Sections in this issue:
1) Going Individuals Gained Wealth And Prestige in the Deep South;
2) Discovering the Most Prevalent Surname Among Us in America;
3) Dear Cousins;
4) Cornwall Was Ancestral Home Of Many Foundation Members;
5) With Revolutionary Training . . . Charles Gowens, Sharpshooter Bagged Squirrels at 102;
6) Among the 49ers in California-.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER
Volume 9, No. 10 June 1998
1) Going Individuals Gained Wealth And Prestige in the Deep South
By Anna J. Going Friedman
344 Planters Way, Somerset, Kentucky, 42503, 606/677-9607
Moses Going and Agnes Going, heads of a Melun-geon/Mulatto family of Louisa County, Virginia and Wilkes County, Georgia and several of their kinsmen distinguished themselves in the deep South. Despite the color barrier and ingrained prejudice, the Going individuals served in the French & Indian War and the Revolutionary War with distinction.
Moses Going became a merchant, operating a grist mill in both Virginia and Georgia. He was regarded as wagon manufacturer in Georgia and trained his sons as wagon builders. Agnes Going was identified by her sons as “Indian” which gave the family an additional handicap to overcome in Colonial America.
A brother of Moses Going, Dr. Samuel Going became a suc-cessful physician in Wilkes County and in Claiborne County, Mississippi. Dr. Going married a white woman and became a slave owner and the head of a household of 10.
The Georgia State Legislature recognized three of the sons of Moses Going as outstanding and conveyed upon them rights rarely granted to Melungeon/Mulatto individuals. Special joint legislation was enacted in the Georgia Senate and House of Representatives in 1796 to grant John Going and Reuben Going special privileges and civil rights. Three years later, a third son, Dr. Thomas Going was similarly honored.
It is interesting to follow their achievements:
In 1796 the Georgia State Legislature established that two brothers, “Reuben Going and John Going, men of color of Greene County [Newsletter, February 1994]. . . are hereby authorized and enabled to take, hold and enjoy property, both real and personal,” according to “Ambiguous Lives” by Adele Logan Alexander. Their younger brother, Thomas Go-ing also gained his limited rights through a private legislative act, according to “Digest of the Laws of the State of Geor-gia, 1735-1800.”
The Georgia State Legislature provided:
“Emancipation: And being it further enacted that Reuben Going and John Going, of Greene County, be and they are hereby authorized and enabled to take, hold and enjoy property both real and personal.
Provided nevertheless, that nothing herein contained shall extend or be construed to extend, to enable the said free mulattoes and negro slaves when liberated as aforesaid to serve as justices in any case whatsoever nor to render them or either of them a witness in any cause or case where the personal right or property of any white person or persons is or are concerned, nor to
entitle them or any of them to have or hold, directly or indirectly any office of trust or profit, civil or military within this state.
Thomas Stevens, Speaker of the House of Representatives
Benjamin Taliaferro, President of the Senate
Concurred February 13, 1796, Jared Irwin, Governor”
Thomas Going began a medical practice about that time. Three years later, on February 18, 1799, Thomas Going also gained his limited rights through a private legislative act, ac-cording to “Digest of the Laws of the State of Georgia, 1735-1800.”
“Emancipation: Be it therefore enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Georgia in General Assembly met, and by the authority of the same, That from and after the passing of this act, that the aforesaid Thomas Going, of the County of Wilkes, be and is hereby vested with and entitled to all the rights and privileges and immunities belonging to a free citizen of this state; Provided nevertheless, nothing herein contained shall extend or be construed to extend to entitle the said Thomas Going, to serve in the capacity of a juror in any cause whatever nor to render him a competent witness in any cause or case where the personal rights or property of any white person are or is concerned; nor to entitle the said Thomas Going to vote at elections, nor to have or hold directly or indirectly any office of trust or emolument, civil or military, within this state.
