Y-DNA Matches

YDNA Groups: 

The following are different YDNA groups where those in the same groups have a common paternal ancestor.

For example, in group (Y1) they all appear to descend from the same family – likely from Stafford County, Va group of Going/Gowen/Goins (etc) – with William Going b. abt 1680 apearing to be the most distant identified ancestor. (There were 3 other men known to be related to him either brothers and or father – John Going b. abt 1660-80, James Going b. abt. 1680s, and Thomas Going b. abt 1650 or after – we don’t know about children for Thomas, John or James, but with William Going there is a will which identifies sons John Going b. abt 1700 and Alexander  Going b. abt 1705 – and their children are identified in deed transactions and estates as well which has helped place this group’s descendants).

Group (Y2)’s oldest “known” paternal ancestor is William Gowen b. abt 1730 from Bedford County, Va. So if your YDNA matches this group – this is the paternal line you likely descend from.

Group (Y3)’s oldest “known” paternal ancestor is Shadrach Going b. abt 1725-34 – so if you match this group’s YDNA – you likely descend from Shadrach’s paternal line.

Group (Y4)’s oldest known paternal ancestor is Daniel Goan b. abt 1753 who died in Jefferson Co, TN – if you match this group’s YDNA you likely descend from Daniel’s paternal line.

If you are interested in a YDNA test – it is for males only – as YDNA descends from father to son and does not change very much over time – so if you match another Goin/Gowen/Goyen (etc) in the US after taking the test, you will have a common paternal ancestor somewhere – which is helpful in some situations in trying to match records.

The best online service for YDNA testing in my opinion is Family Tree DNA if you are interested in testing.

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Y-DNA grp (Y1): E-M2:

13…21…17…10…17-18…11…12…12…13…11…29 (Representative Y-DNA numbers)

Earliest areas documented: (Stafford Co, Va; Lunenburg Co, Va, Orange Co, NC; Fairfield Co, SC; Marion Co, SC, Robeson Co, NC, Wilkes Co, Ga, Rutherford Co, NC, Chester Co, SC)

  • Drury Going, b. 1749 and d. 1796 – Kit #496589
  • John Gowen, Sr. b. abt 1750 – family out of Marion County, SC and Robeson Co, NC – Kit #611865
  • Thomas Goin, b. 1750, d. 1838 – family out of Claiborne Co, TN – Kit #493661
  • Jessie Goin Abt 1784/ 25 December 1854 – Kit #68087
  • James Goyne b. 1755 frm Fairfield SC, to Kemper Co MS – Kit #?
  • William Goyne b. 1733 died 1818 near Wilkes/Warren Co, Ga – Kit #?
  • William Henry Gowan, 10 Jul 1789, Goochland Co., VA – Kit #283648
  • Joseph Edward Goins Sr,  04.17.1895 Bridgeport TX – Kit #39939
  • Edmond Goins m. Sarah Sally E Brewer b. 1800? -d. 1860 Subdivision, Bradley, Tennessee – Kit #? (father Alexander Goins b. 1755?, m Susan Susa? (need to check))
  • John W. Goen b. 1804 line Hawkins Co, TN d in Jackson Co, TN.

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Y-DNA grp (Y2): I-M223

15…24…15…10…15-15…11…13…12…13…12…29 (Representative Y-DNA numbers)

Earliest areas documented: (Lunenburg Co, Va, Bedford Co, Va)

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Y-DNA grp (Y3): E-M2  (Henry Co, Va)(I believe this is the Shadrack Going b. 1730-35 & John Going b. 1735-40 group out of Henry Co, Va)

15…20…17…10…15-17…11…12…12…14…11…31 (Representative Y-DNA numbers)

Earliest areas documented: (Stokes Co, NC, Surry Co, NC, Clay Co, KY, Laurel KY, Henry Co, Va)

  • Anderson Goins, b.c. 1814 and d.post-1870 – Stokes Co, NC – Kit #B2551
  • Addison Adam Goins  b. 1816 – Clay Co, KY – Kit #33869
  • Hardin Guinn 1814 – 1889 – Surry, NC, to Laurel, KY, to Sullivan, Mo – Kit #831791
  • Garfield Goins, b 1880 d 1952 – Hawkins Co, TN, to Witley, KY – Kit #248710

