper his wife died and he maried on of Thomas Harpers gurels and went to Massouri. William and James and Isaac livs on the Harper place.

Crops was vary sorrey in ths contry is worth from 50 to 75 centes per bushel. Wheate is worth $1.00 per bushel. All other produce acording to that. Good Horses is wort $100, mules sels very high, cows and calvs went from 12 to 18 dollars.

I wante you to rite to me as soone as you get this letter. Your leter was a long time coming to hand. I got it at last. Directe your nex leter to Tazwell for thay ar more apt to get miss layd when thay ar sente to the little post offices. I have ancered the biger parte of your leter if thay is anybody heer that you wante to know anything about let me now it an I will tell you.

Rite soone from Eli Goin an family to Isaac Goin.

Eli Goin died December 22, 1903 and was buried in Pleasant Point Cemetery beside his wife.

Ten children were born to Eli Goin and Rachel Edwards Goin, including:

Uriah Goin, Jr. born about 1846
Elijah “Lige” Goin born about 1847

Elijah “Lige” Goin, son of Eli Goin and Rachel Edwards Goin, was born in Claiborne County about 1847. He was married about 1860 to a second cousin, Sarah Raney, daughter of Ezekial “Zeke” Raney and Naomi “Oma” Goin Raney. She was a daughter of Isaac Abraham Goin and Temperance Alice “Tempie” Gray Goin.

Elijah “Lige” Goin and Sarah Ramey removed to Jefferson, Oregon. Later they lived in Waldport, Oregon on the Pacific coast. They reared a grandson, Fielding V. “Bob” Goin who in 1991 lived in Bellevue, Washington. Fielding V. “Bob” Goin died January 10, 1995.

Jamima Jane “Mimi” Goin, daughter of Levi Goin and Eliza-beth Stallions Goin, was born about 1827, according to her enumeration in the 1850 census . She was married about 1848 to Calvin Sparks.

They were enumerated in the 1850 census of Claiborne County:

“Sparks, Calvin 21, born in KY
Jemima 34, born in TN
Elizabeth 1”

They reappeared in the 1860 census of Claiborne County. She was recorded as “Gemima.” He served in the military during the Civil War. They were enumerated there in the 1870 census.

Jamima Jane “Mimi” Goin Sparks apparently died after the 1870 census, and Calvin Sparks was remarried about 1875, wife’s name, Sacchi.

Seven children were born to Calvin Sparks and Jamima Jane “Mimi” Goin Sparks, including:

Elizabeth Goins born about 1849
==O==
Harriet M. Soard, daughter of Henry Soard and Mary Jane Rodgers Soard, was born about 1846. She was married December 24, 1876 in Claiborne County to Pleasant Goins, Jr, a grandson of Rev. Pleasant Goins, Sr. Pleasant Goins, Jr. was born about 1832. Harriet Soard Goins died about 1884 leaving one son and two daughters.

Children born to Pleasant Goins, Jr. and Harriet Soard Goins include:

Sarah Goins born about 1878
Benjamin Goins born about 1880
Birdie Goins born about 1883

Of the children, Mrs. Hansard wrote, “Sarah Goins, oldest daughter of Pleasant and Harriet, married Charles Washam and moved to Illinois. Birdie, youngest daughter and Benjamin, only son, are still unmarried and live in Kentucky with their father.”

“William Murphy married Betsie Goins, and seven children were born to them,” according to “Old Time Tazewell.”
==O==
Sarah Goin, daughter of Thomas Goin, was born about 1782 in North Carolina. She was married about 1800, husband’s name Bullard.

Uriah Goin, son of Thomas Goin, was born about 1785, proba-bly in Washington County. He was brought to Claiborne County by his father. He was married about 1808, wife’s name unknown.

He appeared as the head of a household in the 1830 census of the county:

“Goin, Uriah white male 40-50
white female 40-50
white female 15-20
white female 10-15
white male 5-10″
white female 5-10”

His family reappeared in the 1840 census of Claiborne County:

“Goin, Uriah white male 50-60
white female 50-60
white female 15-20
white female 5-10”

The household of Uriah Goin was flanked by those of his sons, Levi Goin and Nelson Goin, in the 1840 census. “Uriah Gowins” was remarried September 27, 1846 to “Nancy Gowins,” according to “Claiborne County, Tennessee Mar-riages, 1821-1850.” She was Nancy Goin, widow of his nephew, Uriah Goin, Jr, son of his brother, Levi Goin and Eliz-abeth Stallions Goin. Levi Goin, Justice of the Peace, performed the ceremony, according to Claiborne County records.

His household was recorded in the 1850 census of Claiborne County:

“Goin, Uriah 65, born in Tennessee, farmer
Nancy 46, born in Virginia
Preston 21, born in Tennessee
Elminy 19, born in Tennessee
Elija 15, born in Tennessee
Lucinda 14, born in Tennessee
George W. 11, born in Tennessee
John W. 2, born in Tennessee”

The children listed above in the household are the children of Nancy Goin Goin and her husband Uriah Goin, Jr.

Uriah Goin was recorded as the head of Household 1525 in the 1860 census of Claiborne County:

“Goin, Uriah 74, farmer, born in Tennessee
Nancy 56, born in West Virginia”

Uriah Goin died about 1863, according to Anna Lee Goin.

Children born to Uriah Goin and his first wifeinclude:

Martha Goin born about 1808
Levi Goin born in 1810
Sarah Alice Goin born October 11, 1812
Nancy Goin born about 1814
Elizabeth “Betsy” Goin born about 1815
Rachel Goin born September 29, 1816
Nelson Goin born January 18, 1818
Mahaly Goin born in 1824

Children born to Uriah Goin and Nancy Goin Goin include:

John W. Goin born about 1848

Martha Goin, daughter of Uriah Goin and his first wife, was born about 1808. She was married about 1824 to James Wright Holton, according to a letter written May 14, 1999 by Clyde Leon Meyers of Arroyo Grande, California.

James Wright Holton had removed to Pulaski County, Kentucky by 1858, according to a letter written by Eli Goin May 28, 1855.

“Martha Gowen Holton, of Pulaski County, daughter of Uriah and Nancy Gowen died July 19, 1856 at age 45 of consumption,”, according to “Pulaski County Vital Statistics, Death Record, 1856.” Clyde Leon Meyers turned up this bit of research in the Kentucky State Archives.

Children born to James Wright Holton and Martha Goin Holton are unknown.

Levi Goin, son of Uriah Goin and his first wife, was born in 1810, according to the research of Ann Lee Goin of Jefferson, Oregon. He was married to Elizabeth Prichard in 1829. He died in 1865 and was buried in Pleasant Point Cemetery in Claiborne County. After his death, his widow and two of his sons, Caleb Goin and Nelson Goin, with their families, removed to Mercer County, Missouri in covered wagons in 1867. In the following year they moved again to Forrest City, Missouri where Elizabeth Prichard Goin died and was buried.

Children born to Levi Goin and Elizabeth Prichard Goin in-clude:

Elmina Goin born about 1830
David Goin born April 19, 1832
Nancy Goin born about 1834
Caleb Goin born June 7, 1836
Joshua Goin born April 23, 1839
John Goin born June 27, 1842
Permelia Goin born October 17, 1843
Le Roy Goin born about 1845
James Goin born in June 1849
Nelson Watson Goin born May 1, 1853

Elmina Goin, daughter of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Prichard Goin, was born about 1820. She was married January 31, 1846 to Matthew Keck, eighth child of John Keck and Anna Ousley Keck.

They were enumerated in the 1860 census of Claiborne County as Household 1554:

“Keck, Mathew 32, born in TN, farmer, $1,500
real estate
Almina 30, born in TN
John 13, born in TN
William P. 10, born in TN
James L. 7, born in TN
Elizabeth 5, born in TN
Newton 1/12, born in TN”

Matthew Keck and Elmina Goin Keck were buried in Pleasant Point Cemetery in Claiborne County.

Children born to them include:

John David Keck born March 14, 1847
William P. Keck born about 1850
James L. Keck born about 1853
Elizabeth Keck born about 1849
Joshua Keck born about 1855
Newton Keck born in 1860
Litha Keck born about 1864

David Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Pritchard Goin, was born April 19, 1832 in Claiborne County. He was married about 1853 to Sarah Rosson. He became the postmaster of Fincastle, Tennessee and was employed as a teacher there. He enlisted in the Union troops during the Civil War and fought for the North in the Battle of Gettysburg. Because of his Spencerian penmanship the U. S. Army assigned him to write discharge papers at the end of the war. Later he taught music and was the postmaster at Jacksborough, Tennessee.

He removed along with other members of his family to Mercer County, Missouri in 1869. There he built the second house, a log cabin, at Goshen, Missouri.

He was enumerated as the head of a household July 25, 1870 at Princeton, Missouri in Mercer County:

“Goin, David 39, born in TN, blacksmith, $50 real
estate, $500 personal property
Sarah 30, born in TN
William 17, born in TN, blacksmith
Rachel 15, born in TN,
Martha 12, born in TN
Nancy A. 10, born in TN
Joseph 6, born in TN
Thomas 3, born in TN
Lula E. 1, born in TN”

From 1871 to 1885 operated a blacksmith shop, a general store, and became postmaster at Goshen. David Goin and Sarah Rosson Goin were buried in the First Church Cemetery at Goshen.

Children born to David Goin and Sarah Rosson Goin include:

Eliza A. Goin born in 1852
William J. Goin [twin] born about 1853
Levi Goin [twin] born about 1853
Rachel Goin born about 1855
Martha Goin born about 1858
Nancy A. Goin born about 1860
Mary L. Goin born in 1862
Joseph Goin born in 1864
Thomas Goin born in 1867
Lula E. Goin born in 1869
Cary J. Goin born in 1871
Reamy Goin born in 1873
Jonnie Goin born in 1875
Maggie Goin born in 1877
Charles Russell Goin born October 3, 1879

A relative reared by David Goin and Sarah Rosson Goin is:

Todd O. Goin born July 20, 1884

Eliza A. Goin, daughter of David Going and Sarah Rosson Goin, was born in 1852. She died in infancy.

Levi Goin, twin son of David Going and Sarah Rosson Goin, was born about 1853 and died at birth.

Mary L. Goin, daughter of David Going and Sarah Rosson Goin, was born in 1862 and died in infancy.

Jonnie Goin, son of David Goin and Sarah Rosson Goin, was born in 1875. He died in infancy.

Nancy Goin, daughter of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Pritchard Goin, was born about 1834 in Claiborne County, Tennessee.

Caleb Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Pritchard Goin, was born June 7, 1836 in Claiborne County.

Joshua Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Pritchard Goin, was born April 23, 1839.

John Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Pritchard Goin, was born June 27, 1842, according to the research of Leon Myers. He was married to Charlotte Jane Keck June 30, 1863, according to Claiborne County marriage records. Children born to John Goin and Charlotte Jane Keck Goins are unknown. She was remarried to Jeremiah M. Williams May 21, 1871, according to Claiborne County marriage records.

Permelia Goin, daughter of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Pritchard Goin, was born October 17, 1843.

Le Roy Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Pritchard Goin, was born about 1845 in Claiborne County.

James Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Pritchard Goin, was born in June 1849.

Nelson Watson Goin, son of Levi Goin and Elizabeth Pritchard Goin, was born May 21, 1853 in Claiborne County. He was married in Mercer County, Missouri about 1878 to Catherine Brummett who was born there in November 1859. She was the daughter of Caswell Brummett and Charlotte Harless Brummett of Princeton, Missouri, according to the research of F. M. Brummett of Long Beach, California. In 1879 they lived at Concordia, Kansas. In 1882 they had returned to Princeton. In 1886 and in 1888, they lived in Cloud County, Kansas. In 1891 he farmed in Sumner County, Kansas. By 1894 they had removed to Kay County, Oklahoma and lived at Nardin. Nelson Watson Goin died in 1930.

Children born to Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin include:

Emery Coleman Goin born March 2, 1879
Earnest Goin born September 4, 1882
Elmer Francis Goin born January 23, 1886
Louise Talmadge Goin born October 8, 1888
Ruby A. Goin born June 19, 1891
Ethel Luhaney Goin born January 5, 1894
Lora Goin born May 7, 1896
Daisy Goin born September 16, 1897
Virgie Ola Goin born July 28, 1901
Odie Edgar Goin born March 8, 1904

Emery Coleman Goin, son of Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin, was born March 2, 1879 at Con-cordia, Kansas. He was married April 29, 1908 to Jessie L. Sutton. He died November 16, 1945. Children born to Emery Coleman Goin and Jessie L. Sutton Goin are unknown.

Earnest Goin, son of Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin, was born September 4, 1882 at Princeton, Missouri. He was married December 23, 1903 to Gertrude Elizabeth Moisington. He died October 4, 1958. Of Earnest Goin and Gertrude Elizabeth Moisington Goins nothing more is known.

Elmer Francis Goin, son of Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin, was born in Cloud County, Kansas January 23, 1886. He was married April 5, 1937 to Eva Ganer. He died December 18, 1953. It is believed that no children were born to Elmer Francis Goin and Eva Gainer Goin.

Louise Talmadge Goin, daughter of Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin, was born October 8, 1888 at Con-cordia. She died March 15, 1931

Ruby A. Goin, daughter of Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin, was born June 19, 1891 in Cloud County. She was married September 1, 1913 to Enos Ray Fauchier.

Ethel Luhaney Goin, daughter of Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin, was born January 5, 1894 at Nardin, Oklahoma. She was married to Rest Vasso Quillen March 15, 1915.

Lora Goin, daughter of Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin, was born May 7, 1896 in Kay County. She died there July 28 of that year.

Daisy Goin, daughter of Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin, was born September 16, 1897 at Nardin. She was married June 4, 1917 to Bearl Wesley Coffelt.Virgie Ola Goin, daughter of Nelson Watson Goin and Cather-ine Brummett Goin, was born July 28, 1901 in Kay County. She was married October 18, 1926 to Glenn Coffelt.

Odie Edgar Goin, son of Nelson Watson Goin and Catherine Brummett Goin, was born March 8, 1904 at Nardin. He was married June 19, 1929 to Freda Smith. Children born to Odie Edgar Goin and Freda Smith Goin are unknown.

Sarah Alice Goin, daughter of Uriah Goin and his first wife, was born October 11, 1812 in Claiborne County, according to Anna Lee Goin. She was married in 1831 to William R. Dykes who was born in Virginia September 8, 1812, according to a letter written December 31, 1995 by Jerry Wayne Jones, of Earlham, Iowa. William R. Dykes was a son of William Dykes who was born in Virginia in 1781 and Elizabeth Brasher Dykes who was born in Tennessee in 1806. William Dykes was a son of John Dykes and Jeanette Gableline, according to Jerry Wayne Jones.

In 1855, William R. Dykes lived “on the old Capps place,” ac-cording to a letter written May 27, 1855 by Eli Goin to his much older brother, Isaac Goin, Jr. Isaac Goin, Jr. had removed before 1850 to Hamilton County, Illinois and located on Middle Creek.

Sarah Alice Goin Dykes appeared as a witness in the suit of Elijah Goin vs Sterling Mayes. The case was first tried in Claiborne County Circuit Court in 1853, but was not settled until 1858.

William R. Dykes removed to Mercer County, Missouri in 1860. He died at Princeton, Missouri in Mercer County and was buried in Tennessee Cemetery. She died 25 years later, on December 25, 1898, and was buried beside her husband.

Children born to William R. Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes include:

Martha J. Dykes born in 1832
William Riley Dykes born in 1833
James Canady Dykes born October 1834
Fiddiller Dykes born February 2, 1837
Christopher Palestine Dykes born in 1839
Jesse Voy Dykes born September 22, 1842
Luretta Dykes born in 1844
Norrell Doctor Dykes born October 9, 1848
Kirkpatrick Dykes born in April 1850
Samantha Sarah Dykes born in 1853
Lamanda Caroline Dykes born in 1855

Martha J. Dykes, daughter of William R. Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born in Claiborne County in 1832. She was married there to Franklin Brogans March 4, 1857.

William Riley Dykes, son of William R. Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born in Claiborne County in 1833, according to the research of Marjorie Bainter Howell of Springfield, Oregon, Don B. Dykes of Whittier, California and F. M. Brummett of Long Beach, California.

He was married October 5, 1851 in Claiborne County to Pheba Jane Rouse. After three children, they were divorced June 2, 1860. He was remarried to Nancy Emmeline Harrison, daugh-ter of John Harrison and Elizabeth Harrison, shortly afterward and removed to Mercer County, Missouri. They were divorced in 1885, and he was married a third time to Adeline “Polly” Worley April 28, 1888. Nancy Emmeline Harrison Dykes died August 4, 1899 in Concordia, Kansas. He died November 15, 1908 in St. Joseph, Missouri and was buried in Upper Tennessee Cemetery in Mercer County.

