1660 Thomas Gowing in Stafford County, Virginia

Thomas Gowing believed to be born about 1660 – his date of death is not found, nor is his spouse’s name.  Despite having quite a few records regarding Thomas Gowing, his records regarding his family relationships and probate papers have not been located yet.  His deed records do not shed light on the exact relationships between him and the “children” I have listed.  I assume he is the father based on the timing of when he starts showing up in records in Virginia in relation to when William, John and James appear.

Parents:

Thomas Going born 1640-45  (Note:  Not confirmed – this Thomas Going is possibly a parent of Thomas Going b. 1660 – or this could actually be Thomas Going (if he is older than thought). 

John Gowing b. abt 1600-15 (Note:  Not confirmed – possibility that John Gowing is an ancestor or parent).  

Children:
John Gowing b. 1680
William Gowing b. 1682
James Gowing b. 1683

(Notes:  Thomas Going b. 1660 is likely the parent of William, James, and John – not confirmed – appears that Thomas, William, John, and James are all definitely family.  Thomas has been assumed as the “father” as he is the first one to start showing up in records in Westmoreland and Stafford Counties, Virginia – so he appears to be the father)

Siblings:

Esau Goeing

FACTS and EVENTS:

Early Life to Adulthood:

A Thomas Going was recorded as being brought to Maryland in 1671.  1671 May 13: Frances Stannton, recd 500 acres for transp Roger Pate, James Barber, Francis Lloyd, Richard Thompson, John Vincent, Thomas Going, William Ashby, Bartholmew Hayes, Richard Taylour and  Elizabeth Miles. Bryan O’Malley of Talbot County, Planter paid Frances Stannton to assign O’Malley the rights title and interest for the 500 acres. Wit. Richard May and Robert Ridgely. Talbot Co, MD.

1671 Thomas Going to Maryland

1671 May 13 Thomas Going to Talbot Co MD copy of original marked

Compare this to:

1672 Esau Goeing and his wife Ann Goeing are noted in service in Maryland. Source: 17:376 Film No: Husband of Ann, service by 1672;  MSA SC 4341- 1672 Goeing, Ann17:376 Film No: Wife of Esau Goeing, service by 1672; Anne, the wife of Esau Goeing proved rights to land for service provided in Talbot County, Maryland. Esau Goeing assigned his wife’s rights for her service to John Pitt in Talbot County, Maryland.

Note:  This transaction tells us a few things a) Anne Goeing was owed for her service – likely this was an indenture, meaning she started her indenture at least 4 years earlier (1668 or before). Since she was married, and selling her rights to her service, she was now free.  b) Esau Goeing married Anne Goeing, and as her husband, he was selling her rights due to her for her service.  Since he was contracting and married, he obviously was not under any indenture either – no documents have indicated Esau ever was a servant, nor have any documents indicated when Esau Goeing arrived in the Americas.  He may have been born in the Americas.

Relationship to Thomas Going – it appears there “may” be some relationship with Thomas Going.  Both Thomas and Esau appear in records in Talbot County, Maryland about 1671/72.  Both then appear in records in Westmoreland County, Virginia in 1693.  This “suggests” they may be related in some fashion, but it is unknown how.1672-esau-goeing-and-ann-goeing-in-talbot-county-maryland-snip

1672-esau-goeing-and-ann-goeing-in-talbot-county-maryland

By 1693 Thomas Gowing is living in Westmoreland County, Virginia [organized in 1653 from Northumberland County] where he appears in several court records.

April 7, 1693, Westmoreland County. At Court: Abraham Smith vs. Thomas Goen.  Defamation.  1693 May 31, In “Abraham Smith vs. Thomas Goen,” Smith appears in court and “withdrew in person” the charge against the defendant May 31, 1693. [John Frederick Dorman, Westmoreland County Virginia Order Book 1690-1698, Part 2, 1962, p. 34]

Westmoreland Co orders p 204 Abraham Smith v Thomas Goen

Gawen Corbin Gent attachd an attachmt against the estate of Eashaw Goeing for eight hundred and fifty poundsand the sheriff under return that he had it attached one gray horse branded on both buttocks with obscure H brands which a horse has had in custody and a bridle and saddle in the hands of Abraham Smith as being the proper estate of the sd Eashaw Goeing.

Easaw Goeing late of this county being indebted to Mr. Gawen Corbin in the summ of eight hundred and fifteen pounds of tobo by cask as it was said and having absented himself out of the county the sd Corbin obtained an attachment agst the sd Goeings   estate by Corbin of which the Sheriff attached one gray horse branded on both buttocks with an obscure brand being the proper estate of the sd Easaw Goeing as by the estate of the sd attachmt doth appeare. And for that it appeared to this court by the oath of Mr James Ellis that the sd Easaw Goeing stood justly indebted to the sd Gawen Corbin in that sum of amt of tobo by ammt for good judgment is granted him for his sd debt and (sp?) and the sd horse being appraised at Eight hundred pounds of tobo and undemaned awarding (sp?). It is ordered the sheriff orer over him to the sd Mr Corbin in part of satisfaction of his sd debt and such.

1693 May 31 Westmoreland Co Va orders p 217 Gawen Corbin v Esau Goeing

potomac-river-area-both-md-and-va-marked

potomac-river-area-both-md-and-va-marked

On July 28, 1697, Thomas Goen receives a judgment against Joseph Bragg in the amount of 1,300 pounds of tobacco.  

On September 29, 1697, “Thomas Goen confesses judgment” to Charles Lucas in the amount of 1,250 pounds of tobacco “due by bill.”

Westmoreland Co orders p 528 Lucas v Goen

1700/01 Feb 28: It was comanded Willo: Allerton Gent sheriff of the County aforesd that hee should arrest Thomas Goen to answer Eliza Beer admnst of Thomas Beer of a plea of debt for five hundred fifty eight pound of tobacco upon which the sheriff returned copi corpus. But the Deft faileing to appeare and no baile being returned, order passed agt the sheriff for the sd debt costs according to law.
Willoughby Allerton Gent sheriff of the sd County being comanded to arrest Thomas Goen to answer Eliza Beere admst of Thomas Beere decd in a plea of debt for five hundred fifty eight pounds of tobo. upon which returning copi corpus the deft faileing to appear and no baile being returned order passed agt the sd sheriff for the sd debt and costs according to law wherefore at the request of the sd sheriff order it granted him for an attachment against the estate of the sd Thomas Goen for the sd debt and costs according to law.  Westmoreland County Court Orders 1698 to 1705. pg 109.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 231 Beer v Goen, Allerton v Goen p 109

1701 Aprill 30: Thomas Goen confessed judgmt to Ms Eliza Beer that admnst of Mr. Tho: Beer decd for five hundred fifty eight pounds of tobacco ordered hee pay the same with costs at execution. Westmoreland County Court Orders 1698 to 1705. pg 111.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 236 Beer v Goen p 111

1700/1701 Feb 28: Elizabeth Beer vs. Thomas Goen. p109.
Westmoreland orders, 1690/91 to 1698. Copied by George W. Glass. pg 130.

Thomas Gowing” is listed as one of the owners of the “Josiah & Bettey,” according to “List of Ships Entering Inwards in Potomack District, January 25-September 29, 1703.” The ship is described as “pink, built in Salem in 1689, 50 tons, Josiah Novell, master, Mr. Henry Coan, Thomas Gowing, Edw. Billing, owners.”

1703 Virginia list of ship owners Thomas Gowing owner ship built in 1689

http://interactive.ancestry.com/48412/DuplicatesVARecs-004225-324?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48412%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=DuplicatesVARecs-004206-305

50 ton boat

(Note: Possible type boat owned)

1702 Oct 1: Judgment is granted Thomas Goen against the estate of John Harris for the sume of two hundred thirty four pounds of tobo: the same appeareing due by account proved by the oath of the said Goen.
Ordered hee bee paid the same out of the sd Harrisses estate with costs of suit in his behalf at execution.  Westmoreland County Court Orders 1698 to 1705. pg 174.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 361 Goen v Harris p 174

1703 May 26: Chapman Dark by the peticon to this court shewing that some tyme agoe by assignemt from John Harper of Stafford County his late Master, hee was assigned to Joseph  Tayler of this County for the remaining part of his tyme of service not then expired, that his sd tyme of service is some tyme past expired as by the sd assignment if produced would appeare, but the sd Joseph Tayler wrongfully detaines him and refuses to produce the assignment by wch hee pretends to claime a right to his service to the peticoners great detriment and praying to bee discharged from his said master Tayler. Therefore it is ordered that the sheriff of this County do summon the sd Joseph Tayler that hee appeare at the next Court to bee held for this County to answer the sd complt and shew cause if any hee can why hee detaines the said Chapman Dark and because the sd Chapman Dark hath offered to this Court that hee can produce testimony from Maryland that hee is realy free praying liberty to go over to Maryland to procure the same. Thomas Goen haveing assumed to the Court in the summe of two thousand pounds of tobo that the sd Chapman Dark shall appeare before her Majesties justices here at the next Court to bee held for the County to prosecute his said complaint and that in case hee bee not found to bee free hee shall serve his sd master ratably(sp?) after his first tyme expired according to Law for the tme of his absence. It is ordered that hee the sd Chapman Dark have liberty to go for Maryland in order to prosecute his sd pretence. Westmoreland County Court orders 1698 to 1705 pg. 190a.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 394 Chapman Dark and Thomas Goen