David Meriwether, Speaker of the House of Representative
Robert Walton, President of the Senate
Attested to February 18, 1799 James Jackson Governor”
Thomas Going “received payment for Moses Going” of $36 from Joseph Boren June 9, 1802 in the settlement of a suit, ac-cording to Wilkes County court records.
During the decade, Dr. Thomas Going removed to Claiborne County, Mississippi Territory, probably settling in the town of Gallatin which is no longer found on modern maps. He was enumerated there in the 1810 census in the “Names of the Heads of Families in the Counties of Claiborne and Warren, Mississippi, Territory.” The household was composed of “1 Free Person of Color and 4 Slaves.”
By 1816, Dr. Thomas Going had influenced his uncle Dr. Samuel Going to join him as a partner in his medical practice in Claiborne County. They appeared in consecutive entries in the Mississippi State Census of that year. Thomas Going was the head of a household composed of “1 Free Person of Color and 3 Slaves. Samuel Going was the head of a household composed of “10 Free Persons of Color.”
One February 9, 1820 Thomas Going and C. Warring, his bondsman, posted a bond of $200 for a marriage license. On the following day, Thomas Going obtained a license to marry Sally Allen, a white woman:
“State of Mississippi }
Claiborne County }
To any judge, justice of the peace or minister of the gospel duly qualified to celebrate the rites of matrimony, Greeting.
You are hereby authorized and licensed to join in the Holy State of Matrimony Thomas Going and Sally Allen, both of said county, you making due return hereof to the Register of the Court of Claiborne County in the time prescribed by law with Certificate of said marriage.
Given under my hand and office this Tenth day of February, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty.
P. A. Vandover, Clerk, by George Winchester”
Apparently Sally Allen was a widow with two daughters. The family appeared in the 1820 census of Claiborne County, page 7:
“Going, Thomas free colored
white female 26-45
white female 16-26
white female 10-16
Three members of the household were engaged in agriculture.
Nearby on page 9A of the 1820 census appeared:
“Going, Samuel free colored
white female 26-45
9 other free colored
Five members of the household were engaged in agriculture.
An obituary notice appeared in the Saturday, August 22, 1840 edition of “The Southern Star” of Gallatin, Mississippi: “Died on Saturday last, after a short illness, Mr. Thomas[?] Going for a long time a citizen of this county. Aged 65 years.” The deceased died on August 15, 1840, accordingly. If the subject were Dr. Thomas Going, then he may have succumbed to yellow fever which frequently reached epidemic proportions during hot weather periods in towns along the Mississippi River. Cities as far north as St. Louis were affected by this scourge.
Since he died without heirs it is believed that his wife and her children also died before the death of Dr. Thomas Going. Children born to Dr. Thomas Going and Sally Allen Going are unknown.
Since Dr. Thomas Going died without progeny, his siblings became his heirs, but because of the color of their skin and other dangers, they hesitated to make the trip to Claiborne County, Mississippi to claim their inheritance. Finally, after seven years, a younger brother, John H. Going of Crittenden County, Kentucky got up his nerve and decided to make the trip.
John H. Going, son of Moses Going and Agnes Going, was born about 1787, probably in Louisa County, Virginia. How-ever, he, at the age of 63 stated to the censustaker in 1850 that he was born in Georgia. Attempting to find a better life for his family, he joined many of his siblings in a move to Kentucky about 1805.
John Going, “mulatto” appeared as a taxpayer in Livingston County, Kentucky in 1830. He was recorded in the 1840 cen-sus as “free colored” as the head of a household:
“Going, John H. Free Colored Male 55-100
Free Colored Female 36-55
Free Colored Female 20-30
Free Colored Male 10-20
Free Colored Female 10-20”
On May 26, 1847 John H. Going applied to the Crittenden Circuit Court for manumission papers in order that he might travel to Claiborne County, Mississippi to claim his portion of the estate of his brother, Thomas Going “who has been dead for some years and died without children.” John H. Going stated that he understood that he was “one of his heirs.”
