North Carolina – Rockingham County

(Below are different Going, Goyen, Gowen related sources for those people were in the Virginia, North Carolina, or South Carolina areas in the early 1700’s to early 1800’s)

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1764 July – Aaron Going gave a deed of trust to Thomas Underwood. It was proved in court by George Gowen. “Aron Going” received 410 acres “on the head of Matrimony Creek of Dan River and on Paw Paw Creek of Mayo River” from the State of North Carolina May 16, 1786, according to Rockingham County Deed Book A, page 33. Rockingham Co, NC.   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G98Q-SSWJ?i=14&cat=161485

1786 October 21- “Arron Gowin” sold the land for £200 October 21, 1786 to Turbefield Barnes, according to Rockingham County Deed Book A, page 139. Rockingham Co, NC   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G98Q-SSCS?i=68&cat=161485

1786 October 6 – James Goings.   Deed Book E, Page 33.  James Goings to Thomas Henderson for 100 pds (no land description).  Wit :Joshua Smith, Turbyfield Barns, James Pratt.  Rockingham Co, NC   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-998Q-SQ77?i=30&cat=161485 ,
 http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

1787 Jan 17 – Turbafield Barnes (asignee of Aaron Goings) – 21 acr on the waters of Poppaw Cr. Rockingham Co., NC
http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.106.102&qid=82710&rn=18

1788 November 8, – Aaron Going – Deed Book C, Page 13. Aaron Going to Turbyfield Barns for 200 pds, 410 acres on head of Matrimony Creek and head of Popaye Creek adjoining Hamilton. Wit: Gibeon Johnson, Luci Thomas, Hardy Piner. Rockingham Co, NC   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G98Q-SSK2?i=295&cat=161485 ,
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

1789 February 21, – James Going
Deed Book C, Page 37
James Going, Patrick Neely and W. Hamilton were witnesses to a Rockingham County deed in which Hance McKeen of Guilford County, North Carolina sold land to George Harston of Henry County, Virginia. Conveyed for £25 was 155 acres on Paw Paw Creek of Mayo River, adjoining the Virginia line. James Goings was mentioned as the owner of adjoining land.  Rockingham Co, NC.   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-898Q-SSTH?i=308&cat=161485 ,
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

1790 – James Gowing
US Census – first head of Household
North Carolina – Salisbury District, Rockingham Co. – page 168
1 males over 16, 3 males under 16, 3 females – white. 0 slaves.
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790h-05.pdf

1792 September 30 – Robert Goins. Deed Book C, Page 310.   Robert Goins was mentioned as the owner of adjacent land on Jeffs Creek.  Rockingham Co, NC  https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-898Q-SSXD?i=445&cat=161485
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

1792 November 10 – Robert Goins.  Deed Book C, Page 251. Robert Goins was witness to a deed of Batte C. Lacy which conveyed 437 acres on Dan River.  Rockingham Co, NC  https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-998Q-SSR7?i=415&cat=161485
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

1793 September 3 – Henry Goins. Deed Book C, Page 321.  Henry Goins was mentioned in a deed by Abraham Phillips as the owner of adjoining land on Troublesome Creek.
Rockingham Co, NC  https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L98Q-SSVG?i=450&cat=161485 ,
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

1794 May 30 – Robert Goins
Deed Book D, Page 31
Robert Goins was mentioned as the owner of adjacent land in a deed written by Hance Laremore [Lowrimore?].  Rockingham Co, NC   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-898Q-SS2F?i=487&cat=161485 ,
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

1795 January 23 – Robert Goins
Deed Book D, Page 333
Robert Goins acquired the land of Nicholas Larimore [Lowrimore?] which was “seized by order of the Court for debt,” the described the Lari¬more land as adjoining that of Robert Goins.  Rockingham Co, NC  https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-998Q-SSG1?i=638&cat=161485  ,
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

1797 October 27 – Jesse Gowen
Deed Book E, Page 209
Jesse Gowen paid £50 to Thomas Crawley of Stokes County, North Carolina for land located “on Dalton’s Creek and Hickory Creek and on the Stokes County line.
Wit: John Amos, Sr., Daniel Cardwell, Rich. Wheeler.  Rockingham Co, NC.   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L98Q-S32J?i=120&cat=161485 ,
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/rockingham-county-north-carolina-early.html

From Gowen Manuscript:  http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/Gowenms096.htm

Rockingham County was organized in 1785 with land from Guilford County. It adjoined Henry County, Virginia and Pitt­sylvania County, Virginia on the south, and the settlers moved freely back and forth the state line as if in one community. Rockingham County was in the heart of Melungeon country in North Carolina.
==O==
Jim Hall wrote August 18, 1999 regarding Goinstown, North Carolina:

“There exists no formal or legal designation for the Goinstown area that I have found. There are no “Goinstown” road signs to guide you or to let you know when you are there. There is no “Goinstown” on any map that I found. There is no town of Goinstown. There is a rural area which is referred to as Goinstown. The Goinstown area still exists in Rockingham County today but I doubt that anyone could say with any accuracy where it begins or ends. So let me tell you in general terms where I think “Goinstown” was and is.

