State – Florida

State – Florida

1791 Sept 30 – (petition) Samuel Harrison with due respect represents … him to establish himself at the place called Seymores Point at the mouth of the River Nassau, where he has made some improvements … on his first arrival at St Augustine … he might occupy it if not granted to any other persons… his family consists of 7 negroes, 3 children, and his wife … which are 700 acres of land … The Petitioner hopes to receive this favor from the well known justice of … St Augustine Florida… 30th Sept 1791. Signed: Samuel Harrison.
… (Survey in Spanish – good drawing though – image 9).
1791 Oct 1 – (grant 1) Territory of Florida, East Florida… Samuel Harrison granted … 600 acres situated … in East Florida… granted to Samuel Harrison … on the 1791 Oct 1, by Governor Quisada… surveyed by Pedro Morrot… .aid off the the said Samuel Harrison “deceased” by the said Marrot … entitled … on or before the 14 Feb 1792 … as appears by a certified copy of the plat … bounded by lands of Francisco Diaz Tiran…. Harrison’s Creek … Nassau River … land improved and inhabited …. Samuel Harrison 600 acres confirmed by Commissioners Am. State Papers Vol 4, p. 278, Rept 1 No 37 – 1825 – Seymour’s Point, Claimant. Descriptive List No. 139.
1824 Jan 9 … Territory of Florida, Duval County … appeared … John Harrison, one of the Justices …for the said County …Duval Vaughn and Peter Suared both of the County aforesaid … sworn depose and saidth that they have been personally acquainted with Samuel Harrison Sr of the Island of Amelia, planter, and that he has been in possession of and improved a certain tract of land commonly known by the name of Seymore Point … for upwards of 20 years and deponent further saith they have never known any other person to have settled or improved the said tract of land but the family of the said Samuel Harrison Sr… Signed: Peter Suarez, Daniel Vaughan…. Sworn … at Amelia Island… John Harrison, JP.

1803 Oct 7 – (grant 2)(survey in Spanish) image 40 – for Samuel Harrison for 500 acres or 15 Caballerias of land.
1807 Nov 12 – (grant 2) image 30-33 – Title is of Samuel Harrison of the Plantation named Harrison’s Old Fields… Enrique White, Col. of the Royal Armies Political and Military Governor of this City of St Augustine, Florida … Samuel Harrison having presented himself … had granted unto him, 15 caballarias on 500 acres of land at the Plantation named Harrison’s Old Fields, situated on Amelia Island in this Province … bounded on the West by a Creek and Marshes of the River Nassau, named Half Moon Creek, on the North by another Creek named Boat Creek, vacant lands, on the East by the sand hills of the beach, and on the South ten feet to the South of the back of a Creek called Rice Creek and vacant lands … Samuel Harrison … has passed more than the 10 years of uninterupted possession … to obtain the useful and direct dominon to the said lands … I do grant unto the said Samuel Harrison the said 500 acres or 15 Caballerias of land… Signed: Jose de Zubezarreta, Notary of Government.
1807 Nov 12 – (memorial in English) image 43 … Territory of Florida, East Florida … Your memorialist … shows that the said land is sitauted on the Island of Amelia in Duval County, and is known by the name of Harrisons Old Fields …. bounded by … the sea beach on theWesta and South West by a Creek called Half Moon Creek, and the marshes thereof, and on the South partly by another creek … Last Mountain Creek… Signed: Samuel Harrison, by his Atty, John Drysdale.
1831 June … (survey) image 25 … Land District East Territory of Florida… Samuel Harrison, Report 1, claim 38, 500 acres… pursuant to an order from the Surveyor General of Florida … I have surveyed measured and marked the boundaries of a tract of land claimed by Samuel Harrison, being Section 20, Township 2, Range 28, North and East, and is bounded as follows viz: … beginning at Myrtle post … (measurements here, no names) …. containing 500 acres… Henry Washington, Deputy Surveyor, June 1831.
… 500 acres confirmed by Commissioners, Am. State Papers, Vol. 4, p. 278, Report 1, No. 38, 1825, Samuel Harrison, Claimant, Harrison’s Old Field, Descriptive List No. 157.

