Sections in this issue:
1) South Carolina is truly a melting pot of nationalities;
2) Jim M’Gowen Decks Hangman In Dauphin County in 1806;
3) Nelson Gowen Served Confederacy In Second NC Infantry Regiment;
4) Revolutionary Edward Gowen Continued as Pensioner at 92;
5) Dear Cousins.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER
Volume 10, No. 11 July 1999
1) South Carolina is truly a melting pot of nationalities
By Anna Going Friedman & Jaymie Friedman Frederick
3605 Debra Drive, Somerset, Kentucky, 42503
South Carolina is truly a melting pot of nationalities. Shortly after 1500, the Native American population of South Carolina was introduced to explorers, adventurers and settlers from Spain and Portugal. Within a short period of time, Moors Berbers, French Huguenots and Jews, fleeing the Spanish inquisition flocked to settle the southeastern portion of the present United States. British domination brought the English, Scots, Irish and Germans. Of course, intermingled among all of these in South Carolina were the African slaves.
In 1780, among the general population of present-day Sumter County, South Carolina existed two groups of people; the Turks and the Smiling Indians. “Gowen Research Newsletter” article “General Thomas Sumter Protected The Turks From Discrimination” by Evelyn McKinley Orr [January 1992] details the history of the Sumter County. Turks. Mrs. Orr tells of Joseph Benenhaly and Scott, who volunteered to serve in General Sumter’s brigade during the Revolutionary War. As a result of that service, they were given land on the general’s plantation. The article further states that family surnames among the Turks were Chavis, Lowery, Hood and Ray.
The article written by Mrs. Orr goes on to state that the Turks petitioned the state legislature to be governed by laws pertaining to white inhabitants and not by laws for slaves and free negroes. They described themselves as “free Moors” and subjects of the emperor of Morocco. According to the “Journal of the State House of Representatives” January 20, 1790, the Turks were recognized as Turks with rights as whites. Were these Turks able to achieve white status because of the influence of Gen. Sumter?
Also found in Sumter County were the Smiling Indians. The article “Turks of Sumter County South Carolina” gives an insight into both the Turkish community and the Smiling Indians.
“Between the towns of Stateburg, Providence and Sumter we find the lands of “Ray” and “Benenhaly.” Hardly more than 16 miles due Southeast of the Turks, “Timmonstown,” the home of the nearest indians–80 people named Gibbes, Smiling, Goins and Chavis, for the most part, a group completely apart and unto themselves. Both of them were founded by one man, Joseph Benenhaly in the case of the Turks and Thomas Gibbes in the case of the Indians; Gibbes having settled there by 1800 and Benenhaly by 1810. The two communities never had anything to do with each other, any more than if they lived on different planets.
The 40 Turks and 80 Indians around Timmonstown are the two communities of people neither a part of the general white population or part of the black population.”
The Revolutionary War was at last over. This new-found freedom been a long and costly ordeal for the colonies. As a means of paying foreign debt accrued during the war, South Carolina in March of 1789 passed an ordinance requiring all Free People of Color to pay an increased one fourth of a dollar head taxation to begin February 1791. An additional taxation of $2.00 per head for those above 16 years of age was added on December 21, 1792. This increased taxation was greater than that being levied against the individual white person.
Petition 164 drafted bv John and William Morris, from the Sumter District, was placed before the legislature of South Carolina December 3, 1793.
“To the Honourable David Ramsay, Esquire, President of the Honourable Senate, and to the others the Honourable the members of the same.
The Petition of John Morris, William Morris and other inhabitants of Camden District in behalf of themselves and others who come under the description of Free Negroes, Mulattoes and Mustizoes.
That with submission your Petitioners beg leave to observe that they conceive their ancestors merited the Publick confidence and obtained the Title of a Free People by rendering some particular Services to their Country, which the Wisdom and goodness of Government thought just and right to Notice and to reward their Fidelity with Emancipation, and other singular Privileges.
That before the War, and till very lately, your Petitioners were Freeholders or Tradesmen, paid a tax only for their Lands, trades and other Taxable property in common with others the Free White Citizens of the State, Poll Tax for any of their children while under their jurisdiction.
