1732 James Gowen m. Mary Polly Keating in Beaufort District, South Carolina

James Gowen b. abt 1732 – d. on or bef. 1789 m. Sarah Beamor and Mary Polly Keating Gowen – Beaufort Dist, SC

Parents:

William Gowen b. 1712 – d. April 1792, m. Sarah Allen (NOT CONFIRMED – I have found nothing verifying they are father/son – they may be brothers.  William Gowen Jr’s probate paperwork in 1804 mentions a note from widow Polly Gowen of Combahee, and another note of James Gowen decd – this connects the James Gowen of Combahee to the Gowen’s of Spartanburg/Greenville Co, SC – but I am uncertain the exact relationship).

Children:

William Keating Gowen born about 1765
James Gowen, Jr. born about 1767
Mary Gowen, Jr. born about 1770

Siblings:

(NOT CONFIRMED ).

James Gowen b. abt 1732

Joseph Gowen b. abt 1735
John “Buck” Gowen b. abt 1736
Anne Gowen Easley b. abt 1737
William Gowen Jr b. abt 1738

FACTS:

See the following pages on this website for additional information:

GRANVILLE COUNTY, NC
COLLETON COUNTY, SC
BEAUFORT DISTRICT, SC
CHARLESTON COUNTY, SC

GRANVILLE COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA:  

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1750 March 5 – Deed: purchse from Robert Jones, Jr, 5 Mar 1749/50, , Granville, North Carolina, USA.  “William Going “of Granville County” received a deed from Robert Jones, Jr, “attorney.” of Surry County, Virginia to 910 acres on both sides of Grassy Creek, on Williams’ line near the Virginia state line for £25 March 5, 1750, according to Granville County Deed Book A, page 343.” Granville Co, NC   1750 Wm Going fr Robert Jones Jr in Granville Co NC (Book A p. 343)    https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99CR-26DD?i=123&cat=360398 ,  https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9C5-X9GG?i=262&cat=360398

1752 March 1 – James Gowin” was a “sworn chain carrier” on a patent of 616 acres issued March 1, 1752 to James Hunt “on branches of Island Creek and Mitchell’s Creek, adjoining Davis’s corner, Hunt’s line, Collin’s line, Tynel’s line and Holly’s line,” according to Granville County Surveyor’s Book 11, page 382. Granville Co, NC (Empty Shuck – unable to confirm:  https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WK-C49M?i=784&cat=695114 ).

1756 March 4-“James Going” received a land grant for 429 acres from the Earl of Granville March 4, 1756, according to Granville County Deed Book E, page 439. Granville Co, NC,  1756 James Going from Earl Granville.  Wits:  Thomas Jones, Richard Ligon.  in Granville Co NC (Book E p. 439)
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89CR-26C6?i=124&cat=360398
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9C5-X92Z?mode=g&i=361&cat=360398

The warrant for James Gowen’s land grant appears to have been found in the shuck for James Yancey’s 1754 land grant:  1754 Oct 29 – James Yancy survey for 640 acres on Jonathan Creek on John Stoval line and Clayton line. Chain carriers: John Gowing, Bartlet Yancey. Granville County, NC.   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WK-C5CX?i=217&cat=695114

1758 Sept 4 – Title: William Gowin. Granville Co. Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]; Group: Secretary of State Record Group; Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey; Box: Granville County, Go-Har; Years: 1758, 1760; Creator: Secretary of State, Office of Granville Proprietary Land Office Secretary, Office of the; Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283; Location: MFR; MARS Id: 12.12.30.4 (Folder); Genres / Forms: Warrants, Plats, Deeds; Scope / Contents: Warrant: 1758 September 4. 640 acres. Descriptive references for land: James Yaneres, Jonathan Creek Plat: 1760 May 21. 667 acres. Descriptive references for land: none; Chain carriers: James Gowin, John Hart; Surveyor: Thomas Person Deed: 1760 December 2; Note: Warrant validated for six additional months on February 12, 1760, because its execution had been prevented by the “late Disturbances.” For deed see 12.13.40.2. Granville Co, NC.  http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html  , 1758 Sept 4 – Title: William Gowin. Granville Co. Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]; Group: Secretary of State Record Group; Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey; Box: Granville County, Go-Har; Years: 1758, 1760; Creator: Secretary of State, Office of Granville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the; Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283; Location: MFR; MARS Id: 12.12.30.5 (Folder); Genres / Forms: Warrants, Plats, Deeds; Scope / Contents: Warrant: 1758 September 4. 640 acres. Descriptive references for land: Dogwood Spring Branch, Robert; Harrison Plat: 1760 May 21. 650 acres. Descriptive references for land: Charles Harris, Dogwood Spring; Branch; Chain carriers: Robert Harrison, James Gowin; Surveyor: Thomas Person Deed: 1760 December 2; Note: Warrant validated for six additional months on February 7, 1760, because its execution had been prevented by the “late Disturbances.” For deed see 12.13.40.3. Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html  , 1760 Feb 7 – Title: William Gowin. Granville Co. Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]; Group: Secretary of State Record Group; Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey; Box: Granville County, Go-Har; Years: 1758, 1760; Creator: Secretary of State, Office of Granville Proprietary Land Office Secretary, Office of the; Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283; Location: MFR; MARS Id: 12.12.30.6 (Folder); Genres / Forms: Warrants, Plats, Deeds; Scope / Contents: Warrant: 1758 September 4. 640 acres. Descriptive references for land: Aarons Creek, Spring Branch Plat: 1760 May 21. 630 acres. Descriptive references for land: Aarons Creek
Chain carriers: John Pettypool, John Senford; Surveyor: Thomas Person Deed: 1760 December 2; Note: Warrant validated for six additional months on February 7, 1760, because its execution had been prevented by the “late Disturbances.” Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html

1760 May 1 survey for James Going 529 acres . . . Wharton’s Branch, by Winnigums line, Chain carriers: William Going and Luke Sanders. 1760 Nov 29 – James Going – 529 acres index card no 1078
https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WN-M9SL-T?i=1653&cat=695114
https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WK-C5FG?i=210&cat=695114(Shuck w doc) 1760 Nov 29 – Title: File No. 1078, James Going; Parent Records: State Records; Secretary of State Record Group; Land Office: Land Warrants, Plats of Survey, and Related Records; Granville County; Years: 1760; Call Number: S.108.718; Frames:201-202; Site: Archives Search Room (Raleigh); MARS Id: 12.14.66.1120 (Folder); Genres / Forms: Plats.  Land Grant Info: Acres: 229; Grant Number: 114; Issued: Nov. 29, 1760; Book, Page: 14:108; Location: On Whartons Branch; Granville Co, NC;  1760 Nov 29 – Title: Gowen, James. Granville Co. Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]; Group: Secretary of State Record Group; Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Granville Grants of Deed; Box: Granville Co. Years: 1760;  Creator: Secretary of State, Office of Granville Proprietary Land Office Secretary, Office of the; Call Number: SSLG 61J;  Location: MFR; MARS Id: 12.13.61.27 (Folder); Genres / Forms: Deeds, Plats, Indexes; Scope / Contents: November 29, 1760 529 acres Location: On Whartons Branch beg. at a red oak 2 copies Deed #114; Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html ;  1760 November 29 – James Going received a patent to 529 acres in Granville County located in St. John’s parish, “adjoining Winnirgum’s line, Melone’s line and Robert’s line,” according to Surveyor’s Book 14, page 108. The survey was signed by James Gowen and Joseph Gowen. “William Going, sworn chain carrier” was a witness. NC  http://www.nclandgrants.com/grant/?mars=12.14.66.1119&qid=82710&rn=10

1761 whites/Blacks male/Blacks f/ Blacks 12-16
List of John Pope
Thomas, Moses Gowin. Refuses to List his wife 2 tithes
Michael Gowin, John Wilson. Refuses to list his wife 2
Joseph Gowin. Refuses to list his wife 1
List of Robt. Harris for Granville Parish
Edward Going sons Edwd. Reeps 0 white/3black males
Country Line District by Larkin Johnston
William Gowin, James Gowin 2
William Gowin Junr, Jesse Chandlor 2
Granville Co, NC
http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2007/12/granville-county-nc-early-records.html ; http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Granville.htm

SOUTH CAROLINA:

Children born to James Gowen and Sarah Beamor are believed to include: (Beaufort Dist, SC).  His 2nd wife Mary “Polly” Keating Gowen, did not marry James Gowen until some time after 1772.
William Keating Gowen born about 1765
James Gowen, Jr. born about 1767
Mary Gowen, Jr. born about 1770
Gowen Manuscript: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms014.htm

1768: James Gowen, John Keating, and John Ohear are appraisers of the estate of James Clark, deceased, with Margaret Clark, administrator. records in Charleston, South Carolina.  on Fold3
https://www.fold3.com/image/305666203/?terms=Gowen

1770: JAMES GOWEN VS HILL SAMWAYES, JUDGMENT ROLL.
Series: S136002 Box: 088A Item: 0180A ignore: 000
Names indexed: GOWEN, JAMES; SAMWAYES, HILL
Document type: JUDGMENT-ROLL. South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=165624
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=165624

1771 Jan 22: James Gowan listed owing 100 in the estate of Benj Smith, decd on Fold3. Charles Town, South Carolina.
https://www.fold3.com/image/305666723/?terms=Gowan

1771 Aug 9: James Gowin listed as a debt of inventory of estate of John Graves, decd on Fold3. South Carolina.
https://www.fold3.com/image/305703903/?terms=Gowin

1771 – James Gowen and wife to John Stanyarne, Bond. SC Legal papers.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=89196

1772 March 13 – James Gowen, carpenter, and Sarah his wife, formerly Sarah Beamor post bond to John Stanyarne, planter, for 65 pounds Condition of bond is James Gowen and Sarah his wife to do everything to observe and fullfill the above sale between John Stanyarne and Mary Beamor (eldest sister to Sarah – wife of James Gowen). Signed by James Gowen and Sarah Gowen, both with their mark “X”. Signed in presence of witness Patk Coil. Proved up by Patrick Coil on March 18, 1772. Recorded June 11, 1772.  Deed Book 3X pg 275. Colleton County, South Carolina.  1771 Dec 14: Mary Beamor, seamstress grants to John Stanyarne of John’s Island a release granted and released for 65 pounds 130 acres to John Stanyarne. Signed by Mary Beamor – “M” her mark. Witnessed by Wm Sams and Elizth Sams Proved up on Dec 14, 1771 in Colleton Co, SC by William Sams.  GOWEN, JAMES AND WIFE TO JOHN STANYARNE, BOND.  Series: S372001 Volume: 03X0 Page: 00275 Item: 000. Names indexed: GOWEN, JAMES; STANYARNE, JOHN. Document type: BOND. South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=89196

The records for the following transactions indicate that James Gowen’s wife is a Sarah Beamor – and that Sarah Beamor’s eldest sister was a Mary Beamor.  It appears that James Gowen’s first wife was Sarah Beamor – and that he later married Mary Polly Keating.    —–   Know all men by these presents we James Gowen carpenter and Sarah his wife, formerly Sarah Beamor of the Province aforesaid (Colleton County, South Carolina) are bound and obliged to John Stanyarne planter of the Province aforesaid for 65 pounds . . . articles conditions and agreements mentioned in a certain Bill of Sale annexed and sealed on Dec 13, 1771 between Mary Beamor and John Stanyarne and Mary Beamor the eldest sister to the aforesaid Sarah. Signed: James Gowen, Sarah Gowen. Wit: Patrick Coil.
The transaction between John Stanyarne and Mary Beamor was for land described as: Mary Beamor in exchange for payment of 65 pounds by John Stanyarne, Mary Beamor conveys to John Stanyarne 130 acres on Johns Island, bounding land of John Stanyarne, William Mathewes, Alexander Hext decd, Abraham Waight . . . Signed: Mary Beamor. Wits: William Sams, Elizabeth Sams.  

1772 March 13 James Gowen and wife Sarah Beamor bond on trans for sister Mary Beamers land transaction w Stanyarne p1

Sarah Beamor married to James Gowen, sister of Sarah is Mary Beamor

1772 March 13 James Gowen and wife Sarah Beamor bond on trans for sister Mary Beamers land transaction w Stanyarne p2

Sarah Beamor married to James Gowen, sister of Sarah is Mary Beamor

1772 March 13 James Gowen and wife Sarah Beamor bond on trans for sister Mary Beamers land transaction w Stanyarne p3

Sarah Beamor married to James Gowen, sister of Sarah is Mary Beamor

1772 March 13 James Gowen and wife Sarah Beamor bond on trans for sister Mary Beamers land transaction w Stanyarne p4

The following parts are the bond transactions for John Gowen and Sarah Beamor his wife and sister of Mary Beamor.

