Paul Heinegg’s work – Free African Americans of North Carolina, Virginia and South Carolina

The following information is from Free African Americans of North Carolina, Virginia and South Carolina, by Paul Heinegg.  The information made available on Ira Berlin’s website listed below.

The acknowledgement page is here:  http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Acknowledge.htm

Webpage is:  http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm

(NOTE:  The information in Heinegg’s work below is valuable in locating documents about people with Going type names in the American South.  BE CAREFUL in reviewing his conclusions.  Often, he will say “born say” for a date of birth, or “their children may have been”, or he may put a “?” mark next to the name of a child.  THESE ARE INDICATIONS that he is making an educated guess based on the information he has.  Unfortunately, many people cite his work and indicate that these guesses are actually proven truth.  Its not always the case.  He does a pretty amazing job putting together this information, but sometimes his guesses may be wrong – if new information is found it may be confirmed right or wrong, but if it is worded as an educated guess, be sure to treat it as one and indicate so in citing to his research.  

On the other hand, if you have documentation of something in this work, where he indicated he was making a decision based on the “best information available at the time”, and now based on new information it is actually now proven to be true, please leave a message below – that will help sort out which guesses are proven or not.  Additionally, if you have documentation that something in Paul Heinegg’s work is incorrect, leave a message at the bottom what is incorrect, and what source or documentation you have for verification.  Thanks).

GOWEN/ GOING FAMILY

Members of the Gowen family in Virginia were:

i. Michael1, born say 1635.

(Note:  See my webpage on Michael1 on this website to compare:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1630-mihil-gowen-black-servant-given-freedom-in-1657/  ).

ii. Philip1, born say 1650, called “Phillip Cowen a Negro” when he petitioned the Governor and Council of State for his freedom. He was the servant of Amye Beazleye whose 9 April 1664 will stated that he was to be free and receive three barrels of corn and a suit of clothes after serving her cousin Humphrey Stafford for eight years. Stafford sold the remaining years of his indenture to Charles Lucas who forced Philip to acknowledge an indenture for twenty years before the Warwick County court [Colonial Papers, Library of Virginia microfilm, p.19, fol. 2]. On 16 June 1675 he was called “Philip Gowen negro Serving Mr. Jno Lucas” when the court ordered that his indenture in Warwick County was invalid, that Philip was free, and that he should be paid three barrels of corn according to Mrs. Amye Beazleye’s will [McIlwaine,Minutes of the Council, 411]. He may have been identical to Philip Gawen who was listed in the quit rent roll for James City County with 50 acres in 1704 [VMHB XXI:220].   (Note:  See my webpage on Philip1 on this website to compare:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1650-philip-gowen-living-in-warwick-co-va/  ). 

1.    Michael1 Gowen, born say 1635, was the “negro” servant of Christopher Stafford who gave him his freedom by his 18 January 1654 York County will after four years of service. Accordingly, Stafford’s sister Amie Barnehouse discharged “Mihill Gowen” from her service on 25 October 1657, and she gave him his child William, born of her “negro Prossa” [DWO 3:16]. Since nothing further is said of Prossa, she probably remained a slave. If she and Michael had any more children, they too would have been slaves. Perhaps Michael married a free woman – most likely white since most branches of the family were very light skinned. Also, there may not have been any eligible free African American women in York County at that time.

He patented “30 or 40 acres” in Merchants Hundred Parish in James City County on 8 February 1668 and died before 11 September 1717 when this land was mentioned again in James City County records:

 

It appears that Mihil Goen late of the said County of Jas. City dyed seized of 30 or 40 acres[Duvall, James City County, 42, 78].

His children were

(Note:  See my webpage on Michael1 on this website to compare:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1630-mihil-gowen-black-servant-given-freedom-in-1657/  ).

i. William1, born 25 August 1655.  [Confirmed]. (See William1’s page on this website:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1655-william-gowen-in-york-county-va/  ). 

ii. ?Daniel1, born say 1657.  [This is a guess – see ? mark.  It is unknown if Mihil was Daniel’s father].    (See Daniel1’s page on this website to compare:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1657-daniel-gowen/  ).  

iii. ?Christopher1, born say 1658.  [This is a guess – see ? mark.  It is unknown if Mihil was Christopher’s father].  (See Christopher1’s page on this website:   https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1649-christopher-gowen/  ). 

iv. ?Thomas1, born say 1660.  [This is a guess – see ? mark.  My research on this person points to another conclusion – that Thomas most likely was NOT Mihil’s son – see the following webpage on this site for Thomas Gowing:   

https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/thomas-gowing-born-about-1655-1660-married-to-unk-lived-in-northern-neck-virginia/  ].

2.    William1 Gowen (Michael1), born 25 August 1655, son of Prossa, was baptized by Mr. Edward Johnson on 25 September 1655 [York County DWO 3:16]. He received a grant for land in Charles City County on 20 April 1687 [Patents 7:58]. He may have been the father of

i. Edward1, born say 1681.  [This is a guess – see above “He may have been the father of” . .  . It is unknown if William was Edward’s father].

3.    Daniel1 Gowen (Michael1), born say 1657, received a patent for 100 acres in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, adjoining his own land on 1 May 1679 and another 52 acres in Gloucester County adjoining Henry Preston, Ambrose Dudley, and Captain Ranson on 26 April 1698 [Patents 6:679; 9:147]. He may have been the ancestor of

i. James3, born say 1728, taxable in Gloucester County in 1770. Perhaps his widow was Mary Gowen, taxable on 120 acres in 1784. He and his unnamed wife were the parents of Sarah Gowen, born 16 January 1759 [Mason, Records of Colonial Gloucester, 33, 95].  [This is a guess – see above “He may have been the father of” . .  . unknown if James’ ancestor was Daniel].

4.    Christopher1 Gowen (Michael1), born say 1658, may have been named for Christopher Stafford, Michael1 Gowen’s master. Christopher and his wife Anne Gowen were living in Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, in January 1679 when their son Michael was born [Wynn, Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, Register, 319]. Their children were

i. Michael2, born in January 1679.  [Confirmed son of Christopher Gowen]

ii. ?Philip2, born say 1685.  [This is a guess – see ? mark.  Unknown if Christopher is parent of Philip].

iii. ?Christopher2, purchased 150 acres on the north side of the Roanoke River in Bertie County, North Carolina, on 25 March 1728 [DB C:23].   [This is a guess – see ? mark.  It is unknown if Christopher1 was parent of Christopher2 who lived in Bertie Co, NC].

5.    Thomas1 Gowen (Michael1), born say 1660, was living in Westmoreland County between 1693 and 1702 when he was involved in several minor court cases, both as defendant and plaintiff, for debts. In 1703 he provided security of 2,000 pounds of tobacco for Chapman Dark that he would return to the county after travelling to Maryland to get testimony that he was a free man. On 1 March 1704/5 the court ordered him to pay Edward Barrow 1,200 pounds of tobacco which Thomas lost to him in a horse race [Orders 1690-98, 90, 244a, 250a; 1698-1705, 33, 39a, 56a, 109, 174, 190a, 190, 238a, 254a]. He was called Thomas Goin of Westmoreland County on 8 June 1707 when he was granted 653 acres in Stafford County below the falls of the Potomac River. This land was adjoining Robert Alexander’s land according to a 29 May 1739 Prince William County deed [Gray, Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants,39, 125]. In an 8 May 1767 land dispute a seventy-year-old deponent, Charles Griffith, related a conversation which he had with Major Robert Alexander forty-three years previously in 1724. Major Robert Alexander, who owned land adjoining the Gowens, supposedly said of them,

 he had a great mind to turn the Molatto rascals (who were then his tenants) of[f] his land.

Griffith further stated that

 he was at a Race in the same year where the Goings were (who then had running horses) and that the old people were talking about the Goings taking up Alexanders land and selling it to Thomas and Todd which land the old people then said was in Alexanders back line or at least the greatest part of it … and if it were not for the Alexanders land … the Goings would not be so lavish of their money of which they seemed to have plenty at that time … [Sparacio, Land Records of Long Standing, Fairfax County, 89].

“Thomas and Todd,” mentioned in the abstract, owned 1,215 acres in Stafford County on Four Mile Creek adjoining Robert Alexander on 3 August 1719 which was land formerly surveyed for Thomas, John, William, and James Goins [Gray, Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 69]. Later in his testimony Griffith mentioned conversations with Thomas and James Gowen. Thomas’ children may have been

i. William2, born say 1680.  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Thomas was the parent of William].

ii. James1, born say 1683.  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Thomas was the parent of James].

iii. Peter Goeing, born say 1690, granted 187 acres in King George and Stafford counties adjoining Alexander Clements and Shrines’ land on 7 October 1724, but the deed was canceled and the land granted to John Mercer [Northern Neck Grants A:86].   [This is a guess – it is unknown if Thomas was the parent of Peter].

(Note:  Please see the page on this website for Thomas Gowing – I have made some of the same guesses as Paul Heinegg regarding Thomas’ children, but have made some different guesses as well based on the information located).

6.    Edward1 Gowen (William1, Michael1), born say 1681, was taxable on 150 acres in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, in 1704 [Smith, Quit Rents of Virginia, 1704, 37]. He may have been the father of

i. Edward2, born say 1700.  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Edward1 was the parent of Edward2].

7.    Michael2 Gowen (Christopher1, Michael1) was born in January 1679 in Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County [Wynn, Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, Register, 319] and was living in New Kent County on 4 July 1702 [Bockstruck, Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers, 218]. He was probably living near the New Kent – Hanover County line on 14 July 1720 when the New Kent County court ordered the vestry of St. Paul’s Parish, Hanover County, to take “Michl Gowing’s Male Tithables” [Chamberlayne,Vestry Book of St. Paul’s Parish, 93]. His children may have been

i. John2, born say 1705, purchased 170 acres including a plantation in St. Martin’s Parish, Hanover County, from Shirley Whatley on 7 June 1734 [Court Records 1733-8, 71-3]. Perhaps John Gowen was the ancestor of Henry Going who was head of a Hanover County household of 8 persons in 1782 [VA:27].  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Michael2 was the parent of John2].

ii. Mary1, born say 1708.  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Michael2 was the parent of Mary1].

iii. Ann1, born say 1719.  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Michael2 was the parent of Ann1].

8.    Philip2 Gowen (Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1685, was living in New Kent County on 4 July 1702 [Bockstruck, Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers, 218]. He may have been the

i. George1, born say 1715.  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Philip2 was the parent of George1].

ii. William, born say 1720, sued for trespass in Goochland County in July 1741. Job Thomas sued him in May 1742 but failed to prosecute. He and his wife Anutoice brought an action of trespass upon the case against William Harris which was dismissed in August 1752. On 20 January 1755 he purchased 50 acres on a branch of Licking Hole Creek called the Plum Tree Branch in Goochland County from Thomas Starke for 12 pounds, and on 18 July 1757 he sold this land (signing) to Jeremiah Rach for 14 pounds [DB 6:440; 7:177]. In September 1755 the sheriff attached a horse belonging to Henry Adkins for a 7 pounds, 10 shilling debt he owed William. William Harris sued him for trespass in a case that was dismissed by agreement in August 1752. John Pleasants, Sr., sued him for 15 pounds damages in December 1763 [Orders 1735-41, 580; 1741-4, 36; 1750-7, 155, 170, 189; 1761-5, 250, 417, 573].  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Philip2 was the parent of William].

iii. Edward, born say 1722, sued by Mary Sutton in Goochland County in May 1745. She failed to prosecute and the case was dismissed in July 1746. Samuel Jordan sued him for debt in February 1746/7, but he also failed to prosecute [Orders 1747-9, 67, 176, 212].  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Philip2 was the parent of Edward].

iv. Agnes1, born say 1725.  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Philip2 was the parent of Agnes1].

v. David1, born say 1727.  [This is a guess – it is unknown if Philip2 was the parent of David1].

vi. Philip3, born say 1740, taxable in Goochland County in 1767 and 1769 [List of Tithables 1767-1780, frames 18, 52, 109], married Judith Potter and had a daughter named Molly who was born 4 March 1770, baptized 27 May [Jones, The Douglas Register, 87]. He was in the list of men in the Amherst County Militia in 1781 [William & Mary Digital Archives, Swem Library’s Special Collections, Cabell Papers Box 2, Folder11.pdf;  https://digitalarchive.wm.edu/handle/10288/16244  ]. He was head of an Amherst County household of 13 persons in 1783 [VA:48] and 12 in 1785 [VA:83]. He and his descendants were counted as white in the 1810 Virginia census.   [This is a guess – it is unknown if Philip2 was the parent of Philip3].

vii. Mary Anne, born say 1742.   [This is a guess – it is unknown if Philip2 was the parent of Mary Anne].

9.    William2 Gowen (Thomas1, Michael1) was probably born about 1680. He and Evan Thomas were granted 124 acres in Stafford County on Jonathan’s Creek of Occaquan River on 10 September 1713, and he was granted 180 acres on the main run of Accotinck Creek on 28 February 1719 [Gray, Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 54, 70]. He sold the land on Jonathan’s Creek on 6 May 1724. His wife Katherine Gowing was called a widow in a 6 March 1726 Stafford County deed by which she purchased 112 acres in Overwharton Parish near Rattlesnake Branch of Pope’s Head Run from her son Ambrose, which Ambrose’s father, William Gowing, was granted by patent of 12 November 1725 [DB J:121, 353]. She was called Catherine Padderson (Patterson) in her 21 May 1739 Prince William County will which was proved 23 July 1739 by her son John Going. She left slaves and land to her children Alexander and Susanna Going [WB C:180-181]. Thomas Ford, a neighbor of William2 Gowen [Joyner,Virginia’s Northern Neck Warrants, 156], was a witness to the will. William and Katherine’s children were

(Note:  See William2’s page on this website for additional information, and compare my conclusions:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/william-gowing-born-1677/ ).

i. John1, born say 1702.  [Confirmed as son of William2] 

(Note:  See John1’s webpage on this website for addtional information and compare my conclusions.  Click link:   https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1710-john-gowen/  ).

ii. Ambrose, born say 1704, who sold William2‘s land to his mother. [Confirmed as son of William2]

(Note:  Ambrose is confirmed as the son of William2.  But shortly after he receives land in a deed that names him as son of William2, he is never mentioned again, not even in Catherine Padderson’s will – when all the other children we know about are named.   It is “possible” that “Ambrose” was a middle name of either John1, or of William3 – and that Ambrose is actually one of those two children – I believe that may be the case).  

