Sections in this issue:
1) Cavalryman Drury Going Rode in Revolutionary Marion Brigade;
2) Gowen Family Reunion;
3) Continued from October . . . Did Appalachian Melungeons Have an Iberian Ancestry?;
4) Dear Cousins.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER
Volume 3, No. 3 November 1991
1) Cavalryman Drury Going Rode in
Revolutionary Marion Brigade
Drury Going, attracted by the daring exploits of Marion’s
Brigade, volunteered in 1781 to ride with Revolutionary Brig.-
Gen. Francis Marion in his slashing attacks on the British.
Marion had taken raw frontiersmen, trained them to be fearless
riders and expert marksmen and formed them into an efficient
guerilla force that became the pride of the Colonists’ southern
The “Swamp Fox” repeatedly led his rapid-deployment brigade
in daring raids against the superior British forces, exacted heavy
losses upon them and then escaped into the swamps where the
English were unable follow. They had remarkable successes in
battles at Georgetown, Ft. Watson, Ft. Motte and Eutaw
Springs, lifting the morale of the Americans who were generally
being defeated everywhere else. Their spectacular success in
the Battle of Parker’s Ferry in 1782 resulted in a Congressional
medal for Marion’s men.
Drury Going was born in 1749 in an area which later became
Greensville County, Virginia, according to Mary Elizabeth
Motley Beadles, a descendant and DAR Member 474911. His
family removed to Camden District, in north central South
Carolina and settled in an area which later became Union and
Chester Counties. He was married there in 1767 at age 18 to
17-year-old Sarah “Sallie” Baxter who was born about 1750 in
Granville County [later Orange County, later Caswell County],
He was mentioned as a landowner in a land grant to William
Long dated November 5, 1771. The description of Long’s land,
“200 acres on Wateree Creek in Craven District,” mentioned
that it was bounded on the east by that of Drury Going. The
grant also mentioned that “the road to Rocky Mount crosses the
northeast corner,” suggesting that the road also crossed the
property of Drury Going.
Drury Going served as a private in a South Carolina militia
regiment commanded by Col. Winn during the Revolutionary
War. The regiment was under the overall command of Gen.
Francis Marion, the “Swamp Fox.” Indent No. 98, Book O was
issued January 26, 1785 to “Mr. Drury Goins, 18:6:8 3/4
Sterling for militia duty in 1781 and 1782,” according to “Stub
Entries to Indents” edited by A. S. Salley, Jr, Secretary of the
Historical Commission of South Carolina. Additionally, the
indent had earned interest in the amount of 1:16:5.
“Drury Goins” was a purchaser at the estate sale of Moses
Cherry in Camden District [later York County, South Carolina]
in 1783, according to York County probate records, Apartment
15, package 483.
On September 1, 1787 “Drury Gowing of Chester County”
received a deed to 319 acres” located on the south side of Broad
River from Merry McGuire, “Planter of Union County, South
Carolina,” according to Union County Deed Book A&B, page
469. Consideration was “100 pounds current money.” In the
body of the deed the grantee’s name was also spelled “Gowen”
and “Going.” The land had been received by McGuire June 5,
1786 in a grant from Gov. William Moultrie.
Drury Going received a deed July 8, 1788 to “land on the waters
of Turkey Creek” for 50 pounds, according to Chester County
Deed Book B, page 69. Job Going, a kinsman of Drury Going,
was a witness to the transaction.
“Drury Going, being charged with having begotten an illegitimate
Infant on the Body of Sarah Golden came into court
and Confessed the fact, whereupon it is considered by the Court
that they make their fine by paying the sum of five pounds
Proclamation Money, and the said Goings acknowledged
himself bound to pay the said Sarah’s fine and all costs accruing,
and that he is liable for the maintenance of the said infant.” was
the entry dated July 8, 1788 in Chester County Court Order
Book A, page 358.
