Sections in this issue:
1) Granville Goins Settled Among The Cherokees near Chattanooga;
2) Going Family Traced 300 Years From Virginia to Louisiana. Part 2;
3) Dear Cousins.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER
Volume 8, No. 11 July 1997
1) Granville Goins Settled Among The Cherokees near Chattanooga
By Ethel Louise Goins Dunn
790 Dr. Johnson Road, Crandall, Georgia, 30711
Granville Goins, my g-g-grandfather, was born about 1810 in Grainger County, Tennessee of parents unknown, according to the affidavit of Matilda Goins of Dayton, Tennessee in the Court of Claims June 24, 1908. He joined the exodus of some of the Melungeon Goins families who removed to Hamilton County, Tennessee. Prominent in this group was David Smith Goins, Revolutionary soldier who moved about 1832 and his younger brother, Laban Goins who had preceded him in the move about 1829. They were sons of Shadrach Goins of Hanover, Halifax and Patrick Counties, Virginia.
E. Raymond Evans, an anthropologist, made a study of the mysterious Melungeons and wrote a report of his findings in “Tennessee Anthropologist,” Spring 1979. He wrote:
“Located approximately 30 miles north of Chattanooga, the community of Graysville, Tennessee contains one of the most stable Melungeon settlements in the state.
No people in Tennessee have been subjected to more romantic speculation than have the so-called ‘Melungeons.’ These dark-skinned people, living in a white world, have attempted to explain their color by saying they were of Portuguese descent, according to Swan Burnett in 1889 in ‘The American Anthropologist. Popular writers, including Thurston L. Willis in ‘The Chesapiean’ in 1941 and Leo Zuber in ‘The Melungeons’ in 1941, have elaborated on this theme They have been claimed to be descendants of the ‘lost’ tribes of Israel as reported by Jean Patterson Bible writing in 1975 in ‘Melungeons Yesterday and Today.’ and ‘old world Gypsies,’ ‘Welsh Indians,’ and Arabs by others.
Others have attempted to link their origin with established historical events. Raleigh’s ‘Lost Colony’ and the De Soto expedition are two examples suggested by Mozon Peters writing in 1970 in the ‘Chattanooga Times.’
The most common surname among the Graysville Melungeons is Goins, being so prevalent that the whites in the surrounding area call all the Graysville Melungeons ‘Goinses,’ rather than Melungeons. In fact, the term ‘Melungeon’ is rarely used anywhere in lower East Tennessee. The Goins families are so well known in Rhea County that any dark skinned person, not regarded as a black, is said to ‘look like a Goins.”
In the 1830 census, Hamilton County reported less than 400 families. Four of them were headed by “Laban Gowan, Roland Gowin, Sandford Gowin and Dodson Gowin.” Each of these families listed colored members [total of 13] and three of them listed white members [total of 6]. All were listed on Page 75 and were located just south of Graysville, Tennessee. Since Granville Goins did not appear as a householder in 1830, he may have been a son of Laban Goins.County in 1834, according to “Twenty Four Hundred Tennessee Pensioners” by Zella Armstrong. David Smith Goins died in 1840 in Hamilton County, “his pension then being paid to his children” [unnamed], according to pension records. [A meticulous examination of his pension file might reveal the names of his children.] He did not appear in the 1840 census of Hamilton County.
Granville Goins was married about 1831, wife’s name Mary “Polly,” probably in Graysville, located just across the county line in Rhea County.
Twelve households of the family were enumerated in the 1840 census of Hamilton County: Sanford Gowin, page 150; Thomas Gowin, page 150; George Gowin, page 150; William Gowin, page 150; John Gowin, page 150; Martin Gowin, page 150; G.[ranville] Gowin, page 150; P. Gowin, page 150; John Gowan page 175; Pryor Gowen, page 175, Carter Gowin, page 177 and Preston Gowen, page 178. All except the last four were recorded as “free colored.”
