1758 Zephaniah Going of Henry Co, Va

Zephaniah Going born 1758 married to Elizabeth Thompson


John Going Jr. and Elizabeth Going


John Goins                                  born in 1792
Isaiah Goins                                born in 1795
Susannah Goins                         born in 1800
William Goins                             born in 1805


Clabourn Gowen b. 1754
John Gowen Jr – b. 1756 or 1763
Nancy Gowen b. 1757
Zephaniah Gowen b. 1758 m. Elizabeth Thompson
Isaiah Gowen b. 1761 or 1774
Littleberry Gowen b. 1764
Susannah Gowen b. 1767
Simeon Gowen b. 1768
Zedikiah Gowen b. 1770
Zachariah Gowen b. 1773
Elizabeth Gowen Minor b. 1776 m. Hezekiah Minor

Zephaniah Going
Application for pension in 1834, he is 76 yrs old.
DOB is 1758 – born in Halifax Co, Va
Entered service March 6, 1779 in Henry Co, Va
under Col Hasten – several tours until 1781
drafted again in Henry Co, Va
Lived in Henry Co, Va before war
Citizen of Hawkins Co, TN when application made 1834

1779 NC Zephaniah Gowen application for rev war pension

1779 NC Zephaniah Gowen application for rev war pension

1783 tithes/ whites over 21/ slaves over 16/ slaves under 16/ horses/ cattle Henry Co Va
frame 37, Going, John Zephaniah Going, Claiborn Going, James Going 42005/14
Going, David William Going, Charles Going Jacob Going 420068
frame 38, Going, James 110026
Going, Moses 11

1785 Going, Moses 2200088 Henry Co Va
frame 158, Going, James 1100015
Going, John 1100015
Going, David & 3 sons 43100/10/8
Going, John Claiborn Going & Asaiah Going 31200413
frame 159, Going, Zephaniah 11000010

1787A free tithes 16 and over/ slaves over 16/ slaves under 16/ horses/ cattle – Henry Co Va
frame 253, Going, John Senr.: Jno & Zephaniah 20011/30
Going, Claiborne 0000
Going, Shadrack 1009/13
Going, Nathan 0001
Going, James 00025
Going, Jno (Mayo River) 10014
Going, David & Wm & Jacob 20010/5
Going, Jno (Dan River) 00015
Going, Charles 0001

1788B whites 21+/whites 16-21/ slaves over 16, slaves under 16/ horses/ cattle Henry Co Va
frame 301, Gowing, David 5009
Going, James, Junr. 1001
Going, Claiborne (Dan River) 1001`
Going, Benjamin 1005
Going, Shadrack 3006
Going, James (Dan River) 1002
Going, John (Mayo River) 1003
Going, Nathan 1001
frame 302, Going, Charles 1001
Going, John (Black Berry) 4008
Going, Zephaniah 1001

1794 frame 402, Going, John 5007 Henry Co Va
Going, Zephaniah 2001

1795 frame 416, Going, John 5006 Henry Co Va
Going, Zephaniah 1001

1796 frame 428, Going, Zephaniah 1002 Henry Co Va
Going, John 3007

1799 frame 268, Going, John 1 Patrick Co Va
Going, Obediah 1
Going, William 1004
Going, Zephaniah 1
Going, Labon 1002
Going, Shadrack 1005
Going, James 2008
Going, John 1
frame 269, Going, David 1003

