1725-35 Shadrack Going in Hanover Co Va to Patrick Co Va

Parents:  (Unknown – Known options for father of Shadrack to investigate are the following people):

1679 Michael Going in Hanover Co Va (5)                                                                                         –1679 Peter Gowing in Stafford Co Va m Isabel, then Mary Sullivant 1745,(4)
1681 Philip Gowin 1702 militia New Kent Va, 1704 tax New Kent. (4)
1680 Edward Going 1704 tax Gloucester, 1720 Northampton Va
1683 James Gowing in Stafford Co Va militia, 1701 militia
1705-15 Moses Goin in Stafford, Goochland Va (5)
1705-15 William Gowan in Goochland Va m Anna Statia Sullivan (5)
1715 George Gowan in New Kent, Goochland Va (5)
1700 Joseph Gowing in Somerset Co MD 1725, NC 1725 (5)
1700-05 William Gowing Sr in Brunswick and Granville (5)
1700 John Gowing Sr in Stafford, Lunenburg (5)
1703 Ambrose Gowing in Stafford (5)
1705 Alexander Gowing in Stafford, Orange NC (5)

Children:

John Going born about 1749
David Smith Going born November 21, 1751
Laban Going born in 1757
Daniel Going born about 1760
Hannah Going born about 1763
Caleb Going born about 1765
James Going born about 1769
Solomon Going born about 1771
Claiborne Going born about 1773
Shadrack Going, Jr. born about 1775
Obadiah Going born about 1776
Nathan Going born about 1777
Fanny Going born about 1781
Rebecca Going born about 1783
Jerusha Going born about 1787
Keziah Going born about 1789

Siblings:

Unk

Facts:  

From Gowen Manuscript: 

Shadrach Going was born about 1725 of parents unknown, probably in Hanover County. Jack Harold Goins wrote, “Shadrack may have been a brother to David Goins, and also my 8th generation grandfather, John Goins, all from the same area of Virginia. Some researchers refer to them as the Grist Mill Goins. John Going was the first person granted permission to build a Grist Mill in Henry County, Virginia and David was soon to follow him.

Hanover County was formed in 1720 from New Kent County, the residence of Mihil Gowen when he died. Shadrach Going was married about 1748, wife unknown, probably in Hanover County. It is believed that he was married three times.

He continued to live in Hanover County in November 1757 and in 1760 when sons David Smith Going and Laban Going were born. By 1765, he had removed to Halifax County, Virginia. Halifax County was formed in 1752 from Antrim Parish of Lunenburg County.

In the May 1765 Court session “Shadrack Going” & Peter Rickman were indicted by the Halifax County grand jury “for concealing each one Tithable.” In the August 1766 Court term charges against “Shadrack Going” were dismissed by the Grand Jury, according to Minute Book 5, [Part 2], page 358.

Shadrach Going purchased June 3, 1768 from Lewis Jenkins of adjoining Pittsylvania County, Virginia 387 acres of land located on both sides of Polecat Creek for £35, according to Halifax County Deed Book 7, page 223. The land was “bounded by Echols, Robert Walton, Anderson and Main Creek. Witnesses to the deed were Thomas Lovelace, George Combs, Bebajah Parker and William [X] Mays. Shadrack Going had the document recorded August 18, 1768.

On October 4, 1780, in Halifax County, “Shadrack Going,” “David Going” and Peter Wilson witnessed the will of Stephen Wilson. The will was proved June 20, 1782 “by two witnesses [unnamed].” Shadrach Going appeared in the 1782 tax list of Halifax County with 12 in his family. “Shadrack Going,” with 10 members in his household, appeared in the 1785 census of Halifax County, along with John Going, four members and David Going, four members, assumed to be his brothers or his sons.

On a deed recorded November 17, 1785, “Shadrack Going” sold 451 acres on Pole Cat Creek to Henry Hobson. This may have included the land he purchased from Lewis Jenkins in 1768.

Pittsylvania County, Virginia was formed in 1766 with land from Halifax County. Henry County, Virginia was formed in 1776 with land from Pittsylvania County. Patrick County, Virginia was formed with land from Henry County, Virginia in 1790.

Shadrach Going was first mentioned in Patrick County, Virginia records when he bought 1,000 acres June 11, 1792 on both sides of the Little Dan River from John Marr for £500 pounds, a lot of money for that time, according to Donna Gowin Johnston, researcher of Casper, Wyoming.