Sarah Beamor married to James Gowen, sister of Sarah is Mary Beamor

1772 March 13 James Gowen and wife Sarah Beamor bond on trans for sister Mary Beamers land transaction w Stanyarne p5

Sarah Beamor married to James Gowen, sister of Sarah is Mary Beamor

1772 March 13 James Gowen and wife Sarah Beamor bond on trans for sister Mary Beamers land transaction w Stanyarne p6

1772 Sept 1 – James Gowen plat for 300 acres in Prince Williams Parish, SC – bounded on all sides by vacant land.  Prince Williams Parish, SC. Map shows this to be in either Hampton Co, or Beaufort Co, SC:
http://battleofcamden.org/1773sc.jpg
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/Thumbnails.aspx?recordId=108643

1772 Sept 7: GOWEN, JAMES, PLAT FOR 300 ACRES IN PRINCE WILLIAMS PARISH.  Series: S213184 Volume: 0016 Page: 00171 Item: 02  Names indexed: BREMAR, JOHN; FORSTER, ALEXIUS MADOR; GOWEN, JAMES  Document type: PLAT Locations: PRINCE WILLIAM PARISH, South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=108643
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/Thumbnails.aspx?recordId=108643 (Image)

1772 Oct 30: HOLMAN, THOMAS, PLAT FOR 1,000 ACRES ON SALKEHATCHIE RIVER.  Series: S213184 Volume: 0017 Page: 00045 Item: 01 Names indexed: BREMAR, JOHN; FORSTER, ALEXIUS MADOR; JAMES GOWEN; HOLMAN, THOMAS; ODINGSALE, CHARLES Document type: PLAT Locations: GRANVILLE COUNTY; SALKEHATCHIE RIVER, South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=109636
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/Thumbnails.aspx?recordId=109636 (Image)

1772 Nov 19: JAMES GOWEN, LAND GRANT FOR 300 ACRES IN PRINCE WILLIAMS PARISH.  Series: S213019 Volume: 0027 Page: 00273 Item: 000.  Names indexed: GOWEN, JAMES.  Document type: LAND GRANT Locations: PRINCE WILLIAM PARISH, South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=68021

1773 James Gowen in Fitzgerald estate in SC on Fold3 1773 abt: Estate of Doctor Alexander Fitzgerald, deceased sales of estate show buyers including James Gowen x2, William Ferguson, John Keating x 6, by Joseph Dobbins, executor, in Fold3. South Carolina.  https://www.fold3.com/image/305704716/?terms=Gowen

1773 Feb 23: JAMES GOWEN, MEMORIAL FOR 300 ACRES IN PRINCE WILLIAMS PARISH.  Series: S111001 Volume: 0012 Page: 00115 Item: 001  Names indexed: GOWEN, JAMES  Document type: MEMORIAL Locations: PRINCE WILLIAM PARISH, South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=150215

1773 April 28: HOLLMAN, THOMAS, MEMORIAL FOR TWO TRACTS, ONE FOR 700 ACRES IN GRANVILLE COUNTY AND ONE FOR 1,000 ACRES ON SALTCATCHERS RIVER. Series: S111001 Volume: 0012 Page: 00166 Item: 006  Names indexed: GARNER, WILLIAM; JAMES GOWEN; HOLLMAN, THOMAS; ODINGSALE, CHARLES; TUE, JOHN Document type: MEMORIAL Locations: GRANVILLE COUNTY; SALKEHATCHIE RIVER, South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=150445

1775 Oct 20 – James Gowen – 3rd Lieut
On October 20, 1775 James Gowen appeared as “Third Lieutenant in Capt. Darius Dalton’s Company of Volunteer Militia, First Council of Safety of Revolutionary Party, Prince William Parish, Beaufort District,” according to “South Carolina Historical Magazine,” Volume III, page 82. Fifty-four men vol­unteered, according to the petition:
“Prince William Parish
20th October 1775
To the Hon’ble Council of Safety
Charles Town
Gentlemen:
We whose names are underwritten; having formed our-selves into a Company of Volunteers, either to act as Horsemen or Footmen, in defence of our Liberties & Country, who so loudly calls upon us for so doing; do with due submission–Petition the Hon’ble, the Council of Safety, to grant unto us Commissions for our Officers, which we have chosen by a Majority of Votes, Vizt: Darius Dalton, Capt; Charles Browne, First Lieut; Joseph Alanager, Second Lieut; & James Gowen, Third Lieut, under the names of the ‘Swift & Bold,’ for which we shall be thankful.
We are with respect . . . ,
P. S. As we have sent a boy down with this, by whom the Commissions may be sent.”
(Note: Among the signatures were those of Richard Keating and John Keating, believed to be brothers-in-law to James Gowen. Several Keating individuals appeared in the records of the Charleston-Combahee Ferry area during that period). “Alexander Broughton, 2nd son of Capt. Nathaniel Broughton, was married to Mary Jones Keating, widow of Maurice Keating,” according to “South Carolina Historical Magazine.” “Mr. Matthew Keating, a native of Ireland, 26 years of age, died on Saturday last after a short illness,” according to a report in a Charleston newspaper published “Wednesday, August 26, 1807.” Prince William Parish, SC. Gowen Manuscript:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms014.htm

Brief History of Regiment: The Beaufort Dist Regiment of Militia

Date(s): Known Battles / Skirmishes:
Jul. 9, 1775 Bloody Point
Mar. 11-12, 1776 Hutchinson’s Island (GA)
Jun. 28, 1776 Fort Moultrie
May – July 1778 Florida Expedition
Feb. 1-2, 1779 Bull’s Plantation
Feb. 3, 1779 Port Royal Island
May 3, 1779 Coosawhatchie
May 11-13, 1779 Charleston Neck
May 20, 1779 Matthews’ Plantation
Jun. 20, 1779 Stono Ferry
Sep 16 – Oct. 18, 1779 Siege of Savannah (GA)
Mar. 28 – May 12, 1780 Siege of Charleston
Mar. 29-30, 1780 Gibbes’ Plantation
 Feb. 24, 1782 Savannah River
Mar. 4-25, 1782 Beaufort

1776: JAMES GOWEN, ACCOUNT AUDITED (FILE NO. 3013) OF CLAIMS GROWING OUT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. Series: S108092 Reel: 0058 Frame: 00319 ignore: 000  Names indexed: GOWEN, JAMES. South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=121017

1777  Feb 17 –  James Gowen on a bond in SC  on a “Book of Account” in an appraisal of the Estate of Daniel DeSoussure, by Mary DeSaussure in 1798.  1777 Feb 17: James Gowen listed in warrant of appraisement of estate of Daniel DeSausoure, decd in Charleston, South Carolina.  https://www.fold3.com/image/265613596/?terms=Gowen

1779, 1781, 1782 – James Gowen – Rev War indents:  The State of South Carolina issued a stub indent to “Mr. James Gowen for 9:5:1 sterling for forage and rations for Continentals, State Troops and Militia in 1779, 1781 and 1782,” ac­cording to the research of Mary Alice Seyle, G.R.S. of Greenville, South Carolina. Greenville Co, SC.  Gowen Manuscript:  http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms014.htm

1782 abt – James Gowen and wife
After the Revolutionary War, James Gowen remained in Beaufort District and became a successful businessman. He was a practical man, according to descendants, who reported that he “kept the Sabbath and everything else he could lay his hands on.” His wife, apparently a very liberated woman for the time, also went into business for herself as a storekeeper. James Gowen took the precaution to declare in the District’s legal records that he would not be responsible “for any act or obligation” that his wife might undertake in connection with her store.  Beaufort Dist, SC.   Gowen Manuscript: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms014.htm

1783 “James Gowan” was qualified as a petit juror in 1783 in Beaufort District, according to “South Carolina Jury Lists, 1718-1783” by Mary Bondurant Warren.  Beaufort Dist, SC.  Gowen Manuscript: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms014.htm

1785: SMART, JAMES VS JAMES GOWEN, JUDGMENT ROLL. Series: S136002 Box: 118A Item: 0233A ignore: 000 Names indexed: GOWEN, JAMES; SMART, JAMES
Document type: JUDGMENT-ROLL, South Carolina
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=168250

1785: CARMAN, ANDREW VS JAMES GOWEN, JUDGMENT ROLL. Series: S136002 Box: 118A Item: 0244A ignore: 000 Names indexed: CARMAN, ANDREW; GOWEN, JAMES Document type: JUDGMENT-ROLL, South Carolina
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=168261

1785 March 16 James Gowen sells slaves to Richard Keating in SC named July, Ginney, Peggy, Betty, Tom, Smart, Peggy, Bellar, Sarah, Rachae in Prince William Parish, SC. Miscellaneous records, v. WW 1785-1787. p 334 (pg 175 in FamilySearch). Prince William County, South Carolina.  https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS73-M9LQ-S?mode=g&i=174&cat=476811

1785 June 29 – On June 29, 1785 James Gowen and Mary “Polly” Keating Gowen “of Combahee” and Richard Keating signed a contract. For a consideration of five shillings paid to James Gowen by Richard Keating “the said James Gowen agreeing not to interfere with his wife’s business, but that he, his heirs or executors shall not be liable for any debt or debts which the said Mary Gowen shall, or may hereafter, contract in carrying out her sole, separate trade.” To reciprocate James Gowen gave his bond to Richard Keating” in trust to and for the said Mary Gowen in the penal sum of £200 sterling.”  The agreement was witnessed by James Lunsden and Susanna Donovan, and it was acknowledged in Charleston June 29, 1785 and recorded November 18, 1785 in Charleston Mixed Record Book, page 20.  Charleston, SC.  Gowen Manuscript: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms014.htm
https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-19425-31241-3?cc=1919417&wc=M6N4-7P8:210905601,211236901

https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-19425-30648-14?cc=1919417&wc=M6N4-7P8:210905601,211236901

https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-19425-30649-41?cc=1919417&wc=M6N4-7P8:210905601,211236901

1785 July 4:  James Gowen, Richard Estes, and Benjamin Elliot are appraisers in the estate of Samuel Blinco, planter in SC on Fold3, 11v, No 47.  pgs 342 to 343. Charleston, South Carolina.  https://www.fold3.com/image/265611515/?terms=Gowen

1785 Aug 15 & 16: James Gowen of Prince Williams Parish, planter, to John Gowen, planter, for 400 pounds sterling, lot in Radnor Town, known in the plan of said town, no. 2, on Bay Street . . . bounding to the northwest on Lot No 3, to the southeast on Lot No 1, to the southwest on lanes and streets, and to the northeast on Bay Street, containing in part 66 feet of –?– also the part of the said lot, from high water mark to low water mark . . .   . James Gowen (LS), Wits: William Hall, Edwd Ferguson. Proved in Charleston Dist by the oath of William Hall on April 12, 1788 before Saml Elliot, JP Rec. Apr 25, 1788. Z5, p 446. Charleston Dist, South Carolina.   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSK7-G3SX-4?i=646&cat=361547 (For information about Radnor Town – see:  http://www.carolana.com/SC/Towns/Radnor_SC.html  ).

1734 Aug 8: RADNOR TOWN plat and town plan:
South Carolina. The above plat represents the form and shape of one hundred acres of land or there abouts situate in Granville County on the south west side of Combahee River butting and bounding to the north eastward on the said River to the southeastward on Col John Palmer’s land to southwestward on Mr Stephen Bull’s and to the northwestward on a small creek and marsh belonging to Mr. John Muiyner about thirty of the said one hundred acres are laid out into lotts and streets with certain lots set apart and reserved for the use of a Chappel and free school and also a square piece of land for a market plan near the center of the Town which is called and known by the name of Randor and seventy acres lying the remaining part of the said one hundred acres is also set apart reserved and appropriated to be remain and continue for a Common to the said Town of Randor for the use and benefit of the inhabitants thereoff for ever which said Town and common was laid out for the purposes aforesaid and a plat thereof certified the eighth day of August Anno Domini One Thousand Seven hundred and thirty four.
A true Copy from the original} By me: Wm Bull
Daniel H Fillinghart (or Billinghart) Jun Genl.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/SearchResults.aspx
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=177051
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/ArchivesImages/S213187/S21318700010003001.pdf

1771 Map of area showing the spelling as “Randor” (Note: It appears the name was originally Randor from its inception up until at least 1771 – some time later people began to call it Radnor Town). CLICK ON MAPS TO ENLARGE:

1771 South Carolina map showing Randor and Ashipoo

1786: GERVAIS, JOHN LEWIS VS JAMES GOWEN, JUDGMENT ROLL. Series: S136002 Box: 127A Item: 0255A ignore: 000 Names indexed: GERVAIS, JOHN LEWIS; GOWEN, JAMES Document type: JUDGMENT-ROLL. South Carolina
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=168951

1786 Feb: CALDWELL, HENRY AND JONAH RIVERS, OTHERWISE CALLED, HENRY CALDWELL AND CO. VS JAMES GOWEN, SUMMARY PROCESS ROLL. Series: S136011 Year: 1786 Item: 0009A ignore: 000 Names indexed: CALDWELL, HENRY; GOWEN, JAMES; RIVERS, JONAH Document type: SUMMARY PROCESS ROLL Topics: HENRY CALDWELL AND CO. South Carolina
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=173673
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/Thumbnails.aspx?recordId=173673 (Images)

1787 Oct 7:  James Gowen on note in Robt Branston decd estate in SC on Fold3. Charleston, South Carolina.
https://www.fold3.com/image/265612025/?terms=Gowen

1787 Feb 6 – Survey for James Gowen Jr. for 107 acres in District of Beufort, formerly laid out for a Township on Combahee River including the Ferry House at present occupied by Mr. James Gowen Recorded on 1788 May 10: JAMES GOWEN JR., PLAT FOR 107 ACRES ON COMBAKEE RIVER, BEAUFORT DISTRICT, SURVEYED BY ELIAS ROBERT.  Series: S213190 Volume: 0022 Page: 00308 Item: 001 Names indexed: JAMES GOWEN;  JAMES GOWEN JR.; MIDDLETON; ROBERT, ELIAS; SOMERSALL Document type: PLAT Locations: BEAUFORT DISTRICT; COMBAHEE RIVER, South Carolina.  https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSLV-L3CY-6?i=544&cat=473383 ,
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=190311

1787 Feb 6 Survey for James Gowen Jr. for 107 acres including ferry house on Combahee R District of Beufort SC Radnor Town

DEATH OF JAMES GOWEN CONFIRMED by 1789 (possibly 1788 see above transaction for James Gowen Jr): 

1789: GERVAIS, JOHN LEWIS VS MARY GOWEN, EXIX. OF JAMES GOWEN, JUDGMENT ROLL. Series: S136002 Box: 146A Item: 0416A ignore: 000 Names indexed: GERVAIS, JOHN LEWIS; GOWEN, JAMES; GOWEN, MARY Document type: JUDGMENT-ROLL. South Carolina
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=170383

1789: HARVEY, MARY VS RICHARD KEATING, SURVIVOR OF JAMES GOWEN, JUDGMENT ROLL. Series: S136002 Box: 146A Item: 0420A ignore: 000 Names indexed: GOWEN, JAMES; HARVEY, MARY; KEATING, RICHARD Document type: JUDGMENT-ROLL. South Carolina
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=170387

(The following records are James Gowen, Jr – son of James Gowen on this page).

1790 The US Census shows Bethiah Going, John Goinge, John Goun(?), and James Gawin (?) livinng in the Georgetown District, South Carolina.