No children were born to Adeline “Polly” Worley Dykes. Children born to William Riley Dykes and Phoebe Jane Rouse Dykes include:

Pennile N. Elizabeth Dykes born in 1852
James David Dykes born in 1854
Palestine Dykes born in 1857

Children born to William Riley Dykes and Nancy Emmeline Harrison Dykes include:

John Wesley Dykes born August 11, 1861
Sarah Alice Dykes born April 19, 1863
Mary Frances Dykes born March 21, 1867
Enos Patten Dykes born May 9, 1868
Lewis Napoleon Bonaparte Dapner born January 10, 1872
William A. Dykes born February 1, 1874

John Wesley Dykes, son of William Riley Dykes and Nancy Emmeline Harrison Dykes, was born August 11, 1861 in Mer-cer County. He was married about 1892 to Emma Ferris. He died in Stillwater, Oklahoma December 14, 1951.

Children born to John Wesley Dykes and Emma Ferris Dykes include:

Hetty M. Dykes born in 1894
Wesley E. Dykes born in 1898
Ollie Arvel Dykes born in 1900
John Albert Dykes born in 1902
Sam Harold Dykes born in 1906
Don Burnett Dykes born in 1909

Sarah Slice Dykes, daughter of William Riley Dykes and Nancy
Emmeline Harrison Dykes, was born April 19, 1863. She was married to John Albert Cox who was born in 1856 in Missouri. Later she was remarried to his brother, Sigel Cox who was born there in 1863. They were sons of John Melton Cox who was born in Ohio in 1832 and Nancy Jane Parker Cox who was
born in Tennessee in 1828.

Mary Frances Dykes, daughter of William Riley Dykes and Nancy Emmeline Harrison Dykes, was born March 21, 1867 in Mercer County. She was married November 14, 1882 to Charles Franklin Brown. She died May 5, 1949 in Garfield County, Colorado.

Enos Patten Dykes, son of William Riley Dykes and Nancy Emmeline Harrison Dykes, was born May 9, 1868 in Mercer County. He was married there March 3, 1900 to Lydia Eliza-beth Opdyke. He died there August 19, 1926 and was buried in Pleasant Ridge Cemetery.Lewis Napoleon Bonaparte Dapner Dykes, son of William Riley Dykes and Nancy Emmeline Harrison Dykes, was born January 10, 1872 in Mercer County. He was married January 3, 1900 to Margaret J. Blowfield. He died April 9, 1936.

William A. Dykes, son of William Riley Dykes and Nancy Emmeline Harrison Dykes, was born February 1, 1874 in Mer-cer County. He died April 14, 1940 in Garfield County, Col-orado.

James Canady Dykes, son of William Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born in October 1834 in Claiborne County. He was married there to Mrs. Orlean Brogan Keck, widow of Matthew Keck in 1857. They removed to Mercer County where he died February 10, 1908. He was buried there in Ten-nessee Cemetery.

Fiddiller Dykes, son of William Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born February 5, 1837 in Claiborne County, ac-cording to Frances Moore Brummett of Long Beach, California. He was married there October 11, 1855 to Elizabeth Ann Harri-son, sister to Nancy Emmeline Harrison who was married to William Riley Dykes. Elizabeth Ann Harrison was born February 18, 1836. They lived in Nashville, Tennessee prior to the Civil War. Fiddiller Dykes served in the Civil War in Company M, 12th Missouri Cavalry Regiment. Later he went blind. He died in Cloud County, Kansas July 13, 1886 and was buried in Pleasant Grove Cemetery..

Children born to Fiddeller Dykes and Elizabeth Ann Harrison Dykes include:

Martha Adeline Dykes born May 10, 1857
Sarah S. Dykes born April 11, 1859
Eliza Clementine “Lydia” Dykes born March 14, 1861
Wesley Van Buren Dykes born July 16, 1863
Sherman Doctor Dykes born March 20, 1865
Amanda N. Dykes born April 5, 1867
Salena M. Dykes born May 1, 1868
George Dykes born Sept. 12, 1871
Mary E. Dykes born October 22, 1873
Theodore Dykes born Dec. 23, 1878

Martha Adeline Dykes, daughter of Fiddeller Dykes and Eliza-beth Ann Harrison Dykes, was born May 10, 1857 in Nashville, Tennessee. She was married at Princeton, Missouri to Francis Marion Brummett. She died July 12, 1940 at Concordia, Kansas.

Sarah S. Dykes, daughter of Fiddeller Dykes and Elizabeth Ann Harrison Dykes, was born April 11, 1859 in Nashville. She was married to Lafayette Brummett at Princeton November 15, 1879. He was born in 1847 and died in 1913. She died November 15, 1879 at Concordia.

Eliza Clementine “Lydia” Dykes, daughter of Fiddeller Dykes and Elizabeth Ann Harrison Dykes, was born March 14, 1861 at Princeton. She was married November 15, 1879 to James Calaway Alderson, son of Calaway H. Alderson and Louisa Brummett Alderson. She died March 28, 1936 in Jewel County, Kansas.

Wesley Van Buren Dykes, son of Fiddeller Dykes and Eliza-beth Ann Harrison Dykes, was born July 16, 1863 atPrinceton. He was married September 28, 1884 to Sadie Hickman. He died December 14, 1959.

Sherman Doctor Dykes, son of Fiddeller Dykes and Elizabeth Ann Harrison Dykes, was born March 20, 1865 at Princeton. He died after 1935.

Amanda N. Dykes, daughter of Fiddeller Dykes and Elizabeth Ann Harrison Dykes, was born April 5, 1867. She was married March 2, 1889 to James Goins, unidentified. Children born to James Goins and Amanda N. Dykes Goins are unknown.

Salena M. Dykes, daughter of Fiddeller Dykes and Elizabeth Ann Harrison Dykes, was born was born May 1, 1868. She was married March 20, 1883 to Thomas Greenwood.

George Dykes, son of Fiddeller Dykes and Elizabeth Ann Har-rison Dykes, was born was born September 12, 1871 in Cloud County, Kansas. He did nine months later, May 12, 1872.

Mary Dykes, daughter of Fiddeller Dykes and Elizabeth Ann Harrison Dykes, was born October 22, 1873 in Kansas. She was married about 1891 to Blaton Hutchison.

Theodore Dykes, son of Fiddeller Dykes and Elizabeth Ann Harrison Dykes, was born December 23, 1878 in Kansas. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Christopher Palestine Dykes, son of William Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born in 1839 in Claiborne County. He was married about 1866, wife’s name Alice.

Jesse Voy Dykes, son of William Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born September 22, 1842 in Claiborne County. He was married September 18, 1864 to Almira E. Wiggins who was born in 1846 to Elijah G. Wiggins and Rhoda Collins Wiggins. Jesse Voy Dykes was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Mercer County. He died May 22, 1912 and was buried in Pleasant Hill Cemetery, according to Norma Thackery, family researcher of Princeton, Missouri.

Children born to Jesse Voy Dykes and Almira E. Wiggins Dykes include:

Green Dykes born January 14, 1867
Leona Dykes born in 1869
Lucetta Sophrona Dykes born in 1871
Eldora Elizabeth Dykes born April 27, 1874
Francis V. Dykes born August 14, 1879
Victoria E. Dykes born June 1, 1881

Green Dykes, son of Jesse Voy Dykes and Almira E. Wiggins Dykes, was born January 14, 1867 at Princeton, Missouri. He was married about 1890 to Flora Ragan. He died May 23, 1928.

Children born to Green Dykes and Flora Ragan Dykes include:

Voy Dykes born about 1892
Victor Dykes born about 1894
Audrey Dykes born about 1897
Chloe Dykes born about 1900

Leona Dykes, daughter of Jesse Voy Dykes and Almira E. Wiggins Dykes, was born in 1869 in Mercer County. She died in 1892.

Lucetta Sophrona Dykes, daughter of Jesse Voy Dykes and Almira E. Wiggins Dykes, was born in 1871 in Mercer County. She was married about 1890 to Virge Moore. She died in 1920.

Eldora Elizabeth Dykes, daughter of Jesse Voy Dykes and Almira E. Wiggins Dykes, was born April 27, 1874 in Mercer County. She was married there March 7, 1891 to Joseph Barnes Ogle who was born in 1867 to Joseph B. Ogle and El-dora E. Ogle. Eldora Elizabeth Dykes Ogle died May 1, 1944 and was buried in St. Paul Cemetery.

Francis V. Dykes, son of Jesse Voy Dykes and Almira E. Wiggins Dykes, was born August 14, 1879 in Mercer County. He died there January 16, 1883.

Victoria E. Dykes, son of Jesse Voy Dykes and Almira E. Wiggins Dykes, was born June 1, 1881 in Mercer County. She was married December 31, 1899 to Frank E. Willis who was born October 8, 1876 in Harrison County, Missouri. He died there March 26, 1960. She died May 11, 1977 in Decatur County, Iowa.

Children born to them include:

Lenid Moyle Willis born March 11, 1901
Kenneth R. Willis born January 25, 1903
Herman F. Willis born April 25, 1905
Thelma Justine Willis born June 26, 1908
Shelby W. Willis born September 17, 1911

Lenid Moyle Willis, daughter of Frank E. Willis and Victoria E. Dykes Willis, was born March 11, 1901 in Wayne County, Iowa. She was married there November 9, 1919 to George Fletcher McCarty who was born there March 11, 1899. She died February 4, 1989 in Decatur County, Iowa. He July 8, 1989 in Des Moines.

Children born to them include:

Cloyd Moyle McCarty born September 7, 1921

Cloyd Moyle McCarty, son of George Fletcher McCarty and Lenid Moyle Willis McCarty, was born September 7, 1921 in Wayne County, Iowa. He was married February 15, 1948 in Allerton, Iowa to Nellie Mae Gibson who wa born February 16, 1921 in Mercer County, Missouri.

Children born to them include:

Patricia Jo McCarty born October 30, 1950
Diane Gaye McCarty born December 30, 1954
Barbara Vale McCarty born June 29, 1956

Patricia Jo McCarty, daughter of Cloyd Moyle McCarty and Nellie Mae Gibson McCarty, was born October 30, 1950 in Appanoose County, Iowa. She was married November 10, 1968 in Wayne County, Iowa to Jerry Wayne Jones who was born December 12, 1948 in Princeton, Missouri. In 1996 they, members of Gowen Research Foundation, lived at Earlham, Iowa.

Children born to them include:

Dacni Charlene Jones born November 15, 1972
Denika Mae Jones born June 23, 1976

Diane Gaye McCarty, daughter of Cloyd Moyle McCarty and Nellie Mae Gibson McCarty, was born December 30, 1954 in Appanoose County. She was married July 30, 1972 in Lineville, Iowa to Edwin Leonard Cline who was born there February 5, 1952. She was remarried August 29, 1987 in Indi-anola, Iowa to Richard Allen Adair who was born in Decatur County April 5, 1953.

Children born to Edward Leonard Cline and Diane Gaye Mc-Carty Cline include:

Delana Gail Cline born December 4, 1972
Natalie Jo Cline born October 6, 1978
Sammi Vale Cline born September 21, 1982

Barbara Vale McCarty, daughter of Cloyd Moyle McCarty and Nellie Mae Gibson McCarty, was born June 29, 1956 in Ap-panoose County. She was married October 23, 1977 in Wayne County to Terry Lynn McMurry who was born November 1, 1952 in Lucas County, Iowa.

Childlren born to them include:

Laci Gaye McMurry born October 15, 1979
Gibson Lee McMurry born March 19, 1983
Lincoln Chase McMurry born April 13, 1995

Thelma Justine Willis, daughter of Frank E. Willis and Victoria
E. Dykes Willis, was born June 26, 1908 in Harrison County, Missouri. She was married about 1940 to Fred Gannon. He died March 17, 1972 in Florida.

Children born to them include:

Vicki Jane Gannon born September 16, 1942

Shelby W. Willis, son of Frank E. Willis and Victoria E. Dykes Willis, was born September 17, 1911. He was married in 1938 to Greta Hawkins. He died October 30, 1963.

Children born to them include:

Francis Willis born in 1942

Francis Willis, son of Shelby W. Willis and Greta Hawkins Willis, was born in 1942. He was married December 21, 1963 to Elaine Seymour.

Children born to them include:

Craig Wayne Willis born about 1965

Luretta Dykes, daughter of William Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born in 1844 in Claiborne County. She was married about 1866 to Isaac Walls.

Norrell Doctor Dykes, son of William Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born October 9, 1848 in Claiborne County. He died November 26, 1869 in Mercer County and was buried in Tennessee Cemetery.

Kirkpatrick Dykes, son of William Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born in April 1850 in Claiborne County. He was married about 1874 to Margaret Ellen Brummett.

Samantha Sarah Dykes, daughter of William Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born in 1853 in Claiborne County. She was married to William Cottrell. She smoked a pipe.

Lamanda Caroline Dykes, daughter of William Dykes and Sarah Alice Goin Dykes, was born in 1855 in Claiborne County. She was married about 1873 to J. R. Hunt and lived in Mercer County, Missouri.

Nancy Goin, daughter of Uriah Goin and his first wife, was born about 1814 in Claiborne County. Of this individual nothing more is known.

Rachel Goin, believed to be a daughter of Uriah Goin, was born September 29, 1816. She was married about 1836 to Phillip Keck, second child of John Keck and Anna Ousley Keck.

Children born to them include:

Henry Keck born in March 1838
Eli Keck born in 1840
Elizabeth Keck born in 1842
Mary Keck born about 1844
Sterling Keck born about 1845
John Keck born about 1847
William Keck born about 1849
Anna Keck born in 1851
Elijah Keck born in 1853
Phillip Keck born in 1854

Nelson Goin, son of Uriah Goin, was born November 18, 1818 in Claiborne County. He obtained a license October 8, 1839 to marry Mary Ann “Polly” Pritchard who was born about 1818, according to Harold Martin Wasson, a great-great-grandson of Severna Park, Maryland. She is regarded as a daughter of Jesse Pritchard of Virginia and a sister of Elizabeth Pritchard who was married in 1829 to Levi Goin, his brother. “Nelson Gowin” was married October 10, 1839 to Polly Pritchard, according to “Claiborne County, Tennessee Marriages, 1821-1850.”

Nelson Goin was enumerated as the head of Household 836-595 in the 1850 census of Claiborne County:

“Goin, Nelson 30, born in Tennessee
Mary 33, born in Tennessee
Malinda 10
Mahala 8
James S. 5
Rachael A. 7/12”

They accompanied the Dykes family in moving to Mercer County, Missouri in 1860. Nelson Goin died September 28, 1888 in Fall River, Kansas in Greenwood County, according to a petition for the administration of his estate which was esti-mated at $400. Mary Ann “Polly” Pritchard Goin died in Dover, Oklahoma Territory in Kingfisher County July 4, 1894.

Children born to Nelson Goin and Mary Ann “Polly” Pritchard Goin include:

Malinda Goin born July 18, 1840
Mahala Goin born about 1842
James Sylvester Goin born about 1848
Rachel A. Goin born about 1849
Levi Goin born March 30, 1856

Malinda Goin, daughter of Nelson Goin and Mary Ann “Polly” Pritchard Goin, was born July 18, 1840 in Claiborne County. She was married November 3, 1855 to William Jackson Raney, according to Dianne Lee Stark Thurman of Wichita, Kansas. In 1869 they were living in Mercer County, Missouri.

Children born to William Jackson Raney and Malinda Goin Raney include:

Sarah Elizabeth Raney born June 30, 1869

Sarah Elizabeth Raney, daughter of William Jackson Raney and Malinda Goin Raney, was born June 30, 1869 in Mercer County. She was married June 19, 1885 to Josiah H. Stark, son of Josiah McGuire Stark and Nancy Deen Stark. They lived in Fall River, Kansas in the following year. Josiah H. Stark died March 23, 1919 in Bellefonte, Arkansas, and Sarah Elizabeth Raney Stark died July 21, 1919 in Wichita.

Children born to them include:

Harvey Allen Stark born April 3, 1886
Walter Oliver Stark born July 9, 1892

Harvey Allen Stark, son of Josiah Stark and Sarah Elizabeth Raney Stark, was born April 3, 1886 in Fall River. He was married June 21, 1911 to Lottie Johnson who was born August 27, 1888 in Osage County to Hiram Jackson Johnson and Nancy J. Sinsabaugh Johnson. In 1915 they lived in Green-wood County, Kansas. Harvey Allen Stark died March 10, 1960 in Severy, Kansas, and she died January 24, 1963 in Os-sowatimie, Kansas.

Children born to them include:

Roy Allen Stark born October 25, 1915

Roy Allen Stark, son of Harvey Allen Stark and Lottie Johnson Stark, was born October 25, 1915 in Greenwood County. He was married November 19, 1936 to Eva Marguerite Leckliter, daughter of Christian Baker Leckliter and Hazel Beatrice Nichols Leckliter. She was born May 11, 1918 at Great Bend, Kansas.

Children born to them include:

Dianne Lee Stark born November 14, 1937

Dianne Lee Stark, daughter of Roy Allen Stark and Eva Mar-guerite Leckliter Stark, was born November 14, 1937 in Inde-pendence, Kansas. She was married August 8, 1958 to James Robert Thurman, a Gowin descendant. In 1991, they lived in Wichita where they were active in the research of the Goin and Gowin branches of the family.

Walter Oliver Stark, son of Josiah H. Stark and Sarah Elizabeth Raney Stark, was born July 9, 1892. He was married December 22, 1917 to Virginia May Nicholson who was born October 3, 1896.