The plantation of Shadrack Going was the scene of a jury in­quest held to determine the cause of death of Nathan Going, believed to be his son, according to Patrick County Will Book 1, page 53. The inquest was dated November 9, 1793, ac­cording to Lela C. Adams in “Abstracts of Wills, Inventories and Accounts, Patrick County, Virginia:”

“Inquisition taken at the plantation of Shadrack Going before Edward Tatum, a commissioner. The body of Nathan Going then and there lying dead. One Robert Hall on Saturday, 21 September last, on the plantation of Jacob Lawson mortally wounded the said Going on the head with a weeding hoe and broke the skull of Going through the rage and passion of Robert Hall.

Jurors: Jonathan Hanby, foreman, Obadiah Hudson, Isaac Pennington, Aaron Rea, Harberd Smith, Warham Easley, William Easley, Thomas Collings, William Collings, Anthony Collings, John Wilson and Richard Davidson.”

Shadrack Going posted bond and was appointed administrator of the estate of Nathan Going December 10, 1793, according to Will Book 1, page 6. The estate of “Nathan Goings” was appraised at £25:8:10 by Obadiah Hudson, John Rea and James Taylor and returned to the court May 23, 1794, according to Will Book 1, page 22. The estate consisted of “4 notes amounting to £24.2.3, hammer, gun and rasp, Total: £25:8:10.”

On November 4, 1793 Shadrack Going administered the estate of Nathan Going who had been “killed by being struck in the head with the eye of a weeding hoe by Robert Hall on the plantation of Jacob Lawson.” Thomas Ward and Joshua Adams were his bondsmen. Edward Tolman, John Hanby and Nathaniel Smith were appointed to settle the estate.

In 1797, “Shadrach Going, Sr, Joseph Going, John Going, James Going, Zeph Going, Shadrack Going, Jr, David Going, Laban Going, William Going and Isaac Going” appeared as taxpayers in Patrick County, Virginia.

June Smith, Foundation Member transcribed the Going individuals listed in the early tax lists of Patrick County which was formed in 1790 from Henry County.

In 1800, “Shadrach Going, Joseph Going, Isaac Going, Benjamin Going, Labon Going, Caleb Going, William Going, James Going, Martin Going, Obediah Going, Jacob Going and David Going” appeared as taxpayers in Patrick County.

In 1801, “Shadrach Going, John Going, Obediah Going, Caleb Going, Laberne Going, Isaac Going, Johnson Going, David Going, James Going, John Going on the Dan River, Benjamin Going, William Going and Joseph Going” were on the Patrick County tax list.

In 1802, “Shadrach Going, William Going, Benjamin Going, John Going on Dan River and Benjamin Going appeared on the Patrick County tax list.

In 1803, “Shadrach Going, Johnson Going, John Going, William Going, Sr, Laban, Benjamin Going on Dan River” were recorded as taxpayers.

In 1804, “Shadrach Going, William Going, William Going, Jr, James Going, Benjamin Going, John Going, Obediah Going and Johnson Going” were taxpayers in Patrick County.

In 1805, “Shadrach Going, James Going, John Going, John Going, Jr, William Going, Abidiah Going, Benjamin Going were taxpayers in Patrick County.

In 1806, “William Going, William Going, Jr, John Going, Obadiah Going, Benjamin Going, James Going and Stephen Going appeared on the Patrick County tax rolls.

In 1807, “Hezekiah Gowing, Obediah Going, James Going, William K. Going, Stephen Going and Barbrezel Going” appeared as Patrick County taxpayers.

In November 1803, “Shadrack Goine” sold 48 acres of his 1,000 acres to his grandson, Shadrack Beazley for a “valuable consideration.”

The will of Shadrack Going, dated June 4, 1805, was filed in Patrick County Will Book 1, pages 80-81 and abstracted in “Abstracts of Wills, Inventories and Accounts, Patrick County, Virginia:”

“Will of Shadrack Going, being sick and weak . . .

Legatees: to my beloved wife, Hannah one feather bed, furniture, kitchen furniture, ‘youse’ of one sorrell mare and possession of my house and her support out of my plantation during her natural lifetime and at her death her bed, furniture, etc. to be ‘ekwil’ divided between Jerushe & Keziah Going.

