Tennessee – Hamilton County

From Gowen Manuscript:  http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/Gowenms111.htm

HAMILTON COUNTY, TENNESSEE

Hamilton County was created in 1819 with land taken from Rhea County. Rhea County was created in 1807 with land taken from Roane County. Roane County was created in 1801 with land taken from Knox and Blount Counties.
==O==
Free Colored Families enumerated in the 1840 census of Hamilton County included households headed by:

Caston Gowin 53011-10101
G. Gowin 0011-1211
George Gowin 4101-001
John Gowin 301-221
P. Gowin 0111-101
Sanford Gowin 011-101
Thomas Gowin 201-001
William Gowin 1101-0001
==O==
The obituary of Frank B. Goan, 67, a guard for Chattanooga Glass Company was published in February 1954 in the “Chattanooga Times.”
==O==
B. E. Goins was arrested for “driving while drunk,” according to the October 18, 1940 edition of “The Chattanooga Times.”
==O==
B. W. Goins and Leila Williams were arrested for “public profanity,” according to the October 18, 1940 edition of “The Chattanooga Times.”
==O==
Cassandra “Cassie” Goins was born in Hamilton County in August 1862 of parents unknown. She was married about 1895 to William Charles Austin who was born April 18, 1872 in Baxter County, Arkansas to Robert Austin and Nancy M. Hopper Austin. William Charles Austin died August 24, 1924 in Sequoyah County, Oklahoma. Cassandra “Cassie” Goins Austin died April 13, 1927 and was buried in Riley Cemetery in Sequoyah County.
==O==
John Goins “F.M.C,” Confederate soldier, unit unknown, was injured during the Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee and was shipped by train to Chattanooga for hospitaliza-tion, according to Margie Daniels. He died there, one of 887, during the period, January 1, 1863-May 31, 1863 who were hastily buried in a cemetery near the Tennessee River. Many of the wounded in the battle of Murfreesboro were sent to Chattanooga by train. Some of them died en route and others in the station immediately upon arrival. Homes and hospitals were filled with other soldiers who lingered, some a few days and some for months.

After the war was over, Col. R. L. Watkins supervised the removal of the bodies to the Confederate Cemetery in Chattanooga in 1867. He compiled a list of the interments.

Col. Watkins began his list with the number 142 and the date February 1, 1863. It is presumed that 141 men died in January and were buried in the very low ground where the water wash-ed the graves and the wooden boards, and that the names were not decipherable when he made his list in 1867. The last num-ber “887” is dated May 31, 1863.

The list bears this inscription:

“Presented to the Confederate Memorial Association March 18, 1876, by R. L. Watkins, who assisted in obtaining this record in 1867 and participated in re-moving the dead to the graves where they now lie. This was when the Confederate Memorial Association was first organized. Each grave was numbered and named on headboard as this list shows and was easily identified.
R. L. Watkins.”

ALABAMA

Alexander, George, Company E, 34th Regiment.
Alexander, J. W., Company C, 28th Regiment.
Allen, J., Company H, 34th Regiment.
Allison, E., Company E, 16th Regiment.
Anderson, Robert C., Company E, 19th Regiment.
Andrew, W. F., Company H, 35th Regiment.
Alsed, Isaac, Company M, 1st Cavalry.
Baker, S. B., Company K, 1st Cavalry.
Ballard, Samuel, Company A, 33rd Regiment.
Barlow, W. P., Company K, 25th Regiment.
Barnes, C. P., Company D, 19th Regiment.
Baros, C. C., Company K, 1st Regiment.
Bates, Francis M., Company B, 3rd Cavalry.
Bathwell, E., Company E, 6th Cavalry.
Bayley, E. C., Company ?, 28th Regiment.
Beedles, Benjamin, Cavalry
Bell, I. W., Company B, 5th Regiment.
Belvin, E. D., Company B, 45th Regiment.
Beles, Harrison, Company B, 19th Regiment.
Bishop, J., Company A, 33rd Regiment.
Black, C. J., Company G, 41St Regiment.
Blair, Wyley, Company G, 35th Regiment.
Blakely, William, Company I, 30th Regiment.
Blanton, J. W., Company K, 26th Regiment.
Bottenburg, Jas., Company B, 16th Regiment.
Bowsman, John, Company I, 1st Cavalry.
Bradley, A., Company B, 34th Regiment.
Brannon, J. B., Company F, 45th Regiment.
Brown, B. P., Maney’s Battery.
Brown, G. W., Company I, 1st Cavalry.
Brown, J. B., Company J, 34th Regiment.
Brown, J. W., 32nd Regiment.
Brown, S. B., Company I, 25th Regiment.
Bruner, John, Company F, 26th Regiment.
Bryant, B., Company H, 1st Regiment.
Burdett, L. S., Company G, 34th Regiment.
Burdick, W. G., Company E, 34th Regiment.
Busbin, Isaac, Company E, 19th Regiment.
Bynum, Riley, Company I, 1st Cavalry.
Bynum, Tom, Company B, 28th Regiment.
Camp, B., Company L, 1st Cavalry.
Camp, M. M., Company B, 51st Regiment.
Cannon, E., Company H, 45th Regiment.
Capps, W. H., Company E, 45th Regiment.
Cargile, Richard C., Company C, 19th Regiment.
Carlton, R. H., Company A, 34th Regiment.
Chapman, A. J., Company E, 24th Regiment.
Chapman, Amos, Company E, 24th Regiment.
Chapman, Lieut. M., Company E, 19th Regiment.
Cheatham, J. S., Company C, 33rd Regiment.
Cherry, John William, Company C, 35th Regiment.
Chesterfield, Ivie, Company A, 28th Regiment.
Clement, A. J., Company E, 16th Regiment.
Coffin, John, Company C, 2nd Cavalry.
Colburn, J. Company B, 41st Regiment.
Compton, M., Company L, 1st Regiment.
Corburn, Perry, Company C, 2nd Cavalry.
Cox, A., Company D, 32nd Regiment.
Craig, W. R., Company G, 22nd Regiment.
Crow, J. B., Company F, 24th Regiment.
Crum, Sergt. W., Company A, 11th Regiment.
Daniels, J. A., Company C, 30th Regiment.
Danormy (?) W. J., Company B, 39th Regiment.
Davis, E. J., Company I, 25th Regiment.
Davis, G., Company C, 32nd Regiment.
Dickam, M., Company C, 2nd Battalion.
Docrull, R. C., Company C, 33rd Regiment.
Doherty, J. L., Company G, 19th Regiment.
Dones, I. C., Company C, 35th Regiment.
Dossey, G. B., Company B, 33rd Regiment.
Duke, William G., Company I, 18th Regiment.
Dunham, Richard, Company B, 34th Regiment.
Durner, Daniel, Company J, 4th Cavalry.
Durrett, G. H., Company F, 26th Regiment.
Durro, W. G., Company E, 22nd Regiment.
Dutton, B., Company K, 1st Regiment.
Eason, E. D., Company H, 25th Regiment.
Ellis, E. T., Company E, 34th Regiment.
Emmon, Joseph, Company F, 31st Regiment.
Enbe, E. N., Company F, 25th Regiment.
Everett, Marshall, Company G, 22nd Regiment.
Ezell, Addison W., Company A, 38th Regiment.
Fields, W. N., Company M, 1st Cavalry.
Foster, Francis, Company G, 34th Regiment.
Fowlett, J. W., Company C, 4th Regiment.
Fusler, Alf. S., Company F, 45th Regiment.
Gabham, G. S., Company B, 35th Regiment.
Gaines, William F., Company K, 26th Regiment.
Galbreth, A. C., Company E, 5ist Regiment.
Gilbert, John, Company E, 24th Regiment.
Goba, John H., Company C, 19th Regiment.
Goodwin, Morris, Company B, 22nd Regiment.
Gordon, W., Company C, 16th Regiment.
Gorham, J. H., Company K, 4th Regiment.
Goubile, John, Company B, 24th Regiment.
Graham, Napoleon, Company I, 24th Regiment.
Grant, J. A., Company F, 1st Cavalry.
Green, E. C., Company B, 51st Regiment.
Green, J., Company E, 6oth Regiment.
Green, Jackson, Company K, 30th Regiment.
Griffin, G., Company B, 1st Cavalry.
Hackney, G. W., Company B, 34th Regiment.
Hale, W. L., Company C, 28th Regiment.
Hamil, Simon, Company C, 25th Regiment.
Hand, A. W., Company G, 34th Regiment.
Harris, 3. S., Company G, 34th Regiment.
Harrison, Napoleon B., Company E, 24th Regiment.
Hattaway, M. W., Company B, 51st Regiment.
Hawkins, John F., Company B, 38th Regiment.
Hendricks, J., Company C, Gibson’s Battery.
Hicks, J. W., Company A, 45th Regiment.
Hicks, Thomas E., Company A, 25th Regiment.
Hill, E. B., Company -, 1st Regiment.
Hinson, W. B., Company A, 25th Regiment.
Hitt, E. P., Company D, 28th Regiment.
Hods, James, Company G, 25th Regiment.
Holland, B. B, Company K, 26th Regiment.
Holliday, Reuben, Company K, 16th Regiment.
Homes, Lieut. J. W., Company, 1st Cavalry.
Holt, W. C., Company F, 24th Regiment.
Hooke, A. C., Company I, 34th Regiment.
Hooker, John, Company I, 32nd Regiment.
Hord, W. H., Company K, 31st Regiment.
Holt, C. W., Company K, 34th Regiment.
Housen, A., Company H, 25th Regiment.
Hutchin, D. L., Company -, 1st Regiment State.
Inadmatt, Robt. B., Company D. 19th, Regiment.
Israel, Leander W., Company E, 19th Regiment.
Janis, B., Company C, 26th Regiment.
Jarret, James, Company H, 19th Regiment.
Jenkins, J. D., Company E, 4th Regiment.
Jester, James A., Company F, 19th Regiment.
Jobson or Johnson, L., Company A, 26th Regiment.
Johnson, Oliver, Company I, 25th Regiment.
Johnson, Wm. H., Company I, 1st Cavalry.
Johnson, S. R., Company B, 25th Regiment.
Jones, S. M., Company ?, 16th Regiment.
Jones, W. K., Company B, 28th Regiment.
Jordan Mark, Company A, 41st Regiment.
Jurrell L, Company K, 24th Regiment.
Kelly John, Company A, 25th Regiment.
Kenneda, J. W., Company E, 25th Regiment
Kerby A, Company C, 19th Regiment.
Killen G W., Company B, 51st Regiment.
Kirkland, John, Company E, 1st Battalion.
Kyle, Robert E., Company D, Russel’s Cavalry.
LaMarcus, Elias, Company H, 38th Regiment.
Lambert S. S., Company F, 34th Regiment.
Latham, Moses, Company D, 19th Regiment.
Lee J P., Company B, 39th Regiment.
Lee Lewis, Company D, 33rd Regiment.
Leline Allen, Company K, 34th Regiment.
Lillard Wm., Company C, 26th Regiment.
Liston R. A., Company F, 51st Regiment.
Lixton James, Company G, 41St Regiment.
Loftus Samuel, Company K, 38th Regiment.
Long C M., Company F, 25th Regiment.
Longley C. W., Company B, 28th Regiment.
Lunchford, A. W., Company G, 51st Regiment.
McCaffity, D., Companys B and E, 26th Regiment.
McCarthy, Daniel, Company D, 4th Cavalry.
McCartney, John, Company H, 26th Regiment.
McCowin, T. D., Company E, 45th Regiment.
McCoy Alexander, Company I, 25th Regiment.
McCoy S. A., Company H, 33rd Regiment.
McDonnell, William E, Company A, 1st Alabama Cavalry.
McDowell, W. C., Company A, 1st Cavalry.
McElwain, W., Company G, 34th Regiment.
McGuire, Charles, Company C, 18th Regiment.
McHenry, Thomas, Company A, 19th Regiment.
McKee, S., Company G, 25th Regiment.
McKleduff, T. N., Company A, 1st Cavalry.
McLain, E. E., Company E, 45th Regiment.
McLandon, Company E, 24th Regiment.
McLandon, Thomas, Company C, 25th Regiment.
Manley, J. G., Company I, 25th Regiment.
Marshall, E. M., Company H, 38th Regiment.
Martin, Daniel, Company A, 16th Regiment.
Massey, Aaron, Company G, 51st Regiment.
May, G. W., Company B, 25th Regiment.
Mays, James, Company K, 5th Regiment.
Melton, M. W., Company H, 41st Regiment.
Michell, Andrew T., Company F, 33rd Regiment.
Micou, W. H., Company H, 34th Regiment.
Miller, W. D., Company K, 1st Regiment.
Milligan, J., Company F, 25th Regiment.
Michen, H. S., Company B, 25th Regiment.
Moes, J. T., Company I, 18th Regiment.
Moin, J. G., Company D, 32nd Regiment.
Mooney, John P., Company B, 33rd Regiment.
Moore, W. D., Company -, Eufaula Artillery.
Morey, Charles, Company G, 19th Regiment.
Mullen, Augustus, Company D, 33rd Regiment.
Murphee, D. L., Company I, 1st Cavalry.
Murphey, W. Y., Company K, 1st Regiment.
Murphey, B. S, Co., K, 1st Cavalry Regiment
Nelson, Andrew J., Company B, 25th Regiment.
Nelson, David, Company I, 51st Regiment.
Nichols, J. J., Company H, 44th Regiment.
Nix, J., Company E, 28th Regiment.
Noland, LeBron, Company C, 25th Regiment.
Norvell, G. B., Company F, 4th Regiment.
Osburn, , Company D, 4th Regiment.
Palmer, Milton, Company H, 33rd Regiment.
Patterson, W. J., Company G, 34th Regiment.
Payne, J. M., Company A, 21st Regiment.
Pede, C, Company F, 39th Regiment.
Phillips, John H., Company C, 33rd Regiment.
Phillips, J. W., Company E, 51st Regiment.
Pollard, J. M., Company D, 32nd Regiment.
Preese, J. D., Company F, 20th Regiment.
Pritchett, B. F., Company A, 25th Regiment.
Quick, J. J, Company G, 38th Regiment.
Ragsdale, W, Company C, 22nd Regiment.
Raider, W. F., Company G, 38th Regiment.
Rainey, J. J. , Maney’s Battery.
Ray, H. A., Company C, 22nd Regiment.
Rhodes, J. B., Company C, 34th Regiment.
Richardson, John A., Company C, 38th Regiment.
Rice, James, Company H, 1st Cavalry.
Roberts, A. J., Company I, 19th Regiment.
Rodgers, J. J. , Company E, 1st Cavalry.
Rogers, John L., Company I, 33rd Regiment.
Roper, William, Company G, 25th Regiment.
Rowe, Harry M., Company E, 34th Regiment.
Rowe, P. A., 34th Regiment.
Rulfard, James, Company F., 33rd Regiment.
Sackett, James, Company -, 2nd Regiment.
Saner, John, Company G, 41st Regiment.
Sanford, James, Company D, 24th Regiment.
Satterwhite, W. J., Company G, 22nd Regiment.
Scott, J. M., Company H, 41St Regiment.
Seff, Thomas E., Company F, 36th Regiment.
Shahan, Alonzo, Company H, 1st Cavalry.
Shelton, G., Company G, 45th Regiment.
Singleton, W. H., Company B, 38th Regiment.
Slattery, John, Company E, 33rd Regiment.
Smith, Jackson, Company D, 34th Regiment.
Smith, John W., Company F, 19th Regiment.
Smith, J. M., Company C, 34th Regiment.
Smith, W. W., Company M, 1st Cavalry.
Somers, S. C., Company B, 41st Regiment.
Soralls, John H., Company , 34th Regiment.
Spears, James R., Company E, 1st Battery.
Spence, William, Company I, 39th Regiment.
Steed, J., Company K, 4th Regiment.
Stevens, Timothy, Company H, 25th Regiment.
Tate, John, Company A, 2nd Cavalry.
Tavers, Willis A, Company B, 34th Regiment.
Taylor, E. B., Company B, 25th Regiment.
Teer, Joseph, Company B, 25th Regiment.
Terrel, Anthony, Company A, 16th Regiment.
Thomas, Uriah, Company E, 54th Regiment.
Thomas, W., Company G, 24th Regiment.
Thomas, W. G., Company C, 33rd Regiment.
Thompson, George, Company F, 41st Regiment.
Thompson, T. M., Company G, 26th Regiment.
Thompson, William, Company B, 51st Regiment.
Tiler, G. W., Company A, 25th Regiment.
Tinker, H., Company A, 3rd Alabama.
Todd, Thomas J., Company I, 4th Cavalry.
Toney, J. A., Company C, 26th Regiment.
Tramel, F., Company F, 19th Regiment.
Tusher, Aif S., Company F, 45th Regiment.
Tybs, William, Company I, 32nd Regiment.
Vaughn, John, Company K, 1st Cavalry.
Vestal, Davis A., Company C, 16th Regiment.
Vickers, Corp. T. J., Company F, 32nd Regiment.
Wade, Benj. B., Company D, 38th Regiment.
Wall, F. M., Company H, 26th Regiment.
Walters, D., Company G, 26th Regiment.
Walters, Joshua, Company E, 51st Regiment.
Wark, James, Company A, 41St Regiment.
Waskin, T. D., Company D, 28th Regiment.
Weiley, David, Company I, 36th Regiment.
Whaley, J., Company K, 1st Regiment.
Willingham, B. M., Company B, th Regiment.
Wills, J. B., Company A, 39th Regiment.
Wilson, B., Company B, 1st Cavalry.
Wilson, William, Company B, 1st Cavalry.
With (Witt?), William W., Company C, 28th Regiment.
Wood, Allen G., Company E, 34th Regiment.
Wood, John W., Company I, 36th Regiment.
Wright, John, Company C, 34th Regiment.
Wright, W. D., Company G, 45th Regiment.
York, Lieut. A. J., Company E, 32nd Regiment.
Unknown, Company F, 3rd Alabama Cavalry.

