056 United States, General

UNITED STATES, GENERAL

With the end of the colonial period in America and the emer­gence of the 13 colonies as a soverign nation, much more family history data became available for researchers. The first federal census of 1790, listing all of the heads of households in the original states, produced for the first time an overall picture of the demographics of the United States.

Total population in the original 13 states of Connecticut, Georgia, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont and Virginia stood at 3,929,214. New York City in 1790, as in 1990, was the largest city with 33,131 population. Philadelphia was second with 28,522 people, and Boston ranked third with a population of 18,320.
Only ?? individuals by the name of Gowen and spelling varia­tions were recorded as heads of households in 1790 in eight states; the enumerations of Georgia and Virginia were lost, never to be recovered. Delware, Rhode Island and Maryland had no families of Gowen or spelling variations. A total of ??? whites and ?? slaves lived in the ?? households.

Name Wh. Sl. County/District/ Township State

Gowan, William 1 New Haven CT
Goings, Samuel 3 Essex Co, Gloucestertown Twp MA
Gowen, Daniel 2 Middlesex Co Wilmington Twp MA
Gowen, Daniel, Jr 7 Middlesex Co Wilmington Twp MA
Gowen, Jabez 5 Middlesex Co Wilmington Twp MA
Gowen, John 4 Middlesex Co Wilmington Twp MA
Gowen, John 3 Suffolk Co Franklin Twp MA
Gowen, John, Jr. 8 Middlesex Co Wilmington Twp MA
Gowen, Jonathan 9 Worcester Co Lunenburgh Twp MA
Gowen, Joseph 2 Middlesex Co, Wilmington Twp. MA
Gowen, Thomas 4 Worcester Co, Leominster Twp. MA
Gowen, William 11 Middlesex Co, Medford Twp. MA
Gowin, Ebenezer 4 Middlesex Co, Shirley Twp. MA
Gowin, Joseph 9 Middlesex Co, Weston Twp. MA
Gowin, William 4 Middlesex Co, Shirley Twp. MA
Gowing, Charles 6 Essex Co, Salem Twp. MA
Gowing, Ezra 8 Essex Co, Lynnfield Twp. MA
Gowing, Gideon 4 Essex Co, Danvers Twp. MA
Gowing, Joseph 5 Essex Co, Lynnfield Twp. MA
Gowing, Nathaniel 4 Essex Co, Lynnfield Twp. MA
Gowns, Edward 5 Plymouth Co, Plymouth Twp. MA

Going, Hannah 2 York Co, Yorkton Twp. ME
Going, Jane 2 York Co, Coxhall Twp. ME
Going, John 7 York Co, Sanford Twp. ME
Going, Nicholas 7 York Co, Wells Twp. ME
Going, Samuel 4 York Co, Coxhall Twp. ME
Gouen, Ezekel 9 York Co, Sanford Twp. ME
Gouen, John, Jr. 4 York Co, Sanford Twp. ME
Gowen, David 5 York Co, Shapleigh Twp. ME
Gowen, John 6 York Co, Berwick Twp. ME
Gowen, Patrick 11 York Co, Lebanon Twp. ME
Gowen, Richard 4 York Co, Berwick Twp. ME
Gowing, John 8 York Co, Kitterytown Twp. ME
Gowing, Lemuel 5 York Co, Kitterytown Twp. ME

Going, William 7 Rockingham Co, Loudon Twp. NH
Gowin, James 6 Cheshire Co, Jaffrey Twp. NH
Gowin, William 3 Cheshire Co, Croydon Twp. NH
Gowing, Ebenezer 6 Hillsboro Co, Hillsboro Twp. NH
Gowing, Ezekial 3 Hillsboro Co, Raby Twp. NH
Gowing, John 2 Hillsboro Co, New Ipswich NH
Gowing, John, Jr. 5 Hillsboro Co, New Ipswich NH

Goin, Obadiah 3 Albany Co, Easton Twp NY

Goin, Jenkin* * Hillsboro Dist, Granville Co. NC
Goin, William 9 1 Hillsboro dist, Randolph Co. NC
Going, Gutridge* * Hillsboro Dist, Caswell Co. NC
Goings, William* 10 Fayette Dist, Moore Co. NC
Goings, William 10 Fayette Dist, Moore Co. NC
Gowen, Alex Tennessee District NC
Gowen, Amos Tennessee District NC
Gowen, Joseph Tennessee District NC
Gowen, William 9 1 Tennessee District NC (G7/1.1)
Gowin, Jenkin Granville County NC
Gowin, William 9 1 Randolph County NC
Gowing, James Salisbury Dist, Rockingham Co. NC