1801 March 17 – John Going – Estate/Will
Estate, 17 Mar 1801, Henry, Virginia, USA. “The Last Will and Testament of John Going, Dec’d.
In the Name of God amen I John Going, Sen., of the County and State of Virginia being sick & weak in body but of sound mind & memory and calling to mind that it is appointed for all men once to die do make and ordain this to be my last Will and Testament in manner and form following Viz.
First I recommend my Soul unto the hands [of] Almighty God who [gave it] not in the least doubting I shall receive the same at the great day of the Resurrection & as to see the worldly Estate as it hath pleased God to bless me with I give as follows:
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved daughter Nancy Goin one Sorrel Horse Coult, one Cow & Calf also one feather bed & furniture to her and her heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved daughter Sussanna Goin one Roan Mare one Cow & Calf also one feather bed & furniture to her & her heirs forever.
Item: I give and bequeath to my well beloved son Simeon Goin one cow & calf & one feather bed & furniture to him and his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved son Zedikiah Goin one cow & calf also one feather bed& furniture to him & his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath to my well beloved son John Goin one cow & calf & one feather bed & furniture to him & his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved son Iasiah [sic] Goin one feather bed & furniture to him & his heirs for ever.
Item: I give and bequeath unto my well beloved son Zachariah Goin one feather bed & furniture to him & his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved son Littleberry Goin one feather bed and furniture to him& his heirs for ever.
Item: I give & bequeath unto my well beloved son Clabourn Goin one feather bed & furniture to him and his heirs for ever.
Item: I lend unto my well beloved wife Elizabeth Goin during her natural life all my stock of all kind my household & kitchen furniture together with all my land & plantations whereon I now live & after her death my will and desire is that all my land lying in the Countys of Henry and Patrick be sold & the money arising from the said sale to be equally divided amongst all my children that be then living that is to say Zephaniah Goin Nancy Goin Susanna Goin Clabourn Goin Littleberry Goan Elizabeth Minor wife of Hezekiah Minor to them and their heirs for ever & I do hereby appoint my Friend John Stone & John Cox, Jr. my executors of this my last will & testament revoking and disannulling all wills heretofore by me made.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & affixed my seal this 17th Day of March One thousand eight hundred and one.
John [X] Goin
Signed Sealed Published and Declared for the
Said John Goin’s last Will & Testament
In the Presence of
John Cox
Thibias Stone
Mary [X] Stone
Probate of the Will of John Going, Jr.
At the Court held for Henry County on the 25th Day of May 1801
The within Last Will & Testament of John Going dec’d was exhibited in Court and proved by the Oaths of the witnesses thereto to be published & declared as for the sd John Going Last Will & Testament & the same was Ordered to be Recorded and afterward to wit. at a Court of Quarterly Sessions held for the said County on the 27th Day of July 1801, the Executors in the within Will mentioned refusing to take upon themselves the Executorship of the same. On the Motion of Elizabeth Going widow & relict of the said John Going dec’d Administration with the will annexed is granted her who made Oath & with John Cox & Henry Clark her Securitys entered unto Bond & acknowledged the same therefore Certificate was granted her for obtaining Administration thereof in due form.
John Cox, Atty”
Henry Co, Va.

1801 March 17 – John Going – Estate/Will Estate, Will and Testament of John Going, Dec’d..  wife Elizabeth Goin,

Nancy Goin – daughter,
Sussanna Goin – daughter,
Simeon Goin – son ,
Zedikiah Goin – son ,
John Goin – son,
Isaiah [sic] Goin – son,
Zachariah Goin – son,
Littleberry Goin – son,
Clabourn Goin – son,
Zephaniah Goin – son,
Elizabeth Minor – daughter, wife of Hezekiah Minor ,

my Friend John Stone & John Cox, Jr. my executor,
wits John Cox, Thibias Stone, Mary [X] Stone,
Probate of the Will of John Going, Jr.
Elizabeth Going widow & relict of the said John Going dec’d –
John Cox & Henry Clark her Securitys,
Henry Co, Va.

1810 NC Rockingham Co US Census Zephaniah Going

1810 NC Rockingham Co US Census Zephaniah Going

1820 Va Lee Co US Census Zefiniah Goen

1820 Va Lee Co US Census Zefiniah Goen

1830 TN Roane Co US Census Zopheniah Goans

1830 TN Roane Co US Census Zopheniah Goans

1834 Zephaniah Gowen is a Citizen of Hawkins Co, TN when his Revolutionary War pension application is made.



Gowen Manuscript Info:

Zephaniah Going, son of John Gowen, Jr. and Elizabeth Going, was born about 1758, in Halifax County, according to the research of Donna Gowin Johnston.  In 1777 he enlisted as a Revolutionary soldier in Henry County.

Jack Harold Goins, Foundation Editorial Boardmember of Rogersville, Tennessee, and a descendant of Zephaniah Going wrote:

“Zephaniah Goins, son of John Going and Elizabeth Going, and my seventh-generation grandfather, was born about 1758 in Halifax County, Virginia.  He enlisted in the Virginia troops during the American Revolution and was present at the Battle of Yorktown when Cornwallis surrendered in October 1781.

Zephaniah Goins, a Melungeon, was married to Elizabeth Thompson June 20, 1790 by Rev. Joseph Anthony of Henry County, Virginia.  She was born there about 1765 to William Thompson and Mary Estes Thompson.  Mary Estes Thompson was the daughter of Elisha Estes of Lunenburg County.