1799 May 16 (grant 3) – (translation) – I certify that to a memorial presented by Samuel Harrison soliciting 200 acres of landon the Western Point of Amelia Island consisting for the greatest part of Marshes, and Sand Hills …. in St Augustine Florida, the 16th May 1799. Signed: Juan de Pierra.
(memorial) image 69 – Territory of Florida, East Florida … The Memorial of Samuel Harrison … claims … to a certain tract or parcel of land consisting of 200 acres situated and being in East Florida …. granted to your memorialist on the 16th day of May 1799 …. that the said land … by shifty of Sand Hills and marks … been surveyed… at the West point of Amelia Island … in the actual possession … of your memorialist … Signed: Samuel Harrison, by his atty, John Drysdale.
1824 Jan 29 – (deposition of wits) image 66 – Territory of Florida, Duval County … appeared Mr John Harriosn, one of the justices … for the said County, Robert Harrison, and Samuel Harrison Jr, both of the said County … being duly sworn deposed that Samuel Harrison Sr of the Island of Amelia, planter, has been in possession of a certain tract of land situated on the South end of the said Island of Amelia and has used the same for the use of stock cattle… Samuel Harrison Sr has had a large stock of cattle on the said tract for 15 years and upwards. Signed: Robert Harrison, Samuel Harrison Jr. Sworn … before me this 9th day of January 1824. John Harrison, JP.
1825 Apr 21 – (certificate) – Samuel Harrison v. The United States … Claim for 200 acres … The Board ascertains this to be a valid Spanish Grant made to the said Samuel Harrison previous to the 24 January 1818 and therefore confirm the same. Apr 21, 1825.
… Samuel Harrison, 200 acres, confirmed by Commissioners, Am. State Papers, Vol. 4, p. 279. Report 1, No. 39, 1825. Claimant. Western Point of Amelia Island. Descriptive List No. 156.
1845 Feb 22 – (extract) image 72 – No. 156 Samuel Harrison, 200 acres, dated May 16, 1799… Situated on the West point of Amelia Island… I Antonio Alvarez …. do hereby certify the forgoing to be a true and correct extract … 22 day of Feby, 1845

1816 April 1 – (grant)(translation) image 15 – Robert Harrison an inhabitant of this Province … that he owns 33 negroes … besides having 12 small ones whom he does not include because the are not of age, and desireing to establish himself on the River Nassau with his family on an Island which has no name, near the place named Round About, about 25 miles Northwardly of the barr in said River … all the land near being vacant… 10th April 1816… Signed: Robert Harrison…
St Augustine May 10, 1816 …. granted to the petitioner 715 acres of land on the place which he solicits without injury to third persons … according to the number of his slaves … with 50 acres more to the petitioner as head of a family in all 765 acres … Signed: Coppinger.
(memorial) Territory of Florida, East Florida … The memorial of Robert Harrison … claims … tract or parcel of land … in East Florida consisting of 775 acres … land was granted to your memorialist on the 1st day of April 1816 by Don Jose Coppinger, then the Governor of East Florida … that the said land is situated at an Island in Laviny he thinks been named near the plan attached Round About on the River Nassau at the distance of about 25 miles … with Dunn Lake on the River… Signed: Robert Harrison, by his attorney, M Drysdale.
1825 June 6 Monday – (extract) … Robert Harrison of the United States for 765 acres of land on the River Nassau near the Roundabout …. to memorialist the 10th of May 1816 …
(index card) … Robert Harrison 765 acres S. side of Dunns Creek (NOT on Dunns Creek – correction in documents showing near Round About actually), Confirmed by Commissioners, Am. State Papers, Vol 4, p. 279. Report 1, No 75. 1825. Claimant. Descriptive list No 530.

Duval County, Florida
Index to Probate Records:
See also:

1850 Estate of Robert Harrison, with E L Harrison adm, file 866-D

1852 Estate of Asa H Harrison, with E L Harrison adm, file 870

Estate of Thomas Harrison, with S C Thompson adm, file 895-D

1891 Estate of James Harrison, with A B Broward adm, file 1052 (or 1032) wills and probate info:

1850 Feb 14 – Name: Robert Harrison
Probate Date: 14 Feb 1850
Probate Place: Duval, Florida, USA
Inferred Death Year: Abt 1850
Inferred Death Place: Florida, USA
Case Number: 866
Item Description: Probate Packets, File No. 865-894
Table of Contents 11 images
Cover Page 1
Administration Papers 2–3
Cover Page 4
Administration Papers 5
Cover Page 6
Administration Papers 7–8
Cover Page 9
Administration Papers 10–11
Probate Packets, Approx. 1805-1906; Index, 1805-1960; Author: Duval County (Florida). County Judge; Probate Place: Duval, Florida

