Sections in this issue:
1) Joseph Going Fought Redcoats In the 14th Virginia Regiment;
2) Like Job of Old . . . Alfred P. Gowen, TN Legislator Had a String of Bad Luck;
3) Joseph Goins, Pioneer Among Newmans Ridge Melungeons;
4) Dear Cousins.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER
Vol. 2, No. 12 August 1991
1) Joseph Going Fought Redcoats
In the 14th Virginia Regiment
Joseph Going, son of William Gowan and Anastasia Sullivan
Gowan, was born about 1760 in Virginia. He enlisted at
Bedford, Virginia, in Bedford County in the Fourteenth
Virginia Regiment in the Continental Line.
The Fourteenth joined the Continental Army at Brandywine,
Pennsylvania shortly after the battle fought there September
11, 1777. Under the command of Gen. George Washington,
the army engaged the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania on
the outskirts of Philadelphia October 4, 1777 and then were
forced to withdraw about 40 miles west to Valley Forge. In
bitter cold and without adequate supplies and rations, the 14th
Virginia suffered throughout the winter.
The Virginians were pitched into the ferocious Battle of
Monmouth [New Jersey] June 28, 1778 and helped to carry
the day against Gen. Howe and the English. It was in this
battle that the famous Molly Pitcher took the place of her
injured husband, a cannoneer and manned his gun, preventing
its capture by the British.
Joseph Going was married to Judith Pollard September 20,
1780, according to “Marriage Bonds of Bedford County,
Virginia, 1755-1780.” John Mitchell was surety for the
marriage. Judith Pollard was the daughter of Francis Pollard
and Betty Pollard, according to James Crates, a descendant of
Kansas City, Kansas.
Joseph Going was a taxpayer in Bedford County, paying tax
on “one poll,” according to “Virginia Taxpayers, 1782-
1787.” He accompanied his father in a move to Madison
County, Kentucky. He appeared as a taxpayer there during the
period from 1800 to 1811. “Joseph Gowin” appeared in the
1810 census of Madison County as the head of a household
composed of himself, his wife and seven children.
In 1818, in Madison County he applied for a Revolutionary
pension at the courthouse in Richmond, Kentucky:
“The Commonwealth of Kentucky, Madison County:
On this 11th day of September 1818, personally appeared Joseph
Goins, aged fifty-eight years; who doth on his oath, make
the following statement and declaration: that he is a citizen of
the state of Kentucky and resident in the county of Madison;
and that he was enlisted for eighteen months at Bedford in the
state of Virginia on or about the first day of January, 1777 by
one George Lambert, Capt. and served in the company
commanded by Capt. G. Lambert of the 14th Virginia
Regiment or Continen-tal Establishment, Virginia Line, that
he continued to serve in said corps against the common
enemy, until about 30 days after the Battle of Monmouth in
the state of New Jersey; that he was in service 18 months and
was in the battles of German Town and Monmouth and with
the army at Brandywine, and that he is in reduced
circumstances and stands in need of the assistance of his
country for support and that he has lost his discharge, and has
no evidence in his power, of his services and discharge other
than that which is here transmitted.”
Three years later he was back in court to confirm his needy
circumstances to justify the continuation of his pension:
“State of Kentucky, Madison County:
On the 5th day of December 1821 personally appeared in open
court Joseph Gowin, aged sixty-three years, a resident in
Madi-son County and state aforesaid, who doth on his oath
declare that he served in the Revolutionary War as follows:
He belonged to Capt. George Lambert’s company of the Fourteenth
Regiment of the Virginia Line, that his original declaration
is dated the 11th day of September 1818 and that the
num-ber of his pension certificate is 10,256 and he further
solemnly swore that he was a resident citizen of the United
States on the 18th day of March, 1818.
That he has not since that time by gift, sale or in any manner
disposed of any property nor has any person in trust for him
any property or security contracts or debts due to him nor has
he any income other than what is contained in the schedule
hereto unit-ed and by him subscribed:
One old horse of the value of $20.00, Three cows and one calf
of the value of $30.00 and 40 head of hogs of the value of
$40.00. Total, $70.00.
