Sections in this issue:
1) Turkish Tour Group Accorded Regal Welcome in Anatolia;
2) Ambrose Gowen Sold Cannons To Revolutionary Artillery;
3) Census of 1830 Records 331 FPC In Hawkins County, Tennessee;
4) DEAR COUSINS.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER
Volume 8, No. 8 April 1997
1) Turkish Tour Group Accorded Regal Welcome in Anatolia
By Col. Carroll Heard Goyne, Jr.
Foundation Editorial Boardmember
10019 Canterbury Drive, Shreveport, Louisiana, 71106
On March 8, 1997, a group of 11 persons led by Dr. N. Brent Kennedy departed Atlanta, Georgia for Turkey. Being one of only two members of the Foundation making this trip [the other being Brent Kennedy], I was “elected” to make this report.
It is just as well, for all who know Brent Kennedy know that he is too modest to tell you that he has become a celebrity in Turkey.
He has been on Turkish TV so often on his four visits there, that he is recognized on the streets, and people ask for his autograph. Some small amount of that “fame” rubbedÄoff on the rest of us in the traveling party, as we noticed people pointing us out on the streets.
In Turkey, the notion that the Melungeons are the descendants of Ottoman Turkish sailors who were taken to America by the Portuguese or Spanish in the 16th century is not a theory, it is an accepted fact. The Turks were absolutely enchanted with the idea that their “longÄlost cousins” had returned for a visit to the motherÄland after an absence of 500 years. The media could not get enough of it. We had TV coverage, both regional and national, on a daily basis, and press photographers with us frequently. The photos of our arrival in Turkey appeared in at least eight newspapers the day following our arrival.
We arrived in Istanbul on a Sunday morning and were met by a battery of press and TV cameras. A large delegation, led by the Director of Tourism for Istanbul, Yalcin Manav, presented each of us with a bouquet of flowers. Two people raised a banner behind us that read: “Welcome Our Melungeon Cousins,” written in both English and Turkish. That picture appeared the next day in color in the principal Istanbul newspaper.
On arrival in Izmir that Sunday afternoon, we were met by an even larger press and TV contingent. The Mayor of Cesme, Nuri Ertan, led a welcoming group from that city. They gave us the traditional Turkish greeting, a kiss on each cheek. They too presented us with flowers. From the Izmir airport we were driven to the fiveÄstar Princess Hotel overlooking the beautiful blue Aegean Sea, where we were to stay three nights. The general manager of the hotel sent fresh flowers to our rooms, and Director of Tourism for Istanbul, Yalcin Manav, sent a basket of fruit. He did this at each of our three hotel stops.
On Monday we visited Celcuk, the fifth incarnation of Ephesus, where we toured the Museum of Ephesus. Our tour was conducted by the archaeologist of the museum. While in the museum, our Turkish tour director, our lovable Mehmet Topcak, received a phone call [on his very busy cellÄphone] from the mayor of Celcuk who invited us to visit with him in his office.
At the entrance to the municipal building, a young lady poured a lemonÄscented refresher into the palms of our hands. Another young lady offered us a foilwrapped chocolate. We would enjoy this ritual at each of our official government stops. The mayor graciously received us in his office and offered us tea or coffee.
The mayor told us of the history of Celcuk and of Ephesus. He expressed his interest in Celcuk becoming a sisterÄcity in the Melungeon region of America. Following our meeting with the mayor of Celcuk, we had lunch at the village of Sirince on a mountain top near Celcuk.
After lunch we visited the last home of the Virgin Mary, located on a mountain overlooking Ephesus. One of the young nuns who guided us was from West Virginia. I was surprised to learn that both Christians and Muslims pray at this shrine. We drank from the spring that supplies water for the house. For me, and I am certain for the others as well, this was a very moving event.
We drove down the mountain to Ephesus where the archaeolo-gist of Ephesus was awaiting us. We had a private tour of that magnificent ancient city, completing it in the dim light after sunset. We returned to our hotel in Izmir in awe of our experiences of that day.
On Tuesday we visited Cesme, sister city of Wise, Virginia, and homeÄport for much of the Ottoman navy of the 16th century. We were met at the otoban (interstate) exit for Cesme by Mayor Ertan and a delegation of citizens. A Cesme police car led us into the city. The governor of Cesme joined us in the mayor’s office. Mayor Ertan placed medals around our necks, and presented us with other gifts. All of the ceremonies in Cesme, day and night, were covered by both Aegean TV [EGE TV] from Izmir, and Turkish Radio and Television [TRT], the national network.