From my research I think that the area came to be referred to as Goinstown in the mid to late 1800s. But the seeds for Goinstown were planted in the 1700s. My opinion is that Goinstown historically included the NW corner of Rockingham County, NC, the NE corner of Stokes County, NC, and the southern portions of Henry County, VA, and Patrick County, VA. Many of the early Goins, Moore, Gibson and Harris families (whose descendants were listed as mulatto on later census records) lived along Buffalo Creek and Hickory Creek which runs east and west across the county line of present day Rockingham and Stokes County.

Today, Goinstown is an area referred to almost exclusively as being in NW Rockingham County [Madison Township]. Goinstown Road still runs through NE Stokes County and changes to Schoolhouse Road at the Rockingham County line. The Goinstown Road is still a dirt road.

Many of these mulatto families [Goins, Moore, Gibson, Harris] lived close to the NC/VA border and moved across the state line often leading to research confusion. I think that sometimes it was easier to travel to the county seat in Martinsville, Henry Co., VA, than to the county seat in NC.

Many of these families migrated west in the first half of the 1800s century. Some moved to Scott and Hancock County VA. Others moved to eastern KY, primarily Floyd County.

However, if you drive through the area [there are only a few paved roads as this is still one of the poorest areas of the county], you will find many Goins, Gibson and Harris mailboxes. Most of the mulatto Moores moved away by 1860.

I found the old Gibson and Harris Cemetaries. In both cemetaries there appeared to be more Goins grave markers that any other family, some dating to the early 1800s.

In the 1800s some of these families also moved south and east in the county. Some lived along the Mayo River others moved to Stoneville and Madison. I am not sure where these families migrated from. John Moore, the earliest of my Moores that I have verified, was born in Orange County, NC, in 1758. But Orange County at that time included part of present day Rockingham County so the Moores may have been in this area at the time of John’s birth. Many mulatto Gibson families also lived in Orange County, NC. in the 1750s. I don’t know where the Goins families migrated from. They may have migrated south from VA.

One of the few written articles that I have found about Goinstown is an article in in the book, “The Heritage of Rockingham County,” by the Rockingham County Historical Society, published in 1983. It is a very short article written by Zelma Joyce Scott. The introduction written by the editor reads as follows:

‘Goinstown as a community has a special story to tell. Mysterious in it’s origin, it’s natives tend to insulate themselves against intrusion. The roots of that clannishness may be found in the process of acculturation forced on the Indian society of North America. Historically the repeated choice for the Indian has been to join another still functioning Indian group elsewhere or merge within the conventions and associations of either the white or black man’s way of life. Many of the families of Goinstown consider themselves Indian. A letter written by Douglas Rights, a noted authority on North Carolina Indians, which is preserved in the Smithsonian Institute archives, speaks of Goinstown as a mixed blood settlement in Rockingham. He points out that among the principal families are Harris, Goins and Hickman, and that Harris is one of the most familiar surviving family names among the Catawba Indians. A member of the Harris family of Goinstown had told Dr. Rights that his people had drifted off in two directions, the lighter color drifting out and associating with the whites, and the darker taking places in Negro society.’

In the article Ms. Scott states, ‘These people have many features of Indian, Portuguese and other nationalities. Some local people believe they are part of the Lost Colony of Manteo….’

I talked to Ms. Scott in an attempt to get more information but she couldn’t give any more details than was given in the article.

During the 1930s one of the WPA projects was to preserve old cemetery inscriptions by recording information on grave markers. Some WPA workers recorded information on the markers in the John Foy Cemetery located three miles west of Madison. This information can be found in WPA Pre-1914 Cemetery Inscriptions. I have looked at all the cards and found no other useful information. One of the typewritten cards pertains to the Walker I. Gibson family. Walker Gibson was probably in C.S.A. but his widow could not get a pension as he was regarded as a Negro.