1703 June 30: Upon a full heareing of all matters debated and argued between Chapman Dark and Joseph Tayler his late master concerning his freedom, it is the oppinion of this Court that the sd Chapman hath served his full tyme of service due to his said late master and doe therefore discharge him from any further service pretendedly due to the said Tayler and order that the sd Joseph Tayler doe forthwith pay him his corn and cloaths due to him according to the custom of this Colony together with his costs in the behalf also etc.
From which judgment the sd Joseph Tayler appeals to the second day of the next Genl Court.
John Spencer Gent assuming with the appellant for his prosecucon of his sd appeale, and
Thomas Goen with the appellee for his appeareance and ordered they enter into bond according to Law for performance of the same.  Westmoreland County Court orders 1698 to 1705 pg. 194a-195.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 402 Chapman Dark ordered completed service

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 403 Thomas Goen

1703 August 25 – the probate of the estate of Capt. Thomas Atwell revealed that “Thomas Goen” was listed among the creditors of the estate. Court: estate Thomas Atwell, 25 Aug 1703, , Westmoreland, Virginia, USA.”On August 25, 1703, the probate of the estate of Capt. Thomas Atwell revealed that “Thomas Goen” was listed among the creditors of the estate.”  http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm  (Note:  Thomas Atwell’s spouse’s maiden name was Anne Youell (see:  http://www.colonial-settlers-md-va.us/getperson.php?personID=I025834&tree=Tree1 ).  Anne Youell’s father Thomas Youell, was married to Anne Sturman and an Anne Lee.  John Hallowes b. abt. 1586, was married to Ann Youell who came into court in Westmoreland County, Virginia in 1656 and stated she was the widow of Mr. John Hallowes (or Hollis). (Note – Thomas Atwell’s wife had connections with both the Sturman and Youell families, both very closely related to John Hallowes or Hollis b. abt. 1586 and his son John Hallowes or Hollis b. abt. 1612-15’s families – see: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1593-john-hallowes-carpenter/ ).   John Hallowes b. abt 1615 was first married to a Restitute Tew –  His 2nd marriage was to an Elizabeth Sturman (unk maiden name – she had previously been married to John Sturman).  John Sturman (her first husband) was the brother of Anne Sturman Youell who had married Thomas Youell – the same Thomas Youell who was father of Anne Youell who had married Thomas Atwell).  (see: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1613-to-1616-john-hollis-of-md-and-va/ ).  It is uncertain “which” Anne Youell and John Hollowes/Hollis these were that were married, but its obvious there was a family relation here.  Again, just as a reminder, the Y-DNA of the Gowen and Hollis families in the south are a match.  This appears to add additional evidence that the John Hollis b. abt. 1700 family is related to the John Hallowes b. abt. 1612-15 family).

Wills and Deeds 1701 to 1709 p 197 Atwell inventory

Wills and Deeds 1701 to 1709 p 198 Atwell inventory Thomas Goen

1703 Aug 25: Thomas Goen acknowledged Danll McCarty to bee his attorney in an accon (action) comenced by him agt Charnock Cox.  Westmoreland County Court Orders 1698 to 1705. pg 200a.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 414 McCarty atty of Goen p. 200a

https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4K-2STZ-R?i=413&cat=382658

1703 Nov Ct Thomas Gowing v Charnock Cox: In an accon of tresspass in assault and battery brought by Thomas Gowing agt Charnock Cox upon the mocon of the Deft a speciall imparlance is granted him untill next Court. Westmoreland Co, Va Court orders, 1662-1873 p 212.
https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4K-2STQ-G?i=437&cat=382658

1703 Nov Ct Thomas Gowing v Charnock Cox in Westmoreland Co, Va

1703 Dec 31: At a court held for the sd County the 31 day of December 1703. Bruce vs Barrow} John Bruce being summoned as an evidence agt Thomas Goen for Edward Barrow in the suite depending between Edwd Barrow pltf and Thomas Goen deft and haveing made oath hee had attended three dayes ordered that the sd Barrow pay the said John Bruce according to Law with costs at execution. Westmoreland Co Va Court orders 1690-98 p 213a.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 440 Thomas Goen

1703 Dec 31: In the accon of case brought by Edward Barrow agt Thomas Goen for that the sd Barrow did not prosecute the same to effect upon the mocon of the Deft a nonsuite is grted him against the said Edward Barrow and ordered hee pay hte same with costs at execucon.  Westmoreland County Court Orders 1698 to 1705. pg 216.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 445 Barrow v Goen p. 216

1704 July Court: Paine vs Goen: (poor smudged copy): Thomas Goen was attached to answer at (smudged) Ann Paine — a plea of trespass on the case — the — — George Estridge her attorney complained agt the sd Thos Goen for — hee the said Thomas Goen on or abt the fifteenth day of April last — — one young mare of — color commonly called a snowball — on the buttock with a — Ironhook — proper good — —- the said Ann Paine of the value of five pounds — — the parish of Copeley in the County aforesd did take — away and — her own use covey contrary to the peace — — imparlance several continuances — — by Danl McCarty — attorney for plea sad that hee — the mare aforesd of Walter Eigh— —- for a valuable —- —- a proper —- hee is not guilty — — the pltf by his attorney aforesd comes said that the aboves Walter English — — — — — sale aforesd — — to the place aforsd that therefore — —- that the Deft aforsdwas guilty — and of the — Therefore it is considered and comanded the sheriff that hee should —– twelve — — the sheriff haveing  returned twelve —- — —- of his — who — Thomas Marson, Inwright Smith, John Hartley, John Steel, Joseph Hudson, —- Thomas, George Harrison, Wm Sin—,  Richd Hancock, Danl —-, John —-, Nathaniel Pope being charged and sworn to —  the — — — premises upon their sd oath do say wee find for the pltf — that the mare bee delivered into the possession of the pltf and for damages wee find six pences Therefore — is considred that the Pltf aforsd doe recover the mare aforesd together with the damage aforesd by the jury aforesd in form aforesd together with the damage aforesd by the Jury aforesd in form aforesd found as also — — — behlf and that shee have execution thereon.  From which judgmt the sd Thomas Goen appeals to the second day of the next Genl Court. John Spencer Gentl and Isaac Sheppard securities with the appellant for the prosecution of the sd appeale. Westmoreland County, Va Court Order book 1698-1705. pg 482.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 482 Thomas Goen

1704 Aug 30: It was comanded Burdett Ashton Gent late sheriff of the County aforesd that hee should arrest Thomas Goen to answer Edward Barrow of a plea on the case to his damage for twelve hundred pounds of tobo and the sd Sheriff returned copi corpus. But the Deft faileing to appeare and no baile being returned order passed agt the sd sheriff for the sd debt according to law.
Burdet Ashton Gent late Sheriff of the County aforesd was comanded to arrest Thomas Goen to answer the suite of Edward Barrow of a plea on the case for twelve hundred pounds of tobo upon which the sd sheriff returning copi corpus. The Deft faileing to appeare and no baile being returned order passed agt the sd sheriff for the sd debt and costs according to law wherefore at the instante of the sd Sheriff an attachment is granted him against the estate of the sd Goen for the sd suite and costs returnable according to law.  Westmoreland County Court Orders 1698 to 1705. pg 238a.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 490 Goen p 238a

1704 Aug 30: John Medford vs Thomas Goen for a barren cow. The Deft not appearing, order is granted agt the Sheriff and an attachmt granted the Sheriff.  Westmoreland County Court Orders 1698 to 1705. pg 239a.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 492 Medford v Goen p. 239a

In 1704/5: Court: arrests and fines Thomas Gowen, regarding a jail-break, Aft 1 Mar 1704/05, Westmoreland, Virginia, USA. “Shortly afterward, Thomas Gowen, Mathew Martin and Mark Chilton were arrested and required to post bond in connection with part in a jail break in con-nection with a plea made by Stephen Jones, according to  “Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1705-1721″ by John Frederick Dorman:”

On March 1, 1704/05 the Westmoreland County Court orders Thomas Gowen to pay to Edward Barrow 1,200 pounds of tobacco which Thomas Gowen lost to him in a horse race.    1704/05 March 1: In the accon of case depending in the Court between Edward Barrow Pltf andThomas Goen Deft concerning a horse race for twelve hundred pounds of tobacco after plea pleaded issue joyned and a jury sworn and charged to say the truth in the premises they the said jury upon their said oaths doe say wee the jurors do find for the Pltf. Therefore it is considered that the pltf aforesd do recover agt the Deft aforesd as well twelve hundred pounds of tobacco the wager aforesd by the pltf aforesaid declared for as also his costs of suite in his behalf expended which hee is ordered to pay to the pltf aforesd otherwise at execucon.  Westmoreland County Court Orders 1698 to 1705. pg 254a.

