Virginia – Botetourt County – 1700s to early 1800s

(Below are different Going, Goyen, Gowen related sources for those people were in the Virginia, North Carolina, or South Carolina areas in the early 1700’s to early 1800’s)

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Botetourt County, Virginia – INFO

Tax Lists of Botetourt Co Va (1791-1798 are years Gowens show up):
– 1791 A
Isem Gowen 1 tithe 2 horses [frame 172]
– 1795 A
Gowing, James 1 tithe 1 horse [frame 241]
– 1796 A, List of Robert Harris
Gowin, James 1 tithe 2 horses
– 1797 A
Gowen, James 1 tithe 3 horses
– 1798 A
Gowing, James 2 tithes 2 horses [frame 319]
Gowing, Daniell 1 tithe 1 horse
http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/botetax.htm

Gowen Manuscript:

BOTETOURT COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Sarah Goins was born in Botetourt County about 1800, according to her enumeration in the 1870 census of Lee County, Virginia. She was recorded at age 70 in the household of James Stewart. All family members were recorded as “white.” A review of the census return might reveal her relationship to the householder.

James Stewart was recorded as the head of Household No. 52 in the township of Jonesville, Virginia:

“Stewart, James, 60, born in Lee Co, VA
blacksmith
Mary Collins, 50, born in Hancock Co, TN
Lent, 26, born in Lee Co, VA
Jane, 24, born in Hancock Co, TN,
works in blacksmith shop
Daniel, 12, born in Lee Co, VA
Julia A, 17, born in Lee Co, VA
Caldonia, 3, born in Lee Co, VA
Margaret E, 10, born in Lee Co, VA
Goins Sarah, 70, born in Boutetort Co, VA”
==O==
Mary Gowen was a resident of Boutetourt County in 1790. Mary “Polly” Gowen was married April 8, 1806 to George Darr in Botetourt County, according to the research of Cleve Weathers, Foundation member of Nashville, Tennessee.

It is believed that children born to Mary Gowen included:

Canaan Gowen born about 1775
Mary Gowen born about 1777

Canaan Gowen, son of Mary Gowen, was born about 1775 in Botetourt County, Virginia. He was bound to Edward Pate June 8, 1790, according to Botetourt County Court Minutes. On the same day “Mary Gowing” was bound to John Johnston. She is regarded as a sister to Canaan Gowen.

On February 12, 1793, “Canaan Gowen, son of Mary Gowen was set at liberty,” according to “Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1760-1800” by Lewis Preston Summers.

“Canaan Gowin” filed suit against Alexander Waugh, and the case came before the Madison County, Kentucky Circuit Court June 6, 1807:

“Plea before the Honourable the Judges of the Madison County Circuit Court at a Circuit Court continued and held for said county on the 6th day of June in the 1807.

Be it remembered that heretofore, that is to say, on the 2nd day of February in the year aforesaid came Canaan Gowin by his attorney Peyton Robinson, Esqr. and applied for and obtained from the clerk’s office of the Circuit Court for the County aforesaid the following Copias ad Respondendum against Alexander Waugh which together with the endorsement and Sheriff’s return thereon is in the words and figures following towit:

The Commonwealth of Kentucky to the Sheriff of Madison County, Greeting: You are hereby commanded to take Alexander Waugh if he be found within your bailiwick and him safely keep so that you have his body before the Judges of our Circuit Court for the County of Madison at the courthouse thereof on the 3rd day of our next March Term to answer to Canaan Gowin of a plea Trespass on the Case damage thirty pounds and have then and there this writ witness William Irvine, Clerk of our said court at the courthouse 2nd day of February 1807 and in the fifteenth year of the Commonwealth.

Will. Irvine

This is an action of Tresspass on the Case, no bail required.

Robinson for Plft

Executed William Walter D. S. for Jno. Kincaid, Shff.

