Country – England

0001 English wills and land records

1345 June 1. Westminster. Membrane 9. Adam Gowyne, Joan his wife. Edward and Robert his sons.  Inspeximus and confirmation, saving all rights of the king in times of voidance of the sec of Salisbury, of a chirograph of the locum tenens of the dean of the cathedral church of St. Mary, Salisbury, and the chapter of that place, dated in their chapter house, on 4 October, 1344, inspecting and confirming a charter of Robert, bishop of Salisbury, to Adam Gowyne, Joan, his wife, and Edward and Robert, their sons, dated at Wodeford, on Friday after St. Matthew, 18 Edward III, shewing that, whereas he lately granted by an enrolment of his court of the manor of Wodeford to Adam Gowyne, his servant, a messuage and half a virgate of land in Wodeford Minor, which William de Godeshull lately held of him in bondage, to hold at will after the custom of the manor, for the rent of 5s. and the accustomed services and works, for good service to him and the said church he had granted to the said Adam that he and his said wife and children should hold the same in survivor-ship rendering 5s. yearly at the four terms usual and further paying to the bishop and his successors yearly 35. ill. at Michaelmas in lieu of all services and works pertaining to the tenement, saving suit at the court of the bishop of Wodeford, royal service when that shall happen, and a heriet due for such a tenement after the death of any one of them, Joan excepted of whom by the custom of the manor no heriet is due, provided nevertheless that after the death of Adam and Joan Edward shall hold the tenement in form aforesaid, and shall give the bishop 20s. as a fine for entry, also that after the death of Adam, Joan and Edward, Robert if then surviving and willing to hold the tenement shall give a like fine. And it is not the intention of the grantor that they or any of them by this writing shall be in any wise discharged of common prests, aids, talliages, recognitions, quota or other charges affecting the bishop’s homage of the manor in common. They shall not be elected or compelled by the bishop or his successors to the oflice of reeve, hayward, shepherd, herdsman or other servitude whatsoever against their will. By fine of 10s. Wilts.  Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1343 to 1345. pg. 473.

1390 Feb 22. Westminster. John Gowen
Commission to Thomas Hungerford, knight, Ralph Cheny, knight, Henry Popham, John Wikyng, John Lie and John Gowen to enquire touching waste in the manors, lands and tenements late of Reginald Perot, tenant in chief, in the county of Wilts, since the custody thereof came into the king’s hands by reason of the minority of Ralph, his son and heir.
Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1388 to 1392. pg. 215.

1390 May 18. Westminster. Membrane 13d. John Gaweyn, escheator in the county of Southampton.  Commission to John Lovell, Ralph Cheyney and William Sturmy, knights, John Wykyng and John Gawayn to examine the condition of the castle of Marlebergh, co. Wilts, and enquire and certify touching all defects in its walls, gates, turrets, etc.
Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1388 to 1392. pg. 272.

1391 June 3. Westminster. Membrane 4d. Commission to the sheriff of Wilts, Robert Russell and John Gawayn to enquire what were the goods and chattels of the alien prior of Clatford on the day he died, into whose hands they have come, what is their value and into all matters touching the same.  Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1388 to 1392. pg. 444.

1391 Oct 18. Westminster. Membrane 21d. Commission to John Moigne, knight, Nicholas Benton, Roger Manyngford, John Gawayn, John Belval and John Thomer to enquire by jury of Dorset touching waste in the houses and possessions in England of the abbess of the alien monastery of St. Leger, Preaux, in Normandy, in the king’s hand on account of the war with France. By bill of treasurer.  Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1388 to 1392. pg. 521.

1405 Aug 17. Leicester. Richard Gaweyn. Membrane 8.  Pardon to Geoffrey Allonc, goldsmith, for all treasons, insurrections, rebellions and felonies committed by him. By K.
The like to Richard Gaweyn his servant. By K. Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1405 to 1408. pg. 45.

1407 Nov 12. Gloucester. Membrane 28. John Goweyn.
Licence for John Goweyn, Master Thomas Upton, clerk, and Master John Shirbourn, clerk, to grant in mortmain 6 messuages, 3 tofts, 300 acres of land, 40 acres of meadow and 10s. rent in Westharnham and Estharnham, not held in chief, and the reversion of a measuage, a virgate of land and 2 acres of meadow in Westharnham, not held in chief, which John Faukes and Agnes his wife hold for her life, worth in all 5 marks yearly, as appears by an inquisition taken by Thomas Bonham, escheator in the county of Wilts, to the warden and scholars of the Vale, Salisbury, in full satisfaction of a licence by letters patent of Edward II. Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1405 to 1408. pg. 375.

1407 May 12. Westminster. Membrane 23d. John Gaweyn
Commission to Thomas Boneham, John Gaweyn, William Westbury and the sheriff in the county of Wilts to enquire into the petition of the abbot of Hyde by Winchester that whereas he was seised of the advowson of the church of Peuesey, in the diocese of Salisbury, by right of his church of St. Peter, Hyde, and presented to it John Snap, who was admitted, instituted and inducted by the bishop, and the church became vacant by his death and the king by letters patent presented one William Trenerth to it without right, and he was instituted and inducted by the bishop, and the abbot was removed from the possession of the advow son, justice may be done. By K. Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1405 to 1408. pg. 477.

1439 Feb 20. Westminster. Membrane 17. Laurence Gowyn and Anne wife of Laurence Gowyn, and Thomas Gowyn, and Isabel wife of Thomas Gowyn.  Whereas William Fovent was disseised by Laurence Gowyn of the manor of Hurdecote, co. Wilts, held in chief, and then released to him all his right and title, and afterwards Gowyn granted the manor in fee to William Ryman, John Arderne and Thomas Staunton, who, being seised thereof,  granted it again to the said Gowyn and Anne, his wife, in fee tail, with remainder in tail to Thomas Gowyn and Isabel, his wife, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Laurence, without licence; the king for 8 marks paid in the hanaper has pardoned these trespasses and granted licence to the said Laurence and Anne to hold the premises.  Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1436 to 1441. pg. 241

1439 May 30. Windsor Castle. Membrane 29. John Goion of Thurleigh
General pardon for all offences committed on 12 January last, for a fine to be paid in the hanaper by the two first named, to Thomas Waweton of Eton, co. Bedford, knight, John Enderby of Stratton, “gentilman,’ Henry Etwell of Puttenhoo, ‘gentilman, John Fitz of Westhay, “gentil man, Robert Mordaunt of Turvey, “gentilman, Thomas Herteshorne of
Ekewell, ‘gentilman, Valentine Baillief of Luton, “gentilman, Stephen Creweker of Bereford, ‘gentilman, John Fitz Geffrey of Thyrlye, ‘gentilman, John Lounde of Shefford, ‘gentilman, Walter Lounde of Shefford, ‘gentilman, John Fitz Geffrey the younger of Thyrlye, ‘gentilman, John Laurence of Wyboldeston, “gentilman, Thomas Chaum
berleyn of Little Stoughton, “gentilman, Thomas Tappe of Bedford, ‘gentilman, William Brytvyle of Bereford. ‘gentilman, William Blok of Bereford, ‘gentilman, John Cook of Brokburgh, “yoman, William Kene of Cravenhurst, ‘yoman, William Marham of Gravenhurst, ‘yoman, John Blondell of Syveleshoo, ‘yoman, Richard Stokes of Harewold, ‘yoman,’ William Jacob of Syveleshoo, ‘yoman, William Tupryst of Syveleshoo, ‘yoman, John Forstall of Bedford, ‘yoman, William Hunte of Kempston, “yoman, William Clerke of Kempston, “yoman, Richard Fouler of Kempston, “yoman, Richard Lyncolne of Harlyngdon, ‘yoman, William Hardyng of Harlyngdon, “yoman, John Rode of Eton, “yoman, Thomas Neweman of Eton, “yoman, Thomas Aylbern of Stratton, “yoman, William Spycer of Bedford, ‘yoman, John Say of Stratton, “yoman, Robert Trygge of Stratton, “yoman, John Flax of Goldyngton, “yoman, Thomas Herbard of Goldyngton, “yoman, Roger de Lastable of Puttenhoo, ‘yoman, William, servant of Henry Etwell of Puttenhoo, ‘yoman, John Sutton of Mylton Erneys, “yoman, John Goion of Thyrlye, ‘yoman, Valentine Welles of Luton, “yoman, Robert, servant of John Fitz of Westhay, ‘yoman, Thomas Stratton, of Bekeleswade, ‘gentilman, William, servant of John Enderby of Stratton, “yoman, Thomas Totenhale of Shefford, ‘yoman, Richard Grey, servant of John Enderby of Stratton, “yoman, John Wayte of Syveleshoo, ‘gentilman, Richard Merston of Shefford, ‘gentilman,’ Richard Goldston of Stacheden, “gentilman, Robert Waryn of Puttenhoo, chaplain, Henry Gynore of Elnestowe, ‘gentilman, John Willesson of
Syveleshoo, ‘yoman, and Roger Willesson of Syveleshoo, ‘yoman, all of the county of Bedford, John Robynson of Yerdley, co. Northampton, ‘yoman, Thomas Hoggekyns of Eston, co. Northampton, “yoman,’ Thomas Baker of Harewold, co. Bedford, ‘yoman, John Person of Shefford, ‘yoman, John Taillour of Shefford, ‘yoman, John Mylward of Syveleshoo, ‘yoman, Thomas Elys of Syveleshoo, ‘yoman, Nicholas Hardyng of Harewald, ‘yoman, John Felyp of Weketon, co. Bedford, ‘yoman, and William Adam of Yerdeley, co. Northampton, “yoman,” William Falet of Brokburgh, ‘yoman, William Botiller of Blounham, ‘yoman, Thomas Hunte of Syveleshoo, ‘yoman, William Milward of  Gravenhurst, ‘yoman, William Kegyll of Totyngton, “yoman, Thomas Horley of Dunton, “yoman, William Grene of Stotfold, ‘yoman, William Miles of Eddeworth, ‘yoman, Robert Miles of Eddeworth, ‘yoman,’ William Miles of Flytton, “yoman, John Spencer of Forth, ‘yoman,’ Thomas Lane of Colmorth, ‘yoman, Thomas Brey of Bereford, ‘yoman,’ John Stable of Ryslee, ‘yoman, Richard Carpenter of ‘Faldoo, ‘yoman,’ Thomas Rolt of Cayshoo, ‘yoman, William Colet of Cayshoo, ‘yoman, Edmund Atlee of Harlyngdon, co. Bedford, ‘yoman, Thomas Lord, farmer of Caldewell, ‘yoman, William Rede of Pulloxhill, ‘yoman,’ John Lyghtfoot of Henlowe, ‘yoman, Thomas Byrt of Hardwyk, ‘yoman,’ Thomas Grey of Bedford, ‘yoman, John Foderby of Bykeleswade, ‘yoman, Edmund Waryn of Eton, “yoman, Robert, servant of John Enderby of Stratton, “yoman, John Fyssher of Bykeleswade, ‘yoman,’ John Fyssher of Bereford, ‘yoman, William Braunche of Bereford, ‘yoman, John Beard of Thyrlye, ‘yoman, William Blanchard of Shefford, ‘yoman, William Ropere of Shefford, ‘yoman, William Barbour of Shefford, ‘yoman, Laurence at Wode of Puttenhoo, chaplain, John Pekworth of Polton, “yoman, and John Auncell of Bykeleswade, ‘yoman,’ all of the county of Bedford, who were certified by John Cornewaill,
knight, William Loudsop and William Pecke, justices of the peace and of oyer and terminer for the county of Bedford, to have appeared at the sessions of the peace held at Bedford on the date mentioned with a multitude assembled from divers counties to the number of 800 and more, for the most part girt with swords, and to have uttered contumelious words in the presence of the said justices; it appearing from the examination of the two first named that all are to be excused and that the said certificate was made of mere malice. Release to them also of all sureties of peace that may have been taken of them in the matter, and of all fines, amercements and proceedings except the above mentioned fine in the hanaper. By K. Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1436 to 1441. pg. 282

1467 Nov 7. Westminster. Membrane 20. John Gowyn
John Gowyn of Cratfeld, co. Suffolk, “taillour, for not appearing before the justices of the Bench to answer Robert Clyfton, esquire, touching a debt of 8 marks. Norfolk. Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved 1467 to 1477. pg. 10.

1558 Gawen, Thomas, esquier, Albeston (Alvesdiston), Wilts. F. 40 Noodes
1558 Gawen, Gawyn, William, esquier, Barwick saint John, Wilts.; double probate June 1598 57 Noodes
Wills Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1383-1558. Pg 220.

1581 Gawyn, Gawen, Elizabeth, widow, West Grimstead, Wilts. 21 Darcy
Wills Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1558-1603. Pg 125.

1581 June 3 Elizabeth Gawyn will in Grimsteade, Wiltshire, England
Nov 20 1580, writes will, widdow. Gives to Cathedrall Church. Gives to Parish of saint Nicholas. Gives to the poor of her parish.  To daughter Dorothie. To son Richard. To son John Parrorke. To daughter Alic Arwydge. To daughter Elizabethe Gawyn. To John Layter my servant.  To Edward Abbote. To Leonard Parrorke, son of John Parrorke. To George Baytier. To sister Philes Pyle. To Prothaze Layter. To Katherine Lenbezye servant.  To three daughters, Alice, Margery, and Dorothie. To Elizabeth Parrorke my daughter in law. To Prothaze Layter. To Dorothie Parrorte.  To Thomas Gawen. Margerye Layter my daughter as sole executor. Overseers of will are John Gawyn, Richard Pyle my brother, John Cooper.   Wits: John Cooper, John Gawyn, and Henry Pyle.

1588 Oct 29 John Gawin will in Bettenham, Wiltshire, England notes
Nov 4, 1584 John Gawin writes will.  People named in will: Marye my wyfeMy sonne Thomas Gawyn. My sonne Water Gawin. John Gawin self.  My sonne Henry Gawin. My sonne Nicholas Gawin (under 21 yrs age).  Overseers: John Thistletwaite, William Loy, Richard Whithead, Thomas Pittman gent.  Witnesses: Thomas Pittman, Ambrose Figg, John Bampton, John Purfaell, Nicholas Payne.  Signed: John Gawin.

1597 Nov 25 Anne Gawen will in Stepleton notes
Nov 11, 1597 writes will. Asks to be buried in Parrish Churchyard of Stepleton.
People named in will: Daughter in law Elizabeth Gawen. Edwarde Phipps sonne of Edward Phipps. John ap Thomas the sonne of Robert ap Thomas.  Anne Browne daughter of Pauffe Browne. William Gawen my brother in law. Alice the Peroferers wife sister to Richard Gawen.  Thomas Gawen my sonne executor. Arthur Thompfys and William Brasyer (overseers?). Witnesses: Thomas Mallt, Richarde Tompfys, Richard Ashlty, Robert ap Thomas, Thomas Cowper. Debts owed to me by William Warfter, Edwarde Tysdale.

1597 Nov 25 Richard Gawen will in Stepulton notes
People named: Elizabeth Gawen my daughter. Anne Gawen my wife. Thomas Gawen my naturall sonne. Robart ap Thomas my sonne in law.  Richard Cowper my godsonne. Richard Browne by godsonne. Mathew Teed my godsonne. John Brownlowe the sonne of Richard Brownlowe of Dodnigton my godsonne.  Richard Pope my godsonne. Richard Teysdall my godsonne. Richard Lamad my godsonne. Elizabeth ap David my servante. Anne Browne my servante.  Thomas Vees my servante. Mathew Teed my servante. Richarde Thompfys. Richard Bromlowe of Stepulton. Ioyrt Everlett wydowe.   Margarett Stemgewe wydowe. Thomas Maulle of Stepulton. William Maulle of Stepulton. William Pope servante unto William Exerell. William Gawyn.  Thomas Calcoffe. Witnesses: Richarde Tompfys, Arthur Tompfys, Yowlande Harrys.

