Sections in this issue:
1) William Harrison Gowen Served in Ragtag Fourth Georgia Regiment;
2) Jackson Goen Missed Four Headrights But Finally Acquired Land In Texas;
3) Editorial Board Named for 1995;
4) Dear Cousins.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER
Volume 6, No. 5 January 1995
1) William Harrison Gowen Served in
Ragtag Fourth Georgia Regiment
William Harrison Gowen, scion of a prominent Georgia family, went from riches to rags when he volunteered August 25, 1862 at age 20 in the Fourth Georgia Cavalry Regiment commanded by Col. D. L. Clinch. His mother provided him with a splendid cavalryman’s uniform of Confederate gray with brass buttons and even a plume for his hat. But the Fourth Georgia was no place for a fancy dude.
The regiment was assigned to coastal defence, and the best horses, equipment and supplies went north to battlefield cavalry units like those commanded by Stonewall Jackson. If a Fourth cavalryman looked like a soldier with ability, he was transferred north as a replacement. The regiment was always short-handed and poorly mounted. Generally they forgot to salute. The Fourth was an embarrassment to its sister unit, the Fifth Georgia Cavalry Regiment.
In the fall of 1863 an ambitious Col. R. H. Anderson, who commanded the Fifth, attempted to disparage the Fourth in order to have it consolidated with his command. He addressed a letter to Gen. Beauregard describing for his benefit the Fourth, as follows, “no two commands are drilled alike, their internal organization is entirely different, their discipline is loose and irregular, their armament is bad and the equipment miserable. I
verily believe that they could not march tomorrow from Savannah to Charleston without having 50% of their horses unfit for service.”
However the General saw something he liked in Clinch’s command and ignored Anderson’s suggestion. The Fourth, shuttling from Savannah to Jacksonville, took
pride in their privation. They wore their slouch hats and ill-fitting uniforms like a badge of honor. The patch-itup-and-make-it-do command was not impressive on the drill field [if they ever saw one], but they took on all comers. They fought like wildcats against tremendous odds and never lost a battle.
Once on March 20, 1863 Gen. G. T. Beauregard, from his Charleston headquarters, ordered the Fourth to Jacksonville to meet a threatened invasion from the sea.
On March 27, the regiment composed of 277 men and three pieces of artillery was facing the invaders. The Eighth Maine Infantry Regiment and the Sixth Connecticut Infantry Regiment with support from some 1,500 negro troops under “Montgomery of Kansas”
came storming ashore.
Col. Clinch had three of his five cavalry companies dismount to fight as infantrymen in protection of the artillery pieces and placed the remaining two on the flanks. Each time a landing force arrived, the artillery opened up. When the cannon barrels were about to melt, the dismounted cavalrymen charged. The entire Federal force was routed and fell back into the sea, awaiting evacuation. Jacksonville was saved and Gen. Beauregard was elated.
Beauregard sent Col. Clinch his congratulations in General Order No. 12, a commendation to the colonel for his efficient discharge of his duties and Maj. J. C. McDonald who commanded the three companies who dismounted to serve as infantrymen. Individual acts of bravery were cited in the citation which closed with “Officers and men of the Fourth Georgia were always eager and ready to meet the enemy on any and all occasions.”
The Federal armada abandoned its efforts to take Jacksonville and steamed north to threaten Brunswick, Georgia. The Yankees landed on St. Simons Island almost unopposed and used it as a staging area. But when they attempted to invade adjoining Brunswick, the
found the short-handed Fourth Georgia drawn up to oppose them. Again the landing force withered under the rapid fire of the artillery, and again the cavalrymen drove them back into the water. The Fourth launched an attack on St. Simons Island, and the Federal forces were again evacuated by their navy.
On July 2, 1863 Capt W. M. Hazard of Company G of the Fourth Georgia filed a routine, matter-of-fact report to his headquarters at Savannah, concerning the part played by his troops in the repulse of the Federal naval craft attempting the landing at Brunswick, according to “War Department Records,” Series I, Volume 14, page 315.
Thwarted here, the Federal boats turned up river in a foraging attempt. Capt. Hazard reports that his troops mounted and dashed up river to place themselves in defense of a salt factory which the Federals threatened, again repulsing them. On that date the Fourth Georgia operated in the Georgia theatre under command of Brig. Gen. H. W. Mercer. Throughout the remainder of the Civil War, Clinch’s regiment was never attached to an
army corps, but was used to successfully defend the Savannah River batteries and other coastal military installations.
