Fredrick Gowen – b. 1760 m. Susey “Sookie” Chavous on March 9, 1789 in Mecklenburg Co, Va.
2nd marriage to Mary Brandon on Jan 1, 1801 in Mecklenburg Co, Va.
(Below are different Going, Goyen, Gowen related sources for those people were in the Virginia, North Carolina, or South Carolina areas in the early 1700’s to early 1800’s)
Virginia Counties along or near southern border with North Carolina:
- Prince George Co, Va (Brunswick created from Prince George in 1720)
- Brunswick Co, Va (created in 1720 from Prince George County)
- Lunenburg Co, Va (created from Brunswick in 1746)
- Halifax Co, Va (created from Lunenburg in 1752)
- Pittsylvania Co, Va (created from Halifax in 1767)
- Henry Co, Va (created from Pittsylvania in 1777)
- Patrick Co, Va (created from Henry in 1790)
- Bedford Co, Va (created from Lunenburg in 1754)
- Campbell Co, Va (created from Bedford in 1782)
- Franklin Co, Va (created from Bedford and Henry in 1786)
- Charlotte Co, Va (created from Lunenburg in 1765)
- Mecklenburg Co, Va (created from Lunenburg in 1765) (adjacent)
- Amelia Co, Va (created partly from Brunswick in 1734)
- Prince Edward Co, Va (created from Brunswick in 1754)
- Greensville Co, Va (created from Brunswick in 1781)
North Carolina Counties along or near Virginia’s southern border:
- Granville Co, NC (est 1746 from Edgecombe)
- Orange Co, NC (est 1752 from Granville)
- Caswell Co, NC (est 1777 from Orange)
- Person Co, NC (est 1791 from Person)
- Guilford Co, NC (est 1770 from Orange and Rowan)
- Rockingham Co, NC (est 1785 from Guilford)
- Rowan Co, NC (est 1753 from Anson)
- Surry Co, NC (est 1770 from Rowan)
- North Carolina – Northampton County
- North Carolina – Halifax County
FACTS and NOTES:
1784 – Frederick Going born about 1760, listed as John Phillips’s tithable in Brunswick County, Virginia, in 1784 [PPTL 1782-99, frame 92], 1784 Meherin Parish Va.
John Phillips: Frederick Going between 16 & 21 [frame 92] pers prop tax list,
1787 A, List of William Maclin, Meherrin Parish, Greensville Co, Va.
Drury Going, Thomas Going, 1 male over 16 but under 21, 2 horses [frame 42]
James Going 1 black (slave) over 16, 1 black (slave) btw age 12-16, 2 horses, 8 cattle https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKJ-3SD8-M?i=52&cat=776118 ,
Nicholas Prince, Henry Going – 3 black (slaves) over 16, 5 black (slaves) btw age 12-16, 11 cattle
William Powell, Thomas Powell, Frederick Going – 4 black (slaves) over 16, 4 black (slaves) btw age 12-16, 5 horses, 29 cattle https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKJ-3SD6-Z?i=55&cat=776118 ,
1788 Stewart, Thomas (Dinwiddie) Frederick Gowen 16; Beary, Judy & Patty 16; Lewis; 13100
1790 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1 tithe
1789 Feb 16 Fredrick Goen license to mary Suckee Chavouss. Signed: Bolan Chavous. Wits: James Stewart, Robert Singleton. Mecklenburg Co, Va. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C91S-R94R?i=847&cat=641904
1789 March 9 -The Marriage License Bonds of Mecklenburg County, Virginia from 1765 to 1810, page 20
Frederick Goen & Suckee Chavous, 9 Mar. 1789, Frederick Ivey sec. Note from Henry Chavous, Sr. – wit. James Stewart, Robert Singleton & Belar Chavous. Mecklenburg Co, Va
1791 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1 tithe Mecklenburg Co Va
1793 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Edmund 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
1793 Sept 16 – Frederick Going purchased 250 acres on the east side of Blue Wing Creek in Person County, North Carolina, on 16 September 1793
1794 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Edmund 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1001
1795 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Edward 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1
1796 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick; Phillis 16; 1101
Gowin, Edmund Anaca 16, 1101
1797 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
1798 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1002 Mecklenburg Co Va
1799 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 10091 Mecklenburg Co Va
1799 November 5 – Edmund Going, November 5, 1799 he purchased 200 acres on Sandy Creek in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, according to Mecklenburg County Deed Book 10, page 176. Mecklenburg Co, Va.