From the mayor’s office, we walked to a school for ladies who were learning needleÄcraft. They presented us with knitted skiÄcaps and scarves with the names “CesmeWise” woven into the caps. Following that, we drove to the top of Melungeon Mountain overlooking modern Cesme. The ruins of ancient Cesme are located there. Each of us planted a tree in Melungeon Forest located near the ruins, and afterward tied a ribbon with a brass plaque attached around the tree. The plaques were engraved with our names and the date “March 11, 1997.” The plaques will be permanently affixed to the trees when they have grown to maturity. There is a sign in Melungeon Forest that read essentially as follows: “This forest is dedicated to the memory of the men of Cesme who were taken to America in the 16th century by the Portuguese and became the Melungeons.”
We visited two schools in Cesme, one elementary [the first five years], and the other secondary [the next seven years]. The small children lined up, shook our hand, kissed the back of our hand, then placed the kissed spot to their forehead as a sign of respect. They gave us gifts. Some small children wore their ancestral Aegean dress while all others wore their school uniforms. All secondary school students in Turkey study English.
We were deluged with requests for our names and addresses; the students saying they would write to us. The governor of Cesme went to his home during our visit, and obtained a photo of his young daughter. He gave it to Betty, along with his daughter’s name and address, with the request that our granddaughter in Shreveport correspond with his daughter.
While visiting a building under construction on the outskirts of Cesme, that is designated to become the Melungeon Academy for Sea Captains, we heard a call from across the street. A man shouted “Brent.” Brent Kennedy and an elderly Turkish man met in the middle of the street and embraced. They had met the year before. The man invited us to come to his home. So, all of us, the mayor of Cesme, leading citizens of the area, and the national TV crew walked down a narrow street to the man’s small home. It was quite a surprise for the family and the neighbors.
That evening we had dinner at the home of Mayor Ertan. the food being prepared by Mrs. Ertan. She is a practicing attorney, and a very good cook. Turkey’s “Diane Sawyer” interviewed several of our group for national TV. When she got to Mayor Ertan, he talked for about 20Äminutes, pointing his finger at the camera. I asked an interpreter seated next to me: “What’s going on?” He replied that the mayor was lecturing the Prime Minister, the Foreign Minister, and the Turkish Ambassador in Washington. He was telling them to learn something about the Melungeons and to get involved in our research. He was telling the Prime Minister to open the Turkish archives, and to appoint people to assist in our research. It was a very startling performance.
On Wednesday, we traveled in our bus to the city of Bursa, about a five hour drive from Izmir. On arrival in Bursa, we immediately went to a delightful restaurant near the Green Mosque for a late lunch. We were joined by several people of Bursa, including our tourÄguide for the day, a retired teacher.
Bursa is an ancient city located on the slope of Mt. Olympus. It is the center of the silk industry due to its cool climate.
Bursa was the original seat of the Ottomans before their conquest of Turkey. The Ottomans later established Istanbul as their capitol. We visited the boys’ school for those being trained for the Muslim clergy. While there, we were treated to a performance by a Janissary Band, composed of teenÄaged boys with adult leaders. The mayor of Bursa presented Brent Kennedy with a Koran and a silk Turkish flag. Again, national TV covered the event.
On Thursday, we drove to Istanbul, taking a shortcut across the Sea of Mamara by carÄferry. We voted to skip lunch, and go directly to the covered bazaar before going to our hotel. Soon after our arrival at the bazaar, Brent was surrounded by a group of young people asking for his autograph. We were eventually allowed to make our way through the crowd to do some shopping.
That night, Yalcin Manav, hosted a dinner for our group. It was at the most popular restaurant in IstanbulÄÄthe Orient HouseÄÄand included a beautiful floor show. Betty and I were surprised when the masterÄofÄceremonies announced our 50th wedding anniversary. As we stood to acknowledge the applause, Yalcin Manav poured a bowl of flower petals over our heads. I can’t imagine who would leak that sort of information!
Friday and Saturday were packed with sightseeing of most of the great sights of Istanbul. On Friday we had lunch at Topkapi Palace, the original Ottoman palace. On Saturday we lunched at a restaurant on the grounds of the Mosque of Suleiman the Magnificent. We saw the priceless treasures of Turkey, including the second largest diamond in the world. We saw many magnificent treasures of the Ottoman Sultans, and the holy relics of Islam.
The grand reception hall in Dolmabahce Palace, the last home of the Ottoman Sultans, contains a crystal chandelier weighing four and a half tons. That great hall must be the most magnificent room on earth.
On Friday night we dined at a restaurant on the European side of the Bosphorus near the Black Sea. It featured contemporary Turkish music. We again enjoyed that exquisite Turkish cuisine, served in many courses. As it turned out, contemporary Turkish music is great to dance to, even by the “elderly.” We arrived back at our hotel close to 2 am.