1791 Nov 7: MINOR, WILLIAM AND GEORGE LATHAM, PLAT FOR 4,500 ACRES ON MILLERS SWAMP, ORANGEBURG DISTRICT, SURVEYED BY WILLIAM MINOR.  Series: S213212 Volume: 0001 Page: 00197 Item: 003 Names indexed: BROWN, TARLTON; CREECH, RICHARD JR.; JAMES GOWEN; HODGE, DAVID; JENKINS, A.; LATHAM, GEORGE; MINOR, WILLIAM; MYERS; NEWMAN, JOHN; NEWMAN, WILLIAM; UGLY, ANDREW; WEEKLEY, WILLIAM Document type: PLAT Locations: INDIAN CAMP BRANCH; MILLERS SWAMP; ORANGEBURG DISTRICT; SALKEHATCHIE RIVER; WINTON COUNTY, South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=228795

1791 Nov 7: MINOR, WILLIAM JR., PLAT FOR 1,160 ACRES IN WINTON COUNTY, ORANGEBURGH DISTRICT, SURVEYED BY WILLIAM MINOR.  Series: S213190 Volume: 0027 Page: 00419 Item: 001 Names indexed: JAMES GOWAN; HODGE, DAVID; MINOR, GEORGE LATHAM; MINOR, SAMUEL WRIGHT; MINOR, WILLIAM; MINOR, WILLIAM JR.; NORRIS Document type: PLAT Locations: ORANGEBURG DISTRICT; WINTON COUNTY, South Carolina   https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSK7-YSYJ-F?i=414&cat=473383 ,
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=193914

1800 James Gowen white male over 45″ living alone was enu­merated in the 1800 census of Beaufort District, page 100. This individual is believed to be James Gowen, Jr, son of James Gowen and Mary “Polly” Keating Gowen.  Beaufort Dist, SC Gowen Manuscript:   http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms014.htm

1802 Feb 13: WISH, WILLIAM AND JONATHAN BRYAN, OTHERWISE CALLED, WISH AND BRYAN VS JAMES GOWEN, JUDGMENT ROLL. (13 PAGES) Series: L10018 Year: 1802 Item: 0239A ignore: 000 Names indexed: BRYAN, JONATHAN; GOWEN, JAMES; WISH, WILLIAM Document type: JUDGMENT-ROLL, Topics: WISH AND BRYAN, South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=19480

1802 Feb 13: WISH, WILLIAM AND JONATHAN BRYAN, OTHERWISE CALLED, WISH AND BRYAN VS JAMES GOWEN, JUDGMENT ROLL. (12 PAGES)  Series: L10018 Year: 1802 Item: 0240A ignore: 000 Names indexed: BRYAN, JONATHAN; GOWEN, JAMES; WISH, WILLIAM Document type: JUDGMENT-ROLL Topics: WISH AND BRYAN, South Carolina.
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=19481

1802 Feb 26:  James Gowen buying slave in SC on Fold3  1802 Feb 26: JAMES GOWEN OF PRINCE WILLIAM PARISH TO GEORGE KECKELY, BILL OF SALE FOR A SLAVE NAMED GRACE AND HER CHILD, LIDDY.  Series: S213003 Volume: 003N Page: 00305 Item: 000 Names indexed: JAMES GOWEN; GRACE (SLAVE); KECKELY, GEORGE; LIDDY (SLAVE) Topics: SLAVES, NAMED Document type: BILL OF SALE Locations: PRINCE WILLIAM PARISH, South Carolina
https://www.fold3.com/image/267327237/?terms=Gowen
http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/RecordDetail.aspx?RecordId=42391
https://www.fold3.com/image/267327237/?terms=Gowen  http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gowenrf/gowenms014.htm

1804 May 16 A list of cash on hand, obligation, book acct, open acts, apartments and Copardership, Books Due William Gowen at his Decease May 16, 1804. A note given to Gideon Hester by John Molton due Nov 1, 1802; a note given by John Molton on demand Feb 21, 1805; an order given by Elias Earle on John Molton July 12, 1803; a note on James Pennington due Oct 1, 1804 to be paid in Horses; a note on Robert Cannon on Nov 1, 1804; a note on James Gowen decd due Nov 25, 1802, a note on John Vineyard, a note on Farm duel Nov 12 1802; amount due by widow Poly Gowen Cohembee and acknowledge; balance of an act in hands of Henry Elmore; amount due by Isom Drawdy; amount due by Edward Herndon.
TO book acct due by John Molton; amount due by Thomas Brummetts, DESP Thomas Wood (desperate) due; James Blassingame due; James Gall; DESP Benjamin Hawkins (Desperate); James Gillison; Lewis Frazer; David Reed; James Gowen due on a temporary settlement; Amount due by Stephen C Wood on the close of the copardnership (Desperate). Signed: John Gowen, admr. Greenville County, SC.  (Note:  William Gowen who was brother of John “Buck” Gowen, died about 1804.  His probate paperwork included amounts due by “James Gowen decd”, and “widow Poly Gowen of Cohembee”.  This tends to indicate some connection between James Gowen of Beaufort and Colleton areas of South Carolina, and John Gowen of the 96th District.  It is not known if they were brothers, cousins, uncle/nephew, etc.  But it does appear there is some family relationship).

Info from THE GOWEN MANUSCRIPT on James Gowen:

T H E  G O W E N  M A N U S C R I P T   Page

James Gowen, [William4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] identified as a son of William Gowen and Sarah Allan Gowen, by Adeline Evans “Addie” Wynn in “Southern Lineages” was born about 1740, probably in Stafford County, Virginia.  In 1747 his family appeared in Brunswick County, Virginia in the southern part of the state on the North Carolina state line.  By March 5, 1750 William Gowen had removed across the state line to Granville County, North Carolina.

In 1761, William Gowen paid taxes there on “two white polls, for himself and son, James” in County Line District in the list of Larkin Thompson.  “James Gowen, planter of Granville,” received land grants in St. John’s Parish of that district in 1761 and 1762.

About 1765 James Gowen was married to Mary “Polly” Keat­ing, believed to be age 15.  The bride’s surname is undocumented, but there are indications that her name was Keating.  The marriage apparently took place in Beaufort District in the southern tip of the state.  They lived on the Combahee River at a settlement then called Combahee Ferry.

Indications are that John “Buck” Gowen, “brother of James Gowen,” accompanied him to Beaufort District, according to the Wynn research which reports:

“The two brothers became land owners in Beaufort District.  The last mention of John “Buck” Gowen in the district was in connection with a land grant he received there in November 1772.  William W. Gowen advised that John “Buck” Gowen removed to Cheraws District before the Revolutionary War and was located on the Upper Pee Dee River there.”

The Pee Dee section of South Carolina takes its name from the Pee Dee Indian tribe that lived along the Pee Dee River in eastern South Carolina.  The present-day Pee Dee area is composed of the nine counties that are touched by the Pee Dee river: Marlboro, Dillon, Marion, Horry, Chesterfield, Darlington, Florence, Williamsburg and Georgetown Counties.

James Gowen was not mentioned in the will of William Gowen written March 10, 1785 in Ninety-Six District.  Only the two children who remained in the Apex section of South Carolina, Maj. John “Buck” Gowen and his sister, Anne Gowen Easley were named as devisees.

On October 20, 1775 James Gowen appeared as “Third Lieu­tenant in Capt. Darius Dalton’s Company of Volunteer Militia, First Council of Safety of Revolutionary Party, Prince William Parish, Beaufort District,” according to “South Carolina His­torical Magazine,” Volume III, page 82.  Fifty-four men vol­unteered, according to the petition:

“Prince William Parish
20th October 1775
To the Hon’ble Council of Safety
Charles Town

Gentlemen:

We whose names are underwritten; having formed ourselves into a Company of Volunteers, either to act as Horsemen or Footmen, in defence of our Liberties & Country, who so loudly calls upon us for so doing; do with due submission–Petition the Hon’ble, the Council of Safety, to grant unto us Commissions for our Offi­cers, which we have chosen by a Majority of Votes, Vizt: Darius Dalton, Capt; Charles Browne, First Lieut; Joseph Alanager, Second Lieut; & James Gowen, Third Lieut, under the names of the ‘Swift & Bold,’ for which we shall be thankful.
We are with respect . . . ,

P. S. As we have sent a boy down with this, by whom the Commissions may be sent.”

Among the signatures were those of Richard Keating and John Keating, believed to be brothers-in-law to James Gowen.  Sev­eral Keating individuals appeared in the records of the Charleston-Combahee Ferry area during that period.  “Alexander Broughton, 2nd son of Capt. Nathaniel Broughton, was married to Mary Jones Keating, widow of Maurice Keating,” according to “South Carolina Historical Magazine.”  “Mr. Matthew Keating, a native of Ireland, 26 years of age, died on Saturday last after a short illness,” according to a report in a Charleston newspaper published “Wednesday, August 26, 1807.”

In the will of George Norman, of Goose Creek [then and now a northside suburb of Charleston], St. James Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina, who died June 22, 1768 it was revealed that Norman was a cousin of Richard Keating and others mentioned in the will, according to “Abstract of Wills of the State of South Carolina,” page 231.  Also mentioned were Mary Keating, Edward Keating and John Keating.  The four Keating individuals were mentioned again in the will of Sedgewick Lewis who died in Goose Creek December 9, 1774, according to the same volume.

The company was commissioned as a “Volunteer Company of Dragoons” October 28, 1775 by the “Council of Safety, Charles Town.”  Capt. Charles Browne, who apparently succeeded Darius Dalton, endorsed the commissions as company com­mander.  The dragoons were a light cavalry unit armed with a short musket called “the dragon” and were very efficient in the guerilla warfare which developed in South Carolina.

After the Revolutionary War, James Gowen remained in Beaufort District and became a successful businessman.  He was a practical man, according to descendants, who reported that he “kept the Sabbath and everything else he could lay his hands on.”  His wife, apparently a very liberated woman for the time, also went into business for herself as a storekeeper.  James Gowen took the precaution to declare in the District’s legal records that he would not be responsible “for any act or obligation” that his wife might undertake in connection with her store.

The State of South Carolina issued a stub indent to “Mr. James Gowen for 9:5:1 sterling for forage and rations for Continen­tals, State Troops and Militia in 1779, 1781 and 1782,” ac­cording to the research of Mary Alice Seyle, G.R.S. of Greenville, South Carolina.

“James Gowan” was qualified as a petit juror in 1783 in Beau­fort District, according to “South Carolina Jury Lists, 1718-1783” by Mary Bondurant Warren.

On June 29, 1785 James Gowen and Mary “Polly” Keating Gowen “of Combahee” and Richard Keating signed a contract.  For a consideration of five shillings paid to James Gowen by Richard Keating “the said James Gowen agreeing not to inter­fere with his wife’s business, but that he, his heirs or executors shall not be liable for any debt or debts which the said Mary Gowen shall, or may hereafter, contract in carrying out her sole, separate trade.”  To reciprocate James Gowen gave his bond to Richard Keating “in trust to and for the said Mary Gowen in the penal sum of £200 sterling.”

The agreement was witnessed by James Lunsden and Susanna Donovan, and it was acknowledged in Charleston June 29, 1785 and recorded November 18, 1785 in Charleston Mixed Record Book, page 20.

James Gowen was not listed as the head of a household in the “Heads of Families, South Carolina, 1790,” and he did not appear as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Beau­fort District.

“James Gowen, white male over 45” living alone was enu­merated in the 1800 census of Beaufort District, page 100.  This individual is believed to be James Gowen, Jr, son of James Gowen and Mary “Polly” Keating Gowen.

On February 26, 1802 “James Gowen of Prince William Parish” [possibly James Gowen, Jr.] gave a bill of sale to George Keckley for a slave named Grace and her child, Liddy, according to Beaufort District deed records discovered in the South Carolina Archives by Hazel Dean Overstreet, a descendant of James Gowen.

Certainly James Gowen died before May 16, 1804, the date of the settlement of the estate of John William Gowen, son of Maj. John “Buck” Gowen.  James Gowen [possibly James Gowen, Jr. or James M. Gowen, brother of John William Gowen] had an unpaid note for $100 due November 25, 1802 to be paid to John William Gowen.  Additionally “the widow, Polly Gowen, Combahee” had an outstanding note payable to William Gowen, which she acknowledged.

“Mary Gowan” was enumerated as the head of a household, located near that of her eldest son in the 1810 of Beaufort Dis­trict, page 123:

“Gowan, Mary       white female                                        over 45
white female                                        16-26
white female                                        10-16
white female                                          0-10”

A grave located in Sheldon Churchyard, Granville County, [later renamed Beaufort County] South Carolina is possibly that of Mary Keating Gowen.  Engraved on the tombstone is “Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Mary Gowen who departed this life December 24, 1813, age 63 years,” according to “South Carolina Historical Magazine,” Volume 18.  The publication places the churchyard “on the road from Port Royal Ferry to Purysburg.”

W. Jackson Greene of Hilton Head, South Carolina undertook the research of the Gowen family of Beaufort County in 1995.  He wrote:

“Not much has changed about the Combahee River since Lt. James Gowen and Mary “Polly” Keating Gowen lived here 200 years ago.  Their community of Combahee Ferry, South Carolina no longer exists, but the site is easy to locate.  A bridge on U.S. Highway 17 now spans the Combahee where the ferry used to operate.

My fist step was to get acquainted with the geography of the area.  Equipped with a British map printed in 1780, an American map surveyed in 1820 and a modern map prepared by the State of South Carolina, I drove to the site, compared the topographic features of the maps and took photographs.  Everything seems the same.

The colonial map was meticulously done.  It was surveyed by William Bull, Capt. C. H. Bryan, and William De Brahn and published in 1780 at Charing Cross.  It contains South Carolina and part of Georgia.  It shows Combahee Ferry [pronounced Combee, emphasis on the first syllable; “Com” as in common]) in Prince William Parish in the northwest corner of Beaufort County.

It is clearly marked, at what is now the intersection of U.S. 17 and the Combahee River. There is no settlement at the ferry on either side, just scattered houses.  Landowners are indicated by location and name.  No listing is found for either Gowen or Keating. There are two locations for a Godin to the north, across the Combahee River in Colleton County, including one at the intersection of the same road and the Ashepoo River.

The largest group of houses are at Garden, near the current site of Garden’s Corner.  The Sheldon Church is marked, on a road northwest of Garden, now called Old Church Road, in what appears to be the same location.  The church was burned twice, once in the Revolutionary War and again by Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman in the Civil War.  It was not rebuilt the last time, but portions of the building remain.

The 1820 map of Beaufort District of South Carolina was surveyed by C. Vignoles and H. Ravenel.  It was published in Mills Atlas of 1825.  It was composed of maps of all South Carolina districts.

Combahee Ferry is still marked in 1820, but there is no mention of Prince William or any other parish.  Perhaps the parish was a terminology of the British system, because although the 1780 map was after the start of the Revolutionary War, it was published in England.  Landowners are marked frequently in other sections of the map but not in the vicinity of Combahee Ferry.  There is no mention of Gowen or Keating in Beaufort District, or on the Colleton District map in the same atlas.

The river is still tidal at this point, about 10 miles from the Atlantic.  Sometimes it is salty; sometimes fresh.  It varies in level, and the land is less than five feet above the water, so a ferry could easily have taken traffic from the land at this point.