1800 Apr 14 – Frederick Going – On 14 April 1800 the Mecklenburg County court granted him a license to keep an ordinary at his house [Orders 1798-1801, 331].
1800 Dec 29 Frederick Gowen marriage to Nancy Brandain. Signed: Fredrick Goin, Ephraim Drew(sp?). Wit: Jolen Doitch(sp?). Mecklenburg Co, Va.
1801 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1003 ordinary license Mecklenburg Co Va
1801 Mar 11 – Deed Book C, Page 280-1. FREDERICK GOIN of Mecklenburg, Va, to EDMUND GOIN of Person Co., for 6/, 124 A on Bluewing Cr adj Waite, Francis Ford, on Cattail Br to Baird line. 11 Mar 1801. Wit: Jeremiah Johnson, Francis Ford, Wm. Thaxton. Person County, North Carolina Deeds 1792-1825. By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/04/person-county-nc-early-records.html
1801 July 6 – Page 52. Deed Book C, Page 290-1. FREDERICK GOWEN of Mecklenburg Co., to William Thaxton of Halifax Co., VA, for 40 lbs, 120 A on Blewing Cr adj Francis Ford, Reubin Jones, William Baird, 6 July 1801. Wit: James Thomson, Zachariah Averett, Charles Thaxton. Person County, North Carolina Deeds 1792-1825. By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC. http://lumbeeindiansandgoinsfamily.blogspot.com/2008/04/person-county-nc-early-records.html
1802 Mecklenburg Co Va
Gowin, Frederick 1002 Mecklenburg Co Va
1803 Mecklenburg Co Va
Goins, Edmond 1 Mecklenburg Co Va
1805 – Edmund Gowen, Fredrick Gowen – Page 71
Tax List 1805. Capt. Streets Company
Gowen, Edmund, 0 acres, 1 white poll, 1 black poll
Gowen, Fedrick, 0 acres, 1 white poll
Person County, North Carolina Compilations, 1792-1820
Land Grants; 1794-1805-1823 Tax Lists
Record Book Abstracts 1792-1820
Letters of Attorney; By Katherine Kerr Kendall. Person Co, NC
1810 US Census:
Name: Edmond Going
Home in 1810 (City, County, State): Person, North Carolina
Number of All Other Free Persons: 2
Number of Household Members: 2
Year: 1810; Census Place: Person, North Carolina; Roll: 38; Page: 129; Image: 00233; Family History Library Film: 0337911
1820 – Frederick Going was head of a Sumner County, Tennessee household of 10 “free colored” in 1820 ? (not sure which is him – Sumner Co, TN or Halifax Co, Va)
1820: Frederick Gowen head of a Halifax County household of 9 “free colored” in 1820 [NC:148],?
1830 US Census:
Name: Fred Gowan
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Lauderdale, Alabama
Free Colored Persons – Males – 10 thru 23: 3
Free Colored Persons – Males – 24 thru 35: 1
Free Colored Persons – Males – 55 thru 99: 1
Free Colored Persons – Females – 10 thru 23: 1
Free Colored Persons – Females – 55 thru 99: 1
Free White Persons – Under 20: 7
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 2
Total Free White Persons: 9
Total Free Colored Persons: 7
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 16
1830; Census Place: Lauderdale, Alabama; Series: M19; Roll: 1; Page: 206; Family History Library Film: 0002328
1838 Mar 21 – Frederick Going a “free man of Color” who stated that he was about 78 years old on 21 March 1838 when he appeared in Lawrence County, Alabama court to apply for a pension for services in the militia during the Revolution. He stated that he was born on the Meherrin River in the part of Brunswick County, Virginia, from which Greensville was formed after the war, and he was about 16 years old when drafted.
