James Gowing b abt 1683 m. Mary (unknown maiden name),
(Children orphaned by 1734-40)
Dad: Thomas Gowing
Potential children in Stafford County, Va (of John Going b. 1680, William Going b. 1682, or James Going b. 1683):
Peter Gowen b. 1699 (NOT confirmed – could be a child of one of the other siblings of John Gowing b. 1680 – William or James)
Thomas Gowen b. 1706 (NOT confirmed – could be a child of one of the other siblings of John Gowing b. 1680 – William or James)
William Gowen b. 1712 – d. April 1792, m. Sarah Allen (NOT confirmed – could be a child of one of the other siblings of John Gowing b. 1680 – William or James)
Moses Going b. abt 1718 Stafford County, Va and Goochland Co, Va
John Gowing b. 1680
William Gowing b. 1682
James Gowing b. 1683
Thomas Gowing b. 1686 (Not confirmed – this Thomas might not exist – the documents used to assume this person existed may be for Thomas b. 1660 or Thomas b. 1706).
(There have been no documents confirming who James Gowing’s children are. Six of the following children were bound out as apprentices between 1734 to 1740, in either Stafford County, or Brunswick County, Virginia. His children might have been these bound out children. I have assumed these are the children of Ambrose Gowen (James’ nephew), but they could be children of James Going):
James Gowen born about 1720
Thomas Gowen born about 1722 (In 1736 was bound to Ralph Jackson in Brunswick, Va).
John Gowen born about 1723 (In 1736 was bound to Ralph Jackson in Brunswick, Va).
Elsoner Gowen born about 1725 (In 1740 was bound to Ralph Jackson in Brunswick, Va).
William Gowen born about 1726 (in 1737 was bound to John Straughan in Stafford, Va).
Cave Gowen born about 1727 (In 1734 was bound to James Vaughan in Brunswick, Va).
Drury Gowen born about 1729 (In 1740 was bound to Ralph Jackson in Brunswick, Va).
FACTS and EVENTS:
Y-DNA: See the following page for Y-DNA results for this line:
Y-DNA information for Goyen: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/y-dna-for-goyen/
Y-DNA matches (most distant known ancestors of people we match – have common paternal ancestor with these people): https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/ydna-matches/
Early Life to Adulthood:
(John Straughan connections: In 1737 John Straughan took in William Gowen as an apprentice in Stafford Co, Va. John Straughan is listed as a neighbor of James Gowing in Stafford County, Virginia in 1730-31. Charles Griffith’s 1767 deposition also mentions that John Straughan was one of James Gowing’s neighbors back in 1726-27).
(James Vaughan connections: A Vaughan sued the estate of John Going’s for payment of a note in 1725 according to Stafford Co, Va will book K’s index (the book is missing, but the index still survives. In 1734, James Vaughan took in Cave Gowen as an apprentice. In 1771 William Gowen in turn takes in Shadrach Vaughan as his apprentice in the Henrico Parish, Va. vestrybook. This may be the same William Gowen who John Straughan took as an apprentice in 1737. In 1787 a John Vaughan marries Elizabeth Goyne in Henrico County, Va.).
(Ralph Jackson connections: In 1736 John and Thomas Gowen were bound to Ralph Jackson in Brunswick County, Va. In 1740, Drury and Elsoner Gowen were bound to Ralph Jackson. In 1732, the Henrico Parish Vestrybook shows Ralph Jackson taking in other orphans, including two of Robert Blakely’s children, and being paid by the vestry in 1735 for keeping Wm. Hobby. Ralph Jackson moves from Henrico County, Va., to Brunswick County, Va. by ).
James Gowing was probably born around 1683 in or near Westmoreland County, Virginia. It is assumed that Thomas Gowing born 1660 is the father of John Gowing born 1680, William Gowing born 1682, and James Gowing born 1683. No information is known about their mother. Thomas is assumed to be the father of the four since he shows up earliest in records around Westmoreland County, Va. James Gowing and his father and brothers move to Westmoreland County about 1695 (possibly from Maryland, just across the Potomac River).
In 1701 – “William Gowing, James Gowing and John Gowing” were included in the roster of a company of dragoons commanded by Capt. John West and Lt. John Peake. They were on duty in Stafford County in 1701, according to “Virginia Colonial Soldiers” by Lloyd Bockstruck. The dragoons who were mounted infantrymen, received their name from their weapons. The troops carried a musket called the “Dragon” and accordingly were called dragoons. Va Military.