Paperwork was not one of the strong points of the regiment. The muster roll of the Fourth Georgia for June 1864, last on file, shows William Harrison Gowen still “present.” The regiment, still defiant and eager to fight, was included in the command of Maj.-Gen. Sam
Jones, CSA, when it was surrendered to Federal forces. William Harrison Gowen was paroled at Thomasville, Georgia in mid-May of 1865, a month after the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse.
William Harrison Gowen, son of James Gowen and Anna Elizabeth Abbott Gowen, was born in Camden County, Georgia January 23, 1842, according to Charles Latimer Gowen of Atlanta, his grandson.
William Harrison Gowen was married about 1870 to Anne Elizabeth Wright of Carteret’s Point, near Brunswick in Glynn County. She was a daughter of Moses Christopher Burnett Wright and Ann Anderson Wright. Their household was enumerated in the 1880 census of Glynn County, Enumeration District 57, page 25, as:
“Gowen, W. H. 38, born in Georgia
A. E. 27, born in Georgia
C. B. 9, born in Georgia, son
C. A. 7, born in Georgia, son”
William Harrison Gowen died February 23, 1890 on St. Simons Island, and was buried there in Christ Churchyard, Frederica, Georgia.
Children born to William Harrison Gowen and Anne Elizabeth Wright Gowen include:
Clarence Blain Gowen born January 29, 1871
Charles Moore Gowen born May 18, 1872
2) Jackson Goen Missed Four Headrights
But Finally Acquired Land In Texas
Jackson Goen had been drawn to Texas all his life. He had heard that Texas had land to burn! An immense domain of virgin land it was, and you could have all you wanted, just for the taking. When the call came to his native South Carolina for volunteers from the embattled Texans in their Revolutionary struggle, Jackson Goen longed to go. The Texas government offered a First Class Headright of a league and a labor–4,602 acres–to every man who joined in their fight for independence.
But Goen delayed, and on March 2, 1836, Texas won its struggle for independence, and the first class grants were withdrawn. Texas still needed settlers, and it offered Second Class Headrights of 1,280 acres. Again Goen procrastinated, and in 18 months, this second land offer was withdrawn. On October 1, 1837, Texas, still needing citizens and taxpayers, offered Third Class Headrights of a section of land. The offer was withdrawn January 1, 1840, and Jackson Goen had missed out again.
On January 1, 1840 the Republic of Texas announced its Fourth Class Headright program which still offered a section of land with the requirement that 10 acres be placed into cultivation. Jackson Goen felt a stronger attraction to Texas and began to make plans for a move.
He finally arrived in Nacogdoches, Texas in 1850 long after the headright program had terminated.
Jackson Goen was born March 15, 1811, according to his tombstone in Thomason Cemetery at Nacogdoches as recorded in “Nacogdoches County, Texas Cemeteries.”
He was recorded in the 1850 census of Nacogdoches County as “age 23 [?], single, carpenter” living in the household of Constantine Hardeman, Household 45-45, a farmer who was born in South Carolina. Jackson Goen was married February 2, 1854 to Miss Martha F. A. Thomason, daughter of David Thomason and Martha Jane Thomason, according to Nacogdoches County Marriage Book 1, page 590. David Thomason was born in
Virginia in 1796, and Martha Jane Thomason was born January 5, 1809.
Jackson Goen finally acquired some Texas land, but sold his 200 acres January 19, 1855 to Peter B. Fewell for $75, according to Deed Book L, page 590. Jackson Goen was enumerated as the head of Household 529-529 in the 1860 census of Nacogdoches:
“Goen, Jackson 47, born in Georgia[?], farmer,
$1,774 in personal property
Martha 31, born in Tennessee, wife
Betty 6. born in Texas, daughter
Durham 3, born in Texas, son”
He served in the Texas Third Brigade during the Civil War. He was registered to vote in 1867 and reported that he had been in Texas for 17 years. Jackson Goen received a pre-emption certificate for 81.7 acres of land located 10« miles east of Nacogdoches from the State of Texas August 15, 1871, according to the Texas State Land Commission File No. 3992.
Jackson Goen died September 19, 1887 and was buried in Thomason Cemetery adjacent to his father-in-law who had died in 1877. Martha Jane Thomason died October 3, 1899. “Martha Goyen,” regarded as Martha A. F. Thomason Goen, died March 16, 1910 at age 83,
according to Nacogdoches County death records.
