1992 – 02 Feb Newsletter – GRF

Sections in this issue:

2) Identification Being Sought For “William Gowen, Dcsd.”;
3) Redbones Arrived in Louisiana Settling on the Sabine River;

All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters:   https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/

Volume 3, No. 6 February 1992


One hundred years ago this month, the efforts of Alabama
Senator Harrison W. Goyne to raise a militia company to fight
in the 1836 Creek War were described in a newspaper article.
Capt. James McAdory and First Lt. Harrison W. Goyne
commanded the company and were mentioned prominently in
the newstory which appeared in February 17, 1892 edition of
the “Birmingham Age-Herald.”

Harrison W. Goyne, son of John “Bit Nose” Goyne and Nancy
Goyne, was born about 1806, probably in Warren County,
Georgia. His grandfather, William Goyne had appeared in the
area about 1790, based on tax records. His family removed to
Jefferson County, Alabama about the time of the War of 1812.

Harrison W. Goyne was married there November 8, 1823 to
Mrs. Elizabeth Riley Crawford, widow of Samuel Crawford
and daughter of Joseph Riley, according to Jefferson County
Marriage Book 1. His father was his security. The will of
Joseph Riley written June 7, 1826 bequeathed “my negro girl,
Mary and $50 to Harrison W. Goyne for my daughter, Elizabeth
Goyne,” according to Jefferson County will records.

About 1828, Harrison W. Goyne was elected clerk of the
county court at Elyton. He was enumerated there as the head
of a household in the 1830 census along with Benjamin
Goyne, James Goyne and John Goyne, his father. In 1831
Harrison W. Goyne was elected to the Alabama House of
Representatives from Jefferson County.

On September 17, 1832 Harrison W. Goyne “of Jefferson
County” filed on Section 33, Township 18, Range 4W in adjoining
Tuscaloosa County, according to “Old Tuscaloosa
Land Office Records and Military Warrants, 1821-1855,”
by Marilyn Davis Barefield.

He was a state senator from Jefferson County in the 1836-37
term. Harrison W. Goyne was identified as a “speculator of
Elyton” when he was chosen as first lieutenant in the Jefferson
County militia company commanded by Capt. McAdory, a
planter of Jonesboro in the Creek War. His younger brother,
Andrew C. “Cull” Goyne served as a private in the same
company which was incorporated into the Fourth Alabama
Mounted Volunteers, according to “Index to Compiled
Service Records, Alabama Units, Creek War, 1836-1837”
by Achee and Wright. Capt. McAdory later became a colonel
in the militia.

The newspaper article, obtained through the courtesy of LaFay
E. Gowan, Foundation Editorial Board Member of
Birmingham and the Birmingham Genealogical Society read:

By Thomas M. Owen

It is now almost 56 years, over half a century, since in the
spring of 1836, Jefferson County equipped and sent out a
brave and gallant company of mounted infantry to assist in
protecting the inhabitants of east and southeast Alabama
from Indian Savages and depredations. In the swift transit of
the years its members have all gone to their last resting
places, save one, and though brave in word and deed, loving
their country and fighting for its protection, history contains
no record of them, save in the following paragraph, which
appears in a short sketch of Jefferson County by B. E. Grace,
Sr, one of Jefferson County’s oldest and most honored
citizens, vis:

‘About the year 1836, great excitement was caused in Jefferson
County in consequence of the hostile attitude of the
Seminole and Creek Indians, especially the latter. The treaty
which had been recently concluded between the general
Government and Indians, for their removal to the west,
caused a great dissatisfaction among a large portion of them,
and several murders were committed between Montgomery
and Columbus, Georgia and other outrages which finally
resulted in a state of war.