1852 Dec 27 – Name: Asa H Harrison
Probate Date: 27 Dec 1852
Probate Place: Duval, Florida, USA
Inferred Death Year: Abt 1852
Inferred Death Place: Florida, USA
Case Number: 870
Item Description: Probate Packets, File No. 865-894
Table of Contents 52 images
Cover Page 1
Administration Papers 2–3
Account Papers 4
Cover Page 5
Account Papers 6
Cover Page 7
Guardianship Papers 8
Cover Page 9–10
Account Papers 11–24
Cover Page 25
Account Papers 26–39
Cover Page 40
Account Papers 41–46
Cover Page 47
Account Papers 48–49
Cover Page 50
Guardianship Papers 51–52
Probate Packets, Approx. 1805-1906; Index, 1805-1960; Author: Duval County (Florida). County Judge; Probate Place: Duval, Florida

1868 Nov 20 – Name: Thomas Harrison
Probate Date: 20 Nov 1868
Probate Place: Duval, Florida, USA
Inferred Death Year: Abt 1868
Inferred Death Place: Florida, USA
Case Number: 895
Item Description: Probate Packets, File No. 895-900
Table of Contents 24 images
Cover Page 1
Administration Papers 2–3
Order Papers 4–5
Petition Papers 6–12
Inventory Papers 13–14
Order Papers 15–16
Administration Papers 17–19
Petition Papers 20–21
Administration Papers 22–24
Probate Packets, Approx. 1805-1906; Index, 1805-1960; Author: Duval County (Florida). County Judge; Probate Place: Duval, Florida

St. Johns County, Florida

Grantor Index:

Grantee Index:

J K Harrison etal from John O Quigby, by atty, lien, bk A, p 76, 77

Herman Harrison from Antonio and Fernanda Zimanies, lease, bk A, p 402

Herman Harrison to Thomas Thompson, assign, bk A, p 409

Philepine etux Herman Harrison, to Antonio Fernanda Ximenies, release, bk A, p 433

Robert Harrison eta, to East Florida Land and Produce Co, lien, bk B, p 74

Zeph Harrison from William G Garvin, Eliza D, Eliza C, James W, Frank H, George I F, Felicia A, Eliza E, etal, heirs of William, decd. bk C, p 48.

Zeph Harrison from J F and George Clark, by heirs, bk C, p 51

Zeph Harrison from Clara and Roman Stevens, etal, heirs of George J F Clarke, bk C, p 110.

S J Harrison from Alfred C Guerin etux, Leila, agents, bk J, p 136

S J Harrison from J Harry and Hattie Masters, etux, by agents, bk J, p 137.

S J and Mary Harrison etux to A W Miller, bk J, p 405

Willaim J Harrison to ANna G Burt, mtg, bk M, p 350

Harrison, etal, George W, by atty, etux, Margaret to Clark, lot as pres, deed, v. O, p 14

Sidney Harrison to Mary Louisa Genovar mtg, bk S, p 193

S J Harrison to Robert P Kettle, etal, mtg, bk U, p 274

Robert Harrison etal, to East Florida Land and Produce Co, bk 1, p 13.

John, hears of Robert Harrison, to Henry S Wilson, bk 14, p 14, 16



Series 993, box 1, folder 1-6 1764-1795:

Nancy Harrison, adm or Richard Harrison: 1844-1849.
box 4, folder 22, item 1
Box 9, folder 42
box 7, folder 40, item 2
box 11, folder 33, item 3
box 12, folder 21, item 3
box 24, folder 20, item 1
box 15, folder 11, item 1

Titles To Lots, index:

1814 Sept 15 – Samuel Harrison, lot 10, block 4, book 4, page 104. Spanish Florida, Pueblo de Fernandina.

Series 997, p. 681-720 1791-1821

1807 Nov 12 – Samuel Harrison, page 149, acres 500, made by White, Nov 12, 1807.
… Title … Samuel Harrison … Harrison’s old fields…

Series 1235 1804-1821

1816 Samuel Harrison, box 1, folder 16
… 1180 acres… Rio de Nassau… (in Spanish)…

Series 1023, box 1-2 (to 765) 1804-1849

Claimant names:

1829 April 20 – A Memorandum of Claimants to the lots in the City of Pensacola…
40 – John Jerrison, Jr, Lot 1, Front 20, Rear 40,
41 – John Jerrison, Jr, Lot 239, Romana St.