Children born to them include:

William Joseph Stark born May 26, 1922

William Joseph Stark, son of Walter Oliver Stark and Virginia May Nicholson Stark, was born May 26, 1922. He was married February 2, 1951 to Eula Jean Earnhardt who was born January 25, 1923. In 1995 they lived in Houston where they were active in the Foundation and in the research of the Goin family.

Mahala Goin, daughter of Nelson Goin and Mary Ann “Polly” Pritchard, was born about 1842. She was married about 1860 to Jackson T. Day who was born in 1835 to Colbert Day. He died during the Civil War, according to Warren Tyndale Faulkner, a grandson. Mahala Goin Day was remarried about 1866 to Wiley Cox.

Children born to Jackson Day and Mahala Goin Day include:

Mary Jane “Polly” Day born about 1859
George Washington Day born bout 1861
William Jackson Day born October 30, 1862

The five children born to Wiley Cox and Mahala Goin Day Cox include:

Effie Louvenia Cox born about 1876

James Sylvester Goin, son of Nelson Goin and Mary Ann “Polly” Pritchard Goin, was born about 1848 in Claiborne County, according to Harold Martin Wasson. He was married about 1867 to Mary Elizabeth Stroud who was born January 18, 1847 in Iowa, according to the death certificate of their son George Milton Goin. She was a daughter of John Haun Stroud and Lavisa Leak Stroud. He was born May 17, 1817 and died January 24, 1880. Lavisa Leak Stroud was born December 5, 1819 and died November 14, 1878.

James Sylvester Goin pre-empted 80 acres at Independence, Kansas in 1883. On October 15, 1889, James Sylvester Goin applied for a homestead at “Kingfisher Stage Station, Indian Territory for 160 acres. He stated in his homestead claim that he established actual residence there April 3, 1890 when he built “a box house, 14’x14′, shingle roof, two doors and two windows,” and that he was a widower at that time. He received his patent January 7, 1898.

Mary Elizabeth Stroud Goin died May 12, 1896 in Kingfisher County, Oklahoma Territory and James Sylvester Goin died March 20, 1899 at Dover, Oklahoma Territory. Both were buried in Banner Cemetery in Kingfisher County. Charles Green, his son-in-law, applied for administration of the estate, according to Kingfisher County Probate Book 1, page 96.

Known children at the time of the death of James Sylvester Goin and Mary Elizabeth Stroud Goin include:

George Milton Goin born August 13, 1868
Lavisa Jane “Jennie” Goin born about 1870
Mary Alice Goin born October 4, 1872
Henry O. Goin born about 1876
Gertrude Goin born about 1878
James Albert Goin born about 1879
Anna Goin born about 1880

George Milton Goin, son of James Sylvester Goin and Mary Elizabeth Stroud Goin, was born August 13, 1868 in Greene County, Missouri, according to his death certificate. He was married March 20, 1887 to Frances A. Kolb who was born April 3, 1872 in Greenwood, Kansas, according to the family bible. He died in Greene County, Missouri August 16, 1925 at age 56 of traumatic peritonitis as the result of a fall from a house on which he was working as a carpenter. She died January 17, 1956 in Decatur, Illinois.

Children born to George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin include:

Rosetta Lavieci “Zettie” Goin born March 24, 1888
Sarah Elizabeth “Bessie” Goin born March 26, 1890
Florence Alta Goin born April 12, 1892
William Ralph Goin born February 27, 1895
Carrie LoMattie Goin born November 8, 1897
Roy Frederick Goin born October 17, 1900
Beulah Pearl Goin born May 17, 1903
Ethel Lena Goin born January 21, 1907
Orville Earl Goin born March 10, 1909
Gladys Goin born October 17, 1911

Rosetta Lavieci Goin, daughter of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born March 24, 1888. She was mar-ried about 1905 to William Cole who was born April 14, 1875. She died June 8, 1973.

Sarah Elizabeth “Bessie” Goin, daughter of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born March 26, 1890. She was married April 28, 1907 to George Ellis Walker. He was born July 16, 1881 and died February 25, 1956.

Florence Alta Goin, daughter of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born April 12, 1892. She died Fre-brury 25, 1920.

William Ralph Goin, son of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born February 27, 1895. He was married about 1918, wife’s name Augusta “Gussie.” He die January 24, 1977. Children born to William Ralph Goin and Augusta “Gussie” Goin are unknown.

Carrie LoMattie Goin, daughter of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born in Greene County November 8, 1897, according to the family bible. She was married there December 25, 1916 to John Franklin Wasson who was born June 23, 1889 in Page County, Iowa. He was a son of John Charles Freemont Wasson and Florence Arvilla Brooks Was-son. In 1925 they lived in Indiana. She died in Macon County January 9, 1975, and he died there May 4, 1978. Both were buried in Greenlawn Cemetery at Springfield, Missouri.

Children born to them include:

[son] born September 26, 1917
[daughter] born December 21, 1919
[son] born June 1, 1923
Harold Martin Wasson born March 29, 1925
[son] born November 22, 1926
[daughter] born January 5, 1932
[daughter] born May 24, 1934

Harold Martin Wasson, son of John Franklin Wasson and Car-rie LoMattie Goin Wasson, was born March 29, 1925 in Ham-mond, Indiana. He was married August 29, 1947 in Macon County, Illinois to Elizabeth Eileen Randsall. She was born November 20, 1921 in Christian County, Illinois to Irl Randall and Audrey Colclasure Randall. In 1950 they moved to Cam-den, New Jersey from Illinois and in 1951 located at Wood-bury, New Jersey. In 1959 they moved to Severna Park, Mary-land where they remained in 1995. They have been in the pur-suit of family history and are Foundation members.

Children born to them include:

Harold Randall Wasson born November 3, 1950
Caryl Lynne Wasson born April 15, 1954

Harold Randall Wasson, son of Harold Martin Wasson and Elizabeth Eileen Randall Wasson, was born November 3, 1950 at Camden, New Jersey. In 1995 he remained unmarried.

Caryl Lynne Wasson, daughter of Harold Martin Wasson and Elizabeth Eileen Randall Wasson, was born April 15, 1954. She was married July 30, 1977 at Annapolis, Maryland to Leon Marcus Wilson who was born February 24, 1951 at Elkton, Kentucky. Following a divorce, she was remarried to Rodney Liptak at Norfolk, Virginia September 29, 1989.

Roy Frederick Goin, son of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born October 17, 1900. He was married about 1923 to Ethel Smith Garrison. He died November 29, 1954. Children born to Roy Frederick Goin and Ethel Smith Garrison Goin are unknown.

Beulah Pearl Goin, daughter of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born May 17, 1903. She was mar-ried October 20, 1923 to Timothy Burgess. He died August 12, 1993.

Ethel Lena Goin, daughter of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born January 21, 1907. She was married June 8, 1924 to Troy Best who was born in 1903. She died October 14, 1992 and was buried in Greenlawn Cemetery in Springfield.

Orville Earl Goin, son daughter of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born March 10, 1909. He was married about 1932 to Elsie Friend. Children born to Orville Earl Goin and Elsie Friend Goin are unknown.

Gladys Goin, daughter of George Milton Goin and Frances A. Kolb Goin, was born October 17, 1911 and died the same day..

Rachel A. Goin, daughter of Nelson Goin and Mary Ann “Polly” Pritchard Goin, was born about 1849. She was married about 1867, husband’s name Boyd.

Levi Goin, son of Nelson Goin and Mary Ann “Polly” Pritchard Goin, was born March 30, 1856. He was interviewed July 23, 1937 by the Works Progress Administration Indian-Pioneer History Project for Oklahoma in Dewey County, Oklahoma by Ethel E. Palmer:

“I came to Oklahoma July 4, 1889 from Kansas; we moved in a covered wagon, drove horses and were about six days on the road. I came to Stillwater where they tried to sell me a lot and a house; this house was built on rollers. I stayed around Payne’s Fort which was a big log house built on a large hill. Payne was trying to get Oklahoma settled up. I moved on to Kingfisher and filed on land there.

I was at the Cheyene-Arapaho opening in 1892, and there were soldiers all on the inside of the Cheyene-Arapaho land. The soldiers were trying to keep the “Sooners” from going in; however, a great number of people had already gone in. Everyone got all fixed on the line, and because the Sooners had scared the deer and the antelope out here, they came up among this crowd of people.

I was at the opening of the Cherokee Strip, and I made the race for it. I went to Hennessey to register, and I was in line just one week. There were thousands of people there, and if a man left his place in the line for a minute, he would lose out and would have to go to the end of the line. If a person had been in the Cherokee Strip, he or she would not be allowed to enter.

At twelve o’clock, the guns were fired, and there was a freight train on the line; people had tied themselves on the side of the boxcars, but the horses outran the train. Dozens of horses were found dead after the race, which had been run to death. The train did not stop at Enid as it should have, and people burned the railroad bridges, and then the war between Enid and North Enid began. Congress had to put a stop to the trouble. I was just too slow, so I didn’t get a place as I was looking for town
property.

The next drawing was at Lawton in August. I got on the train at Kingfisher, and the train was so crowded that the conductor could not get through to take the tickets, and it was so hot that a fellow could scarcely live. I waited a day and a night before I registered there. They put all the tickets in a barrel, but I was unlucky as there were too many people for the land numbers.

I filed on a relinquishment at Kingfisher and lived in a stockade log house. We drove logs down into the ground; they were standing up pretty high off the ground, then we took logs and laid them the other way until the building was up pretty high, then took hay and covered that, then covered the hay with dirt, and we also had dirt floors. We had one big goods box for our table and two or three cane bottomed chairs. The toad frogs would get thick under our bed, then the rattlesnakes would get under and run the frogs out.

When I first came to Oklahoma, there was only one family within 12 miles of me. We raised broomcorn, kaffircorn, and wheat, and we would bind our wheat, then tie the bundles by hand. We would get from 25 to 40 cents per bushel for wheat and from $25 to $30 per ton for our broomcorn.”

Lavisa Jane “Jennie” Goin, daughter of James Sylvester Goin and Mary Elizabeth Stroud Goin, was born about 1870. She was married about 1888 to Charles Green and lived at Dover, Oklahoma, Territory. He applied administration of the estate of James Sylvester Goin September 9, 1901.

Mary Alice Goin, daughter of James Sylvester Goin and Mary Elizabeth Stroud Goin, was born October 4, 1872. She died August 7, 1891 and was buried in Banner Cemetery.

Henry O. Goin, son of James Sylvester Goin and Mary Eliza-beth Stroud Goin, was born 1876. He was married about 1900, wife’s name Margaret, and lived at Dover, Oklahoma Territory. Children born to Henry O. Goin and Margaret Goin are unknown.

Gertrude Goin, daughter of James Sylvester Goin and Mary Elizabeth Stroud Goin, was born about 1878. She was married about 1898, husband’s name Keniston and lived near Dover.

James Albert Goin, son of James Sylvester Goin and Mary Elizabeth Stroud Goin, was born about 1879. He was married about 1902, wife’s name Stella, and lived at Dover. Children born to James Albert Goin and Stella Goin are unknown.

Anna Goin, daughter of James Sylvester Goin and Mary Eliza-beth Stroud Goin, was born was born about 1880. She was married about 1900 to Thomas Clark and lived at Dover.

Elizabeth “Betsey” Goin, daughter of Uriah Goin and his first wife, was born about 1820 in Claiborne Colunty. She was married about 1839 to William Riley Holton. In 1855, Eli Goin wrote that the Holtons were living “on that little place above Keck” in Claiborne County. Seven children were born to them.

John W. Goin, son of Uriah Goin and Nancy Goin Goin, was born about 1848 in Claiborne County. He was recorded there in the 1850 census as a two-year-old. He did not reappear in the 1860 census of his parents’ household, suggesting that he died during the decade.

Isaac Abraham Goin, son of Thomas Goin, was born about 1789, probably in Hawkins County. He was married March 24, 1809 to Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray in Claiborne County. On November 8, 1814 he enlisted in Capt. John Brock’s company of Tennessee militia. He was discharged as a private May 18, 1815. His name was later listed in “War of 1812, Index of Pensioners.” They also appeared in “Abstract Pensions of Claiborne County, Tennessee, The Revolution, War of 1812 and All Wars Prior to 1883” compiled by Annie Walker Burns

In the 1830 census of Claiborne County, Tennessee, page 134, “Isaac Goin” was enumerated as the head of a household:

“Goin, Isaac white male 30-40
white female 30-40
white male 15-20
white male 10-15
white female 10-15
white female 10-15
white female 5-10
white female 5-10”

In the 1840 census of Claiborne County, page 248, “Isaac Goin” was enumerated as the head of a household composed of:

“Goin, Isaac white male 40-50
white female 40-50
white male 15-20
white female 15-20
white female 15-20
white male 0-5
white female 0-5”

“Isaac Goin” was enumerated as the head of Household 839-596 in the 1850 census of Claiborne County:

“Goin, Isaac 57, born in Tennessee
Tempey 57, born in Tennessee
Naomi 30
Sally 25
Martha 18
Alfred 17
Lucretia 15
Polly J. 13
Christopher 11

Abraham Isaac Goin received Bounty Land Warrant 22273 for 80 acres of land in 1850. He appeared as a witness for 17 days in 1853 in the trial of the slander suit filed by his nephew Elijah Goin against Sterling Mayes. In 1855 he received Bounty Land Warrant 27521 for 80 acres of land.

Abraham Isaac Goin died December 26, 1875 in Claiborne County and was buried in Pleasant Point Cemetery. Temper-ance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin lived at Speedwell, Tennessee at that time. She died at Compensation, Tennessee in 1888.

It is believed that children born to Abraham Isaac Goin and Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin include:

Isaac Goin born about 1810
John A. Goin born December 22, 1812
Martin Van Buren Goin born about 1818
Naomi “Oma” Goin born about 1820
Anna Goin born about 1823
Sarah “Sally” Goin born about 1825
William James “Big Bill” Goin born March 26, 1826
Martha Goin born about 1832
Alfred Goin born about 1833
Lucretia Goin born about 1835
Mary Jane “Polly” Goin born about 1837
Christopher “Kit” Goin born about 1839
Hulda Goin born about 1843

Isaac Goin, son of Abraham Isaac Goin and Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born about 1810, probably in Clai-borne County. He appeared as the head of a household in the 1830 census of Claiborne County, page 134, adjoining the household of his parents. The family was enumerated as:

“Goin, Isaac white male 20-30
white female 20-30
white female 0-5”

Isaac Goin reappeared as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Claiborne County, still in an adjacent location to the household of his parents. The family was enumerated as:

“Goin, Isaac white male 30-40
white female 20-30
white female 10-15
white female 5-10
white male 0-5
white female 0-5”

An Isaac Goin, age 45, volunteered for the Second Tennessee Cavalry Regiment, U.S.A. on October 26, 1861 in Claiborne County. He was recorded with “permanent desertion” December 4, 1862.

John A. Goin, son of Abraham Isaac Goin and Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born December 22, 1812 in Clai-borne County. He was married about 1835 to Jane “Jenny” Haynes. They removed to Mercer County, Missouri before 1851. In June 1863 they removed to Decatur County, Iowa. He was remarried to Elmira Cox. John A. Goin died in Decatur County in May 1900 at age 77. Children born to John A. Goin, Jane “Jenny” Hynes Goin and Elmira Cox Goin are unknown.

Martin Van Buren Goin, son of Abraham Isaac Goin and Tem-perance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born about 1818 in Clai-borne County. He removed to Mercer County, Missouri in 1850 with his brother William James Goin. Martin Van Buren Goin died August 10, 1866 and was buried in Eagleville, Missouri in Harrison County.

Naomi “Oma” Goin, daughter of Isaac Abraham Goin and Temperance Gray Goin, was born about 1820 in Claiborne County. She appeared at age 30 in the 1850 census of her fa-ther’s household. She was married February 1, 1853 to Ezekial “Zeke” Raney in Claiborne County.

Children born to them include:

Sarah “Sally” Raney born about 1857

Sarah “Sally” Raney, daughter of Ezekiel “Zeke” Raney and Naomi “Oma” Goin, was born about 1857 in Claiborne County. Sarah “Sally” Raney was married about 1877 to Elijah “Lige” Goin, son of Eli Goin and Rachel Edwards Goin. Fielding V. “Bob” Goin, grandson of Elijah “Lige” Goin and Rachel Edwards Goin, was resident of Bellevue, Washington in 1991.

Anna Goin, daughter of Abraham Isaac Goin and Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born about 1823 in Claiborne County. She was married October 12, 1842 to Abraham May-ers. Later she was remarried to Jefferson Myers.

Sarah “Sally” Goin, daughter of Abraham Isaac Goin and Tem-perance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born about 1825. She appeared as a 25-year-old in the 1850 census of Claiborne
County. She remained unmarried.

William James “Big Bill” Goin, son of Abraham Isaac Goin and Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born March 26, 1826 in Claiborne County. By 1850, he was living in Knox County, Kentucky with his brother, Martin Van Buren Goin. They were influenced to move to Mercer County Missouri in that year by their cousin, Leroy Goin who had preceded them to Missouri in 1849..