1599 Feb 2 Thomas Gawen will in Honibrooke, Dorset, England in Latin notes
Names mentioned: Thomas Gawen, Elizabeth Jesopp, Walter Gawen, Thomas Gawen, Richard Gawen, Elizabeth Thorneborough als Gawen, Henry Chapman, Thomas South, Daniell Dun . . . need to translate to see relations of these names.

1587 Gawine, Johan wife of Thomas Gawine, esquier, Sharpam Parke, Somerset 9 Rutland.
1588 Gawen, John, gent., Bettenham, Wilts. 3 Leicester
1597 Gawen, Anne, widow, Stapleton, Salop 100 Cobham
1597 Gawen, Richard, of the Weytte Reynes, Stapleton, Salop 100 Cobham
1598 Gawen, Alice, widow, Norrington, par. of Alvediston, Wilts [Another probate 27 July, 1599, P.A.] 16, 17 Lewyn
1599 Gawen, Thomas, esquire, Honnibrooke, Dorset 78 Kidd
1600 Gawen, Thomas, Honibrook, par. of Wimborne Minster, Dorset Sentence 1 Wallopp
1602 Gawen, Thomas, Honybrooke, Dorset Sentence 63 Montague
1603 Gawen, Richarde, thelder, Oldburye, Gloucester 78 Bolein
Wills Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1584-1604. Pg 168.

1602 Oct 15 Thomas Gawen will in Honybrook, Dorset, England in Latin notes
Names mentioned: Thomas Gawen, Walter Gawen, Thomas Gawen, Richard Gawen, Elizabeth Thorneburought alias Gawen, John Burton, Thomas Pollard, Elizabeth Jesop, William Napper, Thomas South, Nicholas Gawen.  (Need to translate Latin to see what these relationships are).

1603 Oct 21 Richard Gawen will in Oldburye, Gloucestershire, England notes
July 31, 1603 date will written by Richard Gawen.  People in will: Freman Ealf. Margerie Felve. James Woods. Margarett Thorne. My sonne Richard Gawen. My sonne Thomas Gawen. My son John Gawen.  Richard Fielder. My sonne Edward Gawen. My sonne William Gawen. My sonne Richard Gawen. My sonne Samuell Gawen. My sonne Roger Gawen.  Richard, Samuel, Roger are all under 21 years of age. My daughter Agnes. My daughter Elizabeth. My daughter Phebee. My daughter Cicelie under 21 yrs.  My wife Agnes as executrix. Overseers: Thomas Harris, Thomas Adolle the younger. William Biggs, Hugnsine Tonogee.

1609 June 12 William Gowen will in London notes
February 10, 1605 William Gowen writes will, and identifies himself as William Gowen of London, yeoman.  People identified in will: My brother Thomas GowenThomas Gowen’s eldest son Thomas Gowen. Thomas Gowen’s other sons to be an apprentice – under 21 yrs.  My brother Richard Gowen and his children under 21 yrs. My brother David Gowen and his sons under 21 yrs. My brother Ambrose Gowen and his children under 21.  My sister Agnes Butler and her sons under 21 yrs. My sister Seamers and her children under 21 yrs. John Smith. John Vernon.  My cosen (cousin) Thomas Gowen. My brother Ambrose Gowen. My nephew Thomas Gowen. My Brother Christopher Gowen. My brother Christopher Gowen as executor. Overseers: cousin Thomas Gowen of Norington, John Smyth of Clift.  Signed: William Gowen. Wits: John Steward, Edward Faldo.

1609 Jun 28 Richard Gawen will in Aldingborn notes
May 31, 1609 Richard Gawen writes his will.
Gives to Church of Aldingborn.
People in will: My sonne Allan Gawen under 21 yrs age. My sonne Richard Gawen under 21 yrs age. My brother George Gawen. William Gawen under 21 yrs of age as son of John Gawen my brother. Alice my wife. Executors: George Gawen my brother, John Peachie of Shripney Execnto.  Overseers: Mr. Richard Buttenife of Burye, John Cowper of Barneham, Richard Knight of Yapton. Signed: Richard Gawen.  Wits: Allan Tomson, Richard Lonet, Ellis Parson.

1613 March 22 Henry Gawen will in Calme, Wiltshire, England notes
Feb 9, 1613 Henry Gawen writes will. Identifies self as a butcher.
People identified: Mary my wife. Mentions daughter Esaved (sp?). (short will).

1613 Nov 5 Richard Gawen will notes
July 11, 1613 Richard Gawen writes will.
Richard Gawen (a Taylor).
People identified: Thomas Betsall (sailor), Arthur Sallmone, Benjamen Daye Steward, Samuell Negro a Carpenter.
Mr Nicholas Gibbons attorney in Clifford.
Signed: Richard Gawen.
Wits: William Sherman, Edward Dodsworth.

1609 Gawen, Richard, Lydsey, Aldingborn, Sussex 64 Dorset
1613 Gawen, Richard, talor [sic] in the “Hector”, [P.A.B. over the seas] 101 Capell
1614 Gawen, Henry, butcher, Calne, Wilts. 23 Lawe
1615 Gawen, Gawne, Alice, widow, Foscott, Gritlington, Wilts. 76 Rudd
Wills Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1605-19. Pg 183.

1622 Gawen, William, cordwainer, par. of Bishop Cannings, co. Wilts. 58 Savile
Wills Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1620-29. Pg 113.

1622 Jun 24 William Gawen will in Bishops Canings, Wiltshire, England notes
July 31, 1618 William Gawen writes will.
People identified: Eldest son William Gawen under 21 yrs of age. My son Isaack Gawen under 21 yrs of age. Aggie my wife.
My brother in law Robert Weddington. Roger Bredmer my kinsman.
John Williams. Robert Abram.
Signed: William Gawen.
Wits: Robt Weddington, Roger Bredmer.

1632 Oct 2 Sandy Gowne will notes
September 25, 1631 Sandy Gowne writes will.
Sandy Gowne a Quarter master to the Pinnance Dove.
People identified: Youngest sonne James Gowne. Garratt Pinson and Richard Lamson. Wife is Ellen Gowne.
Sonne John Gowne “all that shall bee found due unto mee from the honorable Company of Merchants traders East India.
My executors dwelling on the Isle of Man.
Signed: Sandy Gowne.
Wits: Mich Harrison, Paxsen Swah Bradley.

1630 – Gewen, Christopher, of p. St. Peter Cornhill, Lond., (citizen & merch. tailor).
Will [102 Scroope] pr. Nov. 9 by relict Anne.
Probate Acts. Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Pg. 24.
Anno: 1630

1631 – White, Henry, of Sturminster Newton, Dorset., gent.
Will [98 St. John] pr. Aug. 16 by Martin White, and Chas. Bruin.
P.r. Thos. Gawen, Thos. Hussey junior, and Ric. Henninge.
Probate Acts. Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Pg. 125.
Anno: 1631

1632 – Gowne, Sandy, (of the “Dove”;) deceased abroad.
Will [101 Audley] pr. Oct. 2 by relict Ellen. P.r. son John.
(Probate revoked, and Admon granted May 7, 1633 to Wm. Howell.)
Probate Acts. Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Pg. 150.
Anno: 1632

1637 Feb 22 Nicholas Gowin in St mary Hill in London notes
Feb 20, 1637 Nicholas Gowin, yeoman, writes will
People identified: My brother William Chivall and my sister Elizabeth his wife. Father in law Thomas Browne. Sister Mary Gowin.
Mr. Anthony Moursein, Nicholas Wilson. Brother Thomas Gowin. Brother Thomas Browne and Abel Browne son, sister Marrie Browne.
Brother William Chivall and Elizabeth is wife as executors.
Witnesses: John Woolston, Anne Scarborowe, Rowland Hughes.

1640 June 16 John Goynes will in Petworth, Sussex, England notes
March 7, 1639 John Goynes, yeoman, writes his will.
People identified: Brother William Goynes. Thomas Goble. John Gladson my kinsman. My godson the son of Thomas Vistnud.
Mr. Peter Dodsworth and Thomas Barnard. Mary Goyens wife of Richard Goyens. William Strange. John Goldcoyd. John Samson. all servants to
lord of Northumberland. dauther of Robert Goynes servant to the Earle of Carlile. Richard Goynes son of my brother Richard Goynes.
John Goynes sonne of my brother Richard Goynes. Fuento Goynes sonn of my cousin July Goynes. My brother Richard Goynes widdow now in Ireland.
Thomas Barnard executor of will. John Cryanes. Signed: John Goynes. Wits: Peter Godsworth, Richard (Sp?), George Cobett.

1640 Nov 20 Henry Gawen will in Powlsed, Wiltshire, England notes
Nov 18, 1636 Henry Gawen, yeoman, writes will.
Gives to Cathedrall Church of Sarum.
Sonne Henry Gawen under 24 yrs. Alice my wife executrix. Brother Thomas Gawen.
Overseers: Mr John Hitchcock of Potterne, gent, father in law John Vinber yeoman.
Signed: Henry Gawen.
Wits: John Hitchcock, William Hitchcock.

1646 April 30 Stephen Gawen will in Tynhead, Wiltshire, England notes
People identified: Sonne Abill Gawin sole executor. Daughter Anne Gawin.
My mother Anne Gawin. My uncle John Gawin.
Signed Stephen Gawin.
Wits: Edw Donivick, Thom Bertlett

1647 June 28 Anne Gawen will in Tinhead, Wiltshire, England notes
Nov 4, 1646 Anne Gawen widdow writes will.
Grandchild Abell Gawen. Anne Gawen mother of my grandchildren.
Sister’s children: Thomas, Kerly, Mary and Elizabeth Donodall. Mr Kimimon.
Thomas Bartley, Edward Dimmerck.
Signed: Anne Gawen. Witnesses: Frederick Sagetaxy, Will Noble.

1653 May 19 John Gawen will in Climping, Sussex, England notes
Jan 10, 1653 John Gawen, yeoman, writes will.
People identified: Kinsman Richard Gawen of Aldingborne in County of Sussex yeoman.
My brother Nicholas Snead of Chishestex. My sister Elizabeth Snead.
Brigett Downer my servant. My five servants Alise Smith, Robert Franklyn, William Corbite, William Chiles, and John Peachey. My sonne Johne Gawen. Richard Gawen my kinsman. Nicholas Intas my brother, John Gawen my sonne. Signed: John Gawen. Wits: William Serle, Robert Franklyn.

1654 June 10 John Gawen will Westbury, Wiltshire, England notes
John Gawen writes will on Feb 24, 1653.
People identified: daughter Margaret Gawen. Roger Cater in Westbury. Daughter Joane Gawen.  Sonne Stephen Gawen. Sonne John Gawen as executor. Son in law William Whittock, tanner, of Somerset County.
Roger Cater, yeoman, of Westbury.
Signed: John Gawen. Wits: John Annatt, Mary Annatt.

1654 Sept 8 Hayward Gowen will in Sainte Dunstans in The West London notes
Wife mentioned – but not named. Anne Gawen the widdow given admin.
Wits: Jo Nicholson, Tho Swetman.

1656 July 3 Thomas Gawen will in Warrington, Wiltshire, England notes
Sept 30, 1653 Thomas Gawen writes will.
People identified: My wife (unnamed). Sonne William and his wife (unnamed), Theire childen.  My sonne Lawrence. My sonne in law John Culliford and Marie his daughter, and Thomas his sonne.  Two sisters Susan and Joane. Benjamin Duene of Wilts, John Lyancourt executors.  Signed: Thomas Gawen. Wits: Miles Philipson, John Cullsorn, Lowis Ibate, William Smale.

1657 May 6 Edward Gawin will in Thrussington, Leicestershire, England notes.
Oct 24, 1654 date will written.
People identified: My sister Mrs Pantinie Weddington. Godsonn William Watts the sonne of Thomas Watts of Rattliff.  Kinswoman Elizabeth Thorpe.
Signed: Edward Gawin. Wits: William Shuttleworth. Robert Hurkling.

1658 June 10 Daniel Gowen will in Wapping, Middlesex, England notes
Daniel Gowen a mariner.
People in will: Well beloved friend Thomas Fothorgill as lawful attorney. Prior attorney was Christian Mustard, wife of Thomas Mustard.

1659 Dec 15 John Gawen will in Climping, Sussex, England notes
October 10, 1659 John Gawen writes will.
I John Gawen sonne of John Gawen, late of Climping, yeoman.
Elizabeth Lucas my Aunt, wife of Nicholas Lucas my uncle sole executor.
My uncle William Gawen. Signed: John Gawen. Wits: Tho: Marner, Thomas Marner Jr.

1659 June 17 David Gawen will in Broghton, Wiltshire, England notes
Jan 6, 1658 David Gawen writes will.
People identified: Two daughter, grandchildren (not named). My Sonne John. My wife Anne sole executrix.  Signed: David Gawen. Wits: Edmond Lewis, Edward Sealenes.

1660 Sept 18 William Gowens will in England Sussex Ashbanham notes
July 16, 1660 William Gowens, yeoman, writes will.
People identified: My loving wife Bridgett Gowen executor. Abraham Loyd yeoman, William Taylor butcher, overseers.  My children: John Gowen and William Gowen. Signed: William Gowen. Wits: Roland Casingherst, Mary Casingherst

1661 Nov 8 John Gowen will notes
November 27, 1660 John Gowen writes will.  People identified: Mr. Henry Nutting, and Elizabeth his wife. My brother Henry Gowen. Stephen South. Robert Heath, Anne Heath my sisters children. Anne Gowen my brother’s daughter. My sister Anne Heath. Signed: John Gawen. Wits: Richard Brent, Nicholas Martin.

1662 Nov 1 Richard Gawen will in Hympinge, Sussex, England notes
April 13, 1662 Richard Gawen writes will.
People identified: Alice Baird (sp?) my servant. Elianor Strong my servant. Thomas Searle my servant.  Carew Gawen under 21 yrs of age sonne of George Gawen. John Gawen another son of George Gawen.  Allan Carr and William Baldwyn executors. Richard Mitchell as overseer.  Signed: Richard Gawen. Wits: Levi Butler, William Rose, Richer Evrett the wife of Thomas Scoder, the wife of Elizabeth Hume.

048 England


Geographical locations in England have unique, interesting terms in county sub-divisions, according to Shirley Irvine. Three mention dioceses, and Yorkshire has its ‘ridings’ — North, East, and West. Some counties are divided into “Hun-dreds.”

Hundreds were subdivisions of shires and counties, each with its own court. They were judicial, military, and taxation units that emerged before William the Conqueror. “Domesday Book” is arranged by counties and hundreds.

Size of the hundreds varied, but the basis for drawing up the hundreds of a county was pretty much the same everywhere. It was an area that was comprised of one hundred families, or one hundred ‘hides.’ A hide [also known as a carucate] was a measure of land–the amount required by one free family and its dependents. This amount of land was defined in turn as that which could be tilled by one plough and a team of oxen in one year.