I would place the Gowens and the Keatings south of the bridge in Beaufort County.  Here are woods, swamps and open marshes.  U.S. 17 is fairly new, only two lanes, but straight, long curves, well raised over the low water levels.  The crossing is on a similarly shaped “neck” of land on the Colleton County side.  The river turns toward Colleton County both upstream and downstream of the bridge, in the same relationship to the ferry in the early maps.

North across the Combahee now is open marsh for a mile and a quarter before a woody swamp, so there is no clue of an old roadway.  There is no clue at the bridge either; there is a boat ramp now, west of the bridge.  Gardens Corner, the closest community, about five miles south, was in 1820 and is now in a T-shaped intersection at the same place, a junction with one road going northeast to Charleston, about 30 miles, and the other going west to Yemassee, about eight miles.

The trail to Mary Gowen’s gravestone mentioned in the Foundation manuscript was easy to follow.  Photographs of the church and stone are enclosed.  I drove to the ruins of the old Sheldon Church located about two miles west of Gardens Corner.

Although I had been told that there were remains, I was amazed at the good condition of brick walls and stone columns.  The graveyard is still used, with 1994 gravestones.  The Mary Gowen stone is maybe 100 feet behind and to the left of the church, more or less east.  A small chunk of the stone has chipped off, so that the “3” in 1813, her death date, is missing. There is no writing on the rear of the stone, and nothing else visible nearby.  There is no other stone for a Gowen or Keating among the maybe 40 others scattered in the yard around the ruins.  If Lt. James Gowen is buried here, he lies in an unmarked grave.

Also enclosed are photos of the area at or near where Combahee Ferry probably was.  Photocopies of the area in question, from maps in 1780 and 1820 are enclosed.  The land ownership maps were quite good, so there is not much question about the geography, but there is no mention of Gowen or Keating on the land ownership maps.

The Foundation manuscript quotes correctly the “South Carolina Historical & Genealogical Magazine,” Volume 18, which states that the churchyard is “on the road from Port Royal Ferry to Purysburg.”  On pages 180-182, the magazine gives an accurate description of the church, but a misleading location for it.  Today, well-marked Old Sheldon Church Road turns to the north off U.S. Highways 17 and 21, just west of Gardens Corner.  The church is two miles out, on the right, with a historical marker.  The settlement of Sheldon is on U. S. 17 & 21, not at the church.

The 1780 map shows Purisburg and Port Royal both well to the south and east of Sheldon.  However, features of the topography, a wide river and swamps, may have caused a traveler from Port Royal to Purisburg to go through Sheldon, even if it is not on the direct line.  The Broad River lies between Port Royal and Purisburg, and it is a windswept tidal river, more than a mile wide.

Maps of 1780 and 1820 show no ferry across the Broad.  So the “Port Royal ferry” may have been north over the Coofaw River, the one called Mr. Priolau’s Ferry, or the one at Cochran’s Point.  Roads from both crossings passed west through Sheldon and intersected a road which turned south and east to Purisburg, avoiding the extensive swampland and marshes.

The name of Lt. James Gowen does not jump out from the records of Beaufort [pronounced “Beufort,” as in Beulah] County, so it is clear that you would have a difficult time to track him down if your were researching “from a distance.”  Even standing here where he stood, it is a formidable task.

The records in the Beaufort County Library do confirm his appointment as a Revolutionary War officer.  James Gowen was commissioned October 28, 1775 as a third lieutenant in the Volunteer Company of Dragoons of Prince Williams Parish [The Swift and Bold] under Capt. Charles Browne.

In future installments I will also do an analysis of the early census records of South Carolina as they pertain to Gowen families.  There seems to be a discrepancy in the census records of Lt. James Gowen when compared to what appears in the Foundation manuscript.  However, this is a complex problem, further complicated by illiteracy, enumerator indifference and a general tendency of the citizens to avoid contact with government officials of any kind whom they regarded with suspicion during that period.

I will work on the task again soon.  In particular, I will clarify the census records and check the county clerk records for deeds, tax renditions and other records dealing with property.  The county court records may also yield a lot of Gowenana.  They routinely deal with probate, appointment of administrators, executors and guardians, care of the indigent and insane, paternity suits, bastardy, apprenticeships, road and bridge venires, court venires, licensing of ordinaries, taverns, millseats, proving of wills, deeds and contracts, bond issuance, jail and flogging sentences, the remarriage of widows, the taking of depositions relating to military pensions and many other actions that may open a window on the facets of life in South Carolina at that time.”

Children born to James Gowen and Mary “Polly” Keating Gowen are believed to include:

William Keating Gowen                        born about 1765
James Gowen, Jr.                                    born about 1767
Mary Gowen, Jr.                                     born about 1770

William Keating Gowen, [James5, William4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of James Gowen and Mary “Polly” Keating Gowen, was born about 1765, probably at Combahee Ferry.

It is believed that he received some training behind the counter at his mother’s “Haymarket Tavern” and some business acumen from his equally practical father.

“William Gowen” appeared as the head of a household enumerated in the 1800 census of Beaufort District, page 86″

“Gowen, William             white male                           26-45
white female                        over 45”

The white female above is believed to be his mother.

About 1800 William Keating Gowen was married to Mary Harrison, a daughter of John Harrison and Elizabeth Harrison.  Although he did not appear in the 1790 census as the head of a household, “William Gowen” was enumerated as the head of a household in Prince Williams Parish in the 1800 census of Beaufort District.  John Harrison appeared in a consecutive entry in the census which also included the parishes of St. Pe­ters and St. Lukes.  The household of William Keating Gowen included “two females, ages 25-45 and five slaves.”

Harrison descendants state that Mary Harrison Gowen was a near relative to the Harrisons of Virginia.  Legendarily she was a descendant of Benjamin Harrison, the ninth president who was a son of Benjamin Harrison, signor of the Declara­tion of Independence.  In Prince Edward County, Virginia Thomas Gowing was enumerated in the 1790 census in an adjoining entry with Benjamin Harrison.

Benjamin Harrison, the eldest of six sons, was born at Berkley, Virginia and attended William & Mary College.  His father and two sisters were killed by lightning.  Benjamin Harrison was married to Elizabeth Bassett, a niece of Martha Washington.  He was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses and a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1774.  In 1782 he was elected governor of Virginia.  He was reelected in 1791, but died in April 1791 of “gout of the stomach.”  Benjamin Harrison and Elizabeth Bassett Harrison were the parents of seven children who lived to maturity.  William Henry Harrison, their eldest, was later the twenty-third president of the United States.

John Harrison died during the first decade of the 1800s, and Elizabeth Harrison, a widow, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1810 census of Prince William Parish of Beaufort District, page 122 with 23 slaves, according to the re­search of Hazel Dean Overstreet a descendant of Odum, Geor­gia.

William Keating Gowen appeared as the head of a household in the 1810 census with 21 slaves, page 277:

“Gowan, Wm. K.               white male            26-45
white female        26-45
white female        10-16
white male              0-10
white male              0-10
white male              0-10”

St. Peters Parish in the 1800 census also included a James Gowen household, believed to be that of James Gowen, Jr.

In 1820 William Keating Gowen and Mary Harrison Gowen died, both on the same day!  This information is revealed in a letter written by Mary A. “Mollie” Gowen Wingfield of Rome, Georgia July 29, 1941 to Adeline Evans “Addie” Wynn.  Cause of death was not revealed.  Perhaps the graves of William Gowen and Mary Harrison Gowen can be located in the vicinity of Beaufort.  Combahee Ferry is no longer on the maps of the state, but it is believed to have lain on the Combahee River near where U. S. 17 crosses the Combahee River about 20 miles north of Beaufort.

Four children were born to William Keating Gowen and Mary Harrison Gowen:

Ann Gowen                                                         born in 1802
William Washington Gowen                              born in 1803
Barney B. Gowen                                                born in 1809
James Gowen                                                      born about 1810

Ann Gowen, [William Keating6, James5, William4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of William Keating Gowen and Mary Harrison Gowen was born in 1802, according to the 1850 census of Beaufort District.  A “white female 10-16” was reported in the household of her parents in the 1810 census.  About two years before the death of her parents, she was mar­ried to Joseph Hazel, believed to have been a son of Sarah Hazel who appeared as a widow in the census of Charleston of 1800, residing in St. James Parish of the city.  He was born in 1798.

Joseph Hazel appeared in the legal records of Beaufort District in 1837 when on March 31 of that year he witnessed the deed of 486 acres of land being transferred to his brother-in-law, Barney B. Gowen by John Talbird.

Joseph Hazel and Ann Gowen Hazel continued to make their home in Beaufort District.  The 1850 census of that district enumerates them as Household 2-2, St. Helena Parish, Town of Beaufort, as:

“Hazel,                  Joseph               52, born in SC planter,
$2000 real estate
Mary                  48, born in SC
Gowen               22, born in SC, student
`          Susan                 19, born in SC”

In a consecutive entry, indicating an adjoining location was enumerated the family of Thomas Hazel:

“Hazel,                 Thomas          24, born in SC, planter,
$1000 real estate
Emma            21, born in SC
Josephine        2, born in SC”

Joseph Hazel and Capt. J. Fripp were named as commissioners to “lay out the notorious Capers and McKee Road on Ladies Island,” according to “Tombee,” a journal described as “a portrait of a cotton planter on St. Helena Island, Beaufort District, South Carolina” by Thomas B. Chaplin.  Theodore Rosengarden edited the book.   Joseph Hazel, “a highly successful grower of Sea Island Cotton,” died in 1885, according to the volume.

Joseph Hazel and Ann Gowen Hazel continued to make their home in Beaufort when several members of their family made the hiatus to Georgia.

There were perhaps several other children born to this union, but the names of only four have been determined:

Joseph Hazel, Jr.                         born 1819
Thomas Hazel                              born 1826
W. Gowen Hazel                         born 1828
Susan Hazel                                 born 1831

Joseph Hazel, Jr, son of Joseph Hazel and Ann Gowen Hazel, was born in 1819, according to the 1850 census of Beaufort District.  He married about 1843, wife’s name Mary, and con­tinued to make his home in St. Peters Parish, were he practiced medicine.  His household was enumerated in the 1850 census as 261-261:

“Hazel,                 Joseph              31,          born in SC
Mary                30,          born in SC
Edwin                4,          born in SC
Veach,                   Ann                 20,          born in SC
John                13,          born in SC”

It is not known who the last two members of the above were, but it is assumed that they were either domestics or a younger sister and brother of Mary Hazel.

Children born to this union include:

William Hazel                              born in 1844
Edwin Hazel                                born in 1846

Thomas Hazel, son of Joseph Hazel and Ann Gowen Hazel, was born in 1826, according to the 1850 census of Beaufort District.  About 1847 he was married, wife’s name Emma.  He was enumerated as the head of Household 3-3 in the 1850 census of Beaufort District:

“Hazel,                 Thomas          24, born in SC planter,
$1000 real estate
Emma            21, born in SC
Josephine        2, born in SC”

W. Gowen Hazel, son of Joseph Hazel and Ann Gowen Hazel, was born in 1828 in Beaufort District.  There may be no relationship, but Gowen Hazel Winn was born about 1867 to William Allison Winn [October 12, 1830-March 25, 1905] and Mary Elizabeth Barnett Winn [February 19, 1843-February 11, 1927].  They lived in nearby Hampton County, South Carolina.

“Dr. W. Gowan Hazel was employed to treat Old Grace, a slave who had the dropsy on July 11, 1845,” according to “Tombee,”the journal of Thomas B. Chaplin.

W. Gowen Hazel appeared in the 1850 census at age 22, living in the home of his parents.  “Dr. Gowan Hazel and Henry Verdier on October 16, 1856 counted the votes in the senate election in which J. D. Pope was elected,” according to “Tombee.”  The volume also records that “Dr. Hazel was drowned in the hurricane of 1893.”

Susan Hazel, daughter of Joseph Hazel and Ann Gowen Hazel, was born in 1831, according to the 1850 enumeration of her father’s household.  Mary A. “Mollie” Gowen Wingfield, a cousin, advised in a letter written in 1914 that “a daughter of Joseph Hazel died in 1911 in Beaufort.”  It is probable that the individual of whom she wrote was Susan Hazel.  The Wingfield letter also mentioned that “granddaughters of Joseph Hazel, Miss Fannie Hazel and Mrs. G. W. Holmes were living in Beaufort at that time.

Several members of the Hazel family were living in Charleston in 1960.  Included in the telephone directory were:

Hazel, Albert                           90 Columbus
Hazel, Edwin R.                    935 Pauline Avenue
Hazel, H. F, Sr.                     910 Boulevard Lane
Hazel, Joseph M.                  541 Rutledge
Hazel, Thomas                     297 Ashley Avenue
Hazel, Walter R.                  280 Ashley Avenue

William W.[ashington?] Gowen, [William Keating6, James5, William4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of William Keating Gowen and Mary Harrison Gowen was born in 1803 at Combahee Ferry.  Because he and his sister, Ann Gowen had almost reached adulthood when their parents died in 1820, they were thrust out on their own resources early in life.  About 1828 William W. Gowen was married to Rebecca Townsend Greene, daughter of James Willow Greene and Mary Larisey Greene of Colleton District, South Carolina.  She was one of 11 children.

In 1819 James Willow Greene was the owner of a 5,000-acre tract granted to him as a Revolutionary soldier.  In that year a 94-acre tract was surveyed for him.  This property was con­veyed to William W. Gowen in 1843.

Gertrude Godley Durden observed in a letter written April 14, 1961 that William W. Gowen named his first son William Washington Gowen and that his sister, Ann Elizabeth Gowen Godley named one of her sons Thomas Washington Godley.

The household of William W. Gowen appeared in the 1830 census of Beaufort District, page 289 as:

“Gowen,          William                      white male          20-30
white female        20-30
white male              0-5”

His was the only Gowen family in the 1830 enumeration of Beaufort District.

On February 4, 1836 “William Gowan” gave a bill of sale to William B. Warren “for a slave named Joe,” according to Beaufort District deed records.

The family reappeared in the 1840 census of Beaufort District, St. Helen’s William Parish, page 247:

“Gowen,          William                      white male          30-40
white female       20-30
white female         5-10
white male            5-10
white male              0-5
white female           0-5
male slave           24-36
female slave        24-36
male slave              0-10
female slave          0-10”

Four households away was enumerated the household of Ben­jamin Godley.