Shortly after arrival in Mercer County, William James Goin was married there December 1, 1850 to Regina Constable, daughter of Annanias Constable and his second wife, Anna Gochenour Constable, according to Anna Lee Goin, family history researcher of Jefferson, Oregon. They bought a farm in northern Missouri, five miles south of the Iowa state line.

In 1864, as the Civil War swirled through Missouri, William James Goin and his mother-in-law, Anna Gochenour Constable moved by covered wagon to Linn County Oregon. Accompanying them were the families of his cousins, LeRoy Goin and Elijah “Little Lige” Goin. The party joined a wagontrain at St. Joseph, Missouri on the Missouri River.

Mary Ann Goin, oldest daughter of William James Goin, kept an account of trek up the Oregon Trail which was retained by Varion Elmer Goin, late member of the Foundation. He submitted it to the “Jefferson Review” 115 years later, and it was published in its edition of July 12, 1979. The account also appeared in “Goin & Variants” published in 1997 by Dianne Stark Thurman.

The account read:

“We bought and traded for our oxteams in Missouri. We fed out our corn and moved to Iowa on April 10, 1864. We stopped four miles south of Leon, Iowa, county seat of Decatur County, and there we finished our preparations. We made our tents and wagonsheets and bought our outfit. We started west On the 10th day of May. In our family there was Mother, Father, Mary, Sarah, George, Charlie and Alfred.

At some place between Leon and the Missouri River, we met the rest of the train. Capt. Patrick Willis and family had two wagons and a carriage; Jake Breeding, 1 wagon; The Camel family, 3 wagons; Henry King, 1 wagon; the Elkins family, 1 wagon; Ivans, 1 wagon; Perkaphile, 1 wagon; Lewellings, related to the Camels, 2 or 3 wagons and LeRoy Goin, 2 wagons.

We crossed the Missouri River at Omaha City and bought our supplemental food supply there, consisting of rice, flour and dried apples. We had started with flour, bacon, honey, lard,preserves, syrup, beans and rice. We had our milk and butter.

We had 2 wagons, Elijah Goin, wife and 2 children started with us and came until one of our wagons broke down just before entering the Black Hills. We busted a hubcap and should have brought it on until it broke, but as it was, we distributed our stuff between the wagons. Elijah Goin went on with LeRoy Goin.

The Lewellings and Camels dropped out soon on the trip. The Lewellings pulled out before we got to the Rockies.

We had started to California, but changed our minds at Ft. Bridger* and continued with the rest of the train to Oregon. The Perkaphile family left the train at Ft. Bridger and went to California. We didn’t see a single dwelling between Omaha City and Ft. Bridger.

At a Mormon settlement in Utah, we traded soap and linen towels for radishes, and I think, lettuce. At another Mormon settlement on Bear River, we caught lots of fish, salted some down and added them to our supplies. About two or three hundred miles east of Boise, we drew out alone from the wagontrain because of trouble with Jim Estes. Leroy’s [family] came on to Oregon and stayed there.”

*Ft. Bridger had been established on the Green River in southwestern Wyoming in 1843 by Jim Bridger, fur trader and frontiersman. His family arrived in St. Louis in 1812, and at the age of 18, he joined Gen. William H. Ashley’s fur-trapping expedition up the Missouri River to the mouth of the Yellow­stone. He was the first explorer into the area of Yellowstone National Park and was the first to report the Great Salt Lake in Utah.

The Goins were joined by another member of the party, Phoebe Ellen Goin, September 29, 1864, just as they arrived in Oregon. She, their eighth child, was born in the John Day Campgrounds at the end of the Oregon Trail.

In October of 1864, the party arrived in Linn County, Oregon and went to a farm that his cousin Thomas Jefferson Goin had obtained for him. William James Goin paid $50 for the farm to a man who was abandoning the place. The purchase cleared the title, and the family found itself in possession of a farm with a one-room house with a lean-to kitchen. The kitchen roof leaked, and the constant Oregon rain turned the kitchen into a “loblolly.” Eight years later, the family had a new home built from lumber which had been hand-planed by the house­holder. This farm still remains in the possession of the Goin descendants in 1998.

An article was written about the house in 1933 by “G.A.S.”

“Out at the Sterling Henry Goin ranch on the Greens Bridge Road still stands the old frame house build in 1872 by Mr. Goin’s father, William Goin. Sunday, while at the Goin’s, we enjoyed walking through the old rooms, and in our imagina­tion, reconstructed the rooms, once more making them livable.

Old houses hold a fascination to us who visit them years after their usefulness is gone. They speak of the joys and sorrows, marriages, births and deaths–the whole scale of human experiences and emotions–retaining the personality of those who once called it home.

We crossed the old and worn threshold into the largest room, or the livingroom. The ceiling was boarded and stripped, and lookingly closely, we observed that each strip had been hand-beveled. For that matter, Mr. Goin told us that all the lumber in the house had been hand planed and was taken from trees felled on that place.

Centered at one end of the room was the fireplace with a wooden mantle showing marks of services done in its day. This end of the room was wood-paneled, with a row of shelves across one corner. At the other corner was the stairway lead­ing to the three rooms above, with the narrowest, steepest steps I’ve ever climbed. And having climbed them, I wonder how the eight Goin children escaped breaking their necks.

In the little room to the left of the livingroom downstairs, we found a goldmine of old papers that had been used for paper­ing the walls. There were copies of ‘The Commoner’ edited by William Jennings Bryan in Nebraska in 1902, copies of the Claiborne, Tennessee paper, the Goins’ hometown, early Albany papers. One was a copy of ‘The Jefferson Review’ of 1903 [which we brought home.]

I almost forgot to tell you about an old rocking chair in one of the upstairs rooms. It was made by “Big Bill” Goin years ago. The chair has a high ladder back, rockers and a twin-laced seat. The rockers, arms and all parts plainly show the hand-shaping of the wood. Can’t you see this rocker pulled in front of the fireplace and a rag rug or two on the floor–a home established in a new country, so different from Tennessee.”

William James “Big Bill” Goin died February 24, 1903 in Linn County and was buried in the Miller Cemetery. Regina Constable Goin survived until May 9, 1913 and was buried beside her husband.

Children born to William James “Big Bill” Goin and Regina Constable Goin include:

[son] born and died April 7, 1851
Mary Ann Goin born March 13, 1853
John Lafayette Goin born January 13, 1855
Charles Thomas Goin born December 16, 1855
Alfred Newton Goin born April 24, 1858
George Riley Goin born August 7, 1860
Sarah Lucette Goin born July 28, 1862
Phoebe Ellen Goin born September 29, 1864
Jasper Lee Goin born February 21, 1867
[daughter] born August 7, 1869
Sterling Henry Goin born November 25, 1870

Martha Goin, daughter of Abraham Isaac Goin and Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born in July 1834, according to her enumeration in the 1900 census in Claiborne County. She appeared there in the 1850 census at age 18 living in the household of her parents. “Martha Goin, 65, “born in Tennessee in July 1834,” was enumerated in the 1900 census of Knox County, Tennessee, Civil District 1, Enumeration District 58, page 11, living with her daughter, Mrs. Tempia A. Cheatham at 503 Cumberland Street in Knoxville.

Children born to Martha Goin include:

Tempia A. Goin born about 1852

Tempia A. Goin, daughter of Martha Goin and an unknown father, was born about 1852 in Claiborne County. She was shown as “age 7” in the 1860 census of the home of her grandfather, Isaac Abraham Goin.

She was married October 31, 1866 [at age 14?] in Claiborne County to John W. Cheatham, according to the research of Leon Meyers. “Mrs. Tempia A. Cheatham” was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Knox County, living at 503 Cumberland Street in Knoxville. Children born to the Cheathams are unknown.
==O==
Alfred Goin, son of Abraham Isaac Goin and Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born about 1833 in Claiborne County. He appeared at age 17 in the 1850 census. He served in a Confederate regiment in the Civil War, was captured and died of smallpox in Ft. Delaware, Delaware while a prisoner of war. He died unmarried. Dianne Thurman, family reseacher of Wichita, Kansas wrote December 8, 1996 that Alfred Goin died in a New Jersey prison March 26, 1864 and was buried there.

Lucretia Goin, daughter of Abraham Isaac Goin and Temper-ance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born about 1835 in Clai-borne County. She appeared as a 15-year-old in the 1850 cen-sus. She was enumerated in the 1870 census of her parents’ household. She did not marry.

Mary Jane “Polly” Goin, daughter of Abraham Isaac Goin and Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born about 1837. She appeared at age 13 in the 1850 census. She died at age 17, leaving a child, Temperance “Tempey” Goin, according to Anna Lee Goin.

Temperance “Tempey” Goin, daughter of Mary Jane “Polly” Goin, was born about 1852 in Claiborne County and was reared by her grandparents. She was married to John Cheatham there October 31, 1866.

Christopher “Kit” Goin, son of Abraham Isaac Goin and Temperance A. “Tempey” Gray Goin, was born about 1839 in Claiborne County. He appeared at age 11 in the 1850 census. He was married January 24, 1862 to Mary Ann Lewis. He served in a Confederate regiment during the Civil War and was a prisoner of war in Camp Chase, Illinois. He died there August 5, 1863.

“Mary, a daughter of Isabel Lewis and a granddaughter of Fielding Lewis, Sr, was married to Christopher Goins, a son of Isaac Goins,” according to “In Old” Tazewell.” “He died in a few years, leaving her in charge of one son who also died. She then married John McCrary, a son of George McCrary of Pow-ell Valley. They emigrated to Texas some time in the 80s and are living there at the present.”
==O==
Edmund Clair Calavan, a descendant of Thomas Goin of Brunswick County, Virginia, was born January 13, 1913 in Linn County, Oregon. In his autobiography published in 1992, he wrote:

“The first person I remember, outside our immediate family, was Thomas Jefferson “Uncle Jeff” Goin, my great uncle, an older brother of my deceased grandmother, Amanda Red “Mandy” Goin. Uncle Jeff loved children, but had none of his own. The San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906 had wiped out Uncle Jeff’s considerable fortune in a few hours. He felt himself unable to face his wealthy friends, so returned to Oregon to teach school, as he had done many years before. My parents had bought the farm owned by Dad’s father and were living there when I was born. Uncle Jeff was teaching school about 15 miles away, but for some nostalgic reasons he frequently visited my parents’ Bilyeu Den home. He enjoyed playing with my sister and me; even had pet names for us [Rip for my sister, 15 months younger than I, and Tear for me]. But in his old age, Uncle Jeff developed Parkinson’s disease and died in July 1915 when I was only two and one-half years old. He was buried in the Bilyeu Den Cemetery overlooking the beautiful valley where I was born. I have visited his grave, next to that of my grandmother, at every opportu-nity.”

Descendant Researchers

Jane “Debbie” Goin-Bergin. Bergin Const, 77165 Calle Monterey, La Quinta, CA, 92253, 805/239-7925
Debra Richard Glenn Bonds, Box 5124, Midland, TX, 79704, 915/687-6211
F. M. Brummett, 4409 Greenbrier, Long Beach, CA, 90808
Anna Lee Goin, 13811 Jefferson Highway 993, Jefferson, OR, 97352
Lynn & Nancy Goin, 9357 E. Harrison Park, Tucson, AZ, 85749, 602/749-5722
Sherry Linn Goin, 401 Castleton Ave, Mt. Vernon, IL, 62864, 618/242-5570
Clara Jane Goin Houser, 10409 E. Windflower Ct, Sun Lakes, AZ, 85248.
Norma Louise Goin Johnson, 1317 S. 26th St, Mt. Vernon, IL, 62864, 618/244-6507.
Jerry Jones, 1805 335th Lane, Earlham, IA, 50072
Carol Anne Ledford, 89 Wendover, Asheville, NC, 28806
Clyde Leon Meyers, CA, leon.meyers@worldnet.att.net
Beverly J. Ellison Nelson, 3391 Aksarben Avenue, Littleton CO, 80123, 303/794-1727
Pat Goins Rice, 300 Cooper Run Road, Shepherdsville, KY, 40165
Louise Goins Richardson, 2207 E. Lake Street, Paragould, AR, 72450, 501/239-4763
Mary Melvina Burns Stark, 239 Deerfield Street, Houston, TX, 77022, 713-697-7874
William J. & Jean E. Stark, 13034 Rummel Creek, Houston, TX, 77079, 713/465-4261
Tamara Louise “Tammy” Goin-Stone, Box 738, Ontario, OR, 97914 503/889-2292
Dianne Lee Stark Thurman, 4201 Wildflower Circle, Wichita, KS, 67210, 316-529-0438
Harold M. Wasson, 104 Lochleven Road, Severna Park, MD, 21146.
Kenny Ann Gibson Wood, 8718 S. 68th E. Avenue, Tulsa, OK, 74133, 918/481-1661

133 Brunswick Co, VA

BRUNSWICK COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Drury Going was born in 1749 in Brunswick County, Virginia, according to the research of Sandra Going Morgan, a descendant of Stone Mountain, Georgia. He was born in an area of Brunswick County which in 1781 became Greensville County, Virginia, according to Mary Elizabeth Motley Beadles, a descendant and DAR Member 474911. His family removed to Camden District, in north central South Carolina and settled in an area which later became Union and Chester Counties.

Col. Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr, researcher of Shreveport, Louisiana states that the Drury Going of Greensville County and the Drury Going of Camden District could not be the same man. He cites that Drury Going of Greensville County received payment on a military voucher March 12, 1782 for items furnished to the Federal government during the Revolutionary War. The Drury Going of Camden District was there as early as 1767 and served in the South Carolina militia under Col. John Winn.
Drury Going was married in Camden District in 1767 to 17-year-old Sarah “Sallie” Baxter who was born about 1750 in Granville County [later Orange County, later Caswell County], North Carolina.

On November 28, 1783, Drury Going and Samuel Torbert were witnesses to a lease executed by Mary McCullough of Camden District, St. Mark’s Parish, to Robert Elliot for £50 sterling for 941 acres on the north side of Broad River which had been granted to her January 31, 1772. The lease was proved in Camden District December 29, 1784 by the oath of Samuel Torbert before Frame Woods, J.P.

Drury Going, attracted by the daring exploits of Marion’s Brigade, volunteered in 1781 to ride with Revolutionary Brig-Gen. Francis Marion in his slashing attacks on the British. Marion had taken raw frontiersmen, trained them to be fearless riders and expert marksmen and formed them into an efficient guerilla force that became the pride of the Colonists’ southern campaign. He served in the regiment commanded by Col. John Winn of Winnsboro, South Carolina, according to the research of Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr.

The “Swamp Fox” repeatedly led his rapid-deployment brigade in daring raids against the superior British forces, exacted heavy losses upon them and then escaped into the swamps where the English were unable to follow. They had remarkable successes in battles at Georgetown, Ft. Watson, Ft. Motte and Eutaw Springs, lifting the morale of the Americans who were generally being defeated everywhere else. Their spectacular success in the Battle of Parker’s Ferry in 1782 resulted in a Congressional medal for Marion’s men.

In a letter addressed to Alfred Elijah Going, Evelyn Somerville, a descendant, wrote:

“In the first federal census of South Carolina, 1790, the Goings lived on one side, the Loves on the other of Col. Aaron Lockert at Lockert Shoals, East Bank, then in Chester County, South Carolina. The community was known as early as 1755 as Love’s Ford on Broad River, a mile and a half from Turkey Creek, then Craven County, North Carolina. Capt. James Love, Jr. married Col. Lockert’s second daughter, Janet. Job Going married the Colonel’s third daughter, Rebecca, while Drennan Love, son of James Love, Jr, married a daughter of Sarah Going Cook, sister to Job Going.

We are unable to find bible or other records of the parents of your ancestor, Job Going [and my ancestor, Sarah] except the death of their mother, April 22, 1822. Sarah Baxter, thought to be the daughter of Thomas Baxter as the Christian name “Thomas Baxter” occurs over again in her numerous descendants. The 1790 census gives the head of this family as “Drury Goins,” which must have been the name of “Sally” Baxter’s husband unless he had died and there was a son named Drury.

Anyhow this family of Drury Goins was the only one of the name in Chester in 1790 census and none in the counties of York and Union, adjoining this neighborhood, and the family consisted of 2 white males over 16, 4 white females and 6 slaves. In Caswell County, North Carolina tax lists was a Thomas Baxter, who could have either a father or a brother to “Sally” Baxter. Her son, Thomas Baxter Going, became a clergyman, according to Day C. Love who went to school with his sons at Crawford, Mississippi in the early ’50s and went from there to Texas.

Goings were natives of Ireland where the name was ‘Goyne.’

Isaac Mack Going is buried at the Franconia Cemetery in the Going row. His was the second grave in the cemetery, my mother’s eldest sister, Sophia Miles Hughes, aged 3 years, being the first.

Evelyn Somerville”

Drury Going was mentioned as a landowner in a land grant to William Long dated November 5, 1771. The description of Long’s land, “200 acres on Wateree Creek in Craven District,” mentioned that it was bounded on the east by that of Drury Going. The grant also mentioned that “the road to Rocky Mount crosses the northeast corner,” suggesting that the road also crossed the property of Drury Going.