That in March 1789, an Ordinance was passed Intitled an Ordinance for Funding and ultimately discharging the Foreign debt of this State, wherein it was Ordained that a Tax of one fourth of a Dollar per head per Annum be imposed upon all Negroes, Mustizoes and Mulattoes: the same to commence in February 1791, and from thence continue for the span of Ten years. ”
That by subsequent Act, Intitled an Act for raising Supplies for this year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety two, passed the 21st day of December last past, your Petitioners besides paying a Tax for their Lands and other Taxable property are made liable and have accordingly paid the sum of Two Dollars per head for themselves–the same sum per head for their wives and the same sum per head for each of their children above Sixteen years of age, who are under Jurisdiction.
That your Petitioners are generally a Poor needy People; have frequently large Families to Maintain; and find it exceeding difficult and distressing to support the same, and answer the large demands of the Publick; which appears to them considerably more than Double what was formerly Exacted from them; In consequence of which they conceive their Situation in life but a small removed from Slavery; that they are likely to suffer continued inconveniencies and disadvantages; and in the end to be reduced to poverty and want itself.
In confidence therefore of the highain of your Honours Veracity, and readiness to redress every Grievance which may appear really such, We do most humbly nours would condescend to take the distressed fate of your Petitioners into your wise Consideration, and Vouchsafe to Grant them such relief as your Honours in your wisdom shall be meet.
We the subscribers have been acquainted with John and William Morris a number of years past who have always supported the character of honest Industrious well-meaning People; and being informed of their being greatly distressed in Amount of their Taxes, Do therefore recommend their Petition to the Honourable the Legislature.
_______? Pearson John ______?
Richard Winn James Craig
John Cock T. W. Yonjue
Barthe Smythe ______ Evans
Levi Daniell Robert Craig
Phil Pearson Hugh Carron
Wm. Daniel Quintin Craig
James Danielly Wm. W. Winn
Benj. Boyd Henry Johnson
Petition of John Morris, William Morris and others, Inhabitants of Camden District in behalf of themselves and others who come under the description of Free Negroes, Mulattoes and Mustesoes. [Mustizos]
Ch. Taylor, W. Brown, W. Ellison
And your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever Pray Yea.
William _______? George Coal
Henry Morriss Arche Morriss
John Anderson Levi Going
Isaac Going William William Hearriss John Morris John Burd Samuel Morriss Bo Jones
David Coal John Aaron Jones William Sihon Morriss Edward William Coal
Petition Number 164 brings before us a third group of people identified as Negroes, Mulattoes and Mustizoes who were not part of the white population. Notice among the 21 signers of Petition 164 were both Edward Going Sr. and Edward Going. It has not been ascertained if Petition 164 was passed by the Legislature, as was the Petition of the Turks. Who was this group of people signing Petition Number 164, and where did they come from? Richard Winn’s statement on Petition 164 indicated that they had lived in Camden District for several years.
The adjoining county of Fairfield in the Camden District was home to Edward Going. The information found about Edward Going is sparse.
On August 9, 1786 Edward Going received seventy pounds, one shilling and five pence sterling for duty in Roebuck’s Regiment, according to the stub entries to Indents. His pay on one occasion was requested to be delivered to Capt. John “Buck” Gowen of adjoining Spartanburg County. Edward Going had lived in Brunswick county in 1784, according to the “Southern Lineages.” Edward Going and Nancy Scott on June 18, 1793 were named administrators of the estate of “James Scott, miller” who died interstate, according to Fairfield County Will Book.
Were these three groups connected? The surname Chavis was seen both among the Turks and the Smiling Indians. The surname Goins among the Smiling Indians and the Camden County group. It would appear that there was more connection between the groups than the article “Turks of Sumter County South Carolina” would have us believe.
A second mystery is still before us. Most of the names listed as signing Petition 164 were not on the 1790 census of South Carolina. Perhaps a Logan County Kentucky history book can some light on the situation.
(To be continued.)
Special thanks is due to Howard M. Branham of Lugoff, South Carolina for his research.
2) Jim M’Gowen Decks Hangman In Dauphin County in 1806
“Annals of Harrisburg, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania” by George A. Brooks of Harrisburg, published in 1858, gives an account of James M’Gowen and James Jamison. The author writes:
“We give an account of all the executions at Harrisburg of persons convicted of murder since the establishment of Dauphin County .