William W. Gowen was a slave owner, according to a sheriff’s bill of sale dated February 8, 1842 in the possession of Gertrude Godley Durden, a great granddaughter.  The document read:

“The State of South Carolina, Colleton District,
Sheriff’s office

Collins & Burbridge vs. Joel W. Greene

Know all men by these presents, that by virtue of the above writ of fieri facias [writ of execution to satisfy a debt] to me directed, as Sheriff of Colleton District, in the State aforesaid, and regularly lodged in my office, the property of the defendant was levied on and taken under execution; afterwards the property so levied on, was legally advertised for sale in the District aforesaid and on the seventh day of June 1841, it being the first Monday in said month, between the hours of eleven in the forenoon, and three in the afternoon, on said day a certain Negro Slave named Frank was sold on account of the above execution being part of the property so levied on, was disposed of at public auction to William Gowen for the sum of Six Hundred and Fifty Dollars, he, at that price or sum, being the highest and last bidder for the same, according to the Custom and usage of ven­due.

Now be it known, That I have received from the said William Gowen the aforesaid sum of Two Hundred and Fifty Dollar in pursuance hereof, I have delivered to him, the said William Gowen, the aforesaid slave ac­cording to the usage and custom in such cases, in the State aforesaid.

Signed, Sealed and Delivered in the presence of James Smith.

H. W. Rice [seal]
Sheriff, Colleton District

Identity of “Joel W. Greene, defendant” is unknown, but it is believed that he was a relative of Rebecca Townsend Greene Gowen and that William W. Gowen was salvaging some of his wife’s family’s property.

Rebecca Townsend Greene Gowen died about 1846, and William W. Gowen was remarried about 1850 to Elizabeth Chevalier, apparently a widow of Beaufort District.  Fol­lowing the birth of one child, Madison Amanda “Pinkie” Gowen on June 27, 1851, the second wife died, probably in the winter of 1851.

William W. Gowen removed from South Carolina to Georgia about 1853 with his children, [Adeline Evans “Addie” Wynn suggests ten and Mary A. “Mollie” Gowen Wingfield says seven.]  The move was influenced by the fact that his grand­mother Elizabeth Harrison owned Oatwell Plantation there.  She and her husband John Harrison had removed from Beaufort District to Glynn County about 1788.  When her daughter and son-in-law died in 1820, she brought the two younger children, Barney B. Gowen and James Gowen to live with her on the plantation.  His location on the Georgia seaboard was very near that of his brother James Gowen who had preceded him to Georgia by some 35 years.

Julia Catherine “Katie” Gowen Casey wrote January 2, 1967:

“My grandfather, with his seven children, settled first in Camden County.  Exactly where I have not learned, but I do know that he had what my father called their “summer home” on the sand hills in the Burnt Fort area.  In 1858 he settled on a place west of Corn House Creek in Charlton County.”

James Vernon Gowen, a grandson, still owned the 1,200-acre tract in 1932.  Initially William W. Gowen “did tutoring and carried the mail from St. Marys to Centervillage,” according to Julia Catherine “Katie” Gowen Casey.

In 1858 William W. Gowen participated in what is believed to be the largest hanging party ever assembled in Georgia.  An extra 100 feet of rope was tied to the trip line on the gallows, and 107 men took hold of the rope and, all pulling simultane­ously, dropped two negro murderers to their deaths.  The pris­oners had confessed to the murder of a white man.  To avoid being branded a lynch mob, according to the “History of Charlton County, Georgia,” the group who hung the negroes wrote a declaration to justify their action:

“To the Public—

The undersigned citizens of Charlton County and surrounding country, being about to resume for a moment their delegated rights and do execution upon two acknowledged murderers, publish to a candid world their reasons for the same.

Whereas, in the month of April last an atrocious murder was committed upon one Henry Jones, a white man, by two negroes named Peter and George, slaves of Dr. C. E. Ballard in this county, and said negroes on being arrested did voluntarily confess the same and pointed out the place of their victim’s burial, disinter his body and acknowledge all the circumstances of his death, thus leaving no doubt in the mind of any one of those present of their guilt.  And, whereas, they have since their arrest broken from two prisons and have been recaptured after great trouble and much expense and are now in our hands under guard.

Now, therefore, we, after quiet mature deliberation, resolve that to give peace and quiet to an excited neighborhood and do an act of justice which none can condemn and which involves the principle that self preservation is the first law of nature, we do therefore condemn the said Peter and George to be hung by the neck until they are dead, and the execution shall be at Trader’s Hill between the hours of 12 and 1 p.m. on Wednesday next.

Witness our hands and seals, September 6, 1858.”

The 107 signatures included that of William W. Gowen.

In 1932 Alex S. McQueen, the writer of “History of Charlton County, Georgia,” wrote:

“The writer, upon examining this old paper, became curious about the large number of signers and went to interview three old men yet living in the county who remember quite distinctly the hanging of the two slaves.  It was found that this bold statement ‘to a candid world’ was signed by nearly every adult male in the entire county, and it was also revealed, actually participated in the hanging later.

This information was gleaned by interviews with Messrs. Jesse Grooms and John Vickery, the only two ex-Confederate soldiers now living in Charlton County and from James Robinson, who was a large boy at the time of this incident and who remembers it well.

A gallows was erected at Traders Hill; both negroes were placed on the scaffold at the same time, and a noose around the neck of each one was tied by Daniel R. Dodge, ex-sheriff, who was also a member of the vigilance court; a long rope was then procured and fastened to the ‘trigger’ and every man of the 107 who had condemned the negroes to death placed a hand on the rope, and, at a given signal, pulled the rope, springing the trap that plunged the murderers to their death.”

William W. Gowen was married for the third time about 1860 to Mrs. Emily Nungeyser Strickland, widow of Julius Strickland.  She was some 27 years his junior.  The Gowen family strongly disapproved of this marriage and did not associate with the offspring of this union, according to Barney Alexander Gowen.  The widow already had at least one child by a previous marriage, according to a letter written April 14, 1961 by Gertrude Godley Durden.

On July 5, 1860 he was enumerated in the federal census of Charlton County residing in Centervillage District as Household 195-178, page 28:

“Gowen,               William           57,          born in SC farmer
Emily               30,          born in GA
Barney             17,          born in SC
Eliza J.            15,          born in SC
Madison A.       8,          born in SC”

A slave, Donas Gowen was included in the household of William Washington Gowen at approximately this time.  Donas Gowen was born March 4, 1832 and died May 5, 1915, according to the inscription on his tombstone in a cemetery about five miles north of Folkston, Georgia, as copied by Barney Alexander Gowen.  Donas Gowen is suggested as a son of William Washington Gowen by a family researcher.

Other family members enumerated as heads of households were recorded  in the 1860 census of Camden County:

Name                                                            Family No.                     District
Lewis Godley                                                  61                                        Brown’s
William Gowen                                              34                                        Bailey’s
Ann Gowen                                                    272                              Clark’s
E. E. Gowen                                                   271                              Clark’s
George H. Gowen                                          271                               Clark’s
Joseph H. Gowen                                           271                              Clark’s
L. W. Gowen                                                  272                              Clark’s
M. A. Gowen                                                  272                              Clark’s
M. E. Gowen                                                  272                              Clark’s
W. H. Gowen                                                  272                              Clark’s

William Washington Gowen received a grant of land in Cam­den County, Georgia of 73 acres in 1869.  He died January 5, 1891, according to a letter written March 8, 1990 by Eloise Yancey Bailey citing his probate records.

William Washington Gowen was enumerated in the 1870 census of Charlton County, Household 198-185, page 46:

“Gowen,               William W.                      67,
Emily                               40,
Secession                           7
McGruder                          6
Bell B.                               5
Oregan                               3”

The 1870 census was begun on 1 June 1870. The enumeration was to be completed within five months.
The 1870 census form called for dwelling houses to be numbered in the order of visitation; families numbered in order of visitation; and the name of every person whose place of abode on the first day of June 1870 was with the family. The census further asked the age of each individual at the last birthday. If a child was under one year of age, months of age were to be stated in fractions, such as 1/12. Additionally, the census asked the sex, color, profession, and occupation or trade of every male and female. There were also columns for disclosure of value of real estate and personal property. The 1870 census asked for the place of birth, specifically in which state or territory of the United States, or in which country if foreign born (including the province if born in Germany). The schedule provided space to indicate whether or not the father and the mother of the individual was foreign born, and if an individual was born or married within the year, the month in which the event occurred was to be entered. The census also asked for those who had attended school within the year; those who could not read; those who could not write; and the deaf and dumb, blind, insane and the “idiotic” to be identified. Finally, the schedules had space to identify any male citizen of the United States of age twenty-one and older, and any male citizen of the United States age twenty-one and older whose right to vote was denied or abridged on grounds other than rebellion or other crime.
The 1870 census may identify survivors of the Civil War, thus suggesting that military records may be found.  Conversely, if an individual does not appear in the 1870 census as expected, it may be a clue that the person was a casualty of the war. In the absence of so many other records from the South for this era, information from the 1870 census can be especially important.
The 1870 census is the first census in which parents of foreign birth are indicated—a real boon in identifying immigrant ancestors. Immigrants who were naturalized and eligible to vote are identified, suggesting followup in court and naturalization sources. Indications of a person’s color that were intended to be more precise—white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)—may be helpful in determining individuals’ origins.
Agnes Dean Gowen, a great granddaughter reported in a letter dated May 10, 1961 that William W. Gowen died at the home of William Benjamin Godley in Camden County, Georgia.  He was buried in Union Church Cemetery near Colesburg, Georgia at the side of his brother, Barney B. Gowen.

It is believed that 14 children were born to William W. Gowen and his three wives.

Children born to William W. Gowen and Rebecca Townsend Greene Gowen include:

William Washington Gowen                           born May 15, 1829
Ann Elizabeth Gowen                                     born Dec. 29, 1831
Mary Rebecca Gowen                                     born April 15, 1833
James Glenn “Buck” Gowen                          born Nov. 18, 1835
Barney Glenn Gowen                                     born Sept. 1, 1837
Andrew Greene Gowen                                  born Feb. 13, 1839
Barney James Gowen                                      born Dec. 4, 1840
Elizabeth Jane Gowen                                     born Mar. 22, 1844
Rebecca Glenn Gowen                                    born July 17, 1846

Children born to William W. Gowen and Elizabeth Chevalier Gowen include:

Madison Amanda Reed Gowen                    born June 17, 1851

Children born to William W. Gowen and Emily Nungeyser Strickland Gowen include:

Secession “Cess” Gowen                               born about 1862
Magruder “Buck” Gowen                              born about 1863
Mintie “Sue” Gowen                                      born about 1864
Oregon Ruth Gowen                                      born about 1867
Charity Gowen                                                born about 1868

Secession “Cess” Gowen may have been a daughter of Emily Nungeyser Strickland and her first husband, Julius Strickland.

William Washington Gowen, [William W.7, William Keating6, James5, William4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of William W. Gowen and Rebecca Townsend Greene, was born May 15, 1829 at Combahee Ferry, according to a letter written March 20, 1961 by Gertrude Godley Durden of Albany, Georgia.  The census enumeration in 1840 at Combahee Ferry of “W. W. Gowin” included an unidentified son between the ages of 10 and 15, who is believed to be William Washington Gowen.

The census enumeration in 1850 at Combahee Ferry recorded a “William Gowen, age 22, a teacher, born in South Carolina,” which fits the birthdate of William Washington Gowen.  The report showed him as Household 297-297, just a short distance away from the household of Benjamin Godley, 299-299.

Later William Washington Gowen migrated to Georgia with his father about 1853.  He was shown to be clerk of the Supe­rior Court of Camden County, Georgia from 1855 to 1871, according to a letter written by Barney Alexander Gowen April 13, 1961.  He received a land grant in Camden County, in 1869.

In a letter written August 5, 1914 by William Washington Gowen to Adeline Evans “Addie” Wynn he states, “I know my father’s name was William Gowen, but what his father’s name was I do not know, but my father told me that they lived at a place called Combahee Ferry, in Beaufort District, now Beau­fort County, South Carolina.”

When the letter was written William Washington Gowen was residing in Camden County, in the community of Bailey’s Mill.  He did not marry, according to Gertrude Godley Dur­den.

William Washington Gowen died November 4, 1916 and was buried at Old Union Church Cemetery, at Colesburg, in Cam­den County. His grave and also that of his father, William W. Gowen, Barney B. Gowen and Delancey Gowen were located in the same cemetery, marked only by wooden crosses which have probably become obliterated.

In his will William Washington Gowen named Irene Gowen and Mildred Gowen, daughters of Durwood Belmont Gowen, along with Rebecca Patterson, daughter of Gowen Patterson as legatees.

Ann Elizabeth Gowen, [William W.7, William Keating6, James5, William4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of William W. Gowen and Rebecca Greene Gowen, was born at Combahee Ferry, December 29, 1831.  About 1853 she accompanied her father when he moved to Camden County.  However, before leavng South Carolina she met and fell in love with Thomas Means Godley.  He was born June 13, 1833 in Beaufort District.

Their courtship continued through letters and frequent visits.  On December 7, 1854, they were married by the Rev. John J. Richards, O. M. in Camden County, as recorded by James H. Helveston, Ordinary on May 1, 1855, in Camden County Mar­riage Book “B”, page 151.  Shortly afterwards they departed for the family home back in Beaufort District.

Thomas Means Godley was a son of Benjamin Godley, ac­cording to Barney Alexander Gowen.  Benjamin Godley, whose household, No. 299-299 appeared in Prince Williams Parish of Beaufort District in the census enumeration dated November 11, 1850:

“Godley,               Benjamin                58, born in SC, planter,
$4000 real estate
Mary                        50, born in SC
Mary P.                   19, born in SC
Thomas                   15, born in SC
Lewis                      14, born in SC
Jones,                    John                        50, born in England, teacher”

According to the census report, Thomas Means Godley was born in 1835, however, Barney Alexander Gowen stated after referring to bible records that he was born on Cat Island near the mouth of Port Royal River in Beaufort District, June 13, 1833.

Benjamin Godley was the son of Nathaniel Godley whose household was enumerated in the 1800 census of St. Peters Parish which was included in Prince William Parish in Beaufort District in that enumeration.