All this family of Gibson were up to about 1895 listed by tax listers as Negroes; they called themselves East Indians [from the Indies or Indians from the East], else assumed by some to be Melanoe.”
==O==
Louise Nunn, candidate for a master’s degree, wrote in 1937 “A Comparison of the Social Situation of Two Isolated Indian Groups in Northern North Carolina.” In her dissertation, she described a Rockingham County group that showed on the tax rolls of the county as “9 Goins families, 3 Harris families and 2 Richardson families.” The group was concentrated around “Gointown, North Carolina.”

Miss Nunn wrote that the Rockingham group was very unstable in 1937. The white-appearing part of the group was trying to exclude the children of dark-appearing part of the group from attending the special “Indian School” that had been built for them. She reported a definite Negroid appearance in the darker children.
==O==
“The Goinstown community is located in the northwest corner of Rockingham County, North Carolina, on the border with Stokes County. The prominent family names are Goins, Hickman, Harris, Richardson, and Kimmons. These related families can be traced back at least to the early 1800s in the area as free colored persons. The tradition is that they are descended either from ‘Croatan’ Indians [there was a period in the 1930s and 1940s when it was popular to describe any group of Indian people of uncertain origin as descendants of the ‘Croatans’] or from remnants of the Saura tribe who mixed with non-Indians in the area. The community had a school until the early 1960s that was officially classed as Indian and has gradually merged with the white community. There is still a perception among the local whites that the Goinstown people are of Indian descent. With the location of the old Saura Town nearby on the Dan River, it is possible that these people possess, to some degree, Saura ancestry.

Of course, it is impossible to know for certain know whether Ezekiel Joines of Wilkes County was related to the Goinstown Indians of nearby Surry County. However, a number of “free colored persons” named Goins lived in the general vicinity.  (This information was taken from the “Gowen Manuscript”.   It appears that this is likely a “Joines” family and whoever reported it as Goins misread the documentation.  This according to Joyce Joines Newman.  I have not researched it, nor seen the documentation – so this note is added for those who have also copied this information from the Gowen Manuscript).

Supporting the Melungeon theory, Ezekiel’s son Thomas Joines married a woman named Mary Caudill. The name Caudill, like Goins, is closely associated with the Melungeons.
For that matter, so is Pruitt, the name of Ezekiel’s [possible] first wife. And consider this description of Shadrack Joines, one of Thomas Joines’ grandsons, as recalled by an elderly member of the family in 1960: “’Shade Joines’ as he was known was a well built medium size man, had almost black hair and deep brown eyes.” Shadrack’s parents were cousins, Ezekiel Joines and Pheraby Caudill.”  (This information was taken from the “Gowen Manuscript”.   It appears that this is likely a “Joines” family and whoever reported it as Goins misread the documentation.  This according to Joyce Joines Newman.  I have not researched it, nor seen the documentation – so this note is added for those who have also copied this information from the Gowen Manuscript).
==O==
Alexander Goin was married to Martha Harris July 4, 1867, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” Record 1089, witness W. M. Ellington, Bond No. 19724. Children born to Alexander Goin and Martha Harris Goin are unknown.
==O==
George Goin was married to Martha A. Goin April 15, 1864, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record No. 1089, bondsman James Goin, witness W. M. Ellington, Bond No. 119725. The marriage was performed by W. C. Gannon. Of George Goin and Martha A. Goin Goin nothing more is known.
==O==
George D. Goin, October 13, 1899-May 11, 1918, son of G. W. Goin and Sarah Goin, was buried in Glen’s Chapel Cemetery, according to “Rockingham & Stokes Counties, North Carolina Cemetery Inscriptions.” His brother, John Willie Goin, November 30, 1894-November 8, 1896, was buried in an adjacent location.
==O==
Henry Goin was married to Sarah Wheeler July 31, 1867, ac­cording to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record No. 1089, witness W. M. Ellington, Bond No. 119726. The marriage was performed by A. G. Rakstraw, J.P. Henry Goin was the son of Anderson Goin and Parkie Goin. Children born to Henry Goin and Sarah Wheeler Goin are unknown.
==O==
Joseph Goin, Jr. was married to Mary Pursel [Purcell?] March 31, 1852, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” Record 1090, witness T. B. Wheeler, Court Clerk, Bond No. 119728. The marriage was performed by Samuel Martin, J.P. Of Joseph Goin, Jr. and Mary Pursel Goin nothing more is known.
==O==
W. P. Goin was married to Mary Ann Riddle September 22, 1863 in Rockingham County according to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” Record 1090, bondsman Alexander Harie, witness A. P. Smith, Deputy Clerk, Bond No. 119730. Nothing more is known of W. P. Goin and Mary Ann Riddle Goin.
==O==
Lewis Going was born in 1810 in North Carolina of parents unknown. The research of Jack Harold Goins suggests that he was a grandson of Jessee Going. He wrote:

