1999 – 04 April Newsletter – GRF

Sections in this issue:

1) Patrick Gowen, Jr, Cordwainer, Became Wealthy Man at Berwick, Maine;
2) Researchers Seeking Kinship Between KY Goins and Goings;
3) Going and Goins, Continued;
4) Edward Gowen Sold Interest In Bass Estate to Thomas Goin;
5) Dear Cousins.

All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters:   https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/

Volume 10, No. 8 April 1999

1)  Patrick Gowen, Jr, Cordwainer, Became Wealthy Man at Berwick, Maine

Patrick Gowen, Jr, [Patrick3, Nicholas2, William Alexander1] son of Patrick Gowen and Miriam Shackley Gowen, was born December 21, 1745 at Berwick, Massachuetts [later Maine]. He was the second child of that name to be born to his parents; an earlier Patrick Gowen, Jr. died in infancy. He was also a great-grandson of William Alexander Gowen, the Scottish soldier who was captured in the Battle of Dunbar and deported to New England by Oliver Cromwell.

He was married January 1, 1771 to 16-year-old Abigail Woodsum of Berwick, according to “Saco Valley Families” by Ridlow. She was born at Berwick December 23, 1754, the oldest child of John Woodsum and Mary Brackett Woodsum. She was baptized May 18, 1755 in the First Church of Berwick. Patrick Gowen, Jr. removed from Berwick to Lebanon, some 15 miles north about 1782. There he became a cordwainer, a colonial term used to describe a leather worker and a shoemaker. The word orignally designated a man who worked with Cordovan leather which was developed in Cordova, Spain. Later the definition was broadened to include any leather worker, including tanners.

Additionally he operated a tanyard and was a partner in a sawmill located at Salmon Falls. John Libbey, one of the apprentices who was bound to him to learn the tanner’s trade, became a son-in-law.

His household appeared in the 1790 census at Lebanon, York County, Massachusetts [later Maine] as “Gowen, Patrick, 6 white males over 16 and 5 white females.”

Patrick Gowen, Jr. died April 12, 1804 at Lebanon, Maine. He was buried on the farm of Jeremiah Libbey at Little River Falls. Abigail Woodsum Gowen was appointed administratrix of his estate:

“At a court of Probate, holden at Waterborough August 27, 1804:

Abigail Gowen makes oath that the foregoing inventory contains all the estate of her said Intestate that has come to her hand, possession or knowledge, and that if any thing hereafter appears, not named therein, she will render an additional inventory thereof into this court.

Edw’d. Cutts, Judge

An Inventory of the Estate of Patrick Gowen, late of Lebanon in the County of York, Cordwainer, deceased, appraised upon oath by us, the subscribers duly appointed to that service by the Hon’ble Edward Cutts, Esq, Judge of the Probate of Wills for said county:

Real Estate: The Homestead of said deceased situate in said Lebanon [York] County, 100 acres with the buildings thereon, $600; 25 Acres of land in said Lebanon, being one-half of Lot No. 6, Range 4 & 3rd Division, $100; 6¼ Acres of land lying in Baker Grant, so called, in Shapleigh in said county with the Lumber thereon, $21; 1/24 part of a Saw Mill and Mill Privileges standing on Salmon Falls on Little River in said Lebanon distinguished by the name of the Lower Mill, $25.00; 1 Pew, No. 22 in the Baptist Meeting house at Little River Falls in said Lebanon $25. Total, $771.