Drury Going served as a private in a South Carolina militia regiment commanded by Col. Winn during the Revolutionary War. The regiment was under the overall command of Gen. Francis Marion, the “Swamp Fox.” Indent No. 98, Book O was issued January 26, 1785 to “Mr. Drury Goins, L18:6:8 3/4 Sterling for militia duty in 1781 and 1782,” according to “Stub Entries to Indents” edited by A. S. Salley, Jr, Secretary of the Historical Commission of South Carolina. Additionally, the indent had earned interest in the amount of ú1:16:5.

“Drury Goins” was a purchaser at the estate sale of Moses Cherry in Camden District [later York County, South Carolina] in 1783, according to York County probate records, Apartment 15, package 483.

On September 1, 1787 “Drury Gowing of Chester County” received a deed to 319 acres” located on the south side of Broad River from Merry McGuire, “Planter of Union County, South Carolina,” according to Union County Deed Book A&B, page 469. Consideration was “£100 current money.” In the body of the deed the grantee’s name was also spelled “Gowen” and “Going.” The land had been received by McGuire June 5, 1786 in a grant from Gov. William Moultrie.

Drury Going received a deed July 8, 1788 to “land on the waters of Turkey Creek” for ú50, according to Chester County Deed Book B, page 69. “Job Going,” possibly a kinsman of Drury Going, was a witness to the transaction.

Job Goin, owner of three slaves, was recorded as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Chester County, page 90:

“Goin, Job white male 26-45
white male 16-26”

The household of “Job Goyen” was recorded September 14, 1810 in the federal census of Chester County, page 262:

“Goyen, Job
white female over 45
white male 0-10
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
white female 0-10”

The enumerator apparently regarded Job Goyen himself as “free colored” and did not record his entry. The family owned eight slaves.

An unidentified “Richard Gowan” was also recorded September 14, 1810 in the federal census as the head of a household, page 277:

“Gowan, Richd. white male over 45
white female over 45
white female 10-16
white female 10-16
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
white male 0-10”

“Drury Going, being charged with having begotten an ille-gitimate Infant on the Body of Sarah Golden came into court and Confessed the fact, whereupon it is considered by the Court that they make their fine by paying the sum of five pounds Proclamation Money, and the said Goings acknowledged himself bound to pay the said Sarah’s fine and all costs accruing, and that he is liable for the maintenance of the said infant and stay of Execution until next court.” was the entry dated July 8, 1788 in Chester County Court Order Book A, page 358.

“On the motion of the Clerk, Ordered that all the money that Drury Going was fined in for Bastardy is to be paid to him in discount of what the county owes him,” read an entry dated January 8, 1790 in Chester County Order Book B, page 29.

“Deed of conveyance from John Long to Drury Going that was proven before a Singel Justice was produced in open court and ordered to be recorded,” read an entry dated April 6, 1789 recorded in Chester County Court Order Book B, page 160.

William Gaston conveyed 200 acres “line [lying] on Mill Creek” to Drury Going in 1789, according to Chester County Deed Book B, page 73. Consideration was “3 pounds, 14 shillings, 4 pence.” The land was part of a tract granted to Gaston September 3, 1787. The deed was not witnessed.

According to “Heads of Families, South Carolina, 1790” “Drury Goins” was enumerated in Camden District, Chester County, page 14 as the head of a household composed of:

“Goins, Drury white male over 16
white female
white male over 16
white male over 16
white female
white male under 16
white male under 16
white female
white female
[6 slaves]”

Neighbors enumerated in the 1790 census who had an influence on the Going family include: Josiah Cook, Aaron Lockert, John McCool, James Love, Capt. James Love, Jr, Asa Tindall and Thomas Winn.

Drury Going bought 350 acres of land from Robert Elliott and his wife Jean Elliott January 14, 1791 for £1,000, according to Chester County Deed Book B, page 553. Job Going was a witness to the transaction.
Drury Going deeded his Turkey Creek farm to his son-in-law Asa Tindall October 11, 1791, according to Chester County Deed Book B, page 541:

“For the love & affection I bear for my son-in-law Assa Tindall and for his better support, I give, grant and convey 100 acres on a branch of Turkey Creek, the waters of Broad River, originally granted to John Long June 6, 1785, adjoining James Kirkpatrick and Clayton Rogers, all other sides vacant.
Drury [X] Going
Witnesses: Buttrick Rogers,
Sarah Rogers, Isaac Rogers”

In December 1791, “Drewry Goyen, et al” conveyed 195 acres to William Love, according to Chester County Deed Book D, page 250.

Shortly afterward Drury Going sold two tracts of land to Robert Elliott that he had purchased from him a year earlier, according to Chester County Deed Book B, page 542. The deed read:

“This indenture made between Drury Going of Chester County and Robert Elliott of Union County, dated January 13, 1792, acknowledges the sum of 1,000 pds. lawful money for two tracts of land, one containing 250 acres on the Broad River where Going now lives. This tract adjoins Aron Locquert’s land and was granted unto Benjamin Love February 3, 1754 and by him conveyed to Robert Elliott who sold it to Drury Going. The other tract of 100 acres, including the Elliott old field, adjoins Joseph Robertson. It was granted unto Mary McCullough January 23, 1752 and by her conveyed to Robert Elliott who sold it to Drury Going.

Drury [X] Going
Witnesses: Job Going, John Hill, Isaac Going”

Drury Going was appointed to serve as juror for the January 1793 term, according to an entry dated June 25, 1792 in Chester County Order Book B, page 179.

On June 13, 1794 Drury Going corraled an estray, according to Chester County Order Book 1795-1799, page 425. The entry read, “Drury Going Tolls a Sorrell horse about 7 years old, paced natural, Brand unknown, about 14 hands high, his hind feet white, said Estray appraised to L8.”

Drury Going died February 22, 1796 “in the 47th year of his age,” according to a letter written March 16, 1879 by Thomas Baxter Going, his grandson. “He died on the road coming home from Charleston with his wagon and team. He lacked three days drive of reaching home when he died. He was hauled home and buried at home.”

The Chester County Court Order Book 1795-1799, page 350 reveals:

“Citation having issued to shew cause why Letters of Administration should not be Granted to Clayton Rogers, Esqr. and Elijah Goings as administrators of the Estate of Dewey Goings Deceased and no objections made to direct the court to the contrary, but Clayton Rogers not appearing to join the said Administration, Ordered that be granted to the said Elijah Goings and Sarah Goings as admr. and admox of the said Decedent’s Estate upon their complying with what the law in that case requires.”

The citation was made public by having it read in a church as-sembly:

“State of South Carolina, Chester County} Be it remembered that I Joseph Brown was personally present when Joseph Alexander, a minister of the Presbyterial [sic] Profession publickly read the within Citation at a meeting held at Bullock’s Creek for the purpose of Publick Worship. Dated at Chester this 25th day of July 1796. J. A. Brown”

The estate of “Drury Goings” was introduced into probate in Chester County Court July 26, 1796, according to the Order book, page 319. On that date the court appointed appraisers to fix the value of the estate:

“State of South Carolina }
County of Chester }

To Wit: To Aaron Lockheart, Charles Gilmore, Warren Beauford, Clayton Rogers & Francis Kirkpatrick. Greeting Gentlemen, You or any three of you after being sworn before a Justice of the Peace are appointed to appraise & make out an Inventory & Appraisement of the Estate of Drewry Going, Deceased & make due return thereof into the Office of Chester County Agreeable to Law.

Witness: Samuel Lacey, Clerk of Chester County Court, this 26th day of July in the Year of our Lord One thousand Seven hundred & Ninety-six and of the Independence of the United States of America the Twenty-first.

Sam’l Lacey, CCC”

“A Sale Bill and Inventory of the Estate of Drewry Going Decd was produced in open court and ordered to be recorded,” January 24, 1797, according to the Order Book, page 362. On September 19, 1796 the court “Ordered that an order of Sale do issue of the Estate of Drury Goings such part thereof as the Admors. thereof shall think necessary on a credit of twelve months,” according to the Order Book, page 359.

An accounting of the estate sale which totaled 546 pounds, 4 shillings was delivered to the Chester County Court March 3, 1797 by Elijah Going, administrator:

Purchaser Item Price

Sarah Going Pewter 18
Sarah Going Books 4
Sarah Going Table 7
Sarah Going Small trunk 7
Elijah Going Small trunk 12
Sarah Going Looking glass 5
Sarah Going Trunk 3
Sarah Going Bed & furniture 7 1
Sarah Going Bed & furniture 4 12
Sarah Going Bed & furniture 4 3
Sarah Going Spinning wheel & reel 14
Isaac Going Rifle gun 3 12
Elijah Going Bed & furniture 4 10
Sarah Going Bed & furniture 3 4
Sarah Going Coverlet 19
Sarah Going Cask feathers 15
Sarah Going Cutting box & knife 6
Sarah Going Cross cut saw 7
Sarah Going 28 hogs 15 15
Sarah Going Waggon, saddle,
& lockchain 6 15
Sarah Going Hoes, Axes, frow
& wedges 1 6
Sarah Going Plow & lines 2 6
Sarah Going 2 Shovel plows 15
Sarah Going Grindstone 11
Sarah Going Stove 4
Sarah Going Lot of tools 10
Sarah Going Six siccles 8
Sarah Going Side leather 7
Sarah Going Side leather 7
Sarah Going Side leather 7
Sarah Going Leather 1 2
Sarah Going Side leather 4
Sarah Going Side leather 6
Sarah Going 6 siccles 2
Sarah Going Cow 2 6
Sarah Going Cow & yearling 2 7
Sarah Going Fiddle 8
Sarah Going 2 Casks 2
Elijah Going Cask 3
Sarah Going 4 Bells 4
Sarah Going 9 Casks 9
Sarah Going Beehive 6
Job Going Lot of hoes 1
Job Going 4 Axes 12
Sarah Going Brown cow 1 1
Sarah Going Bay horse 15 1
Andrew Walker Sorrel mare 10 10
Sarah Going Brown horse 6 1
Sarah Going Sorrel horse 15 1
Sarah Going Bay mare 7 3
Sarah Going Bay colt 8 3
Elijah Going Bay mare & colt 9 10
Sarah Going Bay horse 15 15
Job Going Slave named Dinah
& child 60
Sarah Going Slave named Jean 31 10
Sarah Going Negroe, Mary 31 5
Sarah Going Negroe, Jim 46 10
Sarah Going Negroe, Daphne 60
Isaac Going Slave named Joe 22 10
Elijah Going Slave named Will 53 10
Sarah Going Slave named Jean 10 15
William Fiary ——- —— 1 5
Sarah Going Slave, Gustine 7 3
Clayton Rogers Stoker 7
Elijah Going ——- 5
Elijah Going Still 13
Robert Elliot ——- 7
Sarah Going Cow & calf 8
Sarah Going Cow & yearling 5
Sarah Going Cow & yearling 5
Isaac Going Cow & yearling 8
Sarah Going Steer 6
Sarah Going Heifer 1
William Fiary Cow 3
Job Going Heifer 4
Isaac Going Heifer 4
Job Going Pot
Sarah Going Large pot
Clayton Rogers Dutch oven
Sarah Going Pot
Sarah Going Dutch oven
Sarah Going 2 Skillets
Sarah Going Washing tub & 3 pots
Sarah Going Big wheel
Sarah Going Woman’s saddle 1
Sarah Going Sieve
Sarah Going Sieve
Sarah Going Loom, wheel & spools
Sarah Going Churn
William Brown Shovel plow
Robert Elliot Lot of tools
Clayton Rogers Box of old iron
Sarah Going Steelyards
Sarah Going Smoothing irons
Sarah Going Irons
Sarah Going 3 pair Cards
William Fiary 7 white Plates
& pewter coffeepot
Andrew Walker 2 Basins, 2 pewter plates
Sarah Going Sugar box
Elijah Going Slate
Robert Elliot Slate
Job Going Slate
Clayton Rogers Books
Sarah Going Pewter 8 1
Sarah Going Books & 8 tablets 17
Sarah Going Trunk 19
Sarah Going Looking glass, 4 trunks 1 2″

“Sarah Goyen,” the owner of four slaves, was enumerated as the head of a household in the federal census taken September 14, 1810 in Chester County, page 255:

“Goyen, Sarah white female over 45
white female 16-26
white female 16-26
white male 10-16
white male 0-10”

Sarah “Sallie” Baxter Going wrote her will November 4, 1814:

“State of South Carolina }
Chester District }

I, Sarah Going of said state and district aforesaid, being in a low state of helth, but sound in mind and memory make this, my last will and testament.”

I give to my daughter Mary Going one feather bed and furniture, one cow named Harty and heifer, and I give to my daughter Rebekah Going one feather bed and furni-ture which my above daughters Mary and Rebekah claim, and I give to my daughter Rebekah one cow named Liby and I give to my son Thomas B. Going the tract of land or plantation where I, Sarah Going now live containing One hundred and seven acres in the state and district aforesaid, and it is my will and desire that my daughters Mary and Rebekah should live with my son Thomas on the said plantation while [they] remain unmarid, and I give to my daughter Rebekah one woman Saddle and pine table, one big wheel, and I give to my son Thomas Going one walnut table and one feather bed and furniture, one cow named Whiteface and dun cow I give to my daughter Mary.

All the rest of my property, my will is, to be sold and pay all my just debts except one large trunk I give to my daughter Rebekah, and after paying my just debts to be equally divided amongst my children.

And I do make my son Thomas B. Going sole Executor of my Estate as witness my hand and seal in the year of our Lord one Thousand eight hundred and fourteen, November 4 Day 1814.

Witnesses: Sarah [X] Going
Thomas Weir
Isaac Going
Sarah Tindall”

Sarah “Sallie” Baxter Going died in Union County April 22, 1820, at age 69, according to the research of Linda Sue Betts Essary, a descendant of Floyd, New Mexico. Her will was probated in the June 1820 court session, according to Chester County Deed Book H, page 9.

Children born to them include:

Martha Going born about 1768
Elijah Going born in 1770
Job Isaac Going born September 5, 1772
John Going born January 10, 1774
Isaac Going born April 28, 1775
James Going born in 1777
Mary “Polly” Going born in 1779
Elizabeth Going born about 1781
Rebecca Going born about 1782
Thomas Baxter Going born in 1784
Sarah Baxter Going born April 3, 1786

Linda Sue Betts Essary discovered another possible child of Drury Going in “South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research,” Volume 10. The item read, “Marion District, SC, Minutes Book of the Ordinary, 1806, Oct. 25, ‘Letters of Guardianship granted to Ann Adams, guardian for Selander Strother, supposed daughter of Drura Gowings, a minor aged about 14 years, late of Peedee.’”

Martha Going, daughter of Drury Going and Sarah “Sallie” Baxter Going, was born about 1768, probably in Chester County, according to Mary Virginia Rogers Boyles, a de-scendant of El Paso, Texas. She was married about 1790 to Larkin Asa Tindall, according to “Gateway to Texas” by Carolyn Ericson. “Essa Tindall” appeared as the head of a household in the 1790 census of Chester County. The Tindalls moved to Warren County, Georgia in the eastern part of the state where members of the Going family lived.

Moses Going and “Agness, his wife” of Louisa County, Virginia sold their land June 9, 1777 and later turned up in Warren County, Georgia.
When Warren County, Georgia was created, primarily with land from Wilkes County in 1793, “William Going, Moses Going and Jesse Going” were listed as taxpayers on the county’s first tax rolls in 1793 and 1794. Moses Going deeded 100 acres in Warren County to Warren Andrews July 21, 1793 which was “part of 780 acres originally granted to Ignatius Few in 1791,” according to Warren County Deed Book A, page 606. He received a Revolutionary land grant in Warren County in 1799. On October 16, 1800 he sold land “lying partly in Wilkes County and partly in Warren County on the Ogeechee River,” according to Warren County Deed Book B, page 14.

Moses Going and his wife Agnes Going gave a deed to James Cozart of Franklin County, Georgia to 648 acres of land May 29, 1795, according to Franklin County Deed Book M, page 132. Consideration was 100 pounds sterling.

They gave a deed to William Stith, Jr. October 7, 1795 to 465 acres, “being the western portion of 750 acres granted in 1791 to Ignatius Few,” according to Warren County Deed Book A, page 365. They gave a deed March 28, 1797 to Samuel Howell to 100 acres on Long Creek which had been granted in 1784 to Edmond Nugent, according to Warren County Deed Book A, page 538.

Moses Going and Agnes Going gave a deed to Prior Gardner June 23, 1797 to 92 acres on Long Creek, according to Warren County Deed Book 6, page 13. Moses Going “of Wilkes County” received a sheriff’s deed to land sold as property of William Sanders March 7, 1799, according to Warren County Deed Book A, page 632. Moses Going received a land grant in Warren County of 60 acres in 1799.

The name of William Going who was the progenitor of a large family began to appear as “William Goyne” in the records of Warren County. His descendants who spread across the south to Texas generally adopted the latter spelling.

“Asa Tindall” received a deed from Sarah Hill, “both of Warren County, Georgia” February 7, 1799 to “30 acres where the grantor lives,” according to Warren County Deed Book B, page 74. Witnesses were John Hill and Stephen Lawrence.