In his petition, John Going stated that because of his dark skin he might be mistaken for a runaway slave. He added that he was a free man of color and had been from his birth. He declared that he had lived, “where he now lives” in Crittenden County for nearly 35 years and is well and favorably known by the residents. He also stated that his father had always been a free man of color and that his mother Agnes was “an Indian by blood.”
John H. Going presented an affidavit from Thomas S. Phillips who declared that he had known John Going for 30 years and that he is well known in the community as a free man of color and was of African and Indian blood. He further declared that the brother of John Going, Thomas Going and their uncle, Samuel Going were well-known physicians in partnership in Claiborne County, Mississippi and that Thomas Going has died, leaving an inheritance to John H. Going, thus making it necessary for him to travel to Mississippi.
A second affiant, Ira Nunn also presented a declaration to the court. Nunn was a well-known, prominent and successful man in Crittenden County, according to “Nunns of the South.” He stated that both he and the applicant were raised in Greene County, Georgia.
The Crittenden County Court approved the application May 29, 1847 and provided a document to John H. Going stating that he was a free man of color and had been since birth and was therefore entitled to all rights thereof. It is believed that with the thorough preparation John H. Going made the trip to Mississippi successfully.
The family of John H. Going was enumerated in 1850 as:
“Goens, John H. 63, wagonmaker, born in Georgia
Sarah M. 24, born in Kentucky
P. S. 5, born in Kentucky
Tennessee 5, born in Kentucky
William 3, born in Kentucky
Felix A. 3, born in Kentucky
Aaron 11/12, born in Kentucky”
John H. Going, “age 73, wagonmaker, born in Georgia,” reap-peared for the last time in the 1860 census as the head of a household. He did not own any land and appeared in the Belles Mine area of Crittenden and Union County, Kentucky.
As I turn up new information on my ancestors, I become more aware that there is the likelihood of much more documentation on them that remains undiscovered. I foresee ahead of me the need to research more of the early records of Georgia and Mississippi. As time permits, I will undertake the needed study and will have additional articles for the Newsletters on my findings.–AJF.
2) Discovering the Most Prevalent Surname Among Us in America
If you were asked to name the most common surname in the research of the Foundation members, would you pick Gowen, Gowan, Gowin, Goins, Goynes . . . or Going?
The correct answer is “none of the above.”
In a sampling of Social Security records spread across the en-tire United States, the surnames of 20,700 individuals of inter-est to Foundation researchers were selected.
Occurring with greatest frequency was the surname “Mc-Gowan” with 8,181 appearances–composing 39.53% of the total. This probably explains why so often the Gowan indi-viduals are introduced as “McGowan.” The ubiquitous moni-ker “Goins” came in second with 4,478 occurrences, 21.64% of the group. “Goings” was in a distant third place with 873 individuals, 4.22% of the total. “McGowen,” “Gowen,” “Go-an,” “Goin,” “Goines,” “Gowin” and “Goines” none with more than four percent, made up the remainder of the top ten sur-names.
The surnames below are listed in a frequency sequence:
Surname No. Percentage
1. McGowan 8,181 39.53
2. Goins 4,478 21.64
3. Goings 873 4.22
4. McGowen 845 4.09
5. Gowen 782 3.78
6. Gowan 733 3.55
7. Goin 677 3.27
8. Goines 595 2.88
9. Gowin 379 1.83
10. Going 360 1.74
11, Gowans 272 1.32
12. Gowens 271 1.31
13. Gorin 259 1.26
14. Goen 257 1.25
15. Govin 242 1.17
16. Goens 218 1.06
17. Gowing 181 0.88
18. Goyne 159 0.77
19. Goynes 138 0.67
20. McGowin 138 0.67
21. Goans 130 0.63
22. Gowins 108 0.53
23. Gawne 105 0.51
24. Goan 96 0.47
25. Goyen 58 0.28
26. Gawin 46 0.23
27. McGowens 23 0.12
28. Gawn 19 0.09
29. Gawen 18 0.09
30. McGowans 14 0.07
31. Gawens 10 0.05
32. Goyens 8 0.04
33. Goains 7 0.04
34. Gawan 6 0.03
35. Goane 5 0.03
36. Gownes 4 0.02
37. Goine 2 0.01
38. McGowins 2 0.01
39. Gown 1 0.01
40. Gawan, 41. Gawins, 42. Gaynes, 43. Gawns, 44. Goain, 45. Goene, 46. Gouen, 47. Gouens, 48. Gowain, 49. Gowane, 50. Gowanes, 51. Gowene, 52. Gowine, 53. Gowne, 54. Gowyn, 55. O’Gowan, 56.