ARKANSAS

Bartlett, M., Company B, 31st Regiment.
Barstow, James, 7th Regiment.
Beavers, F. M., Company C, 31st Regiment.
Bennett, H., Company F, 3rd Regiment.
Bennett, R., Company D, 2nd Regiment.
Boker, J. L., Company H, 8th Regiment.
Brumby, James, Company K, 4th Regiment.
Cates, J. W., Company K, 31st Regiment.
Course, J. L., Company I, 30th Regiment.
Gatten, William T., 25th Regiment.
Gray, J. P., Company K, Adams’ Regiment.
Holmes, Lieut. J. W., 1st Cavalry.
James, D. T., Company D, 8th Regiment.
Kendall, George, Company D, 31st Regiment.
McKinney, P. L., Company A, 1st Regiment.
Martin (Morton), Joseph, Company H, 2nd Regiment.
Patterson, D. A., Company E, 1st Regiment.
Patterson, John, Company C, 4th Regiment.
Patton, J. A., Company B, 3rd Regiment.
Porter, Robert, Company B, 1st Regiment.
Rowland, W. H., Company E, 31st Regiment.
Smith, R., Company B, 1st Regiment.
Smith, William, Company K, 6th Regiment.
Stanley, R. A., Company I, 1st Regiment.
Stovall, W. F., Company I, 8th Regiment.
Thompson, J. M., Company F, 2nd Regiment.
Vend, J., 1st Regiment.
Virdel, T. L., Company I, 2nd Regiment.
White, J. J. , Company A, 7th Regiment.
Word, Thomas, Company H, 8th Regiment.

FLORIDA

Boals, J., 11th Regiment.
Coggins, J. H., Company D, 3rd Regiment.
Douglass, C., Company F, 4th Regiment.
Elliott, James B., Company D, 3rd Regiment.
Gary, M. J., Company F, 3rd Regiment.
Holland, D., Company H, 1st Regiment.
Lamb, C., Company G, 3rd Regiment.
Latt, William C., Company 1, 4th Regiment.
Lovell, W. A., Company G, 4th Regiment.
Martin, Jesse, Company E, 1st Regiment.
Nelson, J. T., Company I, 1st Regiment.
Reeves, S. S., Company H, 3rd Regiment.
Sapps, B. W., Company E, 4th Regiment.
White, Edward, Company G, 3rd Regiment.
Wingate, J. J. , Company A, 3rd Regiment.
Wynne, Charles, Company B, 1st Regiment.
Wynne, Isaiah, Company F, 4th Regiment.

GEORGIA

Allen, H. E., Company B, 9th Regiment.
Bailey, G., Company H, 3rd Cavalry.
Bailey, S. A., Company B, 5th Regiment.
Capps, H. J., Company E, 3rd Battery.
Cine, G. W., Company B, 9th Battery.
Clay, J. A., Company H, 5th Regiment.
Cootes, E. T., Company B, 2nd Battalion.
Covington, Thomas, Company H, 3rd Regiment.
Demeriss, A., Company K, 13th Regiment.
Hunt, M. S., Company D, 3rd Cavalry.
Hutchin, 1st Georgia State Troops.
Jansen (or Nelson), H. J., Georgia Cavalry.
Lerois, W. D., Company C, 3rd Battery.
Lyle, G. W., Company C, 3rd Battery.
Marhulon, T., Company C, 9th Georgia.
Nelson (or Janson), H. J., Cavalry.
Patters, M. J., Company C, 3rd Battery.
Peeples, C. C., Company B, 3rd Regiment.
Perry, Thomas J., Company B, 3rd Regiment.
Powers, J. E., Company K, 5th Regiment.
Pud, J., Company E, 9th Battalion.
Ramsey, Jordan, Company C, 9th Battalion.
Sarp, Thomas A., 3rd Cavalry.
Sorrels, A. W., Company E, 2nd Regiment.
Spence, T. J., Company C, 2nd Regiment.
Stephens, Newton, Company F, 5th Regiment.
Tucker, E. T., Company D, 2nd Battalion Cavalry.
Veaney, Barney, Company I, 5th Regiment.
Ward, N., Company D, 8th Battery.
Wilbanks, J. A., Company F, 3rd Regiment.

KENTUCKY

Belter, John, Company B, 1st Cavalry.
Berry, W., Company B, 2nd Regiment.
Boget, A., Company D, 1st Cavalry.
Burgs, J. G., Company D, 9th Regiment.
Jones, M. S., Company F, 1st Cavalry.
McCullen (McCullough), William, Company H, 6th Regiment.
Perkins, Thomas, Company A, 3rd Cavalry.
Simpson, D. M., Company G, 1st Cavalry.
Speaker, George, Morgan’s Cavalry.
Steel, James B., Cynthiana, Ky.
Switzer, James, Company F, 9th Regiment.
Tucker, James, Company D, 4th Cavalry.
Waiths, Lieut. F. M., Cavalry. S
Wr1sten, Joseph M., Company D, 4th Regiment.

LOUISIANA

Arthur, D., Company F, 16th Regiment.
Barnett, William I., Company I, 16th Regiment.
Brickley (or Buckley), A. G., Company E, 11th Regiment.
Conner, J., Company E, 16th Regiment.
Eagan, Michael, Company G, 10th Regiment.
Findlay, John, Company B, 25th Regiment.
Hallett, James, 1st Cavalry.
Heardy, J. H., Company H, 13th Regiment.
Honeycutt, G. M., Company F, 11th Regiment.
Kelly, D., Company A, uth Regiment.
Kenan, D. L., Company F, 2 th Regiment.
McCoy, A., Company E, 25th Regiment.
McWilliams, D. P., Company E, 1st Regiment.
Merchell, Lewis, 13th Regiment.
Moran, Henry, Company K, 13th Regiment.
Morrow, William, Company F, 16th Regiment.
Nolen (Noland), Michael, Company C, uth Regiment.
Nollett, Mitchell, Company G, 13th Regiment.
Ott, Thomas J., Company H, 16th Regiment.
Pullen, S. A., Company E, 25th Regiment.
Riley, George, Company K, 13th Regiment.
Robertson, Levi, Company E, 13th Regiment.
Spring, W. G., Company D, 25th Regiment.
Ross, William A., Company K, 1st Cavalry.
Strippling, A. A., Company E, 25th Regiment.
Thompson, D., Company A, 16th Regiment.
yarborough, Charles, Company F, 16th Regiment.
Zachary, J. E., Company H, 16th Regiment.

MISSISSIPPI

Alexander, W. M., Company E, 34th Regiment.
Allen, W. P., Company G, 27th Regiment.
Applewhite, Sergt. C., Company J, 10th Regiment.
Avara, A. J., Company C, 41st Regiment.
Baird, J. M., Company F. 27th Blythe’s.
Ballew, J. W., Company C, 29th Regiment.
Barnquarth, T. E., Company C, 41st Regiment.
Bell, Henry, Company D, 45th Regiment.
Bennett, George, Company E, 24th Regiment.
Berry, Company I, 24th Regiment.
Bishop, J., Company K, 27th Regiment.
Blackberry, John, Company E, 29th Regiment.
Bobbitt, W. H., Company I, 24th Regiment.
Boddis, A., Company H, 27th Regiment.
Bowland, J. W., Company F, 29th Regiment.
Brinkley, W. H., Company E, 27th Blythe’s.
Bunn, E. C., Company G, 41st Regiment.
Cate, Z. A., Company E, 27th Regiment.
Carltridge, James, Company C, 24th Regiment.
Closkey, G. W. W., Company F, 7th Regiment.
Cremer, A. L., Company A, 37th Regiment.
Davenport, G. W., Company A, 37th Regiment.
Davis, Fred L., Company B, ioth Regiment.
Dixon, W. H., Company G, 31st Regiment.
Doggett, R. D., Company I, 7th and 9th Regiments.
Douglass, Harrison, Company G, 29th Regiment.
Echner, L. E., Company G, 41st Regiment.
Edegar, G. W., Company H, 7th Regiment.
Eisley, Oliver, Company H, 10th Regiment.
Foust, L. D., Company A, 29th Regiment.
Fuller, B. W., Company B, 29th Regiment.
Gardner, G. W., Company B, 30th Regiment.
Garner, W. F., Company I, 29th Regiment.
Garuse, S., Company H, 37th Regiment.
Gentry, W., Company E, 32nd Regiment.
Gilmer, K. H., Company H, 10th Regiment.
Gil mer, Thomas, Company D, 37th Regiment.
Godwin, E. H., Company H, 37th Regiment.
Gork, E. H., Company D, 10th Regiment.
Griffin, Samuel, Company F, 24th Regiment.
Grisham, W. A. W., Company H, 33rd Regiment.
Harris, D. H., Company G, 29th Regiment.
Hassell, J. H., Company D, 37th Regiment.
Heddencok, I. B., 10th Regiment.
Hill, Thomas J., Company B, 34th Rement.
Hodges, J. B., Company K, 10th Regiment.
Hough, Frank, Company B, 27th Regiment.
Housley, G. W., Company G, 27th Regiment.
Johnston, C. A., Company D, 27th Regiment.
Kenneda, R. M., Company E, 27th Regiment.
Kens, W. A. E., Company D, 30th Regiment.
Knighton, W. C., Company I, 24th Regiment.
Latrip, J. B., Company K, 27th Regiment.
Law, S. W., Company D, 27th Regiment.
Lchnimpore (?),J. W., Company D, 41St Regiment.
Leavins, E. A., Company E, 29th Regiment.
Lenty, John, Company I, 29th Regiment.
Lester, George H., Company F, 29th Regiment.
Linchard, W., Company F, 30th Regiment.
Lipscomb, G. W., Company A, 30th Regiment.
McCrory, W. D. T, Company D, 37th Regiment.
McDonald, J., Company B, 37th Regiment.
McKnight, J. M., Company C, 10th Regiment.
Madew, B. C., Company E, 29th Regiment.
Maxwell, J. W., Company K, 27th Regiment
Miles, W. W., Company H., 27th Regiment.
Millsaps, W. M., Company F, Blythe’s Regiment.
Morris, H., Company L, 41st Regiment.
Mounger, H., Company F, 29th Regiment.
O’Neal, J. R., Company H, 7th Regiment.
Parker, S. W., Company F, 24th Regiment.
Philips, W. F., Company B, 32nd Regiment.
Pickles, E., Company I, 30th Regiment.
Pickols, J. M., Company L, 24th Regiment.
Reikles, E., Company I, 30th Regiment.
Robinson, Stephen, Company D, 27th Regiment.
Rushing, N. R., Company E, 27th Regiment.
Scalion, G. W., Companys B and D, 24th and 29th Regiments.
Scarborough, Sergt. M., Company C, 24th Regiment.
Scillon, L. J., Company C, 29th Regiment.
Scruggs, W. S., Company E, 29th Regiment.
Shelton, W. T., Company G, 9th Regiment.
Sherrod, G., Company I, 29th Regiment.
Shirkey, Lieut. Montgomery C., Company A, 30th Regiment.
Shurtbiff, 0. G., Company E, 7th Regiment.
Simpson, W. B., Company G, 5th Regiment.
Slade, E. A., Company E, 30th Regiment.
Slade, H. F., Company D, 7th Regiment.
Slaughter, J. M., Company B, 24th Regiment.
Smith, W. D., Company F, 45th Regiment.
Stacey, M., Company G, 24th Regiment.
Stephens, E. T., Company F, 29th Regiment.
Strong, Henry, Company F, 27th Regiment.
Tilly, Stephen S., Company F, 29th Regiment.
Ussery, G. H., Company C, 37th Regiment.
Walker, W., Company E, 24th Regiment.
Wall, C. V., Company C, 7th Regiment.
Wallis, R. A., Company B, 8th Regiment.
Warren, L., Company H, 7th Regiment.
Whiddon, J. A., Company F, 7th Regiment.
White (or Whits), J. G., Company D, 30th Regiment.
Whittey, J. F., Company K, 27th Regiment.
Williams, S. G., Company B, 24th Regiment.
Wray, W. P., Company C, Blythe’s Regiment.
Youngblood, N. A., 27th Regiment.
One unknown from Mississippi.

NORTH CAROLINA

Beard, Daniel F., Company K, 39th Regiment.
Brindle, J. F., Company E, 29th Regiment.
Ceaghel, William, Company H, 60th Regiment.
Crowder, I. W., Company D, 29th Regiment.
Evans, S. C., Company B, 60th Regiment.
Frisbee, A. J., Company C, 29th Regiment.
Jones, Isaac A., Company H. 60th Regiment.
Kelly, J., Company H, 60th Regiment.
Lexton (or Sexton), George, Company H, 6oth Regiment.
Ponder, G. W., Company F, 60th Regiment.
Reynhold, Sergt. T. W., Company F, 6oth Regiment.
Rhea, T. W., Company G, 39th Regiment.
Watson, W., Company G, 39th Regiment.
Wells, Lieut. F. W., Company C, 29th Regiment.

SOUTH CAROLINA

Brown, R., Company L, 10th Regiment.
Bound, Zac B., Company B, 8th Regiment.
Caldres, E. W., Company H, 10th Regiment.
Carter, William, Company H, 10th Regiment.
Coleman, J. W., Company D, 10th Regiment.
Gilmen, H. M., Company B, 8th Regiment.
Grey, Alfred, Company H, 10th Regiment.
Holland, J. B., Company E, 10th and 19th Regiments.
Mallox, Henry, Company I, 19th Regiment.
Mathews, Francis, Company H, 9th and 10th Regiments.
Podget, Wilbert, Company A, 19th Regiment.
Satcher, R. (might be Latcher or Hatcher)–Regiment.–, Company H, 19th
Smith, H., Company H, 10th Regiment.
Todd, J. M., Company G, 10th Regiment.

TENNESSEE

Anderson, James, Company B, 13th Regiment.
Anderson, James, Company C, 28th Regiment.
Armstrong, B. F., Company B, 20th Regiment.
Bailey, F., Company A, 18th Regiment.
Bailey, J., Company L, 30th Regiment.
Barksdale, N., Company B, 13th and 154th Regiments.
Briggell, S. J., Company C, 47th Regiment.
Bruce, W., Company I, 1st Regiment.
Bowlin, Thomas G., Company I, 32nd Regiment.
Caldwell, James, Company I, 19th Regiment.
Campbell, W. H., Company I, 47th Regiment.
Cate, Robert C., Company H, 3rd Cavalry.
Caywood, A. C., Company K, 29th Regiment.
Clark, J. D., Company K, 4th Regiment.
Clarke, W. B., Company I, 31st Regiment.
Clarke. W. D., Company K, 154th Regiment.
Coffey, Calvin, Company D, 26th Regiment.
Combs, Andrew, Company K, 26th Regiment.
Conn, S. G., Company B, 25th Regiment.
Cox, W. E., Company K, 26th Regiment.
Craighead, S. S. (?), Company F, 38th Regiment.
Crawford, Sergt. Thomas, Cheatham’s Escort.
Crawley, H., Company G, 17th Regiment.
Crow, M. R., Company K, 11th Regiment.
Dahamy, Thomas, Company E, 19th Regiment.
Davis, B., Company G, 51st Regiment.
Davis, Montgomery, Company D, 4th Confederate.
Davis, Robert, 1st Cavalry.
Davis, Rowell, Company B, 38th Regiment.
Davis, Simon, Company C, 25th Regiment.
Davis, Thomas C., Company B, 1st Middle Tenn. Cavalry.
Dawson, T., Company E, 84th Regiment.
Deaton, William, Company A, 26th Regiment.
Degraffenreid, Capt. H. E., Company B, 154th Regiment.

[This name is given on R. L. Watkins’ list as Deysaffenus as nearly as it can be translated. However, H. E. DeGraffenried was Captain of Company B of the 154th Tennessee. He was mortally wounded in the battle of Murfreesboro and was, no doubt, brought to the hospital in Chattanooga as were the others, and died there a few weeks later. “The Confederate Military Annals of Tennessee” shows Capt. Henry E. DeGraffenried as captain of Company B, 154th Tennessee.]