The governor made a call for volunteers, and Jefferson
County, as usual in such cases, responded promptly, and a
company of near 100 men was soon raised, and James
McAdory was elected captain. I forgot the names of the
other officers, or I should gladly give them, as they were a
gallant set of boys and spent a hot summer in the sickly
climate, at that time, of South Alabama, serving faithfully
till the object of the campaign was accomplished and the
hostile Creeks were captured and sent via Montgomery and
Mobile by water to their new homes.

The captain and most of his men returned, but several
contracted disease which finally proved fatal. The only
survivor referred to above is Mr. John Thompson, a farmer
living in Shade’s Valley , a few miles southeast of Bessemer,
through whom many facts and incidents concerning this
company are rescued from perishing.

Elyton was the county site, and the center of public spirit
and intelligence as well, of Jefferson County; and when the
call for volunteers was received, immediate steps were taken
to call together those willing to enlist and lend assistance.

The call was distributed and the meeting to consider it was
held at the county court house about April 1, 1836, when
after perfection of arrangements and election of officers, all
returned home to make ready for again assembling in Elyton
preparatory for leaving.

The next week found a large number of men assembled,
each one mounted on his own horse, ready for the march.
No one, not even the officers, wore a uniform; but almost
every one wore a wool hat, linsey shirt and suit of substantial
homespun jeans. They remained one night in Elyton, a
part lodged in the old Mallory Tavern, and a part were
scattered among the hospitable homes of Col. John Martin,
Williamson Hawkins and others.

Just before leaving Capt. McAdory marched his company up
to the home of James Mudd, when Miss Mary Mudd, on
behalf of the citizens of Elyton, presented them with a
beautiful flag. The captain accepted in a few words; and
soon afterwards, they rode away, leaving sad hearts behind
them, but followed by good wishes and earnest prayers.

Their route led along the old road to Montevallo where they
were joined by their surgeon, Dr. Mardis, former member of
Congress, and where they camped the first night. Each man
carried his own rations which had been prepared for him by
loving hands before setting out.

Leaving Montevallo, they went directly to Montgomery,
camping out one night. There they were received by the
authorities and assigned to duty. There they were given
arms and ammunition, and in a few days were on a rapid
march for the Creek country.

Their service in the war was short, for the war itself was of
short duration, being only three months, the period for which
they had enlisted. The character of the service was in no respect
different from that of ordinary frontier service; and
there are no records of any particular acts of heroism accredited
to this company or its members. But they were in
several brief engagements, underwent without complaint,
several forced marches, and several of its members were
commended as skilled and brave in the execution of special
duty assigned them.

The company lost none of its members by death, but unused
to the sultry sun of the southern part of the state, in many
there were planted the germs of fatal disease that made itself
felt years afterward. They received as a reward for their services,
the sum of $10 per month and their food. At or near
Montgomery they were mustered out of service, and in
straggling bodies, returned home, having tasted the glories
of war and found it more dreadful than inviting.’

Who were these men, what of prominence did they achieve
and what became of them? Harrison W. Goyne was a clerk
of the County Court. In 1831 he sat for Jefferson County in
the House of Representatives, and in 1836 he representated
the county in the State Senate. After the return home, the
Goyne brothers, Harrison and Andrew, nicknamed “Cull,”
moved away. The only living member of this command,
John Thompson, was born February 25, 1818, and hence
will soon be in his seventy-fourth year.”

2)  Identification Being Sought
For “William Gowen, Dcsd.”

The assistance of Tennessee researchers is requested in identifying
the William Gowen who died in Williamson County,
Tennessee in the latter part of 1815. Any family historian
having the correct name of his administrator or his heirs is
asked to relay that information to the Foundation.