Gowan, Hugh 1 Northumberland Co. PA
Gowan, Rachael 5 York Co. PA

Goin, Daniel 6 Camden Dist, Fairfield Co. SC
Goin, Jesse 4 Camden Dist, Fairfield Co. SC
Goin, John 5 Camden Dist, Fairfield Co. SC
Goins, Bathiah 2 Georgetown Dist, Pr. Frederick Pa. SC
Goins, Drury 10 6 Camden Dist, Chester Co. SC
Goins, Josiah 2 10 Camden Dist, Lancaster Co. SC
Gowen, Allen 2 District 96, Greenville Co. SC
Gowen, John 5 Georgetown Dist, Pr. George Pa. SC
Gowen, Lucey 5 Georgetown Dist, Pr. George Pa. SC
Gowin, Alexander 8 Camden Dist, Fairfield Co. SC
Gowin, Henry 5 Camden Dist, Fairfield Co. SC
Gowin, John 14 16 District 96, Spartanburg Co. SC
Gowin, Thomas 6 Camden Dist, Fairfield Co. SC

Gowen, Samuel 5 Windham Co, Dummerston Twp. VT
Gowing, Nathaniel 4 Windsor Co, Chester Twp. VT
598 35

From state census returns and county tax lists a composite list, a substitute for the missing 1790 Federal census has been assem­bled. Heads of household during that period are believed to include:

Goin, Jesey Pittsylvania County VA

Going, Agness Albemarle County VA
Going, Agness Henrico County VA
Going, Benjamin Albemarle County VA
Going, Daniel Bedford County VA
Going, Daniel 2 0 Halifax County VA
Going, David Albemarle County VA
Going, David Henrico County VA
Going, David, Jr. Henrico County VA
Going, David 2 0 Henry County VA
Going, David Henry County VA
Going, David 4 1 Halifax County VA
Going, Drury 4 0 Greensville County VA
Going, Frederick Greensville County VA
Going, Henry Greensville County VA
Going, Henry 8 0 Hanover County VA
Going, James 7 0 Greensville County VA
Going, Jason Loudon County VA
Going, John 2 0 Halifax County VA
Going, John 4 1 Halifax County VA
Going, Henrico Henrico County VA
Going, Joseph Albemarle County VA
Going, Joseph Bedford County VA
Going, Joseph 7 0 Fairfax County VA
Going, Joshua Albemarle County VA
Going, Luke Loudon County VA
Going, Michael 12 1 Shenandoah County VA
Going, Moses Henry County VA
Going, Phillip 13 0 Amherst County VA
Going, Sapphire 6 Pittsylvania County VA
Going, Seth 11 8 Pittsylvania County VA
Going, Shadrack 12 0 Halifax County VA
Going, Sherwood Albemarle County VA
Going, Suffiah 12 Pittsylvania County VA
Going, Thomas 1 0 Greensboro County VA
Going, William, Sr. 1 Bedford County VA
Going, William Bedford County VA
Going, William Brunswick County VA

Gowan, Jason Loudon County VA

Gowen, Joseph 1 Bedford County VA
Gowen, Mary 3 Gloucester County VA
Gowen, Phillip 12 0 Amherst County VA
Gowen, William Buckingham County VA

Gowin, Alexander Westmoreland County VA
Gowin, Thomas Prince Edward County VA
Gowin, William Bedford County VA
Gowin, William Bedford County VA

Gowing, Charles Henry County VA
Gowing, Claborne Henry County VA
Gowing, David Henry County VA
Gowing, Jacob Henry County VA
Gowing, James Henry County VA
Gowing, John, Sr. Henry County VA
Gowing, John Henry County VA
Gowing, John Henry County VA
Gowing, Nathan Henry County VA
Gowing, Richard Loudon County VA
Gowing, Shadrack Henry County VA
Gowing, Thomas 7 0 Prince Edward County VA
Gowing, William Henry County VA

Gowins, Daniel Bedford County VA
Gowins, Isham Bedford County VA
==O==
William Gowin, Navy Casualty
In Battle with CSS Alabama

William Gowin, a seaman serving aboard the USS Kearsarge, federal crusier which sank the CSS Alabama June 19, 1864 outside the harbor of Cherbourg, France, re­ceived a fatal wound in the engagement. His wound, de­scribed as severe, was a compound fracture of his left leg. Following his death, Capt. John A. Winslow sent the follow­ing report to Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy:

“USS Kearsarge
Cherbourg, France, July 5, 1864

“I have the honor to enclose the certificate of death of William Gowin, one of the wounded in the late action of this ship with the ‘Alabama.’ He was a brave and gallant sailor, and by his cheerfulness when suffering under a most excruciating wound afforded a most encouraging example.

When the cheer was heard on the surrender of the ‘Alabama,’ he insisted that the doctor should go up and join, saying he would be willing to bear a dozen such wounds to hear that cheer.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

John A. Winslow,
Captain”
==O==
One hundred ninety-four soldiers of interest to Foundation members served in the War of 1812, according to Sierra Home Family Tree Research Center, an Internet website.

The Center launched its new service recently with a data base of the men who served in the War of 1812, and the service is avail­able to any researcher without charge. Each month a new data base is offered “from the Titanic passenger list to the Confeder­ate generals,” according to the Center’s description.

Currently it also offers the Social Security Death Index, a listing of 50,000,000 deceased American workers. In the future, a re­searcher may scan the Center’s Generations program which combines all of its searchable data bases into one. The program presently offers records on 57,000,000 individuals.

