104 Florence Co, SC

FLORENCE COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA

The Associated Press on March 2, 2002 released an article on the Florence Stockade, a Confederate prison camp used during the Civil War to hold Union prisoners. An excerpt follows:
“Along a road near a honky-tonk and a cluster of trailers sits an overgrown farm field and a little-noticed granite monument.

For a few months late in the Civil War, this ground was a prison for 16,000 Union troops. Many were hastily sent here after Union Gen. Sherman captured Atlanta and Confederates moved prisoners from Georgia’s infamous Andersonville prison.

In many ways, the camp known as the Florence Stockade was the worst prison of the Confederacy with prisoners living in holes and using a tiny stream simultaneously for drinking and sanitary purposes. In the camp’s mere six-month existence from late 1864 to early 1865, some 2,800 men died from malnutrition and disease.”

GEORGETOWN DISTRICT, SOUTH CAROLINA

Georgetown District was the easternmost district of the seven districts into which South Carolina was divided in colonial times.
==O==
Bathiah Going was named as the head of a household composed of two females in Georgetown District, Prince Frederick parish, according to “Heads of Families, South Carolina, 1790.” The family was rendered on Page 51.
==O==
Mrs. Jacquelyn Dale Wall Goins was born in 1940. She died at age 61 November 16, 2001, according to the November 18, 2001 edition of “The State.”
==O==
The will of Moses Bass of Georgetown District dated February 28, 1777 reveals a relationship with the family of Jacob Going, according to “South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1783-1788,” Books I-5 through Z-5, abstacted by Brent H. Holcomb.

“S‑5, 283‑284:

Abstract of will of Moses Bass of Prince Georges Parish, George Town District, Province of South Carolina,

Being indisposed in Body . . .

. . . to Mourning Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one cow marked with a cross & over bit & under bit in one ear and cross & whole under nick in the other ear;

. . . to Sarah Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one cow marked in the above mentioned mark;

. . . to Elizabeth Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one cow marked with a cross & under bit & over bit in each ear and branded ‘ME’;

. . . to Anne Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one heifer marked with a cross and under bit & over bit in each ear branded ‘ME’;

. . . to Cyntha Going, daughter of Jacob Going, one heifer yearling marked with a cross & over bit & under bit in each ear & branded ‘ME’;

. . . to my beloved cousin Jeremiah Bass, tract of 100 acres granted to John Smith, and one negro named Peter, one negro woman named Fann, one negro boy named Jack with their increase;

. . . my wife Elizabeth Bass to have the use of said plantation & tract of land granted to John Smith her lifetime and the use of negroes Peter, Fann & Jack & their increase her life time;

. . . to my beloved cousin Wright Bass, the plantation, mill, & tract of land containing 444 acres that I now live on, one negro woman Jane, my wife Elizabeth Bass to have the use of the plantation, mill & Tract of land and negro woman during her lifetime;

. . . to Henry Harison, son of James Harison, one negro woman Cate & increase, my wife to have the use of the negro woman during her lifetime;

. . . to Joseph Going Junr, one negro girl named Judah & increase, my wife to have the use of her during her life time;

. . . to my beloved wife Elizabeth Bass, one negro man named Jack, one woman named Florah, one woman named Nan, one boy named Isum, one boy named Roger, and my cattle, about 110 head, branded ‘ME’, all my stock of horses & mares, all my household furniture & plantation tools, 26 head of sheep, and my hogs, also negro girl Violet;

. . . to Jacob Going. a plantation of 50 acres granted to John Crawford;

I appoint my wife Elizabeth Bass and my friends Luke Whitefield and James Harison, executors.

Dated 28 February 1777. Moses Bass (M) (LS)

Wit: Malachi Murfee, Jeremiah [x] Bass, Right Bass.

A true copy taken from the original and examined by Hugh Horry, Ordinary G. Town District.

Whereas I, the within named Right Bass, am the eldest son of Edward Bass, deceased, who was the eldest brother of the within named Testator, Moses Bass, which said Moses Bass departed this life without issue, whereby I, said Right Bass became his heir at law, and I am willing that all the several devises & bequests in the said will should have effect, for the memory of my deceased uncle Moses Bass and for the several devisees in the within will, and five shillings, I confirm all the devises, legacies and bequests.

9 Nov 1785 Right Bass (LS)

Wit: Chas Cotesworth Pinckney, Wm. Smith.

Proved in Charleston District by the oath of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 28 June 1786 before Dl. Mazyck, J.P. Recorded 28 June 1786.”
==O==
Michael Going was named as a petit juror in Prince George Parish, Georgetown District in the 1778-79 jury list, according to “Jury List of South Carolina, 1778-1779” by GeLee Corley Hendrix and Morn McKay Lindsey.
==O==
“John Gowings” received land grants in Georgetown District, August 1, and August 7, 1786, according to Georgetown District Deed Book 4, page 238. Georgetown District was created in 1768. He received another grant in Prince George Parish, Georgetown District, according to Georgetown District deed records.
John Gowen appeared as the head of a household in the 1790 census of Georgetown District, Prince George Parish:

“Gowen, John white male over 16
white female
white male over 16
white female
white male under 16”
==O==
Lucy Gowen appeared as the head of a household in the 1790 census of Georgetown District, near John Gowen’s location in Prince George parish. Her family was composed of five females. She may have been the widow of Jacob Gowen and the mother of his many daughters.