1842 – Fredrick Goin – old colored man per 1842 application from Lawrence, Alabama
78 yrs old in 1838 so born 1760 born in Brunswick Co, Va on Meherin R.
Free man of color – quite intelligent
Served 5 tours of 6 weeks each during Revolution – served in Virginia
Resided in Brunswick Co, Va (Became Greensville Co, Va after war).
Drafted when he was about 16 yrs old.
Served under Capt James Robertson and Capt Cock, Capt Lane House, Maj William Boys
of Surry and Col Austin commanding.
Nothing else in app
1776 (is about year Frederick Gowen would have been 16 years of age, when he was drafted): 1838 March 21: Frederick Gowen lived in Lawrence County, Alabama where he made an application for Pension No. R4167.
Frederick Gowen of Lawrence County, Alabama made an application for a Revolutionary War pension in a “non-military capacity.” The pension was rejected, according to “Report on Rejected and Suspended Pensions Reported to Congress” in
1852. The report was printed in “Revolutionary Soldiers in Alabama.”
The State of Alabama}
County of Lawrence } SS
On this 21 day of March 1838 personally appeared in the Circuit Court now holden for the said County of Lawrence Frederick Gowen a free man of Color a resident of said County of Lawrence aged about 78 years who being first duly sworn according to Law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832:
That he served in the troops of the state of Virginia various terms of duty during the Revolutionary War, of which he will give as precise an account as his memory will permit him.
That he was born in Bellfield on Maherin River [sic: Belfield on Meherrin River] in what was called Brunswick County untill after the revolutionary war when that part of it was struck off into a new county called Greensville. He does not know what year he was born as no record of his birth was preserved.
I lived in Brunswick when I was drafted under No. 7, was then about 16 years of age, but do not recollect how long it was before I was called into service. I served as near as I can recollect five tours of duty of six weeks each.
The first tour was under Capt. James Robertson or Capt. Cock. Nothing memorable happened during this tour. We formed no junction with the regular army, but spent the time mostly in Camp at Stone’s Mills [near Jamestown] & Cabin Point [in Surry County]
The second tour was under one of the above named Captains. The third or fourth tour of duty was performed under Capt. Lewis[?] House, Maj. William Boys [sic: Boyce] of Surry and Col. Austin commanding. This was about the time of the Battle at Guilford [Guilford Courthouse NC, March 15, 1781]. We had been stationed at Cabin Point where I acted as a cook when we received order to march to Petersburg. On the march I was sent by Major Boys to a house near the road to have some horses fed and Corp. John Woodruff & a private were sent in company. The only reason I mention this is that Corp. Woodruff was killed on our arrival in Petersburg. There we found great confusion, the inhabitants were flying in every direction and our troops were ordered to form.
I was there ordered away with four horses, Maj. Bais[?] Col. Aufling, Capt. House & my own to take care of them somewhere near the rendezvous ground which was in the direction of Chesterfield Courthouse. I crossed the Pocahontas Bridge and while in sight, the British commenced the attack – our troops came up and were preparing to act near Chesterfield Courthouse when there was an alarm that the British light horse were upon us and we immediately marched and at Richmond fell in with a part of Gen’l. Washington’s command called the Morgan’s army. [See note below.]
In a short time I received my discharge & returned home where I found the country in great confusion from the march of the British army through it from Guilford.