Personal Estate: Muse Saddle & bridle, $25; 1 yoke oxen, $40: 6 Cows, $50; 1 two-year-old steer, $8; 1 year-old heifer, $4; 10 Sheep, @$1; 1 Plough, $4; 1 Harrow, $3.58; 4 Chains @$1.50; Sundry other implements of Husbandry, $5.25; 1 Handsaw, $1; 1/2 Mill Saw, $4; Sleigh Irons, $1; Sundry Mechanical Tools, $2; 1 Flute, 25c; Deceased’s Wearing Apparel & cloth, 5.35; 2 Beds, bedspreads, cards & bedding, 23.67; 1 Chest & drawers, $2, 1 case, 25c; 2 Looking glasses, $1; 6 Kitchen chairs, $3; 3 tables, $1, 1 Warming pan, $2; Andirons, shovel & tongs, $1.75; 1 pr. steelyards, 25c; Pewter, $3.25; Pot iron, $4, Sundry small articles, 25c; 3 Sides upper leather, 4.50; 8 Calves skins, $3.00; Loom & Spinning wheels, 3.00; 3 Swine, $8 and Sow leather, $4.45. Total $223.78; grand total $1,004.78.

Lebanon, June 20th AD 1804

John Libbey, Daniel Woods, Isaac Hanscom, Appraisers.”

Abigail Woodsum Gowen died 32 years later, June 2, 1836.

According to the bible records of Rhoda Butler, a granddaughter, children born to Patrick Gowen, Jr. and Abigail Woodsum Gowen include:

Mary “Molly” Gowen born September 8, 1771
James Gowen born October 24, 1774
Samuel Gowen born April 23, 1777
Sarah Gowen born April 21, 1779
Abigail Gowen born September 12, 1781
James Gowen born March 5, 1784
John Gowen born June 23, 1787
Johanna Gowen born June 25, 1789
Draxey Gowen born October 9, 1791
Miriam Gowen born September 5, 1793
Benjamin Gowen born December 2, 1798

2)  Researchers Seeking Kinship Between KY Goins and Goings

By Jamie Friedman Frederick
Editorial Boardmember
Box 361, Scobey, Montana, 59263, 406/487-2738 cfreder469@aol.com

Recently there has been an exchange of messages on the Internet regarding Melungeon/Mulatto Edward Goins and others who lived in Logan County and Butler County, Kentucky in 1800. Previously he and other family members were in Indiana and Illinois. They and their back-tracking movements were regarded as mysterious and unexplainable. Because they appeared in the community in Livingston County where my Goins ancestors lived, my mother [Anna Going Friedman] and I decided to take a closer look at them.

Edward Goins was a cosignor on a mortgage note with my g-g-g-g-grandfather, John Levi Going in 1818 in Livingston County, Kentucky. Because Edward Goins undertook this obligation, we suspect that he was related to John Levi Going, but our research so far has not been able to document it.

Accompanying Edward Goins were Jabez Goins, William Goins and Isaac Goins. Other families in their group included the Portees, the Coles/Coals, the Byrds/Birds and the Andersons. They remained in the Logan-Butler County area in the early 1800s. By the mid-1820s they had relocated to Illinois, in the Crawford County-Lawrence County area.

(Continued on Page ?)

3)  Going and Goins, Continued

When I contacted present-day descendants in Illinois, they told me that their family lore identified these Goins men as slaves in South Carolina who went to Vincennes, Indiana as slaves of some white pioneers. According to the legend, their owners had sent these men into Illinois Territory to see if the Indians there were hostile or if white settlers could survive there.

The group of “slaves” they sent out never returned. It was a mystery to the present-day descendants as to where their ancestors were for some 20 years, because they didn’t show up in Illinois until around 1820. I was able to show them where their families were just prior to 1820–they were living in Northern Kentucky with my family members!

These descendants gave me a document proving that their ancestors came from South Carolina while I had already documented that my family had come to Kentucky from Georgia. [Newsletter, March 1996].

Although they thought these men were slaves, my research had already revealed them to be “Free Persons of Color.” They had petitioned the courts in South Carolina for exemption from taxes because “they were as poor as slaves.” So when these men moved to Indiana, they were employees, not slaves.

If the scouts were good observers, they would have recognized danger signs; the British were stirring up the Indians. They financed the Indian Chief Tecumseh and encouraged him to make a stand against the incursion of the Americans. The flames of war flared up in the Battle of Tippecanoe fought between the Indians and the troops of Gen. Harrison in 1811. The battle, regarded by historians, as the beginning of the War of 1812, was won by the Americans, and provided a spring-board for the popular Gen. Harrison to be elected president.