The hundred was a practical division of local administration for a very long time. Genealogists encounter hundreds in directories; they are listed in the county sections within Samuel Lewis’ “Topographical Dictionary of England;” they appear on maps. Among the records arranged this way are hearth taxes in the late 1600s and militia records of the 1700s.

This ancient division is not found in every county. The four extreme northern counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, Durham, and Northumberland, were broken up into wards. On the eastern side of England, the equivalent of a hundred is the wapentake, a term which the Danes brought with them. Wap-entakes are found in Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, and Yorkshire.

In several counties the hundred [or the wapentake] is a sub-division of a unit that falls between it and the county. York-shire has its ridings, Lincolnshire has three divisions [Lindsey, Kestevan and Holland]; in the southeast, Kent has 62 hundreds within 5 ‘lathes’ and Sussex has 66 hundreds within 6 ‘rapes.’

Lancashire had six hundreds. Cornwall had nine hundreds, Essex had twenty, and Norfolk had thirty-three. The smaller divisions reflect the larger number of people per square mile and the greater fertility of the land.

The Parish records–primarily births, baptisms, marriages, and burials–provide the best source of vital record information in the centuries before civil registration.

Sherry Irvine, CGRS, FSA has written an informative book on effectively using the census returns of Great Britain. She wrote:

“Apart from minor differences in supplementary details, the census returns for 1851 through 1891 provide the following:

~ Address or location
~ Name of each person in the household
~ Marital status
~ Sex
~ Relationship to the head of the household
~ Age
~ Occupation
~ Birthplace

However, the first nominal census [1841] is different and less informative. Missing from these returns are relationships, accurate ages, and precise birthplace details. What they record is:
~ Address or location
~ Name of each person in the household
~ Age rounded down to the nearest five years for adults
[this confused people and compounded fibs]
~ Exact age for children under 15
~ Occupation
~ A vague answer to the question “were you born in the
county?” which in England meant noting Y [yes], N
[no], S [Scotland], I [Ireland), Pts [foreign parts;

Several clues distinguish one household from another: hash marks made by the enumerators [when at the left edge of a name, a double backslash is a new building and a single one separates family units in the same building]; 1851 and after, a new number in the extreme left column [No. of Householder’s Schedule]; 1851 and after, the appearance of the word “Head” in the Relationship column.”
Capt. George Thomas Gowen, commanding officer of the 27th Native Infantry Regiment of the East India Company Service was killed in the Indian revolt that occurred in the fall of 1857.

His name, along with a list of killed and wounded, was published in the October 10, 1857 edition of the “Bombay Gazette:”

“The War in India,
List of Killed and Wounded

The following is the list of persons connected with the East India Company’s Service who were killed during the re-volt.”

The East India Company had the unusual distinction of ruling an entire country. Its origins were much humbler. On December 31, 1600, a group of merchants who had incorporated themselves into the East India Company were given monopoly privileges on all trade with the East Indies.

The Company’s ships first arrived in India, at the port of Surat, in 1608. Sir Thomas Roe reached the court of the Mughal Emperor, Jahangir, as the emissary of King James I in 1615, and gained for the British the right to establish a factory at Surat. Gradually the British eclipsed the Portugese and over the years they saw a massive expansion of their trading operations in India.

Numerous trading posts were established along the east and west coasts of India, and considerable English communities developed around the three presidency towns of Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras. In 1717, the Company achieved its hitherto most notable success when it received a firman or royal dictat from the Mughal Emperor exempting the Company from the payment of custom duties in Bengal.

The Company saw the rise of its fortunes, and its transformation from a trading venture to a ruling enterprise, when one of its military officials, Robert Clive, defeated the forces of the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-daulah, at the Battle of Plassey in 1757. A few years later the Company acquired the right to collect revenues on behalf of the Mughal Emperor, but the initial years of its administration were calamitous for the people of Bengal. The Company’s servants were largely a rapacious and self-aggrandizing lot, and the plunder of Bengal left the formerly rich province in a state of utter destitution.

The famine of 1769-70, which the Company’s policies did nothing to alleviate, may have taken the lives of as many as a third of the population. The Company, despite the increase in trade and the revenues coming in from other sources, found itself burdened with massive military expenditures, and its destruction seemed imminent. State intervention put the ailing Company back on its feet, and Lord North’s India Bill, also known as the Regulating Act of 1773, provided for greater parliamentary control over the affairs of the Company, besides placing India under the rule of a Governor-General.

G. Gowan, a 32-year-old waiter on the S.S. Lusitania, was among the 1,198 people who lost their lives when the British liner was torpedoed and sunk May 7, 1915. Many Americans were aboard the Lusitania when it was attacked by a German submarine, and the incident contributed to the entry into World War I by the United States.

The 32,000-ton ship was sailing on her regular run from New York to Liverpool, despite the war, with a full load of 1,959 passengers and a cargo containing some munitions. Her speed, 18 knots, was considered speedy at that time and was so much faster than the submarines of that era that a considerable amount of luck was required for the U-boat to get into torpedo range. Though she was only a few miles off the Irish coast, the Lusitania sank so quickly that lifeboats and liferafts could not be fully loaded and lowered.
James Robert Gowen, secretary of the Royal Horticultural Society from 1845 to 1850, had a plant named for him. The Gowen Cypress, Goveniana Gord, a shrub or small tree, can be found in Europe, Asia and North America, according Dr. E. Clair “Cal” Calavan, University of California, Riverside.
John Goyne and Richard Goyne, “born in the parts of the land of Luque,” received denization [naturalization] by the king, 1st month, 17th day, 1452, according to an early record found in Westminster. Luque is located in southern Spain..
Sir William Goyen, a knight, was buried “8th month, 7th day, 1597.”


John Gowing of Berkshire was convicted of a crime and sentenced to transportation. In 1686 he was “reprieved for transportation for Jamaica, Barbados or Bermuda.”
Christopher d’Olier Gowan was born in 1910 in India, according to his obituary published August 13, 1996 in the “London Daily Telegraph.” He taught for 38 years at Eton College, the largest public school of England. It was founded by King Henry VI in 1440 for 70 highly qualified scholarship students and up to 20 boys in addition to the scholars. The 70 scholarships has remained fixed for the past 560 years.

His father was Governor of the Central Provinces. Gowan won a scholarship to Rugby and left as Head of School.

His obituary read:

“Christopher Gowan, who has died aged 85, spent most of his working life as a master at Eton. He taught there for 38 years and served as head of modern languages and as a housemaster. Although Gowan had taken a First in History at Oxford, he found there were no vacancies to teach his subject when in 1932 he wrote to Dr Cyril Alington, then the headmaster of Eton. None the less, Alington invited Gowan to lunch, and the result was that he was appointed to teach French for the time being, and told to spend the summer vacation in France brushing up the language.

As it turned out Gowan, though for a number of years the only man on the Eton staff with a First in History, never taught the subject. This may have saved his life. When the Second World War came, several of the young historians joined the infantry and were killed in the Western Desert. Gowan, being a linguist, became an intelligence officer and spent the war in headquarters in several countries.

After Staff College training, initially under John Marsden, a former Eton pupil of his, Gowan was sent to the Middle East and in 1942 to GHQ Cairo. He later joined the “Map Caravan” with Bill Williams, Montgomery’s Chief of Intelligence. He worked on the forward liaison units “J” and Phantom, responsible for reconnoitering and reporting forward troop and tank movement on both sides. For this work he was mentioned in despatches.

After D-Day, Gowan went through Northern Europe with Montgomery at HQ 21st Army Group, ending the war in Berlin as a lieutenant-colonel. He always said how grateful he was for his war-time experience, feeling that it made him a much better schoolmaster.

At Hertford College, Oxford, he played most games and won a half-blue as a three-miler. On moving to Eton he had planned to marry Margaret McNair, the first New Zealand girl to graduate at Oxford. But Alington persuaded him to delay the marriage for a year to learn the ropes of schoolmastering.

Gowan’s vigour of intellect and buccaneering personality soon brought him notice. In those days Eton masters wore silk hats and tailcoats on Sundays, and Gowan was unusual in sporting his hat at a jaunty angle.

He once surprised an insolent boy by offering to meet him in the ring, only to discover that the boy was soon to become Captain of Boxing. They fought three rounds and parted friends. Gowan was soon put in charge of school boxing. He was active also in modernising the coaching of athletics. At the time of his appointment, the School Mile was still run on a public road, which was closed to all traffic for the occasion.

Soon after his return from the war, he took over as a housemaster in Cotton Hall House, and for 17 years Gowan’s boys were a force to be reckoned with. On the games field they successfully reflected his intensely competitive spirit, and in the house they appreciated the family atmosphere. They were also impressed by the number of dinner-party guests invited to the Gowans’ table, though they could not help wondering how the food compared with that served up to them.

In 1964 Tony Chenevix-Trench, the new headmaster, gave Gowan the chance to make his greatest contribution to Eton. He was invited to chair a new curriculum committee, which transformed the academic structure of the school. It led to a wider range of subjects, as well as the establishment of Geography, Economics and English departments.

Gowan’s clarity of mind and grasp of detail were a great help to Chenevix-Trench, as well as being powerful assets in what he saw as a strategic campaign. He was not averse to challenging the traditional power of Classical masters, by as he put it, “mining, sapping, diversions and flank attacks.” Much of what his committee put in place still endures. Gowan was perhaps disappointed that no headmastership came his way.

In 1970 he retired to Windermere. He continued to be very active there, serving for 22 years on the committee of the YMCA camp at Lakeside. His diversions included fly-fishing and hill-walking. He was a notable grower of irises.

Gowan could be unsparing in criticism, but he was always gregarious and ebullient. His wife died shortly before they could celebrate their golden wedding; they had three daughters.


Lt. John Gowan of the 30th Regiment [Cambridgeshire] of Foot served in the Battle of Waterloo against Napoleon Bonaparte under the command of Lt. Col. Alexander Hamilton, according to Tim Chadwick of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.


The will of Gowen Duncalf “of Adlington, Yeoman,” was proved in 1737, according to the Cheshire Record Office. His beneficiary was Mary Wilson Wright, wife of Richard Wright and daughter of Joseph Wilson, a cousin.


Mentioned in “Cornwall Muster Roll of 1569” by H. L. Douch were “Richard Gyan, St. Erne Parish, powder; Udy Gyen, St. Cullomb Parish; John Gyen, St. Cullomb Parish; Henry Gyen, St. Cullomb Parish; John Gyon, Penrybor Parish; Nyclis Gyon, Penybor Parish; Harry Geyne, Unylelant Parish, Perwith, George Gyne, Unylelant Parish, Perwith and Fraunces Gyne, Camborne Parish, Penwiyh.
Francis Goyan was born in St. Agnes,Cornwall and came to the United States in 1840 with brothers John Goyan, James Goyan and William Goyan, according to Pamela Goyan Kitt-ler a descendant. John Goyne and Mary Ann Mitchell Goyne are regarded as their parents.

Francis Goyan became known as Frank Goyan and was a founder of of Placerville, California, arriving there about 1855.
Peter Goyen, son of Peter Goyen, a tin miner and Mary Ann Bawden Goyen, was born at St. Agnes, Cornwall in 1846. In 1853, his father left his family in Cornwall and emigrated to Australia, hoping to find better mining opportunities. After a six-month voyage, he arrived at his destination, and six years later he was able to send for his family.

Mary Ann Bawden Goyen, Peter, 13; Elizabeth, 11; John, 7 and Mary Jane, 6 arrived in Melbourne on the “Red Jacket,” 140 days out of Liverpool in August 1853. Peter Goyen was carried on the ship’s passenger list as a “laborer,” indicating that child labor was an accepted practice in those early days.

Peter Goyen was enrolled in St. James Church of England School on Flinders Street in Melbourne. Following gradua­tion, he went to Ballarat and entered teacher training while earning his living as an engine driver in the tin mines. He was married about 1868 to Mary Ann Skinner.

He first taught at Pigoreet School and then Talbot and Cam­brian Hill and Ballan. Tragically, Mary Ann Skinner Goyen died December 12, 1875, at age 21. Their six-year-old daughter, Elsie Helen Phillips Goyen died in the following spring, April 25, 1875, compounding his grief.

Peter Goyen was remarried in Melbourne to Emilie Harriette Leete Smith, daughter of John Halcon Smith and Jane Bennetts Smith. Fortune then began to smile on the couple, and Peter Goyen was selected from a large group of appli­cants for the position of Inspector of Schools in New Zealand. They sailed immediately in the “Albion” for Dunedin where in 1882 he began his inspectoral duties.

He became well known as the author of a number of education works, among them being “The Principles of English Composition,” “Higher Arithmetic and Mensuration” and “Companion to Higher Arithmetic.” He also wrote some small useful education works and several papers on arachnida of New Zealand.

He was elected a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London in 1888 and was an enthusiastic botanist and arachnologist. He died at age 81 in 1927 in Dunedin.

I am enclosing [below] a copy of a newspaper account of a collision at sea involving my g-g-grandmother and her chil­dren while they were coming out in 1859 to join my g-g-grandfather already here. Robert J. Goyen, 523 Sutton St, Sebastopol, 3357, Victoria, Australia.
Collision at Sea–Loss of the Elizabeth Walker

The White Star ship Red Jacket arrived at Port Phillip Heads at sundown on Saturday and reached Hobson’s Bay late yesterday evening. Her passage to the Equator occupied 28 days; thence to the Cape light and baffling winds. Capt. Kirby reports the loss of the Elizabeth Walker from collision with the Red Jacket. The following particulars were extracted from the log:

“June 13, lat. 30.40 S, long. 36.40 W at 1 a.m, clear moonlight, ship’s course SE 1/2 S, rate of sailing 9 knots, all plain sail set and the port foretopmast stud­ding-sail, the man on the look-out reported a ship on the port bow. Orders were given by Mr. Robertson, officer of the watch, to show the port light. On as­certaining the tack and position of the ship the officer of the watch gave orders for the helm to be put to port, as the strange vessel was nearly on a parallel on the opposite tack to ourselves. The strange vessel then showed a flaming torchlight. At the same time, it was discovered that she had put her helm to starboard, and was keeping off the same as ourselves. The offi­cer of the watch seeing, by the two vessels continuing on the same course, that a collision would be in­evitable, ordered the helm of the Red Star to be put to starboard, with the view of passing under the stern of the strange vessel, and almost simultlaneously, the helm on board of the strange vessel was put to port, which luffed her across our bows, and a collision took place. Orders were immediately given to throw all aback. To describe the confusion among the passengers at the first shock is unnecessary; suffice it to say that the Red Jacket had cut into the main-hatch combings of the other vessel, carrying away her mainmast, mizen topmast, yards, etc, the Red Jacket losing foretopmast-studsail-boom, and some of the head gear being carried away. On looking over the bows of our own vessel, I immediately saw the dan­gerous position of the other one, as she was evidently filling very rapidly with water, and called out to them on board to leave her at once. With much difficulty the crew got on board the Red Jacket, and in less that eight minutes from the first shock the strange vessel went down under the bottom of the Red Jacket. At the earliest opportunity the crew of the strange vessel was mustered. They were all on board, and with the exception of the man that was at the wheel, they were all uninjured. The ship proved to be the Elizabeth Walker, of Glasgow, from Buenos Ayres, with a general cargo. When repair was completed, sail was made with the intention to procede on the voyage and to put the crew on board the first ship we found homeward bound.”
John Goyne Instant Success
In Australian Goldfields

By Nola Aickin

John Goyne was born in 1826 at Rosemundy, St. Agnes, Cornwall, the son of James and Elizabeth Goyne. He grew up in a world of mining and miners and gained much practical experience in that field, becoming a miner himself at a young age. The 1841 census shows John Goyne as a miner at age 15. In 1847, he was married to Catherine Letcher in Truro, Cornwall. Five years later, he sailed with his brother on the ship “Graham” from the West Indian docks of London for Victoria, arriving in Australia in early 1854. Catherine was to follow in 1866, some 13 years later on the “Great Britain,” and their children, Louisa, 18; Emily, 16; Kate, 15 and John, 13 travelled on the “White Star” the following year.