Soldiers listed in the War of 1812 military organizations in­clude:
Gawen, William 11th VA Militia Regt. [Parker’s]
Goen James Bunch’s E. TN Militia Regt.
Goen Blidson Wooton’s Detachment, GA Militia
Goen Charles F. Capt. Dodge’s LA Mounted Riflemen
Goen Isaac 4th E. TN Militia Regt. [Bayles’]
Goens John 4th GA Militia Regt. [Booth’s]
Goens Nathan 4th E. TN Militia Regt. [Bayles’]
Goin Canaan 2nd KY Volunteer Regt. [Jennings’]
Goin Edward Maj. Cameron’s Command NC Militia
Goin Francis 11th KY Mounted Volunteers [Williams’]
Goin Henry 4th KY Mounted Volunteers [Ewing’s]
Goin Isaac 4th E. TN Militia Regt. [Bayles’]
Goin Isaac 3rd E. TN Militia Regt. [Johnson’s]
Goin John 4th VA Militia Regt. [Beatty’s]
Goin John 5th KY Volunteer Regt. [Lewis’]
Goin John 2nd E. TN Volunteer Regt. [Lillard’s]
Goin Joseph Col. Ulmer’s Volunteer Regt. U.V.
Goin William Maj. Cameron’s Command, NC Militia
Goin William Capt. Dowd’s Co, NC Militia
Goin William 4th E. TN Militia Regt. [Bayles’]
Going Caleb 2nd E. TN Volunteer Regt. [Lillard’s]
Going Canaan 2nd KY Volunteer Regt. [Jennings’]
Going James 1st MA Militia Regt. [Dudley’s]
Going Jason 1st W. TN Militia Regt. [Wynne’s]
Going John 6th VA Militia Artilery Regt. [Read’s]
Going John S. KY Mounted Volunteer Regt. [Johnson’s]
Going Joseph Col. Ulmer’s Regt, USA Volunteers
Going Pleasant USA Volunteer Rangers
Going Pleasant Capt. Moore’s IL Militia Mtd. Riflemen
Going Samuel 4th MA Militia Regt. [Coming’s]
Going William USA Volunteer Rangers
Going William Capt. Judy’s IL Militia Mounted Spies [scouts]
Going Wolf Col. Morgan’ Cherokee Regt.
Goings Edward Maj. Cameron’s Command, NC Militia
Goings John 5th MA Militia Regt. [Foote’s]
Goings Pleasant USA Volunteer Rangers
Goings Pleasant Capt. Moore’s IL Militia Mtd. Riflemen
Goings Shedrick 14th VA Militia Regt. [Van Meter’s]
Goings William USA Volunteer Rangers
Goings William Capt. Judy’s IL Mounted Militia
Goings William Capt. Moore’s IL Militia Mtd. Riflemen
Goins Amos 12th & 13th LA Consolidated Regt.
Goins Edward Maj. Cameron’s Command, NC Militia
Goins John 4th GA Militia Regt. [Booth’s]
Goins Joseph Col. Ulmer’s Regt, USA Volunteers
Goins Joseph 1st DC Militia Regt.
Goins William Maj. Cameron’s Command, NC Militia
Gorin Gladin 10th KY Volunteer Mtd. Regt. [Barbour’s]
Gorin Henry 4th KY Volunteer Mtd. Regt. [Ewing’s]
Gorin John 10th KY Volunteer Mtd. Regt. [Barbours’s]
Gorin John D. 6th KY Militia Regt. [Barbour’s]
Gorin Thomas 5th VA Militia Regt
Gouin Leon USA, Spies [scouts]
Gouin Medard 1st MI Militia Regt. [Godfroy’s]
Gowan Andrew 1st W. TN Militia Regt. [Metcalfe’s]
Gowan David Connell’s Odd Battalion, OH Militia
Gowan George 1st MD Militia Artillery Regt. [Harris’]
Gowan James TN Regt, Vol. Cavalry & Mounted Gunmen
Gowan James R. 1st MS Territorial Regt, USA Volunteers
Gowan John 5th MD Militia Cavalry Regt, [Biay’s]
Gowan Joseph 2nd W. TN Vol. Mounted Gunmen [Cannon’s]
Gowan Nicholas 1st MD Militia Regt, [Ragan’s]
Gowan William 2nd E. TN Vol. Mounted Gunmen, [Brown’s]
Gowan William 1st TN Volunteer Mounted Gunmen, [Dyer’s]
Gowan William H. 7th VA Militia Regt [Gray’s]
Gowans John Bunch’s E. TN Militia Regt.
Gowen Alpheus 1st MA Militia Regt [Nowell’s]
Gowen Andrew 1st W TN Milita Regt [Metcalfe’s]
Gowen Elisha Hind’s MS Militia Cavalry Battalion
Gowen George 1st MD Militia Artillery Regt [Harris’]
Gowen James K. 1st MS Territory Volunteer Regt, USA
Gowen John 1st MA Militia Regt [Nowell’s]
Gowen John 4th VA Militia Regt [Beatty’s]
Gowen John 5th MA Militia Regt [Foote’s]
Gowen John Col. Ulmer’s Volunteer Regt, USA
Gowen Joseph 2nd W. TN Volunteer Mounted Gunmen Regt
Gowen Levi 1st MA Militia Regt [Hobbs’]
Gowen Moses 1st MA Militia Regt [Hobbs’]
Gowen Nathan 1st MA Militia Regt [Hobbs’]
Gowen Nenoah [Manoah?] 1st W TN Militia Regt [Metcalfe’s]
Gowen Pleasant USA Volunteer Rangers
Gowen William USA Volunteer Rangers
Gowens William H. 7th VA Militia Regt [Gray’s]
Gowens Galloway 16th KY Militia Regt [Porter’s]
Gowens John Bunch’s E. TN Militia Regt
Gowin Asa 4th MA Militia Regt [Comings]
Gowin James Bunch’s E. TN Militia Regt
Gowin James 7th VA Militia Regt [Gray’s]
Gowin James K. 1st MS Territory Volunteer Regt, USA
Gowin John Capt. Bradley’s Co, NC Militia
Gowin John 4th VA Militia Regt [Beatty’s]
Gowin John 5th MA Militia Regt [Foote’s]
Gowin Jordan 7th VA Militia Regt [Gray’s]
Gowin Joseph Col. Culmer’s Volunteer Regt, USA
Gowin Joseph 4th MA Militia Regt [Coming’s]
Gowin Nathan 1st MA Militia Regt [Nowell’s]
Gowin Nathaniel 4th MA Militia Regt [Coming’s]
Gowin Pleasant Capt. Woods Co, IL & MO Militia