Granville Goins was enumerated as the head of a household No. 1339 in the 1850 census of Hamilton County. The family was recorded October 21, 1850 as:
“Goins, Granvill 40, farmer, born in Tennessee
Mary 33, born in Tennessee
Mahaley 18, born in Tennessee
Rachel 14, born in Tennessee
Noah 12, born in Tennessee
Roland 10, born in Tennessee
Dopson 8, born in Tennessee
James 6, born in Tennessee
Nancy 4, born in Tennessee
William 8/12, born in Tennessee”
Adjoining the household of Granville Goins was that of Nancy Goins. The household, No. 1340, was recorded on Page 925 as: “Goins, Nancy, 45, born in Tennessee; Elizabeth, 29, born in Tennessee and Fanney, 10, born in Tennessee”
“Granville and Polly Goins” were mentioned in an affidavit signed in 1908 by J. P. Talley of Chattanooga, according to “Cherokee by Blood: Records of Eastern Cherokee Ancestry in the U.S. Court of Claims, 1906-1910” by Jerry Wright Jordon. In the hope of compensation, several Melungeon families claimed Cherokee ancestry. Talley stated:
“I [affirm] that I am 80 years of age and lived in James County, Tennessee [later absorbed]. I knew Polly and Granville Goins. They lived in Hamilton County, but I think they were born in upper Tennessee, probably Grainger County. Polly and Granville were a little older than myself. They have been dead 12 or 15 years. They were never on any Indian rolls that I know of.”
J. P. Talley
June 18, 1908 Chattanooga, Tenn.
At the same time, W. T. Irvin of Chattanooga, grandson-in-law of Granville Goins, and former husband of Mary Jane Goins Irvin who died in 1897, made an affidavit about the family:
“I affirm that I live in Marion County, Tennessee [adjoining Hamilton County]. I am 49 years of age. I make claim for my children. My first wife has been dead 11 years. She was about 30 or 32 when she died. Her parents were Alfred Goins and Halie Goins. She claims Indian descent on her father’s side and her mother’s side. Her grandparents on her mother’s side were Granville and Polly Goins. On her father’s side they were Thomas and Betsy Goins. They come by the same name because they were probably related. She was always recognized as an Indian in the community in which she lived. Her parents and grandparents lived in what is now James County. Her grandparents originated in Grainger County. She claimed to be a full-blood Cherokee. Her grandparents lived in Hamilton County in 1835.
W. T. Irvin
June 18, 1908 Chattanooga, Tenn”
Granville Goins and Mary “Polly” Goins died about 1914. Children born to them are believed to include:
Mahala “Halie” Goins born about 1832
Betsy Jane Goins born about 1834
Rachel Goins born about 1836
Mary Goins born about 1837
Noah Goins born about 1838
Roland Goins born about 1840
Dodson Goins born about 1842
Martha Goins born about 1843
James L. Goins born about 1844
Nancy Goins born about 1846
John Goins born about 1847
William Goins born about 1849
Francis Marion Goins born about 1853
Dodson Goins, above, was the subject of an article in the Newsletter, January 1997.
2) Going Family Traced 300 Years From Virginia to Louisiana. Part 2
By Col. Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr.
Foundation Editorial Boardmember
10019 Canterbury Drive, Shreveport, Louisiana, 71106
Before leaving the generation of Thomas1 Going, a court record should be considered. On May 8, 1767, Charles Griffith, age about 70, gave the following deposition:
“About 43 years ago I was Overseer for one Phillip Noland. Maj. Robert Alexander, grandfather to the present Charles Alexander, came up from Boyeshole . . . and the said Noland then told Alexander that one Robertson, the Goings, and several others had surveyed and taken-up land within his great Patent, upon which the said Alexander, seeming angry, swore . . . but this Deponent further saith that when Noland told Maj. Robert Alexander that the Goings were taking and surveying his, the said Alexander’s land, he, the said Alexander, replied to the said Noland that he had a great mind to turn the Molatto [sic] rascals off his land . . . and this Deponent further saith old Col. Mason, father to the present one, John Straughan, Richard Wheeler, Thomas Chapman, Peter Guin and several other old Standards whose names he does not at present recollect to him, this Deponent, that the beginning of Alexander’s land was opposite the said Mason’s Island, upon the mouth opposite a branch and that from that branch it ran into the woods two miles.