Execution of James M’Gowen and James Jamison [page 214]:
James M’Gowen and James Jamison were tried and convicted by the court of Dauphin County for the murder of Jacob Eshleman. Monday, the 6th day of December 1806 was the day fixed for their execution at Harrisburg. Jamison, however, effected his escape from durance [imprisonment], and M’Gowen was consequently the only one who suffered the extreme penalty of the law on the appointed day.
Although the day was excessively cold, a large number of both sexes assembled at an early hour about the jail, with a view to catch a sight of the unhappy culprit. About 12 o’clock, the culprit was brought of the prison, when a lane was formed by the several militia companies which attended on the occasion.
Through this opening he marched with much firmness, behind the cart which contained his coffin, to the gallows on the public grounds, near the Arsenal. Here he expressed the desire to address the spectators, and begged a little liquor to exhiliarate his spirits. As he was only thinly clad, and the weather intensely cold, some of the gentlemen on duty offered him a bottle, containing about half a pint, to taste.
This he took, and before any interference could be made, he drained it to the last drop. The effect of this rather changed the tragedy to a farce.
He became enraged at the executioner, tore off part of mask the latter had put on to conceal himself, and even knocked him down from the cart. Indeed, such was his beheavior in these, his last moments, that in a great degree eradicated that compassion which many felt for him during his confinement.
He was launched into eternity precisely at 1 o’clock p.m. Jamison was subsequntly arrested near Reading, brought to Harrisburg and likewise publicly executed on the public ground, near the Arsenal.”
3) Nelson Gowen Served Confederacy In Second NC Infantry Regiment
Pvt. Nelson Gowen, Company F, Second North Carolina Infantry Battalion, CSA of Guilford County enlisted in Randolph County, North Carolina November 26, 1861 for 12 months.
He was captured near Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia May 12, 1864 and confined at Point Lookout, Maryland. He was transferred to Elmira, New York Federal Prison August 12, 1864 and was released there after taking the oath of allegiance May 19, 1865.
4) Revolutionary Edward Gowen Continued as Pensioner at 92
Edward Gowen, Melungeon/Mulatto son of Edward Gowen, was born about 1745, probably in Brunswick County, Virginia. He was taxable as a “black poll” in his father’s household in adjoining Granville County, North Carolina in the 1755 list of Robert Harris. “Edward Gowin, Sr, mulatto, Edward Gowin, Jr. and Reeps Gowin” were recorded in the 1762 tax list of St. John’s Parish, Granville County.
He appeared in his own household in 1767 as “one black poll” in the tax list of John Pope. Edward Gowen, “one black poll” appeared in the 1769 tax list of Granville County. “Edward Gowin was listed in the 1771 tax list of Granville County. “Edward Going” also appeared in the 1771 tax list of Bute County. His household included two members. “Thomas Gowin” was listed as a purchaser at the estate sale of James McGehee November 23, 1774, according to Granville County Deed Book 1, page 49.
“Edward Going” enlisted in the North Carolina forces in Bute County in 1778. He was listed in “Balloted Men & Volunteers from Bute County to serve 9 months as Continental soldiers, beginning March 1, 1779,” page 2. He was shown as “Edward Going, age 35, born in Virginia, 5’7″, 35 years old, black hair, black eyes.” Bute County was organized in 1765 and abolished in 1779, and its land used to create Franklin and Warren Counties.
On August 3, 1779 “Edward Gains” received 75 acres on South Hyco Creek in nearby Caswell County. He was taxed there in 1784 on “1 black poll and 100 acres on Hyco Creek in St. Lukes District.” “Edward Goine & wife, blacks” were enumerated about 1787 in Caswell County.
“Edward Going” was listed in the North Carolina state census of 1786, page 56 as the head of a household composed of “one white male, 21-60, one white male under 21 or over 60 and three white females.” In 1786, “Edward Goins and John Goin” were included in a list of “insolvents” in Ft. Creek District of Granville County.
Edward Gowen was listed in the Granville County Will Book 2, page 79, October 15, 1788, as “Edward Goen” when he conveyed to his nephew, Thomas Gowen, for oe25 “all my right in the estate of Elizabeth Bass, deceased.” John Simmons, Allen Hudson and Henry Meghee witnessed the deed, according to “Abstracts of Early Deeds of Granville County, 1746-1765.”