Dickens, Chesley, Company B, 19th Regiment.
Dickens, John, Company E, 24th Regiment.
Elder, George, Company F, 38th Regiment.
Elder, T. D., Company F, 28th Regiment.
Ellwood, H. C., Company I, 29th Regiment.
Elrod, G., Company E, 28th Regiment.
Epps, James L., Company D, 32nd Regiment.
Estel, Lieut. John, Company E, 15th Regiment.
Gathins, B. T., Company W, 51st Regiment.
Gilbride, Barney, Company K, 35th Tenn.
Gillespie, James, 19th Tenn.
Gilmer, J., Company I, 29th Regiment.
Goffey, J. G., Company E, 6th and 8th Regiments.
Gordon, Robert, Company H, 18th Regiment.
Greer, William C., Company C, 28th Regiment.
Halarson, Thomas, Company E, 44th Regiment.
Hall, Joseph, Company H, 5th Regiment.
Hallmark, Company K, 19th Regiment.
Hamlett,. D. R., Company I, 13th Regiment.
Hasberger, S. D., Company K, 19th Regiment.
Hawkins, W. H., Company F, 11th Regiment.
Hendrick, J. L., Company K, 4th Regiment.
Hendricks, Joseph S., Company H, 154th Regiment.
Hicks, R., Company K, 26th Regiment.
Hodges, William J., Company C, 45th Regiment.
Hogan, W., Company I, 29th Regiment.
Humphries, 0. H., Company B, 19th Regiment.
Jared, Joseph, Company A, 28th Regiment.
Johnson, Thomas, Company B, 5th Regiment.
Jolly, J. H., Company D, 8th Regiment.
Jones, G. W., Company H, 32nd Regiment.
Jones, James, Company G, 32nd Regiment.
Jones, J. V., Company C, 84th Regiment.
Keith, Marion, Company G, 25th Regiment.
Kempt, Larkin, Company C, 44th Regiment.
King, L. K., Company F, 4th Regiment.
Kirkland, J., Company K, 48th Regiment.
Landon, T. J., Company I, 12th and 47th Regiments.
Lawrence, Sergt. E. 5., 6th and 9th Regiments.
Lee, Alex M., Company B, 44th Regiment.
Lemons, L., Company F, 19th Regiment.
Lenimon, Henry, Company D, 32nd Regiment.
Lillard, R., Company C., 26th Regiment.
Lodor, A. Duke, Regiment.
Livingston, R. B., Company F, 19th Regiment.
Lutton (or Sutton), B., 12th Regiment.
McCrany, J. W., Company A, 11th Regiment.
McDonald, J. J., Company G, 51st Regiment.
McNight, B., Company I, 6th and 9th Regiments.
Malicote, William, Company I, 6th and 7th Regiments.
Manning, William, Company B, 37th Regiment.
Mapilla, John, Company E, 27th Regiment.
Martin, Dan, Company K, 16th Regiment.
Martin, Harris, Company F, 19th Regiment.
Martin, J. C., Company H, uth Regiment.
Massey, Sergt. J. W., Company H, 13th Regiment.
Maxwell, Thomas B., Company L, 6th Regiment.
Mayfield, William, Company F, 27th Regiment.
Medley, William, Company B, 5th Regiment.
Morgan, Andrew, Company C, 19th Regiment.
Moseley, D. W., Company C, 38th Regiment.
Murrys, Charles West, Company D, Battery.
Noah, John, Company F, 84th Regiment.
Packham, Alpheus, Company G, 13th Regiment.
Patter, L. R., Company B, 6th and 9th Regiments.
Patterson, L, Company G, 45th Regiment.
Petty, J. F., Company D, 47th Regiment.
Pemberton, E. C., Company K, 24th Regiment.
Pierce, J. R., Company C, 151 Regiment.
Pike, Joseph, Company K, 26th Regiment.
Price, J. T., Company E, 44th Regiment.
Pursly, Samuel, Company F, 47th Regiment.
Rankhorn, J. M., Company C, 28th Regiment.
Rilgo, W. E., Company F, 38th Regiment.
Roads, J. C., Company D, I2th Regiment.
Roberts, J. W., Company C, 8th Regiment.
Robinson, James, Company H, 1st Regiment.
Rogers, William, Company G, 12th Regiment.
Rush, W., Company D, 19th Regiment.
Rutledge, T. R., Company D, 26th Regiment.
Sanford, C. W., Company F, 28th Regiment.
Smith, B. A., Company I, 45th Regiment.
Steffield, G., Company K, 26th Regiment.
Stevenson, Thomas J., Company H, 4th Cavalry.
Stidham, T. H., Company C, 38th Regiment.
Wade, Thomas, Carnes Battery.
White, W. F., Company D, 33rd Regiment.
Werry, W. J., Company E, 51st Regiment.
Williams, H., Sappers and Miners 51st Regiment.
Williams, Joseph R., Company K, 2qth Regiment.
Win n, A. J., Company B, 4th Regiment.
Withers, W., Company C, 29th Regiment.
Witt, James M., Company B, 29th Regiment.
Womack, W. C., 16th Regiment.
York, W. H., Company D, 32nd Regiment.
Young, J. B., Company A, 11th Regiment.

TEXAS

Alday, W., Company K, 15th Regiment.
Blanchard, E., Company H, 15th Regiment.
Braver (Beaver), William, Company G, 11th Regiment.
Bullock, Novel, Company F, 9th Regiment.
Cleveland, J., Company E, i4th Regiment.
Frazer, J. D. B., Company H, 24th Regiment.
Hargrove, A. J., Company F, 9th Regiment.
Jones, J. J., Company C, 15th Regiment.
Moss, P., Company H, i4th Regiment.
Odell, A. B., Company H, 11th Regiment.
Smith, W. F., 9th Regiment.

SOLDIERS OF COMMANDS NOT NAMED BY STATES AND SOME UNKNOWN

Arrowwood, S. M., Company F, 4th Confederate.
Ayres, Lewis, Company and Regiment unknown.
Barnes, B., Company K, Col. Preston’s Cavalry.
Barrow, Amos, Water’s Battery.
Berry, S., 3rd Confederate Cavalry.
Blackman, R. C., Company E, Cox’s Battalion S. S.
Bowden, J. A. W., Company E, Cox’s Battalion S. S.
Bowen, James, Company A, Confederate Cavalry.
Breel, W., Company B, Water’s Battery.
Brown, E. P., Company B, Manney’s Battery.
Brown, Thomas, Company A, 3rd Confederate Cavalry.
Bullock, J. A., command unknown.
Calvin, Henry, Company B, Water’s Battery.
Campbell, James, Company E, 3rd Confederate Cavalry.
Carter, , Company F, Cox’s Battalion S. S.
Carroll, J. R., Company C. Cox’s Battalion S. S.
Clarke, J. B., Manney’s Battalion S. S.
Cox, W. E., Company E, 3rd Confederate.
Davis, Montgomery, Company D, 4th Confederate.
Dundy (Dandy), Company I, 8th Confederate.
Durham, Thomas, Waters’ Battery.
Fitzgerald, L. C., Company H, 9th Confederate.
Forrest, John, Company B, Manney’s Battalion S. S.
Goins, John, F. M. C.
Fox, F. M., Company K, Manney’s Battalion S. S.
Gifford, Joseph, command unknown.
Hallett, James, 1st Confederate Cavalry.
Harrel, Samuel, Company E, Sharp’s Battalion S. S.
Hackett, James, 1st Cavalry.
Herring, Edward, command unknown.
Holt, S. A., Dawson’s Battery.
Howard, D. P., command unknown.
Jones, F., Company C, McKee’s Battalion.
Kenner, William R., Company F, Limestone’s Battalion.
Lacks, Richard, Company D, 4th Confederate (Sweet’s).
Long, William S., Company B, Manney’s Battalion 5.5.
Mc , Thomas, command unknown.
McDonald, W., McKeown’s Escort.
Martin, B., Company B, Light Artillery.
Monahan, J., command unknown.
Norman, William, command unknown.
Pliilips, J. M., 1stConfederate Cavalry.
Pitts, M. J., Gibson’s Battalion.
Rainey, J. J., Company B, Manney’s Battalion.
Ricketts, R., command unknown.
Riser, Jacob, Company E, Cox’s Battalion S. S.
Robinson, B. H., Gibson’s Battalion.
Roy, J. T., Company F, 8th Confederate.
Royston, F. M., Company H, 3rd Confederate Cavalry.
Saunders, James R., Cox’s Battalion S. S.
Saunders, William, 8th Confederate.
Shelly, W. B., 1stBattalion, Hillard’s Legion.
Sneed, J. A., Company B, Russell’s Cavalry.
Syphus, Sylvanus, Company K.
Thompson, E. G., Company E, Newman’s Battalion.
Tinker, H., Company A, 3rd Confederate.
Turner, William, Company E., Cox’s Battalion S. S.
Ward, F. H., Company I, 8th Confederate Cavalry.
Ware, A. W., Gibson’s Battery.
Weatherford, J. G., Company B, Cox’s Battalion S. S.
Wutmaker, C. C., Gibson’s Battery.
A lady, a hospital matron or nurse.
Miller, Louis, 6th Federal Regiment, a Yankee.
Winbroot, E. J., 6th Federal Regiment, a Yankee.

Later eight bodies were found near Rossville Gap and were moved by Forrest Camp to the Confederate Cemetery.

Their names so far as known were:

Free, J. M., Confederate Army.
Herrin, J. M., 41st Alabama Regiment.
Ingraham, J. A., Tennessee Confederate Regiment.
Jordan, H. S., Company A, 41st Alabama.
Massey, J. H., 41st Alabama.
Watterson, Walker, Company H, 33rd Tennessee Regiment.
McNeil, B. F., Company F, 1stMississippi Regiment.
Unknown.

This completes the list of re-interments as given by R. Watkins.

SOME MEMBERS OF FORREST CAMP BURIED IN THE CONFEDERATE CEMETERY

Barbee, G. T., 31st Tennessee Regiment.
Crumley, John, Company I, 7th Georgia Regiment.
Hale, Madison, Company C, 3 1stTennessee Regiment.
Kimball, LeVert, Alabama Artillery.
Norment, William T., 1stBattalion, Washington Artillery, New Orleans, La.
Middleton, H. M.
Payne, John N., 1stCompany Washington Artillery, New Orleans, La.
Pritchett, Edward W., Company I, 1stTennessee Regiment.

Upon the authority of Dr. John Stewart French, his three uncles were buried in the Confederate Cemetery. They were:

Byron Brownlow French, Joseph Harrison French, and Timothy Allen French.

Source: Armstrong, Zella. “The History of Hamilton County and Chattanooga, Tennessee”. Volume 1

MARKERS OF THE CHATTANOOGA CONFEDERATE CEMETERY ERECTED AFTER 1892

[compiled by J.Sims, October 1997]

Name: / Section: / Marker Information:

ALLRED, Blackstone / A / VA, Co. H, 25th TN Infantry
ARMSTRONG, M. V. / A / Pvt. , Co. C, 5 TN Cav. (1844-1912)
BAILEY, John / A / VA, Co. D, AL Cav.
BAILEY, Thomas J. / A / Pvt. , 23rd GA Inf. (1832-1904)
BAILEY, Volner / A / VA, Co. B, 40th GA Inf.
BAIRD, Martha / B / Pvt. , (1850-1928)
BAIRD, Mary C. / B / Pvt. , wife of W. T. Baird (d. 1926)
BAIRD, Mattie W. / B / Pvt. , wife of J. M. Haley (1848-1937)
BAIRD, Samuel M. / B / Pvt. , Co. C, 45th TN Inf. (1843-1918)
BAIRD, W. T. / B / Pvt. , 10 TN Cav. , (d. 1924)
BARBEE, G. F. / B / VA, Co. C, 3rd TN Inf.
BEAVERS, Hiram O. / D / VA, Co. I, 5th TN Cav. (1846-1929)
BICE, Amos / A / VA, Co. G, 7th AL Inf.
BICE, William / A / Pvt. , (1842-1913)
BLEDSOE, A. S. / B / Pvt. , Lt. , Co. I, 17th Inf. (1837-1917)
BRACKEN, A. L. / B / Pvt. , (1845-1915)
BRACKEN, Laura A. / B / Pvt. , (1851-1928)
BROOKS, W. H. / A / VA, Co. E, 16th TN Cav.
BROWN, Alexander / A / Pvt. , 17th TX Inf.
BROWN, Jas. (C. ) / B / Pvt. , Co. C, 7th GA Inf. (d. 1912)
BROWN, John H. / B / VA, 4th TN Cav.
BROWN, J. S. / B / VA, Co. D, 1st TN Cav.
BROWN, W. C. / A / Pvt. , (1835-1903)
BUNCH, William F. / B / VA, Co. D, 1st TN Cav.
CAMPBELL, Amos A. / A / VA, Musician, Co. B, 20th NC Inf.
CARNEY, Thomas / A / VA&Pvt. CoA, 19thTN Inf (1834-1906)
CATHEY, S. C. / A / Pvt. , 6th TN Art. (d. 1906)
CHURCH, F. G. / B / VA, Co. B, 22nd GA Hvy. Art.
CLARK, George M. / A / Pvt. , (1845-1903)
CLARK, Senia / A / Pvt. (same as Geo. ), (1859-1932)
CLINTON, George W. / B / VA, 1st Lt,Co. A, 1st GA Inf.
COBB, W. J. / A / VA, Corp. , Co. F, 19th TN Inf.
COOKE, James Burch / C / Pvt. , Col. , 53rd TN Inf. , (1819-1899)
COOKE, Penelope McDermott / C / Pvt, “wife of J. B. “, (1830-75)
COOKE, Richard Fielding / C / Pvt. , “son”, (1859-1892)
COSBY, W. M / B / VA, Starneís TN Cav.
COLLINS, N. J. / A / Pvt. , Co. I, 35th TN Inf. (1833-1909)
CRAWFORD, E. D / A / VA, Corp. ,Co. A, 19th TN Inf.
CROCKETT, Ed T. / B / VA, “Confederate Soldier”
CROCKETT, Edward R. / A / VA, Co. A, 20th TN Inf.
CROSS, Robert G. / A / VA, Adj. , 14th TN Inf.
CRUMLEY, John / A / VA, GA Inf.
DAVIS, H. M. / B / Pvt. , Co. C, 3rd GA (d. 1920)
DEADERICK, Wm. Wallace / A / Pvt. , (1842-1913)
DAWSON, W. D. / A / Pvt. , Co. G, 19th VA Inf. ,(d. 1903)
DEAN, Jno. R. / A / Pvt. , 17th (TN Inf. ?), (1840-1906)
DEMENT, (mother of Thos. J. ) / A / Pvt. , (1841-1917)
DEMENT, Thomas J. / A / Pvt. , 6th VA Cav. , (1838-1915)
DESHA, Ella Sturgill / D / Pvt. , (1883-1936)
DESHA, Hamilton / D / Pvt. , “father”, (1848-1933)
DESHA, Hampton / D / Pvt. , “twin”, (1848-1935)
DESHA, Nannie Tymes / D / Pvt. , (1855-1932)
DEVINE, Charles / B / Pvt. , 2nd ARK Inf. , (d. 1918)
DICKINSON, Laurence Thomas / D / Pvt. , Co. A, 1st MD Cav, (1843-1923)
DICKINSON, Nannie Tibball / D / Pvt. ,”wife of L. T. “, (1845-1916)
DICKS, Emma I. / C / Pvt. , (1842-1928)
DICKS, Joseph / C / Pvt/VA, 1st SC Inf. (1845-1901)
DOBSON, E. J. / A / Pvt. , Capt. , Co. K, 22nd NC (1836-03)
DOYLE, C. A. Clowdis / B / Pvt. , (wife of John), (1839-1926)
DOYLE, John C. / B / Pvt. , Co. H, 2nd TN Cav, (1838-1922)
DUCKWORTH, D. F. / B / Pvt. , Co. B, 5th TN Cav. , (d. 1923)
DUNGER, Harry / B / Pvt. , Co. H, 2nd TN Cav. , (d. 1886)
DUNN, W. W. / A / Pvt. , (1831-1905)
EAVES, John F. / A / VA&Pvt, Co. C, 8th GA Inf, (1845-10)
FERGUSON, Bettie M. / B / Pvt. , (1847-1932)
FERGUSON, S. H. / B / Pvt. , 4th VA Inf. , (1842-1917)
FLORA, Theo. F. / B / VA, Co. L, 36th TN Inf.
FRAZIER, Annie Keith / C / Pvt. , (1848-1928)
FRAZIER, Sarah Ruth / C / Pvt, “Poet LaureateUDC” (1875-1956)
FRAZIER, S. J. A. / C / Pvt. ,Capt. ,Co. D, 18th TN,(1840-1921)
FREEMAN, D. H. / A / Pvt. ,Co. E, 3rd SC Reg. , (1839-1912)
FREEMAN, Julia Carter / A / Pvt. , (1852-19–)
FRY, M. M. / B / Pvt. , 3rd TN Inf/1st TN Cav,(1844-26)
GIBSON, Jeremiah / B / Pvt. , Co. D, 57th NC Inf, (1844-1917)
GILBREATH, Barney / A / VA, “Confederate Soldier”
GHORMLEY, Wm. Henderson / A / Pvt. , Co. C, 2nd TN Cav, (1839-1907)
GOULDING, B. L. / D / Pvt. , Signal Corps/Weather(1844-1934)
HACKETT, Wright Smith / A / VA, 1st Lt. , Co. C, 16th TN Inf. ,(d. 1864)
HALE, Madison / A / VA, Co. C, 39th TN Inf.
HANEY, J. J. / A / Pvt, Priceís Escort/4th TN Cav,(d. 1898)
HARBIN, W. J. / A / VA, “Confederate Soldier”
HARRIS, Ella Fuley / B / Pvt. , (1866-1926)
HARRIS, John A. / B / Pvt. , (1835-1910)
HARRIS, W. H. / A / VA, Co. K, 21st TN Inf.
HATCH, James M. / B / VA, Co. D, 61st NC Inf.
HEDGE(S), Nathaniel / C / Pvt/VA, (2nd) KY Inf. , (1830-1863)
HENDERSON, A. M. / B / Pvt. , Co. C, 13th TX Cav. , (d. 1923)
HENDERSON, Annie Turney / B / Pvt. , “wife of A. M. , (d. 1922)
HIGHTOWER, Thomas H. / B / VA, Lynchís Btty. , TN Hvy. Art.
HIX, James C. / B / Pvt. , Co. I, 35th GA Reg, (1842-1923)
HIX, Mary L / B / Pvt. ,(1854-1931)
HOLMAN, Thomas C. / D / VA, Co. K, 41st GA Inf.
HOLMAN, Victoria Pearson / D / Pvt. , “wife of Thos. C. Hallman”
HORTON, Martha A. Duncan / B / Pvt,wife of Saml. V. Horton,(1840-27)
HOUSE, H. (?) / A / Pvt. , Co. E, 4th TN Cav. , (1841-1910)
JONES, Jim / B / VA, Co. A, 1st TN Cav.
KEY, Lucius E. / B / VA, Sgt. , Co. I. , 13th GA Inf.
KIMBALL, Levert / A / Pvt. , AL Arty. , (d. 1892)
KINMAN, E. W. / A / VA, Co. A, 19th TN Inf.
LATIMER, James H. / D / VA, 1st Sgt. ,Co. I. , 49th GA Inf.
LATIMER, Mammie Stuart / D / Pvt, “wife of J. H. “,(1851-1926)
LEIGH, John Wesley / A / Pvt. , (1892-1910)
LEWIS, James / B / Pvt. , Co. I. , 3rd AL Cav. , (1846-1919)
LORENZEN, August A. / A / VA/Pvt, Co. G, LA Inf. (1840-1901)
MANNING, Rev. A. F. / B / Pvt. , Co. G, 8th GA Inf. , (1842-1926)
McMURRAY, F. G. / B / Pvt. , Co. B, 23rd AL, (d. 1923)
McMURRAY, Laura Taylor / B / Pvt. , (1845-1922)
McMURRAY, Lu. C. C. / B / VA, Co. F, 6th NC Inf. , (1840-1918)
MILLER, Burrus R. / A / Pvt. , Co. E, 2nd TN Inf. , (1843-1904)
MILLER, Lewis / B / VA, 6th Federal (POW)(d. 1863)
MITCHELL, Adam R. / B / VA, Co. H, 1st TN Cav.
MITCHELL, A. T. / A / VA, Co. F, 16th TN Inf.
MITCHELL, Charles — / A / Pvt. , Co. F?, MS Vol. ,(1835-03)
MORGAN, (C. ) K. / A / Pvt. , (1871-1884)
MORGAN, J. T. / A / Pvt. , Thos. Brig. ,Hill Div. ,(1845-92)
MORTON, S. M. / A / Pvt. , Co. K, 3rd AL Inf. , (1843-1914)
NISBET, J. C. / B / Pvt. , Col. , 66th GA Inf.
NISBET, Jennie Cooper / B / Pvt. , “wife of J. C. “, (d. 1918)
NOLAND, Ione / A / Pvt. , “Mother”
NORMENT, William T. / A / VA, Sgt. , 1st LA Arty.
OTT, W. A. / B / Pvt. , Capt. , 23rd TN Inf. , (d. 1919)
PALMER, A. W. / B / Pvt. ,Co. E, 31st GA Inf, (1845-1918)
PALMER, Eliz. Brause / B / Pvt. , (1857-1917)
PALMER, William W. / A / Pvt. , “Father”, (1843-1912)
PARKER, Patrick / B / Pvt. , 47th AL Inf. , (1841-1923)
PAYNE, John N. / A / Pvt/VA, Sgt. , 1st Co, Wash. Arty.
PENDLETON, Hugh T. / A / VA, Richmond Howitzer
PRICE, J. L / A / Pvt, Sgt, Co. B, Cutts Btty,(1843-06)
PRITCHETT, Edward / A / VA, Co. L, 14th TN Inf.
ROBERTSON, G. P. / A / Pvt. , (1845-1903)
ROE, Samuel B. / A / Pvt. , 50th GA, (1844-1902)
SHELTON, Erasmus A. / B / Pvt. , “Father”, (1846-1917)
SHULL, Franklin Tate / A / Pvt. , “Conf. Soldier”, (1843-1911)
SMITH, J. A. / A / Pvt. , Co. B, 4th TN Cav. , (d. 1903)
STEELE, Jno. B. / C / VA, Co. F, 2nd KY Inf. , (d. 1863)
STEPHENS, Eva / B / Pvt. , “Mother”, (1865-1952)
STEPHENS, Jack / B / VA&Pvt, Co. D,39th GA Inf,(d. 1926)
STURGILL, Mary Ann / D / Pvt. , “Mother”,(1850-1934)
STURGILL, Robert H. / D / VA, Co. K, 21st VA Cav,(1840-1937)
SWANEY, Julia Bentley / C / Pvt. , (d. 1899)
SWEAT, John / A / VA, Co. C, 21st GA Inf.
TAYLOR, A. C. / A / VA, Bennetís Cav.
TAYLOR, John R. / A / VA, Co. F, 23rd TN Cav.
TAYLOR, Thomas D. / B / VA, Co. C, Thomas Legion
THORN, Edward D. / A / Pvt. , Co. B, 8th GA, (1845-1911)
TODD, Lemuel M. / C / VA, Co. G, 10th SC Inf.
UMBARGER, Lydia J. / B / Pvt. , “Mother”, (1845-1925)
UNDERWOOD, Wallace / A / VA, “Confederate Soldier”
UNKNOWN, Hospital Matron / D / Pvt. (VA type in granite)
UNKNOWN, Negro Man / D / Pvt. (VA type in granite)
UNKNOWN, “104” / B / VA
UNKNOWN, #8 / B / VA (d. 1863)
UNKNOWN, #24 / B / VA
UNKNOWN, #46 / B / VA
UNKNOWN, #47 / B / VA
UNKNOWN / B / VA, d. 8/12/1862
UNKNOWN / B / VA
WALKER, John T. / C / Pvt. , 1st Lt. , Co. K, 13th SC SS
WALKER, Margaret Jones / C / Pvt. ,wife of John T. , (1843-1926)
WEATHERFORD, Silas / B / VA,Sgt, Co. G, 5th TN Cav,(d. 1919)
WELLS, B. F. / A / VA, “Confederate Soldier”
WILKERSON, W. M. / A / VA, Co. H, 21st GA Inf.
WINBROOT, E. J. / B / VA, 19th MI (POW)(d. 1863)
WOOD, Luke / B / VA, Co. E, 31st GA Inf.
YARRINGTON, Thomas / A / VA, Co. D, 3rd AL Inf.
YOUNG, I. F. / B / Pvt. , Co. H, 6th AL Inf,(1841-1920)

NOTES:

Chattanooga Confederate Cemetery SECTOR LOCATIONS:

A–Large sector in NW corner below obelisk and pavilion; two areas;
basically five rows of markers
to the central road with gutters.
B–Large sector in NE corner with two large rocks and a small flagpole(at
the two markers of Union
POWs); basically five rows of markers to the central road with gutters.
C- -Smaller sector to the East of the obelisk and pavilion dominated by a
large monument with Mary
at the foot of Jesusí cross.
D–Small sector of four sections nearest the large stone gate to the South
and including the new
memorial cross marker erected in 1997 by the N.B.Forrest Camp #3, Sons of
Confederate
Veterans, and the Patrick R. Cleburne Chapter #0158, Miltary Order of the
Stars and Bars
(MSO&B); dedication reads: “Peace be to the ashes of our Confederate dead
and honor be to their
memory.”

ABBREVIATIONS (other than states)
VA– Standard government issue marker now from the Veterans’ Administration,
240 pound marble
markers with pointed tops (only one marker is flat).
Pvt. –Any variety of private markers both upright and flat.
Inf. –Infantry
Cav. — Cavalry
Arty.–Artillery
Hvy. — Heavy
Div. –Division
Brig. — Brigade
Co.–Company

Supplemental Listing of Veterans Buried in the Chattanooga Confederate
Cemetery Chattanooga,
Tennessee

[ list compiled by J.Sims – 1998]

Veterans whose grave sites are confirmed:

O.N. Bice (d.11-17-1918) buried between G.F.Barbee and Martha Baird
Martin J. Dunn (d.1-11-1920) buried between Ott and Davis next to Byrum
W.J. Nichols (d.1-28-1919) buried between McMurray and Brown {GA Inf.}wife
adj.
Rev. S.A. Byrum (d.2-27-1920) buried between Ott and Davis next to Dunn
J.A. Lyle (d.11-1-1923) buried between Parker and Duckworth – wife adjacent
plot

Veterans Identified in UCV Records as Being in Cemetery, Locations Unknown

H.J. Bradford
Joseph Cooper (d.2-24-1914)
A.H. Dickenson (d.8-2-1916)
Capt. W.D. Dodson or Dobson
E. Jenkins (d.8-10-1915)
William J. Sandol (d.2-17-1917)
1st Sgt. Charles M. Todd (d.6-26-1915) Co.E, 1st AL Cav.
— Evans

10-9-98 Additions:

William T. Alexander Co.B, 30th AL
James Alfred Allen (d.1-30-1896) Co.A, 16th LA Inf.
J.G. Brown (d.2-19-1921
John T. Dillard (d.7-13-1897) Co.F, 19th TN Inf.
—-Fergerson (d.8-1904)
William G. Flynn (d.3-22-1898) Co.I, 26th TN Inf.
A.P. Harrington (d.9-17-1902)
J.T. Hill (d.11-1891)
Thomas J. Howard (d.8-8-1905)
E.J. Lockett (d.3-18-1891)
W.B. Mitchell (d.2-18-1903) MS
Green B. Reed (d.8-11-1891) Co.A, 16th AL
John Sivette (d.12-24-1896) Co.C, 21st GA

Veterans Identified by Miss Zella Armstrong ca.1930 as most probably in Confederate Cemetery as casualties of Snodgrass Hill 9-20-1863:

Lt. Carter
Capt. Handley
Lt. Williams
Pvt. Hendricks

*Note : In adjacent Jewish Cemetery, James Gottschalk is buried; he was a Confederate blockade runner.

Other grave identifications

“E.J. Winbroot” is Sgt. Edward J. Wentworth, Co.F, 19th Michigan Infantry, died at Academy Hospital, Chattannoga, 4-14-1863.

Shadrick Searcy (d.5-11-1936), “Colored Pensioner”, Co. I, 46th GA Infantry.
==O==
Albert G. Goans was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Hamilton County, Enumeration District 51, page 9:

“Goans, Albert G. 40, born in August 1859 in TN
Sarah D. 39, born in November 1860 in TN
John H. 13, born in February 1887 in TN
Clyde M. 7, born in March 1893 in TN”
==O==
Mrs. Mattie Goens boarded at r s alley between Harrison av and E T V and G R R, 2 e of E T V and G R R Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1890 and 1891 according to Chattanooga city directories.
==O==
Franc Goines was baptized into Friendship Baptist Church February 14, 1869 in Hamilton County.
==O==
Jessica Goings was married about 1796 “near Chattanooga” to William Purvine [Purviance?], according to Bradley B. Garret­son, a great-great-grandson of Orinda, California. A son, Charles Purvine was born to them there in 1815. They lived in Cherokee territory [later the Chattanooga area] from about 1800 to about 1820. Later they removed to Morgan County, Illinois, perhaps to receive bounty land. William Purvine died there in 1832, and Jessica Goings Purvine died there in 1836. Charles Purvine removed to Iowa afterward and was in California in 1849.

Jessica Goings Purvine Relates
Tradition of Indian Massacre

By Bradley B. Garretson
105 Danza Court, Orinda, California, 94563

Jessica Goings Purvine, [c1775-1836] my g-g-grandmother related the story of an Indian massacre which became a tradition in my Purvine family. It was handed down orally for 150 years before my grandmother, Sarah Ann Robinson Purvine [1859-1930] finally put it down on paper about 1920. She had heard Mary Jane Camron Purvine [1820-1898], her mother-in-law tell the story many times.

Eleanor Garretson wrote that William Purvine was born about 1775 in Cabarrus County, NC. We speculate they met and married in the Holston settlement, but don’t really know. Records say they eventually settled near Chatta-nooga, Ten-nessee where they raised a family and lived until about 1820. This was Indian territory then, so we be-lieve that they must have had some accommodation with the Indians. In 1820 they moved with their family to Illi-nois, where they lived the rest of their lives. William lived until 1832 and Jessica until 1836.

Jessica told her children about a Purvine family of eight from Cabarrus County, North Carolina who removed westward to the frontier. One morning while the father, Charles Purvine was doing his farm chores, his wife who was preparing breakfast, heard an unusual commotion at the barn. Looking out, she saw that Indians had surrounded her husband and were attacking him. She snatched up the baby and fled. She finally reached a settlement and safety. Investigators found that the Indians had killed the husband and the other five children and burned the house.

Jessica was married about 1796 to the surviving child, William Purvine probably in Melungia, the northeast corner of Tennessee where they lived briefly. By 1798, they had proceeded down the Tennessee River or Sequatchie River Valley to the Chattanooga area, at that time included in Knox County, Tennessee. Since these were Indian lands at that time, it is assumed that Jessica had “Cherokee connections.” The family lived there unmolested until they removed about 1820 to Morgan County, Illinois. They died there near the little town of Concord, Illinois.

William and Jessica told their children and grandchildren about the massacre, but none of them remembered where or when the tragedy took place. All they recalled was that their father was the sole survivor of the children and the slender genetic thread by which the family was perpetuated.

Children born to William Purvine and Jessica Goings Purvine include:

Annie Purvine born about 1797
John Purvine born about 1799
Elizabeth Purvine born about 1803
Catherine Purvine born about 1806
Nancy Purvine born about 1809
Martha Purvine born in 1812
Charles Purvine born in 1815
Jemima Purvine born in 1820

Annie Purvine, daughter of William Purvine and Jessica Goings Purvine, was born about 1797. She was married about 1813 to George Long. She died in 1849.

John Purvine, son of William Purvine and Jessica Goings Purvine, was born about 1799.

Elizabeth Purvine, daughter of William Purvine and Jessica Goings Purvine, was born about 1803 in Knox County. She was married to M. Dane about 1820. They lived in Tennessee.

Catherine Purvine, daughter of William Purvine and Jessica Goings Purvine, was born about 1806 in Knox County. She was married about 1823 to Charles Estes. They removed to Illinois.

Nancy Purvine, daughter of William Purvine and Jessica Goings Purvine, was born about 1809. She was married about 1827, husband’s surname Ray. They lived in Illinois.

Martha Purvine, daughter of William Purvine and Jessica Goings Purvine, was born in 1812. She was married about 1830 in Morgan County, Illinois to George Washington Johnson, a Kentuckian. They later removed to Sonoma County, California.

Charles Purvine, son of William Purvine and Jessica Goings Purvine, was born in 1815.

Jemima Purvine, daughter of William Purvine and Jessica Goings Purvine, was born in 1820. She was married about 1839 to Andrew Jackson Stanley, and they also removed to Sonoma County, California.
==O==
Thomas Goings, a laborer, boarded at 6 Hill Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1890 and 1891 according to Chattanooga city directories.
==O==
William S. Goings worked for Lookout Iron Co. while boarding at r 1024 William Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1890 and 1891 according to Chattanooga city directories.
==O==
Asa Goins was reported as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Hamilton County, Enumeration District 50, page 18:

“Goins, Asa 56, born in TN, October 1843
Sarah J. 35, born in TN, 1865
Hattie J. 2, born in TN, Jan. 1879,
daughter
Ina 16, born in TN, June 1883, step-dau.
Lizzie 7, born in TN, December 1892, dau.
Gracie 3, born in TN, Aug. 1896, dau.
Louie 1, born in TN, May 1899
==O==
Arthur Goins was the subject in the February 10, 1941 article in the “Chattanooga Times.” A photograph of the ferry operator appeared in connection with the story:

Arthur Goins Isn’t Sure About
Traditions of Origin of Race.