Gowin Samuel 7th VA Militia Regt [Gray’s]
Gowin William 7th VA Militia Regt [Gray’s]
Gowing John 7th VA Militia Regt [Saunder’s]
Gowing Joseph Brimblecom’s MA Militia Regt
Gowing William Volunteer Rangers, USA
Gowing William Col. Morgan’s Cherokee Regt
Gowins Drury 4th E. TN Militia Regt [Bayles’]
Gowins Joseph Renick’s OH Mounted Militia Regt
Gowins Michael Coleman’s VA Militia Regt
Gowins Wishock 4th E. TN Militia Regt [Bayles’]
Gowings Pleasant Volunteer Rangers, USA
Gowings William Volunteer Rangers, USA
Goyne Amos 3rd W. TN Militia Regt, [Roulston’s]
Goyne Jeremiah Cheatham’s Det, TN Militia Mounted Infantry
Goyne John 4th GA Militia Regt [Booth’s]
Guyne Andrew 2nd VA Militia Regt [Evans’]
Guyne Charles Capt. Lingle’s OH Militia Co.
McGowan Abraham Dannaldson’s KY Mounted Volunteer Regt
McGowan Andrew 3rd OH Militia Regt [Bay’s]
McGowan Archibald Ferree’s PA Militia Regt
McGowan Cormick 3rd Regt, USA Volunteers
McGowan Daniel McLaure’s NY Volunteer Militia Regt
McGowan Daniel 41st VA Militia Regt [Bramham’s]
McGowan David 2nd W. TN Volunteer Militia Regt [Pillow’s]
McGowan Dennis 2nd Artillery Regt, USA Volunteers
McGowan George Capt. Thomas’ Co, PA Militia
McGowan George Snider’s PA Militia Regt
McGowan Hugh 2nd NY Artillery Regt
McGowan James Col. Claiborne’s MS Territory Militia Regt
McGowan James Russell’s OH Militia Battalion
McGowan James Youngblood’s SC Militia Regt.
McGowan James 1st PA Militia Regt [Kennedy’s]
McGowan James 1st W. TN Militia Regt. [Napier’s]
McGowan James 3rd OH Militia Regt. [Stewart’s]
McGowan James 6th OH Militia Regt.
McGowan James 6th KY Mounted Volunteer Regt [Davenport’s]
McGowan John Fowler’s NY Detachment Sea Fencibles
McGowan John Capt. Ingersoll’s NY Command, Sea Fencibles
McGowan John 1st KY Mounted Volunteer Regt [Trotter’s]
McGowan John 1st OH Militia Regt [Williamson’s]
McGowan John 2nd W. TN Volunteer Regt. [Pillow’s]
McGowan John 2nd OH Militia Regt [Safford’s]
McGowan John 16th KY Militia Regt [Porter’s]
McGowan Michael Rayen’s OH Militia Regt
McGowan Michael 2nd OH Militia Regt [Hindman’s]
McGowan Patrick Sitcher’s NY Militia Artillery Regt
McGowan Patrick 2nd PA Militia Regt [Lotz’s]
McGowan Patrick USA Volunteer Regt
McGowan Peter Col. Claiborne’s MS Territory Militia
McGowan Phillip 3rd PA Militia Regt [LaFevre’s]
McGowan Prewett 6th MS Territory Militia Regt [Burrus’]
McGowan Robert 3rd OH Volunteer Militia Regt [Cass’]
McGowan Roger 2nd USA Volunteer Artillery Regt
McGowan Samuel 1st W. TN Militia Regt [Napier’s]
McGowan Terrence Capt. Nicholson’s MD Militia Artillery Co.
McGowan William 138th PA Militia Regt [Miller’s]
McGowen Abraham 2nd KY Mounted Volunteer Regt [Dannaldson’]
McGowen Alexander Capt. Hooks NC Cavalry Co.
McGowen Andrew 3rd OH Militia Regt [Bay’s]
McGowen Archibald 1st PA Militia Regt [Ferree’s]
McGowen Barney 9th NY Militia Regt [Joiner’s]
McGowen Daniel 41st VA Militia Regt [Bramham’s]
McGowen Denis 2nd USA Volunteer Artillery Regt
McGowen Ebeneser 2nd PA Militia Regt
McGowen Hugh 13th MS Terr. Militia Regt [Lt. Col. Nixon’s]
McGowen James Maj. Cameron’s NC Militia Command
McGowen James Col. Claiborne’s MS Territory Militia Regt
McGowen James Capt. Hook’s NC Militia Cavalry Co.
McGowen James 13th MS Terr. Militia Regt [Lt. Col. Nixon’s]
McGowen James Russell’s OH Militia Battalion
McGowen James Youngblood’s SC Militia Regt
McGowen James 2nd NY Militia Regt [Delamater’s]
McGowen James 6th OH Militia Regt
McGowen John USA Volunteer Rangers
McGowen John Capt. Stilley’s PA Militia Riflemen Co.
McGowen John 2nd TN Volunteers [Benton’s]
McGowen John 2nd OH Militia Regt [Safford’s]
McGowen John 16th PA Militia Regt
McGowen John 49th MD Militia Regt [Veazey’s]
McGowen Michael 2nd OH Militia Regt [Hindman’s]
McGowen Patrick Swift’s & Dobbin’s NY Volunteer Regt
McGowen Patrick 1st NY Volunteer Artillery Regt [Sitcher’s]
McGowen Patrick 3rd USA Volunteer Regt
McGowen Petigrew 2nd SC Militia Regt [McWillie’s]
McGowen Robert 1st LA Militia Regt [Dejan’s]
McGowen Robert 1st OH Militia Regt [Mill’s]
McGowen Roger 2nd USA Volunteer Artillery Regt
McGowen Russell 13th MS Terr. Militia Regt [Lt. Col. Nixon’s]
McGowen William 13th MS Terr. Militia Regt [Lt. Col. Nixon’s]
McGowin James Capt. Irvine’s NC Militia Co.
McGowin John 1st GA Militia Regt [Johnston’s]
McGowin Michael Rayen’s OH Militia Regt
McGowin Patrick 2nd PA Militia Regt [Lotz’s]
McGowin Roger 2nd Regt USA Volunteer Artillery
McGowin William 7th MS Militia Regt [Perkins Battalion]
==O==
The following soldiers were enlisted in Negro regiments in the Union Army during the Civil War.