In 1710 the “Goins” jointly receive a land grant of 1,215 acres in Stafford County ” located on Four-Mile Creek adjoining Maj. Robert Alexander” about 1710. Stafford Co, Va.
The Gowing family appears to sell the land to Evan Thomas and John Todd n August 3, 1719. The 1215 acres are granted to Evan Thomas and John Todd both of Stafford Co, the land also in Stafford Co on Four Mile Cr adjacent to Mr. Robert Alexander, land formerly surveyed for “Thomas, John, William, and James Goins“. Surv. by Mr. Thomas Hooper. 3 Aug 1719. p. 69. Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co., Va.
(Note: Additional information about this 1215 acre grant can be found on Thomas Gowing’s page, including copies of depositions in 1767 regarding lawsuits that arose out of the ownership of the land after Alexandria, Virginia was established. (For additonal information see: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/thomas-gowing-born-about-1655-1660-married-to-unk-lived-in-northern-neck-virginia/ ).
1728-30 James Going pays tithes on Four Mile R nr. Brandymore and Pimmits R., in Stafford Co, Va, Northern Neck residents and landowners. (Source): Stafford County Virginia Titheables. 1723-1790 in two volumes, compiled by John Vogt and T. William Kethley Jr. Volume 1, page 117, 156.
1730 March 4 – C-118 – James Going and Simon Pearson of Stafford Co 652a in Stafford Co on Four Mile Run near Brandymore adj Thomas Pearson dec’d, William Gunnel, on Pimets Run. 4 March 1730. p. 106 (p. 127 is James Going adjacent to Maj John Colvill in 1739). Va. Land Trans – Stafford Co.
In 1731 Benjamin Sebastian was employed as overseer and collector of rents; he lived on Alexander’s Island. In a deposition he stated that he became a tenant to Alexander on promise of a lease, which he never got from Alexander in his life, but after his death, he got a lease from Gerrard Alexander, son of Robert, who inherited part of the land, (LRLS: 315). Benjamin Sebastian listed the tenants living on Alexander’s land in 1731. They paid rents of 524 pounds of tobacco for 100 acres and twice that for a double lot of 200 acres. The tenants living below Four Mile Creek were: Judith Ballenger, James Going, Sarah Young, and Sarah Amos. Above the creek the tenants were: Edward Chubb, Richard Middleton, William Boylstone, John Straughan, Adam Straughan, Edward Earpe and Richard Wheeler. Robert Alexander received 6812 Pounds of tobacco yearly for the rent since Richard Middleton and William Boylstone had double lots.
In 1731, the tenants on Robert Alexander II’s lands paid rents of 524 pounds of tobacco for 100 acres and 1048 pounds for 200 acres. At that time, documented tenants below Four Mile Run included Judith Ballenger, Sarah Young, Sarah Amos and James Going, who “raised horses” and “spent much of [his] money at the races” (Mitchell 1988: 61). Above Four Mile Run lived Edward Chubb, Richard Middleton, William Boylstone, John Straughan, Adam Straughan, Edward Earpe and Richard Wheeler (ibid: 61-62).