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Y-DNA grp (Y4): R-M269 (This appears to be the group of Gowens out of Maine. Daniel Goan shows up in Jefferson Co, TN)

13…23…14…11…11…14…12…12…12…13…13…29 (Representative Y-DNA numbers)

Earliest areas documented: (

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Y-DNA grp (Y5): E-M2 (I believe this is the Levi Going/Goyen b. 1762 group out of Moore Co, NC … this group is difficult because of some affidavits filed in Fairfield Co, SC regarding land in Davidson Co, TN – they appear to show Levi is part of the (Y1) family. A few explanations could be Levi came from a line that had an adoption or other nonpaternal event, or they just assumed they were related due to the surname when the documents/affidavits were filled out. Or the easiest explanation is that there were two Levi Goings in the area at the same time – one from the Y1 group, and one from the Y5 group.

13…21…15…11…15-17…11…12…10…13…11…31 (Representative Y-DNA numbers)

Earliest areas documented: (Moore Co, NC)

William Gowins, b.c. 1825, prob. Surry County, NC – Kit #99279
James Goins 1792 Moore North Carolina – Kit #76165
James Goings b 1794 SC d IT m.E.Perkins – Kit #873334
Philip Goings b. 1792 SC d. aft 1813 La.? – Kit #865904
James Goings 1792 Ms, La, 1834 IT – Kit #855700
Fuel Goins, b c1828 VA, d c1864 Patrick Co VA – Kit #279889
Terry Gowing, b.1806 and d. 1873 – Kit #856887
Sanford Gowin/Gowan/Gowen, b. 1836 and d. 1863 – Kit #917064

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Y-DNA grp (Y6): A-M31 (

14…22…14…11…17-20…12…10…11…12…11…29 (Representative Y-DNA numbers)

Earliest areas documented: (Hancock, KY)

  • Michael Goins b.1806 d.1881 – Alebemarle Co, Va – Kit #169665
  • George Goins b. 1803 – Hancock Co, TN – Kit #?
  • Elijah Goins b. 1797 – Hancock Co, TN – Kit #919440

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Y-DNA grp (Y7): I-P109  (

13…23…14…10…14-14…11…14…11…12…11…28 (Representative Y-DNA numbers)

Earliest areas documented: (

  • Patrick Goin, b. abt 1817 and d, 1871 – Kit #207383
  • Unnamed – Kit#411503

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Y-DNA grp (Y8): E-M35   (

13…23…13…10…17-18…11…12…12…14…11…31 (Representative Y-DNA numbers)

Earliest areas documented: (

  • Goins – Kit #95972
  • Unnamed – Kit #207941

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Y-DNA only goes so far. Take, for example, the following people. Phillis Goeing in Charles City, Va, Agnes Going of Louisa Co, Va, Elizabeth Going of Albemarle Co, Va, and Amy Going of Essex Co, Va. Each woman has a “Going-type” surname and has children out of wedlock. My guess is that at least some of these women were married to a male Going who had died – and this is where their “Going” surname comes from. Likely a few of them had male “Going” children prior to the death of their “Going” husbands. They then had additional children while unmarried – which was documented by court charges. It is likely that there were more than these documented instances. Not every instance is caught by the legal system. In these situations you would have brothers with different fathers – so different Y-DNA – yet from the same family.  Adoptions, out of wedlock children, etc, all will throw off the Y-DNA trail and are common enough events that if you go back 7-12 generations it is likely to eventually be a factor you need to confront. Keep this in mind when you hit your wall in trying to figure out where your “Going” came from. If you are relying solely on Y-DNA matches, you might not be able to find the ancestor you are looking for – combine the Y-DNA with documentation – if the documentation and Y-DNA conflict, this may be a signal that there is an event such as adoption or an out of wedlock child being born – it may be the key in some situations.

See:

Phillis Goeing, born say 1720, presented by the grand jury in Charles City in November 1739 for having a bastard child. She petitioned the court in July 1745, apparently asking that her children be bound to George Gibson, but the court ordered the churchwardens to bind them out because Gibson failed to answer her petition. On 7 August 1754 the churchwardens of Westover Parish in Charles City County sued her for debt, probably for having an illegitimate child [Orders 1737-51, 105, 117, 371, 383; 1751-7, 112, 142, 251].