And afterwards to wit at Rules held in Clerk’s Office of the circuit court aforesaid in the month of March in the year afsd. Came the said Plaiantiff by his attorney and filed his declaration of the plea aforesaid in the words and figures following to wit:

Madison County Court Feb

Canaan Gowin by his attorney complains of Alexander Baugh in custody fe. of a plea of trespass on the case for that whereas on the ___ day of ______ in the year ______ the said defendant became indebted to the Plaintiff the price of one horse to the amount of ______ pounds, also one Saddle & Bridle of the price of _____ pounds also one suit of clothes of the price of _____ pounds and money to bear his expenses from Kentucky to Virginia the said dues and demands whereof was for and in consideration of certain work and labour & services done and performed by the said Plaintiff for the said defendant and at the special instance & request of the said defendant to wit in coming to Kentucky from Virginia with the defendant and assisting him and his family to move to Kentucky and being so indebted the said defendant afterwards the same day and year at the county and circuit aforesaid State of Kentucky in consideration thereof undertook and faithfully promised the said Plaintiff that he the said defendant would well and truly contract and pay him the said Plaintiff the said horse, bridle & saddle, suit of clothes and money to the amount as aforesaid whenever he should be thereto afterwards required and whereas the said Defendant afterwards to wit, the day and year afore mentioned at the county and circuit aforesaid and State of Kentucky Special Instance and request became indebted unto the said Plaintiff one other horse of the value aforesaid also one other bridle & saddle of the value afsd. also one other suit of clothes of the value afsd. and also the further sum of money to bear his expenses from Kentucky to Virginia and back again and being so indebted he the said defendant in consideration thereof undertook and faithfully promised the said Plaintiff that he the said defendant would well and truly contract and pay the said Plaintiff the said horse of the price afsd. also the said Bridle & Saddle of the price aforesaid also the said suit of clothes of the price aforesaid and the said sum of money aforesaid whenever he should be thereunto reqd.

Nevertheless the said defendant not regarding his several promises and undertakings but continuing and fradulently intending to deceive and defraud the said Plaintiff hath not paid him the said several horses or either of them nor the said Saddle & Bridle or either of them nor the said suit of clothes or either of them nor the aforesaid sums of money or either of them any part thereof although the said defendant afterwards to wit the same day and year last above mentioned and often times afterwards at the County and Circuit afsd. and State of Kentucky was by the said Plaintiff thereto Requested, but the said defendant he thereto hath and still doth refuse so to do whereby the said Plaintiff saith he is Injured and Endamaged to the Value of _____ pounds and therefore brings his suit.

Robinson for Plft.

And the said defendant having been arrested and not appearing, on motion of the Plaintiff by his said attorney, it was ordered that this suit be continued until the next, rules for the defendant’s appearance And afterwards to wit at rules held in the Clerk’s office aforesaid in the month of April in the year aforesaid, came the said Plaintiff by his attorney aforesaid, and the said defendant not appearing, on motion of the Plaintiff by his attorney aforesaid, It was ordered that the said defendant should appear at the next, rules and plead to the Plaintiff action or that Judgment would be granted the Plaintiff against him for what damages he hath sustained by reason of the breached promise and agreement in the declaration mentioned, and a writ of enquiry awarded him to have the same assessed by a jury at the next court.

At which time to wit at rules held as aforesaid in the month of May in the year aforesaid came the said Plaintiff by his attorney aforesaid and the said defendant not appearing although Solemnly called by made default, by reason whereof It was ordered that the Plaintiff recover against the defendant what damages he hath sustained by reason of the defendant’s non-performance of his covenant in the declaration mentioned which damages not being known . On Motion of the Plaintiff by his said attorney a writ of enquiry was awarded him to have the same assessed by a jury at the next court.

And now at this time to wit. At a Circuit Court Continued & held for Madison County on the 6th day of June 1807 came the parties aforesaid by their attorneys and on motion of the Plaintiff by his said attorney a writ of enquiry was awarded him to have the same assessed by a jury at the next court.

And now at this time to wit: At a Circuit Court continued & held for Madison County on the 6th day of June 1807 came the parties aforesaid by their attorneys and on motion of the said defendant by his attorney it is ordered that the writ of Enquiry awarded against him in the Clerk’s office be set aside & the said defendant by his attorney now comes and defends the wrong and injury when the defendant saith that he did not assine up himself in the manner and form as the Plaintiff against him hath declared and of this he puts himself upon the County and the said Plaintiff likewise.