“On the motion of the Clerk, Ordered that all the money that
Drury Going was fined in for Bastardy is to be paid to him in
discount of what the county owes him,” read an entry dated
January 8, 1790 in Chester County Order Book B, page 29.
William Gaston conveyed 200 acres “line [lying] on Mill Creek”
to Drury Going in 1789, according to Chester County Deed
Book B, page 73. Consideration was “3:14:4.” The land was
part of a tract granted to Gaston September 3, 1787.
The household of “Drury Goins” was enumerated in the 1790
census of Chester County as “three white males over 16, three
white males under 16, four females and six slaves,” according to
“Heads of Families, South Carolina, 1790.”
Drury Going bought 350 acres of land in two tracts from Robert
Elliott and his wife, Jean January 14, 1791 for 1,000 pounds,
according to Chester County Deed Book B, page 553. Job
Going was a witness to the transaction.
Drury Going deeded his Turkey Creek farm to his son-in-law
Asa Tindall October 11, 1791, according to Chester County
Deed Book B, page 541:
“For the love & affection I bear for my son-in-law Assa
Tindall and for his better support, I give, grant and
convey 100 acres on a branch of Turkey Creek, the
waters of Broad River, originally granted to John Long
June 6, 1785, adjoining James Kirkpatrick and Clayton
Rogers, all other sides vacant.
Drury [X] Going”
Shortly afterward, Drury Going sold the two tracts of land back
to Robert Elliott that he had purchased from him a year earlier,
according to Chester County Deed Book B, page 542.
Witnesses: Job Going, John Hill, Isaac Going, and consideration
was again £1,000.
Drury Going was appointed to serve as juror for the January
1793 term, according to an entry dated June 25, 1792 in Chester
County Order Book B, page 179.
On June 13, 1794 Drury Going corraled an estray, according to
Chester County Order Book 1795-1799, page 425. The entry
read, “Drury Going Tolls a Sorrell horse about 7 years old,
paced natural, Brand unknown, about 14 hands high, his hind
feet white, said Estray appraised to 8:0:0.”
Drury Going died February 22, 1796 “in the 47th year of his
age,” according to a letter written March 16, 1879 by Thomas
Baxter Going, his grandson. “He died on the road coming home
from Charleston with his wagon and team. He lacked three days
drive of reaching home when he died. He was hauled home and
buried at home.”
Administration of the estate of “Drewry Goings, Dcs’d was
granted to “Elijah Goings, Admr. and Sarah Goings, Admx.” in
July 1796, according to Chester County Court Order Book 1.
The citation was made public by having it read in a church
Be it remembered that I Joseph Brown was personally
present when Joseph Alexander, a minister of the Preysbyterian
[sic] Profession publickly read the within Citation
at a meeting held at Bullock’s Creek for the purpose of
Publick Worship. Dated at Chester this 25th day of July
1796. J. A. Brown”
“Sarah Goyen” appeared as the head of a household in the 1810
census of Chester District, page 262. Sarah “Sallie” Baxter
Going wrote her will November 4, 1814:
“I, Sarah Going, being in a low state of helth, but sound in
mind and memory make this, my last will and testament.”
I give to my daughter Mary Going one feather bed and
furniture, one cow named Harty and heifer, and I give to my
daughter Rebekah Going one feather bed and furniture
which my above daughters Mary and Rebekah claim, and I
give to my daughter Rebekah one cow named Liby and I
give to my son Thomas B. Going the tract of land or
plantation where I, Sarah Going now live containing One
hundred and seven acres, and it is my will and desire that my
daughters Mary and Rebekah should live with my son
Thomas on the said plantation while [they] remain unmarid,
and I give to my daughter Rebekah one woman’s Saddle and
pine table, one big wheel, and I give to my son Thomas
Going one walnut table and one feather bed and furniture,
one cow named Whiteface and a dun cow I give to my
All the rest of my property, my will is, to be sold and pay all
my just debts except one large trunk I give to my daughter
Rebekah, and after paying my just debts to be equally
divided amongst my children.