He, this Deponent, further saith that he well remembers he was at a Race in the same year where the Goings were [who then had running horses] and that the old people were talking about the Goings taking up Alexander’s land and selling it to Thomas and Todd which land the old people then said was in Alexander’s back line or at least the greatest part. He well remembers that at the same time the old people said as soon as Alexander should make a survey, they would find it was Alexander’s land and they would loose the greatest part of it, at the same time this Deponent saith the people were laughing and said if it were not for Alexander’s land the Goings had sold to Thomas and Todd they, the said Goings would not be so lavish of their money of which they seemed to have a great plenty at that time, being asked by the Pltf. at what time it was that he rode with Mr. Hugh West when he was Deputy Sheriff.
He says that it was in the year 1726 or 1727 as well as he remembers . . . He says that Tom Going confessed that Robert Alexander held that said line, but he was of the opinion that he would not be allowed to hold more than his papers mentioned, the Deponent says that James Going told Pearson of it and had it not been for the Speeches and Pearson and some of the Neighbors concerning the back line of Alexander, they would not have sold their rights. This conversation he says happened some years after Pearson shewed the aforesaid back line and he remembers that Going asked Pearson how he came to possess himself of some of the same kind of land and Pearson told him that he was safe in purchasing as the man was able to make him whole in case it should be taken from him . . . ”
The deposition was transcribed in “Land Records of Long Standing, Fairfax County Virginia, 1742-1770” By Ruth and Sam Sparacio. The deposition is revealing for several reasons:
1. It locates Thomas1 Going and James2 Going living on their 1,215 acres of land on Four Mile Creek adjacent to Alexander land. It shows that they were not living on the land on Spout Run, for it was separated from Alexander land by that of Ousley. It suggests that James2 Going was still living with his parents, and probably was the youngest son. It also suggests that the other two brothers, John2 Going and William2 Going were not living with their parents at that time.
2. Alexander’s reference to “mulatto rascals” raises the question: Was he speaking in anger, or was he actually describing skin color? In December 1996, I received a letter from a long-time correspondent in England, in which the following was stated:
“My mother always said that her family came from the Spanish . . . and, of course, it is more than likely. Certainly their colouring suggests it could be right.”
The “mother” referred to was a Goyne of Cornwall, England. This comment brought to mind a record sent to me several years ago by Editorial Boardmember Robert Goyen of Victoria, Australia. This record, dated in 1452, is of the “denization” [naturalization] of John Goyne in Westminster [London]. This record states that John Goyne was from “parts of the Land of Luque.” Luque is in southern Spain. There is other evidence that the Goyne name may have had its origins in antiquity on the Iberian peninsula.
John2 Gowing, William2 Gowing and James2 Gowing served in a company of Dragoons in the Stafford County militia in 1701/02, according to “Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers” by Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck. This indicates that they were probably age 18, or older. A search of “Hening’s Statutes” did not reveal the minimum age requirement for militia service in those years.
William2 Going first appeared in the land records of Stafford County September 10, 1713. His land was described as 124 acres on Jonathan’s Creek of Occaquan River, adjacent to the road to Dogue Island Neck. This was followed by a grant of 180 acres from the Proprietors February 28, 1719 on the Main Run of Accotink Creek, according to “Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants. 1694-1742.” His name appears numerous times in land records of Stafford County. William2 Going died between November 12, 1725 and March 6, 1726.
On March 8, 1726, Ambrose3 Gowing leased land to Catherine Gowing, his mother, a widow. William2 Gowing was identified as the father of Ambrose3 Gowing by Addie Evans Wynn in “Southern Lineages: Records of Thirteen Families.”
On May 21, 1739, Catherine Padderson made her will in Stafford County. She mentioned her sons Alexander3 Going and John3 Going; and her daughter Susannah3 Going. Her will was filed for probate July 23, 1739, according to “Prince William County, Virginia Will Book C. 1734-1744.”