“Lewis Goins was in Hawkins County 1850-55 had son John Lewis born 1855. They were from Goins-town, Rockingham County. Lewis is probably a grandson of Jessee Going. Jessee Going believed to be related by marriage to John Riddle, son of Moses Ridley and Mary Ridley. ‘Jesse Gowen’ paid £50 to Thomas Crawley for land located on Daltons Creek and on the Stokes County line Oct 27, 1797, and on the same day John Riddle/Ridley paid Crawley £25 for land adjoining ‘Jesse Gowen,’ according to Rocking-ham County Deed Book E, page 209.

Most if not all of these Rockingham County Riddles were children and or grandchildren of John Riddle. His son, Randolph Riddle who married Elizabeth Gib-son later moved from Rockingham County to Hawkins County, Tennessee. Randolph Riddle’s son, James Austin Ridley, was married to Nancy L. Going about 1839 in Rockingham County. I regard John Riddle as a brother to William “Tory” Riddle and son of Moses and Mary Ridley/Riddle of Orange County, North Car-olina and Henry County, Virginia.”

Lewis Going was married to Elizabeth Harris February 19, 1839, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” According to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” Record 1091, bondsman William More, witnesses R. J. Martin and Jeremiah Martin, Bond 119741. Their marriage date was also shown as February 19, 1829. Nothing more is known of Lewis Going and Elizabeth Harris Going.

“Lewis Going” was married October 24, 1844 [perhaps in a second marriage] to Elizabeth Going, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1091, bondsman Johnson Going, witness E. W. Hancock, Bond 119742.

“Lewis Goings” was enumerated as the head of Household 755 in the 1850 census of Rockingham County:

“Goings, Lewis 40, mulatto, waggoner, born in
NC
Elizabeth 33
Polly 9
Heneriet 7
Elizabeth 5
Sarah 3
Nathan 1”

Enumerated in an adjoining household was Elijah Going, regarded as a brother of Lewis Going, as the head of Household 756:

“Goings, Elijah 33, mulatto, blacksmith, born in
NC”
Mary 27
Sally 5
James 3
Francis 1, female
Goings, Elizabeth 27″

Elizabeth Going is regarded as a sister or sister-in-law of Lewis Going.

Enumerated in nearby Household 758 is Matilda Going:

“Goings, Matilda 35, mulatto, born in NC
Mary 7, born in NC
Nancy 4, born in NC
Henry 2, born in NC”

Matilda Going is regarded as a widowed sister-in-law of Lewis Going and Elijah Going. Researcher Jody Mays, a descendant of Lewis Going regards the above individuals as workers on a tobacco plantation. Sometime prior to 1860, Lewis Going removed to Hawkins County, Tennessee, perhaps to join other family members there.

The household of Lewis Going was listed in 1860 in Hawkins County as:

“Going, Lewis 47, born in NC, illiterate, mulatto
Elizabeth 38, born in NC, illiterate
Letty 19, born in NC
Nancy 14, born in NC
Elizabeth 1, born in NC
John L. 5, born in NC
Nathan A. 13, born in NC”

Apparently the family arrived in Tennessee from North Carolina in 1860. Jody Mays reported that he was enumerated as “Lewis Goins, mulatto” in the 1860 census of Hawkins County with two additional children, “John Lewis Goins, age 5” and “Elizabeth Goins, age 1.”

He reappeared as mulatto in the 1870 census of Hawkins County. In 1880, he was recorded as “Lewis Gaines.”

Children born to Lewis Going and Elizabeth Harris Going include:

Polly Going born about 1841
Henrietta Going born about 1842
Elizabeth Going born about 1845
Sarah Going born about 1847
Nathan Going born about 1849
John Lewis Going born about 1855
Elizabeth Going born about 1859

Polly Going, daughter of Lewis Going and Elizabeth Harris Going, was born about 1841, probably in Rockingham County.