He states that he is by occupation a farmer, but from old age,
disease and a stiff knee is unable to make a support by said occupation;
That he has four children living with him, the oldest living
with him named Elizabeth, aged about 22 years, the second
named Polly, aged about 20 years, the third named Susan,
aged about 18 years, the fourth named Irving, aged about 16 or
17 years, that his said children are all able to support
themselves by their own labour;
That he has a wife living with him aged about 60 years and
very infirm for that age.”
“Joseph Goine, private in the Virginia Line in the
Revolutionary War who was born in 1754,” was a pensioner in
Madison County under the Act of 1818.
He received $96 September 11, 1818, at the age 64, according
to “Revolutionary Soldiers in Kentucky” by Quisenberry.
Joseph Going received an additional [annual] pension payment
of $96 May 4, 1819. He died August 29, 1822, according to
research of Jim Crates, a descendant of Kansas City..
Christine S. Agee, a descendant of Richmond, states that he
died in Missouri.
Children born to Joseph Going and Judith Pollard Going are
believed to include:
Francis Gowin born about 1784
William Gowen born about 1788
Pollard Gowen born about 1795
Elizabeth Going born in 1799
Polly Going born in 1801
Susan Going born in 1803
Irving Going born in 1804
2) Like Job of Old . . .
Alfred P. Gowen, TN Legislator
Had a String of Bad Luck
Alfred P. Gowen, Tennessee legislator, owner of 11 slaves and
several farms in Rutherford County, was sitting pretty. He was
an influential man in the community, a road commissioner, a
grand juror, a respected member of the “courthouse gang” and
had been elected county sheriff. He had married well, had a
beautiful family and was living a prosperous life.
Then, like Job of old, things began falling apart in his life. He
was defeated in his reelection bid for the legislature. He was
unable to pay 19 notes when they came due, and his creditors
were awarded judgments against him. He was forced to sell his
slaves, and foreclosures took away his land. His wife ran away,
taking his children to Missouri where she was remarried to his
brother. His health failed, and he died a broken man.
Alfred P. Gowen, son of William Gowen, was born in 1795 in
Tennessee. He first appeared in the legal records of Rutherford
County June 21, 1819 when he witnessed a transfer of a certificate
of survey, according to Rutherford County Court Minute
Book N. On April 1, 1820 he was sued for $6.75 by George R.
Nash, county jailer, who had “released to Alfred P. Gowen one
William Barfield on a writ of capias ad respondem.” On
October 24, 1823, January 21, 1824 and January 28, 1824,
Alfred P. Gowen was summoned to serve on the Rutherford
County grand jury. He was surety in the marriage of Mayfield
Tolbert to Elizabeth Johnston September 29, 1824 in Rutherford
On July 20, 1827 Alfred P. Gowen, plaintiff sued Robert Barton
in Cause No. 53 over the sale of a sorrel horse, according to
Rutherford County Court Minute Book V, page 43. “The court
found in favor of the plaintiff and assessed $90 in damages and
court costs of $20.23.”
On October 27, 1827 “Alfred P. Gowen, sheriff” won a judgment
of $112.23 in a suit against “William Thomas, Bartlett
Anderson, John Doak and Samuel S. Wilson,” according to
Rutherford County Deed Book V.
On December 18, 1827 he was surety for the marriage of Alfred
S. Harbin and Henrietta Lowe, daughter of John Lowe and his
future sister-in-law. He received a jury summons on four
occasions in January 1829. John F. Howland deeded 326 acres
to “A. P. Gowen and Mary Howland” in 1829, according to
Rutherford County Deed Book V.
Alfred P. Gowen, at age 34, was married January 14, 1829 to
Elizabeth S. “Betsy” Lowe, age 22, born in Virginia in 1807.
She was the daughter of John Lowe, one of two brothers who
came to Rutherford County in 1812.