GREENVILLE COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA
Oliver F. Going was born June 16, 1870. He died December 11, 1931 and was buried in Springwood Cemetery, according to “Greenville County, South Carolina Epitaphs” by Beverly T. Whitmire.
==O==
Anderson Gowan, negro, headed a household in the 1880 census of Greenville County, Enumeration District 96, page 11, Bates township, composed of:
“Gowan, Anderson 34, born in SC, negro
Mariah 34, born in SC
Margaret 14, born in SC
Georgianna 12, born in SC
Frank 10, born in SC
Hattie 7, born in SC
Allice 5, born in SC
Anderson 2, born in SC”

Enumerated on the same page was a household headed by Edmond Gowan, negro, in Greenville County, Enumeration District 96, Bates township:

“Gowan, Edmond 32, born in SC, negro
Hannah 23, born in SC
Henry S. 11, born in SC
Mollie 10, born in SC
Hannah 75, born in VA, mother”

Also in Enumeration District 96, page 13, Bates township of Greenville County was the household of Reuben Gowan, negro, reported as:

“Gowan, Reuben 56, born in SC, negro
Rosa 41, born in SC
Sylva 19, born in SC, daughter
Thomas 15, born in SC
Lou 11, born in SC
Laura 7, born in SC
Andy 4, born in SC
John 2, born in SC”

Also in Enumeration District 96, page 35, Bates town­ship of Greenville County was the household of Hezza Gowan, negro, reported as:

“Gowan, Hezza 53, born in South Carolina
Emma 45, born in South Carolina
William 12, born in South Carolina
Lou E. 8, born in South Carolina
Isabella 6, born in South Carolina”
==O==
Lettie Gowan was born in South Carolina in April 1859 of parents unknown. She was married about 1877 to Elijah Thurston, according to the research of Pat Wells of Spencer, North Carolina.

Children born to Elijah Thurston and Lettie Gowan Thurston include:

Arthur Thurston born August 1, 1879
Alleathy “Reatha” Thurston born in 1891
Lona Marilla Thurston born in 1894

Arthur Thurston, son of Elijah Thurston and Lettie Gowan Thurston, was born August 1, 1879. He was married about 1902 to Martha Bruce who was born January 1, 1886. She died in 1957, and he died in 1972.

Children born to them include:

J. B. Thurston born about 1903
Hugh Thurston born about 1904
Malissa Thurston born about 1905
Roxanne Thurston born about 1907
Dalton Thurston born about 1908
Bessie Thurston born about 1909
Robert Thurston born about 1910
Haskell Thurston born March 19, 1912

Alleathy “Reatha” Thurston, daughter of Elijah Thurston and Lettie Gowan Thurston, was born in 1891. She was married about 1909 to Simon Turner. Children born to them include:

Minnie Turner born about 1912

Lona Marilla Thurston, daughter of Elijah Thurston and Lettie Gowan Thurston, was born in 1894. She was married about 1912 to Leonard Turner, regarded as a brother to Simon Turner.
==O==
Arke Gowen was enumerated in the 1800 census of Greenville District, page 265, Household 853:

“Gowen, Arke white female 26-45
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
white male 0-10
white male 0-10”
==O==
Benjamin Gowen, free colored over 45, was enumerated as the head of household in the 1800 census of Greenville County, page 246. The household included “one white female over 45” and six slaves.
==O==
Ebenezer Gowen and Frances H. Gowen were parents of Matilda Florence Gowen, “their only daughter, aged 5 months and 2 days who died on Thursday, the 12th ult., after a very short illness.” This incomplete death notice appeared in “Marriage and Death Notices from the Up-Country of South Carolina as taken from Greenville Newspapers, 1826-1863” compiled by Brent H. Holcomb.
==O==
Mary Gowen was enumerated in the 1800 census of Greenville District, page 265, Household 858:
“Gowen, Mary white female 26-45
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
white male 0-10”
==O==
Thomas Gowen appeared as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Greenville County, page 1, No. 27, adjoining Lucy Gowen. The family consisted of:

“Gowen, Thomas white male 26-45
white female 26-45
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
white male 0-10
[five slaves]

On February 8, 1801 Thomas Gowen sold “Jim, a negro boy” to George W. Earle, according to Greenville County Deed Book F, page 14. The bill of sale, as recorded in “Abstracts of Some Greenville County, South Carolina Records Concerning Black People, Free and Slave, 1791-1865” by Anne K. McCuen, read:

“Know all men by these presents that I Thomas Gowen, in consideration of $275 and other valuable considerations paid by George E. Earle, hath bargained . . . to George W. Earle, his heirs . . . forever the following negro, to wit, Jim a negro boy about 12 years old, which said negro boy, Jim, I warrant to be sound, healthy and sensible . . .