The inventory of the estate of William Gowen was entered
into probate in the January 1816 session of Williamson
County Court in Franklin, Tennessee:

“William Gowen, Dec’d. Inventory, January Session, 1816:

October 7, 1815: Four head of horses, Six head of cattle, Eighteen head of hogs, Two feather beds & furniture, Three saddles, One loom, One desk, One table, Four chairs, One wheel, One reel, Two pots, One kettle, One Dutch oven, One waggon and gear, One plough, Three hoes, One mattock, Three axes, One jointer, One round shave, Three augers, One hand saw, One foot addz, Three bells, Three chisells, One gauge, One hammer, One cross, One iron wedge, One shackle, One drawing knife, One pair flat irons, One currying comb, One slate, One pair compasses, Five books, One slay, Two bridles, One dish, Six pewter plates, One coffee pot, Three basins, Three bottles, Five table spoons, One earthen dish, Four plates, One crock, One grind stone, Some cotton & flax, Five knives & forks, Two pair of cards, One candle stick, Some leather, One coffee mill, One trow[?], One log chain, One set of spools, Two tin kettles, Two tubs, Three pails, Two coolers, One churn, Two barrells, Two trunks, One pair of pincers & some awls. Jenning[?] Gowen

(Continued on Page 2)
William Gowen, Dcsd, Continued.

Which Inventory as above recited was produced into open
court January Session 1816 by the Admr. Ordered to be
recorded. Page 197, A. P. Hardeman, Clk.”

Of this decedent and administrator nothing more is known.
No other record of “Jenning Gowen” has been found to date,
however “Jenkins Gowin, mulatto,” “Jenkins Goen,” “Jenkins
Goin” and “Jenkins Gowan” appeared in the legal records of
Granville County, North Carolina from 1778 through 1791.

“William Gowen,” and “William Going” were recorded there
from 1755 through 1788.” The assistance of any researcher
having access to early Williamson County probate and deed
records is requested.

Continued from January . . .

3)  Redbones Arrived in Louisiana
Settling on the Sabine River

By Evelyn McKinley Orr
Melungeon Research Team Chairman
8310 Emmet Street, Omaha, Nebraska, 68134

The Melungeon Research Team has received some queries regarding
the Sabines, also called Redbones, of south and
western Louisiana. Similar to the Melungeons, “Going” and
“Goins” is a common name among them. It appears that the
Redbones migrated from North Carolina to Louisiana, and
those that settled along the Sabine River, its boundary with
Texas, were called “Sabines.” I learned on a trip to Louisiana
recently that some of the Goins, believed to have come from
North Carolina, were in Louisiana by 1800.

Many nationalities were among the early settlers in south and
western Louisiana. Newsletter readers will remember the articles
on the Choctaw Phillip Goins who removed from Mississippi
to Louisiana before 1810.

One of the largest influxes of immigrants came when the
United States government offered 640 acres of free land about
1810, and settlers came from the Carolinas, Georgia,
Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee and other areas.

The famous French pirate, Jean Lafitte reportedly held 11,000
acres of swamplands and bayous in Barrataria and held the
first pirate convention there in 1804. The St. Charles,
Louisiana library holds a rare book, “Macadish Neighbors,”
written about 1822 listing the early settlers who received land
grants there. The settlement of James Going is recorded in
this volume.

According to anthropologist Brewton Berry, the Redbones
first gained attention in the 1850s when Frederick Law Olmsted
traveled through the wilderness and wrote his book,
“Journey Through Texas, or a Saddle Trip on the Southwestern
Frontier,” “We were told a number of free Negroes
were in the country, all mulattos. Some of them owned many
Negroes and large stocks. There were some good-for-nothing
white people who married in with them.” In “Almost White”
Brewton Berry wrote, “We have learned from census records
that some of these groups did own slaves.” Edward T. Price,
researcher and author, suggested that “Redbones” was an old
Carolina term for all mixed bloods.

The Research Team has recently learned of a study made from
1877 to 1903 by James McDonald Furman, noted author and
educator of South Carolina. His collection consists of 425
articles dealing with the Catawbas and the Redbones. Furman
referred to the Redbones as “a different race from the whites
and from the late freedmen.” He believed that Redbones was
a name applied to mixed-blood people who were never slaves
and who had Indian blood. He suggested a possible
connection with the Croatans and the Lost Colony of

Free Colored/Mulatto

When finding “Free colored” or “Mulatto” listed for a
Gowen/Goins ancestor, there are several things to be considered.