Larkin Asa Tindall and his family returned to South Carolina after a short time in Georgia. He was enumerated in the 1810 census of Chester County, September 14, 1810 as the owner of five slaves and the head of a household, page 255:

“Tindal, Asa white male 26-45
white female 26-45
white male 30-40
white male 16-26
white male 16-26
white female 10-16
white male 10-16
white female 10-16
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
white male 0-10”

“Martha Tindall” was a witness to the will of her mother written November 4, 1814.

Later the Tindalls removed to Limestone County, Alabama, according to Cynthia Holsomback McMullen, a descendant of Huntington, Texas. Larkin Asa Tindall died there December 10, 1841, according to Limestone County Will Book 5. Martha Going Tindall died there in 1842, according to the research of Fredrick W. Tucker, a descendant of Duncan, South Carolina.

Children born to them include:

Larkin Tindall born about 1791
John Tindall born about 1792
William Tindall born about 1794
Sarah Tindall born March 4, 1797
James G. Tindall born about 1800
Robert J. Tindall born May 8, 1802
Lucinda Tindall born November 22, 1803
Rutha Tindall born in 1806

Larkin Tindall, son of Larkin Asa Tindall and Martha Going Tindall, was born about 1791. Of this individual nothing more is known.

John Tindall, son of Larkin Asa Tindall and Martha Going Tindall, was born about 1792. Of this individual nothing more is known.

William Tindall, son of Larkin Asa Tindall and Martha Going Tindall, was born about 1794, probably in Union County. He was married about 1816, wife’s name Susanna L. They contin-ued in South Carolina in 1819. In 1836 they lived in Limestone County, Alabama. William Tindall died about 1848 in Nacogdoches County, Texas. Susanna L. Tindall died in Cherokee County, Texas about 1861.

Children born to them include:

Margaret C. Tindall born about 1819

Margaret C. Tindall, daughter of William Tindall and Susanna L. Tindall, was born in South Carolina about 1819. She was married to Azmond Rucker Easter February 17, 1836 in Lime-stone County, according to Linda Sue Betts Essary. He died about 1853, and she died in the spring of 1859 in Cherokee County, Texas.

Children born to them include:

Sackville E. Easter born November 2, 1850

Sackville E. Easter, son of Azmond Rucker Easter and Margaret C. Tindall Easter, was born November 2, 1850 in Cherokee County. He was married December 5, 1878 to Nancy Elizabeth Dunaway who was born June 26, 1858 in Texas to Clemmie Dunaway and Eliza Ann Cross Dunaway. In 1880 they lived in Johnson County, Texas. He died June 18, 1928 at Hollis, Ok-lahoma, and she died June 23, 1941 at Elmore, Oklahoma.

Children born to Sackville E. Easter and Nancy Elizabeth Dunaway Easter include:

John Cooper Easter born March 25, 1880

John Cooper Easter, son of Sackville E. Easter and Nancy Eliz-abeth Dunaway Easter, was born March 25, 1880 in Johnson County. He was married December 18, 1898 to Mollie Kate Killman who was born December 17, 1880 in Tarrant County, Texas to Henry Dizer Killman and Tena Elizabeth Bandy Kill-man. In 1907 they lived at Duke, Oklahoma. She died May 17, 1953 at Portales, New Mexico, and he died there December 1, 1961.

Children born to John Cooper Easter and Mollie Kate Killman Easter include:

Mamie Lou Easter born September 11, 1907

Mamie Lou Easter, daughter of John Cooper Easter and Mollie Kate Killman Ester, was born September 11, 1907. She was married August 24, 1923 to James Arthur Betts, son of James Isaac Betts and Lorena Ivy Betts. He was born January 3, 1886 in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. He died January 30, 1969 in Portales, and she died there April 10, 1980.

Children born to them include:

Linda Sue Betts born February 14, 1946

Linda Sue Betts, daughter of James Arthur Betts and Mamie Lou Easter Betts, was born February 14, 1946 at Portales. In 1991, she, a teacher, lived at Floyd, New Mexico.

Sarah Tindall, daughter of Larkin Asa Tindall and Martha Going Tindall, was born March 4, 1797 in Warren County, Georgia, according to Cynthia Holsomback McMullen. She was married about 1816 in Chester County, South Carolina to William P. Gaston who was born about 1797 to William Gaston and Ann Porter Gaston. He died there about 1822, and she was remarried about 1826 to Charles Cunningham who was born April 9, 1794. He died September 28, 1862. She died September 2, 1879 at age 82 and was buried in Cunningham Cemetery in Limestone County, Alabama.

Children born to William Porter Gaston and Sarah Tindall Gaston include:

Trusvan Cheives Gaston born about 1818
Asa Harper Gaston born about 1819
Martha Caroline Gaston born August 4, 1822

Children born to Charles Cunningham and Sarah Tindall Gaston Cunningham include:

Sarah Ann Cunningham born June 15, 1828
Margaret Isabel Cunningham born in 1830
Elizabeth C. Cunningham born about 1832
Charles Cunningham born March 17, 1835

Trusvan Cheives Gaston, son of William Porter Gaston and Sarah Tindall Gaston, was born about 1818 in Chester County. He was married about 1840 to Katherine Tindall Johnson who was born November 23, 1822 in North Carolina. He died in Limestone County, Alabama July 20, 1888. She died there August 10, 1892, according to Yvette Alanne Disbrow Wilson, a descendant of Ocala, Florida.

Children born to Trusvan Cheives Gaston and Katherine Tindall Johnson Gaston include:
William Harper Gaston born June 13, 1853

William Harper Gaston, son of Trusvan Cheives Gaston and Katherine Tindall Johnson Gaston, was born June 13, 1853 at Gilbertsboro, Alabama. He was married February 18, 1885 at Athens, Alabama to Virginia Dickson who was born August 11, 1850 to Col. Robert Dickson and Rowena A. Paine Dickson. She died June 3, 1892 in Limestone County, and he died there March 22, 1921.

Children born to them include:

Langdon Lee Gaston born April 2, 1891

Langdon Lee Gaston, son of William Harper Gaston and Vir-ginia Dickson Gaston, was born April 2, 1891 in Limestone County. He was married August 18, 1912 at Athens to Willie Wise who was born June 14, 1892. He died at Apopka, Florida July 16, 1961, and she died there September 18, 1966.

Children born to Langdon Lee Gaston and Willie Wise Gaston include:

Ruby Lee Gaston born April 21, 1915

Ruby Lee Gaston, daughter of Langdon Lee Gaston and Willie Wise Gaston, was born April 21, 1915 in Limeston County. She was married December 15, 1938 to George Henry Disbrow who was born November 13, 1907 in LaPorte, Indiana to Lewis Henry Disbrow and Ida May McNees Disbrow. George Henry Disbrow died January 21, 1981 at Eustis Lake, Florida.

Children born to them include:

George Allen Disbrow born October 31, 1939

George Allen Disbrow, son of George Henry Disbrow and Ruby Lee Gaston Disbrow, was born October 31, 1939 at Apopka. He was married December 14, 1958 at Newport, Rhode Island to Barbara Ann Sparks who was born May 22, 1937 in Cocke County, Tennessee to George Herbert Sparks and Essie Belle Ramsey Sparks.

Children born to them include:

Yvette Alanne Disbrow born July 30, 1963

Yvette Alanne Disbrow, daughter of George Allen Disbrow and Barbara Anne Sparks Disbrow, was born July 30, 1963 at Orlando, Florida. She was married October 3, 1987 to David Irving Wilson at Tavares, Florida. In 1996 they lived in Ocala where she, a member of the Foundation was active in the re-search of her Going family.

Martha Caroline Gaston, daughter of William P. Gaston and Sarah Tindall Gaston, was born August 4, 1822 in Chester County. She was married May 28, 1839 in Limestone County to George Winston Booth, son of Charles Booth and Lucy Ann Abernathy Boothe, according to Cynthia Holsomback Mc-Mullen. He died November 24, 1850 in Paducah, Kentucky “en route to Nacogdoches, Texas.” She died in Cherokee County, Texas May 10, 1877 and was buried in Mt. Zion Cemetery near Alto, Texas.

Children born to them include:

Thomas Trusvan Booth born August 12, 1840
Sarah Elizabeth Booth born in 1841
Lucy Ann Booth born April 23, 1842
William Porter Booth born in 1843
George Winston Booth, Jr. born August 11, 1845
Catherine Adele Booth born in 1847
Mary “Mollie” Booth born in 1848
Mattie C. Booth born November 21, 1850

Thomas Trusvan Booth, son of George Winston Booth and Martha Caroline Gaston Booth, was born August 12, 1840 in Limestone County. He was married there September 20, 1860 to Ann Elisah Vinson, daughter of Allen Vinson. He died October 31, 1910 in Cherokee County and was buried in Providence Cemetery, near Jacksonville. She died January 14, 1929 in Tarrant County, Texas and was buried beside her husband.
Thomas Trusvan Booth meticulously kept a bible record of his family and a journal in which he noted other information about his family. These records were the inspiration which prompted Cynthia Holsomback McMullen to undertake a study of the family history.

Children born to Thomas Trusvan Booth and Ann Elisah Vinson Booth include:

Lucy Alice Booth born August 15, 1861
Eudora Jane Booth born November 14, 1867
George Allen Booth born April 28, 1869
Zuela Salena Booth born December 19, 1870
Jennie Roxana Booth born October 13, 1872
Eunice Elvira Booth born July 16, 1874
Thomas Trusvan Booth, Jr. born July 28, 1876
Henry LaFayette Booth born March 11, 1879
Hubbard Jehu Booth born June 23, 1880
Leona Belle Booth born September 16, 1882
Birdie May Booth born January 16, 1887

Eunice Elvira Booth, daughter of Thomas Trusvan Booth and Ann Elisah Booth, was born July 16, 1874 in Texas. She was married September 15, 1895 to James Thomas Holsomback who was born October 1, 1870 to Thomas Newton Holsomback and Eleanor Odom Holsomback. She died April 14, 1899 in Cherokee County and was buried in Providence Cemetery.

A son was born to them:

James Otis Holsomback born March 25, 1899

James Otis Holsomback, son of James Thomas Holsomback and Eunice Elvira Booth Holsomback, was born March 25, 1899 in Cherokee County. He was married February 15, 1925 to Ethel Pryor.

James G. Tindall, son of Larkin Asa Tindall and Martha Going Tindall, was born about 1800. He was married about 1827 to Patience Rainbolt. They emigrated to Texas and settled at Nacogdoches. They were buried in Old North Church Cemetery there.

Rutha Tindall, daughter of Larkin Asa Tindall and Martha Going Tindall, was born in 1806. She was married about 1825, husband’s name McKinney. They settled in Parker County, Texas where her family was killed by Indians. She returned to Nacogdoches to live with her brother, James Tindall and his family.

Cynthia Holsomback McMullen on October 21, 1992 wrote, ” I have visited Old North Church Cemetery in Nacogdoches, and “Rutha McKinney, 1806-1865″ is buried next to James Tindall and Patience Rainbolt Tindall.”

Elijah Going, son of Drury Going and Sarah “Sallie” Baxter Going, was born in 1770 in Chester County. He was married to the “widow Docea” [believed to be Mary Docea] about 1793. Fredrick W. Tucker shows here name as Doshea Bland. Elijah Going was named co-administrator of the estate of his father July 26, 1796, along with his mother. He was a witness to the will of Aaron Lockert which was produced in Chester County Court January 30, 1799.

“Elijah Goin,” owner of three slaves, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Chester County, page 94:

“Goin, Elijah white male 26-45
white female 16-26
white male 16-26
white female 0-10”

Elijah Going filed his accounting on the estate of his father with Chester County Court: “Paid to Jobe Going July 17th day, 1802, 72:2; Paid to Asa Tindall July 17th day, 1802, 72:2; Paid to Isaac Going July 17th day, 1802, 72:2; Paid to James Going July 17th day, 1802, 72:2.

By me, Elijah Going this 19th day April 1803.Returned on oath by Elijah Going 19th day April 1803

J[oseph] A. Brown, Ordinary”

Elijah Going filed a receipt with the Chester County Court showing payments to Mary Going, “September 20th day 1805, paid to Mary Going Seventy-five Dollars; April 9th day, 1806 paid to Mary Going Two hundred and sixty-five dollars; paid to Mary Going February 16th day 1807 Twenty-nine dollars by me.
Elijah Going To[tal] $369”

It is believed that Elijah Going died about 1808. “Isaac Going, Administrator of the Estate of Elijah Going” received a receipt for a three dollar payment from James Anderson, January 11, 1809, according to Chester County probate records. Two children, names unknown, were born to Elijah Going and Doshea Bland Going, according to Fredrick W. Tucker.

Job Isaac Going, son of Drury Going and Sarah “Sallie” Baxter Going, was born September 5, 1772 at Flat Rock, South Carolina. Although the community of Flat Rock can no longer be located, it is believed to have been in Chester County. He was married there about 1805 to Rebecca Lockert who was born April 19, 1776 to Col. Aaron Lockert and Sarah Miles Lockert.

Job Isaac Going owned 100 acres which lay between the property of Isaac Going and Aaron Lockert, according to Chester County Deed Book M, page 199.

An entry dated January 30, 1799 in the Chester County Order Book 1795-1799, page 409 read, “The Last Will & Testament of Aaron Lockert Decd. was produced in open court and proved by the oaths of Joseph Brown, Charles Gilmore and Elijah Going, witnesses thereto, and ordered to be recorded, and at the same time came John Lockert, an executor nominated in the said will and took the oath of executor, according to law.”Isaac Goin” was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Chester County page 90:

“Goin, Isaac white male 16-26
white female 16-26
white female over 45
white male 16-26
white female 10-16
white female 10-16
white male 0-10”

The “white female over 45” in the above enumeration is be-lieved to be his mother.

Col. Walter F. Going, Jr, Foundation member of Columbia, South Carolina, wrote February 23, 1996:
“I have in my possession the original certificate of the Grand Lodge of Charleston, SC [Royal Arch excellent Lodge of Masonry] declaring “Bro. Isaac Going Master of the Chair of the Lodge in Union, SC. This certificate is dated November 6, 1813 and states that the time of the admission of Isaac Going to the Lodge was March 10, 1800. This seems to establish that this Isaac Going was at least 21 years old and lived in Union County in 1800.”
“Isaac Going” was a witness to the will of his mother in Chester County November 4, 1814, according to Chester County Deed Book H, page 9.

They removed to Tuscaloosa County, Alabama in 1823. “Job Gowing” received a land grant there in that year. The land grant was recorded in “Tuscaloosa Land Office Register,” ac-cording to “Old Tuskaloosa Land Office Records & Military Warrants, 1821-1855,” page 18, by Marilyn Davis Barefield. “Joe Gowing” joined David Reid on February 22, 1823 in the purchase of land in Section 9, Township 21, Range 10 W in Tuscaloosa County.

He was listed as the head of a household there in 1830, ac-cording to “Alabama, An Index to the 1830 Census.” by Gandrud. The household of Job Isaac Going appeared on Page 330 as:

“Going, Job white male 50-60
white female 40-50
white male 20-30
white female 15-20
white female 15-20
white male 10-15
white male 10-15
Twelve Slaves”

Also enumerated in Tuscaloosa County was “Thomas Goings,” unidentified. His farm was located on the site of present-day Northport, Alabama, according to the research of Col. Carroll Heard Goyne. “Thomas Goings, white male, 40-50,” was recorded on Page 328, living alone.

Job Isaac Going died April 23, 1834, according to “Pioneers of Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Prior to 1830.” He was buried in Robertson Chapel Cemetery which in 1995 no longer existed. Col. Goyne located the cemetery in the southwest quarter of Section 12, Township 21S, Range 10W, presently on the golf course of a country club. Only one of the older graves [those marked with reddish-brown fieldstones] has a name to identify it: “Mary T. Cook, born June 14, 1805, daughter of R. Cook & S. Cook, dec’d. May 24, 1826.”

Rebecca Lockert Going petitioned the county court May 10, 1834 for letters testamentary on the administration of the estate of Job Isaac Going. William H. Terrell, Robert Walker, James Cardwell, William Findley and William Robertson were appoint appraisers of the estate by the court. Robert Cook, her brother-in-law was appointed co-administrator by the court. The estate was settled June 11, 1836.

Afterward, Rebecca Lockert Going removed to Pickens County, Alabama in the extreme western part of the state, apparently accompanying other members of the Going family. “Rebecca Gowing” received land in Section 5, Township 22, Range 15 West in Pickens County, Alabama October 6, 1834. The land grant was recorded in “Tuscaloosa Land Office Register,” according to “Old Tuskaloosa Land Office Records & Military Warrants, 1821-1855.”

“Pioneers of Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Prior to 1830” states that his Rebecca Lockert Going was remarried to John Lang March 15, 1826. According to Tuscaloosa County Or-phans Court Book 1, page 84, the heirs of Job Isaac Going were identified as “Rebecca Goyne Lang and John Lang, Polly Mc-Clure of Indiana, wife of Joseph McClure, Martha A. Going, Jane Evelyn Going, Eli Going and Alfred Going.”