On his arrival in Victoria, John Goyne made his way to the Creswick and Ballarat goldfields and followed the rush of gold fever for four years. In the goldfields he had observed that much of the gold ore was lost in its processing. He saw some deficiencies in the stamper grating equipment then in use and had some ideas for improvements. By 1858, he had raised sufficient capital to launch his stamper grating factory at Epsom. The Goyne factory was immediately successful, gaining large sales volume and much publicity. He was soon receiving large orders from mining companies in Western Australia, Queensland, New Zealand, South Africa, the Straits settlements and Batavia. Two more children were born, Minnie and Frank.

With success, John Goyne began to plan a new home, a show­ place in the community. It was to be called “Rosemundy House” after his birthplace. By, 1880, he was a very wealthy and influential man. Shipments of sheet iron and steel were constantly arriving from England, and finished products were continually being shipped out. The factory was wired with electric lights, enabling it to operate day and night. By the mid 1800’s he was exporting world wide and was able to employ seven men during 1902.

Opposite the factory was “Rosemundy” surrounded by 20 acres of grounds, six of which were orchards. The area sur­rounding the mansion was like a park, landscaped with trees and shrubs, and the house was almost hidden with gardens. The outhouses were many–scullery, laundry, maidsquarters, stables and a gold office. The main house was glorious–an exceptional Victorian solid brick residence.

John Goyne also owned 1800 acres of land at Kamarooka where he carried out his pastoral and agricultural interests. John Goyne was elected to the Huntly Shire Council in 1881 and served with this institution for over 20 years, he was also gazetted as a Justice of the Peace.

Catherine Goyne died October 12, 1905 at the age of 76, and John Goyne designed the family vault which was erected in White Hills Cemetery. Two years later, he died at the age of 81 and was buried beside his wife. So ended the life of a man who contributed greatly to the gold industry of Bendigo and to the communities of Epsom and White Hills. He was a man who embarked on an enterprise which was destined to play an important role in mining operations worldwide–a pioneer and a genius in his own right.
[Nola Aickin and her husband are the present owners of “Rosemundy” and have maintained the mansion in keeping with its original grandeur and heritage. The address: “Rosemundy,” Goyne’s Road, Epsom 3551, Victoria, Australia.
Ursula Gowen was married in 1705 to Richard Cowling in St. Agnes Parish, Cornwall, according to a letter written January 16, 1990 by Gladys M. White, a descendant of Quinnesec, Michigan.

Children born to Richard Cowling and Ursula Gowen Cowling include:

Emblen Cowling christened in 1706
John Cowling christened in 1708
Richard Cowling christened in 1710
Atwel Cowling christened in 1712
Eulalia Cowling christened in 1716
Atwell Cowling christened in 1719
Ambros Gowen was the father of Shadrach Gowen who was christened in Cornwall, “9th month, 21st day, 1600.”
Elizabeth Goyen was married August 4, 1823 to John Roberts in St. Agnes Parish, according to Sheila Hill.
Sarah Goyen, daughter of Richard Goyen and Jane Goyen, was christened May 23, 1825, according to St. Agnes Parish Register in Gunvea, Cornwall.
Included in the 1841 census of St. Agnes, District 11, Mount Hawke, Folio 166, page 8 were:

“Goyne, John 30, tin miner
Phillippia 25
John 4

Goyne, Sarah 65, ind[indigent?]
Mary 20

Arthur, George 25, tin miner
Catherine 25

Goyne, William 35, tinplate worker
Mary 35,
Amelia 15, shopmaid,
Mary 14,
Francis 11, male
Sarah 9,
Sirzah 4, female
Lydia 2”
Elizabeth Goyne was married August 8, 1796 to William Henwood, according to St. Agnes marriage records. Children born to them include Rebecca Henwood who was baptized December 25, 1799 at St. Agnes.
Thomas Goyne of Cornwall was sentenced and transported in March 1754 “for assaulting a J.P. on duty to preserve a stranded ship,” according to “The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775.” by Peter Wilson Coldham.
John Gyon of St. Colomb Parish appeared on the tax list of 1524.
Oto Gyon, Benedict Gyon, Pasco Gyon of St. Erme and John Gyon of Maddron appeared in the 1525 tax list of Cornwall.
Richard Goyn was born September 22, 1822 in Cornwall, ac­cording to the research of Dolores “Jackie” Towner of Nyssa, Oregon. He was, by family tradition, son of a sea captain. The research of Billie June Salmond, a descendant of Boun­tiful Utah, shows Richard Goyn to be a son of Richard Goyn and Sarah Job Goyn.

He was disowned by his family when he was married in Que­bec, Canada to Catherine Crippen January 11, 1843. Catherine Crippen Goyn was born November 7, 1821 in Canada. In 1858, they lived in Iowa and in Missouri in 1865. He died in Collbran, Colorado June 13, 1893, and she died there in Mesa County February 16, 1915.

Children born to Richard Goyn and Catherine Crippen Goyn include:

Alice Goyn born April 1, 1858
Charles Augustus Goyn born August 9, 1865

Alice Goyn, daughter of Richard Goyn and Catherine Crippen Goyn, was born in Iowa April 1, 1858. She was married July 3, 1874 to Mansfield Towner who was born in Hunter, New York October 14, 1847. In 1875 they lived in Boulder, Colorado. In 1886 they lived in Boise, Idaho. She died March 25, 1915 in Grandview, Idaho. He died May 10, 1939 in Council, Idaho.

Children born to Mansfield Towner and Alice Goyn Towner include:

Elmer Towner born April 29, 1875
Walter Towner born August 28, 1886

Elmer Towner, son of Mansfield Towner and Alice Goyn Towner, was born April 29, 1875 at Boulder, Colorado. He was married November 20, 1900 in Mesa County, Colorado to Jessie Mable Hope, according to Edwyna Dayonne Hurt Work of Denton, Texas. Jessie Mable Hope was born March 17, 1881 at La Cygne, Kansas to Edwin Hope and Lucetta Theressa Pettyjohn Hope. In 1913 they lived at Colorado Springs, Colorado. Elmer Towner died April 19, 1960 at Eureka, California. Jessie Mable Hope Towner died July 31, 1960 in Humboldt County, California.

Children born to them include:

Elma Harriet Towner born July 7, 1913

Elma Harriet Towner, daughter of Elmer Towner and Jessie Mable Hope Towner, was born July 7, 1913 in Colorado Springs. She was married February 3, 1945 to Charles Russell Hurt, according to their daughter, Edwyna Dayonne Hurt.

Children born to them include:

Edwyna Dayonne Hurt born September 5, 1934

Edwyna Dayonne Hurt, daughter of Charles Russell Hurt and Elma Harriet Towner Hurt, was born September 5, 1934 at Stockton, California. She was married August 12, 1956 at Wheatridge, Colorado to Peter T. Work who was born at Lake City, Colorado March 1, 1934.

Walter Towner, son of Mansfield Towner and Alice Goyn Towner, was born August 28, 1886 in Boise, Idaho. He was married Augut 21, 1909 to Myrtle Mackey who was born March 1, 1887 in Kirksville, Missouri. In 1910, they lived at Rockvale, Colorado. He died February 9, 1940 in Grandview, Idaho, and she died May 22, 1961 at Mt. Home, Idaho.

Children born to Walter Towner and Myrtle Mackey Towner include Edward Towner who was born June 18, 1910 at Rockvale, Colorado. He was married July 5, 1929 to Ruth Houk who was born March 27, 1910 in Mulberry, Kansas. He died February 9, 1940 at Grand View, Idaho, and she died August 7, 1977 at Ontario, Oregon.

Children born to Edward Towner and Ruth Houk Towner include Norman Towner who was born January 31, 1930 at Grand View. He was married September 12, 1953, wife’s name Dolores. In 1991 Norman Towner and Dolores “Jackie” Towner live in Nyssa, Oregon.

Charles Augustus Goyn, son of Richard Goyn and Catherine Crippen Goyn, was born August 9, 1865 in Missouri, accord­ing to the research of Billie June Salmond, a descendant. He was married about 1895 to Adeline Cecilia Brooke, daughter of Benjamin F. Brooke and Emeline Darcy Brooke. Adeline Cecilia Brooke Goyn was born in 1880 in Colorado. They lived in Mesa County in 1896. He died July 28, 1932 in Longmont, Colorado, and she died in Colorado August 18, 1941.

Children born to them include:

Ethel Magnolia Goyn born July 4, 1896

Ethel Magnolia Goyn, daughter of Charles Augustus Goyn and Adeline Cecilia Brooke Goyn, was born July 4, 1896 in Collbran. She was married August 19, 1913 to Robert Ellsworth “Rob” Cook. He was born May 28, 1891 at DeS­oto, Iowa to Harmond Cook and Lydia Anne Heald Cook. Ethel Magnolia Goyn Cook died December 31, 1933 in Long Beach, California. He died August 30, 1951 in Oakland Cali­fornia.

Children born to them include Maxine Maria Magdalene Cook who was born April 17, 1914 at Longmont. She was married in Las Vegas, Nevada to Alvin Festus “Al” Whittington, Jr. March 20, 1933. He was born December 21, 1913 to Alvin Festus Whittington and Cora May Padgett Whittington in Los Angeles. He died April 24, 1976 in Verdi, Nevada, and she died in Reno, Nevada October 22, 1981. Children born to them include Billie June Whittington. She was born June 30, 1937 in Oroville, California. She was married August 30, 1985 in Salt Lake City to John Lowell Salmond. In 1991, they lived in Bountiful, Utah. She is a member of the Cornwall Research Team of Gowen Re­search Foundation.
Simon Goyne and his wife Elizabeth Goyne were residents of St. Cleer in Cornwall, according to the research of Edna Reynolds of Bexley, Kent.

Children born to Simon Goyne and Elizabeth Goyne include:

Mary Goyne born in 1710
Samuel Goyne born in 1712
John Goyne born in 1715
Elizabeth Goyne born in 1720
William Goyne born in 1724
Thomas Goyne born in 1727
Henry Goyne born in 1732
Mary Goyne born in 1737
Ann Goyne born in 1738

Samuel Goyne, son of Simon Goyne and Elizabeth Goyne was born in St. Cleer in 1712. He became a blacksmith. He was married in June 1765 at St. Germans, Cornwall to Elizabeth Trevigan. He was remarried in July 1782 at Morval, Cornwall to Sarah Webb. He died in February 1790 at Morval.

Children born to Samuel Goyne and Elizabeth Trevigan Goyne include:

Mary Goyne born in 1766
Samuel Goyne born in 1768
William Goyne born in 1770
Mary Goyne born in 1772
Ann Goyne born in 1775
John Goyne born in 1777

Samuel Goyne, son of Samuel Goyne and Elizabeth Trevigan Goyne, was born in 1768. He, like his father, was a black­smith. He was married at Morval in 1794 to Ann Prout. Ann Prout Goyne died in May 1839 at age 64, and he was married in the following December to Elizabeth Wills who was born about 1764. Elizabeth Wills Goyne died in 1843 at Morval at age 79. He died in 1845 at age 77.

Children born to Samuel Goyne and Ann Prout Goyne in­clude:

Mary Goyne born in 1794
John Goyne born in 1798
William Goyne born in 1801
Ann Goyne born in 1804
Samuel Goyne born in 1807

Anne Goyne, daughter of Samuel Goyne and Ann Prout Goyne, was born in 1804 at Morval. She was married about 1830 to Thomas Deacon who was baptized in 1806 at Duloe, Cornwall.

Children born to Thomas Deacon and Anne Goyne Deacon include:

Agnes Deacon baptized in 1833
Maria Deacon baptized in 1835

Agnes Deacon, daughter of Thomas Deacon and Anne Goyne Deacon, was baptized in 1833. She was married about 1852 to William Webb Marsh. A daughter, Susan Ann Marsh was born to them in 1853. She was married in 1870 to William Turpin Wood. Children born to them include Victo­ria May Wood who was born in 1897 at Gillingham. She was married in 1919 at Woolwich to John R. Jones who was born in 1897. She died in Kent in 1985.

Children born to John R. Jones and Victoria May Wood Jones include:

Edna Rose Jones born in 1924

Edna Rose Jones, daughter of John R. Jones and Victoria May Wood Jones, was born in 1924 at Woolwich. She was married in 1947 to Frederick G. Reynolds who was born there in 1923. She, a member of Gowen Research Foundation, lived at Bexley, Kent in 1990. Children born to them in­clude Christopher Reynolds. He was born in 1959 at Cambridge. He was married in 1988 at Wimbledon to Catherine Mayers who was born in 1961 at Surbiton. A daughter, Alison Louise Jones, was born to them in April 1989.

Samuel Goyne, son of Samuel Goyne and Ann Prout Goyne, was born at Morval in 1807. He was married about 1830, wife’s name Ann. She died in 1837 at age 28. He was remar­ried to Mary Brown October 20, 1838 at St. Pinnock, Cornwall. She died in 1845 at Morval at age 29. He was married for the third time to Mary Glover April 3, 1847 at Morval. He died in 1884 at age 77. Mary Glover Goyne died in 1893 at Morval at age 77.

Children born to Samuel Goyne and Ann Goyne include:

John Goyne born in 1831

Children born to Samuel Goyne and Mary Brown Goyne in­clude:

Jane Ann Goyne born in 1841
Mary Goyne born in 1842
Elizabeth Goyne born in 1844

Children born to Samuel Goyne and Mary Glover Goyne in­clude:

Samuel Goyne born about 1847
Jethro Goyne born in 1849
Richard Goyne born about 1855
Catherine Goyne christened in 1859
Tryphena Goyne christened in 1859
Annie Goyne christened in 1860

Elizabeth Goyne, daughter of Samuel Goyne and Mary Brown Goyne, was born in 1844 in Morval. She was married about 1870 to Edward Vanson who was born in 1842. Children born to them include Annie Vanson, born about 1872. Annie Vanson was married in 1893 at Charlestown to Richard Rowse. A son Alfred Leslie Rowse was born to them in 1903 at St. Austell. He became a prominent histo­rian, according to Edna Rose Jones Reynolds.
Dr. Raymond L. Goyne, 66 Woodruff Avenue, Hove, Sussex, England wrote January 4, 1996:

“I have been in touch with several of the “Goyne” families over a period of many years. These include Robert Goyen of Victoria, Australia and most of the Goynes of Delaware, Lan­caster, Maryland and Virginia. Recently I visited the various American families with whom we have been exchanging visits for many years. I have now collected data both from my own research and from that of others and completed the enclosed family tree for the Foundation Library. You will recognise the extensive data which I received from Robert Goyen which I have used to aid my research and to build upon.

Also I collected data from others either directly or via fellow researchers. I hope that you find some new data in my work and find it usefull. I am of course interested in further data and lines of research. I am at present spreading my findings around in order to encourage the “Rolling Snowball Effect”.