About that time “Zaph[aniah?] Going” and David Going signed a petition opposing higher taxes in Henry County.

“Zephaniah Going” was a resident of Rockingham County, North Carolina in 1795, according to the research of Pamela R. Lawson Jenkins, family researcher of Franklin, Tennessee.  He appeared as the head of a household in the 1810 census of the county.  Soon afterward he removed to Tennessee, according to the research of Wanda Aldridge of Dyer, Arkansas.

Learning that Zephaniah Goins and Elizabeth Thompson Goins had joined Blackwater Primitive Baptist Church by dismission letter from another church which was unnamed, I began trying to locate this church.  In the Blackwater minutes, 1816 to 1834, I found four seventh-generation grandfathers who served in the Revolutionary War: Thomas Bledsoe, Henry Fisher, John England and Zephaniah Goins.

While searching in the public library in Kingsport, Tennessee, I found the minutes of neighboring Stoney Creek Primitive Baptist Church at Ft. Blackmore, Virginia, just across the state line.  They contained some very interesting Melungeon references in the minutes recorded in 1813.  The term “Melungeon” was probably in common usage long before then, but this is the first time I have found it recorded.

After learning my seventh-generation grandfather Zephaniah Goins, a Melungeon, had joined Blackwater Primitive Baptist Church by dismission letter from another church which was unnamed, I began trying to locate this church.  While searching through records in the public library in Kingsport, Tennessee, I found the minutes of Stoney Creek Primitive Baptist Church at Ft. Blackmore, Virginia, just across the state line from Tennessee.

These minute books had been in the possession of Scott Boatright of Coeburn, Virginia whose Grandfather was once a minister there.  They were copied from the original by Emory L. Hamilton in 1966, and transcribed again in 1970 by Bobbie Baldin.  Other copies were sent to Clinch Valley College and Virginia State Library in Richmond.

Ft. Blackmore was built at Stoney Creek, in Washington County, Virginia before the Revolutionary War by Capt. John Blackmore to protect the settlers from Indian at­tacks.  Ft. Blackmore was located about eight miles southwest of present day Dungannon, Virginia in Scott County.  In 1780 Capt. Blackmore’s militia­men participated in the victory over the Cherokees in the Battle of Boyd’s Creek.  Zephaniah Goins was a militiaman in Capt. Blackmore’s com­pany and responded regularly to Indian alarms.

While driving through this small town trying to form a picture of what this place looked like 200 years ago, I stopped at a church called Pine Grove Primitive Baptist Church. Residents told me that this site was where old Stoney Creek Primitive Baptist Church had been located.  I learned that the old building had been washed away in a flood.  I was told the old fort was about where Stoney Creek flows into the Clinch River and tried to visualize this place where my forebears were stationed during the Revolutionary War.

Grandfather Thomas Bledsoe was in Capt. Blackmore’s com­mand.  He  filed his Revolutionary War pension ap­plication in Hawkins County April 24, 1834.  He was born in March 1760 in North Carolina and moved with his parents to the new territory, about seven miles from Long Islands of the Holston River, on Reedy Creek.  It is now the site of present day Kingsport, Ten­nessee.  After the Battle of Kings Mountain, peace returned to the Clinch River valley briefly.

Capt. Blackmore’s company was preparing to march to the upcoming Battle of King’s Mountain when orders came for them to remain at Ft. Blackmore to protect the community against Indian incursions.  In 1780 Capt. Blackmore’s militiamen participated in the victory over the Cherokees in the Battle of Boyd’s Creek.

Another of my seventh-generation grandfathers was Thomas Bledsoe, also in Capt. Blackmore’s command.  He  filed his Revolutionary War pension application in Hawkins County, Tennessee April 24, 1834.  He was born in March 1760 in North Carolina and moved with his parents to the new territory, about seven miles from Long Islands of the Holston River, on Reedy Creek.  It is now the site of present day Kingsport, Tennessee.  And from 1778 until 1783 he was in almost continual service guarding the settlers from Indian attacks.  He tells about fighting Indians up and down the Clinch River and once pursuing them to the Ohio River because they had broken into the white settlements and taken prisoners.

One of their prisoners was the brother of Thomas Bledsoe.  They were unable to rescue his brother, and he was not heard from again until he was exchanged at the Falls of the Ohio months later.