Person County, North Carolina was organized from Caswell County in 1791, and Edward Gowen found himself in the new county. Edward Gowen joined his brother Jenkins Gowen in selling their claims for Revolutionary pay to John Hall of Hyco, North Carolina in Caswell County April 27, 1791.
“Edward Gowing” reappeared in the records of Caswell County, North Carolina in 1791 and in the records of Orange County, North Carolina, its parent county, in 1792. These two counties were located a short distance west of Bute County.
“Edward [X] Goen” signed an affidavit there April 27, 1791, according to “Revolutionary War Service Records and Settlements” abstracted by Ransom McBride and published in “North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal,” Vol. 9, November 1983. He stated that he and “Jenkins Goen” sold their “claims against the United States to John Hall of Caswell County [Hico] and empowered said John Hall to draw such claims from the Treasurer.” The affidavit was witnessed by Catherine Brown and Rebeckah Blake.
“Edward [X] Goen of Orange County, North Carolina” executed a power of attorney in the favor of Hall June 7, 1792. The document read, “I, Edward Goen, late a soldier of the Continental Line of North Carolina appoint John Hall of same county and state, attorney, to settle the claims arising from said Goen’s service as a Private in the Fifth Regiment of New Levies under the command of Gen. Sumner in 1778 and 1779.”
“Prvt. Edward Going,” was serving in Col. William Eaton’s Fifth North Carolina Regiment of the Continental Line on May 1, 1792. Capt. Robert Temples, perhaps a company commander certified before Samuel High, J.P. in Wake County, North Carolina July 20, 1792 “that Edward Going served as a soldier in the nine months service of North Carolina.”
“Edward Goins” was taxed on “1 black poll and 245 acres in Person County in 1793. “Ed. Goins” paid tax on “two white polls” and 245 3/4 acres of land according to the 1794 tax list of Person County. “Edward Goins” was a taxpayer in 1795 in Person County. He was enumerated as the head of a household of “6 other free” in the census of 1800.
Two free colored families, one headed by “Edward Goins”, page 2 and another headed by “Edward Goins,” page 23, appeared in the 1820 census of Moore County, North Carolina.
Edward Going was receiving a yearly pension of $120 on May 4, 1831. This Revolutionary pensioner, a veteran of the “Fifth Regiment under Col. William Eaton of Granville County,” was still drawing compensation in 1835, at the age of 92, according to “Report on Pensioners, 1835.”
The wife of Edward Going, name unknown, received Widow’s Pension W-6899 after his death. In her application she stated that Edward Going “entered the service at Warren Courthouse, North Carolina as a captain.” He joined the Fifth North Carolina Regiment at Halifax, North Carolina. He later enlisted at Lewisburg, North Carolina and fought at Guilford Courthouse under Gen. Greene. She mentioned that his messmates were Ozzy Ball, Drew Jones and William Smith sidence in Franklin County and in Granville County.
Children born to Edward Gowen include:
Edward Gowen born about 1761
William Goins born about 1765
Larkin Gowen, son of Frederick Gowen and Nancy Coomer Gowen, was born in 1833 in Lee County, Virginia. Two years later his family lived in Pulaski County. In 1849 they removed to Green County, and in 1850 he appeared in Adair County in his father’s household as an 18-year-old illiterate farmer.
He was married about 1854 to Louisa C. Coffey who was born in 1829 in Adair County. In 1857 the couple lived in Carroll County, Virginia, adjoining Patrick County where he must have still had relatives. One of their sons was born there. By 1859 they had returned to Adair County.
In 1860 the family appeared in Adair County, Civil District 1 in the federal census as:
Going, Larkin 27, born in Lee County, VA, farmer, $200 real estate
Louisa C. 31, born in Adair County, KY
Matthew W. 4, born in Adair County, KY
Frederick D. 3, born in Carroll County, KY
Larkin L. 11/12, born in Adair Co, KY”
Larkin Gowen and Louisa C. Coffee Gowen did not appear in subsequent enumerations of Adair County. He was a resident of Gibson County, Indiana when his father died there in 1872, according to Gibson County Probate Book S, page 284.