O’Gowans, 57. O’Gowen, 58. O’Gowens, 59. O’Gowin, 60. O’Gowins
Of the 60 spelling variations of the surname being researched by Foundation members, the final 21 above did not appear at all among the 20,700 individuals in the survey, suggesting that they are rarely found in the United States today.
Despite that fact, Foundation researchers learned early in their genealogical career that if you are interested in any of the above, you have to take notes on all of the above.
3) Dear Cousins
It is with great sorrow that I advise you my mother, Anna S. Butler Gowan of Phoenix, died May 20 as the result of in-juries sustained in an automobile accident. She was a charter member and staunch supporter of the Foundation. She was the widow of Frank Maxwell Gowan who worked with you for many years in the research of the Gowan/Gowen family of Davidson and Rutherford County, TN. Mary Jo Gowan Bray, 5719 E. Aster Drive, Scottsdale, AZ, 85254.
Christine Gowenlock [1757-1829] is my third g-grand-mother who lived in Dumfrieshire, Scotland. Are any of the Foundation members in pursuit of this line who would correspond with me. Capt. Paul R. Peak, 6251 Old Dominion Drive, #306, McLean, VA, 22101-0340, email@example.com.
I really enjoyed Anna Going Friedman’s fascinating ac-count of the GA/KY branch of the family. Her research is ex-ceptional!
You will recall that I am not a Goins descendant, but an in-dependent scholar [Ph.D, Duke U] with an abiding interest in multi-racial communities. I have been working on a project for two years now trying to trace descendants from a handful of NC/VA border counties [Mecklenburg, Halifax and Greensville in VA; Northampton, Warren and Granville in NC] to find out where they went and how they experienced America as non-whites.
Mainly this research has been genealogical, with the hope of locating illuminating court cases, such as the Melungeon li-bel suit from Tennessee in the 1850s. I’ve been lucky; the people who left NC during the 1820s-40s to resettle in Indi-ana, Illinois, Ohio and Michigan left a rich harvest of material in their attempts to achieve some kind of recognition and jus-tice. Now you can see why Anna Friedman’s article interested me so!
The Rockingham County, NC branch of the Goings family was and is located in a compact tightly-knit community known as “Goinstown.” It existed as early as 1810 [when Zephaniah Going, Johnson Going and Jesse Going were enumerated there] along with the Gibson and Moore families. Goinstown was known to sociologists in the 1930s and 1940s.
Robert K. Thomas of the BIA, Washington visited there in early 1976. Since the 1950’s Goinstown people have legally been “white.” They are not much open to historians It is a sensitive subject in a very rural county. In 1937, Louise Nunn wrote a dissertation on Goinstown for a Columbia University M.A. thesis. It was considered so negative and condescending in both Goinstown and High Plains [modern-day “Person County Indians] that neither group has been willing to work with outside researchers since. I, myself found it painful to read, despite the wealth of primary source material.
I would like to contact descendants of the Goinstown area now in other areas in the hope that they would be more open to inquiries. G. C. Waldrep III, Box 687, Yanceyville, NC, 27379.