County Court orders 1698 to 1705 p 522 Barrow v Goen horserace 254a

1705 March 7 Thomas Goen v Richard Kenner: It was comanded Charles Ashton Gentl late sheriff of this County that hee should have the body of Richard Kenner at March Court 1705 to answer Thomas Goen in a plea on the case to his damage two thousand pounds of tobacco, who made return that hee had took the body of the sd Richd Kenner etc but he failing to appeare and no baile being returned upon the mocon of the Pltf, it is ordered that unless the sd Sheriff bring forth the bodyof the sd Kenner for the next Court to bee held for the sd Courts Judgment to bee confirmed against for the Damages and costs recorded.
Charles Ashton Gent late sheriff of the county was comanded to have the body of Richard Kenner at March Court 1705 to answer Thomas Goen in a plea on the case to his damage two thousand pounds of Tobacco who made return hee had taken the body of the sd Richard Kenner etc but the sd Kenner failing to appeare and no baile being returnd order passed againsted the sd late Sheriff for the damages and costs aforesd according to law wherefore at the instance of the sd Charles Ashton and attachmt is granted him against the estate of the sd Richard Kenner for the value of the above damages and costs returnable and to bee aproved in according to law.   Westmoreland Co Va Court orders, 1662-1873 p 16.   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4L-9SRK-Q?i=60&cat=382658

1705 March 7 Thomas Goen v Richard Kenner in Westmoreland Co Va

In 1706: 29 August 1706, p.37, a judgment is granted John Higgins against Thomas Goen for five hundred forty five pounds of tobacco due by bill account ordered hee pay the same with costs. Shortly afterward, Thomas Gowen, Mathew Martin and Mark Chilton are arrested and required to post bond in connection with part in a jail break in connection with a plea made by Stephen Jones, according to “Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book 1705-1721” by John Frederick Dorman:

Thomas Goen, being bound by recognizance to answer our Soveraigne Lady the Queen of a force and rescue of a prisoner out of the custody of Wm. Chandler, constable for Machotique precinct, this day upon examination the Court do set upon him the fine of 20 shillings sterling. It is also ordered Thomas Goen enter into recognizance for his personall appeareance and in the mean tyme to bee of good behaviour. Tho. Goen assumes in the summe of £20 sterling. Mathew Martin in the sume of £5 sterling. Mark Chilton in the summe of £5 sterling.”

1706/7 January 29:  WESTMORELAND COUNTY, VIRGINIA ORDER BOOK, 1705-1707 {Antient Press}: pg 69.  Westmorland County Ss. At a Court held at the Courthouse for the said County the twenty ninth day of January 1706/7
– The Queen v MARSON JOHN BUSHROD, Gent., one ofher Majties Coroners for this County returned into Court an Inquest by him taken on the dead body of an Infant found buried in the ground neare the House of Mr. THOMAS MARSON in the Parish of CopIe in the County aforesd. born on the body of FRANCES MARSON, Daughter of THOMAS MARSON, (as appeared by her own confession) which FRANCES MARSON suspected to have murthered the Child together with one LOCKLEY GARLAND who was suspected to bee an accessory to the murther, being lately committed to the Common Goale of this County by Precept from FRANCIS WRIGHT, HENRY ASHTON and JOHN BUSHROD, Gent., Justices for the sd County, upon the Suspicions aforesd. It was ordered the Sheriff should bring the Prisoners to the Barr, who being severally examined touching the matter whereof they severally stood accused, it is the oppinion of the Court and accordingly ordered to bee entered on Record that the persons for the facts whereofthey severall stand accused ought to bee tryed at the Generall Court, And doe therefore remand them to the County Goale aforesaid FRANCES MARSON, the Prisoner at the Barr upon suspicion of haveing murthered a female bastard Child lately born on her body being examined whether the Child was born of her body, shee answers, ”Yes.” It being further asked ofher whether the Child was dead or alive when born, she answered “it was dead.” and that (shee believed) two dayes before shee was delivered by occason of a fall shee had from
a Fence with a Paile of Water upon her head; being asked whether any person was present at the delivery, she answered “no.” for that there was no person in the house at the tyme. It being further enquired why shee did not immediately discover the same, she replyed shee was ignorant that the Law required any such discovery Ordered the Sheriff doe forth with impress a man and horse with sufficient aid to bring the body of ROBERT IRON, Servant to Mr. THOMAS MARSON before this Court tomorrow morning at the first sitting of the Court in order to his being bound by recognizance for his appearance at the next Generall Court his Evidence against the Prisoners, FRANCES MARSON, and LOCKLEY GARLAND The severall persons hereunder named (to witt) WILLIAM MARTYN, JOHN SOUTH, THOMAS LAMBERT, ANN MORRIS, THOMAS GAWEN, JOHN LAMBERT, ELIZABETH JEWELL who were bound by recognizance to appeare this day to give in their Evidence against FRANCES MARSON and LOCKLEY GARLAND, the Prisoners at the barr, severally appeared and are discharged for that it did not appeare their attendance was any longer behoofall
http://www.colonial-settlers-md-va.us/getperson.php?personID=I070060&tree=Tree1

1706 August 29, p.37 Judgment is granted John Higgins against Thomas Goen for five hundred forty five pounds of tobacco due by bill account ordered hee pay the same with costs.   http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p103 Higgins v Goen

Thomas Goin of Westmoreland County receives Grant No. 42 from the proprietors June 8, 1707 to 653 acres in Stafford County. The land is located “below the falls of the Potomac,” according to “Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742,” page 39. The land lays adjoining the land of Maj. Robert Alexander, according to a Prince William County, Virginia deed written May 29, 1739. Maj. Robert Alexander does not live on this land, but lives at “Boyd’s Hole,” according to the research of Col. Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr.

http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/288-3/288&image_number=0677&offset=%2B473&name=Grants+No.3+1703-1710&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1707 June 8 Thomas Goin recv 653a land near Ousley land in Stafford Co Va

arlington-county-land-owner-map-1669-to-1796-including-going-lands-1215acres-652acres-and-653acres-marked

arlington-county-land-owner-map-1669-to-1796-including-going-lands-1215acres-652acres-and-653acres-marked

fairfax-map-1760-marked1215acres to Thomas, John, William, and James Goin -653acres to Thomas Going -652acres James Going

fairfax-map-1760-marked1215acres to Thomas, John, William, and James Goin -653acres to Thomas Going -652acres James Going

1708 Va Stafford Co Thomas Goin on quitrent roll

1708 April 9: p. 85a. Thomas Goen moved this Court that Mr. Wm Reed practitioner at law might bee entered his attorney on the Records of this Court in all causes(sp?) pro of rou(sp?) which at his request is accordingly entered.  Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 85a.

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p200 Reed v Goen

1708 May: p. 93a.: It was commanded Willoughby Allerton Gent late sheriff of the County aforesd that hee should summon Thomas Goen to answer Christopher Neale and Francis Kenner (sp?) of a plea that hee rendere to them six hundred pounds of Tobo etc and the sheriff returned cosz(sp?) corpus. But for that the Deft failed to appeare and no baile was returned upon mocon of the Pltf Christopher Neale and Francis Kenner condiconal order is granted against the sd sheriff returnable and to bee proceeded in according to law. Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 93a.

1708 May. p. 93a.  Willoughby Allerton Gent late sheriff of the county aforesd was comanded to sumon Thomas Goen to answer Christopher Neale and Francis Kenner (sp?) of a plea of debt for six hundred pounds of tobo and the sheriff returned cosi corp.
But for the deft did not appeare and no bailed was returned condiconall ordr (sp?) agt the sd sheriff according to law. Wherefore at the instance of the sd sheriff an attachmt is grted him agt the estate of the sd Thomas Goen returnable et according to law.  Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 93a.

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p216 Kenner a Neale v Allerton a Goen

Thomas Goen is a witness to the will of John Spencer of Nominy in Westmoreland County written August 29, 1708.  1708 August 29 – “Thomas Goen” was a witness to the will of John Spencer of Nominy in Westmoreland County written August 29, 1708.
Westmoreland Co.  http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

Wills and Deeds 1701 to 1709 p 630 John Spencer will with Thomas Goen as wit

On October 19, 1708 the probate of the estate of John Spencer shows that “Thomas Goen and John Wright, Gent.” are indebted to the estate in the amount of 473 pounds of tobacco.  http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1709 Jan 26: p. 108. Thomas Goen being bound by recognizance to appeare att this Court to answer our sovereigne Lady the Queen of a certaine force rescue of a prisoner out of the custody of Wm Chanler constable for Machotique Precinct that day appeared to answer the same and upon examinacon and hearing of the matters alleadged agt him the Court do sett upon him the fine or suine(sp?) of twenty shillings sterl to bee paid to our sd soveraigne Lady the Queen for his sd offence and it is also ordered that the sd Thomas Goen do enter into recognizance de novo for his personall appearance at the next Court to answer what may bee then objected agt him and in the mean tyme to bee of the good behaviour etc.
Tho Goen asmos(sp?) in the sume of 20 sterl.
-Mathew Martin in the sume of 5 sterl.
-Mark Chilton in the sume of 5 sterl.
To bee paid to our Soveraigne Lady the Queen if default be made herein.  Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 108.

