1997 – 03 March Newsletter – GRF

Sections in this issue:

1) Edward Gowen Battled the British At Guilford Courthouse and Yorktown;
2) Jacob Going Family Members Named Beneficiaries in Will;
3) Spanish Jews Expelled in 1492 Emigrated to Four Continents;
4) Dear Cousins.

All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters:   https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/

Volume 8, No. 7 March 1997

1)  Edward Gowen Battled the British At Guilford Courthouse and Yorktown

Edward Gowen, described variously as a free Negro, a Mulatto and a Melungeon, served three [possibly four] hitches with North Carolina Revolutionary troops. He participated in the Battle of Guilford Courthouse fought March 15, 1781 between the armies of Gen. Charles Lord Cornwallis and Gen. Nathanael Greene.

The bloody battle raged all day in cornfields north of present-day Greensboro, North Carolina where the combatants fought to a draw. New Garden Monthly Meeting, a Quaker church stood near the battlefield, and as soon as the firing ceased, was converted into a hospital. Churchmembers went into the scene of carnage and brought the wounded, both British and American, to the church and began to bind up their wounds.

Both armies withdrew, but were destined to meet each other again within six months in the decisive Battle of Yorktown where Cornwallis tendered his sword to Gen. George Washington in October 1781. The war was officially over, but Edward Gowen was kept in the Continental Line for at least another year. Despite all the hazards he encountered during his lifetime, he lived to the age of 92.

Edward Gowen, son of Edward Gowen, was born about 1744, probably in Brunswick County, Virginia. He was taxable as a “black poll” in his father’s household in Granville County in the 1755 list of Robert Harris. His father, “Edward Gowing” was “sworn chain carrier” on a patent survey done for William Kinchen September 25, 1755, according to Granville County Surveyor’s Book 11, page 426.

“Edward Gowan” [Sr.] was sued by Robert Parker June 7, 1757, according to Granville County Court minutes. “Edward Gowin, Sr, mulatto, Edward Gowin, Jr. and Reps [Reeps?] Gowin” were recorded in the 1762 tax list of St. John’s Parish, Granville County.

He appeared in his own household in 1767 as “one black poll” in the tax list of John Pope. Edward Gowen, “one black poll” appeared in the 1769 tax list of Granville County. “Edward Gowin was listed in the 1771 tax list of Granville County, and . “Edward Going” appeared in the 1771 tax list of Bute County, having moved there during the year. His household included two members.

“Thomas Gowin” was listed as a purchaser at the estate sale of James McGehee November 23, 1774, according to Granville County Deed Book 1, page 49.

“Edward Going” enlisted in the North Carolina forces in Bute County in 1778. He was listed in “Balloted Men & Volunteers from Bute County to serve 9 months as Continental soldiers, beginning March 1, 1779,” page 2. Bute County was organized in 1765 and abolished in 1779, and its land used to create Franklin and Warren Counties.

Edward Going appeared in an article entitled “Continental Soldiers from Bute County, North Carolina, 1779” by Ransom McBride which was published in “North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal,” Vol. 15, May 1989. The entry read: “Edward Going, Prvt; Place of Abode, Bute; Where Born; Virga [Virginia?]; Hgt: 5’7″; Age: 35; Hair: Black; Eyes: Black.”

On August 3, 1779 “Edward Gains” received 75 acres on South Hyco Creek in nearby Caswell County. He was taxed there in 1784 on “1 black poll and 100 acres on Hyco Creek in St. Lukes District.”

“Edward Goine & wife, blacks” were enumerated about 1785 in Caswell County.

“Edward Going” was listed in the North Carolina state census of 1786, page 56:

“Going, Edward white male 21-60
white female
white male 21-60
white female
white female

In 1786, Edward Goins and John Goin were included in a list of “insolvents” in Ft. Creek District of Granville County.

Edward Gowen was listed in the Granville County Will Book 2, page 79, October 15, 1788, as “Edward Goen” when he conveyed to his nephew, Thomas Gowen, “for oe25 all my right in the estate of Elizabeth Bass, deceased.” John Simmons, Allen Hudson and Henry Meghee witnessed the deed, according to “Abstracts of Early Deeds of Granville County, 1746-1765.”

Person County, North Carolina was organized from Caswell County in 1791, and Edward Gowen found himself in the new county. Edward Gowen joined his brother Jenkins Gowen in selling their claims for Revolutionary pay to John Hall of Hyco, North Carolina in Caswell County April 27, 1791.

