Sections in this issue:
1) Discrimination Dogs John Levi Goins From Georgia to Kentucky;
2) Sandra M. Loridans to Describe Unique Genealogical Success;
3) DEAR COUSINS.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER
Volume 7, No. 7 March 1996
1) Discrimination Dogs John Levi Goins From Georgia to Kentucky
By Jaymie Friedman Frederick
Box 361, Scobey, Montana, 59263
In May of 1994 the genealogy bug bit me, and my life has never been the same since! My mother had tried to find her Going ancestors in the 1970s, but could never locate them in Kentucky where my g-g-grandfather, James L. Elijah Going, was born in 1837. We decided to join forces to give it another try–with remarkable success! If you will stay with me to the end, I will give you our sure-fire research technique.
The first thing we did was check with the Foundation. It was only able to provide some slender clues on our Going family in Georgia. Alas, it appeared that no pathfinder had come before us to make our jobs easier, so we started from square one. With Mom working from Knoxville, Tennesse and I from Montana we came up with who we believed were our James Going’s uncles: Hiram B. Goins [cs1850, Arkansas], Abner A. Goins [cs1850 Missouri] and Absalom Jefferson Goins [cs1850, Arkansas.] Our James Going kept popping up around these men who were all Georgia-born, as was the father of James Going. All of their children were born in Kentucky, and I had a hunch that I should investigate the possibilities.
Absalom Jefferson Goins moved to Poplar Bluff, Missouri in 1855 and remained there until his death. One Sunday, I got all the Goins listings in the Poplar Bluff telephone directory and started calling. Naturally I learned nothing–until I called the last on the list; then I hit pay dirt. Absalom Jefferson Goins had come from Crittenden County, Kentucky. His descendant also knew that he had cousins who spelt their last name “Going.” Next stop Kentucky!
We immediately started searching in Livingston County, since Crittenden was formed from Livingston in 1842. We found all of these Goins men listed in the 1840 census. All of these guys were listed as “free mulattos” and owned slaves! Boy, was I confused now, but I kept on digging! I found where all of these Georgia Gowan/Going/Goins men came to Livingston County from Wilkes and Greene Counties, Georgia in 1801. Greene County was organized in 1786 with land from Wilkes County.
The first that arrived in Kentucky were Aaron Goins, Reuben Goins, Gallant/Garland Goins, Patsy Goins and Elizabeth Goins. They were listed in the Old Salem Baptist Church records in 1804, and believe it or not, the present-day church still has the original church meeting minutes. From the minutes, I got my first clue that my family was not very popular in Kentucky.
Poor Aaron was being constantly called down by the church council for speaking harshly to others and was made to apologize publicly. I knew something was wrong when I found a reference to an apology Aaron had to make to a black slave! How many people were forced to apologize to slaves in 1805? In 1809, “Sister Going” got our whole bunch excommunicated for stating that the Goings “did not believe what the Salem Church was preaching and that they believed in a more Calvinistic doctrine.”
Although they were considered white by the church members, the tax collectors certainly considered them black. My g-g-g- grandfather, John Going showed up around 1806, and after two years of being reported as “white” on the tax rolls, as his kinsmen were, they all became “mulattos.” We searched through land records and established that John L. Goins [aka Levi Goins] ca1796 Georgia; Hiram B. Goins, 1799 Georgia; Abner A. Goins, 1803 Georgia and Absalom Jefferson Goins, 1805 Georgia were all brothers, sons of John Goins. They inherited their father’s farm upon his death in 1820, along with “their aunts Mary, Lucy, and Massa.”
The farm, about 800 acres, was valuable. It had a sawmill and a gristmill located on it. My g-g-g-grandfather John L. Goins was married to Rebecca Harris in 1835, across the Ohio River in Pope County, Illinois. I suspect they went there to marry as Kentucky at that time would not license mulattos to marry. The Goins family may have felt it necessary to leave Georgia because of the racial prejudice they encountered, but Kentucky wasn’t much better.
Minutes of the Crittenden County Circuit Court in 1837 and 1838 show that John L. Going was twice charged with assault, along with his brother, Abner. The charges, obviously harrassment, were always dropped before reaching the courtroom. There were several land disputes with their neighbors; I concluded that the neighbors were trying to “run them off.” Luckily the county court judges must have been fairly decent, as the family members managed to hold on to their land throughout all the persecution.