(See Ambrose’s webpage on this website for addtional information and compare my conclusions.  Click link:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1703-ambrose-gowen/  ).  

iii. Susanna, who received a slave by her mother’s will.  [Confirmed as daughter of William2]

(See Susanna’s webpage on this website for addtional information and compare my conclusions.  Click link:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1707-susannah-gowen/

iv. ?William3, born say 1710.  [This is a guess – see ? mark.  It is unknown if William3 is the son of William2].

(Note:  I have made the same guess based on the location of William3 to other children of William2 – there does indeed seem to be a family relationship, and based on the age and closeness of what appears to be his children to their cousins and uncles, I think this is a correct conclusion).

(See William3’s webpage on this website for addtional information and compare my conclusions.  Click link:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1712-william-gowen/ ). 

v. Alexander, born say 1712.  [Confirmed as son of William2]

(See Alexander’s webpage on this website for addtional information and compare my conclusions.  Click link:   https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1715-alexander-gowen/  ).  

10.    James1 Gowen (Thomas1, Michael1), born say 1683, sold 652 acres in Stafford County on Four Mile Run adjoining Thomas Pearson on 4 March 1730 [DB C:118]. He may have been the ancestor of

i. Daniel2, born about 1730, a 5’4″, twenty-seven-year-old planter from Stafford County who was listed in the 13 July 1756 size roll of Captain Thomas Cocke’s Company of the Virginia Militia. He was called a hatter in the July 1757 size roll of Captain Joshua Lewis’ Seventh Company of the Virginia Regiment [Clark, Colonial Soldiers of the South, 385, 449].  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the ancestory of”.  It is unknown if James1 is the ancestor of Daniel2].

ii. Luke, born say 1740.  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the ancestory of”.  It is unknown if James1 is the ancestor of Daniel2].

iii. Michael5, born say 1742, head of a Shenandoah County household of 7 persons in 1785 [VA:105].  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the ancestory of”.  It is unknown if James1 is the ancestor of Daniel2].

iv. Joseph4, born say 1750, taxable in Loudoun County from 1769 to 1776, listed as Samuel Canby’s tithable from 1771 to 1776 [Tithables 1758-1799, 477a, 576, 636, 670, 731, 780, 806a], head of a Fairfax County household of 7 persons in 1782 [VA:17]. His indenture to Samuel Canby was proved in Loudoun County court on 2 October 1772 [Orders 1770-3, 433].  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the ancestory of”.  It is unknown if James1 is the ancestor of Daniel2].

v. George2, born say 1750, “free Negro” head of a Fairfax County household of 8 “other free” in 1810 [VA:257].  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the ancestory of”.  It is unknown if James1 is the ancestor of Daniel2].

vi. Jason1, born before 1762, taxable in Loudoun County in 1774 and 1779 [Tithables 1758-1799, 768, 898a]. He was called the “brother of Luke Goins” on 23 December 1795 when they obtained certificates as “free Negroes” in Loudoun County. The certificate stated that Jason had been living in the neighborhood of John Littleton for upward of twenty years [Certificates of Free Negroes at the Loudoun County courthouse, transcribed by Townsend Lucas]. There was a court case in Loudoun County on 14 November 1786 in which Jason’s suit against James Elliott abated by the death of the plaintiff [Orders 1785-6, 383].  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the ancestory of”.  It is unknown if James1 is the ancestor of Daniel2].

11.    Edward2 Goeing (Edward1, William1, Michael1), born say 1700, was sued by Francis Tyree for a debt of 450 pounds of tobacco in Charles City County in August 1737. He sold land by deed he acknowledged in court in Charles City County in May 1746 [Orders 1737-51, 16, 409]. He may have been the father of

i. Phillis Goeing, born say 1720, presented by the grand jury in Charles City in November 1739 for having a bastard child. She petitioned the court in July 1745, apparently asking that her children be bound to George Gibson, but the court ordered the churchwardens to bind them out because Gibson failed to answer her petition. On 7 August 1754 the churchwardens of Westover Parish sued her for debt, probably for having an illegitimate child [Orders 1737-51, 105, 117, 371, 383; 1751-7, 112, 142, 251].  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of Phillis].

i. Michael3, born say 1722.  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of Michael3].

ii. James2, born say 1725.  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of James2]

iii. Edward3, born say 1727.  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of Edward3]

iv. Joseph1, born say 1730.  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of Joseph1]

v. David2, born say 1735.  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of David2] 

vii. Shadrack1, born say 1737.  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of Shadrack1]

viii. Suffiah, born say 1739, head of a Pittsylvania County household of 12 persons in 1785 [VA:100].  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of Suffiah]

ix. John7, born say 1740.  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of John7]

x. Moses3, born say 1743, testified in Henry County court on 27 April 1780 that he had served as a soldier in Captain James Gunn’s Company in Colonel Byrd’s Regiment in 1760 (in the French and Indian War) but had not received bounty land. On 28 March 1783 he owned land on both sides of the North Mayo River when the Henry County court allowed him to build a water grist mill on it [Orders 1778-82, 86; 1782-5, 75]. He was taxable in Henry County from 1782 to 1786, charged with 2 tithes in 1785 and 1786 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 18, 38, 87, 152, 217].  [This is a guess – see “he may have been the father of”.  It is unknown if Edward2 is the father of Moses3]

12.    Mary1 Going (Michael2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1708, was living in Brunswick County, Virginia, in April 1740 when the court ordered her children Drury and Eleanor bound to Ralph Jackson. She may also have been the mother of Cave Gowen, a seven-year-old boy who was bound to James Vaughan by the 6 June 1734 Brunswick County court and Thomas and John Going who were bound out by the court in May 1739, no parent named [Orders 1737-41, 254, 302]. Her children were

i. ?Cave, born about 1727.  [This is a guess – see “?” – it is unknown if Mary1 is that parent of Cave].  

ii. ?Thomas3, born say 1734, sued in Brunswick County, Virginia court by James House on 27 November 1759. He sued Joseph King in Brunswick County court on 23 January 1760 [Orders 1757-9, 426; 1760-84, 75].  [This is a guess – see “?” – it is unknown if Mary1 is that parent of Thomas3].

iii. ?James4 Gowen, born say 1735.  [This is a guess – see “?” – it is unknown if Mary1 is that parent of James4].

iv. ?John4, born say 1736.  [This is a guess – see “?” – it is unknown if Mary1 is that parent of John4].

v. Drury1, born say 1738.  [Confirmed that Mary1 is the parent of Drury1].

vi. Eleanor, born say 1740.  [Confirmed that Mary1 is the parent of Eleanor].

vii. ?Frederick1, born say 1745, living in New Hanover County, North Carolina, in December 1767 when there was a warrant for his arrest for contempt and aiding the escape from jail of Richard Burbage who was held on suspicion of horse stealing [Minutes 1738-69, 331]. He and his wife were taxable “Molatoes” in Bladen County in 1770 and 1772 [Byrd, Bladen County Tax Lists, I:34, 95].  [This is a guess – see “?” – it is unknown if Mary1 is that parent of John4].

13.    Ann1 Going (Michael2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1719, sued John Magoffe and his wife Jane in Brunswick County, Virginia, in September 1740 [Orders 1737-41, 353, 379]. Ann was living in Granville County, North Carolina, on 5 September 1753 when the court ordered her “Mulatto” child Cooper bound to John Parnall [Owen, Granville County Notes, vol. I]. She was in Cumberland County, North Carolina, in November 1761 when the court ordered her to “keep in her possession a Mulatto Boy which she now has in order that she may have him here next court” [Minutes 1759-65, 75]. She may have been the Ann Goin who was granted 100 acres on Broad River and both sides of Fannin’s Creek in what later became Union County, South Carolina [Lucas, Some South Carolina County Records, 2:524]. On 3 April 1799 the Robeson County court ordered John Ford, Esquire, in South Carolina to take her deposition on behalf of James Terry vs. Willis Barfield [Minutes 1797-1803, 69]. Her children may have been

i. Cooper, born say 1752.   [Confirmed:  Ann1 is the father of Cooper]

ii. John6, born say 1758.   [This is a guess – see “her children may have been”.  It is unknown if Ann1 is the mother of John6]

iii. Olive, born say 1780, head of a Robeson County household of 2 “other free” in 1800 [NC:381] and 2 “free colored” in 1840 [NC:222].    [This is a guess – see “her children may have been”.  It is unknown if Ann1 is the mother of Olive]

iv. William9, born about 1787, eleven years old when he was ordered by the 3 April 1798 Robeson County court bound apprentice to James Alford [Minutes 1797-1803, 37]. He was head of a Robeson County household of 3 “other free” in 1810 [NC:232] and 6 “free colored” in 1840 (55-100 years old) [NC:222]. On 23 November 1841 the Robeson County court granted him permission to carry his gun in the county [Minutes 1839-43, 240].    [This is a guess – see “her children may have been”.  It is unknown if Ann1 is the mother of William9]

14.   George1 Gowen (Philip2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1715, and his wife Sarah Gowan were the parents of Aaron, born 9 June, baptized 3 September 1737 in St. Peter’s Parish, New Kent County [NSCDA, Parish Register of St. Peter’s, 134]. He sued William Chamberlayne for trespass in Goochland County in May 1748. Job Pleasants sued him for debt in February 1748/9 and he sued William Chamberlayne in August 1752 [Orders 1744-9, 436, 476, 506]. In July 1760 William Winston “Essex,” who “as well in behalf of Us as for himself” sued Sarah Going, perhaps for failing to list herself as a tithable. He failed to prosecute and was ordered to pay her costs in July 1761 [Orders 1757-61, 318, 429]. George was added to the list of tithables in Goochland County in August 1761. Thomas Whitlock sued him and Sarah Going in a case which was agreed between the parties in July 1764. George and Sarah sued Thomas Whitlock for trespass, assault and battery in February 1765, and Whitlock sued Sarah for debt in the same court. To satisfy the debt, the court ordered the sheriff to sell nine pigs belonging to Sarah in the hands of garnishee William French [Orders 1761-5, 15, 404, 468, 470, 507-8]. George was taxable in Goochland County in 1761, 1764 and 1771 [List of Tithables 1756-1766, frame 167, 295; 1767-1780, frame 200]. They were the ancestors of

i. ?Moses1, born say 1735, taxable in Goochland County from 1753 to 1769: taxable on his own tithe and Aaron Going in 1754, taxable on slave Jubbiter in 1763, taxable on Moses Tyler‘s tithe in 1764 [List of Tithables, 1730-55, frames 253, 299, 336; 1756-1766, frames 30, 155, 175, 252, 281, 295, 369; 1767-1780, frames 69, 119], sued in Goochland County by William Hudnell in April 1763. Thomas Riddle posted his bail. The suit was dismissed on agreement between the parties. He sued James Moseley in April 1763 but the case was also dismissed on agreement. He sued Charles Murler for a 16 pound, 12 shilling debt in August 1763; he was sued by Robert Smith for 30 shillings in May 1764; he acknowledged a debt of 14 pounds, 10 shillings to Messrs. William Pryor and William Merriwether in June 1764 and acknowledged a debt of 15 pounds, 12 shillings to Adams and Thomas Underwood in September 1764 [Orders 1761-5, 145, 151, 158, 228-9, 327, 334, 369, 424]. [This is a guess – see “?” – it is unknown if George1 is that parent of Moses1]

ii. Aaron1, born 9 June, baptized 3 September 1737 in St. Peter’s Parish, New Kent County [NSCDA, Parish Register of St. Peter’s, 134], taxable in Goochland County from 1754 to 1764 [List of Tithables 1730-1755, frame 299; 1756-1766, frames 30, 156, 295]. He sued John Winston for trespass assault and battery in Goochland County in June 1760. Winston testified that he only touched the plaintiff gently, but Aaron was awarded 5 shillings [Orders 1757-61, 303, 328-9, 353; 1761-5, 8, 104]. He and his wife Mary had a child named John Going, born 31 July 1763 and baptized 28 August the same year [Jones, The Douglas Register, 65]. He was living in Louisa County on 19 May 1763 when he mortgaged his household goods to Thomas Underwood of Hanover County for 36 pounds currency by deed proved in Goochland County in September 1764 [DB 8:422; Orders 1750-57, 84; 1757-61, 429; 1761-65, 429]. He was taxable in Powhatan County in John Chitwood’s household in 1791, charged with his own tax in 1792, 1796 and 1797 [PPTL, 1787-1825, frames 58, 77, 132, 146].  [Confirmed, George1 was the parent of Aaron1].  

iii. ?Shadrack2, taxable in Powhatan County from 1791 to 1797: his tax charged to Judith Bingley in 1791, called a “Mo” from 1793 to 1795 [Personal Property Tax List, 1787-1825, frames 57, 92, 106, 118, 132, 146].   [This is a guess – see “?” – it is unknown if George1 is that parent of Shadrack2]

15.    Agnes1 Going (Philip2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1725, was living in Louisa County on 10 October 1743 when she sued Gilbert Gibson for 3 pounds currency for services done on a contract. On 9 January 1743/4 the court ordered that she receive twenty-five lashes on her bare back for having an illegitimate child. She bound her son Joseph and daughter Sarah Going to James Bunch by 28 November 1759 Fredericksville Parish indenture [Davis, Fredericksville Parish Vestry Book, 29]. On 9 September 1766 she made a deposition in George Gibson‘s suit against his step-mother Sarah Gibson. On 14 May 1770 the court ordered the churchwardens of Trinity Parish to bind out all her children under twenty-one years except the youngest. On 12 February 1776 she complained to the court about the treatment her son Sherod was receiving from his master William Phillips [Orders 1742-8, 82, 91, 92, 95; 1766-74, 20; 1766-72, 379; 1774-82, 140, 142]. She was taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1787 to 1794: taxable on a free male tithe in 1787 and 1788; taxable on a horse from 1791 to 1794 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1799, frames 116, 153, 203, 347, 419]. She was the mother of

i. ?Moses2, born say 1742, possibly the unnamed child born to Agnes Gowen in Louisa County before January 1743. He was called “Moses Going, mulatto” in his February 1761 to March 1762 account with Archibald Ingram, George Kipper, & Co. of Albemarle County [Weisiger,Albemarle County Court Papers, 23]. He was a taxable in the Trinity Parish, Louisa County household of John Fox in 1770 and in his own household in 1772 [Davis, Louisa County Tithables, 25, 34]. He was required to post a bond of 50 pounds and his security George Gibsonposted 25 pounds on 10 July 1775 when Joseph Cooper swore the peace against him in Louisa County court [Orders 1774-82, 126-7]. He purchased 353 acres in Louisa County from Michael Ailstock on 13 January 1777, and he and his wife Agnes sold this land six months later on 9 June 1777 [DB E:14, 156]. On 14 July 1777 he, Joshua Going and Charles Sprouse, Sr., were charged by the Louisa County court with hog stealing, but the sheriff was unable to arrest them because they were in hiding. The court ordered the sheriff to summon a posse to arrest them [Orders 1774-82, 171]. He was taxable in Louisa County on a horse in 1783 and 1785 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1814].  [This is a guess – see: “possibly the unnamed child” – it is unknown if Moses2 is the child of Agnes1].  