Goan, Bryant 28th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goan, John 65th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goin, James 109th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goin, Samuel 109th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Going, Alfred 74th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Going, Alfred 91st Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Going, Burt 6th Battery, United States Colored Heavy Artillery
Going, John 29th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Going, William 39th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry

Goins, Earl 28th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, George W. 102nd Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, Henry 28th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, Henry 50th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, Henry Unassigned, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, James 51st Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, James E. 17th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, John 102nd Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, John 29th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, Randall 55th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (Colored)
Goins, Walker T. 101st Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, Walker T. 17th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, William 3rd Battery, United States Colored Heavy Artillery
Goins, William 16th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, William 27th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, William 5th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Goins, William 96th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry

Gowan, Charles 16th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Gowan, David Powell’s Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Gowan, James 109th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Gowan, John 82nd Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Gowan, William 47th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry

Gowen, David 49th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Gowen, Elisha 2nd Battery, United States Colored Light Artillery
Gowen, John 26th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Gowen, Major 2nd Battery, United States Colored Light Artillery

Gowin, George W 109th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Gowin, James 109th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Gowin, Samuel 109th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
Gowin, William 50th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry

Negro troops were deployed in the following units during the Civil War period.

REGIMENTS:
UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

3rd REGIMENT HEAVY ARTILLERY.

Organized from 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery (African Descent). Designated 2nd United States Colored Heavy Artillery March 11, 1864, and 3rd Heavy Artillery April 26, 1864. Attached to District of Memphis, Tenn., Dept. of Tennessee, to June, 1864. Memphis, Tenn., District of West Tennessee, to July, 1865. 2nd Infantry Brigade, District of West Tennessee, to September, 1865. District of West Tennessee to April, 1866. SERVICE.-Served as garrison at Fort Pickering, and in Defences of Memphis, Tenn., and in District of West Tennessee till April, 1866. Mustered out April 30, 1866.

Predecessor unit:

TENNESSEE VOLUNTEERS

1st REGIMENT HEAVY ARTILLERY (AFRICAN DESCENT).
Organized at Memphis, Tenn., June, 1863. Attached to 1st Brigade, 5th Division, District of Memphis, 16th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to April, 1864. Post and garrison duty at Memphis, and at Fort Pickering, Defences of Memphis, June, 1863, to April, 1864. Designation changed to 3rd United States Colored Heavy Artillery April 26, 1864 (which see).