And I do make my son Thomas B. Going sole Executor of
my Estate as witness my hand and seal in the year of our
Lord one Thousand eight hundred and fourteen, November
4th Day 1814.
Sarah [X] Going”
Sarah “Sallie” Baxter Going died in Union County April 22,
1820, at age 69, according to the research of Linda Sue Betts
Essary, a descendant of Floyd, New Mexico. Her will was
probated in the June 1820 court session, according to Chester
County Deed Book H, page 9.
Children born to them include:
Martha Going born about 1768
Elijah Going born in 1770
Job Isaac Going born September 5, 1772
John Going born January 10, 1774
Isaac Going born April 28, 1775
James Going born in 1777
Mary Going born in 1779
Elizabeth Going born about 1781
Rebecca Going born about 1782
Thomas Baxter Going born in 1784
Sarah Baxter Going born April 3, 1786
In addition to the child of Sarah Golden, Linda Sue Betts Essary
discovered another possible child of Drury Going in “South
Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research,” Volume 10. The
item read, “Marion District, SC, Minutes Book of the Ordinary,
1806, Oct. 25, ‘Letters of Guardianship granted to Ann Adams,
guardian for Selander Strother, a minor aged about 14 years, late
of Peedee, supposed daughter of Drura Gowings.'”
2) Gowen Family Reunion
Forty-five family members and friends gathered at the 29th reunion of
the descendants of George Edward Gowen and Mary Ann Smith Gowen
July 6 in Stratham Hill Park, Stratham, New Hampshire in conjunction
with the town’s 275th anniversary celebration. Fourteen members of
the family who attended the first reunion in 1932 were present.
Left to right, top to bottom: Dougald Sewall, Harold Chase, Stephen
Proctor, Mary Sewall, Larry & Lucy Ballou, Lisa, Dick & Ann Proctor,
Liz Pearson, Mary Ellen, Willie and Louise Waugh, Ric & Alexsandra
Proctor, John & Fiona Gowen, Fred & Robert Gowen, Michelle Tate,
Chuck Pearson, Carol, Alexis & Gregory Hovanesian, Isaac Ake
[Nigerian visitor], Elizabeth Richardson, Nan Pearson, Linda Irby,
Margaret Tate, Helen Chase, Helen & Oscar Pearson, Jean Gowen,
Janet & Priscilla Irby. Stratham Hill Park was destroyed by a tornado
a few days later. Photo courtesy of Margaret Tate.
3) Continued from October . . .
Did Appalachian Melungeons
Have an Iberian Ancestry?
By Evelyn McKinley Orr
Melungeon Research Team Chairman
8310 Emmet Street, Omaha, Nebraska, 68134
Some of the early Melungeons who lived in the area where
Tennessee, Virginia and North Carolina come together claimed
to have had Portuguese ancestors. Iberians were the original
race of people living in Portugal, however many people invaded
the country. They included Phoenicians, Carthagenians, Goths,
Romans, Greeks and Moors, according to “World Book
Encyclopedia.” Neighboring Spain often subjugated parts of
Portugal and took over the entire country in 1580.
Hernando De Soto was apparently the first explorer to penetrate
the area we now know as Tennessee. The encounter was a
disaster for both the Cherokee Indians and De Soto’s men who
found that they could not subdue the Indians into slavery.
When the Spanish expedition under Capt. Juan Pardo returned
to Tennessee 26 years later, his mission was to convert the
Indians to Christianity–not to enslave them. Pardo built a fort
and left a detachment to scout the territory and to search for
gold, according to an article, “Southeast Indians” by Charles
Hudson in “National Geographic Magazine,” March 1988.