Children born to Jackson Goen and Martha A. F. Thomas Goen include:
Betty Goen born about 1854
James Durham Goen born about 1857
3) Editorial Board Named for 1995
The Foundation’s Editorial Board of Directors nominated to serve during the ensuing calendar year will act as the “eyes and ears” of the Foundation, gathering research
from various sources and undertaking research projects.
Development of the Foundation Manuscript, the Newsletter, the Foundation Library and the Electronic Library will be under its oversight. All boardmembers work voluntarily, and each may withdraw his name at any time. Nominees for 1995 include:
AUNSPAUGH, MARION GOWAN Route 3, Box 509 BLAKELY GA 31723
AYRES, MILDRED R. 804 St. Lukes Drive RICHARDSON TX 75080
CALLAHAN, JAMES R. 696 E. Freeman Ridge NASHVILLE IN 47448
CALVIN, WILLIAM DIRK Box 58143 NASHVILLE TN 37205
CLEMENTS, BARBARA SEWALL 38 Pine Road NORTH HAMPTON NH 03862
CORDELL, ROSA EVELYN 801 W. College Ave. COLEMAN TX 76834
COUCH, MARIE GOWEN 1467 CR 342 JONESBORO AR 72401
DEMARCE, VIRGINIA EASLEY 5635 North 25th Rd. ARLINGTON VA 22207
DEMARCELLUS, JUNE GOWEN 151 Riviera Drive RIVIERA BEACH FL 33404
DENDY, MIRIAM R. 1800 Ballard SE HUNTSVILLE AL 35801
DENNEY, CAROL A. 7112 Calumet AMARILLO TX 79106
DOUGHERTY, BEATRICE GOINS Box 388 RICHMOND KY 40476
DUNCAN, SAMMY CRAIG 2107 Division GREENVILLE TX 75401
EDMONDSON, CHAN Box 190354 DALLAS TX 75214
ESSARY, DON & LINDA Route 1, Box 11 FLOYD NM 88118
FINLEY, WILLIS & RACHEL 307 Fairview Drive LONGVIEW TX 75604
GOANS, SAMUEL KENNETH 2919 Walnut Crest Dr ANTIOCH TN 37013
GOEN, MRS. DIXON 5157 Hastings Road SAN DIEGO CA 92116
GOIN, ANNA LEE 13811 Jeff. Hwy 99E JEFFERSON OR 97352
GOIN, HOYT L. 2506 W. 2nd Street RUSSELLVILLE AR 72801
GOINGS, DAVID Box 585832 ORLANDO FL 32858
GOINS, GEORGE VIRGIL Route 2, Box 354 BLANCHARD OK 73010
GOINS, JACK HAROLD Route 2, Box 275 ROGERSVILLE TN 37857
GOINS, LARRY K. 1815 Bacons Brdg #E6 SUMMERVILLE SC 29485
GOINS, RICHARD 138 S. Ferry Street 0TTUMWA IA 52501
GOSNELL, JAMES RICHARD 506 Eastway Drive SPARTANBURG SC 29307
GOWAN, ANNA S. BUTLER 5719 E. Aster Dr SCOTTSDALE AZ 85254
GOWAN, FORREST BRUCE 240 Wallace Road JACKSON TN 38301
GOWAN, JACK & LA FAY 2157 Shadybrook Lane HOOVER AL 35226
GOWAN, PATRICK WILLIAM 1422 Puterbough St. SAN DIEGO CA 92103
GOWAN, PHILLIP ALAN Box 5777 NASHVILLE TN 37208
GOWEN, ARLEE 5708 Gary Avenue LUBBOCK TX 79413
GOWEN, BARNEY ALEXANDER Box 387 WOODBINE GA 31569
GOWEN, DON LEE 1310 Cantwell Av DECATUR AL 35601
GOWEN, MILLER ABBOTT P.O. Box 2389 1211 GENEVA SWITZERL
GOWEN, RICHARD FRANCIS Route 2, Box 90DR MANOR TX 78653
GOWEN, THOMAS MASON 378 Belmont Road MANCHESTER TN 37355
GOWENS, OLEN ROSS Ashby Place LADOGA IN 47954
GOWING, MARY R. 1832 Buck Street EUGENE OR 97405
GOYEN, BRIAN 6 Myrtle Court MELBOURNE VI AUSTRA
GOYEN, ROBERT J. 523 Sutton Street SEBASTOPOL 3356VC AUSTRA
GOYNE, COL. CARROLL H. 10019 Canterbury Dr. SHREVEPORT LA 71106
GRIDER, JEAN 1734 Salem Ch. Rd. CAVE CITY KY 42127
HALL, EVELYN SANDIFER 4319 Colonial Drive SHREVEPORT LA 71119