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p245 State v Goen

http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

1709 April 27:  WESTMORELAND COUNTY, VIRGINIA ORDER BOOK, 1707-1709 {Antient Press}: pg 86.  Westmoreland County Court 27th ofApril 1709
– KENNER &c. y GOEN Judgment is granted FRANCIS KENNER and CHRISTOPHER NEALE, Executors of the Last Will and Testament of RODHAM KENNER, against THOMAS GOEN for the sume of five hundred forty pounds of tobacco being ballance of a Bill of six hundred pounds of tobacco passed by said GOEN to RODHAM KENNER. Ordered he pay the same to the Executors together with costs als exo
http://www.colonial-settlers-md-va.us/getperson.php?personID=I027906&tree=tree1

1709 April 28: Francis Kenner and Christopher Neale extrs of Rodham Kenner v. Thomas Goen. p 121A.  Westmoreland orders, 1690/91 to 1698. Copied by George W. Glass. pg 239.  1709 Aprill 28: p. 121a. Kenner v. Goen. Judgment is granted Francis Kenner and Christopher Neale executors of the last will and testament of Rodham Kenner against   Thomas Goen for the summe of five hundred and forty pounds of tobacco being ballance of a bill of six hudred pounds of tobacco past by the sd Goen to the said Rodham Kenner ordered he pay the same to his said est together with costs at ex.  Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 121a.

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p272 Kenner v Goen

1710 Feb: p. 140. Chandler v. Goen. Judgment is granted Wm Chandler by nihil decet against Thomas Goen for the sum of one thousand pounds of tobacco said to be due by bill ordered the said Goen pay the same to the said Chandler if soe much remaine due on the sd bill together with costs in his behalfe at execution.  Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 140.

1710 Feb: p. 140. Awbrey v. Goen. Judgment by nihil decit is granted John Awbrey against Thomas Goen for the sum of three hundred sixty three pds of tobacco due on ball of a bill and account due to the said Awbrey proved by his oath ordered the said Goen pay him the same with costs at execution.  Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 140.

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p309 Chander v Goen a Awbrey v Goen

1710 June 28: p. 148. It was comanded John Sturman Gent late sheriff of the sd County that he should sumon Thomas Goin to answer Danll McCarty of a plea that he hold covenant to the pltf to his damage one hundred pounds sterl and the sheriff returned copi corpus. But for that the Defendant failed to appeare and noe baile being returned upon mocon of the said plaintiff condiconall order passed against the said sheriff and upon mocon of the sheriff an attachment is granted him against the Defendants estate returnable to be proceeded in according to law.  Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 148.

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p325 McCarty v Goin a Sturman v Goin

1711 April 27: p. 156. Richard Kenner brought suite against Thomas Goen of the parish of Cople in the County aforesaid labourer and declared against him for words spoke by the said Thomas against him the said Richard to his damage one hundred pounds sterl and at a Court held for the said County the 26th day of May 1708 the Defendant aforesaid appeared and prayed lycence of Imparlance till the then next Court which was granted and by severall adjournments from thence continued over till this day and now at this Court the Defendant aforesaid being called and faileing to appeare upon mocon of the pltf judgment is granted him by nihil dicit against the said Thomas Goen, But for that it is not known to the Court what damage the pltf has sustained by meanes of the words by the Defendant aforesd spoke as the pltf in his declaracon hath sett forth. It is therefore ordered that the sheriff of this County doe cause to come before her Majesties Justices at the next Court to be held for the said County (sp?word?) by whome the truth and damage aforesaid may be the better known and enquired into.
Richard Kenner brought suite against Thomas Goen of the parish of Cople in the said County labourer and whereupon the pltf complained that the Defendant aforesaid at the Parish of Cople in the County aforesd on the eleventh day of March one thousand seven hundred and seven and assault on him did make and him the pltf did strike beat wound and ovill nitreal and other harms to him did doe to his damage fifty pounds sterl and at a Court held for the sd County the 26th day of May 1708 the sd Defendant appeared and prayed lycence of imparlance till the then next Court to answer to the pltfs declaracon aforesd which was granted him and by severall adjournments from thence continued over till this day and now at this Court the said Thomas Goen being called in due form and faileing to appeare upon mocon of the pltf judgment is granted him by nihil dicit against the Defendant aforesd But for that it is not known to the Court what damage the pltf has sustained by meanes of the assault aforesaid by the pltf in his declaracon aforesaid said to be made. It is therefore ordered that the sheriff of this County doe cause to come before her Majesties Justices at the next Court to be held for the said County twelve honest and lawfull men of his baylywick by whom the truth in the premisses may be the better known and enquired into.  Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 156.

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p341 Kenner v Goen

1711 April 27: p. 157. Thomas Goen was summoned to answer Daniel McCarty at June Court 1710 of a plea that he hold covenant to him the pltf etc to his damage one hundred pounds sterl and the sheriff returned copicorpus and noe baile being returned upon mocon of the pltf condiconall order passed against John Sturman Gent the then Sheriff of the said County for the damage aforesd and now at this Court the Defendt aforesaid being called in due form of law and faileing to appeare upon the further mocon of the sd Daniel judgment is confirmed to him against the said John Sturman late sheriff as aforesaid for his damage aforesaid and it is ordered he pay the same with costs at execucon. Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 157.    http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/westmore.htm ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p343 McCarty v Goen

1711 June 28: p. 164. Memorandum that of a Court held for the said County the 26th day of May 1708 Richard Kenner brought suite against Thomas Goen of the parish of Cople and County aforesaid labourer and declared against him for words spoke by the Defendt against him the said Richard to his damage one hundred pounds sterl at which said Court appeared the said Defendt and prayed lycence of imparlance till the then next Court which was granted and at a Court held for the sd County the 25th day of Aprill 1711 after severall continuances of the same, Defendt aforesaid being called in due form of law and faileing to appeare or anyone in his behalfe to say any thing in barr or prochision of the pltfs writt and declaracon aforesaid judgment by nihil dicit passed against the said Thomas Goen according to law and it was ordered that the sheriff of the County cause to come before her Majesties justices twelve and to enquire into what damage the pltf had sustained by meanes of the words by the Defendant soe as aforesaid uttered and spoke and now at this Court the Sheriff haveing returned twelve honest and lawfull men of his baylywick sworn and charged to say the truth in the premisses upon their said oaths doe say wee find for the pltf twenty pounds sterl damage. Therefore it is considered by the Court that the pltf aforesaid doe recover agt the Defendt aforesaid as well his damage aforesaid in form aforesd by the jury aforesaid found as alsoe his costs of suite in his behalf and it is ordered the said Thomas Goen pay the same to the said Richard Kenner or order at execucon.  Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 164.

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p357 Kenner v Goen

1711 June 28: p. 164. Memorandum that at a Court held for the said County the 26th day of May 1708 Richard Kenner brought suite against Thomas Goen of the parish of Cople in the County aforesaid labourer and declared against him the said Thomas for makeing an assault upon him the pltf to his damage fifty pounds sterl and at which said Court the Defendt appeared and prayed lycence of imparlance till the then next Court which was granted and at a Court held for the said County the 25th day of Aprill 1711 (after severall Continuances thereof) the said Thomas Goen being called in due form of Law and faileing to appeare or anyone in his behalf to say any thing in barr or proclusion of the pltfs writt and declaracon aforesaid. Judgment by nihil dicit passed against the sd Defendt according to Law. And it was ordered that the sheriff of this County should at the next Court to be held for the sd County cause to come before her Majesties Justices twelve and to enquire into what damage the pltf had sustained by occasion of the assault by the Defendant aforesaid on the pltf aforesaid made, and now at this Court the Sheriff haveing returned twelve honest and lawfull men of this baylywick sworn and charged to say the truth in the premisses. Upon their said oaths doe say wee find for the pltf fifteen pounds sterl damage therefore it is considered by the Court that the pltf aforesaid doe recover against the Defendt aforesd the said sum of fifteen pounds sterl the damage aforesd by the jury aforesd in form aforesd found. And it is ordered the sd Thomas Goen pay the same to the said Richard Kenner together with his costs in his behalfe expended att execucon.   Westmoreland County, Court Orders 1705-1721 p. 164.