Henrietta Going, daughter of Lewis Going and Elizabeth Harris Going, was born about 1843 in Rockingham County. “Henrietta Goins” was married October 26, 1856 to James Austin Ridley, “mulatto,” according to Rockingham County marriage records. He was the twelfth child of Randolph Ridley and Elizabeth Gibson Ridley and was born about 1835, according to the research of Edward M. Riddle of Houston, Texas. Later they removed to Hawkins County to join other members of the family there.
Elizabeth Going, daughter of Lewis Going and Elizabeth Harris Going, was born about 1845 in Rockingham County. She may have died within the next ten years because another daughter, born about 1859 was also named “Elizabeth.”
Sarah Going, daughter of Lewis Going and Elizabeth Harris Going, was born about 1847 in Rockingham County. She appeared as a three-year-old in the 1850 census.
Nathan Going, son of Lewis Going and Elizabeth Harris Going, was born about 1849. He appeared as a one-year-old in the 1850 census of Rockingham County. Nathan Going died April 16, 1916 in Rogersville, Tennessee and was buried in Ebbing and Flowing Springs Baptist Church Cemetery, according to Jody Mays.

John Lewis Going, son of Lewis Going and Elizabeth Harris Going, was born about 1855 in Rockingham County. He ap­peared as a five-year-old in the 1860 census of Hawkins County. He was married to Mary “Molly” Gammons in 1875, according to a great-grandson, Jody Mays. He also died in Hawkins County.

Children born to John Lewis Going and Mary “Molly” Gammons Going include:

Lyda Going born about 1879

Lyda Going, daughter of John Lewis Going and Mary “Molly” Going, was born about 1879. She was married in 1895 to Joe Mays, according to Thelma Mays.

Elizabeth Going, daughter of Lewis Going and Elizabeth Harris Going, was born about 1859. She appeared as a one-year-old in the 1860 census of Rockingham County.
==O==
Clabern Going was married to Elizabeth Bird May 10, 1838 in Rockingham County according to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1115, bondsman Ruben Folger, witness D. Stockton, Bond No. 138878. Nothing more is known of Clabern Going and Elizabeth Bird Going.
==O==
Nancy L. Going was married March 29, 1836 to William Riley Ridley, “mulatto,” according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” They were last found there in the 1860 census of Rockingham County, page 99.

Children born to William Riley Ridley and Nancy L. Going Ridley include:

William Ridley born about 1840
Mary Ann Ridley born about 1842
James Pinkney Ridley born about 1844

William Ridley, son of William Riley Ridley and Nancy L. Going Ridley, was born about 1840. He was married De­cember 19, 1866 to Mary Jane Brown.

Mary Ann Ridley, daughter of William Riley Ridley and Nancy L. Going Ridley, was born about 1842. She was married February 22, 1863 to William P. Going. Their marriage date was September 22, 1863, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” Children born to William P. Going and Mary Ann Ridley Going are unknown.

James Pinkney Ridley, son of William Riley Ridley and Nancy L. Going Ridley, was born about 1844 in Rockingham County. He was married about 1867 to Martha R. Grogan.
==O==
Mariah Goin was married to John Rickman September 16, 1849, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” Record 1220, bondsman William Goin, witness Joseph Norman, JP, Bond No. 121515.
==O==
Peter Goin was married to Docia Vernon November 8, 1849, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1090, bondsman William More, Jr., witness Joe Norman, JP, Bond No. 119729. Of Peter Goin and Docia Vernon Goin nothing more is known. Docia Vernon was the daughter of Gilbert Vernon and Sally Vernon.
==O==
Sally Goin was married to Peter L. Rickman September 16, 1849, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1220, bondsman William Moore, witness T. B. Wheeler, Court Clerk, Bond No. 121513.
==O==
William Goin was married March 18, 1851 to Salley Moor [Moore], according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1090, bondsman Shaderack Goin, witness Joseph Norman, JP, Bond No. 119731.

William Goin was married July 16, 1852 to Adeline Moor [Moore], according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1090, bondsman Pleasant Belton, witness Joseph Norman, JP, Bond No. 119732. Children born to William Goin and Adeline Moor Goin are unknown.
==O==
William Goin was married June 15, 1867 to Frances Goin, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 01090, witness W. M. Ellington, Bond 119733. Children born to William Goin and Frances Goin Goin are unknown.
==O==
Thomas Goines was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1810 census of Rockingham County, page 8.
==O==
A. Going, free colored, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Rockingham County, page 165:

“Going, A. free colored male 24-36
free colored male 24-36
free colored male 0-10
free colored female 0-10”
==O==
A. Going, free colored female, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Rockingham County, page 166:

“Going, A. free colored female 55-100
free colored female 55-100
free colored female 24-36
free colored female 24-36
free colored female 0-10
free colored male 0-10
free colored male 0-10
free colored male 0-10
free colored male 0-10
free colored male 0-10
free colored male 0-10″
==O==
Annie Going was married to William Z. Edwards September 21, 1863 in Rockingham County according to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1069, bondsman Thomas Luellen, witness W. M. Ellington, Bond No. 119464.
==O==
Elizabeth Going was married in 1864 to Robert Vernon, son of Gilbert Vernon and Sally Vernon.