HERRING, LOUISE COPELAND Box 457 GREENVILLE GA 30222
JOHNSON, M. RUTH 3705 Bloomingdale Rd KINGSPORT TN 37660
JOHNSTON, DONNA V. GOWIN 1513 Westridge Terr. CASPER WY 82604
KITCHENS, ILA LAFAY B, 101 Jolly Roger MONROE LA 71203
KRETZSCHMAR, LT.COL. SAM 2280 Bent Pine St. MELBOURNE FL 32935
LIEDELL, SUSAN B. 140 Kates Path YARMOUTH PORT MA 02675
LORIDANS, SANDRA K. AP 844 45900 CHAPALA JAL, MEX
MOORE, JR., CARL E. Box 2344 CHICAGO IL 60690
NASH, DELLA J. FORD 2515 NW 26th OKLAHOMA CITY OK 73107
NEWMAN, KENNETH L. 906 Second St. NE JACKSONVILLE AL 36265
ORR, EVELYN MC KINLEY 8310 Emmet Street OMAHA NE 68134
POE, PHYLLIS J. 15406 Ashburton HOUSTON TX 77040
PROCTOR, LOLA RUTH J. 4717 Bethany GARLAND TX 75042
RICHARDSON, LOUISE GOINS 2207 E. Lake Street PARAGOULD AR 72450
ROBERTSON, BETTY J. 3127 Home Prk Circ.N JACKSONVILLE FL 32207
SALMOND, BILLIE JUNE 530 E. Woodland Lane BOUNTIFUL UT 84010
SPALDING, ANNE GOWEN 350 Cross St. Lane ATLANTA GA 30328
STAPLETON, HAZEL GOWEN Box 158 FOLKSTON GA 31537
STARK, MARY BURNS 239 Deerfield Street HOUSTON TX 77022
STEARNS, JOY JEAN QUIMBY 618 Greenwood Circle MT. OLIVE AL 35117
TATE, MARGARET PEARSON 34 Washington St EXETER NH 03833
THURMAN, ROBERT & DIANNE 4201 Wildflower Cir. WICHITA KS 67210
TUCKER, FREDRICK M. Box 214 DUNCAN SC 29334
TURNER, WALTER E. 611 E. 1600 South OREM UT 84058
WALLACE, MARY HARMON Box 237 RATLIFF CITY OK 73081
WATSON, JULIA CASEY 250 Vacuna Road KINGSLAND GA 31548
WHITE, MARY POPE 7008 Black Bluff SW CAVE SPRING GA 30124
WHITE, PEGGY ANN DAVIS 109 Underwood Drive HOPKINSVILLE KY 42240
WILLIAMS, ANNE GOWEN Box 526 WOODBINE GA 31569
WOOD, HAZEL M. 3772 Baker Street SAN DIEGO CA 92117
WOOD, MARY EVELYN GOWEN 2220 Bruce Drive ST.SIMONS IS. GA 31522
4) Dear Cousins
I have just read “C.S.S. Alabama, Avenging Angel of the Confederacy” by Max Guerout in the December issue of the “National Geographic.” This warship sunk, burned or captured 64 Union vessels during a 22-month rampage through three oceans.
However, she met her nemesis in the U.S.S. Kearsarge, Yankee cruiser off Cherbourg, France in June 1864 in the English Channel.
In the sea battle, in which the Alabama was sunk, the Kearsarge lost only one man–Seaman William Gowin [Newsletter, December 1990] of New York. Has any Foundation researcher come up with additional information on this William Gowen? George William
Gowan, 1128 Eastbrook, Webster Groves, MO, 63110, 314/962-9744. Your inquiry prompted the Foundation to request the naval record of William Gowin from the National Archives. More on Seaman Gowin when the reply is received.
We were really excited when Donna Gowin Johnston of Casper, WY told us about the Foundation.
We logged onto the Electronic Library, and it was fun, can’t wait to get full access. We downloaded the membership application form, and our two memberships are enclosed. We will be proud to be members of the Foundation. Steve W. Sowers, Box 56, Bethany, IL,
61914 and Melody Doss, 313 N. McClellan, #3, Sullivan, IL, 61951.