The detachment contained some Portuguese members who
deserted the expedition, according to “Mystery of the
Melungeons” by Louise Davis. Thurston L. Willis, writing in
“The Thesopiean Journal of North American Archaeology,”
Volume 9, confirms and locates the fort near present-day
One of Pardo’s lieutenants, Juan De la Bandera kept a journal of
his experiences on the expedition. North Carolina State
Archives has obtained a copy of his journal on microfilm, and I
was able to inspect the 285 pages recorded in Spanish. Only 72
pages of the journal had been translated and printed in English
at that time.
The printed copies of the first part of the Bandera journal show
that a major objective of the 1567 expedition was to cultivate
the friendship of the Indians and convert them to the Holy
Catholic faith and to the fealty of the king of Spain.
During the past year, I received correspondence about two archaeologists
at the University of Tennessee who were planning
excavations at the site of the base of the Juan Pardo expedition.
It is of interest to note that the name “Goin” appeared among the
protestant Huguenots who arrived from France. A large number
came into Virginia in 1690. In 1699 another 600 arrived and
were assigned land on the south side of the James River about
20 miles past the site of present-day Richmond. One suggestion
as the source of the name “Melungeon” is the French word
“melage” translated as “mixture.”
Theda Purdue, writing in “Slavery and the Evolution of
Cherokee Society, 1540-1866,” mentions “black” slaves in the
De Soto and Pardo expeditions. Could they have been
Portuguese? Byron Stinson writes that Portuguese came with
De Soto and made references of the Iberians mixing with the
Indians in “American History Illustrated,” Volume 8.
The Portuguese dispatched an armada from Lisbon in 1665 to
capture Cuba from the Spanish. As it approached Havana, a
Caribbean hurricane destroyed the fleet and swept some of the
derelicts aground on American coasts, according to Jon
Norheimer who wrote “Mysterious Hill Folk Vanishing” for
the “New York Times” edition of August 10, 1971. Modernday
treasure hunters continue to find Portuguese artifacts in the
supposed burial grounds of these ships. Norheimer raises the
possibility of Portuguese survivors reaching American shores.
During this same tumultuous period in the West Indies, England
captured Jamaica from Spain, and some 1,500 Spanish slaves
fled the island, probably some intent on reaching America.
Genealogists have observed that the spelling of surnames can
sometimes be a clue. Hoyt L. Goin, Foundation member of
Russellville, Arkansas, writes that “Goyen” and “Chavez” were
common names in Spain and Portugal in that period and observes
that “Goin” and “Chavis” were common names among
the early Melungeons. The names were also found among the
Redbones and the Lumbees. Is there a link?
When considering the Portuguese-Spanish theory for the origin
of the Melungeons of southern Appalachia, the early census
records of the United States show a westward migration pattern
from North Carolina and Virginia to Tennessee and Kentucky
for these people. How does the Pardo theory fit in with them?
The Melungeon report of Mrs. Orr will be continued in future
Newsletters. The next installment will deal with the Lumbee
Indians as possible precursors of the Melungeons.
4) Dear Cousins
Thank you so much for the wonderful information I received
from the Foundation. I am amazed at the results of my
membership. Just when I was ready to give up, you provided a
The Newsletter is fantastic, and the idea of the Electronic
Library is a really great idea, but the personal attention that you
gave to me on my Goins family and the printout that you sent on
my Hall County, Georgia family goes beyond all my
expectations. I can’t begin to thank you! I truly want to
recommend to anyone with a Goins/Gowen background [any
spelling variation] to send in their membership immediately.
They just might have the same good fortune as I received.
Our genealogical librarian has given the Foundation Newsletter
a prominent display and has pointed out to our society the
benefit of its historical interpretation as well as the genealogical
benefits to members. I can’t begin to thank you! Carrie M.
McGee, 1303 6th Ave, Jasper, AL, 35501
I hasten to thank you and all the staff who helped compose
the fine write-up of my career and the last battle of the U.S.S.
Chevalier [DD-451]. I admire the way you collected the bits
and pieces I had sent you and made them into a cohesive wellwritten
story–an outstanding job of editing!