All Goins descendants are invited to attend the annual Goins Family Reunion Saturday, August 22 in the City Park in Rogersville, TN. The event will be held in the park’s large pavilion from 10 a.m. until ???? Potluck dinner will be served. For details, contact Johnnie Rhea, Rt. 2, Sneedville, TN, 37864, 423/733-4362. Twanda Buckreis, 1256 Devonport, Lexington, KY, 40504
My g-g-grandparents, Micajah Going and Martha Jayne Kelly Going were married January 19, 1836 in Amherst County, VA. Their children were George, Ann Elizabeth, Eveline, and Lucie Henry. Perhaps there was another wife for Micajah and more children. If you have any information on this family, please contact me. Dorothy Sykes, 229 Convention Dr, Virginia Beach, VA, 23462.
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION ELECTRONIC NEWSLETTER
Volume 1, No. 6 June 30, 1998
4) Cornwall Was Ancestral Home Of Many Foundation Members
Cornwall, on the southwest extremity of England, was home to
a concentration of Gawin-Gowen-Goyen-Goyne families prior
to emigration to the New World. Although the family is
generally considered Scotch because the surname has Celtic
derivation, the Cornish language, though no longer in usage,
was also Celtic.
From the Tamar River to Land’s End, the Cornish parish regis-
ters record the christenings, the marriages and the deaths of
family members from the early 1500s to the present. These
ledgers, some remaining after four centuries, plus data in the
Public Records office in Truro reveal much of the family and are
genealogical treasure troves to those with Cornish ancestors.
The registers reveal that life there in the early days was hard.
Cornishmen in the 16th century had little option as to their
livelihood. Some were farmers scratching a living from the
rocky soil, primarily in the cultivation of oats and fodder crops
and caring for a few head of sheep and small Devon cattle.
Some were fishermen who daily put out from little coastal towns
like Newlyn and St. Ives to risk their lives in the Atlantic
and the English Channel. A third option was tin mining, a
profession so hazardous that by ancient charter the tinners were
exempt from taxes and from all jurisdiction except in cases
involving “land, life and limb.” The parish registers reveal that
frequently the men died young, in drownings at sea and in
mining accidents. Likewise the women were also carried away
by disease and in childbirth, frequently at a young age.
Conditions in Cornwall made emigration attractive to its
people, and when British colonies were being established, they
readily fanned out to Barbados and the West Indies, to
America, and to faraway places like Australia and New Zealand.
Robert J. Goyen, of Sebastopol, Victoria in Australia, a pre-
eminent Cornish researcher, traced his family lineage in Corn-
wall beyond the point where the curtain of antiquity usually
drops on genealogists. He has supplied the Foundation with
computer printouts starting with John Goyne who brought his son
Edward to St. Columb’s parish for christening May 15, 1541 to
present-day entries. He noted that the spelling of his surname
varied through the centuries from “Goyne” to “Gowen” to “Goyen.”
The parish register reveals the hardships that his ancestors,
Peter Goyne and Mary Ann Bowden Goyne, overcame to get to
Australia. Their wedding was recorded August 4, 1845:
“Peter Goyne, of full age, bachelor, miner, of St. Austell,
son of William Goyne, miner, married Mary Ann Bawden, minor
[under 21], spinster of St. Austell, daughter of John Bawden,
farmer. Married by Banns by Horatio Todd, Curate [priestl,
both the bride and the groom made their marks in the Register.
Witnesses: John Julyan [parish clerk] and William Goyne.”
“Peter Goyen” embarked for Australia aboard the “Antelope”
which sailed from Liverpool March 8, 1853 with 140 passengers.
Six months later, he arrived at his destination, and six
years later he was able to have his family come to Australia.
“Mary A. Goyen, 34, wife; Peter 13, laborer; Elizabeth
11; John, 7 and Mary Jane, 6, arrived on the ‘Red
Jacket,’ 1,597 tons, 140 days out of Liverpool under
Capt. Richard Kirby in August 1853.”