Index of Claims:

1817 March 18 – 153 Stephen Eubanks 325

1817 March 18 – 154 William Eubanks 150

1791 Oct 1 – No. 139, Samuel Harrison, 600 acres…concession dated 1 Oct 1791, survey 14 Feb 1792… Situated at Seymour’s Point… on the bank of Nassau River … bounding the lands of F D Teran … bank of a marsh of Harrison’s Creek ..
No. 236 Samuel Harrison 600 acres.

1799 May 16 – No. 156 – Samuel Harrison 200 acres, concession …in the West point of Amelia Island…
No. 253 Samuel Harrison 200 acres

1807 Apr 15 survey, 1807 Nov 12 Royal grant – No. 157 – Samuel Harrison, 500 acres, at Harrison’s Old Field on Amelia Island, bounded on the W by a creek and marshes of Nassau River called Half Moon Creek on the N by Boat Creek, and vacant lands on the E by the Sand Hills, on the S 10 feet to the S of a Creek called Rice Creek and vacant lands.
No. 254 Samuel Harrison 500 acres

290 Robert Harrison 765

Series 1439, box 1, folder 1-10 1815-1821 (Concessions to veterans)

1816 May 10 – Samuel Harrison, 1180 acres, Coppinger, … el Rio Nassau. pg. 43. (in Spanish) Spanish Florida.

1816 Apr 10 – Robert Harrison (in Spanish) …
Memorials and concessions – v. B-L 1790-1822

1807 Nov 10 – Samuel Harrison …. (in Spanish)…

1803 Oct 31 – Richards, James, Heirs of Unc. R 6; G&S VI 61, 118
of South Carolina and West Florida
1 [E] claims, through Thomas Richards, 200 acres on Amelia Island between the lands of Samuel Harrison and Thomas Lamb, a grant-made by Governor White to James Richards, 10/31/1803.
2 [S] James Richards petitions for land to cultivate with 6 slaves, all over 16 years of age. On the margin Governor White grants the land to which Richards is entitled; Juan de Pierra sends certificate.

1814 Sept 15 – Bethune, Farquhar Con. B 34; DG V 413
1 [E] claims town lot located in square No. 4, in Fernandina, bounded on the north by half – lots of Damien Ramez [?] and Caspar Hernandez, on the east by lot of Domingo Acosta, south by lot of George Atkinson, and west by Constitution Square. It was a grant to Archibald Atkinson, who was killed in battle with rebels in 1813.
His administrators sold to Samuel Harrison [?] who built a house and received from Governor Kindelan a title in fee simple, 9/15/1814, and sold both to James Baird who sold to Farquhar Bethune.
2 [s] Samuel Harrison, through Guillermo Travers, petitions for title to above lot , on which a house is being built and other improvements made. Governor Kindelan approves.
3 [ s ] Governor Kindelan grants royal title to Samuel Harrison.
Copy is attested by William Reynolds.
4 [ E ] Francisco Jose Fatio’s abstract of 2 and 3 marked “conf’d.”

1816 Apr 1 – Robert Harrison Con. E 14; DG IV 279
1 [E] R. Harrison claims, through John Drysdale, 765 acres on an island without a name, near the place called Roundabout on the Nassau River 25 miles north of the Bar, Governor Coppinger’s grant of 4/1/1816.
2 [S] R. Harrison petitions’for the quota corresponding to himself and wife, 3 slaves of age and 12 minors. Governor Coppinger grants him 765 acres, “without injury to third persons.” Aguilar certifies true copy, 5/10/1816.
3 [3] G. J. F. Clarke certifies plat of”775 acres south of Dunn’s which connects Dunn’s Lake with St. Johns River, surveyed to him in this place in exchange for land granted to him on Nassau River.
4 [E] Alvarez’ extract, 2/11/1845, from descriptive list, No. 530—Robert Harrison 765 acres.
5 [E] Alvarez’ extract from the minutes of the Board: “Monday 6/6/1825, Hon. Davis Floyd and George Murray, present. . . . Because the concession made by Governor Coppinger to R. Harrison, 5/10/1816, was not on Dunn’s Creek, but being a valid Spanish grant, permission was given to claimant’s attorney to amend the memorial after which it was confirmed.”
6 [E] Memorandum of the R. Harrison claim stating that the Board confirmed, 6/6/1825, to him the 765 acres granted to him on 5/10/1816 near Roundabout, and not on Dunn’s Creek, as Clarke surveyed the latter and reported that the land was claimed by another.
[Dossier has 2 translations together with a translation and a copy of 2.]