Westmoreland Co County Orders 1705 to 1721 p357 Kenner v Goen

Around 1710 Thomas Goins, John Goins, William Goins, and James Goins receive 1215 acres adjoining Robert Alexander’s land in Stafford County, Virginia. On Aug 3, 1719 this same land is purchased by Evan Thomas and John Todd both of Stafford Co who receive 1215 acres in Stafford Co on Four Mile Cr adjacent to Mr. Robert Alexander, the land that was formerly surveyed for Thomas, John, William, and James Goins. Surv. by Mr. Thomas Hooper. 3 Aug 1719. p. 69. (Note:  Evan Thomas later, in 1714, jointly receives a grant of 124 acres of land with William Going on Mason’s Neck).

The Alexander family owned much of the land that eventually would become Alexandria, Virginia – and the name of that city is from the Alexander family that owned the land. For more on Robert Alexander, and the Alexander family, see the history of Alexandria, Virginia – wikipedia article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandria,_Virginia
(Note: Additional information on the 1215 acres is found in the deposition taken in 1767 of Charles Griffith, aged 70 years or thereabouts of Loudoun County, formerly of Stafford County, now called Fairfax County, the deposition taken between John Carlyle, plaintiff and Charles Alexander, defendant, the 8th day of May 1767 (a land dispute) according to “Patents and Northern Neck Grants in Fairfax County, Virginia” by Beth Mitchell) (see transcription of deposition in second half of page below in part II.  Ancestry/Immigration of Thomas Gowing):

http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/pictures/1719surveygoinsstaffordcova.jpg http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289&image_number=0361&offset=%2B149&name=Grants+No.5+1713-1719+(VOL.1+p.1-130)&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1719 Going bros formerly 1215acs Staff Va

The Alexander family owned much of the land that eventually would become Alexandria, Virginia – and the name of that city is from the Alexander family that owned the land.

For more on Robert Alexander, and the Alexander family, see the history of Alexandria, Virginia – wikipedia article:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandria,_Virginia

On March 22, 1714, recorded December 20, 1716, Thomas Going owns land adjacent to land purchased by James Brechin “two miles below the falls of the Potomac” in Stafford County, Virgina according to Northern Neck Deed Book 5, page 44. [confirmed in image Deed Book 5, page 44, image 75.

http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-44651?func=full-set-set&set_number=005585&set_entry=000028&format=999 http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289_0222.tif

MicroForm

1710-1722 – Chart of George Mason III showing purchase of Thomas Gowing’s 653 acres http://www.gunstonhall.org/georgemason/landholdings/land_purchases.html

1716 December 20 – Thomas Going owned property adjoining James Brechin “two miles below the falls of the Potomac” according to Northern Neck Deed Book 5, page 44. image 75. – Stafford Co, Va. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/289-2/289_0222.tif

On January 20, 1724, in Stafford County, Virginia, 250 acres (later (in 1767) determined to be 218 acres) purchased by George Mason – adjacent to his own 653 acres of land he purchased from Thomas Gowing below falls of Petowmack. This land is adjacent to Col. Tho’s Lee. http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-3/290-1/101-200.html (page 115)

1724 George Mason purch 250a land from Thomas Gowing in Stafford Va

See bio on George Mason III on Wikipedia:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Mason_III

In 1728/29 Thomas Going is on the tithe list living on the Potomack River in Stafford Co, Va, Northern Neck, listed as one of the “residents and landowners”. (Source): Stafford County Virginia Titheables. 1723-1790 in two volumes, compiled by John Vogt and T. William Kethley Jr. Volume 1, page 117, 169.

On February 18, 1729 Thomas Going owns land adjacent to Capt. Simon Pearson, Parson Brechin, and Col. George Mason near the Potomack River, listed in a land transaction by Capt. Simon Pearson of Stafford Co, Virginia according to the Northern Neck Deed Book 6. page 28. p. 101.  “Thomas Going” owns property adjoining Simon Pearson February 18, 1729, according to Northern Neck Deed Book 6. page 28.

http://lva1.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/F/NUXGTGU21PJDCXUBKG3PDBV219M4QEL55EPI2E853P1FEJACEA-46380?func=full-set-set&set_number=005585&set_entry=000024&format=999 http://image.lva.virginia.gov/cgi-bin/drawer?retrieve_image=LONN&dir=/LONN/NN-5/296/296&image_number=0101&offset=%2B14&name=Grants+O+1767-1770&dbl_pgs=no&round=

1729 Thomas Going owns land adj to Col George Mason, Simon Pearson, Parson Brechin in Stafford Co, Va MARKED

GUNSTON HALL Mason lands adj Gowing land1714 MAP of George Mason info on Gunston Hall with William Going's 124 acres marked on map

1710 1722 George Mason III purchases 653 acres from Thomas Gowing and other purchases marked

http://www.gunstonhall.org/georgemason/landholdings/moxham.html

http://www.gunstonhall.org/georgemason/landholdings/land_patents.html

http://www.gunstonhall.org/georgemason/landholdings/land_purchases.html

On May 29 1739 Mr. John Awbrey of Prince William County, Virginia obtains 86 acres in Prince William County, Virginia (this part of Prince William County was formerly in Stafford County, Virginia) on the Potomack River on the Woncopin Branch adjacent to the land of William Strutfield, Thomas Owsley, Mr. Robert Alexander, Thomas Gowing, according to Virginia Land Office Patents and Grants/Northern Neck Grants and Surveys, Grants E 1736-1742 (VOL.1 p.1-289) page 81.  (Note:  This may be a later Thomas Going, possibly his grandson – son of John Going b. abt 1700 – Thomas Going b. abt 1717-1722).

http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/NN-5/291-2/1-100.html (page 81)

1739 Thomas Gowing living next to Robert Alexander, Owsley, Strutfield, and Awbrey in Stafford Co, Va MARKED

In a 1746 transaction, George Mason still owns the 653 acres of land that he had purchased from Thomas Goings.

1746 Thos Goings 1746

Again, in 1767, George Mason III (dec’d) has passed 218 acres adjacent to the 653 acres he acquired from Thomas Going, this land down to his heir and son George Mason IV, who also now holds the land purchased by his father from Thomas Going. (Note:  these 218 acres are adjacent to the 653 acres Thomas Going purchased around 1707/1708 and later sold to George Mason).

1767-george-mason-still-owns-land-obtained-from-thomas-going-in-stafford-co-va-marked-snip

1767-george-mason-still-owns-land-obtained-from-thomas-going-in-stafford-co-va-marked-snip

II.  Ancestry/Immigration of Thomas Gowing family:

It is possible Thomas Gowing was the original immigrant for this branch of the Gowing family (see Thomas Going from Maryland below).  It is also possible that he was born in America, and that his ancestors (parents, grandparents, etc), were the original immigrants for his branch.  There is some evidence that the original immigrant was a John Gowing who arrived in Virginia around 1635 and appears to have moved to Maryland about 1640-50, and then was transported back to Virginia in 1650 (crossing the Potomac River).

Was Mihil Gowen an Ancestor of Thomas Gowing / Going?  

Several sources have named a “Mihil Gowen” as his likely parent.  This is based on the research of Paul Heinegg in “Free African Americans of North Carolina, Virginia, and South Carolina, Volume 1”, 2005.   Heinegg never says that Mihil “is” actually the parent of Thomas Going, only that he may be (Note: which is still a possibility – but it there are other possibilities as I have indicated).  Even though it is still possible, I think a more likely line is through John Gowing who arrived in Virginia and appears to have moved to Maryland some time between 1640-50 and then back again to Virginia.    There are other options as well.  Thomas Going could have been the original immigrant, he could be a child of the Thomas Gowing noted as arriving to Virginia in 1635.  Or the child of one of the other Going-type names arriving in Virginia or Maryland prior to 1693 when he first appears in Virginia.  My best guess is that since there is a Y-DNA connection with the Hollis family, that John Gowing may be the original immigrant for this line (see below).    http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

All transactions with Thomas Gowing, and his sons William, James, and John, are along the Potomac River – on the border of Maryland.  Esau Goeing and Thomas Going show up in Talbot County Maryland records in 1671-72, close in time, then they show up about the same time in 1693 in Westmoreland County, Virginia.  This suggests they may be related.

Heinegg’s research is helpful in locating documents. His identification that Thomas Gowing might be Mihill Gowen’s son is based on Mihill being a freed slave, Mihill being in Virginia at a time period that is reasonable for him to be the parent, and based on a document about Thomas Gowing that infers he may have had African ancestry (called a mullatto rascal in a hotly disputed land suit in a depostion some 40-50 years after Thomas Gowing has left the area, or died).   Heinegg makes it clear in his work that he is unsure if Thomas Gowing is a child of Mihill Gowen, but his inclusion of Thomas as a possible child has led to multiple sources stating that Thomas Gowing is actually the child of Mihill Gowen.  It is still possible that Mihill is Thomas’ parent, but again, there are other options that should be considered, especially with the Y-DNA matches to the Hollis family, and the location that Thomas Going lived (and his children).