The newly married couple appeared in the 1830 Rutherford
County census, page 84, as one of the five Gowen households
listed in the county. He was shown as the owner of 11 slaves.
He left the sheriff’s office in 1830 to run for the Tennessee
House of Representatives. His campaign was successful, and he
served from 1831 to 1835 as a representative from Rutherford
On August 11, 1832, “A. P. Gowen and Mary Howland” sold
326 acres of land to Washington Gibson and Henry Hoover for
$500, according to Rutherford County Deed Book X.
In 1836 Alfred P. Gowen owned land astride the RutherfordCannon
County line and was a taxpayer in both counties. On
April 15, 1836 “Alfred P. Gowen of Cannon County” was appointed
to a committee to layout a road running into Woodbury,
Tennessee, the county seat. On June 6, 1836 he was appointed
to help develop a road to Murphreesboro, Tennessee. He was
also named to other road committees on June 7, 1836 and July
4, 1836 in Cannon County. On November 19, 1836 he was
named on a Cannon County jury panel.
In 1836 he was named as administrator of the estate of John
Lowe, his father-in-law, and in that capacity on November 23,
1838 he sold to Col. William Lowe, his wife’s uncle, two slave
children from the estate. Sold were “Willis, age 6, and Jack, age
4, for $600.”
The household of Alfred P. Gowen and Elizabeth S. “Betsy”
Lowe Gowen appeared in the 1840 census of Rutherford
County. Again, 11 slaves were shown in the enumeration,
making a total of 18 in the household, six employed in agriculture.
Misfortune overtook Alfred P. Gowen in 1840 because he was
forced to liquidate his holdings to settle 19 notes signed by him.
On July 2, 1840 he deeded to Gilliam & Fulks “518 acres which
William Gowen originally held in Rutherford County,” also the
Rutherford-Cannon tract, and also slaves, Tom, about 37; Jude,
45; Adeline, 17; Silvy, 16; Jude, 47; Mely, 20; Dick, 47; Cabit,
60; Fanny, 40; Jack 13; and Ned, 17,” according to Rutherford
County Deed Book Y. This transaction was forced “because
Alfred P. Gowen is indebted to William Gilliam by four
On January 7, 1842 his troubles were apparently continuing
because he sold one-half interest in 100 acres on Cripple Creek
to Rubin Todd for $248, according to Rutherford County Deed
Book Y. On February 2, 1842 he deeded 24 acres of land to
Walter S. Lowe for $75, according to Rutherford County Deed
Book Z. In 1844 he deeded land “for Thyatira church” to David
Patton, according to Cannon County Deed Book D. A few years
later, with the help of Walter S. Lowe, Alfred P. Gowen
regained some of his Rutherford County land. This he later sold
to William H. Murry for $1,266, according to Rutherford
County Deed Book Y.
The land was described as “the tract of land known as William
Gowen’s old place where Alfred P. Gowen now resides, 525
acres more or less.”
In 1849 Alfred P. Gowen was reduced to his homestead, 125
acres of land, valued at $200, on which he paid 38c advalorem
tax to Rutherford County.
On November 2, 1850 his household was enumerated in the
Rutherford County census, page 212. The family, living in the
May District near Murfreesboro, included:
“Gowen, Alfred P. 55, born in TN, farmer
Elizabeth 43, born in VA
Martha 15, born in TN
Burrell A. 12, born in TN
Mattie L. 9, born in TN
Amanda H. 3, born in TN
May E. 1, born in TN
Although Elizabeth S. “Betsy” Lowe Gowen was enumerated in
the household of Alfred P. Gowen in the 1850 census of
Rutherford County, she also appeared in the household of John
S. Gowen, brother of Alfred P. Gowen in the 1850 census of
Barry County, Missouri. The enumerator noted that John S.
Gowen and Elizabeth S. “Betsy” Lowe Gowen Gowen were
“married within the year.”