5) With Revolutionary Training . . . Charles Gowens, Sharpshooter Bagged Squirrels at 102
Charles Gowens, a Revolutionary War soldier from Virginia
saw much of the panorama of America unfold during his life-
time. He died at the age of 106, according to the research of
Anna Brooks Dobbin Gowens, a family researcher. She wrote
in a letter May 1, 1952 from Del Rio, Texas, “Charles Gowens
became an expert marksman during the war and retained this
proficiency throughout his lifetime. At the age of 102, in an
exhibition, he brought down a squirrel from the top of a tall
tree with his old muzzle-loader.”
Henry County was the earliest documented place of residence
for Charles Gowens. Henry County was formed in 1776 with
land from Pittsylvania County. Pittsylvania County was formed
in 1766 with land from Halifax County. Halifax County was
formed in 1752 with land from Lunenburg County. Lunenburg
County was formed in 1746 with land from Brunswick County.
Brunswick County was formed in 1720 with land from Prince
George County, Isle of Wight County and Surry County.
Prince George County was formed in 1702 with land from
Charles City County, an original shire. The ancestors of
Charles Gowens might be found in the records of any of the
The research of Jack Harold Goins, Editorial Boardmember of
Rogersville, Tennessee, indicates that Charles Gowens was a
son of David Goins of Halifax County. In 1783 and 1784, David
Goins paid tax for himself and for “William Goins, Charles
Goins and Jacob Goins,” regarded as his sons. “David Goin, white
male” paid tax in Halifax County in 1800 on “one horse.”
Charles Gowens was born in 1763 in Henry [Halifax] County,
according to his Revolutionary War pension application, No.
S31,072 which was published in “Abstracts of Pension Pa-
pers Pertaining to Soldier of the Revolutionary War, War of
1812 and Indian Wars, Gallatin County, Kentucky:”
“Charles Gowans, Va. S31,072, Bounty Land Warrant
On October 22, 1833 in Gallatin County, Kentucky, the
said pensioner at the age of 70 years appeared in open
court and stated that on September 1, 1779 in Henry
County, Virginia he had first volunteered to serve in the
capacity of a private soldier for a tour of six months
duration in the company under the command of Capt.
Jonathan Hanley and Lt. Edward Tatum.
He stated that they had first marched to the state of
South Carolina and that there they were attached to the
regiment under the command of Col. Monroe and they
then marched to 96 near Charleston and they then
marched to guard the prisoners from 96 to Williamsburg
and there and then the said pensioner was honorably
Then again in the month of May 1781 the said pen-
sioner again volunteered to serve in the capacity of a
private soldier for a tour of 3 months duration to serve
in the company under the command of Capt. Shelton
and they then rendezvoused at Russell Creek Meeting
House in Henry County, Virginia and they then marched
up the Dan River and they were also often at the Hollow
on the river. The said pensioner Charles Gowens was
born in Henry County, Virginia in 1763 and came to
Kentucky in 1797.
Then in the year 1815 the said pensioner removed from
Harrison County, Kentucky to Gallatin County, Ken-
tucky. In all his tours of duty the said pensioner had
volunteered his services. The said pensioner stated and
swore that he had seen Capt. Small, Col. Monroe and
Col. Martin and that he had been honorably discharged
The affidavit of Benjamin Miller, a clergyman and
James Furnish, [his son-in-law] was also given. They
stated that at one time and in the said county and state
they had been well acquainted with the said pensioner,
and the said deponents also stated that in the neigh-
borhood in which the said pensioner resided he was re-
puted to have served in the Revolutionary War on the
side of the United States.
April 7, 1855, in Gallatin County, Kentucky, the said
pensioner at the age of 93 years appeared in open court
again and stated that he had served in the capacity of a
private in the company under the command of Capt. Hamby
and in the regiment under the command of Col. Monroe.
He stated that he had volunteered on September 1, 1779
in Henry County, Virginia for a tour of six months dura-
tion and that he had been honorably discharged at Peters-
burg, Virginia. He applied for the Bounty Land that was
due him and he also appointed Henry J. Abbott of Warsaw,
Kentucky to be his attorney.