The household of Nathaniel Godley included:

“Godley, Nathaniel                            white male                    25-45
white female                 25-45
white male                    16-25
white male                    10-16
white female                 10-16
white male                     0-10″
white female             over 45”

The 1820 census of Beaufort District, St. Peters Parish in­cluded the household of Benjamin Godley:

“Godley, Benjamin                             white male                  25-45
white male                  18-25
white female               16-26
white male                  16-18”

The 1830 Beaufort District census reported the household of Benjamin Godley, who owned 10 slaves, in St. Helena Parish as:

“Godley, Benjamin                            white male                 30-40
white female              20-30
white female                5-10
white male                     0-5
white female           over 40”

The 1840 Beaufort District census, Page 247, also reported the household of Benjamin Godley in St. Helena Parish, four households away from that of William W. Gowen.  The household was recorded as:

“Godley, Benjamin                            white male                  40-50
white female              30-40
white female              15-20
white male                 10-15
white female              10-15
white male                   5-10
white male                     0-5
female slave               24-36
male slave                   10-24
female slave               10-24
male slave                    0-10
female slave                 0-10”

Seven members of the household were engaged in agriculture.  Benjamin Godley was reported as “age 58” in the 1850 census.

Benjamin Godley died in 1893 at the age of 95, according to William Benjamin Godley, his grandson.

In the late fall of 1855 Thomas Means Godley and Anne Elizabeth Gowen Godley removed to Camden County and lived in a log house near the home of her father, William W. Gowen which was located about two miles north of Burnt Fort Ferry on the Satilla River.

In 1862 Thomas Means Godley enlisted in Company G, Fourth Georgia Cavalry Regiment in which he served for the entirety of the war, according to his military service record.  The household of Thomas Means Godley was enumerated in the 1870 census of Camden County.

The household of Thomas Means Godley appeared in the cen­sus of Camden County in Enumeration District 13, page 43 taken June 24, 1880.  The household, 431-449, was reported in a consecutive entry with that of Barney James Gowen, the brother of Elizabeth Gowen Godley as:

“Godley,           Thomas                49, born in SC, father born in
SC, mother born in SC,
farmer
Anne E.                50,born in SC, father born in
SC, mother born in SC, wife
William B.            22, born in Georgia, overseer
Thomas W.           21, born in Georgia, farmer
Mary R.                 19, born in GA, teaching school
Andrew B.             15, born in GA, works o farm”

Descendants speak of the interest of Thomas Means Godley in progressive agriculture and report that he represented Camden County in the Georgia State Fair for 14 years.  He served four years in the Georgia House of Representatives.  He died Jan­uary 30, 1914 and was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery at St. Marys, Georgia.  Anne Elizabeth Gowen Godley died February 14, 1915 and was buried beside him.

Children born to couple include:

Maybelle Pope Godley                          born Sept. 23, 1855
William Benjamin Godley                    born June 6, 1857
Thomas Washington Godley                 born April 10 1859
Mary Rebecca Godley                            born December 15, 1860
James Brown Godley [twin]                 born November 6, 1864
Andrew Barney Godley [twin]              born November 6, 1864

Maybelle Pope Godley, daughter of Thomas Means Godley and Anne Elizabeth Gowen Godley, was born at Port Royal, South Carolina September 23, 1855, according to a letter written by her daughter, Agnes Dean Gowen dated March 1, 1961.  She appeared in the 1870 enumeration of her parents’ household as a 15-year-old.

Maybelle Pope Godley was married July 24, 1877 to Rev. Emory Franklin Dean, a Methodist preacher.  He was a son of Marquis Lafayette “Mark” Dean and Martha Andrews Dean and was born in Carroll County, Georgia January 3, 1853.

Emory Franklin Dean was ordained to preach at the age of 20.  They were enumerated in the 1880 census of Camden County.  Later they removed to northern Georgia.  In 1899 they lived in Atlanta.  Around 1890, Emory Franklin Dean and Maybelle Godley Dean moved from northern Georgia to return to Camden County for the remainder of their lives.  Maybelle Pope Godley Dean died October 16, 1930.  She was featured in the February 20, 1969 edition of “The Southeast Georgian.”

He was pastor of three churches at the time of his death at age 93, February 13, 1946.  They were buried in Prospect Methodist Church Cemetery in Charlton County.

Hazel Elixabeth Dean Overstreet, a descendant of Odom, Georgia wrote of her family in “Heritage of Montgomery County, North Carolina,” page 164

“Martha Watson Andrews, daughter of Larkin Andrews and Martha Hancock Andrews, was married January 12, 1852 to Marcus Lafayette Dean, the son of Absolum Dean and Elizabeth M. “Charity” Alney Dean.

Marcus Lafayette Dean was born November 16, 1828 in Edgefield, South Carolina.  He came to Georgia at age twelve with his parents in 1840.  He served in the Civil War in the Thirteenth Georgia Cavalry Regiment, Company A.  He died January 30, 1891.  Martha Watson Andrews Dean died November 12, 1900.  They were buried at Mt. Zion Methodist Church Cemetery in Carroll County, Georgia.  They were the parents of six children.

Emory Franklin Dean , son of Marcus Lafayette Dean and Martha Watson Andrews Dean and my grandfather, was born January 3, 1853.

He became a Methodist preacher and was married to Maybelle Pope Godley, daughter of Thomas Means Godley and Elizabeth Gowen Godley, and they had eleven children.  He died February 12, 1946 at age 93 and is buried at Prospect Methodist Church in Charlton County, Georgia.  At age 17, Emory Franklin Dean was Postmaster at Buchanan, Harelson County, Georgia.  He was converted at Bethel Camp Meeting in Carroll County and resigned from the post office in 1872 to enroll in Tennessee Wesleyan College, Athens, Tennessee [Old Grant University] to prepare for the ministry.  He was licensed to preach in 1875 at age 22, at the Lloyd Street Methodist Church Conference in Atlanta and was sent to South Georgia, to preach.  He met Miss Maybelle Pope Godley, daughter of Thomas Means Godley and Ann Elizabeth Gowen.  They were married July 14, 1877, at a little church at Daisy, Georgia, in Tattnall County, where he was preaching.  He was a Methodist preacher for over 70 years.”

Children born to them include:

Thomas Lafayette Dean                            born July 22, 1878
Emory Fuller Dean                                   born February 7, 1880
Mary Agnes Dean                                     born June 16, 1882
Olive Mayebelle Dean                              born March 3, 1884
Clifford Edward Dean                             born July 3, 1885
Benjamin Wilbur Dean                            born April 19, 1887
Anna Watson Dean                                   born February 17, 1889
Roland Ernest Dean                                 born February 26, 1892
Guy Albert Dean                                      born October 27, 1893
James Foss Dean                                     born July 26, 1897
Ruth Hazel Dean                                     born April 14, 1900

Thomas Lafayette Dean, son of Emory Franklin Dean and Maybelle Godley Dean, was born July 22, 1878 at Habersham, Georgia in Banks County.  On April 11, 1905, he was married to Annie Mizell, daughter of George Montgomery Mizell and Gertrude Proctor Mizell.  The bride was born in Camden County April 16, 1882.  She died September 24, 1955, and he died June 26, 1965.  They were buried in Palmetto Cemetery in Brunswick.

Children born to them include:

Lillian Lucille Dean                             born September 23, 1906
Elizabeth Eloise Dean                          born January 5, 1908
Thomas Clifton Dean                           born December 8, 1909
George Mizell Dean                             born August 3, 1912
Florence Lorena Dean                          born January 19, 1915
Virginia Gertrude Dean                      born September 26, 1917

Lillian Lucille Dean, daughter of Thomas Lafayette Dean and Annie Mizell Dean, was born September 25, 1906 in Glynn County.  She was married in Brunswick to Robert Harry Kent who was born February 20, 1911 in Valdosta, Georgia to Jonathan Morris Kent and Mary Viola Baker Kent.  She died January 23, 1971, and he died September 10, 1976.  They were buried on St. Simons Island.

Children born to them include:

Mary Ann Kent                                      born November 18, 1933
Joyce Marie Kent                                  born December 30, 1936
Virginia Dean Kent                               born October 25, 1938
Robert Morris Kent [twin]                   born January 6, 1941
Doris Lucille Kent [twin]                    born January 6, 1941

Mary Ann Kent, daughter of Robert Harry Kent and Lillian Lucille Dean, was born November 18, 1933 in Brunswick.  She was married on St. Simons Island September 28, 1957 to Joe Harold Cline who was born June 17, 1935 in Cartersville, Georgia.

Children born to them include:

Jo Ann Cline                                       born March 19, 1958
Joe Harold Cline                                born February 12,1961
Robert Lloyd Cline                             born September 15, 1962

Joyce Marie Kent, daughter of Robert Harry Kent and Lillian Lucille Dean Kent, was born December 30, 1936.  She was married in Jacksonville November 4, 1957 to John Jay Robin­son.  She died March 8, 1979 and was buried on St. Simons Is­land.

Children born to them include:

Catherine Elizabeth Robinson          born December 19, 1958
Mary Celeste Robinson                    born February 15, 1961
Sharon Marie Robinson                    born June 25, 1962
Theresa Ann Robinson                      born November 1, 1963
John Jay Robinson, Jr.                       born in 1971

Virginia Dean Kent, daughter of Robert Harry Kent and Lil­lian Lucille Dean Kent, was born October 25, 1938 in Brunswick.  She was married April 7, 1958 to Charles H. Boyer II who was born February 10, 1933.  She died March 27, 1981 and was buried on St. Simons Island.

Children born to them include:

Charles H. Boyer III                         born January 11, 1959
James Morris Boyer                         born February 6, 1960
Robert Keith Boyer                          born March 14, 1961
Katherine D’lyn Boyer [twin]          born March 13, 1962
Kevin Dean Boyer [twin]                 born March 13, 1962

Robert Morris Kent, twin son of Robert Harry Kent and Lil­lian Lucille Dean Kent, was born January 6, 1941 in Brunswick.  He was married in Glynn County August 21, 1968 to Peggy Bright who was born December 24, 1943.

Children born to them include:

Margaret Stacy Kent                                born December 24, 1969
Jonathan Morris Kent                              born about 1972
Robert Harry Kent                                   born about 1976

Doris Lucille Kent, twin daughter of Robert Harry Kent and Lillian Lucille Dean Kent, was born January 6, 1941 in Brunswick.  She was married on St. Simons Island to Gerald Rollings.  Following a divorce she was remarried to Jimmy Hewell.

Children born to them include:

Kent Rollings                                        born in November 1968
Paige Rollings                                        born in October 1970

Elizabeth Eloise Dean, daughter of Thomas Lafayette Dean and Annie Mizell Dean, was born January 5, 1908 at Georgetown, Georgia.  She was married in Fernandina Beach, Florida November 7, 1927 to Clarke Memory Yancey who was born March 8, 1907 in Douglas County, Georgia to John Memory Yancey and Carrie Lou Lane Yancey.  In 1990 they lived in Woodbine.

One daughter was born to them include:

Dorothy Eloise Yancey                    born December 31, 1928

Dorothy Eloise Yancey, daughter of Clake Memory Yancey and Elizabeth Eloise Dean Yancey, was born December 31, 1928 in St. Marys.  She was married April 6, 1951 to James Wilbur Bailey.  He was born November 22, 1913 in St. Marys to James Frank Bailey and Birdie King Bailey.  In 1990 they continued in St. Marys where she had been a teacher for many years.  He died of cancer January 3, 1992.

She, an accomplished historian, was co-author of “History of Camden County, Georgia” and has assembled much of the genealogy that appears in this section of the Gowen manuscript and has generously shared her research with the Foundation.

Four children were born to them:

Bettina Bailey                                             born February 15, 1952
James Frank Bailey                                    born January 6, 1954
Alan Clarke Bailey                                     born June 2, 1956
John King Bailey                                        born August 16, 1959

Bettina Bailey, daughter of James Wilbur Bailey and Elizabeth Eloise Dean Bailey, was born February 15, 1952 in Brunswick.  She was married July 12, 1975 to Donald Kelly George who was born October 8, 1950 in Valdosta.

James Frank Bailey, son of James Wilbur Bailey and Eliza­beth Eloise Dean Bailey, was born January 6, 1954 in Brunswick.  He was married April 25, 1982 in Greene County, Georgia to Sue Tolbert who was born July 19, 1956 in Greenesboro, Georgia.

Children born to them include:

Alan Clarke Bailey                                        born June 2, 1956
John King Bailey                                           born August 16, 1959

Thomas Clifton Dean, son of Thomas Lafayette Dean and An­nie Mizell Dean, was born December 8, 1909 in Woodbine.  He was married in Jacksonville June 28, 1933 to Kathleen Smith who was born April 26, 1914 in Tifton, Georgia to Mark Smith.

Children born to them include:

Lillian Elizabeth “Betty” Dean          born June 9, 1934
Martha Claire Dean                           born March 5, 1938

George Mizell Dean, son of Thomas Lafayette Dean and Annie Mizell Dean, was born August 3, 1912 at Brookman, Georgia.  He was married April 17, 1937 to Joyce Weaver.  Following a divorce he was remarried to Mrs. Annette Mc­Quaig Roberts October 29, 1947.  He died June 21, 1969 and was buried in Palmetto Cemetery in Brunswick.

Children born to them include:

Emory Andrew Dean                                born September 21, 1938
Phyllis Mizell Dean                                  born August 7, 1942

Florence Lorena Dean, daughter of Thomas Lafayette Dean and Annie Mizell Dean, was born January 19, 1915 at Brookman.  She was married May 23 1936 to Delmas Glenn Barber.  He died October 24, 1971 and was buried in Newnan, Georgia

A son was born to them:

Thomas Glenn Barber                              born July 23, 1937

Virginia Gertrude Dean, daughter of Thomas Lafayette Dean and Annie Mizell Dean, was born in Woodbine September 26, 1917.  He was married in Kingsland June 27, 1955 to Joseph Edmond Ernest Savard who was born in 1911.  He died in 1984.  No children were born to them.

Emory Fuller Dean, son of Emory Franklin Dean and May­belle Godley Dean, was born February 7, 1880 at Burnt Fort, Georgia on the Satilla River in Camden County.  On February 5, 1911, he was married to Lillie Irene Gibson who was born October 22, 1891 in Waycross to Judge Henry Gilbert Gibson and Martha L. Highsmith Gibson.  He worked in the timber and turpentine industry, according to his daughter, Hazel Elizabeth Dean Overstreet.

Emory Fuller Dean died January 12, 1968, and she died November 16, 1971.  They were buried in Jesup, Georgia in Wayne County.