By John Fort

He had heard his father use the word “Melungeon”. His father had come from old “James county”, now a part of Hamilton–they were from Rhea county originally, or per-haps McMinn. The tradition was that the Goins family had come to Tennessee from Virginia, but of that he was not sure.
So says Arthur Goins, of the Hale’s Bar settlement, as he pilots the ferry over the Tennessee river just below the toll bridge on the Cummings Highway to Nashville. He is a “riverman,” small of stature-his eyes are bright, his movements quick. More than all else, in distinguishing characteristics, his face is slightly dark in coloring, a faintly foreign look. He might be a sailor from some distant port; he might be a fisherman or a navigator. Now he pilots a ferry and he swings the little motorboat around with expert ease.

The Goins family are “Melungeons,” so say all the old residents. One has to be an old resident even to know the queer word—its meaning is lost in modern parlance. Even Arthur Goins recalls only that he had heard his father use it . . .
==O==
B. E. Goins and Frank Crutchfield were true billed in an indictment handed down by the Hamilton County Grand Jury October 18, 1940 for “driving while drunk,” according to “The Chattanooga Times” of that date. At the same time B. W. Goins and Leila Williams were indicted for “public profanity.”
==O==
Bess Goins, daughter of Daniel Goins, was born in 1903. She died at age 92 January 29, 1995. Her obituary appeared in a Chattanooga newspaper.

“Bess Goins Morris of Knoxville, formerly of the Tyner community, died Sunday, Jan 29, 1995, in a nursing home there She was 92. Mrs Morris, who was a graduate of East Tennessee University in Johnson City, was the oldest living member of Tyner United Methodist Church. She was the wife of the late Paul T. Morris, a former principal of East Ridge Elementary school.

She was the daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Goins and the sister of the late Judge John C. Goins, Charles D. Goins, James Goins and Thomas Goins.

Survivors include a daughter, Mary Ann Rinearson, Knoxville and two grandchildren, Keith Rinearson, Atlanta and Robert M. Rinearson, West Palm Beach, Florida. Burial was in Hamilton Memorial Gardens.”
==O==
The obituary of Clarence Arlee Goins appeared in 1974 in a Chattanooga, Tennessee newspaper:

“Goins, Clarence Arlee, 44, of 1535 Putman Street, Detroit, Michigan, died Saturday morning in Detroit. Mr. Goins was a life-long resident of Chattanooga, but had been living in Detroit for the past six years, where he was employed by the Star Tool & Die Company.

Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Mary Lou Goins, of Detroit; three sons, Clarence Arlee Goins, Jr, Emmett M. Goins and Herbert A. Goins, all of Detroit; daughter, Mrs. Peggy Ann Plemmons of Chattanooga; sister, Mrs. Aileen Luker of Bismark, Arkansas; brother, Emmett Eugene Goins of Detroit; nine grandchildren and several nieces and nephews.

Funeral services will be held at 2:00 p.m. Wednesday in the Coulter Memorial Chapel with Sister Hazel Reed and Rev. M. E. Roberson, officiating. Interment will be in the Harrison Cemetery. The body is at the Ted T. Coulter Funeral Home.”
==O==
Ida Goins, a seamstress for L S Slayton, lived in Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1890 and 1891 according to Chattanooga city directories.
==O==
Obediah Goins worked for Davis & Shinn, Brick & Terra Cotta Co., while boarding at r 323 Boyce Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1890 and 1891 according to Chattanooga city directories.
==O==
W. V. Goins of Chattanooga signed an affidavit on June 18, 1908:

“I affirm that my parents were living in Hamilton County in 1851. My grandparents were all dead. Neither I nor any of my ancestors were ever on any Indian roll. I claim Indian descent thru both parents. My grandparents on my mother’s side were born in Virginia. On my father’s side they were born in Grainger County, Tennessee. They were all living in Hamilton County in 1835. I have heard them talk of the Indians, but don’t know that they ever lived with them. I have no negro blood in me. I was never held as a slave, nor were any of my ancestors.
W. V. [X] Goins
Chattanooga, Tennessee, June 18, 1908”

Sarah I. Scott of Winchester, Tennessee made an affidavit June 24, 1908:

“My name is Sarah I Scott. I live at Sewanee, Ten­nessee. I was born in 1859 at Harrison, Hamilton County, Tennessee. I claim through both my father and mother. I claim to be connected to the Cherokee tribe. My father died in 1862 and was about 40 years old. My mother died in 1894 and was 66 years old when she died. My mother and father were recognized as Indians where they lived. My grandparents came from South Carolina; it may have been North Carolina. My grandparents took part in tribal matters. I guess my father voted; I really don’t know. My parents and grandparents never got any money or land from the government. My father’s brother and mother’s brother got land in I.T. I have heard of my great grandparents being enrolled with the Cherokees. My great grandfather was Laban[?] Goins. I heard that he was enrolled. I never heard of my grandparents being enrolled. In 1882 my mother and I were living in Cannon County, Tennessee. I had an aunt that was enrolled in 1882. Her name was Sandal [Sandell] Goins. I heard that father’s father was enrolled; his name was Thomas Goins. I was not enrolled in 1882 because I did not hear about it at that time. I don’t remember any of Thomas Goins’ brothers and sisters; I just barely recollect him. My mother was raised up with the Indians. I heard her talk about being at the camp with them. The tribe went away and left her in North Carolina. Her parents did not go west. I guess [it was] because they were not full bloods. I heard that my grandparents went up in the mountains to keep from going west.

Sarah I. Scott
Winchester, Tennessee, June 24, 1908”

Sarah E. Boulder[n?] and her three children of Webbers Falls, Oklahoma were rejected as Cherokees, according to “Cherokees by Blood: Records of Eastern Cherokee Ancestry in the U. S. Court of Claims, 1906-1910” by Jerry Wright Jordon. She prepared an affidavit September 21, 1908:

“My name is Sarah E. Boulden; my post office is Oktaha, Oklahoma; I was born in Tennessee near Chattanooga in 1845; I moved west in 1862; I claim my Indian blood through both my mother and my father; in 1851 my mother was living in Tennessee; her maiden name was Mary McGill; in 1851 she was known as Mary Goins; my mother never drew any money that I have ever heard of; I tried to get an allotment with the Cherokees, but they refused me; Sandell Still was my father’s sister; we were all enrolled in Long Savannah, East Tennessee; my mother had two half-sisters, namely Elizabeth McGill and Nancy McGill; neither of them ever married, but Margaret Turnover was Eliza­beth’s daughter; my father and mother left Tennessee and came to Illinois in 1862; from Illinois we came here; my father had the following brothers and sisters, Sandell Still who first married a Field and then a Still, the next sister was Polly Clark who also went by the name of Polly Helton; John Going, Sanford Going, Martin Going and Thomas Going.

Sarah E. [X] Boulden
Muskogee, Oklahoma, September 21, 1908”

Indian affairs officials attached a note to the affidavit of Sarah E. Boulden: “Note, See Mary Goen Act of Congress roll. Sandell Still did not have a daughter named Mary.”

Polly Goins, age 52, made an affidavit in 1889 in support of the application of Martin Fields whom she identified as a son of George Fields, a “blood Cherokee of Hamilton County.” She stated that George Fields was married first [about 1800] to a woman whose name was Cassandra. Later he was remarried [about 1830] to Sandell Goins.

She declared that George Fields died about 1840 in Marion County, Tennessee. After his death she was remarried to George Still in Hamilton County. He died about 1857. She died about 1878 in Pope County, Illinois where three of her children lived.

She identified the children of George Fields as:

John Fields
Vilinta Fields
Polly Fields born about 1835,
married Nathan Goins
Rhoda Fields married Henry Goins
Issippi Fields married Calvin Bolin
Corzania [Cassandra?] Fields married James Goins
James Fields
Riley Fields
Martin Fields married Cynthianna Goins, Cherokee
daughter of Preston Goins and Betsy
McGill Goins of Hamilton County.

She identified the children of Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields as:

Tennessee Fields born in 1870
Jeanie Fields born about 1871
James Fields born about 1876
Julia Fields born about 1878

She identified the children of George Still and Sandell Goins Fields Still as:

Allen Still
Andrew Still
Elizabeth Still married Carter Goins

Jerry Wright Jordan wrote:

“This small roll [only 88 names] of the Eastern Cherokees is seldom mentioned and often overlooked, yet it was one of the criteria that Guion Miller used in deciding the eligibility of applicants to the Guion Miller Roll of 1906-1910. The introduction to the Roll on National Archives Microfilm Publication 7RA-06 states that the names contained in this roll were ommitted from the Siler Roll [1851], but had been included on the Mullay Roll of 1848. I know for a fact the names on the first page of this roll were not on the Mullay Roll.”

Name Relation Age Residence Amt. Rec’d
Sandell Still Head 45 Bledsoe Co, Tenn. $ 92.82
Rhoda Still daughter 13 Bledsoe Co, Tenn 92.82
Isiipi Still daughter 11 Bledsoe Co, Tenn 92.82
Cussana Still daughter 9 Bledsoe Co, Tenn 92.82
Riley Still son 7 Bledsoe Co, Tenn 92.82
Martin Still son 6 Bledsoe Co, Tenn 92.82
Allen Still son 2 Bledsoe Co, Tenn 92.82
Andrew Still son 1 Bledsoe Co, Tenn 92.82

Margaret Still Head 21 Hamilton Co, Tenn. 92.82
Geo. Franklin Still son 4 Hamilton Co, Tenn. 92.82
Cass Houston Still son 3 Hamilton Co, Tenn. 92.82
Joseph W. Still son 1-12 Hamilton Co, Tenn, 92.82

Mary Goen Head 20 Bledsoe Co, Tenn. 92.82
[daughter of Sandell Still]
Robert Goen son 2 Bledsoe Co, Tenn. 92.82

John Fields Head 18 Bledsoe Co, Tenn. 92.82
[son of Sandell Still]
Lydia Jane Fields daughter 1 Bledsoe Co, Tenn. 92.82
==O==
Cloie Hamby, mother of three children and a niece of Sarah E. Boulder, was rejected by the commission. She prepared an af­fidavit on the same date:

“My name is Cloie Hamby; my post-office is Oktaha, Oklahoma. I was born in Hamilton County, Kentucky [Tennessee] and am 38 years old; I am a niece of Sarah E. Boulder who has just testified and a sister of John Goins who is here, and his number is 3710; my mother Malissa McGill was a first cousin of Sarah E. Boulder and my father, John Goins, was her brother, and we claim our Indian blood from exactly the same source. I was born in Livingston County, Kentucky.”
Cloie Hamby
Muskogee, Oklahoma, September 21, 1908″

Martha Goins of Jasper, Tennessee filed Cherokee application No. 6290, according to “Cherokees by Blood: Records of Eastern Cherokee Ancestry in the U. S. Court of Claims, 1906-1910” by Jerry Wright Jordon. Her application was rejected with the explanation that no ancestors were never enrolled and no ancestor was a party to the treaties of 1835 and 1846. The applicant “appeared at Chattanooga, but left before her testimony could be taken.”
==O==
Maggie Goins Cooksey gave a deposition in 1909 to support her claim of being a Cherokee, according to “Cherokees by Blood: Records of Eastern Cherokee Ancestry in the U. S. Court of Claims, 1906-1910” by Jerry Wright Jordon:

“My name is Maggie Goins Cooksey; my post-office is Mackey, Oklahoma; I am about 34 years old; the appli­cation made for Thomas B. Cooksey was for me; my father’s name was Carter Goins; my mother’s name was Elizabeth Still; she was the daughter of Cassandra Still; my mother died about 18 or 20 years ago; she was living in Muskogee at the time of her death; she was born near Chattanooga, Tennessee; Andy Still was one brother of my mother; Allen and Andrew Still were other brothers; my mother’s half sisters were Polly Fields, Luzaney Goins and Rhoda Fields; I have some children, John, 16; Benton, 14; Robert, 11; Nannie, 12; Floyd, 8.”
Maggie Goins Cooksey
Vian, Oklahoma, March 15, 1909

Maggie Goins Cooksey died about 1955 and was buried in the Spade Mountain Cemetery in Adair County, Oklahoma on U.S. Highway 62, between Stillwell and Tahlequah.
==O==
William Goins worked for J C Roberts while living in Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1890 and 1891 according to Chattanooga city directories.
==O==
James John Goin was a resident of Mississippi Territory about 1765 shortly after England wrested control of the area from the French and the Spanish. Alabama Territory was formed from Mississippi Territory in 1798.

According to the research of Carolyn A. Ostroff, a great-great-great-granddaughter of Bellmore, New York, children born to James John Goin include:

Sandell Goins born about 1805
Mary “Polly” Goins born about 1806
Martin Goins born about 1809
Asa Goins born about 1811
George Washington Goins born about 1813
Sanford Goins born about 1815
Nathan Goins born about 1818
Jack Goins born about 1821
Thomas Goins born about 1825

Sandell Goin, daughter of James John Goin, was born about 1805, probably in Grainger County, Tennessee. She was married about 1828 to George Fields, a widower whose wife Cassandra Fields had died. George Fields died about 1840 in Marion County, Tennessee, according to an affidavit made in 1889 by Polly Goins.

Sandell Goin Fields was remarried in Hamilton County to George Still about 1841. He died about 1857, and she removed to Pope County, Illinois where three of her children lived. She died there about 1878.

According to Polly Fields Goins, who was born about 1835, children born to George Fields and Casandra Fields were:

John Fields born about 1802
Vilinta Fields born about 1803
Polly Fields born about 1805
Rhoda Fields born about 1807
Issippi Fields born about 1809
Corzania [Casandra] Fields born about 1812
James Fields born about 1815
Riley Fields born about 1818
Martin Fields born about 1822

Children born to George Still and Sandell Goins Fields Still include:

Allen Still born about 1843
Andrew Still born about 1845
Elizabeth Still born about 1849

Polly Fields, daughter of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1805. She was married to Nathan Goins about 1822.

Rhoda Fields, daugher of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1807. She was married about 1835 to Henry Goins. Henry Goins was born in Tennessee, according to his 1880 census enumeration of Pope County, Illinois. Henry Goins served in the Thirty-seventh Tennessee Infantry Regiment, Company G, during the Civil War, according to Imani Kea Greene. Henry Goins was remarried to Zana Harper.

Children born to Henry Goins and Rhoda Fields Goins, in Kentucky, according to Imani Kea Greene, include:

Thomas Goins born about 1837
William Goins born about 1839
Sarah Goins born about 1841
Mary Goins born about 1843
Ruth Goins born about 1846

Issippi Fields, daughter of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1809. She was married about 1826 to Calvin Bolin.

Cassandra Fields, daughter of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1812. She was married to James Goins about 1830.

Martin Fields, son of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1822. He was married about 1845 to Cythianna Goins, daughter of Preston Goins and Betsy McGill of Hamilton County.

Children born to Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields include:

Tennessee Fields born in 1870
Jeanie Fields born about 1871
James Fields born about 1876
Julia Fields born about 1878

Tennessee Fields, daughter of Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields, was born in 1870.

Jeanie Fields, daughter of Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields, was born about 1871.

James Fields, son of Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields, was born about 1876.

Julia Fields, daughter of Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields, was born about 1878.

Allen Still, son of George Still and Sandell Goins Fields Still, was born about 1843. About 1862, his family removed to Pope County, Illinois, perhaps to escape the Civil War.

Andrew Still, son of George Still and Sandell Goins Fields Still, was born about 1845. At about age 17, his family removed to Pope County, Illinois.

Elizabeth Still, daughter of George Still and Sandell Goins Fields Still, was born about 1849. She was married about 1866 to Carter Goins.

Mary “Polly” Goins, daughter of James John Goins and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1805, probably in Grainger County, Tennessee. She was married about 1823, husband’s name Helton. Later she was remarried, husband’s name Clark, according to Sarah E. Boulden of Muskogee, Oklahoma in an affidavit dated September 21, 1908.

Martin Goins, son of James John Goins, was born about 1809.

Asa Goins, son of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1811. Asa Goins filed Indian Claim No. 10294 with the Dawes Commission, however it was withdrawn [probably in anticipation of it being denied]. There was a note attached to the document which was probably written by a Dawes official. It read, “The Goins family, if Indian, were Catawbas, and the only claim may be through the marriage of Sandell Goins Still.”

George Washington Goins, son of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goin, was born about 1813. He was married about 1844 to Louise Golightly, according to Steve Smith. George Washington Goins filed Indian Claims Application No. 32017 with Dawes Commission in Oklahoma, and it was rejected. These applications were for land grants within the tribal lands, most of which were denied, according to Steve Smith.

George Washington Goins and Louise Golightly Goins died in Sebastian County, Arkansas and were buried there.

Sanford Goins, son of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1815. He was married about 1838 to Charity Helton, daughter of Harmon Helton and Sarah Morgan Helton. She was born in Hamilton about 1805. She appeared as a widow in the 1850 census composed of:

Nathan Goins born about 1840
Rhoda Goins born about 1842
Catherine “Katie” Goins born about 1845
Sarah Ann Goins born about 1847

Nathan Goins, son of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1818 in Hamilton County. He was married about 1841, to Mary McGill, according to an Internet report. The report reads:

“Minta Cobb, mother of Maude Bell Cobb and Johnnie Cobb, was the child of an unknown Goins. Minta’s paternal grandfather and grandmother were Nathan Goins and Mary McGill [1/2 Cherokee]. Nathan’s father was James Goins [1/2 Cherokee]. The parents of Mary McGill were an unknown Big Dollar, ‘full blood’ and Hannah Big Dollar, ‘half breed.'”