“Rebecca Goyne” received 1/5 of the estate valued at $9,740.475, and the remainder was divided among the five children. Each child received $1,100.365 in cash and property for his share. Joseph McClure and Polly McClure, living in a non-slavery state, received cash in lieu of slaves.

Apparently the second marriage for Rebecca Lockert Going failed or John Lang also died. She resumed using the name “Going.”

Rebecca Lockert Going was recorded as a charter member of Oak Grove Presbyterian Church of Franconia, Alabama on May 20, 1837. Her land lay immediately north of the church site. Later this church became the First Presbyterian Church of Aliceville, Alabama, according to “Early Churches of Al-abama.” All of the 32 charter members of the congregation came from Kershaw, Union and Chester Districts of South Carolina.

Rebecca Lockert Going reappeared on the roster of the Oak Grove Presbyterian Church in April 1843. She appeared as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Pickens County, Household 1538:
“Going, Rebecca 73, born in South Carolina
Martha A. 40, born in South Carolina”

Rebecca Lockert Going died May 2, 1855 at the age of 79. She was buried in Franconia Cemetery in Pickens County.

Seven children were born to Job Isaac Going and Rebecca Lockert Going. Additionally, they reared Drennan Love, son of Capt. James Love. Their children included:

Mary “Polly” Going born about 1809
Martha A. Going born January 25, 1811
Jane E. Going born July 29, 1813
Eli Thomas Going born June 29, 1816
Alfred Elijah Going born March 4, 1819
Rebecca Going born about 1822

Mary “Polly” Going, daughter of Job Isaac Going and Rebecca Lockert Going, was born about 1809 at Flat Rock. She was brought to Tuscaloosa County, Alabama in 1823. She was married about 1830 to Joseph McClure. When her father died in 1834, they received $1,100.365 in cash. Since at that time they lived in Indiana, a “free” state, they were unable to inherit any of her father’s slaves.

Martha A. Going, daughter of Job Isaac Going and Rebecca Lockert Going, was born January 25, 1811 at Flat Rock, in Chester County. She was brought by her parents to Tuscaloosa County in 1823 She was mentioned as an heir when her father’s estate was administered in 1834. She was received into Oak Grove Presbyterian Church October 1, 1838, according to the church records. She also appeared on the church roster in April 1843.

She was recorded in the 1850 census at age 40, living in the household of her mother. She was married to Elder Archibald Hood May 4, 1854, according to the church records. He was born April 3, 1797, and she was his third wife. He was the tenth child of William Hood and Jane Wiggins Hood and had married first, about 1780, Annie Somerville, daughter of James Somerville and Elizabeth Fletcher Somerville. He remarried about 1831 to Mary Miller, daughter of Eli Miller and Ellen Knox Miller. He died March 25, 1871, and Martha A. Going Hood died September 30, 1873. They were buried in Franconia Cemetery.

Jane E. Going, daughter of Job Isaac Going and Rebecca Lockert Going, was born July 29, 1813, probably in Chester County. She was brought to Tuscaloosa County in 1823. She was mentioned as an heir in the settlement of the estate of her father. She was married about 1837 to Benjamin J. Hughes who was born December 4, 1804. Benjamin J. Hughes died May 4, 1878, and Jane E. Going Hughes died March 26, 1880. Both were buried in Franconia Cemetery in the Going section. They had seven or eight children, according to a letter written August 11, 1947 by Walter S. Going of Birmingham, Alabama.

Known children are:

Ben Jolly Hughes born about 1840
Rufus L. Hughes baptized April 10, 1842
Martha C. Hughes baptized April 23, 1844
Ann Foster Hughes baptized April 2, 1847
Mary T. Hughes born March 5, 1849

Evelyn Somerville, identified as a granddaughter of Benjamin J. Hughes and Jane E. Going Hughes, was born in 1885. Her obituary reveals much about the Going family:

“Evelyn Somerville, 73, died May 19, near Aliceville, Alabama at ‘Ingleside,’ home of her grandparents, Benjamin J. and Jane Going Hughes, in which pillared house she was born. Graduate of the University of Alabama, where she was a Phi Beta Kappa in 1906, she received a M.A. degree at Drexel Institute in New York City. For a generation she followed her beloved library work at Troy College and at Livingston State Teachers College. She was also a librarian at Tuscaloosa, Fayette and Birmingham, Alabama and at Columbus, Ohio.

Prominent in state and local patriotic societies, she was also a leader in Presbyterian “Women of the Church” at all levels. Her only survivor is a nephew, James S. Somerville with family, except for numerous cousins. Her Revolutionary ancestors appeared in the 1790 census of Chester County, South Carolina at Lockert Shoals of the east bank of Broad River. Living there in adjoining households were Capt. James Love III [1763-1807], Drury Going and Col. Aaron Lockert who changed the spelling of his name [Lockhart] since his parents and brothers in Pennsylvania were all Tories.

Capt. James Love and his brother, William Love were married to daughters of Col. Lockert, as did Drury Go-ing who reared the captain’s orphan son, Drennan Love as a foster brother to his daughter, Jane E. Going Hughes. Drennan Love in 1827 was married to Betsy Cook, granddaughter of Drury Going. Twelve children, nine sons and three daughters, were born to the couple. Moreover, John Lockert was guardian of nephews, the captain’s sons Aaron Love, John Love and David Love, hence the close connection of these pioneer families for over 100 years, notably in the area they helped to develop along the Alabama-Mississippi state line. There they prospered as cotton planters with ante-bellum mansions and where Evelyn Somerville is buried in Franconia churchyard in Pickins County, Alabama.”

Eli Thomas Going, son of Job Isaac Going and Rebecca Lockert Going, was born at Flat Rock June 29, 1816. He was brought to Tuscaloosa County in 1823. He was mentioned in the Tuscaloosa County Orphans Court Book 1, page 84 as an heir in his father’s estate. He removed with his mother to Pick-ens County in 1835. On October 14, 1838 he was received into Oak Grove Presbyterian Church. He was baptized November 25, 1838.

On January 18, 1839 he was married to Jane M. Somerville, third child of John Somerville and Sarah Hood Somerville, who was born April 5, 1815 in South Carolina. John Somerville was one of three brothers who lived in Kershaw District. He was born in South Carolina December 11, 1780 and died in Pickens County August 14, 1857, according to Mrs. Eddie R. Reed, Aliceville, Alabama who later owned John Somerville’s bible. Sarah Hood Somerville was born in South Carolina June 30, 1785 and died in Pickens County February 25, 1867. Both were buried at Oak Grove Presbyterian Church Cemetery near Aliceville.

John Somerville was a brother to Hugh Somerville who was born in 1780. Both married daughters of William Hood of Beaver Creek Township, Kershaw County. William Hood left a will in Kershaw County signed October 5, 1827, according to the research of Leonard Andrea, Columbia, South Carolina.

In 1842 Eli Thomas Going was a deacon at Oak Grove Presbyterian Church. He and his wife were carried on the church roll in April 1843.

Eli Thomas Going and Jane M. Somerville in 1852 continued to live at Pleasant Grove. In 1868, Rev. Eli Thomas Going was shown as a visiting minister at the First Presbyterian Church at Carrollton, Alabama, some eight miles north of Aliceville. During the Civil War and for many years afterward he was a U. S. mail contractor, according to “Notable Men of Alabama” published in 1876. He appeared as a bondsman for the marriage of his son, William Samuel Going to S. E. Johnston April 19, 1887, according to Pickens County marriage records.

Eli Thomas Going died at Benevola, Alabama June 28, 1889, and Jane M. Somerville Going died September 16, 1892, ac-cording to “Records of Pickens County, Alabama,” Vol. III by Mrs. C. P. McGuire, Sr. They were buried in Franconia Cemetery.

Children born to Eli Thomas Going and Jane M. Somerville Going include:

Sarah Asenath “Sallie” Going born Dec. 7, 1839

James Alfred Going born January 8, 1842
Mary Sophia “Mollie” Going born December 31, 1843
Martha Jane Going born January 4, 1846
John S. Going born April 5, 1848
William Samuel Going born January 22, 1851
Job Going born November 29, 1852

Eli Lockert Going born February 18, 1855

Sarah Asenath “Sallie” Going, daughter of Eli Thomas Going and Jane M. Somerville Going, was born December 7, 1839 in Pickens County. She died March 21, 1863 unmarried and was buried in Franconia Cemetery.

James Alfred Going, son of Eli Thomas Going and Jane M. Somerville Going, was born January 8, 1842 in Pickens County. He was baptized April 10, 1842 at Oak Grove Presbyterian Church. He attended the University of Alabama for a short time prior to the Civil War. He enlisted in the Second Alabama Infantry Regiment and later served as the color bearer for Company D, Forty-second Alabama Infantry Regiment. He was listed as third corporal in the 42nd, according to “History of Pickens County, Alabama.”

Brig. Gen. John C. Moore, CSA, wrote a report on Corp. James Alfred Going who participated in the Battle of Corinth and the Battle of Hatchie Bridge. Gen. Moore commanded Moore’s Brigade of Maury’s Division in the Battle of Holly Springs, Mississippi October 13, 1862, according to “War Department Series,” Vol. 17. He wrote, “Subject deserves special notice. He was color bearer, and though once shot down, he gallantly bore the flag through the fight on the 4th.” After he was wounded in the Battle of Corinth he participated in the Battle of Vicksburg.

James Alfred Going was married about 1867 to Myrtis Billups, daughter of Col. Richard Billups and Eliza Humphries Billups of Pickens County. Col. Billups was born in 1796 in South Carolina, and his wife was born there in 1801.

He was remarried January 25, 1888 to Ella Gaines Parker, daughter of Socrates Parker of Livingston, Alabama in nearby Sumter County. He was later engaged in insurance, real estate and the mercantile business in Birmingham, Alabama. He died there December 29, 1911.

Children born to James Alfred Going and Myrtis Billups Going include:

William Rufus Going born about 1869
Henry S. Going born about 1871
Richard B. Going born about 1874

Children born to James Alfred Going and Ella Gaines Parker Going include:

Richard B. Going born April 20, 1872
Elizabeth Pryor Going born about 1880

Richard B. Going, son of James Alfred Going and Ella Gaines Parker Going, was born April 20, 1872. First Lt. Richard B. Going served in the First Alabama Infantry Regiment during the Spanish-American War. Later he served in the Forty-fourth U.S. Infantry Regiment. His first term of military service reached from April 21, 1898 to 1903. Then He became a career officer with the U.S. Army. In 1946 Col. Richard B. Going, retired lived in Philadelphia.

Elizabeth Pryor Going, daughter of James Alfred Going and Ella Gaines Parker Going, was born about 1880. She was mar-ried about 1900, husband’s name Boykin. About 1946 she lived at 3214 Cliff Road, Birmingham.

Children born to them include:

Rhodes Boykin born about 1905
Elinore Boykin born about 1908
Betty Boykin born about 1911

Mary Sophia “Mollie” Going, daughter of Eli Thomas Going and Jane M. Somerville Going, was born December 31, 1843 in Pickens County. She was baptized July 11, 1844 at Oak Grove Presbyterian Church, according to church records. She was married about 1870 to G. W. Hughes. Mary Sophia “Mollie” Going Hughes died September 28, 1872. G. W. Hughes, who was born July 30, 1842, died November 11, 1915. Both were buried in Franconia Cemetery.

Children born to them include:

Mary Going Hughes born September 19, 1875

Mary Going Hughes, daughter of G. W. Hughes and Mary Sophia “Mollie” Going Hughes, was September 19, 1875. She was married about 1896, husband’s name Morrow. In 1946 she lived at Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

Children born to them include:

Thomas A. Morrow born about 1898
Mary Morrow born about 1900
James Morrow born about 1903

Martha Jane Going, daughter of Eli Thomas Going and Jane M. Somerville Going, was born in Pickens County January 4, 1846. She died at age two November 7, 1848 and was buried in Franconia Cemetery.

John S. Going, son of Eli Thomas Going and Jane Somerville Going, was born in Pickens County April 5, 1848. He appeared on the roster of the Oak Grove Presbyterian Church between 1863 and 1873. He was married about 1871 to Nannie Wilson. He was a bondsman for the marriage of his brother, William Samuel Going to E. S. Johnston April 9, 1887, according to Pickens County marriage records. He died in Birmingham in September 1922.

Children born to John S. Going and Nannie Wilson Going include:
Howard Wilson Going born November 14, 1884
Evelyn Going born June 6, 1889
Augusta Going born about 1895

Howard Wilson Going, son of John S. Going and Nannie Wil-son Going, was born November 14, 1884. He was married about 1907, wife’s name Rose. In 1946 they lived in Oak Park, Illinois.
Children born to Howard Wilson Going and Rose Going in-clude:
Paul Going born about 1910
Mariam Going born about 1915

Augusta Going, daughter of John S. Going and Nannie Wilson Going, was born about 1895. She was married about 1918 to Paul Sherman.

Children born to them include:

Jane Sherman born about 1921

Evelyn Going, daughter of John S. Going and Nannie Wilson Going, was born June 6, 1889. She was married about 1910, husband’s name Webster. In 1946 she lived in Hamilton, On-tario.

William Samuel Going, son of Eli Thomas Going and Jane Somerville Going, was born in Pickens County January 22, 1851. “W. S. Going” was married to Elizabeth S. Johnston April 9, 1887. Signing the marriage bond was John S. Going, Alfred Elijah Going and Eli Lockert Going, his brothers. He was an early-day member of the First Presbyterian Church of Birmingham, according to “Some Early Alabama Churches.” He died in Birmingham.

Children born to William Samuel Going and Elizabeth S. Johnston Going include:

Clarence Johnston Going born January 25, 1888

Clarence Johnston Going, son of William Samuel Going and Elizabeth S. Johnston Going, was born in Birmingham January 25, 1888. He was married about 1912 to Louise Thornbury. He continued there in 1946 at 1117 S. 10th Street.

Children born to Clarence Johnston Going and Louise Thorn-bury Going include:

William Going born about 1914
Alan Going born about 1917

Job Going, son of Eli Thomas Going and Jane M. Somerville Going, was born at Pleasant Grove November 29, 1852. A biographical sketch of him is included in “Notable Men of Alabama” by Dubose. According to the sketch, he was a name-sake of his grandfather, Job Isaac Going. He appeared on the roster of Oak Grove Presbyterian Church from 1863 to 1873.

On December 9, 1880, Job Going was married to Maude Slaughter, daughter of Samuel Slaughter and Mary Slaughter of Petersburg, Tennessee. In 1882 he went to work for Drennan & Company, a mercantile firm in Birmingham.

In 1890, Job Going removed to Pratt City, Alabama, later ex-tinct, where he became a merchant and an elder in the Presbyte-rian church. Maude Slaughter Going died January 26, 1920, and he died in Birmingham December 2, 1927.

His obituary was published in a Birmingham newspaper:

“Job Going, 75, pioneer citizen of Birmingham, died at his residence, 1125 Louise Street, South at 7:30 a.m. Friday. He was ill two weeks, following a breakdown.

Surviving are four sons: Walter and Hugh Going of Birmingham; Raymond and Herbert of California; one brother, W. S. Going and several nephews. His wife, Maude Slaughter Going died January 26, 1920.”

Job Going was born at Pleasant Grove, Pickens County, Alabama, November 30, 1852. He came to Birmingham in 1883 and had lived here since. For years he engaged in the merchandising business in Pratt City, making many friends.

He manifested an interest in the affairs of this section and was elected to the Jefferson County Board of Rev-enue in 1904 and was reelect for a second term, being chosen president of the board. He was an ardent worker in the position, and many developments started at that time throughout the county are to be credited to his vi-sion. At the time of his death, he was engaged with his sons in the road machinery business, being president of Going Road Machinery Company, Inc.

Mr. Going was an elder of the Second Presbyterian Church of Birmingham, a member of the Knights of Pythias and Woodmen of the World. The funeral will be conducted at 11 a.m. Saturday at the Second Presby-terian Church, 12th Street at 10th Avenue, South, with burial in Oak Hill Cemetery. Active pallbearers will be Henry S. Going, Clarence J. Going, Rhodes Boykin, nephews; Gardner Sommerville, W. G. Spence, James D. Duncan, R. B. Coleman, Dr. John Douglass and Charles Morgan. Honorary pallbearers are the elders and deacons of the Second Presbyterian Church and members of the Pratt City Knights of Pythias Lodge.”

Children born to Job Going and Maude Slaughter Going in-clude:

Herbert Watson Going born October 8, 1882
Walter Somerville Going born December 2, 1884
Raymond Eli Going born August 8, 1889
Hugh Campbell Going born Sept. 15, 1892

Herbert Watson Going, son of Job Going and Maude Slaughter Going, was born about 1882, probably in Birmingham. He was a partner with his father in Pratt City in a mercantile business. He was married to Ruth Danahoe September 10, 1915. In 1917 they lived in Calexico, California.
Children born to Herbert Watson Going and Ruth Danahoe
Going include:

Betty Edmunds Going born in 1917

Walter Somerville Going, son of Job Going and Maude Slaughter Going, was born December 2 1884, probably in Birmingham. He attended Auburn College. He was married January 1, 1919 to Helen Margaret Newhall.