The plantation whereon I now live on both sides of Little Dan River to my beloved son Obediah, also my hackle and one sorrell stud, mare and colt. His mother is to have the use of the mare when she wishes. Also to him bed, furniture, plantation working tools, 4 head cattle, all hogs in order to support himself and mother.

To beloved daughter Keziah Going, 1 rone horse, saddle, bridle, 1 cow, bed and furniture.

To Rebecca Going, daughter of Fanny Going, wife of Edmond Bowlin, one cow.

To the following beloved sons, 5 shillings each, to wit: John Going, David Smith Going, James Going, Claborne Going, Solomon Going, Shadrack Going and Caleb Going.

To daughter Fanny Bowlin, wife of Edmund Bowlin, 5 shillings.

To daughter Hannah Beazley, wife of Thomas Beazley, 5 shillings.

My upper plantation on the south side of Little Dan River I have already given to Shadrack Beazley, son of Thomas Beazley, by deed.

Executors: William Carter and William Burge.

Witnesses: David P—-, William Coomer, H— Adams.
Will returned to December Court, 1805.”

On March 27, 1806, William Carter posted bond and received the administration of the estate of Shadrack Going. He made a return to the court in March 1806. In the May 1806 term of the court he returned the inventory of the deceased: “5 books, household items and livestock, Total: $289.13.” Appraisers were Nathaniel Smith, James L. Gaines and Samuel Hanby, Jr.

Quoting from Patrick County Deed Book 3, page 87:

“State of Tennessee}
County of Grainger}

“Whereas Shadrack Gowing, late of the county of Patrick . . . possessed land in said county lying on Little Dan River, containing 912 acres and also possessed of a considerable personal estate . . . whereas Shadrick Gowing had the following children, Jerusha, John, David Smith, James, Fanny, Claiborne, Leaborne [Laban], Kesiah, Shadrake [Shadrach], Hannah, Obediah, and Caleb. . . . sons John, James, Caleb, Claiborne, Shadrick and Leaborne . . . appoint Henry Howell of the County of Grainger . . . their true and lawful attorney . . . to sue . . . Obediah Gowing for settling the property unfairly and submitting a will which was not Shadrack Gowing’s will.

July 24, 1806 John Gowing James Gowing
Caleb Gowing Claiborne Gowing
Leaborne Gowing Jerusha Gowing
Witnesses:
J. J. Jack, Leaborne Gowing, Henry Howell”

It is interesting to note that Jerusha Going signed the instru­ment with her brothers, but was not mentioned in the document. “Shadrack Gowing” was mentioned in the document, but did not sign it. “Leaborne [Laban] Gowing, one of the plaintiffs, also signed as a witness.

On March 31, 1808 “Jerusha Gowing and Kesiah Gowing, heirs of Shadrack Gowing, dec’d, gave a quit claim deed to their interest in the estate to Gabriel Hanby, Sr. On August “Obediah Going of this county sells to Gabriel Hanby 1,200 acres on the Little Dan River for $1,600 whereon Shadrick Going, deceased lived.” The deed was witnessed by William Carter, Thomas [X] Beasley and John Tatum.

Patrick County Deed Book 3, page 83 records an apparent set­tlement of the dispute dated October 30, 1807:

“I, Henry Howell, attorney for John Going, James Going and Laborne [no last name] have this day by virtue of my power compromised all manner of dispute about the will of Shadrack Going, dec’d and so hereby for the above named persons transfer all their right and rights unto a certain tract of land to Gab’l Hanby and for which land a suit was brought in Patrick Court to set aside a second will, as witness my hand and seal.

Witnesses: Henry Howell
Nat’l Claiborne,
Fleming Saunders”

On February 20, 1812, James S. Gains and Obediah Goin, “heir at law of Shadrack Goin, dec’d exchanged land on the west side of the Goin line on Thomas Beazley’s corner,” ac­cording to Patrick County Deed Book 3, page 530. Witnesses were John Tatum, Thomas Beazley and William D. Gaines.