On June 9, 1746, John3 Gowen and Mary Keith Gowen sold their Truro Parish, Fairfax County land located on the north side of Occoquan Run. On July 14, 1746, they sold their Fairfax County land granted by the Proprietor. Mary was the daughter and probably the oldest child of Cornelius Keith and Elizabeth Keith, according to “Southern Lineages.”
John3 Going appeared on the 1748 tithe list of Lunenburg County, Virginia. He was listed with two tithes on the list taken by Lewis Deloney. In 1751, John3 Goin was shown on page 170 of Field Jefferson’s list with one tithe. This was the same precinct originally assigned to Lewis Deloney. On the same page, William4 Going appeared with one tithe. Probably, this is an indication that William4 Going had moved from his parents’ home and established his own family unit in either 1750 or 1751. Also, this tithe list shows that William4 Going was at least age 16 in 1748, according to Landon C. Bell in “Sunlight on the Southside.” This part of Lunenburg County became Mecklenburg County in 1765.
The parents of Mary Keith Going, Cornelius and Elizabeth Keith, moved from Stafford County to Brunswick County, Virginia between December 24, 1724 [when their son John was born] and November 16, 1728. They settled on Maj. Mumford’s land on the Roanoke River near Monisep Ford. On November 16, 1728, Col. William Byrd visited with them on his return trip after surveying the dividing line between Virginia and North Carolina. Byrd gave a most bleak description of their living conditions in his “Histories of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina.” In Byrd’s words:
“The poor man had rais’d a kind of a house, but for want of nails it remain’d uncover’d. I gave him a note on Maj. Mumford for nails for that purpose and so made a whole family happy at a very small expense.”
At the time of Byrd’s visit, Keith had six small children. Keith’s fortunes improved, for he applied to operate a ferry over the Roanoke River. On 3 May 1739, he applied for a grant of land as an immigrant from Ireland some 30 years earlier.
(To Be Continued)
On June 10, 1761, John3 Going, Sr. and wife Mary Going of Lunenburg County deeded to son William4 Going of Lunenburg County, “for love and affection, 100 acres, part of 400 acres by patent to said Going Sr, on both sides of the Great Branch [of Allen’s Creek] where said William Going now lives, adjacent John Ruffin.” The signature [or mark] of John3 Going, was a vertical line, with three cross lines. Mary signed with a “M.” The deed was witnessed by Sarah Going, and others, according to “Lunenburg County, Virginia Deed Book 6. 1760-1761” by June Banks Evans.
On the same date, son John4 Going, Jr. was deeded 100 acres of his father’s 400 acres with the same description. It was witnessed by Sarah Going and Elizabeth Going. [ibid]
On December 7, 1761, John3 Goin sold his remaining 200 acres of land located on both sides of Long Branch in Lunenburg County to William Sandifur. Mary Goin relinquished her dower. This is the last record found of John3 Going and Mary Keith Going.
On July 6, 1762, William4 Going of Orange County, North Carolina sold 100 acres in Lunenburg County, Virginia on Great Branch of Allen’s Creek adjacent to William Sandifur. Other records show that William4, son of John3 Going, moved from Lunenburg County to Orange County, North Carolina between December 30, 1761 and July 6, 1762. This is proof that William4 Going of Orange County was the son of John3 Going and Mary Keith Going of Lunenburg County.
Alexander3 Going first appeared in the records of Orange County in September 1753, according to “Orange County, North Carolina Court Minutes, 1753-1761,” Book 1, by Weynette Parks Haun. Subsequently, the name of Alexander3 Going appeared numerous times in the records of Orange County. The November 1763 Court of Orange County shows both an Alexander3 Going and a William4 Going in its records, according to “Orange County, North Carolina Abstracts of the Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of September 1752-August 1766” by Ruth Herndon Shields.