I thank you also for the editorial comment that preceded the
account of the battle, indicating that I wrote it “at the request of
the Foundation.” I was somewhat concerned that my
grandchildren would think that old grandpa was trying to
recapture some lost-long glory. Now, I’m sure that they and
their children will welcome it as part of the family history.
I would also like to thank you for the fine manner in which you
accepted our branch of the Philadelphia Gowens into the
organization. We are most grateful for the print-out of the
history of our branch of the family collected thus far. George
A. Gowen, Capt, USN, [Ret], 694 New Haw Creek Road,
Asheville, NC, 28805.
Such a wonderful surprise to receive your draft of Section 78 of
the Gowen manuscript pertaining to my Goins family. You
people are doing a marvelous job. It is great that we can all
work together on the Goins/Gowen line without “building” a
lineage lacking proper documentation. I cannot yet document
beyond Thomas Goin and Lucy Matlock Goin, my greatgrandparents,
however I do believe that his parents were
William Going and Elizabeth Tatum Going. With teamwork we
can find the answers.
I am enclosing for the Foundation Library a copy of my book,
“Through a Vale of Shadows, Bea’s World War II Poems.”
I just had to honor my brave generation in some way. Beatrice
Goins Dougherty, Box 388, Richmond, KY, 40476.
I am a real genealogy nut. It seems that I’m always at my
computer entering data, or at the Western Reserve Genealogical
Library in Cleveland, or corresponding in an attempt to learn
more of my Gowin family. Currently I am not corresponding
with any Gowin descendants, but would like to, if you can point
me to some with common ancestors.
I am enclosing a copy of a letter written by my gggf Miner Steel
Gowin which was published in the “Journal of the Illinois
State Historical Society” in 1916. In it, he states, “I was born
in Wilson County, Tennessee October 1, 1823. I was brought
by my parents, Nathaniel Gowin and Sabry [Midgett] Gowin by
covered wagon and oxteam across Kentucky and Indiana into
southwestern Illinois until we reached the country now known
as Jersey County [then part of Greene County.]” Accordingly,
he preceded his older brother, Shadrack Gowin, normally
considered the first of the Gowins into Illinois.
I am enclosing my ancestor chart showing descent from James
Alexander Gowin and Rebecca Adams Gowin of Greensville
County, Virginia, grandparents of Nathaniel Gowin.
Additionally I am enclosing a stack of Gowin documents that
may be helpful to fellow Gowin researchers. Larry A. May,
1548 Manor Drive, Salem, OH, 44460.
I can’t tell you how much I enjoy your work. I’m so glad that
you have been able to compile so much research. I especially
enjoy the old letters. They bring the people of bygone
generations back to life for me. Through the Newsletter I have
just found another Going researcher cousin in Florida. She will
have much to add to the narrative. Cynthia Holsomback
McMullen, Rt. 3, Box 621, Huntington, TX, 75949.
I have enclosed my 5-generation pedigree chart to show how I
am connected to the Goins family. I was born in Chattanooga,
reared in Gordon County, GA and educated at Emory U. in
Atlanta [BA, 1960, PhD, 1963 in Chemistry]. I have lived in
Wilmington for 28 years, but make frequent trips to Gordon
County to visit my mother and brother.
I truly don’t understand the concern about the “blackness” of
some of the Goins. Could it not be a case of freed slaves simply
taking the names of their former masters?
Enclosed is a copy of the application of my gggm Emily J.
Goins King for a widow’s pension based on the Confederate
service of her husband, James D. King. Richard T. Hobgood,
2102 Baynard Blvd, Wilmington, DE, 19802.
Gowen Research Foundation Newsletter
Arlee Gowen, Editor
Linda McNiel, Circulation
Gowen Research Foundation Phone: 806/795-
8758 or 795-9694
5708 Gary Avenue E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lubbock, Texas, 79413 Fax: 806/795-9694
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.