February 28, 1801 Thomas Gowin

Witnesses: Thomas Edwards, Esq.
Elizabeth Grigsby
Franky W. Earle”

On February 22, 1802 Thomas Gowen sold a negro couple to William Young, according to Greenville County Deed Book F, page 235. The bill of sale was abstracted in the McCuen volume as:

“Know all men by these presents that I, Thomas Gowen, in consideration of £235 sterling paid by William Young, hath bargained . . . to William Young, his heirs . . . forever the following negroes, to wit, Roger, a negro man and Chloe, a negro worman . . .
February 22, 1802 Thomas Goin

Witnesses:
John Young
John W. Hansell
John Young, J.P.”

Lucy Gowen appeared adjacent to Thomas Gowen as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Greenville County, page 244:

“Gowen, Lucy white female over 45
white female 26-45
white female 26-45
white female 16-26
white female 16-26
white male 10-16
white male 10-16
white female 10-16
white female 10-16
white male 0-10”

On July 27, 1824, Ruben Harrison, Sr. of Pendleton District made an affidavit regarding Lucy Gowen, according to Greenville County Deed Book O, page 65. The affidavit was abstracted in the McCuen volume as:

“Pendleton District, S.C. Personally came Ruben Harrison, Sen. before me the subscribing Justice and being duly sworn, saith he was personally acquainted with Lucy Gowen of Greenville District who was a free white woman and was called the mother of Polly Burdin. Sworn and subscribed this 27 July, 1824. Reuben Harrison

Witness: John Fleming, J.P.
Recorded August 20, 1827”

William Shaw and his wife Susannah Gowen Shaw were residents of Greenville County about 1799 when their son, Thomas G.[owen?] Shaw was born, according to Jan Garland. Thomas G. Shaw removed to Opelousas, Louisiana where he was married to Elizabeth Fogleman April 22, 1819 in St. Landry Parish.
==O==
David Gowen, mulatto, headed a household in the 1880 census of Greenville County, Enumeration District 97, page 5, Paris Mountain township:

“Gowen, David 34, born in SC
Sarah 22, born in SC
Matison 8, born in SC
Lexia 7, born in SC, son
Carry 5, born in SC
James 3, born in SC
[infant] 24/30, born in SC, son”
==O==
George W. Gowen, negro, headed a household in the 1880 census of Greenville County Enumeration District 97, page 4, Paris Mountain township:

“Gowen, George W. 24, born in SC
Fanny 16, born in SC
Mary 3/12, born in SC, daugh­ter
Bates, Georgy 15, born in SC, cousin”
==O==
Henry Gowen, negro, headed a household in the 1880 census of Greenville County, Enumeration District 97, page 6, Paris Mountain township:

“Gowen, Henry 25, born in SC
Leaner 18, born in SC
Rose 2, born in SC
Berry, Dolly 12, born in SC, sister-in-law
Gowen, Jorden 3, born in SC, nephew”
==O==
James C. Gowen, First Lieutenant of Company A, Gainesville Light Infantry, 11th Georgia Volunteer Regiment, son of E. N. Gowen of Gainesville, Georgia, died at Warrenton, Virginia September 22, 1862 of wounds received at the Battle of Manassas. W. H. Mitchell, his captain, submitted a eulogy of James C. Gowen February 5, 1863 for newspaper publication, according to “Marriage and Death Notices from the Up-Country of South Carolina as taken from Greenville Newspapers, 1826-1863” compiled by Brent H. Holcomb, C.A.L.S.
==O==
Allen Gowin was enumerated as the head of a household in Ninety-six District, Greenville County, page 69, according to “Heads of Families, South Carolina, 1790:”

Gowin, Allen white male over 16
white female”

HORRY COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA
KERSHAW COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA
Abigail Gowen was enumerated in the 1830 census of Camden District, Kershaw County, page 16 as a “free colored female” living alone. She did not reappear in the 1840 census.

LANCASTER COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA
Josiah Goins was enumerated as the head of a household in Camden District, Lancaster County, page 26, according to “Heads of Families, South Carolina, 1790:”

“Goins, Josiah white male over 16
white female
[10 slaves]

LAURENS COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA
LIBERTY COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA
The only census taken in Liberty County was in 1800. The county was dissolved shortly afterward.

John Gowin, Sr. was recorded as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Georgetown District, Liberty County, page 791:

“Gowin, John, Sr. white male over 45
white female over 45
white female 26-45
white female 26-45
white male 10-16
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
white male 0-10”
[1 slave]

John Gowin was enumerated nearby as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Georgetown District, Liberty County, page 782:

“Gowin, John white male 26-45
white female 26-45
white male 0-10
white female 0-10
white male 0-10”
[1 slave]

Gowen Research Foundation Phone:806/795-8758, 795-9694
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Lubbock, Texas, 79413-4822 GOWENMS.120, 11/07/01
Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf

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