My assumption is that when they finished reconnoitering the Indian situation in Illinois Territory, they simply crossed the Ohio River and settled in a safer area in Kentucky.

In addition to the previously mentioned Goins in Butler County and Logan County Kentucky, there was included William Goins, Jr, Edward Goins, Jr. and Levy/Levi Goins. Levi is also a family name in my Going family. The Portee, Byrd, Cole, and Anderson families stayed close to these Goins and intermarried among them for years. Many of these family members are buried in the Portee Cemetery in Lawrence County. This is considered a black cemetery. Earl Goins and Nancy Goins, among others, are buried there. Descendants of Isaac Goins went on north in later years into Vermillion County, Illinois.

Some 1850 and 1860 census returns, provided by Donna Gowin Johnston and the Lawrence County Illinois Genealogical Society, show all these families in Lawrence County. The older members of these family groups were shown as born in South Carolina and North Carolina. The Goins were enumerated as Mulattos, while the other families were often enumerated as Negroes.

In my contact with the present day descendants of these people, they told me that they had a mixture of Negro and Native American blood in their ancestry. I have often wondered how my family could appear so light skinned, and obviously white
in photographs I have of some of my ancestors, and still be called “Mulattos.”

Obviously some of our kinsmen were noticeably darker than others. When my family moved to Kentucky from Georgia in the early 1800s, for seven years they were listed on tax rolls as “white.” Then John H. Going, a cousin moved to Kentucky from Georgia. My mother has documented him to be the son of Moses Going and Agnes Going, progenitors of our family in Georgia [Newsletter, May 1998]. John H. Going was apparently extremely dark, so dark that he had to apply to the Crittenden Circuit Court for manumission papers in 1847 to travel from Kentucky to Mississippi to administer the estate of his deceased brother, Dr. Thomas Going [Newsletter, March 1999].

When John H. Going came to Kentucky, where his cousins were, it branded our family Mulattos. When he appeared on the tax rolls there, our family went from white to Mulatto. My feeling is that when they accepted John H. Going into their family, the townspeople discovered their heritage, and we became Mulattos.

The Goins individuals in Logan County must have been lighter complexioned than the other families, and when they moved into Illinois they stuck together with these other families. Because of their darker skin color and natural gravitation to others in the area that were also considered Negro/Indian/Mulatto the Goins were considered Negro / Mulatto.

The only difference here being that they tended to stick to their community, marrying into the various darker groups generation after generation. So now they are considered African-American.

The men of my family married women that were considered white; they kept moving west, and the darker skin colors eventually were overshadowed by the lighter skin colors as they kept diluting the gene pool. Thus we became white, and many of our cousins became and are still considered black.

My ancestors must have kept in contact with these Goins in Illinois. The given name similarity is uncanny. They have an Earl, Ollie [which is a female name in both of families], Otis, Lafayette, Monroe, and of course, the Johns and Williams, which are not as uncommon. They also told me that they knew some of their Goins were “passing” [for white] long ago, and that some of them went into Oklahoma. This happens to be where my particular Going branch settled.

My g-grandfather James Lafayette Going went to Oklahoma, taking my grandfather Earl Monroe Going and his siblings, one of which was Otis Going.

In addition, there was a Nancy Goins, who was considered to be a fortune teller in Marion, Kentucky in Crittenden County. When I visited there, the older townspeople, all spoke of Nancy Goins, the fortuneteller [Newsletter, March 1996]. I was never able to find her there in any documentation though.

I did, however, find “Nancy Goins, Mulatto, born in Kentucky, laundress,” there with her children in the same community in Lawrence County, Illinois with all the other Goins and various families. She started showing there at later dates when my Going family in Crittenden County broke up heading west. Apparently instead of going west with her family, she decided to settle with the cousins in Illinois.