ii. Joseph3, born about 1747.  [Confirmed:  Agnes1 is the parent of Joseph3]

iii. Sarah, born about 1751.  [Confirmed:  Agnes1 is the parent of Sarah]

iv. ?David3, born say 1751, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Louisa County, in his own household in 1772, taxable in Moses Going’s household in 1775, taxable in the Trinity Parish household of Pouncy Bunch in 1774 and taxable in Joseph Bunch’s household in 1778 [Davis,Louisa County Tithables, 133, 45, 73]. His suit against Robert Anderson, Gentleman, for trespass, assault and battery was dismissed by the Louisa County court on 13 July 1773 at Anderson’s costs [Orders 1766-74; Judgments 1773, frames 362-3]. He was taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1782 to 1809, called a “Mulatto” in 1812, called “David Going Senr. Mula” in 1813 [PPTL 1782-1799, frames 12, 29, 44, 76, 116, 153, 202, 252, 300, 386, 419, 459, 481, 516, 555, 591; 1800-1813, frames 161, 207, 250, 297, 344, 388, 434, 478, 522, 566] and head of an Albemarle County household of 8 “other free” in 1810 [VA:195].   [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if David3 is the child of Agnes1].  

v. ?Benjamin1, born say 1753.  [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Benjamin1 is the child of Agnes1].

vi. ?Joshua, born about 1753.  [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Joshua is the child of Agnes1].

vii. ?Elizabeth, born say 1760, sued James Usher in Albemarle County court for failing to pay for a gown, an apron, a quilted petticoat, and three linen handkerchiefs. Hannah Witheral was her witness. The court awarded her 2 pounds currency on 7 December 1786 [Orders 1795-8, 229-30]. On 14 May 1793 the Louisa County court ordered the overseers of the poor to bind out her illegitimate daughter Agnes Going to Mary Hancock [Orders 1790-3, 522].  [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Elizabeth is the child of Agnes1].

viii. Sherrod1, born about 1760.  [Confirmed:  Sherrod1 is the child of Agnes1]

ix. ?Archibald, born say 1763, taxable on 2 horses and 5 cattle in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, in 1784 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1799, frame 44].  [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Archibald is the child of Agnes1]

x. ?Milly, born say 1763, of Louisa County, married Charles Croucher, 22 June 1785 in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County. He was head of a Albemarle County household of 1 “other free” in 1810 [VA:153].  [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Milly is the child of Agnes1]

xi. ?Usly, born say 1765, married Jonathan Tyre, 21 October 1786 Albemarle County bond, Shadrack Battles bondsman.  [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Usly is the child of Agnes1]

16.   David1 Going (Philip2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1727, was indicted by the Henrico County court on 6 November 1752 for not going to church and for failing to list his “Mulatto” wife as a tithable. He paid a 5 shilling fine for not going to church but pleaded not guilty to the other charge. He failed to appear when the case came to trial in April 1753 and was fined 1,000 pounds of tobacco [Minutes 1752-5, 19, 26, 27, 52]. He was taxable in Goochland County in 1753 and 1754 [List of Tithables, 1730-1755, frames 244, 282]. He sued Richard Farris for trespass, assault and battery in Goochland County but discontinued the suit on 21 May 1754 [Orders 1750-7, 387]. He purchased 400 acres adjoining William Harlow’s land in Henrico County from Michael Gawin (Gowen) of Bute County, North Carolina, on 20 March 1765 with John Gawin as witness [Miscellaneous Court Records 6:1943-4]. He and his wife Elizabeth sold 100 acres of this land in the fork of Farrar’s Branch adjoining John Harlow, Nathan Dunaway and his own land to David Barnett on 25 October 1770 [Deeds 1767-74, 260]. He was taxable in the upper district of Henrico County from 1784 to 1790: taxable on a horse and 7 cattle in 1785, exempt from tax on his person in 1787 [PPTL 1782-1814, frames 57, 73, 124, 143, 195, 217; Orders 1784-7, 568]. He was taxable on 100 acres on the headwaters of Chickahominy Swamp in the upper district of Henrico County from 1799 to 1805 [Land Tax List 1799-1816]. He left a 17 March 1803 Henrico County will which was proved on 8 March 1805. He left all to his grandson David Going, reserving to Agatha Going peaceful possession where she was then living during her lifetime. He also named grandson John Harlace 4 pounds, left Meredith Childress a bed and furniture, and named his grandson David Going and Meredith Childress his executors. His estate was valued at 55 pounds [WB 3:183-4]. He was probably the father of

i. Agnes2, born say 1748  [Not confirmed by any documentation that David1 is parent of Agnes2, but it does appear probable based on location, and transactions]. 

17.    Mary Anne Gowen (Philip2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1742, was bound out by the churchwardens of Southam Parish, Goochland County, to David Thomas in January 1747/8 [Orders 1744-9]. On 25 May 1761 the Cumberland County court ordered the churchwardens of King William Parish to bind out her son Stephen Goen to Peter Anthony Luckado [Orders 1758-62, 322], and on 16 May 1782 the Powhatan County court ordered the churchwardens of King William Parish to bind out her son Moses Going to Francis Merryman [Orders 1777-84, 225]. She was the mother of

i. Stephen1, born say 1760.  [Confirmed: that Mary Anne Gowen is parent of Stephen1]

ii. Moses6, born say 1775, taxable in Powhatan County from 1792 to 1797 and from 1801 to 1817: called a “Mo” from 1793 to 1795 and from 1801 to 1814; listed with 1 “free negroes & mulattoes” above the age of 16 in his household in 1813 [PPTL, 1787-1825, frames 77, 92, 106, 118, 132, 146, 223, 257, 278, 295, 317, 342, 363, 380, 399, 421, 438, 458, 482, 533]. On 19 August 1818 the Powhatan County court bound a “free boy of Colour” Thomas Going, son of Fanny Findley, to him as an apprentice carpenter [Thomas Going (M): Indenture of Apprenticeship, 1818, African American Narrative Digital Collection, LVA].   [Confirmed: that Mary Anne Gowen is parent of Moses6]

iii. ?Shadrack3, taxable in Powhatan County from 1791 to 1797: his tax charged to Judith Bingley in 1791, called a “Mo” from 1793 to 1795 [PPTL, 1787-1825, frames 57, 92, 106, 118, 132, 146].  [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Shadrack3 is the child of Mary Anne Gowen]

iv. Alexander, son of Mary Going, ordered bound out by the churchwardens of King William Parish in Powhatan County on 16 April 1784 [Orders 1777-84, 383].  [Confirmed: that Mary Anne Gowen is parent of Alexander]

v. Neptune, son of Mary Ann Going, ordered bound out (with his brother Moses) by the churchwardens of King William Parish in Powhatan County on 20 May 1784 [Orders 1777-84, 386].  [Confirmed: that Mary Anne Gowen is parent of Neptune]

18.    John1 Gowen (William2, Thomas1, Michael1), born say 1702, and wife Mary sold land, “…part of a tract granted William Gowen, deceased, father to said Gowen…” on Pope’s Head Run in Fairfax County on 5 March 1744. John’s wife Mary, probably a white woman, was identified as the daughter of Cornelius Keife in a 9 June 1746 Fairfax deed by which he and his wife sold 112 acres on Occoquan Run which had belonged to her father [DB A-1:551; A-2:349]. John and his wife Mary moved to Lunenburg County where he was taxable on two tithables in the list of Lewis Deloney in 1748 [Tax List 1748-52]. He may have been the John Going who was tithable in Granville County in the list of Jonathan White circa 1748 [CR 44.701.19]. On 14 February 1761 he patented 400 acres in Lunenburg County on Reedy Branch [Patents 34:809]. He and wife Mary made a deed of gift of 100 acres of this patent to two of their sons, William and John, on 10 June 1761 [DB 6:378-9]. Their children were

i. William4, born say 1725.  [Confirmed:  that John1 is parent of William4]

ii. John3, born say 1730, who sold the 100 acres of land his father gave him while a resident of Lunenburg County on 1 December 1761 [DB 7:151]. He was probably the John Going who was living in Orange County, North Carolina, in May 1764 when he was a defendant in a court case [Haun, Orange County Court Minutes, 185, 383]. It was reported that Colonel John Hogan of Orange County said he knew him well in 1765 and that he was: a trifling, contemptible fellow, a gambler, and a mulatto … was then insolvent and probably is so still if alive [NCGSJ IV:157 (Claims of British Merchants after the Revolutionary War)]. He may have been the John Gowen who was granted 100 acres on Tiger River in South Carolina on 19 August 1774 [DB 32:205].  [Confirmed:  that John1 is parent of John3]

iii. ?Thomas2, born say 1732.  [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Thomas2 is the child of John1]

19.    William3 Gowen (William2, Thomas1, Michael1), born say 1710, was a planter in Brunswick County, Virginia, on 4 June 1747 when he was fined and had to post security for his good behavior, “having behaved himself in a very disorderly indecent and contemptuous manner to this court” [Orders 1743-49, 204]. He purchased 910 acres on Grassy Creek in Granville County, North Carolina, near the border with Lunenburg County, Virginia, on 5 March 1751 [DB A:343]. He and his family were counted as white taxables in the early Granville Tax lists. He was taxed on two tithes in the 1751 Granville County list of Samuel Henderson. He was in the 8 October 1754 muster of Captain John Sallis’ Company in the Granville County Regiment of Colonel William Eaton [Clark, Colonial Soldiers of the South, 722]. He was fined for trespass in the Granville County court on 3 December 1754, 5 March 1755, 1 March 1757, and again on 6 September 1757 [Minutes 1754-70, 11, 43, 46]. In the 1755 Summary Tax List he was taxable on two white tithes for himself and son Joseph [CR 44.701.19]. In 1758 he was taxable on two white polls for himself and son William in the list of James Yancey. On 2 December 1760 he patented two tracts of land in St. John’s Parish, Granville County, near the head of Dogwood Branch, one for 650 acres and the other for 667 acres. In 1761 he was taxed on two tithes for himself and James Gowen in Country Line District in the list of Larkin Thompson. He sold 640 acres of his land in Granville on 4 October 1762, made a deed of gift of 350 acres to his son Joseph on 7 August 1765, and the sheriff sold 350 acres of his land for debt on 5 February 1767 [DB E:440-448; F:382; H:28, 226]. He may have been the William Gowen, Sr., who was granted 396 acres on Sink Hole Fork of Middle Tiger River in South Carolina [Pruitt, Spartanburg County Deed Abstracts (DB A:109)]. His children who were taxable in North Carolina were

i. Joseph2, born circa 1740, taxable in his father’s household in the 1757 Granville County list of Richard Harris. He received a deed of gift of land in Granville County from his father on 7 August 1765 [DB H:28]. He was taxed in Granville County for the last time in 1767 when he had 3 “white” males in his household in the list of Philips Pryor: Presley Harrison, John Cunningham, and Minor Cockram. By 1771 he was in South Carolina where he received a grant for land in the northwest part called the Tiger River tract [DB 23:539]. [Confirmed: William3 was parent of Joseph2]. 

ii. William5, born circa 1742, taxable in Granville County in 1758. He may have been the William Gowen, Jr., who was granted 116 acres on Mill Creek in South Carolina [Owens, Patent Land Survey, 15]. [Confirmed: William3 was parent of William5]

iii. James5, born circa 1745 since he was taxable in 1761 in his father’s Country Line District household. [Confirmed: William3 was parent of James5]

20.    Alexander Gowen, born say 1712, may have been named for the Gowens’ neighbor in Stafford County, Major Robert Alexander. He received 66 acres by his mother’s will, and sold it on 14 August 1747 [Fairfax DB B:253]. He was in North Carolina by 15 July 1760 when he received a patent for 600 acres in Orange County in St. Matthew’s Parish on both sides of Hogan’s Creek [Hoffman, Granville District Land Grants, 273]. He may have been the Alexander Gowing who was sued for a 3 pounds, 15 shilling debt by Thomas Dudley in July 1773 and sued Zachariah Waller for 2 pounds, 2 shillings on 24 September 1773 in Pittsylvania County, Virginia. He died before 23 September 1779 when William Armstrong’s case against him was dismissed by the defendant’s death [Orders 1772-5, 236, 253-4; 1777-83, 273]. His wife was apparently Sophia Going, Senior, who purchased for 30 pounds 400 acres “on the country line” in Pittsylvania County from Daniel Going of South Carolina on 4 September 1781 [DB 7:546]. She was called Seth Gowing when the deed was proved in court on 19 December 1785. Sethe or Lethe was head of a Pittsylvania County household of 11 free persons in 1782 [VA:41] and called Suffiah Going when she was head of a household of 12 free persons [VA:100. Sophia was called the administrator of the estate of Alexander Going, deceased, when she was sued by Sophia Going, Junior, on 20 March 1798 on testimony of James Saunders of Caswell County, North Carolina. Sophia, Sr., was apparently living on land claimed by George Clopton on 21 May 1798 when he sued Sophia, John, Jesse and Sherwood Going as tenants [Orders 1783-7, 354; 1795-8, 461, 479, 486; 1798-1801, 23, 59]. Sophia, Jr., perhaps suing for her part of her father’s estate, was awarded 20 pounds, 5 shillings by a jury on 21 November 1799. Sherwood Going became a defendant in the suit when Sophia, Sr., failed to meet the payment of a bond [Orders 1798-1801, 109, 180, 204, 233]. In the tax lists she was called Sethey in 1782, Suffiah in 1785 and thereafter: listed with 8 slaves, 5 horses and 16 cattle in 1782; 6 slaves, 4 horses, and 9 cattle in 1784; 8 slaves, 3 horses and 10 cattle in 1785; taxable on 6 free males, a slave and 3 horses in 1788; on 2 slaves and 3 horses in 1790; on J. Rodgers’ tithe, a slave and 4 horses in 1792; taxable on Sherwood Going’s tithe in 1793; a slave and 4 horses in 1794 [PPTL 1782-97, frames 192, 211, 217, 236, 343, 428, 476, 538, 598, 623]. She recorded a bill of sale to Sherwood Going in Pittsylvania County court on 16 June 1800 [Orders 1798-1801, 295]. Alexander and Sophia were the parents of children who were all considered white in the 1813 Pittsylvania county tax list:

i. ?John, taxable in Pittsylvania County in 1782 to 1797 [PPTL 1782-97, frames 192, 694, 717, 768].  [Not confirmed that John is child of Alexander, appears possible though]

ii. ?Jesse, taxable in Pittsylvania County from 1782 to 1796 [PPTL 1782-97, frames 192, 217, 237, 257, 280, 694, 717].  [Not confirmed that Jesse is child of Alexander, appears possible though]

iii. Sherwood2, born say 1772, married Ruth Bennett, 30 April 1793 Caswell County bond, James Gillaspy bondsman. He was taxable in Pittsylvania County from 1790 to 1797: listed with his unnamed mother in 1793 and from 1795 to 1797 [PPTL 1782-1797, frames 236, 476, 515, 538, 598, 623, 694, 717, 768]. [Confirmed:  Alexander Gowen was parent of Sherwood2]

iv. Sophia, Jr., mother of illegitimate child Benjamin Going bound out by the Pittsylvania County court on 20 November 1798 [Orders 1798-1801, 58]. Lythe Gowing married William Carter 27 January 1792 Pittsylvania County bond.  [Confirmed:  Alexander Gowen was parent of Sherwood2]