When Thomas Bledsoe first enlisted, Col. Isaac Shelby was commander of the county militia.  Most of his other terms of duty was under Capt. John Sawyers.  He also recalled serving under Col. Sevier and Col. William Campbell.

Reference has been made in the Foundation Newsletter earlier to a letter written by Capt. John  Sevier in which he describes the physical appearance of the Melungeons upon first encountering them.  He patrolled in the Trans-Appalachian area of Virginia and Ten­nessee during Lord Dunmore’s War in 1774.

John Murray Lord Dunmore, the Earl of Dunmore, was appointed governor of Virginia in 1771, and an In­dian war erupted during the third year of his tenure which was thereafter called Lord Dunmore’s War.

A band of white marauders led by a des­perado named Greathouse attacked an Indian village and killed sev­eral of the tribesmen.  An Indian chieftain, John Logan, known to the tribe as Tahgahjute, took to the warpath to avenge the death of his sister and other kinsmen in the raid.  John Logan, son of Shikellamy, was born in 1725.  Shikellamy was a white man who had been captured by the Cuyugas while a child.  He grew up in the tribe, mar­ried an Indian woman and became a chief.

Believing that the troops of Capt. Michael Cresap were respon­sible for the raid and the murders, John Lo­gan sent him a decla­ration of hostilities.  This was the beginning of Lord Dunmore’s War which saw the frontier become a blazing battleground.  Gov. Dunmore did his utmost to restore peace and was able to bring the Shawnee Chief Cornstalk to a parley after the Battle of Point Pleasant, but Logan shunned the peace talks and continued the fighting which was a prelude to the Rev­olutionary War.

When the Revolution began, Logan served the British cause and wreaked havoc on the frontier settlements.  In addition to Cuyu­gas, the Mingoes, Cherokees, Shawnees, Chickasaws, Creeks and Chickamaugas went on the warpath from time to time, all supplied and en­couraged by the British.  During the Revolution, Lo­gan led a charmed life and did not receive a scratch, but was killed in 1780 near Lake Erie by a nephew that he had attacked.

Lord Dunmore fared little better.  In April 1775 Patrick Henry at the head of the Hanover Minute Men forced Dunmore to flee his office and take refuge on a British war vessel lying off York­town.  In retaliation, Dunmore ordered Norfolk, the largest town in Virginia at that time, to be burned.  This outrage united the Virginians in their resolve, and the British quickly order Dun­more out of the colony in 1776.

Lord Dunmore’s War was not the last time that John Sevier was associated with the Melungeons.  He was born in New Market, Virginia in Rockingham County in 1745.  In 1776, he was one of the first to settle on the Watauga River west of the Appalachi­ans when Ten­nessee was opened for settlement.  Melungeons on the Watauga were then his neighbors.

Col. Sevier was one of the commanders in the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780, and Melungeon militiamen were included in his command.  This victory was the opening wedge of the end of the war and contributed largely to the success of Gen. Nathanael Greene’s campaign against Charles Lord Cornwallis.

Later in that year, Col. Sevier led an expedition against the Cherokee Indians.  Included in his command was the militia company of Capt. Blackmore and its Melungeons.

He helped to organize the Free State of Franklin [which embraced the Melungeons] and became its governor in 1784.  Feeling that he was leading an insurrection, the officials of North Carolina arrested Sevier and convicted him of high treason.  Later he was pardoned.  Ten years later he was elected the first governor of Tennessee.

The Stoney Creek minutes are complete from 1801 to 1811.  Then from 1811 to 1814 there are intermittent skips.  The first minutes dated February 21, 1801 reveal that it was an existing church and adding new members rapidly.  Meetings were held on the second Saturday of each month.

The minutes reveal that the congregation was composed of whites, Melungeons, free Negroes and slaves.  During the next four years, 88 new members were added; 33 of these were persons bearing familiar Melungeon names: Gibson, Collins, More [Moore], Bolin, Bolling, Sexton, Osborne and Maner.

James Kitchen was a member before the minutes began; he first appears in them September 22, 1802.  Also Susanna Stallard and others bearing Melungeon names were early members.  On a torn partial list of members is James Kitchen and his wife, Sarah Kitchen.

The congregation made an effort to overcome the preju­dice against dark-skinned people prevalent in that pe­riod, but reading between the lines, it was apparent that the whites were greatly relieved when the Melungeons began an exodus to Tennessee.  According to the minutes, by 1807 most Melungeon families were gone; eight had received letters of dismission, and five others had been excommunicated for various unre­pented sins.