In 1844, John L. Going and his wife, Rebecca Harris Going and Abner Going and his wife, Matilda Jenkins Going were arrested for the crime of fornication! John and Rebecca had removed to adjoining Union County, Kentucky, but their troubles followed them. Again, the neighbors turned them in and had arrest warrants drawn up against them. The whole Going gang left Crittenden County in 1847 and removed to Arkansas and Missouri. Only John remained in Union County.
Last summer, Mom and I went there and learned even more! The local historian, a man in his 80s, had a friend whose father had known the Goings. They were suspected of counterfeiting and selling the bogus money to people on their way to the California gold rush. When they were alerted that the sheriff was coming, the Goings left for Missouri and Arkansas.
From then on, these Going men “passed for white.” I never found where they had any more legal troubles in Missouri or in Arkansas. We were fascinated to learn that they were known to be fortune-tellers, the most renowned being Nancy Goins. To this day in Marion, Kentucky, people say, “If you want good luck, just say ‘Nancy Goins!'” She convinced her clients that she was their good luck charm and could help them attain any goal!
Not long after they left Kentucky, a schoolhouse was built on the old farm and was named the Goins School. The Goins family cemetary lies beside the old school, long rotted away. The school
children were told that it was an Indian burial ground. The stones are unmarked and were hauled from the river to the gravesite.
I later learned from a local genealogist that the Goings were looked down upon and were considered troublemakers. [Then why did they suddenly become model citizens and not continue to make trouble after they left Kentucky? She also reported that there were caves on their Kentucky farm, and when trouble came [which was often], the offender hid out in the caves until the coast was clear again.
Newsletter readers will remember the past articles about the “The Horrible Gowan Family Incident” [Newsletter, March 1993] which occured in Livingston County. The author changed the names “to protect the innocent.” Isn’t it odd that the writer just pulled the name “Gowan” out of the air? I feel he knew exactly why he chose that name. Who better to go down in history as committing these acts than the notorious Gowan/Going bunch.
I don’t know if I’ll ever discover who my g-g-g-g-grandfather John Going’s parents were, but I have discovered things about these people that make them very real to me. My heart is broken for them and for all the prejudice they had to endure.
I can assure you, the Goings are still a hardy bunch and have risen above all the pettiness of the past. To date, none of my clan has been jailed for counterfeiting, assault or any of the other charges leveled against them almost two centuries ago. I guess we are becoming pretty dull.
If anyone has any pointers that could lead me to my forebears in Georgia or Virginia [where they apparently first lived], please let me know. In exchange, I have a tip for you that will work for you in the archives. If you want good luck in your research, before you go inside, just say “Nancy Goins!” I whisper her name three times before I open any ledger–and it works every time.
2) Sandra M. Loridans to Describe Unique Genealogical Success
Sandra M. Loridans is a former legal administrator of the law firm of Loridans & Loridans of Shreveport and presently a resident of the American colony in Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico, in retirement. She will speak on her unique genealogical success at the Foundation Research Conference in Nashville May 7. She, a descendant of the Goins family of South Carolina, Choctaw Nation and Louisiana, has done extensive research on her ancestry.
She began her family history research in 1990, the year she removed to Mexico, and six years later has documented 65 grand-parents, reaching back to the 1600s in Germany. Much of her success is due to her legal experience and familiarity with Louisiana law and the legal records of its parish courthouses. Louisiana is unique in that its statutes are based on the ic Code, while laws in other states are based on English common law.
Following matriculation at Tulane University, she became president of American Business Women’s Association in 1985-86 and was nominated to the Top Ten Business Women in 1986. She is a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, National Genealogical Society, Genealogy Club of Chapala and an Editorial Boardmember of the Foundation. She, the mother of seven and grandmother of 10, has served in Louisiana Trial Lawyers Association, Bossier Arts Council board of directors, Louisiana Folklife Commission, Louisiana Music & Film Com-mission, first chairman of Louisiana Super Derby Festival and as a trustee of Bossier Parish Community College. In Mexico she is chapter president of Adopte Una Obra de Arte, currently restoring a 1920 railroad station as a museum and cultural arts center. Additionally she owns The Southern Touch, an interior design studio in Chapala.