On Saturday night, our last night in Turkey, we were hosted to a dinner at our hotel by the Director of Tourism, Yalcin Manav.
The wives and teenÄaged children of our several hosts attended, as did the TV crew from Turkish Radio and Television that had been with us all week. We were again presented with gifts, some quite valuable. Brent Kennedy presented Betty and me with a copy of the 1997 edition of his book, “The Melungeons, The Resurrection of a Proud People,” thoughtfully inscribed. The last sentence of his inscription reads: “Given in Istanbul, Turkey on the evening of your departure. Love, Brent K.” I had placed the book on the dinner table before me, when the TV director picked it up, and leaning it against a water pitcher, he instructed the TV cameraman to photograph it. The director then opened the book to Brent’s inscription, and holding it open at that page, he instructed the cameraman to record the inscription. Betty and I felt the symbolism of this act: for by showing Brent’s book, and his inscription addressed to us, on Turkish national TV, we were saying farewell to our Turkish friends, but we were also saying that we would return at another time.
The Turks are a magnificent, warm and friendly people, who we shall never forget. All of us on this trip are proud to be considered their “longÄlost cousins.”
2) Ambrose Gowen Sold Cannons To Revolutionary Artillery
Ambrose Gowen, son of William Gowen and Catherine Gowen, was born about 1705 probably in Stafford County, Virginia. It is believed that he was the eldest son since he as-sumed the operation of the family farmland after the death of his father.
“Ambrose Gowing, Planter,” sold to [his mother] “Catherine Gowing” for oe20, land granted to “William Gowing, father of Ambrose,” November 12 1725. The deed was signed by “Ambrose Goin,” according to Stafford County Deed Book 1722Ä1728, page 354.
“On the 8th, 3rd month, 1726, Catherine Gowen leased to her son, “Ambrose Going of Stafford County, Overwharton Parish, planter, 100 acres on the branch issuing out of Pope’s Head Run said branch known as Rattlesnake Branch. It is believed that Catherine Gowen was remarried about 1728, husband’s name Padderson [or Patterson]. They appeared in adjoining Prince William County which was created in 1730 from Stafford County. Ambrose Gowen was not mentioned in the will of his mother written in 1739.
“Ambrose Gowan” of Henry County, Virginia sold to the government “four double fortified six-pounders,” March 3, 1776. On March 18, 1776 he “furnished wheat to the Hampton troops,” according to “Virginia Magazine of History & Biography,” Volume 28.
He may have been influenced to removed to Davidson County, North Carolina [later Tennessee] by William Gowen, regarded as his brother who arrived there in the winter of 1779. Ambrose Goins” appeared on a jury panel there April 5, 1786, but apparently did not long remain. His departure was a good decision; William Gowen was killed by Indians in 1790.
3) Census of 1830 Records 331 FPC In Hawkins County, Tennessee
Compiled by Phillip Edwin Roberts
525 N. Justice, Hendersonville, North Carolina, 28739
Hawkins County, Tennessee was a center of Melungeon settlement in the early days of Tennessee. When Hancock County was formed with land from Hawkins County and Claiborne County, a great number of Melungeon families wound up in the new county.
Most of the individual enumeration sheets of the census of 1820 of the state of Tennessee were destroyed by fire in Washington, D. C. Fragments of the census for only ten counties and recaps of others escaped the fire. No enumeration sheets were available for Hawkins County. Recap sheets showed 310 “free persons of color” in the 1820 census.
It is obvious that the census enumerator in 1830 had difficulty in deciding whether to list the seven Goen and Goin families as “white” or “free colored people.” In the summary sheet, 37 families composed of 331 people were recorded as “free col-ored” in 1830 in Hawkins County.
Following is a list of heads of households of “Free Colored Persons,” regarded by some researchers as Melungeons, found in the 1830 census of Hawkins County:
Charles Beare John Collins
Dicey Bowling James Collins John Goen
Michael Bowling Charles Gibson Betsy Goen
Burton Cold [Cole?] Esau Gibson Harden Goen
Wiatt Collins Cherod Gibson Edmond Goodman
Andrew Collins Joseph F. Gibson Jordan Goodman
Martin Collins Andrew Gibson Thomas Hale
Simeon Collins Sheppard Gibson Betsy Jones
Vardy Collins Jordan Gibson John Minor
Mary Collins Polly Gibson Zacharia Minor
Levi Collins Jonathon Gibson Samuel Mullens
Benjamin Collins Jesse Gibson James Moore
Edmund Collins Fountain Goen Henry Mosely
Millenton Collins George Goen William Nichols
Enumerators had the same problem in adjoining Grainger and Claiborne counties. White and “free colored” were listed in consecutive entries which perhaps indicated adjacent locations.