The word “Melungins” was recorded in the minutes of the church dated September 26, 1813 and is the old­est written reference to them that I have found:

The original book is in the possession of Scott Boatright of Coeburn, Virginia.  It was bound in homespun cloth.  In August 1966, Emory L. Hamilton, Wise, Virginia copied the material and submitted it to the Archives of Southwest Virginia Historical Society at Clinch Valley College and to the Virginia State Library.

An index to the members of Stoney Creek Primitive Baptist Church was created by Teresa Martin Klaiber April 29, 1997 and made available on the Internet by Phillip Roberts.  Individuals named include:

–,– , George’s two blacks
–,– Negro man
–, –, Stellard’s negro
–, Bec, David’s [slave]
–, Becky, Sis.
–, Betsey
–, Black [man]
–, Eve [possible slave]
–, Eve, black
–, Jenny, Sis.
–, John [possible slave]
–, John, black
–. Luke, Mima Cox’s  slave
–, Luke, Stallard’s black
–, Rhoda, black
–, Rhoda, slave
–, Sam, black
–, Sinnah
–. Stanley
Abbel, T.R.
Alley, Thomas
Auston, Prescilla
Auston, Pressleigh
Baler?, Mode [Moderator]
Bama, James
Biggs, Bro.
Bolin, Jessee
Bolling, Bro.
Bolling, Jeremiah
Bradic, Bro.
Bradic, Elizabeth
Bradis, Bro.
Bradix, Bro.
Bradrick, —
Briant, David
Briant, Rachael
Brickey, Bro.
Brickey, Con
Brickey, James
Brickey, John
Brickey, Nancy
Brickey, Sis.
Brickey, William
Broadrice, William
Broobachs, William
Browdick, Bro.
Burton, Betsey
Bustar, David
Bustar, John
Bustar, Rebecca
Bustar, Sally
Bustard, John
Buster, Bro.
Buster, John
Carnelius, Mary
Carter, Agness
Carter, Elizabeth
Carter, Isabel
Carter, Joseph
Carter, Margaret
Carter. Presley
Carter, Pressley
Carter, Pressly
Carter, Sis.
Catchen, Sarah
Cock, Bro.
Cock, David
Cock, Henry
Cocks, Bro.
Cocks, David
Cocks, Matilda
Cocks, Rebecky
Cockerill, William
Cockrel, William Marshall
Cok, David
Collins, Bro.
Collins, Riley
Collins, Tiny
Collins, Valentine
Cornelius, Mary
Cox, Bro.
Cox, David
Cox, David Jr.
Cox, Henry
Cox, James
Cox, Jemina
Cox, Mima
Cox, Rebecca
Cox, Rhoda [black]
Culberson, Bro.
Culberson, Joseph
Culberston, James
Culberston, Mary
Culbertson, Bro.
Culbertson, James
Culbertson, Joseph
Dany, Bro.
Davis, Israel
Dolahide, Jemina
Dollarhide, Jeremiah
Dotson, Feby
Dotson, Mary
Dotson, Phebe
Dotson, Simon
Eddington, Margaret
Eddington, Sinthey
Ervin, Jean
Estep, Elizabeth
Estep, Joel
Estep, Shadrack
Esland, Thomas
Easterling, Thomas
Farmer, Lucy
Farmer, Lusey
Farmer, Nancy
Flannary, Bro.
Flannay, Bro.
Flannery, John
Flannery, Sarah
Flannery, Violate
France, Chloe
France, Cloe
Frances, Clarey
Frances, Cloe
Frances, William
Francis, Clarey
George, Bro.
George, William
Gibson, Annie
Gibson, Anny
Gibson, Bro.
Gibson, Charles
Gibson, David
Gibson, Delilah
Gibson, Deliley
Gibson, Fanny
Gibson, Francis
Gibson, George
Gibson, Henry
Gibson, James
Gibson, John
Gibson, Mary
Gibson, Nancy
Gibson, Rheuben
Gibson, Thomas
Gibson, Thomas Jr.
Gibson, Vina
Giles, Bro.
Gipson, Beter
Gipson, Charles
Gipson, David
Gipson, Elizabeth
Gipson, Fanny
Gipson, George
Gipson, John
Gipson, Mary
Gipson, Nancy
Gipson, Rachel