1791 Oct 1 – Samuel Harrison Con. H 15; DG IV 278
1 [E] claims, through John Drysdale, 13 caballerias or 600 acres in East Florida, head rights for himself and family and others, granted by Governor Quesada, 10/1/1791.
2 [E] 3. Harrison petitions, 9/30/1791, to establish himself and his family on 700 acres at Seymore’s Point at the mouth of Nassau River, the place that he was allowed to occupy upon his arrival at St. Augustine, provided it is not granted to anyone. He has made improvements on it. His family consists of himself, his wife, 3 children, and 7 negroes. Governor Quesada grants, 10/1/1791, him permission to remain on the place with the condition “that it is for the present and without injury to a third person” until his quota corresponding to himself and his family is surveyed.
Francisco Jose Fatio certifies true translation.
3 [S] Marrot-E-astlake certificate of plat of 18 caballerias to Samuel Harrison, 2/14/1792.
[Bound together 4-5 in Spanish:]
4 – Samuel Harrison, Jr., for himself rand for the remaining heirs of his father, Samuel Harrison, Sr., petitions, 7/4/1821, for a copy of the title to the land granted to Samuel Harrison [2 above]. Governor Coppinger grants, 7/10/1821.
5 – Tomas de Aguilar’s certified copy of the original grant, requested by Samuel Harrison, Jr., which is in Spanish, its translation being 2 [above].
6 [E] Peter Suarez and Daniel Vaughan depose before John Harrison, 1/9/1824, that both are acquainted with Samuel Harrison, Sr., of Amelia Island, who has been in possession of and has mode improvements on Seymour Point for 20 years. Both further said that they have not heard of any one else having settled the said land.
7 [E] Alvarez’ extract, 2/21/1845, from descriptive list, No. 139—Samuel Harrison—600 acres.
[Dossier contains a copy and 2 translations of 3.]

1796 July 5 petition, grant on Nov 10, 1807 – Samuel Harrison Jr. Con. K 16; DG IV 278
1 [E] claims, through John Drysdale, 500 acres at Harrison’s Old Field on Amelia Island, Governor White’s grant of 11/12/1807.
2 [S] 3. Harrison, Sr., petitions, 7/5/1796, for permission to occupy his former plantation on Amalia Island known as Harrison’s Old Field consisting of 15 caballerias, or 500 acres, in order to prepare the land for the next crop. He also asks that the land be surveyed. He has a family of 7 whites end 7 slaves. Governor White grants “conditionally till surveyed. Pierra certifies true copy, 11/10/1807.
3 [3] Samuel Harrison petitions, 11/10/1807, for royal title. Governor White orders testimony to be taken, 11/10/1807, Ortega countersigns. Fees: 12 rr. Zubizarreta attests and notifies S. Harrison.
4 [S] Zubizarreta lists conditions requisite for royal title, 11/10/1807.
5 [S] Arredondo, married, 42, deposes, 11/11/1807, that Samuel Harrison has held the above land since the English occupation; that he made all the improvements required; that his actual crop of cotton alone may bring him 6,000 pesos; besides he has corn and other grains to feed his family and slaves. He also has livestock and a very nice cotton machine. This deposition and the following are before Jose de Zubizarreta.
6 [S] William Lawrence, married,planter, 52, confirms the above.
7 [S] Bartolome de Cartas y Torres, custom house official, married, 46, confirms the same.
8 [S] Governor White grants royal title, 11/11/1307.
9 [3] Jose de Zubizarreta lists fees:
To governor, 2 signatures 4 rr.
To auditor of war 46 ”
To secretary _87 ”
17 pesos and 1 r. or 137
10 [S] Royal title granted by Governor White to Samuel Harrison at Harrison’s Old Field Place, 11/12/1807.
11 [S] John Purcell certifies plat of 470 acres on Amalia Island, 4/15/1807, the Harrison Old Field, bounded on the east by Half Moon Creek, north by Boat Creek, east by Beach, south by Rice Creek and vacant lands.
12 [E] Henry Washington certifies plat of 500 acres to Samuel Harrison, 6/?/1831, being Sac. 20, T. 2, R. 28 N&E. Approved by Robert “Butler, surveyor general, l/?/1834.
[Dossier contains a translation of 8 and a copy of 9.]