In 1773, several persons signed a petition for the partition of the north part of Orange County. Among them were Alexander3 Gowen, Sr, Alexander4 Gowen, Emos4 [Amos] Gowen, Daniel4 Gowen and John4 Gowen, according to “The Colonial Records of North Carolina, 1771-1775,” Vol. 9, by Sanders.
Apparently, William4 Going, son of John3 Going, had removed from Orange County prior to the date of the petition. Probably the Gowens who signed the 1773 petition in Orange County, were Alexander3 Going, son of William2 Going and Catherine Going and some of his sons. It might be that one or more of the sons of John3 Going were included on this list.
William4 Going, son of John3 Going, and possibly his brother John4 Going joined his kinsmen in Orange County, North Carolina. It is likely that their younger brother, James4 Going accompanied them to Orange County. James4 Goyne stated in his Revolutionary War pension application that he was born in 1755 in Lunenburg County, Virginia. Almost certainly, that date and location identifies him as a son of John3 Going.
On May 22, 1773, William4 Going was a witness to a writ in the Court of Tryon County, North Carolina concerning land on Ward’s Creek, according to “Deed Abstracts of Tryon, Lincoln & Rutherford Counties, 1769-1786,” Deed Books A and AD by Brent H. Holcomb.
Subsequently, other records connected William4 Going with land on Ward’s Creek and First Broad River in the area that became Rutherford County. They gave his wife’s name as Hester. In 1779, Tryon County was abolished, and Lincoln and Rutherford Counties were created. Three major Revolutionary War battle sites are located in this area. A road running from near the home of William4 Going to Wynnesborough, South Carolina, county seat of Fairfield County where the other Orange County, North Carolina Going individuals lived.
The 1782 Tax List of Rutherford County, Capt. Whiteside’s Company, listed William4 Going as owning 350 acres of land and Alexander4 Going as owning no land. They were listed in consecutive order, probably indicating that they lived in the same or adjacent dwellings, according to “The 1782 Tax List of Rutherford County, North Carolina” by Brent H. Holcomb. Also, on August 22. 1782, Alexander4 Going was paid £2 on a military clothing ticket in Rutherford County. The military service would indicate that this was Alexander4 Going, Jr.
On July 14, 1785, William5 Going, Jr. was married to Polly Griffin in Rutherford County. Bondsman was William4. The 1785 tax list for Rutherford County listed only William4. He owned 150 acres of land. The last entry found for William4 Going in Rutherford County was dated 14 July 1788. No Going individuals were enumerated in Rutherford County in the 1790 census.
On November 5, 1784, Alexander4 Going appeared in the records of Fairfield County, South Carolina as a buyer from the widow Barber’s estate. On August 17, 1786, Alexander4 Goyen appeared in a Fairfield County, South Carolina court record, according to “Fairfield County, South Carolina Minutes of the County Court. 1785-1799.” Alexander4 Gowen was enumerated in the 1790 Census of Fairfield County, South Carolina, listed between Daniel Gowen and Henry Gowen.
All of the Gowen names contained in the 1773 petition in Orange County, North Carolina were also found in the records of Fairfield County, South Carolina in 1782. The actions of Alexander4 Going, of moving from Orange County, North Carolina to Rutherford County, North Carolina to live with, or adjacent to, William4 Going,” then moving to Fairfield County, South Carolina to live among the other Going individuals strongly suggests a kinship among these people.
James4 Goyne was first called to serve in the Fairfield County, South Carolina militia in 1776. His granddaughter, Susan Goynes Dickerson, stated in a newspaper interview in 1905 that her grandfather and his four brothers had served in the Revolution. This suggests that a mix of Going brothers and cousins moved from Orange County, North Carolina to Fairfield County, South Carolina by 1776.
William4 Goyne first appeared in the tax records of Wilkes County, Georgia in 1790, according to the research of Frank Parker Hudson, Atlanta, Georgia.