21.   Luke1 Gowen (James1, Thomas1, Michael1), born say 1740, was taxable in James Hamilton’s list for Loudoun County in 1767 with Joseph Hough; taxable in 1768 with William Allin in his household; taxable on his own tithe and Samuel Johnson in 1769; taxable on his own and Joseph Proctor‘s tithe in 1774; taxable in Cameron Parish on his own tithe and Leonard Goin in 1778; taxable on John McQueen’s tithe in 1781; Thomas Hopkins’ tithe, 2 horses and 2 cattle in 1782. He was taxable on Moses Gowen’s tithe in 1787, 1788, 1790, and 1792; taxable on Peyton Gowen’s tithe in 1797; called a blacksmith in 1812 [Tithables 1758-1799, 395, 409, 477, 492, 768, 832, 861, 1022, 1320; PPTL 1782-7; 1787-97; 1797-1812]. On 17 October 1783 he acknowledged in Loudoun County court a debt of 45 pounds to John Hough with interest from 11 April 1769, with allowance for a payment of 1 pound, 13 shillings made on 11 October 1770. On 17 June 1784 the court ordered that his tithables, including himself, 2 horses and 2 cattle, be added to the list of Thomas Respass [Orders 1783-5, 170, 351]. He was head of a Loudoun County household of 10 “other free” in 1810 [VA:288]. He and his wife Margaret were certified to be “free Negroes” in Loudoun County on 23 December 1795. The certificate stated that they had been living in the neighborhood of John Littleton for above thirty years [Certificates of Free Negroes at the Loudoun County courthouse, transcribed by Townsend Lucas]. He may have been the father of

i. Leonard, born say 1762, taxable in Luke Goin’s Loudoun County household in 1774, taxable on his own tithe in 1780 [Tithables 1758-1799, 993]. He was the father of Elihu Goins who was born 15 April 1788. Elihu married Susannah, the daughter of Anthony Lucas. Susannah was born 25 April 1785 [Certificates of Free Negroes at the Loudoun County courthouse, transcribed by Townsend Lucas]. He sued Luke Going in Loudoun County court on 16 February 1791 but the case was agreed before coming to trial [Orders 1790-1, 102]. He was taxable in Loudoun County from 1787 to 1813: taxable on 4 tithes in 1813 (his wife and two children?) [PPTL 1787-97]. Perhaps his widow was the Susannah Goin who was head of a Loudoun County household of 13 “free colored” in 1830.  [Confirmed:  Leonard is child of Luke Goin] 

ii. Lucretia, taxable on a horse in Loudoun County in 1793 [PPTL 1787-97].   [Not confirmed that Lucretia is child of Luke, appears possible though]

iii. Moses5, born say 1770, taxable in Loudoun County from 1787 to 1791 and in 1801 [PPTL 1787-97; 1797-1812].  [Not confirmed that Moses5 is child of Luke, appears possible though]

iv. Jason2, not yet twenty-one when he was taxable in Loudoun County in 1787, taxable in 1791 and 1797 [PPTL 1787-97]. [Not confirmed that Jason2 is child of Luke, appears possible though]

v.Luke2, Jr., taxable in Loudoun County from 1795 to 1805, listed in Luke Gowen, Sr.’s household in 1795 and 1803 [PPTL 1787-97; 1797-1812], head of a Loudoun County household of 8 “free colored” in 1830.   [Confirmed:  Luke2, Jr is child of Luke Goin]

vi. Peyton, taxable in Loudoun County from 1795 to 1813: taxable in Luke Gowen’s household in 1795 and 1797, taxable in Walter Elgon’s household in 1796, a “Mulatto” taxable in 1809 and 1811, listed with his unnamed wife in 1813 [PPTL 1787-97; 1797-1812].  [Confirmed:  Peyton is child of Luke Goin]

vii. Zachariah, born about 1775, sixteen and a half years old on 12 April 1791 when the Loudoun County court bound him to John Keough to be a blacksmith [Orders 1790-1, 158], taxable in Loudoun County from 1797 to 1809: a “Mulatto” taxable in 1805, 1806 and 1809 [PPTL 1787-97; 1797-1812].  [Not confirmed that Zachariah is child of Luke, appears possible though]

viii. Joseph5, head of a Loudoun County household of 4 “other free” and 1 white woman in 1810 [VA:292].  [Not confirmed that Joseph5 is child of Luke, appears possible though]

ix. William, taxable in Luke Gowen’s household in 1799 and 1803, a “Mul” taxable in 1811 [PPTL 1797-1812].  [Confirmed:  William is child of Luke Goin]

22.    Michael3 Gowen (Edward2, Edward1, William1, Michael1), born say 1722, was sued for debt in Henrico County in June 1744 [Orders 1737-46, 267]. He was called Michael Gawin when he was granted 400 acres in Henrico County on 30 June 1743 adjoining William Harlow. Land adjoining Michael Going, Farrar’s Branch and Orphant’s line was patented in Henrico County on 15 September 1752 [Patents 21:424; 31:193]. He was living in Bute County, North Carolina, on 20 March 1765 when he sold this land to David Gawin [Miscellaneous Court Records 6:1943-4]. He was taxable in John MacKisick’s household in the 1750 Granville County, North Carolina tax list of Edward Jones [CR 44.701.23]. On 3 May 1752 he purchased 225 acres on both sides of Taylors Creek in Granville County [DB B:73]. He was taxed as a “Black” tithe in 1753 in the list of Osborn Jeffreys, as a “white” tithe in Jeffreys’ 1754 list, and as a “black” tithe in the 1755 tax summary. He was in the 8 October 1754 Muster Roll of the Granville County Regiment of Colonel William Eaton, Captain Osborne Jeffrey’s Company:

Thomas Gowen Mulatto

Mickael Gowen Mulatto

Edward Gowen Mulatto [Clark, Colonial Soldiers of the South, 718].

He was taxed in 1759 in the list of John Pope with John Wilson, both called “Mulattoe,” and he was taxed in Pope’s 1761 list with the notation, “Refuses to list his wife,” probably claiming that he was white. He may have been identical to Michael Going whose estate was attached in Culpeper County on 18 August 1763 by Artomenas Robertson for 3 pounds, 3 shillings [Minutes 1763-4, 407, 441]. He was taxed in the Bute County List of Philemon Hawkins in 1771:

 Michle Gowine & Wife & Sons Michile & David Doughter Elizebeath Wm Wilson 0 white/ 6 black/ 6 total [1771 List of Taxables, p.11].

He was in Prince George Parish, Craven County, South Carolina, on 3 June 1778 when he made a deed of gift of 80 acres on the south side of Taylor’s Creek on the border of Bute and Granville Counties to Jenkins Gowen, no relationship stated. Jenkins (his nephew?) was to take title to the land at the death of Michael’s brother Edward and his wife who were given permission to live on the land [Granville County WB 1:193]. His children were

i. Michael4, Jr., born say 1738, a defendant in a 3 September 1755 Granville County court case.  [Confirmed:  Michael3 is the parent of Michael4, Jr]

ii. Elizabeth, born before 1760 since she was taxable in Michael Gowen’s household in 1771.  [Confirmed:  Michael3 is the parent of Elizabeth]

iii. David4, born before 1760 since he was taxable in Michael Gowen’s household in 1771. He may have been the _avid Gowen who received thirty nine lashes in Granville County for petty larceny in 1773 [Minutes 1773-83, 1].  [Confirmed:  Michael3 is the parent of David4]

23.    James2 Gowen (Edward2, Edward1, William1, Michael1), born say 1725, was not mentioned in Granville County, North Carolina records until 1756, so he may have been living in Virginia before then. He received a patent for 529 acres in St. John’s Parish, Granville County on Wharton’s Branch on 29 November 1756 [DB E:439]. He and his son William, “Mulattoes,” were taxable in the 1759 Granville County list of John Pope and were delinquent taxpayers that year. In 1762 he was taxable in Fishing Creek District with his son William, with the notation “Refs. to list his wife,” and he was an insolvent taxpayer from 1762 to 1764. He was the father of

i. William6, born before 1748.  [Confirmed:  William6 is child of James2] 

24.    Edward3 Gowen (Edward2, Edward1, William1, Michael1), born say 1727, purchased 100 acres on the south side of Mill Creek in Brunswick County, Virginia, on 2 June 1748 [DB 3:444]. He was sued in Brunswick County court in September 1753 [Orders 1753-56, 65]. He was taxable in 1753 in Osborn Jeffrey’s Granville County tax list, and he was a “Mulatto” listed in the 8 October 1754 muster roll of Captain Osborne Jeffreys’ Granville County Company [Clark, Colonial Soldiers of the South, 718]. He was prosecuted in Edgecombe County by the Attorney General for concealing his tithables in August 1756 [Haun, Edgecombe County Court Minutes, I:131], but he still refused to list his wife in the Granville County Tax List for 1765 [CR 44.601.20]. He and his wife were two “Black” taxables in Bute County in the list of Philemon Hawkins in 1771 [1771 List of Taxables, p.6]. On 3 June 1778 his brother Michael, while a resident of South Carolina, allowed him to remain on 80 acres on Taylor’s Creek [WB 1:193-4]. The sheriff sold this land shortly afterwards on 3 August 1779 [DB M:179], and Edward was taxed on 90 acres in nearby Ford Creek District, Granville County, in 1782. He was probably related to Elizabeth Bass since he made over all his interest in her estate to his nephew Thomas Gowen on 14 October 1788 [WB 2:79]. He was head of a Granville County household of 2 free males and 3 free females in the 1786 state census and head of a Granville County household of 5 “other free” in 1810 [NC:905]. His children were

i. Edward4, born circa 1744 in Virginia, taxable in 1761 in his father’s household in the list of Robert Harris. In 1767 he was head of his own household, one Black male, in John Pope’s list. In 1779 he was listed among the continental soldiers from Bute County who served for nine months: Edward Going private, born Virginia, 5’7″, 35 years old Black Fair; black eyes[NCGSJ XV:109]. On 3 August 1779 he entered 75 acres on the South Hyco Creek in Caswell County (called Edward Gains) [Pruitt, Land Entries: Caswell County, 89] and in 1784 he was taxed on one poll and 100 acres on Hyco Creek in St. Luke’s District, Caswell County. This part of Caswell County became Person County in 1791, and he was taxed on 245 acres and one poll in Person County in 1793 [N.C. Genealogy XVII:2678, abstracted as Edward Gains]. He was head of a Person County household of 6 “other free” in 1800 [NC:599]. He and Jenkins Goins sold their claims for Revolutionary War pay to John Hall of Hyco, Caswell County, on 27 April 1791 [NCGSJ IX:224]. He gave his age as 90-100 years in August 1832 and on 30 January 1833 when he appeared in Granville County court and applied for a pension for his service in the Revolution [NARA, S.6899, M804, https://www.fold3.com/image/22780909]. Perhaps he was the Edward Goins who was the great grandfather of Daniel Goins, born about 1816, who made an affidavit in Randolph County, North Carolina, in 1882 that he was the son of William, grandson of William, and great grandson of Edward Goins, who was “Slitly mixt about an eight” [Randolph County Genealogical Society, The Genealogical Journal, Winter (1980): 21].  [Confirmed:  Edward4 is child of Edward3]

ii. Reeps, born circa 1749, taxable in his father’s Granville County household in the 1761 list of Robert Harris. He was called Rapes Going when he enlisted in the Second South Carolina Regiment under Captain Thomas Hall on 1 July 1779 [Moss, Roster of S.C. Patriots in the American Revolution, 367].  [Confirmed:  Reeps is child of Edward3]

iii. ?Jenkins, born about 1761, a seventeen-year-old “mullato” in 1778 when he enlisted in Captain John Rust’s Company of Granville County militia [The North Carolinian VI:726 (Mil. TR 4-40)]. He received 30 acres by a Granville County deed of gift from Michael Gowen (his uncle?) on 3 June 1778 [WB 1:193]. He was taxable in Granville County in 1790.   [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Jenkins is the child of Edward3]

iv. ?Jesse1, born say 1762, married Sealey Bairding, 9 June 1784 Caswell County bond, John Going bondsman.  [This is a guess – see: “?” – it is unknown if Jesse1 is the child of Edward3]

Other members of the family in Person County were

i. Goodrich, born say 1764, purchased 175 acres on Cane Creek in Caswell County on 1 November 1784 and sold it five years later on 4 January 1798 [DB C:3; F:163]. He was taxed on this 175 acres and one poll in St. Lawrence District, Caswell County, in 1784. On 6 September 1791 he married Betsey Matthews, Caswell County bond with Allen Going bondsman. He was head of a Person County household of 7 “other free” in 1800 [NC:612] and 5 in 1810 when his name was interlined [NC:702]. Gutrige Goin was a “Mulatto” taxable in the southern district of Halifax County, Virginia, taxable from 1802 to 1804, perhaps identical to Birbridge Goin, a “Mulatto” taxable there in 1805 and 1806 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1800-12, frames 186, 317, 372, 517, 626] and called Berridge/ Burbage Goin in Patrick County from 1809 to 1813: listed as a Mulatto” in 1812 and 1813 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1791-1823, frames 515, 537, 553, 569, 598]. Beveridge Going, born before 1776, was head of a Patrick County household of 3 “free colored” in 1820 [VA:106]. Burbridge Gowing was taxable in Person County in 1793. He married Agnes Harris, daughter of James Harris, 26 July 1810 Patrick County bond.

ii. Isham, born say 1770, married Fanny Going, 26 November 1792 Person County bond, with Patrick Mason bondsman. He was head of an Orange County household of 4 “other free” in 1800 [NC:565] and 6 in 1810 [NC:876].

iii. Patsy, born say 1772, married Patrick Mason, 3 December 1790 Caswell County bond, Zachariah Hill bondsman.

iv. Allen, born say 1774, married Rebecca Goins, 7 April 1795 Person County bond. He was head of a Person County household of 7 “other free” in 1800 [NC:621] and 10 in 1810 [NC:625].