1799 May 16 petition date – Samuel Harrison Con. H 17; DG IV 412
1 [E] Samuel Harrison claims, through John Drysdale, 200 acres west of Amelia Island, Governor White’s grant of 5/16/1799.
2 [S] Juan de Pierra certified, 5/16/1799, that upon petition of Samuel Harrison [Sr.] for the 200 acres [above], consisting for the greatest part of marshes and sand hills, Governor White granted on the usual conditions, but owner was not permitted to make ditches to drain it, *
3 [S] Robert and Sam Harrison depose before John Harrison, 1/9/1824, that Samuel Harrison, planter of Amalia Island, has been in possession of the land and used it for livestock for 15 years or more.
4 [E] Alvarez’ extract, 2/22/1845, from descriptive list, No. 156—Samuel Harrison—200 acres.
[Dossier contains 2 copies of 2.]

1811 Sept 21 – Middleton, John Con. M 42; DG IV 286
1 [E] claims, through Farquhar Bethune, in Fernandina, lot No. 8, Sq. 21, bounded on the north by lot of Samuel Harrison, east by Benjamin Ayrss, south by Damas Street and west by New Street. The lot was granted originally to Benjamin Ayres, who sold it to W. F. Yonge, who sold to Middleton.
2 [3] Benjamin Ayres petitions for a lot for the purpose of building a home, 9/21/1811.
3 [S] Clarke certifies , 6/26/1817, plat of half – lot No. 8, Sq. 31, containing 17 varas in front and depth for Benjamin Aires.
4 [E] Deed: W. P. Yonge, Fernandina, sells, 7/10/1818, to Middleton, the above mentioned lot for $60.00 cash. Yonge appears personally before J, ankhead and acknowledges his signature and seal,
[Dossier contains translation of 3,]

FindAGrave info:
Located on the north boundary of the Amelia Island Plantation on Amelia Island, FL. This cemetery is on the original Spanish Land Grant of 1793 given to Samuel Harrison. Harrison family members are buried here as well as the re-burial of Indian remains found during an archealogical dig in the area. Neither Samuel Harrison (1737-1818), nor his wife, Isabel McQueen English Harrison has a monument here. However, there is no local stone on Amelia Island and most early markers were made of wood which have long since deteriorated.

Samuel Harrison, a prominent planter on Amelia Island, maintained a home at Old Town
Fernandina. A captain in the South Carolina loyalist militia who moved from Beaufort, South
Carolina to Amelia Island during the English period, Harrison was among the thousands of loyal
British subjects who fled from patriot officials and militia after the evacuation of Charleston and
Savannah in 1782. In the 1790s, Harrison owned seven slaves and acquired “Harrison’s Old
Fields” and Seymour’s Point from the Spanish Crown. Later, between the 1820s and 1840s
Harrison signed several memorials to the Territorial Council, Congress, and governing officials
regarding various affairs and improvements in northeast Florida. He moved easily between his
town home at Fernandina and his island and mainland plantations, which contained extensive
fields, a road, and buildings (Confirmed H 16 Spanish Land Grants; WPA 1940 3:215-218;
Siebert 1929 2:376; Carter 1959 23:295, 479, 600).


April 6, 2002


A.T. Goins, 87; One of Few to Survive White Mob’s 1923 Rosewood Massacre


A.T. Goins, one of the few survivors of the 1923 massacre by a white mob in the small Florida town of Rosewood that left the predominantly black community in ruins, has died. He was 87.

Goins, who was awarded $150,000 in compensation by the Florida Legislature in a highly publicized fight in 1994, died March 24 in St. Petersburg. The cause of death was not announced.

The massacre, documented in the 1997 movie “Rosewood” from director John Singleton, began on Jan. 1, 1923, when a white mill worker’s wife in the nearby town of Sumner, Florida claimed that she had been attacked by a black man. A
posse was formed to search for the assailant and went straight to Rosewood, a
community of perhaps 200 residents.

When no suspect was found, the posse turned into a vigilante mob, pulling
blacks from their homes and burning structures. The siege went on for six
days and the mob grew in size, eventually numbering as many as 300 people.

While the official death toll was six blacks and two whites, black
descendants of Rosewood have alleged that many more were killed and their
bodies hidden in mass graves.