Another possibility is that Mihill Gowen is a cousin or other relative of Thomas Gowing.

John Gowen b. abt 1600-1615 arrived in James City County, Virginia in 1635, which is close to York County, Virginia.  There is a John Gawin (Gowin) who is noted in York County, Virginia from 1668 to 1698 who may be a relative of Mihill and Thomas Gowing.   If John Gowen b. abt 1600-1615 had a spouse or relationship while in York County, Virginia, while acting as a servant.  (Note: Servants were not allowed to legally marry without their master’s permission.  Sometimes they married secretly, and if discovered, they would be punished, and their children would become servants as well).   Mihill Gowen was a servant in this area, and may have been a child of John Gowen b. abt 1600-1615 who arrived in Virginia in 1635.

(Note:  I don’t think Mihill Gowen was the parent of Thomas Gowen – maybe a relative). The documents Heinegg points to, and others cite, include 1) Testimony Required:  Thomas was required to get testimony he was a free man – this has been misread.  It was Chapman Dark who was sent to prove he was free; and 2) Deposition:  A deposition some 25-30 years after Thomas Gowing was gone from the area with a comment about  “mulatto rascals”.

There are at least 3 different fairly large Going-type name Y-DNA lines known that have African Y-DNA signatures – probably more – that have been shown to be in Virginia in the 1700s – and none of the lines can point to the “original immigrant” with any certainty.  (Note: It is possible that any of these Going men we are speculating about prior that appear to have been born prior to Thomas Going b. abt 1660 belong to one of the other two Y-DNA lines).

The John Gowing connection with the Hollis family in the mid 1600s, along with the Y-DNA match between the Going descendants and the Hollis descendants, makes John Gowing a more likely candidate as the original immigrant for this Gowing line.

Deposition re: Alexander land:

The deposition of Charles Griffith taken in 1767 was used in at least 2 cases involving the land that the Going family had owned.  In the deposition, Charles Griffith is testifying on behalf of Charles Alexander – the defendant in the case.  Charles Alexander is a party to the case, and is trying to get evidence before the court that land he had placed tenants on in the 1760s was his land.  The people that actually owned the land thought differently, and brought suits against him to eject him from the land.

Charles Griffith was trying to undermine the Going’s original survey in 1710 and imply they took land that belonged to the Alexander family back in 1710, and in selling the land to Todd and Thomas (the buyers of the land from the Going family) that they sold land they did not own to Todd and Thomas who purchased the land from the Going family.  Charles Griffith stated that when Robert Alexander found out the Going family had been doing surveys on the back line of Alexander’s property, that Robert Alexander called them “mulatto rascals”, and that he would make them suffer.

MAPS OF THOMAS GOWING PROPERTIES:

The 1215 acres at issue are noted on the following maps (click maps/images to enlarge):

arlington-county-land-owner-map-1669-to-1796-including-going-lands-1215acres-652acres-and-653acres-marked

arlington-county-land-owner-map-1669-to-1796-including-going-lands-1215acres-652acres-and-653acres-marked

fairfax-map-1760-marked1215acres to Thomas, John, William, and James Goin -653acres to Thomas Going -652acres James Going

fairfax-map-1760-marked1215acres to Thomas, John, William, and James Goin -653acres to Thomas Going -652acres James Going

The Alexander case eventually was decided by the US Supreme Court – with Chief Justice John Marshall issuing the Court’s opinion against the Alexander family.  https://law.resource.org/pub/us/case/reporter/US/12/12.US.462.html .

In a 1774 case that dragged on until 1811 (between Charles Alexander and his aunt Parthenia Alexander Massey Dade – Robert Alexander’s daughter), a transcribed copy of Charles Griffith’s 1767 deposition was introduced (both cases involved basically the same litigation – that Charles Alexander was claiming land beyond his patent). Charles Griffith gave testimony on behalf of Charles Alexander – that Thomas Gowing (and his sons) had wrongfully obtained a grant for land that Charles Alexander was claiming encroached on his grandfather’s estate (which Charles had inherited).  Charles Griffith stated that he heard the grandfather of Charles Alexander, (Robert Alexander), state the following regarding the Going family:

This deponent being first sworn for the Deft Charles Alexander saith that about 43 years ago he was an overseer for one Philip Noland . . .  “

“Noland then told (Robert) Alexander that one Robertson the Goings and several others had surveyed and taken up land within his great patent upon which the said Alexander seemed angry swore he would make them suffer and let them know his land run a great way further out than they imagined.  He this deponent further saith that when Noland told Majr. Robert Alexander that the Goings were taking and surveying his the said Alexanders land, he the said Alexander replied to the said Noland that he had a great mind to turn the mulatto rascals who were then his tenants off his land and that he would when he had a little time survey his land and show them how his land run.”  . . . 

“He, this Deponent, further saith that he well remembers he was at a Race in the same year where the Goings were [who then had running horses] and that the old people were talking about the Goings taking up Alexander’s land and selling it to Thomas and Todd which land the old people then said was in Alexander’s back line or at least the greatest part. He well remembers that at the same time the old people said as soon as Alexander should make a survey, they would find it was Alexander’s land and they would loose the greatest part of it, at the same time this Deponent saith the people were laughing and said if it were not for Alexander’s land the Goings had sold to Thomas and Todd they, the said Goings would not be so lavish of their money of which they seemed to have a great plenty at that time, being asked by the Pltf. at what time it was that he rode with Mr. Hugh West when he was Deputy Sheriff. He says that it was in the year 1726 or 1727 as well as he remembers . . .

http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=013-1811-021 (237 pages of 1809 case, including copies of depositions taken in 1767 and 1768 in the Alexander cases regarding the Howson patent).

 (see transcript of Charles Griffith introduced in one of the cases below): 

1767 Charles Griffith depo p1

1767 Charles Griffith depo p2

1767 Charles Griffith depo p3

1767 Charles Griffith depo p4

1767 Charles Griffith depo p5

1767 Charles Griffith depo p6

1767 Charles Griffith depo p7

There are several problems with the testimony of Charles Griffith:

a) Robert Alexander never brought any action against the Going family for the land.  Nor did he or any of his heirs take action against anyone else that took possession of that land afterward for that matter.  No action was taken until 1767 some 57 years after it had been sold in 1710 to the Goings, some 48 years after Thomas and Todd took possession of it, and some 40 years after these conversations Mr. Griffith says he heard).  And the action that was taken was against Charles Alexander for trying to take land that didn’t belong to him.  Not the other way around.

If Robert Alexander actually knew people were taking his land, and he was as angry about it as Charles Griffith appears to be relating in his 1767 deposition, it seems he would have done something about it back in 1710 when the Going family received the grant, or in 1719 when they sold the land to Thomas and Todd, or in 1727 when this alleged conversation took place that Charles Griffith supposedly overheard.  Trespass and ejectment suits were common back then.  You did not want to lose land by adverse possession.  You paid rents to the crown for land you owned, and you were required to produce on your property, or it would go back to the crown – so they could grant it to someone else who would produce on the land.   If you were paying rents (taxes basically) and producing on land, you did not want others coming onto the land and taking the resources from you.

b)  Another problem with Griffith’s story is that the Going’s had sold the property by 1719 to Thomas and Todd.  Griffith says these actions and conversations he heard all happened in 1727-28, when he was a deputy with Hugh West.  Griffith goes on to say that he moved into the area about 3 years before that (1724 – 1725).   Again, the Going family had sold the tract to Thomas and Todd in 1719 – some 5-6 years before Griffith moved into the area, and the conversations he says he “overheard” took place some 8-9 years after the Going’s had sold the property.  In fact, two of Thomas Going’s sons (the four Goings were joint owners of the land) had already died before these supposed “conversations” and “horse racing” that he allegedly saw/heard about in 1726/27.  John Going died in 1721, and William Going died in 1725.   Thomas Going was probably close to 70 years old by 1726-27 (if he was still alive).  The only Going that owned that property that was alive and could still be able to race horses would have been James Going, who would have been in his mid to late 40s.

c)  The lawsuits filed were actually against Charles Alexander for him encroaching on other people’s land, not the other way around.  Charles Alexander inherited the estate and started trying to plant tenants on property that according to the courts that heard the cases, did not belong to him.  The suits were ejectment lawsuits by a Mr. Carlyle decided in 1771, and by Charles Alexander’s own aunt Parthenia Alexander Massey Dade in 1774.  Then an 1806 case involving multiple people who purchased some portion of the land in question.  The jury found against Charles Alexander in the 1771 case, where Charles Griffith testified, at least by deposition.   The US Supreme Court found against the heirs of Charles Alexander in the 1806 case.  https://law.resource.org/pub/us/case/reporter/US/12/12.US.462.html