25.    Joseph1 Gowen (Edward2, Edward1, William1, Michael1), born say 1730, was taxable in his own Lunenburg County household in the 1752 list of Field Jefferson [Tax List 1748-52, 1]. He was a “Black” taxable in the 1755 Granville County summary list and a “Mulattoe” in John Pope’s 1759 tax list. On 1 December 1760 he received a patent for 680 acres on both sides of Taylor’s Creek, but sold this land less than one year later on 11 August 1761 [DB E:143; D:253]. In 1761 he was taxable in John Pope’s list with the notation, “Refuses to list his wife.” In 1765 he was listed by John Pope with the notation, “Mullattoe, has a wife and other Family not listed.” He was taxed (with his son Nathaniel or a slave by that name?) in John Pope’s 1768 list as “Joseph Gowin his Nat 2 tithes.” He was last taxed in Granville County in 1771. One of his children may have been  (Note:  I am not in agreement that the Lunenburg Joseph is the black or mulatto Joseph.  There were TWO Joseph Gowens in Granville, NC – one white and one mulatto or black.  The Joseph Gowen in Lunenburg was never called mulatto or black (that I am aware of) – so I am not sure this is that Joseph.  The Lunenburg Joseph may have been the “white” Joseph that ended up in Granville Co, NC with the other white Gowens in that county).  (For more info on Graville Co, NC Gowen families, see:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/north-carolina-granville-county/ ).

i. Nathaniel, born say 1755. He was brought to Granville County court in 1773 with Robert Locklear on an unspecified charge, but they were released on payment of their prison charges when no one appeared against them [Minutes 1773-83, 1].  [Confirmed:  Nathaniel is child of Joseph1]

26.    David2 Going (Edward2, Edward1, William1, Michael1), born say 1735, purchased land by deed proved in Halifax County, Virginia, in August 1765 [Pleas 1764-7, 122]. Charles Perkins of Rowan County sued him in Pittsylvania County in July 1768 for a debt of 84 pounds David owed from 1 August 1764 of which he had paid 27 pounds in October 1767. In his promissory note David (signing) referred to himself as “David Going late of Halifax County” [Court Records 1767-72, 219; Judgments 1770-1771, frame 38]. He sold land by deed proved in Pittsylvania County court in May 1773, and he sued Peter Rickman on 25 June 1773 for a 3 pound debt due by account [Court Records 1772-5, 158, 211-2]. On 17 August 1778 he owned land on both sides of Spoon Creek when the Henry County court allowed him to build a water grist mill the creek [Orders 1778-82, 15]. He was taxable in Henry County from 1782 to 1790: taxable on William, Charles and Jacob Going in 1783 and 1784; listed with 3 unnamed sons in 1785; 4 unnamed sons, 10 horses and 17 cattle in 1786; listed with William and Jacob in 1787; 5 tithes in 1788 [PPTL, 1782-1830, frames 8, 37, 88, 218, 301, 352]. He received a grant for 94 acres on Spoon Creek in Henry County on 30 March 1789 [Grants 19:297]. He was taxable in Patrick County from 1791 to 1800: listed with 6 horses in 1791, 2 tithes from 1792 to 1795, 3 in 1797 [PPTL, 1791-1823, frames 150, 207, 251, 288]. He sold land by deed proved in Patrick County on 29 May 1794 [Orders 1791-1800]. (Note:  Heinegg places Edward2 as parent of David2.  I am not sure this is correct.  There are several David Going’s in the area – and the documentation of each is difficult).  Working on sorting out these different Davids – Edward may have been parent to one of the Davids, but I believe the evidence points to either Alexander Gowen married to Sophia, or Peter Gowen married to Isabel as being the parents of this particular David).  (Note:  The Pittsylvania Co, Va David, and the Henry Co, Va David may be two different people).  

He was the father of  

i. William, taxable in Henry County from 1783 to 1790 [PPTL, 1782-1830, frames 314, 352] and taxable in Patrick County from 1791 to 1814: listed with 2 tithes in 1791, called “Sr.” in 1803, listed on the Dan River in 1806, listed with 2 tithes in 1809 and 1811, in a list of “free Negroes & Mulattoes” in 1813 and 1814 [PPTL, 1782-1830, frames 150, 177, 207, 234, 288, 343, 369, 396, 455, 515, 553, 598, 616]. His land on the west side of Little Dan River in Patrick County adjoining Shadrack Going’s land was mentioned in a 19 August 1805 grant [Grants 54:212]. He appeared in Hawkins County, Tennessee court on 20 May 1819, called William Going or Gowan, and applied for a pension for his service in the Revolution. He stated that he enlisted in the Spring of 1780 at Halifax County, Virginia courthouse under Captain Tilman Dixon in the 18th Regiment commanded by Henry Dixon. He gave his age as 56 when he appeared in court again on 29 August 1820 and stated that he was a day laborer or farmer with a 45-year-old wife, a boy 11 years old, a girl 16 years, a girl 5 and a boy 2 years old. He was 72 years old on 12 February 1834 when he appeared in Surry County, North Carolina court and testified that he was born 13 September 1761 in Rockingham County, Virginia, moved when very young to the part of Henry County that was then Patrick County where he resided until 10 years previous when he moved to Hawkins County. His widow Mary Going appeared in Patrick County court on 23 May 1853 to apply for a widow’s pension. One of her witnesses stated that William and Mary were married on 2 January 1800 and raised a famiy of seven children. Mary was 78 years old and stated that they were married in 1797 or 1798 in Patrick County. According to the family register, their son Woodson was born 2 November 1803, Morgan born 17 July 1805, daughter Mourning died an infant, daughter Rachel then about 50 years old. Her husband was born 13 September 1761 and died 28 May 1849 [NARA, W.7546, M804,  https://www.fold3.com/image/22778397, accessed 10 October 2015].   (Note:  The Henry County, Va and Patrick Co, Va David is confirmed as parent of William . . . BUT, the Pittsylvania Co, Va David may be a different David Going than the Henry County, Va David Going – so this may be only half right).  

ii. Jacob, born about 1762, married Nancy Smith, 18 January 1792 Patrick County bond, John Camron surety. He was taxable in Henry County from 1784 to 1787 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 88, 253], taxable in Patrick County in 1791, 1792, 1798 and 1800 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1791-1823, frames 151, 251, 288], and head of a Stokes County household of 6 “other free” in 1800 [NC:495]. He was about seventy years of age and living in Vermillion County, Illinois, on 7 June 1832 when applied for a Revolutionary War pension, stating that he was born in Henry County, Virginia, that he lived in Kentucky for about thirty years, then lived for seven years in Vincennes, Indiana [NARA, S.32273, M805, reel 368, frame 0115].   (Note:  The Henry County, Va and Patrick Co, Va David is confirmed as parent of Jacob . . . BUT, the Pittsylvania Co, Va David may be a different David Going than the Henry County, Va David Going – so this may be only half right).  

iii. Charles, born about 1763, taxable in Henry County from 1783 to 1790 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 302, 352], taxable in Patrick County from 1791 to 1795 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1791-1823, frames 151, 177, 207]. He was about seventy years old on 22 October 1833 when he applied for a Revolutionary War pension, stating that he had been born in Henry County, lived there until 1797, then moved to Kentucky and moved to Gallatin in 1815 [NARA, S.31072, M805, reel 368, frame 0144].   (Note:  The Henry County, Va and Patrick Co, Va David is confirmed as parent of Charles . . . BUT, the Pittsylvania Co, Va David may be a different David Going than the Henry County, Va David Going – so this may be only half right).  

iv. Martha, born say 1779, married Peter Burress, 7 June 1797 Patrick County bond with the consent of David Going.   (Note:  The Henry County, Va and Patrick Co, Va David is confirmed as parent of Martha . . . BUT, the Pittsylvania Co, Va David may be a different David Going than the Henry County, Va David Going – so this may be only half right).  

27.    Shadrack1 Gowen (Edward2, Edward1, William1, Michael1) born say 1737, listed his tithables in Halifax County, Virginia on 15 September 1763. He was presented by the court in May 1765 for concealing a tithable who may have been his wife. The case against him was dismissed in August 1766, perhaps on his payment of the tax. He won a suit against John Bates in Halifax County court for about 2 pounds in July 1767. He purchased land by deed proved in Halifax County court in August 1768 [Pleas 1764-7, 46, 358, 454; 6:221]. He was head of a Halifax County household of 12 persons in 1782 [VA:23] and 10 in 1785 [VA:89]. He was taxable in Halifax County from 1782 to 1785 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1799, frames 7, 25, 35, 63]. His land on the west side of Little Dan River in Patrick County adjoining William Going’s land was mentioned in a 19 August 1805 grant [Grants 54:212]. He sold land by deed proved in Halifax County on 17 November 1785 [Pleas 1783-6, 242]. He was taxable in Patrick County from 1791 to 1805: listed with 2 tithables from 1791 to 1794, 3 in 1795 and 1796, 2 in 1798, taxed on 5 horses but not tithable from 1800 to 1805 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1791-1823, frames 150, 193, 220, 251, 288, 343, 396, 425], exempted by the court on 31 May 1798 from paying tax on his person [Orders 1791-1800, n.p.]. He made a Patrick County deed of gift to his grandson Shadrack Beasley in 1803 [DB 2:268]. He left a 4 June 1805 Patrick County will which was returned to court in December 1805, leaving his wife Hannah furniture and the use of his house during her lifetime, to be divided between Jerushe and Keziah Going at her death. He left his plantation on both sides of the Little Dan River to his son Obediah, left a cow to Rebecca Going, daughter of Fanny Going and wife of Edmond Bowlin, left 5 shillings each to sons John Going, David Smith Going, James, Claiborn, Solomon, Shadrack, and Caleb Going; left 5 shillings to daughter Fanny Bowling, wife of Edmund Bowling and Hannah Beazley, wife of Thomas Beazley [WB 1:80-1]. On 24 July 1806 his children Jerusha, John, David Smith, James, Fanny, Claiborne, Shadrick and Leaborne Gowing were in Grainger County, Tennessee, when they appointed Henry Howell to sue Obediah Gowing for settling the property unfairly and submitting a will which was not Shadrack Gowing’s [Patrick DB 3:87]. Shadrack was the father of

i. David4, born about 1754, head of a Halifax County, Virginia household of 2 persons in 1782 [VA:24] and 4 in 1785 [VA:89]. He was taxable in Halifax County from 1782 to 1793 and from 1796 to 1806: called a “Mulo” from 1792 to 1806, living at Walne’s in 1796 and 1797, a planter in the list of “free Negroes & Mulattoes” living on “D.C.” (Difficult Creek?) with wife and two daughters over the age of sixteen in 1801. He may have been the father of John and William Going who were listed as “Mulo” in 1794 and 1795 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1799, frames 7, 71, 302, 417, 442, 732, 819; 1800-12, frames 59, 187, 517, 676]. He registered in Halifax County on 11 October 1802: aged about forty eight years, six feet and a half inch high, light yellow Colour, inclining to white, straight hair…born free [Register of Free Negroes, no.20]. He was head of a Wythe County household of 8 “other free” in 1810. He was about seventy-six years old on 26 February 1834 when he appeared in Hamilton County, Tennessee court to apply for a pension for his services in the Revolution. He testified that he entered the service in Halifax County, Virginia, moved to Grayson County, Virginia, for three years, then to Wythe County for ten years, then to Grainger County, Tennessee, for fourteen years and lived in Hamilton County for one year. His younger brother Laban Goens testified on his behalf [NARA, S.3406, M805-362, frames 27-30]. (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of David4)

ii. James, born say 1758.  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of James)

iii. Jerusha, born about 1760, head of a Stokes County household of 3 “free colored” in 1820. On 12 April 1821 she obtained a Patrick County, Virginia, Certificate of Freedom: Jarussa Going, dark, aged about 62; Polly Going, light complexion, aged 28; son Andrew Going 9, all residing on Little Dan River. The certificate was recorded about twenty years later in Highland County, Ohio [Turpin, Register of Black, Mulatto, and Poor Persons, 8].  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Jerusha)

iv.John7, born say 1760, head of a Halifax County, Virginia household of 2 persons in 1782 [VA:23] and 4 in 1785 [VA:89], perhaps the John Going who was taxable on the Dan River in Patrick County from 1791 to 1805: taxable on 2 tithes in 1802, 1804, 1805 [PPTL, 1791-1823, frames 150, 343, 396]. He was head of a Grainger County household of 9 “other free” in 1810. He may also have been identical to John Going Sr. “Molatto” in Patrick County in 1812, in a list of “free Negroes & Mulattoes” in 1813 and 1814 [PPTL, 1791-1823, frames 537, 598, 614]. Administration on his estate was granted Lindy P. Stovall on 12 October 1820 [Orders 1810-21, n.p.].  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of John7)