I, from time to time visit St. Agnes in Cornwall, the source of my Goyne family, and find it rather pleasant to worship in the parish church where it all happened so many years ago.

During the research it became obvious that the name Goyne [I will use this spelling although I mean to include the surname spelt in other ways also] was often given in church and other records with various spellings. This occurred in many records especially in early ones, in many cases to the extent that the record of the birth christening and marriage of a man could have his name given in different forms and even his Christian name might vary, ie. Rod and Richard]. I also found that in records of baptisms the surname of the children could be given with different spellings [Goyne, Goyen, Goine, Goynes and Gowen, etc.] I feel that this was to be expected for more than one reason including the fact that Cornwall had its own lan-guage as has Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

I remember a relative who spoke, wrote and taught the Cornish language. Also the fact that the parish clerk was often not an accomplished scholar and might well write what he felt was the spelling of the name spoken to him at the time. Like my-self, most of the Goynes I have contacted were of the opinion that the family were descended from Huguenots who of course came to England mainly at the time of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.

I suppose that Huguenots came to England from France before that time and who is to say that the original name was not changed to Gowen from a different one in a similar way to the Gowen/Goyne one. However the name Gowen is a Celtic one, and it appears in Scotland, Wales and Ireland as well as in Cornwall, so probably is the correct one. In my opinion most of people of Cornish descent will have Huguenot ances-tors so we are all probably Huguenots anyhow. I am certain that I have at least one. There are few records around for the period 1550 and earlier. Below is a copy of the ones used to begin this Family Tree.

Raymond L. Goyne”

John Gawen was born about 1556 and was baptized January 8, 1556. He was married October 17, 1591 to Dorothy Skinner.

Children born to John Gawen and Dorothy Skinner Gawen include:

Robert Gawen baptized January 11, 1591
Margery Gawen baptized October 12, 1597
Peter Gawen baptized September 30, 1598

Peter Gawen was born about 1598 and baptized September 30, 1598, He was married November 22, 1629 to Joanna Warne. Children born to Peter Gawen and Joanna Warne Gawen include:

Margarita Gowin bp November 1, 1633
Tamsyn Gowen bp July 12, 1636
Emlyn Gawin bp August 25, 1639
Mary Gawen bp August 7, 1642
Richard Gawen bp April 19, 1646
Christian Gawen bp January 25, 1650

Dorothy Skinner

b.c.1591 dec. Bp. 11/ 1/1591 b,c.15gl dec. Bp. 12/10/1597 b.c.1598 dec. Bp. 1/ 9/1598 b.c.1598 dec. Bp. 30/ 9/1598

The Goyne name has been sighted as far back as 1397. In the Close Rolls of 1397 were mentioned John Gowyn the elder and John Goyen the younger of Fovent. He made Quit claim of all lands etc. in Westmerton and Wodhouse within the parish of Eblesborne Wake. Margaret Jove was mentioned as “late his wife.” The deed was dated at West Merton 12 April, in the 20th year of the reign of Richard II.

Simon Gowen married Elizabeth Powglass in 1709 at St.Cleer.

Their children were:

Mary Gowen christened 4/ 1/1710
Samuel Gowen christened 20/ 5/1712
John Goyne christened 18/ 4/1713
John Gowen christened 18/ 4/1715
Elizabeth Goine christened 22/ 3/1720
William Goyn christened 24/ 6/1724
Thomas Goyne christened 21/ 7/1727
Mary Gowen christened 23/ 6/1730
Henry Goyne christened 31/ 7/1732

All of the children were christened at St. Cleer. Samuel christened Gowen above then appears as Simon Goyn when he married Mary Stout at Jacobstown in May 1736. His children were christened at St. Cleer.

Further back, Francis Gowen who married Elizabeth James in 1703 interestingly christened all of the 11 children Gowen except the last child who was christened Philipa Goyen in 1729. From then on the names were often spelt Goyne in the various ways found later but not always consistently. Prior to that no “Goyne” spellings were found in this research, but they have been sighted as isolated findings earlier.

We have not used all the male members of the line in the Family tree but have reserved some of them them for future research. The ones used link up with the later research undertaken and link up with Goynes in the U.S.A. and Australia.
Samuel Goynes was married February 2, 1834 at St. Neot, Cornwall to Elizabeth Saunders, according to Wes Richards, a descendant. In 1844 they lived at St. Pinnock. Children born to Samuel Goynes and Elizabeth Saunders Goynes include:

William Saunders Goynes born May 8, 1835
Jonathan Goynes born August 27, 1837
Elizabeth Ann Goynes born November 17, 1839
Mary J. Goynes born about 1840
Johanna Goynes born July 16, 1844
Ellen Goynes born about 1849
Emma Goynes born about 1854
Samuel Goynes born October 17, 1856

Cornwall Researchers:

Robert J. Goyen, 523 Sutton St, Sebastopol, 3356, Victoria, Australia
Brian Goyen, 6 Myrtle Court, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Col. Carroll Heard Goyne, 10019 Canterbury Dr, Shreveport, LA, 71106
Raymond L. Goyne, 68 Woodruff Ave, Hove, Sussex, Great Britain, BN3 6PJ.
Edna Rose Jones Reynolds, 54 Parkhill Road, Bexley, Kent, Great Britain, DA5 1HY
Billie June Salmond, 34167 Bridgeview Dr, NE, Kingston, WA, 98346-9705
Jackie Towner, 754 Alberta Avenue, Nyssa, Oregon, 97913
Gladys M. White, Box 523, Quinnesec, Michigan, 49876
Edwina Dayonne Hurt Work, 1028 Ector, Denton, Texas, 76201


F. A. Gowen was listed as a casualty in St. Mary’s World War I Memorial in Essex County. The memorial was described as:

“On the East wall to the right of the stage area is a large marble tablet commemorating those lost in the First World War. There are angels and a cross above the names, and a banner inscription beneath the angels and above the names.”
John Gowen was married December 25, 1848 to Harriett West in the Registry Office at Colchester, according to the research of Robert Neil of Chatham, Ontario. Children born to John Gowen and Harriett West Gowen are unknown.


Anne Gowen was married in 1774 to William Sargeant at Hawkesbury, Gloucestershire. Their first two children, Ann Sargeant and William Seargeant, were born at Hawkesbury, and the rest at Kingswood, Gloucestershire. Their son, Na-thaniel Sargeant, baptized in 1782 at Kingswood, was married to Mary Milsom in 1802 at Hawkesbury. Their children were subsequently born at Kingswood, according to Linda Barra-clough of Victoria, Australia.
Nathaniel Gowen and his wife, Ann Pavey Gowen were married May 5, 1772 at Horton, Gloucestershire. Children born to them include:

William Gowen baptized July 28, 1789

William Gowen, son of Nathaniel Gowen and Ann Pavey Gowen, was baptized July 28, 1789 at Hillesley Street Baptist Chapel in Hillesley, according to Robert Millard. He was married October 6, 1811 at Hawkesbury to Ann White. He became a carpenter.

Children born to William Gowen and Ann White Gowen include:

Nathaniel Gowin born about 1813
John Gowin born about 1816
Ruth Gowin baptized in 1818
Maria Gowin baptized in 1818
Masry Gowin baptized in 1826

John Gowin, son of William Gowen and Ann White Gowen, was born about 1816 at Hawkesbury. He was married about 1839, wife’s name Louisa. Louisa was born in 1817 at Bagpath. John Gowin was employed by the Duke of Beaufort as a footman at Badminton.

They were enumerated as the head of a family living on Main Street in Great Badminton:

“Gowin, John, 47, born at Hawkesbury, servant
Louisa, 40, wife, born at Bagpath
Henry 9, son, born at Hawkesbury
Emily 4, daughter, born at Badminton
Rose 1. daughter, born at Badminton”

Children born to John Gowin and Louisa Gowin include:

Henry Gowin born about 1852
Annie Jane Gowin born about 1856
Elizabeth Gowing, an endentured servant bound for six years, boarded “The Katherine” at Bristol August 12, 1672 bound for Virginia, according to “The Bristol Registers” by Peter Wilson Coldham.
George Gowen Marklove was born in 1786 to Robert Marklove and Mary [Gowen?] Marklove. He was recorded in the 1861 census of Hawkesbury, Gloucestershire.


George Gowan was the paymaster for the depot for recruits for the East India Company on the Isle of Wight about 1801, according to “The Isle of Wight and the East India Company, 1700-1840” by James H. Thomas.

The Isle of Wight is located off the south coast of England and is a part of Hampshire, although it is separated from the mainland by the Solent and the Spithead.

Peter Gawn of Canada wrote May 27, 2002:

“There is an interesting article ‘The Isle of Wight and the East India Company, 1700-1840’ by James H. Thomas, well-known Portsmouth local historian, in ‘The Local Historian,’ February 2000.

The Company established a Depot for Recruits at Park-hurst which operated from 1801 to 1815 when the de-pot was transferred to Chatham, Kent. Carisbrooke Castle was considered, but judged too costly to im-prove. Thomas cites fifty sources, including, for the depot specifically, ‘East India Registry and Direct-ory 1803-1815’ although I can’t see any other informa-tion about this publication.

Officers of the depot shown in Thomas’s article were:
Maj. James Akerman, Capt. John Gillespie, Capt. Solo-mon Earle, Capt. Edward Hay, George Gowan, pay-master and Thomas Ogle, surgeon.

In a quick skim through the article I didn’t notice any mention of the total number of recruits on the Island although Thomas does say that ‘in 1786 the Company was licensed to recruit and train in the Isle of Wight, provided numbers were kept below 2,000.’

An interesting quote: ‘As a result that community [Newport] was to be affected by the presence of troops belonging to what, at the time, was one of the world’s largest private armies. Indeed, it far outstripped many contemporary national armies in terms of manpower.’ In 1771 the East India Company army numbered 64,192.’”

Phillip Gowen “of H.M.S. Danae, 21, bachelor and Mary Smith, widow of Gosport were married May 18, 1781, according to “Allegations for Marriage Licenses in Hampshire in the Registry of the Bishop of Winchester.” Of Phillip Gowen and Mary Smith Gowen nothing more is known.


Fannie Augusta Going, widow of Robert Marshall Going who lived on Uplands Hadlow Road, Tonbridge, Kent, received a probate certificate from Kent officials. Robert Marshall Go-ing died there February 14, 1938. The certificate was record-ed in Kaufman County, Texas March 25, 1938, according to Kaufman County Deed Book 257, page 229.
“Gowan, John, builder and undertaker, Cage-lane” was listed in the 1838 city directory of Strood. Members of the family of John Gowan were not listed.
Thomas Going was married to Mary Martin in 1775 at Lamberhurst, according to the research of Edward Martin. She was born there about 1757 to John Martin and Sarah Rumens Martin. Children born to Thomas Goin and Mary Martin Going are unknown.


Alfred Gowan, age 30, a mariner was in charge of a group of boys, apparently orphans in the Barnado party, were transported from Liverpool to Halifax, Nova Scotia April 9, 1892 and Portland Maine aboard the S. S. Labrador
Mary Gowan, wife of Michael Gowan who lived at 11 Houlton Street, West Derby, died February 18, 1889.
Robert Campbell wrote about Annie McGowan who was arrested for operating her basket business on the street. It was recorded in Liverpool Police Court records that Annie McGowan, basket woman was charged with obstructing Great Charlotte Street. Plying her trade, she was four times convicted for same offence.

Asked by the judge: “Do you like the gaol?”
Reply: “Oh yes your worship, I get such good accomodation.”
Asked: “What did you say ?”
Reply: “I like it, I have been in for the last 7 weeks, no sooner am I out than you send me back in again. Keep doing it, I’m in, then I’m out.”
Reply: “There is no use talking to you. You’re fined 10 shill-ings and costs.”
J. McGowan completed his exam for Home Trade Mate in January 1908 according to a column of Mercantile Marine Exams published in the January 11, 1908 edition of “Liverpool Mercury.”
John McGowan was executed in August 1831 for the murder of Mary Hopkinson:

“No. 1846, Sunday, August 21, 1831

[Lancashire Assizes]

John M’Gowan, an elderly man, a pensioner, was con-victed on Saturday, at the Lancaster Assizes, of the wilful murder of Mary Hopkinson, on the night of the 14th of June. It appeared that during a turn-out among the colliers between Bolton and Manchester the pris-oner was stationed, with two other men, to watch Fogg’s colliery, in the township of Darcy Lever, and that on the night in question the deceased, her husband, and another person, were passing along the road near the colliery; they were rather intoxicated, and were talking loudly about getting some more brandy and water. The prisoner cried out, “I’ll give you brandy and water if you are not silent.” He approached, and after a few angry words had passed between them the prisoner deliberately fired a pistol at the deceased. The ball entered her head, and caused instant death. The prisoner was ordered for execution, which took place accordingly. “
Mary M’Gowen and her accomplice, Catherine Thomas were sentenced “to be tranfported for feven years” by the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the Borough of Liverpool January 15, 1805, according to “Gores General Advertiser” published January 31, 1805.

They were tried and convicted “for ftealing a pocket book containing bank notes to the amount of 191 pounds” in the Liverpool Epiphany Sessions of 1805. The judges who sentenced them to deportation were “the worfhipful William Harper, Esquire, Mayor and Alderman Thomas Golightly, John Shaw, Peter Whitfield Brancker, Jonas Bold and John Bridge Aspinall, Esquires, His Majefty’s Juftices of he Peace for the faid Borough, affifted by Henry Brown, Esquire, as Assessor.

Liverpool in 1805 was full of wealthy merchants and their equally succesful agents and bankers. In contrast the working poor of the city were held down by grinding pov-erty.

The merchants of Liverpool in that year were operating 185 ships out of their port in the very profitable three-way slave trade. Five-sixths of the West African slave trade was controlled by Liverpool. Slave ships left Liverpool weekly with cargoes of tools and supplies for Angola. At Luanda these were traded for slaves which were taken to Jamaica, the West Indies and the American colonies. There the slaves were traded for rum, cotton and items in high demand in England. Back in their home port, the masters and the merchants divided up their triple profits.

The poor people living in the slums of Liverpool had very little participation in the wealth of the city. Many turned to crime to pay for their pitiable living expenses. Despite the severity of the punishment, many took the chance and paid severely when they were convicted.

Following their defeat in the American Revolutionary War, the British transported their convicts and undesirables to Aus-tralia. A letter dated February 28, 1805 to the Mayor of Liver-pool from the Home Office instructed him to send the pri-soners to the “Laurel,” a convict hulk lying in Portsmouth harbor. Another letter of February 27, 1805 instructed the captain of the “Laurel” to prepare to receive the prisoners who eventually arrived there on March 28.

It was in January 1806 before an Australia-bound convoy was assembled. Capt. William Bligh, captain of the ill-fated HMS Bounty, who was to take up his new post as Captain General and Governor of New South Wales, was one of the passen-gers. Blight wrote letters to the Admiralty during the six-month journey, and his dispatches have been preserved.

Again he proved to be a survivor, while many of the convicts died on the voyage. The tyrannical Bligh was severely tested when he and 18 seamen were placed aboard the Bounty’s launch and set adrift. The famous mutiny occurred in 1789 when his First Mate Fletcher Christian and his fellow muti-neers took over the Bounty and took her to Pitcairn Island.

“Breadfruit” Bligh and most of his companions survived the ordeal and arrived in Timor, East Indies after drifting 4,000 miles in an open boat. Bligh returned to England and was re-stored to his command. In 1801 Adm. Bligh commanded the HMS Glatton in the Battle of Copenhagen for which he re-ceived a commendation from Lord Nelson.