Gipson Rheubin
Gipson, Thomas
Guttery, John
Hall, Bro.
Hall, Mary
Hall, Rubin
Henry, Bro.
Hollan, William
Hollan[d], James
Hollan[d], William
Hollandworth, Nance
Horton, Margaret
Hutchens, Bro.
Jones, Mary
Kelley,  Edward
Kildare, Bro.
Kilgore, Rabin
Kilgore, Robert
Kinsey, Bro.
Kitchen, Bro.
Kitchen, James
Kitchen, James Sr.
Kitchen, Jean
Kitchen, Sarah
Kitchen, Sis.
Kitchin, Bro.
Kitching, Bro.
Lacey, Bro.
Landers, Bro.
Landers, Elizabeth
Landers,  Thomas
Large, Mary
Lea, Giles
Lea, Sarah
Leath, Henry
Leath, James
Leath, Margaret
Leathe, Bro.
McBride, John
McBride, Johanne
McBride, Susannah
McBride, William
McGuire, Jesse
McGuire, Mary
McKinney, Elizabeth
McKinney, James
McKinsey, Bro.
McKinsey, James
McKinsey, John
McKinsey, Patty
Mahan, Selah
Maner, William
Manes, William
Mann, Bro.
Mashal, David
Marshal, Thomas
Marshall, Thomas
Marshall, Mary
Marshall, Susannah
Marshel, David
Marshel, Thomas
Mirfey, Edly
Moore, Lucy
Moore, Spicey
More, Clary
More, Judith
More, Lerecy
More, Spicey
Mullet, Nas
Mullet, Nathan
Mullet, Sarah
Mullet, Sary
Murphy, Sis.
Nelson, Elinor
Nelson, Ellender
Neyland, Rebecky
Nolen, Bro.
Nolen, James
Nolen, Sis.
Nolen, William
Nolen, William Nolen
Nolin, Sis.
Nolin, William
Nuston, Pressleigh
Oakes, Bro.
Ogden, Lidish  [?]
Osborn, Comfort
Osborn, Jemina
Osborn, Stephen
Owens, Bro.
Owens, Sis.
Owens, Thomas
Penalton, Sarah
Pendleton, Edmond
Pendleton, Sis.
Petey, Sis. [widow]
Philips, Sis.
Philips, Elender
Pressley, Bro.
Prickey, William
Quillen, Nancy
Rany, Samuel
Ray, Dicy
Relby, Bro.
Rhea, Disey
Rice, Sherad
Richey, Bro.
Riggs, Bro.
Riggs, Susanna
Rigs, Bro.
Ritchman, John
Ritchman, Nancy
Richmond, John
Richmond, Johnathan
Richmond, Nancy
Riggs, Bro.
Riggs, Hannah
Roberts, Catherine
Roberts, Cathy
Roberts, Mary
Roberts, Nancy
Roberts, Sis.
Roberts, William
Russell, Rebecky
Sexton, Bitha
Sexton, Bro.
Sexton, Elisha
Sexton, Sis.
Sexton, Tabitha
Sook, Sis.
Stacky, Bro.
Stacy, Bro.
Stacy, George
Stallard, Susanna
Stanfield, James
Stanfield, Mary
Stanfiled, James
Stanley, Jane
Stanley, Sis.
Starnes, Rhoda
Stergen, Amy
Stergen, Bro.
Stergen, Mary
Stergen, Nimrod
Stergin, Bro.
Steward, Bro.
Steward. Jemina
Steward, William
Stuart, John
Sturgill see also Stergen
Sturgill, Bro.
Sturgill, Nimrod
Taylor, Bro.
Taylor, Martha
Taylor, Mary
Taylor, Nimrod
Taylor, Sarah
Tod, Jemina
Wallings, Bro.
Watson, Bro.
Watson, John
Watson, William
Wayland, Bro.
Wayland, Francis
Wayland, Frank
Wayland, James
Wayland, Kesiah
Wayland, Nancy
Wayland, Nevel Jr.
Wayland, Nevel Sr.
Wayland, Sis.
Wayland, Zodak
Wells, Bro.
Wells, Rebecca
Wells, Rebekey
Wells, William
Wells, Zachariah
Wilson, Bro.
Wilson, Jesse

“‘September 26, 1813.  Church sat in love.  Bro. Kil­gore, Moderator.  Then came forward Sis. Kitchen and complained to the Church against Susanna Stallard for saying she harbored them Melungins.  Sis. Sook said she was hurt with her for believing her child and not believing her, and she won’t talk to her to get satisfaction, and both is pigedish [pig-headedish] one against the other.  Sis. Sook lays it down and the church forgives her.'”

