Sections in this issue:
1) George Washington Gowens, child of Charles Gowens and Elizabeth “Betsy” Gowens;
2) Dear Cousins;
3) Drury Going, SC Militiaman Saw Revolutionary Service;
4) Phillip Gowen and Gowin Set Free in Colonial Virginia.
All Gowen Manuscript Pages and Newsletters: https://goyengoinggowengoyneandgone.com/gowen-research-foundation-pages-and-info/
GOWEN RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER
Vol. 2, No. 11 July 1991
1) George Washington Gowens, eighth child of Charles Gowens and Elizabeth “Betsy” Gowens.
Prepared from data researched
By Harold Frank Gowing and Mary Ruth Marsh Gowing
1832 Buck Street, Eugene, Oregon, 97405
George Washington Gowens, eighth child of Charles Gowens
and Elizabeth “Betsy” Gowens, was born in 1802 in Kentucky,
probably Harrison County. His father was a Revolutionary
soldier of Henry County, Virginia and had moved to Kentucky
six years earlier. He was married about 1823 to Nancy Webb
who was born in 1805 in Virginia to Hall Webb and Elizabeth
George Washington Gowens, shortly after marriage, adopted
“Gowing” as his surname, and his descendants continue to use
that spelling today.
It is believed that the young couple accompanied his parents in
a move to Gallatin County, Kentucky shortly after they were
married. By 1825, they moved westwardly again, to
Washington County, Indiana where “George Going” was
enumerated as the head of a household in the 1830 census,
page 341. About 1838, he removed to Washington County,
Arkansas. The family of “George W. Gowen” was recorded
there in the 1840 census in Providence township, page 61.
They removed to Cass County, Missouri about 1841. He and
his son, William Pleasant Gowing appeared in the 1848 tax list
of the county, page 16. He paid 71 cents tax on “2 horses,
value $80; 5 cows, value $74 and 1 timepiece, value $15,” and
his son paid 53 cents tax on “1 horse, value $60, 1 cow, value
$8 and military tax, $25.”
He was enumerated there in District 16 September 19, 1850 in
the federal census as the head of Household 394-394:
“Going, George W. 48, born in Kentucky, farmer,
$1,000 real estate
Nancy 43, born in Virginia
Pleasant 25, born in Indiana
George W. 18, born in Indiana
Susannah 20, born in Indiana
Patsey 16, born in Indiana
Francis M. 14, born in Indiana
Jerome 12, born in Arkansas
Chauncy [Drury] 11, born in Arkansas
Nancy 8, born in Missouri
Clarinda 6, born in Missouri
Thomas 4, born in Missouri
Lafayette 2, born in Missouri”
Shortly after 1850 George Washington Gowing moved across
the state line to Brooklin, Kansas, now extinct. In 1855 he
moved to LaCygne, Kansas in extreme eastern Linn County,
Kansas very near the Missouri border. He was frequently involved
in the border disputes that flared in “bleeding Kansas”
in the 1850s and 1860s.
Some events illustrating the adversities the family of George
Washington Gowing endured during that period were recorded
in the March 22, 1895 edition of “La Cygne Weekly
Journal.” The account was later republished in “Kansas
Historical Collection, 1923-1925” printed by Kansas Historical
Society. The account reads:
“In collecting memoranda for these articles there has
been found a very high regard for the Gowing family
who came here in 1855. The head of the family was
George Washington Gowing, Sr. who had been born
and raised in Kentucky and not opposed to slavery,
though he took no part in helping to establish it in
Kansas. The family consisted of himself and wife and
five sons–George W. Jr, Pleasant, Lafayette, Drury and
Thomas. Lafayette became a soldier in Company L,
Sixth Kansas Cavalry and was killed in action April 5,
1864 in the Battle of Stone’s Farm, Arkansas. Wash,
the younger, still lives in La Cygne, and Thomas recently
moved to Missouri.
On coming west, the family lived for a while in Cass
County, Missouri and then decided to come to Kansas,
and as they were traveling in wagons, Wash, the son,
came on in advance to find some old neighbors who
had settled here, among them Skillman Fleming.”
