Fredrick Gowen – b. 1760 m. Susey “Sookie” Chavous on March 9, 1789 in Mecklenburg Co, Va.
2nd marriage to Mary Brandon on Jan 1, 1801 in Mecklenburg Co, Va.
Fredrick Goin – old colored man per 1842 application from Lawrence, Alabama
78 yrs old in 1838 so born 1760 born in Brunswick Co, Va on Meherin R.
Free man of color – quite intelligent
Served 5 tours of 6 weeks each during Revolution – served in Virginia
Resided in Brunswick Co, Va (Became Greensville Co, Va after war).
Drafted when he was about 16 yrs old.
Served under Capt James Robertson and Capt Cock, Capt Lane House, Maj William Boys
of Surry and Col Austin commanding.
Nothing else in app
1776 (is about year Frederick Gowen would have been 16 years of age, when he was drafted): 1838 March 21: Frederick Gowen lived in Lawrence County, Alabama where he made an application for Pension No. R4167.
Frederick Gowen of Lawrence County, Alabama made an application for a Revolutionary War pension in a “non-military capacity.” The pension was rejected, according to “Report on Rejected and Suspended Pensions Reported to Congress” in
1852. The report was printed in “Revolutionary Soldiers in Alabama.”
The State of Alabama}
County of Lawrence } SS
On this 21 day of March 1838 personally appeared in the Circuit Court now holden for the said County of Lawrence Frederick Gowen a free man of Color a resident of said County of Lawrence aged about 78 years who being first duly sworn according to Law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832:
That he served in the troops of the state of Virginia various terms of duty during the Revolutionary War, of which he will give as precise an account as his memory will permit him.
That he was born in Bellfield on Maherin River [sic: Belfield on Meherrin River] in what was called Brunswick County untill after the revolutionary war when that part of it was struck off into a new county called Greensville. He does not know what year he was born as no record of his birth was preserved.
I lived in Brunswick when I was drafted under No. 7, was then about 16 years of age, but do not recollect how long it was before I was called into service. I served as near as I can recollect five tours of duty of six weeks each.
The first tour was under Capt. James Robertson or Capt. Cock. Nothing memorable happened during this tour. We formed no junction with the regular army, but spent the time mostly in Camp at Stone’s Mills [near Jamestown] & Cabin Point [in Surry County]
The second tour was under one of the above named Captains. The third or fourth tour of duty was performed under Capt. Lewis[?] House, Maj. William Boys [sic: Boyce] of Surry and Col. Austin commanding. This was about the time of the Battle at Guilford [Guilford Courthouse NC, March 15, 1781]. We had been stationed at Cabin Point where I acted as a cook when we received order to march to Petersburg. On the march I was sent by Major Boys to a house near the road to have some horses fed and Corp. John Woodruff & a private were sent in company. The only reason I mention this is that Corp. Woodruff was killed on our arrival in Petersburg. There we found great confusion, the inhabitants were flying in every direction and our troops were ordered to form.
I was there ordered away with four horses, Maj. Bais[?] Col. Aufling, Capt. House & my own to take care of them somewhere near the rendezvous ground which was in the direction of Chesterfield Courthouse. I crossed the Pocahontas Bridge and while in sight, the British commenced the attack – our troops came up and were preparing to act near Chesterfield Courthouse when there was an alarm that the British light horse were upon us and we immediately marched and at Richmond fell in with a part of Gen’l. Washington’s command called the Morgan’s army. [See note below.]
In a short time I received my discharge & returned home where I found the country in great confusion from the march of the British army through it from Guilford.
I served two tours of duty under Capt. Turner Bynum. There was nothing worth mentioning except in the last tour. We were stationed 30 miles South of Jamestown. Sugar Bynum, brother of the Captain was taken sick and returned home on the captain’s horse. Before the horse was sent back we were ordered to little York, and I was directed to remain for the horse and joined the army at York in some 8 or 10 days. I found my company stationed up the river to prevent the British from returning that way. This was about a week before the Cornwallis surrender [October 19, 1781].
That he has no documentary proof & that he knows of no person whose testimony he can procure who can testify to his service.
He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or anuity except the present; and he declares that his name is not on the pension roll of any agency in any state.
Frederick [his X mark] Gown
Carmi Illinois 2nd December 1842
Sir [James L. Edwards, Commissioner of Pensions]
An old colored man by the name of Frederick Goin has come here well recommended from Alabama and has applied to me to aid him in geting a pension. I suppose from what I can learn that a declaration for him has been forwarded to you from Alabama a few years ago. The object of these lines is to ask information from you whether that is the case and what are the objections that have to be removed before he can get the pension or whether his case is a hopeless one.
He is quite inteligent for a person of his colour and age and I cannot doubt but what he served in the Revolution as he represents. That is, that being a free man of color he was subject to militia duty, that he belonged to class No. 7 in his company and was called out to serve five tours of six weeks each under Captains Robinson, Bynum, Cock & House.
That he resided in Brunswick County Virginia. Will you please answer these lines and let me know whether it is likely I can do anything for him.