Children born to Nathan Goins and Mary McGill Goins include:

Joe Goins born about 1844
Jackson Goins born in 1851

Joe Goins, son of Nathan Goins and Mary McGill Goins, was born about 1844 in Hamilton County. He was married about 1867 to Sally Goins, a cousin of Dekalb County, according to Carolyn A. Ostroff.

Jackson Goins, son of Nathan Goins and Mary McGill Goins, was born about 1851. Jackson Goins was a native of Hamilton County, according to his affidavit published in “Cherokees by Blood: Records of Eastern Cherokee Ancestry in the U. S. Court of Claims, 1906-1910” by Jerry Wright Jordon:

“My name is Jackson Goins; I was born in Hamilton County, Tennessee in 1851; I am fifty-seven years old; I am the uncle of Marshall Goins; his father, Joe Goins, was my brother; I have applied for participation in this fund; I do not remember my application number; I have heard the testimony of Marshall Goins, and it is sub­stantially true to my best knowledge. I have not further testimony to help prove this claim.
Jackson [X] Goins
Dayton, Tenn, June 23, 1908”

His nephew, Marshall Goins gave a deposition on the same date:

My name is Marshall Goins; I was born in Wilson County, Tennessee; I am twenty-eight years old; I claim my Indian blood through my father and mother; my father’s name is Joe Goins; my mother’s maiden name was Sally Goins. My father was born in Hamilton County, Tennessee. I do not know what year he was born; my mother was born in Dekalb County, Tennessee. I do not know what year. My mother claimed her Indian blood through her father and mother. My father claimed his Indian blood through his mother. I do not know where my grandfather and grandmother were born, but I think they were born in the state of Tennessee. I do not know when they were born. Neither my father or mother were enrolled, but I think my grandfather, Nathan Goins was enrolled. Neither my father or mother or grandparents were never considered as a member of an Indian tribe and never received any money. I have never received any money. I never heard of any of my ancestors being held as slaves. I first learned of my Indian blood from my mother, and she said I was part Cherokee, but she never said how much. My father and ancestors through [whom] I claim were regarded as white people in the community in which they lived. I am regarded as a white man and associate with white people. I was twenty-one years old when my mother died and five years old when my father died. My father and mother never had an Indian name. I never heard of any ances­tors through whom I claim as having an Indian name. My grandmother on my father’s side resided in Hamilton County, Tennessee in 1851. I do not know why my ancestors were never enrolled.

Marshall [X] Goins

Jack Goins, son of James John Goins, was born about 1821.

Thomas Goin, son of James John Goins and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born in Mississippi Territory [later to become Alabama] about 1825, according to Pam Parker, a descendant of Boise, Idaho. He, a Cherokee, was married about 1848 to Jamima Sinnes, the daughter of Benjamin Sinnes, according to Carolyn A. Ostroff. She stated that she found record of Benjamin Siness in 1835. At that time, he stated that he was 65 and a ferry boat owner.

Children born to Thomas Goin and Jamima Sinness Goin include:

Mary “Polly” Goin born about 1787

Mary “Polly” Goin, daughter of Thomas Goin and Jamima Sinnes Goin, was born about 1787. She was married about 1804 to Jacob Coots, according to a great-great-granddaughter, Elaine C. Eltgroth of Chester, California.

Children born to Jacob Coots and Mary “Polly” Goin Coots include:

Jestern Coots born about 1806

Jestern Coots, daughter of Jacob Coots and Mary “Polly” Goin Goots, was born about 1806. She was married about 1824 to John George Castoe, according to Eltgroth research. She filed an application with the Dawes Commission in Indian Territory for Cherokee rights.
==O==
Harvard Goins was enumerated as the head of Household No. 422 in the 1850 census of Hamilton County, Page 796. The family was rendered September 18, 1850 as:

“Goins, Harvard 46, farmer, born in Tennessee
Laborn 16, born in Tennessee, laborer
William 11, born in Tennessee
Duncan 9, born in Tennessee
Jane 7, born in Tennessee”

Charlie Goins was enumerated as the head of Household No. 423-423 adjoining Harvard Goins in the 1850 census of Hamilton County:

“Goins, Charlie 45, born in North Carolina
Nathan 18, born in Tennessee
Rhoda 15, born in Tennessee
Catharin 8, born in Tennessee
Sarah 5, born in Tennessee”
==O==
Henry Goins appeared as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Hamilton County, Household 663, page 831, Civil District 27. The family enumerated October 1, 1850, was recorded as:

“Goins, Henry 25, born in Tennessee, farmer
Martha 20, born in Tennessee”

Rolen Goins appeared as the head of a household in the 1850 census, Household 662, adjoining Henry Goins, page 830, Civil District 27. The family, enumerated October 1, 1850, was recorded as:

“Goins, Rolen 40, born in Tennessee, farmer
Elizabeth 35, born in Tennessee
John 14, born in Tennessee
Dodson 13, born in Tennessee
Harrison 10, born in Tennessee”
==O==
J. C. Goins and James Goins were recorded in 1870 in Hamil­ton County probate records as “working on public roads.
==O==
John Going was enumerated as the head of Household No. 667 Civil District 27 of Hamilton County. The family was recorded October 1, 1850 as:

“Going, John 50, born in TN, farmer, illiterate
Jane 40, born in TN, illiterate
Sarah 24, born in TN,
Nancey 22, born in TN
William 20, born in TN, laborer, illiterate
Mary 17, born in TN
Vica 14, born in TN
Henry 10, born in TN
Nathaniel 9, born in TN
Bradford 5, born in TN
Asahel 3, born in TN
Lydda 5/12, born in TN”
==O==
Martha Goins, Priscilla Goins, Mary Elizabeth Goins and Thomas Goins were identified as children of Prior L. Goins, deceased in Hamilton County probate records.
==O==
Mary Ann Goins was married to Alex Clark January 15, 1860 in Hamilton County, according to a letter written October 15, 1994 by Elroy Kirkpatrick, a great-grandson of Diamond Springs, California.
==O==
Rachel Goins, the wife of William Goins in the 1850 census of Hamilton County, was born in Tennessee in 1822.
==O==
Tabner Goins, a nonagenarian, was listed as the head of Household No. 747, Civil District, adjoining that of Carter Goins in the 1850 census of Hamilton County, page 843. The family was rendered as:

“Goins, Tabner 90, born in VA, male, no employ-
ment
Ann 22, born in Tennessee
William 3, born in Tennessee
James 1, born in Tennessee”

Carter Goins was enumerated as the head of Household No. 746, page 843 in the 1850 census of Hamilton County. The family was listed as:

“Goins, Carter 35, born in TN, carpenter, illiterate
Cyntha 30, born in Tennessee
William 14, born in Tennessee
Francis 12, born in Tennessee, male
James 10, born in Tennessee
Elizabeth 8, born in Tennessee
Jefferson 6, born in Tennessee
Vandola 2, born in Tennessee, female”
==O==
Nathan Goins was enumerated as the head of Household No. 750 in the 1850 census of Hamilton County. The family was listed October 4, 1850 as:

“Goins, Nathan 30, born in Tennessee, carpenter,
illiterate
Rila 25, born in Tennessee, illiterate
Emiley 15, born in Tennessee
Nelly 6, born in Tennessee
James 5, born in Tennessee”

A second Nathan Goins was enumerated as the head of a Household No. 749 in the 1850 census of Hamilton County, Page 843. The family was rendered October 4, 1850 as:

“Goins, Nathan 30, born in TN, farmer, illiterate
Mary 28, born in Tennessee
Sarah 9, born in Tennessee
William 5, born in Tennessee
John 3, born in Tennessee
Luanzy 1, born in Tennessee”

William Goins was listed as the head of Household 754, Civil District 27, in the 1850 census of Hamilton County. The fam­ily was recorded October 4, 1850 as:

“Goins, William 28, born in TN, farmer, illiterate
Sarah 29, born in Tennessee, illiterate
Lucinda 7, born in Tennessee
John 4, born in Tennessee
Molicia 2, born in Tennessee
Thomas 6/12, born in Tennessee”
==O==
James John Goin, regarded as a native of East Tennessee, which later became Claiborne County, was born about 1780 of parents unknown. He removed to Hamilton County and then across the state line into Alabama Territory which had been formed from Mississippi Territory in 1798. He was married there about 1803 to Rhoda Duncan, according to Patricia Lykins, a descendant.

According to the research of Carolyn A. Ostroff, a great-great-great-granddaughter of Bellmore, New York, children born to James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goin include:

Sandell Goins born about 1804
Thomas “Shade” Goins born about 1805
Mary “Polly” Goins born about 1806
Martin Goins born about 1809
Asa Goins born about 1811
Sanford Goins born about 1815
Nathan Goins born about 1818
Jack Goins born about 1821
Thomas Goins born about 1825

Sandell Goin, daughter of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goin, was born about 1805, probably in Grainger County, Tennessee. She was married about 1828 to George Fields, a widower whose wife Cassandra Fields had died. George Fields died about 1840 in Marion County, Tennessee, according to an affidavit made in 1889 by Polly Goins.

Sandell Goin Fields was remarried in Hamilton County to George Still about 1841. He died about 1857, and she removed to Pope County, Illinois where three of her children lived. She died there about 1878.

According to Polly Fields Goins, who was born about 1835, children born to George Fields and Casandra Fields were:

John Fields born about 1802
Vilinta Fields born about 1803
Polly Fields born about 1805
Rhoda Fields born about 1807
Issippi Fields born about 1809
Corzania [Casandra] Fields born about 1812
James Fields born about 1815
Riley Fields born about 1818
Martin Fields born about 1822

Children born to George Still and Sandell Goins Fields Still include:

Allen Still born about 1843
Andrew Still born about 1845
Elizabeth Still born about 1849

Polly Fields, daughter of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1805. She was married to Nathan Goins about 1822.

Rhoda Fields, daughter of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1807. She was married about 1835 to Henry Goins. Henry Goins was born in Tennessee, according to his 1880 census enumeration of Pope County, Illinois. Henry Goins served in the Thirty-seventh Tennessee Infantry Regiment, Company G, during the Civil War, according to Imani Kea Greene. Henry Goins was remarried to Zana Harper.

Children born to Henry Goins and Rhoda Fields Goins, in Kentucky, according to Imani Kea Greene, include:

Thomas Goins born about 1837
William Goins born about 1839
Sarah Goins born about 1841
Mary Goins born about 1843
Ruth Goins born about 1846

Issippi Fields, daughter of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1809. She was married about 1826 to Calvin Bolin.

Cassandra Fields, daughter of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1812. She was married to James Goins about 1830.

Martin Fields, son of George Fields and Cassandra Fields, was born about 1822. He was married about 1845 to Cythianna Goins, daughter of Preston Goins and Betsy McGill Goins of Hamilton County.

Children born to Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields include:

Tennessee Fields born in 1870
Jeanie Fields born about 1871
James Fields born about 1876
Julia Fields born about 1878

Tennessee Fields, daughter of Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields, was born in 1870.

Jeanie Fields, daughter of Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields, was born about 1871.

James Fields, son of Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields, was born about 1876.

Julia Fields, daughter of Martin Fields and Cynthianna Goins Fields, was born about 1878.

Allen Still, son of George Still and Sandell Goins Fields Still, was born about 1843. About 1862, his family removed to Pope County, Illinois, perhaps to escape the Civil War.

Andrew Still, son of George Still and Sandell Goins Fields Still, was born about 1845. At about age 17, his family removed to Pope County, Illinois.

Elizabeth Still, daughter of George Still and Sandell Goins Fields Still, was born about 1849. She was married about 1866 to Carter Goins.

Thomas “Shade” Goins was born in Tennessee about 1805 to John [James?] Goins and Rhoda Duncan Goins, according to information supplied to the Dawes Commission by Calvin Goins, suggested as their son, who made Application No. 19529 on the Miller Rolls. He was married about 1830 to Orpha Helton, daughter of Harmon Helton and Sarah Morgan Helton.

Barbara Mason, a descendant of Mineral Wells, Texas referred to Thomas Goins as “Shade Goins.” J. M. Morley suggests that Thomas Goins and “Shade Goins” were kinsmen, both of whom were married to Orpha Helton. She was a sister to Charity Helton who was married to Sanford Goins.

Thomas Goins was enumerated as the head of Household 747, Page 843 in the 1850 census of Hamilton County. The family was rendered as:

“Goins, Thomas 45, born in TN, farmer, illiterate
Orpha 38, born in Tennessee, illiterate
Ann 19, born in Tennessee
Elizabeth 17, born in Tennessee
Charity 14, born in Tennessee
Delila 18, born in Tennessee
Joshua 10, born in Tennessee
Mary 7, born in Tennessee
Nancy 6, born in Tennessee
Rebecca 4, born in Tennessee
Molinda 1, born in Tennessee
Calvin 8/12, born in Tennessee”

“Thomas Goin” reappeared as the head of a household in the 1860 census of adjoining Bledsoe County, Tennessee, House­hold 453-453:

“Goin, Thomas 62, born in Tennessee, laborer, illiterate
Orpha 40, born in unknown, illiterate
Joshua 21, born in Tennessee, farm laborer
Nancy 17, born in Tennessee
Rebecca 15, born in Tennessee
Molina 13, born in Tennessee
Isabel 8, born in Tennessee
Matilda 7, born in Tennessee
Malisa 4, born in Tennessee
Sarah 1, born in Tennessee”

“Thomas Gowen, mulatto [or Melungeon],” believed to be Thomas Goins above, appeared as the head of a household in the 1870 census of Cannon County, Tennessee, Household No. 146-147, Civil District 6 on July 8, 1870. The family, living at Woodbury, Tennessee, was recorded as:

“Gowen, Thomas 70, born in Tennessee, mulatto,
farmer, illiterate
Orpha 60, born in Tennessee, illiterate,
mulatto
Rebecca 26, born in Tennessee, illiterate,
mulatto
Puss 24, born in Tennessee, illiterate,
mulatto
Isabel 18, born in Tennessee, mulatto
Matilda 17, born in Tennessee, mulatto
Riley 7, born in Tennessee, mulatto
Malissa 15, born in Tennessee, mulatto
Sarah 11, born in Tennessee, mulatto
Jane 6, born in Tennessee, mulatto
John 4, born in Tennessee, mulatto
Elly 3, born in Tennessee, mulatto
Calvin 3/12, born in Tennessee, mulatto
Cissy [?] 3/12, born in Tennessee,
mulatto”

In 1880 Orpha Helton Goins was enumerated as “white” and was living with a daughter and her children, all of whom were listed as “Indian.”

Children born to Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins in­clude:

Ann Goins born about 1830
Delila Goins born about 1832
Elizabeth Goins born about 1833
Charity Goins born about 1836
Joshua Goins born about 1840
Mary Goins born about 1843
Nancy Goins born about 1844
Rebecca Goins born about 1846
Molinda “Puss” Goins born about 1848
Calvin Goins born about 1849
Isabel Goins born about 1852
Matilda Goins born about 1853
Malissa Goins born about 1855
Sarah Goins born about 1859
Jane Goins born about 1864
John Goins born about 1866
Calvin Goins born about 1870
Cissy Goins born about 1870

Ann Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1820. She was recorded as a 19-year-old in the 1850 census of her father’s household.

Delila Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1832.

Elizabeth Gons, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1833.

Charity Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1836.

Joshua Goins, son of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1840.

Isabel Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1852. She appeared in the 1870 census of her father’s household at age 18.

Matilda Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1853. She appeared as a 17-year-old “mulatto” in the 1870 census enumeration of her father’s household of Coffee County, Tennessee. Sara Goins, family researcher of Dunlap, Tennessee, wrote February 1, 1997 that she and Moses Easterly Walker were parents of some children, however, “they each married someone else.”

On June 24, 1908, she gave a statement to the U. S. Court of Claims, according to “Cherokee by Blood” compiled by Jerry Wright Jordan:

“My name is Matilda Goins; I am acquainted with Benjamin F. Goins; I am a second cousin to Benjamin F. Goins; he gets Indian blood through his mother; his mother’s name was Rachel Goins; I think she was born in Hamilton County, Tennessee. in about 1837; she claimed her Indian blood through both her father and mother; her father’s name was Granville Goins; her mother’s name was Polly Goins; Granville Goins was born in Grainger County, Tennessee. I do not know where Polly Goins was born; I never heard that the mother of Benjamin Goins or any of the ancestors through whom he claims his Indian blood were ever enrolled; I never heard of them receiving any money, land or other benefits. In 1851, the mother of Benjamin Goins lived in Hamilton County, Tennessee. I do not know why she was never enrolled; neither the mother or any of the ancestors through whom he claims were ever held as slaves; Granville Goins had an Indian name; I do not remember what his Indian name was; he was nearly a full blood Cherokee and spoke the Cherokee language; Granville Goins was a member of the Cherokee tribe; he lived with the Cherokee Indians in Hamilton County. When they moved to the west, he went with them, but returned in a short time and settled in Tennessee. He went but a short distance with the Indians. I am an applicant for participation in this fund.