Sis. Susanna Kitchen was provoked with Susanna “Sookie” Stallard for reporting that the Melungeons were visiting in her home.  Sis. Susan “Sook” Kitchens joined the church Septem­ber 26, 1812.  Her child told Susanna Stallard the Melungeons had been staying there.  The church forgave her upon her repen­tance, but the furor appeared to continue at the next meeting.  Stoney Creek was happy to see the Melun­geons re­move to Ten­nessee, and some were chagrinned to have them return on visits to Virginia.  Some did not re­quest dismissions, but simply returned to Stoney Creek to worship upon occasions.

Lloyd D. “Lou” Minor arrived at a slightly different interpretation of the passage and wrote:

“Sarah Kitchens joined the church September 26, 1812, according to the minutes of the meeting of that date.  In the entry for Sept. 26, 1813, Sister Sarah Kitchen, provoked with Susanna “Sister Sook” Stallard for accusing her of having Melungeons staying in her home, complained to the church accordingly.  While denying having made such an accusation, Stallard apparently expressed her own innocence, saying that she was hurt with Sister Sarah for believing she could have said such a thing.  She then implied that her child had been the culprit and not her.  Stallard apparently would have had them believe that her child had rumored to Sister Kitchen that her mother believed Melungeons were being harbored in the Kitchen home.  Sister Sook then let the matter rest, and the church forgave her for any part in contributing to the allegation.  It is unclear whether there was really any reprimand for the alleged harboring of them Melungins, or whether the church felt that Sister Kitchen was in fact guilty of such activity.”

The account of Jack Harold Goins continues:

The closest ones lived near Kyle’s Ford, Tennessee 40 miles downstream on the Clinch.  With their primi­tive roads it would be impossible for them to attend services at Stoney Creek and return in one day.  Someone had to be “harboring” them for per­haps for more than one night at a time.  Some members of Stoney Creek may have sought a res­olution to encourage the Melungeons to attend church in Tennessee:

“‘October 23, 1813.  Church sat and found in love.  Bro. Cox puts a question to the Church: ‘Whether it is in order to live in the bounds of one church and to belong to another church.’  The assembly determined ‘it not good to bind any member in such cases.'”

Several blacks were members at Stoney Creek, Rhoda [Cox’s black], William George and his two blacks; Luke Stallard’s black.”  “Feb. 26, 1809, ‘Can blacks testify against whites?’ The church voted ‘yes.’

Concerning the use of the word Melungeon in these minutes, it is obvious it was a common word well known to this commu­nity.  From the minutes, the fol­lowing were the first people to join Stoney Creek Prim­itive Baptist Church bearing Melungeon related names:

“‘December 1801 “Nancy Gibson, received by letter. Valentine Collins received by experience and baptised.  May the 22nd day 1802: Church meeting held at Stoney Creek. Received by ex­perance Nancy Brikey, Riley Collins, Mary Large. Rachel Gib­son, Thomas Gibson, Beter Gibson, George Gibson, John Stuart and bap­tised.'”

Three members of Stoney Creek are on the 1755 tax list of Orange County, North Carolina.  Listed were “mulattoes” Thomas Gibson, George Gibson and Charles Gibson.

Four members of Stoney Creek reappeared on the 1810 tax list of Hawkins County, Tennessee: Thomas Gibson, George Gib­son, Charles Gibson and Valentine Collins.

Using the min­utes of Stoney Creek, you can note when Valentine Collins and Charles Gibson left for Hawkins County.

Shortly afterward the minutes reveal,  “May the 22nd day 1802: Church meeting held at Stoney Creek.  Received by experance Nancy Brikey, Riley Collins, Mary Large. Rachel Gibson, Thomas Gibson, Peter Gibson, George Gibson, John Stuart and baptised.”

“Nov 25, 1802 Br. Tiny Collins on Censure till next meeting.” Then , “Dec. 23, 1802 Brother Tiny Collins re­stored.”

Letters of dismission were obtained by someone almost every meeting day. If they left for another church, they had to have a letter of dismission and the same is true today.  Using the min­utes of Stoney Creek, you can note when Valentine Collins and Charles Gibson left for Hawkins County.

“‘April the 21 day 1803, Bro. Valentine Collins and wife to receive a letter of dismission, also Bro. Charles Gib­son and wife.'”