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

5th REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized at Camp Delaware, Ohio, August to November, 1863. Moved to Norfolk, Va., November, 1863. Attached to United States Forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, United States Forces, Yorktown, Va., 18th Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Hlncks’ Colored Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to August, 1865. Dept. of North Carolina to September, 1865. SERVICE.-Duty at Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., till January, 1864. Wild’s Expedition to South Mills and Camden Court House, N. C., December 5-24, 1863. Action at Sandy Swamp, N. C., December 8. Moved to Yorktown, Va., January, 1864, and duty there till May. Wistar’s Expedition against Richmond February 6-8, 1864. Expedition to New Kent Court House in aid of Kilpatrick’s Cavalry March 1-4. New Kent Court House March 2. Expedition into King and Queen County March 9-12. Expedition into Matthews and Middlesex Counties March 17-21. Butler’s operations on south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-June 15. Capture of City Point May 4, Fatigue duty at City Point and building Fort Converse on the Appomattox River till June 15. Attack on Fort Converse May 20. Before Petersburg June 15-18. Bailor’s Farm June 15. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16 to December 6. In trenches before Petersburg till August 27. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Moved to Deep Bottom August 28. Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Fort Harrison September 29. Battle of Fair OaksOctober 27-28. In trenches before Richmond till December. 1st Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., December 7-27. 2nd Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., January 7-15. Assault and capture of Fort Fisher, N. C., January 15. Sugar Loaf Hill January 19. Federal Point February 11. Fort Anderson February 18-20. Capture of Wilmington February 22. Northeast Ferry February 22. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26, Advance on Kinston and Goldsboro March 6-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21. Cox’s Bridge March 23-24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett’s House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Goldsboro, New Berne and Carolina City, N. C., till September. Mustered out September 20, 1865. Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 77 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 166 Enlisted men by disease. Total 249.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

16th REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized at Nashville, Tenn., December 4, 1863, to February 13, 1864. Attached to Post of Chattanooga, Dept. of the Cumberland, to November, 1864. Unattached, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, to December, 1864. 1st Colored Brigade, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, to January, 1865. Unattached, District of the Etowah, to March, 1865. 1st Colored Brigade, Dept. of the Cumberland, to April, 1865. 5th Sub-District, District of Middle Tennessee, to July, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, District of East Tennessee and Dept. of the Cumberland. to April, SERVICE.-Duty at Chattanooga, Tenn., till November, 1864. Battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 15-16. Overton Hill December 16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Duty at Chattanooga and in Middle and East Tennessee till April, 1866. Mustered out April 30, 1866.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

17th REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized at Nashville, Tenn., December 12 to 21, 1863. Attached to Post of Murfreesboro, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to April, 1864. Post and District of Nashville, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to December, 1864. 1st Colored Brigade, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, to January, 1865. Post and District of Nashville, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to April, 1866. SERVICE.-Duty at McMinnville and Murfreesboro, Tenn., till November, 1864. Battle
of Nashville, Tenn., December 15-16. Overton Hill December 16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-27. Decatur December 28-30. Duty at Post of Nashville, Tenn., and in the Dept. of Tennessee till April, 1866. Mustered out April 25, 1866.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

27th REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized at Camp Delaware, Ohio, January 16, 1864. Ordered to Annapolis, Md. Attached to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Corps, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, December, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to January, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to March, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1865. Dept. of North Carolina to September, 1865. SERVICE.-Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River, Va., May-June, 1864. Guard trains of the Army of the Potomac through the Wilderness. Before Petersburg June 15-19. Siege of Petersburg and Richmond June 16 to December 7, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-30, and October 1. Bodyton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. On the Bermuda front till December 1. 1st Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., December 7-27. 2nd Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., January 7-15, 1865. Bombardment of Fort Fisher January 13-15. Assault and capture of Fort Fisher January 15. Sugar Loaf Hill January 19. Federal Point February 11. Fort Anderson February 18-20. Capture of Wilmington February 22. Northeast Ferry February 22. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26. Advance on Kinston and Goldsboro March 6-21. Cox’s Bridge March 23-24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett’s House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty in the Dept. of North Carolina till September. Mustered out September 21, 1865.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

28th REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized at Indianapolis, Ind., December 24, 1863, to March 31, 1864. Left Indianapolis, Ind., for Washington, D. C., April 24, thence moved to Alexandria, Va. Attached to Defences of Washington, D. C., 22nd Corps. April to June, 1864. White House, Va., Abercrombie’s Command, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 25th Corps, to April, 1865. Attached Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, to April, 1865. District of St. Mary’s, 22nd Corps, to May, 1865. Dept of Texas to November, 1865. SERVICE.-Duty at Alexandria, Va., till June, 1864. Moved to White House, Va., June 2. Engaged June 21. Accompanied Gen. Sheridan’s Cavalry through Chickahominy Swamps to Prince George Court House, with several skirmishes. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond July, 1864, to April, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-30 and October 1. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. On Bermuda front and before Richmond till April, 1865. Occupation of Richmond April 3, At City Point, Va., and St. Mary’s, Md., in charge of prisoners April 6-May 12. Moved to City Point, Va., thence to Texas June 10-July 1. Duty at Brazos Santiago and Corpus Christi, Texas, till November. Mustered out November 8, 1865. Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 45 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 164 Enlisted men by disease. Total 212.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