Three days into the siege, the mob came to the home of Sarah Carrier, one of
Rosewood’s leading residents. The mob had called for Carrier to come out of
her house and she refused. Goins, Carrier’s grandson, was 8. He was hiding
upstairs with several other children.

In testimony to the Legislature, Goins recalled the assault on the house.

“Grandma didn’t want to go out, so the mob just started shooting in the
house,” Goins said. “Grandma got hit in the head with a bullet.”

Goins’ grandmother was killed. So were two members of the mob, who were shot
by Sylvester Carrier, Sarah Carrier’s son, as they tried to enter the house.

“They bust right in that front room and came right into the hallway,” Goins

Goins and several other children escaped from the house and were led by an adult to safety in the nearby woods.

A train eventually came and took the survivors of the attack–mostly women
and children–to Gainesville. Goins said that he believed the train was sent
by a white businessman who had dealings with the people of Rosewood.

Black descendants of Rosewood maintained that the attack on the mill worker’s
wife was carried out by the woman’s white lover, a railroad worker, and that
she made up the story of the racial attack in an attempt to save her

Goins said that his sister told him she had seen the woman’s attacker. “My
sister said she seen this man go out and step across the fence,” Goins said.
“She said it was a white man.”

The survivors of the Rosewood massacre fled to various parts of the state.
Goins returned briefly to the area as a teenager when he was playing for a
baseball team.

“That was the last time I’ve been to Rosewood,” he told the St. Petersburg
Times some years ago. “I don’t want no part of Rosewood.”

All the survivors kept quiet about the events, fearing repercussions.

That silence lasted until the early 1980s when a reporter for the St. Petersburg Times happened upon the area near Rosewood and asked residents why the area was all white. Shocked and intrigued by the answer, reporter Gary
Moore spent the next two years searching for survivors and piecing together
the Rosewood story. A segment of CBS’ “60 Minutes” later explored the
massacre and the long-buried secret.

By the early 1990s, there were calls to provide survivors of the massacre and
their descendants with restitution for their suffering.

The state Legislature appointed a team of scholars from several Florida
universities to investigate the claims. The scholars determined that police
in Rosewood “failed to control local events” and failed to contact the state
government for help. Despite some legislators’ reservations, administrative
analysts recommended that damages be paid.

Each of the eight known survivors was awarded $150,000. Another $500,000 was
designated for families that lost property in the massacre and a $100,000 fund was established for minority scholarships.

Goins is survived by his wife, Anna Maude, a sister and nine grandchildren.


Mary Elizabeth Goin, daughter of Sanford W. Going and Elizabeth Henderson Goin, was born at Gainesville, Florida March 31, 1939. She received a A.B. degree from Wilson College in 1961. In 1970 she was an educator living at Keuka Park, New York.


The 1860 census of Clay County recorded no members of the Gowen family or spelling variations.


Coleman J. Goin was born in 1911, according to the research of Warren Tyndale Faulkner. He was married about 1934, wife’s name Olive. He became a professor at the University of Flori-da. He was the co-author of “Reptiles and Amphibians.” Children born to Coleman J. Goin and Olive Goin are un-known.


Dr. Thomas S. Gowin, Coral Gables, Florida, was listed in the 1969 “American Medical Directory.”

Ruth McGowan was married about 1920 to Eugene Sheridan, son of Martin J. Sheridan and Elma Knowles Sheridan who were married in the Bahamas. Martin J. Sheridan was born in November 1867, probably in County Cork. Elma Knowles was born in 1876 in the Bahamas. Eugene Sheridan was one of their five children.

Eugene Sheridan was elected sheriff of Dade County. Two children were born to Eugene Sheridan and Ruth McGowen Sheridan:

Everett Sheridan born in 1924
died in 1981
Ardith Sheridan born in 1925
died in 2003


Arthur Goyne, age 81, a Navy veteran of World War II, was interviewed for his recollection of the surrender of Germany in the waning days of the war. “People were hilariously overjoy-ed–they were happy as hell,” he recalled to a reporter for the “Pensacola Journal.” The article published May 8, 1995 men-tioned that Goyne, a Pensacola resident had spent much of the war on an amphibious ship in the Mediterranean Sea.