Following is the list compiled by Donna Gowin Johnston of the known children of Shadrack Going/Gowing:

John Going born about 1749
David Smith Going born November 21, 1751
Laban Going born in 1757
Daniel Going born about 1760
Hannah Going born about 1763
Caleb Going born about 1765
James Going born about 1769
Solomon Going born about 1771
Claiborne Going born about 1773
Shadrack Going, Jr. born about 1775
Obadiah Going born about 1776
Nathan Going born about 1777
Fanny Going born about 1781
Rebecca Going born about 1783
Jerusha Going born about 1787
Keziah Going born about 1789

Traces of the descendants of Shadrack Going have been found in several counties in Tennessee: Claiborne, Grainger, Hamilton, Hancock, Hawkins, Jefferson, Knox, Roane and Wilson. The 1810 tax list of Grainger County lists six sons and one son-in-law of Shadrack Gowin/Going of Patrick County, Virginia:

“Bolling, Edmund 1 white poll
Goan, John 1 white poll 90 ac. on Young’s Crk
Goan, Claiborne 1 white poll 100 ac. on Young’s
Crk
Goan, James 1 white poll
Goan, William 1 white poll
Goan, Shaderick 1 white poll
Goan, Daniel 1 white poll 338 ac, Richland Crk
Gowin, Caleb 1 white poll
*Howell Henry 1 white poll 900 ac. on Young’s
Crk
*Attorney for Going brothers in Patrick County lawsuit.

The 1810 census records these families differently:

“Bolen, Edmund 8 free colored 6 children
Goan, John 9 free colored 7 children
Goan, Claibourn 8 free colored 6 children
Goan, James 3 free colored 1 white fem. 16-26
Goan, Shadrach 5 free colored 3 children
Goan, Caleb 6 free colored 4 children”

“Goin, Daniel white male 26-45
white female 26-45
white female 10-16
white female 10-16
white male 0-10
white male 0-10
white male 0-10
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
slave”

“Guin, Joseph white male 26-45
white female 16-26
white male 0-10
white female 0-10”

“Guin, William white male 26-45
white female 26-45
white female 10-16
white female 0-10”

Virginia Easley DeMarse, Foundation researcher, compiled a list of the early taxpayers of Grainger County of interest to Gowen chroniclers. Her account read:

“By the provisions of the Act of 1797, the justices were authorized to take lists of taxable property and polls in various captains’ companies of the militia. White polls were “all free males and male servants, between the age of twenty-one and fifty years;” slaves, “all slaves male and female, between the age of twelve and fifty years.” On Monday, November 3, 1809, the Grainger County Court ordered ten justices to take the list of taxable property and make their returns at the next court session. The returns were made February 19, 20, 21, 1810. The amount of tax was omitted on the copy I abstracted from.

The headers for the following list are:
1) on each 100 acres, 12.5 cents
2) each town lot, 25 cents
3) each free poll, 12.5 cents
4) each black poll, 25 cents 5)
5) each retail store, $5.00.
The acreage is listed after item 1.

Polls and Taxable property in 1811 in Captain William Mays’s Company of Militia returned by Moses Hodge included:

John Goan, 90 acres North Holston, Young’s Creek, no polls.
Claiborne Goan, 100 acres North Holston, Young’s Creek , 1 free poll.
James Goan, 1 free poll.

List of polls and taxable property in the bounds of Captain Elisha Williamson’s Company returned by Henry Boatman included:

William Goan, 1 free poll.
Shaderick Goan, 1 free poll.

List of polls and taxable property in the bounds of Captain John Bull’s Company, returned by John Moffet included:

Caleb Gowin, 1 free poll.

List of Polls and Taxable Property returned by William Clay in the bounds of Captain Richard Cotses’ Company included:

Samuel Bunch, 180 acres at Richland, 1 free poll.
Samuel Bunch for John Spencer, 2.
John Bunch, Senr. 187 acres R. C, 2 polls (black?).
John Bunch, Senr. 200 acres R. Knobbs, 6 (black?) polls, 4 other polls.

Captain Samuel Richardson’s Company returned by David Tate, included:

William Guynn, 200 acres, 1 free poll.

Captain Thomas Sharp’s Company returned by Mathew Campbell included:

Daniel Goan, 338 acres R. Creek, 1 free poll.
Robert Gains, 150 acres R. L. McNabbs, 1 free poll.

From tax lists it is apparent that six sons of Shadrack Going spent these years in Grainger County:

John Gowin 1806-1828
James Going 1799-1811
Claiborne Goins 1810-1811
Caleb Gowin 1808-1819
David Smith Goins 1819-1827

Shadrach Going had at least 10 children born by 1782. The sons in Grainger County at the time of his death in 1805 were at least 18 years old, all born before 1787. Judging from the size of their families in 1810, they were probably much older.

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