Agnes Going, born say 1725, was living in Louisa County on 10 October 1743 when she sued Gilbert Gibson for £3 for services done on a contract. On 9 January 1743/4 the court ordered that she receive twenty-five lashes on her bare back for having an illegitimate child. She bound her son Joseph and daughter Sarah Going to James Bunch by 28 November 1759 Fredericksville Parish indenture [Davis, Fredericksville Parish Vestry Book, 29]. On 9 September 1766 she made a deposition in George Gibson’s suit against his step-mother Sarah Gibson. On 14 May 1770 the court ordered the churchwardens of Trinity Parish to bind out all her children under twenty-one years except the youngest. On 12 February 1776 she complained to the court about the treatment her son Sherod was receiving from his master William Phillips [Orders 1742-8, 82, 91, 92, 95; 1766-74, 20; 1766-72, 379; 1774-82, 140, 142].

Elizabeth Going, born say 1760, sued James Usher in Albemarle County court for failing to pay for a gown, an apron, a quilted petticoat, and three linen handkerchiefs. Hannah Witheral was her witness. The court awarded her £2 on 7 December 1786 [Orders 1795-8, 229-30]. On 14 May 1793 the Louisa County court ordered the overseers of the poor to bind out her illegitimate daughter Agnes Going to Mary Hancock [Orders 1790-3, 522].

Amy Goings, mother of an illegitimate son Lewis Goings who was bound out by the Essex County court on 21 June 1784 [Orders 1784-7, 12].

Sophia Going, Jr., (daughter of Alexander Going b. abt. 1700-05) mother of illegitimate child Benjamin Going bound out by the Pittsylvania County court on 20 November 1798 [Orders 1798-1801, 58]

The Going women weren’t the only ones who had children out of wedlock. The following men are documented as having children with women out of wedlock:

James, Henry Going, and Avent Massey posted bond in Greensville County on 24 August 1786 for the illegitimate child Henry Going had by Mary Hill [DB 1:173].

1788 Drury Going charged with begotten an illegitimate infant on body of Sarah Golden in Chester Co SC

1786 Aug 19 – Court: paternity, 19 Aug 1786, Fairfield, South Carolina, USA. 6 “On August 17, 1786, in “State vs. Daniel Goyen,” “Danyel Goyen, principal and [his uncle] Alexander Goyen, his security forfeited their recognizance. Sc: Fa: to issue,” according to Fairfield County Court Minute Book A, page 32. “S. Bradley appeared in court and swore that she has been delivered of Female Child, and that Daniel Goyan was the Father of it.”

The Y-DNA will only take you back to these events. You may be from the same “family” of Goings, but yet have different Y-DNA from those descendants. We need to combine the Y-DNA with the documentation in order to verify families.

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YDNA Groups:

(Y1) – YDNA group from Family Tree DNA – Haplogroup: E-M2 (My personal line – and why there is more info here on this line).

Thomas Goins c. 1717-1797 Va to Randolph Co, NC will.
John Gowen b. 1720 – Lunenburg Va, Orange Co NC, Marion Co, SC land grants.
William Goyne b. 1733 from Va – NC – SC – Rutherford Co, NC land transactions.
Drury Going b. 1749 – 1797 SC – Chester Co, SC land transactions and probate.
Thomas Goin b. 1750/55 line – Va to TN (land grant in 1779 in Washington Co, TN)
James Goyne b. 1755 line SC to MS/LA – b in Lunenburg Co, Va per rev war app.
William Henry Gowan b. 1792 in Goochland Co, Va – married in Goochland in 1812.
Jessie Goin b. 1794 line – Buckingham Co, Va died in Appomattox Co, Va
Edmond Goins b. 1799 – d. 1860 in Rutherford Co, NC then to Bradley Co, TN
John W. Goen b. 1804 line Hawkins Co, TN d in Jackson Co, TN.
Joseph Edward Goins b. April 17, 1895 – Bridgeport, Tx

(Y2) – YDNA group from Family Tree DNA – Haplogroup: I-M223

1730 William Gowen m. Annester Gowen – from Bedford Co, Va

(Y3) – YDNA group from Family Tree DNA – Haplogroup: E-M2

1725-35 Shadrach Going in Hanover Co Va to Patrick Co Va

(Y4) – YDNA group from Family Tree DNA – Haplogroup: R-M269

1752 Daniel Goan of Jefferson Co, TN possibly immigrated from England

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(Y1) Group Info: 

It appears that the Y-DNA tests from the following two lines of John Hollis b. 1700 and William Going b. 1682 are matches – based on test results to date.  This suggests that there was a common paternal ancestor some time before the estimated birth date of John Hollis.