Some disabling statutes were installed in 1831, 1832 and 1834 in the Tennessee constitution to prevent free negroes from cer-tain rights enjoyed by the white citizens.
The “mulatto and negro” charge had serious implications. The Territory Act of 1794 and the Tennessee Constitution of 1796 declared, “all negroes, mulattos and Indians and persons of mixed blood, descended from negro or Indian ancestors to the third generation inclusive, though one ancestor of each generation may have been a white person, whether bond or free, should be held deemed to be incapable in law to be a witness in any case whatsoever, except against each other.” The Act also forbad such persons from obtaining marriage licenses, voting, owning land, paying taxes, making wills, owning slaves or holding office. Their civil rights were denied.
Even in Revolutionary days and in the War of 1812, negroes and mulattos could not serve as soldiers. A few were utilized in non-combatant roles as cooks and teamsters. However, when a good soldier volunteered, regardless of color, he served at the option of his commanding officer.
4) DEAR COUSINS
The Foundation is incredible! Your mighty works are awe-inspiring. What a blessing to the Gowen family, personal and extended, you are. Thanks for the research that you sent. They are most helpful and keep me from having to re-invent the wheel. I’ll keep you informed on what I turn up that will be of interest to Foundation researchers. William Slater Hollis, Brig-Gen, U. S. Army [Ret.], Box 511087, Melbourne Beach, FL, 32950.
I always read the Newsletter from cover to cover, and I am always amazed at how interesting you make these families that frequently have no connection to ours. You do have a way with words. Enclosed is my 1997 membership renewal and an order for the Nashville Research Conference tapes. Della J. Ford Nash, 2515 N.W. 26th St, Oklahoma City, OK, 73017.
I just returned from New Braunfels, TX where my Dad, Capt. George Anthony Gowen, Jr, USN [Ret.] [Newsletter, October 1991] died at the age of 79. He was a Destroyer skipper during WWII and had over 30 years of service that stretched through the Korean War and into Viet Nam. He was awarded the Silver Star, the Legion of Merit, the Joint Service Commendation Medal and the Navy Commendation Medal. Thanks for being a good friend with my Dad. So, he has “taken in all lines” for the last time and is now in a better place. Charles T. Gowen, 524 Prince of Wales, Virginia Beach, VA, 23452-5722, LPB795B@prodigy.com.
Seeking ancestry of Jonathan Henry Gowen, b1822 Patrick Co, VA; m1846 Surry County, NC Hannah J. Beasley; d1905 Adair Co, KY. Can anyone confirm that he was the son of John Goin, Jr, the grandson of John Goin, Sr. and the g-grandson of Shadrack Goin? Jean Grider, 1734 Salem Church Rd, Cave City, KY, 42127, 502/773-4480.
I am one of the many descendants of George Warren Going and Maria Josephine Cass Going who were married in Orleans County, VT about 1855. He was born December 25, 1831 in Westfield, VT. Children born to them were: Alfredah Eldoras, my ggf, Gertrude Elizabeth, Amy Augusta, Clara Jenette, Jehiel Cass, Albert George, Edward Alonzo, Millard Merton and Edith Adelda. I would like to hear from any re-searcher who has information on the ancestry and siblings of George Warren Going and Maria Josephine Cass Going. Martha Miller Byrnes, Fairfield, CT, 06432, Home-Byrnes@aol.comm.
In Caswell and Person Counties, NC there was a block of Going men in the 1780s & 1790s: Goodrich Going m1791 Betsy Matthews; Allen Going m1795 Rebecca Goins; Jesse Going m1784 Seeley Bairding; John m1795 Betsey Hickman; Sherwood Going m1st1783 Ruth Bennett & m2nd1804 Betsey Coventon; Isham Going m1792 Fanney Going; Edmond Going, Edward Going, etc. Is anyone working on the descendants of Allen Going, Goodrich Going or Edward Going? Does anyone know how these folks relate to the older Granville County, NC branch of the family?
There was a large Goins settlement in Rockingham and Surry Counties, NC and Patrick County, VA. Is a researcher working on this branch. There seems to be a definite connection between these folks and the Caswell/Person block in Burbage/Beveridge Going. On the other hand, at least some of these folks appear to have been in the area as early as 1760 when it was still part of Halifax County.
I am tracing several related lines [Gibson, Bass, etc.], and, of course, they are all a tangle. I would like to hear from researchers who have any knowledge of any of the above. G. C. Waldrep III, PhD, Duke U, 162 Old Satterfield Rd, Milton, NC, 27305.
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.