An ancestral line may be found with one description
while closely related individuals are recorded with another.
In his article, “Tracing Free People of Color in the Antebellum
South: Methods, Sources and Perspectives,” Dr. Gary
B. Mills of the University of Alabama writes:

“Modern genealogists are discovering a world for which popular
history has not prepared them, and research manuals offer
little guidance. Occasionally textbooks refer to “a few free
blacks,” and in the words of one historian, “were on the edge
of extinction by the outbreak of the Civil War.”

Dr. Mills claims, “there were over 250,000 free colored by
1861.” He noted that, “Individuals who were not perceptibly
white had been grouped into a general category whose label
varied from “all other free persons, except Indians, not taxed”
in 1800 to “free colored persons” in 1840.” He also states,
“The terms ‘colored’ and ‘mulatto’ are being routinely revised
to read ‘black.'”

Consequently, individuals with Indian blood who left the tribal
environment to live in a white society, those who appeared
brown to censustakers and early transplants from Asia and the
Middle East are now being erroneously identified by
researchers as Afro-Americans. “Subsequent efforts to link
these ‘other free colored’ families to black slave roots also
fail,” according to “National Genealogical Society Quarterly,”
December 1990.

An example used to show the confusion of census records is
that of the case of Thomas and Betsy [Going] Nash who were
among families moving from North Carolina to Louisiana [via
the Choctaw Nation in Mississippi] in the early 1800s. They
settled in an isolated area near the juncture of three parishes
[counties] in Louisiana. The 1810 St. Landry Parish enumerator
classed the Nash-Going family as “other free persons, except
Indians, untaxed.” The 1820 census showed them to be
“free colored.” Two members of the same family were
recorded as “white” by the enumerators. Present-day members
of the Nash family claim to be descended from the Lumbees
of North Carolina, according to Dr. Mills.

Edward T. Price of Los Angeles State College in 1953 wrote,
“A strange product of the mingling of races which followed
the British entry into North America survives in the presence
of people of mixed ancestry presumed to be part white with
varying proportions of Indian and Negro blood. The mixed-
bloods have been free people for as long as their history can
be traced; it is extremely unusual to find evidence of slavery in
their ancestral lines. Many of them were slave holders.

Records available leave open the possibility that a branch of
the Gowen/Goins family emerged as free mixed-bloods in the
seventeenth century. Could these mixed-bloods have
originated as free men and maintained their freedom ever
since despite the social barrier against freed slaves? Certainly
such a phenomenon as the Goins family must have a definite
story behind it, but has it made its way into the records?”

The articles by Mills and Price reveal that prior to 1661, there
was no statutory provision for slavery in the Southern
colonies. Dr. Mills states, “Africans and other early counterparts
who arrived before that time were held as bonded
servants. They were treated the same as all indentured
deportees from England, Ireland and Scotland. They were
eligible for free land and could marry whites. When the
perpetual servitude law was enacted in Virginia in 1661, it did
not apply to those already free.”

Early White People Discovered

Consideration should be given to the statements of people who
were in what is now northeastern Tennessee before census and
other records were kept. When John Sevier, later the first governor
of Tennessee, encountered the Melungeons about 1775
during Lord Dunmore’s War, he wrote an account of his
discovery. He described the mysterious people he found west
of the mountains to be dark-skinned, of reddish brown
complexion, neither Negro or Indian, but with European
features and who claimed to be Portuguese.

Another widely quoted description of the Melungeons was
that of early explorers Abraham Wood and James Needlum.

In 1673, they penetrated into what is now called Melungia.
According to Wood’s journal, “Eight days jorney down this
river lives a white people which have long beardes and
whiskers and weares clothing.”