William4 Goyne was married to Nancy Stroder, daughter of Alexander Stroder and Isabella Stroder, between 1794 and 1796 in Wilkes County. She was his second wife. Isabella Stroder’s will of October 6, 1793 names the Stroder children. Two of the named sons were married in Lincoln County, North Carolina. William4 Goyne lived on Ward’s Creek near First Broad River in eastern Rutherford County [now Cleveland County], which was bounded by Lincoln County to the east. Thus, the conclusion is drawn that William4 Goyne of Wilkes County, Georgia was the same William4 Gowen who previously lived in Rutherford County, North Carolina, and that he knew his second wife’s family in North Carolina prior to their move to Georgia.
William4 Goyne made his will January 4, 1816, and it was probated September 1, 1817 in Warren County, Georgia. He named the following children in his will:
John5 Goyne who was married to Nancy and moved to Jefferson County, Alabama, dying there in 1839.
Drury5 Goyne who was last recorded in the 1820 Census of Wilkes County, Georgia. He may be the man who was married to Martha Worthington November 15, 1838 in Upson County, Georgia.
William5 Goyne, Jr. who was last recorded in the tax records of Wilkes County, Georgia in 1799.
Hardy5 Goyne who was last recorded in 1830-31 in Taliaferro County, Georgia.
Rebecca5 Goyne who was married about 1790, husband’s name Dick.
Alice5 Goyne who was married about 1793 to King as his second wife.
Hiram Davis5 Goyne who was married  Mary “Polly” Allen; and  Susan Lupo. They removed to Union Parish, Louisiana where he died in 1852.
Tyra5 A. Goyne who was married to Mary and moved to Coffee County, Alabama where he died in 1883.
While moving from Georgia to Louisiana, my great-great-grandfather, Hiram5 D. Goyne must have visited with members of the family of James4 Goyne, [son of John3 Going] in Kemper County, Mississippi. For Hiram5 D. Goyne obtained a Military Warrant issued to Amos5 D. Goyne and used it to purchase land in Union Parish, Louisiana. Amos5 Goyne, regarded as a son of James4 Goyne, served in the 12th and 13th Consolidated Regiment, Louisiana militia in the War of 1812. This is additional evidence of kinship among these individuals, and proof that these cousins maintained contact with one another.
Hopefully, this paper will contribute in some small measure to a better understanding of this branch of the extended Going family.
However one might spell the name [and there are over 50 different spellings in the records], we are all “cousins” who share a common name that has its origins in deep antiquity.
3) Dear Cousins
Shock! Surprise! I’m still grinning! Boy, this is some revelation! Thanks so much for finding my Melungeon Goins family in Monongalia County, Virginia in 1820 and tracing them to Guernsey and Shelby Counties, Ohio Jason, Joel and George were names that my family used even after they arrived in Oregon. My grandmother, Elizabeth Ellen “Lizzy” Goins was married to James Atkinson, and they came up the Oregon Trail in 1883 and settled in Tallamook, Oregon. My membership is on the way! Rebecca L. Farvour, 504 Hawthorne St, Kelso, WA, 98626-1506, RFarvour@aol.com.
The Strong Mail List is now in operation at <STRONG-L@rootsweb.com>. The descendants of John W. Going and Mary Strong Going are invited to join us and share information about the history of our families. We have a lot to share about Mary Strong Going and her descendants. Robert T. Strong, Jr, 119 Mystic Way, Madison, AL, 35758, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Thanks for the Electronic Library Internet procedure. I was able to log on, and I am amazed at the improvement over the old bulletin board setup the Foundation used previously. We owe you a great debt of gratitude in pulling everything together into this wonderful resource. Jack Cecil Goins, Box 1177, Hoodsport, WA, 98548, email@example.com
From information in the article by Sandra Loridans in the Newsletter, June 1996 about the Curtis Jacobs Genealogical Collection and its Goins holdings, we went immediately to the library in Beauregard Parish, LA. Upon arrival, we were shocked to learn that the Jacobs Collection had burned in a fire at the library. Fortunately an LDS film crew had microfilmed the collection previously, and it is available at Sam Houston Regional Library in Liberty, TX. Nelda G. Liles, 1069 Collins Rd, Natchitoches, LA, 71457, lilessn@cp-telnet.
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.