In 1733 June 16, in the probate paperwork of Thomas Pearson, a note is received of JAMES GOING of JOHN PAGE, cash reced. THOS. PEARSON, NOTE OF EDWARD SNOXELL, DITTO GEORGE SYMSON, cash of DARBY BRYAN, JOHN MERCER, JOHN HERLE, Aug 10th by crop reced made at the home plantation on Potomack creek, By ditto made in Pr. William, Note reded of JAMES SUDDUTH, EDWARD WILLIAMS, THOS. SMITH, rappa. THOMAS FURR, JOHN PAGE, STEPHEN FULLER, EDWD, WILLIAMS, SIMON BOWLING, OF WM. NORTHCOAT, of LEWIS ELSY cash reced for the warehouse rent 1733 paid JOHN WITHERS HARPER for a debt, paid JOHN MERCER, WM DENT, MARY SHAVONS acct. shipped to JAMES BUCHANON, Shipped in BUCKERIDGE, paid CATESBY COCKS note, paid GRIGSBY’S judgemant, CAPT. SPOORE for inspection he paid, paid Marlbro Inspectors 4 crop hhds. Paid WM. BROOKSHIRE acct. 1734 Augt 10 CAPT HEDGEMAN acct and levies, paid WM. WALKER for a coffin, paid SARAH JEWARS acct. paid MR. SCOTT for the funeral sermon, paid MR CLAIBORNE for clks note, paid SAM’L TOMMONS, JOHN GRANTpaid the inspector of 7 hhds tobacco had out of hunting creek warehouse and shipt in board the Smith CAPT. BUCKRIDGE 3/. July 5 paid JAMES CARTER for quit rents 5636 acres land 1733 Sterling paid THOMAS HARRISON SENR for a Legacy left him, paid MOSELY BATTALEY for a fee agst. TRAMMEL paid EBENEZER MOSS his acct. Smiths work, 1734—paid Wm. Brookshire, PAID wm. Hale FOR Mary Straughans living at ye quarters, paid EDWARD EMMS for levies, paid GEORGE TRAMELL, PAID JAMES BAXTER, William Herle, mr. cocke Clks note, 1735 To the hire of a boat to carry tobacco to the warehouse 2 days at 20 p day, payd MICHAEL REGAN EDWARD EMMS, ANN BALL, LEWIS ELSEY, EDWARD EMMS, JERE BRANAUGH, WILLIAM HERLE, MR. NATHL. CHAPMAN, 1734 reced of NICHOL. GRIMES, LEWIS ELSEY, WILLIAM BRUSTER, RICHD RAKSTRAW, THOMAS COATHER, MOSES GOIN, THOMAS WEST, DAVID THOMAS, JAMES HALLEY, JOHN BURK, by MICHAEL REGANS rent, by tobo reced HENRY WATSON. THOMAS PEARSON. At court held for Stafford County June 12th 1739 Nathaniel Chapman and Thomas Pearson Exes of Simon Pearson deced presented account..admitted to record. SOURCE: Stafford County Will Book M, Page 271-273, Will Abstract, 1729-1748 by Sparacio. http://boards.rootsweb.com/localities.northam.usa.states.virginia.counties.stafford/1692/mb.ashx (Note: Moses Goin appearing in Stafford County, Virginia changes his birth year to around 1708 to 1718. He is on the same will paperwork for Simon Pearson, who appeared to be close to James Gowing. Moses Going appears next in Goochland, Va around 1753 –
On April 14, 1736, James Going Jr purchased land from Abraham Childers in Henrico County, Va. The transaction was for L 10 , 100 acres in H. Co. Adj. land of Robt. Mosby, John Childers, etc., Signed Abraham Childers. Wit: Hutchins Burton, George Freeman. Recorded 1736 May 3. Henrico Co, Va. Page 546 Deed
http://interactive.ancestry.com/29401/dvm_LocHist013234-00024-1/45?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults&rc=299,1820,474,1862;474,1819,717,1873#?imageId=dvm_LocHist013234-00042-0 (Note: In 1797 Dec 12 – Nancy Going (Goyne) married Patrick Childress in Henrico County, Va. In 1791 Mary Going married Meredith Childers December 12, 1791 in Henrico County).
1737 May 30: p. 632. 30 May 1737 Abraham Childers of County & Parish of Henrico, to Thomas Bates of same, for 15 pounds, 200 acres; being part of tract where Childers now lives, granted by patent to him, bounded by said Childers and land he sold to James Going. Wit: William Street, Richard Cotrall. Signed: Abram Childers, Elizabeth (E) Childers. Recorded 1st Mon. in June 1737. Elizabeth, wife of Abraham, relinquished her dower right. Henrico County, Virginia Deeds 1706-1737. by Benjamin B. Weisiger, III. pg. 181.
1739 Feb 4 James Going and Simon Pearson’s 652 acre tract is adjacent to John Colvill, Gabriel Adams, James Robertson, Robert Bates, and the late Rev Mr Brechin on Lubber’s Branch of 4 Mile Run, in Prince William County, Va.
Bef 1750: The will of James Going was presented by John Williamson, executor to the county court [date not noted], according to “Colonial Wills of Henrico County, Virginia.” Henry Stokes, John Watson, Robert Sharp and John Watkins were appointed to appraise the estate.