Charles Griffith’s witnesses testimony does not appear to have been believed – at least by those who heard it back in the 1767-1771 case.  His testimony sounds like an embellishment used to emphasize “how mad” Robert Alexander allegedly was when he found out about the Going surveys – not to indicate actual skin color.   It could be seen as their skin color, but without any other documents showing Thomas, John, William or James Gowing were black or mulatto, it seems more of a derrogatory statement, meant to demean their character at the time.  They may have been mixed race “mulatto” at the time, but it was not an issue that was noted in their many business transactions, land deals, or court cases at the time.  It appears that, if they were seen as mulatto, they were respected enough in the community that this was not even noted in court records back in the 1680s to 1740s.  The first time it was brought up was in 1767, long after they had left the area.          (see the following links for background to the Howson Plat dispute):

(p. 1-18: Petition, Answer, and costs sheet on 1809 case).
(p. 19-35: Additional Answers filed by Charles Alexander and wife Francis Alexander).
(p. 57-79: Various depositions taken in 1767 re case and land)
(p. 79-82: Charles Griffith’s deposition on May 8, 1767 is page 79 through 82 of link);
(p. 87: David Thomas’ depo on April 9, 1768 re Thomas Going)
(p. 94-96: Indenture of Parthenia Dade – daughter of Alexander – for land in dispute – describes one landmark as “Goings Gut” in description).
(p. 97-104: Indenture in 1771 Mouth of Goings Gut landmark in sale of property by Dade)
(p. 110-113: Lee Massey depo in Alexander case, depo taken in 1809 mentions Going Gut)
(p. 121-122: 1748 Act creating City of Alexandria – starts with sixty acres of land).
(p. 163-164: 1809 survey mentioning Going’s Gut).
(p. 176: 1767 Carlyle v Alexander case with judgment in 1771) – Admiral Seekright against Charles Alexander
(p. 178-185: Petition describing dispute in 1809 case description of allegations, Goings Gut again referenced).
(p. 187-189: 1776/77 Lee Massey release regarding the disputed land)
(p. 198-203: 1767 Pleadings in case against Charles Alexander and minutes of court and motion)
(p. 205-210: 1810 interrogatories and answers of George Griffin).
(p. 214-216: John Alexander’s questions and answers to depo Qs in 1809).
(p. 223-225: Record of case in 1771 and judgment against Charles Alexander).
(p. 226-227: Deed of Charles Alexander in 1778 re land with Prothenia Dade (Robert Alexander’s daughter)
(p. 228-229: Dick deed in 1790 re land). (p. 230-233: 1790 and 1809 deeds re land in dispute).
(p. 234-237: Alexander case drawings of surveys done);

See also:
https://www.alexandriava.gov/uploadedFiles/historic/info/archaeology/SiteReportSipeJamesBlandHomesDocumentaryAX211and212.pdf (pages 23, 38, 79-82).

(Transcription of Copy of Charles Griffith deposition that was introduced in the case between Parthenia Alexander v. Charles Alexander:  1767 Charles Griffith depo in Carlyle v Alexander MARKED .   Copies of other 1767-1768 deposition that were also introduced in the 1779-1811 case:  1767 various depositions regarding case in 1767 that were taken .  http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=013-1811-021 – Link to Library of Virginia – Chancery Court:Pendleton v. Alexander case of 1811 – depositions were transferred into this case from 1767 depos)

Who are Thomas, John, William, and James Gowing’s ancestors?:

Strong Candidates:

There are a several possible ancestors that have Gowen, Going, Gowing type names:

Going families appearing to have Virginia and/or Maryland connections: 

(As is shown by John Hallowes b. 1612-15, those who lived along the Potomac River appear to have moved back and forth from the Northern Neck of Virginia to Maryland often.  It makes sense as the river was a major way to get from point A to point B.  Crossing from one side of the Potomac to the other would not have been difficult, and in fact, would likely make it easier for trade and moving product.  The following Going’s have been identified as those who appear to be near the Potomac, or Chesapeak Bay in Maryland, so possible candidates for ancestors of Thomas Going b. 1660).

1) On Sept 28, 1635, John Gowing was transported by Thomas Crompe to land near Richard Buck (who lived near James Town, Va).

1635 snip of John Gowing transp to Va by Crompe

http://image.lva.virginia.gov/LONN/LO-1/001/201-300.html

1635 snip of John Gowing to Va transcribed 1 1635 snip of John Gowing to Va transcribed 2

http://interactive.ancestry.com/48408/CavaliersPioneers-005066-577?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48408%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=CavaliersPioneers-004513-31

Oct 18, 1650 John Goane was transported by Walter Broadhurst to the Americas among 10 people total. They were settled on Conawoman Creek – located in Westmoreland County, Virginia. – Phonetically, this name is even closer to Gowen/Gowing, and again, is on Canawoman Creek, in Westmoreland County, Va. Again, where Thomas Gowing shows up in court records in the 1690s.  http://interactive.ancestry.com/48408/CavaliersPioneers-005066-577?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48408%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=CavaliersPioneers-004685-199

In 1679 – Goane, John WC2:167,169 Film No: Transported to Maryland 1679 MSA SC 4341- http://earlysettlers.msa.maryland.gov/

2) Thomas Gowen transported to Virginia in August 1635 on the Globe.  https://archive.org/stream/originallistsofp00hottuoft#page/118/mode/2up

3) April 14, 1653, William Gowin arrived in York County, Va, near the head of Ware Creek.  http://interactive.ancestry.com/48408/CavaliersPioneers-005066-577?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fsearch%2fdb.aspx%3fdbid%3d48408%26path%3d&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnBrowsing#?imageId=CavaliersPioneers-004744-257

4)  In 1660 – Gaun, Clement, AA:486 Film No:SR 8200, Transported in 1660,  Transcript: 6:268 [SR 7348], MSA SC 4341-3776,  http://earlysettlers.msa.maryland.gov/

5) Thomas Going transported to Maryland in 1671.  (SERNO: S11. LAND OFFICE (Patent Record)#16, p. 135 Thomas Going, 1671 [MdHR 17,350, 1-23-1-21]. 06/02/92. Tracking No.: 17596. Circ. No.: 6395.) See:  http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/refserv/quickref/html/photodup.html

Name: Thomas Going;  Arrival Year: 1671;  Arrival Place: Maryland Source Publication Code: 8510;  Primary Immigrant: Going, Thomas.  Annotation: Index from manuscript by Arthur Trader, Chief Clerk in the Maryland Land Commission, 1917. And see nos. 4507-4511, Land Notes.  Source Bibliography: SKORDAS, GUST, editor. The Early Settlers of Maryland: an Index to Names of Immigrants, Compiled from Records of Land Patents, 1633-1680, in the Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968. 525p.  Repr. 1986. Page: 185; http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?gss=angs-g&new=1&rank=1&gsfn=Thomas&gsfn_x=0&gsln=Going&gsln_x=0&MSAV=1&msbdy=1640&cp=0&catbucket=rstp&uidh=m37&pcat=ROOT_CATEGORY&h=1347524&recoff=3+4&db=pili354&indiv=1&ml_rpos=17

6) In 1672 – Goeing, Esau 17:376 Film No: Husband of Ann, service by 1672 MSA SC 4341-
Goeing, Ann 17:376 Film No: Wife of Esau Goeing, service by 1672 MSA SC 4341- http://earlysettlers.msa.maryland.gov/

7) In 1675 – Goun, William LL:400 Film No: Transported in 1675 Transcript: 15:300 MSA SC 4341- http://earlysettlers.msa.maryland.gov/

Name: William Goun
Arrival Year: 1675
Arrival Place: Maryland
Source Publication Code: 8510
Primary Immigrant: Goun, William
Annotation: Index from manuscript by Arthur Trader, Chief Clerk in the Maryland Land Commission, 1917. And see nos. 4507-4511, Land Notes.
Source Bibliography: SKORDAS, GUST, editor. The Early Settlers of Maryland: an Index to Names of Immigrants, Compiled from Records of Land Patents, 1633-1680, in the Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968. 525p. Repr. 1986. Page: 189
http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?gss=angs-g&new=1&rank=1&msT=1&gsfn=William&gsfn_x=0&gsln=Goyne&gsln_x=0&mswpn__ftp=Maryland%2c+USA&mswpn=23&mswpn_PInfo=5-%7c0%7c1652393%7c0%7c2%7c3244%7c23%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c&MSAV=1&msbdy=1650&cpxt=1&cp=12&catbucket=rstp&uidh=m37&pcat=ROOT_CATEGORY&h=1384572&recoff=3+4&db=pili354&indiv=1&ml_rpos=70

8) In 1699 there is a William Goyne – servant, with 3 years left to serve in 1699 inv. of Capt John Ferry (48:124).
http://interactive.ancestry.com/48162/BaltimoreCoFamilies-002452-273/224574?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dFLHG-BaltimoreCoFamilies%26gss%3dsfs28_ms_db%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gsln%3dgoyne%26gsln_x%3d0%26MSAV%3d1%26uidh%3dm37&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=207,1696,297,1717