“Edward Gowing” reappeared in the records of Caswell County, North Carolina in 1791 and in the records of Orange County, North Carolina, its parent county, in 1792. These two counties were located a short distance west of Bute County.

“Edward [X] Goen” signed an affidavit there April 27, 1791, according to “Revolutionary War Service Records and Settlements” abstracted by Ransom McBride and published in “North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal,” Vol. 9, November 1983. He stated that he and “Jenkins Goen” sold their “claims against the United States to John Hall of Caswell County [Hico] and empowered said John Hall to draw such claims from the Treasurer.” The affidavit was witnessed by Catherine Brown and Rebeckah Blake.

“Prvt. Edward Going,” was serving in Col. William Eaton’s Fifth North Carolina Regiment of the Continental Line on May 1, 1792.

“Edward [X] Goen of Orange County, North Carolina” executed a power of attorney in the favor of Hall June 7, 1792. he document read, “I, Edward Goen, late a soldier of the Continental Line of North Carolina appoint John Hall of same county and state, attorney, to settle the claims arising from said Goen’s service as a Private in the Fifth Regiment of New Levies under the command of Gen. Thomas Sumpter in 1778 and 1779.”

Capt. Robert Temples, perhaps a company commander, certified before Samuel High, J.P. in Wake County, North Carolina July 20, 1792 “that Edward Going served as a soldier in the nine months service of North Carolina.”

“Edward Goins” was taxed on “1 black poll and 245 acres in Person County in 1793. “Ed. Goins” paid tax on “two white polls” and 246 acres of land according to the 1794 tax list of Person County. “Edward Goins” was a taxpayer in 1795 in Person County. He was enumerated as the head of a household of “6 other free” in the census of 1800.

Two free colored families, one headed by “Edward Goins”, page 2 and another headed by “Edward Goins”, page 23, ap-peared in the 1820 census of Moore County, North Carolina.

Edward Going was receiving a yearly pension of $120 on May 4, 1831. This Revolutionary pensioner, a veteran of the “Fifth Regiment under Col. William Eaton of Granville County,” was still drawing compensation in 1835, at the age of 92, according to “Report on Pensioners, 1835.”

“Edward Goen/Going/Gowing” of Orange and Caswell Coun-ties appeared several times in “Comptrollers Papers, Revolutionary War, Final Settlements” deposited in Box 15 D-G, North Carolina Archives, Raleigh. The entries are dated in the 1770s, 1780s and 1790s. Orange County was formed from Granville County in 1752, and Caswell County was formed from Orange County in 1777.

The wife of Edward Going, name unknown, received Widow’s Pension W-6899 after his death. In her application she stated that Edward Going entered the service at Warren Courthouse, North Carolina “as a captain.” He joined the Fifth North Carolina Regiment at Halifax, North Carolina. He later enlisted at Lewisburg, North Carolina and fought at Guilford Courthouse under Gen. Nathanael Greene. She mentioned that “his messmates were Ozzy Ball, Drew Jones and William Smith.” She spoke of residence in Franklin County and in Granville County.

Children born to Edward Gowen include:

Edward Gowen born about 1761
William Goins born about 1765

2)  Jacob Going Family Members Named Beneficiaries in Will

The will of Moses Bass of Georgetown District dated February 28, 1777 reveals a relationship with the family of Jacob Going, according to “South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1783-1788,” Books I-5 through Z-5, abstracted by Brent H. Holcomb.

“S-5, 283-284: Abstract of will of Moses Bass of Prince Georges Parish, George Town District, Province of South Carolina,

Being indisposed in Body . . .