“October 5, 1855, Wash crossed at the ford where the
fair grounds at La Cygne are now located and continued
west till he found Brooklin, when he returned to
pilot his people. At that time all that is Lincoln township,
and to a line north and south along the John
Calvin farm three miles west in Scott township, was an
Indian reservation held by the Miamis and Pottawatomies.
The Miamis were wearing clothing, but
the Pottawatomies were still in blankets. Wash says
that none of them were troublesome. The Miamis
nearly all lived in houses, but the Pottawatomies traveled
around in bands.
When the Gowings located at Brooklin they were
among old acquaintances, and as the family had originally
come from the slave state of Kentucky they were
received as an accession to the proslavery forces. In
the condition of society then, they did not find it convenient
to assert that they had come to make homes and
wanted no politics, so they went along their way and
trusted to luck to avoid trouble. Young Wash was not
regarded with favor by old Skillman, and was
frequently asked to declare himself, but he would only
say that he had come to get a home and wanted no part
in politics. This made it particularly uncongenial for
him, and after he had taken his wife and located a farm
on the ridge north of Brooklin, he would sleep out in
some friendly straw stack or fence corner. Neutrality
then seemed impossible. He was distrusted among his
father’s friends and unknown to the other side, and he
felt uncomfortable, but felt compelled to stay.
One night he ventured to stay within his house, and had
a peaceful night till daybreak, when the sound of horsemen
was heard. He was called and ordered to come
out, with which he complied, expecting trouble. There
were 15 mounted men at his door, whom he recognized
at once as free-state men, who had evidently been out
all night. They asked him for feed for themselves and
horses. He replied that he did not want to give it to
them as it would give him the reputation of harboring
them and get him into trouble. He was assured that his
principles were well known to them, and that they
would see no trouble come to him and then dismounted.
Mrs. Gowing got breakfast for them with
much misgiving as to what the result would be when
the proslavery people heard of it. But beyond severe
criticism they were never disturbed, as by that time the
free-state men were beginning to get control, and they
did not forget to protect Wash.
Once, in 1856, when there were rumors of an invasion
by marauders, they all went over into Missouri to camp
until the trouble should blow over. At West Point,
Missouri they saw a big camp of men living in a halfmilitary
style, but without any authority other than assumed.
Old man Clarke was in command of it. Clarke tried to
take a team from the elder Gowing, and the old man
said they could not have it, that he would not part with
it. They then took possession of horses and man, and
the next morning the 400 ruffians of Clarke started to
raid through Linn County, and took Gowing with them
to haul their plunder.
There was also a young man named Smith, a son of Elisha
Smith of Twin Springs impressed into their service,
and when at Linnville Mr. Gowing took a hatchet
and defied the mob, as related last week, he also released
young Smith from their bondage.”
The incident “as related last week” referred to an account in
the March 15, 1895 edition of the “La Cygne Weekly Journal”
which described the atrocities the mob committed and
the courage of George Washington Gowing in a confrontation
with the mob. The account read:
“The crimes which followed are too foul for record.
Old man Gowing witnessed them, and climbing into
his wagon he threw all the plunder out on the ground,
and with a hatchet to defend himself, denounced the
fiends and told them he would die before he would
obey their orders further, and drove away unmolested.
On his way home he met Sheek and told him the details
of the affair. Mr. Sheek was a close friend of Pat
Devlin, the originator of the famous ‘Jayhawker’
patronymic, and had several adventures with him.”
George Washington Gowing was enumerated in the 1860
census of Linn County in Scott township, page 12:
“Gowins, George 59, born in Kentucky, farmer
Nancy 53, born in Virginia
Lafayette 19, born in Missouri, farmer
Nancy, Jr. 16, born in Missouri
Clarinda 14, born in Missouri
Thomas 13, born in Missouri
Moore, Marion 20, born in Illinois, laborer”
During the Civil War he enlisted in Company K, Sixth Kansas
Militia and appeared on the muster roll of that organization,
along with Drury Gowing and Lafayette Gowing, his sons.