Samuel Cole Williams, L.L.D, wrote in “Early Travels in the
Tennessee Country,” 1928, “There is a tradition among the
early Cherokees that they respected a settlement of white men
among them. “Natural and Aboriginal History of
Tennessee” by Haywood also deals with the early white men
who lived among the Cherokees.


Deborah and I wanted you to know that we have contributed
to the strength of the Andrew Greene Gowen, Jr. side
of the Gowen clan. Born to us June 9, 1991, in Sunrise
Hospital, Las Vegas, Nevada was Blake Gary Gowen. Blake
is now eight months old and a fine, healthy, handsome boy.
He has a keen curiosity which should make him an excellent
family history researcher.

We are beginning our cruising again. We will leave San
Diego March 1 aboard our Sailing Vessel Margaritaville,
bound for Mexico, Palmyra Island and Hawaii. We expect to
arrive at Honolulu in September. Enclosed find our Contributing
Membership for 1992. Gary E. & Deborah D.
Gowen, 15721 San Fernando Mission Blvd, Granada Hills,
CA, 91344.

==Dear Cousins==

I am a real beginner in genealogy, mostly holding the efforts
began by my father. I am particularly interested in the
article about Garrett Hubert Gowan, my great-grandfather,
published in the May 1991 issue of the Newsletter. Since this
was a “Readers Digest” condensation of his life, may I have a
copy of the full version? Also please advise me where you
found his land patent located in New Mexico. Any help
would be sincerely appreciated. My membership renewal is
enclosed. Leah Putty Albers, 8320 Glennwood, Oklahoma
City, OK, 73114

==Dear Cousins==

I was so glad to find my ancestor, Joseph Going, son of
William Going and Anester Going, in the article about the
14th Virginia Regiment in the August 1991 Newsletter. Will
you please tell me who turned in this data. I would like to
write them and share what I have on the family. Emma Lou
McDaniel, Box 53, Stafford, KS, 67578.

==Dear Cousins==

Our new book, “Cemeteries of Southeast Fannin
County, Texas” is now off the press and available for researchers.
The 110-page, soft cover volume includes over
5,500 names [1,100 surnames] and is available for $15
postpaid. Texas residents include $1.16 tax. Sammy C.
Duncan, 2107 Division, Greenville, TX, 75401

==Dear Cousins==

Enclosed is my membership renewal for 1992. Shortly,
under separate cover, you will receive a photo of a Going reunion
held recently. The reunion brought together two family
lines which had lost touch with each other for nearly 100
years. Since the Newsletter played a part, maybe you can
print the photo in an upcoming edition. Fredrick Tucker,
Box 214, Duncan, SC, 29334.

==Dear Cousins==

I very much enjoyed talking with all of the Foundation
board members in our teleconference yesterday. I was so
stimulated by all of the enthusiastic ideas for growth and
effectiveness of the Foundation to be implemented in the near
future that I couldn’t sleep a wink. I spent most of the night
making notes. [I keep a note pad by the bed, and when I have
a good idea I write it down immediately.] From the
excitement generated by our phone meeting, I have some
additional proposals [six pages enclosed] which should have
some merit.

These are designed to promote financial and numerical
growth. If we are to accomplish everything we set out to do
initially, we need a lot more money. The funds, the ability,
the energy and the resources to do the job is “out there”–all
we have to do is to stimulate and coordinate the efforts of all
the cousins. These ideas should provide a way for all of us to
pull on our oars at the same time! Miller Abbott “Bud”
Gowen, Box 2389, 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland.

Gowen Research Foundation Phone: 806/795-8758 or 795-9694
5708 Gary Avenue E-mail: gowen@llano.net
Lubbock, Texas, 79413 Internet: http://www.llano.net/gowen


NOTE:  The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing.  It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic.  I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes.   So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct.  Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.

Their website is:  Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf

There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors.   The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.

Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.

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