Her lecture is regarded as a must for researchers preparing to probe their ancestry in South Carolina, Louisiana and Choctaw Nation and will be featured in the Foundation Research Conference & Family Reunion which will be held at the Sheraton Music City Hotel May 5-6-7. The event will run in tandem with the National Genealogical Society’s annual Conference in the States which will unfold May 8-9-10-11 at the Nashville Convention Center.
The day-long sessions on Monday and Tuesday will be devoted to lectures and presentations on research on the family surname in all of its 23 spelling variations. Time will be devoted to a Genealogy Free-for-All in which the attendees will gather to exchange research and to show their manuscripts, charts and books. During the remainder of the week, Foundation members are invited to research in the State Library & Archives and in the Nashville Room of the Public Library.
The NGS Conference will begin Wednesday, May 8 in the Con-vention Center at Fifth Avenue and Broadway with a program of 163 lectures and presentations by nationally-known experts in their fields. The sessions will feature migration patterns, state repositories, ethic research, genetics, skill-building and computer labs. Thirty computer stations, staffed by instructors, will train the attendees in navigating the Internet and to show them where to go to find concentrations of genealogical data.
Middle Tennessee Genealogical Society invites the Foundation members and guests to board the “General Jackson,” the largest showboat in the world, for a dinner cruise on the Cumberland River from 6:00 to 10:00 on Thursday, May 9. Foundation members will be saluted at the Saturday night performance of Grand Ole Opry on May 11. This two-and-a-half-hour event will conclude the week’s festivities.
The Sheraton Music City Hotel is located at 777 McGavock Pike, Nashville, 37214, near the Metropolitan Nashville Airport and Opryland. The hotel offers a shuttle to the airport, Opryland and to downtown. Single and double occupancy in the 412-room hotel is normally priced at $139 nightly in season, however Foundation members and their guests are offered the accommodations at $99 nightly during the week. Members should specify that they are attending the GRF Conference when making reservations and again when checking in. Phone number of the Sheraton is 615/885-2200.
Early registration fee for the Foundation Conference, by April 5, for members and guests is $50. After April 5, the registration fee is $60. Registrants may clip or reproduce the coupon below and attach their checks. The registration fee pays for the Foundation Dinner, coffee break refreshments, speaker honoraria, audio visual equipment rental and other hotel expenses.
Early registration fee for the NGS Conference, by April 5, is $150 and after April 5, $175. NGS programs and registration forms can be obtained from NGS by writing “1996 NGS Conference,” 4527 17th St, North, Arlington, VA, 22207-2399, 703/525-0050, Fax 703/525-0052.
Gowen Research Foundation 806/795-8758
5708 Gary Avenue 806/795-9694
Lubbock, Texas, 79413
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION RESEARCH CONFERENCE & FAMILY REUNION PROGRAM
May 5-6-7, 1996 Sheraton Music City Hotel
7:00 pm Welcoming Reception for members and guests
Donna Gowin Johnston, Casper, WY, Editorial Boardmember
9:00 pm Group Photo, Peggy Ann Davis White, Hopkinsville, KY
Editorial Boardmember. Adjourn
8:30 am “Welcome to Tennessee,” Cherel Bolin Henderson,
Knoxville, TN, First Families of Tennessee
8:40 am Response, Jon Lee Goins, Austin, TX
8:45 am “The Mystery of the Melungeons,” Evelyn McKinley Orr,
Omaha, NE, Chairman, Melungeon Research Team,
9:30 am “The Powhatan Indian Connection”, Jack Harold Goins,
Rogersville, TN, Editorial Boardmember
10:15 am “The Melungeons of Newmans Ridge,” Ruth Johnson,
Kingsport, TN, Editorial Boardmember
11:00 “The Melungeons, America’s Forgotten People,” Dr. N. Brent
Kennedy, Kingsport, TN, Vice-Chancellor, Clinch Valley College,
University of Virginia
11:45 am Melungeon Questions & Answers
Panel: Dr. Kennedy, Orr, Goins and Johnson
12:00 Lunch break
1:00 pm “Genealogical Sources Frequently Overlooked,” Donna Gowin
Johnston, Casper, WY, Editorial Boardmember
2:00 pm “First Families of Tennessee,” Cherel Bolin Henderson,
Knoxville, TN, East Tennessee Historical Society