Name: William Goaine
State: MD
County: Baltimore County
Township: No. Side of Patapsco
Year: 1699
Page: NPL
Database: MD Early Census Index
http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?gss=angs-g&new=1&rank=1&msT=1&gsfn=William&gsfn_x=0&gsln=Goyne&gsln_x=0&mswpn__ftp=Maryland%2c+USA&mswpn=23&mswpn_PInfo=5-%7c0%7c1652393%7c0%7c2%7c3244%7c23%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c&MSAV=1&msbdy=1650&cpxt=1&cp=12&catbucket=rstp&uidh=m37&pcat=ROOT_CATEGORY&h=11285045&recoff=9+10&db=mdcen&indiv=1&ml_rpos=69

Name: William Goaine
State: MD
County: Baltimore County
Township: N Side Patapscounty Hund
Year: 1699
Record Type: Tax list
Database: MD Early Census Index
http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?gss=angs-g&new=1&rank=1&msT=1&gsfn=William&gsfn_x=0&gsln=Goyne&gsln_x=0&mswpn__ftp=Maryland%2c+USA&mswpn=23&mswpn_PInfo=5-%7c0%7c1652393%7c0%7c2%7c3244%7c23%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c&MSAV=1&msbdy=1650&cpxt=1&cp=12&catbucket=rstp&uidh=m37&pcat=ROOT_CATEGORY&h=11277362&recoff=9+10&db=mdcen&indiv=1&ml_rpos=68

See following links for additional research that has been done on the Goyen/Goyne family.

1) Carroll H. Goyne, Jr:

http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GOWEN/2001-07/0994197255 http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GOWEN/2002-02/1014656685

2) The Gowen Manuscript: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/nl199111.pdf

3) The Gowen Manuscript: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/Gowenms133.htm

4) Gowen Manuscript: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms002.pdf

(See page on various Thomas Goings in the VA, NC, SC areas in the 1700’s and early 1800’s:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/various-thomas-going-people/ ).

Hollis and Going family connection:

(Note:  John Gowing and John Hallowes – or their descendants – may have had a family relationship.  The Going and Hollis families appear to have lived in the same counties from possibly 1640 to 1840 (possibly up to 200 years).  They are documented to have been in eachother’s deeds, wills, probate, etc, and lived in the same counties for at least 100 years – 1739 to 1840.  If John Gowing and John Hallowes are ancestors of William Going b. 1682 and John Hollis b. 1700, then it is actually about 200 years they lived near each other.

See page for John Hollis b. 1700.  There is no direct evidence John Hollis b. 1700 is a descendant of Maj. John Hallowes b. 1612-15, but there is circumstantial evidence.  John Hallowes dies in 1657 with at least 3 male children (possibly more).  His son William Hollis has been shown to have several children of his own, one of his line goes to Delaware, the others in his line appear to stay in the Maryland/Virginia areas.

In Y-DNA testing, descendants of two different sons of John Hollis b. 1700 (James and Moses), match descendants of William Going b. abt.  1682.  In fact, at this time, all descendants of William Going b. abt 1682 and John Hollis b. 1700 who have published their Y-DNA results match each other.

The significance of this is that John Hollis b. 1700 would have that same Y-DNA as his two sons (if two different sons of his have that same Y-DNA – its highly unlikely two different Going men had affairs with Moses’ wife and conceived all his children, and then did the same with James Hollis’ wife).

Due to  the age difference in William Going b. abt 1782 and John Hollis b. 1700, John Hollis could be a biological son of William Going or one of his brothers out of Stafford Co, Va, but, it could be the other way around, maybe the Going brothers/family were the biological sons of one of the Hollis/Hallowes men from further back.

There are some Hollis researchers who claim John Hollis b. 1700 came over from England to the Americas in 1740, as there is a record of a John Hollis arriving in 1740.  The problem with this is that there is a record of John Hollis posting bond on Catherine Padderson’s will in 1739 (this is William Going b. 1682’s widow who had remarried).

Additionally, it does not explain the matching Y-DNA between the Hollis and Going families.  If both James Hollis and Moses Hollis (sons of John Hollis b. 1700) have descendants with Y-DNA that match descendants of William Going b. 1682, then that means John Hollis b. 1700 has that same Y-DNA, and since the Going men and the Hollis men all have connections with Stafford Co, Va – it is most likely that the “mixing” of these two families occurred some in 1700 (when John Hollis b. 1700 was born), or before that date.

Thomas Going was documented in Virginia since 1693 when he was involved in a lawsuit with Abraham Smith for Defamation in Westmoreland County, Virginia.  John Going, William Going, and James Going were all listed in the militia of Stafford County, Virginia in 1701/02 as dragoons.

It is possible that the Hollis and Going families lived in the Northern Neck of Virginia and Maryland (both along the Potomac River dividing Maryland and Virginia).  Both families have records of people being “marriners” (John Hallowes b. 1615 and Thomas Going b. 1660 and John Going b. 1700).  It would not have been difficult for them to move up and down the Potomac and Chesapeak Bay doing business along the water ways and finding land along the water.

There is a record of a John Gowing arriving in James County, Virginia in 1635.  In 1638 John Hallowes (this is likely the father of Maj. John Hallowes) purchased land in Charles County, Virginia, adjacent to James County, Virginia.  In 1640 John Hallowes sells his land in Virginia and appears back in Maryland.  It is unknown what happened with John Gowing during this time, but the next time his name is seen is in Maryland.

In January 1650 John Hallowes transports himself from Maryland to Northumberland County, Virginia on the mouth of Canawoman Creek (in Nomini Bay).  In October 1650, Walter Broadhurst, a friend and neighbor of John Hallowes, transports John “Goane” (Gowing) from Maryland to Northumberland County, Virginia – “on the mouth of Canawoman Creek” (in Nomini Bay).  Among those also transported by Walter Broadhurst were William Hardigg, Robert Beard, Ann Knowles, Hump. Farmar, and John Piper, all who were residents of Maryland who had several dealings with John Hallowes b. 1615 shown on this page above.   This was a transport of people from Maryland’s colony, to Virginia’s colony, meaning those people listed as being transported had been living in Maryland prior to this transport.

This is at least some evidence that there was likely contact between Going and Hollis families prior to 1700.  These families may have lived near each other starting some time between 1640 to 1650 until 1740 in the Northern Neck of Virginia and Maryland during this time period.    Since there was a “non-paternal” event that mixed the two families Y-DNA at some point, this likely occurred some time between 1640-1700 in the Northern Neck of Virginia and Maryland.

(See Y-DNA results:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/hollis-family/ ).

Y-DNA Additional Notes:  Y-DNA for Going/Goin/Goyne, etc families descended from Thomas Going is E1b1a – meaning Sub Saharan Africa.  It is unknown if Thomas Going – or his parents, were considered African, or “mulatto” at this time – there are a couple records that “may” indicate this, but they are not clear.  Most of the records do not mention his or his children’s race.  Three possibilities exist for why they were mostly not notes as black or of African ancestry:  

1) The Going family came from overseas to the Americas appearing to be white due to many generations of living in white communities in Europe (despite the E1b1a Y-DNA), or arrived as a mixed race appearing European due to living in European communities for many generations  (Here is a discussion on mixed race people in Europe who may have arrived in the Americas):  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_admixture_in_Europe.

2) The “Going” paternal ancestor of African origin came over to the Americas in the very early 1600s as an indentured servant – or possibly working on a ship as a ships-hand of some sort – was freed from his service and married within the free white communities.

3) The understanding of where E1b1a originates, or the age of it, or the migration of those with E1b1a is not properly noted or identified – in other words, Anthropologists typically say we all migrated from Africa at some time.  Mutations in Y-DNA over time identify where we are from during the past 1000-50,000 years – and identify our haplogroups.  The current theory of E1b1a is that the haplogroup has been around 20,000-30,000 years, and that as the Sahara dried up those with E1b1a migrated south away from the desert about 3000 years ago.  Its possible groups of E1b1a may have migrated in other directions 3000 years ago into pockets or areas that have not been identified or sampled yet (such as towards southern Europe, like Spain, Greece, Italy, etc).

Y-DNA:  See the following page for Y-DNA results for this line: Y-DNA information for Goyen:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/y-dna-for-goyen/  Y-DNA matches (most distant known ancestors of people we match – have common paternal ancestor with these people):  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/ydna-matches/

(Also, see page for John Hallowes b. 1612-1615).

(Note:  The Kirkland family see:  http://ourtexasfamilycom.ipage.com/RossFam/Kirkland_Family.html, Hollis family, Going family, and possibly the Keiffe family all appear to have arrived to the Northern Neck of Virginia through Maryland (or at least had ties to Maryland) in the 1600s).

(See Y-DNA results:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/hollis-family/ ).

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