According to an interview in 1975 with Alvin Estell Lowe,
Rutherford County octogenarian, Elizabeth S. “Betsy” Lowe
Gowen suddenly and mysteriously removed to “somewhere in
Missouri” before the death of Alfred P. Gowen.
He suggested that “John S. Gowen influenced Betsy to run away
with him.” Missouri descendants related that Elizabeth S.
“Betsy” Lowe Gowen arrived in Missouri a widow, “her husband
having died en route.”
Alfred P. Gowen did not die in 1850, but survived for another
seven years. Alfred P. Gowen died sometime before April 1857
without leaving a will. Alfred P. Lowe, his nephew, was
appointed by the court as administrator of the estate on April 14,
His report to the court, dated June 20, 1857 read:
“A. P. Gowen, Dcsd. The affects of A. P. Gowen:
Money found in the hand of John Land, 38 cents; One
note, 17 dollars and 97 cents against Daniel Bullard
given in 1857, Insolvent; 2 notes against James Mangham,
one for two dollars and the other for 50 cents given
in 1843, Insolvent; 2 notes against Isham Pelham due in
1850 for 20 dollars cash, Insolvent; 1 note against Lewis
Shipp for 23 dollars & 81 cents due in 1838, [Collected
$10.40]; one note on David Paton for $6.40 due in 1843
[Collected]; one note on R. W. Lowe for Ten dollars due
the 30th of Jany. 1858, Good.
A. P. Lowe, Adm. of A. P. Gowen, Dec’d”
In 1860, Elizabeth S. “Betsy” Lowe Gowen Gowen, again a
widow, was enumerated as the head of a household in Sugar
Creek Township in Barry County. She reappeared there in the
census of 1880 as “Elizabeth Gowen, 72, widow.”
Children born to Alfred P. Gowen and Elizabeth S. “Betsy”
Lowe Gowen include:
Martha R. Gowen born in 1835
Burrell Allen Gowen born in 1838
Mattie L. Gowen born in 1841
Amanda H. Gowen born in 1847
Mary E. Gowen born in 1849
Sarah C. Gowen born in 1854
3) Joseph Goins, Pioneer Among
Newmans Ridge Melungeons
By Ruth Johnson
3705 Bloomingdale Road
Kingsport, Tennessee, 37660
Joseph Goins, a Revolutionary War veteran and my seventhgeneration
grandfather, was born about 1766 in Bedford
County, Virginia. Rev. Arthur Hamilton Taylor who researched
in Melungia, suggested his birthplace as Albemarle County,
Virginia. William P. Grohse, Sneedville historian, reported that
he was the son of Joseph Goins, Sr. who also fought in the
Revolutionary War and was wounded in battle.
“Joseph Goings” on May 19, 1784 received “4 pounds, 2 shillings,
3 pence” for service in the militia, according to Virginia
Payroll Account No. 683.
Joseph Goins was married about 1790 to Millie Loving [Lovin,
Loven?] who was born in 1770 in Scotland, according to Rev.
Taylor. She was brought to America at the age of six by an aunt
who settled in Charleston, South Carolina. William P. Grohse
stated that she was born in Bedford County in 1772 to James
Loving who was born in 1759 to Abraham Loving. Millie
Loving Goins lost three uncles in the Revolutionary War.
In 1793, Joseph Goins was a resident of Fairfax County, Virginia
where a daughter was born.
“Joseph Gwinne” was enumerated as the head of a household in
the 1830 census of Hawkins County, Tennessee:
“Gwinne, Joseph white male 50-60
white female 50-60
white female 10-15”
“Joseph Gowin, age 70-80,” living alone, was listed in the 1840
census of Hawkins County, page 234. Apparently in 1840 Joseph
Goins and Millie Loving Goins were living in separate,
“Joseph Goings” appeared as the head of Household 302-302 in
the 1850 census of Hancock County, 33rd subdivision, east part.