The affidavit of David Story and White Hawkins was
also given, etc. They stated that the said pensioner had
signed the foregoing declaration in their presence, and
they also swore that Charles Gowens was the identical
person that he claimed himself to be.
The said pensioner Charles Gowens was on the Ken-
tucky roll of pensions at the rate of $30 per annum, and
his certificate of pension for that amount was issued 12-
14-1?, and it was sent to the Hon. R. M. Johnson, House
Charles Gowens lived through a time period that embraced the
turbulent events from the Revolutionary War through the Civil
War. His longevity, remarkable as it is, was eclipsed by that
of his wife who lived to be 110, according to descendants.
He was married about 1785, probably in Henry County, to Eliza-
beth “Betsy” Blair, daughter of James Blair. Elizabeth “Betsy”
Gowens was born in 1770 in Maryland.
About the turn of the century, they removed to Claiborne County,
Tennessee, perhaps to join other members of the family there.
The research of Donna V. Gowin Johnston, Editorial Boardmember
of Casper, Wyoming, discovered them there in the minutes of the
Big Spring Baptist Church. Mentioned in the July 1800 minutes
were “James Going, —— Going, Elizabeth Going and Hannah
Going.” The minutes of April 1812 mentions “Charles and Eliza-
beth Going, dismissed by letter.”
Two years later, they lived in Harrison County, Kentucky
where a daughter was married February 16, 1814.
In 1815, Charles Gowens removed his family to Gallatin
County, Kentucky, according to his pension statement. He was
enumerated there in 1830 as the head of a household, page 182:
“Goin, Charles white male 60-70
white female 50-60
white male 20-30
white male 10-15
white female 80-90”
The octogenarian in the household is believed to be the mother
of Charles Gowens or Elizabeth “Betsy” Gowens. Adjoining
the household, page 182, was that of “Garrott Goin,” a son.
The family of “George Goins” [George Washington Gowens] was
enumerated in 1830 in Gallatin County near the residence of
Charles Gowens, “above the Kentucky River,” page 180:
“Goins, George white male 30-40
white female 20-30
white male 10-15
white female 10-15
white female 0-5
white female 0-5”
In 1833 Charles Gowens received a pension as a Revolutionary
soldier. He was pensioned on Certificate 25-242 issued under
the act of June 7, 1832. He continued in Gallatin County June
1, 1840 when he was listed there in the “U.S. Census of Pen-
sioners.” In another compilation of pensioners he was shown
as “Charles Goins, born in 1769.”
Charles Gowens wrote his will June 18, 1847 in Gallatin
County. A great-great grandson, Norman Bass Gowens of
Waco, Texas retained the original copy of the will in 1975. It
“I, Charles Goens of Gallatin County in the State of Ken-
tucky, being sensible from my advanced age and increasing
infirmities that the close of my mortal life draws near and
being of sound mind and disposing memory, do make and
publish this, my last will and testament, hereby revoking
any and all wills and testaments by me heretofore made.
First, as I am not indebted to any one, in a pecuniary man-
ner, I shall give my executors no trouble on that subject.
Second, as my wife, Betsey and myself have been living for
a considerable time past with our son, James Goens, and as
I expect to remain with him during my life and desire him
to take care of and provide for us both while we live, I give
and bequeath to my said son, James Goens the farm or tract
of land in said county of Gallatin, near Providence meeting
house, being the same whereon I have lived for many years
past, containing about 107 acres, be the same more or less,
with all the appurtenances thereof to be his and his heirs
forever, upon the conditions as forestated, that the said
James shall maintain and comfortably provide for myself
and my wife during our natural lives.
Third to my son, John Goens; my son, Garrett Goens, my
daughter, Lucinda Rose; my daughter, Polly Bales; my
daughter, Nancy Furnish; my daughter, Hannah Rose and
my daughter, Sally Kidwell, I give and bequeath each the
sum of two dollars to be paid out of my estate.