v. Nathaniel, born say 1766, taxable in Henry County from 1787 to 1790 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frame 253, 352], taxable in Patrick County from 1791 to 1793 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1791-1823, frames 150, 177]. He died on 21 September 1793 after being struck in the head with a weeding hoe by Robert Hall according to a 9 November 1793 Patrick County jury of inquest held at Shadrack Going’s plantation. Robert Hall was examined for the murder but not charged, perhaps because his accusers could not legally testify against him [WB 1:53]. Shadrack Going was granted administration on his estate on 10 December 1793 [WB 1:6, 53].  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Nathaniel)

vi. Hannah, married Thomas Beasley of Patrick County, Virginia.  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Hannah)

vii. Claiborn2, taxable in Henry County from 1788 to 1790 (with the notation “Dan River”) [PPTL, 1782-1830, frames 301, 314, 352], taxable on the Dan River in Patrick County from 1791 to 1794 [PPTL, 1791-1823, frames 150, 177, 193]. He was taxable on 100 acres on Young’s Creek in 1809 and head of a household there of 8 “other free” in 1810. He was a “Free black man” living in Grainger County in 1820 when he complained that he could not prove his accounts by his own oath [Schweninger, Race, Slavery, and Free Blacks, Series 1, 184].  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Claiborn2)

viii. Fanny, wife of Edmund Bowlin, head of a Grainger County household of 8 “other free” in 1810, and mother of Rebecca Going who received a cow by her grandfather Shadrack’s will.  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Fanny)

ix. Laban, born about 1764, taxable in Henry County in 1790 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frame 352] and taxable in Patrick County from 1791 to 1803 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1791-1831, frames 150, 207, 250, 370]. He was about seventy years old on 26 February 1734 when he testified in support of the pension application of his brother David in Hamilton County, Tennessee court [NARA, S.3406, M805-362, frames 27-30].  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Laban)  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Laban)

x. Shadrack2, born say 1772, taxable in Patrick County from 1793 to 1798 [PPTL, 1791-1831, frames 177, 207, 234, 250], head of a Grainger County Tennessee household of 5 “other free” in 1810.  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Shadrack2)

xi. Caleb, married Polly Duncan, 9 June 1802 Patrick County bond, Harden Dunham surety. He was taxable in Patrick County from 1800 to 1802 [PPTL, 1791-1823, frames 288, 342], taxable in Henry County in 1803 [PPTL, 1782-1830, frame 517] and head of a Grainger County household of 6 “other free” in 1810.  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Caleb)

xii. Obediah, born say 1777, taxable in Patrick County from 1798 to 1807 [PPTL, 1782-1830, frames 250, 288, 396, 487]. He was a “free man of color” living in Cocke County, Tennessee, in 1819 when he petitioned for the “privileges of a citizen,” stating that he was the descendant of persons of mixed race [Schweninger, Race, Slavery, and Free Blacks, Series 1, 183].  (Note:  Confirmed, Shadrack1 is parent of Obediah)

28.    John7 Gowen (Edward2, Edward1, William1, Michael1), born say 1740, owned land on both sides of Blackberry Creek on 17 February 1777 when the Henry County, Virginia court allowed him to build a water grist mill over the creek. The Henry County court appointed him surveyor of the road from Cogar’s path to John Cox’s from 27 May 1784 to 25 May 1789 [Orders 1777-8, 5; 1782-5, 149; 1788-91, 44]. He was taxable in Henry County from 1782 to 1801: taxable on 4 horses and 13 cattle in 1782; charged with Zephaniah, Claiborn and James Going’s tithe in 1783, listed with 2 unnamed sons in 1784; listed with Claiborn and Asaiah Going in 1785; listed with 4 unnamed sons in 1786; listed with John and Zephaniah Going in 1787; listed with the notation “Black Berry” when he was taxable on 4 tithes in 1788, 6 in 1789 and 5 in 1790 [PPTL, 1782-1830, frames 15, 37, 86, 150, 158, 302, 315]. He received a grant for 156 acres on both sides of Blackberry Creek adjoining his own land in Henry County on 14 April 1796 [Grants 35:153]. He left a 17 March 1801 Henry County will, proved 27 July 1801, by which he lent his wife Elizabeth his stock and household goods and directed that his land in Patrick and Henry counties be sold and divided among his children Zephaniah, Nancy, Susanna, Zedekiah, Simeon, John, Isaiah, Zachariah, Clabourn, and Littleberry Going and Elizabeth Minor, wife of Hezekiah Minor. He named John Stone and John Cox, Jr., his executors [WB 2:37-9]. His estate was taxable on a free male tithable in 1802, 3 free males in 1803, 4 free males in 1804 [PPTL 1782-1830, frames 504, 517, 531. Elizabeth Going was administratrix of an estate on 24 November 1803 when she sued Joseph Newman in Patrick County court [Orders 1800-10, n.p.]. She was taxable in Henry County on 3 free tithes in 1805 and 2 in 1806 and 1807 [PPTL, 1782-1830, frames 553, 578]. The inventory of her estate totaled $546 and was proved in March 1814 [WB 2:205-6]. John was the father of

i. Simeon, taxable in Henry County in 1807 and 1810 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 578, 591].  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Simeon).

ii. Zephaniah, born say 1762, taxable in Henry County from 1783 to 1796 and in 1802: listed with 2 tithables in 1794 [PPTL, 1782-1830, frames 159, 302, 402, 428, 504], taxable in Patrick County from 1797 to 1799 [PPTL, 1791-1823, frames 234, 268]. He was head of a Roane County, Tennessee household of 6 “free colored” in 1830. He was about seventy-six years old and living in Hawkins County, Tennessee on 18 December 1834 when he applied for a Revolutionary War pension, stating that he had entered the service in Henry County [NARA, R.4165, M805, reel 368, frame 0134].  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Zephaniah).

iii. Zedekiah, taxable in Patrick County in 1811, in a list of “free Negroes and Mulattoes” in 1813 and 1814, probably identical to Hezekiah Going who was taxable in Henry County in 1803 and in Patrick County from 1804 to 1809, called a “Mulatto” in 1812 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1791-1823, frames 396, 487, 553, 569, 598, 616, 664, 679, 696, 713].  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Zedekiah).

iv. Claiborn1, born say 1764, taxable in Henry County from 1783 to 1787 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 253].  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Claiborne1).

v. Isaiah, born say 1// taxable in Henry County in 1785 to 1791 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 315, 364].  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Isaiah).

vi. Littleberry, taxable in Henry County from 1807 to 1814: in a list of “free Negroes & Mulattoes” in 1813 and 1814 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 578, 591, 603, 641, 656].    (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Littleberry).

vii. John, in a list of “free Negroes & Mulattoes” in Henry County in 1813 and 1814 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 641, 656], perhaps the John Going who was about forty-eight years old on 15 November 1824 when he registered as a free Negro in Pittsylvania County.  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of John).

viii. Elizabeth Minor, wife of Hezekiah Minor who was taxable in Henry County in 1802 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frame 506].  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Elizabeth).

ix. Nancy.  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Nancy).

x. Susanna.  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Susanna).

xi. Zachariah.  (Confirmed:  John7 is the parent of Zachariah).

29.    James4 Gowen (Mary1, Michael2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1735, was living in Brunswick County, Virginia, on 27 December 1757 when he sued John Cumbo for trespass [Orders 1757-9, 143]. He received a grant for 376 acres adjoining Brewer, Perry, and Cook on Carter’s Creek in Brunswick County on 23 May 1763 [Patents 35:137]. He and his wife Amy sold 150 acres of this land in Meherrin Parish on the south side of the Meherrin River on 22 September 1765 [DB 8:359]. Greensville County was formed from Brunswick County in 1781, and James was head of a Greensville County household of 7 persons in 1783 [VA:54]. James, Henry Going, and Avent Massey posted bond in Greensville County on 24 August 1786 for the illegitimate child Henry Going had by Mary Hill [DB 1:173]. He voted in Greensville County in 1792, 1794, and 1795 [DB 1:451; 2:24, 135, 190]. He was taxable in Greensville County from 1782 to; taxable on Edmund, Henry and James Going’s tithes in 1782; 3 tithes in 1783, 2 in 1784; 1 in 1785; 2 slaves from 1787 to 1792; 3 in 1794; 4 from 1799 to 1802; 6 from 1806 to 1811 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-1850, frames 4, 17, 22, 28, 42, 63, 107, 126, 136, 179, 244, 259, 273, 287, 302, 321, 336, 353, 372, 402] and head of a Greensville County household of 2 whites and 7 slaves in 1810 [VA:735]. He was probably the father of

i. Edmund, born say 1770, taxable in Greensville County in James Going’s household in 1782, charged with his own tax in 1790 [PPTL 1782-1850, frames 4, 107]. He married Mary Stewart, daughter of Dr. Thomas Stewart, in Dinwiddie County [Chancery Orders 1832-52, 12]. On 10 November 1794 the Mecklenburg County, Virginia court found him not guilty of stealing John Crew’s cow [Orders 1792-5, 364]. He purchased 200 acres on Sandy Creek in Mecklenburg County from his father-in-law on 5 November 1799 for 30 pounds, and he and his wife Polly sold 242 acres on Sandy Creek to Frederick Ivey while resident in Person County, North Carolina [DB 10:176, 188-9]. He purchased 124 acres in Person County from (his cousin) Frederick Going, and sold this land by deeds proved in June 1801 Person County court. On 5 June 1804 he mortgaged a slave named Patty and his farm animals in Person County for 90 pounds [DB C:453].  [Confirmed:  James4 is the parent of Edmund – even though Edmund is not mentioned in James4’s will, the fact that he is on James4’s tithe along with James4’s other children is strong enough evidence for me to confirm]

ii. Henry, born say 1764, taxable in Greensville County from 1782 to 1811: taxable in James Going’s household in 1782 and 1791; taxable on 3 slaves in 1800 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-1850, frames 63, 107, 126, 179, 259, 273, 287, 353, 372, 402, 415].   [Confirmed:  James4 is the parent of Henry Going]

iii. James, Jr., born say 1766, taxable in Greensville County from 1782 to 1806: underage in 1782; taxed in his own household in 1784 and 1785; taxable in John Turner’s household in 1788; taxable on a slave from 1800 to 1804; 2 slaves in 1806 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-1850, frames 4, 22, 28, 63, 88, 244, 259, 273, 287, 302, 321, 336, 353]. [Confirmed:  James4 is the parent of James Going Jr]

iv. Benjamin, born say 1773, taxable in Greensville County from 1794 to 1811 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-1850, frames 179, 201, 231, 244, 259, 273, 287, 302, 321, 336, 353, 372, 402, 415]. He took the oath of deputy sheriff in Greensville County on 11 May 1801 [Orders 1799-1806, 125].   [Confirmed:  James4 is the parent of Benjamin]

30.    Drury1 Going (Mary1, Michael2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1738, was paid 5 pounds for a year’s work according to the account of the Brunswick County, Virginia estate of Sampson Lanier which was returned 23 July 1759 [WB 3:297]. He purchased 50 acres in Meherrin Parish, Brunswick County, on the south side of the Meherrin River on 28 November 1766 and purchased 223 acres on the north side of Fountains Creek on 4 February 1779. Greensville County was formed from this part of Brunswick County in 1781 [DB 8:505; 13:347]. He was head of a Greensville County household of 4 persons in 1783 [VA:55] and was taxable in Meherrin Parish, Greensville County from 1782 to 1801: taxable on an under-age tithable, 2 horses and 11 cattle in 1783; 1 tithe in 1784 and 1785; 4 in 1786; his own tithe and Thomas Going’s in 1787 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-1850, frames 3, 13, 22, 28, 34, 42, 63, 108, 136, 179, 201, 217, 231, 244, 273]. On 12 March 1782 the Greensville County court credited him with the value of a gun impressed for the public use (during the Revolution) [Orders 1781-9, 13-14]. He sold 200 acres in Greensville County for 40 pounds on 15 May 1785 [DB 1:106-7]. He was called Drury Going of Greensville County on 1 October 1787 when he sold 50 acres on the south side of the Meherrin River in Brunswick County adjoining Rebecca Stewart‘s line [DB 14:366]. He may have been the father of

i. Frederick2, born about 1760, listed as John Phillips’ tithable in Brunswick County, Virginia, in 1784 [PPTL 1782-99, frame 92], William Powell’s tithable in Greensville County in 1787 [PPTL 1782-1850, frame 45] and Thomas Stewart‘s tithable in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, in 1788. He was charged with his own tax in Mecklenburg County from 1790 to 1802: taxable on slave Phillis in 1796 and taxable on slave Patsy in 1800 [PPTL, 1782-1805, frames 223, 372, 544, 613, 713, 822, 873, 899]. He married Suckee Chavous, 9 March 1789 Mecklenburg County, Virginia bond, with a note from the bride’s father, Henry Chavous, Sr. Frederick Ivey was security, James Stewart, Robert Singleton, and Belar Chavous witnesses. He purchased 250 acres on the east side of Blue Wing Creek in Person County, North Carolina, on 16 September 1793 and sold 124 acres of this land while a resident of Mecklenburg County, Virginia, on 6 July 1801 [DB A:147; C:290]. On 14 April 1800 the Mecklenburg County, Virginia court granted him a license to keep an ordinary at his house [Orders 1798-1801, 331]. He was head of a Sumner County, Tennessee household of 10 “free colored” in 1820 and a “free man of Color” who stated that he was about seventy-eight years old on 21 March 1838 when he appeared in Lawrence County, Alabama court to apply for a pension for services in the militia during the Revolution. He stated that he was born on the Meherrin River in the part of Brunswick County, Virginia, from which Greensville was formed after the war, and he was about sixteen years old when drafted. He was in Illinois on 2 December 1842 when Daniel Hay wrote a letter enquiring about the status of his application [NARA, R.4167, M805-362, frames 14-24].    [This is a guess – see: “he may have been the father of” – it is unknown if Frederick2 is the child of Drury1 – I am not aware of any documents connecting the two, other than they being in the same county]

ii. Thomas4, born say 1761.   [This is a guess – see: “he may have been the father of” – it is unknown if Thomas4 is the child of Drury1 – BUT there is most likely a family relationship, just unknown what that relationship is – brothers, parent/child, cousins, uncle/nephew]

iii. Marcus/ Mark, born before 1776, probably one of Drury Going’s tithables when he and Thomas Going were ordered to work on the road in Greensville County from the Falling Run to the county line on 25 June 1789 [Orders 1781-9, 416]. He married Sarah Jones, 29 September 1794 Greensville County bond, Robert Brooks Corn bondsman. On 23 September 1799 Mark and his wife Sally sold 35 acres adjoining Robert Watkins, and he and his wife, together with Robert and Sally Watkins, sold 9 acres which their wives had inherited from their father Thomas Jones [DB 2:576, 577]. On 24 August 1799 he was paid as a witness for William Lanier in the Greensville County suit of William Stewart [Orders 1790-9, 635]. He was taxable in Greensville County from 1788 to 1803 and from 1810 to 1815: taxable in Drury Going’s household in 1791; listed with Michael and Sally Gowing as “Mulattos” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-1850, frames 63, 126, 136, 179, 188, 201, 217, 244, 259, 273, 287, 302, 402, 415, 446, 482]. He was a “M”(ulatto) taxable on a horse in St. Luke’s Parish, Southampton County, in 1805 and 1806 [Personal Property Tax List 1792-1806, frames 807, 843] and head of a Greensville County household of 3 “free colored” in 1820 [VA:261].   [This is a guess – see: “he may have been the father of” – it is unknown if Marcus/Mark is the child of Drury1 – BUT there is most likely a family relationship, just unknown what that relationship is – brothers, parent/child, cousins, uncle/nephew]

31.    John6 Gowen (Ann1, Michael2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1758, made his Robeson County will on 19 February 1800. He gave his unnamed wife the right to use his plantation which was to revert to his son John who was not yet twenty-one years of age when he wrote the will [WB 1:60]. His wife was probably Sarah Gowen who was granted administration on his estate by the 6 April 1802 Robeson County court [Minutes 1797-1803, 193]. She conveyed land to Elizabeth Gowen by deed proved in Robeson County court on 26 May 1812 [Minutes 1806-13]. His son was

i. John10, born say 1785, appeared in Robeson County court for an unnamed offence on 2 July 1805 [Minutes 1803-06, 329]. He was one of three John Goines counted as white in Robeson County in 1810 [NC:232, 239].  [Confirmed:  John6 is the parent of John10]. 