The family was enumerated November 27, 1850 as:
“Goings, Joseph 84, born in Virginia, cooper, illiterate
Milli A. 80, born in Virginia
Leathey 36, born in North Carolina, female,
Hancock County had been created in 1844 with land from
Hawkins County and Claiborne County. Joseph Goins died in
1859 in Hancock County, a nonagenarian. Millie Loving Goins
also died there, before 1860.
Children born to them include:
Virginia Jane “Gincie” Goins born in 1793
George Goins born in 1803
Harden Goins born in 1805
Aletha Goins born about 1814
4) Dear Cousins
I can’t tell you how much I appreciate all the information
you sent on my Going and Tindall lines. I plan to copy the
material you sent and send it on to a couple of other researchers
who have been a big help to me. Hopefully they will have
something to add.
I am enclosing some ancestor charts for the library. I was
fortunate that my g-g-grandfather, Thomas Trusvan Booth, left a
journal along with his bible and quite a bit of other information
that first got me interested in genealogy. I am so glad that he
did write down and preserve a lot of our history, and I am happy
to share it with you.
I am glad that the Foundation is able to compile and safeguard
this valuable heritage. Cynthia Holsomback McMullen,
Rt. 3, Box 621, Huntington, TX, 75949.
I am still waiting for a copy of Paul Heinegg’s book on
“Free Afro-American Families of Colonial North Carolina”
to arrive from Saudi Arabia (he works for ARAMCO). He sent
me a few Xerox copies, and it looks as if his research will be
useful and helpful on a lot of families, including Gowen/Goings,
etc. Virginia Easley DeMarce, 5635 N. 25th Road,
Many thanks for the revised print-outs of the Queens
County, Ireland section of the Gowen manuscript. My family
and I really appreciate all the information you have sent. We
are all quite amazed that we have so many interesting relatives,
and we’re delighted to be able to give our children and
grandchildren a record of their family history. George A.
Gowen, Capt, USN (Ret.), 694 New Haw Creek Road,
Asheville, NC, 28805.
My great-grandmother was Alice Goyns. Her father was
Richard Goyns from Cornwall, England. I have read with much
interest in Volume 1, No. 5 on the efforts of Robert J. Goyen to
gather the complete history of the Goyns in Cornwall. I am enclosing
my check for a membership in the Foundation and am
looking forward to a profitable, enjoyable association. Janet
King, 27 N. Kealing St, Indianapolis, IN, 46201, 317/356-
I was glad to see your article on Drury Going and Sarah
Baxter Going in the July issue. He was my g-g-g-g-grandfather,
and I have been researching him and his descendants through
his son, Isaac Going for eight years now.
For the past 18 months my search has intensified, and I have
accumulated so much interesting data that I plan now to compile
it all for publication in a volume of Union County, South
Carolina family histories. I am also working on the families of
Vaughn, Palmer and Tucker.
Since, according to Page 3722 of the Gowen manuscript
[Greensville County, VA section] you do not have a record of
the children of Isaac Going and Rebecca Palmer Going, I am enclosing
dates and facts on their 11 children, all born in Union
All birthdates came from the Isaac Going bible, now
destroyed. The dates were copied from it in 1879 by Thomas
Baxter Going in Alabama and sent to my g-g-grandfather,
William George Washington Going in a letter, copies of which
I am interested in sharing and receiving any more
information which you might have on this branch of the family.
Fredrick M. Tucker, Box 214, Duncan, SC, 29334.
Your Participation is Invited . . .
The Foundation Newsletter is mailed only to members who have
current memberships, plus historical and genealogical libraries
on our mailing list. Additionally sample copies will be mailed
to prospective members upon request.
If you wish to participate in the Foundation, you may clip or
reproduce the membership form below. Indicate the type of
membership you prefer and Linda McNiel, Foundation
Secretary, will issue your membership card.
Gowen Research Foundation Newsletter
Arlee Gowen, Editor
Linda McNiel, Circulation
Gowen Research Foundation Phone: 806/795-8758
5708 Gary Avenue E-mail: email@example.com
Lubbock, Texas, 79413 Fax: 806/795-9694
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.