Children born to Emory Fuller Dean and Lillie Irene Gibson Dean include:

Henry Franklin Dean                      born April 12, 1912
Roscoe Emory Dean                      born October 1, 1915
Lillie Maybelle Dean                     born November 24, 1917
Hazel Elizabeth Dean                    born July 4, 1920
Harry Earnest Dean                       born October 12, 1922
Bessie Leigh Dean                         born September 21, 1925
Mildred Louise Dean                     born January 2, 1928

Henry Franklin Dean, son of Emory Fuller Dean and Lillie Irene Gibson Dean, was born April 12, 1912.  He was married July 12, 1938 to Mary V. Lewis, a school teacher from Cov­ington, Georgia.

Children born to them include:

Mary Frances Dean                              born June 3, 1939
Betty Jane Dean                                    born July 16, 1942

Roscoe Emory Dean, son of Emory Fuller Dean and Lillie Irene Gibson Dean, was born October 1, 1915.  He was mar­ried in 1935 to Lily White Ellis, daughter to Dr. S. F. Ellis and Alma Kicklighter Ellis.  In 1990 they lived at Jesup, Georgia.

Children born to them include:

Roscoe Emory Dean, Jr.                            born September 2, 1936
Ellis Wayne Dean                                      born September 6, 1940
Joy Elaine Dean                                         born June 11, 1950

Roscoe Emory Dean, Jr, son of Roscoe Emory Dean and Lily White Ellis Dean, was born September 2, 1936.  He served as a state senator for 14 years and was defeated in a bid for governor.

Ellis Wayne Dean, son of Roscoe Emory Dean and Lily White Ellis Dean, was born September 6, 1940.  He became a building contractor and restorer.  He was employed by Pres. Jimmy Carter as a decorator in the remodeling of the White House.  In the 1980s he developed leukemia and settled on the island of St. Croix for a period of recuperation.  His home was demolished when Hurricane Hugo struck the island in 1989.

Joy Elaine Dean, daughter of Roscoe Emory Dean and Lily White Ellis Dean, was born June 11, 1950.  She continued with her parents in 1990 in Jesup.

Lillie Maybelle Dean, daughter of Emory Fuller Dean and Lil­lie Irene Gibson Dean, was born November 24, 1917.  She was married in December 1948 to Thomas Ralph O’Quinn.

Children born to them include:

Thomas Ralph O’Quinn, Jr.                    born January 31, 1956
Bryan Emory O’Quinn                            born August 5, 1962

Hazel Elizabeth Dean, daughter of Emory Fuller Dean and Lil­lie Irene Gibson Dean, was born July 4, 1920.  She was married June 6, 1943 to James Overstreet.  She was active in genealogi­cal research and provided much of the material in this section to Gowen Research Foundation.  In 1992 they lived at Odum, Georgia.

Two children born to them:

Carson Gibson Overstreet          born March 13, 1944
Jimmie Dean Overstreet             born January 30, 1960

Carson Gibson Overstreet, daughter of James Overstreet and Hazel Elizabeth Dean Overstreet, was born March 13, 1944.  She was married in 1969 to Capt. Paul Ronald Odum.  He re­tired from the United States Air Force in 1989 as a colonel.  They returned to Georgia afterwards.

Children born to Col. Paul Ronald Odum and Carson Gibson Overstreet Odum include:

Lauren Alexandra Odum           born May 27, 1970
Paul Ronald Odum, II               born September 25, 1972

Jimmie Dean Overstreet, daughter of James Overstreet and Hazel Elizabeth Dean Overstreet, was born January 30, 1960.  She was graduated from the University of Georgia in 1983 with a B.S. degree in fashion marketing.  In October 1988 she was employed by Polo-Ralph Lauren retail store in Paris France.  In 1990 she was transferred to Brussels, Belgium.

Harry Earnest Dean, son of Emory Fuller Dean and Lillie Irene Gibson Dean, was born October 12, 1922.  He died February 19, 1939 and was buried in Jesup Cemetery, ac­cording to Hazel Elizabeth Dean Overstreet.

Bessie Leigh Dean, daughter of Emory Fuller Dean and Lillie Irene Gibson Dean, was born September 21, 1925.  She was graduated from Georgia Southern College and became a school teacher.  She was married about 1946 to Lucien Champagne.  Following a divorce, she was remarried to Carl Clements who was drowned on a fishing trip.  She was remarried June 5, 1967 to Rev. Ira Dent, a Methodist minister.  She taught school for 35 years.  In 1990 she lived in Odum, Georgia.  No children were born to them.

Mildred Louise Dean, daughter of Emory Fuller Dean and Lil­lie Irene Gibson Dean, was born January 2, 1928.  She was married in October 1952 to George Clair Shuptrine.  She died March 22, 1989.

Children born to them include:

Deana Claire Shuptrine                           born September 1, 1954
John Sylvester Shuptrine III                    born December 22, 1959

Mary Agnes Dean, daughter of Emory Franklin Dean and Maybelle Pope Godley Dean, was born June 16, 1882, prob­ably in Camden County.  In November 1906 she was married to James Vernon Gowen, III, her first cousin once-removed, according to”Charlton County, Georgia Historical Notes.”  She became a school teacher.  He died November 26, 1956, and she died January 11, 1981.  They were buried in Prospect Cemetery.

Eight sons and one daughter were born to them:

James Dean Gowen                                  born September 16, 1907
Emory Clyde Gowen                                born April 7, 1909
Andrew Willard Gowen                           born February 2, 1911
Hazel Elizabeth Gowen                           born November 23, 1912
Donald Lee Gowen                                  born March 28, 1915
James Vernon Gowen, Jr.                        born February 2, 1917
Guy Albert Gowen                                   born December 31, 1918
Lacy Marion Gowen                                born January 9, 1921
Sidney Harold Gowen                              born December 9, 1923

For details of the lives of the above children of James Vernon Gowen III, see his section of the manuscript.

Olive Maybelle Dean, daughter of Emory Franklin Dean and Maybelle Pope Godley Dean, was born March 3, 1884.  She died March 27, 1884 and was buried at Tarboro, Georgia in Camden County.

Clifford Edward Dean, son of Emory Franklin Dean and May­belle Pope Godley Dean, was born July 3, 1885.  He died May 4, 1897 and was buried at DuPont, Georgia in Clinch County.

Benjamin Wilbur Dean, son of Emory Franklin Dean and Maybelle Pope Godley Dean, was born April 19, 1887.  He died May 4, 1888 and was buried at Mt. Zion, Georgia in Carroll County.

Anna Watson Dean, seventh child of Emory Franklin Dean and Maybelle Pope Godley Dean, was born February 17, 1889 in Atlanta, according to “Charlton County, Georgia Historical Notes.”  She completed two years of college in Athens, Tennessee and returned to south Georgia to teach.

She was married October 11, 1911 at Folkston to Charles Wesley Jacobs, son of Rev. General Harrison Jacobs and Eliza Robinson Jacobs of Charlton County.  He was born June 9, 1886 and became a machinist.

In 1913, they lived at Lake Bird, Florida, in Charlton County in 1914, in Marion, South Carolina in 1916, in Ware County, Georgia in 1922.  He died April 23, 1973 at Statesboro, Geor­gia and was buried in Oakland Cemetery at Waycross, Georgia.  She was a teacher.  She, the oldest living sibling of her family celebrated her 101st birthday in 1990.  She died at Portal, Georgia June 8, 1991.

Children born to them include:

Myra Ruth Jacobs                                    born April 7, 1913
Charles Neal Jacobs                                 born September 28, 1914
Emory Franklin Jacobs                            born August 11, 1917
Charles Wesley Jacobs, Jr.                       born February 19, 1922
Cecil Franklin Jacobs                              born July 4, 1924
Flora Evelyn Jacobs                                born January 15, 1926

Myra Ruth Jacobs, daughter of Charles Wesley Jacobs and Anna Watson Dean Jacobs, was born April 7, 1913.  During World War II she was an air traffic controller.  She was married about in 1946 to Roy Lawrence Smith, a pharmacist.  She was a later a teacher.

Children born to them include:

Barbara Ann Smith                                   born September 23, 1948
Linda Sue Smith                                       born October 18, 1949

Charles Neal Jacobs, son of Charles Wesley Jacobs and Anna Watson Dean Jacobs, was born September 28, 1914 in Charlton County.  He was married about 1937 to Georgia Lou Cadenhead.  He served as an engineer in the merchant marine service during World War II.  Later he was remarried to Jackie Hancock and a third time to Nell Bennett.  No children were born to them.  He continued with the merchant marine until his retirement.

Emory Franklin Jacobs, son of Charles Wesley Jacobs and Anna Watson Dean Jacobs, was born August 11, 1917 at Mar­ion, South Carolina.  He died October 19, 1931 and was buried in Oakland Cemetery at Waycross..

Charles Wesley Jacobs, Jr, son of Charles Wesley Jacobs and Anna Watson Dean Jacobs, was born February 17, 1922.  He died in November of that year and was buried in Oakland Cemetery in Waycross.

Cecil Franklin Jacobs, son of G. H. Jacobs and Anna Watson Dean Jacobs, was born July 4, 1924.  He was graduated from The Citadel and Medical College of Georgia, becoming a physician.

He was married August 12, 1948 to Edith Ruth Collins who was born January 21, 1926 to Sherod Collins and Nannie Ruth Speir Collins.  Dr. Jacobs served as director of the Tulsa, Oklahoma City-County Health  Department and later in the same capacity in Charleston, South Carolina.

In 1992 he was living at Portal where he was semi-retired.  He was a member of Gowen Research Foundation and an accom­plished genealogical researcher.

Children born to Dr. Cecil Franklin Jacobs include:

Nancy Ellen Jacobs                                 born September 14, 1953
Charles Sherod Jacobs                            born May 11, 1955
Joanna Dean Jacobs                                born February 28, 1958

Nancy Ellen Jacobs, daughter of Dr. Cecil Franklin Jacobs and Edith Ruth Collins Jacobs, was born September 14, 1953.

Charles Sherod Jacobs, son of Dr. Cecil Franklin Jacobs, was born May 11, 1955 in Georgia.  In 1992 he lived in California where he was employed as a journalist.

Joanna Dean Jacobs, daughter of Dr. Cecil Franklin Jacobs, was born February 28, 1958 in Georgia.  In 1992 she, married, lived in Florida.

Flora Evelyn Jacobs, daughter of Charles Wesley Jacobs and Anna Watson Dean Jacobs, was born January 15, 1926 in Ware County, Georgia.  She attended Flora McDonald College.  She was married in 1947 to Forest Hilton Shoemaker, regional manager for World Book, Inc.

Children born to them include:

Craig Charles Shoemaker                born September 28, 1948
Forest Hilton Shoemaker, Jr.           born September 2, 1953
Flora Kay Shoemaker                       born January 16, 1958
Sandra Sue Shoemaker                     born August 23, 1962

Roland Ernest Dean, son of Emory Franklin Dean and May­belle Pope Godley Dean, was born February 26, 1892.  He died February 27, 1900 at age eight and was buried at Woodbine.

Guy Albert Dean, son of Emory Franklin Dean and Maybelle Pope Godley Dean, was born October 27, 1893 in Charlton County.  He was married August 23, 1919 to Emma Casey who was born in 1893 to Thomas E. Casey and Jane Haddock Casey of Camden County.  Guy Albert Dean died June 13, 1978, and she died in 1982.  They were buried in Jacksonville in Arlington Cemetery.

Two daughters were born to them:

Martha Sue Dean                                              born April 30, 1921
Peggy Dean                                                       born about 1924

James Foss Dean, son of Emory Franklin Dean and Maybelle Pope Godley Dean, was born July 26, 1897.  He died June 27, 1898 and was buried at DuPont, Georgia.

Ruth Hazel Dean, daughter of Emory Franklin Dean and May­belle Pope Godley Dean, was born April 14, 1900 in Charlton County.  She was married July 3, 1921 to Noah Madison Gib­son, son of Henry Gilbert Gibson and Martha Highsmith Gib­son.  He was born October 28, 1895 and in July 1992 lived in a retirement home in Waycross, Georgia.  She died August 15, 1967.

Children born to them include:

Russell Fleming Gibson                          born November 11, 1922
Horace Madison Gibson                          born May 20, 1925
Kenneth Dean Gibson                             born February 26, 1927
Martha Maybelle Gibson                        born February 22, 1931

William Benjamin Godley, son of Thomas Means Godley and Anne Elizabeth Gowen Godley, was born June 6, 1857 at Burnt Fort Ferry, according to a letter written by Mary Agnes Dean Gowen September 8, 1959.

William Benjamin Godley found himself between the handles of a plow during the Civil War and so busied himself that he had little time for learning in what schools were available.

“Never got beyond ‘baker’ in the blueback speller,” he related, but his mother made up the lack, nighttimes by the fireplace with a slate and stylus.

The only time in my life I was ever really embarrassed, he recalls, was when, as a boy of eight, I went to see my father at the Confederate bivouac area up the road from Jerusalem [Georgia] near the old Methodist campground.

As I was walking among the tattered tents and lean-tos of the ragged veterans of Chickamauga and Atlanta, the soldiers began laughing at me because I didn’t have any shoes.  I don’t know why I took is so hard.  Guess the men made fun of me to take their minds off their troubles.  People are that way some­times, I guess”

In 1961 he recalled the vicissitudes of the reconstruction pe­riod to a reporter for the “Jacksonville Times-Union:”

“In those days there wasn’t any money.  And we were thankful to have enough to eat and maybe a few warm clothes for cold weather, he recalls.”

An ardent Democrat, William Benjamin Godley voted a straight party ticket in every election since the disputed Tilden contest of 1876.

I was only 19 at the time, he recalls, and I knew I was too young to vote, but my uncle told me it would be all right, so I did.  My vote wasn’t challenged, but when the high sheriff found out about it he made me pay double poll tax.

He was a stay-at-home by nature, rarely traveling.  However, once during his twenties he drove a horse and buggy to At­lanta, a trip that consumed three or four days.

In his early life he became a turpentiner in the Georgia woods.  Later he helped to establish a turpentine firm known as Camden Naval Stores.  Consecutively he was Camden County Tax Collector for eight years, then county commissioner followed by election as president of the Kingsland State Bank.

William Benjamin Godley was an outdoorsman and an en­thusiastic hunter.  His closest call came with a bear.  In the words of a”Jacksonville Times Union” reporter:

“There was quite a party hunting this particular bruin in Kit’s Swamp including Downey Sheffield, Glenn Gowen and others, but Ben Godley’s dog, as a good dog should, drove the bear right down onto his master.  Ben came up with his old muzzle-loader, let the bear get right close so as to drive the slug into his throat like a rifle charge, and pulled the trigger.  The cap failed to go off!