According to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” Elizabeth Going was married to Robert Vernon December 28, 1859 in Rockingham County. This date is confirmed by record 1264, bondsman Alexander Harie, witness W. M. Ellington, Bond No. 122099. Nothing more is known of Robert Vernon and Elizabeth Going Vernon.
==O==
Frederick Going was enumerated in the 1810 census of Rock­ingham County, page 21 as the head of a household.
==O==
Geffison [Jefferson?] Going was married to Marthaan [Martha Ann?] Going June 15, 1837, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1090 John Brann, witnesses N. Dalton and John Martin, Bond 119735. Of Geffison Going and Martha Ann Going Going nothing more is known.
==O==
Harriett Going was married to James A. Ridley October 24, 1856 in Rockingham County according to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1220, bondsman Isaac Moore, witness J. W. Martin, JP, Bond No. 121520. The marriage was performed by Samuel Martin.
==O==
Henry Going was married to Poley [Polly?] Marten Aapril 25, 1830, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record No. 1090, bondsman Thomas M. Davis, witness Richard Wall, Bond No. 119736. Of Henry Going and Polly Marten Going nothing more is known.
==O==
G. Going, free colored, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Rockingham County, page 165:

“Going, G. free colored male 24-36
free colored female 24-36
free colored male 0-10
free colored male 0-10
free colored female 0-10”
==O==
J. Going “free colored,” was enumerated as the head of a houseold in the 1840 census of Rockingham County, page 165:

“Going, J. free colored male 55-100
free colored female 55-100
free colored male 10-24
free colored female 10-24
free colored male 0-10”
==O==
James Going, Patrick Neely and W. Hamilton on February 21, 1789 were witnesses to a Rockingham County deed in which Hance McKeen of Guilford County, North Carolina sold land to George Harston of Henry County, Virginia. Conveyed for £25 was 155 acres on Paw Paw Creek of Mayo River, adjoining the Virginia line. James Goings was mentioned as the owner of adjoining land, according to Rockingham County Deed Book C, page 37.
==O==
Jesse Going was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1810 census of Rockingham County, page. 21.
==O==
Alford Calvin Goins, son of William Arthur Goins and Ressie Jane Vernon Goins, was born September 11, 1933 in Rocking-ham County. The Rev. Alford Calvin Goins died at Stone-ville, North Carolina October 4, 2001.
==O==
Sarah Goins was married to William Wright December 24, 1866 in Rockingham County according to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” Record No. 1293, bondsman Peter Clemmons, Bond No. 122501.
==O==
Sarah Goins was married to Pleasant Vernon February 16, 1864 in Rockingham County according to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1263, bondsman Alexander Harie, witness William M. Ellington, Bond No. 122095. The marriage was performed by Winston Kallam, JP.
==O==
“James Gowing” was one of three householders of interest to Gowen chroniclers in the 1790 census of North Carolina. His household was enumerated in Rockingham County, Salisbury District as:

“Gowing, James white male over 16
white female
white female
white female
white male under 16
white male under 16
white male under 16”

Land “formerly owned by James Goins adjoining Valentine Gibson” was mentioned in a deed written November 30, 1796 by William Boyls of Stokes County, North Carolina, according to Stokes County Deed Book 2, page 358.
==O==
James Going was married to Tiby Curry March 16, 1867, ac­cording to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850,” Record 1090, bondsman, Starling Moore, witness Allen P. Smith, Bond No. 119737. The marriage was performed by A. G. Rakstraw, J.P. Children born to James Going and Tiby Curry Going are unknown.
==O==
“Jesse Going appeared in the 1810 census of Rockingham County along with Frederick Going, Zephaniah Going and Thomas Goines.

“Jesse Going, free colored,” was listed as the head of a house­hold in the 1820 census of Rockingham County, page 20, ac­cording to “Index to the Census of 1820 of North Carolina.”
==O==
John Going was married to Francis Going December 19, 1845, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” She is regarded as his cousin. The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1090, bondsman Lewis Going, witness James Scales, Bond No. 119738. Nothing more is known of John Going and Francis Going Going.

They were enumerated in the 1860 census of Rockingham County, Northern Division as:

Goin, John 38, born in North Carolina, mulatto
Franky 28, born in North Carolina, mulatto
Polly born in North Carolina
` Nancy born in North Carolina
John born in North Carolina
James born in North Carolina
Lucinda born in North Carolina
[unnamed infant] born in North Carolina”

Apparently John Goins died during the Civil War. Franky Goins Goins was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1870 census of Rockingham County, Mayo Township:

“Goins, Frankie
Mary
Monroe
Nis
Natan
Bunk
Marietta”

“Frances Goins” who was born July 4, 1837, died June 20, 1925 and was buried in Gibson Cemetery in Rockingham County.