3:00 pm “Using Archaeology in Genealogy,” Guy G. Weaver, Memphis,
TN, Lead Archaeologist, Garrow & Associates
Gowen Farm Artifact Exhibit
4:00 pm Field Trip to Gowen Farm & Cemetery, Metropolitan Nashville
Airport, Guy G. Weaver, Memphis, TN
4:00 pm Genealogy Free-for-All, Phillip Alan Gowan, Nashville, TN
Foundation Boardmember, Moderator
5:00 pm Adjourn
9:00 am “The Goyne Family of Georgia, Spanish West Florida and the
Free Strip,” Col. Carroll Heard Goyne, Shreveport, LA,
10:00 am “Dank Basements, Musty Attics & Bungee Cords; The Re-
searcher’s Bane or Reward,” Sandra M. Loridans, Chapala,
Jalisco, Mexico, Editorial Boardmember
11:00 am “Thomas Goin of Brunswick County, Virginia and His
Descendants All Over” Dianne Thurman, Wichita, KS and
Tammy Goin-Stone, Ontario, OR
12:00 Lunch Break
Board of Directors Meeting
1:00 pm “Celebration of the Native American Goins,” Will Moreau Goins, PhD, Detroit, MI
2:00 pm [To be announced]”
3:00 pm “Foundation Records on the Internet,” Arlee Gowen, Lubbock,
TX, Foundation President
4:00 pm Editorial Boardmeeting, Jim Callahan, Nashville, IN, Moderator
5:00 pm Adjourn
6:45 pm Group Photo Session, Peggy Ann Davis White, Hopkinsville, KY
7:00 pm Foundation Dinner
8:00 pm “Shirttail Relatives, Kissing Kin and Neighbors; Identifying
Gowen Ancestors Associates,” Virginia Easley Demarce,
Arlington, VA, Editorial Boardmember
9:00 pm “Adieu, til we meet again.”
3) DEAR COUSINS
It is exciting to see the research now being done by the Foundation members in Henry County, Virginia in the search for the ancestors of my Revolutionary Charles Gowens. We appreciate especially the work of Walter Turner of Orem, Utah, Donna Gowin Johnston of Casper, Wyoming and Jack Goins of Rogersville, Tennessee.. They have been such a blessing to the family for all the material they have been gathering for us. To say thanks to all, my Contributing Membership is enclosed. Rosa Evelyn Ray Cordell, 801 W. College Ave, Coleman, TX, 76834.
I have in my possession the original certificate of the Grand Lodge of Charleston, SC [Royal Arch excellent Lodge of Masonry] declaring “Bro. Isaac Going, Master of the Chair of the Lodge in Union, SC. The certificate, dated November 6, 1813, states that the time of the admission of Isaac Going to the Lodge was March 10, 1800. It seems to establish that Isaac Going was 21 years old and lived in Union District in 1800. Col. Walter F. Going, Jr, 6055 Lakeshore Dr, Columbia, SC, 29206.
After years of researching my husband’s Goings line in Mississippi, I find my efforts leading to the Melungeons. I would like to make contact with other researchers who are dealing with the Melungeon Goings. July Melton, 8319 S. 2700 West, West Jordan, UT, 84088.
Please advise the young lady [Celia B.] searching for her father, Durwood to do the following, if she has not already:
1. The State of Texas maintains a register where she can file her name as one who is seeking a birth parent [probably the Bureau of Vital Statistics.]
2. Contact the Department of the Army to see information on Durwood. There is a slight possibility that he may have had some contact with the Veterans Service Officer [listed under United States Government] in the Ft. Hood area prior to leaving there, especially if he were discharged at the time he left. Almost every discharged veteran in 1966 would have applied for either schooling or on-the-job benefits under the G.I. Bill.
3. I understand that Social Security Administration will sometimes assist in these cases. I wish Celia B. the best of luck. This was the area of law that our firm specialized in, so it is pretty dear to my heart. Sandra M. Loridans, Apartado Postal 844, 45900 Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico.
Gowen Research Foundation 806/795-8758 or 795-9694
5708 Gary Avenue
Lubbock, Texas, 79413 Electronic Library/BBS 806/795-2005
Sandra Loridans of Jalisco
To Speak at Conference
May 7 in Nashville
See Page 1 . . .
Family Narratives Requested
The Foundation would like to carry in future Newsletters similar accounts of the earliest progenitors in your branch of the family. Please consider your self “next” to prepare a narrative on your most interesting ancestor. If you need help in organizing your material, the Foundation staff will be glad to assist. Jot down the salient facts, dates and places, and we’ll take it from there.
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.