Children born to Walter Somerville Going and Helen Margaret Newhall include:

Walter Sommerville Going, Jr. born October 1, 1919
Grace Margaret Going born November 16, 1923

Raymond Eli Going, son of Job Going and Maude Slaughter Going, was born August 8, 1889, probably in Birmingham. He was married about 1926 to Jessie Woodward Jones. He died September 18, 1929. No children were born to Raymond Eli Going and Jessie Woodward Jones Going.
Hugh Campbell Going, son of Job Going and Maude Slaughter Going, was born September 15, 1892, probably in Birmingham. He was married July 2, 1921 to Alice B. Wheeler. He died December 23, 1929 in Birmingham.

Children born to Hugh Campbell Going and Alice B. Wheeler Going include:

Hugh Campbell Going, Jr. born October 16, 1925

Eli Lockert Going, son of Eli Thomas Going and Jane M. Somerville Going, was born February 10, 1855 in Pickens County. He was a bondsman for the marriage of his brother, William Samuel Going April 9, 1887, according to Pickens County marriage records. He died January 31, 1922.

Alfred Elijah Going, son of Job Isaac Going and Rebecca Lockert Going, was born March 4, 1819 in Chester District, South Carolina. He was brought to Tuscaloosa County, Al-abama in 1823. He was mentioned as an heir in the estate of his father which was administered in 1834. His family removed to Pickens County, Alabama in 1835.

He was married to Miss Marion A. Wigginton September 5, 1841 at Princeton, Kentucky, according to Caldwell County Marriage Book 2, as abstracted in “First Caldwell County, Kentucky Marriage Books.” Marriage Record Books 1-21 were transcribed by E. Arwana Kyle for the volume. Marion A. Wigginton Going was born May 25, 1818.

“Marion S. Going” appeared on the roll of Oak Grove Pres-byterian Church in Pickins County in 1843. He appeared on the membership roster of Oak Grove Presbyterian Church be-tween 1853 and 1860.
On December 16, 1854 Alfred Elijah Going received land in Section 13, Township 22, Range 14W in Pickens County. The land grant was recorded in “Tuscaloosa Land Office Reg-ister,” according to “Old Tuskaloosa Land Office Records & Military Warrants, 1821-1855” by Marilyn Davis Barefield.

He became totally blind by 1857, according to a letter written February 3, 1857 by his uncle, Isaac Going of Union District.
Marion A. Wigginton Going died July 6, 1881 and was buried in Franconia Cemetery, Franconia, Alabama. Alfred Elijah Going joined his brothers Eli Lockert Going and John S. Going as bondsmen on a marriage application of W. S. Going and Elizabeth S. Johnston April 9, 1887. He died February 27, 1896 and was buried beside his wife.

Children born to Alfred Elijah Going and Marion A. Wigginton Going include:

Rebecca Jane Going born in 1842
Mary Bell Going born August 29, 1844
Susan Augusta Going born in 1847
John Job Going born December 25, 1848
Thomas Henry Going born January 9, 1851
Emily Augusta Going born in 1855
Martha Josephine Going born July 29, 1859

Rebecca Jane Going, daughter of Alfred Elijah Going and Marion A. Wigginton Going, was born in 1842. She was bap-tized October 25, 1842, according to the records of Oak Grove Presbyterian Church. She was married about 1866 to J. W. Bridges.

Mary Bell Going, daughter of Alfred Elijah Going and Marion A. Wigginton Going, was born August 29, 1844 in Pickens County. She was admitted to the Oak Grove Presbyterian Church about 1863. On December 26, 1871, she was married to E. G. Mobley who was born January 8, 1836. E. G. Mobley, who died September 28, 1896, and she was remarried about 1900, husband’s name Freeman. She died January 1, 1916 and was buried in Bethany Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Pick-ens County, located five miles east of Aliceville, Alabama, ac-cording to “Mississippi Cemetery and Bible Records,” Vol. 5.

Susan Augusta Going, daughter of Alfred Elijah Going and Marion A. Wigginton Going, was born September 23, 1846 and was baptized as an infant April 1, 1847 at Oak Grove Presbyte-rian Church. She died October 18, 1851 at age five and was buried in Franconia Cemetery.
John Job Going, son of Alfred Elijah Going and Marion A. Wigginton Going, was born December 25, 1848. He died at age three February 24, 1852 and was buried in Franconia Cemetery.

Thomas Henry Going, son of Alfred Elijah Going and Marion A. Wigginton Going, was born January 9, 1851 in Pickens County. He died at age 16 March 22, 1867 and was buried in Franconia Cemetery.

Emily Augusta Going, daughter of Alfred Elijah Going and Marion A. Wigginton Going, was born in 1855 in Pickens County. She was married about 1875 to Edward E. Rose who was born in 1855 in Greene County, Alabama. They removed to Fayette, Alabama before 1880. He later served as mayor of Fayette. She died there in 1943, and he died there in August 1953.

Children born to them include:

James Edward Rose born about 1877
Thomas Alfred Rose born about 1880
William Rose born in 1890
Ernestine Rose born about 1894

Martha Josephine Going, daughter of Alfred Elijah Going and Marion A. Wigginton Going, was born July 29, 1859 in Pickens County. “Josephine Going” was baptized in 1860, according to the records of Oak Grove Presbyterian Church. She was married May 12, 1886 at age 26 to James K. Martin. Martha Josephine Going Martin died July 22, 1900 and was buried in Franconia Cemetery.

Mrs. W. S. Morrow, a descendant of Alfred Elijah Going and her husband were the only members of First Presbyterian Church of Aliceville 100 years after the founding of Oak Grove

Presbyterian Church who were descendants of the charter members of the church.

Rebecca Going, daughter of Job Isaac Going and Rebecca Lockert Going, was born about 1822, probably in Chester County. It is believed that she died before 1834 because she was not mentioned as an heir in the administration of her fa-ther’s estate in that year.

Other unidentified members of the Going family appear in the records of Oak Grove Presbyterian Church:

Mahala Going was an early-day member of the church, [no dates given.]

Mrs. Maude Going were received into the congregation were received into the congregation between 1875 and 1882.

Teeny Going was received into the church September 22, 1839.

William I. Going was received into the congregation between 1853 and 1860.

Going Jay, Tyler Polk Jay, James Jay, Mary Jay and Lewis Jay were received into the church between 1863 and 1873.

Other members of the Going family appear in various Pickens County records:

Al Going was married to Mollie Wells December 24, 1886, according to “Pickens County, Alabama Marriages, 1881-1892.” Children born to Al Going and Mollie Wells Going are unknown.

On the same day and probably in a double wedding, Lewis Going was married to Rebecca Wells December 24, 1886, according to “Pickens County, Alabama Marriages, 1881-1892.” Of Lewis Going and Rebecca Wells Going nothing more is known.
==O==
“Lewis Going” was mentioned in a report of First Lt. Charles W. Stratham, Lee’s Battery, writing from prison camp. The report, carried in “War Department Series,” Volume 2, concerned an engagement fought at Rich Mountain, West Virginia. The report was dated at Rich Mountain Pass June 13, 1861. Lt. Stratham mentioned that Lewis Going was “injured in the arm in a gallant defense of his battery which was overrun by superior forces.”
==O==
John Going, son of Drury Going and Sarah “Sallie” Baxter Going, was born January 10, 1774, probably in Chester District. Linda Goings, family historian, suggests that he was born in Camden District, Fairfield County.

He may have been the John Going was married April 7, 1806 to Mildred Eubanks in Columbia County, Georgia, according to “Columbia County, Georgia Marriage Records. 1787-1863.” John Going died February 3, 1819.

Children born to John Going and Mildred Eubanks Going include:

Joseph Going born about 1790

Lucinda Going born about 1793

Joseph Going, son of John Going and Mildred Eubanks Going, was born about 1790 in Columbia County, 16 years before the marriage of his parents, according to Linda Goings.

Joseph Going was married to “Miss Jude Kindrick” No-vember 1, 1822 according to Columbia County Marri-age Book A, page 181. She is identified as the daughter of Austin Kendrick and Mary Wiley Kendrick. Joseph Going and Judith Kendrick Going lived in Columbia County until about 1850, then moved to Dougherty County, Georgia and then later to Worth County, Geor-gia.

“Judah Kendrick Going” was mentioned in “The Georgia Land Lottery Papers, 1805-1914,” page 294:

“Columbia County, Lot 56-9 Lee. Addison Hassel, formerly Addison Kendrick [illegitimate child of Judah Kendrick, now Judah Going], his name having been changed by an act of the General Assembly, 1826 session, see Dawsons Digest, page 329, appoints Dr. Nathan Crawford as att’y for himself and Littleberry A. Kendrick of Alabama, to take out a grant to lot 56, 9th Dist. Lee County. Signed: Addison Hassel before James D. Green, J.P, 15 June 1843.

Pers. app’d. Addison Hassel, formerly Addison Kendrick, to claim Lot 56-9-1 of the 1827 Lottery, drawn by Judah Greene’s illegitimate children, which was in error when entered and should have been Judah Kendrick’s illegitimate children. Signed Addison Hassel before James D. Green, J.P, June 15, 1843.”

Children born to Joseph Going and Judith Kendrick Going include:

John W. Going born in 1831

John W. Going, son of Joseph Going and Judith Kendrick Going, was born in Columbia County in 1831, according to the research of Linda Goings. He was married May 7, 1849 in Stewart County, Georgia to Nancy A. Nelson. “John W. Goins” was married to Nancy Nelson May 27, 1849, according to “Stewart County, Georgia Marriages. 1823-1864.”

John W. Going served as a Confederate soldier from Worth County, Georgia during the Civil War, according to the research of Linda Goings.

Children born to John W. Going and Nancy A. Nelson Going include:

Jessie T. Goings born March 5, 1860

William D. Goings born August 14, 1862

Jessie T. Goings, son of John W. Going and Nancy A. Nelson Going, was born March 5, 1860. He was married about 1883 to Nettie A. Smith. He died March 9, 1834 in Moultrie, Georgia.

William D. Goings, son of John W. Going and Nancy A. Nelson Going, was born August 14, 1862. He was married to Ananet Abigail Smith, according to Linda Goings. He died February 23, 1934 in Moultrie.
Miss Lucinda Going was married to Nowell Kindrick, perhaps a brother of Jude Kindrick December 29, 1826, according to Columbia County Marriage Book A, page 206. She is regarded as a brother to Joseph Going by Linda Goings.
==O==
Isaac Going, son of Drury Going and Sarah “Sallie” Baxter Going, was born April 28, 1775 in Chester District.
Isaac Going deeded 131 acres of land in April 1799 to Robert Love, according to Chester County Deed Book G, page 26.

In October 1801 Isaac Going deeded 27 acres to John Love, according to Chester County Deed Book H, page 444.

He was baptized at the June meeting of the Pacolet [later Skull Shoals] Baptist Church in 1803, and became a Mason in the same year, according to the research of Fredrick M. Tucker, a descendant of Duncan, South Carolina. He was married August 21, 1804 to Rebecca Palmer, seventh child of John W. Palmer and Martha “Patty” Williams Palmer of Union District, South Carolina. Rebecca Palmer Going was born February 1, 1789.
John W. Palmer was born September 6, 1753, according to the research of Ethel Weber Walling and Estelle Weber Dunbar. He was the son of William Palmer who was born February 18 1727 in N. Farnham Parish in Richmond County, Virginia.

William Palmer was the son of Robert Palmer and his second wife Martha Freeman who were married about 1724. Robert Palmer was the son of John Palmer who was born in Northumberland County, Virginia. John Palmer is regarded as the son of Thomas Palmer who was born in Great Britain about 1590 and emigrated to Virginia in 1621 aboard the
“Tyger.”

Children born to John W. Palmer and Martha “Patty” Williams Palmer include:

Amasa Palmer born July 22, 1774
William Palmer born July 16, 1776
Ezekiel Palmer born November 9, 1778
John Palmer born February 13, 1780
Nancy Palmer born about 1783
Sallie Palmer born October 15, 1786
Rebecca Palmer born Febuary 1, 1789
Ellis Palmer born August 22, 1792
Rhoda Palmer born August 7, 1796

Rhoda Palmer was married about 1814 to Joseph McKissick, thought to be namesake of Isaac McKissick Going who was born September 2, 1818. Rhoda Palmer McKissick died October 25, 1882 at the age of 86.

A receipt was issued by James W. Darby, deputy clerk to Isaac Going January 4, 1808, “Rec’d of Mr. Isaac Gowing One Dollar for serving done in Pinckney. Office removed to Union.”

Another receipt read, “Rec’d of Isaac Going Three Dollars in full of a debt due me by Isaac Going, Administrator of the Es-tate of Elijah Going. James Anderson, January 11, 1809.”

On the same date, Isaac Going and his brother-in-law Larkin Asa Tindall posted a bond in connection with the guardianship of Thomas Going, minor. The child is believed to be a son of his deceased brother, Elijah Going and Mary Docea Going. The bond read:

“South Carolina

Know all men by these presents that we, Isaac Going and Asa Tindall are held & firmly bound to Joseph Brown, Ordinary of Chester District in the just and full Sum of Five Thousand Dollars to be paid to said Joseph Brown or his successors ordinary of the said District or their certain attorney or assigns to which payment well & truly to be made. we bind our selves & every of our —- & every of our heirs, executors and administrators on the whole & for who jointly and severally by these presents Sealed & dated this Eleventh day of January of our Lord One thousand Eight hundred and nine, the thirty-third year of American Independence.

The condition of this obligation is such that if the above bounded Isaac Goin shall carefully & lovingly bring up Thomas Going, infant son of Mary [Nancy?] Going Dec’d and during the time of his minority with necessary food & drink —- ——- —– & — — learning, according to his degree & ——- —- —- shall be guardian & tutor to the said Ward shall preserve him —– — —– or loss of lands or goods as far as in him lies and all such portions as shall fall due to the said Ward —- of the goods chattels of any person whatsoever shall pay & deliver to him when he shall come to age, to receive the same & the said shall happen to — before that time & if the said Isaac Going do in such case pay such portion to whom-soever shall be entitled to the same by Law & Bond a just & true account of his said guardianship & I save harmless the said Ordinary on account of granting the said Letters Guardianship, then this obligation to be void or else to remain of force.

Isaac Going
Asa Tindall”

Rebecca Palmer Going was received into Skull Shoals Baptist Church in July 1804. Martha “Patty” Williams Palmer died August 19, 1813, and John Palmer died January 28, 1828, ac-cording to Thomas Baxter Going.

“Isaac Going” was a witness to the will of his mother November 4, 1814, according to Chester County Deed Book H, page 9. Isaac Going was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1830 census of Union District, page 182:

“Going, Isaac white male 50-60
white female 40-50
white male 20-30
white male 10-15
white male 10-15
white male 5-10
white female 5-10
white male 0-5
white male 0-5”

Isaac Going was shown as the owner of 11 slaves in the enu-meration, listed as:

“one female 55-100
one female 36-55
one male 36-55
four males 10-24
one female 10-24
two males 0-10
two females 0-10”

“Isaac Goings, Esquire,” reappeared in the 1840 census of Union District, page 230. Seven members of the household were engaged in agriculture:

“Goings, Isaac, Esq. white male 60-70
white female 50-60
white female 15-20
white male 10-15
white male 5-10
white female 5-10
white male 0-5”

He owned eight slaves recorded as:

“one female 55-100
one male 36-55
one female 36-55
one male 24-36
two males 10-24
one female 10-24
one male 0-10”

In his later years Isaac Going had very poor eyesight. Rebecca Palmer Going died August 31, 1855. Isaac Going wrote a letter to his nephew Alfred Elijah Going February 3, 1857:

“Union District, South Carolina
February 3, 1857
To Alfred E. Going
Dear Nephew,

It is with the kindest feeling of respect that I undertake to answer your kind letter which came safe to hand. I was truly glad that you were prompted to write me so interesting a letter respecting my relatives. I believe yours is the first letter that I have received from the family; sometime I have heard of your verbally. I feel sorrow to hear of your blindness and can sympathize with you, for I know the lack of eyesight. I have not been totally blind as you, to be led about; the roads that I have been accustomed to travel I can of a light day make my way along with a staff.

My wife died last day of August 1855 after a few hours of sickness, we lived a long life together, we had eleven children. I will give you all their names. The first is Thomas Baxter, Sarah, John Madison, Elijah, Drury, Rhoda, Isaac Mack, William, Amasa Vernon, Elisha and the youngest is Martha Keron Happuch. Elijah, John and Isaac Mack are dead. I have six grandchildren married. I am eighty-two years old the 28th day of next April–if I should live to see it.

I joined the Baptist Church and was baptized June 1803, of which I have been a member ever since. I served the church as deacon forty-five years. During the time since I became acquainted with myself and blessed Redeemer, I have met with many a sore conflict, but by the grace of God enabling me I have continued to this day. I have served as an active magistrate twenty-four years. Three of my children joined the Baptist church, Thomas Baxter, John and Rhoda. Thomas Baxter is now acting deacon and clerk of the same church to which I am a member. I have three children living with me, two boys and one girl; the rest of them are married. As to this world’s goods, the