Sections in this issue:
1) Going Family Fled South Carolina for Kentucky to Escape Discrimination;
2) Wife and Baby of Larkin Gowen Burned to Death In Indiana;
3) Dear Cousins.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
Gowen Research Foundation Newsletter
Volume 10, No. 12 August 1999
1) Going Family Fled South Carolina for Kentucky to Escape Discrimination
By Anna Going Friedman and Jaymie Friedman Frederick
3605 Debra Drive, Somerset, Kentucky, 42503
In the preceding installment, the Newsletter readers were introduced to a group of South Carolinians identified as “Free Negroes, Mulattoes and Mustizoes” which included Isaac Going, Levi Going, Edward Going, Sr. and Edward Going, Jr. They had joined 17 other men of Camden District in petitioning the State Legislature for a reduction in their taxes which had been doubled, only on free people of color, in 1791. Apparently their petition, which was endorsed by prominent men of Fairfield County, was denied.
The Goings and several of the 17 other men appeared on the frontier of Western Kentucky shortly afterward. Inequitable taxation and other forms of discrimination in South Carolina apparently prompted the move.
Alex C. Finley was an early-day historian in northwest Kentucky who wrote five volumes dealing with the early history and development of Western Kentucky and Middle Tennessee. He related the settlements of Nashville, the Cumberland area, Sumner County, Tennessee and Logan County, Kentucky as an integral unit. Settlements in this area were made primarily by people from Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina.
His first volume was entitled, “The History of Russellville and Logan County, Kentucky.” He paid particular attention to the men of influence who help shape the destiny of the frontier and its pioneers. One of the most influential was Rev. James McGready, a preacher who came from North Carolina. In 1796, McGready brought the Restoration movement to Logan County with a series of revivals. He established the Muddy River Church and two other congregations in the County. Out of this restoration effort came three churches—the Christian Church, the Church of Christ and the Pentecostal Church.
Finley offered some insight into some of the participants in the Muddy River congregation:
“We give the following family history as part of the tradition of the families of which we are about to write, and you readers must accept [or reject] to suit yourselves.
One Morriss, a Portuguese, and Bird, Portee and Goins, Egyptians [Africans] were slavers; that is, they owned a vessel which they used to kidnap negroes from the coast of Africa, transport them to America and sell them into slavery. On one occasion, a fearful storm arose and drove their vessel to wreck on the coast of South Carolina.
These men and their families were all saved from drowning, and when they attempted to form alliances with the white people, the whites objected to their sons and daughters marrying Portuguese and Egyptians. So these people intermarried with each other, and after living there for several years and failing to be recognized by the white people as equals, concluded to emigrate to North Carolina where they expected to meet with a more cordial reception.
However, one Cole, an Englishman who had come from his home, settled in the back woods of North Carolina and married a Cherokee Indian. So he and the ones already alluded to found themselves outside the pales of white society and refusing to marry negroes, they all intermarried and became related to each other.
After trying unsuccessfully to be admitted into the white society in North Carolina, they finally concluded to emigrate to the west, across the mountains, and so a portion of these came to near Lexington, Kentucky about the year 1795. About 1797, they removed to Logan County and settled on the head waters of Muddy River where the others met them.
William Morriss settled where Sam’l Poindexter now lives; Portee on Morton’s farm, and Goins, Bird and Cole close by. Lewis Moore came from Carolina in 1798 and organized a Baptist Church not far from the head springs of Muddy River. These people, Morriss, Bird, Goins, Portee and Cole and their families became members.”
With reference to Petition 164 which was submitted by John Morriss and William Morriss to the South Carolina Legislature for tax relief, many of the same men who signed the petition appeared as members of the Muddy River congregation. Finley supplies one additional name, Portee [Porter?].
The Logan County tax list of 1796 shows Morriss, Bird, Anderson and Harris individuals. By 1799, Cole, Portee and Going appear on the tax list, and all still carry the classification of “Free People of Color.”
To narrow the research, consideration was given only to the Morriss and Going families. Four Going men signed Petition 164: Isaac Going, Levi Going, Edward Going, Sr. and Edward Going, Jr. Tax lists of Logan County for 1799 show Isaac Going, Edward Going, Sr. and Edward Going, Jr. in the militia company [tax area] of Rev. Israel McGready, Commissioner. The 1800 census of Logan County enumerates the families of Isaac Going, Edward Going and Jabez Going. William Going was recorded in Madison County near Lexington.
On December 16, 1798, “Edward Goen, an assignee of William Cole,” received a survey of 200 acres on Muddy Creek, according to Logan County Surveyor’s Book B, page 87. In March 1802, Edward Going received 400 acres that lay on Green River. On December 29, 1803, “Edward Goins” made an entry on 320 acres that lay along Green River, according to Surveyor’s Book C, page 50.
Isaac Goins was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1810 census of Logan County. Isaac Porter was married to Elizabeth Goin August 11, 1812, according to Logan County marriage records.
Reuben Goin was listed on the 1804 tax list of Livingston County, according to “Trigg County–Gateway to the Jackson Purchase” by Eurie P. Neel. He was located in the vicinity of Flynn’s Ferry Road in the northern part of Crittenden County when that county was created from Livingston in 1842.
John Going received a land grant of 117 acres on Crooked Creek October 1, 1805. The grant was located South of the Green River, according to Livingston County Deed Book 23, page 472.
“Winnie Gowan” was born to “Isaac Gowan and Clata Gowan,” according to Sandra L. Hollingsworth, Foundation Member of South Bend, Indiana in a letter written April 15, 1999. “Winney Goin” was married April 22, 1815 to Ezekiel Anderson, according to “Logan County, Kentucky Marriages, 1790-1897.”