In Australia, true to form, Bligh made himself intensely un-popular by his harsh exercise of authority. Again he had a mutiny on his hands. He was deposed in January 1808 by Maj. George Johnston of the 102nd Regiment of Foot and was imprisoned by the mutineers until 1810. When released, Bligh was returned to England and promoted to Rear Admiral. Johnston was court martialed and cashiered. Bligh was made a Vice Admiral in 1814 and died in London in 1817 at the age of 63.

Other convicts who accompanied Mary M’Gowen on the very difficult journey to Australia included some who were con-victed in the same court session with her. [Researchers who attempt to copy the list will find their spell-checkers going crazy when they encounter the English habit of substituting “f” for “s” in their documents during that period.]

The offenses tabulated by the court included:

Robert Williams, and Thomas Lewis, ftealing a fmall quantity of tobacco out of the King’s Tobacco Ware-oufe. To be imprifoned in the Houfe of Correction at Prefton for the fpace of 8 calendar months.

Peter M’Avoy, ftealing a quantity of dimity [fine cotton fabric] out of a package, being part of the cargo on board a fhip where he was employed as a porter. To be tranfported for feven years.

Roger Howard, [porter] ftealing a quantity of coffee from overboard a fhip. To be imprifoned two years in the Houfe of Correction at Prefton.

John Colligan, [porter] the like. The like.

William King, [porter] and John Rogan, [an old offender] stealing a large quantity of fugar from overboard a fhip. Transportation for feven years.

John Morrison, ftealing a quantity of rope from his em-ployer. To be imprifoned one year in the Houfe of Correction at Prefton.

Jas. Greer, [an extra watchman] ftealing a quantity of earthenware whilft on duty. Two years at ditto.

George Bennett, [porter, an old offender] ftealing fev-eral cart loads of coals he was employed to difcharge out of a fhip. To be transported for feven years.

John Ruik, [porter] an accomplice. To be imprifoned two years at Prefton.

George Hutton, [carter] ditto. One year at ditto.

William Rigby, [recommended to mercy on account of his good character, and being his firft offence] ditto. Three months in the Borough Gaol.

Brian Overland [an inferior officer in the Cuftoms], ftealing a quantity of coffee from a fhip whilft on duty on board. Transportation for feven years.

Thomas Moore, [ditto] ftealing feveral fmall elephant teeth from a fhip whilft on duty on board. Ditto

Henry Watt, and John Martin, ftealing a quantity of fat out of a butcher’s fhop. To be imprifoned fix months at Prefton.

Mary Cranston, ftealing a filver watch out of a houfe. One year at Prefton.

Elizabeth English, ftealing a curtain. Three months at Prefton.

Bridget Wilson, [an old offender] ftealing wearing apparel from a fhop. Eighteen months at Prefton.

Margaret Dale, an accomplice. One year at ditto.

Mary Long, uttering bafe coin. To be imprifoned 6 months at Liverpool and find fureties for her good be-haviour for fix months afterwards.

Bridget Coffee, the like. Six months at Prefton.

Elizabeth Groves, ftealing a top coat out of a fhop. Six months at Liverpool.

Jane Hawkins, stealing a quantity of filk handkerchiefs out of a fhop. One year at Prefton.

Margaret Rock, ftealing a gold watch from a gentleman in the freet. To be tranfported for feven years.

Catherine Dougherty, ftealing a cheefe out of a fhop. To be imprifoned fix months at Prefton.

Mary Campbell [a fervant] ftealing a quantity of wear-ing apparel and other articles from her mafter’s houfe. To be tranfported for feven years.

Bridget Wallace, an accomplice in ditto. Ditto

Mary Dunn, for keeping a diforderly houfe. To be imprifoned two years at Prefton.”
Robert Gowen of 54 Wavertree Vale, Liverpool won a prize in a competition in February 1889 to identify the 12 most popular songs in Liverpool at that time. The songs selected were:

“Tom Bowling,” “Auld Lang Syne,” “White Wings,” “Home Sweet Home,” “Death of Nelson,” “True till Death,” “Rule Britannia,” “Ballyhooley,” “Then You’ll Remember Me,” “I Dreamt That I Dwelt in Marble Halls,” “Village Blacksmith,” and “God Save the Queen.”
Jane McGowan was born in Ireland about 1860. She was enumerated in the 1881 census of Liverpool, Lancashire, page 22, living at 22 Hardman Street Blind School. She, age 21, was employed as an unmarried housemaid.


The Rev. Richard Gowen officiated November 1, 1807 at the christening of Mary Hiskins, daughter of William Hiskins and Mary Hiskins at the Wesleyan Methodist Church at Hinckley, Leicestershire. She was born May 22, 1807.


Isaiah Gowen Duncuft was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1881 census of Lincolnshire.


Elizabeth Goine was married about 1855 in London County to James Falukner. A son was born to them there about 1859.

Children born to James Faulkner and Elizabeth Goine Faulkner include:

Albert E. Faulkner born about 1859

Albert E. Faulkner, son of James Faulkner and Elizabeth Goine Faulkner, was born in London County about 1859. He emigrated to the United States and settled in Pike County, Illinois where he was a barber in New Salem, Illinois. He was married October 7, 1883 to Mary Jane Rhoades, daughter of Joseph Rhodes and Martha Whitfield Rhodes of Detroit, Michigan. Mary Jane Rhoades was born there about 1861..
“The Gowan, Eshelly, from London, with the greater part of her cargo on board, was totally wrecked in Algoa Bay, during a heavy gale on the 9th inst. The crew were with difficulty got on shore,” according to “Shipwrecks and Other Disasters at Sea.”

The tragedy happened off the Cape of Good Hope October 27, 1830, according to Lloyd’s of London which maintains the list of shipwrecks around the world.
Gowan & Marx, bankers of London were mentioned in the “William & Mary Quarterly” Volume I, Series II. A rail­road engine manufactured in Philadelphia in 1840 was named for them, according to the publication.
Dr. John Gowan, a surgeon at St. George’s Hospital, testified in the murder trial of John Smith December 5, 1753, according to “Proceedings of the Old Bailey.”
Julia A. Gowan, 22, single, was enumerated in the household of Rhys Thomas, 42, a draper and his wife Elizabeth C. Thomas in the 1901 census of London County, St. Marylebone Eccliastical Parish, All Saints District. Julia S. Gowan was a draper’s assistant and was born in London.
Sarah Gowan and Mary Linney, wife of Daniel Linney were indicted April 18, 1787 for “offenses against the King.” They were tried on that date for “feloniously coining a shilling. There being no evidence to affect the prisoners, they were both acquitted.” They were reindicted for “colouring a shilling.” Again both were acquitted by the First Middlesex Jury, according to “Proceedings of the Old Bailey.”
William Gowan was serving as a juryman February 18, 1775, according to “Proceedings of the Old Bailey.”
Ann Gowen gave testimony September 11, 1735 in the trial of Edward Birch, according to “Proceedings of the Old Bailey.”
Edward Birch , was indicted for assaulting Ann Gowen on the Highway, and robbing her of eight Shillings, July 10.

Ann Gowen stated:

“I had parted with my Friend, and was going home about three o’Clock in the Morning, when the Prisoner took hold of me at the Corner of Russel Street by Drury Lane, and said, Ye Bitch, give me a Dram of Mexico. I told him I had not a Half-penny in the World, or else I would. Ye lye, ye Bitch, says he, You have been smax-ing the Cole. I asked him what he meant by that. He said he would soon make me know what he meant, and so he laid fast hold on me, and put his Hand in my Pocket and took out eight Shillings and a Knife and a pair of Garters. He slung the Garters at me, upon which I looked hard at him and then I knew him, whereof I says to him, I beg you will take this Knife and grind it, and I will call for it to morrow. So I went home to my Landlady, and told her I was quite undone, for the Man that kept the Grinder’s Shop in Clare Mar-ket, had robbed me. Well says she, be easy may be the Man was in Liquor, and he will give it you again. So I went to his House, but he used me very grosly, and threatened to send me over the Water.”

A verdict of not-guilty was rendered because of no clear evidence.
Charles Gowen was born February 18, 1819 in London, according to Gloria Wallin. Robert W. Cooper, a descendant of Oceanside, California wrote April 21, 2001 that Charles Gowen was born February 18, 1823 in the London Minories. In 2001 the London Minories was the site of the financial and insurance district of London, close to the Tower of London by the River Thames.

Robert W. Cooper wrote:
“His parents [unnamed] died in 1834 in the typhoid epi-demic. He had the disease, but survived, afterward going to live with brother George Gowen who was a gunsmith. They did not get along, and he went to sea at very young age. Charles was a seaman on a British warship anchored at St. Helena, Napoleon Bonaparte’s place of exile in the South Atlantic, when Napoleons body was removed to France in 1840 for burial. Napoleon died at St. Helena in 1821, but it was 19 years before the French authorities would allow his body to be returned to France for reburial.

After receiving a discharge from the British Navy, he got into gold mining in California between 1850 and 1858 and did very well. He was married to Annie An-derson in 1855 in Placerville, California. She was born in 1828. He went to British Columbia during the Fraser River excitement. Again he and his company were quite successful. He opened a pub and hostelry in Victoria, British Columbia. Charles was active in city politics, and very involved in establishing the City Fire Depart-ment. He wrote his memoirs which were published in British Columbia. He died of old age December 18, 1892.”
Children born to Charles Gowen and Ann E. Anderson Gowen include:

Charles Napier Gowen born June 2, 1856
Katherine Elizabeth Gowen born in 1857
Caroline Anne Gowen born July 22, 1860,
Flora Ellen Gowen born about 1861
George Nelson Gowen born October 19. 1862
Agnes Maria Gowen born September 9, 1865
Frederick August Gowen born November 26, 1867
Mary Emma Gowen born April 21, 1871

Charles Napier Gowen, son of Charles Gowen and Ann E. Anderson Gowen was born June 2, 1856 in California. He was married in 1878 to Margaret Shaw. No children were born to Charles Napier Gowen and Margaret Shaw Gowen.

Katherine Elizabeth Gowen, daughter of Charles Gowen and Ann E. Anderson Gowen, was born in 1857 in California. She was married in 1877 in Victoria, British Columbia to HMS Capt. Frederick Shields Revely.

Caroline Anne Gowen, daughter of Charles Gowen and Ann E. Anderson Gowen, was born July 22, 1860. She was married in 1889 in Victoria to Joseph H. Twain.

Flora Ellen Gowen,daughter of Charles Gowen and Ann E. Anderson Gowen, was born about 1861. She was married in 1880 to Charles Villers Cooper, great-grandfather of Robert W. Cooper of Oceanside, California.

George Nelson Gowen, son of Charles Gowen and Ann E. Anderson Gowen, was born October 19, 1862 in Canada. He was married in 1888 in Victoria, to Sarah Annie Baker. Children born George Nelson Gowen and Sarah Annie Baker are unknown.

Agnes Maria Gowen, daughter of Charles Gowen and Ann E. Anderson Gowen, was born September 9, 1865. She was married in 1885 to Frederick Carne.

Frederick August Gowen, son of Charles Gowen and Ann E. Anderson Gowen, was born November 26, 1867. He was married in 1902 to Elizabeth Mitchell in Victoria. He died about 1960. Children born to Frederick August Gowen and Elizabeth Mitchell Gowen are unknown.

Mary Emma Gowen, daughter of Charles Gowen and Ann E. Anderson Gowen, was born April 21, 1871. She did not marry.
“James Gowen , of St. Bottolph without Bishopsgate, was indicted for Breaking the House of William Kedger the 22d of November last, about 3 o’Clock in the Afternoon, and taking thence a Camblet Coat, two Suits of Finners, a black Silk Hood, a pair of Breeches, and six Suits of Night Cloaths, to the Value of eight Shillings, the Goods and Property of William Brown : But as it did not appear plain that he was the Person who broke open the House, the Jury found him only guilty of single Felony, some of the Goods being found upon him,”.

James Gowen was sentenced to transportation December 4, 1728, according to “Proceedings of the Old Bailey.”

James Gowen of London County was “sentenced to trans­portation in March 1729 “on board the “Patapsco.” His landing certificate was dated in December 1729, according to “The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775.”
John Gowen was arrested in London in 1664 for printing and distributing “seditious Libels,” according to “Manuscripts of the Bishop of London.”
Phillip Gowen and his wife [or fiancee] Ann Shelly Gowen were witnesses against Edmond Bourke in a trial for forgery of a £4,000 note purportedly signed by Mrs. Ann Shelly, mother of Ann Shelly Gowen. The trial held October 10, 1733 at Old Bailey resulted in a not-guilty verdict when so much conflicting evidence was presented to the court, according to “Proceedings of the Old Bailey.”
The estate of Thomas Gowen who lived at Westminster was evaluated at £1,136 August 28, 1648 by George Ryder, administrator.
Thomas Gowen and Joseph Pewterer received the sentence of death for breaking into the house of Robert Brigham in Old Bailey Court September 7, 1715, according to “Proceedings of the Old Bailey:”
“Thomas Gowen , and Joseph Pewterer, of the Parish of St. Pauls Shadwell, were indicted for breaking open the House of Robert Brigham , and stealing thence 1 Silk Petticoat, 74 Yards of Gnewring , and several other Pieces of Linnen, the Goods of the said Robert Brigham, on the 26th of Aug. last. Mrs. Brigham de-pos’d, That her House was broke open, and several Parcels and Pieces of Linnen were stole. An Head-borough swore, That going into Whitechapel Fields, to cut Tuffs for his Larks, early in the Morning, he saw the Prisoners very busy together upon a Spot of Ground, and going up to ’em, to see what they were about, Gowen threw 1 Piece of Linnen into a Ditch, and examining the Place they were so busy at, found 30 Yards of Linnen buried in the Ground, upon which he with the Help of some Persons coming over the Fields, secur’d them; and looking about, found more of the Prosecutor’s Goods buried in 3 other Places, and the Prisoners being search’d, many Pieces of the said Linnen were found in their Bosoms and other Places about them. They made no Defence, and were found Guilty of Felony and Burglary.”
“William Gowen, of London, yeoman & Anne Fearne of St. Olave, Silver Street, sd. city, spinster, daughter of George Fearne of Parsenem, County Northampton, yeoman” received a license to marry “2nd month, 2nd, 1593-94,” according to “Marriage Licenses Granted by the Bishop of London.” Children born to William Gowen and Anne Fearne Gowen are unknown.
Lawrence Burnett Gowing was born in England in 1919 of parents unknown. In the late 1930s, he was a member of the Euston Road School of painters, founded by his tutor, William Coldstream. From this artistic background, he became a painter, teacher and writer on art.

He was named keeper of British paintings at Tate Gallery, London about 1960. He wrote monographs on paintings of the masters. He was later curator of the British Royal Academy of Arts and was knighted for his accomplishments. He was chairman of the academy’s exhibitions committee and was previously chairman of the Phillips Collection of art in Washington, D.C.

Sir Lawrence wrote more than 50 books and catalogues on the old masters and modern art and artists. He wrote “Paintings in the Louvre,” a book about art holdings in the Louvre Museum in Paris in 1987. His works are in museums in Britain, Canada and Australia.

He died February 4. 1991 in London, according to his obituary in the “Boston Globe.”