Matilda “X” Goins
Dayton, Tennessee, June 24, 1908.”

In the 1880 census Matilda Goins is enumerated as “Indian” with her seven-year-old son, John Lee Goins.

Children born to Moses Easterly Walker and Matilda Goins include:

John Lee Goins born about 1873
Mary Goins born about 1876

John Lee Goins, son of Moses Easterly Walker and Matilda Goins, was born 1873. He was married about 1902 to Minnie Holland.

Children born to John Lee Goins and Minnie Holland Goins include:

John Lee Goins, Jr. born in 1915

John Lee Goins, Jr, son of John Lee Goins and Minnie Holland Goins, was born in 1915. He was married about 1948, wife’s name Sarah A. He died in 1970. In 1997, Sara A. Goins, Foundation member, lived in Dunlap, Tennessee where she was active in the research of the Goins family.

Mary Goins, daughter of Isabel Goins and granddaughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born in 1876, according to Kenny Ann Gibson Wood, a great-granddaughter of Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Mary Goins was married about 1895 to John Douglas who was born in September 1870 at Pikeville, Tennessee in Bledsoe County, Tennessee. She died in May 1899 in Bledsoe County.

Children born to John Douglas and Mary Goins Douglas include:

Brown Henry Douglas born June 19, 1896

Brown Henry Douglas, son of John Douglas and Mary Goins Douglas, was born June 19, 1896 at Pikeville. He was married June 19, 1918 at the Church of Christ in Maude, Oklahoma to Emma Perdema Mahoney. She was born July 8, 1899 at Guthrie, Oklahoma Territory to John Bailey Mahoney and Su­san Rebecca Harrellson Mahoney. She died January 10, 1919 at Maud, Oklahoma. Brown Henry Douglas died June 18, 1951 at Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Children born to them include:

Perdema Pearl Douglas born January 10, 1919

Perdema Pearl Douglas, daughter of Brown Henry Douglas and Emma Perdema Mahoney Douglas, was born January 10, 1919 at Maude. She was married July 17, 1935 at Konawa, Oklahoma to Thomas Kenneth Gibson. He was born October 30, 1915 at Purdy, Arkansas to William Roy Gibson and Mattie Ethel Baker Gibson. Thomas Kenneth Gibson died June 20, 1975 at Lakewood, Colorado. Perdema Pearl Douglas Gibson died September 27, 1983 at Tulsa.

Children born to them include:

Kenny Ann Gibson born September 19, 1936

Kenny Ann Gibson, daughter of Thomas Kenneth Gibson and Perdema Pearl Douglas Gibson, was born September 19, 1936 at Konawa. She was married June 4, 1954 at Tulsa to Dearl Logan Wood. They continued there in 1991 and 1997.

Malissa Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1855.

Sarah Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1859.

Jane Ann Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1864. She appeared as a six-year-old in the 1870 census of Cannon County, Tennessee. She was married about 1881 to Louis Helton, according to a descendant, Barbara Mason of Mineral Wells, Texas.

Children born to Louis Helton and Jane Ann Goins Helton include:

William Helton born about 1885

William Helton, son of Louis Helton and Jane Ann Goins Helton, was born about 1885.

Children born to William Helton include:

Bertha Mae Helton born about 1915

Bertha Mae Helton, daughter of William Helton, was born about 1915, according to her daughter Barbara Mason.

John Goins, son of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1866. He appeared in the 1870 census of Cannon County as a four-year-old.

Calvin Goins, son of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1870.

Cissy Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1870.
==O==
Adjoining the household of “Thomas Gowen” was that of “John Gowen, mulatto” as the head of Household 145-146. This family, also living at Woodbury, Civil District 6, on July 8, 1870, was recorded as:

“Gowen, John 35, born in TN, farmer,
mulatto, illiterate,
Casander 26, born in TN, illiterate
William L. 5, born in TN
Arlander 3, born in TN
James M. 1, born in TN”

Adjoining the household of “John Gowen, mulatto” was the household headed by Carter Gowen, mulatto”. The family was identified as household 144-145 and was recorded July 8, 1870 in Civil District 6 in Woodbury as:

“Gowen, Carter 26, born in Tennessee, farmer,
illit erate, mulatto
Elizabeth 17, born in TN, illiterate
Elizabeth 55, born in TN, illiterate
Nancy 25, born in TN, illiterate
Henry 13, born in TN”

It is assumed that Elizabeth Gowen, age 55, was the mother of Carter Gowen and that Nancy Gowen was his sister and Henry Gowen his brother.

Mary “Polly” Goins, daughter of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1806, probably in Grainger County, Tennessee. She was married about 1823, husband’s name Helton. Later she was remarried, husband’s name Clark, according to Sarah E. Boulden of Muskogee, Oklahoma in an affidavit dated September 21, 1908.

Martin Goins, son of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1809.

Asa Goins, son of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1811.

Sanford Goins, son of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1815. He was married about 1838 to Charity Helton, daughter of Harmon Helton and Sarah Morgan Helton. She was born in Hamilton about 1805. She appeared as a widow in the 1850 census composed of:

Nathan Goins born about 1840
Rhoda Goins born about 1842
Catherine “Katie” Goins born about 1845
Sarah Ann Goins born about 1847

Nathan Goins, son of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1818 in Hamilton County. He was married about 1841, to Mary McGill, according to an Internet report. The report reads:

“Minta Cobb, mother of Maude Bell Cobb and Johnnie Cobb, was the child of an unknown Goins. Minta’s paternal grandfather and grandmother were Nathan Goins and Mary McGill [1/2 Cherokee]. Nathan’s father was James Goins [1/2 Cherokee]. The parents of Mary McGill were an unknown Big Dollar, ‘full blood’ and Hannah Big Dollar, ‘half breed.'”

Children born to Nathan Goins and Mary McGill Goins include:

Joe Goins born about 1844
Jackson Goins born in 1851

Joe Goins, son of Nathan Goins and Mary McGill Goins, was born about 1844 in Hamilton County. He was married about 1867 to Sally Goins, a cousin of Dekalb County, according to Carolyn A. Ostroff.

Jackson Goins, son of Nathan Goins and Mary McGill Goins, was born about 1851. Jackson Goins was a native of Hamilton County, according to his affidavit published in “Cherokees by Blood: Records of Eastern Cherokee Ancestry in the U. S. Court of Claims, 1906-1910” by Jerry Wright Jordon:

“My name is Jackson Goins; I was born in Hamilton County, Tennessee in 1851; I am fifty-seven years old; I am the uncle of Marshall Goins; his father, Joe Goins, was my brother; I have applied for participation in this fund; I do not remember my application number; I have heard the testimony of Marshall Goins, and it is sub­stantially true to my best knowledge. I have not further testimony to help prove this claim.
Jackson [X] Goins
Dayton, Tenn, June 23, 1908″

His nephew, Marshall Goins gave a deposition on the same date:

My name is Marshall Goins; I was born in Wilson County, Tennessee; I am twenty-eight years old; I claim my Indian blood through my father and mother; my father’s name is Joe Goins; my mother’s maiden name was Sally Goins. My father was born in Hamilton County, Tennessee. I do not know what year he was born; my mother was born in Dekalb County, Tennessee. I do not know what year. My mother claimed her Indian blood through her father and mother. My father claimed his Indian blood through his mother. I do not know where my grandfather and grandmother were born, but I think they were born in the state of Tennessee. I do not know when they were born. Neither my father or mother were enrolled, but I think my grandfather, Nathan Goins was enrolled. Neither my father or mother or grandparents were never considered as a member of an Indian tribe and never received any money. I have never received any money. I never heard of any of my ancestors being held as slaves. I first learned of my Indian blood from my mother, and she said I was part Cherokee, but she never said how much. My father and ancestors through [whom] I claim were regarded as white people in the community in which they lived. I am regarded as a white man and associate with white people. I was twenty-one years old when my mother died and five years old when my father died. My father and mother never had an Indian name. I never heard of any ances­tors through whom I claim as having an Indian name. My grandmother on my father’s side resided in Hamilton County, Tennessee in 1851. I do not know why my ancestors were never enrolled.

Marshall [X] Goins
Dayton, Tenn, June 3, 1908”

Jack Goins, son of James John Goin and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born about 1821.

Thomas Goin, son of James John Goins and Rhoda Duncan Goins, was born in Mississippi Territory [later to become Alabama] about 1825, according to Pam Parker, a descendant of Boise, Idaho. He, a Cherokee, was married about 1848 to Jamima Sinnes, the daughter of Benjamin Sinnes, according to Carolyn A. Ostroff. She stated that she found record of Benjamin Siness in 1835. At that time, he stated that he was 65 and a ferry boat owner.
==O==
Thomas Goins was born in Tennessee about 1805 to John [James?] Goins and Rhoda Duncan Goins, according to infor­mation supplied to the Dawes Commission by Calvin Goins, suggested as their son, who made Application No. 19529 on the Miller Rolls. He was married about 1830 to Orpha Helton, daughter of Harmon Helton and Sarah Morgan Helton.

Thomas Goins was enumerated as the head of Household 747, Page 843 in the 1850 census of Hamilton County. The family was rendered as:

“Goins, Thomas 45, born in TN, farmer, illiterate
Orpha 38, born in TN, illiterate
Ann 19, born in TN
Elizabeth 17, born in TN
Charity 14, born in TN
Delila 18, born in TN
Joshua 10, born in TN
Mary 7, born in TN
Nancy 6, born in TN
Rebecca 4, born in TN
Molinda 1, born in TN
Calvin 8/12, born in TN”

“Thomas Goin” reappeared as the head of a household in the 1860 census of adjoining Bledsoe County, Tennessee, Household 453-453:

“Goin, Thomas 62, born in TN, laborer, illiterate
Orpha 40, born in unknown, illiterate
Joshua 21, born in TN, farm laborer
Nancy 17, born in TN
Rebecca 15, born in TN
Molina 13, born in TN
Isabel 8, born in TN
Matilda 7, born in TN
Malisa 4, born in TN
Sarah 1, born in TN”

“Thomas Gowen, mulatto [or Melungeon],” believed to be Thomas Goins above, appeared as the head of a household in the 1870 census of Cannon County, Tennessee, Household No. 146-147, Civil District 6 on July 8, 1870. The family, living at Woodbury, Tennessee, was recorded as:

“Gowen, Thomas 70, born in TN, mulatto,
farmer, illiterate
Orpha 60, born in TN, illiterate,
mulatto
Rebecca 26, born in TN, illiterate,
mulatto
Puss 24, born in TN, illiterate,
mulatto
Isabel 18, born in TN, mulatto
Matilda 17, born in TN, mulatto
Riley 7, born in TN, mulatto
Malissa 15, born in TN, mulatto
Sarah 11, born in TN, mulatto
Jane 6, born in TN, mulatto
John 4, born in TN, mulatto
Elly 3, born in TN, mulatto
Calvin 3/12, born in TN, mulatto
Cissy [?] 5/12, born in TN, mulatto”

In 1880 Orpha Helton Goins was enumerated as “white” and was living with a daughter and her children, all of whom were listed as “Indian.”

Children born to Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins in­clude:

Ann Goins born about 1830
Delila Goins born about 1832
Elizabeth Goins born about 1833
Charity Goins born about 1836
Joshua Goins born about 1840
Mary Goins born about 1843
Nancy Goins born about 1844
Rebecca Goins born about 1846
Molinda “Puss” Goins born about 1848
Calvin Goins born about 1849
Isabel Goins born about 1852
Matilda Goins born about 1853
Malissa Goins born about 1855
Sarah Goins born about 1859

Isabel Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1852. She appeared in the 1870 census of her father’s household at age 18.

Matilda Goins, daughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born about 1853. She appeared as a 17-year-old “mulatto” in the 1870 census enumeration of her father’s household of Coffee County, Tennessee. Sara Goins, family researcher of Dunlap, Tennessee, wrote February 1, 1997 that she and Moses Easterly Walker were parents of some children, however, “they each married someone else.”

On June 24, 1908, she gave a statement to the U. S. Court of Claims, according to “Cherokee by Blood” compiled by Jerry Wright Jordan:

“My name is Matilda Goins; I am acquainted with Benjamin F. Goins; I am a second cousin to Benjamin F. Goins; he gets Indian blood through his mother; his mother’s name was Rachel Goins; I think she was born in Hamilton County, Ten­nessee. in about 1837; she claimed her Indian blood through both her father and mother; her father’s name was Granville Goins; her mother’s name was Polly Goins; Granville Goins was born in Grainger County, Tennessee. I do not know where Polly Goins was born; I never heard that the mother of Benjamin Goins or any of the ancestors through whom he claims his Indian blood were ever enrolled; I never heard of them receiving any money, land or other benefits. In 1851, the mother of Benjamin Goins lived in Hamilton County, Ten­nessee. I do not know why she was never enrolled; neither the mother or any of the ancestors through whom he claims were ever held as slaves; Granville Goins had an Indian name; I do not remember what his Indian name was; he was nearly a full blood Cherokee and spoke the Cherokee language; Granville Goins was a member of the Cherokee tribe; he lived with the Cherokee Indians in Hamilton County. When they moved to the west, he went with them, but returned in a short time and settled in Tennessee. He went but a short distance with the In­dians. I am an applicant for participation in this fund.

Matilda “X” Goins
Dayton, Tennessee, June 24, 1908.”

In the 1880 census Matilda Goins is enumerated as “Indian” with her seven-year-old son, John Lee Goins.

Children born to Moses Easterly Walker and Matilda Goins include:

John Lee Goins born about 1873
Mary Goins born about 1876

John Lee Goins, son of Moses Easterly Walker and Matilda Goins, was born 1873. He was married about 1902 to Minnie Holland.

Children born to John Lee Goins and Minnie Holland Goins include:

John Lee Goins, Jr. born in 1915

John Lee Goins, Jr, son of John Lee Goins and Minnie Holland Goins, was born in 1915. He was married about 1948, wife’s name Sarah A. He died in 1970. In 1997, Sara A. Goins, Foundation member, lived in Dunlap, Tennessee where she was active in the research of the Goins family.

Mary Goins, daughter of Isabel Goins and granddaughter of Thomas Goins and Orpha Helton Goins, was born in 1876, according to Kenny Ann Gibson Wood, a great-granddaughter of Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Mary Goins was married about 1895 to John Douglas who was born in September 1870 at Pikeville, Tennessee in Bledsoe County, Tennessee. She died in May 1899 in Bledsoe County.

Children born to John Douglas and Mary Goins Douglas in­clude:

Brown Henry Douglas born June 19, 1896

Brown Henry Douglas, son of John Douglas and Mary Goins Douglas, was born June 19, 1896 at Pikeville. He was married Jun 19, 1918 at the Church of Christ in Maude, Oklahoma to Emma Perdema Mahoney. She was born July 8, 1899 at Guthrie, Oklahoma Territory to John Bailey Mahoney and Su­san Rebecca Harrellson Mahoney. She died January 10, 1919 at Maud, Oklahoma. Brown Henry Douglas died June 18, 1951 at Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Children born to them include:

Perdema Pearl Douglas born January 10, 1919

Perdema Pearl Douglas, daughter of Brown Henry Douglas and Emma Perdema Mahoney Douglas, was born January 10, 1919 at Maude. She was married July 17, 1935 at Konawa, Oklahoma to Thomas Kenneth Gibson. He was born October 30, 1915 at Purdy, Arkansas to William Roy Gibson and Mat­tie Ethel Baker Gibson. Thomas Kenneth Gibson died June 20, 1975 at Lakewood, Colorado. Perdema Pearl Douglas Gibson died September 27, 1983 at Tulsa.

Children born to them include:

Kenny Ann Gibson born September 19, 1936

Kenny Ann Gibson, daughter of Thomas Kenneth Gibson and Perdema Pearl Douglas Gibson, was born September 19, 1936 at Konawa. She was married June 4, 1954 at Tulsa to Dearl Logan Wood. They continued there in 1991 and 1997.