4)  Edward Gowen Sold Interest In Bass Estate to Thomas Goin

Edward Gowen, Melungeon/Mulatto son of Edward Gowen, Jr. and grandson of Edward Gowen, was born about 1727, probably in Charles City County, Virginia. He was brought to Brunswick County, Virginia by his father about 1744. He was married shortly afterward, wife’s name unknown. He appeared in the 1753 tax list of adjoining Granville County, North Carolina in the list of Osborn Jeffreys. “Edward Gowen, mulatto” appeared on the October 8, 1754 muster roll of the Granville County militia under Capt. Osborn Jeffreys.

“Edward Gowen and wife, black” were taxable in the 1771 tax list of Philemon Hawkins in Bute County, along with his brother, Michael Gowen. Bute County was organized in 1764 with land from Granville County, and Edward Gowen found himself in the new county.

By June 3, 1778 Michael Gowen, brother of Edward Gowen, had removed to Craven County, North Carolina and had permitted Edward Gowen to move to his land in Bute County on Taylor’s Creek. On that date Michael Gowen deeded 80 acres on Taylor’s Creek to his son, Jenkins Gowen with the proviso that Edward Gowen and his wife be permitted to live there as long as they lived. Jenkins Gowen left for Revolutionary service about this time, and the sheriff sold the land for unpaid taxes August 3, 1779, according to Deed Book M, page 179. By 1782 Edward Gowen was back in Granville County where he was taxed on 90 acres on Ft. Creek District.

The household of “Edward Going” was listed in the North Carolina state census of 1786, page 56 as “white male 21-60, white male under 21 or over 60 and three white females.”

This enumeration was adopted by the federal government as its 1790 census of North Carolina. Edward Gowen reappeared there in the 1810 census as the head of an “other free” household composed of five people.

“Edward Goen” conveyed his interest in the estate of Elizabeth Bass to his “nephew Thomas Goin” for £25 on October 14, 1788, according to Granville County Will Book 2, page 79. Elizabeth Bass is regarded as the mother of Edward Gowen who had remarried Jeremiah Bass, and Thomas Goin is regarded as her grandson. The estate of Elizabeth Bass was administered in Greene County, North Carolina [later Tennessee] where Thomas Goin had applied for the administration.

Greene County Court Minutes reveal: “August 1788. On motion of W. Avery, Esqr. atto. for Thomas Going for obtaining letter of administration on the Estate of Elizabeth Bass, dcsd. ordered that the same be laid over until next term, for proof of sanguinity [kinship, blood relationship] & that a dedimus potestatem [a commission to take testimony] issue in favour of said Thomas Going to Anson & Richmond Counties and to the State of South Carolina . . . ”

Children born to Edward Gowen include:

Edward Gowen, born about 1745
Reeps Gowen born about 1749
Jenkins Gowen born about 1761
Jesse Gowen born about 1762
Goodrich Gowen born about 1764
David Gowen born about 1766
Isham Gowen born about 1770
Patsy Gowen born about 1772

5)  Dear Cousins

I recently came across your Website, and I am interested to see if any of your researchers have records on John Goin of Gloucester, MA who was born May 2, 1780. He was married to Sally Story March 16, 1806. From a bible record contained in Gloucester Vital Records their children were: Hannah, b1806; Sally, b1808; Mary G, b1810; Adeline, b1813; Addison, b1815 and Lucy, b1817. I am descended from Hannah Goin who was m1828 to Aaron Pool. Thanks for any assistance you can give. Richard Sherman, 2 Denbow Rd, Durham, NH, 03824-3103, rmsalp@worldnet.att.net.

==Dear Cousins==

I’m searching for information on the following Arkansas Confederate soldiers: Pvt. William Goin, Co. A, 2nd Arkansas Infantry Regiment and Pvt. William Goings, Co. C & Co. I, Cocke’s Regiment, Arkansas Infantry.

