North Carolina – Jackson County

(Below are different Going, Goyen, Gowen related sources for those people were in the Virginia, North Carolina, or South Carolina areas in the early 1700’s to early 1800’s)

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From Gowen Manuscript:  http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/Gowenms096.htm

Robert Bushyhead, son of Benjamin Bushyhead and Nancy Goings Bushyhead, died August 1, 2001, according to his obituary in the “Sylva Herald:”

“Bushyhead, Preserver of Kituhwa Dialect, Dies

By Rose Hooper

“Born about 1915 and raised in a one-room log cabin in the Qualla Boundary’s Birdtown community, Robert Bushyhead grew up speaking the Cherokee language, the sole language of his family.

When he went to government boarding school, he was punished for speaking Cherokee. Family and friends say Bushyhead, who developed a passion for the history and culture of his people, spent the rest of his life overcoming that period of punishment.

He became principal founder, linguist and historian for the Cherokee Language Project. This noted preserver of the Kituhwa dialect died Saturday at the age of 86. Son of the late Ben and Nancy Goings Bushyhead, he was a graduate of Carson Newman College and an ordained Southern Baptist minister. His resounding voice was heard at many a Cherokee gathering as he delivered a prayer or blessing in his native Kituhwa dialect.

In 1996, the North Carolina Arts Council chose Bushyhead for the North Carolina Folk Heritage Award. The award, presented to traditional artists who have made outstanding contributions to North Carolina’s cultural heritage, marked Bushyhead’s achievements in preserving the Kituhwa dialect. The dialect is one of at least four dialects recognized among today’s speakers of the Cherokee language.

In the 1970s Bushyhead worked with linguist Bill Cook to save the original Cherokee language. In 1992, the endeavor took on a whole new context as Bushyhead began making a series of videotaped linguistic lessons. Those recordings became his life’s work as each day he and his daughter and a local videographer recorded the sounds of the native language along with its grammar.

Bushyhead explained that all the complicated and intricate inflections and glottal stops in speaking Kituhwa are precisely timed. Vowel sounds and sentence structure mean nothing when spoken incorrectly, he said.

His Kituhwa project was featured in 1994 at the opening ceremonies of the North Carolina Museum of History in Raleigh, where a demonstration tape of the lessons and a sample of the voiced-computer dictionary was on display.

The videotapes were presented in lesson format at the kindergarten level and extended through high school grades.

‘No other language sounds exactly like it,’ Bushyhead often said. ‘We have 85 sounds and just a little inflection makes all the difference. Cherokee has a flow, it has a rhythm that is beautiful. But once you lose that rhythm, then of course, you are lost.’

Bushyhead also won Western Carolina University’s Mountain Heritage Award for his language preservation efforts.

For 18 years he portrayed Elias Boudinot in the Cherokee outdoor drama “Unto These Hills.” Boudinot, also a preserver of language, was the first American Indian editor. He published the Cherokee Nation’s first newspaper, “The Phoenix.”

Rick Wright wrote to explain the derivation of the Bushyhead surname:

“John Stuart, born September 25, 1718 in Inverness, Scotland, was reportedly a Captain in the British Army and commanded a company of British troops. He was stationed at Ft. Loudoun in what is now Tennessee in 1757 during the French & Indian War, according to “History of the Cherokee Indians: Old Families and Their Genealogy” by Dr. Emmet Starr.

On August 17, 1760 [I think that’s the correct date], Ft. Loudoun was attacked and overrun by Cherokee warriors under Cherokee War Chief OgoNoStoTa, and Capt. Stuart was taken captive. Most of the garrison was killed. The “romantic” story is essentially, perhaps only a little myth, that he was given two options: burn at the stake or become a member of the Cherokee Nation and marry an attractive Cherokee woman.

Well, I guess he thought it over for about a zillionth of a second, and chose option two. He was in fact not burned and did in fact marry a mixed-blood Cherokee woman by the name of Susannah Emory. Her ancestry is well documented, but there is some issue as to when they married and “diversity of opinion” as to when their son was born.

Capt. John Stuart was repatriated by Cherokee Civil Chief AttaCullaCulla. I believe that, in later years, he was appointed as an Indian Agent for the Territory South of the Ohio River. Capt. Stuart was reportedly blond and very curly headed, a matter of much attention by the Cherokee. They gave him the Cherokee name of Oo No Du Tu [BushyHead]. He was in fact so commonly called BushyHead that his child, and his child’s descendants, used BushyHead as their family name.
His son is usually shown by the name of John Stuart Bushy-Head, and his grandchildren and their descendants simply went by the family name of BushyHead.

As far as I know, they have all used BushyHead, instead of Stuart. So, it would appear that the descendants’ “real” name is BushyHead [not Stuart] due to the “de facto” name change in the 1700’s.

I have a fairly extensive genealogy on this family, including over 50 of his descendants named BushyHead. I simply do not know who Benjamin BushyHead’s father was, which prevents me from plugging that branch into what I have already.”

The obituary says Robert BushyHead’s father was Benjamin BushyHead and mother was Nancy Goings. The James Butler BushyHead I am aware of was born October 6, 1884 in the Cherokee Nation West, Tahlequah District, Oklahoma.”

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