Lastly, I appoint my said son, James Goens as executor of
this, my last will and testament, confidently believing that
should my wife, his mother, survive me, that he will not
suffer her to want during her life.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal
this eighteenth day of June AD 1847.
Charles [X] Goens
Witnesses: K. I. Abbott, Benjamin Litter”
In an affidavit made July 2, 1853 “Charles Goins, a citizen
of Gallatin County, aged 86, states that he is well acquainted
with Lucinda Rose, that she is his daughter, that she married
Charles Rose.” On September 20, 1854 Charles Gowens
deeded to Lucinda Gowens Rose 127.5 acres of land on Craig’s
Creek “for $1 and the love and affection of my daughter,”
according to Gallatin County Deed Book O, page 139.
In 1855, at “age 92,” Charles Gowens made application for a
land grant and received Bounty Land Warrant No. 26-106 for
160 acres under the Pension Act of 1855. He lived to be 102
years old, dying in Kentucky in 1865, and Elizabeth “Betsy”
Gowens survived to 110 years old, according to Sylvester
Bernard Gowens, a great-grandson of Lubbock, Texas. “Texas
Society DAR Register of Revolutionary Ancestors” gives the
date of his death as 1857 in Gallatin County.
Children born to Charles Gowens and Elizabeth “Betsy”
Galloway Gowens born about 1787
Lucinda Gowens born about 1788
Mary “Polly’ Gowens born about 1790
Nancy Gowens born about 1793
Sarah “Sally” Gowens born about 1794
Hannah Gowens born about 1796
John A. Gowens born about 1800
George Washington Gowens born June 2, 1802
Garrett Gowens born about 1805
James Blair Gowens born June 9, 1810
6) Among the 49ers in California-
Andrew Goins, 22, born in New York and Hugh Goins, 29,
born in New York, appeared in the 1850 census of Yuba
County, page 216.
Jacob Goins, 30, born in Texas, appeared in the 1850
census of Yuba County, page 234.
B. Gowan who was born in 1826 in Massachusetts was enu-
merated in the 1850 census of Sutter County, page 23.
B. Gowan, white male, arrived June 1, 1851 in San Fran-
cisco from Panama aboard the steamer Panama.
P. Gowan, white male, arrived in San Francisco from
Panama January 2, 1851 “after 28 days at sea” aboard the
E. Gowen, white male, arrived in San Francisco August 31,
1851 from San Diego, California aboard the steamer “Goliath.”
G. W. Gowen, a Tennesseean who was born in 1824 ap-
peared in the 1850 census of Calaveras County, page 179.
Henry Gowen, born in Great Britain in 1811, was enu-
merated in the 1850 census of Calaveras County, page 217.
Hiram Gowen who was born in 1825 in Missouri was
recorded in the 1850 census of Sutter County, page 56.
J. Gowen, white male, arrived in San Francisco aboard the
steamer “Golden Gate” from Panama December 17, 1852.
J. A. Gowen arrived in San Francisco November 22, 1852
aboard the brig “Baltimore” from Honolulu, Hawaii.
James Gowen arrived in San Francisco from San Diego
February 27, 1852 aboard the steamer “Sea Bird”.
John Gowen who was born in Maine in 1810 was enu-
merated in the 1850 census of Sutter County, page 46.
M. Gowen who was born in 1823 in New Hampshire ap-
peared in the 1850 census of Sutter County, page 23.
B. Gowin who was born in Maine in 1825 was recorded in
the 1850 Census of Sutter County, page 22.
David Gowin, who was born in 1819 in Ireland, appeared in
the 1850 Census of Yuba County.
L. Gowin, white male, arrived in San Francisco aboard the
steamer “California” from Panama June 23, 1850. The
steamer, 22 days from Panama, reported “heavy weather.”
O. J. Gowin, who was born in Norway in 1815 was enumer-
ated in the 1850 census of Mariposa County, page 57.
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.