Children born to John Goins and Frances “Frankie” Goins Goins are believed to include:

Mary “Polly” Goins born about 1848
Nancy Goins born about 1849
John Goins born about 1851
James Goins born about 1854
Lucinda Goins born about 1857
Nathaniel Goins born about 1860

Nathaniel Goins, son of John Goins and Frances “Frankie” Goins Goins, was born about 1860 in Rockingham County. He is probably the “unnamed infant” who appeared in the 1860 census and “Nathan Goins” who appeared in the 1870 census.

He was married about 1883 to Biddy Virginia Kelly, according to Brian Rodman, a descendant of Birmingham, Alabama. They lived for a time in Rockingham County. He owned property at 325 Dyce [Dyess] Street in Charlottesville, Virginia.

Children born to Nathaniel Goins and Biddy Virginia Kelly Goins include:

James Franklin Goins born March 8, 1885
Carrie Goins born about 1887
Sallie Goins born about 1890
Nick Goins born about 1893
Vol Goins born about 1897
Pearl Goins born about 1902

James Franklin Goins, son of Nathaniel Goins and Biddy Virginia Kelly Goins, was born March 8, 1885. He was married to his first cousin, Lilly Bell Kelly about 1908, according to Brian Rodman. They removed to Bland County, Virginia. There he owned one of the first gasoline service stations in the county.

Children born to James Franklin Goins and Lilly Bell Kelly Goins include:

Troy Nathaniel Goins born about 1910
Daisy Mae Goins born about 1912
Victor Robert Goins born about 1915
William Jesse Goins born about 1918
Ethel Virginia Goins born about 1921
Mary Ethel Goins born about 1924

Carrie Goins, daughter of Nathaniel Goins and Biddy Virginia Kelly Goins, was born about 1887. She was married to John Powers about 1905.

Sallie Goins, daughter of Nathaniel Goins and Biddy Virginia Kelly Goins, was born about 1890. She was married about 1908 to Romie Previtt.

Nick Goins, son of Nathaniel Goins and Biddy Virginia Kelly Goins, was born about 1893. He was married about 1916, wife’s name Mattie. Children born to Nick Goins and Mattie Goins are unknown.

Vol Goins, son of Nathaniel Goins and Biddy Virginia Kelly Goins, was born about 1897. He was married about 1920, wife’s name Annie Mae. Children born to Vol Goins and Annie Mae Goins are unknown.

Pearl Goins, daughter of Nathaniel Goins and Biddy Virginia Kelly Goins, was born about 1902. She was married about 1919 to John Carriker.
==O==
John Going was married to Julian Moore November 6, 1858, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1090, bondsman Josiah Going, witness J. W. Martin, Bond No. 119739. The marriage was performed by Samuel Martin, J.P. Children born to John Going and Julian Moore Going are unknown.
==O==
John P. Going (Goin?) was married June 28, 1845 to Lucinda Going, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” Record 1090, bondsman William Moore, Bond No. 119727. Children born to John P. Going and Lucinda Going Going are unknown.
==O==
Jonson Going, “free colored.” was listed as the head of a household in the 1820 census of Rockingham County, page 14, according to “Index to the 1820 Census of North Carolina.”
==O==
Joseph Going was married to Mary Jane Going December 25, 1858, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1090, bondsman William Moore, witness J. W. Martin, Bond 119740. The marriage was performed by Samuel Martin. Children born to Joseph Going and Mary Jane Going Going are unknown.
==O==
M. Going, “free colored” was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Rockingham County, page 165:

“Going, M. free colored female 10-24
free colored female 10-24”

N. Going, free colored, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Rockingham County, page 165:

“Going, N. free colored male 24-36
free colored female 24-36
free colored male 0-10
free colored male 0-10
free colored female 0-10″
==O==
Nancy Going was married to Fountain Liles January 23, 1839 in Rockingham County according to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1151, bondsman Henry Banks, witness J. Holderby, Bond No.120570.
==O==
Nancy Going was married to William R. Riddle March 29, 1836 in Rockingham County according to “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1220, bondsman John Brown, witnesses John Martin and William Dodson, Bond No. 121519.
==O==
Nicholas Going was married to Louisa Liles May 21, 1835, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1091, bondsman Richard Martin, witnesses Richard Martin and N. Dalton, Bond No. 119743. Children born to Nicholas Going and Louise Liles Going are unknown.