I served two tours of duty under Capt. Turner Bynum. There was nothing worth mentioning except in the last tour. We were stationed 30 miles South of Jamestown. Sugar Bynum, brother of the Captain was taken sick and returned home on the captain’s horse. Before the horse was sent back we were ordered to little York, and I was directed to remain for the horse and joined the army at York in some 8 or 10 days. I found my company stationed up the river to prevent the British from returning that way. This was about a week before the Cornwallis surrender [October 19, 1781].
That he has no documentary proof & that he knows of no person whose testimony he can procure who can testify to his service.
He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or anuity except the present; and he declares that his name is not on the pension roll of any agency in any state.
Frederick [his X mark] Gown
Carmi Illinois 2nd December 1842
Sir [James L. Edwards, Commissioner of Pensions]
An old colored man by the name of Frederick Goin has come here well recommended from Alabama and has applied to me to aid him in geting a pension. I suppose from what I can learn that a declaration for him has been forwarded to you from Alabama a few years ago. The object of these lines is to ask information from you whether that is the case and what are the objections that have to be removed before he can get the pension or whether his case is a hopeless one.
He is quite inteligent for a person of his colour and age and I cannot doubt but what he served in the Revolution as he represents. That is, that being a free man of color he was subject to militia duty, that he belonged to class No. 7 in his company and was called out to serve five tours of six weeks each under Captains Robinson, Bynum, Cock & House.
That he resided in Brunswick County Virginia. Will you please answer these lines and let me know whether it is likely I can do anything for him.
Respectfully your ob’t ser’t
The British under Lord Cornwallis entered Virginia beginning on May 10,1781. On the 23rd of that month Banastre Tarleton’s feared Legion [probably the “light horse” referred to by Gowen] raided Chesterfield Courthouse and captured many militiamen. The “Morgan’s army” referred to may have been the rifle corps raised and commanded by Gen. Daniel Morgan, although he did not join the main army under Washington until July 6.
There is no further information in the file relating to the rejection of this application. Southern Campaign American Revolution Pension Statements Pension Application of Frederick Gowen (Going): R4167
Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris https://www.fold3.com/image/22046834 , https://revwarapps.org/r4167.pdf
SEE ALSO AND COMPARE – Halifax Co, NC records on a Fred Goings (maybe a relative – child/nephew?):
1824 Sept 8 – Fred Goins fr John Winter, 56 acres, bk 27, p 26, Halifax Co, NC … on Indian Creek thence .. in Jenkins line … containing 56 acres …
Signed: John Winter.
Wits: Marcus A Allen, Charles Thompson
Proved in Court in Nov 1825.
1830 March 4 – Sarah Going fr Wm E Shine, bk 28, p 446, Halifax Co, NC
1832 May 3 – Fred Goings to James Shaw, bk 28, p 349, Halifax Co, NC … North side of Great Creek … east side of Augustus Willis old Spring Branch … 3 and 1/4 acres …
Signed: Frederick Goins
Wits: Thomas Willis, Gardiner Heard
Proved up in Court on June 27, 1832
1830 May 8 – Fred Goings to Isham Mills bk 29, p 346, Halifax Co, NC … on Sledges Spring Branch … Willis old mill pond … containing 36 and 1/2 acres …
Signed: Frederick Goings
Wits: Benj W Edwards
Proved up in Court in Nov 1836 by Benj Edwards
1837 June 27 – F P Goins fr Jas Shaw bk 30, p 61, Halifax Co, NC … between James Shaw of the County of Halifax … and Frederick P Goin of the same County … land containing 30 acres … Coleys corner … along Shaw’s and Goin’s line to Webbs corner …
Signed: James Shaw
Wits: Robt Whitaker, John D Mingas
Proved up in Court by Robt Whitaker in Feb Court 1838.
1837 Sept 14 – F P Goins fr Jas Shaw bk 30, p 72, Halifax Co, NC … between James Shaw of the County of Halifax … and Frederick Goin of the same County … land … containing 40 acres … in Goin’s line .. up Great Creek on the West side .. along Goin’s line … to mouth of Austin Willis’ Spring Branch … in Jarnell’s line … to Willis’ Rock Spring Branch … to the line of William Webb’s … on the North side of said branch Goin’s corner thence along said Goin’s line …
Signed: James Shaw
Wit: Robt Whitaker
Proved up in Feb Court 1838.