1750 – James Gowing died some time prior to 1750 and it appears it was in Henrico County, Virginia – if this is the same James Gowing. Will records and deed records are found showing his death before a deed transaction on Feb 4, 1750 – that shows 100 acres of land in Henrico County, Virginia James Gowing previously owned had some time in the past been left by James Gowing by will to John Williamson. The deed indicates James Gowing had purchased the land from at James Young. John Williamson was selling the land in Feb 4, 1750 to John White from Hanover County, Va.
Notes regarding possible children of James Gowing Sr’s or Ambrose Gowing’s – who were bound out:
On 1734 June 6 – Cave Gowen, a seven-year-old boy who was bound to James Vaughan by the 6 June 1734 Brunswick County court and Thomas and John Going who were bound out by the court in May 1739, no parent named [Orders 1737-41, 254, 302]. Brunswick Co, Va. James Vaughan was likely from Stafford County, Va. A “Vaughan” was noted in the probate paperwork of John Gowing who died in 1721 in Stafford County, Va.
On 1736 July 5 – John Going and Thomas Going, apparently brothers, possibly other sons of Mary Gowing and James Gowing, were bound to Ralph Jackson on July 5, 1736, according to Order Book 1, page 254. Va. Court Order – Brunswick Co, Va.
On August 25, 1737 the Prince William County Court ordered that William Gowen be placed for apprentice. On Oct 26, 1737, Truro Parish bound William Gowen to John Straughan. http://www.pohick.org/vestrybook.html (p. 19-20). William Gowen – an Orphan age 10, is bound to John Straughan until 21 yrs – to be taught how to read English, and taught the ministry of a Tanner. Pohick Church – in Lorton, Virginia, Truro Parish Colonial Vestry Book (Church/Vestry of George Washington, George Mason, and other patriots). Truro Parish, Va.
(Additional info from): http://jg1758.blogspot.com/2012/08/newly-found-possibility-william-gowen.html
(Note: William Gowing b. 1682 was married to Catherine Gowing (later Catherine Padderson when she remarried). William Gowing died between November 1725 and March 1726. The Stafford County Will Book K index does not show any will for him, only estate administration is noted – which means he likely died suddenly – and was not dying of an illness (or else he would have written a will if he was ill with death impending, with the number of properties and children he had). William’s spouse Catherine remarried and becamed Catherine “Padderson” – it is estimated that she remarried around 1728, and she died around June of 1739 and she did leave a will naming some of her children. Its possible that William Gowen b. 1727 was William Gowing born 1682’s child, but you would think that Catherine would have provided for him in her will since he was a minor at the time. That leaves James Gowing b. 1683 as a possible parent. He disappears from records after 1733 – meaning he possibly died that year. Several of the Gowing children were bound out from 1734-1740).
1739 July/August – John Going
1-254 – July/August 1739 Court.
Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order
1739 July/August – Thomas Going
1-254 – July/August 1739 Court.
Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order
1740, April 3 – Drury Going – Eleanor (Elsoner) Going, Mary Gowing, Ralph Jackson Brunswick County Court order of April 3, 1740 in which it was “ordered that Elsoner Going and Drury Going, sons to Mary Gowing be bound as the law directs to Ralph Jackson until they shall arrive to the age of twenty-one years,” according to Order Book 1, page 302. Va. Court Order – Brunswick Co.
In 1744 Ralph Jackson Sr died, his will was probated in Brunswick County, Va. April 4, 1744. His son, Ralph Jackson Jr
In 1751 March 26 – Indenture made 26 March 1751, between Thomas Jackson of Brusnwick County, and Ralph Jackson of same, £50, 250a, being part of a tract of land granted to Thomas Jackson aforesaid for 325a, by Patent dated 22 February 1724, Chinkaponbottom Road from Allens Mill to Meherrin River/ Little Creek/Plantation Branch. Signed Thomas Jackson (bhm). Wit: Sampson Lanier, Mark Harwell, John Jackson (bhm). Court 26 March 1751, Indenture and Memorandum acknowledged by Thomas Jackson. Deed Book 5, Page 18. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vabrunsw/deeds/brundb5.htm
(This shows Ralph Jackson and Sampson Lanier knew eachother – therefor, in 1759)
In 1759 July 23 – James Gowing Sr’s possible son, Drury Going, was paid 5 pounds for a year’s work according to the account of the Brunswick County, Virginia estate of Sampson Lanier which was returned 23 July 1759 [\VB 3:297]. Brunswick Co, Va. Ralph Jackson and Sampson Lanier had several land transactions between themselves and other members of the Lanier and Jackson families. Since Drury Going was bound out to Ralph Jackson, he would have known Sampson Lanier through Ralph Jackson.