George Washington Gowing wrote his will March 10, 1870:
I, George W. Gowing, considering the uncertainty of
this life and being of sound mind and memory do make
this, my last will and testament in manner and form
following, to wit:
First. I give and bequeath to my grandchildren, heirs
of my son Pleasant Gowing, the sum of One Hundred
Dollars. I give and bequeath to the heirs of my son
Jerome Gowing the sum of One Hundred Dollars to be
paid to them within six month after they becum of age
legaly to do Busness for them selves  and to be
equaly divided between them.
I farther give and bequeath to my wife Nancy Gowing
all of the residue of my Estate that may be left after the
payment of the foregoing bequests and the payment of
all of my Debts both real estate and personal property,
to have and to hold for her own use and benefit during
her life and at her death to be equally between all of
I also appoint my Beloved Wife sole executrix of this
my last will and testament hereby revoking all former
wills made by me in witness of which I have hereunto
set my hand and seal this the 10th day of March 1870.
G. W. [X] Gowing”
He died shortly after the will was written. Nancy Webb
Gowing, a widow was recorded as the head of Household 365-
352 in Lincoln township, page 49:
“Gowing, Nancy 66, born in Virginia
Nancy, Jr. 25, born in Missouri
Clarinda 23, born in Missouri
Thomas 22, born in Missouri, farmer
Gowing, Francis M. 16, born in Missouri, works on farm, grandson
George C. 14, born in Kansas, works on farm, grandson
Sarrah J. 10, born in Kansas, attends school, granddaughter
Clarinda 8, born in Kansas, attends school, granddaughter
William P. 5, born in Kansas, grandson
Gowing, Jane 12, granddaughter
James 10, grandson”
Nancy Webb Gowin died there in 1873.
Children born to George Washington Gowing and Nancy
Webb Gowing include:
William Pleasant Gowing born in 1825
Sarah Ann Gowing born about 1826
Susannah Gowing born in 1830
George Washington Gowing, Jr. born in 1832
Patsey Gowing born in 1834
Francis M. Gowing born in 1836
Jerome Gowing born about 1837
Drury Gowing born about 1838
Lafayette Gowing born about 1841
Nancy Gowing born in 1842
Clarinda Gowing born in 1844
Thomas Benton Gowing born March 23, 1847
2) Dear Cousins
I have a 98-year-old cousin who knew my g-grandfather,
Madrey Goins before he died in 1910. She states that he was a
Confederate veteran and drew a SC pension for a disability
received in a leg wound. Madrey Goins was born about 1827,
and his mother was Levicey [Chavis?] Goins who was born
about 1794. I found her grave marker, and it states that she
was about 93 years old when she died in 1887. My earliest
documentation of the family is in the 1840 census of
Williamsburg County, SC where Madrey Goins died.
Madrey Goins was married to Lavenia Tucker. He had older
brothers, John Goins and Wade Goins and younger brothers,
Henry Goins and Washington Goins. My grandmother, Ceny
Goins was born at Greelyville, SC in 1875, married Jessie
Benjamin Browder and died in Florence County, SC in 1932.
I have found documents on my branch of the family which
have recorded the surname as “Gowens,” “Goens,” “Gowins,”
“Goings,” “Goan,” and “Goins.”
To further complicate the matter, the family lived in the
community populated by the mixed-race Redbones. Charles
James McDonald Furman, author and lecturer [1863-1904]
spent many years researching the origin of this mysterious,
isolated people whose history parallels that of the Melungeons.
He referred to them as a “mixed breed people who
were never slaves and who had Indian blood in their veins.”
He considered them to be a branch of the Croatans and perhaps
descendants of the lost colony of Sir Walter Raleigh.
I have tried for the longest to research this family, but nothing
works for me, and I’m ready to pull my hair out. Can any
of the Foundation researchers suggest a way to find the paternal
ancestors of Madrey Goins? Mary B. Barr, Route 8,
Box 148, Florence, SC, 29501.