1838 Feb 27 … Fred Goings to Vincent Jarrall bk 30, p 144, Halifax Co, NC … between Frederick P Goins of the County of Halifax … and Vincent Jarrall of (same) … sell … unto Vincent Jarrell … land … containing 40 acres … in Goins line … to the mouth of Austin Willis’ Spring Branch … in Jarrell’s line … to Willis’ Rock Spring Branch just above Rocky Hill …. to the line of William Webb … to Goin’s corner…
Signed: Frederick Goins
Wit: B W Edwards, N W Edwards.
Proved up in Nov Court 1838 by N W Edwards.
1843 Dec 10 – Fredk Goins to Vincent Jarrell, bk 32, p 314, Halifax Co, NC … between Frederick Goins of the one part and Vincent Jarral of the other part both of the County of Halifax and State of N Carolina … sell unto the said Vincent Jarral … land … adjoining the lands of the said Jarral, John King, and others … West side of Great Creek … mouth of a branch formerly known as Austin Willis’ Spring Branch in Vincent Jarral’s line … along the head of a mill pond formerly Willis’ now belonging to Richard Carpenter and Howell Hawkins … contain 20 acres …
Signed: Frederick Goins
Wit: M A Allen, B W Edwards
Proved up in the Nov term 1846 by B W Edwards.
1850 Sept 27 – Fred Goings to John Faulcon bk 33, p 109, Halifax Co, NC … between Frederick Goin and John Faulcon … sold unto the said Faulon … land … in the County of Halifax … on the South East side of the road … from Wilkin’s ferry to Warrenton … near the said Faulcon’s spring … on the said Goin’s spring branch … containing … 38 acres …
Signed: Fred Goins
Wit: B W Edwards, Jesse Pittard
Proved up in Feb Court 1851 by Jesse Pittard.
1849 Feb 5 – Fred Goings to B W Edwards bk 33, p 273, Halifax Co, NC … between Frederick Goins … and … B W Edwards …. land … in the County of Halifax … at Willis’ spring branch …. in Pobin Coley’s line … on Mill’s line … to Willis’ spring branch… containing … 80 acres … one other tract containing 30 acres … on Johann Mill’s line .. on the bank of Great Creek … in Vincent Jarrolls line … aong Vincent Jarrolls and Isham Mill’s …
Signed: Frederick Goins
Wit: W S Jenkins
Proved up in Nov Court 1852 by William S Jenkins
1853 Aug 12 – Fred Goins fr John Faulcon bk 33, p 347, Halifax Co, NC … between John Faulcon … and Fred Goins … land … containing 30 acres … Ben Edward’s line … meeting house spring … William Brown’s line …
Signed: John Faulcon
Wit: Isaac N Faulcon, William B Moore
Proved up Aug Court 1853
1855 Jan 19 – Fred Goings to Wm Brown bk 33, p 526, Halifax Co, NC … between Fred P Goins … and William Brown … land … containing … 30 and 1/4 acres … King’s line on Rock Spring Branch… to Great Creek … adjoining Rufus King on the West line and South John Faulcon, East by Rufus ing, North side the above named Fred P Goins …
Signed: Fred P Goins
Wit: M King, Isaac W Faulcon
Proved up Feb Ct 1855 by Isaac N Faulcon
1851 Oct 25 – Fred Goings to Isham Banks bk 33, p 538, Halifax Co, NC … between Fred P Goins … and Isham Banks … sold unto the said Isham Banks … land … Fred Carter’s and William Carter’s corner … on the road side … containing 82 acres …
Signed: Frederick Goins
Wit: M A Allen, W N Allen
Proved up Feb Ct 1855 by W N Allen
1860 March 31 – Fred Goings to Jerry Goins bk 35, p 64, Halifax Co, NC … between Frederick Goins of the first part and Jerry Goins of the second part all of the County of Halifax and State of North Carolina … sell unto said Jerry Goins … land lying on Great Creek and adjoining the lands of Rufus King, Frederick Goins … known as a part of the said Frederick Goin’s tract which he now lives. Beginning at a Birch on Great Creek … on said King’s line … containing 10 acres …
Signed: Frederick Goins
Wit: Jesse Carter, William F Jenkins.