1771 July 8 – Henrico Parish Vestrybook – entry: pg. 145 (see link below). To the Church Wardens, for William Going for taking Shadrach Vaughan, Orphan, as apprentice, and indemnifying them from any farther charge in bringing up the said child. 250pounds.
Henrico Parish, Va. William Gowen appears to have taken in Shadrach Vaughan as his apprentice in the Henrico Parish, Va. vestrybook. Just as John Straughan had taken in William Gowen as an apprentice back in 1737. It is possible this is the same William Gowen. http://www.mesarfhc.org/books/Vestry%20Book,%20Henrico%20Parish/975.5453%20K2.pdf – p. 145
1772 Aug 17 – John Goan (Going) receives 150 acres in Berkley County, South Carolina in the fork between the Broad River and the Saludy on a small branch of the Tyger River called Comets Branch and bounded SE by land laid out for James Atterson, and part to Ambrose May, and NE by Moses Kirkland, and NW by Ralph Jackson, and part SW by vacant. Berkely Co., SC
(It appears that John Goan (or Going) living adjacent to Ralph Jackson, and Moses Kirkland. In 1714 Richard Kirkland had jointly purchased 268 acres in Stafford County, Virginia with Cornelius Keith (father in law to John Gowing Sr born 1710 who was married to Mary Keith). Moses Kirkland may be a descendant of Richard Kirkland. This may be the same Ralph Jackson who apprenticed John Gowen in 1736, or it may be a son of Ralph Jackson).
Other possible James Going entries (emphasis on “possible”):
1689/1690. An order against the Sherriffe is granted James Gawen for the onappearance of Richard Davis. From: York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, Wills, Etc., No. 8 – Part One 1687-1691 – Abstracted and Compiled by John Frederick Dorman
1694 Apr – James Gowin and Cornelius Gowin – On page 121 James and Cornelius Gowin are listed among headrights for Richard Cragg, April 1694, Albemarle – 650a. On page 155, Cornelius Gowin is listed for Cragge on 500a grant Pasquotank District 1 Jan 1694. On page 133-4 James and Cornelius Gowin listed July 1694 in a Craig grant for 500a. Immigration: headright for Richard Craig, Apr 1694, Pasquotank, North Carolina, USA. http://ourberryfamily.com/berry/21179.htm
1694 Apr – James Gowin and Cornelius Gowin – Pasquotank District 1 Jan 1694.
1694 July 11 – Albemarle ss. Rich. Craig, 650 a., for transportation of 13 persons, 11 July 1694. The persons viz. Rich. Craig, James Armestrong, Hanah Farmer, Wm. Sanderson, Wm. White, Wm. Sympson, Jonath. Taylor, John Lacy, Jno. Anthony, Cornelius Gowin, James Gowin, Sarah Mason, Eliz. Cob. Survey and return for Rich. Craig, 500 a., 25 July 1694.
1727 James Gwan account estate in Somerset Co MD Maryland’s Huntington Collection of scanned archives available online
Beginnings of Gs for wills index in Huntington Collection
http://mdhistory.net/msaref09/msa_te_1_254/html/msa_te_1_254-0152.html (Note: this name may or may not be a “Going” type name. It is close enough to review and see if it shows any evidence of being a Going variation or an error in transcription somewhere along the way. There may be a Gwan family that this actually belongs to, so this may not be a “Going” at all, but worth reviewing).
1727 Joseph Gwein estate account in Charles Co MD Maryland’s Huntington Collection of scanned archives available online
Beginnings of Gs for wills index in Huntington Collection
http://mdhistory.net/msaref09/msa_te_1_254/html/msa_te_1_254-0152.html (Note: this name may or may not be a “Going” type name. It is close enough to review and see if it shows any evidence of being a Going variation or an error in transcription somewhere along the way. There may be a Gwein family that this actually belongs to, so this may not be a “Going” at all, but worth reviewing).