Apparently Louisa C. Coffee Gowen died, and Larkin Gowen was was remarried about 1879, wife’s name unknown. His wife and their baby were burned to death at Midway, Indiana in Spencer County. A news story about their deaths appeared in the April 25, 1881 edition of the “New Albany Ledger-Standard:”
“The details of a most horrible calamity that occurred near the little town of Midway, in Spencer County, a few days ago, have been related to a Ledger-Standard reporter by a gentleman who today returned to this city from a business trip to that part of the state.
Mr. Larkin Gowen is a farmer who resides near Midway. His wife, while he was out at the barn at work, was engaged in her domestic duties, her infant lying asleep on the bed nearby. Mrs. Gowen, in passing near the open fire place, accidentally set fire to her dress, and the inflamable material was speedily in a blaze.
The unfortunate woman in her fright, leaped into the bed where her infant lay, intending to smother out the flames by covering herself with the bed clothing. Her blazing garments, however, set fire to the bed clothes, and the wretched woman leaped from the bed to the floor where she fell in a swoon, overcome by her fright and the intense pain that she suffered. She was literally roasted, all of her clothing having burned from her body.
Her screams were heard by her husband, who hastened to the house. His first care was to snatch the infant from the burning bed; but it had already been fatally burned. The poor mother lay in an insensible condition on the floor, but the agony of her suffering was not of long endurance, for death came to her relief. The calamity is one of the saddest that ever occurred in that part of the state.
Mr. Gowen had a severe struggle with the flames ignited by the burning bed before he got them suppressed. He is an excellent citizen and has the sympathy of all who know him.”
Children born to Larkin Gowen and Louisa C. Coffee Gowen include:
Matthew Melvin Gowen born October 27, 1855
Frederick Dempsey Gowen born April 14, 1857
Larkin Luther Gowen born August 7, 1859
Nancy J. Gowen born May 9, 1862
Thomas Gowen born November 21, 1864
William M. Gowen born October 25, 1868
5) Dear Cousins
I have some sad news to report, that we have lost a fellow researcher–George Virgil Goins. He passed away December 6, 1999 in Scottsdale, AZ. His heart simply quit functioning in his sleep. He will be sorely missed by me, he being one of my first cousins. He was a great friend who was always willing to share his family research. I do not know what will happen to all of his research. I am hoping that a family member will become interested in carrying on his work. If not, I will try to secure his records and preserve them for all of the members of the Foundation. Howard Goins, 61 Church St, Mena, AR, 71953, firstname.lastname@example.org.
I am a new member, and I am so excited! I just visited the Foundation Website and found all my Goyne relatives for generations and generations in Section .070. I cannot believe how thorough and how great it was. All I can say is “Thank you” to everyone for all the hard work. Robbie Griggs Landry, 14925 Glenn Drive, Pride, LA, 70770, email@example.com.
I received a letter from Frances Goins on December 24 telling about the death of her husband, Weuell Goins, a long-time Foundation member. I have enjoyed a long exchange of letters and phone calls with him. Weuell was a good researcher and a very nice person. He will be missed by a large number of researchers. Louise Goins Richardson, 2207 E. Lake St, Paragould, AR, 72450, firstname.lastname@example.org
I was interested in the search of the Foundation members for the papers of Gov. John Sevier, the first governor of Tennessee. Tom Windle, a friend of mine here in Bartlesville, is a descendant of Gov. Sevier. He is also president of the John Sevier Society. Tom mentioned that some of the earlier papers of John Sevier were burned, but that most of the file are in the Tennessee State Archives in Nashville. Tom suggested that the much sought after Melungeon letter should be there.
Any researcher wishing to contact Tom should use: Tom Windle, President, John Sevier Society, 3500 SE Washington Blvd, Bartlesville, OK, 74006, 918/335-1172. Robert R. Goins, 4411 Bridle Rd, Bartlesville, OK, 74006, email@example.com.
I have enjoyed reading of several breakthroughs that the Foundation has given to researchers who had reached that “brick wall.” I just want you to know how much you are appreciated by so many of us for the wonderful research you have done over the years. It is just unbelievable what you have accomplished. I admire your work. Margaret F. Goynes Olson, 303 E. Hoffman, Kingsville, TX, 78363, firstname.lastname@example.org
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.