It is therefore commanded the Sheriff that he cause to come here Immediately twelve good and lawful men by whom cd and thereupon came also a jury towit: Samuel Fox, Sr, James Hockaday, Joseph Akers, Cornelius Turner, William Fullalove, Ransom Searcy, David Williams, Joshua Guin, Herman Guin, Adam Kary, Donley Green and Thomas Crews who being elected, tried and sworn the truth to speak upon the issue joined upon their oaths do say that the said defendant did assume upon himself in manner and form as the Plaintiff against him hath declared and they do assess the Plaintiff damages by occasion thereof to Sixty Dollars beside his costs. It is therefore considered by the Court that the Plaintiff recover against the said defendant his damages aforesaid by the jurors in their Verdict aforesaid assessed and also his costs by him about his suit in this behalf expended and the said deft. in moneys.

A true copy of the record and papers.

Will Irvine, CMCC”

James Going appeared with a wife in the 1800 census of Madison County.

“Canan Going” was enlisted as a private in 1812 in the Second Regiment [Jennings] Kentucky Volunteers, according to the research of Donna Gowin Johnston, Foundation Member of Casper, Wyoming.

“Caanan Going, free man of color” was mentioned in an affi-davit signed by Williamson Toole of Madison County, Kentucky in Adams County, Mississippi April 3, 1814, according to “Passports of Southeastern Pioneers, 1770-1823” by Dorothy Williams Potter. Passports were required for Americans passing through Indian land and Spanish land.

The affidavit read:

“Mississippi Territory
Adams County

Williamson Toole of Madison County, State of Kentucky this day appeared before the undersigned Justice of the Peace in & for the said County and made oath that he has known Canaan Going, a free man of color upwards of four years–during which time he has never heard his freedom disputed–that he has served as camp [illegible] in the Michigan Territory and [under the] command of Genl. [William Henry] Harrison in the years 1812 and 1813 in the same regiment with the said Going–Going is six feet high, stout built, complexion of a yellowish cast, is going to Madison County in the State aforesaid in company with deponent.

Sworn to & subscribed this 3d April, 1814.

Andrew Marschalk”

Gen. Harrison was the hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe fought November 7, 1811 in Indiana in which the Americans defeated Tecumseh and his Indian force which was supported by the British. The battle, fought on the Tippecanoe River, is regarded as the opening round of the War of 1812.

Harrison was appointed a major-general in the Kentucky militia at the beginning of the War of 1812. He began to combine his forces with that of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, the daring naval commander who challenged the British Navy on Lake Erie.

On September 10, 1813, as the British Navy was preparing to transport more troops to their outpost on the Sandusky River in Ohio, Perry attacked the superior flotilla. After his flagship, the U.S.S. Lawrence, had become disabled and defeat seemed certain, Perry transferred his commanded by small boat to the U.S.S. Niagara, took her into close action with his six remaining vessels and turned the tide of victory.

The British Army, faced with the severance of its line of supplies, was forced to make a hasty evacuation of Ohio and Michigan. Gen. Harrison, then commander of all the troops in the Northwest, advanced northward. He occupied Detroit and began to press the British in their retreat up the Thames River toward Lake Ontario.

Perry quickly took Harrison’s troops aboard his ships and pursued the British up the Thames. Thus Canaan Gowen participated in one of the U.S. Navy’s first amphibious landings. When they overtook the English forces, the troops and sailors debarked to continue the fight on land.

Commodore Perry took command of one American force, and General Harrison commanded another. Perry led the decisive charge and again showed his daring leadership. The British surrendered, and on October 5, 1813, Col. Henry A. Proctor gave up all the territory west of the Niagara peninsula as the result of losing the Battle of the Thames River.

Later Perry commanded the Mediterranean expedition of 1815-16. He died of yellow fever at Port of Spain, Trinidad August 23, 1819.

Subsequently, Gen. Harrison was nominated by the Whig party and was elected president of the United States in 1840 under the slogan of “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too.” He served only one month after inauguration and succumbed to pneumonia. He was succeeded in office by his vice-president, John Tyler.