I am attempting to connect my William Thomas Goin, b1838 KY to his parents who were born in GA. Family lore indicates that William Thomas Goin was a Confederate soldier and was wounded during the war. He was mc1870 Elizabeth Ann Cannon. They had five known ch: twins, William Arthur and Willis Oscar, b1871; James Hunter, b1872, Anna Belle, b1876 [my grandmother] and Walter Lawrence, b1880.

The first known record on William Thomas Goin is his listing in cs1870 Tarrant County, TX. About 1890, he removed to Norman, OK Terr. About 1895 he was near Okmulgee, Creek Nation, Indian Terr. He died about 1905 in Ellis County, OK Terr. Jim Young, Route 3, Box 329-A, McAlester, OK, 74501, 928/423-4788, myoung@icok.net.

==Dear Cousins==

I am researching the Goings family of Hardy County, VA [later WV]. My gggf Martin M. Goings was b 1847 in VA and m 1865 Jemima Gillenwater in Madison Co, OH. Jemima died there in 1912, and he died there in 1926.

They had 10 ch: James Seymour, b1870; William Henry, bc 1872; John Washington, b 1874; Charles VanVert, b1876; Mahala, b1877; Noah Solomon, b 1879; Cora May, b 1883; Laura Belle, b1884; Nellie Mae, b1886 and Frank Ellison, b 1893.

We have a photo of Martin M. Goings standing beside the tombstone of his mother which is inscribed “Mahala, widow of S. Goings, died 1861, age 60 years.” My aunt, Betty Morett of Springfield, OH has extensive information on our family which we are willing to share with any researcher. David W. Goings, 329 Lyonnaise Drive, Creve Cour, MO, 63141, 314/205-9792, dwgoings@webtv.net.

==Dear Cousins==

I have received a copy of a letter written in 1968 by Mrs. Freddie N. Tyer, daughter of J. D. Nelson, to a Mrs. Yowell stating that the William Goins family came to Louisiana from Bladen County, North Carolina before 1812. According to this information, they settled along the road somewhere between Bladen County and Nashville, Tennessee.

There the Goins family met Hugh Nelson and his family. Nelson’s wife died after three children were born to them: Aaron Nelson, Robert Nelson and Charlotte Nelson. Charlotte Nelson was later married to William Moses Goins, and they moved to Opelousas, Louisiana.

This was before Louisiana was divided into parishes. Fannie Goins, sister to William Moses Goins, was married to Aaron Nelson. Robert Nelson was married at Johnson’s Bayou about 1832. Later he went to Orange County, Texas and fought in the Mexican War. He left his wife in Orange County. Later she returned to Louisiana and was married to Isaac Perkins. They lived on Bearhead Creek in Louisiana and raised a big family.

Joshua Goins is a son of William Moses Goins. Joshua Goins, Jr. was Mrs. Yowell’s grandfather, according to the information included in Mrs. Tyer’s letter to Mrs. Yowell. I would like to know if any researcher has a census record of the Goins family from Bladen County, NC before they moved away. No one seems to be able to prove conclusively the names of the parents of William Moses Goins. Can anyone help? Willie Dell Weaver, 151 John Burns Rd, Leesville, LA, 71446, 318/239-6606, williedell@yahoo.com.

==Dear Cousins==

Daniel Gowen, of Fairfield County, SC and one of the five Gowen brothers who served in the American Revolution, named seven children in his will. Hugh Gowen, his eldest son from whom I descend, was married to Nancy Fogg. She and Hugh had nine children, five girls and four boys. They are listed as pioneers of Butts County, GA where they lived for some 20 years. After several way stops in Georgia, they spent their final years in Pike County, AL. I have a lot of questions for any researcher who is actively pursuing this line. William J. Wolfe, 1600 Dover Drive, Newport Beach, CA, 92660-4419, beetle72@aol.com.


NOTE:  The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing.  It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic.  I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes.   So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct.  Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.

Their website is:  Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf

There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors.   The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.

Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.

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