29th REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized at Quincy, Ill., April 24, 1864. Ordered to Annapolis, Md., May 27, 1864, thence to Alexandria, Va. Attached to Defences of Washington, D. C., 22nd Corps, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 25th Corps, and Dept. of Texas, to November, 1865. SERVICE.-Duty at Alexandria, Va., till June 15, 1864. Moved to White House, Va., thence to Petersburg, Va. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 19, 1864, to April 3, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-30, and October 1. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28. On the Bermuda Hundred front and before Richmond till April, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Duty in the Dept. of Virginia till May. Moved to Texas May and June, and duty on the Rio Grande till November. Mustered out November 6, 1865. Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 43 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 188 Enlisted men by disease. Total 234.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

50th REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized March 11, 1864, from 12th Louisiana Infantry (African Descent). Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to October, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Corps, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, Military Division West Mississippi, to June, 1865. Dept. of the Gulf to March, 1866. SERVICE.-Post and garrison duty at Vicksburg, Miss., till February, 1865. Expedition from Haines Bluff to Yazoo River April 19-23, 1864. Near Mechanicsburg April 20. Expedition from Vicksburg to Rodney and Fayette September.29-October 3. Ordered to Algiers, La., February 26, thence to Barrancas, Fla. March from Pensacola, Fla., to Blakely, Ala., March 20-April 1. Siege of Fort Blakely April 1-9. Assault and capture of Fort Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12. March to Montgomery April 13-25. Duty there and at Mobile till June. Moved to New Orleans, La. At Greenville June 16. Duty at various points in Dept. of the Gulf till March, 1866. Mustered out March 20, 1866.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

51st REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized March 11, 1864, from 1st Mississippi Infantry (African Descent). Attached to Post of Goodrich Landing, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Steele’s Command, Military District of West Mississippi, to June, 1865. Dept. of the Gulf to June, 1866. SERVICE.-At Lake Providence till May, 1864. Post and garrison duty at Goodrich Landing, La., till December, 1864. Action at Langley’s Plantation, Issaqueena County, March 22, 1864. Flod, La., July 2. Waterford August 16-17. Duty at Vicksburg, Miss., till February, 1865. Moved to Algiers, La., February 26; thence to Barrancas, Fla. March from Pensacola, Fla, to Blakely, Ala., March 20-April 1. Siege of Fort Blakely April 1-9. Assault and capture of Fort Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12. March to Montgomery April 13-25. Duty there and at Mobile till June. Ordered to New Orleans, thence to Texas. Duty on the Rio Grande and at various points in Texas till June, 1866. Mustered out June 16, 1866.

55th REGIMENT INFANTRY (COLORED). Organized at Readville and mustered in June 22, 1863. Left State for Newberne, N. C., July 21, 1863, arriving there July 25, thence moved to Folly Island, S. C., July 30-August 3. Attached to Wild’s African Brigade, Vodge’s Division, North End, Folly Island, S. C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Vodge’s Division, Folly Island, 10th Army Corps, to February, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Ames’ Division, District of Florida, to April, 1864. Folly and Morris Islands, S. C., Northern District, Dept. of the South, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. South, to January, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South, to March, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, District of Charleston, Dept. South, to June, 1865. District of Charleston, S. C., Dept. South Carolina, to August, 1865. SERVICE.–Fatigue duty on north end of Folly Island, S. C., and in trenches on Morris Island August 9 to September 5, 1863. Fatigue duty on Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, S. C., and operations against Fort Sumpter and Charleston September 17-October 28. Camp on Folly Island till February, 1864. Expedition to John’s Island February (Co. “F”). Moved to Jacksonville, Fla., February 13-16, and Provost duty there till March 11. Advance to Baldwin February 19-20. (Co. “F” detached as garrison at Fort Fribley, Jacksonville, February to April.) Companies “B” and “I” at Yellow Bluff February 28 to April 17. Regiment ordered to Palatka, Fla., March 11, and duty there till April 17. Moved to Folly Island, S. C., April 17-18. Duty there till November 27. Demonstration on James Island May 21-22. Expedition to James Island June 30-July 10. Action on James Island July 2. Moved to Hilton Head, S. C., November 27-28. (Co. “G” detached at Battery on Long Island, and Co. “H” at Fort Delafield, Stono Inlet, till February 12, 1865.) Hatch’s Expedition up Broad River to Boyd’s Neck November 29-30. Battle of Honey Hill November 30. Demonstration on Charleston Camp; Savannah Railroad December 6-9. Deveaux’s Neck December 6. At Boyd’s Landing till January 11, 1865. Moved to Hilton Head, thence to Fort Thunderbolt, near Savannah, Ga., January 11-13. Duty at Forts Jackson, Bartow and Battery Lee till February 1. Moved to Hilton Head, S. C., thence to Beaufort, S. C., February 1. Expedition up South Edisto River February 1-6. Moved to Stono Inlet February 6. Expedition to James Island February 9-10. Expedition to Bull’s Bay February 11-15. Moved to Mount Pleasant February 19-20. Expedition to Santee River February 21-March 10. Duty at and near Charleston till May 7. Expedition to Eutaw Springs April 6-12. Moved to Sumpterville May 7-8, thence to Orangeburg May 19, and Provost duty there till August. Mustered out August 29, 1865. Discharged at Boston, Mass., September 23, 1865. Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 64 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 128 Enlisted men by disease. Total 197.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