Jane Goin was married to Alexander Liles April 28, 1847, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1151, bondsman John Rickmon, witness Joseph Norman, Bond No.120569.
==O==
William Going was married to Frances Bridgmon December 4, 1827, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850,” record 1091, bondsman Andrew Martin, witnesses P. Gibson and Jeremiah Martin, Bond No. 119744. Of William Going and Frances Bridgmon Going nothing more is known.
==O==
Winnafred Going, “free colored,” was listed as the head of a household in the 1820 census of Rockingham County, page 20, according to “Index to the 1820 Census of North Carolina.”
==O==
Zephiniah Goings was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1810 census of Rockingham County, page 35.
==O==
Henry Goins was mentioned in a deed written September 3, 1793 by Abraham Phillips as the owner of adjoining land on Troublesome Creek, according to Rockingham County Deed Book C, page 321.
==O==
Nanie G. Goins, 1862-1929, was buried in Ayersville commu­nity cemetery in Rockingham County, according to “Rockingham & Stokes Counties, North Carolina Ceme­tery Inscriptions.”
==O==
Robert Goins was mentioned as the owner of adjacent land on Jeffs Creek in a deed written September 30, 1792, according to Rockingham County Deed Book C, page 310.

Robert Goins was witness to a deed of Batte C. Lacy which conveyed 437 acres on Dan River November 10, 1792, ac­cording to Rockingham County Deed Book C, page 251. Robert Goins was mentioned as the owner of adjacent land in a deed written by Hance Laremore [Lowrimore?] May 30, 1794, according to Rockingham County Deed Book D, page 31.

Robert Goins acquired the land of Nicholas Larimore [Lowrimore?] which was “seized by order of the Court for debt,” according to Rockingham County Deed Book D, page 333. The deed, dated January 23, 1795, described the Lari­more land as adjoining that of Robert Goins.
==O==
S. Going, free colored, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Rockingham County, page 165:

“Going, S. free colored male 10-24
free colored female 10-24
free colored male 10-24
free colored female 0-10″
==O==
Sarah A. Goins was married to Pleasant Vernon, son of Gilbert Vernon and Sally Vernon in 1864.
==O==
Wesley Goins was married to Martha Jane Valentine December 29, 1865, according to “Rockingham County, North Carolina Marriages, 1787-1850.” The marriage is confirmed by “North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868,” record 1091, bondsman Frank Roberts, witness A. P. Smith, Clerk, Bond 119745. The marriage was performed by Samuel Martin, J.P. Of Wesley Goins and Martha Jane Valentine Goins nothing more is known.
==O==
Jesse Gowen paid £50 to Thomas Crawley of Stokes County, North Carolina for land located “on Dalton’s Creek and Hick­ory Creek and on the Stokes County line,” October 27, 1797, according to Rockingham County Deed Book E, page 209.
==O==
Henry Gowing, free colored, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Rockingham County, page 135:

“Gowing, Henry free colored male 10-24
free colored female 24-36
free colored female 0-10
free colored male 0-10”
==O==
Many members of the Goins family were buried in Gibson Cemetery in Rockingham County, according to “Rockingham & Stokes Counties, North Carolina Cemetery Inscriptions.” Listed were:

Joe Kye Goins, 1842-1866, Father
“Polly Goins, 1846-1872, Mother

Preston Goins, age about 60
Sindy Goins, wife of Preston, age about 80 years

George Washington Goins, February 4, 1840 – July 15, 1896
Martha An Goins, March 1845 – December 4, 1930
John Press Goins, age 72 years
Dora Jee Goins, 1870-1956
Tempie Ann Goins, December 14, 1851 – January 24, 1935
Cornelius Goins, September 12, 1864 – May 10, 1915
Polina Goins, October 3, 1817, Aged 74 years
Gilbert Goins, May 19, 1803 Aged 70 years
Flint Goins, May 21, 1892 – May 4, 1961, Father
Ressie Vernon Goins, Oct. 26, 1890 – April 8, 1966, Mother
Bud Goins, 1866-1953, Father
Mary Goins, 1867-1930, Mother
W. R. Goins, May 25, 1847 – December 8, 1910
Frances Goins, July 4, 1837 – June 30, 1925”

Gowen Research Foundation Phone:806/795-8758, 795-9694
5708 Gary Avenue E-mail: gowen@sbcglobal.net
Lubbock, Texas, 79413-4822 GOWENMS.096, 03/08/03

 

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