George Gowan, a “bootcloser,” and Catherine Freeman Gowan were residents of Manchester on Wilmott Street in 1893. Their son, William Gowan was born in 1855. He, also a “bootcloser” died at age 38 in 1893, according to the death records of Prestwich District.


“John Gawen, Jesuit” was executed June 20, 1679 and buried in St. Giles-in-the-Fields, according to “Wood’s Life & Times.”
Richard Gawen, “gunner of the King,” was appointed “to be gunner in the Tower of London with 8d a day,” in July 1528, according to “Calendar of State Papers.”
Samuel Gawen, who had license during the reign of King William III to return to England, returned January 3, 1702-03, according to “Manuscripts of the House of Lords.”
Alexander Gawne in July 1704 owed 1,500 pounds to Sir James Gray who subsequently sued him, according to “Manuscripts of the House of Lords.”
James Gowen, “alias Gardner” “pleaded transportation” in June 1690 in Middlesex. He was reprieved in October 1690, according to “The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775.”
Mary Gowen, “spinster of St. Martin’s-in-the-Fields, Middle­sex, about 25, and John Marston, bachelor, about 24, of the same place” received license to marry at St. Gregory’s in London, according to “Marriage Allegations of the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury.”
Thomas Gowen was sentenced to transportation at Sessions of Gaol in September 1715, according to “English Convicts in Colonial America,” Volume I [Middlesex-1616-1775] by Peter Wilson Coldham. Thomas Gowen was “reprieved and transported in December 1716 aboard the ship “Lewis” to Jamaica, according to “The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775” by the same author.
The estate of Sandy Gowne, deceased, was brought before the council of the East Indies Company “20th, 3rd month, 1633. “Calendar of State Papers” suggests that he was a merchant-adventurer with the company.


Charlotte Gowen/Gown, daughter of Samuel Gowen/Gown, “servant,” was born about 1824 at Potter Heighham, Norfolk, according to the research of Bob Poole. She, a “servant” was married in Hornsey, Middlesex in 1849. She was enumerated in the 1881 census living in Kent with her husband.
Esther Gowen was married in 1915 to George Waller at the Norwich Registry Office. The marriage license showed his father’s name as William Waller. John K. Perry wrote that his [Perry’s] mother advised him that George Waller’s date of birth was August 24, 1893, but no birth certificate can be found for him. Perry wrote, “My mother, their daughter, thinks that he was illegitimate and that his true father’s name was Hunt.”
Harriet Gowen was married to Herbert Charles Seaman about 1894 in Norfolk. They immigrated to the United States, according to Sue Pinkney of New Zealand.
John Gowen was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1891 census of Waymouth, Norfolk, RG12/1647:

“Gowen, John 56, fish curer, born in Great
Elizabeth, 52, wife, born in Great Yarmouth”
Thomas Samuel Gowen was born in Norwich in 1817, and his wife, Caroline Gowen was born there in 1810 also, according to Delores Massie of Ontario, Canada. Children born to them include:

Georgenia Gowen born about 1834 at Eaton
Josiah Gowen born about 1842 at Trowse
John Gowen born about 1844 at Trowse
Mary Ann Gowen born about 1854 at Norwich

Mary Ann Gowen, daughter of Thomas Gowen and Caroline Gowen, was born about 1854 at Norwich. She was married there to John Samuel Wood, Jr. December 9, 1873. He was a son of John Samuel Wood and Harriet Green Wood.

They were enumerated in the 1881 census of Norwich, St. Clement, Norfolk, Folio 128, page 41, living at 9 Church Street, south:

“Wood, John S. 27, married, carpenter, unemployed
Mary Ann 27, married, wife
John Saml. 4. son, scholar
Laura May 2, daughter
Harry T. 1, son”

Children born to John Samuel Wood, Jr. and Mary Ann Gowen Wood include:

John Samuel Wood born about 1877
Laura May Wood born about 1879
Harry T. Wood born about 1880
Clarissa B. Wood born about 1886
Mary Ann Wood born about 1888

Mary Ann Wood, daughter of John Samuel Wood, Jr. and Mary Ann Gowen Wood, was born about 1888. She was married about 1905 to Walter Burroughs who was born in 1886. Mary Ann Wood Burrows died in Toronto in Canada in 1914, according to Delores Fowlie, a granddaughter of Ontario, Canada.
Herbert Henry Gowen, son of Henry Cobb Gowen and Mary Fuller Gowen, was born at Great Yarmouth in Norfolk May 19, 1864. He received a B.A. degree from St. Augustine College, Canterbury, in 1886. He later attended Oxford University and Cambridge University. He was made a deacon in the Anglican church in 1886. Within the year, he went to Hawaii as a missionary to the Chinese community at Honolulu. Among his students was Sun Yat-Sen, later premier of China.

He was also curate of the Anglican cathedral in Honolulu and in that capacity served as chaplain to King Kalakaua of Hawaii and his successor, Queen Lilioukalani, having been earlier ordained a priest. In the 1890 city directory of Honolulu, Rev. Herbert Henry Gowen was listed as assistant curate at St. Andrews Cathedral at 6 Emma Street in Honolulu. Later that year Gowen returned to England and became curate of St. Nicholas Church, Yarmouth, serving until 1892.

On January 7, 1892 he was married there to Annie Kate Green, daughter of George E. Green. Gowen was rector of St. Barnabas Church, New Westminister, British Columbia from 1892 to 1896. He was placed in charge of Trinity Parish, Seattle, Washington in 1897 and became a citizen of the United States about 1900.

He spoke and read in English, Latin, Greek, French, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Sanskrit and Hebrew, according to “National Cyclopaedia of American Biography.” He received a D.D. degree from Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington in 1912.

In 1916, he was placed in charge of St. Barnabas Church in Seattle where he had the oversight of Japanese missions. He was professor of oriental languages at the University of Washington from 1906 to 1945 and was pro­fessor emeritus there afterwards. He was president of Washington State Philosophical Society. He was a fellow of the Royal Geological Society of London. He was a fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society and an honorary fellow of St. Augustine’s College of Canterbury. A Phi Beta Kappa, he was a member of the Royal Society of Arts and a member of the American Oriental Society. He was awarded Chevalier of Crown of Italy in 1928. He was a member of the Third Class Order of Sacred Treasure of Japan in 1929. He was an Episcopalian minister in Seattle in 1930, retiring from the pulpit in 1945. He died in Seattle November 6, 1960.

He was a prolific writer and authored the following: “Temperantia” 1891; “Paradise of the Pacific” 1892; “The Kingdom of Man” 1893; “Pioneer Work in British Columbia” 1899 and 1909; “The Day of His Coming” 1907; “Hawaiian Idylls of Love and Death” 1908; “The Revelation of Things That Are” 1909; “An Analytical Transcription of the Revelation of St. John the Divine” 1910; “Meditations on the Seven Last Words” 1911; “Stella Duce” 1911; “An Outline History of China” 1913, Volume II, 1914; “Sonnets for the Sundays” 1917; “The Book of the Seven Blessings” 1919; “The Napoleon of the Pacific” 1919; “Sonnet Stories from the Chinese” 1920; “Christ and Collosse” 1922; “Asia, A Short History” 1926; “An Outline History of China” 1926; “The Universal Faith” 1926; “An Outline History of Japan” 1927; “The Journal of Kenko” 1927; “A Precursor of Perry” 1928; “The Little Grey Lamb and Other Poems” 1928; “The Psalms or Book of Praises” 1929; “A History of Indian Literature” 1931 and “Five Foreigners in Japan” 1937. He was listed in “Who’s Who in America” in 1924.

Children born to Herbert Henry Gowen and Annie Kate Green Gowen include:

Vincent Herbert Gowen born in 1893
Lancelot Edward Gowen born about 1895
Felicia Joyce Gowen born about 1898
Rupert George Gowen born about 1901
Sylvia Mary Gowen born about 1905

Vincent Herbert Gowen, son of Herbert Henry Gowen and Annie Kate Green Gowen, was born in 1893 in New Westminster, British Columbia. When he was four, his father removed to Seattle. In 1913 while working in the Seattle Public Library he came down with smallpox. While spectators gathered, he was carted off to the “pesthouse” on Beacon Hill, according to an article about his life that appeared in the July 20, 1975 edition of “The Seattle Times.”

He was graduated from the University of Washington, began teaching in China, then went to New York to study for the ministry, then back to the Orient.

He lived in China from 1913 until 1927, when the first Com­munist threat arose. In that year he removed to the Philip­pines where he lived when his book “Sun and Moon” was published. For 15 years he taught the Ig­orot people who lived in the mountains north of Manila. In 1939 he wrote “Philippine Kaleidoscope,” an illustrated story of the Protestant Episcopal Church’s mission. His family was in­terned in a prison camp when the Japanese invaded the Philippines during World War II. Upon be­ing released in 1945, he and his family returned to Seattle.

In 1975, at age 82, Vincent Herbert Gowen saw his novel, “Village by the Yangtze” published. It, too, was based on his experiences in China from 1913 to 1927.

A reporter who interviewed him in July 1975 wrote:

“Now Vincent Gowen lives a more leisurely, but still very busy life for one his age. He begins each day with a cup of tea, a meditative pipe, a look back in the diary he has been keeping since he was 15, a walk with his black dog and red cat. Occasionally he goes rowing in the ‘Fog,’ (named for his wife, Frances Olin Gowen) on the bay at Port Blakely on Bainbridge Island where he has spent most of his life.

He also conducts a weekly class in classical literature for island women and is an associate clergyman at the island’s St. Barnabas Episcopal Church which he organized in 1945. He served as the rector there until his retirement in 1961. He also conducts services in other Protestant churches and presides over weddings and funerals.

He tutors a bit, spends a good part of every day with two godsons or some of his grandchildren (he has 10), writes nightly in his diary and keeps up his memoirs which he hopes to publish some day. As intellectual a man as you will ever meet, he is fluent in Greek, Latin and Mandarin Chinese and is familiar with his clas­sics front to back.

He rose before dawn recently to go up to Green Mountain near Hurricane Ridge to renew a young couple’s wedding vows for them at exactly the hour of sunrise. He likes to change from the clerical black into colorful sports outfits, and he buzzes around the island in a little red sports car.

Mr. Gowen is a great collector. His studio house, next door to the big Gowen house that had been owned by his parents, is filled with books and Igorot art and other momentos of his life in the Orient. Many of his possessions–books, manuscripts, art–were lost in the war, and as much as he mourned their loss, he found it a relief to land in Seattle with his family in 1945 with everything they owned in two duffle bags.

In 1942, when World War II closed his Igorot school and he and his wife and their children Ann [Mrs. Joseph R. Combs of Bainbridge] and Geoffrey (in the banking business in Ethiopia) were imprisoned, he found living under such conditions a challenge rather than a tragedy. He became principal of the prison camp high school and graduated two classes. He had to scrounge for books and is still economical with writing paper, recalling how his students had to use one sheet for four subjects. He and Frances and another couple had a perpetual bridge game going until the very end of their internment.

The Gowen house, circa 1890, is at the site of the old Port Blakely Mill. When Vincent was a boy the family summered at Crystal Springs, but in 1935, Dr. Gowen bought the Blakely place, and it was available and furnished when Vincent Gowen’s family arrived in 1945.

About “Village by the Yangtze”–it couldn’t have come at a more appropriate time. It was written shortly after his first book, but the manuscript was put aside, then lost, then found, and in the past few years rewritten twice. The setting is a village mission school in the late 1920s, caught in change and espionage for it was in the path of Chiang Kai-shek’s Kuomintang forces. The first copies of the book were off the press shortly after Chaing Kai-shek’s death.

A man of prodigious memory at an age when most people have trouble remembering the simplest facts, Vincent Gowen goes about writing in a way that amazes the modern writer. He does the whole book [this one has 373 pages] in longhand, once or twice. Then carefully, accurately, he types his manuscript with four fingers, two on each hand.

He is indeed a man of contradictions, which makes him one of the most interesting men you could hope to know.”

Children born to Vincent Herbert Gowen and Frances Olin Gowen include:

Ann Gowen born about 1920
Geoffrey Gowen born about 1924

Ann Gowen, daughter of Vincent Herbert Gowen and Frances Olin Gowen, was born about 1920, probably in China. Her parents removed to the Philippines in 1927. She returned with them to Seattle in 1945. She was married to Joseph R. Combs. In 1975 they lived in Bainbridge, Washington.

Geoffrey Gowen, son of Vincent Herbert Gowen and Frances Olin Gowen, was born about 1924. Three years later his parents fled to the Philippines. In 1975 he lived in Ethiopia where he was in the banking business.

Lancelot Edward Gowen, son of Herbert Henry Gowen and Annie Kate Green Gowen, was born about 1895. He died before 1924.

Felicia Joyce Gowen, daughter of Herbert Henry Gowen and Annie Kate Green Gowen, was born about 1898. About 1920 she was married to Roy M. Robbins.

Rupert George Gowen, son of Herbert Henry Gowen and Annie Kate Green Gowen, was born about 1901, probably in Seattle. He died before 1924.

Sylvania Mary Gowen, daughter of Herbert Henry Gowen and Annie Kate Green Gowen, was born about 1905 in Seattle. She was married about 1925 to Noel Wells-Henderson.
Jane Gowan was born in 1580 at Topcroft to parents un-known. She was married April 24, 1600 to Roger Fuller, according to Sue Bates.
Robert Gowan was born in 1817 in Potter-Heigham, Norfolk, according to Tracy Bottomley, a descendant. He was recorded as the head of a household in the 1851 British Census:

“Gowan, Robert born in 1817 at Potter Heigham
Ann born in 1818 at Sutton, wife
Robert born about 1836
Sarah born about 1838
Jonathon born about 1840
James born about 1843
Charlotte born about 1846
Mary Ann born about 1850”
Anne Gowen was married to Thomas Rixe July 31, 1638, ac-cording to the marriage index of Norfolk.
Jonathan Gowen was enumerated in the 1881 census, living in Wallsend, Northumberland with his future father-in-law’s family , according to Tracy Bottomley, a great-grandson.
James Gowen, a “railway platlayer,” was born at Hassingham about 1850. He was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1891 census of Norfolk at age 41. His wife Elizabeth Go-wen was born about 1854 at Buckenham. They lived in a “dwelling of 2 rooms.”
John Gowen and his wife, Elizabeth Gowen were enumerated as the head of Household No. 68 in Blofield living in a four-room house on Wood Bastwick Road in the 1891 census of Norfolk:

“Gowen, John 70, born in Norwich, living on own
Elizabeth 56, wife, born in Thetford”
John Gowen, an unmarried farmer, was enumerated in 1891 in Blofield as the head of Household No. 43 in a four-room house on Heath Road:

“Gowen, John 56, unmarried, farmer, born in
Chittleburgh, Mary 54, sister,widow, housekeep-
ing, born in Blomfield
Hazell, Bertie 3, nephew, born in Norwich”
John Gowen was enumerated as the head of a household in Norfolk, England in the 1891 census of Norfolk, England, folio 37:

Gowen, John 46, husband, born in Crostwick
Sarah 44, wife, born in Frettenham
Holmes, George A. nephew, scholar.
Mary Gowen was married to John Blowers [Ian Blowers?] May 4, 1808 in Norfolk, UK.
Mary Ann Gowen was born in Norwich, Norfolk in 1854 to parents unknown. She was married therein December 1873 to John Samuel Wood, a carpenter who was also born in Nor-wich in 1854, according to Delores Fowlie of Ontario, a great-granddaughter. In 1891 they continued in Norwich.