John Hollis b. 1700’s line

William Going b. 1682’s line

The following are Y-DNA matches that appear to go through the John Going b. 1704 married to Mary Keith (Stafford Co, Va, Lunenburg Co, Va, Orange Co, NC).  Unfortunately, every line below requires a leap of faith somewhere along the line to get to John Going. b. 1704 (from what I can see).  I’ll use this page to try and confirm the common ancestor of the following Y-DNA matches (and add any new ones in the future).

MATCHES (Y-DNA shows the following ancestors have a common paternal ancestor – these are the furthest documented ancestors for these lines (that I have found anyway):

Thomas Goins c. 1717-1797 Va to Randolph Co, NC will.
John Gowen b. 1720 – Lunenburg Va, Orange Co NC, Marion Co, SC land grants.
William Goyne b. 1733 from Va – NC – SC – Rutherford Co, NC land transactions.
Drury Going b. 1749 – 1797 SC – Chester Co, SC land transactions and probate.
Thomas Goin b. 1750/55 line – Va to TN (land grant in 1779 in Washington Co, TN)
James Goyne b. 1755 line SC to MS/LA – b in Lunenburg Co, Va per rev war app.
William Henry Gowan b. 1792 in Goochland Co, Va – married in Goochland in 1812.
Jessie Goin b. 1794 line – Buckingham Co, Va died in Appomattox Co, Va
Edmond Goins b. 1799 – d. 1860 in Rutherford Co, NC then to Bradley Co, TN
John W. Goen b. 1804 line Hawkins Co, TN d in Jackson Co, TN.
Joseph Edward Goins b. April 17, 1895 – Bridgeport, Tx

The following are those testers who matched me (my line through Drury Going b. 1749 of Chester County, SC, and their genetic distance on the Y-DNA test from my test results.  I’ve also listed the testers earliest documented ancestors (if I cannot document the ancestor, I’ve left them out).

Let me know if anything is wrong on the following people or if any changes need to be made to their pages (email me at douggoyen@gmail.com or leave a message on the site).

I’ve also listed the “leap of faith” to get to John Going b. 1704 m. Mary Keith – so we can see if we can verify this is the correct line.

___________________________________________________________

Doug Goyen (self – douggoyen@gmail.com) – (earliest I can document is to Drury Going b. 1749 – 1797 SC).  (Leap of Faith:  That Drury Goyen and William Goyne are siblings, and since John Going b. 1704 is assumed to be William Goyne’s father, then he must be Drury Goyen’s father too.  No documents confirm that Drury and William Goyne are brothers – the assumption is based on a William Goyne that appears to be the same one from Orange County, NC living on land in 1769 that 2 years later in 1771 appears to be in the hands of Drury Goyen in Fairfield Co, SC).

Jerry Lee Goen distance of 2 on 37 marker test (Looked up, earliest that can document is John W. Goen b. 1804 of Hawkins Co, TN, and then Jackson Co, IN) (Leap of Faith:  I could find no ancestor to John W. Goen that was certain).
lee_goen@allegiance.tv

Stephen Goen distance of 1 on 37 marker test  (no ancestor listed) (searched, could not find info) (looks like it is possibly same as above – John W. Goen b. 1804 line).  (Leap of Faith:  I could find no ancestor to John W. Goen that was certain).
stephengoen@hotmail.com