I am interested in contacting descendants of Choctaw Tom
who was murdered in December 1858 on the Brazos River in
Palo Pinto County, TX. Members of his family were also
slain while they slept, but there were survivors. These
survivors left Texas in August 1859 and arrived in the
Anadarko, OK area in September. I am sure there are 5th
generation descendants somewhere, and I would like to
contact them. B. A. Ledbetter, HC60, Box 409, Graham,
I was delighted to see the pictures of Jonathan H. Gowen of
Patrick County, VA and his daughter, Mary Alice Gowen of
Adair County, KY in the Newsletter. My own Goin line also
stemmed from Patrick County. Will you please provide me
with the address of their descendant, Jean Grider Fry who
supplied the photos. Thank you very much and keep up the
good work. Anna G. Dunkley, Rt. 2, Box 234, Westfield,
I am seeking information about my father, Sgt. Thomas E.
Gowan. Many years have passed, and I have little to go on.
My attempts of securing information have failed, and his
Army records were destroyed in a 1973 fire. He was born
May 11, 1914, in Spartanburg, SC, I believe. He enlisted June
12, 1942 in the U.S. Army Air Corps.
He served in the intelligence section of the 831st Bomb
Squadron of the 485th Bomb Group and died April 20, 1944
flying from North Africa when his plane went down.
My mother is also deceased. All she knew of his family was
that he had sister named Ruth. I would like to find his family,
and I would like to know his blood type. Also I would like to
know if he was married and had other children. Even after all
these years, I still want some answers. Please let me know if
you can help. Caroline Sue Hall, 48633 McFarland Road,
Oakridge, OR, 94763.
3) Drury Going, SC Militiaman
Saw Revolutionary Service
Drury Going was born in Greensville County, Virginia in
1749, according to Mary Elizabeth Motley Beadles, a
descendant, DAR No.474911. He removed to Camden
District, South Carolina and settled in an area which was later
Chester County. He was married there at age 18 to 17-yearold
Sarah “Sallie” Baxter who was born about 1750 in
Granville County [later Orange County, later Caswell
County], North Carolina.
Drury Going served as a private in a South Carolina militia
regiment commanded by Col. Winn during the Revolutionary
On September 1, 1787 “Drury Gowing of Chester County”
received a deed to 319 acres located on the south side of
Broad River from Merry McGuire, “Planter of Union County,
South Carolina,” according to Union County Deed Book
A&B, page 469. Consideration was “100 pounds current
money.” In the body of the deed the grantee’s name was also
spelled “Gowen” and “Going.” The land had been received by
McGuire June 5, 1786 in a grant from Gov. William Moultrie.
Drury Going received a deed July 8, 1788 to “land on the
waters of Turkey Creek” for 50 pounds, according to Chester
County Deed Book B, page 69.
William Gaston conveyed 200 acres “line on Mill Creek” to
Drury Going in 1789, according to Chester County Deed Book
B, page 73. Consideration was “3 pounds, 14 shillings, 4
pence.” The land was part of a tract granted to Gaston
September 3, 1787.
The household of “Drury Goins” was enumerated in the 1790
census of Chester County, Camden District as “three white
males over 16, three white males under 16, four females and
They removed to Union County, South Carolina shortly
afterward, according to the research of Dennis L. Pettit. Drury
Going died February 22, 1796 in Charleston, South Carolina,
according to “DAR Patriot Index.” which listed 105,000
individuals. Dennis L. Pettit stated that Drury Going died on a
wagon drive from Charleston to Union County. Sarah “Sallie”
Baxter Going died in Union County April 22, 1820, according
to the research of Linda Sue Betts Essary, a descendant of
Floyd, New Mexico.
Children born to them include:
Martha Going born about 1768
Elisha Going born in 1770
Job Isaac Going born September 5, 1772
John Going born January 10. 1774
Isaac Going born April 28, 1775
James Going born in 1777
Mary Going born in 1779
Elizabeth Going born about 1781
Thomas Baxter Going born in 1784
Sarah Going born April 3, 1786
Two centuries and nine generations later the descendants of
his 10 children have spread completely across America and
are believed to be found in every state in the Union.