It was intriguing to read of Richard A. Gowan of Smith County, MS where I was born, and where my ancestor, Patsy Gowen/Guyon Richardson died as wife of Elijah Richardson? Could you publish an article on John Gowan, father of Richard A. Gowan? This John Gowan might be a sibling of my ancestor. Please give me the names and addresses of all the researchers working on this branch of the family. Prof. Granville W. Hough, 3438 Bahia Blanca W, Apt. B, Laguna Hills, CA, 92653. John Gowan was the subject of an article by
Phillip Alan Gowan [Newsletter, December 1989]
Our branch [Margaret Tate, Barbara Clements and I] have had difficulty getting our lineage back beyond Ezekial Gowen [1773-1869] and his parents Ezekial Gowen and Sally Gowen. There’s no doubt that we descend from the Scottish prisoner-of-war William Gowen. My opinion is that he was not, as some records suggest, a Scottish Highlander, rather a Lowland Scot since he spoke English, was a Protestant and could read and write. His signature appears frequently in the earlyday York Court documents which he witnessed.
Apparently most of the setters in that period were illiterate.”
It was fascinating to hear of some researchers making a break-through to William Gowen with Angevine Gowen’s “Cider Hill Annals.” Keep us posted on news about this manuscript. Mary Ellen Gowen Waugh, 6401 Auburn Ave, Riverdale, MD, 20737.
Thanks for all the new material you sent. Although I belong to several family associations, I value the Foundation above all others. I intend to remain a member for years to come. I expect to be getting a computer soon, and your new material will certainly go in. Rosalie Holben, 10246 Empire Rd, Mohave Valley, AZ, 86440.
I wanted to write to thank you for sending us the Foundation Newsletter. We have it on our shelves for our patrons at all times. If you, or any of your members, are in our area, please stop in to see our fine collection. Sharon Lass Field, Laramie County Library, 2800 Central Ave, Cheyenne, WY, 82001.
Do you have any information in the computer files on a Lewis Gowen who had a son, Ezekiel Gowen born May 9, 1739 in Kittery, ME, married September 17, 1771, d1817 at Sanford, ME? This Ezekiel Gowen might be the father of my Ezekiel Gowen, b1773/74.
Margaret Pearson Tate, 34 Washington St, Exeter, NH, 03833.
I would like to apologize to all the cousins who have accepted my offer [Dear Cousins, August 1994] to look up information on our CDROM. Because of the death of my mother and my own subsequent illness, your requests have stacked up on me. I expect by February 1 to be back on my feet and taking care of your requests again. Walter E. Turner, 611 E. 600 South, Orem, UT, 84058.
Need information on John Going, bc1749 to Shadrack Going of Patrick County, VA. I regard John Going as the father of my Thomas Going, b1795 in VA.
Children of Thomas Going have the same names as children of Shadrack Going. Can anyone confirm? Help and exchanges appreciated. Anna G. Dunkley, Rt. 2, Box 234, Westfield, NC, 27053.
I am seeking information on my grandparents, George Washington Goings and Eugenia Elizabeth Driggers Goings who lived in Berkley County, SC in the late 1800s. I have every Newsletter which you have published, and you have carried many articles referring to men named George Washington Goings, however none of them appeared to be connected to my
grandfather. He died about 1915, and my grandmother died some time before.
Their children were Grover Cleveland, Vermell, Viola, Becky, Daisy, Kathleen, Philip, Rachel and Mary.
Rachel Goings, my mother was born October 14, 1898 and died January 23. 1970. My parents removed to Virginia when they were married, and I remember that my mother received letters from her sisters, and sometimes she visited them. At present, I do not know how to communicate with any of their children. Can the Foundation members assist me to find my family?
Virginia H. Borum, 839 Ellen St, Fernandina Beach, FL, 32034.
My earliest known ancestor is James Goyne, Sr, [Newsletter, October 1990] born May 10, 1755 in Lunenburg [later Mecklenburg] County, VA. He was married about 1775, wife’s name Mary, probably in Camden, Kershaw Co, SC and later fought in the American Revolution. After the war, he lived in Georgia and Louisiana, finally settling in Kemper
County, MS where he died.
Do you have a record of any brothers and sisters of James Goyne, Sr? What is known about other Goyne/Goius families who may be related? Casey L. Stafford, 600« S. Silver, Deming, NM, 88030.
Gowen Research Foundation
Phone: 806/795-8758 or 795-9694
5708 Gary Avenue E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lubbock, Texas, 79413 Internet:
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.