Blackwater Primitive Baptist Church was located at Kyles Ford, Tennessee in Hawkins County [present day Hancock County] on the bank of the Clinch River.  Organized in 1801, it was the first church established in this section.  The earliest minutes found begin in 1816.  We know by the minutes of Stoney Creek who some of its members were.

“‘February the 26th day 1802. Thomas Gibson Excommunicated.  Sis. Vina Gibson obtained a letter of dismission by letter of recommendation from Blackwater Church.  Sis. Mary Gibson obtained a letter of dismission. Clary More received by experiance and baptised. Dismissed in order.'”

Thomas Gibson, listed as one of the Kings Mountain militiamen, and George Gibson are distant grandparents in the family research of Ruth Johnson, a member of Gowen Research Foundation who lives in Kingsport.  She is completing a book about her life on Newman’s Ridge.

Charles Gibson, born in Virginia, moved to North Carolina and later joined Stoney Creek Primitive Baptist Church June 26, 1802, then removed to Blackwater Primitive Baptist Church.

“September 22nd day 1804 Rubin Gibson is excluded from membership of this church [joined July 23, 1802].  He lives at Blackwater congregation and has received a letter from this church [letter of dismission March 26, 1803] and keeps it and has joined another church.”

“Charles Gibson and wife, Rubin Gibson and wife, and Valentine Collins and wife” received dismission to go down to Blackwater Church.  The earliest minutes found there begin in 1816, but none of these people are found in them, probably be­cause Greasy Rock Primitive Baptist Church had been subse­quently estab­lished at Sneedville, Tennessee.

Some of these families who were asking for letters of dismission to leave and go into another church did not appear in the minutes previously.  Since no children were mentioned as members, and assuming that all these people were adults with children, the congregation probably exceeded 100 people.

That number would be the ones belonging to the church.  How many lived there that had nothing to do with the church?

Other churches mentioned in the minutes of Stoney Creek include Glade Hollow Primitive Baptist Church, Deep Springs Primitive Baptist Church at 3 forks of the Powell River mentioned Aug. 1806 probably near Jonesville, Virginia and Moc­casin Primitive Baptist Church.

When the minutes of these sis­ter congregations are found, they may contain additional infor­mation about the Melungeons.”

In the minutes of Blackwater Primitive Baptist Church, 1816 to 1834 I found four seventh-generation grandfathers who served in the Revolutionary War: Thomas Bledsoe, Henry Fisher, John England and Zephaniah Goins.

Without any embellishment, my Melungeon grandfather simply declared, “I was at the siege and present at the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.”

Zephaniah Going did not receive any property in the terms of the will of his father written March 17, 1801, but he was stipulated to participate in the property division at the death of his mother.

Lloyd D. “Lou” Minor wrote November 11, 1997:

“Zephaniah and family removed from Rockingham County, North Carolina to Lee County, Virginia about 1814, together with his brother-in-law, Hezekiah Minor and Elizabeth Going Minor.  There probably were others who made the move, some of whom may have stopped for brief periods in places like Grayson, Wythe, and Scott County, Virginia before finally arriving and settling in the Blackwater Valley of Lee County.  Lee County Surveyors Book indicates a purchase of two hundred acres on Wallens Creek by Hezekiah Minor and Elizabeth Going Minor in 1818.  Their presence is also proven by an 1815 Lee County Court Case which alleges an attempt by “Hezekiah Miner, a freeman of colour,” and six of his apparent close neighbors, against a county road crew assigned to perform some type of duties on or near the property of Hezekiah Minor and the others.  The case was continued or postponed several times, until finally being dismissed in August 1818, according to Minute Book A.

Zephaniah Going and Hezekiah Minor were enumerated as heads of household in 1820 census of Lee County.

“Zephaniah Goans, free person of color” was recorded as the head of a “free colored” household in the 1830 census of Roane County, Tennessee, page 47.

In 1834, “Zephaniah Going” was a justice in Hawkins County, Tennessee,  He filed his Revolutionary pen­sion application there December 18, 1834.  He was included in “Pension List of 1818” published in Washington in 1820.  “Elizabeth Goings” who was born in 1768, applied for a widow’s pension July 7, 1838 at age 70.

Fourteen children, 10 daughters and four sons, were born to Zephaniah Goins and Elizabeth Thompson Goins, including

John Goins                             born in 1792
Isaiah Goins                             born in 1795
Susannah Goins                         born in 1800
William Goins                         born in 1805

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s