96th REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized April 4, 1864, from 2nd Corps de Afrique Engineers. Attached to a Provisional Brigade, 13th Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. Engineer Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1864. United States Forces, Mobile Bay, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, United States Colored Troops, Dept. of the Gulf, to November, 1864. United States Forces, Mobile Bay, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1864. District of Southern Alabama, Dept. of the Gulf, to March, 1865. Engineer Brigade, 13th Corps, Military Division West Mississippi, to June, 1865. Unassigned, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1866. SERVICE.-Garrison at Fort Esperanza and engineer duty on Matagorda Peninsula, Texas, till May, 1864. Ordered to New Orleans, La., May 27; thence to Port Hudson, La., and duty there till July 27. Moved to New Orleans, thence to Mobile Bay, Ala. Siege operations against Fort Gaines and Morgan August 2-23. Duty at Mobile Point till November. At East Pascagoula till February, 1865. Campaign against Mobile and its Defences February to April. Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely March 17-April 9. Duty on the Fortifications at Mobile and at various points in the Dept. of the Gulf till January, 1866. Mustered out January 29, 1866.

Predecessor unit:

CORPS DE AFRIQUE.-UNITED STATES COLORED VOLUNTEERS.

2nd REGIMENT ENGINEERS.
Organized at New Orleans, La., August 15, 1863. Attached to Engineer Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1863. Unattached, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to March, 1864. Provisional Brigade, 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps, Texas, Dept. of the Gulf, to April, 1864. SERVICE.-Duty at New Orleans, La., till December, 1863. Ordered to Mattagorda Bay, Texas, December 5. Engaged in engineering duty and erecting field works at De Crow’s Point, Point Isabel, Fort Esperanza, Mattagorda Island, Indianola and Pass Cavallo, Texas, till April, 1864. Designation of Regiment changed to 96th United States Colored Troops April 4, 1864 (which see).

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

101st REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized in Tennessee at large September 16, 1864. Attached to Defences of Louisville & Nashville Railroad, Dept. of the Cumberland, to March, 1865. Dept. of the Tennessee to January, 1866. SERVICE.-Duty at Nashville, Tenn., till October, 1864; then guard Louisville & Nashville Railroad, and duty in Tennessee and Alabama till muster out. Affairs at Scottsboro and Larkinsville, Ala., January 8, 1865. Mustered out January 21, 1866.

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

102nd REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized May 23, 1864, from 1st Michigan Colored Infantry. Attached to District of Hilton Head, S. C., Dept. of the South and District of Beaufort, S. C., Dept. of the South, to August, 1864. District of Florida, Dept. of the South, to October, 1864. 2nd Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. of the South, to February, 1865. 2nd Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South, to March, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade and Dept. of the South to September, 1865. SERVICE.-Garrison at Port Royal, S. C., till June 15. Moved to Beaufort, S. C., and garrison duty there till August 1. Moved to Jacksonville, Fla., August 1-3. Picket duty at Baldwin till August 15. Attack on Baldwin August 11-12. Raid on Florida Central Railroad August 15-19. At Magnolia till August 29. Moved to Beaufort, S. C., August 29-31, and duty there till January, 1865, engaged in outpost and picket duty on Port Royal, Lady and Coosa Islands. (A Detachment at Honey Hill November 30, 1864. Demonstration on Charleston & Savannah Railroad December 6-9. Deveaux’s Neck, Tillifinny River, December 6 and 9.) Detachment at Beaufort; rejoined other Detachment at Deveaux’s Neck, S. C., January 24, 1865. Moved to Pocotaligo February 28. Advance on Charleston February 7-23. Skirmish at Cuckwold Creek February 8 (Cos. “B,” “E” and “I”). Duty at Charleston Neck till March 9. Moved to Savannah, Ga., March 9-16. Moved to Georgetown March 28-April 1. (Right wing of Regiment, under Chapman, moved to Charleston April 7-9, thence march to join Potter at Nelson’s Ferry April 11-18.) Potter’s Expedition from Georgetown to Camden April 5-29. Statesburg April 15. Occupation of Camden April 17. Boykin’s Mills April 18. Bradford Springs April 18 (right wing). Dingle’s Mills April 19. Singleton’s Plantation April 19. Beech Creek, near Statesburg, April 19. Moved to Charleston April 29, thence to Summerville May 7-8; to Branchville May 18; to Orangeburg May 25, and provost duty there till July 28. March to Winsboro July 28-August 3, and duty there till September. Moved to Charleston and muster out September 30, 1865.

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