On October 30, 1817, Edward Going was a cosignor on a promissory note made by John Levi Going of Livingston County, Kentucky which had been created in 1798. John Levi Going is our great-great-grandfather and is regarded as a kinsman of Edward Going.
By the time of the 1820 census, no Going individuals remained in Logan County. Where was Edward Going? Were the South Carolina Going families on the move again? Yes, across the Ohio River into Illinois and up the Wabash River to Crawford County, Illinois. But that’s another story.
(To be Continued)
2) Wife and Baby of Larkin Gowen Burned to Death In Indiana
Larkin Gowen, son of Frederick Gowen and Nancy Coomer Gowen, was born in 1833 in Lee County, Virginia. Two years later his family lived in Pulaski County. In 1849 they removed to Green County, and in 1850 he appeared in Adair County in his father’s household as an 18-year-old illiterate farmer.
He was married about 1854 to Louisa C. Coffey who was born in 1829 in Adair County. In 1857 the couple lived in Carroll County, Virginia, adjoining Patrick County where he must have still had relatives. One of their sons was born there. By 1859 they had returned to Adair County.
In 1860 the family appeared in Adair County, Civil District 1 in the federal census as:
Going, Larkin 27, born in Lee County, VA, farmer, $200 real estate
Louisa C. 31, born in Adair County, KY
Matthew W. 4, born in Adair County, KY
Frederick D. 3, born in Carroll County, KY
Larkin L. 11/12, born in Adair Co, KY”
Larkin Gowen and Louisa C. Coffee Gowen did not appear in subsequent enumerations of Adair County. He was a resident of Gibson County, Indiana when his father died there in 1872, according to Gibson County Probate Book S, page 284.
Apparently Louisa C. Coffee Gowen died, and Larkin Gowen was was remarried about 1879, wife’s name unknown. His wife and their baby were burned to death at Midway, Indiana in Spencer County. A news story about their deaths appeared in the April 25, 1881 edition of the “New Albany Ledger-Standard:”
“The details of a most horrible calamity that occurred near the little town of Midway, in Spencer County, a few days ago, have been related to a Ledger-Standard reporter by a gentleman who today returned to this city from a business trip to that part of the state. Mr. Larkin Gowen is a farmer who resides near Midway. His wife, while he was out at the barn at work, was engaged in her domestic duties, her infant lying asleep on the bed nearby. Mrs. Gowen, in passing near the open fire place, accidentally set fire to her dress, and the inflammable material was speedily in a blaze.
The unfortunate woman in her fright, leaped into the bed where her infant lay, intending to smother out the flames by covering herself with the bed clothing. Her blazing garments, however, set fire to the bed clothes, and the wretched woman leaped from the bed to the floor where she fell in a swoon, overcome by her fright and the intense pain that she suffered. She was literally roasted, all of her clothing having burned from her body.
Her screams were heard by her husband who hastened to the house. His first care was to snatch the infant from the burning bed; but it had already been fatally burned. The poor mother lay in an insensible condition on the floor, but the agony of her suffering was not of long endurance, for death came to her relief. The calamity is one of the saddest that ever occurred in that part of the state. Mr. Gowen had a severe struggle with the flames ignited by the burning bed before he got them suppressed. He is an excellent citizen and has the sympathy of all who know him.”
3) Dear Cousins
“Probing The Mystery of Turks and Smiling Indians” in the Newsletter. One note: the Smiling Indians came into existence when their proper racial name, Redbones became derogatory by their white neighbors. Charles McDonald Furman, their neighbor and benefactor of the1880-90s, claimed their proper name was Redbones, and it was not derogatory at that time.
According to Wes White (Tauchairy) noted Lumbee and Smiling Indian researcher of 1970-90s they were named for the prominent surname, Smiling, among them. They eventually migrated to NC. White said they were completely separate from the Lumbee and the Turks, and he never mentioned them as Redbones in his writings that I have seen. However, the first progenitors of both the NC Smiling Indians and the Sumter County Privateer Township Redbones are identical. This is confirmed, and is one proven example of a people evolving into another racial identity as time went by. It is also one where racial stigma likely contributed.
A complicated mix of many heritages, not just Northern European, Caucasian, Negroid or American Indian, as early considered, enters the possible picture. There will be more proven connections between individual families that would mingle with others outside their original racial family group. As this spin off occurred, new ethnic identities developed, making it impossible for ALL these people to have the same mix. Yet some will very likely have some linage ties to many others. Many among the Melungeons of Appalachia, the Moors of Delaware and some “others” do not escape this racial puzzle saga.
Best truth since GRF started looking for the lost heritage key in the ancestry of the many Gowen/Goings etc, is that one can now be proud to claim one of these previously hidden heritages. Stay tuned as folks discover more interesting data. Evelyn McKinley Orr, 8310 Emmet St, Omaha, NE, 68134, firstname.lastname@example.org.
I’m looking for any clues to further my research. On the 1910 Federal Census, I’ve located my Great-grandparents John and Rebecca Goins, enumerated as “Gowens.” They were residing at Boydon Plank Road, Dinwiddie County, VA, ages 39 and 35, respectively. They were married around 1896, the parents of seven children; Lewis (Louis), Walter, Mary Elizabeth “Lizzie,” Mahanna “Hannah,” Charlie, Alfred, and Joseph. In addition to the variations in spellings, I’ve also noted that at times the family is listed as Negroes and also as Mulattoes. I’ve been unsuccessful in identifying them on earlier documents. For now, my primary research objective is to obtain any information available. Thanks for your help. Jim Brown, 467 Warren St, #1, Brooklyn, NY, 11217, email@example.com
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.