Proved up on April 23d 1860 – by Jesse Carter.
1854 Nov 6 . . . Fred Goings to Henry Goins bk 35, p 138, Halifax Co, NC … between Fred Goins of Halifax County … and Henry Goins of (same) … Fred Goins … sell and grant unto … Henry Goins … land … in County of Halifax … containing … 30 acres … on the South by the heirs of C B Allen an Horel Meeting House Spring Branch on the West by Elizabeth Hail on the North by John Faulcon and on the East by William Brown …
Signed: Fred Goins
Wit: W S Jenkins, M King
Proved up the February Term 1861 by W S Jenkins.
From GRF Newsletter Sept 1996:
Frederick Gowen Denied Pension For Revolutionary Service
Frederick Gowen, son of James Gowen, was born about 1766, probably in Brunswick County, Virginia. When Greensville County was organized in 1783, Frederick Gowen was a resident of the new county. William Powell paid tax for him in 1787 in Greensville County, according to “The 1787 Census of Virginia,” page 779.
“Frederick Goen” secured a marriage bond in adjacent Mecklenburg County March 9, 1789 to marry Susey “Sookie” Chavous, according to Mecklenburg County, Virginia Mar-riages, 1785-1850.” . Henry Chavous, Sr, father of the bride, gave consent. Robert Singleton, James Stewart and Belar Chavous witnessed his letter of consent. Security was Frederick Ivey, and Phillip Cox was the minister. Henry Chavous, Sr. was the head of a large, prominent “free colored” family in Mecklenburg County. Children born to Frederick Goen and Susey “Sookie” Chavous Goen are unknown.
Frederick Gowen purchased 250 acres “on the east side of Blue Wing Creek” in Person County, North Carolina September 16, 1793, according to Person County Deed Book A, page 147. He sold 124 acres of this land July 6, 1801 to Edmund Going, regarded as his nephew, while a resident of Mecklenburg County, according to Person County Deed Book C, page 290.
“Frederick Goen” secured a marriage bond December 29, 1800 to marry Mary Brandon according to Mecklenburg County, Virginia Marriages, 1785-1850.”. They were married January 1, 1801 by William Richards, minister. Security was Ephriam Ivy. The minister’s return showed the name of the groom as “Frederick Gowen.” The bride was regarded as a daughter of William Brandon and Elizabeth Brandon, a free colored family of Mecklenburg County.
“Fedrick Gowen” paid tax on “1 poll” in the 1805 Person County tax roll in “Capt. Street’s Company.”
Frederick Gowen, “free colored” enlisted in Revolutionary ser-vice in the Virginia Continental Line in Brunswick County, according to “Genealogical Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Files” abstracted by Virgil D. White who stated that he lived in the part of the county that became Granville County, North Carolina after the Revolutionary War.
“Fred Gowen, free colored male” was listed in the 1830 census of Lauderdale County, Alabama, page 206, as the head of a household:
” Gowen, Fred free colored male 55-100
colored female 55-100
colored male 24-36
colored female 24-36″
On March 21, 1838, Frederick Gowen of adjoining Lawrence County made an application [No. R4167] for a Revolutionary War pension in a “non-military capacity.” The pension was rejected, according to “Report on Rejected and Suspended Pensions Reported to Congress” in 1852. The report was printed in “Revolutionary Soldiers in Alabama.”