Adjoining the household of “Thomas Gowen” was that of “John Gowen, mulatto” as the head of Household 145-146. This family, also living at Woodbury, Civil District 6, on July 8, 1870, was recorded as:

“Gowen, John 35, born in TN, farmer,
mulatto, illiterate,
Casander 26, born in TN, illiterate
William L. 5, born in TN
Arlander 3, born in TN
James M. 1, born in TN”

Adjoining the household of “John Gowen, mulatto” was the household headed by Carter Gowen, mulatto”. The family was identified as household 144-145 and was recorded July 8, 1870 in Civil District 6 in Woodbury as:

“Gowen, Carter 26, born in TN, farmer, illit­
erate, mulatto
Elizabeth 17, born in TN, illiterate
Elizabeth 55, born in TN, illiterate
Nancy 25, born in TN, illiterate
Henry 13, born in TN”

It is assumed that Elizabeth Gowen, age 55, was the mother of Carter Gowen and that Nancy Gowen was his sister and Henry Gowen his brother.
==O==
Price Goins was enumerated as the head of Household 1293-1293 in the 1850 census of Hamilton County. The family was recorded October 26, 1850 as:

“Goins, Price 41, born in TN, farmer, $500
real estate
Martha 40, born in TN, illiterate
Andrew 16, born in TN
Rachel 14, born in TN
Joseph 13, born in TN
Preston 9, born in TN
Priscilla 7, born in TN
Thomas 3, born in TN
Mary 1, born in TN”
==O==
Mrs. Annie Lee Baker Gowan, daughter of John Baker was born August 31, 1899 in Tennessee. She was married about 1919 to E. V. Gowan. In 1931 they lived at 900 Highland Park Avenue in Chattanooga. She died there November 1, 1931, at age 32 of cancer, according to Tennessee DVS Death Certificate No. 21105. She was buried at Jackson, Tennessee November 4, 1931, according to her husband, certificate informant.
==O==
Edward Gowan, a machinist, boarded at 216 Whiteside, Chattanooga, according to the 1885 city directory. Edward continued working as a machinist for Lookout Iron Co. while boarding at 208 Whiteside, Chatanooga, in 1890 and 1891 according to Chattanooga city directories.
==O==
Thomas Gowan, a boilermaker for Casey and Hedges Manufacturing Co., boarded at 25 W Hooke, Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1890 and 1891 according to Chattanooga city directories.
==O==
William Gowan was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Hamilton County, Enumeration District 58, page 3, living at 111 Fannin Street, Chattanooga:

“Gowan, William 53, born in TN, October 1846
Emma 47, born in TN, July 1852
Herman 23, born in TN, July 1876”
==O==
O. D. Gowans, an engineer for Woodworth & Company, lived at the corner of River and Hill Streets in 1881, ac­cording to the Chattanooga city directory.
==O==
Alfred Gowen was enumerated in the 1860 census of Hamilton County, Civil District 10, living in the household of Aaron Fuller, No. 1398-1400.
==O==
Lucinda Gowen was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1860 census of Hamilton County, Civil District 8, Household No. 122-122:

“Gowen, Lucinda 43, born in TN, housewife
Martha 6, born in TN”
==O==
Madison Gowen was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1860 census of Hamilton County. The household was reported as:

“Madison, Gowen 23, born in TN
Mary 19, born in TN”
==O==
Nathan Gowen was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1860 census of Hamilton County. The household was reported as:

“Gowen, Nathan 37, born in TN
Mary 26, born in TN
Robert 9, born in TN
Riley 3, born in TN”
==O==
Addie Gowens, a laundress, boarded at 15 Posey’s row, rear, Chattanooga in 1890 and 1891 according to Chattanooga city directories.
==O==
Martin Gowens appeared as the head of a household in the 1850 census, Household 1165, page 902, of Hamilton County. The family was listed as:

“Gowens, Martin 33, born in TN, farmer, illiterate
Amanda 28, born in TN, illiterate
Anderson 12, born in TN
Lawson 10, born in TN
Malinda 7, born in TN
James 4, born in TN
Taylor 2, born in TN”
==O==
“G. A. Gowen was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1860 census of Hamilton County. He was born about 1822 in North Carolina of parents unknown. The family was listed as:

“Gowen, G. A. 38, born in North Carolina, school
teacher, $4,000 real estate
Elizabeth 32, born in TN
Mary 6, born in TN
Sarah 2, born in TN”

Col. George A. Gowin was the commanding officer of the Sixth Tennessee Mounted Infantry Regiment, U.S.A. which was organized in Hamilton County October 24, 1864.

Flora Newby wrote:

“The first mention of the regiment in War Depart-ment records was dated November 30th,1864, when Gen. Steedman, with the major portion of his command,was preparing to join Maj-Gen. George H. Thomas for the defense of Nashville against Gen. Hood’s invasion. On this date, Lt-Col. Gowin was ordered to send 130 men at daybreak on December 1st to Cleveland, Tennessee, where they were to report to Col. Boughton, commanding the post.
No further mention of the regiment was found until Jan-uary 21, 1865, when Gen. Steedman, back at Chattanooga, reported he had sent Gowin’s 6th Tennessee Mounted In-fantry Regiment toward Somerville, Georgia,via Lafeyette. On February 2nd, at Ringgold, Georgia, Col. Gowin re-ported that on the previous night, he had attacked the gue-rilla leader, Gatewood, with 75 men in McLemore’s Cove, killing 14, and routing the remainder with the loss of most of their horses and arms.

On March 11,1865, the regiment was directed to re-port to Maj-Gen. Steedman,Commanding District of Etowah. In April, 80 men,under Maj. Bean, were reported as part of an expedition to Dalton, Georgia and Spring Place, Georgia, and to the Coosawattie River, lasting from April 1st-4th, in the course of which there were several skirmishes with guerillas.

Brownlow’s report states the regiment was placed under Brig-Gen. H. M. Judah, commanding First Brigade, 2nd Division, with headquarters at Decatur about the last of March, where it was employed in scouting until the surrender of the Confederate Army at Greensboro, N.C. Then it moved to Resa-ca, Georgia, where its men were employed as cour-iers along the railroad to Atlanta. On June 18th, 1865, the regiment was ordered to Nashville.”

Gen. Steedman already had concluded that Col. Gowin’s regiment was an ineffective cavalry unit. The General viewed “Gowin and his hogback cavalry” with contempt. It was composed of turncoat rebels who conveniently appeared as Union sympathizers in his eyes.

An incident in the closing days of the Civil War confirmed Gen. Steedman’s opinion of the Sixth Cavalry, U.S.A.

Some young women of Rhea County, Tennessee had organized themselves into a military unit called the Ray County Spartans.

The Rhea County Girls’ Company was created in the summer of 1862 through a combination of boredom and the desire to be a part of the war for Southern independence. Almost all of the “sidesaddle soldiers” had fathers or brothers in the Confederate military, and the young ladies evidently felt frustrated because their gender prevented them from enlisting. Since they could not actually join the Confederate Army, they did the next best thing: They created an army of their own.
Rhea County, located on the northern bank of the Tennessee River in Eeast Tennessee was one of the most pro-Confederate counties in the politically divided mountain region. The county provided seven companies for the Southern army against only one for the Union.

Mary McDonald, one of the oldest of the group, was duly elected captain. Caroline McDonald, evidently her sister-in-law, became first lieutenant. Anne Paine was picked for second lieutenant, while Rhoda Tennessee Thomison, daughter of William P. Thomison completed the commissioned list as a third lieutenant.

Named as noncommissioned officers were Jane Keith, first sergeant; Rachel Howard, second sergeant; Sallie Mitchell, third sergeant; and Minerva Tucker, fourth sergeant. The remaining members of the company had to be content with the rank of private. These included Barbare Allen, Jose-phine Allen, Martha Bell, Mary Crawford, Kate Dun-woody, Martha Early, Ann Gillespie, Jennie Hoyal, Kate Hoyal, Maggie Keith, Jane Locke, Louisa McDonald, Mary Ann McDobnald, Sidney McDonald, Mary Paine, Mary Robinson, Sarah Rudd and Margaret Sykes. All the young women came from prominent local families, and the average age was 18.

At first the Rhea County Spartans contented themselves with simply visiting their soldier sweethearts and relatives among the three companies stationed in the area, present-ing them with gifts of food and clothing. In mid-1863, however, Union troops entered the area. The lady soldiers continued to hold clandestine meetings, if only to keep up their spirits and to exchange news of the war. Rural churches in the Washington area were their most common rendezvous. Almost certainly, the ladies must have enga-ged in at least a small amount of spying and information-gathering for the Confederate army.

Capt. John P. Walker and Lt. William Gothard of Gowin’s command, with the colonel’s approval, took it upon thems-elves to arrest the Rhea County Spartans as prisoners of war to teach them a lesson.

After Confederate General John Bell Hood led the Army of Tennessee to disaster at the Battle of Nashville in Decem-ber 1864, Union troops gained uncontested control of Rhea County for the remainder of the war. Among the units ac-tive in the region was the 6th Tennessee Mounted Infantry [Federal]. Formed in Chattanooga in October 1864 to serve one year, the 6th Mounted Infantry was a ragtag regi-ment composed of a few genuine Tennessee Unionists combined with an unsavory assortment of Confederate draft dodgers and deserters. Its primary purpose was to combat the small band of Confederate irregulars who still roamed the Cumberland Mountains of east Tennessee and north Georgia. In the spring of 1865, Captain John P. Wal-ker of Company B decided that the Rhea County Girls’ Company was just such an organization.
While the Spartans never had any official connection with either the Confederate Army or the state of Tennessee – Sixteen “sidesaddle soldiers” of the Rhea County Spartans cavalry company were “captured” in the Spring of 1865. In part to “teach them a lesson,” they were forced [while Union horse soldiers rode] to tramp along on a long march to the Tennessee River and Bell’s landing. It was dark and rainy, and the women frequently stumbled through pud-dles. Clammy mud oozed into their shoes. Their trans-portation arrived – a crude little steamboat called USS “Chattanooga,” one of the first of a series of vessels built by the Union Army at Bridgeport, Alabama, to supply the besieged Union garrison at Chattanooga. Armed guards guarded the “prisoners of war,” and they were forced to sleep on the floor although were not mistreated. Upon their arrival in Chattanooga, the decision was made to feed them send them back home. When the Spartans arrived back home in Rhea County, the war was nearly over, and they soon returned to the conventional role of 19th-century women

Captain Seth B. Moe of Ohio, assistant adjutant general of the Union Army’s Department of the Etowah, took in the spectacle and promptly sent for his commander, Maj. Gen. James B. Steedman. Steedman already viewed Gowin and his “hogback cavalry” with contempt; Walker’s latest esca-pade must have strengthened that feeling.

By the time William G. Allen wrote an account for “Con-federate Veteran” magazine in 1911, the girl’s company had been all but forgotten. Only three of the Spartans were then still living: Mary McDonald, Mary Ann McDonald and Rhoda Thomison.

Gothard and his mounted men did escort seven of the female Rebels five miles from the Thomison house to Smith’s Cross Roads, transportation arrived–a crude little steamboat called USS Chattanooga. Their ordeal, however, was far from over.

When the boat paddled up to the wharf in Chattanooga, Walker rousted out his prisoners and marched them under guard up muddy Market Street to the provost marshal’s office on the corner of Seventh Street. Captain Seth B. Moe of Ohio, assistant adjutant general of the Union Army’s Department of the Etowah, took in the spectacle and promptly sent for his commander, Maj. Gen. James B. Steedman. Steedman already viewed Gowin and his “hogback cavalry” with contempt; Walker’s latest escapade must have strengthened that feeling.

If Walker expected to be congratulated on his victory, he was quickly disillusioned. Steedman sharply reprimanded the captain for taking up his time with such foolishness. He then ordered Moe to escort the ladies to the Central House hotel, where they were allowed to refresh themselves and were treated to the best meal the hotel could offer. While the Union general (a Northern Democrat with many Southern friends) went out of his way to demonstrate that not all Yankees were barbarians, he did require the women to take the oath of allegiance to the Union. Now Walker would have no further excuse to harass them.

An irritated Steedman wrote to Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas at Nashville recommending that the 6th Tennessee Mounted Infantry “be turned over to the State authorities of Tennessee and replaced with good cavalry.” Union Colonel Lewis Merrill was even more blunt. “The Sixth Tennessee and First Georgia [Union Regiments],” Merrill told Thomas, “are, in General Steedman’s opinion, utterly worthless. My own observation of the first named confirms this opinion. They are simply cowardly thieves–useless, except to keep a community embroiled and encourage guerrillas by running whenever attacked.”

.

Walker, a 38-year-old Rhea County farmer, was a typical Tennessee Unionist. Even though he owned real estate worth an impressive $1,000, Walker was “land poor.” In fact, the 1860 census listed his personal estate at a mere $180–scarcely more than the value of a top-quality horse. Dodging the Confederate conscript officers until the Union forces gained the upper hand, Walker hastened to join the Union victors and share in the spoils. He quickly acquired a reputation for harshness toward Southern sympathizers, using his authority to pay them back for such indignities as he felt he had suffered.

Walker certainly justified his reputation when he returned to Rhea County, for one of his first acts was to order the mass arrest of the girls’ company. As far as Walker was concerned, it was high time to teach the rebellious Southern ladies a lesson. Somehow he persuaded his commander, Lt. Col. George A. Gowin of Hamilton County, to go along with his plan.

On April 5, 1865, Walker sent out his men to round up the Rhea County Spartans. As a native of Rhea County, Walker knew not only who the troublesome ladies were but also where to find them. First Lieutenant William B. Gothard accordingly proceeded to the area south of Washington, where the Spartans’ officers lived.

Armed with a list of names, Gothard was ordered to arrest the women and report with them by noon the next day at the two-story house of William P. Thomison, a discharged Confederate soldier and the father of “Lieutenant” Rhoda Thomison. Other men from Walker’s company marched to apprehend the disloyal women in the countryside around Smith’s Cross Roads (now the town of Dayton) and Dunwoody’s Mill. A few of the Spartans managed to elude their pursuers, but some 16 of the young women were arrested at gunpoint and brought before Walker.

When they learned that they were to be sent to Chattanooga, the prisoners became understandably apprehensive. Mary McDonald penned a hasty note to the 6th Tennessee’s commander. She urged that Gothard, rather than Walker, be the one to accompany them. “Doubtless the girls would prefer him,” she said. “We all know him.” Gowin refused to agree, however, writing that Walker, “a married man, will go with your company.” Interestingly, the 6th Tennessee seems to have been alone in viewing the Spartans as a real military unit. It was an honor the unfortunate ladies could have done without.

> Page 1, 2, 3

This article was written by Charles Rice and originally published in America’s Civil War Magazine in July 1996.

The regiment was mustered out of service at Nashville, Tennessee June 30, 1865, according to “Goodspeed’s History of Tennessee.” “G. A. Gowin” was nominated on the Republican ticket for congressman from the Third District of Hamilton County August 17, 1880 at Chattanooga, according to “Goodspeed’s History of Tennessee” published in 1887.

T. R. Williams, Jr. of Chattanooga wrote in October 1990:

“I am seeking information on Col. George A. Gow-in who was born in NC about 1827. He came to Hamilton County, Tennessee about 1852 and was married there November 24, 1852 to Elizabeth Mc-Gill, daughter of John McGill and Elizabeth Pat-terson McGill. The Gowins had six children, two of whom died in infancy. He is believed to have taught at Fairmount Academy on Walden’s Ridge before the War Between the States. In the 1860 census he was shown as “school teacher;” in 1870 he was recorded as “physician.”

During the war he fought with the Union Army in the Sixth Tennessee Mounted Infantry, U.S.A. [commanding officer] and afterwards was active in Hamilton County politics [nominated for Congress in 1880.]

He established the “Unconditional,” a newspaper in Harrison, TN and was once editor of a weekly newspaper, the “Monitor.” He lived in Daisy, Tennessee in his later years where he practiced medicine and was a Methodist minister. His death date is unknown, but it was between August 1881 and October 1883. George and Elizabeth Gowin, along with two infant daughters are buried in Sod-dy, Tennessee Presbyterian Cemetery. There is a government headstone for Gowin, but it contains no dates. One of my objectives is to discover his date of death so that I can mark his grave appropriately. Also I am interested in the Gowin family’s connec-tion to the Melungeons and hope that a Foundation member can assist me. T. R. Williams, Jr, 6400 Middle Ridge Lane, Chattanooga, TN, 37343. 615/842-7285”
==O==
Namen I. Gowin was dismissed from Friendship Baptist Church by letter about 1868, according to the church records.
==O==
Nancy J. Gowin was received into Friendship Baptist Church “by letter” in December 1867, according to the records of the Hamilton County congregation.
==O==
Sallie Gowin was married to R. S. Coleman in 1880, according to Hamilton County marriage records.
==O==
William Gowin was received as a member of Friendship Baptist Church, Hamilton County, in October 1859, according to the church records. The record further reports that in October 1865 “he recanted his sins.” In November 1866 the church charged William Gowin with “drinking too much liquor,” and in December 1866 he was “excluded from the church.”
==O==
Eliza Gowins was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Hamilton County, Household 758, page 844, Civil District 27. The family, recorded October 4, 1850 was reported as:

“Gowins, Eliza 35, born in TN, illiterate
Lawrilla 20, born in TN
Mary 14, born in TN
Charles 9, born in TN
Sarah 10/12, born in TN”

Descendant Researchers:

Vicki Goins Brannock, 4111 82nd St, Sacramento, CA, 95826, 916/428-2196
Louise Goins Richardson, 2207 E. Lake Street, Paragould, AR, 72450
T. R. Williams, Jr, 6400 Middle Ridge Lane, Chattanooga, TN, 37343, 615/842-
7285.
Kenny Ann Gibson Wood, 8718 S. 68th E. Avenue, Tulsa, OK, 918/481-1661

LIST OF U.S. STATES:

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii,Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan,Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico,New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin,Wyoming

 

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