Children born to them include John Samuel Wood, born in 1877; Laura May Wood, born in 1879; Harry T. Wood, born in 1880; Clarrisa B.Wood, born in 1886 and Mary Ann Wood, born in 1888, grandmother of Delores Fowlie.
Robert Gowen, “gentleman,” living at Blofield, Blofield 100 in Norfolk, was assessed taxes of “£5:13:3” in 1597, according to Norfolk tax rolls.
Stephen Gowen was christened in Toft Monks, Norfolk Febru-ary 11, 1693, according to the research of Sheila Gowing. A Stephen Gowen, possibly the above, was married in Lowes-toft, Norfolk in 1714.
Thomas Gowen, 28 was married in 1901 to Ann Elizabeth Farrow, 35 in Aylsham, Norfolk, according to the Norfolk marriage register. Children born to Thomas Gowen and Ann Elizabeth Farrow Gowen are unknown.
Thurston Gowen was born in Hemblington, Norfolk in 1799 of parents unknown. He was enumerated in the 1881 census of Lingwood, Norfolk as an inmate of Blofield Union Workhouse. He was listed at age 82 as a thatcher.


Gowan City is a hamlet in Northumberland.
A. Gowan and B. Gowan owned a shipyard in Berwick, North-umbria in the late 1800s. The Gowans built schooners, clip-pers and barquentines on the quayside. It was closed during the 1960s, according to Mike Simpson of Penrith, New South Wales, Australia.


Francis Goyne was listed as the secretary of Trinity School, located on School Lane in Shrewsbury in 1895, according to Judy A. Olson.
Peter Goyne was married “7th month, 6th day, 1692 to Joice Harper. Children born to Peter Goyne and Joice Harper Goyne are unknown.


Robert Gyen of Somersetshire was shown as “indebted to Edward III, the king, 7/10/1465,” according to “Fine Rolls, 1461-1471.”
William Goyen, “pauper, aged 65, occupation Mason journey-man” was enumerated in jail at Bath in the 1851 census of Somersetshire.


Thomas Goyne, Esquire was scheduled to “make oath before William, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield Humphrey, Earl of Stafford, also Hugh Ardeswyk and Thomas Arblaster, Knights of the shire for the County of Stafford, commission­ers,” according to “Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry VI, 1429-1436.”


The death of Joseph Gowen, age eight, was reported in the “Beccles & Bungay Weekly News” of April 4, 1865 in Butley.

“An inquest was held at Butley, on Wednesday last, before C. C. Brooke, Esq., coroner, on the body of Joseph Gow-en, laborer, aged eight years. It appears that the deceased was employed to frighten birds off a corn field of Mr. Webb, and was last seen alive on Monday afternoon, about half-past four o’clock.

About quarter-past five Mrs. Crosby was taking some chips from her yard to her house, and saw deceased lying on the ground on the other side of the field. He was lying flat on his face, with his head resting on one of his arms. She thought he was asleep, but as the de- ceased had not moved for about three-quarters of an hour, she sent her little boy to wake him up. He came back and said he could not wake him. She sent him back again to shake deceased, and he returned and said there was stuff running from his mouth.

Mrs. Malster, who was at Mrs. Crosby’s house, went across and lifted him up; when she found he was dead. There was a little froth issuing from his mouth and nose. From the appearance of the ground he seemed to have fallen and died without a struggle.

Mr W. W. Kett of Hollesley, surgeon, having given his opinion that deceased died from apoplexy brought on by the rupture of a vessel in his head, the jury returned a verdict accordingly.”
Mary Gowen was born about 1780 in Suffolk to parents unknown. She was married about 1798 to William Seely. They lived in Blundeston and later in Lound.
Thomas Gowen, son of John Gowen, a shopkeeper and Mar-tha Mayhew Gowen, was born in Heveningham, Suffolk April 14, 1814, according to the Heveningham Parish Register. Two other children, “Betsy Gowin” and “Ellenor Gowin” were born to John Gowen and Martha Mayhew Gowen. “John Gower” and Martha Mayhew were married October 24, 1804 in Mendham, Suffolk, according to the parish register.
Edward Gowing was “sentenced and transported in the summer of 1751, from Suffolk,” according to “The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775.”
Stephen Gowing/Gowen was married to Mrs. Ann Leake/Lake a widow, at St Margarets Lowestoft, Suffolk in 1714. There are no records for Stephen as having lived in Lowestoft prior to his marriage, according to Sheila Gowing.
James Gowing and Sarah Bird Gowing were residents of Wrentham Parish in Suffolk in 1809 and 1813

Children born to them include:

James Gowing born July 17, 1809
Charles Gowing born in 1813

James Gowing, son of James Gowing and Sarah Bird Gowing, was born in Wrentham Parish July 17, 1809. He emigrated to Canada about 1835 accompanied by his brother, Charles Gowing.

Charles Gowing, son of James Gowing and Sarah Bird Gowing, was born in Wrentham Parish in 1813. He was married March 19, 1834 in Suffolk to Elizabeth Gooding. He emigrated to Canada about 1835 accompanied by his brother, James Gowing.

Children born to Charles Gowing and Elizabeth Gooding Gowing include:

Emma Gowing born in 1834
Charles William Gowing born February 20, 1837
William Gowing born December 31, 1841

William Gowing, son of Charles Gowing and Elizabeth Gooding Gowing, was born December 31, 1841. He was married to Elizabeth Ann Goodwin October 19, 1863 at Woolwich, Canada.

Children born to William Gowing and Elizabeth Ann Goodwin Gowing include:

James Gowing born in February 1864
Mary Gowing born September 15, 1866
Robert Gowing born in October 1867
Aaron Gowing born March 15, 1868
William Gowing born February 21, 1871
Jane Gowing born February 15, 1872
Wellington Gowing born January 28, 1874
Charles Henry Gowing born May 9, 1875
John Gowing born in October 1877
Alice Gowing born in May 1879
Edgar Gowing born March 3, 1882
Maud Gowing born September 13, 1883
Calvin Gowing born September 20, 1886

The above information was submitted by Karen Wilson who reported that Aaron Gowing was her great-grandfather.
Bruto Comno was an Abbyssinian slave when he arrived in England. After he received his freedom, he was adopted by a Gowing family in Suffolk, according to Sheila Gowing. He was enumerated in the 1881 census as Bruto Comno F. W. Gowing.
The names of W. G. Gowen, G. Gowing, and T. W. Gowing appeared on a World War I memorial at St. Margaret’s Church in Lowestoft, Suffolk.


John Goyne and his wife, Jone Goyne were the parents of Thomas Goyne born in Surrey “4th month, 3rd day, 1542.
William Goyn was the father of Nicholas Goyn who was born in Surrey 12th month, 16th day, 1571.


Stephen Gawen was a representative of the Lord High Ad­miral September 9, 1707 in Hastings, Sussex, according to “Manuscripts of the House of Lords.”
Nicholas Goyn, “alien monk of St. Florence, has letters in re­spect of the priory of Sele at a yearly fine of 40 marks, by mainprise of Richard de Ponynges, chivaler, William de Percy, chivaler, Robert Tauk, William Merlot the younger and Roger Terri County of Sussex,” according to an entry dated February 19, 1378 in “Calendar of Fine Rolls.”


Thomas Gawan of Wiltshire received a subsidy from King Henry VIII August 30, 1523, according to “Calendar of State Papers.” He was listed in the King’s household on August 1, 1524 as a resident of Wiltshire.
Thomas Gawen was a resident of Woodhouse, Wiltshire in 1617. He was mentioned as a renter on six acres of land be­longing to Edmund Chadwell in Edmund Chadwell’s will dated July 24, 1617. Chadwell died August 4, 1617, according to “English Wills of Colonial Families” by Noel Currier-Briggs.
Thomas Gawen, Esquire, executor of the will of James Coker, deceased, was involved in a dispute with William Hussey April 13, 1531 over the will of James Coker. Under the terms of the will of James Coker who died of the plague, Thomas Gawen inherited a farm at Salisbury, according to “Calendar of State Papers.”
John Gowayn, resident of Herdecote, Wiltshire, was mentioned in an inquisition held July 27, 1389, according to “Calendar of Inquisitions.” He was appointed to a com­mittee to survey Marlbergh Castle May 18, 1390 by King Richard II. John Goweyn in 1395 “owned certain lands and tenements in Trowe, Wiltshire at yearly rent of 4 pounds” according to “Calendar of Inquisitions.”
Henry Gowen who was born at Charleton, Wiltshire, was married April 22, 1782 to Sarah Lea, according to the marriage records of St. Mary’s Chapel at Walcot. Children born to Henry Gowen and Sarah Lea Gowen are unknown.
James Gowen, son of Samuel Gowen, born in 1822, was mar-ried to Ann Maltman in 1851 in Trowbridge, according to the research of Jill Wiseman. She writes that the Gowen family was found in Trowbridge from 1790 to 1879.

Children born to James Gowen and Ann Maltman Gowen include:

William Gowen born in 1853
Sarah Gowen born in 1855
Simeon Gowen born in 1857
James Gowen born in 1860
Ellen Gowen born in 1862
Samuel Gowen born in 1864
Frank Gowen born in 1867
Benjamin Gowen born in 1871

Sarah Gowen, daughter of James Gowen and Ann Maltman Gowen, was born in 1855. She was married to William New-land in 1879 in Trowbridge, Wiltshire. William Newland did not appear in the 1881 or 1891 census returns.

Jill Wiseman wrote:

Sarah Gowen was married to William Newland in 1879 in Trowbridge. Their children were Alice, born in 1877, Fred-erick, born in 1881, Rosina, born in 1887 and Ellen, born in 1890.

Alice Newland was married to Arthur Clarke in 1897 in North Bradley, Wiltshire.
William Gowen was a resident of Norrington, Wiltshire September 14, 1653, according to “Calendar of Committee for Advancement of Money.”
William Goyne was married to Susanna Sanford in Wiltshire, “10th month, 5th day, 1636.” Children born to William Goyne and Susanna Sanford Goyne are unknown.


Edward M. Gowan was recorded as the head of a family that appeared in the 1881 census, living at 28, Pemberton St, Hun-slet, Yorkshire:

“Edward M. Gowan 28, head, born in Leeds
Elizabeth M. Gowan 29, wife, born in Holbeck
Ada M. Gowan 6, daughter, born in Hunslet
Frederick M. Gowan 3, son, born in Hunslet
Harry M. Gowan 2, son, born in Hunslet”
Peter Gowen was born in Yorkshire in 1679. He, an indentured servant, at age 20, was “bound for Virginia” on board the “Robert & Elizabeth” from Liverpool January 27, 1700, according to “Passengers for America” by Michael Tepper. To pay for his passage he was bound to Ralph Williamson for four years, according to “Immigrants to America from Liverpool, 1697-1707.” As required of all embarking passengers he gave his oath of allegiance to the king and to the Church of England.

He next appeared in Stafford County, Virginia where he re­ceived a land grant in 1622, according to Stafford County Deed Book A. Peter Gowen owned 112 acres in King George and Stafford Counties on October 9, 1724, according to “Southern Lineages” by Addie Evans Wynn. According to the volume, “Peter Gowen seems to have married three times in Stafford County.” He was married about 1720, wife’s name Isabel.

“Peter Gowing” received a land grant in Overwharton Parish, Stafford County in 1722 and an additional grant in 1726, ac-cording to Stafford County Deed Book A. He also held land in adjoining King George County. His holdings in both counties consisted of 112 acres on October 9, 1724.

“Isabel Gowing “died 11th, 3rd month,” 1745. Apparently Peter Gowen spent little time in mourning. Overwharton Parish Register shows that 17 days later he was married to Mary Sullivant on “28th, 3rd month,” 1745. Apparently Mary Sullivant Gowen died shortly afterwards because Peter Gowen was married for a third time “10th, 11th month,” 1747, wife’s name Owens.

“Peter Gowing” died 22nd, 5th month, 1753 in Overwharton Parish at the age of 74 “at the home of Priscilla Hayes,” according to the register of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Stafford County. She is assumed to be a daughter.

Children born to Peter Gowen, Isabel Gowen and Mary Sullivant Gowen are believed to include:

Priscilla Gowen born about 1725
David Gowen born about 1729
Joseph Gowen born about 1732

Priscilla Gowen, believed to be a daughter of Peter Gowen and Isabel Gowen, was born about 1725 in Stafford County. It is believed that she was married about 1748 in Overwharton Parish, husband’s name Hayes. They continued to live in Stafford County in 1753 when Peter Gowen died.

David Gowen, believed to be a son of Peter Gowen and Isabel Gowen, was born about 1729 in Stafford County. A David Gowen was included in a list of tithables in Pittsylvania County, Virginia in 1767. He was shown with three tithes, according to “Virginia Magazine of History & Biography.” He continued there in 1770. Later he removed to Albemarle County, Virginia, some 40 miles westward.

Joseph Gowen, believed to be a son of Peter Gowen and Isabel Gowen, was born about 1732 in Stafford County. He apparently removed, along with his brother David Gowen to adjoining Goochland County, settling in St. James Parish. He later made a move to Albemarle County to join his brother David Gowen on his farm there. In 1770 he was living in Pittsylvania County, on the North Carolina border.

A Joseph Gowen, a Revolutionary soldier appeared as the head of a household of seven people in the 1782 state census of Fairfax County, Virginia. He owned no slaves.

“Joseph Going” reappeared as the head of a household in the 1810 census of Fairfax County, according to “Index to 1810 Virginia Census” by Madeline W. Crickard.

“Joseph Going, infantry corporal” and Daniel Going, William Going and Alexander Gown, Virginia Revolutionary soldiers, “have not received bounty land warrants for services in the war of the revolution” on January 7, 1835, according to “Revolutionary War Records of Virginia” by Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh.
Sir Thomas Gowrie, high sheriff of Yorkshire, delivered a speech to the king March 1641, according to “Royal Commission of Historical Documents.”
Ann Goyne, York was married to Thomas Holmes “9th month, 18th day, 1610.
Mrs. Anne Pickering, 74, relict of the late Gowan Pickering, farmer, died at Flylingdales, Yorkshire December 8, 1857, according to the December 12, 1857 edition of the “Malton Messenger.”

Gowan Pickering, “of Lockton near Pickering” had been transported to Australia “for stealing three sheep in 1814,” according to Brenda Green. She reported that he was the father of George Pickering in Australia who was married to Mary McAllister there.
The ancient and modern name for the northwestern part of Wales is Gwynedd, according to Col. Carroll Heard Goyne of Shreveport, Louisiana He wrote,

“Men of this region were a comparatively pure Celtic breed. They were called Ordovices by the Romans. The name Gwynedd is cognate with the Latin Veneti of Brittany and Italy. Prince Owen [Owain] Gwynedd once ruled this region. It was his son, Madoc Owen ap Gwynedd, who in AD 1170 is reputed to have discovered a New World; returned to Wales; recruited many followers; sailed again; and was never to be heard of again. Prior to this time, Maelgwyn [Maglocun] Gwynedd is referred to in “Annales Cambriae” as dying in AD 547. In Welsh, the “w” sometimes substitutes for a vowel, as seen in Gwyne vs Goyne‑‑both forms used today. Thus, this region of Wales would appear to carry a form of the Goyne name. According to a history of Wales, the Gwyn/Gwynne name dates to “high antiquity.” A Goyne researcher in England reports that the early Goynes of Cornwall were miners who came from Wales.”