Ben got up off the log on which he was resting the gun.  The bear skidded to a stop and likewise rose.  Teeth looked about ten inches long, Ben recalls, though he didn’t stop to admire the dentures but clubbed his gun and swung with all his might, smashing the bear across the eyes.  What might have happened then, Ben can’t say to this day, for the dog took a bite out the bear’s leg, and it turned and lumbered off.

Ben thereupon borrowed a rifle from a youngster in the party and shot the bear the next time around.  Weighed about 200 pounds dressed up.”

On November 18, 1896 William Benjamin Godley, at the age 40, was married to Gertrude Armstrong Littlefield of Harriett’s Bluff, Georgia, according to Barney Alexander Gowen.

Gertrude Godley Durden reported in a letter dated April 14, 1961 a different date for the wedding, “William B. Godley and Gertrude A. Littlefield were married on the 24th day of Febru­ary, 1897, S. W. Brown, M. G. performed the ceremony, J. J. Vo­celle, Ordinary, recorded in Camden County Marriage Book 1800, page 403.”

Three children were born to this union before the death of Gertrude Armstrong Littlefield Godley in 1904.  In 1958 William Benjamin Godley counted seven grandchildren and five great grandchildren.

William Benjamin Godley served on the Camden County Board of Commissioners and as the county tax collector for many years.  He helped to organize the State Bank of Kings­land and became its first president.

“During his productive years his main civic interest was in rendering assistance to the young people of his county who were interested in higher education.  He served as a steward in the Methodist Church for many years.  He was not opposed to tobacco or alcohol, but urged moderation in both.  “I have used tobacco in one form or another since I was 14 and still take a drink at the end of the day,” he reported.

In February 1961 William Benjamin Godley was living with a daughter, Gertrude Godley Durden, at Albany, and looking forward to celebrating his 103rd birthday.  Previous to that time he had maintained his residence continually at Kingsland for 102 years, according to the “Jacksonville Times-Union,” which stated that he was at that time the oldest living white man in Camden County.  He died June 16, 1963 at the age of 106, Camden County’s oldest resident.  He was survived by one daughter, six grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren.  At his request, he was buried at the foot of his mother’s grave in St. Marys Cemetery.

Children born to William Benjamin Godley and Gertrude Arm­strong Littlefield Godley include:

Joseph Jackson Godley                    born June 4, 1898
Myrtle Ann Godley                          born January 28, 1900
Gertrude Dean Godley                    born July 29, 1901

Joseph Jackson Godley, son of William Benjamin Godley and Gertrude Armstrong Littlefield Godley, was born June 4, 1898 in Camden County.  He was married about 1921, wife’s name Nancy.  In March, 1950 he was a judge in Camden County.  He died there December 24, 1955 and was buried in Burnt Fort Cemetery.

One son was born to them:

Joseph Jackson Godley, Jr.                    born September 18, 1928

Myrtle Ann Godley, daughter of William Benjamin Godley and Gertrude Armstrong Littlefield Godley, was born June 28, 1900 in Camden County.  In February 1933 she was married to Luther W. Readdick and lived at Kingsland until her death May 8, 1960.

Three daughters were born to them:

Mary Ann Readdick                              born about 1922
Gertie Readdick                                    born about 1924
Gloria Readdick                                   born about 1927

Gertrude Dean Godley daughter of William Benjamin Godley and Gertrude Armstrong Littlefield Godley, was born July 29, 1901 in Camden County.  On September 10, 1919 she was married to Adie Norman Durden.  In 1923 the couple lived in Atlanta.  In September 1961 Adie Norman Durden was city attorney at Albany, Georgia.  The couple continued to live at 1201 North McKinley Street in Albany where William Benjamin Godley resided with them at that time.

Children born to Adie Norman Durden and Gertrude Dean Godley Durden include:

Norma Anne Durden                           born June 9, 1923
Adie Norman Durden, Jr.                    born Nov. 3, 1926
Diana Gertrude Durden                      born Sept. 1, 1929

Norma Anne Durden, daughter of Adie Norman Durden and Gertrude Dean Godley Durden, was born June 9, 1923 at At­lanta.  On May 3, 1947 she was married to Lucien Taylor Allen in Albany.  Later the couple moved to Holden, Massachusetts.

Children born to Lucien Taylor Allen and Norma Anne Durden include:

Taylor Metcalf Allen                         born June 20, 1949
Ben Godley Allen                              born Nov. 10, 1950
Lucia Ann Allen                                born Dec. 7, 1951
Sarah Durden Allen                           born June 2, 1954

Adie Norman Durden, Jr, son of Adie Norman Durden and Gertrude Godley Durden, was born November 3, 1926 in Camden County.  On June 17, 1961 he was married to Mary Louise Spivey in the First Methodist Church of Albany, by Rev. J. Frederick Wilson.

Diana Gertrude Durden, daughter of Adie Norman Durden and Gertrude Dean Godley Durden, was born September 1, 1929 at Albany.  On September 7, 1949 she was married in Albany to Joseph Meredith Goodrich, Jr.  In 1952 the couple lived in Atlanta.

Children born to Joseph Meredith Goodrich, Jr. and Diana Gertrude Durden Goodrich include:

Joseph M. Goodrich III                              born July 15, 1952
Jeffery Chase Goodrich                             born Jan. 11, 1954
Frances Trudie Goodrich                           born Sept. 7, 1958

Thomas Washington “Punch” Godley, son of Thomas Means Godley and Anne Elizabeth Gowen Godley was born in Cam­den County April 10, 1859, according to the research of Eloise Yancey Bailey, family researcher of St. Marys.  He appeared in the household of his father in the 1880 census of Camden County as Thomas W. Godley, age 21, farmer, born in Georgia.  About 1900 he was married to Arizona Estelle “Essie” Proctor who was born May 8, 1884 to Daniel Proctor and Isabelle Caledonia Proctor.  The couple lived in Kingsland until his death June 20, 1924.  Arizona Estelle “Essie” Proctor Godley was living in Charlton County in November 1961.  She died December 12, 1968.  They were buried in Oak Grove Cemetery.

Children born to this couple include:

Thomas Rosser Godley                    born February 4, 1916

Mary Rebecca “Minkie” Godley, daughter of Thomas Means Godley and Anne Elizabeth Gowen Godley, was born De­cember 15, 1860 in Camden County.  She appeared in the household of her father in the 1880 census of Camden County as a 19-year-old school teacher.  She was married September 28, 1886 to John Houston Brown.  He was born August 25, 1859 to William Dean Brown and Hattie Holland Brown.  John Houston Brown was elected sheriff of Camden County in 1892 and served until 1903 in that office.  They lived at Mid-river, Georgia.  She died November 28, 1934 and was buried in Palmetto Cemetery in Brunswick County, Georgia.

Children born to them include:

Benjamin Clifton Brown                         born September 4, 1887
William Houston Brown                        born June 17, 1889
Annie Bernice Brown                              born May 1, 1892
James Holland Brown,                            born May 20, 1894
Mabelle Beulah Brown                            born December 5, 1896
Thomas Rose Brown                               born January 5, 1899
Ralph Hopkins Brown                             born February 1, 1900
Sidney Hall Brown                                  born November 27, 1902

Benjamin Clifton Brown, son of John Houston Brown and Mary Rebecca “Minkie” Godley Brown, was born September 4, 1837.  He was married about 1910 to Reba Rose.  He died February 3, 1970.

Children born to them include:

Reba Clifton Brown                                        born about 1912
Rosemary Brown                                            born about 1915

William Houston Brown, son of John Houston Brown and Mary Rebecca “Minkie” Godley Brown, was born June 17, 1889. He was married about 1912 to Jess Hatcher.  He died February 20, 1972.

Children born to them include:

Guy William Brown                                        born about 1914
Laura Jim Brown                                             born about 1916
Roy Houston Brown                                        born about 1919
Gene Hatcher Brown                                        born about 1922

Annie Bernice Brown, daughter of John Houston Brown and Mary Rebecca “Minkie” Godley Brown, was born May 1, 1892 and died in 1893.

James Hollard Brown, son of John Houston Brown and Mary Rebecca “Minkie” Godley Brown, was born May 20, 1894.  He was married about 1918 to Georgia Littlefield.  He died Octo­ber 16, 1942.

Children born to the include:

James Holland Brown, Jr.                     born about 1920
Georgia Mallette Brown                       born about 1922
Juliette Louise Brown                           born about 1925

Mabelle Beulah Brown, daughter of John Houston Brown and Mary Rebecca “Minkie” Godley Brown, was born December 5, 1896.  She was married about 1914 to Robert Harley.  Later she was remarried to Dr. Dwight Hood.  She died May 20, 1970.

One daughter was born to her:

Mary Belle Harley                                        born in 1922

Thomas Rose Brown, son of John Houston Brown and Mary Rebecca “Minkie” Godley Brown, was born January 5, 1899.  He was married about 1922 to Gerry Ulsch.  Later he was married twice more.  He died November 19, 1974.

Children born to them include:

Annie Elizabeth Brown                              born about 1925

Ralph Hopkins Brown, son of John Houston Brown and Mary Rebecca “Minkie” Godley Brown, was born February 1, 1900.  He was married about 1923 to Daisy Gaunt.  He died March 5, 1955.

Children born to them include:

Ralph Edgar Brown                        born about 1925
Mary Elizabeth Brown                    born about 1928
Jo Ann Alice Brown                       born about 1932

Sidney Hall Brown, son of John Houston Brown and Mary Rebecca “Minkie” Godley Brown, was born November 27, 1902.  He was married about 1925 to Mildred Littlefield.

Children born to them include:

Carnie Jane Brown                                    born about 1904
Sidney Hall Brown, Jr.                              born about 1907

James Brown Godley, twin son of Thomas Means Godley and Anne Elizabeth Gowen Godley, was born in Camden County, November 6, 1864.  He appeared in the household of his father in the 1880 census of Camden County as a 15-year-old farm worker.  He was married April 13, 1901 to Sarah Elizabeth Stafford, daughter of Nathaniel Stafford and Levicy Poppell Stafford.  During his adult life he was a merchant.  Once he served as sheriff of Camden County.  On June 5, 1950 a picture of James Brown Godley and his twin brother Andrew Barney Godley appeared in the “Jacksonville Times-Union,” along with their brother William Benjamin Godley, in attendance at his birthday party June 6, 1949.  James Brown Godley died October 21, 1955, and she died December 22, 1955.  They were buried in Burnt Fort Cemetery.

Children born to James Brown Godley and Sarah Elizabeth Stafford Godley include:

Andrew Brown Godley                      born April 1, 1902
Thomas Stafford Godley                    born January 10, 1907
Eunice Godley                                    born August 9, 1908
James Edwin Godley                         born Sept. 24, 1910

James Edwin Godley, son of James Brown Godley and Sarah Elizabeth Stafford Godley, was born September 24, 1910 in Camden County.  He continued there at Woodbine in 1992.  He served as clerk of court at Woodbine for 50 years before retirement.

Andrew Barney Godley, twin son of Thomas Means Godley and Anne Elizabeth Gowen Godley, was born November 6, 1864 in Camden County.  He did not appear in his father’s household in the 1880 census of Camden County.  It is as­sumed that he had already gone out on his own.  He was married November 24, 1897 to Maude Pacetty who was born March 2, 1873 to Lewis Pacetty and Margaret Floyd Pacetty.  Maude Pacetty Godley died March 21, 1921, and Andrew Barney Godley died April 14, 1957.  He served as tax collec­tor for Camden County for several terms.  They were buried in Burnt Fort Cemetery.

Children born to them include:

Floyd Gowen Godley                         born September 9, 1898
Annie Maude Godley                          born August 9, 1901
Marion Augustus Godley                   born August 24, 1904
Thomas Benjamin Godley                  born June 18, 1906
Marguerite Jule Godley                      born August 3, 1909
Kathryn Russell Godley                      born September 10, 1910
Watson Winn Godley                          born January 14, 1914
Jack Foster Godley                              born May 31, 1917

Marguerite Jule Godley, daughter of Andrew Barney Godley and Maude Pacetty Godley, was born August 3, 1909.  He was married about 1930 to Howell Reddick, son of John Readdick and Madison Amanda Reed Gowen Readdick..  She was co-author of “Camden County, Georgia History.”  She died September 22, 1990 and was buried in Burnt Fort Cemetery..

Mary Rebecca Gowen [William W.7, William Keating6, James5, William4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1], daughter of William W. Gowen and Rebecca Greene Gowen, was born April 5, 1833 at Combahee Ferry.  About 1853 she was married to James McDonald Patterson.  Upon the death of James McDonald Patterson she was remarried to George Watson about 1865.  She died in 1918, and he was remarried to Georgia Readdick.

Children born to the first union include:

William Gowen Patterson                    born about 1855
Nathaniel J. Patterson.                          born about 1857
James Andrew Patterson                      born about 1859
Lillia Randolph Patterson                    born about 1862

Children born to the second union include:

Mary Watson                                                born about 1867

William Gowen Patterson, son of James McDonald Patterson and Mary Rebecca Gowen Patterson, was born about 1855.  He was married about 1880 to Lillie Tyson.  In 1970 their descendants lived in Norfolk, Virginia and in New Jersey, according to Julia Catherine “Katie” Gowen Casey.

Nathaniel J. Patterson, son of James McDonald Patterson and Mary Rebecca Gowen Patterson, was born about 1857.  Two children were born to him.  His descendants were residents of Camden County in 1970.

James Andrew Patterson, son of James McDonald Patterson and Mary Rebecca Gowen Patterson was born about 1859.  He remained a bachelor and lived in Miami, Florida.

Lillia Randolph Patterson, daughter of James McDonald Patterson and Mary Rebecca Gowen Patterson was born about 1862 in Camden County.  She was married about 1890 to James Brown.  No children were born to them.

Mary Watson, daughter of George L. Watson and Mary Re­becca Gowen Patterson Watson, was born about 1867 to Colton Lang.

James Glenn “Buck” Gowen [William W.7, William Keating6, James5, William4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1], son of William W. Gowen and Rebecca Greene Gowen, was born November 18, 1835, at Combahee Ferry.  James Glenn “Buck” Gowen died about 1852, shortly before his father moved to Georgia.

Barney Glenn Gowen [William W.7, William Keating6, James5, William4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1], son of William W. Gowen and Rebecca Greene Gowen, was born September 1, 1835, according to Gertrude Godley Durden in a letter dated April 14, 1961.  It is assumed that he died as a child.

 

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