. . . to Mourning Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one cow marked with a cross & over bit & under bit in one ear and cross & whole under nick in the other ear;
. . . to Sarah Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one cow marked in the above mentioned mark;
. . . to Elizabeth Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one cow marked with a cross & under bit & over bit in each ear and branded ‘ME’;
. . . to Anne Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one heifer marked with a cross and under bit & over bit in each ear branded ‘ME’;
. . . to Cyntha Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one heifer yearling marked with a cross & over bit & under bit in each ear & branded ‘ME’;
. . . to my beloved cousin Jeremiah Bass, tract of 100 acres granted to John Smith, and one negro named Peter, one negro woman named Fann, one negro boy named Jack with their increase;
. . . my wife Elizabeth Bass to have the use of said plantation & tract of land granted to John Smith her lifetime and the use of negroes Peter, Fann & Jack & their increase her life time;
. . . to my beloved cousin Wright Bass, the plantation, mill, & tract of land containing 444 acres that I now live on, one negro woman Jane, my wife Elizabeth Bass to have the use of the plantation, mill & Tract of land and negro woman during her lifetime;
. . . to Henry Harison, son of James Harison, one negro woman Cate & increase, my wife to have the use of the negro woman during her lifetime;
. . . to Joseph Going Junr, one negro girl named Judah & increase, my wife to have the use of her during her life time;
. . . to my beloved wife Elizabeth Bass, one negro man named Jack, one woman named Florah, one woman named Nan, one boy named Isum, one boy named Roger, and my cattle, about 110 head, branded ‘ME’, all my stock of horses & mares, all my household furniture & plantation tools, 26 head of sheep, and my hogs, also negro girl Violet;
. . . to Jacob Going. a plantation of 50 acres granted to John Crawford;
I appoint my wife Elizabeth Bass and my friends Luke Whitefield and James Harison, executors.

Dated 28 February 1777. Moses Bass (M) (LS)
Wit: Malachi Murfee, Jeremiah [x] Bass, Right Bass.

A true copy taken from the original and examined by Hugh Horry, Ordinary G. Town District.

Whereas I, the within named Right Bass, am the eldest son of Edward Bass, deceased, who was the eldest brother of the within named Testator, Moses Bass, which said Moses Bass departed this life without issue, whereby I, said Right Bass became his heir at law, and I am willing that all the several devises & bequests in the said will should have effect, for the memory of my deceased uncle Moses Bass and for the several devisees in the within will, and five shillings, I confirm all the devises, legacies and bequests.

9 Nov 1785 Right Bass (LS)
Wit: Chas. Cotesworth Pinckney, Wm. Smith.
Proved in Charleston District by the oath of Charles Cotesworth
Pinckney 28 June 1786 before Dl. Mazyck, J.P.

3)  Spanish Jews Expelled in 1492 Emigrated to Four Continents

Sephardic refers to more than just Spanish Jews. Migration from Spain to other countries has produced distant cousins of Turkish and North African citizenship, according to Dr. Carlos Hidalgo at the 15th annual Texas Hispanic Genealogy and History Conference.

As a result of the 1492 Expulsion, over 170,000 Spanish Jews emigrated to other lands such as Portugal, Germany, Holland, Italy, France, England, North Africa and the New World. Turkey received about 90,000 and Morocco about 20,000.

The Sephardic House, Institute for Sephardic Culture in New York, includes citizens as Sephardics from Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Calcutta, Yemen and Turkey and Morocco.

Dr. Hidalgo stated that the term marranos was believed to be a corruption of the Hebrew word maranatha meaning “anathema over you,” i.e, a person accursed or more precisely a formal condemnation excommunicating those conversos from the Jewish faith. –From “Somos Primos,” publication of the Soc-iety of Hispanic, Historical and Ancestral Research, Box 5294, Fullerton, CA 92635.

4)  Dear Cousins

As you know, I have been searching for my father in America for several years now without any luck. Thanks to your help, we found him immediately. I have been E-mailing three or four messages per day to my new-found father, and I am receiving just as many back from him. I am absolutely positive that he is my father; he knows things that he could not possibly know otherwise. The best of all is that he is just like the father of my dreams. He is extremely happy about my making contact with him, and we are going soon to visit each other.

This is a typical “Hollywood ending” that you see in the movies or read in a magazine. I am so truly, truly grateful for the help from you. I really do not know to express the gratitude for what you have given me. My life completely changed last week; I now have a father, thanks to you. It would have been impossible for us to have been reunited without your help. I am sending an application for a Contributing Membership in the Foundation. You have changed my life! Anne-Linda Gowens, Evje Terrasse 5A, 1300 Sandvika, Norway, +47+67567935, gowens@sn.no