About 1828, Canaan Gowen lived in Greene County, Indiana and was a neighbor of Rev. Aexamder Poe with whom he often went on hunting trips, according to “History of Greene County, Indiana:”

“One day, himself [Rev. Poe] and an old darkey named Canaan Goen went out hunting, and while walking through the woods saw a very large mother bear and three cubs, about one-fourth grown, playing among the bushes. The negro got the first shot, but his hand shook so that he did but little damage, as far as appearances were concerned at least, for the bear ran off rapidly in the woods, leaving her young ones to their fate.

The latter, all three ran up a scrubby oak near by, and while Mr. Poe stood at the foot, the negro climbed the tree to shake or drive them down. He succeeded in shaking all three down, one of which was killed by the fall. The other two were taken home by Mr. Poe and became great pets and a nuisance generally. After they were a little larger, they were annoying to the women on washing day and at other times. If a tub of water was left standing, they would souse themselves in it without ceremony or permission. A stand of bees could not be kept on the farm. They would knock it over, and regardless of the attacks of the bees, would gorge themselves with the sweet substance.”

“Cannon Gowen, free negro” was enumerated in the 1830 census of Clay County, Indiana, according to the research of June A. Smith, Foundation Member of Bremerton, Washington.

“Canaan Goans” was married March 2, 1835 to Susan Tucker in Fountain County, Indiana, according to the research of Stephen L. Allen, Foundation Member of Chino Hills, California. He appeared there as the head of a household in the 1840 census, according to June A. Smith.

Children born to Canaan Gowen and Susan Tucker Gowen include:

Stephen Goins born about 1837

Stephen Goins, son of Canaan Gowen and Susan Tucker Gowen, was born about 1837 in Fountain County. His death certificate showed his father as “Canaan Goins,” according to Stephen L. Allen.
==O==
James Gowin was married October 11, 1791 to Christina Vanover, according to “Botetort County, Virginia Marriages, 1772-1850.” Children born to James Gowin and Christina Vanover Gowin are unknown.
==O==
Mary Gowing was bound out to John Johnson June 8, 1790 in Botetourt County, according to “Annals of Southwest Virginia” by Summers, as reported by Cleve Weathers.
==O==
John Gowins was married May 26, 1819 to Winey [Winnie?] Bradford, according to “Botetourt County, Virginia Mar-riages, 1772-1850.” Of John Gowins and Winey Bradford Gowins nothing more is known.
 

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Virginia Counties
Accomack  •  Albemarle  •  Alleghany  •  Amelia  •  Amherst  •  Appomattox  •  Arlington  •  Augusta  • Bath  •  Bedford  •  Bland  •  Botetourt  •  Brunswick  •  Buchanan  •  Buckingham •  Campbell  •  Caroline  • Carroll  • Charles City •   Charlotte  •  Chesterfield  •  Clarke • Craig  •  Culpeper •  Cumberland  •  Dickenson  •  Dinwiddie  • Essex  •  Fairfax  •  Fauquier  •  Floyd  •  Fluvanna  •   Franklin  •  Frederick  • Giles  •  Gloucester  •   Goochland  •  Grayson  •  Greene  •  Greensville  •  Halifax  •  Hanover  •  Henrico  • Henry  •  Highland  •  Isle of Wight • James City •  King and Queen •  King George  •  King William  • Lancaster  •  Lee  •  Loudoun  •  Louisa  •  Lunenburg  •  Madison  •  Mathews  •  Mecklenburg  •  Middlesex  •  Montgomery  •  Nansemond  – Nelson  •  New Kent  •  Northampton  •  Northumberland  •  Nottoway  •  Orange  •  Page  • Patrick •  Pittsylvania  •  Powhatan  •  Prince Edward  •  Prince George  •  Prince William  •  Pulaski  •  Rappahannock   •  Richmond  •  Roanoke  •  Rockbridge  •  Rockingham  •  Russell  •  Scott  • Shenandoah  •  Smyth  •  Southampton  •  Spotsylvania  •  Stafford  •  Surry  •   Sussex  •  Tazewell  • Warren  •  Washington  •  Westmoreland  •  Wise  •  Wythe  •  York

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