Billy Joe Goin distance of  1 on 37 marker test (Thomas Goin b. 1750-55 Va – ancestor) (Leap of Faith:  I could find no direct evidence of this Thomas Goin’s parents – there is some circumstantial evidence, but no smoking gun.   Since Y-DNA matches for Drury Goyen b. 1749, William Goyne b. 1733, and James Goyne b. 1755 all match to Thomas Goin b. 1750 – the assumption is they all have a common paternal ancestor.  Problem: Each Drury, William, and James have to “assume” their parents are John Going b. 1704 m. Mary Keith based on circumstantial evidence (see pages for circumstantial evidence) – so Thomas Goin’s connection is based on those assumptions).
https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/virginia-brunswick-county-1700s-to-early-1800s/
pat.ann.jones@gmail.com

Donald Ross Goins distance of 0 on 12 marker test (no ancestor listed) (searched, could not find info)
donordee@wavecable.com

Mike Goynes distance of 0 on 12 marker test (no ancestor listed) (Lena Gaylene Olson desceded from James Goyne and Heather O’Brien Goyne – to Wiley Williamson Goynes b. Dec 2, 1799)(The connection to John Going b. 1704 m. Mary Keith is that James Goyne indicates in his Rev. War pension application that he was born in Lunenburg Co, Va.  This is the same county John Going and Mary Keith were in, but there were other Goings who were there as well.   There were 2 Williams (one is the William Gowen of Bedford Co, Va – verified to be in one of the R-haplogroups – so not ours), there are 2 Johns (John Sr and John Jr), there is a Thomas (that is in the household with John Sr for one year – assume either a nephew or son of John), and there is a Joseph Going listed in 1752 (unknown who his parent is – his parents could be John Going Sr or Peter Going or William Going b. 1700- 1712).  melungeon@lenagaylene.com

Linda Ann Goin distance of 1 on 25 marker test (no ancestor listed)(Found info below – confirmed with email to her).
lindagoin@gmail.com
Father – Robert Meredith Goin b. June 24, 1930. Lynchburg, Va.
GFather – Thelmor Dewey Goin – b. 1901 – Va
GGFather – Meredith T. Goin – b. 1873 – Va
GGGFather – Doctor M. Goin – b. 1836 – Va
GGGGFather – Jesse Goin b. 1794 – Buckingham Co, Va

Thomas Duane Goins distance of 2 on 37 marker test (Edmond Goins b. 1799 and d. 1860 in Bradley Co, TN)
tommydeegee@comcast.net

Andrew Douglass Gowan distance of 2 on 37 marker test (William Henry Gowan b. July 10, 1789 – Goochland Co, Va)
agowan@mozart.sc.edu

Gerald Goins distance of 2 on 37 marker test (no ancestor listed)
ladyvols1203@gmail.com – (Can document to the following people:    Edward Edmond  Goins 1779-1860. He married Sarah Sally Brewer. Edward and his family eventually moved into Bradley County Tn – John Atkins Goins born 1830 – 1914 – Henry Patterson Goins 1850 – 1917  Bradley County Tn. – Jesse Cemore Goins 1878 – 1954  Bradley County Tn – Hoyt James Goins ( my father) 1931 – 1977)

Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr distance of 1 on 12 marker test (no ancestor listed) (William Goyne b. 1733)
cgoyne@softdisk.com

Jasper Goin distance of 2 on 37 marker test (Thomas Goin)(Looks to be Thomas Goin b. abt 1755)
46elvira@gmail.com

Joseph Anthony Goins distance of 1 on 12 marker test (no ancestor listed)(searched, unable to locate).
theimagineer@hotmail.com

Thomas Jay Goins distance of 4 on 37 marker test (Joseph Edward Goins b. 4/17/1895 – Bridgeport, Tx)
goins900@aol.com

Eddie Goins distance of 4 on 37 marker test (Thomas Goins c. 1729-1797)
eddieg@centurytel.net

Ron Lee Goins distance of 2 on 37 marker test (no ancestor listed – but assuming that since same email as above, must be same person – just different relative – cousin or something). (Info on his research: http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2011/09/thomas-going-research-part-i.html ) through Burton Goins (son of Thomas Goins 1729-1797).
eddieg@centurytel.net

Eleanor H. McGowan distance of 2 on 37 marker test (ancestor is John Gowen Jr of Marion Co, SC).  (Email on researcher is:  jwmciii@prtcnet.com).

See:  Goins DNA Project at:   https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/goins/activity-feed

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