32.    Joseph3 Going, born about 1747, was twelve years old when he was bound as an apprentice planter to James Bunch on 28 November 1759 [Davis, Fredericksville Parish Vestry Book, 29]. He was taxable in James Bunch’s 1767 Trinity Parish, Louisa County household [Davis, Louisa County Tithables, 10] and taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1783 to 1792: taxable on 2 tithes from 1788 to 1792 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1799, frames 29, 44, 76, 116, 153, 202, 252, 300, 346]. He may have been the father of  (Note:  Interesting thing about Albemarle Going family and being listed as “mula” in 1813.  They were NOT listed as “mula” in the vast majority of the years, including: 1770, 1782, 1783, 1784, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806, 1807, 1808, 1809.    But starting in the 1810, and then 1820, 1840, and 1850 US Census’s, plus the 1813 tithe, it appears that just about all Going families in Albemarle Co, Va were listed as “other free” or “mulatto” – Why the change?).  

i. Thomas, born say 1772, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1789 to 1796 and from 1811 to 1813: listed with “Jos. S” (either Joshua or Joseph’s son) after his name in 1811 and 1812; called “J.S. a Mula” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1799, frames 202, 251, 300, 386, 419, 459, 481; 1800-1813, frames 477, 521, 566].  (Note:  I don’t believe these notations were for Joseph, they appeared the notations were for Joshua – so I believe Joshua Going is the father of this Thomas)

ii. Anthony, born say 1776, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, in 1793 [PPTL, 1782-1799, frame 386]. His suit with Joseph Going as his next friend against William Harris was dismissed by the Albemarle County court on 12 August 1793 [Orders 1791-3, 480].  (Confirmed:  Next friend often is used in litigation for a parent filing suit on behalf of a child – BUT, it could be another relationship – someone acting in the capacity of a parent or guardian when a parent isn’t available – additionally, in 1792 Joseph Going has 2 tithes, but then disappears after that – it appears he died, and then Anthony Going shows up on his own tithe in 1793).

33.    Sarah Going, born about 1751, was eight years old when she was bound to James Bunch of Louisa County as an apprentice planter on 28 November 1759 [Davis, Fredericksville Parish Vestry Book, 29]. On 17 March 1774 she was living in Trinity Parish, Louisa County, when she sued Gideon and Jordan Gibson for assaulting her in 1773. The suit was dismissed by the consent of the parties at the defendants’ costs on 11 April 1774 [Orders 1774-82, 42, 113; Judgments, 1773-April 1774, frames 1027-32]. She was the mother of Amey Going who was bound apprentice by the churchwardens of Trinity Parish, Louisa County, on 9 January 1775 [Orders 1774-82, 42, 113; Judgments, 1773-April 1774, frames 1027-32]. She registered in Campbell County on 12 May 1802: 5 feet 8 Inches, 45 years old, Malattoe, born free in Louisa County [A Register of Free Negroes and Mulattoes, 1]. She was the mother of

i. Amey, born about 1770.  (Confirmed:  Sarah Going is the parent of Amey)

34.    Benjamin1 Going, born say 1753, was taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1782 to 1800: taxable on 2 tithes from 1788 to 1790, 3 in 1791, 2 in 1792, 3 in 1793, 2 in 1794 and 1795, 3 in 1796 and 1797, 2 from 1798 to 1801; 3 from 1802 to 1807; 2 in 1809; 1 from 1810 to 1813: called a “Mula” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1799, frames 12, 29, 44, 59, 116, 153, 201, 252, 300, 347, 386, 419, 459, 481, 515, 555, 590; 1800-1813, frames 28, 73, 118, 160, 208, 251, 297, 344, 388, 435, 478, 522, 567]. He was head of an Albemarle County household of 4 “other free” in 1810 [VA:195]. He was the father of

i. Mary, born say 1773, daughter of Benjamin Goin who consented, married Richard Broke (Brock), 3 January 1791 Albemarle County bond, Charles Barnett bondsman.   (Confirmed: Benjamin1 is parent of Mary)

ii. James6, born say 1776, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1792 to 1813; called “B.S.” (Benjamin’s son) starting in 1806; called a “Mula” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1799, frames 347, 386, 419, 481, 459, 515, 555, 590; 1800-1813, frames 28, 74, 160, 208, 251, 297, 344, 388, 435, 478, 522, 567]. He married Jenny Ailstock, 2 December 1799 Albemarle County bond, Michael Ailstock bondsman. On 7 May 1801 the Albemarle County court ordered James and Benjamin Gowin to pay their debt of $23 to William Frailey, subject to a credit of $14.50 paid on 10 July 1800 [Orders 1800-1, 362]. He was head of a Albemarle County household of 8 “other free” in 1810 [VA:196].  (Confirmed: Benjamin1 is parent of James6)

iii. Jesse, born say 1778, called Ben’s son when he was taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1798 to 1811 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1799, frames 555, 590; 1800-1813, frames 28, 74, 117, 160, 208, 251, 297, 344, 388, 435, 478].   (Confirmed: Benjamin1 is parent of Jesse)

iv. Anderson, born say 1791, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1801 to 1810: called “B.S.” (Benjamin’s son) from 1805 to 1807; called “J.S.” (Joshua’s son) in 1809 and 1810 [Personal Property Tax List, 1800-1813, frames 74, 118, 160, 208, 251, 297, 344, 435, 478].   (Confirmed: Benjamin1 is parent of Anderson)

v. ?Agnes/ Aggy, married Richard Newman, 7 September 1793 Albemarle County bond, Benjamin Going bondsman.   (Possible:   Benjamin Going acting as bondsman for Agnes/Aggy shows a family relationship, but not necessarily parent/child – possibly sibling, cousin, aunt/uncle – impossible to know for sure based on the limited information)

vi. Daniel4, born say 1783, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, in 1801 and 1802 from 1810 to 1813: called B.S. (Benjamin’s son); called a “Mula” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1800-1813, frames 28, 73, 435, 479, 522, 567].  (Confirmed:  Benjamin1 is parent of Daniel4)

35.    Joshua Going, born about 1753, was drafted into the Revolution from Louisa County for 18 months on 17 April 1781 and was sized on 14 May: age 28, 5’7-1/4″ high, yellow complexion, born in Louisa County [The Chesterfield Supplement or Size Roll of Troops at Chesterfield Court House, LVA accession no. 23816, by http://revwarapps.org/b81.pdf  (p.55)]. He was taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1783 to 1813: taxable on 2 tithes in 1792, 1793, and 1796; 3 tithes in 1797; 2 from 1798 to 1800; 2 from 1802 to 1804; and 2 in 1809; called a “Mula” in 1813 [PPTL, 1782-1799, frames 29, 59, 116, 202, 300, 386, 459, 516, 591; 1800-1813, frames 29, 117, 208, 297, 435, 522, 567].  He was the father of

i. John, born say 1777, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1793 to 1796 and called “Jos. S.” (either Joshua or Joseph’s son) from 1805 to 1813; called a “Mula” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1799, frames 386, 419, 459, 481; 1800-13, 252, 297, 344, 388, 434, 478, 522, 567].  (Confirmed:  Joshua is parent of John)

ii. Jesse, born say 1776, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1794 to 1813: called Joshua’s son; called a “Mula” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1799, frames 419, 459, 481, 516, 554, 590; 1800-1813, frames 29, 74, 118, 160, 208, 251, 297, 344, 522, 567]. He married Becky Ailstock, 2 December 1799 Albemarle County bond, Michael Ailstock bondsman, and was head of a Albemarle County household of 6 “other free” in 1810 [VA:196].  (Confirmed:  Joshua is parent of Jesse)

iii. David5, born say 1780, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1802 to 1813: called Joshua’s son in 1810; called “little David” in 1812 and 1813; a Mula” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1800-1813, frames 118, 435, 479, 522, 567]. He was head of an Albemarle County household of 3 “other free” in 1810 [VA:196].   (Confirmed:  Joshua is parent of David5)

iv. Caty, born say 1788, married James Tyree, 21 December 1807 Albemarle County bond, Joshua Gowen bondsman and father of the bride.  (Confirmed:  Joshua is parent of Caty)

v. ?Hezekiah, born say 1790, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1810 to 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1800-1813, frames 435, 567].  (Possible:  Hezekiah shows up for the first time in 1810 – the year before, in 1809 Joshua pays 2 tithes, then Hezekiah shows up and pays his own tithe in 1810, and Joshua only has 1 tithe (indicating a child left home).

vi. ?Jonathan, born say 1795, taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, in 1812 and 1813: listed with “Jos. S.” (Joshua’s son) after his name in 1812; called “J.S. a Mula” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1800-1813, frames 521, 566].  (Confirmed:  Joshua is parent of Jonathan) 

36.   Sherrod1 Going, born about 1760, enlisted in the Revolution for three years in the 14th Virginia Regiment and enlisted again for 18 months in Albemarle County on 20 March 1781. He was sized on 19 April 1781: age 21, 5’8-1/2″, yellow complexion, born in Louisa County, former service: 14th Va. Regt, 3 yrs [The Chesterfield Supplement or Size Roll of Troops at Chesterfield Court House, LVA accession no. 23816, by http://revwarapps.org/b81.pdf (p.11)]. He received a grant for 196 acres on the waters of Buck Mountain Creek in Albemarle County on 30 September 1783 and 31 acres on the north side of the Green Mountain on 1 June 1798 [Grants H:575; 40:215]. He was taxable in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, from 1783 to 1813: listed with 2 tithables from 1810 to 1812; 3 in 1813 when he was called a “Mula” [PPTL, 1782-1799, frames 29, 59, 116, 251, 386, 459, 516, 591; 1800-1813, frames 28, 118, 207, 297, 388, 478, 566]. He married Susannah Simmons, 5 June 1791 Albemarle County bond. He sued Joseph Hicks for assault and battery in Albemarle County court on 12 August 1797, but the jury found for the defendant. On 18 August 1797 he was accused of stealing a quantity of corn from Absolem Clarkson and was ordered to be tried at the district court in Charlottesville [Orders 1795-8, 378, 381-2]. He was head of an Albemarle County household of 12 “other free” in 1810 [VA:196] and 9 “free colored” in 1820. He was a “man of colour” who gave his age as seventy-two when he appeared in Albemarle County court to apply for a pension on 9 October 1828 for three years service in the 14th Regiment and another service of 18 months. He stated that he owned about 200 acres on one of the spurs of the Blue Ridge. He had a wife, a boy aged 10 and another aged 12. He appeared in court again on 14 May 1829 and reported that his two sons had died. He died on 23 November 1837 according to his widow Susannah’s application for a widow’s pension [NARA, W7545, roll 1087, frame 234;  https://www.fold3.com/image/246/22778244].   He was the father of

i. Ann, daughter of Sherod Gowen, married John Gowen, 3 January 1810 Albemarle County bond, Sherod Gowen surety.  (Confirmed:  Sherrod1 is parent of  Ann)

ii. Jincy, married Noah Tate. On 22 November 1844 Noah and his wife Jincy made an Albemarle County deed of trust for land they inherited from her parents Sherod and Susan Goings [DB 42:444-5].   (Confirmed: Sherrod1 is parent of daughter Jincy)

Other members of the family in Albemarle County were

i. Rhoda, listed as a “Mula” in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1800-1813, frame 566].

ii. Sally, listed as a “Mula” in Fredericksville Parish, Albemarle County, in 1813 [Personal Property Tax List, 1800-1813, frame 567].

iii. Elizabeth, head of a Albemarle County household of 6 “other free” in 1810 [VA:196].