Respectfully your ob’t ser’t
The British under Lord Cornwallis entered Virginia beginning on May 10,1781. On the 23rd of that month Banastre Tarleton’s feared Legion [probably the “light horse” referred to by Gowen] raided Chesterfield Courthouse and captured many militiamen. The “Morgan’s army” referred to may have been the rifle corps raised and commanded by Gen. Daniel Morgan, although he did not join the main army under Washington until July 6.
There is no further information in the file relating to the rejection of this application. Southern Campaign American Revolution Pension Statements Pension Application of Frederick Gowen (Going): R4167
Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris
1784 John Phillips: Frederick Going between 16 & 21 [frame 92] pers prop tax list, Meherin Parish Va. http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/brunswick.htm
1788 1=white males over 16, 2=Blacks 16+, 3=Blacks 12-16, 4=horses – Mecklenburg Co Va
1788 Stewart, Thomas (Dinwiddie) Frederick Gowen 16; Beary, Judy & Patty 16; Lewis; 13100
1789 March 9 -The Marriage License Bonds of Mecklenburg County, Virginia from 1765 to 1810, page 20
Frederick Goen & Suckee Chavous, 9 Mar. 1789, Frederick Ivey sec. Note from Henry Chavous, Sr. – wit. James Stewart, Robert Singleton & Belar Chavous. Mecklenburg Co, Va
1790 Gowin, Frederick 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
1791 Gowin, Frederick 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
1793 Sept 16: Frederick Gowen purchased 250 acres “on the east side of Blue Wing Creek” in Person County, North Carolina September 16, 1793, according to Person County Deed Book A, page 147. He sold 124 acres of this land July 6, 1801 to Edmund Going, regarded as his nephew, while a resident of Mecklenburg County, according to Person County Deed Book C, page 290. Person County, North Carolina.
1794 Gowin, Edmund 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1001
1795 Gowin, Edward 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1
1796 Gowin, Frederick; Phillis 16; 1101 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Edmund, Anaca 16, 1101
1797 Gowin, Frederick 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
1798 Gowin, Frederick 1002 Mecklenburg Co Va
1799 Gowin, Frederick 10091 Mecklenburg Co Va
1800 Gowin, Frederick, Patsy 1102 Mecklenburg Co Va
1801 Gowin, Frederick 1003 ordinary license Mecklenburg Co Va
1801 Mar 11 – Deed Book C, Page 280-1. FREDERICK GOIN of Mecklenburg, Va, to EDMUND GOIN of Person Co., for 6/, 124 A on Bluewing Cr adj Waite, Francis Ford, on Cattail Br to Baird line. 11 Mar 1801. Wit: Jeremiah Johnson, Francis Ford, Wm. Thaxton. Person County, North Carolina Deeds 1792-1825. By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/04/person-county-nc-early-records.html
1801 April 8 – Page 51 – Deed Book C, Page 269. EDMUND GOIN to William Baird, for 86 lbs, 124 A on Blewing Cr adj Waite, Francis Ford, FREDERICK GOIN on Cattail Br. 8 Apr 1801. Wit. James Thomson, Starling Hudgins, Sharp Willingham. Person County, North Carolina Deeds 1792-1825. By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/04/person-county-nc-early-records.html
1801 July 6 – Edmund Going purchased 124 acres from Frederick Going, July 6, 1801, according to Person County North Carolina Deed Book C, page 290. Going sold this land shortly, according to deeds proved in Person Co, NC
1801 July 6 – Page 52. Deed Book C, Page 290-1. FREDERICK GOWEN of Mecklenburg Co., to William Thaxton of Halifax Co., VA, for 40 lbs, 120 A on Blewing Cr adj Francis Ford, Reubin Jones, William Baird, 6 July 1801. Wit: James Thomson, Zachariah Averett, Charles Thaxton. Person County, North Carolina Deeds 1792-1825. By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/04/person-county-nc-early-records.html
1802 Gowin, Frederick 1002 Mecklenburg Co Va
1805 – Edmund Gowen, Fredrick Gowen – Page 71
Tax List 1805. Capt. Streets Company
Gowen, Edmund, 0 acres, 1 white poll, 1 black poll
Gowen, Fedrick, 0 acres, 1 white poll
Person County, North Carolina Compilations, 1792-1820
Land Grants; 1794-1805-1823 Tax Lists
Record Book Abstracts 1792-1820
Letters of Attorney; By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC
1820: Frederick Gowen head of a Halifax County household of 9 “free colored” in 1820 [NC:148],
1830 US Census:
Name: Fred Gowan
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Lauderdale, Alabama
Free Colored Persons – Males – 10 thru 23: 3
Free Colored Persons – Males – 24 thru 35: 1
Free Colored Persons – Males – 55 thru 99: 1
Free Colored Persons – Females – 10 thru 23: 1
Free Colored Persons – Females – 55 thru 99: 1
Free White Persons – Under 20: 7
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 2
Total Free White Persons: 9
Total Free Colored Persons: 7
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 16
1830; Census Place: Lauderdale, Alabama; Series: M19; Roll: 1; Page: 206; Family History Library Film: 0002328