The obituary of Mrs. Elizabeth Gowen Richardson appeared in the August 17, 1994 edition of the “Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sen-tinel:”

“Elizabeth Gowen Richardson, 84, died Sunday. She had resided in Ft. Lauderdale since 1957. A member of First United Methodist Church of Ft. Lauderdale, Mrs. Richardson was graduated from the University of New Hampshire and received her master’s degree from Cornell University. Mrs. Richardson was a past president and member of the Ft. Lauderdale branch of the American Association of University Women, Alpha Xi Delta Sorotity and The Delta Kappa Gamma Fraternity. She previously taught locally at Fern Hall, a private school and the Ft. Lauderdale Winter School. She is survived by three daughters, Mrs. George [Priscilla Gowen] Irby, Lauderdale Lakes, Nancy Gowen Rolf, San Franciso and Mrs. Daniel [Carol Gow-en] Hovanesian, Somerville, Massachusetts, brother, George Gowen, Sarasota, Florida and four grandchildren. Funeral service will be Thursday, August 18, 1994 at Fairchild Oakland Park Funeral Home.”


Walter Gowen Elliott, white male, was born May 29, 1893 in Cynthiana, Kentucky according to WWI Civilian Draft Regis-tration records. He was living in Hillsborough County at the time of service.
Colleen Sullivan Gowan was born April 23, 1940 in Tampa Florida. She was married September 15, 1964 to John M. O’Meara in Albuquerque, New Mexico, according to Bernalillo County, New Mexico Marriage Book 103, page 62965. He was born in New York City May 19, 1934. They lived at 160 Perimeter Street in Albuquerque.
Nathan Gowen, black male, was born October 23, 1882 in Hillsborough County according to WWI Civilian Registration records.


Sam Goins, a negro who was born in South Carolina in 1826, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Jackson County, Enumeration District 70, page 45, 11th precinct as:

“Goins, Sam 54, born in SC
Francis 37, born in AL
Adaline 17, born in AL
Minerva 12, born in AL
Henry 11, born in AL
Willie 8, born in AL
Eddy 6, born in AL
Lilley 5, born in AL
Alice 2, born in AL”
Clarence Jules Gowen, black male, was born March 3, 1873 in Jackson County, according to WWI Civilian Registration records.
William Gowen Mizell, white male, was born September 22, 1889 in Folkston, Georgia according to WWI Civilian Draft Registration records. He was living in Jackson County at the time of service.


Lovely Goings, a negro who was born in North Carolina in 1825, was enumerated in the 1880 census of Leon County, as the head of a household in Enumeration District 8, page 13:

“Goings, Lovely 55, born in North Carolina
Betsy 50, born in North Carolina
Charlton 12, born in Florida, son
David 9, born in Florida, son”



Stephen C. Goings who was born in Georgia in 1830 was enumerated as the head of a household in Manatee County, Enumeration District 104, page 32, Precinct 3, in the 1880 census:

“Goings, Stephen 50, born in Georgia
Alpine 18, born in Florida, wife
John 9, son”

Stephen C. Goins had married Mary Alpine Surgnier June 25, 1880 as his second wife shortly before the enumeration. She was born about 1861 in Florida to Benjamin Surginer. Stephen C. Goins died before 1899, according to Wanda Rodriquez.

Mary Alpine Surgnier Goins was remarried to Harley Anderson Rimes about 1900. He was born November 4, 1883 in Desoto County, Florida. She died before 1913 in Florida. He died August 9, 1948 in Tampa, Florida.

Children born to Stephen C. Goins and his first wife include

John Goins born about 1871

Children born to Stephen C. Goins and Mary Alpine Surgnier Goins include:

Charles A. Goins born about 1893


Martha Goin who was born in South Carolina in 1840, was enumerated in the 1880 census of Marion County, as the head of a household in Enumeration District 16, page 16, Township 16:

“Goin, Martha 40, born in South Carolina
Clara 18, born in Florida
John 12, born in Florida
Henry 10, born in Florida
James 4, born in Florida
Alice 1, born in Florida”
Noah Goin, a mulatto who was born in Georgia in 1830, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Marion County, Enumeration District 165, page 7, Township 17:

“Goin, Noah 50, born in Georgia
Sara 35, born in South Carolina
Louisa 14, born in Florida
Francis 12, born in Florida, daughter
George 9, born in Florida
Hardie, Alfred 10, born in Georgia, stepson”


Glenn Washington Gowen, white male, was born September 4, 1874 in Nassau County according to WWI Civilian Draft Registration records.


Ike Gowen Atwell, white male, was born June 16 1883 in Palm Beach County, Florida according to WWI Civilian Draft Registrations.