37.    Agnes2 Going, born say 1748, was taxable on (her son?) John Going’s tithe and 2 horses in the upper district of Henrico County from 1787 to 1791 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-1814, frames 124, 143, 195, 217, 271]. She was taxable on 97 acres in the upper district of Henrico County from 1799 to 1807 [Land Tax List 1799-1816]. Her children married white and were considered white. She was apparently the mother of

i. David, Jr., born say 1764, taxable in the upper district of Henrico County from 1785 to 1791 and taxable on a slave from 1806 to 1813 when he was listed as a white man [Personal Property Tax List 1782-1814, frames 73, 90, 195, 271, 487, 532, 636, 662, 722, 744]. He married Clawey Webb, 17 July 1789 Henrico County bond, surety John Geoine, who testified that Clawey was over twenty-one years of age, Anne Going witness. He was taxable on 100 acres from 1805 to 1815 and taxable on 193 acres adjoining John Harlow in 1816 [Land Tax List 1799-1816].   (Unknown from given information – there appears to be a family relationship, but unknown who the parent is)

ii. Mary, born say 1769, gave her own consent to her marriage to Meredith Childers, 23 December 1791 Henrico County bond, surety John Goyne, witness Aggy Goyne.  (Unknown from given information – there appears to be a family relationship, but unknown who the parent is)

iii. John, born say 1770, his tax charged to Agnes Going in 1787.  (Probably:  Agness paying for John’s tax seems to indicate a parental relationship)

iv. Milly, married John Harlow, 21 September 1792 Henrico County bond, consent of Agness Goyne, David Going surety, John Geoine witness.  (Confirmed:  Agness Goyne is parent of Milly)

v. Ann, of lawful age, daughter of Agnes Goine, married Dudley Miner, 22 December 1795 Henrico County bond, Meredith Childers surety.  (Confirmed:  Agness is parent of Ann)

vi. Nancy, married Patrick Childers, 12 December 1797 Henrico County bond.   (Unknown from given information –  unknown who the parent is)

38.    William4 Gowen (John1, William2, Thomas1, Michael1), born say 1725, received a deed of gift of 100 acres in Lunenburg from his parents, John2 and Mary Gowen, on 10 June 1761 and sold this land while resident in Lunenburg County on 30 December the same year. He was residing in Orange County, North Carolina, six months later on 6 July 1762 when he sold a further 100 acres adjoining this land in Lunenburg County [DB 7:153, 302]. In November 1763 (his uncle?) Alexander Going had a petition against him in Orange County court [Minutes I:232]. He may have been the William Gowen who received a patent for 300 acres in Cumberland County, North Carolina, on both sides of Pocket Creek on 9 November 1764 and was taxable on one white tithe in 1767 [N.C. Genealogy, XXI:3132]. He was head of a Moore County household of 10 whites in 1790, one white male over 16, four under 16, and five white females [NC:44]. He may have been the same William Gowen who was head of a Moore County household of 10 “other free” in 1790 [NC:43], 9 in 1800 [NC:60], and 6 in 1810 [NC:615]. Moore County records were destroyed in a courthouse fire, so there is no further record of him. His children were probably those counted as “other free” in Moore County: (All information in blue itallics above is incorrect.  This William Gowen (some time between 1765 – 1767) moves from Orange County, NC, to the Craven District, South Carolina – in what will be Fairfield County, SC on the border of Chester County, SC – on Wateree Creek.   He receives a 300 acre grant – he conveys 1/2 of this grant to William Gladden who had bought and sold land with William Gowen in Orange County, North Carolina.  By 1772 William Gowen appears to move to Rutherford County, North Carolina – just across the border from South Carolina – See William Goyne’s page on this site at:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1733-william-goyne/  ). 

i. Henry, head of a Moore County household of 5 “other free” in 1800 [NC:60] and 9 in 1810 [NC:615].  (INCORRECT:  This is not the same William Gowen – See William Goyne’s page on this site at:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1733-william-goyne/  ). 

ii. Levy, head of a Moore County household of 5 “other free” in 1800 [NC:62], 8 in 1810 [NC:615], and he may have been the _ive Goins counted in Moore County with 10 “free colored” in 1820 [NC:307].  (INCORRECT:  This is not the same William Gowen – See William Goyne’s page on this site at:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1733-william-goyne/  ).  

iii. Edward5, head of a Moore County household of 2 “other free” in 1810 [NC:615] and 7 “free colored” in 1820 [NC:308].  (INCORRECT:  This is not the same William Gowen – See William Goyne’s page on this site at:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1733-william-goyne/  ). 

iv. __lin, head of a Moore County household of 3 “free colored” in 1820 [NC:317].  (INCORRECT:  This is not the same William Gowen – See William Goyne’s page on this site at:  https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/1733-william-goyne/  ). 

39.    Thomas2 Gowen (John1, William2, Thomas1, Michael1), born say 1732, was taxable in the 1751 Lunenburg County household of (his father?) John1 Gowen in the list of Richard Witton [Tax List 1748-52]. On 30 May 1752 he purchased 150 acres in Granville County on both sides of Taylors Creek at the mouth of Spring Branch [DB B:53]. He was in the Granville County list of Osborn Jeffreys, adjoining Michael and Edward Going, taxable on one white and one black poll in 1753 and one black poll in 1754. He was called a “Mulatto” in Captain Osborne Jeffreys’ Company in the 8 October 1754 Muster Roll of the Granville County Regiment of Colonel William Eaton [Clark, Colonial Soldiers of the South, 718]. In the 1761 list of John Pope he had Moses Gowen in his household with the notation “Refuses to List his wife,” and in 1764 he and Moses were taxed in John Pope’s list for St. John’s Parish as two white polls. In 1768 he was tithable on three persons: himself, John Gowin, and Alston Hopkins who was white. In 1780, called Thomas Gowen Sr., he was taxed on an assessment of 997 pounds, and he was taxed on 150 acres in 1785. He was head of a Granville County household of 4 free males and 5 free females in the 1786 state census in Dutch District. On 25 January 1788 he sold his land in Granville [DB O:555], and he may have moved to Montgomery County where Thomas Gain was counted in the 1790 census with 3 white males and 5 white females in his household [NC:164]. His 7 February 1797 Montgomery County will named only his five youngest children. His children were  (Reviewing info – the various “Thomas Gowen’s” in the area are difficult to differentiate, unsure how Heinegg connected the information into one person – appears to posssibly be multiple people). 

i. Moses4, born circa 1749 since he was taxable in 1761 in the list of John Pope. He may have been the Moses Jewil, alias Gowin, who purchased 100 acres on the south side of the Tarr River on both sides of Middle Creek in Granville County on 2 February 1768 [DB H:481].  (Possible:  in same household)

ii. John5, born circa 1756, not identified as Thomas’ son but taxed in his 1768 household.

iii. Vini, married ____ Hardister.

iv. Burgess, born 1780/4, died in Montgomery County in 1849.

v. Burton, counted as white in the Randolph County census through 1830.

vi. Hali.

vii. Elizabeth.

40.    William6 Gowen (James2, Edward2, Edward1, William1, Michael1) was born before 1748 since he was taxable in the Granville County household of his father James2 Gowen in 1759. He may have been the William Going who was deceased by 10 November 1783 when his thirteen-year-old daughter Nancy was ordered bound apprentice to William Cope by the Chatham County court. His children (no race mentioned) bound apprentice in Chatham County were

i. Nancy, born about 1770, ordered bound apprentice to William Cope by the 10 November 1783 Chatham County court [Minutes 1781-85, 26].

ii. John9, born about 1771, about twelve years old on 10 November 1783 when he was ordered bound an apprentice farmer to William Riddle by the Chatham County court and bound to James Sutter in May 1785 [Minutes 1781-85, 55].

iii. Elizabeth, born about 1772, about twelve years old on 8 November 1784 when she was bound apprentice to William Douglass by the Chatham County court [Minutes 1781-85, 45].

iv. Ann3, born about 1774, about ten years old on 8 November 1784 when she was bound apprentice to James Howard [Minutes 1781-85, 45].

v. William7, born about 1775, bound an apprentice farmer to George Desmukes on 10 November 1783. He was and insolvent taxpayer in Chatham County in 1806 [Minutes 1781-85, 26, 157].

vi. Mary3, born say 1777, no age mentioned when she was removed from William Cope’s care in Chatham County [Minutes 1781-85, 45].

41.    James Going, born say 1758, was taxable in Henry County from 1783 to 1790 [PPTL, 1782-1830, frames 38, 88, 301, 352]. He purchased for 5 pounds 201 acres on both sides of the Dan River on 21 October 1784 [DB 1:62]. He was taxable on the Dan River in Patrick County from 1791 to 1807: called “Sr.” starting in 1793, listed with 2 tithables in 1797, 3 in 1801 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1791-1823, frames 150, 234, 251, 268, 315, 487]. He left a 24 August 1807 Patrick County will, administration on which was granted to his widow Nancy Going on 29 October 1807, leaving $25 to his daughter Peggy Adams, 5 shillings to his daughter Prudence Goin, 5 shillings to his son Stephen, $55 to his son William Goin, $150 to his daughter Betsy Goin when his youngest children came to age and the remaining to be equally divided between the youngest Arthur, Isaac and Nancy Goin. And his widow was to have an equal child’s part. His estate was valued at $520 [WB 1:106, 247]. On 28 April 1809 the Patrick County court appointed Benjamin Going guardian for Arther, Isaac and Nancy Going, heirs of James Going, deceased [Orders 1800-10, n.p.]. On 11 January 1810 his widow Nancy Goins appointed Benjamin Goins of adjoining Surry County, North Carolina, as her attorney to sue Harman Bowman of Surry County [Surry DB 3:351] and she sued Harmon Bowman in Patrick County on 27 April 1810 [Orders 1810-21, n.p.]. James was the father of

i. Peggy, born say 1778, married Bartholomew Adams, 8 July 1796, with the consent of her father Jesse James Going, Caleb Going surety.

ii. Prudence, a witness with Nancy Going, Margaret Adams, and William Going on 26 April 1811 in the Patrick County suit of the Commonwealth v. Thomas Beazley and Elizabeth Bellar for the crime of bigamy. The court dismissed the suit when it met for adjournment on 30 May 1811 on the grounds that the adjournment of the last examining court had been illegal and the court had not cognizance over them [Orders 1810-21, n.p.].

iii. Stephen2, born say 1785, married Nancy Going, daughter of John Going, 24 February 1807 Patrick County bond, Obediah Going surety. Stephen was taxable in Patrick County from 1806 to 1814: in a list of “free Negroes & Mulattos” in 1813 and 1814 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 455, 537, 598, 616]. He was head of a Patrick County household of 6 whites in 1820 and 9 “free colored” in 1830.

iv. William.

v. Betsy.

vi. Arthur, born say 1795, taxable in Patrick County in a list of “free Negroes & Mulattos” in 1813 [Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1830, frames 587, 598].

vii. Isaac, underage in 1807.

viii. Nancy, married Robert Harris, 1816 Patrick County bond.

42.    Thomas4 Going (Drury1, Mary1, Michael2, Christopher1, Michael1), born say 1761, head of a Greensville County, Virginia household of 1 person in 1783 [VA:55]. He was taxable in Greensville County from 1783 to 1803 [Personal Property Tax List 1782-1850, frames 13, 107, 126, 136, 162, 188, 231, 244, 259, 273, 302]. He married Sarah Jones, 24 July 1794 Greensville County bond, WilliamDungill surety. He was probably the Thomas Gowen who was head of a Halifax County, North Carolina household of 6 “other free” in 1810 [NC:21]. His children may have been

i. Frederick3, born in Virginia about 1794, head of a Halifax County household of 9 “free colored” in 1820 [NC:148], still living in Halifax County when he was counted in the 1860 census: Frederick Going, 66 yrs, Male, Mulatto, farmer, $100 real estate/$148 personal estate, b. Va. Roda, 70 years, Female, Mulatto, b. N.C. He sold land in Halifax to Isham Mills by a deed proved 21 November 1836 and purchased land by deed proved 19 February 1838. He was permitted to carry his gun by order of the Halifax County court on 17 August 1841 [Minutes 1832-46].

ii. Drury2, head of a Halifax County household of 11 “free colored” in 1820 [NC:148] and 6 in 1830.

iii. Heartwell, permitted to carry his gun by order of the Halifax County court on 17 August 1841.

iv. Jerry, born in North Carolina circa 1803, permitted to carry his gun by order of the Halifax County court on 17 August 1841. He was still living in Halifax County in 1860 at age fifty-seven with Louvenia, age fifty. He had $264 real and $328 personal estate.

Others counted in South Carolina in 1810 were

i. Sarah, head of a Greenville District household of 4 “other free” [SC:567].

ii. Catherine, head of a Colleton District household of 7 “other free” [SC:626].

Others in Virginia were

i. John Goings, born say 1695, a “negro” servant of Roodolphus Malbone on 5 September 1716 when the Princess Anne County court ordered that he receive forty lashes on the complaint of Tully Smyth [Minutes 1709-17, 222].

ii. Raverly, enlisted in the Sixth Virginia Regiment and died in the army according to an affidavit by Lieutenant Bell of the regiment who was living in Charles City County on 21 March 1818 [Revolutionary War Bounty Warrants, Going, Raverly, Digital Collections, LVA]. Freeman and James Brown of Charles City County deposed that Nancy Smith, wife of Michael Smith was the only heir of Raverly Going, deceased. She received land warrant no. 5484 for 100 acres and was living in Charles City County in 1808.

iii. Amy, mother of an illegitimate son Lewis Goings who was bound out by the Essex County court on 21 June 1784 [Orders 1784-7, 12].

iv. Nancy, issued a certificate of freedom by the Essex County court on 20 March 1787 [Orders 1784-7, 311]. She may have been the Nancy Going who registered in Middlesex County on 2 June 1802: born free; 46 years of age; 5’2-1/4″; yellow complexion [Register of Free Negroes 1800-60, p.15].

v. William8, head of a Montgomery County household of 7 “other free” in 1810 [VA:661].

vi. Fanny, born about 1785, registered in Botetourt County on 3 February 1806: a Dark Mulatto, 5 feet four Inches, Born free, by 14th Augt. Certificate from Clk of Henrico [Free Negroes &c Registered in the Clerks Office of Botetourt County, no.7].

Those counted in Louisiana in 1810 were

i. Benjamin2, head of a household of 4 “other free” in Opelousas [LA:316].

ii. Philip4, head of a household of 3 “other free” in Opelousas [LA:305].

iii. James7, head of a household of 3 “other free” in Opelousas [LA:305].

Endnotes:

1.    The name Mihill Gowen appears like Mihill Gowree in the 1668 patent, but the 11 September 1717 inquisition refers to the same land as belonging to Mihil Goen / Michael Gowen.

2.    Few other Gloucester County records have survived.

3.    Shirley Whatley was living in Shocco District of Granville County, North Carolina, in the 1762 list of Constable John Gibbs [NCGSJ XIII:107].

4.    Patrick County, Virginia, adjoins Stokes County, North Carolina.

5.    Although Fanny and Isham Going shared the Going name, the bride and groom were not necessarily closely related since the family was quite large by 1792.

Go to next family group:  Grace-Hawley

Return to Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina

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