4) Phillip Gowen and Gowin Set
Free in Colonial Virginia
Two individuals of interest to Gowen chroniclers, researched
by Virginia Easley De Marce, Foundation Editorial Board
Member of Arlington, Virginia, turned up in the court records
of early colonial Virginia.
“Gowin, an Indian servant,” was ordered by Virginia Colony
court on October 18, 1670 to “serve his master, Thomas
Bushrod six years longer and then to be free,” according to
“Judicial Cases Concerning American Slavery and the
Negro” by Helen Honor Tunnicliff Catterall.
Phillip Gowen, negro won his freedom in court in June 1675,
according to the Caterall volume. Court records reveal:
“Phillip Gowen, negro, Suing Mr. Jno. Lucas . . . for his
freedome. It is Ordered that the said Phill. Gowen be free
from the Said Mr. Lucas, his Service and that the Indenture
Acknowledg’d in Warwick County be Invallid and that the
said Mr. Lucas pay unto the sd. Gowen three Barrels of
Corne att the Cropp [harvest time], according to the Will
of Mrs. Amy Boazlye, deceased with costs.”
Warwick County, Virginia was merged into the city of Warwick,
Virginia and then into the city of Newport News.
Surviving records in 1991 were being maintained by the City
of Newport News, according to Mrs. De Marce who plans to
examine the documents for additional details.
Electronic Library Operator
Reports Heavy Modem Traffic
The Foundation Electronic Library has had several hundred
log-ons by researchers uploading and downloading Gowenana
since its inception June 1, according to Gene Mathis, system
operator. Usage to date appears to be equally divided between
Foundation members and non-members.
A news release announcing the formation of the Electronic
Library was sent in June to genealogical columnists across the
United States. The columnists have been very generous with
their space in publicizing the Library. Tearsheets and
clippings from publications all over the country have been
received in the Foundation office. Members are requested to
be on the alert for mention of the Foundation in their local
genealogical column and to forward a clipping for our files. A
thank-you letter is mailed to each columnist. The Foundation
regards them as good friends, indeed.
The 64 sections of the Foundation manuscript remain as
“closed stacks” to non-members, but there are 13 other
sections open to computerized research by any researcher.
The Electronic Library has the longest hours of any–it never
closes. It is “open” 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
To make the search as complete as possible, the Library will
hold data on at least 24 different spellings of the surname.
Library users should set their modems to: Baud, 2400; Parity,
none; Data Bits, 8; Stop Bits, 1, Duplex, Full; Protocol,
YModem; Terminal, ANSI. Call-in number is 806/796-7070.
If technical assistance or equipment advice is needed,
members may call the SysOp at 806/796-0456 or the
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Your Participation is Invited . . .
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If you wish to participate in the Foundation, you may clip or
reproduce the membership form below. Indicate the type of
membership you prefer and Linda McNiel, Foundation
Secretary, will issue your membership card.
Gowen Research Foundation Newsletter
Arlee Gowen, Editor
Linda McNiel, Circulation
Gowen Research Foundation
Phone: 806/795-8758 or 795-9694
5708 Gary Avenue
Lubbock, Texas, 79413
NOTE: The above information produced by the Gowen Research Foundation (GRF), and parts of the “Gowen Manuscript” they worked on producing. It has tons of information – much of it is correct, but be careful, some of it is not correct – so check their sources and logic. I’ve copied some of their information in the past researching my own family, only to find out there were some clear mistakes. So be sure to check the information to verify if it is right before citing the source and believing the person who researched it before was 100% correct. Most of the information I found there seems to be correct, but some is not.
Their website is: Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf
There does not seem to be anyone “manning the ship” at the Gowen Research Foundation, or Gowen Manuscript site any longer, and there is no way to contact anyone about any errors. The pages themselves don’t have a mechanism to leave a note for others to see any “new information” that you may have that shows when you find info that shows something is wrong, or when something has been verified.
Feel free to leave messages about any new information found, or errors in these pages, or information that has been verified that those who wrote these pages may not have known about.