==Dear Cousins==

I am researching the family of Moses P. Gowen and his wife Laurilla [Orilla?] of Lebanon, ME. He was born there in 1814, and she was born in Bradford, ME [then called Blakesburgh] in 1818. In the 1900 census of York County, ME, Moses P. Gowen was living in the home of his daughter, Ester P. Gowen Hall. Children born to Moses & Laurilla include: Sylvia Gowen bc1817, Synthia Gowen, bc1839, Draxey C. Gowen b1842, Sarah Gowen bc1843, Dorcas Gowen bc1845, Ester Gowen bc1847 and Moses M. Gowen b1849. Elijah S. Smith and Draxey C. Gowen, my g-g-gps, were married in 1866 in Charleston, ME. I would be glad to share information with any Gowen researcher. Debbie Krupke, 6 Strawberry Hill St, Bar Harbor, ME, 04609, krupke@arcadia.net

I need some help with my ancestors. My gggf John Goins and wife Louisa had a son, Alfred Goins who was married to Arminda “Mindy” Dodson. Their son, my grandfather, Henry Clay Goins was born in 1877 and was married to a cousin, Nezzie Goins, born in 1882. They were enumerated in the 1870, 1880 and 1900 census of Bledsoe County, TN.

All of my family have olive or coppertone skin and black hair, attributed legendarily to an Indian ancestor. Now I wonder if there was an element of Black or Melungeon blood in the mix.

Ideas, anyone? Whatever my ancestors were, I am proud of them for they had a hard time, and I want to know. Patsy I. Goins Delehanty, 650 Koch Ave, Vandalia, OH, 45397.

==Dear Cousins==

I am getting back into the Gowen family genealogy and have been updating my material. I have completed considerable family history on approximately 300 Gowen families and feel that it should be shared with those who are interested. I am interested in reaffiliating with the Foundation. Yvonne M. Gowen, 15015-91 “A” Ave, Surrey, British Columbia, Canada, V3R 1B8.

==Dear Cousins==

We still talk about the great time in Nashville with all the cousins, and we are looking forward to doing it again in Salt Lake City in 1988. Enclosed is my 1997 renewal and an order for a set of the Conference tapes. I have seen the Foundation Webpage on the Internet, and it is amazing what has been accomplished by some many cousins working together. I never knew there were that many Goins in all the world! Jon Lee Goins, 9404 Hunters Trace, Austin, TX, 78758.

==Dear Cousins==

What a delight to meet and talk to you, albeit limited to the telephone! I am enclosing a copy of my Gowen/Going-Hollis file which may be useful to you. The trek of the Gowen-Hollis families from Fairfax and Prince Edward Counties, VA, thru Orange and Anson Counties, NC and into Fairfield, Kershaw, Richland and Union Counties, SC is fascinating as they moved along together.

Can you tell me why Alexander Gowen and Moses Hollis were in conflict while in Fairfax County. I have already retained a genealogical researcher in Caswell County and am retaining one for Anson County to make further inquiry into our families’ connections. I want to know more about my believed-to-be Gowen ancestors and would like to hear from Foundation members who might help. William Slater Hollis, Brig-Gen, U. S. Army [Ret.], Box 511087, Melbourne Beach, FL, 32950.

==Dear Cousins==

I need to find the parents of James Alexander Gowin and Rebecca Adams Gowin. Nathaniel Gowin was born to them July 28, 1794. He was married to Sabra Midgett in Roane County, TN July 20, 1813. Their son, Minor Steel Gowin who was born October 1, 1823 is my g-gf. Can you help? Marian V. Davison, Route 1, Box 3120, Ft. Gibson, OK, 74434.

==Dear Cousins==

I did not fall off the face of the earth, but I have been in England now for five months. My wife and family are still in Florida, and Nancy has been forwarding my Newsletters. Enclosed is my 1997 renewal and new address. I am trying to put together an article for the Newsletter about my ancestor Jonathan Henry Gowen of Patrick County, VA and Adair County, Kentucky. As I get closer to retirement from the Air Force, I hope to have more time for research. Col. Sam Kret-zschmar, PSC 41, Box 3398, APO AE 09464-3398

==Dear Cousins==

A friend of mine was surfing the Internet and found you for me. My membership is enclosed. I am a Going by birth and have been trying to discover my roots in New England. My g-gf Wilder Horace Going was in Sutton, MA during the 1850s. I have been stymied for months. Help, please. Mary Going Seabolt, 8048 Wofford Rd, Rudy, AR, 72952.

Available on the Internet

at http://www.llano.net/gowen
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Articles about the mysterious Melungeons written by Foundation
Members during the Past 8 years.

Dear Cousins

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NOTE:  The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing.  It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic.  I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes.   So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct.  Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.

Their website is:  Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf

There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors.   The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.

Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.

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